prisoners

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health differentials in Australian prisoners
    Azar Kariminia
    Centre for Health Research in Criminal Justice Justice Health, New South Wales
    Aust N Z J Public Health 31:366-71. 2007
  2. ncbi The health of prisoners
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK
    Lancet 377:956-65. 2011
  3. pmc Public health implications for adequate transitional care for HIV-infected prisoners: five essential components
    Sandra A Springer
    AIDS Program, Section of Infectious Diseases, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 53:469-79. 2011
  4. ncbi Where there's smoke, there's fire: high prevalence of smoking among some sub-populations and recommendations for intervention
    Amanda Baker
    Centre for Mental Health Studies, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, and Alcohol and Drug Service, St Vincent s Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:85-96. 2006
  5. ncbi HIV in prison in low-income and middle-income countries
    Kate Dolan
    Program of International Research and Training, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:32-41. 2007
  6. ncbi Serious mental disorder in 23000 prisoners: a systematic review of 62 surveys
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, OX3 7JX, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 359:545-50. 2002
  7. pmc The diagnostic performance of a single GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay in an intensified tuberculosis case finding survey among HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia
    Haider Abdulrazzaq Abed Al-Darraji
    Centre of Excellence for Research in AIDS, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia
    PLoS ONE 8:e73717. 2013
  8. ncbi Severe mental illness in 33,588 prisoners worldwide: systematic review and meta-regression analysis
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 200:364-73. 2012
  9. pmc Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among longer-term prison inmates is a prevalent, persistent and disabling disorder
    Ylva Ginsberg
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Psychiatry 10:112. 2010
  10. pmc Psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detention
    Linda A Teplin
    Psycho Legal Studies Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern Univerity, 710 N Lake Shore Dr, Suite 900, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:1133-43. 2002

Detail Information

Publications340 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health differentials in Australian prisoners
    Azar Kariminia
    Centre for Health Research in Criminal Justice Justice Health, New South Wales
    Aust N Z J Public Health 31:366-71. 2007
    Compare the self-reported physical and mental health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal prisoners in New South Wales (NSW).
  2. ncbi The health of prisoners
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK
    Lancet 377:956-65. 2011
    ..Mental disorders and infectious diseases are more common in prisoners than in the general population...
  3. pmc Public health implications for adequate transitional care for HIV-infected prisoners: five essential components
    Sandra A Springer
    AIDS Program, Section of Infectious Diseases, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 53:469-79. 2011
    ..Few effective linkage-to-the-community programs are currently available for prisoners infected with HIV...
  4. ncbi Where there's smoke, there's fire: high prevalence of smoking among some sub-populations and recommendations for intervention
    Amanda Baker
    Centre for Mental Health Studies, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, and Alcohol and Drug Service, St Vincent s Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:85-96. 2006
    ..culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds, as well as people with mental and substance use disorders and prisoners. The aims of this paper are to: describe the high prevalence of smoking among these particular sub-populations ..
  5. ncbi HIV in prison in low-income and middle-income countries
    Kate Dolan
    Program of International Research and Training, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Lancet Infect Dis 7:32-41. 2007
    ..We reviewed imprisonment, HIV prevalence, and the proportion of prisoners who are IDUs in 152 low-income and middle-income countries...
  6. ncbi Serious mental disorder in 23000 prisoners: a systematic review of 62 surveys
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, OX3 7JX, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 359:545-50. 2002
    ..We did a systematic review of surveys on such disorders in general prison populations in western countries...
  7. pmc The diagnostic performance of a single GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay in an intensified tuberculosis case finding survey among HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia
    Haider Abdulrazzaq Abed Al-Darraji
    Centre of Excellence for Research in AIDS, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia
    PLoS ONE 8:e73717. 2013
    ..We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of a single Xpert assay in an intensified case finding survey among HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia.
  8. ncbi Severe mental illness in 33,588 prisoners worldwide: systematic review and meta-regression analysis
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 200:364-73. 2012
    High levels of psychiatric morbidity in prisoners have been documented in many countries, but it is not known whether rates of mental illness have been increasing over time or whether the prevalence differs between low-middle-income ..
  9. pmc Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among longer-term prison inmates is a prevalent, persistent and disabling disorder
    Ylva Ginsberg
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Psychiatry 10:112. 2010
    ..We estimated the prevalence of ADHD among longer-term prison inmates, described symptoms and cognitive functioning, and compared findings with ADHD among psychiatric outpatients and healthy controls...
  10. pmc Psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detention
    Linda A Teplin
    Psycho Legal Studies Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern Univerity, 710 N Lake Shore Dr, Suite 900, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:1133-43. 2002
    ..Yet, there are few empirical studies. Until we have better epidemiologic data, we cannot know how best to use the system's scarce mental health resources...
  11. pmc HIV, alcohol dependence, and the criminal justice system: a review and call for evidence-based treatment for released prisoners
    Sandra A Springer
    Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, AIDS Program, 135 College Street, Suite 323, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 37:12-21. 2011
    ..HIV-infected prisoners with AUDs face many obstacles as they transition back to the community...
  12. ncbi Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection and its related risk factors in drug abuser prisoners in Hamedan--Iran
    Amir Houshang Mohammad Alizadeh
    Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Disease, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, 7th Floor, Taleghani Hospital, Yaman Str, Evin, Tehran 19857, Iran
    World J Gastroenterol 11:4085-9. 2005
    Recent studies in Iran has shown that prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among Iranian prisoners is high, in spite of low HCV seroprevalence in general population.
  13. ncbi Scaling up methadone maintenance treatment for opioid-dependent prisoners in Iran
    Marziyeh Farnia
    The Iran Prison Organisation, Tehran, Iran
    Int J Drug Policy 21:422-4. 2010
    Research evidence indicates that prisoners in Iran are at risk of drug-related harm, including acquisition of blood-borne infections...
  14. ncbi Smoking among female prisoners: an ignored public health epidemic
    Karen Cropsey
    Department of Psychiatry, Campus of the Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, P O Box 980109, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    Addict Behav 29:425-31. 2004
    The Mississippi Department of Corrections (MDOC) surveyed 866 female prisoners about tobacco use and interest in a smoking cessation program...
  15. ncbi Impaired reversal but intact acquisition: probabilistic response reversal deficits in adult individuals with psychopathy
    Salima Budhani
    Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 115:552-8. 2006
    ..Results are discussed with reference to current models of the development of psychopathy...
  16. pmc Imprisonment and women's health: concerns about gender sensitivity, human rights and public health
    Brenda J van den Bergh
    World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Bull World Health Organ 89:689-94. 2011
    The health of prisoners is among the poorest of any population group and the apparent inequalities pose both a challenge and an opportunity for country health systems...
  17. ncbi Chest radiograph screening for tuberculosis in a Hong Kong prison
    C C Leung
    Department of Health, TB and Chest Service, 4 F Shaukiwan Jockey Club Clinic, Hong Kong, SAR, China
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:627-32. 2005
    Long-stay prisoners are not regularly screened for TB in Hong Kong.
  18. ncbi Suicides in male prisoners in England and Wales, 1978-2003
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Lancet 366:1301-2. 2005
    ..We therefore compared, in narrow age bands, all 1312 suicides of male prisoners in England and Wales between 1978 and 2003 with suicide rates in the general male population...
  19. ncbi The antisocial brain: psychopathy matters
    Sarah Gregory
    Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, England, UK
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:962-72. 2012
    ..The population of men who display persistent antisocial and violent behavior is heterogeneous. Callous-unemotional traits in childhood and psychopathic traits in adulthood characterize a distinct subgroup...
  20. ncbi Psychiatric morbidity among sentenced prisoners: prevalence study in Iran
    Seyed Mohammad Assadi
    Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital, South Kargar Avenue, Tehran 13337, Iran
    Br J Psychiatry 188:159-64. 2006
    Information on psychiatric morbidity of prisoners has almost entirely been based on research in Western countries and it is uncertain whether these research findings are applicable to other settings.
  21. pmc Patterns of drug use and HIV-related risk behaviors among incarcerated people in a prison in Iran
    Saman Zamani
    Department of Global Health and Socio Epidemiology, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Kyoto, Japan
    J Urban Health 87:603-16. 2010
    Previous research indicates that prisoners in Iran are at risk of drug-related harm, including acquisition of blood-borne infections...
  22. ncbi Chronic Strongyloides stercoralis infection in former British Far East prisoners of war
    G V Gill
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L3 5QA
    QJM 97:789-95. 2004
    Chronic infections with the nematode worm Strongyloides stercoralis can occur in former WWII Far East prisoners of war (FEPOWs). The condition may be asymptomatic, but frequently causes a characteristic urticarial 'larva currens' rash...
  23. ncbi A qualitative inquiry into methadone maintenance treatment for opioid-dependent prisoners in Tehran, Iran
    Saman Zamani
    Department of Global Health and Socio Epidemiology, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
    Int J Drug Policy 21:167-72. 2010
    This study aimed to investigate the context in which methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is provided for opioid-dependent prisoners, and to identify barriers against further scale-up of MMT in Ghezel Hesar prison in Tehran.
  24. pmc Correlates of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections among prison inmates and officers in Ghana: A national multicenter study
    Andrew A Adjei
    Department of Pathology, University of Ghana Medical School, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
    BMC Infect Dis 8:33. 2008
    ..Prison officers are considered to have an intermittent exposure potential to bloodborne infectious diseases on the job, however there has been no studies on the prevalence of these infections in prison officers in Ghana...
  25. ncbi Clearance of hepatitis C viremia associated with cellular immunity in the absence of seroconversion in the hepatitis C incidence and transmission in prisons study cohort
    Jeffrey J Post
    Department of Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    J Infect Dis 189:1846-55. 2004
    ..These cases highlight the potential for cellular immune responses against HCV to facilitate viral clearance, responses that may model those required for effective HCV vaccination...
  26. ncbi Human immunonodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus: sero-prevalence, co-infection and risk factors among prison inmates in Nasarawa State, Nigeria
    Moses P Adoga
    Virology Department, Innovative Biotech Ltd, 1 Abdu Abubakar Street, GRA, P O Box 30, Keffi, Nigeria
    J Infect Dev Ctries 3:539-47. 2009
    ..We set out to establish the seroprevalence, co-infection, and risk factors for these infections for the first time among prison inmates in Nasarawa State, Nigeria...
  27. ncbi Psychiatric disorders and repeat incarcerations: the revolving prison door
    Jacques Baillargeon
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 166:103-9. 2009
    ..The authors examined this association in a retrospective cohort study of the nation's largest state prison system...
  28. ncbi Prevalence and predictors of sexually transmitted infection among newly incarcerated females
    Denise M Willers
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine and Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:68-72. 2008
    ..To examine demographic and behavioral characteristics in incarcerated women to determine which characteristics are associated with prevalent sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
  29. ncbi Vaccination against hepatitis B among prisoners in Iran: accelerated vs. classic vaccination
    Ali Asghar Zolghadr Asli
    Islamic Azad University, Istahban Branch, Istahban, Iran
    Health Policy 100:297-304. 2011
    b>Prisoners and injecting drug users are at constant risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and the classic 6-months HBV vaccination might not provide immunization rapidly enough...
  30. ncbi Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection and risk factors of drug using prisoners in Guilan province
    Z Mohtasham Amiri
    Department of Community Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Islamic Republic of Iran
    East Mediterr Health J 13:250-6. 2007
    ..4%) were HCV antibody positive (88.9% of intravenous drug abusers). HCV-positive status was significantly associated with intravenous drug use, having skin tattoos and number of times in prison...
  31. pmc Rationale, study design and sample characteristics of a randomized controlled trial of directly administered antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected prisoners transitioning to the community - a potential conduit to improved HIV treatment outcomes
    Ali Shabahang Saber-Tehrani
    Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, AIDS Program, United States
    Contemp Clin Trials 33:436-44. 2012
    HIV-infected prisoners experience poor HIV treatment outcomes post-release...
  32. pmc Tobacco use by male prisoners under an indoor smoking ban
    Ross M Kauffman
    Division of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 13:449-56. 2011
    ..Patterns of tobacco use among prisoners were explored to determine the impact of incarceration in a facility with an indoor smoking ban on tobacco use ..
  33. ncbi Suicide in recently released prisoners: a population-based cohort study
    Daniel Pratt
    Centre for Suicide Prevention, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
    Lancet 368:119-23. 2006
    Several studies have been undertaken on suicide in custody, but few on suicide after the release from prison. We undertook a population-based cohort study to investigate suicide rates in recently released prisoners in England and Wales.
  34. ncbi The self-reported health status of prisoners in New South Wales
    T Butler
    Centre for Health Research in Criminal Justice Corrections Health Service, Eastgardens, New South Wales
    Aust N Z J Public Health 28:344-50. 2004
    ..To describe the physical health of the New South Wales prisoner population...
  35. ncbi Drug use, increasing incarceration rates, and prison-associated HIV risks in Thailand
    Chris Beyrer
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 7:153-61. 2003
    ..Incarceration is a known risk for HIV infection in Thai drug users. Through the 1990s, incarceration rates for drug-related offenses rose sharply, whereas HIV prevention and drug treatment in prisons remained limited...
  36. pmc HIV and incarceration: prisons and detention
    Ralf Jürgens
    J Int AIDS Soc 14:26. 2011
    The high prevalence of HIV infection among prisoners and pre-trial detainees, combined with overcrowding and sub-standard living conditions sometimes amounting to inhuman or degrading treatment in violation of international law, make ..
  37. pmc Social determinants and the health of drug users: socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration
    Sandro Galea
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY, 10029 5293, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:S135-45. 2002
    ..This article reviews the evidence on the adverse health consequences of low socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration among drug users...
  38. pmc Meta-analysis of drug-related deaths soon after release from prison
    Elizabeth L C Merrall
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, UK
    Addiction 105:1545-54. 2010
    ..For precise, up-to-date understanding of these risks, a meta-analysis was conducted on the risk of drug-related death in weeks 1 + 2 and 3 + 4 compared with later 2-week periods in the first 12 weeks after release from prison...
  39. ncbi How criminal system racial disparities may translate into health disparities
    Martin Y Iguchi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 16:48-56. 2005
    ....
  40. ncbi Correlates of HIV, HBV, and HCV infections in a prison inmate population: results from a multicentre study in Italy
    S Babudieri
    Istituto Malattie Infettive, Universita di Sassari, Sassari, Italy
    J Med Virol 76:311-7. 2005
    ..Although it is possible that the study population is not representative of Italy's prison inmate population, the results stress the need to improve infection control measures users was prisons...
  41. ncbi Four-year follow-up of imprisoned male heroin users and methadone treatment: mortality, re-incarceration and hepatitis C infection
    Kate A Dolan
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Addiction 100:820-8. 2005
    ..To examine the long-term impact of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) on mortality, re-incarceration and hepatitis C seroconversion in imprisoned male heroin users...
  42. pmc Improved HIV and substance abuse treatment outcomes for released HIV-infected prisoners: the impact of buprenorphine treatment
    SANDRA ANN SPRINGER
    Yale AIDS Program, 135 College Street, Suite 323, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    J Urban Health 87:592-602. 2010
    HIV-infected prisoners fare poorly after release. Though rarely available, opioid agonist therapy (OAT) may be one way to improve HIV and substance abuse treatment outcomes after release...
  43. pmc Health and human rights concerns of drug users in detention in Guangxi Province, China
    J Elizabeth Cohen
    Independent Consultant, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e234. 2008
    ..We conducted an assessment of the impact of detention on drug users' access to HIV prevention and treatment services and consequent threats to fundamental human rights protections...
  44. pmc Mass incarceration can explain population increases in TB and multidrug-resistant TB in European and central Asian countries
    David Stuckler
    Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 1ST, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13280-5. 2008
    ..Although the number of prisoners is a significant determinant of differences in TB incidence and multidrug-resistant TB prevalence among ..
  45. ncbi Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis and comparative evaluation of screening strategies in a Brazilian prison
    A Sanchez
    Secretaria de Administração Penitenciária do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 9:633-9. 2005
    ..A prison (1171 male inmates) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
  46. pmc HIV/AIDS among inmates of and releasees from US correctional facilities, 2006: declining share of epidemic but persistent public health opportunity
    Anne C Spaulding
    Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e7558. 2009
    ..with HIV/AIDS beyond the crime-prone years, and success with discharge planning programs targeting HIV-infected prisoners could explain the declining concentration of the epidemic among correctional populations...
  47. ncbi Substance abuse and dependence in prisoners: a systematic review
    Seena Fazel
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK
    Addiction 101:181-91. 2006
    To review studies of the prevalence of substance abuse and dependence in prisoners on reception into custody.
  48. pmc Molecular characteristics of HIV type 1 infection among prisoners from Central Western Brazil
    Ludimila Paula Vaz Cardoso
    Tropical Pathology and Public Health Institute, Federal University of Goias, Brazil
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 27:1349-53. 2011
    Abstract This study among antiretroviral-experienced prisoners from central western Brazil investigated mutations associated with secondary resistance to nucleoside/nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI/NNRTI), protease ..
  49. ncbi Face affect recognition deficits in personality-disordered offenders: association with psychopathy
    Mairead Dolan
    University of Manchester and Bolton, Salford and Trafford Mental Health Trust, Manchester, UK
    Psychol Med 36:1563-9. 2006
    ..However, many of these studies have small samples, and few include a healthy control group in order to examine the contribution of criminality...
  50. ncbi Characteristics of and trends in subgroups of prisoner suicides in England and Wales
    N Humber
    Centre for Suicide Prevention, School of Community Based Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    Psychol Med 41:2275-85. 2011
    The suicide rate is higher in prisoners compared with the general population. The aim was to describe the characteristics of and longitudinal trends in prisoner suicides in England and Wales.
  51. ncbi Hepatitis C virus reinfection among prisoners with sustained virological response after treatment for chronic hepatitis C
    A Marco
    Health Services of Barcelona Men s Penitentiary Centre, Barcelona, Spain
    J Hepatol 59:45-51. 2013
    ..We estimated HCV reinfection rate and its associated risk factors in inmates with chronic hepatitis C who had achieved sustained virological response (SVR) after completing combination therapy while in prison...
  52. ncbi Use of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) as a screening tool in prisons: results of a preliminary study
    Donald W Black
    Department of Psychiatry, Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 32:158-62. 2004
    ..Subjects had a mean of 2.8 disorders. The potential use of the MINI as a screening tool in prison settings is discussed...
  53. ncbi Self-reported suicidal behavior in juvenile offenders in custody: prevalence and associated factors
    Jenny Morgan
    Prospect Park Hospital, Tilehurst, Reading, UK
    Crisis 25:8-11. 2004
    ....
  54. ncbi Contribution of imitative suicide to the suicide rate in prisons
    Nigel McKenzie
    Camden and Islington Mental Health and Social Care Trust
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 37:538-42. 2007
    ..Model simulations with an imitation rate of 5.8% (CI 1%-11%) reproduced the observed space-time clustering...
  55. ncbi Depression, hopelessness and suicide ideation among vulnerable prisoners
    Emma J Palmer
    Clinical Division of Psychiatry, Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester General Hospital, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 5PW, UK
    Crim Behav Ment Health 15:164-70. 2005
    Self-harm among prisoners is high, and suicide rates increasing. Assessment of depressive characteristics is easy. To what extent are these linked with previous self-harm?
  56. pmc Antiretroviral outcomes in South African prisoners: a retrospective cohort analysis
    Natasha E C G Davies
    Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital and Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    PLoS ONE 7:e33309. 2012
    Little is known about antiretroviral therapy (ART) outcomes in prisoners in Africa. We conducted a retrospective review of outcomes of a large cohort of prisoners referred to a public sector, urban HIV clinic...
  57. ncbi Low incidence of hepatitis C virus among prisoners in Scotland
    Avril Taylor
    School of Social Sciences, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, Scotland
    Addiction 108:1296-304. 2013
    To estimate hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence and HCV risk among Scottish prisoners.
  58. ncbi A national case–control study of risk factors for suicide among prisoners in England and Wales [corrected]
    Naomi Humber
    Centre for Mental Health and Risk, University of Manchester, Jean McFarlane Building, Second Floor, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 48:1177-85. 2013
    To examine risk factors for suicide among prisoners in a national population.
  59. ncbi Validating a distinction between primary and secondary psychopathy with measures of Gray's BIS and BAS constructs
    Joseph P Newman
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 114:319-23. 2005
    ..Results for primary psychopathy were as predicted. Results for secondary psychopathy clearly supported the strong BAS prediction but provided mixed support for the normal BIS prediction...
  60. ncbi Viral hepatitis and HIV infection among injection drug users in a central Iranian City
    Masoomeh Sofian
    Arak University of Medical Sciences, Iran
    J Addict Med 6:292-6. 2012
    ....
  61. ncbi Prevalence and characteristics of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in female prisoners in China
    Guoping Huang
    Mental Health Institute, 2nd Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410011, People s Republic of China
    Compr Psychiatry 47:20-9. 2006
    ..In the present study, the authors investigated the relationship between the frequency and type of traumatic events and the prevalence of PTSD among female prisoners in China.
  62. ncbi Comparison of hepatitis C virus treatment between incarcerated and community patients
    John P Rice
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792 5124, USA
    Hepatology 56:1252-60. 2012
    ..Incarceration status was not a significant predictor when added to this model (P = 0.075)...
  63. ncbi The effects of a prison smoking ban on smoking behavior and withdrawal symptoms
    Karen L Cropsey
    Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University, P O Box 980109, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    Addict Behav 30:589-94. 2005
    ..An interaction was found such that distressed smokers had the highest level of nicotine withdrawal. These results have implications for how smoking bans are instituted in prison settings...
  64. ncbi Mental disorders in female prisoners
    Christine S Tye
    Acute Assessment Unit, Melbourne Assessment Prison, West Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:266-71. 2006
    ..The objective of the study was to investigate the rates of mental disorder among women in prison in Victoria, and to compare with community rates...
  65. ncbi Incarceration and risk for HIV infection among injection drug users in Bangkok
    Kachit Choopanya
    Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:86-94. 2002
    ..Previous cross-sectional studies have shown strong relationships between incarceration and HIV infection but have not been able to assess potential causal pathways...
  66. ncbi Mental health care in prisons
    John Reed
    Br J Psychiatry 182:287-8. 2003
  67. ncbi The use of real-time PCR to identify Entamoeba histolytica and E. dispar infections in prisoners and primary-school children in Ethiopia
    A Kebede
    Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, PO Box 1242, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 98:43-8. 2004
    ..histolytica. Faecal samples were therefore collected from 363 primary-school students and 409 prisoners from various regions of Ethiopia...
  68. pmc The first condom machine in a US jail: the challenge of harm reduction in a law and order environment
    Mary Sylla
    Center for Health Justice, 900 Avila Street, Suite 301, Los Angeles, CA 90012, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:982-5. 2010
    Most US jails and prisons do not provide condoms to prisoners because of concerns about possible negative consequences...
  69. pmc Smoking cessation intervention for female prisoners: addressing an urgent public health need
    Karen Cropsey
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Substance Abuse Center, 401 Beacon Parkway West, Birmingham, AL 35209, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1894-901. 2008
    ..We tested the efficacy of a combined pharmacologic and behavioral smoking cessation intervention among women in a state prison in the southern United States...
  70. pmc Risk factors and prevalence of tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus, syphilis, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus among prisoners in Pakistan
    Abdul M Kazi
    Departments of Preventive Medicine, Biostatistics and Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Institute for Global Health, 2215 Garland Ave, Nashville, TN 37232 0242, USA
    Int J Infect Dis 14:e60-6. 2010
    The objective of this study was to evaluate the burden of sexual- and injection drug use-related infections in male prisoners in Karachi, Pakistan.
  71. ncbi Deficient response modulation and emotion processing in low-anxious Caucasian psychopathic offenders: results from a lexical decision task
    Amanda R Lorenz
    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53706, USA
    Emotion 2:91-104. 2002
    ..The authors propose that deficient response modulation may underlie both the emotional and cognitive deficits associated with low-anxious psychopaths...
  72. ncbi Prison inmates' suicidal ideation in China: a study of gender differences and their impact
    Jie Zhang
    Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China
    Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 54:959-83. 2010
    ..The results call for different approaches and treatments toward both gender groups for suicide prevention in Chinese correctional facilities...
  73. ncbi Substance misuse among prisoners in England and Wales
    N Singleton
    Office for National Statistics, London, UK
    Int Rev Psychiatry 15:150-2. 2003
  74. ncbi Prison suicide in 12 countries: an ecological study of 861 suicides during 2003-2007
    Seena Fazel
    Centre for Suicide Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 46:191-5. 2011
    Although suicide rates among prisoners are high and vary between countries, it is uncertain whether this reflects the importation of risk from the general population or is associated with incarceration rates.
  75. ncbi Psychiatric and social aspects of suicidal behaviour in prisons
    Rachel Jenkins
    WHO Collaborating Centre, David Goldberg Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Denmark Hill, London
    Psychol Med 35:257-69. 2005
    ..Suicidal behaviour and completed suicide are serious problems within British prisons, leading to significant morbidity and mortality, and are the focus of major efforts towards their prevention...
  76. ncbi Methylphenidate treatment of adult male prison inmates with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial with open-label extension
    Ylva Ginsberg
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry and Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Br J Psychiatry 200:68-73. 2012
    ..Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent in prison inmates, but pharmacological treatment has not yet been evaluated in this group...
  77. pmc Preventing death among the recently incarcerated: an argument for naloxone prescription before release
    Sarah E Wakeman
    Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    J Addict Dis 28:124-9. 2009
    ..A pre-release program of overdose prevention education, including Naloxone prescription, for inmates with a history of opiate addiction would likely prevent many overdose deaths...
  78. ncbi Recommendations for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic hepatitis B and C in special population groups (migrants, intravenous drug users and prison inmates)
    Piero L Almasio
    Gastroenterology and Hepatology Unit, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
    Dig Liver Dis 43:589-95. 2011
    ..When dealing with special population groups, social, environmental and clinical factors should be considered when selecting candidates for therapy as indicated by national and international guidelines...
  79. pmc Retention on buprenorphine is associated with high levels of maximal viral suppression among HIV-infected opioid dependent released prisoners
    Sandra A Springer
    Section of Infectious Disease, AIDS Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e38335. 2012
    HIV-infected prisoners lose viral suppression within the 12 weeks after release to the community...
  80. ncbi Seroprevalence of hepatitis C infection and associated risk factors among addicted prisoners in Sari-Iran
    M Zakizad
    Department of Community Health Nursing, Nasibeh Nursing and Midwifery College, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
    Pak J Biol Sci 12:1012-8. 2009
    ..study was to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis C infection and associated risk factors among addicted prisoners in Sari-Iran...
  81. ncbi [Psychiatric disorders and childhood trauma in prisoners with antisocial personality disorder]
    D Kopp
    Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Ernst Moritz Arndt Universität Greifswald am Hanseklinikum Stralsund
    Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 77:152-9. 2009
    Previous studies indicate high prevalence rates of mental disorders and trauma among prisoners. Based on a sample of 102 male German prisoners, the comorbidity and childhood trauma experiences in 72 criminals with antisocial personality ..
  82. ncbi Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis and associated risk factors in Eastern Ethiopian prisons
    D S Abebe
    Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:668-73. 2011
    ..To determine the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and associated risk factors among inmates in three major prison settings of Eastern Ethiopia...
  83. ncbi Smoking and its correlates in an Australian prisoner population
    Josephine M Belcher
    Centre for Health Research in Criminal Justice and School of Public Health, University of New South Wales, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 25:343-8. 2006
    Despite evidence of high rates of smoking among prisoners, there has been limited research that describes smoking patterns and risk factors associated with smoking in this group...
  84. ncbi Psychiatric disorders in women prisoners who have engaged in near-lethal self-harm: case-control study
    Lisa Marzano
    Centre for Suicide Research, University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 197:219-26. 2010
    Female prisoners are 20 times more likely to die by suicide than women of the same age in the general population. However, risk factors and indicators of vulnerability for suicide in this group are not well-known.
  85. ncbi Psychosocial influences on prisoner suicide: a case-control study of near-lethal self-harm in women prisoners
    Lisa Marzano
    University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 72:874-83. 2011
    ..We interviewed 60 women prisoners who had recently engaged in near-lethal self-harm (cases) and 60 others who had never carried out near-lethal ..
  86. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of hepatitis C virus infection among injecting drug users in Tehran
    Saman Zamani
    Department of Global Health and Socio Epidemiology, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Kyoto, Japan
    Int J Drug Policy 18:359-63. 2007
    ..While prevention interventions for drug using inmates are being expanded in Iran, it is important that high prevalence of HCV infection be taken into consideration in order to control further transmission of this infection...
  87. ncbi Drug-resistant tuberculosis and HIV in Ukraine: a threatening convergence of two epidemics?
    I Dubrovina
    Project Office, World Health Organization, Donetsk, Ukraine
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 12:756-62. 2008
    ..To investigate anti-tuberculosis (TB) drug resistance rates in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, and to explore the association between the epidemics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)...
  88. pmc HIV-related research in correctional populations: now is the time
    Josiah D Rich
    Brown University Medical School, Providence, RI, USA
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 8:288-96. 2011
    ..This is especially relevant given recent evidence of the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy in reducing HIV transmission...
  89. pmc Enrollment in outpatient care among newly released prison inmates with HIV infection
    Jacques G Baillargeon
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, The University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:64-71. 2010
    Although many prisoners infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) initiate and adhere to treatment regimens while incarcerated, the benefits of in-prison therapy are frequently lost after community reentry...
  90. ncbi Mental disorders in Australian prisoners: a comparison with a community sample
    Tony Butler
    Centre for Health Research in Criminal Justice, Eastgardens, New South Wales, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:272-6. 2006
    ..b>Prisoners are generally excluded from community-based surveys and to date no studies have compared prisoners to the ..
  91. ncbi Testing for HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and viral hepatitis in jails: still a missed opportunity for public health and HIV prevention
    Timothy P Flanigan
    Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 55:S78-83. 2010
    ..Jail-based screening of infectious diseases, especially for HIV and STIs, in conjunction with treatment and linkage to community care has thus far been a neglected component of HIV prevention among high-risk communities...
  92. ncbi The vulnerability of Brazilian female prisoners to HIV infection
    L Strazza
    Laboratório de Investigação Médica, LIM 01, Hospital das Clinicas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Braz J Med Biol Res 37:771-6. 2004
    ..The study was carried out from August to October 2000 in a São Paulo State Penitentiary, where 299 female prisoners were serving time. We interviewed and obtained a blood sample from 290 females who agreed to enter the study...
  93. ncbi Prevalence of chronic medical conditions among jail and prison inmates in the USA compared with the general population
    I A Binswanger
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:912-9. 2009
    ..Despite growing inmate populations in the USA, inmates are excluded from most national health surveys and little is known about whether the prevalence of chronic disease differs between inmates and the non-institutionalised population...
  94. pmc Substantial use of primary health care by prisoners: epidemiological description and possible explanations
    J M Feron
    Centre Universitaire de Medecine Generale, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Avenue Mounier 5360, 1200 Brussels, Belgium
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:651-5. 2005
    ..To describe the use of primary care services by a prisoner population so as to understand the great number of demands and therefore to plan services oriented to the specific needs of these patients...
  95. pmc Antiretroviral treatment regimen outcomes among HIV-infected prisoners
    Sandra A Springer
    Yale University AIDS Program, New Haven, CT 06510 2283, USA
    HIV Clin Trials 8:205-12. 2007
    ..Despite the high prevalence of HIV in correctional settings, the duration of therapy and response to various highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens in this setting is unknown...
  96. ncbi Can morbidity be inferred from prescription drug use? Results from a nation-wide prison population study
    Ellen Kjelsberg
    Centre for Research and Education in Forensic Psychiatry, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Eur J Epidemiol 20:587-92. 2005
    ..To estimate psychiatric and somatic morbidity in a nation-wide prison population, as inferred from detailed medication sheets...
  97. pmc Differential success rates in racial groups: results of a clinical trial of smoking cessation among female prisoners
    Karen L Cropsey
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 401 Beacon Parkway West, Birmingham, AL 35209, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:690-7. 2009
    ..This study replicated prior observations of racial differences in smoking cessation in which Black smokers have demonstrated lower smoking cessation rates than White smokers...
  98. pmc Adverse effects of US jail and prison policies on the health and well-being of women of color
    Nicholas Freudenberg
    Program in Urban Public Health, Hunter College, City University of New York, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1895-9. 2002
    ....
  99. ncbi Suicide risk among recently released prisoners in New South Wales, Australia
    Azar Kariminia
    National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 187:387-90. 2007
    To determine the risk of suicide and drug overdose death among recently released prisoners.
  100. pmc Release from prison--a high risk of death for former inmates
    Ingrid A Binswanger
    Puget Sound Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Seattle, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:157-65. 2007
    ..The period immediately after release may be challenging for former inmates and may involve substantial health risks. We studied the risk of death among former inmates soon after their release from Washington State prisons...
  101. ncbi Extreme cause-specific mortality in a cohort of adult prisoners--1988 to 2002: a data-linkage study
    A Kariminia
    Centre for Health Research in Criminal Justice, Sydney, Australia
    Int J Epidemiol 36:310-6. 2007
    ..Describe the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) and its trend in adults who have served time in prison...

Research Grants67

  1. Improving Health Outcomes for Released HIV+ Prisoners
    Frederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Released HIV+ prisoners have high rates of recidivism to prison, relapse to illicit drug use and poor HIV treatment outcomes...
  2. Assessing Smoking and Tobacco in Ohio Prisons
    Ross Kauffman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..b>Prisoners are disproportionately affected by tobacco use...
  3. Investigation of Occupational Exposure to and Infection by MRSA in Rural Iowa
    Tara Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..main risk group for MRSA carriage and infection;however, in the past decade, athletes, injection drug users, and prisoners have also emerged as groups at risk of MRSA infection...
  4. Health-Seeking Behaviors among Men with Criminal Justice and Substance Abuse Hist
    Pamela Valera; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and participatory health services research focused on socially-marginalized, at-risk groups, such as former prisoners. The candidate's long-term goals are to advance her skills in community-partnered research, research design ..
  5. The Demography of Prisoner Reentry: Residential Moves & Changing Social Contexts
    JEFFREY D contact MORENOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..relatively little attention from researchers, despite renewed interest among policy makers in integrating former prisoners back into society. Many of these ex-prisoners are returning to very disadvantaged neighborhood environments...
  6. Effectiveness of IPT for Men and Women Prisoners with Major Depression
    Jennifer E Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): At the end of 2008, state and federal prisons held more than 1.6 million prisoners. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most common disorders in prison settings, with 12 month prevalence ..
  7. Improving Cardiovascular Outcomes in Individuals with a History of Incarceration
    EMILY AI HUA WANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The third project will assess 50 recently released prisoners'knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding their cardiovascular risk factors using both established ..
  8. Artificial Hand's Seeing Fingers: A New Device for Ingested Foreign Bodies Remova
    VLADIMIR RUBTSOV; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Other groups at increased risk include prisoners, psychiatric patients, and the elderly, especially those who have decreased cognitive function, impaired ..
  9. LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF SUBSTANCE USE, INCARCERATION, AND STI IN THE US
    MARIA RABIA KHAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, cluster in incarcerated populations. Prisoners'spouses, sexual partners, and other members of their sexual networks also experience high risk of infection...
  10. Measuring Prisoners'Voluntary Consent to Clinical Research for Opioid Dependence
    PAUL PASQUALE CHRISTOPHER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..federal guidelines impose strict limitations on all above minimal risk prisoner research out of concern that prisoners may be coerced into enrolling...
  11. Buprenorphine for Prisoners
    Timothy W Kinlock; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Prisoners with pre-incarceration heroin addiction histories rarely receive drug abuse treatment while incarcerated, or upon release...
  12. Evidence-Based Ethics and Mental Health Research with Prisoners
    Mark E Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Under federal law, vulnerable groups include pregnant women; fetuses, neonates, and children;and prisoners. According to ethicists, vulnerable groups also include individuals who suffer from impairment due to mental ..
  13. African American Offenders: Drug Use, Mental Health and HIV Risk
    Danelle Stevens-Watkins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Stevens-Watkins's research experience in primary data collection with prisoners focused on drug use, mental health, and HIV thus resulting in the clarification of the specific aims of an R01 ..
  14. Implementation/Evaluation of TB, HIV, and Syphilis Screening in Ethiopian Prisons
    WONDWOSSEN AMOGNE DEGU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HIV and syphilis serological screening will be performed in the prison by HIV rapid tests and RPR. Prisoners will be isolated during evaluation and initial treatment to reduce risk of transmission, treated according to ..
  15. Access to Mental Health Services among Released State Prisoners
    David L Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Incarcerated persons bear a heavy burden of chronic and severe health conditions: the prevalence of HIV among prisoners is five times that of the general population, and 25%-50% of prisoners have a mental health condition...
  16. Alcohol Pharmacotherapies Among Released Prisoners
    SANDRA ANN SPRINGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HIV-infected prisoners with alcohol abuse face many obstacles as they transition back to the community...
  17. RCT of an augmented test, treat, link, &retain model for NC and Texas prisoners
    David A Wohl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..based on elements of seek-test-and-treat results in a significant reduction in the potential for HIV-infected prisoners to transmit their virus after release...
  18. Integrated Smoking Cessation Treatment for Low Income Community Corrections
    Karen L Cropsey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..One large RCT of female prisoners tested nicotine replacement and 10-session group intervention compared to a wait-list control group and found ..
  19. Prison Interventions and HIV Prevention Collaboration
    FREDERICK LEWIS ALTICE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are available to answer different questions, including burden of infectious diseases and co-morbidity among prisoners, HIV risk behaviors and HIV transmission within prison, pre-release needs of prisoners with HIV, drug dependence ..
  20. The effects of social deprivation on socio-cognitive functioning
    Jason P Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., rats) or in already socially deprived individuals (e.g., prisoners). We propose two experiments that test three specific aims...
  21. Drug-Related Risk for Death After Release from Prison
    Ingrid A Binswanger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..release from prison will guide further research in a broader range of criminal justice populations including prisoners in other states, federal custody and jail...
  22. DVD-based HIV/HCV Intervention for Drug-Involved Latino Criminal Justice Clients
    Steven S Martin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Recent estimates place the rate of HIV infection among prisoners at four times that of the general population, or 1...
  23. Boston Re-Entry Survey
    Bruce Western; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The return of prisoners to their communities has become increasingly important for research on urban poverty, family demography, public health and criminology...
  24. Intervention of HIV, Drug Use and the Criminal Justice System in Malaysia
    FREDERICK LEWIS ALTICE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Very few evidence-based interventions have been designed and adapted for HIV+ prisoners transitioning from the prison to the community setting. None have used integrated models...
  25. Evaluating Effectiveness of a Statewide Public Mental Health Re-entry Program
    Stephanie Hartwell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Health Disparities and specific Challenge Topic, 09-MH-101: Validating Models of Community Re-entry Programs for Prisoners with Mental Disorders...
  26. Statewide Investigation of Traumatic Brain Injury in Prisons
    Emily Elisabeth Pickelsimer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Estimates of prevalence of TBI in male prisoners from non-population based samples range from 25% to 100%...
  27. Adapting Project S.A.F.E.: Reducing STD/HIV Risk in Women Prisoners
    CATHERINE I FOGEL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Women prisoners, many of whom are poor or of color, have disproportionately high rates of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Women prisoners are 15 times more likely to be HIV-infected than women in the general population...
  28. Naltrexone for Opioid Dependent Released HIV+ Criminal Justice Populations
    SANDRA ANN SPRINGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HIV and drug abuse is concentrated within the criminal justice system (CJS) resulting in 26% of all HIV+ prisoners nationally being released to the community annually...
  29. Reducing Sexual Risk in Southern HIV-Positive Women
    CATHERINE FOGEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Nowhere is the HIV/AIDS epidemic more visible than in women prisoners who are 15 times more likely to be HIV-infectedcompared to women in the general population...
  30. Group IPT for Women Prisoners with Comorbid Substance Use and Depression
    Jennifer E Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Subsequently, Dr. Johnson will conduct a small randomized trial to estimate effects sizes for SUD, depressive disorder, and depressive symptoms, which will be used to justify an R01 application for a full-scale clinical trial. ..
  31. HIV, Buprenorphine, and the Criminal Justice System
    FREDERICK LEWIS ALTICE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..STTR requires that HIV is maximally suppressed, thereby resulting in decreased infectiousness. HIV+ prisoners maximally suppress HIV replication during incarceration...
  32. Paternal Criminal Justice Involvement and Substance Use in Children &Adolescents
    Christina W Hoven; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..6 million were parents, thereby affecting 7.1 million minor children. Nationally, approximately 85% of all prisoners are male...
  33. Prisoner Overdose Training and Naloxone Upon Release
    Josiah D Rich; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to: 1) create an overdose prevention and naloxone administration training Digital Video Disc (DVD) for use with prisoners prior to their release from incarceration;2) assess the feasibility and acceptability of an opiate overdose ..
  34. Health, function, and health outcomes of geriatric prisoners
    Brie A Williams; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..independent researcher focused on optimizing the healthcare of disenfranchised older adults, such as geriatric prisoners. I seek a K23 award to provide me with the support necessary to accomplish the following goals: (1) to acquire ..
  35. Exploring Experiences of Disclosing HIV-Positive Status While in Prison
    MEGAN L COMFORT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Seroprevalence data suggest that a potentially large proportion of HIV-positive prisoners decide to not disclose their status and thus receive no HIV care while incarcerated...
  36. Risk Factors for Spread of Staphylococcus aureus in Prisons.
    Franklin D Lowy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..aureus (MRSA), has become an important public health problem. This proposal will focus on prisoners, a high-risk group that has received limited attention...
  37. HIV Risk among Male Parolees and their Female Partners
    MEGAN L COMFORT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects prisoners in the United States...
  38. Artificial Hand: A New Device for Ingested Foreign Bodies Removal
    VLADIMIR RUBTSOV; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Other groups, who are at increased risk, include prisoners, psychiatric patients, and the elderly, especially those who have decreased cognitive function, impaired ..
  39. Depot Pharmacotherapies for Opioid-Dependent Offenders: Outcomes and Costs
    DAVID J FARABEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..follow through on referrals to treatment in the community, and relapse to opioid use occurs in the majority of prisoners within one month after release...
  40. Central States Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Center
    Carl G Leukefeld; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): With 83% of state prisoners reporting drug use (Mumola &Karberg, 2006) and 700,000 prisoners re-entering U.S...
  41. Medication Assisted Therapy as a Conduit to Care for HIV+ CJS Populations Transit
    SANDRA ANN SPRINGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..When HIV is maximally suppressed decreased infectiousness is the result. HIV+ prisoners successfully achieve suppression during incarceration, however 3 months post-release viral suppression is lost, ..
  42. The Impact of Incarceration and Substance Abuse on HIV-Infected Veterans
    EMILY AI HUA WANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..One half of all prisoners meet criteria for drug abuse or dependence and one in seven individuals infected with HIV is incarcerated each ..
  43. Substance Abuse, HIV and HCV Treatments to Improve Health Outcomes in Drug Users
    Robert D Bruce; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..My first research project will be to conduct an analysis of the treatment outcomes of HCV treatment among prisoners using a retrospective analytic approach...
  44. Nurses and Ethical Dilemmas
    Susan Benedict; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Nurses obtained subjects, assisted with procedures, and cared for the prisoners afterward...
  45. DNA Fingerprinting and Civil Liberties
    Benjamin Moulton; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..political and social scientists, forensic experts, defense lawyers and prosecutors, and representatives of prisoners and parolees, including members of the major ethnic groups represented in forensic DNA banks, will examine the ..
  46. Ethical Issues in Living Donor Transplantation
    Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Populations" and examines the role of race, gender and age in living donor demographics and whether and when prisoners, children and adults who lack decision making capacity should serve as living donors...
  47. Drug Abuse, Criminal Justice System Involvement & Health Disparities in Youth
    Ping Wu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Given that African American youth are disproportionately represented among juvenile and adult arrestees and prisoners/detainees, especially for drug offenses, and that treatment services for substance use related problems for ..
  48. Methods for Understanding Sentinel Events
    JENNIFER GRACE CLARKE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Substance use among State prisoners is approximately 27 times greater than in the general population...
  49. Methadone Maintenance for Prisoners
    TIMOTHY KINLOCK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Most prisoners with histories of pre-incarceration heroin addiction do not receive treatment while incarcerated and seldom enter treatment upon release...
  50. Pacific Coast Research Center of CJ-DATS 2
    MICHAEL LAURENT PRENDERGAST; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3 decades of criminal justice treatment research with the experience of 4 established providers of treatment for prisoners and parolees (Phoenix House, Walden House, Mental Health Systems, and New Directions Northwest) and the ..
  51. A Healthy Transition for Newly Released HIV-Infected Prisoners
    Michael Copenhaver; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2005; 1998), the HIV prevalence among prisoners is four to seven times greater than in the general population...
  52. PS06-011, HIV Prevention Research with HIV+ Incarcerated Populations
    Frederick Altice; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): ABSTRACT: The prevalence of HIV among prisoners is several-fold greater than found in the general community. Over one quarter of all HIV+ individuals cycle through the U.S...
  53. Incarcerated Women, Parenting, and HIV Risk
    CATHERINE FOGEL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..study will provide the knowledge needed to develop a large scale intervention that reduces the HIV risk in women prisoners, facilitates their successful reentry into the community, and strengthens family ties...
  54. Prevention Needs of HIV+ Persons Awaiting Release from Prison
    Sheryl Catz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The impact of known HIV+ prisoners engaging in transmission risk behavior is of clear public health significance, particularly because most will ..
  55. THE PSYCHODYNAMICS OF POLITICAL TERRORISM
    JEANNE KNUTSON; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..letters to the President), (3) allow a basis for understanding those distinctive characteristics, if any which delimit political terrorists from other groups of known actors, such as student radicals, violent prisoners and psychopaths.
  56. AN ALTERNATIVE FOR INCARCERATED SUBSTANCE ABUSERS
    Emil Chiauzzi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Such programming is critical due to the limited treatment availability and options for prisoners, but the dissemination of SMART materials in prisons has been slow...
  57. PS06-011, HIV Prevention Research with HIV+ Incarcerated Populations
    Barry Zack; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..provided by applicant): The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of two interventions among HIV+ prisoners on HIV transmission related risk behaviors and to improve access to both post-release care and prevention ..
  58. SBIRT with at-risk drinkers in the Emergency Department
    Robert Woolard; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Participants will be excluded if they are: 1) already in alcohol treatment, 2) prisoners in custody, or 3) too critically ill to give informed consent...
  59. RESEARCH ETHICS: VULNERABLE & ETHNIC MINORITY GROUPS
    Vickie Mays; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Vulnerable populations include children, prisoners, the cognitively impaired, and those who exhibit diminished individual authority through circumstances, ..
  60. Aged Prisoner Treatment Selection: APTS (dissertation)
    Laura Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This application aims to provide information that may improve the quality of end-of-life care for older prisoners, a vulnerable population for which very little research has been conducted (Aday, 2003)...
  61. Effects of an Intervention for Incarcerated Parents
    John Eddy; Fiscal Year: 2007
    A majority of state (55%) and federal (63%) prisoners in the U.S. have at least one child under the age of 18 years...
  62. STUDIES OF REACTIVATION TUBERCULOSIS IN HIV INFECTION
    Anne De Groot; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Subjects (primarily prisoners, intravenous drug users, Blacks, Hispanics, and women -- populations at particular risk for dual HIV-TB ..
  63. Cocaine Dependence and Cognitive Control of Behavior
    Clinton Kilts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Aim 4 would use a Prisoners Dilemma game variation as a naturalistic social model to define the neural substrates of a CD-related ..
  64. STRESS CROWDING AND BLOOK PRESSURE IN PRISSON
    ADRIAN OSTFELD; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..2) to increase knowledge about the interactions between the prison environment and attitudes toward it among prisoners and staff, 3) to provide a data base leading to improvements of administrative decisions about staff and housing ..
  65. Opiate Dependence, HIV and Adherence Interventions
    Sandra Springer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Her research has demonstrated that HIV+ prisoners with opiate dependence improve their CD4 count and viral load while incarcerated...
  66. PIRL: Prison Information Resource Library
    RONNI STERNS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These will include the following: Types of Aging; Prisoner Typology; Profiling Aging Prisoners; Dementia Identification & Support; Social Supports and Depression; Chronic Illness Identification & ..
  67. Treatment Engagement and Time to Recidivism for African-American Male Offenders
    ROBERT DUNIGAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The dataset includes all sentenced prisoners with moderate to serious substance use disorders who were released during FY2003, along with substance abuse ..