Genomes and Genes
Summary: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining law and order among the citizenry.
Publications346 found, 100 shown here
- Association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome in police officers: results from two cross-sectional studiesTara A Hartley
Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
J Environ Public Health 2012:861219. 2012..was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane, WA...
- Drug use patterns among Thai illicit drug injectors amidst increased police presenceDan Werb
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St, Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 4:16. 2009..We also conducted bivariate analyses to identify a possible effect of a reported increase in police presence on measures of drug use and related risk behaviors among study participants. One hundred fifty-five (61...
- The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative studyHannah Cooper
Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005This paper employs qualitative methods to explore the ramifications of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction...
- Peritraumatic and trait dissociation differentiate police officers with resilient versus symptomatic trajectories of posttraumatic stress symptomsIsaac R Galatzer-Levy
Departmentof Psychiatry, PTSD Research Program, New York University School of Medicine, NY 10016, USA
J Trauma Stress 24:557-65. 2011..We examined heterogeneity in a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom course in a sample of 178 active-duty police officers following exposure to a life-threatening event using latent growth mixture modeling (LGMM)...
- Injecting drug users' experiences of policing practices in two Mexican-U.S. border cities: public health perspectivesCari L Miller
University of California School of Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, USA
Int J Drug Policy 19:324-31. 2008..We undertook a qualitative study of IDUs' experiences of policing practices in two Mexican cities on the U.S. border...
- Police-related experiences and HIV risk among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, IndiaJennifer Toller Erausquin
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
J Infect Dis 204:S1223-8. 2011Research suggests experiences with police are related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sexual risk among women working as sex workers...
- Can sex workers regulate police? Learning from an HIV prevention project for sex workers in southern IndiaMonica Rao Biradavolu
Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA
Soc Sci Med 68:1541-7. 2009..Yet, there are few studies on the strategies sex worker advocates use to modify police behavior or the struggles they face in challenging state institutions...
- Enhancing emotion-regulation skills in police officers: results of a pilot controlled studyMatthias Berking
University of Marburg, Department of Psychology, Gutenbergstrasse 18, 35032 Marburg, Germany
Behav Ther 41:329-39. 2010b>Police officers are routinely exposed to situations that elicit intense negative emotions; thus, officers have a particularly strong need for effective methods of regulating such emotions...
- Street policing, injecting drug use and harm reduction in a Russian city: a qualitative study of police perspectivesTim Rhodes
Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
J Urban Health 83:911-25. 2006We undertook a qualitative exploration of police perspectives on injecting drug use and needle and syringe access among injecting drug users (IDUs) in a Russian city which has witnessed explosive spread of HIV associated with drug ..
- Mortality of a police cohort: 1950-1990J M Violanti
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo 14214, USA
Am J Ind Med 33:366-73. 1998This study presents findings from an updated retrospective cohort mortality study of male police officers from January 1, 1950 to December 31, 1990 (n = 2,593; 58,474 person-years; 98% follow-up)...
- Gender and PTSD: What can we learn from female police officers?Michelle M Lilly
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
J Anxiety Disord 23:767-74. 2009Studies of civilians typically find that female gender is a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Police and military studies often find no gender differences in PTSD...
- Smaller hippocampal volume in Dutch police officers with posttraumatic stress disorderRamón J L Lindauer
Centre for Psychological Trauma, Department of Psychiatry de Bascule, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Biol Psychiatry 56:356-63. 2004..Our aim was to assess hippocampal volume in traumatized police officers with and without PTSD in the absence of alcohol abuse and moderate to severe major depression.
- Predictors of posttraumatic stress in police and other first respondersCharles R Marmar
San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4150 Clement St 116 P, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1071:1-18. 2006..an overview of previous research conducted by our group on risk and resilience factors for PTSD symptoms in police and other first responders...
- Greek police officers' attitudes towards the mentally illVassiliki Psarra
Psychiatric Hospital of Attika Dafni, Athens, Greece
Int J Law Psychiatry 31:77-85. 2008The deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill and their shift into the community lead the police to play an important role in the management of acute psychiatric states...
- Police officers' attitudes toward and decisions about persons with mental illnessAmy C Watson
Department of Psychiatry, University of Chicago, 7230 Arbor Drive, Tinley Park, Illinois 60477, USA
Psychiatr Serv 55:49-53. 2004A significant portion of police work involves contact with persons who have mental illness. This study examined how knowledge that a person has a mental illness influences police officers' perceptions, attitudes, and responses.
- PTSD symptoms predict waking salivary cortisol levels in police officersThomas C Neylan
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
Psychoneuroendocrinology 30:373-81. 2005..Thirty active duty police officers completed the study protocol, which included measures of peritraumatic emotional distress, peritraumatic ..
- Do community characteristics predict alcohol-related crime?Courtney Breen
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, School of Public Health and Community, Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Alcohol Alcohol 46:464-70. 2011..This study aims to determine whether there are differences in alcohol-related crime at the community level and examines whether certain community characteristics are associated with increased alcohol-related crime...
- Three different coping styles in police dogs exposed to a short-term challengeZsuzsanna Horvath
Department of Ethology, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University Faculty of Science, Budapest Pázmány P s 1 C 1117, Hungary
Horm Behav 52:621-30. 2007..The aim of this current study was to examine whether (1) experienced working police dogs adopt different coping strategies during a short-term unexpected social challenge presented by a threatening ..
- Police violence and sexual risk among female and transvestite sex workers in Serbia: qualitative studyTim Rhodes
Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London WC1E 7HT
BMJ 337:a811. 2008..To explore female and transvestite sex workers' perceptions of risk in the sex work environment in Serbia...
- Comparing road traffic mortality rates from police-reported data and death registration data in ChinaGuoqing Hu
School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, China
Bull World Health Organ 89:41-5. 2011To compare death rates from road traffic injuries in China in 2002-2007 when derived from police-reported data versus death registration data.
- Frequency and severity approaches to indexing exposure to trauma: the Critical Incident History Questionnaire for police officersDaniel S Weiss
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
J Trauma Stress 23:734-43. 2010The Critical Incident History Questionnaire indexes cumulative exposure to traumatic incidents in police by examining incident frequency and rated severity. In over 700 officers, event severity was negatively correlated (r(s) = -...
- Police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy and the risk of antenatal hospitalizationSherry Lipsky
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Matern Child Health J 8:55-63. 2004..Few studies have addressed the relationship between IPV and antenatal hospitalization. This study utilized a novel approach to examine the impact of IPV during pregnancy on antenatal hospitalization not associated with delivery...
- Blood pressure in firefighters, police officers, and other emergency respondersStefanos N Kales
Department of Environmental Health, Environmental and Occupational Medicine and Epidemiology EOME, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Am J Hypertens 22:11-20. 2009..The strenuous duties of emergency responders (firefighters, police officers, and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel) can interact with their personal risk profiles, ..
- Cues to deception and ability to detect lies as a function of police interview stylesAldert Vrij
Psychology Department, King Henry Building, University of Portsmouth, King Henry 1 Street, Portsmouth, PO1 2DY, United Kingdom
Law Hum Behav 31:499-518. 2007In Experiment 1, we examined whether three interview styles used by the police, accusatory, information-gathering and behaviour analysis, reveal verbal cues to deceit, measured with the Criteria-Based Content Analysis (CBCA) and Reality ..
- Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environmentTim Rhodes
Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, University of London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, SW6 8RP, London, UK
Soc Sci Med 57:39-54. 2003..Principal among these is a reported fear of police detainment or arrest among IDUs which encourages a reluctance to carry needles and syringes, and which in turn, is ..
- Across the thin blue line: police officers and racial bias in the decision to shootJoshua Correll
Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 92:1006-23. 2007b>Police officers were compared with community members in terms of the speed and accuracy with which they made simulated decisions to shoot (or not shoot) Black and White targets. Both samples exhibited robust racial bias in response speed...
- Low-threshold methadone treatment, heroin price, police activity and incidence of heroin use: the Zurich experienceCarlos Nordt
Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
Int J Drug Policy 20:497-501. 2009..And finally, the intensity of police activity in the drug field may also affect prices for street heroin.
- Effects of environmental benzene: micronucleus frequencies and haematological values in traffic police working in an urban areaFrancesca Maffei
Department of Pharmacology, University of Bologna, Via Irnerio 48, 40126 Bologna, Italy
Mutat Res 583:1-11. 2005..peripheral lymphocytes by use of the cytokinesis-block technique, and haematological parameters among 49 traffic police and 36 indoor workers (controls) in the city of Bologna...
- Cost per incident of alcohol-related crime in New South WalesJoshua M Byrnes
Centre for Applied Health Economics, School of Medicine, Griffith University, Meadowbrook, Australia
Drug Alcohol Rev 31:854-60. 2012..This paper seeks to quantify the individual cost of an assault, property damage, sexual offence and disorderly conduct in New South Wales...
- Phototherapy and orange-tinted goggles for night-shift adaptation of police officers on patrolDiane B Boivin
Centre for Study and Treatment of Circadian Rhythms, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Chronobiol Int 29:629-40. 2012The aim of the present combined field and laboratory study was to assess circadian entrainment in two groups of police officers working seven consecutive 8/8.5-h night shifts as part of a rotating schedule...
- The perceptions on male circumcision as a preventive measure against HIV infection and considerations in scaling up of the services: a qualitative study among police officers in Dar es Salaam, TanzaniaEdith A M Tarimo
Department of Nursing Management, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
BMC Public Health 12:529. 2012..The purpose of the present study was to assess the perceptions of male circumcision in a cohort of police officers that also served as a source of volunteers for a phase I/II HIV vaccine (HIVIS-03) trial in Dar es Salaam,..
- Associations between police officer stress and the metabolic syndromeTara A Hartley
Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, USA
Int J Emerg Ment Health 13:243-56. 2011The purpose of this study was to examine the association of police officer stress with metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) and its individual components...
- The burden of full and subsyndromal posttraumatic stress disorder among police involved in the World Trade Center rescue and recovery effortRobert H Pietrzak
National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
J Psychiatr Res 46:835-42. 2012This study examined the prevalence, correlates, and perceived mental healthcare needs associated with subsyndromal PTSD in police involved in the World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery effort.
- Sleep disorders, health, and safety in police officersShantha M W Rajaratnam
Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
JAMA 306:2567-78. 2011Sleep disorders often remain undiagnosed. Untreated sleep disorders among police officers may adversely affect their health and safety and pose a risk to the public.
- Positive and negative emotion prospectively predict trajectories of resilience and distress among high-exposure police officersIsaac R Galatzer-Levy
Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
Emotion 13:545-53. 2013..In the current investigation, we followed police officers prospectively from academy training through 48 months of active duty, assessing levels of distress every ..
- Association between childhood trauma and catecholamine response to psychological stress in police academy recruitsChristian Otte
Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco, and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA
Biol Psychiatry 57:27-32. 2005..Childhood trauma is a risk factor for anxiety disorders in adulthood. One possible mechanism for this association is an increased neuroendocrine response to stress in adults with a history of childhood trauma...
- [Homicide mortality, socioeconomic development, and police violence in the city of São Paulo, Brazil]Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
Universidade de Sao Paulo, Núcleo de Estudos da Violência, Sao Paulo, Brasil
Rev Panam Salud Publica 23:268-76. 2008To analyze the association between police violence and homicide mortality rates taking into consideration the effect of contextual variables.
- Outcomes of police contacts with persons with mental illness: the impact of CITAmy C Watson
Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1040 W Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
Adm Policy Ment Health 37:302-17. 2010The Crisis intervention team model (CIT) is possibly the most well known and widely adopted model to improve police response to persons with mental illness...
- Confronting structural violence in sex work: lessons from a community-led HIV prevention project in Mysore, IndiaElena Argento
Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
AIDS Care 23:69-74. 2011..Building an enabling environment was key to reducing personal risks inherent to sex work, emphasizing the importance of community-led structural interventions for sex workers in India...
- Law enforcement officer versus non-law enforcement officer status as a longitudinal predictor of traditional and emerging cardiovascular risk factorsBruce R Wright
Health and Wellness Services, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 2302, USA
J Occup Environ Med 53:730-4. 2011..To determine whether law enforcement officer (LEO) status and perceived stress are longitudinal predictors of traditional and inflammatory cardiovascular (CV) risk factors...
- Crisis intervention team training for police officers responding to mental disturbance callsJennifer L S Teller
Department of Sociology, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio 44242, USA
Psychiatr Serv 57:232-7. 2006In recognition of the fact that police are often the first responders for individuals who are experiencing a mental illness crisis, police departments nationally are incorporating specialized training for officers in collaboration with ..
- Exposure to benzene in urban workers: environmental and biological monitoring of traffic police in RomeR Crebelli
National Health Institute, Rome, Italy
Occup Environ Med 58:165-71. 2001To evaluate the contribution of traffic fumes to exposure to benzene in urban workers, an investigation on personal exposure to benzene in traffic police from the city of Rome was carried out.
- Improving police response to persons with mental illness: a multi-level conceptualization of CITAmy C Watson
Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1040 W Harrison Street, MC 309, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
Int J Law Psychiatry 31:359-68. 2008..This includes police practice, where initial decisions to involve persons in the justice system or divert them to mental health ..
- Effects of stress induced by a simulated shooting on recall by police and citizen witnessesC J Stanny
Psychology Department, University of West Florida, Pensacola 32514, USA
Am J Psychol 113:359-86. 2000Two experiments address the accuracy of citizen and police witnesses in recalling stressful events. Participants saw 2 training scenarios...
- Work stress in aging police officersRobyn R M Gershon
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 600 W 168th Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
J Occup Environ Med 44:160-7. 2002..we assessed and characterized work stress, coping strategies, and stress-related health outcomes in a sample of police officers aged 50 years and older (n = 105)...
- Effectiveness of anonymised information sharing and use in health service, police, and local government partnership for preventing violence related injury: experimental study and time series analysisCurtis Florence
Division of Violence Prevention, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
BMJ 342:d3313. 2011..To evaluate the effectiveness of anonymised information sharing to prevent injury related to violence...
- Psychosocial work environment, interpersonal violence at work and mental health among correctional officersRenée Bourbonnais
Rehabilitation Department, Laval University, Quebec, Canada
Int J Law Psychiatry 30:355-68. 2007..Finally, in 2004, psychological distress among correctional officers was also associated with intimidation and psychological harassment at work...
- Suicide among New York City police officers, 1977-1996Peter M Marzuk
Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
Am J Psychiatry 159:2069-71. 2002The authors assessed the suicide rates of New York City police officers during a recent period.
- Under-reporting of road traffic injuries to the police: results from two data sources in urban IndiaR Dandona
George Institute for International Health India, Hyderabad, India
Inj Prev 14:360-5. 2008To report the magnitude of under-reporting of road traffic injury (RTI) to the police from population-based and hospital-based data in the urban population of Hyderabad, India.
- Reducing psychiatric stigma and discrimination--evaluating an educational intervention with the police force in EnglandV Pinfold
Health Service Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:337-44. 2003..This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a mental health training intervention with the police force in England.
- A prospective study of predictors of depression symptoms in policeZhen Wang
Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghei, China
Psychiatry Res 175:211-6. 2010b>Police work is one of the most stressful occupations. Previous research has indicated that work stress and trauma exposure may place individuals at heightened risk for the development of depression symptomatology...
- The domestic violence home-visit intervention: impact on police-reported incidents of repeat violence over 12 monthsCarla Smith Stover
National Center for Children Exposed to Violence, Yale University Child Study Center, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Violence Vict 24:591-606. 2009The domestic violence home-visit intervention (DVHVI) provides home visits by police-advocate teams within 72-hours of domestic incident to provide safety, psychoeducation, mental health, legal, or additional police assistance...
- Association of seat belt use with death: a comparison of estimates based on data from police and estimates based on data from trained crash investigatorsP Cummings
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
Inj Prev 8:338-41. 2002Estimates of any protective effect of seat belts could be exaggerated if some crash survivors falsely claimed to police that they were belted in order to avoid a fine...
- Environmental tobacco smoke exposure among police officers in Hong KongT H Lam
Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Patrick Manson Building South Wing, 7 Sassoon Rd, Hong Kong, China
JAMA 284:756-63. 2000..Few epidemiological studies have examined the relationship between chronic respiratory symptoms and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at work in adults, and none have shown clear dose-response relationships...
- Differences in PTSD prevalence and associated risk factors among World Trade Center disaster rescue and recovery workersMegan A Perrin
Cognitive Neurophysiology Laboratory, Nathan S Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Bldg 35, 140 Old Orangeburg Rd, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA
Am J Psychiatry 164:1385-94. 2007..This study compared the prevalence and risk factors of current probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) across different occupations involved in rescue/recovery work at the World Trade Center site...
- Cortisol, learning, memory, and attention in relation to smaller hippocampal volume in police officers with posttraumatic stress disorderRamón J L Lindauer
Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Psychological Trauma, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Biol Psychiatry 59:171-7. 2006..We have previously reported smaller hippocampi in police officers with PTSD...
- Police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy: who is at risk?Sherry Lipsky
University of Washington Seattle, WA, USA
Violence Vict 20:69-86. 2005The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to determine risk factors for police-reported intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy among Seattle residents with a registered live birth or fetal death in Washington State...
- Associations of cortisol with posttraumatic stress symptoms and negative life events: a study of police officers and firefightersAnke B Witteveen
EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Psychoneuroendocrinology 35:1113-8. 2010..In an epidemiological sample of 1880 police officers and firefighters, associations of salivary cortisol with PTSD, negative life events (NLE) and exposure to ..
- San Francisco pedestrian injury surveillance: mapping, under-reporting, and injury severity in police and hospital recordsStanley Sciortino
Community Health Education Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health, CA 94102, USA
Accid Anal Prev 37:1102-13. 2005b>Police reports of severely injured pedestrians help identify hazardous traffic areas in San Francisco, but they under-report non-fatal collisions...
- Effect of a hypocaloric diet, increased protein intake and resistance training on lean mass gains and fat mass loss in overweight police officersR H Demling
Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Ann Nutr Metab 44:21-9. 2000..using two different protein supplements, versus hypocaloric diet alone on body compositional changes in overweight police officers...
- Atypical work hours and metabolic syndrome among police officersJohn M Violanti
Department of Social and Preventative Medicine, State University of New York, Buffalo, 14214, USA
Arch Environ Occup Health 64:194-201. 2009This study examined whether atypical work hours are associated with metabolic syndrome among a random sample of 98 police officers. Shift work and overtime data from daily payroll records and reported sleep duration were obtained...
- Reliability of police-reported information for determining crash and injury severityCharles M Farmer
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
Traffic Inj Prev 4:38-44. 2003Posted speed limit and police-reported injury codes are commonly used by researchers to approximate vehicle impact and occupant injury severity...
- Reality-based practice under pressure improves handgun shooting performance of police officersR R D Oudejans
Research Institute MOVE, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ergonomics 51:261-73. 2008..practice under pressure may help in preventing degradation of handgun shooting performance under pressure for police officers...
- Association of work related chronic stressors and psychiatric symptoms in a Swiss sample of police officers; a cross sectional questionnaire studyMarc Arial
Institute for Work and Health, Lausanne University and Geneva University, Bugnon 21, CH 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 83:323-31. 2010..1) To identify work related stressors that are associated with psychiatric symptoms in a Swiss sample of policemen and (2) to develop a model for identifying officers at risk for developing mental health problems...
- Road traffic injuries in Iran: the role of interventions implemented by traffic policeH Soori
Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University M C, Tehran, Iran
Traffic Inj Prev 10:375-8. 2009..Despite some interventions having been implemented during the past 5 years, the impacts of these interventions on mortality and morbidity rates have not been well evaluated...
- Impact of police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy on birth outcomesSherry Lipsky
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Obstet Gynecol 102:557-64. 2003To examine the relationship of police-reported intimate partner violence during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes.
- Police and public health partnerships: evidence from the evaluation of Vancouver's supervised injection facilityKora deBeck
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, B, C, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 3:11. 2008..We sought to determine if local police impacted utilization of the SIF...
- Does increasing community and liquor licensees' awareness, police activity, and feedback reduce alcohol-related violent crime? A benefit-cost analysisHéctor José Navarro
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre NDARC, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia
Int J Environ Res Public Health 10:5490-506. 2013..impact and benefit-cost of a multi-component intervention (increasing community and liquor licensees' awareness, police activity, and feedback) on crimes typically associated with alcohol-related violence...
- Cancer incidence among male Massachusetts firefighters, 1987-2003Dongmug Kang
Department of Preventive and Occupational Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea
Am J Ind Med 51:329-35. 2008..Firefighters are known to be exposed to recognized or probable carcinogens. Previous studies have found elevated risks of several types of cancers in firefighters...
- Condom use by partner type among military and police personnel in PeruManuel V Villaran
United States Naval Medical Research Unit Six NAMRU 6, Lima, Peru
Am J Mens Health 6:266-72. 2012The aim of this study was to analyze the rates of condom use among military and police populations in Peru, focusing on differences in use by type of partner...
- An overview of the "Positive Action for Today's Health" (PATH) trial for increasing walking in low income, ethnic minority communitiesDawn K Wilson
Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, United States
Contemp Clin Trials 31:624-33. 2010..The Positive Action for Today's Health (PATH) trial compares three communities that are randomly assigned to different levels of an environmental intervention to improve safety and access for walking in low income communities...
- Family psychiatric history, peritraumatic reactivity, and posttraumatic stress symptoms: a prospective study of policeSabra S Inslicht
San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
J Psychiatr Res 44:22-31. 2010..Family history of psychiatric and substance use disorders has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in cross-sectional studies...
- Psychosocial correlates of police-registered youth crime. A Finnish population-based studyHenrik Elonheimo
University of Turku, Turku Fl 20014, Finland
Nord J Psychiatry 63:292-300. 2009..combined: questionnaires completed by the boys at call-up in 1999 and crime registered in the Finnish National Police Register between 1998 and 2001...
- Stress shield: a model of police resiliencyDouglas Paton
School of Psychology, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia
Int J Emerg Ment Health 10:95-107. 2008This paper discusses the development of a new model of police officer resiliency...
- It's others, not the police: smoking, reprimand, and fines among adults of Korean descent in CaliforniaC Richard Hofstetter
Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, 9245 Sky Park Court, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
Health Psychol 29:255-61. 2010..This study assesses the association of immediate social and legal reprimand and current smoking status among Californians of Korean descent...
- Alexithymia and PTSD symptoms in urban police officers: cross-sectional and prospective findingsShannon E McCaslin
Psychiatry Service, San Francisco Veterans Administration Medical Center, CA 94121, USA
J Trauma Stress 19:361-73. 2006..of alexithymia to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology was examined cross-sectionally in 166 urban police officers surveyed between 1998 and 1999 and prospectively in 54 of these officers who participated in a follow-up ..
- Road traffic fatalities in Arkhangelsk, Russia in 2005-2010: reliability of police and healthcare dataAlexander V Kudryavtsev
Department of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, N 9037 Tromsø, Norway International School of Public Health, Northern State Medical University, Troitsky Av 51, Arkhangelsk, Russia
Accid Anal Prev 53:46-54. 2013To estimate and compare reliability of traffic mortality data of the police and the healthcare sector in Arkhangelsk, Russia.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder in UK police officersBen Green
University of Liverpool Department of Psychiatry, and Cheadle Royal Hospital, 100 Wilmslow Road, Cheadle, Cheshire SK8 3DG, UK
Curr Med Res Opin 20:101-5. 2004Prevalence rates for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in police officers may be six or more times the prevalence rates for the community...
- Effects of domestic violence policies, alcohol taxes and police staffing levels on intimate partner homicide in large US citiesApril M Zeoli
School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
Inj Prev 16:90-5. 2010To assess the relationships between intimate partner homicide (IPH) and public policies including police staffing levels in large US cities.
- Suicidal ideation and attempts in Norwegian policeAnne Marie Berg
National Police Academy, Oslo, Norway
Suicide Life Threat Behav 33:302-12. 2003Studies on suicide among police show inconsistent results, thereby contributing to considerable speculation regarding why police officers commit suicide...
- School, police, and medical authority involvement with children who have experienced victimizationDavid Finkelhor
Crimes against Children Research Center, Department of Sociology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:9-15. 2011To obtain national estimates of the degree to which school, police, and medical authorities are involved after children experience violence, abuse, and crime victimizations.
- Police confrontations among street-involved youth in a Canadian settingLianping Ti
British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
Int J Drug Policy 24:46-51. 2013..However, the extent of interaction between police and street-involved youth has not been well characterized...
- The association between the incidence of emergency department attendances for alcohol problems and assault incidents attended by police in New South Wales, Australia, 2003-2008: a time-series analysisJoseph Descallar
Centre for Epidemiology and Research, New South Wales Department of Health, North Sydney, NSW, Australia
Addiction 107:549-56. 2012To assess the short-term temporal relationship between emergency department (ED) attendances for acute alcohol problems and assaults reported to police.
- Health effects from reported exposure to methamphetamine labs: a poison center-based studyDennis L Thrasher
Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724 5210, USA
J Med Toxicol 5:200-4. 2009..Illicit methamphetamine laboratories pose a health hazard. However, information on symptoms from exposure is limited, particularly for setup or former laboratories...
- Training with anxiety: short- and long-term effects on police officers' shooting behavior under pressureArne Nieuwenhuys
Research Institute MOVE, VU University Amsterdam, Van Der Boechorstraat, The Netherlands
Cogn Process 12:277-88. 2011We investigated short- and long-term effects of training with anxiety on police officers' shooting behavior under pressure...
- Quality of treatment following police detention of mentally disordered offendersS L Jones
Wirral Probation Centre, Europa Boulevard, Birkenhead, Wirral CH41 4PE, UK
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 9:73-80. 2002..reports on a group of mentally ill individuals who were admitted to a place of safety following detention by the police. The principal purpose of the study was to determine the quality of care that the patient experienced under ..
- C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptomology in urban police officersErin C McCanlies
Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Cytokine 55:74-8. 2011..CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology in a random sample of 115 police officers...
- Police work and subclinical atherosclerosisP Nedra Joseph
Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, HealthEffects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Road M S 4050, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
J Occup Environ Med 51:700-7. 2009Employment as an urban police officer was hypothesized to be associated with increased structural subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD), measured by carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT).
- Assessment of hospital and police ascertainment of automobile versus childhood pedestrian and bicyclist collisionsP K Dhillon
Southern California Injury Prevention Research Center, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles 90095, USA
Accid Anal Prev 33:529-37. 2001..Hospital records and police reports focus on different characteristics of a collision, which reflects differences in case finding as well as ..
- Dropouts in a long-term follow-up study involving voluntary counseling and HIV testing: experience from a cohort of police officers in Dar Es Salaam, TanzaniaF Mugusi
Muhimbili Medical Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 30:119-23. 2002..In studies with long-term follow-up, reasons for nonresponse may provide invaluable information that may be gathered through continued contact with study subjects who have withdrawn from the study...
- Police use of the taser with people with mental illness in crisisMark R Munetz
Summit County Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Services Board, 100 West Cedar Street, Suite 300, Akron, Ohio 44307, USA
Psychiatr Serv 57:883. 2006
- Predictors of police suicide ideationJohn M Violanti
School of Public Health and Health Professions, State University of New York at Buffalo, 270 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY, USA
Suicide Life Threat Behav 34:277-83. 2004Further inquiry into processes that lead to suicide in the police occupation is necessary. Suicide ideation in police officers and possible correlates associated with such ideation is explored in this paper...
- Police lie detection accuracy: the effect of lie scenarioMaureen O'Sullivan
Department of Psychology, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA
Law Hum Behav 33:530-8. 2009Although most people are not better than chance in detecting deception, some groups of police professionals have demonstrated significant lie detection accuracy...
- Sickness presenteeism among Swedish police officersConstanze Leineweber
Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
J Occup Rehabil 21:17-22. 2011The aim was to describe the prevalence of sickness presenteeism (SP) and to explore possible associations with work characteristics among Swedish police officers.
- Cytogenetic biomonitoring in traffic police workers: micronucleus test in peripheral blood lymphocytesC Bolognesi
Environmental Oncology Department, National Institute for Cancer Research, IST, Genoa, Italy
Environ Mol Mutagen 30:396-402. 1997..A biomonitoring study has been conducted in 82 italian traffic police workers exposed to air pollutants and 34 control subjects (matched by age, gender, and smoking habits) not exposed ..
- Detecting true lies: police officers' ability to detect suspects' liesSamantha Mann
Psychology Department, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, England
J Appl Psychol 89:137-49. 2004Ninety-nine police officers, not identified in previous research as belonging to groups that are superior in lie detection, attempted to detect truths and lies told by suspects during their videotaped police interviews...
- Antiretroviral therapy in the Malawi police force: access to therapy and treatment outcomesSimon D Makombe
HIV Unit, Ministry of Health, PO Box 30377, Lilongwe, Malawi
Malawi Med J 20:23-7. 2008..in Malawi providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to determine uptake of ART and subsequent treatment outcomes in police force personnel...
- Characteristics of police officer suicides in the Federal Austrian Police CorpsN D Kapusta
Department of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, Vienna, Austria
Crisis 31:265-71. 2010Suicide rates among police officers may be high because of strong occupational stressors.
- Symptoms experienced by law enforcement personnel during methamphetamine lab investigationsRoxana Z Witter
National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Occupational Medicine, Denver, CO 80206, USA
J Occup Environ Hyg 4:895-902. 2007..For most individuals, the reported symptoms were transitory and diminished in a short time, but some individuals reported needing to seek medical attention with symptoms that persisted...
- Bicycle accidents - do we only see the tip of the iceberg? A prospective multi-centre study in a large German city combining medical and police dataC Juhra
University Hospital Munster, Department of Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Waldeyerstr 1, D 48149 Munster, Germany
Injury 43:2026-34. 2012..8%) than cars (36.4%). Each day in Münster, bicycles are used around 450,000 times. In 1982, they were only used around 270,000 times a day. However, the increased use of bicycles has also led to an increased number of bicycle accidents...
- Sickness absence among women and men in the police: a systematic literature reviewJenny Körlin
Section of Personal Injury Prevention, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Scand J Public Health 37:310-9. 2009..carry out a systematic literature review of all scientific studies on sickness absence among women and men in the police in order to obtain a knowledge base for the introduction of relevant preventive actions against the high sick-..
- Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in TijuanaSteffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2010..The law specifies that after this law is enacted in Aug/2010, police apprehending persons who possess sub-threshold amounts of any of these drugs will be released with a record noting ..
- Mechanisms to restrain social cheating from quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginAJAI DANDEKAR; Fiscal Year: 2013..This provides a mechanism for the population to police against deviant behavior...
- Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws (EUDL)Christopher Spera; Fiscal Year: 2009..costs to the community include added demands on social services, including emergency room transports and extra police patrols...
- Stress and Subclinical Cardio-Metabolic Disease in Police: A Longitudinal StudyJohn M Violanti; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Certain characteristics of police work such as shift work, long work hours, high demands, and traumatic exposures have been associated with increased levels of psychological stress and in some cases ..
- Histone modifications and respiratory effects of traffic particle exposureLifang Hou; Fiscal Year: 2013..We will replicate our findings from BTDAS in traffic-exposed police officers and referents in Milan, Italy, with PM2.5 levels typical of large cities in Europe/North America...
- Mechanisms of Cardiac Function and Cerebral Vascular Control during Heat StressRobert Matthew Brothers; Fiscal Year: 2010..g. Middle East), firefighters and police officers who serve in warmer climate locations, or any other incidents (e.g...
- Feasibility, benefits, and acceptability of lowering the BAC standard in the USDavid W Eby; Fiscal Year: 2013..such as the National Conference of State Legislatures, Council for State Governments, Association of Chiefs of Police;National Sheriff's Association;American Association of State Troopers;Governor's Highway Safety ..
- Coaching Parents to Manage Youth Stress through Recreation and CultureHoward C Stevenson; Fiscal Year: 2010..conflicts and manage their anxiety and anger in the midst of conflicts with authority figures (coaches, teachers, police, and parents) and peers in classrooms and on playgrounds...
- Examining the Geographies of Immigrant Sex Work: An Exploratory Study of HIV RiskLois Takahashi; Fiscal Year: 2013..Similarly, in LA, police monitoring of indoor venues such as massage parlors has contributed to expansion of indoor sex work in venues not ..
- Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in TijuanaSteffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2013..The law specifies that after this law is enacted in Aug/2010, police apprehending persons who possess sub-threshold amounts of any of these drugs will be released with a record noting ..
- Epilepsy-associated stigma in Zambia: Evidence-based interventions and outcomesGretchen Lano Birbeck; Fiscal Year: 2012..of treatment;(2) Educational programs customized for specific "power" groups including teachers, clerics and police officers and designed to improve knowledge regarding epilepsy and tolerance for PWE;(3) Continuing medical ..
- CNS MECHANISMS IN COCAINE-RELATED SUDDEN DEATHDeborah C Mash; Fiscal Year: 2012..Medical examiners nationwide are increasingly citing this condition when suspects die in police custody...
- Social Networking and Personal Genomics: Emerging Issues for Health ResearchSandra Soo Jin Lee; Fiscal Year: 2012..this project may help to anticipate the ethical and social issues critical for sound regulatory guidance and police. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: A serious challenge to efforts to fully understand the ethical and social implications ..
- Experimental evidence and validation of measures on gender-based violenceTIA MARIA PALERMO; Fiscal Year: 2013..underestimation in existing estimates of gender-based violence, including sexual violence in conflict, based on police reports and medical facility-based studies;(2) depict how women who report to medical, legal and social ..
- Prevention of Postrape Drug Abuse: Replication StudyHeidi S Resnick; Fiscal Year: 2012..implemented prior to the post rape forensic medical exam, which is routinely conducted when a rape is reported to police or other authorities within 72 hours of assault...
- Police/Fire/EMTs Get the SKOOP: Online Skills &Training On Overdose PreventionJANIE ELIZABETH SIMMONS; Fiscal Year: 2012..easily accessible, low-cost curriculum on opioid- overdose (OD) prevention for Public Safety Personnel - Police, Firefighters and EMTs...
- Improving Safety and Access for Physical ActivityDawn K Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2010..adults would like to increase the safe places for PA (areas free from crime, containment of stray dogs, increased police patrol) and access to PA (sidewalks/trails and expand opportunities for PA) in their community...
- Epidemiology of Sex Trafficking, Drug Use and HIV at the U.S.-Mexico BorderJay G Silverman; Fiscal Year: 2013..g., those related to drug cartel activities, police violence, northward migration, access to health services) that may affect both sex trafficking and HIV risk among ..
- CIT &MH Service Access in Police Contacts: Impact on Outcomes of Persons w/SMIAmy C Watson; Fiscal Year: 2013..While some arrangements with mental health services (such as a no-refusal policy and priority to police-referred individuals) exist across cities and states (these being among the core elements of the CIT model), they ..
- Project COPEGREGG ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010Immediately following the attacks on September 11, 2001, the New York City Police Foundation (Police Foundation) launched the COPE-Columbia Cares Program, also known as Project COPE, to address the psychological impact of the events on ..
- Biomarkers of Psychological Risk and Resilience in World Trade Center RespondersSTEVEN M M SOUTHWICK; Fiscal Year: 2013..e., police) and non-traditional (i.e...
- Neighborhood Effects on Drug Use Among African American AdultsClaire E Sterk; Fiscal Year: 2012..S. Census, Part 1 crime data and drug arrest data from the Atlanta Police Department which will be combined into an assessment of neighborhood structural characteristics, and systematic ..
- Youth Violence and Housing Programs to Deconcentrate PovertyJens Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010..youth involvement in violence perpetration by matching to administrative arrest records from the Illinois State Police (ISP), and measure youth violence victimization using mortality data from the National Death Index (NDI)...
- A Web-Based Program to Prevent Mental Health Risks in Medical ExaminersELIZABETH N BRONDOLO; Fiscal Year: 2011..Although the mental health needs of other types of emergency workers (i.e., fire, police, rescue) have been well identified and acknowledged in federal emergency planning efforts, these issues have not ..
- EMERGING ISSUES IN CRIMINAL FORENSIC GENETICSPAMELA L SANKAR; Fiscal Year: 2010..a Working Group with experts from forensic genetics including researchers, training program directors, and police officials, as well as researchers from law, bioethics, and history of technology...
- Effectiveness of CCTV Systems in Reducing Retail Robbery Rates and Employee InjurCarri Casteel; Fiscal Year: 2013..The proposed project builds on an existing NIOSH-funded study, where police department crime prevention specialists are disseminating an evidence-based robbery and violence prevention ..
- Hangovers and Traffic Injuries: Is Alcohol's Influence Greater Than Expected?GORDON STEPHEN SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2013..This risk factor study involves linkage with police crash reports...
- Drug Affected Urban Environments and STIS Among YouthJacky M Jennings; Fiscal Year: 2012..PI: Ellen), on-site systematic observations and other secondary administrative data sets such as census data, police data, public health surveillance data and public housing data...
- SAFEHAVEN: Decision Support for Nursing Home Resident Disaster EvacuationsVincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2010..Most of the attention has focused on traditional first responders (i.e. fire, police, EMS) and hospital preparedness and less to preparedness among non-acute healthcare facilities such as nursing ..
- Does Graduated Driver Licensing Produce Safer Teenage DriversMotao Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2011..The 1995-1996, 2001-2002, and 2008-2009 Fatality Analysis Reporting System and Police Accident Reports identify fatal and injury crashes. Setting: Nationwide (United States). Participants: age 15-18...
- The Geography of Violence and alcohol in BostonRobert I Lipton; Fiscal Year: 2010..Massachusetts alcohol beverage control commissions (MABCC) data on alcohol outlet type and location and Boston police records on drug related arrests, we will investigate the following specific aims: 1) Geographically determine hot ..
- A Novel Police-Mental Health Linkage System to Promote Pre-Booking Jail DiversionMichael T Compton; Fiscal Year: 2013..This R34 project seeks to implement a trial of a new police-mental health linkage system and to test its feasibility and acceptability among end-users...
- NYU World Trade Center Responder Health ConsortiumDenise Harrison; Fiscal Year: 2010..is a collaboration between New York University and law enforcement organizations including the Fraternal Order of Police, the Metal Trades Department, and community organizations including the Latin American Workers Project and the ..
- Warning Beacons for Front Line Service Worker SafetyMark S Rea; Fiscal Year: 2013..S., several of which include maintenance and utility vehicles in addition to police and emer- gency vehicles...
- A Community-based ZT Program: Completing the Model of MLDA EnforcementMark B Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013..However, environmental intervention strategies combining active police enforcement of existing DUI laws (such as the ...
- Modeling Officer-Level Effects of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) TrainingMichael T Compton; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training, police officers participate in 40 hours of specialized training provided by local mental health professionals, family members/advocates, and mental health ..
- Alcohol and Cultural Factors and the Underreporting of RapeKELLY H KOO; Fiscal Year: 2011..Less than five percent of female college rapes in a year are estimated to be reported to police, resulting in inaccurate prevalence rates of rape...
- Prospective Study of Traumatic Stress in Police OfficersCharles R Marmar; Fiscal Year: 2012This is a competitive renewal application for grant RO1 MH 056350-o6 ?Prospective Study of Posttraumatic Stress in Police Officers?...
- Local Tobacco Policy and Youth SmokingJoel W Grube; Fiscal Year: 2012..of the 50 communities, (c) conducting key informant interviews with city administrators, school officials, and police to further document local policies and to ascertain levels of enforcement, and (d) conducting tobacco purchase ..
- COPing with Shift WorkRebekah K Hersch; Fiscal Year: 2013..be developed and tested in a randomized controlled trial with 300 law enforcement officers of the Baltimore County Police Department...
- Understanding the Scope and Magnitude of Prescription Drug DiversionSteven P Kurtz; Fiscal Year: 2010..of prescription drug trafficking;and, 8) conduct in-depth interviews with 20 diversion investigators in large police agencies to obtain information about the sources of diverted prescription drugs. Relevance to Public Health...
- GEMS: Geographic Enforcement Management Service for Liquor Control/Public SafetyJOSEPH KABEL; Fiscal Year: 2010..capitalize on the success of Phase I by: a) integrating alcohol-related crime and compliance check data from local police departments, b) conducting short-term evaluation of GEMS impact on state and local law enforcement practices and ..
- Translation of a robbery and violence prevention program to high risk businessesCarri Casteel; Fiscal Year: 2012..We will work with the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department, Pierce County (WA) Sheriff's Department, and San Ramon (CA) Police Department, each of which ..
- Stages of Drug Market Disruption &Reformulation in Disaster CitiesELOISE EMMA DUNLAP; Fiscal Year: 2012..Information from this project will enable authorities (public officials, police, and treatment) to develop appropriate activities and interventions to contain illegal drug markets and increased ..
- Seek, Test, Treat Strategies for Vietnamese Drug Users: A Random Controlled TrialVu Minh Quan; Fiscal Year: 2013..relied on its system of 83 drug treatment centers (DTC) where most detainees (85%) are admitted through arrests by police. Relapse to opioid injection after such treatment is 71% within 6 months after release from DTCs...
- Police Resiliency Maintenance Program: POPPA's 9/11 WTC Disaster ResponseWILLIAM W GENET; Fiscal Year: 2010The Police Resiliency Maintenance Program: POPPA's 9/11 Disaster Response is designed to introduce resilience as a highly valued asset within the New York City law enforcement community and to develop a standard operating model for ..
- Improving Dissemination of a Retail Workplace Violence Prevention ProgramCarri Casteel; Fiscal Year: 2012..The proposed project builds on two NIOSH-funded studies where six police departments nationwide are disseminating an evidence-based program to small retail establishments at high risk for ..
- HeartMap Dynamic Registry PilotGraham Nichol; Fiscal Year: 2012..treated for OHCA: a) Evaluated by organized EMS personnel and receive attempts at external defibrillation (by lay, police or EMS), or b) Receive chest compressions by organized EMS personnel, and c) Transported to a participating ..
- Hazardous Material Worker Health and Safety Training (U45), Cooperative AgreementKENNETH OLDFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2013..Such personnel would include tribal police officers, conservation officers, firefighters, environmental officials, emergency planners, and public works ..
- Randomized Trial of a State Tobacco Prevention ProgramAnthony Biglan; Fiscal Year: 2009..teachers, principals, prevention coordinators, access purchase surveys, and archival records from schools, police, and city councils. The primary aim of the study is to conduct a true experimental field trial of a state program...
- Risk Factors for Adolescent Drug Use in the United States and ColombiaEric C Brown; Fiscal Year: 2013..delinquency, and gang membership in Colombia have followed closely the escalation of adolescent drug use (National Police Annual Report, 2009)...
- Effect of decals on teen compliance with and enforcement of driving restrictionsAllison Elizabeth Curry; Fiscal Year: 2013..peer passengers limits, nighttime curfew, ban on use of electronic equipment, and required seat belt use) and police officers'enforcement of these restrictions...
- POPULATION BASED SURVEY OF TORTURE AND VIOLENCEJames Jaranson; Fiscal Year: 2002..include circumstances of immigration; a history of torture while in the control of government officials (including police and military); psychological status (including symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress); psychiatric ..
- Long-term Psychosocial Impact on Police Officers: Post-Hurricance KatrinaJohn M Violanti; Fiscal Year: 2011..provided by applicant): The present proposal seeks to examine the long term post- hurricane Katrina impact on police officers who policed the disaster in St. Bernard Parish, LA, one of the most devastated areas...
- Hazardous Materials Worker Health and Safety Training (U45), Cooperative AgreemenAUDREY ROSE GOTSCH; Fiscal Year: 2013..of Public Health, Hunter College, New York Committee on Occupational Safety and Health (NYCOSH), New Jersey State Police, New York District Council of Carpenters, University at Buffalo, and Universidad Metropolitana (UMET)...
- Mitigating Maritime Chemical Incidents Through Mobile LearningCHRISTOPHER T HELD; Fiscal Year: 2012..in this recent instance, but the necessary protocols brought 5 agencies to the scene including fire departments, police departments, and the U.S. Coast Guard...
- Sleep Disorders Management, Health and Safety in PoliceCHARLES CZEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2006..Because of their career-long exposure to long work hours and frequent overnight shift duty, police officers are at extremely high risk of suffering sleep disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, and ..
- Community Health, Anti-social Behavior and Safety at Street Segments: A ComparatiDavid Weisburd; Fiscal Year: 2013..approach involves the selection of 150 "drug hotspots" as characterized by official data from the Baltimore City Police Department (BPD), and comparison samples of 150 "predatory crime hot spots" and 150 "non-hot spot" street segments...
- JHU Center for the Prevention of Youth ViolencePhilip J Leaf; Fiscal Year: 2013..Data will be collected from police and school records, surveys of middle-school children, as well as a proposed survey of randomly sampled youth in ..
- Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women: Multilevel AnalysisQing Li; Fiscal Year: 2005..most were small in size (ranged from 157 cases locally to 1,440 couples nationally), and most mainly relied on police crime reports or national surveys, which are prone to selection and reporting bias...
- COMMUNITY VIOLENCE & YOUTH: AFFECT, BEHAVIOR, ACADEMICSMICHELE COOLEY; Fiscal Year: 2009..Neighborhood crime data will be obtained from police and census bureau data...
- Understanding Alcohol Use Over Time in Early Mid-Adulthood for At-Risk MenDeborah M Capaldi; Fiscal Year: 2013..The two new assessments will include self-report, peer report, and records data (police and DMV records). Reports from intimate partners are available in a companion study...
- MASSACHUSETTS 1987 SAFE ROADS ACT/TRAFFIC SAFETY PROGRAMRalph Hingson; Fiscal Year: 1992..Community programs start June 1988 and must include 1) increased police enforcement 2) public information 3) educational programs for middle and high schools 4) corporate efforts to ..
- Do Cell Phone Laws Reduce Calling, Texting, and Crashes among Young Drivers?Motao Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2013..Risk Behavior Surveillance data (self-reported texting or emailing while driving), and 2000-2013 state- based Police Accident Reports (injurious crashes) and Fatality Analysis Reporting System (fatal crashes)...
- SYRINGE ACCESS AND HIV RISKMerrill Singer; Fiscal Year: 2002..g., impact of police pressure, cost of syringes, and transportation on facilitating or diminishing access), and local injection and ..
- Structural Barriers to HIV Prevention and Treatment with IDUs in UkraineRobert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2009..perspectives in which IDUs are regarded and how they are acted toward and served in Odessa using focus groups with police officers and in-depth semi- structured interviews with officials from law enforcement, health (including the AIDS ..
- Impact of Emotional Cues on Family ViolenceGORDON DAHL; Fiscal Year: 2009..NIBRS includes all incidents reported to police -- not just those that result in an arrest -- in participating jurisdictions across the country...
- COMMUNITY ADVOCACY FOR TOBACCO POLICY COMPLIANCEJames Davis; Fiscal Year: 2002..A survey in southeast Missouri revealed that more than 50% of police chiefs, city managers, and mayors are unaware that a state law exists restricting public smoking...
- The Dynamics of Methamphetamine Markets: A Systematic Approach to the ProcessHENRY BROWNSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 2009..g., arrestees, treatment clients), community organizers and providers, local narcotics police, and local public health officials...
- HUMAN GENOME RESEARCH IN AN INTERDEPENDENT WORLDDaniel Wikler; Fiscal Year: 1991..group included (I) international sharing of research burdens and benefits, (II) use of genetic information by the police and military, (III) use of genetic information in identification of racial groups and in eugenic initiatives; and (..