continental population groups

Summary

Summary: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.

Top Publications

  1. pmc A second generation human haplotype map of over 3.1 million SNPs
    Kelly A Frazer
    The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road MEM275, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Nature 449:851-61. 2007
  2. ncbi Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelines
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 18:341-78. 1997
  3. pmc Environmental health disparities: a framework integrating psychosocial and environmental concepts
    Gilbert C Gee
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1645-53. 2004
  4. ncbi Cancer disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status
    Elizabeth Ward
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 54:78-93. 2004
  5. pmc The other-race effect develops during infancy: evidence of perceptual narrowing
    David J Kelly
    University of Sheffield, Psychology Department, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 18:1084-9. 2007
  6. ncbi The categorization-individuation model: an integrative account of the other-race recognition deficit
    Kurt Hugenberg
    Psychology Department, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Psychol Rev 117:1168-87. 2010
  7. ncbi A human genome diversity cell line panel
    Howard M Cann
    Science 296:261-2. 2002
  8. ncbi Contribution of major diseases to disparities in mortality
    Mitchell D Wong
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles 90095 1736, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:1585-92. 2002
  9. ncbi Natural selection on protein-coding genes in the human genome
    Carlos D Bustamante
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, 101 Biotechnology Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Nature 437:1153-7. 2005
  10. ncbi Linkage disequilibrium in the human genome
    D E Reich
    Whitehead Institute MIT Center for Genome Research, Nine Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 411:199-204. 2001

Research Grants

  1. Autonomic, Endothelial, and Inflammatory Correlates of Sleep Duration
    MERCEDES RENEE CARNETHON; Fiscal Year: 2012
  2. Retinoid and Carotenoid Depletion in Patients at High-Risk for Liver Cancer
    Peter H Gann; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
  5. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Herman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
  6. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Asoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010
  7. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  8. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
  9. Molecular Epidemiology of DNA Repair in Head and Neck Cancer
    Qingyi Wei; Fiscal Year: 2012
  10. Multivariate CART for survival with dental applications
    Martha E Nunn; Fiscal Year: 2013

Detail Information

Publications266 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc A second generation human haplotype map of over 3.1 million SNPs
    Kelly A Frazer
    The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road MEM275, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
    Nature 449:851-61. 2007
    ..Finally, we demonstrate increased differentiation at non-synonymous, compared to synonymous, SNPs, resulting from systematic differences in the strength or efficacy of natural selection between populations...
  2. ncbi Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelines
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 18:341-78. 1997
    ..Suggestions for research on socioeconomic measures are provided, to aid monitoring steps toward social equity in health...
  3. pmc Environmental health disparities: a framework integrating psychosocial and environmental concepts
    Gilbert C Gee
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1645-53. 2004
    ..When not counterbalanced by resources, stressors may lead to heightened vulnerability to environmental hazards...
  4. ncbi Cancer disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status
    Elizabeth Ward
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 54:78-93. 2004
    ..Opportunities to reduce cancer disparities exist in prevention (reductions in tobacco use, physical inactivity, and obesity), early detection (mammography, colorectal screening, Pap tests), treatment, and palliative care...
  5. pmc The other-race effect develops during infancy: evidence of perceptual narrowing
    David J Kelly
    University of Sheffield, Psychology Department, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom
    Psychol Sci 18:1084-9. 2007
    ..The findings suggest that facial input from the infant's visual environment is crucial for shaping the face-processing system early in infancy, resulting in differential recognition accuracy for faces of different races in adulthood...
  6. ncbi The categorization-individuation model: an integrative account of the other-race recognition deficit
    Kurt Hugenberg
    Psychology Department, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Psychol Rev 117:1168-87. 2010
    ....
  7. ncbi A human genome diversity cell line panel
    Howard M Cann
    Science 296:261-2. 2002
  8. ncbi Contribution of major diseases to disparities in mortality
    Mitchell D Wong
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles 90095 1736, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:1585-92. 2002
    ..Mortality from all causes is higher for persons with fewer years of education and for blacks, but it is unknown which diseases contribute most to these disparities...
  9. ncbi Natural selection on protein-coding genes in the human genome
    Carlos D Bustamante
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, 101 Biotechnology Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Nature 437:1153-7. 2005
    ....
  10. ncbi Linkage disequilibrium in the human genome
    D E Reich
    Whitehead Institute MIT Center for Genome Research, Nine Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 411:199-204. 2001
    ..By contrast, LD in a Nigerian population extends markedly less far. The results illuminate human history, suggesting that LD in northern Europeans is shaped by a marked demographic event about 27,000-53,000 years ago...
  11. pmc Ethnic and gender differences in body fat in British schoolchildren as measured by DXA
    Nicholas J Shaw
    Department of Endocrinology, Birmingham Children s Hospital, Birmingham, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:872-5. 2007
    ..There are known to be ethnic differences in body composition in adults which are related to ethnic differences in adult disease...
  12. ncbi Oral sexual behaviors associated with prevalent oral human papillomavirus infection
    Gypsyamber D'Souza
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Infect Dis 199:1263-9. 2009
    ..046, for trend) or open-mouthed kissing partners (P = .023, for trend) but not vaginal sex partners. Oral sex and open-mouthed kissing are associated with the development of oral HPV infection...
  13. pmc Cigarette warning label policy alternatives and smoking-related health disparities
    James F Thrasher
    Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Am J Prev Med 43:590-600. 2012
    ..Pictorial health warning labels on cigarette packaging have been proposed for the U.S., but their potential influences among populations that suffer tobacco-related health disparities are unknown...
  14. pmc Effects of individual-level socioeconomic factors on racial disparities in cancer treatment and survival: findings from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study, 1979-2003
    Xianglin L Du
    University of Texas School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Houston, Texas, USA
    Cancer 117:3242-51. 2011
    ....
  15. ncbi The neural plasticity of other-race face recognition
    James W Tanaka
    University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 9:122-31. 2009
    ..These results demonstrate that learning to discriminate other-race faces at the subordinate level of the individual leads to improved recognition and enhanced activation of the expert N250 component...
  16. pmc Imputation of low-frequency variants using the HapMap3 benefits from large, diverse reference sets
    Luke Jostins
    Statistical and Computational Genetics, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK
    Eur J Hum Genet 19:662-6. 2011
    ..Our results suggest that, although the sample sizes from the 1000 Genomes Pilot Project will not allow reliable imputation of low-frequency variants, the larger sample sizes of the main project will allow...
  17. pmc Association of FMR1 genotypes with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes based on ethnicity/race
    Norbert Gleicher
    Center for Human Reproduction and Foundation for Reproductive Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e18781. 2011
    ..5-times the odds of being associated with autoimmune positivity (OR 2.5, 1.34-4.55; P = 0.004). FMR1 genotypes offer a possible explanation for differences in IVF outcomes between races/ethnicities...
  18. pmc Interventions to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in health care
    Marshall H Chin
    Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 64:7S-28S. 2007
    ..Multifactorial, culturally tailored interventions that target different causes of disparities hold the most promise, but much more research is needed to investigate potential solutions and their implementation...
  19. ncbi Validation of a 21-locus autosomal SNP multiplex for forensic identification purposes
    L A Dixon
    Research and Development, The Forensic Science Service, Solihull Parkway, Birmingham B37 7YN, UK
    Forensic Sci Int 154:62-77. 2005
    ..Reproducibility studies showed concordance between SNP profiles for different sample types, such as blood, saliva, semen and hairs, for the same individual, both within and between different DNA extracts...
  20. ncbi Four-year review of the use of race and ethnicity in epidemiologic and public health research
    R Dawn Comstock
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:611-9. 2004
    ....
  21. pmc Evaluating self-declared ancestry of U.S. Americans with autosomal, Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial DNA
    Oscar Lao
    Department of Forensic Molecular Biology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Hum Mutat 31:E1875-93. 2010
    ..S. African Americans or U.S. European Americans, relative to their assumed parental populations from Africa or Europe. This provides genetic support for the importance of skin color in the complex process of ancestry identification...
  22. ncbi How criminal system racial disparities may translate into health disparities
    Martin Y Iguchi
    Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 16:48-56. 2005
    ....
  23. pmc Perceptions of race/ethnicity-based discrimination: a review of measures and evaluation of their usefulness for the health care setting
    Nancy R Kressin
    Center for Health Quality, Outcomes and Economic Research a VA Health Services Research and Development National Center for Excellence, Bedford VA Medical Center, Bedford, MA, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 19:697-730. 2008
    ..To assess discrimination in health care, reliable, valid, and comprehensive measures of racism/discrimination are needed...
  24. pmc Strong association of socioeconomic status with genetic ancestry in Latinos: implications for admixture studies of type 2 diabetes
    J C Florez
    Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Diabetologia 52:1528-36. 2009
    ....
  25. ncbi Methods for improving cancer surveillance data in American Indian and Alaska Native populations
    David K Espey
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
    Cancer 113:1120-30. 2008
    ..This article describes the data sources and methods that were used to address this misclassification and to produce the cancer statistics used by most of the articles in this supplement...
  26. pmc Race, socioeconomic status, and health: complexities, ongoing challenges, and research opportunities
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:69-101. 2010
    ..The paper identifies research priorities in all of these areas...
  27. ncbi Race, gender, and partnership in the patient-physician relationship
    L Cooper-Patrick
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    JAMA 282:583-9. 1999
    ..Many studies have documented race and gender differences in health care received by patients. However, few studies have related differences in the quality of interpersonal care to patient and physician race and gender...
  28. ncbi Human pigmentation genetics: the difference is only skin deep
    R A Sturm
    Centre for Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Bioessays 20:712-21. 1998
    ....
  29. ncbi Race as a visual feature: using visual search and perceptual discrimination tasks to understand face categories and the cross-race recognition deficit
    D T Levin
    Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242 0001, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 129:559-74. 2000
    ..These findings support a new explanation for the CR recognition deficit based on feature coding differences between CR and SR faces, and appear incompatible with similarity-based models of face categories...
  30. ncbi Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and decreased kidney function in the adult US population: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Josef Coresh
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 41:1-12. 2003
    ....
  31. pmc The genetic structure and history of Africans and African Americans
    Sarah A Tishkoff
    Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Science 324:1035-44. 2009
    ..This study helps tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans, aiding both anthropological and genetic epidemiologic studies...
  32. pmc Elucidating the role of place in health care disparities: the example of racial/ethnic residential segregation
    Kellee White
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Health Serv Res 47:1278-99. 2012
    ..To develop a conceptual framework for investigating the role of racial/ethnic residential segregation on health care disparities...
  33. pmc Three-month-olds, but not newborns, prefer own-race faces
    David J Kelly
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, UK
    Dev Sci 8:F31-6. 2005
    ..The findings imply that adults' perceptions of ethnic differences are learned and derived from differences in exposure to own- versus other-race faces during early development...
  34. pmc Estimating average annual per cent change in trend analysis
    Limin X Clegg
    Office of Inspector General, U S Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC, USA
    Stat Med 28:3670-82. 2009
    ..The AAPC estimation has been incorporated into the segmented regression (free) software Joinpoint, which is used by many registries throughout the world for characterizing trends in cancer rates...
  35. ncbi [Meta analysis of association between Ser326Cys polymorphism of hOGG1 gene and risk of lung cancer]
    Qian Qian
    Soochow University Laboratory of Cancer Molecular Genetics, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, China
    Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi 14:205-10. 2011
    ..The aim of this study is to assess the association of hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism with risk of lung cancer by conducting a meta-analysis...
  36. pmc The role of vitamin D in cancer prevention
    Cedric F Garland
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, 0631C, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0631, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:252-61. 2006
    ..The evidence suggests that efforts to improve vitamin D status, for example by vitamin D supplementation, could reduce cancer incidence and mortality at low cost, with few or no adverse effects...
  37. ncbi Effect of LEPR Gln223Arg polymorphism on breast cancer risk in different ethnic populations: a meta-analysis
    Bang Shun He
    The Central Laboratory of Nanjing First Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210006 Jiangsu, China
    Mol Biol Rep 39:3117-22. 2012
    ..03, 95% CI 1.42-2.90. However, no significantly increased risk was found among Europeans for all genetic models. In conclusion, the LEPR 223Arg is a low-penetrant risk for developing breast cancer, especially for black African women...
  38. pmc Global analysis of disease-related DNA sequence variation in 10 healthy individuals: implications for whole genome-based clinical diagnostics
    Barry Moore
    Department of Human Genetics, Eccles Institute of Human Genetics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
    Genet Med 13:210-7. 2011
    ..Understanding how sequence variants within healthy genomes are distributed with respect to ethnicity and disease-implicated genes is an essential first step toward establishing baselines for personalized genomic medicine...
  39. pmc History shaped the geographic distribution of genomic admixture on the island of Puerto Rico
    Marc Via
    Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16513. 2011
    ..More generally, our results demonstrate the importance of incorporating social and geographic data with genetics when studying contemporary admixed populations...
  40. ncbi Using "socially assigned race" to probe white advantages in health status
    Camara Phyllis Jones
    Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Mailstop K 67, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Ethn Dis 18:496-504. 2008
    ....
  41. pmc Can race be erased? Coalitional computation and social categorization
    R Kurzban
    Center for Evolutionary Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 2070, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:15387-92. 2001
    ..These results suggest that racism may be a volatile and eradicable construct that persists only so long as it is actively maintained through being linked to parallel systems of social alliance...
  42. pmc Racial and ethnic differences in breast cancer survival: how much is explained by screening, tumor severity, biology, treatment, comorbidities, and demographics?
    Elana Curtis
    Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Cancer 112:171-80. 2008
    ..The reasons for race/ethnicity (R/E) differences in breast cancer survival have been difficult to disentangle...
  43. ncbi Human genetic diversity and the nonexistence of biological races
    Jeffrey C Long
    Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0618, USA
    Hum Biol 75:449-71. 2003
    ..Surprisingly, a great deal of genetic variation within groups is consistent with each of these concepts. However, none of the race concepts is compatible with the patterns of variation revealed by our analyses...
  44. pmc Effect modification by community characteristics on the short-term effects of ozone exposure and mortality in 98 US communities
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511
    Am J Epidemiol 167:986-97. 2008
    ..These differences may relate to underlying health status, differences in exposure, or other factors. Results show that some segments of the population may face higher health burdens of ozone pollution...
  45. ncbi Configural processing of other-race faces is delayed but not decreased
    Holger Wiese
    Department of General Psychology, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Am Steiger 3, Haus 1, 07743 Jena, Germany
    Biol Psychol 81:103-9. 2009
    ..We conclude that early perceptual mechanisms of face processing are not qualitatively different for own- and other-race faces. Instead, the same underlying processes appear to work less efficiently for other-race faces...
  46. ncbi Breast cancers among very young premenopausal women (United States)
    Michelle D Althuis
    National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 14:151-60. 2003
    ..To assess risk factors for breast cancer among very young compared to older premenopausal women...
  47. ncbi Ethnicity and gestational diabetes in New York City, 1995-2003
    D A Savitz
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    BJOG 115:969-78. 2008
    ..To characterise the patterns of occurrence of gestational diabetes among a wide range of ethnic groups that reside in New York City...
  48. pmc Decline in US breast cancer rates after the Women's Health Initiative: socioeconomic and racial/ethnic differentials
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:S132-9. 2010
    ....
  49. pmc Making the environmental justice grade: the relative burden of air pollution exposure in the United States
    Marie Lynn Miranda
    Children s Environmental Health Initiative, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1755-71. 2011
    ..These results suggest that substantial areas of the United States lack monitoring data, and among areas where monitoring data are available, low income and minority communities tend to experience higher ambient pollution levels...
  50. ncbi A community effort to reduce the black/white breast cancer mortality disparity in Chicago
    David Ansell
    544 Academic Facility, Rush University Medical Center, 600 South Paulina Avenue, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 20:1681-8. 2009
    ..The Taskforce explored three hypotheses: black women in Chicago receive fewer mammograms, black women receive mammograms of inferior quality, and black women have inadequate access to quality of treatment for breast cancer...
  51. ncbi Covariate adjusted weighted normal spatial scan statistics with applications to study geographic clustering of obesity and lung cancer mortality in the United States
    Lan Huang
    Office of Biostatistics, CDER, FDA, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA
    Stat Med 29:2410-22. 2010
    ....
  52. ncbi The influence of age, sex, and race on the upper reference limit of serum C-reactive protein concentration
    M H Wener
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
    J Rheumatol 27:2351-9. 2000
    ..We sought to determine if age, sex, and race or ethnicity influence the distribution of CRP values, and if upper reference limits of CRP should be adjusted by demographic factors...
  53. ncbi Racial and ethnic differences in reproductive potential across the life cycle
    Samantha F Butts
    Division of Infertility and Reproductive Endocrinology, University of Pennsylvania Medical School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    Fertil Steril 93:681-90. 2010
    ..Diverse results from numerous investigations have made it challenging for practitioners to confirm the significance of these disparities...
  54. ncbi Coronary heart disease risk prediction in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Lloyd E Chambless
    Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, CB 8300, 137 East Franklin Street, Suite 400, Bank of America Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 4145, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:880-90. 2003
    ..These factors substantially improved prediction of future CHD for men, less for women, and also increased attributable risks...
  55. pmc Cause of death affects racial classification on death certificates
    Andrew Noymer
    Department of Sociology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e15812. 2011
    ..Our findings suggest that seemingly non-racial characteristics, such as cause of death, affect how people are racially perceived by others and thus shape U.S. official statistics...
  56. ncbi Color, race, and genomic ancestry in Brazil: dialogues between anthropology and genetics
    Ricardo Ventura Santos
    National Museum, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Curr Anthropol 50:787-819. 2009
    ....
  57. pmc Perceptual other-race training reduces implicit racial bias
    Sophie Lebrecht
    Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e4215. 2009
    ..To examine the relationship between these two biases, we trained Caucasian subjects to better individuate other-race faces and measured implicit racial bias for those faces both before and after training...
  58. pmc Human population differentiation is strongly correlated with local recombination rate
    Alon Keinan
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 6:e1000886. 2010
    ....
  59. pmc Racial categories in medical practice: how useful are they?
    Lundy Braun
    Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Africana Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    PLoS Med 4:e271. 2007
  60. ncbi Impact of population admixture on the distribution of the CYP3A5*3 polymorphism
    Guilherme Suarez-Kurtz
    Instituto Nacional de Cancer, Divisão de Farmacologia, Instituto Nacional de Cancer, Rua André Cavalcanti 37, Rio de Janeiro 21230 050, Brazil
    Pharmacogenomics 8:1299-306. 2007
    ..To compare the effectiveness of self-identified ethnic/color and marker-based biogeographical ancestry classifications in genotyping the CYP3A5*3 polymorphism in the Brazilian population...
  61. pmc The frequent 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism is associated with a common haplotype in whites, Japanese, and Africans
    Nurit Rosenberg
    Institute of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
    Am J Hum Genet 70:758-62. 2002
    ..These results suggest that the MTHFR 677T alteration occurred on a founder haplotype that may have had a selective advantage...
  62. ncbi Mismatched racial identities, colourism, and health in Toronto and Vancouver
    Gerry Veenstra
    The University of British Columbia, Department of Sociology, 6303 NW Marine Drive, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z1
    Soc Sci Med 73:1152-62. 2011
    ..I conclude by presenting a framework for conceptualizing multifaceted suites of racial identities and relating their various components and inconsistencies between them to health outcomes...
  63. pmc Accounting for ancestry: population substructure and genome-wide association studies
    Chao Tian
    Rowe Program in Human Genetics, Departments of Biological Chemistry and Medicine, One Shield Avenue, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Hum Mol Genet 17:R143-50. 2008
    ..We further suggest that it will be important to explore results in homogeneous population subsets as we seek to define the extent to which genomic variation influences complex phenotypes...
  64. pmc Differences in A1C by race and ethnicity among patients with impaired glucose tolerance in the Diabetes Prevention Program
    William H Herman
    Department of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:2453-7. 2007
    ..We sought to examine racial and ethnic differences in A1C in individuals with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)...
  65. ncbi Race, gender, and social status as modifiers of the effects of PM10 on mortality
    A Zanobetti
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 42:469-74. 2000
    ..In general, the effect modification appeared modest compared with other reports of substantial effect modification by medical conditions...
  66. pmc Mapping and sequencing of structural variation from eight human genomes
    Jeffrey M Kidd
    Department of Genome Sciences and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Nature 453:56-64. 2008
    ..These data provide the first high-resolution sequence map of human structural variation--a standard for genotyping platforms and a prelude to future individual genome sequencing projects...
  67. ncbi Epidemiology of hospitalizations and deaths from heat illness in soldiers
    Robert Carter
    Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division, United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 37:1338-44. 2005
    ..Serious heat illness has received considerable recent attention due to catastrophic heat waves in the United States and Europe, the deaths of high-profile athletes, and military deployments...
  68. ncbi A dynamic interactive theory of person construal
    Jonathan B Freeman
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, 490 Boston Avenue, Medford, MA 02155, USA
    Psychol Rev 118:247-79. 2011
    ..The implications of a rapidly adaptive, dynamic, and interactive person construal system are discussed...
  69. ncbi Racial disparities in the use of and indications for colorectal procedures in Medicare beneficiaries
    Gregory S Cooper
    Division of Gastroenterology, University Hospitals of Cleveland, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106 5066, USA
    Cancer 100:418-24. 2004
    ..African Americans are diagnosed more frequently with colorectal carcinoma at a later stage compared with Caucasians. One potential reason for the disparity is a lower rate of screening examinations...
  70. ncbi [Racial, sociodemographic, and prenatal and childbirth care inequalities in Brazil, 1999-2001]
    Maria do Carmo Leal
    Departamento de Epidemiologia e Métodos Quantitativos em Saúde, Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, 21041 219 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Rev Saude Publica 39:100-7. 2005
    ..To analyze social inequalities and inequalities in access to and utilization of health care services according to skin color in a representative sample of postpartum women receiving hospital childbirth care...
  71. ncbi Racial and ethnic disparities in breast cancer mortality: are we doing enough to address the root causes?
    Dionne J Blackman
    Section of General Internal Medicine and the Center for Interdisciplinary Health Disparities Research, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Clin Oncol 24:2170-8. 2006
    ..Although pilot programs have increased breast cancer screening among select populations, persistent disparities in mortality suggest that changes are needed at the policy level to address the root causes of these disparities...
  72. ncbi Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2001, with a special feature regarding survival
    Ahmedin Jemal
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Research Department, American Cancer Society, 1599 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Cancer 101:3-27. 2004
    ..S. This year's report features a special section on cancer survival...
  73. ncbi A multiplex assay with 52 single nucleotide polymorphisms for human identification
    Juan J Sanchez
    Department of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Electrophoresis 27:1713-24. 2006
    ..Typical paternity indices ranged from 336 000 in Asians to 549 000 in Europeans. Details of the 52 SNP loci and population data generated in this work are freely available at http://www.snpforid.org...
  74. ncbi Disparities in diabetes care: impact of mental illness
    Susan M Frayne
    Center for Health Quality, Outcomes and Economic Research, Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford, MA, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2631-8. 2005
    ..Diabetes serves as a useful condition in which to test for MHC-related disparities in care. We examined whether quality measures for diabetes care are worse for patients with or without MHCs...
  75. ncbi The role of experience during childhood in shaping the other-race effect
    Adélaïde de Heering
    Unité Cognition et Développement et Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
    Dev Sci 13:181-7. 2010
    ..Overall, experience appears to be crucial during childhood to shape the face recognition system towards the most predominant morphologies of faces present in the environment...
  76. ncbi Use of race and ethnicity in biomedical publication
    Judith B Kaplan
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7445, USA
    JAMA 289:2709-16. 2003
    ..Journals play an important role in setting standards for research and policy literature. The authors outline guidelines that might be used when race and ethnicity are addressed in biomedical publications...
  77. ncbi Trends in breast cancer by race and ethnicity: update 2006
    Carol Smigal
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 56:168-83. 2006
    ..Continued progress in the control of breast cancer will require sustained and increased efforts to provide high-quality screening, diagnosis, and treatment to all segments of the population...
  78. ncbi Weight status continuity and change from adolescence to young adulthood: examining disease and health risk conditions
    Michael J Merten
    Department of Human Development and Family Science, Oklahoma State University, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:1423-8. 2010
    ..Although results indicate obesity isolated to a single developmental period does have health repercussions, obesity experienced continuously during adolescence and young adulthood greatly intensified risk across all health conditions...
  79. pmc Developing a set of ancestry-sensitive DNA markers reflecting continental origins of humans
    Paula Kersbergen
    Department of Human Biological Traces R and D, Netherlands Forensic Institute, PO Box 24044, 2490 AA The Hague, The Netherlands
    BMC Genet 10:69. 2009
    ..The identification and use of Ancestry-Sensitive Markers (ASMs), i.e. genetic polymorphisms facilitating the genetic reconstruction of geographical origins of individuals, is far from straightforward...
  80. ncbi Residential proximity to industrial sources of air pollution: interrelationships among race, poverty, and age
    S A Perlin
    Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 51:406-21. 2001
    ....
  81. ncbi Racial and ethnic differences in glycemic control of adults with type 2 diabetes
    M I Harris
    National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Diabetes Care 22:403-8. 1999
    ..To evaluate glycemic control in a representative sample of U.S. adults with type 2 diabetes...
  82. ncbi The impact of ethnicity on type 2 diabetes
    Nicola Abate
    Center for Human Nutrition, UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, USA
    J Diabetes Complications 17:39-58. 2003
    ..This review examines epidemiological and pathophysiological aspects of the interaction between environment and ethnic predisposition to type 2 diabetes...
  83. ncbi Regional differences in cervical cancer incidence among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1999-2004
    Thomas M Becker
    Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon 97202 3098, USA
    Cancer 113:1234-43. 2008
    ..However, accurate determinations of cervical cancer incidence in AI/AN women have been hampered by racial misclassification in central cancer registries...
  84. ncbi Screening for type 2 diabetes
    M M Engelgau
    Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 23:1563-80. 2000
    ..Finally, combinations of screening tests and different screening intervals should be evaluated within economic studies to allow selection of the optimal approach within the financial and resource limitations of the health care system...
  85. ncbi Understanding the provider contribution to race/ethnicity disparities in pain treatment: insights from dual process models of stereotyping
    Diana J Burgess
    Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    Pain Med 7:119-34. 2006
    ..We also highlighted situations that may increase the likelihood that stereotype-based bias will occur and suggested directions for future research and interventions...
  86. ncbi VKORC1 polymorphisms in Brazilians: comparison with the Portuguese and Portuguese-speaking Africans and pharmacogenetic implications
    Guilherme Suarez-Kurtz
    Divisão de Farmacologia, Instituto Nacional do Cancer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Pharmacogenomics 11:1257-67. 2010
    ..Comparative data were obtained from two major ancestral roots of Brazilians: Portuguese and Africans from former Portuguese colonies...
  87. pmc Skin color, social classification, and blood pressure in southeastern Puerto Rico
    Clarence C Gravlee
    Department of Anthropology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 7772, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:2191-7. 2005
    ..We tested competing hypotheses for the skin color-blood pressure relationship by analyzing the association between blood pressure and 2 skin color variables: skin pigmentation and social classification...
  88. pmc Access to mental health treatment by English language proficiency and race/ethnicity
    Tetine Sentell
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, 2727 Mariposa Street, Suite 100, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:289-93. 2007
    ..Limited English proficiency (LEP) may contribute to mental health care disparities, yet empirical data are limited...
  89. pmc How social status shapes race
    Andrew M Penner
    Department of Sociology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 5100, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:19628-30. 2008
    ..This is consistent with the view that race is not a fixed individual attribute, but rather a changeable marker of status...
  90. ncbi Race/ethnic discrimination and preventive service utilization in a sample of whites, blacks, Mexicans, and Puerto Ricans
    Maureen R Benjamins
    Sinai Urban Health Institute, Mt Sinai Hospital, 1500 S California Ave, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Med Care 50:870-6. 2012
    ..More specifically, it has been suggested as a possible determinant of the significant race/ethnic differences in the quantity and quality of medical care received by individuals in the United States...
  91. ncbi Analysis of genetic ancestry in the admixed Brazilian population from Rio de Janeiro using 46 autosomal ancestry-informative indel markers
    Fernanda Saloum Neves Manta
    DNA Diagnostic Laboratory, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Ann Hum Biol 40:94-8. 2013
    ..The AIM-Indel panel proved to be a rapid strategy to estimate autosomal genetic ancestry at individual and population levels in Rio de Janeiro, which is useful in population genetics and in case-control association studies...
  92. ncbi Racial differences in long-term survival among patients with coronary artery disease
    Kevin L Thomas
    Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Am Heart J 160:744-51. 2010
    ..Despite this, there are insufficient data on the long-term prognosis of black patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) as well as the major clinical related determinants of outcome...
  93. ncbi Comparison of small-area analysis techniques for estimating county-level outcomes
    Haomiao Jia
    Department of Community Medicine, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia 31207, USA
    Am J Prev Med 26:453-60. 2004
    ..This can be accomplished using small-area estimation techniques. However, it is unknown which small- area technique produces the most valid and precise results...
  94. ncbi Race, ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and quality of care for adults with diabetes enrolled in managed care: the Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study
    Arleen F Brown
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1736, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2864-70. 2005
    ..To examine racial/ethnic and socioeconomic variation in diabetes care in managed-care settings...
  95. pmc Adults scan own- and other-race faces differently
    Genyue Fu
    Department of Psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e37688. 2012
    ..Our results are discussed in terms of the facial morphological differences between Chinese and Caucasian faces and the enculturation of mutual gaze norms in East Asian cultures...
  96. ncbi Association of insurance with cancer care utilization and outcomes
    Elizabeth Ward
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 58:9-31. 2008
    ....
  97. ncbi Oral squamous cell carcinoma incidence by subsite among diverse racial and ethnic populations in California
    Lihua Liu
    Los Angeles Cancer Surveillance Program, Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 105:470-80. 2008
    ..The aim of this report was to examine the oral cancer incidence by sex, race/ethnicity, and anatomical subsite...
  98. pmc The associations of clinicians' implicit attitudes about race with medical visit communication and patient ratings of interpersonal care
    Lisa A Cooper
    Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:979-87. 2012
    ..We examined the associations of clinicians' implicit attitudes about race with visit communication and patient ratings of care...
  99. pmc Warfarin pharmacogenetics: a single VKORC1 polymorphism is predictive of dose across 3 racial groups
    Nita A Limdi
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Blood 115:3827-34. 2010
    ..Thus, clinicians should recognize that, although at a population level, the contribution of VKORC1 toward dose requirements is higher in whites than in nonwhites; genotype predicts similar dose requirements across racial groups...
  100. pmc Genomic scale analysis of racial impact on response to IFN-alpha
    Zoltan Pos
    Infectious Disease and Immunogenetics Section, Department of Transfusion Medicine, Clinical Center, and Center for Human Immunology, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:803-8. 2010
    ....
  101. ncbi What causes racial disparities in very preterm birth? A biosocial perspective
    Michael R Kramer
    Women s and Children s Center, Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 31:84-98. 2009
    ..Improved etiologic understanding and the potential for effective intervention may come with better integration of these research approaches...

Research Grants84

  1. Autonomic, Endothelial, and Inflammatory Correlates of Sleep Duration
    MERCEDES RENEE CARNETHON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Findings from this study will suggest mechanisms to explain the prior observed associations between sleep duration and CVD risk factors. ..
  2. Retinoid and Carotenoid Depletion in Patients at High-Risk for Liver Cancer
    Peter H Gann; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Before we can properly design prevention trials with the right intervention, the right target population and the right endpoints, we need preliminary studies for guidance, such as we have proposed. ..
  3. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Herman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Asoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Molecular Epidemiology of DNA Repair in Head and Neck Cancer
    Qingyi Wei; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The long- term goal of this study is to identify effective biomarkers that can be used to identify at-risk individuals who will be targeted for primary prevention and early detection of SCCHN in the general population. ..
  10. Multivariate CART for survival with dental applications
    Martha E Nunn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  11. Metabolic impact of fructose restriction in obese children
    Jean Marc Schwarz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Hyperglycemia and Pregnancy Outcome(HAPO)Follow Up Study
    Boyd E Metzger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  13. Biomarker Reference Laboratory, EDRN
    William E Grizzle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  14. High Throughput Methods to Measure Disparities in Childhood Exposure to Tobacco
    Sharon E Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL: Effects on Bone Structure and Architecture
    MERYL SUSAN LEBOFF; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Findings from this proposal will fill gaps in knowledge and inform clinical and public health recommendations. ..
  16. Race-based social stress and health trajectories from adolescence to adulthood
    Jacquelynne S Eccles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application includes studies that focus on better understanding the biological, psychological, and social factors that contribute to health disparities. ..
  17. A dataset for the study of the social determinants of health.
    Peter A Muennig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This dataset will greatly advance scientific understanding of the social causation of disease and health disparities. ..
  18. Mediators &prognostic value of muscle mass &function in chronic kidney disease
    Francis Perry Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Controls will be matched based upon age, race, gender eGFR, and baseline muscle mass but be selected from the lowest quintile. The primary analysis will use mixed-effects models clustered at the matched-pair level. ..
  19. Immune Mechanisms That Control Ectromelia Virus Infection
    Luis J Sigal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results from this Project will provide a comprehensive picture of the innate response to a peripheral virus infection. ..
  20. Ethnic/Racial Variation in Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ERICH)
    Daniel Woo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Yet we know little about the biologic differences that lead to this ethnic disparity. Our proposal will compare minorities with ICH to controls from the same population as well as explore genetic, radiographic and outcomes differences. ..
  21. Liver cancer risk and prevention among persons living with HIV/AIDS
    LESLEY SUEJEAN PARK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  22. Translational Approaches to Reducing Health Disparities in Lung Disease
    Joe G N Garcia; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This conference will increase awareness about lung health disparities among academic trainees and faculty and serve to facilitate more academic pursuits in this critical area, especially for ou under-represented minority trainees. ..
  23. PROJECTED HEAT WAVE MAGNITUDES AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPACTS
    Helene G Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..s. ..
  24. Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in Obesity
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This interdisciplinary project on the built environment, behavior and health brings together experts from nutrition, geography, epidemiology, medicine, statistics and urban design. ..
  25. Mediators of Lithium Action in Olfactory Epithelium
    Evaristus A Nwulia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  26. Can diet- &exercise-induced weight loss improve asthma control in obese adults?
    Jun Ma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If successful, this project will help advance the current clinical guidelines for treating obese adults with asthma, which, in turn, may lead to reduced morbidity and mortality associated with asthma and obesity. ..
  27. Effects of Vitamin D and Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Anemia in the Elderly
    Nancy Berliner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Obesity in Adolescents with Down Syndrome
    Sheela Natesh Magge; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This evidence may provide the foundation to advance prevention and treatment strategies for this underserved group with intellectual and developmental disabilities at high-risk for obesity and its life-long consequences. ..
  29. Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Ultrasound Measures of Fetal Growth
    MICHELLE WILHELM TURNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  30. CANCER AND CHANGING TRENDS IN US MORTALITY INEQUITIES: 1960-2004
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  31. Social Networks &Breast Cancer Prognosis in the Chinese and US Evaluation Study
    Candyce H Kroenke; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is hoped that addressing gaps in the literature will help point to potential avenues through which relationships with network members might be augmented to promote survival, or managed to mitigate costs of social relationships. ..
  32. Phylogenomics and functional diversification of the Heterochromatin Protein 1 gen
    MIA TAUNA LEVINE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..My evolutionary/comparative genomic approach promises to identify new biological functions for HP1 genes that advance our understanding of the gene regulation and chromosome segregation defects in cancer cells. ..
  33. Financial Risks and Ethnic/Racial Disparities in Live Kidney Donation
    TANJALA PURNELL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  34. Effect of Chronic Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy on Bone Mineral Density and Bone
    Yu Xiao Yang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  35. Cardioprotective Mechanisms of Glutathione S-transferase P
    DANIEL JOSEPH CONKLIN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  36. Obesity and Metabolic Risk Disparities: Underlying Food Environment Factors
    Penny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our overall impact is to identify economic and food environment factors that are associated with health and can be addressed as potential targets for intervention to reduce disparities in obesity and metabolic risk. ..
  37. Evaluation of Safety Training, Supervision, and Injury Among Working Teenagers.
    KRISTINA MARIE ZIEROLD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will be the first to conduct an in-depth assessment of safety training and supervision among teenage workers. In addition, it will be the first to evaluate the role safety training and supervision play in work-related injury. ..
  38. The Vaginal Microbiome: Disease, Genetics and the Environment
    GREGORY ALLEN BUCK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Computational and Cell Culture Models for Mucus Clearance
    Richard Superfine; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The availability of a cell culture-based clearance assay coupled with an in- silico computational model will reduce the reliance on animal models and more accurately predict the consequences of toxins on human health. ..
  40. IGF-II regulation of FABPs in the breast cancer survival disparity among AA women
    TELEKA CASSANDRA CALDERON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our studies will provide much needed information about the mechanisms involved in the protective effect lactation induces in the breast and will potentially offer new tools for preventive breast cancer treatment. ..
  41. Mechanisms of Race-Based Differences in Factor VIII Immunogenicity in Hemophilia
    KATHLEEN PALMER PRATT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The possibility of a therapeutic factor VIII, better matched to minority recipients, will be explored. ..
  42. Cardiopulmonary structure and function in Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
    R Graham Barr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PHS 398 (Rev. 5/01) Page Number pages consecutively at the bottom throughout the application. Do not use suffixes such as 3a, 3b. ..
  43. STROKE INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS IN A TRI-ETHNIC REGION
    Ralph L Sacco; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We need to understand the importance of these conditions in predicting stroke, MI, vascular death, and determining cognitive decline among minority populations. ..
  44. Epidemiology of testicular cancer in the Utah population
    Mia Hashibe; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will also study the prognosis of testicular cancer patients and examine what factors affect prognosis. Our results will be relevant for public health planning of prevention efforts against testicular cancer in Utah. ..
  45. Individualized Treatment Strategies and Optimal Hematocrit Target for Complex Dia
    DENNIS JOSEPH COTTER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2 MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG, IMPROVEMENT, AND MODERNIZATION ACT OF 2003 Public Law 108-173 108th Congress, SEC. 1013. RESEARCH ON OUTCOMES OF HEALTH CARE ITEMS AND SERVICES ..
  46. Effect of Major Depression and antidepressants on human neurogenesis
    Maura Boldrini; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In an exploratory analysis we test the same effects for or lithium. These results have implications for understanding the pathophysiology of depression and the mode of action of antidepressants and lithium treatment. ..
  47. The Evolutionary and Biological Bases of Host Switching in Viruses
    Colin R Parrish; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By revealing the evolutionary processes that underpin cross- species virus transmission and emergence we will establish general rules that will assist in the control and prevention of future emergent viruses. ..
  48. Aging, Inflammation and Exercise in Chronic Stroke
    Alice S Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This research will identify a strategy to treat insulin resistance in stroke survivors and establish the biological basis for recommending lifestyle modifications to reduce inflammation and improve the metabolic profile in stroke. ..
  49. Vitamin D and Omega-3 Fatty Acids(VITAL Trial): Effects on Fractures
    MERYL SUSAN LEBOFF; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  50. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Regional Clinical Centers-Milwaukee
    TOM PAUL AUFDERHEIDE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This consortium should significantly impact survival and quality of life in the US and Canada. ..
  51. PERCHLORATE AND THYROID HORMONES IN PREGNANCY AND INFANTS IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
    Craig M Steinmaus; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  52. Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Regional Clinical Center-Pittsburgh
    Clifton W Callaway; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This consortium should significantly impact survival and quality of life in the US and Canada. ..
  53. Improvement of Organ Function after Severe Hypovolemia
    Ping Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These proposed studies should open up a new research field for the development of innovative therapeutic agents as resuscitation adjuncts for victims with traumatic hemorrhage. ..
  54. DNA methylation in aging, race and prostate cancer
    Rajvir Dahiya; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This information can be used for better management of prostate cancer using DNA methylated genes as diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers. ..
  55. Etiology of breast development in the BCERC network: role of socioeconomic status
    DEJANA K BRAITHWAITE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The Small Grants in Cancer Epidemiology Program mechanism provides an ideal vehicle to accomplish the objective of this study, which is aligned with the NCI's mission to determine the underlying causes of cancer health disparities. ..
  56. Race, Ethnicity, Nativity and Housing Outcomes in Los Angeles
    EILEEN DIAZ MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  57. Supplemental Vitamin D and Functional Outcomes in Early Adolescence
    Richard D Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings from this study have important pubiic health implications with respect to vitamin D intake recommendations aimed at improving the health of US children. ..
  58. HOST GENETIC DETERMINANTS OF HIV PATHOGENESIS
    Sunil Ahuja; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  59. Race Related Stressors and Preterm Birth in African American Women
    Carmen Giurgescu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By understanding how neighborhood conditions and experiences of discrimination contribute to preterm birth, we can target programs and interventions that reduce the risk for preterm birth in African-American women. ..
  60. RACE AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN U.S. BIRTH OUTCOMES
    Michael Grossman; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Can the upward trend in the percentage of illegitimate births explain the modest decline in the percentage of light births in the face of a rapid increase over time in the prompt initiation of prenatal care, especially among minorities?..
  61. RACIAL DISPARITIES IN MEDICATION USE IN US NURSING HOMES
    Kate Lapane; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  62. Improving Data & Enhancing Access - (IDEA)
    VICTORIA ANN WARREN MEARS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Both outcomes will inform ongoing efforts to eliminate health disparities experienced by AI/AN in the Northwest and serve as a model to further address health disparities of AI/AN at the national level. ..
  63. Race and Long-Term Diabetes Self-Management in an HMO
    Dennis Ross Degnan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..0) and the incidence of diabetes-related complications over the nine-year study period. ..
  64. Ethnicity, Gender & Social Support in Knee Osteoarthritis
    HUAN CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Characterization of these differences will also shed important new light on patient decision making, enabling health care providers to help patients improve function and quality of life. ..
  65. Tools for Measuring and Analyzing Cortisol Levels in Population Studies of Health
    Ana V Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By developing tools necessary to measure and analyze biologic markers of the stress response, our project will contribute to the study of the causes of health disparities in multiple outcomes. ..
  66. Race, Ethnicity and Quality of Health Care for Newborns
    Laurence Baker; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our work will focus on Black-White differences, disparities for Hispanics (including subgroups like Mexican and Puerto Rican), and disparities for Asian and Pacific Islanders. ..
  67. Folate, Smoking, Race and Cervical Cancer Risk
    Capri Mara Fillmore; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It may also explain some of the racial disparity in cervical cancer and possibly other smoking-related cancers. ..
  68. Race in Physician Decision to Prescribe Opioid Analgesia
    JOSHUA SARVER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Understanding the causes of racial disparities will permit careful development of targeted interventions to address possible racial disparities in physician treatment decisions. ..
  69. Mapping "Race" and Inequality: Best Practices forTheorizing and Operationalizing
    NANCY contact LOPEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This anthology would have great appeal to scholars and policymakers alike who face the on-going challenges of collecting meaningful data on race and health disparities. ..
  70. Race and cardiac catheterization use in the setting of acute myocardial infarctio
    Saif Rathore; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of black patients, or a combination of processes;and the impact of racial differences in cardiac catheterization use on long-term survival - will help inform current efforts to address racial disparities in health and health care use ..
  71. MORTALITY BY RACE AMONG LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS
    Robert Michielutte; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Analyses will be conducted separately for neonatal and postneonatal deaths...
  72. DEATH RATES AND DEATH DATA FOR ASIAN AMERICAN ELDERLY
    Diane Lauderdale; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  73. Exploring the Role of Race/Ethnicity & Family Influences to Reduce Youth Smoking
    E MELINDA MELINDA MAHABEE GITTENS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this project will be essential to developing sound, culturally and age sensitive parental based anti-smoking interventions in the future. ..
  74. Race-Specific Occupational Risk Factors for Cancer
    NATHANIEL BRIGGS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  75. Antioxidant Supplementation,Oxidative Stress & Enduranc*
    Maret Traber; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, the investigators plan to measure markers of inflammatory response, such as C-oxidants increase and vitamin E decreases these markers. ..