Summary: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Cohort Profile: the 'children of the 90s'--the index offspring of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Andy Boyd
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:111-27. 2013
  2. pmc Cohort Profile: the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children: ALSPAC mothers cohort
    Abigail Fraser
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:97-110. 2013
  3. ncbi PedsQL 4.0: reliability and validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4.0 generic core scales in healthy and patient populations
    J W Varni
    Center for Child Health Outcomes, Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Med Care 39:800-12. 2001
  4. pmc Home environment relationships with children's physical activity, sedentary time, and screen time by socioeconomic status
    Pooja S Tandon
    Seattle Children s Research Institute, M S CW8 6, P, O, Box 5371, Seattle, WA 98145 5005, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:88. 2012
  5. ncbi Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: a measure of parental attitudes, beliefs and practices about child feeding and obesity proneness
    L L Birch
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies and Graduate Program in Nutrition, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Appetite 36:201-10. 2001
  6. ncbi Cardiovascular and diabetes mortality determined by nutrition during parents' and grandparents' slow growth period
    G Kaati
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Social Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Eur J Hum Genet 10:682-8. 2002
  7. ncbi Randomised clinical trial of a family-based lifestyle intervention for childhood obesity involving parents as the exclusive agents of change
    Felicity West
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Behav Res Ther 48:1170-9. 2010
  8. ncbi Preventing heavy alcohol use in adolescents (PAS): cluster randomized trial of a parent and student intervention offered separately and simultaneously
    Ina M Koning
    Trimbos Institute, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Addiction 104:1669-78. 2009
  9. ncbi Parents are key players in the prevention and treatment of weight-related problems
    Moria Golan
    School of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
    Nutr Rev 62:39-50. 2004
  10. pmc Developing a new self-reported scale of oral health outcomes for 5-year-old children (SOHO-5)
    Georgios Tsakos
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London, UK
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 10:62. 2012

Detail Information

Publications329 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Cohort Profile: the 'children of the 90s'--the index offspring of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children
    Andy Boyd
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:111-27. 2013
    The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) is a transgenerational prospective observational study investigating influences on health and development across the life course...
  2. pmc Cohort Profile: the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children: ALSPAC mothers cohort
    Abigail Fraser
    MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology, University of Bristol, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 42:97-110. 2013
    Summary The Avon Longitudinal Study of Children and Parents (ALSPAC) was established to understand how genetic and environmental characteristics influence health and development in parents and children...
  3. ncbi PedsQL 4.0: reliability and validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4.0 generic core scales in healthy and patient populations
    J W Varni
    Center for Child Health Outcomes, Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Med Care 39:800-12. 2001
    ..The PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales consist of 23 items applicable for healthy school and community populations, as well as pediatric populations with acute and chronic health conditions...
  4. pmc Home environment relationships with children's physical activity, sedentary time, and screen time by socioeconomic status
    Pooja S Tandon
    Seattle Children s Research Institute, M S CW8 6, P, O, Box 5371, Seattle, WA 98145 5005, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:88. 2012
    ..We aimed to determine if home physical activity (PA) environments differed by SES and to explore home environment mediators of the relation of family SES to children's PA and sedentary behavior...
  5. ncbi Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: a measure of parental attitudes, beliefs and practices about child feeding and obesity proneness
    L L Birch
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies and Graduate Program in Nutrition, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Appetite 36:201-10. 2001
    ..The CFQ is designed for use with parents of children ranging in age from about 2 to 11 years of age.
  6. ncbi Cardiovascular and diabetes mortality determined by nutrition during parents' and grandparents' slow growth period
    G Kaati
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Social Medicine, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Eur J Hum Genet 10:682-8. 2002
    ..The parents' or grandparents' access to food during their SGP was determined by referring to historical data on harvests and ..
  7. ncbi Randomised clinical trial of a family-based lifestyle intervention for childhood obesity involving parents as the exclusive agents of change
    Felicity West
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Behav Res Ther 48:1170-9. 2010
    Parent-centred interventions for childhood obesity aim to improve parents' skills and confidence in managing children's dietary and activity patterns, and in promoting a healthy lifestyle in their family...
  8. ncbi Preventing heavy alcohol use in adolescents (PAS): cluster randomized trial of a parent and student intervention offered separately and simultaneously
    Ina M Koning
    Trimbos Institute, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Addiction 104:1669-78. 2009
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of two preventive interventions to reduce heavy drinking in first- and second-year high school students...
  9. ncbi Parents are key players in the prevention and treatment of weight-related problems
    Moria Golan
    School of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
    Nutr Rev 62:39-50. 2004
    ..Because parents provide a child's contextual environment, they should be considered key players in interventions aimed at ..
  10. pmc Developing a new self-reported scale of oral health outcomes for 5-year-old children (SOHO-5)
    Georgios Tsakos
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London, UK
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 10:62. 2012
    ..This study aimed to develop and assess the reliability and validity of a new self-reported oral health related quality of life measure, the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old children (SOHO-5), in the UK...
  11. ncbi General parenting, childhood overweight and obesity-inducing behaviors: a review
    Ester F C Sleddens
    Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Pediatr Obes 6:e12-27. 2011
    Despite emerging efforts to investigate the influence parents have on their children's weight status and related dietary and activity behaviors, reviews regarding the role of general parenting are lacking...
  12. ncbi Parental perceptions regarding healthy behaviours for preventing overweight and obesity in young children: a systematic review of qualitative studies
    M Pocock
    East and North Hertfordshire Primary Care Trust, Baldock Health Centre, Park Drive, Baldock, Hertfordshire SG7 6EN, UK
    Obes Rev 11:338-53. 2010
    ..Although parents suggested several ideas to promote healthy child weight-related behaviours, many of their views concerned ..
  13. pmc A meta-analytic review of obesity prevention programs for children and adolescents: the skinny on interventions that work
    Eric Stice
    Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:667-91. 2006
    ..Other factors, including mandated improvements in diet and exercise, sedentary behavior reduction, delivery by trained interventionists, and parental involvement, were not associated with significantly larger effects...
  14. ncbi Differences in weight status and energy-balance related behaviours according to ethnic background among adolescents in seven countries in Europe: the ENERGY-project
    J Brug
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Pediatr Obes 7:399-411. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to explore differences in weight status and energy balance behaviours according to ethnic background among adolescents across Europe...
  15. ncbi Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents: a systematic review
    Natalie Pearson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Public Health Nutr 12:267-83. 2009
    ..To review associations between the family environment and young people's fruit and vegetable consumption...
  16. ncbi Health-related quality of life of overweight and obese children
    Joanne Williams
    Centre for Community Child Health, Royal Children s Hospital and Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia
    JAMA 293:70-6. 2005
    ..The negative effects of childhood overweight and obesity on quality of life (QOL) have been shown in clinical samples but not yet in population-based community samples...
  17. ncbi Where do children usually play? A qualitative study of parents' perceptions of influences on children's active free-play
    Jenny Veitch
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
    Health Place 12:383-93. 2006
    This study explored the perceptions of 78 parents from low, mid and high socio-economic areas in Melbourne, Australia to increase understanding of where children play and why...
  18. ncbi A parent-report measure of children's anxiety: psychometric properties and comparison with child-report in a clinic and normal sample
    Maaike H Nauta
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Behav Res Ther 42:813-39. 2004
    ..examined the psychometric properties of the parent version of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS-P); 484 parents of anxiety disordered children and 261 parents in a normal control group participated in the study...
  19. ncbi Predicting obesity in early adulthood from childhood and parental obesity
    A M Magarey
    Nutrition Unit, School of Medicine, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27:505-13. 2003
  20. pmc Measuring adolescents' HRQoL via self reports and parent proxy reports: an evaluation of the psychometric properties of both versions of the KINDL-R instrument
    Michael Erhart
    Child Public Health, Department of Psychosomatics in Children and Adolescents, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistr, 52, D 20246 Hamburg, Germany
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 7:77. 2009 assess children's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) based on self reports as well as proxy reports from parents. Previous studies have found only low-to-moderate agreement between self and proxy reports, but few studies have ..
  21. ncbi Accuracy of teen and parental reports of obesity and body mass index
    E Goodman
    Division of Adolescent Young Adult Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 106:52-8. 2000
  22. ncbi Parental overweight, socioeconomic status and high birth weight are the major determinants of overweight and obesity in 5-7 y-old children: baseline data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS)
    S Danielzik
    Institut fur Humanernahrung und Lebensmittelkunde, Christian Albrechts Universitat zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1494-502. 2004
    ..To identify the major risk factors of overweight and obesity in prepubertal children...
  23. ncbi Can parents rate their child's health-related quality of life? Results of a systematic review
    C Eiser
    Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, UK
    Qual Life Res 10:347-57. 2001 determine the relationship between ratings of children's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) made by parents and children. This was investigated in relation to four questions: is agreement greater for some domains (e.g...
  24. pmc Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity
    Chris J Riddoch
    Sport and Exercise Science, School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:963-9. 2007
    To measure the levels and patterns of physical activity, using accelerometers, of 11-year-old children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC).
  25. pmc Parental smoking and adolescent smoking initiation: an intergenerational perspective on tobacco control
    Stephen E Gilman
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 123:e274-81. 2009
    ..This study investigates unresolved issues concerning the strength and nature of the association between parent smoking and offspring smoking initiation...
  26. ncbi The PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales: sensitivity, responsiveness, and impact on clinical decision-making
    James W Varni
    Center for Child Health Outcomes, Children s Hospital and Health Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, USA
    J Behav Med 25:175-93. 2002
    ..0 Generic Core Scales (Physical, Emotional, Social, School) were administered to 209 children and 269 parents (289 subjects accrued overall) recruited from pediatric cardiology, orthopedics, and rheumatology clinics...
  27. pmc Parenthood, information and support on the internet. A literature review of research on parents and professionals online
    Lars Plantin
    Department of Social Work, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
    BMC Fam Pract 10:34. 2009
    The aim of this article was to address questions on how parents use the internet to find information and support regarding children, health and family life...
  28. ncbi Influences on child fruit and vegetable intake: sociodemographic, parental and child factors in a longitudinal cohort study
    Louise R Jones
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Public Health Nutr 13:1122-30. 2010
    ..To examine the sociodemographic, parental and child factors that predict fruit and vegetable consumption in 7-year-old children...
  29. ncbi Fever phobia revisited: have parental misconceptions about fever changed in 20 years?
    M Crocetti
    Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Pediatrics 107:1241-6. 2001
    Fever is one of the most common reasons that parents seek medical attention for their children. Parental concerns arise in part because of the belief that fever is a disease rather than a symptom or sign of illness...
  30. ncbi Dose response association of pregnancy cigarette smoke exposure, childhood stature, overweight and obesity
    Gibby Koshy
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Eur J Public Health 21:286-91. 2011
    ..The combined dose response effects of pregnancy cigarette smoke exposure on childhood overweight, obesity and short stature have not been reported...
  31. ncbi Infant zygosity can be assigned by parental report questionnaire data
    T S Price
    Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
    Twin Res 3:129-33. 2000
    ..The results validate the use of parental report questionnaire data to determine zygosity in infancy...
  32. ncbi Where are youth active? Roles of proximity, active transport, and built environment
    Helene Mollie Grow
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195 4920, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:2071-9. 2008
    ..This study examined factors related to two sources of physical activity for youth: active use of recreation sites and active transport to recreation sites...
  33. pmc Parental perceptions of children's oral health: the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS)
    Bhavna Talekar Pahel
    Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 5:6. 2007
    ..The objective of this research was to develop the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) to measure the OHRQL of preschool children and their families...
  34. ncbi Expanding the concept of parental control: a role for overt and covert control in children's snacking behaviour?
    Jane Ogden
    Department of Psychology, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Appetite 47:100-6. 2006
    ..In study 1, 297 parents of children aged between 4 and 11 completed a measure of overt control and covert control alongside ratings of ..
  35. ncbi Pediatricians' attitudes toward randomized controlled trials involving children
    Patrina H Y Caldwell
    Centre for Kidney Research, The Children s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia
    J Pediatr 141:798-803. 2002
    ..To examine pediatricians' attitudes toward children's participation in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and identify possible barriers to participation...
  36. pmc Parental smoking and children's respiratory health: independent effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure
    Sam Pattenden
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Tob Control 15:294-301. 2006
    ..We investigate this in a pooled analysis, on 53,879 children from 12 cross-sectional studies--components of the PATY study (Pollution And The Young)...
  37. ncbi Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviors
    Mary Story
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:S40-51. 2002
  38. pmc Factors related to objectively measured physical activity in preschool children
    Karin A Pfeiffer
    Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Pediatr Exerc Sci 21:196-208. 2009
    ..The NSA model included the latter two variables, explaining 35% of the variance. Demographic factors were correlates of PA; parent perceptions of children's...
  39. ncbi Development of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire
    J Wardle
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:963-70. 2001
    ..derived both from the existing literature on eating behaviour in children and adults, and from interviews with parents. They included responsiveness to food, enjoyment of food, satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating...
  40. pmc Communicating with parents about vaccination: a framework for health professionals
    Julie Leask
    School of Public Health, and Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health University of Sydney and National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance, The Children s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia
    BMC Pediatr 12:154. 2012
    ..An effective interaction can address the concerns of vaccine supportive parents and motivate a hesitant parent towards vaccine acceptance...
  41. ncbi Parental perceptions of their child's overweight: an integrative review of the literature
    Nichole Towns
    Piedmont Pediatric Clinic, Concord, NC, USA
    J Pediatr Nurs 24:115-30. 2009
    ..Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria for the study. Parents of overweight children underestimate their child's weight status or are not concerned about the risks associated ..
  42. ncbi Factors that are associated with parental acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccines: a randomized intervention study of written information about HPV
    Amanda F Dempsey
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Pediatrics 117:1486-93. 2006
    ..of this study were (1) to determine the overall acceptance of HPV vaccines for preadolescent children by parents, (2) to evaluate the influence of written educational information about HPV on parental acceptability of HPV ..
  43. ncbi Intergenerational transmission of overweight among Finnish adolescents and their parents: a 16-year follow-up study
    A Jaaskelainen
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:1289-94. 2011
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the associations of parental pre-pregnancy BMI, weight change, BMI and BMI class transition 16 years after pregnancy with the BMI of their 16-year-old children...
  44. ncbi Assessing the effectiveness of a community-based sensitization strategy in creating awareness about HPV, cervical cancer and HPV vaccine among parents in North West Cameroon
    Richard G Wamai
    Department of African American Studies, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA
    J Community Health 37:917-26. 2012
    ..We evaluated the effectiveness of the CBCHS campaign program in sensitizing parents/guardians to encourage HPV vaccine uptake, identified factors that influence parents' decisions to vaccinate ..
  45. ncbi Influencing factors of screen time in preschool children: an exploration of parents' perceptions through focus groups in six European countries
    E de Decker
    Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Obes Rev 13:75-84. 2012
    ..This study aimed to explore parents' perceptions of their preschool children's screen time...
  46. pmc Barriers to successful recruitment of parents of overweight children for an obesity prevention intervention: a qualitative study among youth health care professionals
    Sanne M P L Gerards
    Department of Health Promotion, and NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    BMC Fam Pract 13:37. 2012
    ..The goal of this study was to identify barriers that Dutch youth health care (YHC) professionals perceive when referring parents of overweight children to an obesity prevention intervention.
  47. ncbi Provision of Kangaroo Mother Care: supportive factors and barriers perceived by parents
    Ylva Thernström Blomqvist
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Scand J Caring Sci 27:345-53. 2013
    Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) supports parents' role at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
  48. ncbi Parents' perceptions of their child's weight and health
    Kathryn C Eckstein
    University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Medicine, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Pediatrics 117:681-90. 2006
    This study explored parents' perceptions about their child's appearance and health and evaluated a tool to determine parents' visual perception of their child's weight.
  49. ncbi Parents' health beliefs and HPV vaccination of their adolescent daughters
    Paul L Reiter
    Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:475-80. 2009
    ..In 2007, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 889 parents of adolescent girls aged 10-18 living in areas of North Carolina, USA with high cervical cancer rates...
  50. ncbi The relationship of ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, and overweight in US adolescents
    Penny Gordon-Larsen
    University of North Carolina, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Obes Res 11:121-9. 2003
    ..To examine the extent to which race/ethnic differences in income and education account for sex-specific disparities in overweight prevalence in white, African American, Hispanic, and Asian U.S. teens...
  51. pmc Acceptance patterns and decision-making for human papillomavirus vaccination among parents in Vietnam: an in-depth qualitative study post-vaccination
    Jane K Cover
    PATH, 2201 Westlake Avenue, Seattle, WA, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:629. 2012
    ..In this paper, we present findings from qualitative research on parents' rationales for vaccinating or not vaccinating their daughters (vaccine acceptance) and their decision-making ..
  52. pmc Perceptions of healthy eating and physical activity in an ethnically diverse sample of young children and their parents: the DEAL prevention of obesity study
    E Rawlins
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 26:132-44. 2013
    ..Barriers to (and facilitators of) healthy lifestyles were examined in the qualitative arm of the London (UK) DiEt and Active Living (DEAL) study...
  53. pmc Parents' views on child physical activity and their implications for physical activity parenting interventions: a qualitative study
    Georgina F Bentley
    Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    BMC Pediatr 12:180. 2012
    Establishing healthy physical activity (PA) behaviours in early childhood is important for future PA behaviours. Parents play a central role in young children's PA...
  54. ncbi Parental and environmental correlates of physical activity of children attending preschool
    Marsha Dowda
    Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly St, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:939-44. 2011
    ..To determine, using a social-cognitive framework and structural equation modeling, if parent-reported family physical activity (PA) variables are related to PA of young children...
  55. pmc Factors influencing agreement between child self-report and parent proxy-reports on the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL) generic core scales
    Joanne Cremeens
    Division of Behavioral Medicine, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 4:58. 2006
    ..two different statistical methods; 2) effect of chronological age and domain type on agreement between children's and parents' reports on the PedsQL; 3) relationship between parents' own well-being and their ratings of their child's QOL.
  56. ncbi Why target early adolescents and parents in alcohol prevention? The mediating effects of self-control, rules and attitudes about alcohol use
    Ina M Koning
    Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Addiction 106:538-46. 2011
    ..To examine the effects of a parent and student intervention offered separately and simultaneously (PAS) on onset of weekly drinking via its putative mediators...
  57. ncbi Systematic review of qualitative studies exploring parental beliefs and attitudes toward childhood vaccination identifies common barriers to vaccination
    Edward Mills
    University of Oxford, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:1081-8. 2005
    ..To determine whether a systematic review of qualitative studies can lead to identification of consistent themes across studies, using barriers toward childhood vaccination as an example...
  58. pmc Parenting intervention in Sure Start services for children at risk of developing conduct disorder: pragmatic randomised controlled trial
    Judy Hutchings
    School of Psychology, University of Wales Bangor, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2DG
    BMJ 334:678. 2007
    To evaluate the effectiveness of a parenting programme as a preventive intervention with parents of preschool children considered to be at risk of developing conduct disorder.
  59. ncbi Psycho-educational interventions for children with chronic disease, parents and siblings: an overview of the research evidence base
    J H Barlow
    Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Health, School of Health and Social Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 30:637-45. 2004
    ..The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the current literature regarding the effectiveness of psycho-educational interventions for children and adolescents with chronic disease, their parents and siblings.
  60. ncbi Decreased quality of life associated with obesity in school-aged children
    Samuel L Friedlander
    Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children s Hospital, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:1206-11. 2003
    ..Design, Setting, and..
  61. ncbi Influence of socio-economic status, parents and peers on smoking behaviour of adolescents
    Andrea Madarasova Geckova
    Kosice Institute for Society and Health, Faculty of Science, P J Safarik University, Kosice, Slovak Republic
    Eur Addict Res 11:204-9. 2005 predicting adolescents' smoking behaviour, a model of the interrelations between socio-economic status, parents', peers' and adolescents' own smoking behaviours was tested. The sample consisted of 2,616 adolescents...
  62. ncbi Tri-ministry study: correlates of school-based parenting course utilization
    C E Cunningham
    Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation, Ontario, Canada
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:928-33. 2000
    ..Most families attributed nonparticipation to busy personal schedules, inconvenient times, and logistical difficulties...
  63. ncbi Acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccination among Californian parents of daughters: a representative statewide analysis
    Norman A Constantine
    Center for Research on Adolescent Health and Development, Public Health Institute, Oakland, California 94607, USA
    J Adolesc Health 40:108-15. 2007
    ..The ultimate goal of this research is to inform policy decisions and educational planning in this area...
  64. ncbi The PedsQL: measurement model for the pediatric quality of life inventory
    J W Varni
    Children s Hospital and Health Center and the Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, 92123, USA
    Med Care 37:126-39. 1999
    ..A practical, validated generic measure of HRQOL facilitates assessing risk, tracking health status, and measuring treatment outcomes in pediatric populations...
  65. pmc A predictive model of Health Related Quality of life of parents of chronically ill children: the importance of care-dependency of their child and their support system
    Janneke Hatzmann
    Psycho Social Department, Emma Children s Hospital, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 7:72. 2009
    b>Parents of chronically ill children are at risk for a lower Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Insight in the dynamics of factors influencing parental HRQoL is necessary for development of interventions...
  66. ncbi Risk factors for childhood overweight: a prospective study from birth to 9.5 years
    W Stewart Agras
    Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5733, USA
    J Pediatr 145:20-5. 2004
    ..To ascertain risk factors for the development of overweight in children at 9.5 years of age...
  67. pmc Descriptive study on parents' knowledge, attitudes and practices on antibiotic use and misuse in children with upper respiratory tract infections in Cyprus
    Andreas Rousounidis
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, 22 Papakyriazi Street, Larissa 41222, Greece
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:3246-62. 2011
    ..A survey was conducted in Cyprus in 2006 to assess parents' and pediatricians' Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) concerning the role of antibiotics in children with ..
  68. ncbi Choosing not to immunize: are parents making informed decisions?
    R K Sporton
    Pharmacy Department, Lister Hospital, East and North Herts NHS Trust, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, UK
    Fam Pract 18:181-8. 2001
    ..Unlike other countries, the immunization programme is not compulsory in the UK, and the decision whether to immunize a child or not is parental...
  69. ncbi A pilot survey of socio-economic differences in child-feeding behaviours among parents of primary-school children
    Heather R Clark
    Public Health Section, School of Health and Related Research ScHARR, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, 30 Regent Street, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK
    Public Health Nutr 11:1030-6. 2008
    b>Parents food choices and weight, but little is known about the social class distribution of parent self-reported child-feeding behaviours in two socio-economically contrasting areas.
  70. ncbi Changes in parent-assessed oral health-related quality of life among young children following dental treatment under general anaesthetic
    P E Malden
    Capital and Coast District Health Board, Wellington, New Zealand
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 36:108-17. 2008
  71. ncbi Physically active families - de-bunking the myth? A qualitative study of family participation in physical activity
    Janice L Thompson
    Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 36:265-74. 2010
    ..This study examined the types of activities (physical and sedentary) engaged in as a family and explored parents' perceptions of the importance, frequency, nature and barriers to family physical activity.
  72. ncbi Parents' accounts of obtaining a diagnosis of childhood cancer
    M Dixon-Woods
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Leicester, UK
    Lancet 357:670-4. 2001
    ..However, the process of arriving at a diagnosis of childhood cancer has been neglected in comparison with the attention given to cancers in adults. We investigated parents' narratives about the period before their child's diagnosis.
  73. ncbi Use of traditional Chinese medicine in Singapore children: perceptions of parents and paediatricians
    C H Loh
    Medical School, Brookfield Health Sciences Complex, University College Cork, College Road, Cork, Ireland
    Singapore Med J 50:1162-8. 2009
    ..These are assessed in another arm of this study, with a set of predictive characteristics for their personal TCM use, their perceptions of herb/acupuncture safety, and their own referral to TCM eventually determined...
  74. ncbi Overweight and waist circumference among Norwegian 11-year-olds and associations with reported parental overweight and waist circumference: The HEIA study
    M Bjelland
    Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 38:19-27. 2010
  75. ncbi Parents as the exclusive agents of change in the treatment of childhood obesity
    M Golan
    Adolescent Department, Geha Psychiatric Hospital, Israel
    Am J Clin Nutr 67:1130-5. 1998
    ..Excessive weight in childhood is a serious public health concern because of its costly health consequences and its increasing prevalence...
  76. ncbi Influences on parents' fever management: beliefs, experiences and information sources
    Anne Walsh
    School of Nursing, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    J Clin Nurs 16:2331-40. 2007
    To identify parents' knowledge, beliefs, management and sources of information about fever management.
  77. ncbi Determinants of Dutch parents' decisions to vaccinate their child
    T G W Paulussen
    TNO Prevention and Health, P O Box 2215, 2301 CE Leiden, The Netherlands
    Vaccine 24:644-51. 2006
    This study examines the factors that influence parents' decisions to have their children vaccinated under the Dutch National Immunisation Programme. A computer questionnaire was sent to 500 parents in 1999 (the response rate was 98.2%)...
  78. ncbi Parental beliefs and decision making about child and adolescent immunization: from polio to sexually transmitted infections
    Lynne A Sturm
    Riley Child Development Center, School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis 46202 5200, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 26:441-52. 2005
    ..the past 150 years, innovations in immunization practices have dramatically improved the health of children, and parents are increasingly asked to consider and accept new childhood vaccines...
  79. ncbi Reducing premature infants' length of stay and improving parents' mental health outcomes with the Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment (COPE) neonatal intensive care unit program: a randomized, controlled trial
    Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
    Arizona State University College of Nursing and Healthcare Innovation, 500 N 3rd St, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e1414-27. 2006
    Although low birth weight premature infants and parents are at high risk for adverse health outcomes, there is a paucity of studies that test early NICU interventions with parents to prevent the development of negative parent-infant ..
  80. ncbi Comparing maternal and paternal intergenerational transmission of obesity risk in a large population-based sample
    Katriina L Whitaker
    Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1560-7. 2010
    Previous research showed childhood obesity to be more strongly associated with maternal weight than with paternal weight. However, confidence in this finding is limited by the lack of objectively measured data from both parents.
  81. ncbi The evolution of family-centered care
    Jeremy Jolley
    Faculty of Health and Social Care, University of Hull, England
    J Pediatr Nurs 24:164-70. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is to explore the history of family-centered care (FCC)...
  82. pmc Patient and parent views on a Web 2.0 Diabetes Portal--the management tool, the generator, and the gatekeeper: qualitative study
    Sam Nordfeldt
    Center for Medical Technology Assessment, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    J Med Internet Res 12:e17. 2010
    ..Although Web 2.0 resources can provide this support, few pediatric clinics offer it as part of routine diabetes care...
  83. ncbi Multiple risk expert systems interventions: impact of simultaneous stage-matched expert system interventions for smoking, high-fat diet, and sun exposure in a population of parents
    James O Prochaska
    Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 0808, USA
    Health Psychol 23:503-16. 2004
    ..system interventions for smoking, high-fat diet, and unsafe sun exposure were evaluated in a sample of 2,460 parents of teenagers...
  84. ncbi Parental traumatic stress during and after paediatric cancer treatment
    Annika Lindahl Norberg
    Childhood Cancer Research Unit, Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Oncol 44:382-8. 2005
    The objective was to cross-sectionally compare parents of children during (n = 175) and after (n = 238) cancer treatment regarding traumatic stress (intrusion, avoidance, arousal)...
  85. ncbi Parental smoking and childhood obesity--is maternal smoking in pregnancy the critical exposure?
    Rudiger Von Kries
    Institute of Social Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Ludwig Maximilian University, Heiglhofstr 63, 81337 Munich, Germany
    Int J Epidemiol 37:210-6. 2008
    ..Is the relation to paternal smoking consistent? Does it explain the effect of maternal smoking before or in pregnancy?..
  86. ncbi Interventions that involve parents to improve children's weight-related nutrition intake and activity patterns - what nutrition and activity targets and behaviour change techniques are associated with intervention effectiveness?
    R K Golley
    CSIRO Food and Nutritional Sciences, The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Adelaide, Australia
    Obes Rev 12:114-30. 2011
    Parent involvement is an important component of obesity prevention interventions. However, the best way to support parents remains unclear...
  87. ncbi Factors associated with parental readiness to make changes for overweight children
    Kyung E Rhee
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    Pediatrics 116:e94-101. 2005
    ..Parental involvement in this effort is important. Currently, little is known about parents' readiness to make behavior changes to help their children lose weight...
  88. ncbi Why do kids eat healthful food? Perceived benefits of and barriers to healthful eating and physical activity among children and adolescents
    Jennifer A O'Dea
    Department of Education, University of Sydney, Australia
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:497-501. 2003
    ..Suggested strategies for overcoming barriers included support from parents and school staff, better planning, time management, self-motivation, education, restructuring the physical ..
  89. ncbi Active commuting to school: Associations with environment and parental concerns
    Jacqueline Kerr
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:787-94. 2006
  90. pmc Socioeconomic determinants of health related quality of life in childhood and adolescence: results from a European study
    Ursula von Rueden
    Robert Koch Institute, Seestr 10, D 13353 Berlin, Germany
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:130-5. 2006
    ..The European KIDSCREEN project aims at simultaneous developing, testing, and implementing a generic HRQoL instrument...
  91. pmc Parent and child physical activity and sedentary time: do active parents foster active children?
    Russell Jago
    Department of Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, Centre for Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TP, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:194. 2010
    ..Many children do not meet physical activity recommendations and exceed TV viewing guidelines. Parents are likely to be an important influence on their children's behaviour...
  92. pmc High 5 for Kids: the impact of a home visiting program on fruit and vegetable intake of parents and their preschool children
    Debra Haire-Joshu
    Department of Community Health, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    Prev Med 47:77-82. 2008
    The High 5 for Preschool Kids (H5-KIDS) program tested the effectiveness of a home based intervention to teach parents how to ensure a positive fruit-vegetable (FV) environment for their preschool child, and to examine whether changes in ..
  93. ncbi Targeting parents exclusively in the treatment of childhood obesity: long-term results
    Moria Golan
    School of Nutritional Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
    Obes Res 12:357-61. 2004
    To report the long-term change in children's overweight following a family-based health-centered approach where only parents were targeted compared with a control intervention where only children were targeted.
  94. ncbi Clinical trials in children
    Patrina H Y Caldwell
    Centre for Kidney Research, The Children s Hospital at Westmead, New South Wales, Australia
    Lancet 364:803-11. 2004
    ..are uncommon in children, and the threshold for gaining consent is often higher and more complex because parents have to make decisions about trial participation on behalf of their child...
  95. ncbi Parents' and friends' smoking status as predictors of smoking onset: findings from six European countries
    Hein de Vries
    Department of Health Education and Promotion, Maastricht University, PA Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Health Educ Res 18:627-36. 2003
    This study assessed the relationship between the smoking behavior of adolescents and the smoking status of their parents and friends among adolescents from six European countries...
  96. ncbi Interventions addressing general parenting to prevent or treat childhood obesity
    Sanne M P L Gerards
    Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Pediatr Obes 6:e28-45. 2011
    ..These interventions provide evidence that the promotion of authoritative parenting is an effective strategy for the prevention and management of childhood obesity...
  97. pmc Peer victimization as reported by children, teachers, and parents in relation to children's health symptoms
    Audhild Løhre
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    BMC Public Health 11:278. 2011
    ..We have assessed the prevalence of children's health symptoms according to whether peer victimization was reported by the children, by their teachers, or by their parents.
  98. pmc Communication about children's clinical trials as observed and experienced: qualitative study of parents and practitioners
    Valerie Shilling
    Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e21604. 2011
    Recruiting children to clinical trials is perceived to be challenging. To identify ways to optimise recruitment and its conduct, we compared how parents and practitioners described their experiences of recruitment to clinical trials.
  99. ncbi The role of parents in pre-adolescent and adolescent overweight and obesity treatment: a systematic review of clinical recommendations
    V A Shrewsbury
    University of Sydney Clinical School, The Children s Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, Australia
    Obes Rev 12:759-69. 2011
    The study aims to describe clinical recommendations (i) on the role of parents in both pre-adolescent and adolescent overweight and obesity treatment; (ii) to health professionals on how to involve parents in paediatric overweight and ..
  100. ncbi Parental disconnect between perceived and actual weight status of children: a metasynthesis of the current research
    Jessica Doolen
    Department of Physiologic Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
    J Am Acad Nurse Pract 21:160-6. 2009
    ..The purpose of this article was to review the current research literature on parental perceptions about their children's weight...
  101. ncbi Hypomethylation and genome instability in the germline of exposed parents and their progeny is associated with altered miRNA expression
    Jody N Filkowski
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada T1K 3M4
    Carcinogenesis 31:1110-5. 2010
    ..the disruption of DNA methylation and microRNA expression status in the germline and progeny of exposed parents. We have found that paternal irradiation leads to upregulation of the miR-29 family in the exposed male germline, ..

Research Grants82

    Leonid Gavrilov; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..on grandsons' longevity; (4) to check the prediction of the parental support hypothesis that for longer lived parents the parental age effects will be less expressed...
  2. Parental age at birth and risk of adult-onset cancer in female offspring
    Yani Lu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The long-term goal of the research is to explore biomarkers that link parental age and cancer risk to clarify etiology, and thus provide potential targets for prevention. ..
  3. Gene-Environment Interactions in an Autism Birth Cohort
    W Ian Lipkin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..ABC is the only large cohort wherein information and samples are collected from all children and both of their parents prior to, and independent of, diagnosis and severity of disease...
  4. The Role of Germline Mutation and Parental Age in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Jonathan Sebat; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will identify genes that confer significant risk for autism, and we will determine how intrinsic properties of the genome interact with extrinsic forces to determining risk for disease in offspring. ..
  5. Linking Cessation &Prevention to Stop Intergenerational Transmission of Smoking
    Christine Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..An evidence-based parenting program for child smoking prevention will be disseminated to parents who smoke as they initiate use of evidence-based telephone (Quitline) smoking cessation services...
  6. Early Stress and Suicidal Behavior
    QUETZAL ATHENA CLASS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Findings from the current project will provide information to improve prevention programs and increase our understanding of the etiology of suicidal behavior. ..
  7. Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Increased Autism Risk
    PETER SHAWN BEARMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project has the potential to make significant contributions to our understanding of the etiology of autism as well as the long-term outcomes of ART births, neither of which are well understood. ..
  8. Parental Age and Schizophrenia Susceptibility
    Roel A Ophoff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Michael Melnick; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..In addition, this study will provide answers to questions about CL+-P etiology in all races and should raise new ones to be studied at a later date, particularly regarding genetic heterogeneity and developmental instability...
  10. Investigation into meta-parenting
    GEORGE HOLDEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In turn, this construct should help investigators better understand parenting social cognition processes, child-rearing behavior, and the nature of effective parenting. ..
    Hongyu Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..of available materials, unknown stage of origin of nondisjunction error, uninformative matings, and missing parents. Built on our previous studies on the crossover process, ordered tetrads, and half-tetrads, we will develop ..
  12. Life Support Decisions for Extremely Premature Infants
    Karen Kavanaugh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Many experts advocate for involving parents in life support treatment decisions because of the high mortality and morbidity for extremely premature infants, ..
    David Kanouse; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Internet Stepparent Training for Parents of Adolescents
    A Irvine; Fiscal Year: 2003
    This research will develop an interactive multi-media program to teach behavioral parenting skills to parents and partners in divorced families with adolescents...
  15. Internet Stepparent Training for Parent of Adolescents
    VICKY GLENZER GELATT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    This project will develop an interactive multimedia Web site program to teach behavioral parenting skills to parents and partners in divorced families with adolescents...
    MICHAEL RENDALL; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..the analysis of the roles of both fertility (within-union and out-of union) and living arrangements --- between parents (whether the child is born into a two parent family and how long the two-parent family stays intact) and between ..
  17. Course of psychopathology in female youth: Analysis with extant longitudinal data
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Collaborative Pediatric Bipolar Disorder Conference
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..While the proposed conference does not intend to solve all outstanding problems associated with pediatric bipolar disorder, it will provide a forum to begin formulating a solution. ..
  19. Adult Outcome of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..For these reasons, we expect the proposed work to clarify the course and outcome of ADHD. ..
  20. HSCT-CHESS to Enhance Hematopoietic Transplant Recovery
    Susan Kenyon Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..process, care shifts back from the transplant center to the child's home and local treatment center with the parents assuming the primary responsibility for the child's care...
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Since there are estimated to be 3.5 million children with ADHD and 20% have been shown to be smokers, targeting this group could potentially impact 700,000 children and adolescents. ..
    Joseph Biederman; Fiscal Year: 2002
  23. Sensible Treatment of Obesity in Rural Youth- STORY
    David Janicke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Behavioral family-based interventions including both children and parents have been successful in producing weight loss in children...
  24. Female Anti-Problem Drinking Group & Campus Initiatives
    Joseph LaBrie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Campus awareness will increase and campus culture will be changed. Evaluation/analysis plan is included. ..
  25. A Longitudinal Study of Health Risk Behavior in Youth
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Developing Health Behaviors in Middle Adolescence
    DONNA LYNN REW; Fiscal Year: 2010 will be used to collect data from an accessible, multi-ethnic sample of 1186 adolescents and their parents residing in central Texas...
  27. A Theater-Based Obesity Prevention Program for Children
    Dianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..However, parents provide a major source of influence for their children, and empirical findings suggest that family level ..
  28. Project F-EAT: Families and Eating and Activity in Teens
    Dianne R Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Parents or other caregivers of 2400 ethnically and socio-economically diverse adolescents from Minneapolis/St...
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The expected outcome is an effective, brief intervention for promoting sexual health that can be delivered to homeless adolescents in an unsheltered environment. ..
  30. Developing School Based Treatment of ADHD Adolescents
    Steven Evans; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results of this study will provide effect size data needed to project sample size for our clinical trial as well as generate hypotheses regarding treatment moderators and mediators. ..
  31. D-Cycloserine Augmentation of Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    Eric Storch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such agents may have utility in improving outcome, reducing premature therapy termination, and targeting patients who have been treatment refractory. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. Outcomes of Cx26 Testing in Deaf/Hard of Hearing Adults
    Christina Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2009
  33. Developing Treatment for Older Adolescents with ADHD
    Steven Evans; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..and mediators (medication usage, attendance, adherence, etc.) will be completed to inform future work. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    LAURIE BROTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed follow-up will inform on short-lived versus sustained preventive effects. ..
    Deborah A Ellis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, our initial investigation identified two variables, number of parents in the home and adolescent overweight,that significantly affected study outcomes...
  36. ADHD: Detection and Service Use
    Regina Bussing; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..To achieve Objective 2, experience sampling method (ESM) with eight youth, their parents and teachers will be used to develop themes and questions for 10 focus groups (FG), four for parents, four for ..
    JANET BRODY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..research assent for younger children, who are more cognitively, psychologically, and functionally dependent upon parents, ought to be conceptualized in a qualitatively different manner...
  38. Death in the PICU/NICU: Parent and Family Functioning
    JoAnne M Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Whether sudden or anticipated, whether parents participate in the decision to withhold or withdraw treatment, death of an infant/child is a traumatic event for parents...
  39. Child Weight Status, Physical Activity, and Nutrition
    Brian Saelens; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Home and school environment factors related to their child's weight status will be reported by parents, and parental weight status, early child feeding experiences, and demographics will be obtained...
    JoAnne Youngblut; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..If nursing research and care can facilitate achieving these objectives, burden on health care, educational, and family systems will be reduced. ..
  41. Youth Suicide Prevention: Maintaining Long Term Change
    CAROLE HOOVEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This research should markedly increase our understanding of ways in which youth and family-focused preventive interventions for suicide-vulnerable youth work to curb depression, anger and suicide-risk behaviors. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  42. Understanding Parent Retention in Indicated Prevention
    CAROLE HOOVEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..selected and indicated), but perhaps most challenging and least studied for indicated prevention programs with parents of at-risk teens...
  43. Obesity as a Risk Factor for Adolescent Psychopathology
    Kerri Boutelle; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The overall purpose of these analyses is to evaluate the weight-related etiological risk factors for psychopathology, and to identify intervention opportunities to prevent the development of psychopathology in adolescents. ..
    Lainie Ross; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..OUTCOMES: The major outcomes will be a series of peer-reviewed articles and a full-length book entitled Newborn Genetic Screening: In whose Interest? For whose Benefit? ..
  45. Sedation Management in Pediatric Patients supported on *
    MARTHA CURLEY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results of this pilot study will be used to design a future multi-center randomized controlled clinical trial. ..
  46. Family Clustering of Incidence & Progression of Cataract
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We currently have no funds to support the proposed analyses. We believe this project offers the possibility of examining important hypotheses in a large group of families in a population-based framework. ..
  47. Antecedents of Drug Abuse and Dependence
    Kate Fothergill; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The use of hierarchical regression analyses and multi-level analyses will allow for examination of both the direct and indirect effects of these factors on adult drug abuse and dependence. ..
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
  49. Effectiveness Trial Project SafeCare for Child Neglect
    Mark Chaffin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. PLAY! Parents Lead Active Youth
    Leigh Small; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..intervention on the physical and mental health outcomes of 50 overweight/obese 4-7 year old children and their parents. The overall goal of the PLAY (Parents Leading Active Youth) intervention program is to reduce the risk for ..
  51. Linkage Studies of Quantitative Ocular Traits
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Subsequent follow-up with fine mapping of areas of interest in the genome is planned. ..
    ALAN TAIT; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This proposal is designed to characterize factors that influence adult patients and parents of pediatric patients to consent to participate in clinical anesthesia and surgical research...
    Melbourne Hovell; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Children and their parents will be divided into two groups...
  54. Social Anxiety Disorder and Emotion Regulation
    TODD KASHDAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings could ultimately lead to the development of more effective intervention efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    LAUREN ADAMSON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our focus for the next cycle is on how parents support joint engagement as toddlers become increasingly competent symbol users and how this process is impacted ..
  56. Family Transitions Following the Birth of Sibling
    BRENDA VOLLING; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Exception from informed consent in pediatrics
    Marilyn Morris; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Epidemiology of asthma: risk and prognosis in a cohort from birth to adolescence
    Syed Hasan Arshad; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our work brings together a multidisciplinary research team with a proven record of collaboration and expertise in respiratory medicine, allergy and immunology, epidemiology, genetics, and biostatistics. ..
  59. Tobacco Cessation Treatment for Pregnant Alaska Natives
    Christi Patten; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall health related objective of this line of research is to develop effective treatment programs with and for Alaska Native pregnant women that will ultimately reduce the risk of tobacco-related disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Project ASPIRE: Improving Pediatric Asthma Management for Urban Families
    Marianne Celano; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..treatment development proposal are to: (1) conduct focus groups with children with persistent asthma and their parents to refine the content of the family intervention, and (2) conduct a pilot study of the family intervention, ..
  61. Teaching Nonverbal Children with Autism Useful Speech
    Sally Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..1) Treatment manuals both for therapists and for parents will be completed, tested, and refined...
  62. Serologic Studies of Prenatal Factors in Schizophrenia
    Alan Brown; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..For this purpose, we shall quantify levels of these cytokines in 100 SSD cases and their respective matched controls, and compare these levels between the groups. ..
    Karen Bierman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. Perceived Cognitive function Item Bank for Children Who Undergo Cancer Treatment
    Jin Shei Lai; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Items will be rigorously reviewed by clinicians, children and parents for their content validity...
  65. Neglect, Adherence and Depression in Asthmatic Children
    Marianne Celano; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. School-Based Intervention to Prevent Metabolic Syndrome
    Alan Delamater; Fiscal Year: 2008 education curriculum, modification of the school environment, and family programming at the school so that parents can reinforce behavioral changes and model these change in the home environment...
  67. Improving Self Management in Minority Youths with Type 1 Diabetes
    Alan Delamater; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This research will develop a new intervention to improve health outcomes for these patients. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  68. Metabolic Consequences of Low & High Carbohydrate Diets
    Njeri Karanja; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The primary outcome is a change in weight between the beginning of the study and the end of 30 months of follow-up. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  69. Breast Cancer Survivorship: 10 Years Later
    Vicki Helgeson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, we will conduct focus groups with women to examine the positive and negative aspects of their experience with the research study. ..
  70. Basic & Applied Methods in Developmental Psychopathology
    Daniel Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..b>Parents and offspring ages 1-12 are assessed annually for the duration of the study...
    CYNTHIA SWENSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Parent Training will be provided in a community-based children's center. In addition to assessing the therapeutic success of MST vs. PT, we will compare financial costs of each service. ..
  72. Prospective Study of Diet, Physical Activity, BMI and Risk of Pulmonary Embolism
    Carlos Camargo; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We believe that quantifying these modifiable risk factors will lead to public health interventions that decrease the incidence of pulmonary embolism in the elderly population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. Promoting Use of Effective Early Intervention Programs
    Jan Wallander; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. Improving Care for Children with Advanced Cancer
    Joanne Wolfe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Retrospective studies have suggested that parent and physician communication during this period is poor, with parents lagging behind physicians by over three months in their understanding that the child has no realistic chance of ..
  75. Snoring, Early Behavior, and Oxidant Stress
    HAWLEY MONTGOMERY DOWNS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition, it may provide insights into a potential mechanism for this morbidity. ..
  76. Marketing health to Latinos through tiendas
    Guadalupe Ayala; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., increased physical activity, reduction in tobacco use) in a novel setting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    JANET BLACHER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Systematic and longitudinal study of transitional experiences will provide information that can be utilized by policy makers and service providers, especially to facilitate parents' planning for the future.
  78. Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment:HOME
    Jayne Fulkerson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed research directly involves parents in an intervention to prevent childhood obesity and builds on previous research by developing a health promotion ..
    Ping Wu; Fiscal Year: 2004