police

Summary

Summary: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining law and order among the citizenry.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome in police officers: results from two cross-sectional studies
    Tara A Hartley
    Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    J Environ Public Health 2012:861219. 2012
  2. pmc Drug use patterns among Thai illicit drug injectors amidst increased police presence
    Dan Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 4:16. 2009
  3. ncbi The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative study
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005
  4. pmc Peritraumatic and trait dissociation differentiate police officers with resilient versus symptomatic trajectories of posttraumatic stress symptoms
    Isaac R Galatzer-Levy
    Departmentof Psychiatry, PTSD Research Program, New York University School of Medicine, NY 10016, USA
    J Trauma Stress 24:557-65. 2011
  5. pmc Injecting drug users' experiences of policing practices in two Mexican-U.S. border cities: public health perspectives
    Cari L Miller
    University of California School of Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:324-31. 2008
  6. ncbi Police-related experiences and HIV risk among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Jennifer Toller Erausquin
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S1223-8. 2011
  7. ncbi Can sex workers regulate police? Learning from an HIV prevention project for sex workers in southern India
    Monica Rao Biradavolu
    Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1541-7. 2009
  8. ncbi Enhancing emotion-regulation skills in police officers: results of a pilot controlled study
    Matthias Berking
    University of Marburg, Department of Psychology, Gutenbergstrasse 18, 35032 Marburg, Germany
    Behav Ther 41:329-39. 2010
  9. pmc Street policing, injecting drug use and harm reduction in a Russian city: a qualitative study of police perspectives
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Urban Health 83:911-25. 2006
  10. ncbi Mortality of a police cohort: 1950-1990
    J M Violanti
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo 14214, USA
    Am J Ind Med 33:366-73. 1998

Detail Information

Publications346 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome in police officers: results from two cross-sectional studies
    Tara A Hartley
    Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    J Environ Public Health 2012:861219. 2012
    ..was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA...
  2. pmc Drug use patterns among Thai illicit drug injectors amidst increased police presence
    Dan Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 4:16. 2009
    ..We also conducted bivariate analyses to identify a possible effect of a reported increase in police presence on measures of drug use and related risk behaviors among study participants. One hundred fifty-five (61...
  3. ncbi The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative study
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005
    This paper employs qualitative methods to explore the ramifications of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction...
  4. pmc Peritraumatic and trait dissociation differentiate police officers with resilient versus symptomatic trajectories of posttraumatic stress symptoms
    Isaac R Galatzer-Levy
    Departmentof Psychiatry, PTSD Research Program, New York University School of Medicine, NY 10016, USA
    J Trauma Stress 24:557-65. 2011
    ..We examined heterogeneity in a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom course in a sample of 178 active-duty police officers following exposure to a life-threatening event using latent growth mixture modeling (LGMM)...
  5. pmc Injecting drug users' experiences of policing practices in two Mexican-U.S. border cities: public health perspectives
    Cari L Miller
    University of California School of Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 19:324-31. 2008
    ..We undertook a qualitative study of IDUs' experiences of policing practices in two Mexican cities on the U.S. border...
  6. ncbi Police-related experiences and HIV risk among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Jennifer Toller Erausquin
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:S1223-8. 2011
    Research suggests experiences with police are related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sexual risk among women working as sex workers...
  7. ncbi Can sex workers regulate police? Learning from an HIV prevention project for sex workers in southern India
    Monica Rao Biradavolu
    Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1541-7. 2009
    ..Yet, there are few studies on the strategies sex worker advocates use to modify police behavior or the struggles they face in challenging state institutions...
  8. ncbi Enhancing emotion-regulation skills in police officers: results of a pilot controlled study
    Matthias Berking
    University of Marburg, Department of Psychology, Gutenbergstrasse 18, 35032 Marburg, Germany
    Behav Ther 41:329-39. 2010
    b>Police officers are routinely exposed to situations that elicit intense negative emotions; thus, officers have a particularly strong need for effective methods of regulating such emotions...
  9. pmc Street policing, injecting drug use and harm reduction in a Russian city: a qualitative study of police perspectives
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    J Urban Health 83:911-25. 2006
    We undertook a qualitative exploration of police perspectives on injecting drug use and needle and syringe access among injecting drug users (IDUs) in a Russian city which has witnessed explosive spread of HIV associated with drug ..
  10. ncbi Mortality of a police cohort: 1950-1990
    J M Violanti
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo 14214, USA
    Am J Ind Med 33:366-73. 1998
    This study presents findings from an updated retrospective cohort mortality study of male police officers from January 1, 1950 to December 31, 1990 (n = 2,593; 58,474 person-years; 98% follow-up)...
  11. pmc Gender and PTSD: What can we learn from female police officers?
    Michelle M Lilly
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 23:767-74. 2009
    Studies of civilians typically find that female gender is a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Police and military studies often find no gender differences in PTSD...
  12. ncbi Smaller hippocampal volume in Dutch police officers with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Ramón J L Lindauer
    Centre for Psychological Trauma, Department of Psychiatry de Bascule, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychiatry 56:356-63. 2004
    ..Our aim was to assess hippocampal volume in traumatized police officers with and without PTSD in the absence of alcohol abuse and moderate to severe major depression.
  13. ncbi Predictors of posttraumatic stress in police and other first responders
    Charles R Marmar
    San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4150 Clement St 116 P, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1071:1-18. 2006
    ..an overview of previous research conducted by our group on risk and resilience factors for PTSD symptoms in police and other first responders...
  14. ncbi Greek police officers' attitudes towards the mentally ill
    Vassiliki Psarra
    Psychiatric Hospital of Attika Dafni, Athens, Greece
    Int J Law Psychiatry 31:77-85. 2008
    The deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill and their shift into the community lead the police to play an important role in the management of acute psychiatric states...
  15. ncbi Police officers' attitudes toward and decisions about persons with mental illness
    Amy C Watson
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Chicago, 7230 Arbor Drive, Tinley Park, Illinois 60477, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 55:49-53. 2004
    A significant portion of police work involves contact with persons who have mental illness. This study examined how knowledge that a person has a mental illness influences police officers' perceptions, attitudes, and responses.
  16. ncbi PTSD symptoms predict waking salivary cortisol levels in police officers
    Thomas C Neylan
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:373-81. 2005
    ..Thirty active duty police officers completed the study protocol, which included measures of peritraumatic emotional distress, peritraumatic ..
  17. ncbi Do community characteristics predict alcohol-related crime?
    Courtney Breen
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, School of Public Health and Community, Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Alcohol Alcohol 46:464-70. 2011
    ..This study aims to determine whether there are differences in alcohol-related crime at the community level and examines whether certain community characteristics are associated with increased alcohol-related crime...
  18. ncbi Three different coping styles in police dogs exposed to a short-term challenge
    Zsuzsanna Horvath
    Department of Ethology, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University Faculty of Science, Budapest Pázmány P s 1 C 1117, Hungary
    Horm Behav 52:621-30. 2007
    ..The aim of this current study was to examine whether (1) experienced working police dogs adopt different coping strategies during a short-term unexpected social challenge presented by a threatening ..
  19. pmc Police violence and sexual risk among female and transvestite sex workers in Serbia: qualitative study
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 337:a811. 2008
    ..To explore female and transvestite sex workers' perceptions of risk in the sex work environment in Serbia...
  20. pmc Comparing road traffic mortality rates from police-reported data and death registration data in China
    Guoqing Hu
    School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, China
    Bull World Health Organ 89:41-5. 2011
    To compare death rates from road traffic injuries in China in 2002-2007 when derived from police-reported data versus death registration data.
  21. pmc Frequency and severity approaches to indexing exposure to trauma: the Critical Incident History Questionnaire for police officers
    Daniel S Weiss
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    J Trauma Stress 23:734-43. 2010
    The Critical Incident History Questionnaire indexes cumulative exposure to traumatic incidents in police by examining incident frequency and rated severity. In over 700 officers, event severity was negatively correlated (r(s) = -...
  22. ncbi Police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy and the risk of antenatal hospitalization
    Sherry Lipsky
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Matern Child Health J 8:55-63. 2004
    ..Few studies have addressed the relationship between IPV and antenatal hospitalization. This study utilized a novel approach to examine the impact of IPV during pregnancy on antenatal hospitalization not associated with delivery...
  23. ncbi Blood pressure in firefighters, police officers, and other emergency responders
    Stefanos N Kales
    Department of Environmental Health, Environmental and Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology EOME, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Am J Hypertens 22:11-20. 2009
    ..The strenuous duties of emergency responders (firefighters, police officers, and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel) can interact with their personal risk profiles, ..
  24. ncbi Cues to deception and ability to detect lies as a function of police interview styles
    Aldert Vrij
    Psychology Department, King Henry Building, University of Portsmouth, King Henry 1 Street, Portsmouth, PO1 2DY, United Kingdom
    Law Hum Behav 31:499-518. 2007
    In Experiment 1, we examined whether three interview styles used by the police, accusatory, information-gathering and behaviour analysis, reveal verbal cues to deceit, measured with the Criteria-Based Content Analysis (CBCA) and Reality ..
  25. ncbi Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environment
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, University of London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, SW6 8RP, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:39-54. 2003
    ..Principal among these is a reported fear of police detainment or arrest among IDUs which encourages a reluctance to carry needles and syringes, and which in turn, is ..
  26. ncbi Across the thin blue line: police officers and racial bias in the decision to shoot
    Joshua Correll
    Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:1006-23. 2007
    b>Police officers were compared with community members in terms of the speed and accuracy with which they made simulated decisions to shoot (or not shoot) Black and White targets. Both samples exhibited robust racial bias in response speed...
  27. ncbi Low-threshold methadone treatment, heroin price, police activity and incidence of heroin use: the Zurich experience
    Carlos Nordt
    Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Int J Drug Policy 20:497-501. 2009
    ..And finally, the intensity of police activity in the drug field may also affect prices for street heroin.
  28. ncbi Effects of environmental benzene: micronucleus frequencies and haematological values in traffic police working in an urban area
    Francesca Maffei
    Department of Pharmacology, University of Bologna, Via Irnerio 48, 40126 Bologna, Italy
    Mutat Res 583:1-11. 2005
    ..peripheral lymphocytes by use of the cytokinesis-block technique, and haematological parameters among 49 traffic police and 36 indoor workers (controls) in the city of Bologna...
  29. ncbi Cost per incident of alcohol-related crime in New South Wales
    Joshua M Byrnes
    Centre for Applied Health Economics, School of Medicine, Griffith University, Meadowbrook, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 31:854-60. 2012
    ..This paper seeks to quantify the individual cost of an assault, property damage, sexual offence and disorderly conduct in New South Wales...
  30. ncbi Phototherapy and orange-tinted goggles for night-shift adaptation of police officers on patrol
    Diane B Boivin
    Centre for Study and Treatment of Circadian Rhythms, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Chronobiol Int 29:629-40. 2012
    The aim of the present combined field and laboratory study was to assess circadian entrainment in two groups of police officers working seven consecutive 8/8.5-h night shifts as part of a rotating schedule...
  31. pmc The perceptions on male circumcision as a preventive measure against HIV infection and considerations in scaling up of the services: a qualitative study among police officers in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Edith A M Tarimo
    Department of Nursing Management, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    BMC Public Health 12:529. 2012
    ..The purpose of the present study was to assess the perceptions of male circumcision in a cohort of police officers that also served as a source of volunteers for a phase I/II HIV vaccine (HIVIS-03) trial in Dar es Salaam,..
  32. ncbi Associations between police officer stress and the metabolic syndrome
    Tara A Hartley
    Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, USA
    Int J Emerg Ment Health 13:243-56. 2011
    The purpose of this study was to examine the association of police officer stress with metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) and its individual components...
  33. ncbi The burden of full and subsyndromal posttraumatic stress disorder among police involved in the World Trade Center rescue and recovery effort
    Robert H Pietrzak
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 46:835-42. 2012
    This study examined the prevalence, correlates, and perceived mental healthcare needs associated with subsyndromal PTSD in police involved in the World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery effort.
  34. ncbi Sleep disorders, health, and safety in police officers
    Shantha M W Rajaratnam
    Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 306:2567-78. 2011
    Sleep disorders often remain undiagnosed. Untreated sleep disorders among police officers may adversely affect their health and safety and pose a risk to the public.
  35. pmc Positive and negative emotion prospectively predict trajectories of resilience and distress among high-exposure police officers
    Isaac R Galatzer-Levy
    Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Emotion 13:545-53. 2013
    ..In the current investigation, we followed police officers prospectively from academy training through 48 months of active duty, assessing levels of distress every ..
  36. ncbi Association between childhood trauma and catecholamine response to psychological stress in police academy recruits
    Christian Otte
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco, and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 57:27-32. 2005
    ..Childhood trauma is a risk factor for anxiety disorders in adulthood. One possible mechanism for this association is an increased neuroendocrine response to stress in adults with a history of childhood trauma...
  37. ncbi [Homicide mortality, socioeconomic development, and police violence in the city of São Paulo, Brazil]
    Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
    Universidade de Sao Paulo, Núcleo de Estudos da Violência, Sao Paulo, Brasil
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 23:268-76. 2008
    To analyze the association between police violence and homicide mortality rates taking into consideration the effect of contextual variables.
  38. ncbi Outcomes of police contacts with persons with mental illness: the impact of CIT
    Amy C Watson
    Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1040 W Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 37:302-17. 2010
    The Crisis intervention team model (CIT) is possibly the most well known and widely adopted model to improve police response to persons with mental illness...
  39. ncbi Confronting structural violence in sex work: lessons from a community-led HIV prevention project in Mysore, India
    Elena Argento
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
    AIDS Care 23:69-74. 2011
    ..Building an enabling environment was key to reducing personal risks inherent to sex work, emphasizing the importance of community-led structural interventions for sex workers in India...
  40. ncbi Law enforcement officer versus non-law enforcement officer status as a longitudinal predictor of traditional and emerging cardiovascular risk factors
    Bruce R Wright
    Health and Wellness Services, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 2302, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 53:730-4. 2011
    ..To determine whether law enforcement officer (LEO) status and perceived stress are longitudinal predictors of traditional and inflammatory cardiovascular (CV) risk factors...
  41. ncbi Crisis intervention team training for police officers responding to mental disturbance calls
    Jennifer L S Teller
    Department of Sociology, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 57:232-7. 2006
    In recognition of the fact that police are often the first responders for individuals who are experiencing a mental illness crisis, police departments nationally are incorporating specialized training for officers in collaboration with ..
  42. pmc Exposure to benzene in urban workers: environmental and biological monitoring of traffic police in Rome
    R Crebelli
    National Health Institute, Rome, Italy
    Occup Environ Med 58:165-71. 2001
    To evaluate the contribution of traffic fumes to exposure to benzene in urban workers, an investigation on personal exposure to benzene in traffic police from the city of Rome was carried out.
  43. pmc Improving police response to persons with mental illness: a multi-level conceptualization of CIT
    Amy C Watson
    Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1040 W Harrison Street, MC 309, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Int J Law Psychiatry 31:359-68. 2008
    ..This includes police practice, where initial decisions to involve persons in the justice system or divert them to mental health ..
  44. ncbi Effects of stress induced by a simulated shooting on recall by police and citizen witnesses
    C J Stanny
    Psychology Department, University of West Florida, Pensacola 32514, USA
    Am J Psychol 113:359-86. 2000
    Two experiments address the accuracy of citizen and police witnesses in recalling stressful events. Participants saw 2 training scenarios...
  45. ncbi Work stress in aging police officers
    Robyn R M Gershon
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 600 W 168th Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 44:160-7. 2002
    ..we assessed and characterized work stress, coping strategies, and stress-related health outcomes in a sample of police officers aged 50 years and older (n = 105)...
  46. pmc Effectiveness of anonymised information sharing and use in health service, police, and local government partnership for preventing violence related injury: experimental study and time series analysis
    Curtis Florence
    Division of Violence Prevention, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    BMJ 342:d3313. 2011
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of anonymised information sharing to prevent injury related to violence...
  47. ncbi Psychosocial work environment, interpersonal violence at work and mental health among correctional officers
    Renée Bourbonnais
    Rehabilitation Department, Laval University, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Law Psychiatry 30:355-68. 2007
    ..Finally, in 2004, psychological distress among correctional officers was also associated with intimidation and psychological harassment at work...
  48. ncbi Suicide among New York City police officers, 1977-1996
    Peter M Marzuk
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:2069-71. 2002
    The authors assessed the suicide rates of New York City police officers during a recent period.
  49. pmc Under-reporting of road traffic injuries to the police: results from two data sources in urban India
    R Dandona
    George Institute for International Health India, Hyderabad, India
    Inj Prev 14:360-5. 2008
    To report the magnitude of under-reporting of road traffic injury (RTI) to the police from population-based and hospital-based data in the urban population of Hyderabad, India.
  50. ncbi Reducing psychiatric stigma and discrimination--evaluating an educational intervention with the police force in England
    V Pinfold
    Health Service Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:337-44. 2003
    ..This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a mental health training intervention with the police force in England.
  51. pmc A prospective study of predictors of depression symptoms in police
    Zhen Wang
    Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghei, China
    Psychiatry Res 175:211-6. 2010
    b>Police work is one of the most stressful occupations. Previous research has indicated that work stress and trauma exposure may place individuals at heightened risk for the development of depression symptomatology...
  52. ncbi The domestic violence home-visit intervention: impact on police-reported incidents of repeat violence over 12 months
    Carla Smith Stover
    National Center for Children Exposed to Violence, Yale University Child Study Center, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Violence Vict 24:591-606. 2009
    The domestic violence home-visit intervention (DVHVI) provides home visits by police-advocate teams within 72-hours of domestic incident to provide safety, psychoeducation, mental health, legal, or additional police assistance...
  53. pmc Association of seat belt use with death: a comparison of estimates based on data from police and estimates based on data from trained crash investigators
    P Cummings
    Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Inj Prev 8:338-41. 2002
    Estimates of any protective effect of seat belts could be exaggerated if some crash survivors falsely claimed to police that they were belted in order to avoid a fine...
  54. ncbi Environmental tobacco smoke exposure among police officers in Hong Kong
    T H Lam
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Patrick Manson Building South Wing, 7 Sassoon Rd, Hong Kong, China
    JAMA 284:756-63. 2000
    ..Few epidemiological studies have examined the relationship between chronic respiratory symptoms and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at work in adults, and none have shown clear dose-response relationships...
  55. ncbi Differences in PTSD prevalence and associated risk factors among World Trade Center disaster rescue and recovery workers
    Megan A Perrin
    Cognitive Neurophysiology Laboratory, Nathan S Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Bldg 35, 140 Old Orangeburg Rd, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1385-94. 2007
    ..This study compared the prevalence and risk factors of current probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) across different occupations involved in rescue/recovery work at the World Trade Center site...
  56. ncbi Cortisol, learning, memory, and attention in relation to smaller hippocampal volume in police officers with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Ramón J L Lindauer
    Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Psychological Trauma, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Biol Psychiatry 59:171-7. 2006
    ..We have previously reported smaller hippocampi in police officers with PTSD...
  57. ncbi Police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy: who is at risk?
    Sherry Lipsky
    University of Washington Seattle, WA, USA
    Violence Vict 20:69-86. 2005
    The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to determine risk factors for police-reported intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy among Seattle residents with a registered live birth or fetal death in Washington State...
  58. ncbi Associations of cortisol with posttraumatic stress symptoms and negative life events: a study of police officers and firefighters
    Anke B Witteveen
    EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:1113-8. 2010
    ..In an epidemiological sample of 1880 police officers and firefighters, associations of salivary cortisol with PTSD, negative life events (NLE) and exposure to ..
  59. ncbi San Francisco pedestrian injury surveillance: mapping, under-reporting, and injury severity in police and hospital records
    Stanley Sciortino
    Community Health Education Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health, CA 94102, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 37:1102-13. 2005
    b>Police reports of severely injured pedestrians help identify hazardous traffic areas in San Francisco, but they under-report non-fatal collisions...
  60. ncbi Effect of a hypocaloric diet, increased protein intake and resistance training on lean mass gains and fat mass loss in overweight police officers
    R H Demling
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Nutr Metab 44:21-9. 2000
    ..using two different protein supplements, versus hypocaloric diet alone on body compositional changes in overweight police officers...
  61. ncbi Atypical work hours and metabolic syndrome among police officers
    John M Violanti
    Department of Social and Preventative Medicine, State University of New York, Buffalo, 14214, USA
    Arch Environ Occup Health 64:194-201. 2009
    This study examined whether atypical work hours are associated with metabolic syndrome among a random sample of 98 police officers. Shift work and overtime data from daily payroll records and reported sleep duration were obtained...
  62. ncbi Reliability of police-reported information for determining crash and injury severity
    Charles M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 4:38-44. 2003
    Posted speed limit and police-reported injury codes are commonly used by researchers to approximate vehicle impact and occupant injury severity...
  63. ncbi Reality-based practice under pressure improves handgun shooting performance of police officers
    R R D Oudejans
    Research Institute MOVE, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ergonomics 51:261-73. 2008
    ..practice under pressure may help in preventing degradation of handgun shooting performance under pressure for police officers...
  64. ncbi Association of work related chronic stressors and psychiatric symptoms in a Swiss sample of police officers; a cross sectional questionnaire study
    Marc Arial
    Institute for Work and Health, Lausanne University and Geneva University, Bugnon 21, CH 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 83:323-31. 2010
    ..1) To identify work related stressors that are associated with psychiatric symptoms in a Swiss sample of policemen and (2) to develop a model for identifying officers at risk for developing mental health problems...
  65. ncbi Road traffic injuries in Iran: the role of interventions implemented by traffic police
    H Soori
    Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University M C, Tehran, Iran
    Traffic Inj Prev 10:375-8. 2009
    ..Despite some interventions having been implemented during the past 5 years, the impacts of these interventions on mortality and morbidity rates have not been well evaluated...
  66. ncbi Impact of police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy on birth outcomes
    Sherry Lipsky
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 102:557-64. 2003
    To examine the relationship of police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes.
  67. pmc Police and public health partnerships: evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver's supervised injection facility
    Kora deBeck
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, B, C, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 3:11. 2008
    ..We sought to determine if local police impacted utilization of the SIF...
  68. pmc Does increasing community and liquor licensees' awareness, police activity, and feedback reduce alcohol-related violent crime? A benefit-cost analysis
    Héctor José Navarro
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre NDARC, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 10:5490-506. 2013
    ..impact and benefit-cost of a multi-component intervention (increasing community and liquor licensees' awareness, police activity, and feedback) on crimes typically associated with alcohol-related violence...
  69. ncbi Cancer incidence among male Massachusetts firefighters, 1987-2003
    Dongmug Kang
    Department of Preventive and Occupational Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea
    Am J Ind Med 51:329-35. 2008
    ..Firefighters are known to be exposed to recognized or probable carcinogens. Previous studies have found elevated risks of several types of cancers in firefighters...
  70. pmc Condom use by partner type among military and police personnel in Peru
    Manuel V Villaran
    United States Naval Medical Research Unit Six NAMRU 6, Lima, Peru
    Am J Mens Health 6:266-72. 2012
    The aim of this study was to analyze the rates of condom use among military and police populations in Peru, focusing on differences in use by type of partner...
  71. pmc An overview of the "Positive Action for Today's Health" (PATH) trial for increasing walking in low income, ethnic minority communities
    Dawn K Wilson
    Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, United States
    Contemp Clin Trials 31:624-33. 2010
    ..The Positive Action for Today's Health (PATH) trial compares three communities that are randomly assigned to different levels of an environmental intervention to improve safety and access for walking in low income communities...
  72. pmc Family psychiatric history, peritraumatic reactivity, and posttraumatic stress symptoms: a prospective study of police
    Sabra S Inslicht
    San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 44:22-31. 2010
    ..Family history of psychiatric and substance use disorders has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in cross-sectional studies...
  73. ncbi Psychosocial correlates of police-registered youth crime. A Finnish population-based study
    Henrik Elonheimo
    University of Turku, Turku Fl 20014, Finland
    Nord J Psychiatry 63:292-300. 2009
    ..combined: questionnaires completed by the boys at call-up in 1999 and crime registered in the Finnish National Police Register between 1998 and 2001...
  74. ncbi Stress shield: a model of police resiliency
    Douglas Paton
    School of Psychology, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia
    Int J Emerg Ment Health 10:95-107. 2008
    This paper discusses the development of a new model of police officer resiliency...
  75. pmc It's others, not the police: smoking, reprimand, and fines among adults of Korean descent in California
    C Richard Hofstetter
    Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, 9245 Sky Park Court, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Health Psychol 29:255-61. 2010
    ..This study assesses the association of immediate social and legal reprimand and current smoking status among Californians of Korean descent...
  76. ncbi Alexithymia and PTSD symptoms in urban police officers: cross-sectional and prospective findings
    Shannon E McCaslin
    Psychiatry Service, San Francisco Veterans Administration Medical Center, CA 94121, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:361-73. 2006
    ..of alexithymia to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology was examined cross-sectionally in 166 urban police officers surveyed between 1998 and 1999 and prospectively in 54 of these officers who participated in a follow-up ..
  77. ncbi Road traffic fatalities in Arkhangelsk, Russia in 2005-2010: reliability of police and healthcare data
    Alexander V Kudryavtsev
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, N 9037 Tromsø, Norway International School of Public Health, Northern State Medical University, Troitsky Av 51, Arkhangelsk, Russia
    Accid Anal Prev 53:46-54. 2013
    To estimate and compare reliability of traffic mortality data of the police and the healthcare sector in Arkhangelsk, Russia.
  78. ncbi Post-traumatic stress disorder in UK police officers
    Ben Green
    University of Liverpool Department of Psychiatry, and Cheadle Royal Hospital, 100 Wilmslow Road, Cheadle, Cheshire SK8 3DG, UK
    Curr Med Res Opin 20:101-5. 2004
    Prevalence rates for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in police officers may be six or more times the prevalence rates for the community...
  79. pmc Effects of domestic violence policies, alcohol taxes and police staffing levels on intimate partner homicide in large US cities
    April M Zeoli
    School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
    Inj Prev 16:90-5. 2010
    To assess the relationships between intimate partner homicide (IPH) and public policies including police staffing levels in large US cities.
  80. ncbi Suicidal ideation and attempts in Norwegian police
    Anne Marie Berg
    National Police Academy, Oslo, Norway
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 33:302-12. 2003
    Studies on suicide among police show inconsistent results, thereby contributing to considerable speculation regarding why police officers commit suicide...
  81. ncbi School, police, and medical authority involvement with children who have experienced victimization
    David Finkelhor
    Crimes against Children Research Center, Department of Sociology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:9-15. 2011
    To obtain national estimates of the degree to which school, police, and medical authorities are involved after children experience violence, abuse, and crime victimizations.
  82. pmc Police confrontations among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting
    Lianping Ti
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Int J Drug Policy 24:46-51. 2013
    ..However, the extent of interaction between police and street-involved youth has not been well characterized...
  83. ncbi The association between the incidence of emergency department attendances for alcohol problems and assault incidents attended by police in New South Wales, Australia, 2003-2008: a time-series analysis
    Joseph Descallar
    Centre for Epidemiology and Research, New South Wales Department of Health, North Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Addiction 107:549-56. 2012
    To assess the short-term temporal relationship between emergency department (ED) attendances for acute alcohol problems and assaults reported to police.
  84. pmc Health effects from reported exposure to methamphetamine labs: a poison center-based study
    Dennis L Thrasher
    Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724 5210, USA
    J Med Toxicol 5:200-4. 2009
    ..Illicit methamphetamine laboratories pose a health hazard. However, information on symptoms from exposure is limited, particularly for setup or former laboratories...
  85. pmc Training with anxiety: short- and long-term effects on police officers' shooting behavior under pressure
    Arne Nieuwenhuys
    Research Institute MOVE, VU University Amsterdam, Van Der Boechorstraat, The Netherlands
    Cogn Process 12:277-88. 2011
    We investigated short- and long-term effects of training with anxiety on police officers' shooting behavior under pressure...
  86. ncbi Quality of treatment following police detention of mentally disordered offenders
    S L Jones
    Wirral Probation Centre, Europa Boulevard, Birkenhead, Wirral CH41 4PE, UK
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 9:73-80. 2002
    ..reports on a group of mentally ill individuals who were admitted to a place of safety following detention by the police. The principal purpose of the study was to determine the quality of care that the patient experienced under ..
  87. ncbi C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptomology in urban police officers
    Erin C McCanlies
    Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    Cytokine 55:74-8. 2011
    ..CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology in a random sample of 115 police officers...
  88. ncbi Police work and subclinical atherosclerosis
    P Nedra Joseph
    Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, HealthEffects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Road M S 4050, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:700-7. 2009
    Employment as an urban police officer was hypothesized to be associated with increased structural subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD), measured by carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT).
  89. ncbi Assessment of hospital and police ascertainment of automobile versus childhood pedestrian and bicyclist collisions
    P K Dhillon
    Southern California Injury Prevention Research Center, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles 90095, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 33:529-37. 2001
    ..Hospital records and police reports focus on different characteristics of a collision, which reflects differences in case finding as well as ..
  90. ncbi Dropouts in a long-term follow-up study involving voluntary counseling and HIV testing: experience from a cohort of police officers in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
    F Mugusi
    Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:119-23. 2002
    ..In studies with long-term follow-up, reasons for nonresponse may provide invaluable information that may be gathered through continued contact with study subjects who have withdrawn from the study...
  91. ncbi Police use of the taser with people with mental illness in crisis
    Mark R Munetz
    Summit County Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Services Board, 100 West Cedar Street, Suite 300, Akron, Ohio 44307, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 57:883. 2006
  92. ncbi Predictors of police suicide ideation
    John M Violanti
    School of Public Health and Health Professions, State University of New York at Buffalo, 270 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 34:277-83. 2004
    Further inquiry into processes that lead to suicide in the police occupation is necessary. Suicide ideation in police officers and possible correlates associated with such ideation is explored in this paper...
  93. ncbi Police lie detection accuracy: the effect of lie scenario
    Maureen O'Sullivan
    Department of Psychology, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA
    Law Hum Behav 33:530-8. 2009
    Although most people are not better than chance in detecting deception, some groups of police professionals have demonstrated significant lie detection accuracy...
  94. ncbi Sickness presenteeism among Swedish police officers
    Constanze Leineweber
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Occup Rehabil 21:17-22. 2011
    The aim was to describe the prevalence of sickness presenteeism (SP) and to explore possible associations with work characteristics among Swedish police officers.
  95. ncbi Cytogenetic biomonitoring in traffic police workers: micronucleus test in peripheral blood lymphocytes
    C Bolognesi
    Environmental Oncology Department, National Institute for Cancer Research, IST, Genoa, Italy
    Environ Mol Mutagen 30:396-402. 1997
    ..A biomonitoring study has been conducted in 82 italian traffic police workers exposed to air pollutants and 34 control subjects (matched by age, gender, and smoking habits) not exposed ..
  96. ncbi Detecting true lies: police officers' ability to detect suspects' lies
    Samantha Mann
    Psychology Department, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, England
    J Appl Psychol 89:137-49. 2004
    Ninety-nine police officers, not identified in previous research as belonging to groups that are superior in lie detection, attempted to detect truths and lies told by suspects during their videotaped police interviews...
  97. pmc Antiretroviral therapy in the Malawi police force: access to therapy and treatment outcomes
    Simon D Makombe
    HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, PO Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Malawi Med J 20:23-7. 2008
    ..in Malawi providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to determine uptake of ART and subsequent treatment outcomes in police force personnel...
  98. ncbi Characteristics of police officer suicides in the Federal Austrian Police Corps
    N D Kapusta
    Department of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, Vienna, Austria
    Crisis 31:265-71. 2010
    Suicide rates among police officers may be high because of strong occupational stressors.
  99. ncbi Symptoms experienced by law enforcement personnel during methamphetamine lab investigations
    Roxana Z Witter
    National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Occupational Medicine, Denver, CO 80206, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 4:895-902. 2007
    ..For most individuals, the reported symptoms were transitory and diminished in a short time, but some individuals reported needing to seek medical attention with symptoms that persisted...
  100. ncbi Bicycle accidents - do we only see the tip of the iceberg? A prospective multi-centre study in a large German city combining medical and police data
    C Juhra
    University Hospital Munster, Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Waldeyerstr 1, D 48149 Munster, Germany
    Injury 43:2026-34. 2012
    ..8%) than cars (36.4%). Each day in Münster, bicycles are used around 450,000 times. In 1982, they were only used around 270,000 times a day. However, the increased use of bicycles has also led to an increased number of bicycle accidents...
  101. ncbi Sickness absence among women and men in the police: a systematic literature review
    Jenny Körlin
    Section of Personal Injury Prevention, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 37:310-9. 2009
    ..carry out a systematic literature review of all scientific studies on sickness absence among women and men in the police in order to obtain a knowledge base for the introduction of relevant preventive actions against the high sick-..

Research Grants70

  1. Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in Tijuana
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The law specifies that after this law is enacted in Aug/2010, police apprehending persons who possess sub-threshold amounts of any of these drugs will be released with a record noting ..
  2. Mechanisms to restrain social cheating from quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aerugin
    AJAI DANDEKAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This provides a mechanism for the population to police against deviant behavior...
  3. Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws (EUDL)
    Christopher Spera; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..costs to the community include added demands on social services, including emergency room transports and extra police patrols...
  4. Stress and Subclinical Cardio-Metabolic Disease in Police: A Longitudinal Study
    John M Violanti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Certain characteristics of police work such as shift work, long work hours, high demands, and traumatic exposures have been associated with increased levels of psychological stress and in some cases ..
  5. Histone modifications and respiratory effects of traffic particle exposure
    Lifang Hou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will replicate our findings from BTDAS in traffic-exposed police officers and referents in Milan, Italy, with PM2.5 levels typical of large cities in Europe/North America...
  6. Mechanisms of Cardiac Function and Cerebral Vascular Control during Heat Stress
    Robert Matthew Brothers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g. Middle East), firefighters and police officers who serve in warmer climate locations, or any other incidents (e.g...
  7. Feasibility, benefits, and acceptability of lowering the BAC standard in the US
    David W Eby; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..such as the National Conference of State Legislatures, Council for State Governments, Association of Chiefs of Police;National Sheriff's Association;American Association of State Troopers;Governor's Highway Safety ..
  8. Coaching Parents to Manage Youth Stress through Recreation and Culture
    Howard C Stevenson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..conflicts and manage their anxiety and anger in the midst of conflicts with authority figures (coaches, teachers, police, and parents) and peers in classrooms and on playgrounds...
  9. Examining the Geographies of Immigrant Sex Work: An Exploratory Study of HIV Risk
    Lois Takahashi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Similarly, in LA, police monitoring of indoor venues such as massage parlors has contributed to expansion of indoor sex work in venues not ..
  10. Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in Tijuana
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The law specifies that after this law is enacted in Aug/2010, police apprehending persons who possess sub-threshold amounts of any of these drugs will be released with a record noting ..
  11. Epilepsy-associated stigma in Zambia: Evidence-based interventions and outcomes
    Gretchen Lano Birbeck; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of treatment;(2) Educational programs customized for specific "power" groups including teachers, clerics and police officers and designed to improve knowledge regarding epilepsy and tolerance for PWE;(3) Continuing medical ..
  12. CNS MECHANISMS IN COCAINE-RELATED SUDDEN DEATH
    Deborah C Mash; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Medical examiners nationwide are increasingly citing this condition when suspects die in police custody...
  13. Social Networking and Personal Genomics: Emerging Issues for Health Research
    Sandra Soo Jin Lee; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..this project may help to anticipate the ethical and social issues critical for sound regulatory guidance and police. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: A serious challenge to efforts to fully understand the ethical and social implications ..
  14. Experimental evidence and validation of measures on gender-based violence
    TIA MARIA PALERMO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..underestimation in existing estimates of gender-based violence, including sexual violence in conflict, based on police reports and medical facility-based studies;(2) depict how women who report to medical, legal and social ..
  15. Prevention of Postrape Drug Abuse: Replication Study
    Heidi S Resnick; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..implemented prior to the post rape forensic medical exam, which is routinely conducted when a rape is reported to police or other authorities within 72 hours of assault...
  16. Police/Fire/EMTs Get the SKOOP: Online Skills &Training On Overdose Prevention
    JANIE ELIZABETH SIMMONS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..easily accessible, low-cost curriculum on opioid- overdose (OD) prevention for Public Safety Personnel - Police, Firefighters and EMTs...
  17. Improving Safety and Access for Physical Activity
    Dawn K Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..adults would like to increase the safe places for PA (areas free from crime, containment of stray dogs, increased police patrol) and access to PA (sidewalks/trails and expand opportunities for PA) in their community...
  18. Epidemiology of Sex Trafficking, Drug Use and HIV at the U.S.-Mexico Border
    Jay G Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., those related to drug cartel activities, police violence, northward migration, access to health services) that may affect both sex trafficking and HIV risk among ..
  19. CIT &MH Service Access in Police Contacts: Impact on Outcomes of Persons w/SMI
    Amy C Watson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While some arrangements with mental health services (such as a no-refusal policy and priority to police-referred individuals) exist across cities and states (these being among the core elements of the CIT model), they ..
  20. Project COPE
    GREGG ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Immediately following the attacks on September 11, 2001, the New York City Police Foundation (Police Foundation) launched the COPE-Columbia Cares Program, also known as Project COPE, to address the psychological impact of the events on ..
  21. Biomarkers of Psychological Risk and Resilience in World Trade Center Responders
    STEVEN M M SOUTHWICK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., police) and non-traditional (i.e...
  22. Neighborhood Effects on Drug Use Among African American Adults
    Claire E Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..S. Census, Part 1 crime data and drug arrest data from the Atlanta Police Department which will be combined into an assessment of neighborhood structural characteristics, and systematic ..
  23. Youth Violence and Housing Programs to Deconcentrate Poverty
    Jens Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..youth involvement in violence perpetration by matching to administrative arrest records from the Illinois State Police (ISP), and measure youth violence victimization using mortality data from the National Death Index (NDI)...
  24. A Web-Based Program to Prevent Mental Health Risks in Medical Examiners
    ELIZABETH N BRONDOLO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Although the mental health needs of other types of emergency workers (i.e., fire, police, rescue) have been well identified and acknowledged in federal emergency planning efforts, these issues have not ..
  25. EMERGING ISSUES IN CRIMINAL FORENSIC GENETICS
    PAMELA L SANKAR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a Working Group with experts from forensic genetics including researchers, training program directors, and police officials, as well as researchers from law, bioethics, and history of technology...
  26. Effectiveness of CCTV Systems in Reducing Retail Robbery Rates and Employee Injur
    Carri Casteel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed project builds on an existing NIOSH-funded study, where police department crime prevention specialists are disseminating an evidence-based robbery and violence prevention ..
  27. Hangovers and Traffic Injuries: Is Alcohol's Influence Greater Than Expected?
    GORDON STEPHEN SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This risk factor study involves linkage with police crash reports...
  28. Drug Affected Urban Environments and STIS Among Youth
    Jacky M Jennings; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PI: Ellen), on-site systematic observations and other secondary administrative data sets such as census data, police data, public health surveillance data and public housing data...
  29. SAFEHAVEN: Decision Support for Nursing Home Resident Disaster Evacuations
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Most of the attention has focused on traditional first responders (i.e. fire, police, EMS) and hospital preparedness and less to preparedness among non-acute healthcare facilities such as nursing ..
  30. Does Graduated Driver Licensing Produce Safer Teenage Drivers
    Motao Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The 1995-1996, 2001-2002, and 2008-2009 Fatality Analysis Reporting System and Police Accident Reports identify fatal and injury crashes. Setting: Nationwide (United States). Participants: age 15-18...
  31. The Geography of Violence and alcohol in Boston
    Robert I Lipton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Massachusetts alcohol beverage control commissions (MABCC) data on alcohol outlet type and location and Boston police records on drug related arrests, we will investigate the following specific aims: 1) Geographically determine hot ..
  32. A Novel Police-Mental Health Linkage System to Promote Pre-Booking Jail Diversion
    Michael T Compton; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This R34 project seeks to implement a trial of a new police-mental health linkage system and to test its feasibility and acceptability among end-users...
  33. NYU World Trade Center Responder Health Consortium
    Denise Harrison; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is a collaboration between New York University and law enforcement organizations including the Fraternal Order of Police, the Metal Trades Department, and community organizations including the Latin American Workers Project and the ..
  34. Warning Beacons for Front Line Service Worker Safety
    Mark S Rea; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S., several of which include maintenance and utility vehicles in addition to police and emer- gency vehicles...
  35. A Community-based ZT Program: Completing the Model of MLDA Enforcement
    Mark B Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, environmental intervention strategies combining active police enforcement of existing DUI laws (such as the ...
  36. Modeling Officer-Level Effects of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Training
    Michael T Compton; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training, police officers participate in 40 hours of specialized training provided by local mental health professionals, family members/advocates, and mental health ..
  37. Alcohol and Cultural Factors and the Underreporting of Rape
    KELLY H KOO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Less than five percent of female college rapes in a year are estimated to be reported to police, resulting in inaccurate prevalence rates of rape...
  38. Prospective Study of Traumatic Stress in Police Officers
    Charles R Marmar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    This is a competitive renewal application for grant RO1 MH 056350-o6 ?Prospective Study of Posttraumatic Stress in Police Officers?...
  39. Local Tobacco Policy and Youth Smoking
    Joel W Grube; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of the 50 communities, (c) conducting key informant interviews with city administrators, school officials, and police to further document local policies and to ascertain levels of enforcement, and (d) conducting tobacco purchase ..
  40. COPing with Shift Work
    Rebekah K Hersch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..be developed and tested in a randomized controlled trial with 300 law enforcement officers of the Baltimore County Police Department...
  41. Understanding the Scope and Magnitude of Prescription Drug Diversion
    Steven P Kurtz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of prescription drug trafficking;and, 8) conduct in-depth interviews with 20 diversion investigators in large police agencies to obtain information about the sources of diverted prescription drugs. Relevance to Public Health...
  42. GEMS: Geographic Enforcement Management Service for Liquor Control/Public Safety
    JOSEPH KABEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..capitalize on the success of Phase I by: a) integrating alcohol-related crime and compliance check data from local police departments, b) conducting short-term evaluation of GEMS impact on state and local law enforcement practices and ..
  43. Translation of a robbery and violence prevention program to high risk businesses
    Carri Casteel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will work with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department, Pierce County (WA) Sheriff's Department, and San Ramon (CA) Police Department, each of which ..
  44. Stages of Drug Market Disruption &Reformulation in Disaster Cities
    ELOISE EMMA DUNLAP; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Information from this project will enable authorities (public officials, police, and treatment) to develop appropriate activities and interventions to contain illegal drug markets and increased ..
  45. Seek, Test, Treat Strategies for Vietnamese Drug Users: A Random Controlled Trial
    Vu Minh Quan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..relied on its system of 83 drug treatment centers (DTC) where most detainees (85%) are admitted through arrests by police. Relapse to opioid injection after such treatment is 71% within 6 months after release from DTCs...
  46. Police Resiliency Maintenance Program: POPPA's 9/11 WTC Disaster Response
    WILLIAM W GENET; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The Police Resiliency Maintenance Program: POPPA's 9/11 Disaster Response is designed to introduce resilience as a highly valued asset within the New York City law enforcement community and to develop a standard operating model for ..
  47. Improving Dissemination of a Retail Workplace Violence Prevention Program
    Carri Casteel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed project builds on two NIOSH-funded studies where six police departments nationwide are disseminating an evidence-based program to small retail establishments at high risk for ..
  48. HeartMap Dynamic Registry Pilot
    Graham Nichol; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..treated for OHCA: a) Evaluated by organized EMS personnel and receive attempts at external defibrillation (by lay, police or EMS), or b) Receive chest compressions by organized EMS personnel, and c) Transported to a participating ..
  49. Hazardous Material Worker Health and Safety Training (U45), Cooperative Agreement
    KENNETH OLDFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Such personnel would include tribal police officers, conservation officers, firefighters, environmental officials, emergency planners, and public works ..
  50. Randomized Trial of a State Tobacco Prevention Program
    Anthony Biglan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..teachers, principals, prevention coordinators, access purchase surveys, and archival records from schools, police, and city councils. The primary aim of the study is to conduct a true experimental field trial of a state program...
  51. Risk Factors for Adolescent Drug Use in the United States and Colombia
    Eric C Brown; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..delinquency, and gang membership in Colombia have followed closely the escalation of adolescent drug use (National Police Annual Report, 2009)...
  52. Effect of decals on teen compliance with and enforcement of driving restrictions
    Allison Elizabeth Curry; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..peer passengers limits, nighttime curfew, ban on use of electronic equipment, and required seat belt use) and police officers'enforcement of these restrictions...
  53. POPULATION BASED SURVEY OF TORTURE AND VIOLENCE
    James Jaranson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..include circumstances of immigration; a history of torture while in the control of government officials (including police and military); psychological status (including symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress); psychiatric ..
  54. Long-term Psychosocial Impact on Police Officers: Post-Hurricance Katrina
    John M Violanti; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..provided by applicant): The present proposal seeks to examine the long term post- hurricane Katrina impact on police officers who policed the disaster in St. Bernard Parish, LA, one of the most devastated areas...
  55. Hazardous Materials Worker Health and Safety Training (U45), Cooperative Agreemen
    AUDREY ROSE GOTSCH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of Public Health, Hunter College, New York Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NYCOSH), New Jersey State Police, New York District Council of Carpenters, University at Buffalo, and Universidad Metropolitana (UMET)...
  56. Mitigating Maritime Chemical Incidents Through Mobile Learning
    CHRISTOPHER T HELD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in this recent instance, but the necessary protocols brought 5 agencies to the scene including fire departments, police departments, and the U.S. Coast Guard...
  57. Sleep Disorders Management, Health and Safety in Police
    CHARLES CZEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Because of their career-long exposure to long work hours and frequent overnight shift duty, police officers are at extremely high risk of suffering sleep disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, and ..
  58. Community Health, Anti-social Behavior and Safety at Street Segments: A Comparati
    David Weisburd; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..approach involves the selection of 150 "drug hotspots" as characterized by official data from the Baltimore City Police Department (BPD), and comparison samples of 150 "predatory crime hot spots" and 150 "non-hot spot" street segments...
  59. JHU Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence
    Philip J Leaf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Data will be collected from police and school records, surveys of middle-school children, as well as a proposed survey of randomly sampled youth in ..
  60. Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women: Multilevel Analysis
    Qing Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..most were small in size (ranged from 157 cases locally to 1,440 couples nationally), and most mainly relied on police crime reports or national surveys, which are prone to selection and reporting bias...
  61. COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICS
    MICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Neighborhood crime data will be obtained from police and census bureau data...
  62. Understanding Alcohol Use Over Time in Early Mid-Adulthood for At-Risk Men
    Deborah M Capaldi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The two new assessments will include self-report, peer report, and records data (police and DMV records). Reports from intimate partners are available in a companion study...
  63. MASSACHUSETTS 1987 SAFE ROADS ACT/TRAFFIC SAFETY PROGRAM
    Ralph Hingson; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Community programs start June 1988 and must include 1) increased police enforcement 2) public information 3) educational programs for middle and high schools 4) corporate efforts to ..
  64. Do Cell Phone Laws Reduce Calling, Texting, and Crashes among Young Drivers?
    Motao Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Risk Behavior Surveillance data (self-reported texting or emailing while driving), and 2000-2013 state- based Police Accident Reports (injurious crashes) and Fatality Analysis Reporting System (fatal crashes)...
  65. SYRINGE ACCESS AND HIV RISK
    Merrill Singer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., impact of police pressure, cost of syringes, and transportation on facilitating or diminishing access), and local injection and ..
  66. Structural Barriers to HIV Prevention and Treatment with IDUs in Ukraine
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..perspectives in which IDUs are regarded and how they are acted toward and served in Odessa using focus groups with police officers and in-depth semi- structured interviews with officials from law enforcement, health (including the AIDS ..
  67. Impact of Emotional Cues on Family Violence
    GORDON DAHL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..NIBRS includes all incidents reported to police -- not just those that result in an arrest -- in participating jurisdictions across the country...
  68. COMMUNITY ADVOCACY FOR TOBACCO POLICY COMPLIANCE
    James Davis; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A survey in southeast Missouri revealed that more than 50% of police chiefs, city managers, and mayors are unaware that a state law exists restricting public smoking...
  69. The Dynamics of Methamphetamine Markets: A Systematic Approach to the Process
    HENRY BROWNSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., arrestees, treatment clients), community organizers and providers, local narcotics police, and local public health officials...
  70. HUMAN GENOME RESEARCH IN AN INTERDEPENDENT WORLD
    Daniel Wikler; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..group included (I) international sharing of research burdens and benefits, (II) use of genetic information by the police and military, (III) use of genetic information in identification of racial groups and in eugenic initiatives; and (..