refugees

Summary

Summary: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Association of torture and other potentially traumatic events with mental health outcomes among populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Zachary Steel
    Psychiatry Research and Teaching Unit, School of Psychiatry, University New South Wales, Liverpool New South Wales, Australia
    JAMA 302:537-49. 2009
  2. ncbi Prevalence of serious mental disorder in 7000 refugees resettled in western countries: a systematic review
    Mina Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 365:1309-14. 2005
  3. pmc Gender-related mental health differences between refugees and non-refugee immigrants--a cross-sectional register-based study
    Anna Clara Hollander
    Division of Social Medicine, Norrbacka, Department of Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 11:180. 2011
  4. ncbi Predisplacement and postdisplacement factors associated with mental health of refugees and internally displaced persons: a meta-analysis
    Matthew Porter
    Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, Department of Pediatric Psychiatry, New York, NY 10032, USA
    JAMA 294:602-12. 2005
  5. ncbi Mental health of Cambodian refugees 2 decades after resettlement in the United States
    Grant N Marshall
    RAND, Santa Monica, Calif 90407, USA
    JAMA 294:571-9. 2005
  6. pmc Obstetric ultrasound scanning by local health workers in a refugee camp on the Thai-Burmese border
    M J Rijken
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit SMRU, Mae Sot, Thailand
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 34:395-403. 2009
  7. pmc Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees
    Frank Neuner
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 4:34. 2004
  8. ncbi Factors associated with mental disorders in long-settled war refugees: refugees from the former Yugoslavia in Germany, Italy and the UK
    Marija Bogic
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 200:216-23. 2012
  9. pmc Common mental health problems in immigrants and refugees: general approach in primary care
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 183:E959-67. 2011
  10. pmc Improved pregnancy outcome in refugees and migrants despite low literacy on the Thai-Burmese border: results of three cross-sectional surveys
    Verena I Carrara
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Tak, Thailand
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:45. 2011

Detail Information

Publications351 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Association of torture and other potentially traumatic events with mental health outcomes among populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Zachary Steel
    Psychiatry Research and Teaching Unit, School of Psychiatry, University New South Wales, Liverpool New South Wales, Australia
    JAMA 302:537-49. 2009
    ....
  2. ncbi Prevalence of serious mental disorder in 7000 refugees resettled in western countries: a systematic review
    Mina Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 365:1309-14. 2005
    About 13 million people are classified as refugees worldwide, and many more former refugees have been granted citizenship in their new countries...
  3. pmc Gender-related mental health differences between refugees and non-refugee immigrants--a cross-sectional register-based study
    Anna Clara Hollander
    Division of Social Medicine, Norrbacka, Department of Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 11:180. 2011
    ..This study aimed to assess if there is a difference in mental ill health problems between male and female refugee and non-refugee immigrants from six low-income countries in Sweden...
  4. ncbi Predisplacement and postdisplacement factors associated with mental health of refugees and internally displaced persons: a meta-analysis
    Matthew Porter
    Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, Department of Pediatric Psychiatry, New York, NY 10032, USA
    JAMA 294:602-12. 2005
    ..To date, no empirical synthesis of research on these issues has been undertaken...
  5. ncbi Mental health of Cambodian refugees 2 decades after resettlement in the United States
    Grant N Marshall
    RAND, Santa Monica, Calif 90407, USA
    JAMA 294:571-9. 2005
    Little is known about the long-term mental health of trauma-exposed refugees years after permanent resettlement in host countries.
  6. pmc Obstetric ultrasound scanning by local health workers in a refugee camp on the Thai-Burmese border
    M J Rijken
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit SMRU, Mae Sot, Thailand
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 34:395-403. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the intraobserver and interobserver agreement of fetal biometry by locally trained health workers in a refugee camp on the Thai-Burmese border...
  7. pmc Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees
    Frank Neuner
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 4:34. 2004
    ..High exposure to traumatic experiences has been particularly prominent in the Ugandan and Sudanese of the West Nile Region, representing an indication of the psychological strain posed by years of armed conflict...
  8. ncbi Factors associated with mental disorders in long-settled war refugees: refugees from the former Yugoslavia in Germany, Italy and the UK
    Marija Bogic
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 200:216-23. 2012
    Prevalence rates of mental disorders are frequently increased in long-settled war refugees. However, substantial variation in prevalence rates across studies and countries remain unexplained.
  9. pmc Common mental health problems in immigrants and refugees: general approach in primary care
    Laurence J Kirmayer
    Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 183:E959-67. 2011
    Recognizing and appropriately treating mental health problems among new immigrants and refugees in primary care poses a challenge because of differences in language and culture and because of specific stressors associated with migration ..
  10. pmc Improved pregnancy outcome in refugees and migrants despite low literacy on the Thai-Burmese border: results of three cross-sectional surveys
    Verena I Carrara
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Tak, Thailand
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:45. 2011
    ..We aimed at estimating literacy rates among reproductive age women attending antenatal clinics in camps for refugees and in migrant clinics in Tak province, north-western Thailand, to determine whether illiteracy had an impact on ..
  11. ncbi Risk of mental disorders in refugees and native Danes: a register-based retrospective cohort study
    Marie Norredam
    Department of Health Services Research, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Østre Farimagsgade 5, Building 5, 1014, Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:1023-9. 2009
    b>Refugees are vulnerable to mental health disorders because of migration trauma. However, register-based prevalence studies are missing.
  12. ncbi Hypocortisolism and increased glucocorticoid sensitivity of pro-Inflammatory cytokine production in Bosnian war refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Nicolas Rohleder
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Experimental Psychology II, University of Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 55:745-51. 2004
    ..Alterations include various responses to HPA axis stimulation, different basal hormone levels, and changes in glucocorticoid receptor (GR) numbers on lymphocytes. The functional significance of these latter changes remains elusive...
  13. ncbi Trauma, post-migration living difficulties, and social support as predictors of psychological adjustment in resettled Sudanese refugees
    Robert Schweitzer
    School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:179-87. 2006
    This paper explores the impact of pre-migration trauma, post-migration living difficulties and social support on the current mental health of 63 resettled Sudanese refugees.
  14. ncbi Screening for depression and PTSD in a Cambodian population unaffected by war: comparing the Hopkins Symptom Checklist and Harvard Trauma Questionnaire with the structured clinical interview
    Derrick Silove
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, and Centre for Population Mental Health Research, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Sydney, Australia
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:152-7. 2007
    ..the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) have been used extensively in international studies, particularly among refugees and conflict-affected populations...
  15. ncbi Postmigration living problems and common psychiatric disorders in Iraqi asylum seekers in the Netherlands
    Cornelis J Laban
    De Evenaar Day Clinic for Asylum Seekers and Refugees, GGZ Drenthe, Institute of Community Mental Health Care, Postbus 30000, 9410 RA Beilen, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 193:825-32. 2005
    ..Mental health workers should recognize the impact of postmigration living problems and consider focusing their treatment on coping with these problems instead of traumas from the past...
  16. ncbi The inflammatory markers C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A in refugees with and without posttraumatic stress disorder
    Hans Peter Sondergaard
    Department of Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, National Swedish Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health, P O Box 230, S 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Clin Chim Acta 342:93-8. 2004
    ..The aim was to study the markers of the innate immune system, Serum amyloid A (SAA) and C-reactive protein (CRP), in subjects with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  17. pmc Group B streptococcal carriage, serotype distribution and antibiotic susceptibilities in pregnant women at the time of delivery in a refugee population on the Thai-Myanmar border
    Claudia Turner
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Thailand
    BMC Infect Dis 12:34. 2012
    ..Maternal carriage of GBS is a prerequisite for the development of early onset GBS neonatal sepsis but there is a paucity of carriage data published from the developing world, in particular South East Asia...
  18. ncbi Alcohol and suicide in postconflict northern Uganda: a qualitative psychological autopsy study
    Dorothy Kizza
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Crisis 33:95-105. 2012
    ..Alcohol has been noted to be an important factor in nearly 68% of the suicides in Northern Uganda, yet exactly how alcohol contributes to suicide in this region has not been studied...
  19. ncbi A critical review of psychological treatments of posttraumatic stress disorder in refugees
    Angela Nickerson
    School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
    Clin Psychol Rev 31:399-417. 2011
    Despite much research evidence that refugees suffer from elevated rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relatively few studies have examined the effectiveness of psychological treatments for PTSD in refugees...
  20. pmc Post-conflict mental health needs: a cross-sectional survey of trauma, depression and associated factors in Juba, Southern Sudan
    Bayard Roberts
    Conflict and Health Programme, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Psychiatry 9:7. 2009
    ....
  21. ncbi Migration, social mobility and common mental disorders: critical review of the literature and meta-analysis
    J Das-Munshi
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, UK
    Ethn Health 17:17-53. 2012
    ..The main objective of this review was to assess the association of social mobility with common mental disorders in migrant and second-generation groups, to inform future research...
  22. ncbi Southeast Asian refugee children: a school-based mental health intervention
    Patricia G Fox
    Northern Illinois University, School of Nursing, 1240 Normal Road, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA
    Int J Psychiatr Nurs Res 11:1227-36. 2005
    ..Globally, culturally sensitive mental health school-based programs may be an appropriate intervention to assist immigrant and refugee children in making a successful adaptation to host countries...
  23. ncbi Botswana: Refugees not entitled to same services as citizens
    Vanisree Trippayya
    HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev 10:27-8. 2005
    ..Unfortunately, these policies have not been extended to the large numbers of refugees in Botswana. Botswana's Refugee Recognition and Control Act does not recognize a refugee as an ordinary resident.
  24. pmc Tuberculosis: evidence review for newly arriving immigrants and refugees
    Christina Greenaway
    Division of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Epidemiology and Community Services Unit, SMBD Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 183:E939-51. 2011
    ....
  25. ncbi Language barriers between nurses and asylum seekers: their impact on symptom reporting and referral
    Alexander Bischoff
    Department of Community Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 57:503-12. 2003
    ..The nurses referred 36% of all refugees to further medical care and 6% to psychological care...
  26. ncbi Displacement and health
    Samantha L Thomas
    Department of War Studies, King s College London, UK
    Br Med Bull 69:115-27. 2004
    ....
  27. ncbi Health status of refugees settled in Alberta: changes since arrival
    Katerina Maximova
    Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB
    Can J Public Health 101:322-6. 2010
    This paper sought to examine which pre- and post-migration factors might be associated with changes in refugees' health status.
  28. pmc Clinical trial of extended-dose chloroquine for treatment of resistant falciparum malaria among Afghan refugees in Pakistan
    Natasha Howard
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 10:171. 2011
    Falciparum malaria is a significant problem for Afghan refugees in Pakistan...
  29. ncbi Physical and mental health of Afghan, Iranian and Somali asylum seekers and refugees living in the Netherlands
    Annette A M Gerritsen
    Dept of Medical Psychology, VU University Medical Centre, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Room D433, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:18-26. 2006
    Worldwide, the number of refugees and asylum seekers is estimated to be about 11.5 million plus a much larger number of former refugees who have obtained a residence permit in a new country...
  30. pmc Chronic disease and its risk factors among refugees and asylees in Massachusetts, 2001-2005
    Paul L Geltman
    Refugee and Immigrant Health Program, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Department of Pediatrics, 305 South St, Jamaica Plain, MA 02130, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 7:A51. 2010
    Better understanding of the health problems of refugees and people who are granted political asylum (asylees) in the United States may facilitate successful resettlement...
  31. ncbi Trauma, PTSD and the longer-term mental health burden amongst Vietnamese refugees : a comparison with the Australian-born population
    Derrick Silove
    Psychiatry Research and Teaching Unit, Level 1, Mental Health Centre, Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool NSW, 2170 Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:467-76. 2007
    Uncertainty persists about the impact of trauma on the long-term mental health of resettled refugees. The present study aimed to assess the contributions of trauma and PTSD to overall mental disorder and related need for services amongst ..
  32. pmc Prevalence and associated factors of female genital mutilation among Somali refugees in eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
    Getnet Mitike
    School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 9:264. 2009
    Eastern Ethiopia hosts a substantial number of refugees originated from Somalia. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a common practice in the area, despite the campaigns to eliminate it.
  33. ncbi The Harvard trauma questionnaire: adapting a cross-cultural instrument for measuring torture, trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in Iraqi refugees
    Marwa Shoeb
    University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, 94143, USA
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 53:447-63. 2007
    ..Yet, a strict dependence on the paradigms of Western psychiatry risks inappropriately prioritizing syndromes, such as PTSD, which, however important, are eclipsed by local concerns...
  34. pmc Seroprevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus infection and prior immunity in immigrants and refugees: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Carmine Rossi
    Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Community Studies of the Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e44611. 2012
    ..We conducted a systematic review of the seroprevalence of chronic HBV and prior immunity in migrants arriving in low HBV prevalence countries to identify those at highest risk in order to guide disease prevention and control strategies...
  35. ncbi Impact of forced displacement during World War II on the present-day mental health of the elderly: a population-based study
    Philipp Kuwert
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Ernst Moritz Arndt University Greifswald, Stralsund, Germany
    Int Psychogeriatr 21:748-53. 2009
    ..The survey assessed whether current depression, anxiety, resilience and life satisfaction were significantly associated with forced displacement in WWII...
  36. ncbi Longitudinal study of mortality among refugees in Sweden
    Anna Clara Hollander
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Norrbacka, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Epidemiol 41:1153-61. 2012
    ..A comparison of mortality among refugees and non-refugee immigrants is liable to exaggerate the former if the latter includes labour migrants, whose ..
  37. pmc Who died as a result of the tsunami? Risk factors of mortality among internally displaced persons in Sri Lanka: a retrospective cohort analysis
    Nobuyuki Nishikiori
    Research Center for Tropical Infectious Diseases, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
    BMC Public Health 6:73. 2006
    ..This study aimed to describe the mortality and related risk factors which affected the displaced population over a period of two and a half months after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in an eastern coastal district of Sri Lanka...
  38. pmc High rates of pneumonia in children under two years of age in a South East Asian refugee population
    Claudia Turner
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Thailand
    PLoS ONE 8:e54026. 2013
    ..There are an estimated 150 million episodes of childhood pneumonia per year, with 11-20 million hospital admissions and 1.575 million deaths. Refugee children are particularly vulnerable, with poorly defined pneumonia epidemiology...
  39. pmc High prevalence of chronic non-communicable conditions among adult refugees: implications for practice and policy
    Katherine Yun
    Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, and The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Community Health 37:1110-8. 2012
    The global rise in non-communicable disease (NCD) suggests that US-based refugees are increasingly affected by chronic conditions...
  40. ncbi The impact of the refugee decision on the trajectory of PTSD, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among asylum seekers: a longitudinal study
    Derrick Silove
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales and Centre for Population Mental Health Research, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Australia
    Am J Disaster Med 2:321-9. 2007
    ..To identify the direct impact of the refugee decision on psychiatric symptoms by adjusting for other variables, namely sociodemographic characteristics, past trauma, and ongoing postmigration stresses...
  41. ncbi The Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases guidelines for the diagnosis, management and prevention of infections in recently arrived refugees: an abridged outline
    Ronan J Murray
    Royal Perth Hospital and PathWest Laboratory Medicine WA, Perth, WA
    Med J Aust 190:421-5. 2009
    About 13,000 refugees are currently accepted for migration into Australia each year, many of whom have spent protracted periods living in extremely disadvantaged circumstances...
  42. ncbi The mental health of war-wounded refugees: an 8-year follow-up
    Ann Charlotte Hermansson
    Medical Center for Refugees, University Hospital, S 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    J Nerv Ment Dis 190:374-80. 2002
    ..for assessing mental health (HSCL-25, PTSS-10, and a Well-Being scale) were presented to 44 war-wounded refugees from nine different countries 8 years after arrival in Sweden...
  43. ncbi A follow-up study of mental health and health-related quality of life in tortured refugees in multidisciplinary treatment
    Jessica Mariana Carlsson
    Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Nerv Ment Dis 193:651-7. 2005
    Longitudinal studies of traumatized refugees are needed to study changes in mental health over time and to improve health-related and social interventions...
  44. ncbi Experience of human rights violations and subsequent mental disorders - a study following the war in the Balkans
    Stefan Priebe
    Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 71:2170-7. 2010
    ..community samples in five Balkan countries (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Serbia) and refugees in three Western European countries (Germany, Italy, United Kingdom)...
  45. ncbi A comparison of narrative exposure therapy, supportive counseling, and psychoeducation for treating posttraumatic stress disorder in an african refugee settlement
    Frank Neuner
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
    J Consult Clin Psychol 72:579-87. 2004
    Little is known about the usefulness of psychotherapeutic approaches for traumatized refugees who continue to live in dangerous conditions...
  46. ncbi Mental health of immigrants and refugees
    Andres J Pumariega
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, East Tennessee State University, Box 70567, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
    Community Ment Health J 41:581-97. 2005
    ..This paper reviews the unique risk factors and mental health needs of our new immigrant populations, as well as treatment and services approaches to address their unique needs...
  47. ncbi Disparities in mortality patterns among Canadian immigrants and refugees, 1980-1998: results of a national cohort study
    Marie Desmeules
    Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, 120 Colonnade Road, AL 6702A, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0K9
    J Immigr Health 7:221-32. 2005
    This study examines mortality patterns among Canadian immigrants, including both refugees and non-refugees, 1980-1998...
  48. ncbi Childhood mortality among former Mozambican refugees and their hosts in rural South Africa
    James R Hargreaves
    Rural AIDS and Development Action Research Programme, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1271-8. 2004
    ..We investigated differentials in mortality between children from former Mozambican refugee and host South African households in a rural sub-district in the north-east of South Africa...
  49. pmc An insight into the relationships between hepcidin, anemia, infections and inflammatory cytokines in pediatric refugees: a cross-sectional study
    Sarah Cherian
    School of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    PLoS ONE 3:e4030. 2008
    ..We investigated the relationships between hepcidin, cytokines and iron status in a pediatric population with a high prevalence of both anemia and co-morbid infections...
  50. ncbi Insecticide-treated plastic tarpaulins for control of malaria vectors in refugee camps
    K Graham
    HealthNet International, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Med Vet Entomol 16:404-8. 2002
    ..Even so, the deployment of insecticide-impregnated tarpaulins in refugee camps, if used by the majority of refugees, has the potential to control malaria by killing high proportions of mosquitoes and so reducing the average life ..
  51. ncbi Beri-beri: the major cause of infant mortality in Karen refugees
    Christine Luxemburger
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sod, Thailand
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 97:251-5. 2003
    ..This lethal but preventable syndrome may be more common than hitherto recognized, particularly in refugee populations, in this populous region...
  52. ncbi Mental health of recently resettled refugees from the Middle East in Sweden: the impact of pre-resettlement trauma, resettlement stress and capacity to handle stress
    Fredrik Lindencrona
    Dept of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry HS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm University, c o Stress Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:121-31. 2008
    The pathways to symptoms of common mental disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms among refugees during resettlement need to be better specified...
  53. ncbi Longitudinal study of psychiatric symptoms, disability, mortality, and emigration among Bosnian refugees
    R F Mollica
    Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma, 8 Story St, Third Floor, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    JAMA 286:546-54. 2001
    ..Evidence is emerging that psychiatric disorders are common in populations affected by mass violence. Previously, we found associations among depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and disability in a Bosnian refugee cohort...
  54. ncbi A prospective large-scale study of methods for the detection of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in refugee children
    Michaela Lucas
    Department of Clinical Immunology, Royal Perth Hospital, GPO Box X2213, Perth WA 6847, Australia
    Thorax 65:442-8. 2010
    ..However, both IGRAs have methodological and performance characteristics that limit their usefulness in refugee children, highlighting the need for continued development of screening strategies...
  55. ncbi Validity issues in transcultural epidemiology
    Mark van Ommeren
    Br J Psychiatry 182:376-8. 2003
  56. ncbi Impact of a long asylum procedure on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Iraqi asylum seekers in The Netherlands
    Cornelis J Laban
    De Evenaar, Day Clinic for Asylum Seekers and Refugees, Drenthe, Institute of Community Mental Health Care, Beilen, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:843-51. 2004
    ..15-4.08) for psychopathology. The conclusion is that, indeed, the duration of the asylum procedure is an important risk factor for psychiatric problems. Both politicians and mental health workers should take note of this finding...
  57. ncbi Refugee and refugee-claimant women and infants post-birth: migration histories as a predictor of Canadian health system response to needs
    Anita J Gagnon
    School of Nursing and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University, 3506 University St, Montreal, QC H3A 2A7
    Can J Public Health 98:287-91. 2007
    ....
  58. ncbi Emerging paradigms in the mental health care of refugees
    C Watters
    European Center for the Study of the Social Care of Minority Groups and Refugees, University of Kent at Canterbury, UK
    Soc Sci Med 52:1709-18. 2001
    Over the past decade the approaches adopted towards the mental health care of refugees by a range of national and international healthcare organisations have been the subject of a sustained and growing critique...
  59. ncbi Communicable diseases in complex emergencies: impact and challenges
    Maire A Connolly
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 364:1974-83. 2004
    ..In addition, further research is needed to adapt and simplify interventions, and to explore novel diagnostics, vaccines, and therapies...
  60. ncbi Dimensions of trauma associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) caseness, severity and functional impairment: a study of Bosnian refugees resettled in Australia
    S Momartin
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 57:775-81. 2003
    ..In a sample of Bosnian Muslim refugees (n=126) drawn from a community centre and supplemented by a snowball sampling method, PTSD status and associated ..
  61. ncbi Eosinophilia and the seroprevalence of schistosomiasis and strongyloidiasis in newly arrived pediatric refugees: an examination of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention screening guidelines
    Elizabeth E Dawson-Hahn
    Department of Pediatrics, Hasbro Children s Hospital, Providence, RI, USA
    J Pediatr 156:1016-8, 1018.e1. 2010
    ..We examined the predictive validity of an AEC >400 cells/microL to identify refugees with serologic evidence for schistosomiasis or strongyloidiasis...
  62. ncbi The psychological impact of forced displacement and related risk factors on Eastern Congolese adolescents affected by war
    Cindy Mels
    Department of Orthopedagogics, Ghent University, Belgium
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:1096-104. 2010
    While the current knowledge base on the mental health effects of displacement is mainly limited to refugees residing in industrialised countries, this paper examines the impact of war-induced displacement and related risk factors on the ..
  63. ncbi Malaria prevention among Afghani refugees in a malarious area, southeastern Iran
    H R Basseri
    School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, PO Box 6446 14155, Iran
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 103:340-5. 2010
    Each year, 24-36% of malaria cases in Beluchestan (area) occur among Afghani refugees. Knowledge about malaria transmission and protection are important for these refugees to enable local Health Services to manage malaria control in the ..
  64. ncbi International Family, Adult, and Child Enhancement Services (FACES): a community-based comprehensive services model for refugee children in resettlement
    Dina Birman
    University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 78:121-32. 2008
    The development of evidence-based mental health interventions for refugees is complicated by the cultural and linguistic diversity of the participants, and the need to balance treatment of past traumatic experiences with ongoing support ..
  65. ncbi [Depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorders in labor migrants, asylum seekers and refugees. A systematic overview]
    Jutta Lindert
    Evangelische Fachhochschule Ludwigsburg, Abteilung für Public Health, Auf der Karlshöhe 2, 76138 Ludwigsburg
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 58:109-22. 2008
    ..were about 200 millions of transnational "voluntary" migrants like labor migrants and "involuntary migrants" like refugees and asylum seekers worldwide...
  66. pmc Low vitamin B12 levels among newly-arrived refugees from Bhutan, Iran and Afghanistan: a multicentre Australian study
    Jill Benson
    Discipline of General Practice, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    PLoS ONE 8:e57998. 2013
    Vitamin B12 deficiency is prevalent in many countries of origin of refugees. Using a threshold of 5% above which a prevalence of low Vitamin B12 is indicative of a population health problem, we hypothesised that Vitamin B12 deficiency ..
  67. ncbi Food security and child hunger among recently resettled Liberian refugees and asylum seekers: a pilot study
    Craig Hadley
    Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    J Immigr Minor Health 8:369-75. 2006
    ..These data suggest that further study of food insecurity is warranted among recently resettled refugee communities resettled in the United States...
  68. ncbi The cultural formulation: A model to combine nosology and patients' life context in psychiatric diagnostic practice
    Sofie Bäärnhielm
    Transcultural Centre, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Transcult Psychiatry 46:406-28. 2009
    ..We present a summary of a Swedish manual for conducting a Cultural Formulation interview. The need for further development of the Cultural Formulation is also discussed...
  69. ncbi Barriers to access to health care for newly resettled sub-Saharan refugees in Australia
    Mohamud Sheikh-Mohammed
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 185:594-7. 2006
    To determine barriers that affect access to health care for refugees from sub-Saharan Africa resettled in Sydney.
  70. pmc Prevalence of Hepatitis B, C, HIV and syphilis markers among refugees in Bari, Italy
    Silvio Tafuri
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Hygiene Section, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Puglia Regional Observatory for Epidemiology, Bari, Italy
    BMC Infect Dis 10:213. 2010
    ..Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) serological markers and the prevalence of VDRL positive subjects in a population of refugees of various nationalities, living in the Asylum Seeker Centre in Bari Palese, Southern Italy.
  71. ncbi Posttraumatic idioms of distress among Darfur refugees: Hozun and Majnun
    Andrew Rasmussen
    New York University School of Medicine, Bellevue NYU Program for Survivors of Torture, 462 1st Avenue, CD 735, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Transcult Psychiatry 48:392-415. 2011
    ..Exploratory factor analysis resulted in empirical symptom clusters conceptually parallel to general Western psychiatric constructs. Findings are discussed in terms of their implications for psychosocial programming...
  72. ncbi Group therapy with male asylum seekers and refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder: a controlled comparison cohort study of three day-treatment programs
    Boris Drožđek
    Psychotrauma Centrum Zuid Nederland, Reinier van Arkel groep, Bethaniestraat 10, Den Bosch, The Netherlands
    J Nerv Ment Dis 200:758-65. 2012
    Studies on group treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in asylum seekers and refugees are scarce...
  73. ncbi Experiences with treating immigrants: a qualitative study in mental health services across 16 European countries
    Sima Sandhu
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Newham Centre for Mental Health, Queen Mary University of London, London, E13 8SP, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 48:105-16. 2013
    ..This study sought to explore professionals' experiences of delivering care to immigrants in districts densely populated with immigrants across Europe...
  74. pmc Quality of ultrasound biometry obtained by local health workers in a refugee camp on the Thai-Burmese border
    M J Rijken
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Tak, Thailand
    Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 40:151-7. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to substantiate the accuracy of fetal biometry measurements performed by locally trained health workers by comparing derived reference equations with those published for Asian and European hospitals...
  75. pmc Hidden violence is silent rape: sexual and gender-based violence in refugees, asylum seekers and undocumented migrants in Belgium and the Netherlands
    Ines Keygnaert
    International Centre for Reproductive Health Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Cult Health Sex 14:505-20. 2012
    Although women, young people and refugees are vulnerable to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) worldwide, little evidence exists concerning SGBV against refugees in Europe...
  76. ncbi Posttraumatic stress symptoms in refugees: assessments with the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the Hopkins symptom Checklist-25 in different languages
    W C Kleijn
    Centrum '45, Oegstgeest, Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Psychol Rep 88:527-32. 2001
    ..It is concluded that the psychometric properties of both tests are adequate across those different cultures and are, in general, applicable to measure symptoms of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder...
  77. ncbi Dealing with man-made trauma: the relationship between coping style, posttraumatic stress, and quality of life in resettled, traumatized refugees in the Netherlands
    Irene Huijts
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Trauma Stress 25:71-8. 2012
    ..between coping style, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and quality of life in traumatized refugees (N = 335)...
  78. pmc The double burden of obesity and malnutrition in a protracted emergency setting: a cross-sectional study of Western Sahara refugees
    Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod
    Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 9:e1001320. 2012
    ..Yet, it is unknown to what extent this double burden affects refugee populations dependent on food assistance. We assessed the double burden of malnutrition among Western Sahara refugees living in a protracted emergency.
  79. ncbi Long-term effect of psychological trauma on the mental health of Vietnamese refugees resettled in Australia: a population-based study
    Zachary Steel
    Psychiatry Research and Teaching Unit, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Lancet 360:1056-62. 2002
    What are the deleterious effects of mass trauma on the psychological wellbeing of refugees and other war-affected populations? Most epidemiological data are for short-to-medium term effects, leaving the possibility that early ..
  80. pmc Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis outbreak among US-bound Hmong refugees, Thailand, 2005
    John E Oeltmann
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1715-21. 2008
    In January 2005, tuberculosis (TB), including multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB), was reported among Hmong refugees who were living in or had recently immigrated to the United States from a camp in Thailand...
  81. ncbi Substance use among populations displaced by conflict: a literature review
    Nadine Ezard
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Disasters 36:533-57. 2012
    ..Findings are used to develop a conceptual framework emphasizing the risk environment to inform further research, to encourage debate among researchers and practitioners, and to enable the development of interventions...
  82. pmc Alcohol disorder amongst forcibly displaced persons in northern Uganda
    Bayard Roberts
    Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London, United Kingdom
    Addict Behav 36:870-3. 2011
    ..Alcohol use may be a coping mechanism for the stressors related to forced displacement. The aim of this study was to investigate levels and determinants of alcohol disorder amongst internally displaced persons (IDPs) in northern Uganda...
  83. ncbi Cross-border malaria control for internally displaced persons: observational results from a pilot programme in eastern Burma/Myanmar
    Adam K Richards
    Department of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 14:512-21. 2009
    ..To document the feasibility of a cross-border community based integrated malaria control programme implemented by internally displaced persons in eastern Burma/Myanmar...
  84. ncbi Poor housing quality increases risk of rodent infestation and Lassa fever in refugee camps of Sierra Leone
    Phillip Cullison Bonner
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:169-75. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that risk of Lassa fever in refugee camps depends on individual housing quality and the hygiene of the immediate surrounding environment...
  85. ncbi Mental health problems and post-migration stress among multi-traumatized refugees attending outpatient clinics upon resettlement to Norway
    Dinu Stefan Teodorescu
    Innlandet Hospital Trust, Brumunddal, Norway
    Scand J Psychol 53:316-32. 2012
    b>Refugees have often been exposed to multiple traumas making them prone to mental health problems later...
  86. ncbi The epidemiology of health conditions of newly arrived refugee children: a review of patients attending a specialist health clinic in Sydney
    Mohamud Sheikh
    The Children s Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 45:509-13. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence of common diseases in newly arrived refugee children, resettled in Sydney, by region of birth. To identify health needs of refugee children in Australia...
  87. pmc Environmental refugees: a growing phenomenon of the 21st century
    Norman Myers
    Green College, University of Oxford, Upper Meadow, Old Road, Headington, Oxford OX3 8SZ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:609-13. 2002
    There is a new phenomenon in the global arena: environmental refugees. These are people who can no longer gain a secure livelihood in their homelands because of drought, soil erosion, desertification, deforestation and other environmental ..
  88. ncbi Pregnancy among HIV-infected refugees in Rhode Island
    Erica Blood
    Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    AIDS Care 21:207-11. 2009
    In 1999, immigration laws lifted previous barriers, allowing more HIV-infected refugees entrance to the US. Many of these refugees are women of reproductive age...
  89. ncbi Angular stomatitis and riboflavin status among adolescent Bhutanese refugees living in southeastern Nepal
    Heidi Michels Blanck
    Division of Nutrition, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:430-5. 2002
    ..5 to 35.6 cases per 1000 per month. This increase came after the removal of a fortified cereal from rations...
  90. pmc HIV infection in refugees: a case-control analysis of refugees in Rhode Island
    Curt G Beckwith
    The Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Int J Infect Dis 13:186-92. 2009
    The number of HIV-infected refugees entering the USA is increasing. There is little data describing the HIV-infected refugee population and the challenges encountered when caring for them...
  91. ncbi Physical activity within a CBT intervention improves coping with pain in traumatized refugees: results of a randomized controlled design
    Alexandra Liedl
    Treatment Center for Torture Victims Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Pain Med 12:234-45. 2011
    Many traumatized refugees experience both posttraumatic stress disorder and chronic pain...
  92. ncbi Mental health problems among internally displaced persons in Darfur
    Abdalla A R M Hamid
    United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Int J Psychol 45:278-85. 2010
    ..These are: lack of employment, unsuitability of food items, and lack of security around camps. It was recommended that psychological support services should be among the prime relief services provided by aid agencies...
  93. ncbi Food acquisition habits in a group of African refugees recently settled in Australia
    Carolina A N Pereira
    Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, University Drive, Meadowbrook 4131, Australia
    Health Place 16:934-41. 2010
    This study investigated how recently arrived refugees acquired food in their local food neighbourhood. Ten African humanitarian migrants belonging to separate households were asked to keep a travel and food diary for one week...
  94. ncbi Psychological distress among displaced persons during an armed conflict in Nepal
    Suraj Bahadur Thapa
    Center for Public Health Research and Services, Katmandu, Nepal
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:672-9. 2005
    ..We carried out a comprehensive assessment of traumatic experiences, distress symptomatology, and factors independently associated with distress among IDPs in Nepal...
  95. ncbi Darfur refugees in Cairo: mental health and interpersonal conflict in the aftermath of genocide
    Susan M Meffert
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Interpers Violence 24:1835-48. 2009
    ..Middle East Refugee Assistance (AMERA), the authors conducted a mental health care needs assessment among Darfur refugees in Cairo...
  96. pmc Influenza in refugees on the Thailand-Myanmar border, May-October 2009
    Paul Turner
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Thailand
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1366-72. 2010
    We describe the epidemiology of influenza virus infections in refugees in a camp in rural Southeast Asia during May-October 2009, the first 6 months after identification of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Thailand...
  97. ncbi Displacement is permanent for the Sahrawi refugees
    Samuel Loewenberg
    Lancet 365:1295-6. 2005
  98. ncbi Internally displaced human resources for health: villager health worker partnerships to scale up a malaria control programme in active conflict areas of eastern Burma
    C I Lee
    Global Health Access Program, Mae Sot, Tak, Thailand
    Glob Public Health 4:229-41. 2009
    ..This iterative strategy may provide a model to improve access to care in this population and in other conflict settings...
  99. ncbi Self-reported activity in tortured refugees with long-term sequelae including pain and the impact of foot pain from falanga--a cross-sectional study
    Karen Prip
    Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Disabil Rehabil 33:569-78. 2011
    To describe activity limitations in tortured refugees referred for rehabilitation, particularly the impact of neuropathic pain resulting from falanga (beatings under the feet).
  100. ncbi Estimating infectious disease in UK asylum seekers and refugees: a systematic review of prevalence studies
    R C Clark
    University of the West of England, Glenside Campus, Blackberry Hill, Stapleton, Bristol BS16 1DD, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 29:420-8. 2007
    ..The prevalence of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis (TB), HIV and hepatitis B in the UK asylum seeker and refugee population is currently uncertain...
  101. ncbi Complicated grief in Bosnian refugees: associations with posttraumatic stress disorder and depression
    Shakeh Momartin
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Compr Psychiatry 45:475-82. 2004
    ..there have been few studies investigating the traumatic antecedents and correlates of complicated grief in refugees, and the relationship of that symptom pattern with other common disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (..

Research Grants63

  1. Genetic and estrogen-dependent regulation of the human PAC1R receptor and PTSD
    Kerry J Ressler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..but can occur in up to 25% of subjects who have experienced severe psychological trauma, such as combat veterans, refugees, and assault victims. The differential risk determining those who do vs...
  2. Parent Behavior and Child Adjustment Across Cultures
    Jennifer E Lansford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..addition of data collection with two cultural groups in Jordan: native Jordanians living in Amman and Palestinian refugees living in refugee camps on the outskirts of Amman...
  3. Intergenerational impact of war: A prospective longitudinal study
    Theresa Stichick Betancourt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..findings will identify priorities for interventions to assist diverse populations affected by war, including refugees from war-torn regions who have resettled in the US...
  4. Innovative Interdisciplinary Approaches to Sustainable Airborne Infection Control
    Edward A Nardell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our partners in this clinical research and training project will be the National Institute of Health of Peru (INS) and Socios En Salud (SES), the Peru arm of PIH, with course work in epidemiology available through San Marcos University. ..
  5. Labor Migration and Multilevel HIV Prevention
    STEVAN MERRILL WEINE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that are feasible, acceptable, and effective with respect to the complex real-life contexts where migrants and refugees live...
  6. Stress &Coping Model of Alcohol Use among Treatment-Seeking Asian American Adult
    SHARON HSIN HSU; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..1) It examines factors associated with alcohol use and related problems among Southeast Asian immigrants and refugees, a high-need population due to their trauma experience, immigration history, and high rate of mental illness and ..
  7. Cambodia Trauma Survivors: Prevalence &Consequences
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..four-year study requests funds to extend the scope of our ongoing research on the mental health of Cambodian refugees. The baseline study recruited a household, probability sample of residents from the largest single community of ..
  8. Partnership for Healthier Asians
    Karen Kim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..More than 65% of AA in Chicago are foreign-born immigrants and refugees and come from low-income, limited English proficient backgrounds...
  9. Mental health in Iraqi refugees: Importance of post-displacement social stressors
    Bengt Birger Arnetz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Refugees are at a strikingly elevated risk of suffering from post-displacement mental disorders, with severe implications for social and occupational functioning while increasing the burden and costs ..
  10. Addressing Mental Health Disparities in Refugee ChildrenL A CBPR Collaboration
    Theresa Stichick Betancourt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..caregivers and children;(c) adapt the core components of a family-based strengthening intervention for use with refugees;and (3) conduct an 80-family pilot study to examine acceptability and sustainability of the intervention...
  11. The Mental Health and Well-Being of Adolescent Children of Cambodian Refugees
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..funds to conduct the first systematic investigation of the mental health and well-being of US-born children of refugees. Since 1980, the US has admitted approximately 2.4 million refugees...
  12. Addressing Social Determinants to Reduce Refugee Mental Health Disparities
    Jessica R Goodkind; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of mental health and incorporates an evidence-based trauma treatment (Narrative Exposure Therapy, NET) for refugees with PTSD...
  13. Alameda County Network Program for Reducing Cancer Disparities
    Carol P Somkin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Americans (17%), and a decreasing Euro-American population (37%), and is the home of the largest group of Afghan refugees in the US...
  14. Patient Voices Network for Addressing Health Disparities
    Laurene M Tumiel-Berhalter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The population is predominantly minority (African American) and ethnically diverse (Hispanic and resettled refugees from over 70 counties)...
  15. Examining family planning (FP) service availability for and the knowledge, attitu
    SANDRA KRAUSE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..University Bloomberg School of Public Health;Save the Children;and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees will jointly implement KAP studies among adolescents aged 12-19 in five diverse humanitarian contexts...
  16. Towards Understanding the Morbidity of HEV Infection
    Mohamed Tarek Shata; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In the Indian subcontinent, and recently in outbreaks in Baghdad and in refugees in Darfur Sudan, the virulent genotype-1 strain of HEV was isolated from AVH cases...
  17. Modifiable Protective Processes in the Mental Health of Refugee Children
    Theresa Stichick Betancourt; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..one war-affected adolescents in northern Uganda, the other resettled Somali Bantu child and adolescent refugees in the U.S.)...
  18. Two Stepped Care Models for PTSD among Cambodian Refugees in Primary Care
    Devon Hinton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This is a major gap in the literature. The current study is a hybrid effectiveness-efficacy study of Cambodian refugees, a group with an extremely high community rate of PTSD: a 62% community prevalence in one study (Marshall et al...
  19. Health Impacts of Hurricane Katrina on Vietnamese-American New Orleanians
    Mark J VanLandingham; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We know little about how refugees and other types of immigrants respond to the shock of subsequent displacement and other disruptions following a disaster in their destination country...
  20. POPULATION BASED SURVEY OF TORTURE AND VIOLENCE
    James Jaranson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study will allow us to determine the prevalence of a history of torture immigrants and refugees using population-based, rather than treatment-based, sampling...
  21. Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Khmer Refugees: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Devon Hinton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..step in treatment development of our manualized, culturally sensitive cognitive-behavior therapy for Cambodian refugees with PTSD who have had an incomplete response to medications and supportive psychotherapy...
  22. Substance Abuse and Health Vulnerability: Colombian Refugees in Ecuador
    Michele G Shedlin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and among Hispanic immigrant communities of New York to explore drug use and STI/HIV risk among Colombian refugees in Ecuador...
  23. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TORTURE AND TRAUMA IN TWO REFUGEE GROUPS
    Michael Hollifield; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Applicant's Abstract): This is a cross-sectional community epidemiological study of Kurdish and Vietnamese refugees in Dallas and Albuquerque to determine: 1) the prevalence of a history of torture and war-related trauma, 2) the ..
  24. Innovative Stress Intervention in Refugees Pilot Test
    Linda Halcon; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Many refugees have survived war trauma, including torture...
  25. Connecting Chicago Health Outreach to the Internet
    CECILIA MORALES; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..for CHO to continue to respond appropriately and effectively to the unique needs of the homeless immigrants and refugees, people with HIV, and low-income uninsured families...
  26. BOSNIAN REFUGEE SURVIVORS OF TORTURE IN PRIMARY CARE
    Jeffrey Sonis; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The project involves identifying 413 Bosnian refugees with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, or neither, using a two stage screening and interview ..
  27. Project Export Center of Excellence at UNI
    MICHELE DEVLIN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..to other states, many meat packing and agricultural processing companies are actively recruiting thousands of refugees and immigrants from Latin America, Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia, and Africa to come to Iowa to settle and work...
  28. Multilingual Health Education Resource Project
    MARY GILLISPIE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..materials that deal with topics and languages that are most critical to meet the health information needs of new refugees in the community...
  29. Developing a Culturally Competent Trauma Therapy
    JANET OSTERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Following the development of the culturally adapted PE, we propose to conduct a pilot study with Eritrean refugees and immigrants in the Boston area to assess both acceptability and efficacy of the treatment...
  30. Describing & Measuring Social Support for Cuban Refugees
    DONELLE BARNES; Fiscal Year: 2003
    The US resettled 72,515 refugees in 2000 (US Committee for Refugees, 2000). During resettlement, refugees must adapt to changes in housing, jobs, family relationships, and language...
  31. CAMBODIAN REFUGEES: PROBLEM ALCOHOL USE AND COMORBIDITY
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The proposed household survey of Cambodian refugees residing in the United States will constitute the first-ever community-based, epidemiologic study assessing the prevalence of alcohol use disorders in this population ...
  32. CAMBODIAN REFUGEES: PROBLEM ALCOHOL USE AND COMORBIDITY
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2003
    The proposed household survey of Cambodian refugees residing in the United States will constitute the first-ever community-based, epidemiologic study assessing the prevalence of alcohol use disorders in this population ...
  33. OPIUM ADDICTION AMONG HMONG REFUGEES
    Joseph Westermeyer; Fiscal Year: 1990
    Opium use among Hmong refugees in the U.S. first appeared in 1981. Cases of addicts seeking treatment became common by 1985...
  34. WAR, FORCED MIGRATION, AND HIV/AIDS RISKS IN ANGOLA
    Victor Agadjanian; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Social and physical vulnerability of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) may translate into increased HIV/AIDS risks, and these increased risks ..
  35. Friends Children's Environmental Health Center
    Susan Schantz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The cohort consists of Hmong and Laotian refugees who are consuming PCB- and MeHg- contaminated fish from the Fox River in northeastern Wisconsin...
  36. Population-Based Assessment of Post-Katrina Smoking Relapse
    Kenneth Ward; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..symptoms and disorders are common after such disasters, especially among those most directly affected, such as refugees, and include depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, and increased use of psychoactive substances, ..
  37. REFUGEES, TRAUMA AND COPING
    Allen Glicksman; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Effects of Immigration on Oral Health: A Comparative Study
    Gustavo Cruz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Ethnic minorities (native born, immigrant and refugees) in the US and in other industrialized countries have a much higher prevalence of oral disease compared to the majority population...
  39. Afghan Women's Community Participation: Meaning/Impact
    Teri Lindgren; Fiscal Year: 2003
    There are at least 1.9 million refugees living in the United States, and women and children constitute 80% of all refugees...
  40. Stigma and PTSD in Refugee Adolescents
    Beverley Ellis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of this study will lay the foundation for further examination of types of stigma experienced by adolescent refugees, pathways through which stigma relates to health outcomes, and potential areas of intervention for this ..
  41. Substance Use/HIV in 3 DC Southeast Asian Communities
    Frank Wong; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..from an instrument developed in an ongoing federally funded demonstration study targeting Asian immigrants and refugees living with AIDS/HIV - for use in person and with audio-enhanced computer and self-administered interview (AUDIO- ..
  42. CERVICAL CANCER CONTROL IN A CAMBODIAN POPULATION
    Victoria Taylor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..objectives are to obtain qualitative and quantitative information about the Pap testing behavior of Cambodian refugees; develop, implement and evaluate the effect of a culturally appropriate, neighborhood-based, cervical cancer ..
  43. Refugee Health Information Network
    SEONG MUN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..culturally and linguistically appropriate health and medical information in order to improve health services for refugees. 4) To develop and elaborate new methods for the electronic interchange of relevant information...
  44. Primary Care For Trauma-related Mental Health Problems
    Lisa Meredith; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..three types of key informants from a purposeful sample of five of the 57 C/MHCs that serve Latino immigrants and refugees in one CDN region that represent a range of clinical structures that might affect PTSD care (5 medical directors, ..
  45. ADAPTING NAGCAT FOR ETHNIC COMMUNITIES : A RESEARCH MODE
    JOHN SHUTSKE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..extent and nature of child agricultural labor in farm families of Hmong origin in the Upper Midwest; (the Hmong, refugees to the United States from Laos in the 1970s and 1980s, comprise the second largest ethnic minority in Minnesota...
  46. REFUGEES AND IMMIGRANTS 'NEW VENTURES' E J PARTNERSHIP
    Linda Silka; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..an environmental justice partnership for Lowell, Mass, a city of 100,000, with some 40,000 are immigrants and refugees from over a dozen nations...
  47. ADAPTATION AND STRESS AMONG VIETNAMESE REFUGEES
    Paul Starr; Fiscal Year: 1980
    The experience and problems of Vietnamese refugees in the United States provides an important opportunity to examine the mental health and well-being of forced migrants placed in different types of receiving communities and social ..
  48. Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Khmer Refugees
    Devon Hinton; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Plan: The study investigates the efficacy of a 12-week cognitive-behavioral therapy intervention for Cambodian refugees with PTSD, the treatment guided by a manual, and outcome assessed with standard psychometric instruments, ..
  49. PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACT OF TRAUMA ON BOSNIAN REFUGEES
    Richard Mollica; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Quantitative analyses will employ graphical methods, descriptive statistics, and structural equation models. ..
  50. Cultural Competency and Maternal Health in African Women
    Jennifer Carroll; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..create a need to assess health disparities in newly emerging, growing groups such as African immigrants and refugees. Cultural competencies, derived from an understanding of patient, provider and systems factors and mechanisms of ..
  51. MEANINGS OF CHRONICITY AND AGE FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES
    Gay Becker; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..30 in each of the following groups: African Americans, Mexican Americans, Filipino Americans, Central American refugees, and Cambodian refugees. Respondents will be interviewed in-depth three times over a one-year period...
  52. Services Based Research for Refugee Families
    Stevan Weine; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The long-term goal is to possess the expertise to conduct large-scale service research on refugees in collaboration with service organizations, which develop and test new interventions for families that build on ..
  53. A Services Approach to Preventive Mental Health for Adolescent Refugees
    Stevan Weine; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  54. REDUCING VIOLENCE-RELATED ORAL HEALTH DISPARITIES
    Grant Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. School-Based Mental Health Interventions for Refugees
    Dina Birman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....