gypsies

Summary

Summary: Ethnic group originating in India and entering Europe in the 14th or 15th century.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Gypsy phenylketonuria: a point mutation of the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene in Gypsy families from Slovakia
    J Kalanin
    Third Department of Medicine, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Praha, Czech Republic
    Am J Med Genet 49:235-9. 1994
  2. ncbi The p.R1109X mutation in SH3TC2 gene is predominant in Spanish Gypsies with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4
    R Claramunt
    Instituto de Biomedicina, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Valencia, Spain
    Clin Genet 71:343-9. 2007
  3. ncbi A founder mutation in the gamma-sarcoglycan gene of gypsies possibly predating their migration out of India
    F Piccolo
    INSERM 129, Hopital Cochin, Paris, France
    Hum Mol Genet 5:2019-22. 1996
  4. pmc E2 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene polymorphism is predictive for obesity status in Roma minority population of Croatia
    Hrvojka Marija Zeljko
    Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Hospital Merkur, Zajceva 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Lipids Health Dis 10:9. 2011
  5. ncbi Policies to improve the health and well-being of Roma people: the European experience
    Gabriella Fésüs
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Sciences Centre, University of Debrecen, H 4012 Debrecen, POB 2, Hungary
    Health Policy 105:25-32. 2012
  6. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA variability in Slovaks, with application to the Roma origin
    B A Malyarchuk
    Institute of Biological Problems of the North, Russian Academy of Sciences, Portovaya str 18, Magadan, Russia
    Ann Hum Genet 72:228-40. 2008
  7. ncbi A newly discovered founder population: the Roma/Gypsies
    Luba Kalaydjieva
    Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and Centre for Medical Research, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Perth, Australia
    Bioessays 27:1084-94. 2005
  8. pmc Origins and divergence of the Roma (gypsies)
    D Gresham
    Centre for Human Genetics, Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia
    Am J Hum Genet 69:1314-31. 2001
  9. pmc Mutation history of the roma/gypsies
    Bharti Morar
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and UWA Centre for Medical Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Am J Hum Genet 75:596-609. 2004
  10. ncbi Origins of the Moken Sea Gypsies inferred from mitochondrial hypervariable region and whole genome sequences
    Kelsey Needham Dancause
    Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902 6000, USA
    J Hum Genet 54:86-93. 2009

Detail Information

Publications175 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Gypsy phenylketonuria: a point mutation of the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene in Gypsy families from Slovakia
    J Kalanin
    Third Department of Medicine, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Praha, Czech Republic
    Am J Med Genet 49:235-9. 1994
    ..We analyzed the PAH loci of 65 Gypsies originating from Eastern Slovakia by a combination of PCR amplification, direct sequencing and ASO hybridization...
  2. ncbi The p.R1109X mutation in SH3TC2 gene is predominant in Spanish Gypsies with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4
    R Claramunt
    Instituto de Biomedicina, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Valencia, Spain
    Clin Genet 71:343-9. 2007
    ..Estimation of the allelic age revealed that the SH3TC2 p.R1109X mutation may have arisen about 225 years ago, probably as the consequence of a bottleneck...
  3. ncbi A founder mutation in the gamma-sarcoglycan gene of gypsies possibly predating their migration out of India
    F Piccolo
    INSERM 129, Hopital Cochin, Paris, France
    Hum Mol Genet 5:2019-22. 1996
    ..We found evidence that the mutation occurred between 60 and 200 generations ago, therefore possibly predating the commonly accepted date of migration of the Gypsy ancestors out of India...
  4. pmc E2 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene polymorphism is predictive for obesity status in Roma minority population of Croatia
    Hrvojka Marija Zeljko
    Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Hospital Merkur, Zajceva 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Lipids Health Dis 10:9. 2011
    The Roma (Gypsies) are a transnational minority, founder population characterized by unique genetic background modeled by culturally determined endogamy...
  5. ncbi Policies to improve the health and well-being of Roma people: the European experience
    Gabriella Fésüs
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Sciences Centre, University of Debrecen, H 4012 Debrecen, POB 2, Hungary
    Health Policy 105:25-32. 2012
    ....
  6. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA variability in Slovaks, with application to the Roma origin
    B A Malyarchuk
    Institute of Biological Problems of the North, Russian Academy of Sciences, Portovaya str 18, Magadan, Russia
    Ann Hum Genet 72:228-40. 2008
    ..Moreover, we show that haplogroup J lineages found in gene pools of the Roma and some Slavonic populations (Czechs and Slovaks) belong to new subhaplogroup J1a, which is defined by coding region mutation at position 8460...
  7. ncbi A newly discovered founder population: the Roma/Gypsies
    Luba Kalaydjieva
    Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and Centre for Medical Research, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Perth, Australia
    Bioessays 27:1084-94. 2005
    The Gypsies (a misnomer, derived from an early legend about Egyptian origins) defy the conventional definition of a population: they have no nation-state, speak different languages, belong to many religions and comprise a mosaic of ..
  8. pmc Origins and divergence of the Roma (gypsies)
    D Gresham
    Centre for Human Genetics, Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia
    Am J Hum Genet 69:1314-31. 2001
    The identification of a growing number of novel Mendelian disorders and private mutations in the Roma (Gypsies) points to their unique genetic heritage. Linguistic evidence suggests that they are of diverse Indian origins...
  9. pmc Mutation history of the roma/gypsies
    Bharti Morar
    Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and UWA Centre for Medical Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Am J Hum Genet 75:596-609. 2004
    The 8-10 million European Roma/Gypsies are a founder population of common origins that has subsequently split into multiple socially divergent and geographically dispersed Gypsy groups...
  10. ncbi Origins of the Moken Sea Gypsies inferred from mitochondrial hypervariable region and whole genome sequences
    Kelsey Needham Dancause
    Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902 6000, USA
    J Hum Genet 54:86-93. 2009
    The origins of the Moken 'Sea Gypsies,' a group of traditionally boat-dwelling nomadic foragers, remain speculative despite previous examinations from linguistic, sociocultural and genetic perspectives...
  11. ncbi Patterns of inter- and intra-group genetic diversity in the Vlax Roma as revealed by Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA lineages
    L Kalaydjieva
    Centre for Human Genetics, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia
    Eur J Hum Genet 9:97-104. 2001
    ..The study unambiguously points to the common origins of the three Vlax groups and the recent nature of the population fissions, and provides preliminary evidence of limited genetic diversity in this young founder population...
  12. ncbi High prevalence of the W24X mutation in the gene encoding connexin-26 (GJB2) in Spanish Romani (gypsies) with autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss
    Araceli Alvarez
    Unidad de Genetica Molecular, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
    Am J Med Genet A 137:255-8. 2005
    ..A cohort of 34 families of Spanish Romani (gypsies) with ARNSHI was screened for mutations in GJB2...
  13. ncbi ANO10 c.1150_1151del is a founder mutation causing autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia in Roma/Gypsies
    Teodora Chamova
    Clinic of Neurology, University Hospital Alexandrovska, Sofia, Bulgaria
    J Neurol 259:906-11. 2012
    ..One of the three described families were Roma/Gypsies from Serbia, where the affected individuals were homozygous for the truncating p...
  14. ncbi Allergy to dermatophagoides in a group of Spanish gypsies: genetic restrictions
    B Cardaba
    Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, Immunology Department, Avda Reyes Catolicos 2, E 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 125:297-306. 2001
    Spanish gypsies have traditionally lived as nomads, a reason why few epidemiological studies were done in this ethnic group...
  15. ncbi 125th ENMC International Workshop: Neuromuscular disorders in the Roma (Gypsy) population, 23-25 April 2004, Naarden, The Netherlands
    Luba Kalaydjieva
    Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and Centre for Medical Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Neuromuscul Disord 15:65-71. 2005
  16. ncbi Partial deficiency of the C-terminal-domain phosphatase of RNA polymerase II is associated with congenital cataracts facial dysmorphism neuropathy syndrome
    Raymonda Varon
    Institute of Human Genetics, Charite, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
    Nat Genet 35:185-9. 2003
    ..OMIM 604168) is an autosomal recessive developmental disorder that occurs in an endogamous group of Vlax Roma (Gypsies; refs. 1-3)...
  17. ncbi A perspective on the history of the Iberian gypsies provided by phylogeographic analysis of Y-chromosome lineages
    A Gusmão
    Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia da Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr Roberto Frias s n, Porto, Portugal
    Ann Hum Genet 72:215-27. 2008
    The European Gypsies, commonly referred to as Roma, are represented by a vast number of groups spread across many countries...
  18. ncbi Health of the world's Roma population
    Kent A Sepkowitz
    Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York City, NY 10021, USA
    Lancet 367:1707-8. 2006
  19. ncbi Studying vulnerable populations: lessons from the Roma minority
    Karolina Kósa
    Division of Health Promotion, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
    Epidemiology 18:290-9. 2007
    ..Careful documentation of methodology and active involvement of the minorities themselves can increase trust between the investigators and the research subjects, which can in turn improve research on minority health...
  20. ncbi Gene mapping in Gypsies identifies a novel demyelinating neuropathy on chromosome 8q24
    L Kalaydjieva
    Laboratory of Molecular Pathology, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Nat Genet 14:214-7. 1996
    ..In the search for genetic isolates ranging from Pacific islands to Middle East deserts, the 10 million Gypsies resident in Europe have largely escaped the attention of geneticists...
  21. pmc Trapped between tradition and transition--anthropological and epidemiological cross-sectional study of Bayash Roma in Croatia
    Tatjana Skaric-Juric
    Tatjana Skaric Juric, Institute for Anthropological Research, Gajeva 32, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Croat Med J 48:708-19. 2007
    ....
  22. ncbi Socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity as determinants of regional mortality rates in Slovakia
    Katarina Rosicova
    Kosice Self Governing Region, Land Use Planning Department, Namestie Maratonu mieru 1, 040 01 Kosice, Slovakia
    Int J Public Health 54:274-82. 2009
    ..The present study examines the relationship between education, unemployment, income, Roma population and regional mortality in the Slovak Republic...
  23. pmc A comparative health survey of the inhabitants of Roma settlements in Hungary
    Zsigmond Kósa
    Szabolcs Szatmár Bereg County, Hungary
    Am J Public Health 97:853-9. 2007
    ..We compared the health of people living in Roma settlements with that of the general population in Hungary...
  24. ncbi Body mass index and nutritional status of the Bayash Roma from eastern Croatia
    Matea Zajc
    Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, Croatia
    Coll Antropol 30:783-7. 2006
    ..It appears to be the product of unhealthy dietary habits and their socio-economic deprivation that resulted from their poor education and extremely high unemployment...
  25. ncbi Does socioeconomic status fully mediate the effect of ethnicity on the health of Roma people in Hungary?
    Z Voko
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical and Health Sciences Centre, University of Debrecen, Kassai, Hungary
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:455-60. 2009
    ..Several models have been proposed to explain the association between ethnicity and health. It was investigated whether the association between Roma ethnicity and health is fully mediated by socioeconomic status in Hungary...
  26. ncbi Twenty-one novel mutations in the GLB1 gene identified in a large group of GM1-gangliosidosis and Morquio B patients: possible common origin for the prevalent p.R59H mutation among gypsies
    Raul Santamaria
    Departament de Genetica, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Hum Mutat 27:1060. 2006
    ..R59H mutation may be appropriate in GM1-gangliosidosis patients of Gypsy origin. This is the first exhaustive mutational analysis performed in a large group of Iberian GM1-gangliosidosis and Morquio B patients...
  27. ncbi Multiple sclerosis in Gypsies from southern Spain: prevalence, mitochondrial DNA haplogroups and HLA class II association
    O Fernandez
    Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya, Malaga, Spain
    Tissue Antigens 71:426-33. 2008
    Occasional reports have mentioned the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) among Gypsies, and no studies have examined to date the prevalence of MS or human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genetics associations in the Spanish Gypsy population...
  28. pmc Minority health and small numbers epidemiology: a case study of living conditions and the health of children in 5 foreign Romá camps in Italy
    Lorenzo Monasta
    Unit for Health Services Research and International Health, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Istituto di Ricerca e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy
    Am J Public Health 98:2035-41. 2008
    ..We sought to test methods for generating epidemiological evidence on health conditions of small, dispersed minority communities...
  29. ncbi Health behaviors, nutritional status, and anthropometric parameters of Roma and non-Roma mothers and their infants in the Czech Republic
    Jolana Rambousková
    Department of Nutrition, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    J Nutr Educ Behav 41:58-64. 2009
    ..To compare maternal health behaviors, maternal nutritional status, and infant size at birth of Romas and non-Romas in the Czech Republic...
  30. ncbi Traditional CVD risk factors and socio-economic deprivation in Roma minority population of Croatia
    Hrvojka Zeljko
    General Hospital Sveti Duh, Zagreb, Croatia
    Coll Antropol 32:667-76. 2008
    ..Therefore, it is important to recognize the need for early cardiovascular disease risk factors prevention in this minority population...
  31. ncbi A genetic historical sketch of European Gypsies: The perspective from autosomal markers
    Alfredo Gusmão
    IPATIMUP, Instituto de Patologia e Imunologia Molecular da Universidade do Porto, Porto 4200 465, Portugal
    Am J Phys Anthropol 141:507-14. 2010
    In this study, 123 unrelated Portuguese Gypsies were analyzed for 15 highly polymorphic autosomal short tandem repeats (STRs). Average gene diversity across the 15 markers was 76...
  32. ncbi Cardiovascular risk predictors in central Slovakian Roma children and adolescents: regional differences
    Zuzana Hujová
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Matthias Belius University, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia
    Cent Eur J Public Health 18:139-44. 2010
    ..The results of the study should improve the paediatric health treatment and prevention of CVD risk predictors for Roma from different cities...
  33. pmc Unfavourable birth outcomes of the Roma women in the Czech Republic and the potential explanations: a population-based study
    Martin Bobak
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Public Health 5:106. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to quantify the differences in birth outcomes between Roma and non-Roma mothers in the Czech Republic and to investigate the potential causes of such differences...
  34. pmc A founder mutation in the GK1 gene is responsible for galactokinase deficiency in Roma (Gypsies)
    L Kalaydjieva
    Centre for Human Genetics, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup Campus, Perth WA 6027, Australia
    Am J Hum Genet 65:1299-307. 1999
    ..The P28T carrier rate in this endogamous population is approximately 5%, suggesting that the mutation may be an important cause of early childhood blindness in countries with a sizeable Roma minority...
  35. ncbi Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy-russe: new autosomal recessive neuropathy in Balkan Gypsies
    P K Thomas
    Institute of Neurology and National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK
    Ann Neurol 50:452-7. 2001
    A novel peripheral neuropathy of autosomal recessive inheritance has been identified in Balkan Gypsies and termed hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy-Russe (HMSN-R). We investigated 21 affected individuals from 10 families...
  36. ncbi Health needs of the Roma population in the Czech and Slovak Republics
    I Koupilova
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Soc Sci Med 53:1191-204. 2001
    ..There is a need for further research into the health of Roma people with particular emphasis on non-communicable disease and for interventions that would improve their health...
  37. ncbi Psychosocial factors of coronary heart disease and quality of life among Roma coronary patients: a study matched by socioeconomic position
    Zuzana Skodova
    Department of Non medical Study Programs, Comenius University, Malá Hora 5, Martin, Slovakia
    Int J Public Health 55:373-80. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to assess whether psychosocial factors and health-related quality of life (HRQL) differ between Roma and non-Roma coronary patients and to what degree socioeconomic status (SES) explains these differences...
  38. ncbi Health and use of health services: a comparison between Gypsies and Travellers and other ethnic groups
    Jean Peters
    University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Ethn Health 14:359-77. 2009
    ..To examine the health status of adults from black and minority ethnic groups and from a socio-economically mixed White population, all resident in England...
  39. pmc Health status of Gypsies and Travellers in England
    Glenys Parry
    School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:198-204. 2007
    To provide the first valid and reliable estimate of the health status of Gypsies and Travellers in England by using standardised instruments to compare their health with that of a UK resident non-Traveller sample, drawn from different ..
  40. ncbi The prevalence of female obesity in the world and in the Slovak Gypsy women
    S Dolinska
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Humanities and Natural Science, University of Presov, Slovakia
    Bratisl Lek Listy 108:207-11. 2007
    ....
  41. ncbi Vlax Roma history: what do coalescent-based methods tell us?
    R Chaix
    Equipe de Génétique des Populations, Unité d Eco Anthropologie, Musée de l Homme, Paris, France
    Eur J Hum Genet 12:285-92. 2004
    Three coalescent-based methods allowed us to infer some aspects of the history of three Bulgarian Gypsies populations belonging to the Vlax linguistic group: the Lom, Rudari and Kalderas...
  42. ncbi The crossroads of culture and health among the Roma (Gypsies)
    Carrie Vivian
    Department of Sociology, McDaniel College, 2 College Hill, Westminster, MD 21157 4390, USA
    J Nurs Scholarsh 36:86-91. 2004
    ..health care providers to commonly encountered cross-cultural impediments to optimal health care delivery for the Roma (also known as Gypsies) and to offer suggestions for avoiding culturally based problems in treating this subculture.
  43. ncbi Health status of Gypsy Travellers
    P Van Cleemput
    Research and Development Directorate, Community Health Sheffield NHS Trust
    J Public Health Med 23:129-34. 2001
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the health status of traditional Gypsy Travellers with norms from the UK population, and with a concurrent comparison group using the Euroqol health status measure (EQ-5D)...
  44. ncbi To what extent does socioeconomic status explain differences in health between Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia?
    Peter Kolarcik
    Kosice Institute for Society and Health, P J Safarik University, Moyzesova 16, 040 01 Kosice, Slovakia
    Soc Sci Med 68:1279-84. 2009
    ..Socioeconomic status decreased the association of ethnicity with health outcomes. Adjustment for social desirability had a significant effect on the differences for all outcomes, except for accidents and injuries during the past year...
  45. ncbi Substance use in Roma and non-Roma adolescents
    Jozsef Gerevich
    Addiction Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:432-6. 2010
    ....
  46. pmc The health of the Roma people: a review of the published literature
    S Hajioff
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT
    J Epidemiol Community Health 54:864-9. 2000
    ..While it is widely believed that the health of Roma people is often poorer than the majority population, these inequalities remain largely unresearched...
  47. ncbi Health status of Romanies (Gypsies) in the Slovak Republic and in the neighbouring countries
    E Ginter
    Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Limbova 14, SK 833 01 Bratislava, Slovakia
    Bratisl Lek Listy 102:479-84. 2001
    ..The aim of this review is to react to this notice with an analysis of present situation and with presentation of data of our epidemiological investigation on health status, nutrition and lifestyle of Romanies. (Fig. 4, Ref. 35.)..
  48. ncbi Short life expectancy and metabolic syndrome in Romanies (gypsies) in Slovakia
    Vlado Simko
    State University New York, Downstate Medical Center at Brooklyn, USA
    Cent Eur J Public Health 18:16-8. 2010
    ..Such unique metabolic feature in Romanies will undoubtedly stimulate further research in molecular biology that may ultimately clarify the role of "thrifty genes"...
  49. ncbi Comparison of the health of Roma and non-Roma children living in the district of Teplice
    Miroslav Dostal
    Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
    Int J Public Health 55:435-41. 2010
    ..To compare the morbidity of 66 Roma and 466 non-Roma children born and living in a diffused type of habitation in the district of Teplice...
  50. pmc Screening for diabetes among Roma people living in Serbia
    Teodora Beljic Zivkovic
    Zvezdara University Medical Center, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, Dimitrija Tucovica 161, 11000 Beograd, Serbia
    Croat Med J 51:144-50. 2010
    ..To investigate the prevalence of diabetes in the Roma population in Serbia...
  51. ncbi Bipolar disorder in the Bulgarian Gypsies: genetic heterogeneity in a young founder population
    Radka Kaneva
    Medical University of Sofia, Bulgaria
    Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 150:191-201. 2009
    ..The Gypsies are a young founder population comprising multiple genetically differentiated sub-isolates with strong founder ..
  52. pmc Mortality of Roma population in Serbia, 2002-2005
    Dragan Bogdanovic
    Public Health Institute Nis, Nis, Serbia
    Croat Med J 48:720-6. 2007
    ..To describe and compare mortality and population changes in the Roma and non-Roma population in Serbia in 2002 and 2005...
  53. ncbi Cardiovascular risk factors in young Gypsy population
    M Krajcovicova-Kudlackova
    Research Base of the Slovak Medical University, Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava, Slovakia
    Bratisl Lek Listy 105:256-9. 2004
    ..tab. 2, ref. 22.)...
  54. ncbi Genetic identity of Marinesco-Sjögren/myoglobinuria and CCFDN syndromes
    L Merlini
    Neuromuscular Unit, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy
    Neurology 58:231-6. 2002
    ....
  55. ncbi Congenital cataracts facial dysmorphism neuropathy (CCFDN) syndrome: a novel developmental disorder in Gypsies maps to 18qter
    D Angelicheva
    Centre for Human Genetics, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia
    Eur J Hum Genet 7:560-6. 1999
    ..CCFDN co-localises with an EST which shows high homology to a conserved Drosophila gene involved in the regulation of nervous system development in vertebrates...
  56. ncbi The P28T mutation in the GALK1 gene accounts for galactokinase deficiency in Roma (Gypsy) patients across Europe
    Michael Hunter
    Centre for Human Genetics, Edith Cowan University, Perth, W A, Australia
    Pediatr Res 51:602-6. 2002
    ..The disorder is rare worldwide, but has a high incidence among the Roma (Gypsies). In 1999, we reported the founder Romani mutation, P28T, identified in affected families from Bulgaria...
  57. ncbi Phenylketonuria in Spanish Gypsies: prevalence of the IVS10nt546 mutation on haplotype 34
    L R Desviat
    Centro de Biologia Molecular Severo Ochoa, CSIC UAM, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain
    Hum Mutat 9:66-8. 1997
  58. ncbi Phenotypic manifestations of the OCTN2 V295X mutation: sudden infant death and carnitine-responsive cardiomyopathy in Roma families
    Bela Melegh
    Department of Medical Genetics and Child Development, University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary
    Am J Med Genet A 131:121-6. 2004
    ..The mutant gene derived from five non-consanguineous grandparents, each of them having 6-14 brothers and sisters. This alone suggests a wide ancestral spread of the mutation in certain Roma subpopulations...
  59. ncbi A 71-nucleotide deletion in the periaxin gene in a Romani patient with early-onset slowly progressive demyelinating CMT
    L Barankova
    Department of Neurology, 2nd School of Medicine, Charles University Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
    Eur J Neurol 15:548-51. 2008
    ..To date, 10 non-sense or frameshift PRX mutations have been reported in patients with early-onset neuropathy and further disease course consistent with either Dejerine-Sottas neuropathy or slow-progressive demyelinating CMT...
  60. ncbi [Gamma-sarcoglycanopathy: clinico-pathological and genetic study of 11 cases]
    D Garcia-Garcia
    Servicio de Anatomía Patológica y Neuropatología, Hospital do Meixoeiro, Vigo, Espana
    Rev Neurol 26:905-11. 1998
    ..A new mutation in the gamma-sarcoglycan gene, 13q12, has been described recently and is exclusive of the gypsy community...
  61. ncbi Increasing rate of childhood tuberculosis in a region of east Croatia
    Neda Aberle
    Children s Department, General Hospital Dr Josip Bencevic, Slavonski Brod, Croatia
    Pediatr Int 49:183-9. 2007
    ..The region was heavily involved in recent military activities and migrations in Croatia and Bosnia (1991-1995). Before the war, the population was reasonably well situated, educated and provided with health services...
  62. ncbi [A vaccination campaign for gypsy children in Rome]
    G Baglio
    Agenzia di Sanità Pubblica Regione Lazio, Roma
    Ann Ig 17:197-207. 2005
    ..The mobilisation of a wide range of competences has thus enabled the attainment of a high level of effectiveness...
  63. ncbi Comparing the use of an accident and emergency department by children from two Local Authority Gypsy sites with that of their neighbours
    Hilary Beach
    University of the West of England, Faculty of Health and Social Care, Glenside Campus, Blackberry Hill, Stapleton, Bristol BS16 1DD, UK
    Public Health 120:882-4. 2006
  64. ncbi [Hereditary motor and sensory Lom-neuropathy--first Hungarian case report]
    Antal Szabo
    Neurológiai Klinika, Debrecen
    Ideggyogy Sz 60:51-5. 2007
    ..Screening for hereditary neuromuscular disorders in this genetically isolated community may become an important public health issue in the near future...
  65. ncbi Cluster of measles cases in the Roma/Sinti population, Italy, June-September 2006
    A Filia
    Centro Nazionale di Epidemiologia Sorveglianza e Promozione della Salute, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Euro Surveill 11:E061012.2. 2006
    ....
  66. ncbi High incidence of short rib-polydactyly syndrome type IV in a Hungarian Roma subpopulation
    Nora Kovacs
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary
    Am J Med Genet A 140:2816-8. 2006
  67. ncbi Clinical spectrum of CMT4C disease in patients homozygous for the p.Arg1109X mutation in SH3TC2
    Jaume Colomer
    Servei de Neurologia, Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, Barcelona, Spain
    Neuromuscul Disord 16:449-53. 2006
    ....
  68. ncbi A common mutation (epsilon1267delG) in congenital myasthenic patients of Gypsy ethnic origin
    A Abicht
    Genzentrum und Friedrich Baur Institut, LMU Munchen, Germany
    Neurology 53:1564-9. 1999
    ..Mutation analysis of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) epsilon subunit gene in patients with sporadic or autosomal recessive congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS)...
  69. ncbi Early clinical and electrophysiologic features of the two most common autosomal recessive forms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in the Roma (Gypsies)
    Velina Guergueltcheva
    Department of Neurology, Sofia Medical University, Bulgaria
    J Child Neurol 21:20-5. 2006
    Our recent studies of the genetic epidemiology of neuromuscular disorders in Gypsies in Bulgaria have revealed that two private disorders, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type Lom and hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type ..
  70. ncbi Vaccination coverage in hard to reach Roma children in Slovenia
    Alenka Kraigher
    Communicable Diseases Center, Institute of Public Health of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Coll Antropol 30:789-94. 2006
    ..Many joint efforts will have to be made to improve the vaccination coverage in Roma communities...
  71. ncbi Genetic conditions in the Irish Roma gypsy population
    S O'Connell
    National Centre for Medical Genetics, Our Ladys Hospital for Sick Children, Dublin 12
    Ir Med J 98:246-7. 2005
    ....
  72. ncbi [Community outbreak of hepatitis A in a marginal population. Vaccination for its control and acceptance of the measure]
    Araceli Arce Arnáez
    Servicio de Salud Pública, Area 11, Consejeria de Sanidad y Consumo, Madrid, Espana
    Aten Primaria 39:139-43. 2007
    ..To study a community outbreak of hepatitis A in a marginal population and the public health response in order to bring it under control...
  73. ncbi Prenatal polychlorinated biphenyl exposures in eastern Slovakia modify effects of social factors on birthweight
    Dean Sonneborn
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:202-13. 2008
    ....
  74. ncbi Health status of the Slovakia population at its entry to the European Union
    E Ginter
    Institute of Public Health SR, Bratislava, Slovakia
    Bratisl Lek Listy 106:45-54. 2005
    ..However, with health care improving constantly in EU countries in all these areas, it will not be easy for SR to catch up with EU. We estimate that this process might possibly take up to 20 years. (Tab. 5, Fig. 11, Ref. 26.)..
  75. ncbi [Roma colonies in Hungary--medical care of children and hygienic conditions]
    Gyorgy Ungvary
    Fodor József Országos Közegészségügyi Központ, Budapest
    Orv Hetil 146:691-9. 2005
    ..The hygienic conditions and the public health safety of the Hungarian Roma living in colonies are poorly known, the health care of Romany children is often subject to criticism...
  76. ncbi Familial generalized epilepsy in Bulgarian Roma
    Ivailo Tournev
    Sofia Medical University, Bulgaria
    Epileptic Disord 9:300-6. 2007
    ..Epilepsy appears as a fairly frequent medical condition among Bulgarian Gypsies, and many patients can be related to large pedigrees that may then be studied by conventional genetic linkage ..
  77. pmc Importation and circulation of poliovirus in Bulgaria in 2001
    Mira Kojouharova
    Department of Epidemiology, National Center for Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Bull World Health Organ 81:476-81. 2003
    ..To characterize the circumstances in which poliomyelitis occurred among three children in Bulgaria during 2001 and to describe the public health response...
  78. ncbi [Vaccine coverage study and intervention with health community agents in a marginal gypsy community of Alicante]
    F Martínez-Campillo García
    Sección de Epidemiologia Centro Salud Pública de Alicante España
    Aten Primaria 31:234-8. 2003
    ....
  79. ncbi [Health status of the roma population in Hungary]
    Karolina Kósa
    Debreceni Egyetem, Orvos és Egészségtudományi Centrum Népegészségügyi Iskola, Debrecen
    Orv Hetil 143:2419-26. 2002
    ..They give a summary on the demography of gypsies, an overview of publications on pregnancy, delivery and infant mortality, on adult morbidity and mortality, on ..
  80. pmc Rapid health impact appraisal of eviction versus a housing project in a colony-dwelling Roma community
    Karolina Kósa
    Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, H 4028 Debrecen, Kassai út 26 b, Hungary
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:960-5. 2007
    ..Two scenarios, eviction with placement on the waiting list for social housing versus a replacement housing development, were identified and specified. A health impact assessment (HIA) was carried out to inform subsequent negotiations...
  81. ncbi [The organization of a campaign of vaccination in the standing population of Gypsy Camps in the City of Rome. Scenery and methodology]
    M E Trillò
    Dipartimento Materno Infantile, ASL Roma C
    Ann Ig 14:33-8. 2002
  82. ncbi The presence of health-risk behaviour in Roma family
    Dragana Niksic
    Institute of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo, Cekalusa 90, 71 000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Bosn J Basic Med Sci 7:144-9. 2007
    ..In the future, it will be necessary to create the kind of family environment that would enable improvement of health condition and decrease the behaviour that endangers the health of children...
  83. ncbi [Outbreak of measles in Kielce--June 2001]
    Jan Krzysztof Bartel
    Wojewódzka Stacja Sanitarno Epidemiologiczna w Kielcach
    Przegl Epidemiol 56:29-32. 2002
    ..Nine cases belonged to Gypsy community and were less than 16 years of age. Remaining 3 cases were medical care workers of age 29-31. None of the children involved in the outbreak have been previously vaccinated against measles...
  84. ncbi Spinal muscular atrophy among the Roma (Gypsies) in Bulgaria and Hungary
    Albena Jordanova
    Laboratory of Molecular Pathology, Sofia Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Neuromuscul Disord 12:378-85. 2002
    ..The similar chromosomal background on which the different mutations occur suggests a common origin and founder effect, with rearrangements of a single ancestral chromosome resulting in a diversity of molecular defects...
  85. ncbi High levels of sexual HIV/STD risk behaviour among Roma (Gypsy) men in Bulgaria: patterns and predictors of risk in a representative community sample
    Elena Kabakchieva
    Health and Social Development Foundation, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Int J STD AIDS 13:184-91. 2002
    ..Roma (or Gypsies) constitute such a vulnerable group...
  86. ncbi A new mutation (intron 9 +1 G>T) in the SLC12A3 gene is linked to Gitelman syndrome in Gypsies
    Eliecer Coto
    Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Spain
    Kidney Int 65:25-9. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the underlying mutation in Gitelman syndrome patients of Gypsy race from different geographic origin...
  87. ncbi Gender roles and HIV sexual risk vulnerability of Roma (Gypsies) men and women in Bulgaria and Hungary: an ethnographic study
    J A Kelly
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 53202, USA
    AIDS Care 16:231-45. 2004
    ..There is an urgent need for the development of HIV prevention programs culturally sensitive to Roma populations in Eastern Europe, where HIV rates are rapidly rising...
  88. ncbi Multiple identification of a particular type of hereditary C1q deficiency in the Turkish population: review of the cases and additional genetic and functional analysis
    F Petry
    Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
    Hum Genet 100:51-6. 1997
    ....
  89. ncbi Anthropometric and cardiopulmonary parameters in Bulgarian and Romany children: cross-sectional study
    Stoilka Mandadzhieva
    Department of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Plovdiv, 15A Vassil Aprilov Blvd, 4002 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
    Croat Med J 46:294-301. 2005
    ..To examine anthropometric parameters and cardiopulmonary function in Bulgarian and Romany children...
  90. ncbi [Congenital cataracts facial dysmorphism neuropathy syndrome--first Hungarian case report]
    Eva Siska
    Orszagos Pszichiatriai es Neurologiai Intezet, Molekuláris Neurológiai Osztály, 1021 Budapest
    Ideggyogy Sz 60:257-62. 2007
    ..data the authors presume that the CCFDN mutation reached Hungary as a result of emigration of Vlax Gypsies in the 18th century...
  91. ncbi Ethnic specific background of mutations in Bulgarian patients with Wilson disease
    T Todorov
    Genet Couns 18:445-50. 2007
  92. ncbi [Maltreated gypsy children: social and health risk factors and high-priority health care needs]
    G Olivan Gonzalvo
    Servicios de Pediatría y Adolescencia Instituto Aragonés de Servicios Sociales Gobierno de Aragón Zaragoza España
    An Pediatr (Barc) 60:28-34. 2004
    ....
  93. ncbi Comparative analysis of dermatoglyphic traits in Hungarian and Gypsy populations
    Attila Sándor Nagy
    Department of Evolutionary Zoology and Human Biology, University of Debrecen, PO Box 6, H 4010 Debrecen, Hungary
    Hum Biol 76:383-400. 2004
    ..The existence of the difference also shows that admixture between Hungarians and Gypsies has been small despite their living beside one another for several centuries.
  94. ncbi Gly111Ser mutation in CD8A gene causing CD8 immunodeficiency is found in Spanish Gypsies
    Esther Mancebo
    Servicio de Inmunologia, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avda Cordoba s n, 28041 Madrid, Spain
    Mol Immunol 45:479-84. 2008
    ..CD8 immunodeficiency should be given diagnostic consideration in Spanish Gypsies with recurrent infections...
  95. ncbi High frequency of GJB2 mutation W24X among Slovak Romany (Gypsy) patients with non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL)
    G Minarik
    Department of Molecular Biology, Comenius University Faculty of Natural Sciences, Mlynská dolina B2 210, 842 15 Bratislava 4, Slovakia
    Gen Physiol Biophys 22:549-56. 2003
    ..In this work, DNA samples from 54 unrelated NSHL patients from endogamous and inbred population of Slovak Roms (Gypsies) from Eastern Slovakia were screened for GJB2 mutations...
  96. ncbi Antioxidant vitamins levels--nutrition and smoking
    M Valachovicova
    Slovak Health University, Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava, Slovakia
    Bratisl Lek Listy 104:411-4. 2003
    ..tab. 1, fig. 1, ref. 17.)...
  97. ncbi Identification of the deletions in the UGT1A1 gene of the patients with Crigler-Najjar syndrome type I from Slovakia
    I Zmetáková
    Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina B2 210, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia
    Gen Physiol Biophys 26:306-10. 2007
    ..Haplotype analysis suggests that the 1220delA mutation is identical by descent in both families, though they originate from two ethnically different populations (Slovaks vs. Roms)...
  98. ncbi Founder mutation causing infantile GM1-gangliosidosis in the Gypsy population
    Ivanka Sinigerska
    Laboratory of Molecular Pathology, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Mol Genet Metab 88:93-5. 2006
    The Gypsies are a trans-national founder population of Asian descent, whose genetic heritage is still incompletely characterized...
  99. ncbi Religious aspects of organ transplantation
    P Bruzzone
    Divisione Trapianti d Organo, Dipartimento Paride Stefanini, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Transplant Proc 40:1064-7. 2008
    ..However, transplantation from deceased donors may be discouraged by Native Americans, Roma Gypsies, Confucians, Shintoists, and some Orthodox rabbis...
  100. ncbi Food-induced acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis in a pregnant woman
    Sonya Valkova
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University Hospital, Pleven, Bulgaria
    Skinmed 5:199-201. 2006
    ..She was discharged with complete resolution of the skin lesions, preceded by massive desquamation of the epidermis. The 1-year follow-up of the patient revealed no relapses or new pustular eruptions...
  101. ncbi Homocysteine and its nutritional determinants in two ethnic groups of Slovakia
    M Krajcovicova-Kudlackova
    Slovak Medical University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
    Cent Eur J Public Health 12:217-9. 2004
    ....

Research Grants12

  1. Early Childhood Development and PCB Exposures in Slovak*
    Irva Hertz Picciotto; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Other unique features include the evaluation of hearing loss at birth, the measurement of hydroxy and methylsulfone metabolites of PCBs, and a population which includes about 1/3 Gypsies.
  2. HEALTH RELATED INTERVENTIONS FOR PERSONS LIVING WITH HIV
    Jeffrey Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial (Russia)
    ANTON SOMLAI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. INTERNET HIV PREVENTION TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER + WORLD NGOS
    Jeffrey Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  5. Internet-Based Models to Enhance HIV Prevention Technol*
    Jeffrey Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  6. Targeted Social Network HIV Prevention Intervention
    Yuri Amirkhanian; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research, if successful, will provide a model that can be used to focus HIV prevention efforts on community population segments in greatest need. ..
  7. HIV Risk Reduction Predictors in Russian Social Networks
    Yuri Amirkhanian; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..s. ..
  8. Interventions with HIV+ and HIV- IDUs in Ukraine
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Analyses will also evaluate differences between IDUs who are HIV infected (estimated at 42%) and those who are not infected. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. HIV RISK IN DRUG USERS--RELAPSE AND MAINTENANCE BEHAVIOR
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The impact of contextual factors (in particular, the street addict role) and psychological co-morbidity (anxiety, depression and anti-social personality disorder), on risk behaviors will also be assessed. ..
  10. Clinical Research and Mentoring in Infectious Disease
    Kent Sepkowitz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Cohort Study of Nitrate Exposure, MHG, and Health
    Catherine Zeman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of nitrate/nitrite containing waters and the overall health effects as they may reflect on the current maximum contaminant level, MCL of 10 ppm (mg/I) nitrate/nitrogen, a level that was set without consideration of a safety factor ..
  12. Reducing HCV/HIV risks comparing two interventions
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..