patient dropouts

Summary

Top Publications

  1. pmc The law of attrition
    Gunther Eysenbach
    Centre for Global eHealth Innovation, University Health Network, 190 Elizabeth Street, Toronto ON, M5G 2C4, Canada
    J Med Internet Res 7:e11. 2005
  2. pmc Understanding reasons for and outcomes of patients lost to follow-up in antiretroviral therapy programs in Africa through a sampling-based approach
    Elvin H Geng
    Division of HIV AIDS at San Francisco General Hospital, 995 Potrero Avenue, Building 80, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 53:405-11. 2010
  3. pmc Adherence in internet interventions for anxiety and depression
    Helen Christensen
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    J Med Internet Res 11:e13. 2009
  4. ncbi Barriers to the uptake of computerized cognitive behavioural therapy: a systematic review of the quantitative and qualitative evidence
    R Waller
    St John s Hospital, NHS Lothian, Scotland, UK
    Psychol Med 39:705-12. 2009
  5. ncbi Dropout from Internet-based treatment for psychological disorders
    Katherine M Melville
    Psychological Health Research Unit, Griffith Institute of Health and Medical Research, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Br J Clin Psychol 49:455-71. 2010
  6. ncbi Patient retention and attrition on antiretroviral treatment at district level in rural Malawi
    M Massaquoi
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Thyolo District, Thyolo, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:594-600. 2009
  7. pmc The law of attrition revisited
    Helen Christensen
    J Med Internet Res 8:e20; author reply e21. 2006
  8. ncbi Vital status of pre-ART and ART patients defaulting from care in rural Malawi
    Megan McGuire
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Chiradzulu, Malawi
    Trop Med Int Health 15:55-62. 2010
  9. pmc Strategies to improve patient retention on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa
    Anthony D Harries
    International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
    Trop Med Int Health 15:70-5. 2010
  10. pmc Sampling-based approaches to improve estimation of mortality among patient dropouts: experience from a large PEPFAR-funded program in Western Kenya
    Constantin T Yiannoutsos
    Indiana University Division of Biostatistics, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e3843. 2008

Detail Information

Publications329 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The law of attrition
    Gunther Eysenbach
    Centre for Global eHealth Innovation, University Health Network, 190 Elizabeth Street, Toronto ON, M5G 2C4, Canada
    J Med Internet Res 7:e11. 2005
    ..A "run-in and withdrawal" trial design is suggested as a methodological innovation for Internet-based trials with a high number of initial dropouts/nonusers and a stable group of hardcore users...
  2. pmc Understanding reasons for and outcomes of patients lost to follow-up in antiretroviral therapy programs in Africa through a sampling-based approach
    Elvin H Geng
    Division of HIV AIDS at San Francisco General Hospital, 995 Potrero Avenue, Building 80, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 53:405-11. 2010
    ..We sought to characterize, through a sampling-based approach, reasons for and outcomes of patients who become lost to follow-up...
  3. pmc Adherence in internet interventions for anxiety and depression
    Helen Christensen
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia
    J Med Internet Res 11:e13. 2009
    ..We need to understand more about adherence in order to maximize the impact of Internet-based interventions on the disease burden associated with common mental disorders...
  4. ncbi Barriers to the uptake of computerized cognitive behavioural therapy: a systematic review of the quantitative and qualitative evidence
    R Waller
    St John s Hospital, NHS Lothian, Scotland, UK
    Psychol Med 39:705-12. 2009
    ..Potential barriers include adverse consequences, accessibility and acceptability...
  5. ncbi Dropout from Internet-based treatment for psychological disorders
    Katherine M Melville
    Psychological Health Research Unit, Griffith Institute of Health and Medical Research, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Br J Clin Psychol 49:455-71. 2010
    ....
  6. ncbi Patient retention and attrition on antiretroviral treatment at district level in rural Malawi
    M Massaquoi
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Thyolo District, Thyolo, Malawi
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:594-600. 2009
    ..2, 95% CI 1.76-2.72, P<0.001). As Malawi continues to extend the coverage (and equity) of ART, including in rural areas, attention is needed to reduce losses to follow-up at hospital level and reduce mortality at primary care level...
  7. pmc The law of attrition revisited
    Helen Christensen
    J Med Internet Res 8:e20; author reply e21. 2006
  8. ncbi Vital status of pre-ART and ART patients defaulting from care in rural Malawi
    Megan McGuire
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Chiradzulu, Malawi
    Trop Med Int Health 15:55-62. 2010
    ..To ascertain the outcome of pre-Antiretroviral therapy (ART) and ART patients defaulting from care and investigate reasons for defaulting...
  9. pmc Strategies to improve patient retention on antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa
    Anthony D Harries
    International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
    Trop Med Int Health 15:70-5. 2010
    ..High levels of retention on ART are vital for individual patients, for credibility of programmes and for on-going resource and financial support...
  10. pmc Sampling-based approaches to improve estimation of mortality among patient dropouts: experience from a large PEPFAR-funded program in Western Kenya
    Constantin T Yiannoutsos
    Indiana University Division of Biostatistics, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e3843. 2008
    ..Sampling-based approaches and statistical adjustment are the only scaleable methods permitting accurate estimation of M&E indices...
  11. ncbi Predictors of treatment acceptance and completion in anorexia nervosa: implications for future study designs
    Katherine A Halmi
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, White Plains, NY 10605, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:776-81. 2005
    ..There have been very few randomized controlled treatment studies of anorexia nervosa...
  12. pmc Usage and longitudinal effectiveness of a Web-based self-help cognitive behavioral therapy program for panic disorder
    Peter Farvolden
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada
    J Med Internet Res 7:e7. 2005
    ..However, there is little data regarding the patterns of use and effectiveness of freely available Web-based interventions outside the context of controlled trials...
  13. ncbi Readiness to change mediates the impact of eating disorder symptomatology on treatment outcome in anorexia nervosa
    Carmen V Bewell
    Department of Psychiatry, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Int J Eat Disord 41:368-71. 2008
    ....
  14. ncbi Handling drop-out in longitudinal studies
    Joseph W Hogan
    Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Stat Med 23:1455-97. 2004
    ..Analyses of incomplete data requires making unverifiable assumptions, and these are discussed in detail within the context of each application. Relevant SAS code is provided...
  15. ncbi Dropout from inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa: critical review of the literature
    Jenny Wallier
    Department of Psychiatry, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, France
    Int J Eat Disord 42:636-47. 2009
    ..We therefore conducted a critical literature review of studies on dropout from inpatient treatment for AN...
  16. pmc Factors contributing to attrition behavior in diabetes self-management programs: a mixed method approach
    Enza Gucciardi
    Ryerson University, School of Nutrition, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:33. 2008
    ..The objective of this study was to examine factors that may contribute to attrition behavior in diabetes self-management programs...
  17. ncbi Tackling burden in ART: an integrated approach for medical staff
    Jacky Boivin
    Cardiff Fertility Studies Research Group, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, CF10 3AT, Cardiff, Wales, UK
    Hum Reprod 27:941-50. 2012
    ..Reducing the burden of treatment should lead to improved outcomes, namely better quality of life during treatment and lower discontinuation rates...
  18. ncbi Incidence and predictors of death, retention, and switch to second-line regimens in antiretroviral- treated patients in sub-Saharan African Sites with comprehensive monitoring availability
    Leonardo Palombi
    Department of Public Health, University Tor Vergata, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
    Clin Infect Dis 48:115-122. 2009
    ..Antiretroviral treatment programs in sub-Saharan Africa have high rates of early mortality and loss to follow-up. Switching to second-line regimens is often delayed because of limited access to laboratory monitoring...
  19. ncbi Comparison of data analysis strategies for intent-to-treat analysis in pre-test-post-test designs with substantial dropout rates
    Agus Salim
    Centre for Mental Health Research, Australian National University, Acton, Australia
    Psychiatry Res 160:335-45. 2008
    ..However, CC analysis is generally biased under MAR. The magnitude of the bias is largest when the correlation of post- and pre-test is relatively low...
  20. ncbi Continuity of antidepressant treatment for adults with depression in the United States
    Mark Olfson
    New York State Psychiatric Institute Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 163:101-8. 2006
    ..The authors sought to characterize the rate and pattern of antidepressant discontinuation among adults initiating antidepressant treatment for depression...
  21. ncbi Gender differences in detoxification: predictors of completion and re-admission
    Russell C Callaghan
    Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 2S1
    J Subst Abuse Treat 23:399-407. 2002
    ..For both the final prediction models, gender was not a significant factor. The treatment implications of these findings are discussed...
  22. ncbi Emergency department overcrowding: analysis of the factors of renege rate
    Phillip V Asaro
    Emergency Medicine Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 14:157-62. 2007
    ..The input-throughput-output conceptualization of ED patient flow is helpful in understanding and measuring the impact of various factors on this outcome...
  23. pmc True outcomes for patients on antiretroviral therapy who are "lost to follow-up" in Malawi
    Joseph Kwong Leung Yu
    Taiwan Medical Mission to Malawi, Mzuzu Central Hospital, Mzuzu, Malawi
    Bull World Health Organ 85:550-4. 2007
    ..This figure is 9% in Malawi. There is no published information about the true outcome status of these patients...
  24. ncbi Six-month compliance with antidepressant medication in the treatment of major depressive disorder
    Koen Demyttenaere
    University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Belgium
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 23:36-42. 2008
    ..Completers show a higher adherence than drop-outs. The outcome was worse in recurrent episode patients than first episode patients although they had a higher adherence...
  25. pmc A review of reporting of participant recruitment and retention in RCTs in six major journals
    Merran Toerien
    Department of Sociology, The University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 4PS, UK
    Trials 10:52. 2009
    ..This paper aims: (i) to update and extend previous reviews evaluating reporting of participant recruitment and retention in RCTs; (ii) to quantify the level of participation throughout RCTs...
  26. ncbi Depressive symptomatology and early attrition from intensive outpatient substance use treatment
    Geoffrey M Curran
    Veterans Administration Health Services Research and Development Center for Mental Healthcare and Outcomes Research, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, 2200 Fort Roots Drive, Building 58, North Little Rock, AR 72114, USA
    J Behav Health Serv Res 29:138-43. 2002
    ..The results also indicate that future research should focus on potential distinguishing characteristics between early and later attrition...
  27. ncbi Misconceptions predict dropout and poor adherence prospectively among newly admitted first-time methadone maintenance treatment clients in Guangzhou, China
    Jing Gu
    School of Public Health, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China
    Addiction 107:1641-9. 2012
    ....
  28. pmc An empirical approach to defining loss to follow-up among patients enrolled in antiretroviral treatment programs
    Benjamin H Chi
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Box 34681, 1275 Lubuto Road, Lusaka, Zambia
    Am J Epidemiol 171:924-31. 2010
    ..This analysis suggests that > or =60 days since the last appointment is a reasonable definition of LTFU. Standardization to empirically derived definitions of LTFU will permit more reliable comparisons within and across programs...
  29. ncbi Reasons of drop-out from rehabilitation in patients of Turkish and Moroccan origin with chronic low back pain in The Netherlands: a qualitative study
    Maurits Sloots
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Jan van Breemen Institute for Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Rehabil Med 42:566-73. 2010
    ..To explore which factors led to drop-out in patients of Turkish and Moroccan origin with chronic non-specific low back pain who participated in a rehabilitation programme...
  30. ncbi Several factors influenced attrition in a population-based elderly cohort: neurological disorders in Central Spain Study
    Saturio Vega
    El Espinar Health Center, El Espinar, Segovia, Spain
    J Clin Epidemiol 63:215-22. 2010
    ..We studied attrition (i.e., participant dropout) 3 years after the baseline interview in a population-based Spanish cohort...
  31. ncbi "Left without being seen": a national profile of children who leave the emergency department before evaluation
    Florence T Bourgeois
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 52:599-605. 2008
    ....
  32. pmc Predictors of attrition among high risk HIV-infected participants enrolled in a multi-site prevention trial
    Mallory O Johnson
    University of California, 50 Beale Street, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    AIDS Behav 12:974-7. 2008
    ..Efforts may be warranted for early detection and treatment of depression and for improving retention of younger participants and those not on ART...
  33. pmc Attrition from randomized controlled trials of pharmacological weight loss agents: a systematic review and analysis
    A N Fabricatore
    Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Obes Rev 10:333-41. 2009
    ..01). The pattern was similar for predicting non-AE-related attrition. Findings suggest ways to design studies that maximize retention...
  34. ncbi Why do couples drop-out from IVF treatment? A prospective cohort study
    M F G Verberg
    Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Hum Reprod 23:2050-5. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to identify the role of the treatment strategy applied, and potential other factors that influence the decision of couples to discontinue treatment...
  35. ncbi Features associated with the non-participation and drop out by socially-at-risk children and adolescents in mental-health epidemiological studies
    Rosario Granero Pérez
    Unitat d Epidemiologia i de Diagnòstic en Psicopatologia del Desenvolupament, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:251-8. 2007
    ..To study socio-demographic and functional features related with non-collaboration in a longitudinal design of mental health within a high-risk population of individuals 9 and 13 years old...
  36. ncbi A prospective investigation into the reasons why insured United States patients drop out of in vitro fertilization treatment
    Alice D Domar
    Boston IVF, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Waltham, Massachusetts 02451, USA
    Fertil Steril 94:1457-9. 2010
    ..To determine the primary reason why insured patients drop out of IVF treatment in the United States and to identify methods to decrease such behavior...
  37. ncbi National study of patient, visit, and hospital characteristics associated with leaving an emergency department without being seen: predicting LWBS
    Julius Cuong Pham
    From the Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 16:949-55. 2009
    ..The objective was to estimate the national left-without-being-seen (LWBS) rate and to identify patient, visit, and institutional characteristics that predict LWBS...
  38. ncbi Patients who leave emergency departments without being seen: literature review and English data analysis
    A J Clarey
    Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK
    Emerg Med J 29:617-21. 2012
    ....
  39. pmc Who waits longest in the emergency department and who leaves without being seen?
    S Goodacre
    Emergency Department, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK
    Emerg Med J 22:93-6. 2005
    ..To determine which patient characteristics are associated with prolonged waiting times in the emergency department and which characteristics are associated with an increased risk of leaving without being seen...
  40. pmc Researching special populations: retention of Latino gay and bisexual men and transgender persons in longitudinal health research
    L M Kuhns
    School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 6th Floor M C 923, 1603 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612 4394, USA
    Health Educ Res 23:814-25. 2008
    ..The strong relationship between study design variables and successful retention indicates that collection of thorough contact information is vital to successful follow-up with this population...
  41. ncbi Last observation carry-forward and last observation analysis
    Jun Shao
    Department of Statistics, University of Wisconsin, 1210 W Dayton St, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Stat Med 22:2429-41. 2003
    ..Some simulation results are presented to study the finite sample performance of the LOCF test and our proposed test...
  42. ncbi Patients who leave without being seen: their characteristics and history of emergency department use
    Ru Ding
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 48:686-93. 2006
    ..We identify patient characteristics associated with uncompleted visits to the emergency department (ED)...
  43. ncbi Dropout rates in randomised antipsychotic drug trials
    K Wahlbeck
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki, HUS, Finland
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 155:230-3. 2001
    ..It has been assumed that new atypical drugs improve treatment compliance due to fewer adverse effects. Data supporting this assumption are scarce...
  44. ncbi Innovative techniques to address retention in a behavioral weight-loss trial
    Jennifer H Goldberg
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5705, USA
    Health Educ Res 20:439-47. 2005
    ..Retention was high, with 96% of the participants (N = 162) completing 18-month clinic visits...
  45. pmc Scaling up antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected children in Côte d'Ivoire: determinants of survival and loss to programme
    M F Anaky
    Aconda VS CI, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire
    Bull World Health Organ 88:490-9. 2010
    ..To investigate deaths and losses to follow-up in a programme designed to scale up antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected children in Côte d'Ivoire...
  46. ncbi Cognitive behavior therapy in the posthospitalization treatment of anorexia nervosa
    Kathleen M Pike
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:2046-9. 2003
    ..This study provides what the authors believe is the first empirical evaluation of cognitive behavior therapy as a posthospitalization treatment for anorexia nervosa in adults...
  47. ncbi The effectiveness of outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic lung disease: a randomized controlled trial
    J P Finnerty
    Countess of Chester Hospital NHS Trust, Chester, UK
    Chest 119:1705-10. 2001
    ..George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) (which measures health-related quality of life) as the primary outcome measure...
  48. ncbi Prognostic factors in patients continuing in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment and dropouts
    M J de Vries
    Infertility Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ghent University Hospital, Belgium
    Fertil Steril 72:674-8. 1999
    ....
  49. ncbi Psychiatric and sociodemographic predictors of attrition in a longitudinal study: The Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS)
    R de Graaf
    Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht
    Am J Epidemiol 152:1039-47. 2000
    ..20, 95% confidence interval: 1.04, 1.38). Thus, psychopathology has only weak-to-moderate effects on attrition and is mainly related to failure to locate and morbidity/mortality but not to refusal...
  50. ncbi Reasons for dropout in an in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection program
    Jesper M J Smeenk
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Center Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Fertil Steril 81:262-8. 2004
    ..To gain more insight into psychological aspects of dropping out from IVF-ICSI...
  51. ncbi Registering initial defaulters and reporting on their treatment outcomes
    A D Harries
    International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:801-3. 2009
    ..We recommend a step-wise approach to these challenges and advocate that these patients be included, wherever possible, in the TB patient register and in the cohort analysis of treatment outcomes...
  52. ncbi Determinants of absconding by patients on acute psychiatric wards
    L Bowers
    St Bartholomew School of Nursing and Midwifery, City University, London, England
    J Adv Nurs 32:644-9. 2000
    ..Further investigation is required to determine exactly what it is that consultant psychiatrists and ward nurses do that affects absconding rates...
  53. ncbi Unacceptable attrition among WHO stages 1 and 2 patients in a hospital-based setting in rural Malawi: can we retain such patients within the general health system?
    Katie Tayler-Smith
    Medecins Sans Frontieres, Medical Department Operational Research, Brussels Operational Center, 68 Rue de Gasperich, L 1617, Luxembourg
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:313-9. 2010
    ..In a rural district hospital setting in Malawi, attrition of individuals in WHO stages 1 and 2 is unacceptably high, and specific operational strategies need to be considered to retain such patients in the health system...
  54. ncbi Follow-up of infertile couples who dropped out of a specialist fertility clinic
    Christine E Malcolm
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Fertil Steril 81:269-70. 2004
    ..Lack of commitment to infertility investigations and treatment was not the reason for patient dropout...
  55. ncbi Mixed effects logistic regression models for longitudinal binary response data with informative drop-out
    T R Ten Have
    Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104 6021, USA
    Biometrics 54:367-83. 1998
    ..This comparison between the data analysis and simulation results may provide evidence that the shared parameter model holds for the pain data...
  56. ncbi Psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder
    T D Borkovec
    Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 62:37-42; discussion 43-5. 2001
    ..CBT is also associated with low dropout rates, maintained long-term improvements, and the largest within-group and between-group effect sizes relative to all other comparison conditions...
  57. pmc Using vital registration data to update mortality among patients lost to follow-up from ART programmes: evidence from the Themba Lethu Clinic, South Africa
    Matthew P Fox
    Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University, MA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 15:405-13. 2010
    ..To estimate the rates of mortality in patients lost to follow-up (LTFU) from a large urban public sector HIV clinic in South Africa...
  58. ncbi A systematic literature review of attrition between waves in longitudinal studies in the elderly shows a consistent pattern of dropout between differing studies
    Mark D Chatfield
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 2SR, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:13-9. 2005
    ..This article systematically reviews all large population-based studies of the elderly (published 1966-2002) that report on differences in individual characteristics between people who remain and people who dropout at follow-up...
  59. ncbi Correlates of nonparticipation in the Canadian Study of Health and Aging
    B Helliwell
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Int Psychogeriatr 13:49-56. 2001
    ..At one study site, efforts to "convert" subjects who initially refused to participate in the survey were successful with 26% of those who were recontacted...
  60. pmc Loss to follow-up and mortality among pregnant women referred to a community clinic for antiretroviral treatment
    Richard Kaplan
    The Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute for Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    AIDS 22:1679-81. 2008
    ..This finding highlights the need for programmatic interventions to address retention in care for this patient population...
  61. ncbi What is the most accurate estimate of pregnancy rates in IVF dropouts?
    T E M Verhagen
    Research Institute Growth and Development GROW, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Hum Reprod 23:1793-9. 2008
    ..Dropouts in IVF-programmes affect cumulative pregnancy rates (CPRs), but it is unknown what the impact of loss to follow-up is...
  62. ncbi Effectiveness of first eight methadone maintenance treatment clinics in China
    Lin Pang
    National Centre for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    AIDS 21:S103-7. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of the first phase of eight methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics in China...
  63. ncbi Unplanned versus planned discharges from in-patient alcohol detoxification: retrospective analysis of 470 first-episode admissions
    Jose Martinez-Raga
    Unidad de Conductas Adictivas Area 9, Generalitat Valenciana Conselleria De Sanitat, Centro de Salud de San Marcelino, San Pio X, 33, 46017, Spain
    Alcohol Alcohol 37:277-81. 2002
    ..Early identification can be made of alcohol-dependent individuals at risk of premature drop-out during in-patient treatment. Interventions to retain patients at risk of premature UPD should be developed...
  64. ncbi How does dialectical behavior therapy facilitate treatment retention among individuals with comorbid borderline personality disorder and substance use disorders?
    Marina A Bornovalova
    Center for Addictions, Personality, and Emotion Research CAPER, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 27:923-43. 2007
    ..As a last step, the paper will conclude with a discussion on methodological limitations and potential future directions in this line of research...
  65. ncbi Attrition in cognitive-behavioral treatment of chronic back pain
    Julia Anna Glombiewski
    Philipps University of Marburg, Section for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Gutenbergstr, Marburg, Germany
    Clin J Pain 26:593-601. 2010
    ..The presented study is a subanalysis of a larger study on cognitive-behavioral treatment for chronic back pain...
  66. ncbi Reducing dropout among traumatized alcohol patients in detoxification treatment: a pilot intervention study
    Michael Odenwald
    University of Konstanz, Clinical Psychology, Germany
    Eur Addict Res 18:54-63. 2012
    ..056). The pilot study supports the idea that detoxification treatment dropout occurs more often among alcohol patients with high trauma load and that their retention can be increased by a psychoeducational group intervention...
  67. pmc Attrition in longitudinal randomized controlled trials: home visits make a difference
    Janey C Peterson
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluative Sciences Research, Weill Cornell Medical College, 1300 York Avenue, Box 46, New York, NY 10065, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 12:178. 2012
    ....
  68. pmc The addition of a goal-based motivational interview to standardised treatment as usual to reduce dropouts in a service for patients with personality disorder: a feasibility study
    Mary McMurran
    Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, Sir Colin Campbell Building, Triumph Road, Nottingham NG7 2TU, UK
    Trials 11:98. 2010
    ..A motivational interview, based on the Personal Concerns Inventory, may have the ability to enhance engagement and retention in therapy. Here, we report the protocol for a feasibility study for a randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
  69. ncbi Reasons for dropout in infertility treatment
    U Van den Broeck
    Leuven University Fertility Centre, University Hospital Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    Gynecol Obstet Invest 68:58-64. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to explore the reasons why couples discontinue fertility treatment...
  70. ncbi Cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome in adults: face to face versus telephone treatment: a randomized controlled trial
    MARY BURGESS
    South London and Maudsley Trust, London, UK
    Behav Cogn Psychother 40:175-91. 2012
    ..However, some patients are unable to travel to the hospital for a number of reasons...
  71. ncbi [Evaluation of disease management programmes--assessing methods and initial outcomes from a health economic perspective]
    Dana Sophie Birnbaum
    Forschungsstelle für Gesundheitsökonomie, Leibniz Universitat Hannover, Hannover, Deutschland
    Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 104:85-91. 2010
    ..Hence the evaluation method has failed to prove the quality of Disease Management Programmes in Germany. This is why consistent further development is needed...
  72. ncbi Achievement of second parenthood in an ART programme using frozen donor semen: cohort follow-up
    F Guerif
    CECOS, Biologie de la Reproduction, département de gynécologie obstétrique et reproduction humaine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Bretonneau, 37044 Tours, France
    Hum Reprod 18:1853-7. 2003
    ..This study was designed to determine the efficacy of a programme using frozen donor semen in a cohort of patients returning for treatment after previously conceiving through donor insemination (DI)...
  73. ncbi Triggered sampling could help improve longitudinal studies of persons with elevated mortality risk
    Joel A Dubin
    Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    J Clin Epidemiol 60:288-93. 2007
    ..We denote this study design feature as "triggered sampling" (TS)...
  74. ncbi Sudden declines in intelligence in old age predict death and dropout from longitudinal studies
    Patrick Rabbitt
    Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, England
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 63:P205-P211. 2008
    ..At all ages and levels of baseline intelligence, the risks of deaths and dropouts further increased if test scores fell by 10%, and again increased if they fell by 20% during 4-year intervals between successive assessments...
  75. ncbi Characteristics of people lost to attrition in psychiatric follow-up studies
    E H Fischer
    Preventive Cardiology, Hartford Hospital, Connecticut 06106, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 189:49-55. 2001
    ..e., for research and program evaluation purposes), and strategies for dealing with this kind of methodological problem are discussed...
  76. ncbi Self-help for bulimic disorders: a randomised controlled trial comparing minimal guidance with face-to-face or telephone guidance
    Robert L Palmer
    Department of Psychiatry, Brandon Unit, General Hospital, Leicester Warwick Medical School, Leicester LE5 4PW, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 181:230-5. 2002
    ..Skilled therapists are in short supply. Self-help and guided self-help based upon books have shown some promise as an economical alternative to full therapy in some cases...
  77. ncbi Characteristics of patients who did not wait for treatment in the emergency department: a follow up survey
    Geraldine Lee
    La Trobe University The Alfred Clinical School, The Alfred, Commercial Road, Prahran, Melbourne 3181, Australia
    Accid Emerg Nurs 14:56-62. 2006
    ..However, the need for communication with patients in the waiting room should not be under-played...
  78. ncbi Cumulative pregnancy rates after a maximum of nine cycles of modified natural cycle IVF and analysis of patient drop-out: a cohort study
    M J Pelinck
    Section of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Hum Reprod 22:2463-70. 2007
    ..In modified natural cycle IVF (MNV-IVF), treatment is aimed at using the one follicle that spontaneously develops to dominance, using a GnRH antagonist together with gonadotrophins in the late follicular phase only...
  79. ncbi When youth mental health care stops: therapeutic relationship problems and other reasons for ending youth outpatient treatment
    Joe Albert Garcia
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1563, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 70:439-43. 2002
    ..The findings highlight major themes underlying decisions to end child therapy, and they highlight the importance of the therapeutic relationship...
  80. ncbi Prevalence and predictors of default from tuberculosis treatment in Hong Kong
    M Chan-Yeung
    Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
    Hong Kong Med J 9:263-8. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence and risk factors of default from tuberculosis treatment in Hong Kong...
  81. ncbi Treatment retention among children entering a new episode of mental health care
    Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06519, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 55:1022-8. 2004
    ..Differences between children who received treatment from mental health professionals and those who were treated by primary care physicians were also examined...
  82. ncbi Reducing attrition in panel studies in developing countries
    Zelee Hill
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 49 51 Bedford Square, London, WC1B 3DP
    Int J Epidemiol 33:493-8. 2004
    ....
  83. ncbi When and why do subfertile couples discontinue their fertility care? A longitudinal cohort study in a secondary care subfertility population
    M Brandes
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jeroen Bosch Ziekenhuis, PO Box 90153, 5200 ME s Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
    Hum Reprod 24:3127-35. 2009
    ..A substantial number of subfertile couples discontinues fertility care before achieving pregnancy. Most studies on dropouts are related to IVF. The aim here is to examine dropout rates at all stages of fertility care...
  84. pmc Dropout, nonusage attrition, and pretreatment predictors of nonusage attrition in a commercial Web-based weight loss program
    Melinda J Neve
    School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia
    J Med Internet Res 12:e69. 2010
    ..However, poor retention (dropout attrition) and website utilization (nonusage attrition) are major inhibitors to the effectiveness of Web-based programs...
  85. ncbi Investigating patient exclusion bias in meta-analysis
    Jayne F Tierney
    Meta analysis Group, MRC Clinical Trials Unit, 222 Euston Road, London NW1 2DA, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:79-87. 2005
    ..Trial investigators frequently exclude patients from trial analyses which may bias estimates of the effect of treatment. Combining these estimates in a meta-analysis could aggregate any such biases...
  86. ncbi Pretreatment predictors of attrition and successful weight management in women
    P J Teixeira
    Department of Exercise and Health, Faculty of Human Movement, Technical University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1124-33. 2004
    ..Success was defined by commonly used health-related criteria (5% weight loss). Noncompletion was also used as a marker of a failed attempt at weight control...
  87. pmc Information given to patients before appointments and its effect on non-attendance rate
    K J Hardy
    Diabetes Centre, Whiston Hospital, Prescot, Merseyside L35 5DR
    BMJ 323:1298-300. 2001
    ..Wasted outpatient appointments as a result of clinic non-attendance, exacerbating outpatient waiting times...
  88. ncbi Factors influencing the cumulative conception rate and discontinuation of in vitro fertilization treatment for infertility
    Vinay Sharma
    Assisted Conception Unit, St James s University Hospital, Leeds, United Kingdom
    Fertil Steril 78:40-6. 2002
    ..To examine the cumulative conception rate and live birth rate in women undergoing IVF and to assess the influence of prognostic factors on cumulative conception rate and discontinuation of treatment...
  89. ncbi Addressing an idiosyncrasy in estimating survival curves using double sampling in the presence of self-selected right censoring
    C E Frangakis
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Biometrics 57:333-42. 2001
    ..We evaluate our method in a realistic situation by simulating data that match published margins on survival and dropout from an actual hip-replacement study. Limitations and extensions of our design and analytic method are discussed...
  90. ncbi Predictors of drop-out in overweight and obese outpatients
    E M Inelmen
    Department of Medical and Surgical Science, Division of Geriatrics, University of Padua, Italy
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:122-8. 2005
    ..To investigate the impact on drop-out rates of several baseline clinical characteristics of a sample of overweight and obese outpatients...
  91. ncbi Cohort Profile: Caribbean, Central and South America Network for HIV research (CCASAnet) collaboration within the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) programme
    Catherine C McGowan
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 36:969-76. 2007
  92. ncbi Relapse prevention in schizophrenia with new-generation antipsychotics: a systematic review and exploratory meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials
    Stefan Leucht
    Klinik and Poliklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie der Technichen Universität München, Germany
    Am J Psychiatry 160:1209-22. 2003
    ..The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of the potential of new-generation antipsychotic drugs to improve adherence and decrease relapse rates in patients with schizophrenia...
  93. pmc Mortality and failure among tuberculosis patients who did not complete treatment in Vietnam: a cohort study
    Marleen Vree
    KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, The Hague, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 7:134. 2007
    ..Treatment outcomes rates were 1.4% default, 3.0% transfer-out, 0.4% failure and 2.6% death in northern Vietnam in 2003...
  94. ncbi Retention in naltrexone implant treatment for opioid dependence
    Nikolaj Kunøe
    Norwegian Centre for Addiction Research, Kirkeveien, Oslo, Norway
    Drug Alcohol Depend 111:166-9. 2010
    ..Sustained release naltrexone seems promising in reducing opioid use, but the extent to which patients remain in treatment beyond the first dosage of naltrexone is not clear...
  95. ncbi Children with persistent conduct problems who dropout of treatment
    E S Luk
    Monash University and Maroondah Hospital, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, 21 Ware Crescent, Ringwood East, Victoria 3135, Australia
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 10:28-36. 2001
    ..In both studies dropout usually occurred after assessment and at the early phase of treatment...
  96. ncbi Characteristics of opiate users leaving detoxification treatment against medical advice
    Deric R Kenne
    Oriana House, Inc, Akron, OH 44309, USA
    J Addict Dis 29:383-94. 2010
    ..Identifying patients at risk of leaving AMA provides an opportunity for clinicians to intervene in an effort to increase treatment engagement for these patients...
  97. ncbi Are we missing anything? Pursuing research on attrition
    Lenora Marcellus
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Can J Nurs Res 36:82-98. 2004
    ..An ecological theoretical model of research participation is proposed and described...
  98. ncbi Design characteristics that influence attrition in geriatric antidepressant trials: meta-analysis
    Moonseong Heo
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 24:990-1001. 2009
    ..To identify study-level and treatment group-level characteristics that are associated with attrition in antidepressant trials for the depressed elderly...
  99. ncbi Predictors of premature termination of anorexia nervosa treatment
    Nathalie T Godart
    Am J Psychiatry 162:2398-9; author reply 2399. 2005
  100. pmc Pilot study of an Internet patient-physician communication tool for heart failure disease management
    Robert C Wu
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto ON, Canada
    J Med Internet Res 7:e8. 2005
    ..Clinicians review the information on the same day and provide feedback...
  101. ncbi Patient factors associated with attrition from a self-management education programme
    Enza Gucciardi
    Ryerson University, School of Nutrition, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Eval Clin Pract 13:913-9. 2007
    ..To examine utilization patterns of diabetes self-management training (DSME) and identify patient factors associated with attrition from these services at an ambulatory diabetes education centre (DEC)...

Research Grants63

  1. Dialysis Infection and Vitamin D in New England: The DIVINE Study
    Ravi Thadhani; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These data will also provide an important foundation for designing clinical trials rigorously assessing the effect of nutritional vitamin D on infectious and other complications in ESRD. ..
  2. Lifestyle Interventions in Overweight and Obese Pregnant Women
    Xavier Pi-Sunyer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..At present, there is a dearth of behavioral advice and intervention relating to GWG and physical activity provided to these women. Positive results from our study would provide evidence for ILI preventative intervention. ..
  3. Effectiveness of an Enhanced Adaptive Continuing Care Model for Cocaine Dependenc
    James R McKay; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  4. Peer Group Influences and Ethnic Differences in Academic Achievement
    Mylien T Duong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  5. Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions
    Ligia Peralta; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  6. See It, Be It: Interactive Technology to Increase School Engagement and Prevent D
    Ndidi Okeke-Adeyanju; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed product will also significantly increase at-risk students'classroom engagement and academic self-concept. ..
  7. Teen Alcohol Screening in the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network
    ANTHONY NMN SPIRITO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  8. Stepped Telemental Health Care Intervention for Depression
    DAVID CURTIS MOHR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is hypothesized that 1) the stepped care treatment will not be inferior to T-CBT and 2) stepped care will be more cost-efficient. ..
  9. Adjusting for Non-ignorable Missing Data in Population-Based Cancer Research
    David Todem; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. Imaging Brain Activation with Steady-State Free Precession MRI
    John M Pauly; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The second exploits oxygen-dependent apparent T2 changes to the steady state magnetization. These techniques will then be evaluated and compared with conventional BOLD in well characterized studies of the visual system. ..
  11. IND 20212 (03-25-99) PHASE 3: ORBEC (ORAL BDP) -PATIENTS WITH GI GVHD-FDA-11-12-0
    KEVIN JAMES HORGAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Slightly more patients may be recruited to allow for dropouts during the trial. At the completion of the trial DOR intends to file documents with the FDA to allow for marketing approval of the new treatment for this unmet clinical need. ..
  12. Statistical Methods for Correlated and High-Dimensional Biomedical Data
    Xihong Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In collaboration with biomedical investigators, we will apply the proposed models and methods to several motivating data sets on cancer research and other fields of research. ..
  13. Efficacy of The Ketogenic Diet
    John Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The mechanics of the study have gone well with no adverse events and no dropouts. We believe that the recruitment problems have been solved. Since the investigators remain blinded, the results are not available. ..
  14. Statistical Designs and Methods for Double-Sampling for HIV/AIDS
    Constantine E Frangakis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These predictions can constrain the design to ensure to double-sample all such patients to better serve them medically. In Aim 3, we will create designs that maximize the accuracy of estimation and best benefit patients. ..
  15. Clinical Investigation of Mandibular Implant Overdenture
    David Burns; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The project's external Data and Safety Monitoring Board has routinely met to review project status and their reports have encouraged project completion and have promoted this application process for continuation of funding. ..
  16. HMG COA REDUCTASE INHIBITORS IN THE ELDERLY
    William Applegate; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The investigators would participate in all national planning and monitoring activities and are prepared to implement any protocol designed by the steering committee...
  17. MORTALITY & MORBIDITY IN HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS
    John Daugirdas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A dialyzer reuse program with excellent quality controls allows for use of high efficiency dialyzers which will be necessary to deliver the high-dose dialysis treatments. ..
  18. 12-Step Recovery and HIV Risk Among Gay and Bisexual Men
    Thomas Lyons; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Where drug/alcohol use is associated with HIV risk behavior, the study will document that 12-step groups are an important referral resource for clinicians dealing with HIV. ..
  19. PREVENTING DRUG ABUSE--PARENTS AND YOUTH IN SCHOOLS
    Brooke Randell; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Comparing the parent and school components of PAYS furthers our understanding of the relative gains associated with each program component. 1) parent and youth combined, 2) high-risk youth alone, and 3) parents alone. ..
  20. Retinal imaging tests for microvascular functions
    George King; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies should provide us with information on whether retinal neural and vascular imaging function tests can be related to peripheral neural and microvascular dysfunctions and pathologies in diabetic patients. ..
  21. Psychotherapy Enhancement for TC Retention
    Samuel Ball; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  22. Inhalant Use/Dependence: Incidence and Comorbidity
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Gaps in our knowledge of the natural course of inhalant use will be specified for future research. ..
  23. PREVENTING SUICIDE LETHALITY AMONG VULNERABLE YOUTH
    LEONA EGGERT; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Long range, the study should reveal particular prevention program elements that are linked to decreasing the likelihood of suicide: the third leading cause of death among America's youth...
  24. ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN ALCOHOL USE PRIOR TO DATE RAPE
    VAUGHN RICKERT; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. ANTIDEPRESSANTS IN THE TREATMENT OF ANXIETY DISORDERS
    Matig Mavissakalian; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  26. Team COOL Pilot Study
    Martha Kubik; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. DATOS OUTPATIENT TREATMENT RESEARCH CENTER
    D Simpson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The results will lead to treatment improvement strategies for policy development. ..
  28. Methods Development for Early Phase CAM Trials
    Mikel Aickin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Since most CAM and WSR research takes place in early phase studies, the impact on appropriate testing of CAM could be considerable. ..
  29. CLINICAL TRIAL CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AND MENOPAUSE
    Lewis Kuller; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..There were no significant changes in bone mineral density at either the 6 or 18 months visits in either group, and the intervention has positively affected depressive mood and menopausal symptoms. ..
  30. BRAVE (BUILDING RESILIENCEY AND VOCATIONAL EXCELLENCE)
    James Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  31. Substance use among children of Hispanic school dropouts
    PATRICIA ALOISE YOUNG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. MEXICAN AMERICAN DROPOUTS AND DRUG USE
    ERNEST CHAVEZ; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This proposal will follow students on whom data was collected in 1994, 1995, and 1996. The total follow up sample size will be 2829 and includes 319 subjects from year 5 and 670 subjects from years 6 and 7. ..
  33. Distress Tolerance and Drug Treatment Drop-Out
    Stacey Daughters; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Specifically, we propose to study 128 individuals entering a residential substance abuse treatment facility to examine the role of distress tolerance in early treatment dropout. ..
  34. WIRELESS DIGITAL POLYGRAPH LINK WITH ERROR CORRECTION
    PETER BRANDENBURG; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  35. WEIGHT-LOSS MAINTENANCE IN SEVERE OBESITY
    WILLIAM AGRAS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ....
  36. Teen Parenthood and School Dropout Across Generations
    Hongling Xie; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In summary, this study aims to investigate the processes of intergenerational transmission using longitudinal, multimethod approach. ..
  37. PARENT PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR YOUTH SMOKING
    ARTHUR PETERSON; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Greensboro Cancer Care and Racial Equity Study (CCARES): A CBPR Approach
    Eugenia Eng; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. TESTING THEORIES OF SMOKING RISK FOR YOUTH OVER TIME
    Phyllis Ellickson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This work will provide information for populations that are easy to reach through school-based interventions, as well as for those who are difficult to study and are at particularly high risk, high school dropouts. ..
  40. DETERMINANTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF SCHOOLING AND ABILITIES
    James Heckman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It also examines the life cycle socioeconomic consequences of education and cognitive and non-cognitive abilities. New methods for studying life cycle processes are developed and applied. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. Trial of Vitamin D to Reduce Progression of Knee OA
    Timothy McAlindon; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will test effectiveness of vit D using cross- sectional time series regression models with first-order autoregressive disturbance adjusting for informative dropouts. ..
  42. Inhalant Abuse Across Generations in a National Sample
    Scott Menard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. CONSEQUENCES OF PRIOR DRUG USE FOR YOUNG ADULTS
    Phyllis Ellickson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The resulting database will allow us to assess the unique contributions of individual and community factors to early and mature young adult behavior. ..
  44. WEIGHT LOSS IN INNER CITY BLACK WOMEN WITH DIABETES
    Arthur Rubenstein; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Because of the likelihood of study dropouts, an initial sample of 480 Black women will be required. It is the intent of this feasibility study to determine whether such a sample can be acquired...
  45. Cognitive Deficits: Treatment Outcome in Cocaine Abusers
    Efrat Aharonovich; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. POPULATION-BASED MANAGEMENT OF DEPRESSION
    Gregory Simon; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..e. 12-18 mos) Incremental cost and cost-effectiveness of each intervention program compared to care as usual. ..
  47. Statistical Methods for Partially Controlled Studies
    Constantine Frangakis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This work is essential for preserving generalizability of results from long follow-up studies, and we will apply it to better evaluate time to potential drug dependence in youths. ..
  48. Bipolar II Depression: Lithium, SSRI or the Combination
    Susan L McElroy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We also hypothesize that the frequency of side effects will be significantly less in patients on SSRI monotherapy. Thus, secondary aims include assessment of patient satisfaction, which may affect compliance in the clinical setting. ..
  49. Statistical Designs and Methods for Partially Controlled HIV/AIDS Studies
    Constantine E Frangakis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our methods are motivated and will be applied to the first cell-mediated immunity HIV vaccine trial (Step trial), and to the Mashi trial on mother-to-child HIV transmission. ..
  50. Epidemiology and Care of Comorbid Obesity and Depression
    Gregory Simon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..weight loss, nutrient intake, physical activity, depressive symptoms, functional impairment and disability in the two groups of women with comorbid obesity and depression randomly assigned to the two different intervention programs ..
  51. Cognition in Cocaine Dependence: Assessment & Therapy
    Efrat Aharonovich; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. TRANSFERRING DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT AND ASSESSMENT RESOURC
    D Simpson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Modeling Adherence to Psychotherapy for Depression
    Gregory Simon; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research is one component of an ongoing comprehensive program to understand and increase consumer demand for effective depression treatment. ..
  54. Can Longitudinal Population-Based Data Help to Personalize Depression Treatment?
    Gregory E Simon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose a set of targeted methodologic studies to prepare for a multi-site research consortium focused on predicting response to specific depression treatments. ..
  55. Modified Behavioral Treatment for Cocaine Patients with Cognitive Deficits
    Efrat Aharonovich; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  56. Pilot Trial of Peer Support for Bipolar Disorder
    Gregory Simon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Wyoming Rural AIDS Prevention Research Project (WRAP)
    Anne Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If the Internet is an effective medium for delivering HIV risk reduction messages to rural MSM, it will have important implications for many under served rural jurisdictions. ..
  58. DYNAMIC TECHNIQUES FOR TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSES
    ANDREW LEON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In summary, this interdisciplinary project will inform methodologists about the proposed data analytic strategy and inform clinicians about effectiveness of treatments for PD, BDD, and bipolar depression. ..
  59. SUICIDE RISK FROM ADOLESCENCE TO YOUNG ADULTHOOD
    Elaine Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....