mothers

Summary

Summary: Female parents, human or animal.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Cohort Profile: the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children: ALSPAC mothers cohort
    Abigail Fraser
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:97-110. 2013
  2. ncbi Cohort profile: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)
    Per Magnus
    Division of Epidemiology, The Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1146-50. 2006
  3. pmc Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 371:340-57. 2008
  4. pmc Viruses in the faecal microbiota of monozygotic twins and their mothers
    Alejandro Reyes
    Center for Genome Sciences and Systems Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Nature 466:334-8. 2010
  5. ncbi Self-selection and bias in a large prospective pregnancy cohort in Norway
    Roy M Nilsen
    Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, N 5018 Bergen, Norway
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:597-608. 2009
  6. pmc Comparative analysis of salivary bacterial microbiome diversity in edentulous infants and their mothers or primary care givers using pyrosequencing
    Kimberly D Cephas
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e23503. 2011
  7. ncbi Depressive symptoms in mothers of prematurely born infants
    Margaret Shandor Miles
    School of Nursing, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7460, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 28:36-44. 2007
  8. ncbi Anxiety, depression and stress in pregnancy: implications for mothers, children, research, and practice
    Christine Dunkel Schetter
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 25:141-8. 2012
  9. pmc Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants
    Elizabeth R Moore
    School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 5:CD003519. 2012
  10. pmc HIV-1 drug resistance emergence among breastfeeding infants born to HIV-infected mothers during a single-arm trial of triple-antiretroviral prophylaxis for prevention of mother-to-child transmission: a secondary analysis
    Clement Zeh
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS Med 8:e1000430. 2011

Detail Information

Publications378 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Cohort Profile: the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children: ALSPAC mothers cohort
    Abigail Fraser
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:97-110. 2013
    ..Details of how to access these data are provided in this cohort profile...
  2. ncbi Cohort profile: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)
    Per Magnus
    Division of Epidemiology, The Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1146-50. 2006
  3. pmc Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital
    Cesar G Victora
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    Lancet 371:340-57. 2008
    ..Its prevention will probably bring about important health, educational, and economic benefits. Chronic diseases are especially common in undernourished children who experience rapid weight gain after infancy...
  4. pmc Viruses in the faecal microbiota of monozygotic twins and their mothers
    Alejandro Reyes
    Center for Genome Sciences and Systems Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Nature 466:334-8. 2010
    ..virus-like particles isolated from faecal samples collected from healthy adult female monozygotic twins and their mothers at three time points over a one-year period...
  5. ncbi Self-selection and bias in a large prospective pregnancy cohort in Norway
    Roy M Nilsen
    Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, N 5018 Bergen, Norway
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 23:597-608. 2009
    ..There was a strong under-representation of the youngest women (<25 years), those living alone, mothers with more than two previous births and with previous stillbirths (relative deviation 30-45%)...
  6. pmc Comparative analysis of salivary bacterial microbiome diversity in edentulous infants and their mothers or primary care givers using pyrosequencing
    Kimberly D Cephas
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e23503. 2011
    ..characterize the salivary bacterial microbiome of edentulous infants and to make comparisons against their mothers. Saliva samples were collected from 5 edentulous infants (mean age = 4.6±1...
  7. ncbi Depressive symptoms in mothers of prematurely born infants
    Margaret Shandor Miles
    School of Nursing, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7460, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 28:36-44. 2007
    This longitudinal, descriptive study described the level of depressive symptoms in mothers of preterm infants from birth through 27 months corrected age and examined factors associated with depressive symptoms...
  8. ncbi Anxiety, depression and stress in pregnancy: implications for mothers, children, research, and practice
    Christine Dunkel Schetter
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1563, USA
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 25:141-8. 2012
    ....
  9. pmc Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants
    Elizabeth R Moore
    School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 5:CD003519. 2012
    ..This time may represent a psychophysiologically 'sensitive period' for programming future physiology and behavior...
  10. pmc HIV-1 drug resistance emergence among breastfeeding infants born to HIV-infected mothers during a single-arm trial of triple-antiretroviral prophylaxis for prevention of mother-to-child transmission: a secondary analysis
    Clement Zeh
    Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kisumu, Kenya
    PLoS Med 8:e1000430. 2011
    Nevirapine and lamivudine given to mothers are transmitted to infants via breastfeeding in quantities sufficient to have biologic effects on the virus; this may lead to an increased risk of a breastfed infant's development of resistance ..
  11. pmc Mamekhaya: a pilot study combining a cognitive-behavioral intervention and mentor mothers with PMTCT services in South Africa
    Donna Futterman
    Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    AIDS Care 22:1093-100. 2010
    ..Results from this pilot study show promise that augmenting basic PMTCT services with mentor mothers and a culturally adapted CBI can be effective in conveying information and in improving the emotional outlook and ..
  12. ncbi 'They've forgotten that I'm the mum': constructing and practising motherhood in special care nurseries
    D Lupton
    School of Social Science and Liberal Studies, Charles Sturt University, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 53:1011-21. 2001
    ..Thirty-one mothers of hospitalized newborns and 20 neonatal nurses were interviewed, and other data were obtained via observations ..
  13. ncbi Maternal depression and parenting behavior: a meta-analytic review
    M C Lovejoy
    Department of Psychology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb 60115, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 20:561-92. 2000
    ..moderated the effects for positive behavior: Effects were strongest for studies of disadvantaged women and mothers of infants...
  14. ncbi Lifecourse influences on women's smoking before, during and after pregnancy
    Hilary Graham
    University of York, Department of Health Sciences, Area 2, Seebohm Rowntree Building Dept, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 70:582-7. 2010
    ..Secondly, parity was a major predictor of smoking behaviour. First-time mothers had higher odds both of smoking before pregnancy and quitting in pregnancy...
  15. ncbi Toxoplasma gondii infection and self-directed violence in mothers
    Marianne G Pedersen
    Department of Economics and Business, National Centre for Register Based Research, Aarhus University, Denmark
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 69:1123-30. 2012
    ..Two studies based on clinical samples have found an association between Toxoplasma gondii infection and history of suicide attempt. To our knowledge, these findings have never been replicated in a prospective cohort study...
  16. pmc A longitudinal study of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage in a cohort of infants and their mothers on the Thailand-Myanmar border
    Paul Turner
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Thailand
    PLoS ONE 7:e38271. 2012
    ..Our aim was to document the dynamics of pneumococcal carriage in a rural SE Asian birth cohort...
  17. ncbi The validity and reliability of maternal recall of breastfeeding practice
    Ruowei Li
    Maternal and Child Nutrition Branch, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3714, USA
    Nutr Rev 63:103-10. 2005
    ..from maternal recall through interviews, but there is concern about the accuracy of the data, especially when mothers are asked to recall their practices from many years earlier...
  18. ncbi LTR real-time PCR for HIV-1 DNA quantitation in blood cells for early diagnosis in infants born to seropositive mothers treated in HAART area (ANRS CO 01)
    Véronique Avettand-Fenoel
    Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, CHU Necker Enfants Malades, Service de Virologie, Paris, France
    J Med Virol 81:217-23. 2009
    HIV-1 diagnosis in babies born to seropositive mothers is one of the challenges of HIV epidemics in children...
  19. pmc Prevalence and risk factors for soil-transmitted helminth infection in mothers and their infants in Butajira, Ethiopia: a population based study
    Yeshambel Belyhun
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 10:21. 2010
    ..We therefore investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for STH infection in mothers and their one year-old children living in Butajira town and surrounding rural areas in southern Ethiopia.
  20. ncbi Trustful bonds: a key to "becoming a mother" and to reciprocal breastfeeding. Stories of mothers of very preterm infants at a neonatal unit
    Renée Flacking
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, S 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 62:70-80. 2006
    ..and subsequent hospitalization of an infant at a neonatal unit (NU) implies an extraordinary life situation for mothers, in which the maternal role and breastfeeding begin and evolve in a medical and unfamiliar setting...
  21. ncbi Craving closeness: a grounded theory analysis of women's experiences of mothering in the Special Care Nursery
    Jennifer Fenwick
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA, Australia
    Women Birth 21:71-85. 2008
    The aim of the study was to increase knowledge and understanding of how women begin their roles as mothers when their infant is in the neonatal nursery.
  22. pmc Timed maternal melatonin treatment reverses circadian disruption of the fetal adrenal clock imposed by exposure to constant light
    Natalia Méndez
    Instituto de Anatomia, Histologia y Patologia, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile
    PLoS ONE 7:e42713. 2012
    ..In turn, low levels and lack of a circadian rhythm of fetal corticosterone may be responsible of fetal growth restriction; potentially inducing long term effects in the offspring, possibility that warrants further research...
  23. pmc Noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of fetal chromosomal aneuploidy by massively parallel genomic sequencing of DNA in maternal plasma
    Rossa W K Chiu
    Centre for Research into Circulating Fetal Nucleic Acids, Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, Department of Chemical Pathology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:20458-63. 2008
    ..Massively parallel plasma DNA sequencing represents a new approach that is potentially applicable to all pregnancies for the noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of fetal chromosomal aneuploidies...
  24. ncbi Evaluation of a 5-year programme to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection in Northern Uganda
    Laurence Ahoua
    Epicentre, Paris, France
    J Trop Pediatr 56:43-52. 2010
    ..Mother-to-child HIV cumulative transmission rate was 8.3%, and 15.5% when HIV-related deaths were considered. Improved tracking of HIV-exposed infants is needed in PMTCT programmes where access to early infant diagnosis is still limited...
  25. pmc Prescription drug use among fathers and mothers before and during pregnancy. A population-based cohort study of 106,000 pregnancies in Norway 2004-2006
    Anders Engeland
    Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Br J Clin Pharmacol 65:653-60. 2008
    b>Mothers are using medicines during pregnancies; the extent varies across the world and is generally difficult to compare...
  26. pmc Childhood vaccination in informal urban settlements in Nairobi, Kenya: who gets vaccinated?
    Martin K Mutua
    African Population and Health Research Center, Shelter Afrique Center, Longonot Road, Upper Hill, Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Public Health 11:6. 2011
    ..The objectives of this study were to determine the vaccination status of children aged between 12-23 months living in two slums of Nairobi and to identify the risk factors associated with incomplete vaccination...
  27. pmc Infants in a neonatal intensive care unit: parental response
    J D Carter
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, PO Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 90:F109-13. 2005
    ..To compare the psychosocial functioning of the parents (mother and father) of infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) with the parents of infants born at term and not admitted to the NICU...
  28. ncbi Maternal psychological distress and parenting stress after the birth of a very low-birth-weight infant
    L T Singer
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    JAMA 281:799-805. 1999
    ..Few studies document how parents adapt to the experience of a very low-birth-weight (VLBW; <1500 g) birth despite societal concerns about the ethics and justification of intensive care for these infants...
  29. ncbi Risk for psychopathology in the children of depressed mothers: a developmental model for understanding mechanisms of transmission
    S H Goodman
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Psychol Rev 106:458-90. 1999
    ..in the children, little attention has been paid to the mechanisms explaining the transmission of risk from the mothers to the children...
  30. ncbi Posttraumatic stress symptoms in adolescent survivors of childhood cancer and their mothers
    Ronald T Brown
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:309-18. 2003
    We examined symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adolescent survivors of childhood cancer and their mothers and the contribution of family functioning, including perceived emotional support and familial conflict, and ..
  31. ncbi Orbitofrontal cortex tracks positive mood in mothers viewing pictures of their newborn infants
    Jack B Nitschke
    W M Keck Laboratory for Functional Brain Imaging and Behavior and Laboratory for Affective Neuroscience, Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705 2280, USA
    Neuroimage 21:583-92. 2004
    ..Six primiparous human mothers with no indications of postpartum depression brought their infants into the laboratory for a photo shoot...
  32. ncbi Women's perceptions and experiences of breastfeeding support: a metasynthesis
    Virginia Schmied
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Birth 38:49-60. 2011
    ..The aim of this metasynthesis was to examine women's perceptions and experiences of breastfeeding support, either professional or peer, to illuminate the components of support that they deemed "supportive."..
  33. pmc Poor newborn care practices - a population based survey in eastern Uganda
    Peter Waiswa
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10:9. 2010
    ..We assessed socioeconomic differences in use of newborn care practices in order to inform policy and programming in Uganda...
  34. pmc Determinants of vaccination coverage in rural Nigeria
    Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
    Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, Lagos State University College of Medicine, P, M, B, 21216, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria
    BMC Public Health 8:381. 2008
    ..The objective of this survey was to assess vaccination coverage and its determinants in this rural community in Nigeria..
  35. ncbi Patterns of intestinal schistosomiasis among mothers and young children from Lake Albert, Uganda: water contact and social networks inferred from wearable global positioning system dataloggers
    Edmund Y W Seto
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, United States of America
    Geospat Health 7:1-13. 2012
    ..conducted in one Lake Albert community with the aim of characterizing water contact exposure and infection among mothers and their young preschool-aged children as the latter are not yet formally included within the NCP...
  36. pmc Home visits by neighborhood Mentor Mothers provide timely recovery from childhood malnutrition in South Africa: results from a randomized controlled trial
    Ingrid M le Roux
    Philani Child Health and Nutrition Project, Khayelitsha, PO Box 40188, Elonwabeni, Cape Town 7791, South Africa
    Nutr J 9:56. 2010
    ..Philani, a paraprofessional home visiting program, was developed to improve childhood nourishment. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether the Philani program can rehabilitate malnourished children in a timely manner...
  37. ncbi "I wanted to do a good job": experiences of 'becoming a mother' and breastfeeding in mothers of very preterm infants after discharge from a neonatal unit
    Renée Flacking
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, S 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 64:2405-16. 2007
    In mothers of preterm infants, the process of becoming a mother is initiated in a public and medical environment, in which the mothers become dependent on the benevolence and support of the staff...
  38. pmc Qualitative study of decisions about infant feeding among women in east end of London
    P Hoddinott
    Macduff Medical Practice, Macduff, Banffshire AB44 1PR
    BMJ 318:30-4. 1999
    To improve understanding of how first time mothers who belong to a socioeconomic group with particularly low rates of breast feeding decide whether or not to initiate breast feeding.
  39. ncbi Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression among new mothers at 8 months later of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China
    Zhiyong Qu
    School of Social Development and Public Policy, China Institute of Health, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    Arch Womens Ment Health 15:49-55. 2012
    ..among the survivors, but little is known about the impact of the Sichuan earthquake on the mental health of new mothers in the area...
  40. ncbi Can mothers recognize neonatal illness correctly? Comparison of maternal report and assessment by community health workers in rural Bangladesh
    Y Choi
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 15:743-53. 2010
    ..To validate maternal recognition of neonatal illnesses at home compared to assessment by community health workers (CHWs) during routine household surveillance for neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh...
  41. ncbi High antenatal maternal anxiety is related to ADHD symptoms, externalizing problems, and anxiety in 8- and 9-year-olds
    Bea R H Van den Bergh
    Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
    Child Dev 75:1085-97. 2004
    ..the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, and disorders in 8- and 9-year-olds were studied prospectively in 71 normal mothers and their 72 firstborns...
  42. ncbi Factors influencing exposure to secondhand smoke in preschool children living with smoking mothers
    Lynsey M Mills
    Division of Applied Health Sciences, Scottish Centre for Indoor Air, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Nicotine Tob Res 14:1435-44. 2012
    ..The study was designed to describe SHS exposure in preschool children whose mothers smoked and identify factors that influence exposure.
  43. ncbi Mobile-phone text messaging (SMS) for providing oral health education to mothers of preschool children in Belgaum City
    Ratika Sharma
    KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, KLE University, Belgaum, India
    J Telemed Telecare 17:432-6. 2011
    We compared the effectiveness of two media (text messages and pamphlets) in imparting health education to mothers of preschool children. Mothers and their children were randomized into two groups...
  44. ncbi A negative birth experience: prevalence and risk factors in a national sample
    Ulla Waldenström
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Birth 31:17-27. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of a negative birth experience in a national sample...
  45. ncbi Mothers' experiences of having their newborn child in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Helena Wigert
    Department of Nursing, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
    Scand J Caring Sci 20:35-41. 2006
    ..Separation from the child is found to be the most difficult aspect for mothers when their newborn child is hospitalized in a NICU.
  46. ncbi Comparing maternal and paternal intergenerational transmission of obesity risk in a large population-based sample
    Katriina L Whitaker
    Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1560-7. 2010
    ..Previous research showed childhood obesity to be more strongly associated with maternal weight than with paternal weight. However, confidence in this finding is limited by the lack of objectively measured data from both parents...
  47. ncbi Validation of the Mainland Chinese version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale in Chengdu mothers
    Ying Lau
    School of Health Sciences, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao
    Int J Nurs Stud 47:1139-51. 2010
    ..The Mainland Chinese version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) has been validated among antenatal women, subsequent validation among postnatal women is necessary...
  48. ncbi Continued exposure to maternal distress in early life is associated with an increased risk of childhood asthma
    Anita L Kozyrskyj
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Community Health Sciences, Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 177:142-7. 2008
    ..Evidence is emerging that exposure to maternal distress in early life plays a causal role in the development of childhood asthma...
  49. ncbi Urine and milk iodine concentrations in healthy and congenitally hypothyroid neonates and their mothers
    Mahin Hashemipour
    Endocrine and Metabolism Research Centre, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    Endokrynol Pol 61:371-6. 2010
    ..of Congenital Hypothyroidism (CH) in Iran, in this study we evaluated the role of iodine in the aetiology of CH by comparing urine and milk iodine concentrations in healthy and congenitally hypothyroid neonates and their mothers.
  50. pmc Determinants of failure to access care in mothers referred to HIV treatment programs in Nairobi, Kenya
    Phelgona A Otieno
    Centre for Clinical Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    AIDS Care 22:729-36. 2010
    ....
  51. ncbi A randomized controlled trial of telephone peer support's influence on breastfeeding duration in adolescent mothers
    G Di Meglio
    Department of Pediatrics, Montreal Children s Hospital McGill University Health Center, Quebec, Canada
    Breastfeed Med 5:41-7. 2010
    Adolescent mothers breastfeed less often and for a shorter duration than adult mothers. This randomized controlled trial was designed to evaluate the effect of telephone peer support on breastfeeding duration among adolescents.
  52. pmc Elevated manganese and cognitive performance in school-aged children and their mothers
    José A Menezes-Filho
    Laboratory of Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Federal University of Bahia, Brazil
    Environ Res 111:156-63. 2011
    ..Growing evidence suggests that excess manganese (Mn) in children is associated with neurobehavioral impairments. In Brazil, elevated hair Mn concentrations were reported in children living near a ferro-manganese alloy plant...
  53. ncbi Assortative weight gain in mother-daughter and father-son pairs: an emerging source of childhood obesity. Longitudinal study of trios (EarlyBird 43)
    E M Perez-Pastor
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth Campus, Plymouth, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 33:727-35. 2009
    ....
  54. pmc Prevalence and predictors of overweight and insulin resistance in offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus
    Heike Boerschmann
    Forschergruppe Diabetes der Technischen Universität München, Munich, Germany
    Diabetes Care 33:1845-9. 2010
    ..This may lead to overweight and insulin resistance during childhood. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of GDM on overweight risk and insulin resistance in offspring...
  55. ncbi Mothers' neural activation in response to pictures of their children and other children
    Ellen Leibenluft
    Pediatrics and Developmental Neuropsychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 56:225-32. 2004
    Considerable literature has focused on neural responses evoked by face viewing. We extend that literature and explore the neural correlates of maternal attachment with an fMRI study in which mothers view photographs of their own children.
  56. ncbi Factors affecting acceptance of complete immunization coverage of children under five years in rural Bangladesh
    Mosiur Rahman
    Department of Population Science and Human Resource Development, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
    Salud Publica Mex 52:134-40. 2010
    ..This article establishes the hypothesis that predisposing, enabling and household needs influence the complete vaccination status of children...
  57. pmc Active Mothers Postpartum: a randomized controlled weight-loss intervention trial
    Truls Østbye
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:173-80. 2009
    ..Pregnancy may contribute to overweight and obesity...
  58. ncbi Maternal depression and infant growth: a review of recent evidence
    Robert C Stewart
    Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Private Bag 360, Chichiri, Blantyre 3, Malawi
    Matern Child Nutr 3:94-107. 2007
    ..The UK-based research suggests that such an association occurs in mothers/infants living in conditions of socio-economic deprivation...
  59. ncbi Why don't low-income mothers worry about their preschoolers being overweight?
    A Jain
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Pediatrics 107:1138-46. 2001
    b>Mothers are in an important position to prevent obesity in their children by shaping early diet and activity patterns. However, many mothers of overweight preschool children are not worried about their child's weight.
  60. ncbi Postpartum depression: a metasynthesis
    Cheryl Tatano Beck
    University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA
    Qual Health Res 12:453-72. 2002
    Postpartum depression has been described as a dangerous thief that robs mothers of the love and happiness they expected to feel toward their newborn babies...
  61. pmc Maternal education is associated with vaccination status of infants less than 6 months in Eastern Uganda: a cohort study
    Victoria Nankabirwa
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    BMC Pediatr 10:92. 2010
    ..This study compares women with some secondary schooling to those with only primary schooling with regard to their infants' vaccination status...
  62. pmc Do low-income lone mothers compromise their nutrition to feed their children?
    Lynn McIntyre
    Faculty of Health Professions, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS
    CMAJ 168:686-91. 2003
    ..One reason for this difference may be that mothers modify their own food intake to spare their children nutritional deprivation...
  63. ncbi Mothers in the NICU: outsider to partner
    Judith A Heermann
    The College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
    Pediatr Nurs 31:176-81, 200. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to explore and describe mothers' experience of becoming a mother while their infants were receiving care in the NICU...
  64. ncbi Depression, perceived stress, and social support among first-time Chinese mothers and fathers in the postpartum period
    Ling Ling Gao
    School of Nursing, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, People s Republic of China
    Res Nurs Health 32:50-8. 2009
    ..depression in the postpartum period and its relationship with perceived stress and social support in first-time mothers and fathers...
  65. ncbi From alienation to familiarity: experiences of mothers and fathers of preterm infants
    Karin Jackson
    Department of Caring Sciences, Orebro University, Orebro, Sweden
    J Adv Nurs 43:120-9. 2003
    The birth of a preterm infant has a long-term impact on both parents. Mothers report more stress and poor adjustment compared with fathers...
  66. pmc Maternal smoking during pregnancy and children's cognitive and physical development: a causal risk factor?
    Stephen E Gilman
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:522-31. 2008
    ..The authors conclude that the hypothesized effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on these outcomes either are not present or are not distinguishable from a broader range of familial factors associated with maternal smoking...
  67. pmc Breast-milk infectivity in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected mothers
    Barbra A Richardson
    Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, Box 359909, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:736-40. 2003
    ..per liter of breast milk ingested and per day of breast-feeding in a study of children born to HIV-1-infected mothers. The probability of breast-milk transmission of HIV-1 was.00064 per liter ingested and...
  68. pmc Perinatal risk factors for childhood obesity and metabolic dysregulation
    Patrick M Catalano
    Department of Reproductive Biology, Case Western Reserve University, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:1303-13. 2009
    ..Childhood obesity has increased significantly in recent decades...
  69. pmc Does severity of HIV disease in HIV-infected mothers affect mortality and morbidity among their uninfected infants?
    Louise Kuhn
    Gertrude H Sergievsky Center, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 41:1654-61. 2005
    Rates of perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission are higher among HIV-infected mothers with more advanced disease, but effects of maternal disease on HIV-uninfected offspring are unclear...
  70. ncbi Maternal recall of breastfeeding duration by elderly women
    Joanne H E Promislow
    Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:289-96. 2005
    Studies of long-term effects of breastfeeding on the health of both infants and mothers often rely on maternal recall of breastfeeding duration after several decades...
  71. ncbi Remissions in maternal depression and child psychopathology: a STAR*D-child report
    Myrna M Weissman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
    JAMA 295:1389-98. 2006
    ..Children of depressed parents have high rates of anxiety, disruptive, and depressive disorders that begin early, often continue into adulthood, and are impairing...
  72. ncbi Utilisation of antenatal and maternity services by mothers seeking child welfare services in Mbeere District, Eastern Province, Kenya
    P K Mwaniki
    Kenyatta University, P O Box 43844, Nairobi
    East Afr Med J 79:184-7. 2002
    ..Increasing the proportion of mothers who are cared for in health facilities during pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium reduces the health risks to ..
  73. ncbi Management of nut allergy influences quality of life and anxiety in children and their mothers
    Amanda J Cummings
    Infection Inflammation and Immunity, School of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 21:586-94. 2010
    ..To investigate the impact of nut allergy on QoL and anxiety in mothers and children with nut allergy in order to identify management strategies that may influence these factors...
  74. pmc Maternal macronutrient and energy intakes in pregnancy and offspring intake at 10 y: exploring parental comparisons and prenatal effects
    Marie Jo A Brion
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:748-56. 2010
    ..Few prospective dietary studies have explored this relation...
  75. pmc Mothers' child-feeding practices influence daughters' eating and weight
    L L Birch
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Graduate Program in Nutrition, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 71:1054-61. 2000
    ..Genetic and environmental factors produce the overweight phenotype. Nonshared environments appear to account for a substantial proportion of the population variance in overweight but remain largely unspecified and unmeasured...
  76. pmc Lessons learnt from promising practices in community engagement for the elimination of new HIV infections in children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive: summary of a desk review
    Laurie Ackerman Gulaid
    Mbabane, Swaziland
    J Int AIDS Soc 15:17390. 2012
    Through the Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping their Mothers Alive, leaders have called for broader action to strengthen the involvement of communities...
  77. pmc Short-term in-home intervention reduces depressive symptoms in Early Head Start Latina mothers of infants and toddlers
    Linda S Beeber
    School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7460, USA
    Res Nurs Health 33:60-76. 2010
    Depressive symptoms may compromise the ability of low-income Latina mothers with limited English language proficiency to parent their infants or toddlers...
  78. ncbi Who is NOT likely to access the Internet for health information? Findings from first-time mothers in southwest Sydney, Australia
    Li Ming Wen
    Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia
    Int J Med Inform 80:406-11. 2011
    ..This study aimed to explore inequities in access to online health information and its relation to socioeconomic status, and to inform the development of the use of the Internet for health promotion...
  79. pmc More support for mothers: a qualitative study on factors affecting immunisation behaviour in Kampala, Uganda
    Juliet N Babirye
    School of Public Health, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala Uganda
    BMC Public Health 11:723. 2011
    ..Understanding vaccination behaviour is important for the success of the immunisation programme. This study examined influences on immunisation behaviour using the attitude-social influence-self efficacy model...
  80. ncbi Beyond food insecurity: how context can improve complementary feeding interventions
    Keriann H Paul
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 32:244-53. 2011
    ..The role of context has not been elaborated with respect to current recommendations for complementary feeding interventions, apart from a gross distinction based on food security...
  81. pmc Recruiting and engaging new mothers in nutrition research studies: lessons from the Australian NOURISH randomised controlled trial
    Lynne A Daniels
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane 4059, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:129. 2012
    ..The NOURISH RCT evaluated a community-based intervention for first-time mothers that promoted protective infant feeding practices as a primary prevention strategy for childhood obesity...
  82. ncbi Infant feeding choices: experience, self-identity and lifestyle
    Naomi Andrew
    School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Whiteknights Campus, Reading, Berks RG6 6AL, UK
    Matern Child Nutr 7:48-60. 2011
    In England, 78% of mothers initiate breastfeeding and, in the UK, less than 1% exclusively breastfeed until 6 months, despite World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations to do so...
  83. ncbi Impact of parental BMI on the manifestation of overweight 5-7 year old children
    Sandra Danielzik
    Institut fur Humanernahrung und Lebensmittelkunde, Christian Albrechts Universitat zu Kiel, Düsternbrooker Weg 17, 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Eur J Nutr 41:132-8. 2002
    ..Genetic and environmental factors are contributing factors but the influence of parental nutritional state on early manifestation of overweight is not well characterised...
  84. ncbi Diagnoses of newborns and mothers with carnitine uptake defects through newborn screening
    Ni Chung Lee
    Department of Medical Genetics, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Mol Genet Metab 100:46-50. 2010
    ..tests included dried blood spot free acylcarnitine levels and mutation analyses for both babies and their mothers. Sixteen newborns had confirmation tests for persistent low free carnitine levels; four had CUD, six had mothers ..
  85. pmc Mothers and children as informants of bullying victimization: results from an epidemiological cohort of children
    Sania Shakoor
    MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Box Number p080, London, SE5 8AF, UK
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 39:379-87. 2011
    ..This study aimed to (1) investigate whether mothers and children provide valid reports of bullying victimization, (2) examine the inter-rater reliability between the ..
  86. ncbi Risk factors for rapid weight gain in preschool children: findings from a UK-wide prospective study
    L J Griffiths
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:624-32. 2010
    ..To examine risk factors for rapid weight gain between 3 and 5 years of age...
  87. pmc Mothers' knowledge and utilization of prevention of mother to child transmission services in northern Tanzania
    Eli Fjeld Falnes
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Norway
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:36. 2010
    ..child health clinics in Moshi, northern Tanzania, after the implementation of routine counselling and testing; (2) explore the level of knowledge the postnatal mothers had about PMTCT; and (3) assess the quality of the counselling given.
  88. pmc Prenatal exposure to maternal and paternal smoking on attention deficit hyperactivity disorders symptoms and diagnosis in offspring
    Yoko Nomura
    Department of Psychology, Queens College, The City University of New York, Flushing, NY 10029, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 198:672-8. 2010
    ..Children of smoking, relative to nonsmoking, mothers had a significant increased risk for comorbid ADHD and ODD and ADHD, but not ODD...
  89. pmc Problem behavior in children of chronically ill parents: a meta-analysis
    D S Sieh
    Research Institute of Child Development and Education, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 13:384-97. 2010
    ..effects for externalizing problem behavior were larger in studies characterized by a higher percentage of ill mothers and single parents. With exclusive self-report, effect sizes were significant for all problem behaviors...
  90. ncbi Postpartum depression among rural women from developed and developing countries: a systematic review
    Laura Villegas
    Social Equity and Health Research Section, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    J Rural Health 27:278-88. 2011
    ..Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis examines the prevalence of and risk factors for PPD in rural communities within developed and developing countries, and where possible, compares rates to those among urban women...
  91. ncbi Nutrition counseling increases weight gain among Brazilian children
    I Santos
    Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    J Nutr 131:2866-73. 2001
    ..The randomized design with blind outcome evaluation strongly supports a causal link. These results should be replicated in other settings...
  92. ncbi Service uptake and performance of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programme in Ibadan, Nigeria
    R E Oladokun
    Department of Paediatrics APIN PLUS, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
    Afr J Med Med Sci 39:81-7. 2010
    ..7%) with 87 (18.6%) testing positive. There were a total of 942 deliveries out of which 39.2% of the mothers and 95.2% of the babies respectively received ARV prophylaxis. In all, 85...
  93. ncbi Molecular typing of fecal eukaryotic microbiota of human infants and their respective mothers
    Prashant K Pandey
    Insect Molecular Biology Unit, National Centre for Cell Science, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007, Maharashtra, India
    J Biosci 37:221-6. 2012
    ..The subjects in this study included two breast-fed and two formula-milk-fed infants and their mothers. The study revealed that the infants did not seem to harbour any microeukaryotes in their gut...
  94. ncbi Maternal depression and child psychopathology: a meta-analytic review
    Sherryl H Goodman
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 14:1-27. 2011
    ..A meta-analysis of 193 studies was conducted to examine the strength of the association between mothers' depression and children's behavioral problems or emotional functioning...
  95. ncbi Maternal mental health: program and policy implications
    Patrice L Engle
    Department of Psychology, Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:963S-966S. 2009
    ..Some interventions, such as increases in social support or the education of mothers about responsive caregiving, appear to be effective in reducing maternal distress...
  96. ncbi Improving mothers' access to PMTCT programs in West Africa: a public health perspective
    Philippe Msellati
    IRD, UMR 145, IRD Université de Montpellier CreCSS, MMSH, 5 Rue du Chateau de l Horloge, 13094 Aix en Provence cedex 2, France
    Soc Sci Med 69:807-12. 2009
    ..aims and achievements in order to encourage research in the social sciences regarding relationships between mothers and the care system...
  97. pmc Investigating the relationship between teenage childbearing and psychological distress using longitudinal evidence
    Stefanie Mollborn
    University of Colorado at Boulder, Institute of Behavioral Science, Boulder, CO 80309 0483, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 50:310-26. 2009
    The high levels of depression among teenage mothers have received considerable research attention in smaller targeted samples, but a large-scale examination of the complex relationship between adolescent childbearing and psychological ..
  98. pmc Birth preparedness and complication readiness among slum women in Indore city, India
    Siddharth Agarwal
    Urban Health Resource Center, New Delhi, India
    J Health Popul Nutr 28:383-91. 2010
    Three hundred twelve mothers of infants aged 2-4 months in 11 slums of Indore, India, were interviewed to assess birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPACR) among them...
  99. pmc Adult attachment predicts maternal brain and oxytocin response to infant cues
    Lane Strathearn
    Department of Pediatrics, The Meyer Center for Developmental Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children s Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 34:2655-66. 2009
    ..We examined 30 first-time new mothers to test whether differences in attachment, based on the Adult Attachment Interview, were related to brain reward ..
  100. pmc Parental depression and child temperament: assessing child to parent effects in a longitudinal population study
    Lucy Hanington
    University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
    Infant Behav Dev 33:88-95. 2010
    ..Father to child effects were significant only in male children. Little evidence was found for child to parent effects...
  101. pmc Effect of peer support on prevention of postnatal depression among high risk women: multisite randomised controlled trial
    C L Dennis
    Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    BMJ 338:a3064. 2009
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of telephone based peer support in the prevention of postnatal depression...

Research Grants85

  1. RESPIRATORY DISEASES/BSI STUDY
    Shahin Lockman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..critical question of rates of overall mortality and infectious disease morbidity among infants of HIV-positive mothers who are breast-fed while receiving prophylactic antiretrovirals versus those who are formula-fed has not been ..
  2. Vaccine Development for Falciparum Malaria in Pregnant Women and Their Offspring
    Ian C Michelow; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..there is an urgent unmet need to discover new vaccine candidates using novel approaches, especially for mothers and infants who represent key target groups. Dr...
  3. Brain Activation responses in adolescents with genetic predisposition to obesity
    Susan Carnell; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..BMI centile<85th) postpubertal 14-18 yr olds, recruited from the CUMC adolescent outpatient clinic, and their mothers. Of the lean Ss, 22 (11M;11F) will have low familial risk (LFR) for obesity (lean biological mother), and 22 (11M;..
  4. Neurobehavioral Correlates of Familial/genetic obesity risk in adolescents
    Susan Carnell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..BMI centile<85th) postpubertal 14-18 yr olds, recruited from the CUMC adolescent outpatient clinic, and their mothers. Of the lean Ss, 22 (11M;11F) will have low familial risk (LFR) for obesity (lean biological mother), and 22 (11M;..
  5. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-CCC-Lead
    CYNTHIA T MCEVOY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..addiction is the largest preventable cause of childhood respiratory illness, including asthma, and children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy show lifetime decreases in pulmonary function...
  6. Community Participation Research of Breastfeeding Disparities in African American
    Tamar Ringel Kulka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The latter will address the following domains: Mothers'knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, feelings, barriers, needs and available services in Durham County...
  7. Maternal obesity depresses essential fatty acid transport in the placenta
    PERRIE F O'TIERNEY-GINN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our preliminary data show that male offspring of overweight and obese mothers have lower levels of docosaehexanoic acid - a long chain polyunsaturated (LC-PUFA) derivative of essential fatty ..
  8. Maternal obesity depresses essential fatty acid transport in the placenta
    PERRIE F O'TIERNEY-GINN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our preliminary data show that male offspring of overweight and obese mothers have lower levels of docosaehexanoic acid - a long chain polyunsaturated (LC-PUFA) derivative of essential fatty ..
  9. Triggers of Abruptio Placentae - A Case Crossover Study of an Ischemic Placental
    Michelle A Williams; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of global public health importance in large part because of its association with adverse outcomes in newborns and mothers including preterm delivery, fetal death, maternal hemorrhagic shock, and renal failure...
  10. Metabolic Adapation and Control of Lactation in Humans
    Morey W Haymond; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5. RhGH will increase lactose (milk) production in mothers delivering premature infants and increase the long-term success rate in breast-feeding. 6...
  11. Mechanisms of Heme Transport in Macrophages
    CARINE CARINE WHITE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..heme recycling from senescent red blood cells will permit the synthesis of novel heme- and porphyrin -based nutritional therapies for patients suffering from anemia and nutritional Fe deficiency, including pregnant mothers and infants.
  12. Transplacental Arsenic Induced Hepatic Dysfunction and Vascular Disease
    J Christopher States; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by reports of infant deaths from myocardial infarction caused by advanced arteriosclerosis in regions where mothers consumed water with high levels of arsenic...
  13. VitC to Decrease Effects of Smoking in Pregnancy on Infant Lung Function-DCC
    Cynthia D Morris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..addiction is the largest preventable cause of childhood respiratory illness, including asthma, and children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy show lifetime decreases in pulmonary function...
  14. Antenatal Betamethasone in Late Preterm Gestation Lambs
    SATYANARAYANA LAKSHMINRUSIMHA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Administration of antenatal glucocorticoids to <34 wk gestation mothers in preterm labor undoubtedly reduces a number of neonatal morbidities including respiratory distress and ..
  15. Maternal Autoantibodies: Pathogenesis of Neonatal Lupus
    JILL PAMELA BUYON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Fetuses of mothers who are otherwise healthy or who suffer from a rheumatic disease but have autoantibodies to SSA/Ro are at risk ..
  16. Parental age at birth and risk of adult-onset cancer in female offspring
    Yani Lu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..gestational age and higher chance of germ cell mutations and DNA damage from older fathers (but not older mothers) supports the possibility that advanced maternal age may increase the risk of hormone-related cancers;advanced ..
  17. Parenting, Adolescent Self-Regulation, and Risk-Taking Across Cultures
    Jennifer E Lansford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the largest known prospective study of these processes by recruiting a sample of 1,417 8-year-olds and their mothers and fathers from 13 cultures (Jinan and Shanghai, China;Colombia;Naples and Rome, Italy;Jordan;Kenya;Philippines;..
  18. Hyperglycemia and Pregnancy Outcome(HAPO)Follow Up Study
    Boyd E Metzger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Offspring of mothers with pre-existing diabetes mellitus (DM) or gestational DM (GDM) have an increased risk of childhood obesity. GDM is also associated with an increased maternal risk of type 2 DM...
  19. Evolution of the Immune Response to Cytomegalovirus Transmitted via Breast Milk
    Lynn Puddington; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..There is concern for infants of mothers with latent HCMV, as reactivation of the virus can occur specifically within the mammary gland during lactation...
  20. Pluripotent human stem cells as models for normal and diseased trophoblast
    ROBERT MICHAEL ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 4 will attempt to re-create EVT from infants born to mothers with PE by generating induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) from discarded umbilical cord and converting these ..
  21. Safety signal learning in Rhesus monkeys following early life stressChallenge Ar
    MICHAEL NMN DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..adult rhesus monkeys, 3 with typical social and mother-infant interactions (controls) and 3 separated from their mothers for variable periods of time each day when they were infants (maternally-separated)...
  22. Diet Quality and CVD Risk Factors in a Family Based Weight Management Study
    Alice H Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of diet quality biomarkers in child-mother/female guardian pairs, 2) measures of CVD risk factors in children and mothers/female guardians, and 3) assessment of associations within child-mother/female guardian pairs for diet quality ..
  23. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY - CACHE COUNTY STUDY CENTER
    Edward Clark; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated biologic specimens include blood, urine, hair, and nail clippings from mothers and children;blood, urine, and hair from fathers;cord blood, umbilical cord and placental tissues, and meconium ..
  24. Graves'Disease Therapy Risks to Mother and Fetus
    Scott A Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Based on observations of birth defects (aplasia cutis and choanal atresia) in offspring of mothers treated with MMI during pregnancy, and the absence of such reports related to PTU use, PTU has been recommended ..
  25. Maternal Obesity and Gestational Diabetes: Impact on Metabolome
    William L Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Offspring of mothers with obesity and/or pre-existing or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy are at increased risk for obesity and altered glucose metabolism as children and adults, ..
  26. NICHD Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network
    Geeta K Swamy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Caring for and improving the lives of mothers and families, Duke Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) is an academically oriented group with the requirements to participate in the Maternal-Fetal Medicine ..
  27. Pluripotent Stem Cells: Modeling syncytiotrophoblast development and pathogenesis
    Danny J Schust; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of "placental debris", cytokines, and pro-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic proteins, which become elevated in mothers diagnosed with PE...
  28. Effect of Perinatal Diet on Developmental Programming of the Skeleton
    Mary L Bouxsein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to postnatal dietary perturbation, WT and ssAR2-KO mice will be weaned either onto the same diet as their mothers were fed, or onto the opposite diet (e.g., prenatal CR weaned to postnatal HF)...
  29. Metal Exposure and Children?s Preschool Neurodevelopment
    David C Bellinger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In this project we will build upon an ongoing birth cohort study of 750 mothers and their children at a former hard rock mining community, the Tar Creek, OK, Superfund mega-site...
  30. Postpartum Depression: Role of Sleep &Genetic Risk in Postpartum Mood Disorders
    Katherine M Sharkey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..most common complication of childbirth;it has been linked to morbidity and mortality (including suicide) in new mothers, poor child outcomes, and high economic costs...
  31. Interaction of fetal growth and bisphenol A in obesity
    Frederick S vom Saal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have developed a novel mouse model that results in siblings produced by hemiovariectomized mothers that range from intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) to macrosomic based on location in one crowded uterine horn...
  32. Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: Expression of RHD in the Fetus?
    Pirooz Eghtesady; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..between HLHS and prior maternal strep infection, but also elevated anti-human cardiac myosin serum titers in mothers of HLHS babies (as found in patients with rheumatic fever), compared with three control groups...
  33. The human gut microbiome, malnutrition and vaccine responses
    ANDREW LEON KAU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..present in frozen human fecal samples into germ-free (GF) mice and to transmit the engrafted microbiota from mothers to their offspring. With this capability, I propose two aims for this NRSA application. Aim 1...
  34. Autoantibodies in Preeclampsia: Pre-symptomatic markers and therapeutic targets
    Yang Xia; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Strategies to prevent or effectively treat preeclampsia would result in healthier babies and healthier mothers. Research proposed here is likely to contribute significantly to this goal...
  35. Epigenetic programming of brain development by choline nutrition
    Jan Krzysztof Blusztajn; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will perform an analogous study on the fetuses and offspring of mice whose mothers consume diets containing choline-deficient, choline-sufficient, or choline-supplemented diets throughout ..
  36. Antiviral prophylaxis to prevent perinatal transmission of HBV in Thailand
    GONZAGUE JOSEPH JOURDAIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..immunization and HB immunoglobulin administered at birth effectively prevent most transmission from HBV infected mothers but, despite this active and passive immunization, about 12% of HBV highly viremic mothers transmit the virus to ..
  37. Weight management for improved pregnancy outcomes
    Victor J Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The primary outcome measures will be mothers'weight gain during pregnancy, the amount of weight retained after delivery, and the proportion of large for ..
  38. INTERNATIONAL GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ORAL CLEFTS
    Terri H Beaty; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..time consultant to this project) to measure levels of vitamin B12 and methylmalonic acid in serum samples from mothers of cleft cases to evaluate biological models relevant to one carbon metabolism and DNA methylation...
  39. Prenatal stress and epigenetic programming of the HPA axis and autonomic balance
    Rosalind J Wright; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..our methylomics findings, we will use a population from the Mexico City ELEMENT study with similar assessments in mothers and infants...
  40. Tissue recovery in the pathophysiology of stress urinary incontinence
    Adonis K Hijaz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of SUI following vaginal delivery justifies the recommendation for primary elective C-section, especially in mothers who are older than age of 30 with their 1st pregnancy...
  41. Early Life Stress &Chronic Control of Blood Pressure
    Analia Loria; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is an established model of chronic behavioral stress in rodents that involves separating pups from their mothers 3 hr/day from days 2-14 of life...
  42. Early Life Stress &Chronic Control of Blood Pressure
    Analia Loria; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is an established model of chronic behavioral stress in rodents that involves separating pups from their mothers 3 hr/day from days 2-14 of life...
  43. Neonatal Programming of Growth and Maturation in Rhesus Monkeys
    Andrew Muir; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This proposal will study female rhesus monkeys born to mothers that were ad lib fed either a HCD or one that was low in fat and high in fiber (LCD) during pregnancy...
  44. Prenatal stress biology, infant body composition and obesity risk
    Sonja Entringer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..propose to conduct a prospective, longitudinal, follow-up study in a population-based cohort of infants born to mothers who will participate in a NIH-funded study of biological and behavioral processes in pregnancy...
  45. GWA Mapping: Maternal Metabolism-Birth Weight Interactions
    WILLIAM LOWE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to perform genome wide association (GWA) mapping on a subset of ~37,000 DNA samples that were collected from mothers and their offspring as part of the NIH-funded Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) Study...
  46. Translational Diebetes Prevention in GDM
    Assiamira Ferrara; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of the study is to implement and evaluate a diet and physical activity (PA) intervention tailored to postpartum mothers and feasible for a health plan setting, with the primary goals of: a) reaching pre-pregnancy weight if women had ..
  47. Mother Sibling Interactions
    Julie A Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..10, 11] An impressive amount of research has been conducted on mothers'response to having a VLBW infant in the home...
  48. Bisphenol A and Children's Growth & Development
    KIM G contact HARLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The specific aims are: 1) to measure BPA concentrations in urine collected from ~400 mothers during pregnancy and from their children at 6 months, 5 years, and 9 years of age...
  49. Embryonic Gene Expression During Diabetic Embryopathy
    Mary R Loeken; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While several of the biochemical processes leading to oxidative stress in embryos of diabetic mothers have been determined, it is not known how oxidative stress disrupts embryo gene expression...
  50. NICHD INTERNATIONAL & DOMESTIC PEDIATRIC &MATERNAL HIV STUDIES COORDINATING CTR
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    The Pediatric, Domestic, and Maternal AIDS (PAMA) Branch of the Center for Research for Mothers and Children (CRMC) of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) has a need for a Data ..
  51. Pregnancy and EARly Lifestyle improvement Study (PEARLS)
    Kaumudi J Joshipura; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This vicious cycle, through which female offspring of mothers with diabetes are themselves more likely to develop diabetes prior to delivery, transmits the burden of morbidity ..
  52. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Anticipated biologic specimens include blood, urine, hair, and nail clippings from mothers and children;blood, urine, and hair from fathers;cord blood, umbilical cord and placental tissues, and meconium ..
  53. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Anticipated biologic specimens include blood, urine, hair, and nail clippings from mothers and children;blood, urine, and hair from fathers;cord blood, umbilical cord and placental tissues, and meconium ..
  54. Creation of Eating/Activity Environments by New Mothers
    Deborah Young Hyman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..New first time mothers create the eating and physical activity (PA) environment for themselves and their baby, thereby increasing the ..
  55. Growth and Cardiometabolic Risk Among In Utero Drug Exposed Children
    SARAH ELIZABETH MESSIAH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The MPCS has collected 11 prior waves of multi-domain data on over 400 infants and their mothers/alternate caregivers through early adolescence and is now embarking on 2 additional waves of data collection at ..
  56. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY -CLINICAL BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
    VELAZQUEZ FRANCISCO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Anticipated biologic specimens include blood, urine, hair, and nail clippings from mothers and children;blood, urine, and hair from fathers;cord blood, umbilical cord and placental tissues, and meconium ..
  57. NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY SUPPORT
    Betty Wood; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Anticipated biologic specimens include blood, urine, hair, and nail clippings from mothers and children;blood, urine, and hair from fathers;cord blood, umbilical cord and placental tissues, and meconium ..
  58. Malaria and the safety of iron interventions: absorption and NTBI
    Gary M Brittenham; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Because of the public health importance of assuring iron sufficiency in mothers, our studies are focused on women of childbearing age but the results should be broadly applicable to infants and ..
  59. The role of neutrophil extracellular traps and NADPH oxidase in SLE pathogenesis
    ALLISON MARIE CAMPBELL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Indeed, even the carrier mothers of CGD patients have an almost 10-fold increased risk of lupus...
  60. Identification of an Epigenetic Risk Marker for PTSD
    Rachel Yehuda; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Adult children of mothers with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for PTSD, and also show changes in their ..
  61. Evaluating Economic Subsidies To Improve Dietary Intake Among Low Income Families
    Marian L Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Secondary Aims 1. To compare FV intake of mothers before and at 6, 12, and 18 months following policy implementation. 2...
  62. Planning a clinical trial of Flash-heated breast milk to decrease morbidity, impr
    Caroline J Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and reduce HIV transmission in HIV-exposed infants The World Health Organization recommends that HIV positive mothers in developing countries exclusively breastfeed for 6 months, and then stop once safe and nutritious foods are ..
  63. Antenatal Dietary Supplementation is a Risk Factor for Infant Atopy Through Epige
    DAVID ALBERT SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that maternal CpG methylation patterns that affect expression of atopy-related genes are different in expectant mothers of infants at high risk as compared to expectant mothers of infants at low risk of atopy, and that antenatal ..
  64. Older Mothers and Adult Daughters: High Blood Pressure Self Management Behaviors
    Celeste Shawler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..determine the causal relationships of inner strength, perceived control, and quality of the relationship of older mothers and their adult daughters so that nursing interventions can be developed to improve cardiovascular self ..
  65. Sleep Patterns and Depression in Mothers and Fathers of Twins
    ELIZABETH DAMATO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sleep Patterns and Depression in Mothers and Fathers of Twins The demands of early parenthood and their impact on the ability to obtain rest and sleep are exponentially high for parents ..
  66. Tracking Air Pollutants and Newborn Health in Houston, Texas
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..200,000 births occurring in Harris County between 2005-07, including 49,600 births to foreign-born Hispanic mothers, 32,600 births to U.S...
  67. Surfaces designed for the quantification of long-chain fatty acids
    STEVEN MEYERS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Despite the importance of breastfeeding, more than 88% of mothers stop exclusive breastfeeding before their babies reach six months of age...
  68. Decision-Making about Childhood HPV Vaccination among Low SES Mothers
    TIFFANY FLOYD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the sexual activity, the present study explores decision-making regarding childhood HPV vaccination among low SES mothers of girl 9 to 17 years of age...
  69. Oral Health of Latino and Ethiopian Children and Their Mothers
    Olivia Carter Pokras; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and barriers and facilitators for dental care services utilization among Latino and Ethiopian children and their mothers. There are four main aims of this project: 1) Identify knowledge, attitudes and behaviors relating to oral health ..
  70. Maternal and Infant Health and HAART Outcomes in the Mashi PMTCT Study, Botswana
    Shahin Lockman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Short-course zidovudine (ZDV) was provided to mothers during pregnancy and to all infants for one month;mothers and infants were also randomized to receive single-dose ..
  71. MOTOR-Maternal Oral Therapy to Reduce Obstetric Risk
    STEVEN NMN OFFENBACHER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..1(CI95%:1.12, 4.09)and OR=4.2 for GA<28 weeks (CI95%: 1.42,12.6)] and decreased fetal weight [e.g. among mothers with births of GA between 35-37 weeks, those with periodontal disease (4+ sites with 5+mm PD and 2+mm AL) have ..
  72. Functional Neuroanatomy of Maternal & Paternal Behavior
    JEFFREY LORBERBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Thus far, we have analyzed results of 3 functional MRI (fMRI) studies in 4, 10, and 40 mothers listening to infant cries, the first two with standard cries minus non-cry control sounds (Lorberbaum et al 1999,..
  73. Effectiveness of Hospital-Based Program for Vaccination of Birth Mothers and Hous
    Sylvia Yeh; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..However, data reveal that only 13 percent of mothers of newborns report receiving influenza vaccine and limited data for uptake of Tdap in birth mothers are available...
  74. Child Care Resources in Low-income Families
    REBEKAH COLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..communities, and of the implications of child care experiences for the health and well-being of children and mothers. The passage of welfare reform and related social policy and economic changes in the late 1990's led to a ..
  75. Interparental Relationships, Parental Psychological Distress, & Child Development
    LAUREN PAPP; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the developmental course of intimate relationship functioning and psychological distress among fathers and mothers, and to examine the pathways through which parents'relationship functioning and psychological distress ..
  76. Cancer In the Jerusalem Perinatal Study
    Susan Harlap; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The Jerusalem Perinatal Study is a population-based cohort of mothers, fathers and their 92,408 offspring born in 1964-76...
  77. BREASTFEEDING SERVICES FOR LBW INFANTS-OUTCOMES AND COST
    Linda Brown; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..While increasing the frequency and duration of breastfeeding is a national priority, only 35% of mothers who deliver LBW infants initiate breastfeeding and of these, less than 50% sustain breastfeeding beyond infant ..
  78. Systems of Care for New Moms: Integrating Depression Treatment
    Luis H Zayas; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provide an opportunity to efficiently increase access to depression treatment for low income disadvantaged mothers. This study explores the co-location of depression treatment (Problem Solving Therapy) within nurse home ..
  79. Race/Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status and Oral Health
    David Grembowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..composition (differences in people) and context (differences in places where people live) effects on low-income mothers' perceptions of oral health and their children's oral health...
  80. CARE Intervention for Depressed Mothers & Their Infants
    JUNE HOROWITZ; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..by applicant): Postpartum depression, (PPD), a commonly experienced childbirth complication, jeopardizes mothers' ability to interact responsively with their infants...
  81. AN FMRI STUDY OF HEALTHY MOTHERS HEARING INFANT CRIES
    JEFFREY LORBERBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..e. neglect). Some data suggest that mothers who maltreat their children may have different psychophysiological responses to infant cries...
  82. Maternal behavior among Puerto Rican adolescent mothers
    JOSEFINA GRAU; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Remarkably little is known about factors related to parenting and child outcomes among Latina adolescent mothers. Understanding these factors is critical in light of the fact that the birth rate for Latino youth is ..
  83. Reducing Risk for Children of Mexican Immigrant Mothers: Adapting a Mother-Child
    Diane McNaughton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Possible: Parents and Kids Who Listen (MP), and (b) assessing its feasibility for use with Mexican immigrant mothers and their 4th 6th grade children for strengthening communication prior to the onset of adolescence...
  84. Family Therapy Development for Incarcerated Mothers with Substance Use Disorders
    MALITTA V ENGSTROM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Research has also begun to demonstrate that interventions with incarcerated mothers and their children yield positive psychosocial outcomes, including reduced re-incarceration, but only one known ..