Genomes and Genes
continental population groups
Summary: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
Publications266 found, 100 shown here
- A second generation human haplotype map of over 3.1 million SNPsKelly A Frazer
The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road MEM275, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
Nature 449:851-61. 2007..Finally, we demonstrate increased differentiation at non-synonymous, compared to synonymous, SNPs, resulting from systematic differences in the strength or efficacy of natural selection between populations...
- Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelinesN Krieger
Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 18:341-78. 1997..Suggestions for research on socioeconomic measures are provided, to aid monitoring steps toward social equity in health...
- Environmental health disparities: a framework integrating psychosocial and environmental conceptsGilbert C Gee
University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Environ Health Perspect 112:1645-53. 2004..When not counterbalanced by resources, stressors may lead to heightened vulnerability to environmental hazards...
- Cancer disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic statusElizabeth Ward
Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA
CA Cancer J Clin 54:78-93. 2004..Opportunities to reduce cancer disparities exist in prevention (reductions in tobacco use, physical inactivity, and obesity), early detection (mammography, colorectal screening, Pap tests), treatment, and palliative care...
- The other-race effect develops during infancy: evidence of perceptual narrowingDavid J Kelly
University of Sheffield, Psychology Department, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom
Psychol Sci 18:1084-9. 2007..The findings suggest that facial input from the infant's visual environment is crucial for shaping the face-processing system early in infancy, resulting in differential recognition accuracy for faces of different races in adulthood...
- The categorization-individuation model: an integrative account of the other-race recognition deficitKurt Hugenberg
Psychology Department, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
Psychol Rev 117:1168-87. 2010....
- A human genome diversity cell line panelHoward M Cann
Science 296:261-2. 2002
- Contribution of major diseases to disparities in mortalityMitchell D Wong
Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles 90095 1736, USA
N Engl J Med 347:1585-92. 2002..Mortality from all causes is higher for persons with fewer years of education and for blacks, but it is unknown which diseases contribute most to these disparities...
- Natural selection on protein-coding genes in the human genomeCarlos D Bustamante
Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, 101 Biotechnology Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
Nature 437:1153-7. 2005....
- Linkage disequilibrium in the human genomeD E Reich
Whitehead Institute MIT Center for Genome Research, Nine Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
Nature 411:199-204. 2001..By contrast, LD in a Nigerian population extends markedly less far. The results illuminate human history, suggesting that LD in northern Europeans is shaped by a marked demographic event about 27,000-53,000 years ago...
- Ethnic and gender differences in body fat in British schoolchildren as measured by DXANicholas J Shaw
Department of Endocrinology, Birmingham Children s Hospital, Birmingham, UK
Arch Dis Child 92:872-5. 2007..There are known to be ethnic differences in body composition in adults which are related to ethnic differences in adult disease...
- Oral sexual behaviors associated with prevalent oral human papillomavirus infectionGypsyamber D'Souza
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Infect Dis 199:1263-9. 2009..046, for trend) or open-mouthed kissing partners (P = .023, for trend) but not vaginal sex partners. Oral sex and open-mouthed kissing are associated with the development of oral HPV infection...
- Cigarette warning label policy alternatives and smoking-related health disparitiesJames F Thrasher
Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Am J Prev Med 43:590-600. 2012..Pictorial health warning labels on cigarette packaging have been proposed for the U.S., but their potential influences among populations that suffer tobacco-related health disparities are unknown...
- Effects of individual-level socioeconomic factors on racial disparities in cancer treatment and survival: findings from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study, 1979-2003Xianglin L Du
University of Texas School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Houston, Texas, USA
Cancer 117:3242-51. 2011....
- The neural plasticity of other-race face recognitionJames W Tanaka
University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 9:122-31. 2009..These results demonstrate that learning to discriminate other-race faces at the subordinate level of the individual leads to improved recognition and enhanced activation of the expert N250 component...
- Imputation of low-frequency variants using the HapMap3 benefits from large, diverse reference setsLuke Jostins
Statistical and Computational Genetics, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK
Eur J Hum Genet 19:662-6. 2011..Our results suggest that, although the sample sizes from the 1000 Genomes Pilot Project will not allow reliable imputation of low-frequency variants, the larger sample sizes of the main project will allow...
- Association of FMR1 genotypes with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes based on ethnicity/raceNorbert Gleicher
Center for Human Reproduction and Foundation for Reproductive Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e18781. 2011..5-times the odds of being associated with autoimmune positivity (OR 2.5, 1.34-4.55; P = 0.004). FMR1 genotypes offer a possible explanation for differences in IVF outcomes between races/ethnicities...
- Interventions to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in health careMarshall H Chin
Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Med Care Res Rev 64:7S-28S. 2007..Multifactorial, culturally tailored interventions that target different causes of disparities hold the most promise, but much more research is needed to investigate potential solutions and their implementation...
- Validation of a 21-locus autosomal SNP multiplex for forensic identification purposesL A Dixon
Research and Development, The Forensic Science Service, Solihull Parkway, Birmingham B37 7YN, UK
Forensic Sci Int 154:62-77. 2005..Reproducibility studies showed concordance between SNP profiles for different sample types, such as blood, saliva, semen and hairs, for the same individual, both within and between different DNA extracts...
- Four-year review of the use of race and ethnicity in epidemiologic and public health researchR Dawn Comstock
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
Am J Epidemiol 159:611-9. 2004....
- Evaluating self-declared ancestry of U.S. Americans with autosomal, Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial DNAOscar Lao
Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Hum Mutat 31:E1875-93. 2010..S. African Americans or U.S. European Americans, relative to their assumed parental populations from Africa or Europe. This provides genetic support for the importance of skin color in the complex process of ancestry identification...
- How criminal system racial disparities may translate into health disparitiesMartin Y Iguchi
Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
J Health Care Poor Underserved 16:48-56. 2005....
- Perceptions of race/ethnicity-based discrimination: a review of measures and evaluation of their usefulness for the health care settingNancy R Kressin
Center for Health Quality, Outcomes and Economic Research a VA Health Services Research and Development National Center for Excellence, Bedford VA Medical Center, Bedford, MA, USA
J Health Care Poor Underserved 19:697-730. 2008..To assess discrimination in health care, reliable, valid, and comprehensive measures of racism/discrimination are needed...
- Strong association of socioeconomic status with genetic ancestry in Latinos: implications for admixture studies of type 2 diabetesJ C Florez
Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Diabetologia 52:1528-36. 2009....
- Methods for improving cancer surveillance data in American Indian and Alaska Native populationsDavid K Espey
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
Cancer 113:1120-30. 2008..This article describes the data sources and methods that were used to address this misclassification and to produce the cancer statistics used by most of the articles in this supplement...
- Race, socioeconomic status, and health: complexities, ongoing challenges, and research opportunitiesDavid R Williams
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:69-101. 2010..The paper identifies research priorities in all of these areas...
- Race, gender, and partnership in the patient-physician relationshipL Cooper-Patrick
Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
JAMA 282:583-9. 1999..Many studies have documented race and gender differences in health care received by patients. However, few studies have related differences in the quality of interpersonal care to patient and physician race and gender...
- Human pigmentation genetics: the difference is only skin deepR A Sturm
Centre for Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
Bioessays 20:712-21. 1998....
- Race as a visual feature: using visual search and perceptual discrimination tasks to understand face categories and the cross-race recognition deficitD T Levin
Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242 0001, USA
J Exp Psychol Gen 129:559-74. 2000..These findings support a new explanation for the CR recognition deficit based on feature coding differences between CR and SR faces, and appear incompatible with similarity-based models of face categories...
- Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and decreased kidney function in the adult US population: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyJosef Coresh
Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Am J Kidney Dis 41:1-12. 2003....
- The genetic structure and history of Africans and African AmericansSarah A Tishkoff
Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Science 324:1035-44. 2009..This study helps tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans, aiding both anthropological and genetic epidemiologic studies...
- Elucidating the role of place in health care disparities: the example of racial/ethnic residential segregationKellee White
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Health Serv Res 47:1278-99. 2012..To develop a conceptual framework for investigating the role of racial/ethnic residential segregation on health care disparities...
- Three-month-olds, but not newborns, prefer own-race facesDavid J Kelly
Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, UK
Dev Sci 8:F31-6. 2005..The findings imply that adults' perceptions of ethnic differences are learned and derived from differences in exposure to own- versus other-race faces during early development...
- Estimating average annual per cent change in trend analysisLimin X Clegg
Office of Inspector General, U S Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC, USA
Stat Med 28:3670-82. 2009..The AAPC estimation has been incorporated into the segmented regression (free) software Joinpoint, which is used by many registries throughout the world for characterizing trends in cancer rates...
- [Meta analysis of association between Ser326Cys polymorphism of hOGG1 gene and risk of lung cancer]Qian Qian
Soochow University Laboratory of Cancer Molecular Genetics, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, China
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi 14:205-10. 2011..The aim of this study is to assess the association of hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism with risk of lung cancer by conducting a meta-analysis...
- The role of vitamin D in cancer preventionCedric F Garland
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, 0631C, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0631, USA
Am J Public Health 96:252-61. 2006..The evidence suggests that efforts to improve vitamin D status, for example by vitamin D supplementation, could reduce cancer incidence and mortality at low cost, with few or no adverse effects...
- Effect of LEPR Gln223Arg polymorphism on breast cancer risk in different ethnic populations: a meta-analysisBang Shun He
The Central Laboratory of Nanjing First Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210006 Jiangsu, China
Mol Biol Rep 39:3117-22. 2012..03, 95% CI 1.42-2.90. However, no significantly increased risk was found among Europeans for all genetic models. In conclusion, the LEPR 223Arg is a low-penetrant risk for developing breast cancer, especially for black African women...
- Global analysis of disease-related DNA sequence variation in 10 healthy individuals: implications for whole genome-based clinical diagnosticsBarry Moore
Department of Human Genetics, Eccles Institute of Human Genetics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
Genet Med 13:210-7. 2011..Understanding how sequence variants within healthy genomes are distributed with respect to ethnicity and disease-implicated genes is an essential first step toward establishing baselines for personalized genomic medicine...
- History shaped the geographic distribution of genomic admixture on the island of Puerto RicoMarc Via
Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e16513. 2011..More generally, our results demonstrate the importance of incorporating social and geographic data with genetics when studying contemporary admixed populations...
- Using "socially assigned race" to probe white advantages in health statusCamara Phyllis Jones
Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Mailstop K 67, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
Ethn Dis 18:496-504. 2008....
- Can race be erased? Coalitional computation and social categorizationR Kurzban
Center for Evolutionary Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 2070, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:15387-92. 2001..These results suggest that racism may be a volatile and eradicable construct that persists only so long as it is actively maintained through being linked to parallel systems of social alliance...
- Racial and ethnic differences in breast cancer survival: how much is explained by screening, tumor severity, biology, treatment, comorbidities, and demographics?Elana Curtis
Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Cancer 112:171-80. 2008..The reasons for race/ethnicity (R/E) differences in breast cancer survival have been difficult to disentangle...
- Human genetic diversity and the nonexistence of biological racesJeffrey C Long
Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0618, USA
Hum Biol 75:449-71. 2003..Surprisingly, a great deal of genetic variation within groups is consistent with each of these concepts. However, none of the race concepts is compatible with the patterns of variation revealed by our analyses...
- Effect modification by community characteristics on the short-term effects of ozone exposure and mortality in 98 US communitiesMichelle L Bell
School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511
Am J Epidemiol 167:986-97. 2008..These differences may relate to underlying health status, differences in exposure, or other factors. Results show that some segments of the population may face higher health burdens of ozone pollution...
- Configural processing of other-race faces is delayed but not decreasedHolger Wiese
Department of General Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Am Steiger 3, Haus 1, 07743 Jena, Germany
Biol Psychol 81:103-9. 2009..We conclude that early perceptual mechanisms of face processing are not qualitatively different for own- and other-race faces. Instead, the same underlying processes appear to work less efficiently for other-race faces...
- Breast cancers among very young premenopausal women (United States)Michelle D Althuis
National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
Cancer Causes Control 14:151-60. 2003..To assess risk factors for breast cancer among very young compared to older premenopausal women...
- Ethnicity and gestational diabetes in New York City, 1995-2003D A Savitz
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
BJOG 115:969-78. 2008..To characterise the patterns of occurrence of gestational diabetes among a wide range of ethnic groups that reside in New York City...
- Decline in US breast cancer rates after the Women's Health Initiative: socioeconomic and racial/ethnic differentialsNancy Krieger
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Public Health 100:S132-9. 2010....
- Making the environmental justice grade: the relative burden of air pollution exposure in the United StatesMarie Lynn Miranda
Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1755-71. 2011..These results suggest that substantial areas of the United States lack monitoring data, and among areas where monitoring data are available, low income and minority communities tend to experience higher ambient pollution levels...
- A community effort to reduce the black/white breast cancer mortality disparity in ChicagoDavid Ansell
544 Academic Facility, Rush University Medical Center, 600 South Paulina Avenue, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Cancer Causes Control 20:1681-8. 2009..The Taskforce explored three hypotheses: black women in Chicago receive fewer mammograms, black women receive mammograms of inferior quality, and black women have inadequate access to quality of treatment for breast cancer...
- Covariate adjusted weighted normal spatial scan statistics with applications to study geographic clustering of obesity and lung cancer mortality in the United StatesLan Huang
Office of Biostatistics, CDER, FDA, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA
Stat Med 29:2410-22. 2010....
- The influence of age, sex, and race on the upper reference limit of serum C-reactive protein concentrationM H Wener
Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
J Rheumatol 27:2351-9. 2000..We sought to determine if age, sex, and race or ethnicity influence the distribution of CRP values, and if upper reference limits of CRP should be adjusted by demographic factors...
- Racial and ethnic differences in reproductive potential across the life cycleSamantha F Butts
Division of Infertility and Reproductive Endocrinology, University of Pennsylvania Medical School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Fertil Steril 93:681-90. 2010..Diverse results from numerous investigations have made it challenging for practitioners to confirm the significance of these disparities...
- Coronary heart disease risk prediction in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) studyLloyd E Chambless
Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, CB 8300, 137 East Franklin Street, Suite 400, Bank of America Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 4145, USA
J Clin Epidemiol 56:880-90. 2003..These factors substantially improved prediction of future CHD for men, less for women, and also increased attributable risks...
- Cause of death affects racial classification on death certificatesAndrew Noymer
Department of Sociology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e15812. 2011..Our findings suggest that seemingly non-racial characteristics, such as cause of death, affect how people are racially perceived by others and thus shape U.S. official statistics...
- Color, race, and genomic ancestry in Brazil: dialogues between anthropology and geneticsRicardo Ventura Santos
National Museum, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Curr Anthropol 50:787-819. 2009....
- Perceptual other-race training reduces implicit racial biasSophie Lebrecht
Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e4215. 2009..To examine the relationship between these two biases, we trained Caucasian subjects to better individuate other-race faces and measured implicit racial bias for those faces both before and after training...
- Human population differentiation is strongly correlated with local recombination rateAlon Keinan
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS Genet 6:e1000886. 2010....
- Racial categories in medical practice: how useful are they?Lundy Braun
Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Africana Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
PLoS Med 4:e271. 2007
- Impact of population admixture on the distribution of the CYP3A5*3 polymorphismGuilherme Suarez-Kurtz
Instituto Nacional de Cancer, Divisão de Farmacologia, Instituto Nacional de Cancer, Rua André Cavalcanti 37, Rio de Janeiro 21230 050, Brazil
Pharmacogenomics 8:1299-306. 2007..To compare the effectiveness of self-identified ethnic/color and marker-based biogeographical ancestry classifications in genotyping the CYP3A5*3 polymorphism in the Brazilian population...
- The frequent 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism is associated with a common haplotype in whites, Japanese, and AfricansNurit Rosenberg
Institute of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
Am J Hum Genet 70:758-62. 2002..These results suggest that the MTHFR 677T alteration occurred on a founder haplotype that may have had a selective advantage...
- Mismatched racial identities, colourism, and health in Toronto and VancouverGerry Veenstra
The University of British Columbia, Department of Sociology, 6303 NW Marine Drive, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z1
Soc Sci Med 73:1152-62. 2011..I conclude by presenting a framework for conceptualizing multifaceted suites of racial identities and relating their various components and inconsistencies between them to health outcomes...
- Accounting for ancestry: population substructure and genome-wide association studiesChao Tian
Rowe Program in Human Genetics, Departments of Biological Chemistry and Medicine, One Shield Avenue, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Hum Mol Genet 17:R143-50. 2008..We further suggest that it will be important to explore results in homogeneous population subsets as we seek to define the extent to which genomic variation influences complex phenotypes...
- Differences in A1C by race and ethnicity among patients with impaired glucose tolerance in the Diabetes Prevention ProgramWilliam H Herman
Department of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Diabetes Care 30:2453-7. 2007..We sought to examine racial and ethnic differences in A1C in individuals with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)...
- Race, gender, and social status as modifiers of the effects of PM10 on mortalityA Zanobetti
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
J Occup Environ Med 42:469-74. 2000..In general, the effect modification appeared modest compared with other reports of substantial effect modification by medical conditions...
- Mapping and sequencing of structural variation from eight human genomesJeffrey M Kidd
Department of Genome Sciences and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Nature 453:56-64. 2008..These data provide the first high-resolution sequence map of human structural variation--a standard for genotyping platforms and a prelude to future individual genome sequencing projects...
- Epidemiology of hospitalizations and deaths from heat illness in soldiersRobert Carter
Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division, United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1338-44. 2005..Serious heat illness has received considerable recent attention due to catastrophic heat waves in the United States and Europe, the deaths of high-profile athletes, and military deployments...
- A dynamic interactive theory of person construalJonathan B Freeman
Department of Psychology, Tufts University, 490 Boston Avenue, Medford, MA 02155, USA
Psychol Rev 118:247-79. 2011..The implications of a rapidly adaptive, dynamic, and interactive person construal system are discussed...
- Racial disparities in the use of and indications for colorectal procedures in Medicare beneficiariesGregory S Cooper
Division of Gastroenterology, University Hospitals of Cleveland, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 5066, USA
Cancer 100:418-24. 2004..African Americans are diagnosed more frequently with colorectal carcinoma at a later stage compared with Caucasians. One potential reason for the disparity is a lower rate of screening examinations...
- [Racial, sociodemographic, and prenatal and childbirth care inequalities in Brazil, 1999-2001]Maria do Carmo Leal
Departamento de Epidemiologia e Métodos Quantitativos em Saúde, Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, 21041 219 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Rev Saude Publica 39:100-7. 2005..To analyze social inequalities and inequalities in access to and utilization of health care services according to skin color in a representative sample of postpartum women receiving hospital childbirth care...
- Racial and ethnic disparities in breast cancer mortality: are we doing enough to address the root causes?Dionne J Blackman
Section of General Internal Medicine and the Center for Interdisciplinary Health Disparities Research, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
J Clin Oncol 24:2170-8. 2006..Although pilot programs have increased breast cancer screening among select populations, persistent disparities in mortality suggest that changes are needed at the policy level to address the root causes of these disparities...
- Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2001, with a special feature regarding survivalAhmedin Jemal
Epidemiology and Surveillance Research Department, American Cancer Society, 1599 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
Cancer 101:3-27. 2004..S. This year's report features a special section on cancer survival...
- A multiplex assay with 52 single nucleotide polymorphisms for human identificationJuan J Sanchez
Department of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Electrophoresis 27:1713-24. 2006..Typical paternity indices ranged from 336 000 in Asians to 549 000 in Europeans. Details of the 52 SNP loci and population data generated in this work are freely available at http://www.snpforid.org...
- Disparities in diabetes care: impact of mental illnessSusan M Frayne
Center for Health Quality, Outcomes and Economic Research, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford, MA, USA
Arch Intern Med 165:2631-8. 2005..Diabetes serves as a useful condition in which to test for MHC-related disparities in care. We examined whether quality measures for diabetes care are worse for patients with or without MHCs...
- The role of experience during childhood in shaping the other-race effectAdélaïde de Heering
Unité Cognition et Développement et Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
Dev Sci 13:181-7. 2010..Overall, experience appears to be crucial during childhood to shape the face recognition system towards the most predominant morphologies of faces present in the environment...
- Use of race and ethnicity in biomedical publicationJudith B Kaplan
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7445, USA
JAMA 289:2709-16. 2003..Journals play an important role in setting standards for research and policy literature. The authors outline guidelines that might be used when race and ethnicity are addressed in biomedical publications...
- Trends in breast cancer by race and ethnicity: update 2006Carol Smigal
Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA
CA Cancer J Clin 56:168-83. 2006..Continued progress in the control of breast cancer will require sustained and increased efforts to provide high-quality screening, diagnosis, and treatment to all segments of the population...
- Weight status continuity and change from adolescence to young adulthood: examining disease and health risk conditionsMichael J Merten
Department of Human Development and Family Science, Oklahoma State University, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1423-8. 2010..Although results indicate obesity isolated to a single developmental period does have health repercussions, obesity experienced continuously during adolescence and young adulthood greatly intensified risk across all health conditions...
- Developing a set of ancestry-sensitive DNA markers reflecting continental origins of humansPaula Kersbergen
Department of Human Biological Traces R and D, Netherlands Forensic Institute, PO Box 24044, 2490 AA The Hague, The Netherlands
BMC Genet 10:69. 2009..The identification and use of Ancestry-Sensitive Markers (ASMs), i.e. genetic polymorphisms facilitating the genetic reconstruction of geographical origins of individuals, is far from straightforward...
- Residential proximity to industrial sources of air pollution: interrelationships among race, poverty, and ageS A Perlin
Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460, USA
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 51:406-21. 2001....
- Racial and ethnic differences in glycemic control of adults with type 2 diabetesM I Harris
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Diabetes Care 22:403-8. 1999..To evaluate glycemic control in a representative sample of U.S. adults with type 2 diabetes...
- The impact of ethnicity on type 2 diabetesNicola Abate
Center for Human Nutrition, UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, USA
J Diabetes Complications 17:39-58. 2003..This review examines epidemiological and pathophysiological aspects of the interaction between environment and ethnic predisposition to type 2 diabetes...
- Regional differences in cervical cancer incidence among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1999-2004Thomas M Becker
Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon 97202 3098, USA
Cancer 113:1234-43. 2008..However, accurate determinations of cervical cancer incidence in AI/AN women have been hampered by racial misclassification in central cancer registries...
- Screening for type 2 diabetesM M Engelgau
Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
Diabetes Care 23:1563-80. 2000..Finally, combinations of screening tests and different screening intervals should be evaluated within economic studies to allow selection of the optimal approach within the financial and resource limitations of the health care system...
- Understanding the provider contribution to race/ethnicity disparities in pain treatment: insights from dual process models of stereotypingDiana J Burgess
Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
Pain Med 7:119-34. 2006..We also highlighted situations that may increase the likelihood that stereotype-based bias will occur and suggested directions for future research and interventions...
- VKORC1 polymorphisms in Brazilians: comparison with the Portuguese and Portuguese-speaking Africans and pharmacogenetic implicationsGuilherme Suarez-Kurtz
Divisão de Farmacologia, Instituto Nacional do Cancer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Pharmacogenomics 11:1257-67. 2010..Comparative data were obtained from two major ancestral roots of Brazilians: Portuguese and Africans from former Portuguese colonies...
- Skin color, social classification, and blood pressure in southeastern Puerto RicoClarence C Gravlee
Department of Anthropology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 7772, USA
Am J Public Health 95:2191-7. 2005..We tested competing hypotheses for the skin color-blood pressure relationship by analyzing the association between blood pressure and 2 skin color variables: skin pigmentation and social classification...
- Access to mental health treatment by English language proficiency and race/ethnicityTetine Sentell
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 2727 Mariposa Street, Suite 100, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
J Gen Intern Med 22:289-93. 2007..Limited English proficiency (LEP) may contribute to mental health care disparities, yet empirical data are limited...
- How social status shapes raceAndrew M Penner
Department of Sociology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 5100, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:19628-30. 2008..This is consistent with the view that race is not a fixed individual attribute, but rather a changeable marker of status...
- Race/ethnic discrimination and preventive service utilization in a sample of whites, blacks, Mexicans, and Puerto RicansMaureen R Benjamins
Sinai Urban Health Institute, Mt Sinai Hospital, 1500 S California Ave, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
Med Care 50:870-6. 2012..More specifically, it has been suggested as a possible determinant of the significant race/ethnic differences in the quantity and quality of medical care received by individuals in the United States...
- Analysis of genetic ancestry in the admixed Brazilian population from Rio de Janeiro using 46 autosomal ancestry-informative indel markersFernanda Saloum Neves Manta
DNA Diagnostic Laboratory, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Ann Hum Biol 40:94-8. 2013..The AIM-Indel panel proved to be a rapid strategy to estimate autosomal genetic ancestry at individual and population levels in Rio de Janeiro, which is useful in population genetics and in case-control association studies...
- Racial differences in long-term survival among patients with coronary artery diseaseKevin L Thomas
Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
Am Heart J 160:744-51. 2010..Despite this, there are insufficient data on the long-term prognosis of black patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) as well as the major clinical related determinants of outcome...
- Comparison of small-area analysis techniques for estimating county-level outcomesHaomiao Jia
Department of Community Medicine, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia 31207, USA
Am J Prev Med 26:453-60. 2004..This can be accomplished using small-area estimation techniques. However, it is unknown which small- area technique produces the most valid and precise results...
- Race, ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and quality of care for adults with diabetes enrolled in managed care: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) studyArleen F Brown
Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1736, USA
Diabetes Care 28:2864-70. 2005..To examine racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variation in diabetes care in managed-care settings...
- Adults scan own- and other-race faces differentlyGenyue Fu
Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, China
PLoS ONE 7:e37688. 2012..Our results are discussed in terms of the facial morphological differences between Chinese and Caucasian faces and the enculturation of mutual gaze norms in East Asian cultures...
- Association of insurance with cancer care utilization and outcomesElizabeth Ward
Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA
CA Cancer J Clin 58:9-31. 2008....
- Oral squamous cell carcinoma incidence by subsite among diverse racial and ethnic populations in CaliforniaLihua Liu
Los Angeles Cancer Surveillance Program, Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 105:470-80. 2008..The aim of this report was to examine the oral cancer incidence by sex, race/ethnicity, and anatomical subsite...
- The associations of clinicians' implicit attitudes about race with medical visit communication and patient ratings of interpersonal careLisa A Cooper
Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Am J Public Health 102:979-87. 2012..We examined the associations of clinicians' implicit attitudes about race with visit communication and patient ratings of care...
- Warfarin pharmacogenetics: a single VKORC1 polymorphism is predictive of dose across 3 racial groupsNita A Limdi
University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
Blood 115:3827-34. 2010..Thus, clinicians should recognize that, although at a population level, the contribution of VKORC1 toward dose requirements is higher in whites than in nonwhites; genotype predicts similar dose requirements across racial groups...
- Genomic scale analysis of racial impact on response to IFN-alphaZoltan Pos
Infectious Disease and Immunogenetics Section, Department of Transfusion Medicine, Clinical Center, and Center for Human Immunology, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:803-8. 2010....
- What causes racial disparities in very preterm birth? A biosocial perspectiveMichael R Kramer
Women s and Children s Center, Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Epidemiol Rev 31:84-98. 2009..Improved etiologic understanding and the potential for effective intervention may come with better integration of these research approaches...
- Autonomic, Endothelial, and Inflammatory Correlates of Sleep DurationMERCEDES RENEE CARNETHON; Fiscal Year: 2012..Findings from this study will suggest mechanisms to explain the prior observed associations between sleep duration and CVD risk factors. ..
- Retinoid and Carotenoid Depletion in Patients at High-Risk for Liver CancerPeter H Gann; Fiscal Year: 2010..Before we can properly design prevention trials with the right intervention, the right target population and the right endpoints, we need preliminary studies for guidance, such as we have proposed. ..
- JACKSON HEART STUDYHERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- JACKSON HEART STUDYASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011..abstract_text> ..
- JACKSON HEART STUDYHerman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- JACKSON HEART STUDYAsoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- JACKSON HEART STUDYHERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- JACKSON HEART STUDYASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Molecular Epidemiology of DNA Repair in Head and Neck CancerQingyi Wei; Fiscal Year: 2012..The long- term goal of this study is to identify effective biomarkers that can be used to identify at-risk individuals who will be targeted for primary prevention and early detection of SCCHN in the general population. ..
- Multivariate CART for survival with dental applicationsMartha E Nunn; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Metabolic impact of fructose restriction in obese childrenJean Marc Schwarz; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Hyperglycemia and Pregnancy Outcome(HAPO)Follow Up StudyBoyd E Metzger; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Biomarker Reference Laboratory, EDRNWilliam E Grizzle; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- High Throughput Methods to Measure Disparities in Childhood Exposure to TobaccoSharon E Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL: Effects on Bone Structure and ArchitectureMERYL SUSAN LEBOFF; Fiscal Year: 2013..Findings from this proposal will fill gaps in knowledge and inform clinical and public health recommendations. ..
- Race-based social stress and health trajectories from adolescence to adulthoodJacquelynne S Eccles; Fiscal Year: 2010..This application includes studies that focus on better understanding the biological, psychological, and social factors that contribute to health disparities. ..
- A dataset for the study of the social determinants of health.Peter A Muennig; Fiscal Year: 2010..This dataset will greatly advance scientific understanding of the social causation of disease and health disparities. ..
- Mediators &prognostic value of muscle mass &function in chronic kidney diseaseFrancis Perry Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2013..Controls will be matched based upon age, race, gender eGFR, and baseline muscle mass but be selected from the lowest quintile. The primary analysis will use mixed-effects models clustered at the matched-pair level. ..
- Immune Mechanisms That Control Ectromelia Virus InfectionLuis J Sigal; Fiscal Year: 2013..The results from this Project will provide a comprehensive picture of the innate response to a peripheral virus infection. ..
- Ethnic/Racial Variation in Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ERICH)Daniel Woo; Fiscal Year: 2013..Yet we know little about the biologic differences that lead to this ethnic disparity. Our proposal will compare minorities with ICH to controls from the same population as well as explore genetic, radiographic and outcomes differences. ..
- Liver cancer risk and prevention among persons living with HIV/AIDSLESLEY SUEJEAN PARK; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Translational Approaches to Reducing Health Disparities in Lung DiseaseJoe G N Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2012..This conference will increase awareness about lung health disparities among academic trainees and faculty and serve to facilitate more academic pursuits in this critical area, especially for ou under-represented minority trainees. ..
- PROJECTED HEAT WAVE MAGNITUDES AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPACTSHelene G Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2010..s. ..
- Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in ObesityAdam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013..This interdisciplinary project on the built environment, behavior and health brings together experts from nutrition, geography, epidemiology, medicine, statistics and urban design. ..
- Mediators of Lithium Action in Olfactory EpitheliumEvaristus A Nwulia; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Can diet- &exercise-induced weight loss improve asthma control in obese adults?Jun Ma; Fiscal Year: 2013..If successful, this project will help advance the current clinical guidelines for treating obese adults with asthma, which, in turn, may lead to reduced morbidity and mortality associated with asthma and obesity. ..
- Effects of Vitamin D and Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Anemia in the ElderlyNancy Berliner; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Obesity in Adolescents with Down SyndromeSheela Natesh Magge; Fiscal Year: 2013..This evidence may provide the foundation to advance prevention and treatment strategies for this underserved group with intellectual and developmental disabilities at high-risk for obesity and its life-long consequences. ..
- Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Ultrasound Measures of Fetal GrowthMICHELLE WILHELM TURNER; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- CANCER AND CHANGING TRENDS IN US MORTALITY INEQUITIES: 1960-2004Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Social Networks &Breast Cancer Prognosis in the Chinese and US Evaluation StudyCandyce H Kroenke; Fiscal Year: 2013..It is hoped that addressing gaps in the literature will help point to potential avenues through which relationships with network members might be augmented to promote survival, or managed to mitigate costs of social relationships. ..
- Phylogenomics and functional diversification of the Heterochromatin Protein 1 genMIA TAUNA LEVINE; Fiscal Year: 2012..My evolutionary/comparative genomic approach promises to identify new biological functions for HP1 genes that advance our understanding of the gene regulation and chromosome segregation defects in cancer cells. ..
- Financial Risks and Ethnic/Racial Disparities in Live Kidney DonationTANJALA PURNELL; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- Effect of Chronic Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy on Bone Mineral Density and BoneYu Xiao Yang; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Cardioprotective Mechanisms of Glutathione S-transferase PDANIEL JOSEPH CONKLIN; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Obesity and Metabolic Risk Disparities: Underlying Food Environment FactorsPenny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our overall impact is to identify economic and food environment factors that are associated with health and can be addressed as potential targets for intervention to reduce disparities in obesity and metabolic risk. ..
- Evaluation of Safety Training, Supervision, and Injury Among Working Teenagers.KRISTINA MARIE ZIEROLD; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will be the first to conduct an in-depth assessment of safety training and supervision among teenage workers. In addition, it will be the first to evaluate the role safety training and supervision play in work-related injury. ..
- The Vaginal Microbiome: Disease, Genetics and the EnvironmentGREGORY ALLEN BUCK; Fiscal Year: 2012..abstract_text> ..
- Computational and Cell Culture Models for Mucus ClearanceRichard Superfine; Fiscal Year: 2010..The availability of a cell culture-based clearance assay coupled with an in- silico computational model will reduce the reliance on animal models and more accurately predict the consequences of toxins on human health. ..
- IGF-II regulation of FABPs in the breast cancer survival disparity among AA womenTELEKA CASSANDRA CALDERON; Fiscal Year: 2012..Our studies will provide much needed information about the mechanisms involved in the protective effect lactation induces in the breast and will potentially offer new tools for preventive breast cancer treatment. ..
- Mechanisms of Race-Based Differences in Factor VIII Immunogenicity in HemophiliaKATHLEEN PALMER PRATT; Fiscal Year: 2010..The possibility of a therapeutic factor VIII, better matched to minority recipients, will be explored. ..
- Cardiopulmonary structure and function in Multi-Ethnic Study of AtherosclerosisR Graham Barr; Fiscal Year: 2013..PHS 398 (Rev. 5/01) Page Number pages consecutively at the bottom throughout the application. Do not use suffixes such as 3a, 3b. ..
- STROKE INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS IN A TRI-ETHNIC REGIONRalph L Sacco; Fiscal Year: 2013..We need to understand the importance of these conditions in predicting stroke, MI, vascular death, and determining cognitive decline among minority populations. ..
- Epidemiology of testicular cancer in the Utah populationMia Hashibe; Fiscal Year: 2012..We will also study the prognosis of testicular cancer patients and examine what factors affect prognosis. Our results will be relevant for public health planning of prevention efforts against testicular cancer in Utah. ..
- Individualized Treatment Strategies and Optimal Hematocrit Target for Complex DiaDENNIS JOSEPH COTTER; Fiscal Year: 2010..2 MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG, IMPROVEMENT, AND MODERNIZATION ACT OF 2003 Public Law 108-173 108th Congress, SEC. 1013. RESEARCH ON OUTCOMES OF HEALTH CARE ITEMS AND SERVICES ..
- Effect of Major Depression and antidepressants on human neurogenesisMaura Boldrini; Fiscal Year: 2013..In an exploratory analysis we test the same effects for or lithium. These results have implications for understanding the pathophysiology of depression and the mode of action of antidepressants and lithium treatment. ..
- The Evolutionary and Biological Bases of Host Switching in VirusesColin R Parrish; Fiscal Year: 2013..By revealing the evolutionary processes that underpin cross- species virus transmission and emergence we will establish general rules that will assist in the control and prevention of future emergent viruses. ..
- Aging, Inflammation and Exercise in Chronic StrokeAlice S Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2012..This research will identify a strategy to treat insulin resistance in stroke survivors and establish the biological basis for recommending lifestyle modifications to reduce inflammation and improve the metabolic profile in stroke. ..
- Vitamin D and Omega-3 Fatty Acids(VITAL Trial): Effects on FracturesMERYL SUSAN LEBOFF; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Regional Clinical Centers-MilwaukeeTOM PAUL AUFDERHEIDE; Fiscal Year: 2013..This consortium should significantly impact survival and quality of life in the US and Canada. ..
- PERCHLORATE AND THYROID HORMONES IN PREGNANCY AND INFANTS IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIACraig M Steinmaus; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Regional Clinical Center-PittsburghClifton W Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2013..This consortium should significantly impact survival and quality of life in the US and Canada. ..
- Improvement of Organ Function after Severe HypovolemiaPing Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013..These proposed studies should open up a new research field for the development of innovative therapeutic agents as resuscitation adjuncts for victims with traumatic hemorrhage. ..
- DNA methylation in aging, race and prostate cancerRajvir Dahiya; Fiscal Year: 2006..This information can be used for better management of prostate cancer using DNA methylated genes as diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers. ..
- Etiology of breast development in the BCERC network: role of socioeconomic statusDEJANA K BRAITHWAITE; Fiscal Year: 2010..The Small Grants in Cancer Epidemiology Program mechanism provides an ideal vehicle to accomplish the objective of this study, which is aligned with the NCI's mission to determine the underlying causes of cancer health disparities. ..
- Race, Ethnicity, Nativity and Housing Outcomes in Los AngelesEILEEN DIAZ MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Supplemental Vitamin D and Functional Outcomes in Early AdolescenceRichard D Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings from this study have important pubiic health implications with respect to vitamin D intake recommendations aimed at improving the health of US children. ..
- HOST GENETIC DETERMINANTS OF HIV PATHOGENESISSunil Ahuja; Fiscal Year: 1999....
- Race Related Stressors and Preterm Birth in African American WomenCarmen Giurgescu; Fiscal Year: 2009..By understanding how neighborhood conditions and experiences of discrimination contribute to preterm birth, we can target programs and interventions that reduce the risk for preterm birth in African-American women. ..
- RACE AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN U.S. BIRTH OUTCOMESMichael Grossman; Fiscal Year: 1990..Can the upward trend in the percentage of illegitimate births explain the modest decline in the percentage of light births in the face of a rapid increase over time in the prompt initiation of prenatal care, especially among minorities?..
- RACIAL DISPARITIES IN MEDICATION USE IN US NURSING HOMESKate Lapane; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Improving Data & Enhancing Access - (IDEA)VICTORIA ANN WARREN MEARS; Fiscal Year: 2010..Both outcomes will inform ongoing efforts to eliminate health disparities experienced by AI/AN in the Northwest and serve as a model to further address health disparities of AI/AN at the national level. ..
- Race and Long-Term Diabetes Self-Management in an HMODennis Ross Degnan; Fiscal Year: 2004..0) and the incidence of diabetes-related complications over the nine-year study period. ..
- Ethnicity, Gender & Social Support in Knee OsteoarthritisHUAN CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2007..Characterization of these differences will also shed important new light on patient decision making, enabling health care providers to help patients improve function and quality of life. ..
- Tools for Measuring and Analyzing Cortisol Levels in Population Studies of HealthAna V Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2010..By developing tools necessary to measure and analyze biologic markers of the stress response, our project will contribute to the study of the causes of health disparities in multiple outcomes. ..
- Race, Ethnicity and Quality of Health Care for NewbornsLaurence Baker; Fiscal Year: 2005..Our work will focus on Black-White differences, disparities for Hispanics (including subgroups like Mexican and Puerto Rican), and disparities for Asian and Pacific Islanders. ..
- Folate, Smoking, Race and Cervical Cancer RiskCapri Mara Fillmore; Fiscal Year: 2004..It may also explain some of the racial disparity in cervical cancer and possibly other smoking-related cancers. ..
- Race in Physician Decision to Prescribe Opioid AnalgesiaJOSHUA SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2002..Understanding the causes of racial disparities will permit careful development of targeted interventions to address possible racial disparities in physician treatment decisions. ..
- Mapping "Race" and Inequality: Best Practices forTheorizing and OperationalizingNANCY contact LOPEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010..This anthology would have great appeal to scholars and policymakers alike who face the on-going challenges of collecting meaningful data on race and health disparities. ..
- Race and cardiac catheterization use in the setting of acute myocardial infarctioSaif Rathore; Fiscal Year: 2009..of black patients, or a combination of processes;and the impact of racial differences in cardiac catheterization use on long-term survival - will help inform current efforts to address racial disparities in health and health care use ..
- MORTALITY BY RACE AMONG LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTSRobert Michielutte; Fiscal Year: 1990..Analyses will be conducted separately for neonatal and postneonatal deaths...
- DEATH RATES AND DEATH DATA FOR ASIAN AMERICAN ELDERLYDiane Lauderdale; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Exploring the Role of Race/Ethnicity & Family Influences to Reduce Youth SmokingE MELINDA MELINDA MAHABEE GITTENS; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of this project will be essential to developing sound, culturally and age sensitive parental based anti-smoking interventions in the future. ..
- Race-Specific Occupational Risk Factors for CancerNATHANIEL BRIGGS; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Antioxidant Supplementation,Oxidative Stress & Enduranc*Maret Traber; Fiscal Year: 2002..Finally, the investigators plan to measure markers of inflammatory response, such as C-oxidants increase and vitamin E decreases these markers. ..