military personnel

Summary

Summary: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Seasonal influenza vaccine and protection against pandemic (H1N1) 2009-associated illness among US military personnel
    Matthew C Johns
    Division of GEIS Operations, Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e10722. 2010
  2. ncbi Mild traumatic brain injury in U.S. Soldiers returning from Iraq
    Charles W Hoge
    Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:453-63. 2008
  3. pmc Detection of blast-related traumatic brain injury in U.S. military personnel
    Christine L Mac Donald
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    N Engl J Med 364:2091-100. 2011
  4. ncbi Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
  5. ncbi Traumatic brain injury screening: preliminary findings in a US Army Brigade Combat Team
    Heidi Terrio
    Department of Deployment Health, Evans Army Community Hospital, Fort Carson, Colorado 80913, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 24:14-23. 2009
  6. ncbi Meta-analysis of risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults
    C R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, England
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:748-66. 2000
  7. ncbi Cognitive sequelae of blast-induced traumatic brain injury: recovery and rehabilitation
    YELENA BOGDANOVA
    VA Boston Healthcare System, Memory Disorders Research Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Neuropsychol Rev 22:4-20. 2012
  8. pmc Synthesis of the psychometric properties of the PTSD checklist (PCL) military, civilian, and specific versions
    Kendall C Wilkins
    San Diego State University University of California San Diego, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, California, USA
    Depress Anxiety 28:596-606. 2011
  9. ncbi Longitudinal assessment of mental health problems among active and reserve component soldiers returning from the Iraq war
    Charles S Milliken
    Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    JAMA 298:2141-8. 2007
  10. pmc Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of an outbreak of novel H1N1 (swine origin) influenza A virus among United States military beneficiaries
    Nancy F Crum-Cianflone
    Infectious Disease Clinic, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California 92134 1005, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 49:1801-10. 2009

Detail Information

Publications390 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Seasonal influenza vaccine and protection against pandemic (H1N1) 2009-associated illness among US military personnel
    Matthew C Johns
    Division of GEIS Operations, Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e10722. 2010
    ..A novel A/H1N1 virus is the cause of the present influenza pandemic; vaccination is a key countermeasure, however, few data assessing prior seasonal vaccine effectiveness (VE) against the pandemic strain of H1N1 (pH1N1) virus are available...
  2. ncbi Mild traumatic brain injury in U.S. Soldiers returning from Iraq
    Charles W Hoge
    Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 358:453-63. 2008
    ..However, the epidemiology of combat-related mild traumatic brain injury is poorly understood...
  3. pmc Detection of blast-related traumatic brain injury in U.S. military personnel
    Christine L Mac Donald
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    N Engl J Med 364:2091-100. 2011
    ..Blast-related traumatic brain injuries have been common in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, but fundamental questions about the nature of these injuries remain unanswered...
  4. ncbi Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
    The current combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have involved U.S. military personnel in major ground combat and hazardous security duty...
  5. ncbi Traumatic brain injury screening: preliminary findings in a US Army Brigade Combat Team
    Heidi Terrio
    Department of Deployment Health, Evans Army Community Hospital, Fort Carson, Colorado 80913, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 24:14-23. 2009
    ....
  6. ncbi Meta-analysis of risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults
    C R Brewin
    Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, England
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:748-66. 2000
    ....
  7. ncbi Cognitive sequelae of blast-induced traumatic brain injury: recovery and rehabilitation
    YELENA BOGDANOVA
    VA Boston Healthcare System, Memory Disorders Research Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    Neuropsychol Rev 22:4-20. 2012
    Blast-related traumatic brain injury (bTBI) poses a significant concern for military personnel engaged in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF)...
  8. pmc Synthesis of the psychometric properties of the PTSD checklist (PCL) military, civilian, and specific versions
    Kendall C Wilkins
    San Diego State University University of California San Diego, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, California, USA
    Depress Anxiety 28:596-606. 2011
    ..g., may overestimate PTSD prevalence) will help clinicians and researchers make educated decisions regarding the appropriate use of this measure in their particular setting...
  9. ncbi Longitudinal assessment of mental health problems among active and reserve component soldiers returning from the Iraq war
    Charles S Milliken
    Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    JAMA 298:2141-8. 2007
    ..A previous article focusing only on the initial screening is likely to have underestimated the mental health burden...
  10. pmc Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of an outbreak of novel H1N1 (swine origin) influenza A virus among United States military beneficiaries
    Nancy F Crum-Cianflone
    Infectious Disease Clinic, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California 92134 1005, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 49:1801-10. 2009
    ..The San Diego region was an early focal point of the emerging pandemic. We describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of this novel strain in a military population to assist in future outbreak prevention and control efforts...
  11. ncbi A new generation of women veterans: stressors faced by women deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan
    Amy E Street
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, United States
    Clin Psychol Rev 29:685-94. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi When epidemiology meets the Internet: Web-based surveys in the Millennium Cohort Study
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1345-54. 2007
    ..Web responders provided more complete contact information, including their e-mail addresses. These results demonstrate the value of survey research conducted over the Internet in concert with traditional mail survey strategies...
  13. ncbi Pre-existing high glucocorticoid receptor number predicting development of posttraumatic stress symptoms after military deployment
    Mirjam van Zuiden
    University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychiatry 168:89-96. 2011
    ..In addition, the authors analyzed mRNA expression for GR subtypes and GR target genes...
  14. pmc Preclinical serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of type 1 diabetes in a cohort of US military personnel
    Kassandra L Munger
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 177:411-9. 2013
    ..type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D), we conducted a prospective, nested case-control study among US active-duty military personnel with serum in the US Department of Defense Serum Repository, identifying 310 T1D cases diagnosed between ..
  15. ncbi Longitudinal effects of mild traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder comorbidity on postdeployment outcomes in national guard soldiers deployed to Iraq
    Melissa A Polusny
    University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:79-89. 2011
    ..The longer-term impact of combat-related concussion/MTBI and comorbid PTSD on troops' health and well-being is unknown...
  16. ncbi Selected infectious agents and risk of schizophrenia among U.S. military personnel
    David W Niebuhr
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20901
    Am J Psychiatry 165:99-106. 2008
    ..gondii antibodies among individuals discharged from the U.S. military with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and serum specimens available from both before and after diagnosis...
  17. ncbi Substance use and mental health trends among U.S. military active duty personnel: key findings from the 2008 DoD Health Behavior Survey
    Robert M Bray
    RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    Mil Med 175:390-9. 2010
    Examine substance use and mental health issues among U.S. military personnel.
  18. ncbi Influence of carrying heavy loads on soldiers' posture, movements and gait
    Renee L Attwells
    Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
    Ergonomics 49:1527-37. 2006
    b>Military personnel are required to carry heavy loads whilst marching; this load carriage represents a substantial component of training and combat...
  19. pmc The psychological risks of Vietnam for U.S. veterans: a revisit with new data and methods
    Bruce P Dohrenwend
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Science 313:979-82. 2006
    ..7% of the veterans had developed war-related PTSD during their lifetimes and 9.1% were currently suffering from PTSD 11 to 12 years after the war; current PTSD was typically associated with moderate impairment...
  20. pmc Respiratory diseases among U.S. military personnel: countering emerging threats
    G C Gray
    Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 5:379-85. 1999
    ..resistance, and the loss of effective vaccines threaten to increase the incidence of respiratory disease in military personnel. We examine six respiratory pathogens (adenoviruses, influenza viruses, Streptococcus pneumoniae, ..
  21. ncbi Association of posttraumatic stress disorder with somatic symptoms, health care visits, and absenteeism among Iraq war veterans
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:150-3. 2007
    ..The current Iraq war has posed a considerable PTSD risk, but the association with physical health has not been well studied...
  22. ncbi Prevalence of mental health problems and functional impairment among active component and National Guard soldiers 3 and 12 months following combat in Iraq
    Jeffrey L Thomas
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Department of Military Psychiatry, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:614-23. 2010
    ....
  23. ncbi The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study
    Matthew Hotopf
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Lancet 367:1731-41. 2006
    Concerns have been raised about the mental and physical health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 war in Iraq and subsequent tours of duty in the country.
  24. ncbi Use of dietary supplements among active-duty US Army soldiers
    Harris R Lieberman
    US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:985-95. 2010
    ..Anecdotal reports suggest that the use of dietary supplements (DSs) by soldiers may reflect their unique occupational requirements and the complexity of their job and family responsibilities...
  25. pmc Mortality risk factors for pandemic influenza on New Zealand troop ship, 1918
    Jennifer A Summers
    Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1931-7. 2010
    ..Mortality and descriptive data for military personnel on His Majesty's New Zealand Transport troop ship Tahiti in July 1918 were analyzed, along with archival ..
  26. ncbi Effectiveness comparison between Thai traditional massage and Chinese acupuncture for myofascial back pain in Thai military personnel: a preliminary report
    Wipoo Kumnerddee
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand
    J Med Assoc Thai 92:S117-23. 2009
    ..of Thai traditional massage (TTM) and Chinese acupuncture for the treatment of myofascial back pain in young military personnel. Eighteen Thai military personnel, aged ranging from 20-40 years were randomly divided into TTM and ..
  27. ncbi Case report of a soldier with primary blast brain injury
    Deborah L Warden
    Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Building 1, Room B207, 6900 Georgia Avenue NW, Washington DC 20309 5001, USA
    Neuroimage 47:T152-3. 2009
    ..Neuroimaging abnormalities are described together with normalization of the fractional anisotrophy on diffusion tensor imaging after follow-up imaging studies...
  28. ncbi Sexual harassment and assault experienced by reservists during military service: prevalence and health correlates
    Amy E Street
    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Rehabil Res Dev 45:409-19. 2008
    ..These data provide further evidence that experiences of sexual harassment and assault during military service have significant implications for the healthcare needs of military veterans...
  29. ncbi Osteomyelitis in military personnel wounded in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Heather C Yun
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S163-8; discussion S168. 2008
    ..We describe demographics and microbiology of OIF/OEF casualties with primary and recurrent osteomyelitis...
  30. pmc Assessing nonresponse bias at follow-up in a large prospective cohort of relatively young and mobile military service members
    Alyson J Littman
    Seattle Epidemiologic Research and Information Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 10:99. 2010
    ..We identified sociodemographic, behavioral, military, and health-related predictors of response to the first follow-up questionnaire in a large military cohort and assessed the extent to which nonresponse biased measures of association...
  31. pmc Predictors of risk and resilience for posttraumatic stress disorder among ground combat Marines: methods of the Marine Resiliency Study
    Dewleen G Baker
    VA Center for Stress and Mental Health 116A, VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Dr, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 9:E97. 2012
    ..Of enrolled Marines, approximately half (51.3%) had prior deployments. We found a moderate positive relationship between deployment history and PTSD prevalence in these baseline data...
  32. ncbi Energy requirements of military personnel
    William J Tharion
    Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Kansas Street, Natick, MA 0176 5007, USA
    Appetite 44:47-65. 2005
    Energy requirements of military personnel (Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, and Marines) have been measured in garrison and in field training under a variety of climatic conditions...
  33. ncbi Neuropsychological outcomes of army personnel following deployment to the Iraq war
    Jennifer J Vasterling
    Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System and Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans 70112, USA
    JAMA 296:519-29. 2006
    ..Previous studies have not conducted objective neuropsychological assessments both before and after a major war-zone deployment...
  34. pmc Effects of repeated deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan on the health of New Jersey Army National Guard troops: implications for military readiness
    Anna Kline
    Department of Veterans Affairs, New Jersey Health Care System, Lyons Campus, Mental Health and Behavioral Sciences Bldg 143, 151 Knollcroft Rd, Lyons, NJ 07939 5000, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:276-83. 2010
    ..We assessed the effects of prior military service in Iraq or Afghanistan on the health of New Jersey Army National Guard members preparing for deployment to Iraq...
  35. ncbi Traumatic brain injury, shell shock, and posttraumatic stress disorder in the military--past, present, and future
    Sharon B Shively
    Department of Pathology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 27:234-9. 2012
    ..Most TBIs are classified as "mild," although military personnel with these injuries can have persistent symptoms such as headache, memory impairment, and behavioral changes...
  36. ncbi Comparison of concussive symptoms, cognitive performance, and psychological symptoms between acute blast-versus nonblast-induced mild traumatic brain injury
    Cynthia A Luethcke
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 17:36-45. 2011
    Blast-related head injuries are one of the most prevalent injuries among military personnel deployed in service of Operation Iraqi Freedom...
  37. pmc A clinical diagnostic model for predicting influenza among young adult military personnel with febrile respiratory illness in Singapore
    Vernon J Lee
    Biodefence Centre, Ministry of Defence, Singapore, Singapore
    PLoS ONE 6:e17468. 2011
    ..We aim to compare the differences in presentation between influenza and non-influenza cases among those with febrile respiratory illness (FRI) to determine predictors of influenza infection...
  38. ncbi Effects of traditional sit-up training versus core stabilization exercises on short-term musculoskeletal injuries in US Army soldiers: a cluster randomized trial
    John D Childs
    US Army Baylor University Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, Army Medical Department Center and School, 3151 Scott Rd, Room 2307, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX 78234, USA
    Phys Ther 90:1404-12. 2010
    ..It is unknown whether the short-term effects of a core stabilization exercise program without sit-up training may result in decreased musculoskeletal injury incidence and work restriction compared with traditional training...
  39. ncbi Effects of sit-up training versus core stabilization exercises on sit-up performance
    John D Childs
    US Army Baylor University Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy MCCS HMT, Army Medical Department Center and School, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:2072-83. 2009
    ..The purpose was to determine whether performing CSEP in lieu of sit-ups during unit physical training would have detrimental effects on sit-up performance and passing rates on the fitness test...
  40. pmc Challenges of self-reported medical conditions and electronic medical records among members of a large military cohort
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 8:37. 2008
    ..Self-reported diagnoses may differ from medical record diagnoses due to poor patient-clinician communication, self-diagnosis in the absence of a satisfactory explanation for symptoms, or the "health literacy" of the patient...
  41. ncbi Validating the primary care posttraumatic stress disorder screen and the posttraumatic stress disorder checklist with soldiers returning from combat
    Paul D Bliese
    US Army Medical Research Unit Europe, Heidelberg, Germany
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:272-81. 2008
    ..Item analyses also identified that the most discriminate item in both scales pertained to symptoms of avoidance. Implications and limitations are discussed...
  42. ncbi An outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex infection in the US military health care system associated with military operations in Iraq
    Paul Scott
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20850, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:1577-84. 2007
    ..We investigated an outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex infection among US service members injured in Iraq...
  43. ncbi New and old risk-factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection: prospective cross-sectional study among military personnel in the Czech Republic
    P Kolbekova
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
    Clin Microbiol Infect 13:1012-7. 2007
    ..A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted among military personnel in Prague...
  44. ncbi Properties, use and health effects of depleted uranium (DU): a general overview
    A Bleise
    International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA, Department of Nuclear Science and Applications, Wagramer Strasse 5, P O Box 100, A 1400 Vienna, Austria
    J Environ Radioact 64:93-112. 2003
    ..They appear to be very minor for all post-conflict situations, i.e. a fraction of those expected from natural radiation...
  45. ncbi Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of an iron-fortified food product in female soldiers during military training: relations between iron status, serum hepcidin, and inflammation
    J Philip Karl
    US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:93-100. 2010
    ..Iron status degrades in female soldiers during military training. Inflammation-mediated up-regulation of hepcidin, a key mediator of iron homeostasis, may be a contributing factor...
  46. ncbi Risk factors for clinical stress fractures in male military recruits: a prospective cohort study
    Ville Valtteri Välimäki
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, FIN 00290 Helsinki, Finland
    Bone 37:267-73. 2005
    ..Given the poor vitamin D status of young Finnish men, intervention studies of vitamin D supplementation to lower serum PTH levels and to possibly reduce the incidence of stress fractures are warranted...
  47. ncbi Traumatic brain injury in the war zone
    Susan Okie
    N Engl J Med 352:2043-7. 2005
  48. ncbi Old world leishmaniasis: an emerging infection among deployed US military and civilian workers
    Peter J Weina
    Leishmania Diagnostics Laboratory, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1674-80. 2004
    ....
  49. ncbi Combat casualties in Afghanistan cared for by a single Forward Surgical Team during the initial phases of Operation Enduring Freedom
    George E Peoples
    274th Forward Surgical Team, Fort Bragg, NC 28310, USA
    Mil Med 170:462-8. 2005
    ..This is an analysis of the distribution, cause, and severity of wounds for combat casualties and the surgical procedures they required...
  50. ncbi Combat and peacekeeping operations in relation to prevalence of mental disorders and perceived need for mental health care: findings from a large representative sample of military personnel
    Jitender Sareen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, 771 Bannatyne Ave, Winnipeg, MB PZ430, Canada R3E 3N4
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:843-52. 2007
    Although military personnel are trained for combat and peacekeeping operations, accumulating evidence indicates that deployment-related exposure to traumatic events is associated with mental health problems and mental health service use.
  51. ncbi Traumatic brain injury during Operation Iraqi Freedom: findings from the United States Navy-Marine Corps Combat Trauma Registry
    Michael R Galarneau
    Department of Medical Modeling, Simulation, and Mission Support, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    J Neurosurg 108:950-7. 2008
    The purpose of this study was to characterize traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among military personnel (primarily Marines) during the second phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom from early in the medical care chain of evacuation through ..
  52. ncbi Injuries from explosions: physics, biophysics, pathology, and required research focus
    Howard R Champion
    Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Trauma 66:1468-77; discussion 1477. 2009
    ....
  53. pmc Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems before and after military combat deployment
    Isabel G Jacobson
    DoD Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    JAMA 300:663-75. 2008
    ..High rates of alcohol misuse after deployment have been reported among personnel returning from past conflicts, yet investigations of alcohol misuse after return from the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are lacking...
  54. ncbi Epidemiology of combat wounds in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom: orthopaedic burden of disease
    Philip J Belmont
    Associate Professor, USUHS, Orthopaedic Surgery Service, William Beaumont Army Medical Center Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 5005 N Piedras, El Paso, TX 79920, USA
    J Surg Orthop Adv 19:2-7. 2010
    ..Collection and careful examination of orthopaedic combat casualties will allow for improved military personnel protective measures and treatment of injured soldiers.
  55. ncbi Military families and children during operation Iraqi freedom
    Stephen J Cozza
    Department of Psychiatry, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 6900 Georgia Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20307 5001, USA
    Psychiatr Q 76:371-8. 2005
    ..Available and pertinent scientific information is reviewed. Clinical observations of children and families during the ongoing war in Iraq are presented...
  56. ncbi Evidence of disrupted functional connectivity in the brain after combat-related blast injury
    Scott R Sponheim
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Neuroimage 54:S21-9. 2011
    ..post-traumatic stress and depression) and commonly prescribed medications. Results provide evidence for poor coordination of frontal neural function after blast injury that may be the consequence of damaged anterior white matter tracts...
  57. ncbi Calcium and vitamin d supplementation decreases incidence of stress fractures in female navy recruits
    Joan Lappe
    Creighton University Osteoporosis Research Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 23:741-9. 2008
    ..The goal of this randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to determine whether a calcium and vitamin D intervention could reduce the incidence of SFx in female recruits during basic training...
  58. ncbi Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of iron supplementation in female soldiers during military training: effects on iron status, physical performance, and mood
    James P McClung
    Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:124-31. 2009
    ..Decrements in iron status have been reported in female soldiers during military training. Diminished iron status adversely affects physical and cognitive performance...
  59. ncbi Viral agents responsible for febrile respiratory illnesses among military recruits training in tropical Singapore
    Shirley Gek Kheng Seah
    Detection and Diagnostics Laboratory, DSO National Laboratories, Singapore
    J Clin Virol 47:289-92. 2010
    b>Military personnel are highly susceptible to febrile respiratory illnesses (FRI), likely due to crowding, stress and other risk factors present in the military environment.
  60. ncbi Growth trajectories and intellectual abilities in young adulthood: The Helsinki Birth Cohort study
    Katri Raikkonen
    Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Epidemiol 170:447-55. 2009
    ..There is a second critical period, specific for verbal development, between ages 2 and 7 years and a third critical period for all 3 tested outcomes during adolescence...
  61. ncbi Military training-related injuries: surveillance, research, and prevention
    K R Kaufman
    Biomechanics Laboratory, Mayo Clinic Foundation Kaufman, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Am J Prev Med 18:54-63. 2000
    ..The implications of these injuries in terms of patient morbidity, attrition rates, and training costs for military personnel are staggering...
  62. ncbi Predeployment personality traits and exposure to trauma as predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms: a prospective study of former peacekeepers
    I Bramsen
    Department of Medical Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychiatry 157:1115-9. 2000
    ....
  63. ncbi Natural history of dengue virus (DENV)-1 and DENV-4 infections: reanalysis of classic studies
    Hiroshi Nishiura
    Department of Medical Biometry, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, D 72070, Germany
    J Infect Dis 195:1007-13. 2007
    ..The natural history of wild-type dengue virus (DENV) infections of humans, including incubation and infectious periods, requires further study...
  64. ncbi The contribution of prior psychological symptoms and combat exposure to post Iraq deployment mental health in the UK military
    Roberto J Rona
    King s College London, King Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
    J Trauma Stress 22:11-9. 2009
    ..The authors concluded that combat exposure and group cohesion have an effect on mental health outcomes independent of previous mental health status, which explains why screening prior to deployment is ineffective...
  65. pmc Re-emerging Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Republic of Korea
    J Y Chai
    Department of Parasitology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea
    Korean J Parasitol 37:129-43. 1999
    ..It has been suggested by many authors that the initial source of the re-emerging malaria was infected mosquitoes which had flown from the northern part of the DMZ...
  66. ncbi Mental health of Special Forces personnel deployed in battle
    Raveen Hanwella
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, 08, Sri Lanka
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1343-51. 2012
    ..To compare the mental health problems of Special Forces with regular forces engaged in combat in the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN)...
  67. ncbi Association between ambulatory physical activity and injuries during United States Army Basic Combat Training
    Joseph J Knapik
    Department of Injury Prevention, US Army Public Health Command Provisional, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA
    J Phys Act Health 8:496-502. 2011
    ..Associations between physical activity and injuries have been previously examined using self-reports. The present investigation examined this association using objective measures of activity and injury...
  68. ncbi Altered brain activation in military personnel with one or more traumatic brain injuries following blast
    Randall S Scheibel
    Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1709 Dryden Road, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 18:89-100. 2012
    ..Limitations of this study include no matching for combat exposure and different recruitment strategies so that the control group was largely a community-based sample, while many TBI subjects were seeking services...
  69. ncbi Musculoskeletal injuries description of an under-recognized injury problem among military personnel
    Keith G Hauret
    U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:S61-70. 2010
    ..The purpose of this analysis was to determine the incidence of injury-related musculoskeletal conditions in the military services (2006) and describe a standardized format in which to categorize and report them...
  70. pmc Cerebellar white matter abnormalities following primary blast injury in US military personnel
    Christine Mac Donald
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e55823. 2013
    ..In US military personnel with isolated, primary blast-related 'mild' traumatic brain injury and no other known insult, we found ..
  71. ncbi Loss of consciousness, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and suicide risk among deployed military personnel with mild traumatic brain injury
    Craig J Bryan
    National Center for Veterans Studies, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 28:13-20. 2013
    To identify clinical variables associated with suicidality in military personnel with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) while deployed to Iraq.
  72. ncbi Antibody response against saliva antigens of Anopheles gambiae and Aedes aegypti in travellers in tropical Africa
    Eve Orlandi-Pradines
    Unité de recherche en biologie et en épidémiologie parasitaires, Institut de Medecine Tropicale du Service de Sante des Armees, Parc le Pharo, BP 46, 13998 Marseille Armees, France
    Microbes Infect 9:1454-62. 2007
    ..These results suggest that antibody responses to the saliva of mosquitoes could be considered as specific surrogate markers of exposure of travellers to mosquito vectors that transmit arthropod borne infections...
  73. ncbi Population pharmacokinetics of mefloquine in military personnel for prophylaxis against malaria infection during field deployment
    B G Charles
    School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, QLD, Australia
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 63:271-8. 2007
    The purpose of this study was to determine the population pharmacokinetics of mefloquine in healthy military personnel during prophylaxis for malaria infections.
  74. ncbi Diffuse and spatially variable white matter disruptions are associated with blast-related mild traumatic brain injury
    Nicholas D Davenport
    Minneapolis VA Medical Center, 1 Veterans Dr, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Neuroimage 59:2017-24. 2012
    ..The reported pattern of effects supports the conclusion that the neurological effects of blast mTBI are diffuse, widespread, and spatially variable...
  75. ncbi Gender differences in traumatic experiences and mental health in active duty soldiers redeployed from Iraq and Afghanistan
    Shira Maguen
    San Francisco VA Medical Center, 4150 Clement St, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 46:311-6. 2012
    ..exposure, military sexual trauma (MST), and their associations with mental health screen results among military personnel deployed in support of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq...
  76. ncbi The risk of return: intimate partner violence in northern Uganda's armed conflict
    Jeannie Annan
    International Rescue Committee, and FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, 122 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10168, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:152-9. 2010
    ....
  77. ncbi The millennium Cohort Study: a 21-year prospective cohort study of 140,000 military personnel
    Gregory C Gray
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
    Mil Med 167:483-8. 2002
    Does military service, in particular operational deployment, result in a higher risk of chronic illness among military personnel and veterans? The Millennium Cohort Study, the largest Department of Defense prospective cohort study ever ..
  78. pmc Sierra Leone's former child soldiers: a follow-up study of psychosocial adjustment and community reintegration
    Theresa Stichick Betancourt
    Francois Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Child Dev 81:1077-95. 2010
    ..Retention in school was also associated with greater prosocial attitudes...
  79. pmc Knowledge of AIDS and HIV risk-related sexual behavior among Nigerian naval personnel
    Ugboga Adaji Nwokoji
    Nigerian Red Cross Society, National Headquarters, 11, Eko Akete Close, South West Ikoyi, Lagos, Nigeria
    BMC Public Health 4:24. 2004
    ..This study describes knowledge of AIDS, and HIV-risk sexual behavior of naval personnel in Lagos Nigeria...
  80. ncbi Injury reduction effectiveness of assigning running shoes based on plantar shape in Marine Corps basic training
    Joseph J Knapik
    Directorate of Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance, US Army Public Health Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010, USA
    Am J Sports Med 38:1759-67. 2010
    ..This assignment procedure is presumed to reduce injuries by compensating for differences in running mechanics...
  81. ncbi PTSD symptom increases in Iraq-deployed soldiers: comparison with nondeployed soldiers and associations with baseline symptoms, deployment experiences, and postdeployment stress
    Jennifer J Vasterling
    VA National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, and Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Trauma Stress 23:41-51. 2010
    ..Combat severity was more strongly associated with symptom increases among active duty soldiers with higher baseline PTSD symptoms...
  82. pmc In vitro characterization of multivalent adhesion molecule 7-based inhibition of multidrug-resistant bacteria isolated from wounded military personnel
    Anne Marie Krachler
    Department of Molecular Biology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
    Virulence 3:389-99. 2012
    Treatment of wounded military personnel at military medical centers is often complicated by colonization and infection of wounds with pathogenic bacteria...
  83. ncbi The relation of cortisol and sex hormone levels to results of psychological, performance, IQ and memory tests in military men and women
    Jaroslav Flegr
    Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Biology Dept, Prague, Czech Republic
    Neuro Endocrinol Lett 33:224-35. 2012
    ..Cortisol, along with other hormones of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, belongs to one of the main factors influencing psychological and pathognomic factors, intelligence, and memory...
  84. pmc The Veterans Health Administration and military sexual trauma
    Rachel Kimerling
    Veterans Administration Health Care System, Palo Alto, Calif, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:2160-6. 2007
    ..We examined the utility of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) universal screening program for military sexual violence...
  85. ncbi Self-administration of exercise and dietary supplements in deployed British military personnel during Operation TELIC 13
    C J Boos
    MDHU Portsmouth
    J R Army Med Corps 156:32-6. 2010
    ..This study aimed to establish the point prevalence of dietary and exercise supplement usage in British soldiers on Op TELIC during January 2009...
  86. ncbi Symptoms of post-concussional syndrome are non-specifically related to mild traumatic brain injury in UK Armed Forces personnel on return from deployment in Iraq: an analysis of self-reported data
    N T Fear
    Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, King s College London, WestonEducation Centre, 10 Cutcombe Road, London, UK
    Psychol Med 39:1379-87. 2009
    ..brain injury (mTBI) is being claimed as the 'signature' injury of the Iraq war, and is believed to be the cause of long-term symptomatic ill health (post-concussional syndrome; PCS) in an unknown proportion of military personnel.
  87. ncbi Amputations in U.S. military personnel in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq
    Lynn G Stansbury
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research Extremity Trauma Soft tissue Branch, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 22:43-6. 2008
    ..S. military casualties in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, to correlate these with mechanism of injury, and compare the rate with that seen in U.S. casualties from the Vietnam War...
  88. ncbi Characterization of craniomaxillofacial battle injuries sustained by United States service members in the current conflicts of Iraq and Afghanistan
    Timothy A Lew
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Brooke Army Medical Center, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:3-7. 2010
    ..To characterize and describe the craniomaxillofacial (CMF) battlefield injuries sustained by US Service Members in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom...
  89. ncbi Cigarette smoking and military deployment: a prospective evaluation
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:539-46. 2008
    ..The current study describes new smoking among never-smokers, smoking recidivism among past smokers, and change in daily smoking among smokers in relation to military deployment...
  90. pmc Comparison between civilian burns and combat burns from Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom
    Steven E Wolf
    Burn Center, United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers, Fort Sam Houston, TX 79234, USA
    Ann Surg 243:786-92; discussion 792-5. 2006
    To assess outcome differences between locally burned civilians and military personnel burned in a distant combat zone treated in the same facility.
  91. pmc Cardiometabolic risk in US Army recruits and the effects of basic combat training
    Stefan M Pasiakos
    Military Nutrition Division, United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e31222. 2012
    ..This study examined lifestyle factors and biomarkers associated with cardiometabolic risk in US Army recruits (209; 118 male, 91 female, 23 ± 5 yr) before, during, and after basic combat training (BCT)...
  92. ncbi Physiological decrements during sustained military operational stress
    Paul C Henning
    United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Military Performance Division, Kansas Street, Building 42, Natick, MA 01760, USA
    Mil Med 176:991-7. 2011
    ..The intent is that this will provide commanders with insight on how to plan for missions to incorporate possible countermeasures to enhance or sustain warfighter performance...
  93. pmc Past horrors, present struggles: the role of stigma in the association between war experiences and psychosocial adjustment among former child soldiers in Sierra Leone
    Theresa S Betancourt
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:17-26. 2010
    ..These findings point to the complexity of psychosocial adjustment and community reintegration in these youth and have a number of programmatic and policy implications...
  94. ncbi Correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in Marines back from war
    Stephanie Booth-Kewley
    Behavioral Science and Epidemiology Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    J Trauma Stress 23:69-77. 2010
    The effect of combat and operational stress on the mental health of military personnel is a major concern. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with possible posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  95. ncbi Trauma exposure, branch of service, and physical injury in relation to mental health among U.S. veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan
    Dewleen G Baker
    University of California, San Diego, Department of Psychiatry, 9500 Gilman Dr, MC 0603 La Jolla, CA 92093 0603, USA
    Mil Med 174:773-8. 2009
    ..Follow-up analyses revealed that trauma history and combat exposure varied by branch of service. Knowledge of base rates and vulnerability factors can aid in rapid detection of "at risk" individuals...
  96. ncbi Lifetime asymptomatic for back pain: the validity of self-report measures in soldiers
    Eugene J Carragee
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:978-83. 2009
    ..A 5-year prospective observational study in US Army Reserve soldiers...
  97. ncbi Mefloquine prescriptions in the presence of contraindications: prevalence among US military personnel deployed to Afghanistan, 2007
    Remington L Nevin
    United States Africa Command, Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa, Camp Lemonier, Djibouti
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:206-10. 2010
    ..This analysis was performed to quantify the effectiveness of these policies in ensuring health care provider compliance with package insert prescribing guidance...
  98. pmc Kinetics of a tuberculosis-specific gamma interferon release assay in military personnel with a positive tuberculin skin test
    Sigrid E van Brummelen
    Central Military Hospital, Department of Pulmonology, Utrecht, Netherlands
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 17:937-43. 2010
    ..TST results and to evaluate the kinetics of the Quantiferon TB Gold In-Tube assay (QFT-Git) in military personnel with a positive TST result...
  99. ncbi Injuries from roadside improvised explosive devices
    Arul Ramasamy
    Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, ICT Centre, Birmingham, United Kingdom
    J Trauma 65:910-4. 2008
    ..The improvised explosive device (IED) has been widely used by the insurgents and is the leading cause of death and injury among Coalition troops in the region...
  100. ncbi A systematic review of job-specific workers' health surveillance activities for fire-fighting, ambulance, police and military personnel
    M J Plat
    Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 84:839-57. 2011
    ..safety and health aspects of the job; examples of such occupations are emergency services personnel and military personnel. The two objectives of this systematic review were to describe (1) the existing job-specific workers' health ..
  101. ncbi Smoking and deployment: perspectives of junior-enlisted U.S. Air Force and U.S. Army personnel and their supervisors
    Walker S C Poston
    School of Medicine, M3 C03, University of Missouri Kansas City, 2411 Holmes Street, Kansas City, MO 64108 2792, USA
    Mil Med 173:441-7. 2008
    ..In addition, the phenomenon of new initiation and relapse to smoking in the field was discussed...

Research Grants87

  1. Combinatorial vaccines against anthrax and plague
    John Clements; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..For this application, we propose to address a number of interrelated questions regarding immunization with a combined vaccine containing rPA and F1-V as immunogens to protect against anthrax and plague. ..
  2. Transcription factors regulating sensory gene expression and pain pathways
    Eric E Turner; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Together these studies will significantly advance our understanding of the molecular regulation of pain receptor pathways, which may form the basis for future pain treatments. ..
  3. Multi-targeted Countermeasures against Acute and Delayed Effects of OP Exposure
    John A Butera; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..as weapons of mass destruction in warfare arenas and in recent terrorist attacks;posing significant risks to military personnel, civilians, first responders and healthcare provider...
  4. Principles of Therapy in Cerebellar Disease: Explorations in Ion Channel Mutants
    JOHN SAMUEL STAHL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  5. Metabolic Engineering of Bacteria for Cancer Immunotherapy by Gamma Delta T Cells
    Craig T Morita; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  6. The role of Fli1 in T cell function and the pathogenesis of lupus
    Tamara K Nowling; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Additionally, insight will be gained into the regulation of T cell function in both health and disease with relevance to an array of immune and neoplastic diseases. ..
  7. 5-HT transporter function: Interaction of hormones and antidepressants
    Alan Frazer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our basic research studies could have treatment implications for patients with either MDD and/or PTSD. ..
  8. Nanoparticle Coupled Antioxidants for Respiratory Illness in Veterans
    RODNEY JON SCHLOSSER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) Veterans has been a consistent finding that affects military personnel regardless of age, rank, gender or active duty/National Guard status...
  9. THE ETHICS OF POST-CONFLICT AND POST-DISASTER DNA IDENTIFICATION
    Sarah Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will identify and analyze these issues and challenges, and inform the development of concrete policy recommendations by relevant stakeholders. ..
  10. Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Density and Veteran Cigarette Smokers
    Arthur Brody; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  11. Phage Display for Improved Peptide-based Tumor Targeting and Imaging Agents
    Susan L Deutscher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for the Veterans Administration if it is to meet the health care challenges of our past, current, and future military personnel. New peptide-based molecular probes to facilitate cancer imaging are rapidly evolving due to implementation ..
  12. Novel, Rapidly Translatable Technologies for Healing Long Bone Segmental Defects
    Christopher H Evans; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If this project is successful, it will prevent much human suffering, enable people to return to work more quickly, and save money. ..
  13. Adenosine and the Basal Forebrain in the Control of Behavioral State
    Robert E Strecker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The ability to perform at a high level under the condition of limited sleep is also very important to active military personnel, doctors in residency training, and emergency &transportation workers, just to name a few...
  14. DNA Methylation in Ethanol Drinking Behavior
    David P Gavin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, these studies will identify novel molecular targets in the actions of ethanol and ethanol drinking behavior, and promote the development of pharmacotherapy for alcoholism. ..
  15. Understanding Pain of Gastrointestinal Origin in Women that Serve in OEF/OIF
    Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Moreover, we will examine whether rats exposed to ELS show altered behavioral responses to chronic stress in adulthood compared to age-matched controls ..
  16. Inhibiting Mucosal HIV-1 Transmission by Host Cell RNA Interference
    Alexandra L Howell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. Veteran and active military population, and because of the increasing incidence of this disease in the U.S. ..
  17. Intrathoracic Pressure Regulator for Resuscitation
    Keith G Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..As such, this new device has the potential to be an important new advance in treating life-threatening hypotension and thereby reduce civilian and military mortality rates. ..
  18. Clinical Development of Hemostatic Agent ClotFoam for Severe Hemorrhage
    Maja Nowakowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Substantial economic activity will be generated from the global provision of this core component. ..
  19. Therapeutic Approaches for Extinction of Conditioned Drug Reward
    Gary B Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This proposal examines new treatment approaches using pharmacological and behavioral treatments to extinguish cue reactivity in an animal model. Such approaches can inform future clinical trials for opiate abusing veterans. ..
  20. Intranasal CNS delivery of drugs against organophosphorous threat agents
    ARYAN MANGALAM NAMBOODIRI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The successful use of an intranasal brain delivery technology against chemical threat agents will open up its wider application in numerous other areas of clinical medicine and research. ..
  21. ANALYSIS OF TRYPANOSOME MRNA SYNTHESIS BY GENE TRANSFER
    Vivian Bellofatto; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a problem for American troops in Iraq and Afghanistan;more than 700 cases have been diagnosed in returning military personnel. At present, there are no vaccines to protect humans from trypanosomal infections and current drugs are ..
  22. Durable Visible Light-activated Antivral Coatings for Fabrics Used for Personal P
    JOSEF STEPHAN SCHNEIDER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The goal of the research is to transition the manufacture of antiviral fabric and respirator masks from the test lab to large-scale manufacturing. ..
  23. Targeting thermoreceptors for therapeutic hypothermia
    Sean P Marrelli; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition, we expect that this method of cooling will produce less physiologic stress compared with traditional cooling protocols. ..
  24. OmpR and SsrB Regulation of Salmonella Virulence
    Linda J Kenney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Salmonella-associated acute gastroenteritis is a significant cause of morbidity among travelers, deployed military personnel and high population density closed communities (e.g. military bases, hospitals or nursing homes)...
  25. DRUG RESISTANCE AND PTERIDINE METABOLISM IN LEISHMANIA
    Stephen M Beverley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..US military personnel have significant risk of infection in these areas as well, and recently concerns have risen that ..
  26. Basic Mechanisms in Hearing Loss of Cochlear Origin
    Allen F Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed research is targeted at developing new and improved therapies for prevention and treatment of this important health problem. ..
  27. Organismal Radioprotection Through Pharmacological Quiescence
    JOHN S CHANT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..G-Zero Therapeutics is developing drugs which can be stockpiled and easily administered following such an attack to protect the bone marrow from the damaging effects of radiation. ..
  28. Molecular Regulation of Ischemic Renal Failure
    Zheng Dong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..J Am Soc Nephrol 2006, 17:1135-1142 7. Zhou XJ, Rakheja D, Yu X, Saxena R, Vaziri ND, Silva FG: The aging kidney. Kidney Int 2008, 74:710-720 ..
  29. The Greatest Generation: The NAS-NRC WWII Twin Registry as a Scientific Resource
    Margaret Gatz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  30. Nikkomycin Z treatment of early coccidioidal pneumonia: Phase II clinical trial
    DAVID LARWOOD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..patients such as those with AIDS or recipients of organ transplants, pregnant women, the elderly and military personnel who train in the endemic desert regions...
  31. Heme Oxygenase Enzymes/Carbon Monoxide in Hepatic Dysfunction from hemorrhage
    BRIAN SCOTT ZUCKERBRAUN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  32. Impact of Temperature Profile on Outcome After Traumatic Brain Injury
    Lori Kennedy Madden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, temperature management following TBI may improve outcomes at a relatively low cost. ..
  33. Mechanisms of Pleural Fibrosis in Empyema
    Kamal A Mohammed; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Currently there are no effective treatments for pleural fibrosis therefore the findings from these studies will move towards development of potential therapeutics against empyema and help to better manage empyema patients. ..
  34. BIOENGINEERING DESIGN OF ARTIFICIAL BLOOD
    Marcos Intaglietta; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. Estrogen receptor, p38 MAPKs and topo IIa in breast cancer
    Guan Chen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Since breast cancer is a major malignant disease for female veterans, this study will contribute significantly to veteran's health care. ..
  36. Frontal Lobe Injury and Executive Control of Cognition and Emotion
    Diane Swick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By some estimates, 20% of previously deployed military personnel have sustained TBIs during their service in OEF and OIF, primarily due to blast injuries...
  37. Breakthroughs to advance the in vitro propagation of human noroviruses
    Qiuhong Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In vitro propagation of HuNoVs will provide the major breakthrough needed for development of new strategies and means to prevent and control HuNoV infections and thereby improve public health globally. ..
  38. The Role of Glycolipids and CD1 in the Immunology of Leishmania Infection
    Laurence U Buxbaum; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  39. Multiplex Serodiagnostic Protein Microarray
    PHILIP LOUIS FELGNER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Multiplex serodiagnostic chips will be useful for determining whether military personnel or civilians, who enter a region where these agents are endemic, are exposed to any of them...
  40. Biomimetic Approach to the Fabrication of Red Blood Cell Mimics
    Joseph M DeSimone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  41. Novel non-invasive device for treatment of elevated intracranial pressures
    Keith G Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  42. Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws (EUDL)
    Christopher Spera; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..away from family and friends or working in high-risk environments, alcohol use rates may be higher among military personnel than among civilians, and the negative effects associated with this use may be correspondingly higher...
  43. PPAR gamma Agonists for Lung Cancer Chemoprevention
    Robert Keith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..priority for the Department of Veterans Affairs due to the high rates of tobacco addiction acquired by military personnel and recent data shows tobacco use rates higher than that of the general public...
  44. Basal Forebrain Cellular Mechanisms of Cortical Activation
    Robert W McCarley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..feature of sleep disorders, coma, and Alzheimer's disease, other conditions prevalent in veterans and military personnel. Modulation of gamma oscillations thus represents a promising therapeutic target to treat symptoms of these ..
  45. Ionic Liquid Gas Sensors for Detection of Flammable Gases In Workplace
    Xiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  46. Characterizing Patellofemoral Joint Stress Using Patient-Specific Models
    GARY BEAUPRE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The prevalence of PF pain in military personnel is relevant to the VA because of the known chronicity of PF pain...
  47. Regenerative Adjuvant Therapy for Stress Urinary Incontinence
    Margot S Damaser; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Specific projects to test stem cell homing as a possible adjuvant to rehabilitative treatments after polytrauma will be developed based on the outcome of the proposed work. ..
  48. The role of indolamine2,3-dioxygenase in the host response/pathogenesis of Venezu
    Robert Seymour; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..They have the potential to cause epidemics which could impact public health. There are currently no treatments for these illnesses and our goal is to discover specific treatments for these viral illnesses. ..
  49. Novel Treatment Strategies for Targeting Posttraumatic Epilepsy
    Helen M Bramlett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It is anticipated that findings from this proposal will have an impact on the way we treat PTE in both military as well as civilian populations. ..
  50. Proteolytic Pathways in Thrombus Resolution
    Toni M Antalis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Deployed military personnel are at increased risk due to prolonged air and ground transport, dehydration, tobacco use, and extended ..
  51. Novel anti-toxin compounds against Yersinia infections
    Maurizio Pellecchia; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Pneumonia, possibly leading to novel broad spectrum antibacterial agents. ..
  52. Academic-Community Partnerships to Brdge Across the U.S. Pacific Islands
    Alice Tse; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The project work will be accomplished through training programs &meetings to be conducted in the USAPI jurisdictions, and culminate in a CBPR grant proposal for the USAPI. ..
  53. Adolescent Alcohol,Dysregulated Stress System, and PTSD Vulnerability
    GERHARD H SCHULTEIS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Most heavy drinkers among military personnel are less than 25 years old, and this same age group is reported to be at increased risk for PTSD and other ..
  54. Clinical and Molecular Biology of Acute and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathies
    JAMES WAVELL AIKEN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  55. The Effects of C-Reactive Protein on Autoimmunity
    Terry W Du Clos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, understanding the role this protein plays in the risk for SLE will aid in understanding the cause and treatment of this and other autoimmune diseases in Veterans. ..
  56. Gonococcal Mechanisms to Evade Host Defenses
    WILLIAM MAURICE SHAFER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..With more female veterans using the Medical Service as their primary mode of care, it is likely that VA Medical Centers will experience the health care costs associated with invasive gonococcal infections. ..
  57. Molecular probes for a vOTU from CCHFV using a fluorogenic peptide
    SCOTT DUSAN PEGAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  58. Pilot Study: Self Management Groups for Veterans with Dual Sensory Loss
    MITCHEL BRANT TURBIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Results will guide the conduct of a followup randomized clinical trial that could provide VA with an evidence base and curriculum/technical manual for improving services to Veterans with DSL. ..
  59. Stress and PTSD Among OEF/OIF Soldiers &Their Spouses
    Catherine M Caska; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Such improvements may more broadly reduce the health care utilization and national costs of treating service members with PTSD and will increase our ability to thoroughly care for spouses of our nation's veterans. ..
  60. Unique immune regulation by alternatively spliced interleukin-4
    Sergei P Atamas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results will form the basis for development of new therapies that target IL-442 in patients, particularly in veterans, with the goal of attenuating or curing diseases in veterans, and thus improving veterans'health. ..
  61. Innovative technologies to effectively treat Multi-drug resistant and/or biofilm-
    Jie Wen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By 2007, the US wound care market has grown to an estimated $10 B. This growth has driven efforts to reduce infection that resulted in the development of antimicrobial dressings. ..
  62. Mosquito Saliva in Dengue Virus Pathogenesis
    REBECCA R RICO-HESSE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  63. Nrf1 Molecular Pathway, Vitamin C Deficiency, and Spontaneous Fractures
    Subburaman Mohan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  64. MULTIDIMENSIONAL HORMONAL ASSESSMENT OF PTSD
    Sheila Wang; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  65. Definitive Studies For Use Of Galantamine As A Pre-Treatment Countermeasure Again
    BILL BASINGER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We expect this research will help lay the groundwork for expanded applications both in nerve agents and organophosphorus pesticides. ..
  66. Lyophilization of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite vaccine
    Stephen Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..is responsible for a loss of >1% of GDP in Africa annually, and is a serious concern for travelers and military personnel. When attenuated Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites (PfSPZ) are administered by bite of infected mosquitoes &..
  67. GU Infection Self-Diagnosis for Deployed Military Women
    Nancy Ryan Wenger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..e. missionary work, Peace Corps, humanitarian missions, expeditions, or foreign travel. ..
  68. Automatic Detection of Critical Dermoscopy Features for Basal Cell Carcinoma
    William V Stoecker; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Phase I and Phase II of this proposal should allow us to reach the software sale stage. After that, integration with strategic partners will allow market expansion. ..
  69. Telehealth Tinnitus Intervention for Patients with TBI
    JAMES A contact HENRY; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Tinnitus management for Veterans and military personnel with TBI has become a critical concern...
  70. Ecological and Health Consequences of the Vietnam War
    Linda Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  71. Impact of PTSD on Bone Formation
    Subburaman Mohan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abstract It is now well established that PTSD is a major health issue in military personnel. Although a proportion of returning veterans from the Gulf war and war on terrorism complain of bone aches, ..
  72. Sex Hormones and Rat Anterior Cruciate Ligament Strength
    William A Romani; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies are important and they will help direct future studies to identify women at risk for ACL injury and develop novel strategies to prevent their occurrence. ..
  73. Vestibular Consequences of Blast-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    FAITH AKIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..TBI has been described as the signature condition among United States military personnel involved in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  74. Determining vaccine candidacy of LT and STa toxoid fusions against enterotoxigeni
    Weiping Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..world in addition to causing of illness to immunocompromised individuals and travelers including deployed military personnel. The key virulence factors in ETEC- associated diarrhea are bacterial adhesins or colonization factor ..
  75. Neurobiology of PTSD During REM Sleep
    Anne Germain; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from the proposed study will provide new insights the neurobiological correlates of PTSD during both wakefulness and sleep. ..
  76. Improving Production of Attenuated Malaria Sporozoite Vaccines through Genetic Mo
    Peter Billingsley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..million deaths per annum, reduces the GDP of Africa by >1% and is a serious risk for travelers including military personnel. Sanaria's goal is to develop and commercialize a >90% protective attenuated Plasmodium falciparum (..
  77. Biologic scaffold prostheses to enhance meniscus repair
    JOE WEINBERG; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Also, for active-duty military personnel, it may result in more rapid return to active duty...
  78. Easy-to-Use, Low-Cost, Handheld Retinal Camera for Screening for Diabetic Retinop
    RANDAL CHINNOCK; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  79. The Effects of Vitamin B3 on Traumatic Brain Injury
    MICHAEL HOANE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It is hoped that the research included in this proposal will help offset this major public health crisis by helping to identify a potential therapy for TBI. ..
  80. Treating Insomnia & Nightmares After Trauma: Impact on Symptoms & Quality of Life
    Sean P A Drummond; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a War-Related Traumatic Injury With an increase in active combat operations in recent years, the number of military personnel exposed to trauma is growing rapidly...
  81. Mustard Gas Exposure and Carcinogenesis of the Lung
    Charles Giardina; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, these studies will provide unique insight into the ability of a powerful mutagen to initiate carcinogenesis in humans after a single, high intensity exposure. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  82. Executive Functioning in OEF/OIF Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury
    Juliana Baldo; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Project Summary/Abstract Traumatic brain injury is a significant health problem in a large number of military personnel returning from Iraq and Afghanistan...
  83. Engineered Multi-Functional Nanofibrous Meniscus Implants
    John Esterhai; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..options for meniscus repair, an otherwise untreatable and prevalent musculoskeletal condition in our active military personnel, and a causative factor for the development of knee osteoarthritis in our aging veteran populations...
  84. Potency of cryopreserved, irradiated sporozoite vaccine
    Stephen Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..for a loss of greater than 1% of GDP in Africa annually, and is a serious concern for travelers and military personnel. Sanada's goal is to develop and commercialize an attenuated Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite vaccine for ..
  85. An Oral Vaccine Against Multiple Biowarfare Agents
    KARL KLOSE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Background: U.S. citizens, particularly military personnel, are vulnerable to the threat of exposure to biological warfare agents...
  86. Novel xanthine oxidase inhibitor for hemorrhagic shock
    Pal Pacher; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Estimated worldwide gross sales revenues after market entry and maturation (ca. 4 years after FDA approval) equal $800 million (annual). ..
  87. Intervenable Host Leishmania (Viannia) Interactions
    DIANE MCMAHON PRATT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..reported cases have almost doubled from 5,000 annually to close to 10,000 in 2003 excluding cases in military personnel. Dermal leishmaniasis in the New World is generally considered a zoonosis...