Genomes and Genes
Summary: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
Articles from Journal RESEARCH
Articles from Journal RESEARCH1
Publications390 found, 100 shown here
- Seasonal influenza vaccine and protection against pandemic (H1N1) 2009-associated illness among US military personnelMatthew C Johns
Division of GEIS Operations, Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e10722. 2010..A novel A/H1N1 virus is the cause of the present influenza pandemic; vaccination is a key countermeasure, however, few data assessing prior seasonal vaccine effectiveness (VE) against the pandemic strain of H1N1 (pH1N1) virus are available...
- Mild traumatic brain injury in U.S. Soldiers returning from IraqCharles W Hoge
Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
N Engl J Med 358:453-63. 2008..However, the epidemiology of combat-related mild traumatic brain injury is poorly understood...
- Detection of blast-related traumatic brain injury in U.S. military personnelChristine L Mac Donald
Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
N Engl J Med 364:2091-100. 2011..Blast-related traumatic brain injuries have been common in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, but fundamental questions about the nature of these injuries remain unanswered...
- Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to careCharles W Hoge
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004The current combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have involved U.S. military personnel in major ground combat and hazardous security duty...
- Traumatic brain injury screening: preliminary findings in a US Army Brigade Combat TeamHeidi Terrio
Department of Deployment Health, Evans Army Community Hospital, Fort Carson, Colorado 80913, USA
J Head Trauma Rehabil 24:14-23. 2009....
- Meta-analysis of risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adultsC R Brewin
Subdepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, England
J Consult Clin Psychol 68:748-66. 2000....
- Cognitive sequelae of blast-induced traumatic brain injury: recovery and rehabilitationYELENA BOGDANOVA
VA Boston Healthcare System, Memory Disorders Research Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02130, USA
Neuropsychol Rev 22:4-20. 2012Blast-related traumatic brain injury (bTBI) poses a significant concern for military personnel engaged in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF)...
- Synthesis of the psychometric properties of the PTSD checklist (PCL) military, civilian, and specific versionsKendall C Wilkins
San Diego State University University of California San Diego, Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, California, USA
Depress Anxiety 28:596-606. 2011..g., may overestimate PTSD prevalence) will help clinicians and researchers make educated decisions regarding the appropriate use of this measure in their particular setting...
- Longitudinal assessment of mental health problems among active and reserve component soldiers returning from the Iraq warCharles S Milliken
Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
JAMA 298:2141-8. 2007..A previous article focusing only on the initial screening is likely to have underestimated the mental health burden...
- Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of an outbreak of novel H1N1 (swine origin) influenza A virus among United States military beneficiariesNancy F Crum-Cianflone
Infectious Disease Clinic, Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California 92134 1005, USA
Clin Infect Dis 49:1801-10. 2009..The San Diego region was an early focal point of the emerging pandemic. We describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of this novel strain in a military population to assist in future outbreak prevention and control efforts...
- A new generation of women veterans: stressors faced by women deployed to Iraq and AfghanistanAmy E Street
National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, United States
Clin Psychol Rev 29:685-94. 2009....
- When epidemiology meets the Internet: Web-based surveys in the Millennium Cohort StudyBesa Smith
Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
Am J Epidemiol 166:1345-54. 2007..Web responders provided more complete contact information, including their e-mail addresses. These results demonstrate the value of survey research conducted over the Internet in concert with traditional mail survey strategies...
- Pre-existing high glucocorticoid receptor number predicting development of posttraumatic stress symptoms after military deploymentMirjam van Zuiden
University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
Am J Psychiatry 168:89-96. 2011..In addition, the authors analyzed mRNA expression for GR subtypes and GR target genes...
- Preclinical serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and risk of type 1 diabetes in a cohort of US military personnelKassandra L Munger
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Epidemiol 177:411-9. 2013..type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D), we conducted a prospective, nested case-control study among US active-duty military personnel with serum in the US Department of Defense Serum Repository, identifying 310 T1D cases diagnosed between ..
- Longitudinal effects of mild traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder comorbidity on postdeployment outcomes in national guard soldiers deployed to IraqMelissa A Polusny
University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:79-89. 2011..The longer-term impact of combat-related concussion/MTBI and comorbid PTSD on troops' health and well-being is unknown...
- Selected infectious agents and risk of schizophrenia among U.S. military personnelDavid W Niebuhr
Department of Epidemiology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20901
Am J Psychiatry 165:99-106. 2008..gondii antibodies among individuals discharged from the U.S. military with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and serum specimens available from both before and after diagnosis...
- Substance use and mental health trends among U.S. military active duty personnel: key findings from the 2008 DoD Health Behavior SurveyRobert M Bray
RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
Mil Med 175:390-9. 2010Examine substance use and mental health issues among U.S. military personnel.
- Influence of carrying heavy loads on soldiers' posture, movements and gaitRenee L Attwells
Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK
Ergonomics 49:1527-37. 2006b>Military personnel are required to carry heavy loads whilst marching; this load carriage represents a substantial component of training and combat...
- The psychological risks of Vietnam for U.S. veterans: a revisit with new data and methodsBruce P Dohrenwend
New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
Science 313:979-82. 2006..7% of the veterans had developed war-related PTSD during their lifetimes and 9.1% were currently suffering from PTSD 11 to 12 years after the war; current PTSD was typically associated with moderate impairment...
- Respiratory diseases among U.S. military personnel: countering emerging threatsG C Gray
Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92186 5122, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 5:379-85. 1999..resistance, and the loss of effective vaccines threaten to increase the incidence of respiratory disease in military personnel. We examine six respiratory pathogens (adenoviruses, influenza viruses, Streptococcus pneumoniae, ..
- Association of posttraumatic stress disorder with somatic symptoms, health care visits, and absenteeism among Iraq war veteransCharles W Hoge
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
Am J Psychiatry 164:150-3. 2007..The current Iraq war has posed a considerable PTSD risk, but the association with physical health has not been well studied...
- Prevalence of mental health problems and functional impairment among active component and National Guard soldiers 3 and 12 months following combat in IraqJeffrey L Thomas
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Department of Military Psychiatry, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:614-23. 2010....
- The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort studyMatthew Hotopf
King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, UK
Lancet 367:1731-41. 2006Concerns have been raised about the mental and physical health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 war in Iraq and subsequent tours of duty in the country.
- Use of dietary supplements among active-duty US Army soldiersHarris R Lieberman
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 92:985-95. 2010..Anecdotal reports suggest that the use of dietary supplements (DSs) by soldiers may reflect their unique occupational requirements and the complexity of their job and family responsibilities...
- Mortality risk factors for pandemic influenza on New Zealand troop ship, 1918Jennifer A Summers
Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
Emerg Infect Dis 16:1931-7. 2010..Mortality and descriptive data for military personnel on His Majesty's New Zealand Transport troop ship Tahiti in July 1918 were analyzed, along with archival ..
- Effectiveness comparison between Thai traditional massage and Chinese acupuncture for myofascial back pain in Thai military personnel: a preliminary reportWipoo Kumnerddee
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand
J Med Assoc Thai 92:S117-23. 2009..of Thai traditional massage (TTM) and Chinese acupuncture for the treatment of myofascial back pain in young military personnel. Eighteen Thai military personnel, aged ranging from 20-40 years were randomly divided into TTM and ..
- Case report of a soldier with primary blast brain injuryDeborah L Warden
Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Building 1, Room B207, 6900 Georgia Avenue NW, Washington DC 20309 5001, USA
Neuroimage 47:T152-3. 2009..Neuroimaging abnormalities are described together with normalization of the fractional anisotrophy on diffusion tensor imaging after follow-up imaging studies...
- Sexual harassment and assault experienced by reservists during military service: prevalence and health correlatesAmy E Street
National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
J Rehabil Res Dev 45:409-19. 2008..These data provide further evidence that experiences of sexual harassment and assault during military service have significant implications for the healthcare needs of military veterans...
- Osteomyelitis in military personnel wounded in Iraq and AfghanistanHeather C Yun
Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
J Trauma 64:S163-8; discussion S168. 2008..We describe demographics and microbiology of OIF/OEF casualties with primary and recurrent osteomyelitis...
- Assessing nonresponse bias at follow-up in a large prospective cohort of relatively young and mobile military service membersAlyson J Littman
Seattle Epidemiologic Research and Information Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, USA
BMC Med Res Methodol 10:99. 2010..We identified sociodemographic, behavioral, military, and health-related predictors of response to the first follow-up questionnaire in a large military cohort and assessed the extent to which nonresponse biased measures of association...
- Predictors of risk and resilience for posttraumatic stress disorder among ground combat Marines: methods of the Marine Resiliency StudyDewleen G Baker
VA Center for Stress and Mental Health 116A, VA San Diego Healthcare System, 3350 La Jolla Village Dr, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
Prev Chronic Dis 9:E97. 2012..Of enrolled Marines, approximately half (51.3%) had prior deployments. We found a moderate positive relationship between deployment history and PTSD prevalence in these baseline data...
- Energy requirements of military personnelWilliam J Tharion
Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Kansas Street, Natick, MA 0176 5007, USA
Appetite 44:47-65. 2005Energy requirements of military personnel (Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, and Marines) have been measured in garrison and in field training under a variety of climatic conditions...
- Neuropsychological outcomes of army personnel following deployment to the Iraq warJennifer J Vasterling
Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System and Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans 70112, USA
JAMA 296:519-29. 2006..Previous studies have not conducted objective neuropsychological assessments both before and after a major war-zone deployment...
- Effects of repeated deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan on the health of New Jersey Army National Guard troops: implications for military readinessAnna Kline
Department of Veterans Affairs, New Jersey Health Care System, Lyons Campus, Mental Health and Behavioral Sciences Bldg 143, 151 Knollcroft Rd, Lyons, NJ 07939 5000, USA
Am J Public Health 100:276-83. 2010..We assessed the effects of prior military service in Iraq or Afghanistan on the health of New Jersey Army National Guard members preparing for deployment to Iraq...
- Traumatic brain injury, shell shock, and posttraumatic stress disorder in the military--past, present, and futureSharon B Shively
Department of Pathology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814, USA
J Head Trauma Rehabil 27:234-9. 2012..Most TBIs are classified as "mild," although military personnel with these injuries can have persistent symptoms such as headache, memory impairment, and behavioral changes...
- Comparison of concussive symptoms, cognitive performance, and psychological symptoms between acute blast-versus nonblast-induced mild traumatic brain injuryCynthia A Luethcke
Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 17:36-45. 2011Blast-related head injuries are one of the most prevalent injuries among military personnel deployed in service of Operation Iraqi Freedom...
- A clinical diagnostic model for predicting influenza among young adult military personnel with febrile respiratory illness in SingaporeVernon J Lee
Biodefence Centre, Ministry of Defence, Singapore, Singapore
PLoS ONE 6:e17468. 2011..We aim to compare the differences in presentation between influenza and non-influenza cases among those with febrile respiratory illness (FRI) to determine predictors of influenza infection...
- Effects of traditional sit-up training versus core stabilization exercises on short-term musculoskeletal injuries in US Army soldiers: a cluster randomized trialJohn D Childs
US Army Baylor University Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, Army Medical Department Center and School, 3151 Scott Rd, Room 2307, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX 78234, USA
Phys Ther 90:1404-12. 2010..It is unknown whether the short-term effects of a core stabilization exercise program without sit-up training may result in decreased musculoskeletal injury incidence and work restriction compared with traditional training...
- Effects of sit-up training versus core stabilization exercises on sit-up performanceJohn D Childs
US Army Baylor University Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy MCCS HMT, Army Medical Department Center and School, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:2072-83. 2009..The purpose was to determine whether performing CSEP in lieu of sit-ups during unit physical training would have detrimental effects on sit-up performance and passing rates on the fitness test...
- Challenges of self-reported medical conditions and electronic medical records among members of a large military cohortBesa Smith
Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, USA
BMC Med Res Methodol 8:37. 2008..Self-reported diagnoses may differ from medical record diagnoses due to poor patient-clinician communication, self-diagnosis in the absence of a satisfactory explanation for symptoms, or the "health literacy" of the patient...
- Validating the primary care posttraumatic stress disorder screen and the posttraumatic stress disorder checklist with soldiers returning from combatPaul D Bliese
US Army Medical Research Unit Europe, Heidelberg, Germany
J Consult Clin Psychol 76:272-81. 2008..Item analyses also identified that the most discriminate item in both scales pertained to symptoms of avoidance. Implications and limitations are discussed...
- An outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex infection in the US military health care system associated with military operations in IraqPaul Scott
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20850, USA
Clin Infect Dis 44:1577-84. 2007..We investigated an outbreak of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex infection among US service members injured in Iraq...
- New and old risk-factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection: prospective cross-sectional study among military personnel in the Czech RepublicP Kolbekova
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
Clin Microbiol Infect 13:1012-7. 2007..A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted among military personnel in Prague...
- Properties, use and health effects of depleted uranium (DU): a general overviewA Bleise
International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA, Department of Nuclear Science and Applications, Wagramer Strasse 5, P O Box 100, A 1400 Vienna, Austria
J Environ Radioact 64:93-112. 2003..They appear to be very minor for all post-conflict situations, i.e. a fraction of those expected from natural radiation...
- Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of an iron-fortified food product in female soldiers during military training: relations between iron status, serum hepcidin, and inflammationJ Philip Karl
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 92:93-100. 2010..Iron status degrades in female soldiers during military training. Inflammation-mediated up-regulation of hepcidin, a key mediator of iron homeostasis, may be a contributing factor...
- Risk factors for clinical stress fractures in male military recruits: a prospective cohort studyVille Valtteri Välimäki
Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, FIN 00290 Helsinki, Finland
Bone 37:267-73. 2005..Given the poor vitamin D status of young Finnish men, intervention studies of vitamin D supplementation to lower serum PTH levels and to possibly reduce the incidence of stress fractures are warranted...
- Traumatic brain injury in the war zoneSusan Okie
N Engl J Med 352:2043-7. 2005
- Old world leishmaniasis: an emerging infection among deployed US military and civilian workersPeter J Weina
Leishmania Diagnostics Laboratory, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA
Clin Infect Dis 39:1674-80. 2004....
- Combat casualties in Afghanistan cared for by a single Forward Surgical Team during the initial phases of Operation Enduring FreedomGeorge E Peoples
274th Forward Surgical Team, Fort Bragg, NC 28310, USA
Mil Med 170:462-8. 2005..This is an analysis of the distribution, cause, and severity of wounds for combat casualties and the surgical procedures they required...
- Combat and peacekeeping operations in relation to prevalence of mental disorders and perceived need for mental health care: findings from a large representative sample of military personnelJitender Sareen
Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, 771 Bannatyne Ave, Winnipeg, MB PZ430, Canada R3E 3N4
Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:843-52. 2007Although military personnel are trained for combat and peacekeeping operations, accumulating evidence indicates that deployment-related exposure to traumatic events is associated with mental health problems and mental health service use.
- Traumatic brain injury during Operation Iraqi Freedom: findings from the United States Navy-Marine Corps Combat Trauma RegistryMichael R Galarneau
Department of Medical Modeling, Simulation, and Mission Support, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
J Neurosurg 108:950-7. 2008The purpose of this study was to characterize traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among military personnel (primarily Marines) during the second phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom from early in the medical care chain of evacuation through ..
- Injuries from explosions: physics, biophysics, pathology, and required research focusHoward R Champion
Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
J Trauma 66:1468-77; discussion 1477. 2009....
- Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems before and after military combat deploymentIsabel G Jacobson
DoD Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
JAMA 300:663-75. 2008..High rates of alcohol misuse after deployment have been reported among personnel returning from past conflicts, yet investigations of alcohol misuse after return from the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are lacking...
- Epidemiology of combat wounds in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom: orthopaedic burden of diseasePhilip J Belmont
Associate Professor, USUHS, Orthopaedic Surgery Service, William Beaumont Army Medical Center Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 5005 N Piedras, El Paso, TX 79920, USA
J Surg Orthop Adv 19:2-7. 2010..Collection and careful examination of orthopaedic combat casualties will allow for improved military personnel protective measures and treatment of injured soldiers.
- Military families and children during operation Iraqi freedomStephen J Cozza
Department of Psychiatry, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 6900 Georgia Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20307 5001, USA
Psychiatr Q 76:371-8. 2005..Available and pertinent scientific information is reviewed. Clinical observations of children and families during the ongoing war in Iraq are presented...
- Evidence of disrupted functional connectivity in the brain after combat-related blast injuryScott R Sponheim
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
Neuroimage 54:S21-9. 2011..post-traumatic stress and depression) and commonly prescribed medications. Results provide evidence for poor coordination of frontal neural function after blast injury that may be the consequence of damaged anterior white matter tracts...
- Calcium and vitamin d supplementation decreases incidence of stress fractures in female navy recruitsJoan Lappe
Creighton University Osteoporosis Research Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
J Bone Miner Res 23:741-9. 2008..The goal of this randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to determine whether a calcium and vitamin D intervention could reduce the incidence of SFx in female recruits during basic training...
- Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of iron supplementation in female soldiers during military training: effects on iron status, physical performance, and moodJames P McClung
Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA 01760, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 90:124-31. 2009..Decrements in iron status have been reported in female soldiers during military training. Diminished iron status adversely affects physical and cognitive performance...
- Viral agents responsible for febrile respiratory illnesses among military recruits training in tropical SingaporeShirley Gek Kheng Seah
Detection and Diagnostics Laboratory, DSO National Laboratories, Singapore
J Clin Virol 47:289-92. 2010b>Military personnel are highly susceptible to febrile respiratory illnesses (FRI), likely due to crowding, stress and other risk factors present in the military environment.
- Growth trajectories and intellectual abilities in young adulthood: The Helsinki Birth Cohort studyKatri Raikkonen
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Finland
Am J Epidemiol 170:447-55. 2009..There is a second critical period, specific for verbal development, between ages 2 and 7 years and a third critical period for all 3 tested outcomes during adolescence...
- Military training-related injuries: surveillance, research, and preventionK R Kaufman
Biomechanics Laboratory, Mayo Clinic Foundation Kaufman, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Am J Prev Med 18:54-63. 2000..The implications of these injuries in terms of patient morbidity, attrition rates, and training costs for military personnel are staggering...
- Predeployment personality traits and exposure to trauma as predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms: a prospective study of former peacekeepersI Bramsen
Department of Medical Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Am J Psychiatry 157:1115-9. 2000....
- Natural history of dengue virus (DENV)-1 and DENV-4 infections: reanalysis of classic studiesHiroshi Nishiura
Department of Medical Biometry, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, D 72070, Germany
J Infect Dis 195:1007-13. 2007..The natural history of wild-type dengue virus (DENV) infections of humans, including incubation and infectious periods, requires further study...
- The contribution of prior psychological symptoms and combat exposure to post Iraq deployment mental health in the UK militaryRoberto J Rona
King s College London, King Centre for Military Health Research, Weston Education Centre, London, UK
J Trauma Stress 22:11-9. 2009..The authors concluded that combat exposure and group cohesion have an effect on mental health outcomes independent of previous mental health status, which explains why screening prior to deployment is ineffective...
- Re-emerging Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Republic of KoreaJ Y Chai
Department of Parasitology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea
Korean J Parasitol 37:129-43. 1999..It has been suggested by many authors that the initial source of the re-emerging malaria was infected mosquitoes which had flown from the northern part of the DMZ...
- Mental health of Special Forces personnel deployed in battleRaveen Hanwella
Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, 08, Sri Lanka
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1343-51. 2012..To compare the mental health problems of Special Forces with regular forces engaged in combat in the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN)...
- Association between ambulatory physical activity and injuries during United States Army Basic Combat TrainingJoseph J Knapik
Department of Injury Prevention, US Army Public Health Command Provisional, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA
J Phys Act Health 8:496-502. 2011..Associations between physical activity and injuries have been previously examined using self-reports. The present investigation examined this association using objective measures of activity and injury...
- Altered brain activation in military personnel with one or more traumatic brain injuries following blastRandall S Scheibel
Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 1709 Dryden Road, Houston, TX 77030, USA
J Int Neuropsychol Soc 18:89-100. 2012..Limitations of this study include no matching for combat exposure and different recruitment strategies so that the control group was largely a community-based sample, while many TBI subjects were seeking services...
- Musculoskeletal injuries description of an under-recognized injury problem among military personnelKeith G Hauret
U S Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, USA
Am J Prev Med 38:S61-70. 2010..The purpose of this analysis was to determine the incidence of injury-related musculoskeletal conditions in the military services (2006) and describe a standardized format in which to categorize and report them...
- Cerebellar white matter abnormalities following primary blast injury in US military personnelChristine Mac Donald
Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
PLoS ONE 8:e55823. 2013..In US military personnel with isolated, primary blast-related 'mild' traumatic brain injury and no other known insult, we found ..
- Loss of consciousness, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and suicide risk among deployed military personnel with mild traumatic brain injuryCraig J Bryan
National Center for Veterans Studies, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
J Head Trauma Rehabil 28:13-20. 2013To identify clinical variables associated with suicidality in military personnel with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) while deployed to Iraq.
- Antibody response against saliva antigens of Anopheles gambiae and Aedes aegypti in travellers in tropical AfricaEve Orlandi-Pradines
Unité de recherche en biologie et en épidémiologie parasitaires, Institut de Medecine Tropicale du Service de Sante des Armees, Parc le Pharo, BP 46, 13998 Marseille Armees, France
Microbes Infect 9:1454-62. 2007..These results suggest that antibody responses to the saliva of mosquitoes could be considered as specific surrogate markers of exposure of travellers to mosquito vectors that transmit arthropod borne infections...
- Population pharmacokinetics of mefloquine in military personnel for prophylaxis against malaria infection during field deploymentB G Charles
School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, QLD, Australia
Eur J Clin Pharmacol 63:271-8. 2007The purpose of this study was to determine the population pharmacokinetics of mefloquine in healthy military personnel during prophylaxis for malaria infections.
- Diffuse and spatially variable white matter disruptions are associated with blast-related mild traumatic brain injuryNicholas D Davenport
Minneapolis VA Medical Center, 1 Veterans Dr, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
Neuroimage 59:2017-24. 2012..The reported pattern of effects supports the conclusion that the neurological effects of blast mTBI are diffuse, widespread, and spatially variable...
- Gender differences in traumatic experiences and mental health in active duty soldiers redeployed from Iraq and AfghanistanShira Maguen
San Francisco VA Medical Center, 4150 Clement St, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA
J Psychiatr Res 46:311-6. 2012..exposure, military sexual trauma (MST), and their associations with mental health screen results among military personnel deployed in support of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq...
- The risk of return: intimate partner violence in northern Uganda's armed conflictJeannie Annan
International Rescue Committee, and FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, 122 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10168, USA
Soc Sci Med 70:152-9. 2010....
- The millennium Cohort Study: a 21-year prospective cohort study of 140,000 military personnelGregory C Gray
Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, P O Box 85122, San Diego, CA 92186 5122, USA
Mil Med 167:483-8. 2002Does military service, in particular operational deployment, result in a higher risk of chronic illness among military personnel and veterans? The Millennium Cohort Study, the largest Department of Defense prospective cohort study ever ..
- Sierra Leone's former child soldiers: a follow-up study of psychosocial adjustment and community reintegrationTheresa Stichick Betancourt
Francois Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Child Dev 81:1077-95. 2010..Retention in school was also associated with greater prosocial attitudes...
- Knowledge of AIDS and HIV risk-related sexual behavior among Nigerian naval personnelUgboga Adaji Nwokoji
Nigerian Red Cross Society, National Headquarters, 11, Eko Akete Close, South West Ikoyi, Lagos, Nigeria
BMC Public Health 4:24. 2004..This study describes knowledge of AIDS, and HIV-risk sexual behavior of naval personnel in Lagos Nigeria...
- Injury reduction effectiveness of assigning running shoes based on plantar shape in Marine Corps basic trainingJoseph J Knapik
Directorate of Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance, US Army Public Health Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010, USA
Am J Sports Med 38:1759-67. 2010..This assignment procedure is presumed to reduce injuries by compensating for differences in running mechanics...
- PTSD symptom increases in Iraq-deployed soldiers: comparison with nondeployed soldiers and associations with baseline symptoms, deployment experiences, and postdeployment stressJennifer J Vasterling
VA National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, and Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02130, USA
J Trauma Stress 23:41-51. 2010..Combat severity was more strongly associated with symptom increases among active duty soldiers with higher baseline PTSD symptoms...
- In vitro characterization of multivalent adhesion molecule 7-based inhibition of multidrug-resistant bacteria isolated from wounded military personnelAnne Marie Krachler
Department of Molecular Biology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
Virulence 3:389-99. 2012Treatment of wounded military personnel at military medical centers is often complicated by colonization and infection of wounds with pathogenic bacteria...
- The relation of cortisol and sex hormone levels to results of psychological, performance, IQ and memory tests in military men and womenJaroslav Flegr
Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Biology Dept, Prague, Czech Republic
Neuro Endocrinol Lett 33:224-35. 2012..Cortisol, along with other hormones of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, belongs to one of the main factors influencing psychological and pathognomic factors, intelligence, and memory...
- The Veterans Health Administration and military sexual traumaRachel Kimerling
Veterans Administration Health Care System, Palo Alto, Calif, USA
Am J Public Health 97:2160-6. 2007..We examined the utility of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) universal screening program for military sexual violence...
- Self-administration of exercise and dietary supplements in deployed British military personnel during Operation TELIC 13C J Boos
J R Army Med Corps 156:32-6. 2010..This study aimed to establish the point prevalence of dietary and exercise supplement usage in British soldiers on Op TELIC during January 2009...
- Symptoms of post-concussional syndrome are non-specifically related to mild traumatic brain injury in UK Armed Forces personnel on return from deployment in Iraq: an analysis of self-reported dataN T Fear
Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, King s College London, WestonEducation Centre, 10 Cutcombe Road, London, UK
Psychol Med 39:1379-87. 2009..brain injury (mTBI) is being claimed as the 'signature' injury of the Iraq war, and is believed to be the cause of long-term symptomatic ill health (post-concussional syndrome; PCS) in an unknown proportion of military personnel.
- Amputations in U.S. military personnel in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and IraqLynn G Stansbury
U S Army Institute of Surgical Research Extremity Trauma Soft tissue Branch, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
J Orthop Trauma 22:43-6. 2008..S. military casualties in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, to correlate these with mechanism of injury, and compare the rate with that seen in U.S. casualties from the Vietnam War...
- Characterization of craniomaxillofacial battle injuries sustained by United States service members in the current conflicts of Iraq and AfghanistanTimothy A Lew
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Brooke Army Medical Center, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:3-7. 2010..To characterize and describe the craniomaxillofacial (CMF) battlefield injuries sustained by US Service Members in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom...
- Cigarette smoking and military deployment: a prospective evaluationBesa Smith
Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
Am J Prev Med 35:539-46. 2008..The current study describes new smoking among never-smokers, smoking recidivism among past smokers, and change in daily smoking among smokers in relation to military deployment...
- Comparison between civilian burns and combat burns from Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring FreedomSteven E Wolf
Burn Center, United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers, Fort Sam Houston, TX 79234, USA
Ann Surg 243:786-92; discussion 792-5. 2006To assess outcome differences between locally burned civilians and military personnel burned in a distant combat zone treated in the same facility.
- Cardiometabolic risk in US Army recruits and the effects of basic combat trainingStefan M Pasiakos
Military Nutrition Division, United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e31222. 2012..This study examined lifestyle factors and biomarkers associated with cardiometabolic risk in US Army recruits (209; 118 male, 91 female, 23 ± 5 yr) before, during, and after basic combat training (BCT)...
- Physiological decrements during sustained military operational stressPaul C Henning
United States Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Military Performance Division, Kansas Street, Building 42, Natick, MA 01760, USA
Mil Med 176:991-7. 2011..The intent is that this will provide commanders with insight on how to plan for missions to incorporate possible countermeasures to enhance or sustain warfighter performance...
- Past horrors, present struggles: the role of stigma in the association between war experiences and psychosocial adjustment among former child soldiers in Sierra LeoneTheresa S Betancourt
Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Soc Sci Med 70:17-26. 2010..These findings point to the complexity of psychosocial adjustment and community reintegration in these youth and have a number of programmatic and policy implications...
- Correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in Marines back from warStephanie Booth-Kewley
Behavioral Science and Epidemiology Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
J Trauma Stress 23:69-77. 2010The effect of combat and operational stress on the mental health of military personnel is a major concern. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with possible posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
- Trauma exposure, branch of service, and physical injury in relation to mental health among U.S. veterans returning from Iraq and AfghanistanDewleen G Baker
University of California, San Diego, Department of Psychiatry, 9500 Gilman Dr, MC 0603 La Jolla, CA 92093 0603, USA
Mil Med 174:773-8. 2009..Follow-up analyses revealed that trauma history and combat exposure varied by branch of service. Knowledge of base rates and vulnerability factors can aid in rapid detection of "at risk" individuals...
- Lifetime asymptomatic for back pain: the validity of self-report measures in soldiersEugene J Carragee
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:978-83. 2009..A 5-year prospective observational study in US Army Reserve soldiers...
- Mefloquine prescriptions in the presence of contraindications: prevalence among US military personnel deployed to Afghanistan, 2007Remington L Nevin
United States Africa Command, Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa, Camp Lemonier, Djibouti
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:206-10. 2010..This analysis was performed to quantify the effectiveness of these policies in ensuring health care provider compliance with package insert prescribing guidance...
- Kinetics of a tuberculosis-specific gamma interferon release assay in military personnel with a positive tuberculin skin testSigrid E van Brummelen
Central Military Hospital, Department of Pulmonology, Utrecht, Netherlands
Clin Vaccine Immunol 17:937-43. 2010..TST results and to evaluate the kinetics of the Quantiferon TB Gold In-Tube assay (QFT-Git) in military personnel with a positive TST result...
- Injuries from roadside improvised explosive devicesArul Ramasamy
Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, ICT Centre, Birmingham, United Kingdom
J Trauma 65:910-4. 2008..The improvised explosive device (IED) has been widely used by the insurgents and is the leading cause of death and injury among Coalition troops in the region...
- A systematic review of job-specific workers' health surveillance activities for fire-fighting, ambulance, police and military personnelM J Plat
Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 22700, 1100 DE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 84:839-57. 2011..safety and health aspects of the job; examples of such occupations are emergency services personnel and military personnel. The two objectives of this systematic review were to describe (1) the existing job-specific workers' health ..
- Smoking and deployment: perspectives of junior-enlisted U.S. Air Force and U.S. Army personnel and their supervisorsWalker S C Poston
School of Medicine, M3 C03, University of Missouri Kansas City, 2411 Holmes Street, Kansas City, MO 64108 2792, USA
Mil Med 173:441-7. 2008..In addition, the phenomenon of new initiation and relapse to smoking in the field was discussed...
- Combinatorial vaccines against anthrax and plagueJohn Clements; Fiscal Year: 2006..For this application, we propose to address a number of interrelated questions regarding immunization with a combined vaccine containing rPA and F1-V as immunogens to protect against anthrax and plague. ..
- Transcription factors regulating sensory gene expression and pain pathwaysEric E Turner; Fiscal Year: 2011..Together these studies will significantly advance our understanding of the molecular regulation of pain receptor pathways, which may form the basis for future pain treatments. ..
- Multi-targeted Countermeasures against Acute and Delayed Effects of OP ExposureJohn A Butera; Fiscal Year: 2013..as weapons of mass destruction in warfare arenas and in recent terrorist attacks;posing significant risks to military personnel, civilians, first responders and healthcare provider...
- Principles of Therapy in Cerebellar Disease: Explorations in Ion Channel MutantsJOHN SAMUEL STAHL; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Metabolic Engineering of Bacteria for Cancer Immunotherapy by Gamma Delta T CellsCraig T Morita; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- The role of Fli1 in T cell function and the pathogenesis of lupusTamara K Nowling; Fiscal Year: 2011..Additionally, insight will be gained into the regulation of T cell function in both health and disease with relevance to an array of immune and neoplastic diseases. ..
- 5-HT transporter function: Interaction of hormones and antidepressantsAlan Frazer; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our basic research studies could have treatment implications for patients with either MDD and/or PTSD. ..
- Nanoparticle Coupled Antioxidants for Respiratory Illness in VeteransRODNEY JON SCHLOSSER; Fiscal Year: 2013..Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) Veterans has been a consistent finding that affects military personnel regardless of age, rank, gender or active duty/National Guard status...
- THE ETHICS OF POST-CONFLICT AND POST-DISASTER DNA IDENTIFICATIONSarah Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2013..This research will identify and analyze these issues and challenges, and inform the development of concrete policy recommendations by relevant stakeholders. ..
- Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Density and Veteran Cigarette SmokersArthur Brody; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Phage Display for Improved Peptide-based Tumor Targeting and Imaging AgentsSusan L Deutscher; Fiscal Year: 2013..for the Veterans Administration if it is to meet the health care challenges of our past, current, and future military personnel. New peptide-based molecular probes to facilitate cancer imaging are rapidly evolving due to implementation ..
- Novel, Rapidly Translatable Technologies for Healing Long Bone Segmental DefectsChristopher H Evans; Fiscal Year: 2010..If this project is successful, it will prevent much human suffering, enable people to return to work more quickly, and save money. ..
- Adenosine and the Basal Forebrain in the Control of Behavioral StateRobert E Strecker; Fiscal Year: 2012..The ability to perform at a high level under the condition of limited sleep is also very important to active military personnel, doctors in residency training, and emergency &transportation workers, just to name a few...
- DNA Methylation in Ethanol Drinking BehaviorDavid P Gavin; Fiscal Year: 2013..Ultimately, these studies will identify novel molecular targets in the actions of ethanol and ethanol drinking behavior, and promote the development of pharmacotherapy for alcoholism. ..
- Understanding Pain of Gastrointestinal Origin in Women that Serve in OEF/OIFBeverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld; Fiscal Year: 2013..Moreover, we will examine whether rats exposed to ELS show altered behavioral responses to chronic stress in adulthood compared to age-matched controls ..
- Inhibiting Mucosal HIV-1 Transmission by Host Cell RNA InterferenceAlexandra L Howell; Fiscal Year: 2013..S. Veteran and active military population, and because of the increasing incidence of this disease in the U.S. ..
- Intrathoracic Pressure Regulator for ResuscitationKeith G Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2011..As such, this new device has the potential to be an important new advance in treating life-threatening hypotension and thereby reduce civilian and military mortality rates. ..
- Clinical Development of Hemostatic Agent ClotFoam for Severe HemorrhageMaja Nowakowski; Fiscal Year: 2013..Substantial economic activity will be generated from the global provision of this core component. ..
- Therapeutic Approaches for Extinction of Conditioned Drug RewardGary B Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013..This proposal examines new treatment approaches using pharmacological and behavioral treatments to extinguish cue reactivity in an animal model. Such approaches can inform future clinical trials for opiate abusing veterans. ..
- Intranasal CNS delivery of drugs against organophosphorous threat agentsARYAN MANGALAM NAMBOODIRI; Fiscal Year: 2013..The successful use of an intranasal brain delivery technology against chemical threat agents will open up its wider application in numerous other areas of clinical medicine and research. ..
- ANALYSIS OF TRYPANOSOME MRNA SYNTHESIS BY GENE TRANSFERVivian Bellofatto; Fiscal Year: 2010..a problem for American troops in Iraq and Afghanistan;more than 700 cases have been diagnosed in returning military personnel. At present, there are no vaccines to protect humans from trypanosomal infections and current drugs are ..
- Durable Visible Light-activated Antivral Coatings for Fabrics Used for Personal PJOSEF STEPHAN SCHNEIDER; Fiscal Year: 2011..The goal of the research is to transition the manufacture of antiviral fabric and respirator masks from the test lab to large-scale manufacturing. ..
- Targeting thermoreceptors for therapeutic hypothermiaSean P Marrelli; Fiscal Year: 2012..In addition, we expect that this method of cooling will produce less physiologic stress compared with traditional cooling protocols. ..
- OmpR and SsrB Regulation of Salmonella VirulenceLinda J Kenney; Fiscal Year: 2013..Salmonella-associated acute gastroenteritis is a significant cause of morbidity among travelers, deployed military personnel and high population density closed communities (e.g. military bases, hospitals or nursing homes)...
- DRUG RESISTANCE AND PTERIDINE METABOLISM IN LEISHMANIAStephen M Beverley; Fiscal Year: 2010..US military personnel have significant risk of infection in these areas as well, and recently concerns have risen that ..
- Basic Mechanisms in Hearing Loss of Cochlear OriginAllen F Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2013..The proposed research is targeted at developing new and improved therapies for prevention and treatment of this important health problem. ..
- Organismal Radioprotection Through Pharmacological QuiescenceJOHN S CHANT; Fiscal Year: 2010..G-Zero Therapeutics is developing drugs which can be stockpiled and easily administered following such an attack to protect the bone marrow from the damaging effects of radiation. ..
- Molecular Regulation of Ischemic Renal FailureZheng Dong; Fiscal Year: 2013..J Am Soc Nephrol 2006, 17:1135-1142 7. Zhou XJ, Rakheja D, Yu X, Saxena R, Vaziri ND, Silva FG: The aging kidney. Kidney Int 2008, 74:710-720 ..
- The Greatest Generation: The NAS-NRC WWII Twin Registry as a Scientific ResourceMargaret Gatz; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Nikkomycin Z treatment of early coccidioidal pneumonia: Phase II clinical trialDAVID LARWOOD; Fiscal Year: 2010..patients such as those with AIDS or recipients of organ transplants, pregnant women, the elderly and military personnel who train in the endemic desert regions...
- Heme Oxygenase Enzymes/Carbon Monoxide in Hepatic Dysfunction from hemorrhageBRIAN SCOTT ZUCKERBRAUN; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Impact of Temperature Profile on Outcome After Traumatic Brain InjuryLori Kennedy Madden; Fiscal Year: 2013..Finally, temperature management following TBI may improve outcomes at a relatively low cost. ..
- Mechanisms of Pleural Fibrosis in EmpyemaKamal A Mohammed; Fiscal Year: 2013..Currently there are no effective treatments for pleural fibrosis therefore the findings from these studies will move towards development of potential therapeutics against empyema and help to better manage empyema patients. ..
- BIOENGINEERING DESIGN OF ARTIFICIAL BLOODMarcos Intaglietta; Fiscal Year: 2011..abstract_text> ..
- Estrogen receptor, p38 MAPKs and topo IIa in breast cancerGuan Chen; Fiscal Year: 2013..Since breast cancer is a major malignant disease for female veterans, this study will contribute significantly to veteran's health care. ..
- Frontal Lobe Injury and Executive Control of Cognition and EmotionDiane Swick; Fiscal Year: 2013..By some estimates, 20% of previously deployed military personnel have sustained TBIs during their service in OEF and OIF, primarily due to blast injuries...
- Breakthroughs to advance the in vitro propagation of human norovirusesQiuhong Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010..In vitro propagation of HuNoVs will provide the major breakthrough needed for development of new strategies and means to prevent and control HuNoV infections and thereby improve public health globally. ..
- The Role of Glycolipids and CD1 in the Immunology of Leishmania InfectionLaurence U Buxbaum; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Multiplex Serodiagnostic Protein MicroarrayPHILIP LOUIS FELGNER; Fiscal Year: 2012..Multiplex serodiagnostic chips will be useful for determining whether military personnel or civilians, who enter a region where these agents are endemic, are exposed to any of them...
- Biomimetic Approach to the Fabrication of Red Blood Cell MimicsJoseph M DeSimone; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Novel non-invasive device for treatment of elevated intracranial pressuresKeith G Lurie; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws (EUDL)Christopher Spera; Fiscal Year: 2009..away from family and friends or working in high-risk environments, alcohol use rates may be higher among military personnel than among civilians, and the negative effects associated with this use may be correspondingly higher...
- PPAR gamma Agonists for Lung Cancer ChemopreventionRobert Keith; Fiscal Year: 2013..priority for the Department of Veterans Affairs due to the high rates of tobacco addiction acquired by military personnel and recent data shows tobacco use rates higher than that of the general public...
- Basal Forebrain Cellular Mechanisms of Cortical ActivationRobert W McCarley; Fiscal Year: 2013..feature of sleep disorders, coma, and Alzheimer's disease, other conditions prevalent in veterans and military personnel. Modulation of gamma oscillations thus represents a promising therapeutic target to treat symptoms of these ..
- Ionic Liquid Gas Sensors for Detection of Flammable Gases In WorkplaceXiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Characterizing Patellofemoral Joint Stress Using Patient-Specific ModelsGARY BEAUPRE; Fiscal Year: 2012..The prevalence of PF pain in military personnel is relevant to the VA because of the known chronicity of PF pain...
- Regenerative Adjuvant Therapy for Stress Urinary IncontinenceMargot S Damaser; Fiscal Year: 2011..Specific projects to test stem cell homing as a possible adjuvant to rehabilitative treatments after polytrauma will be developed based on the outcome of the proposed work. ..
- The role of indolamine2,3-dioxygenase in the host response/pathogenesis of VenezuRobert Seymour; Fiscal Year: 2013..They have the potential to cause epidemics which could impact public health. There are currently no treatments for these illnesses and our goal is to discover specific treatments for these viral illnesses. ..
- Novel Treatment Strategies for Targeting Posttraumatic EpilepsyHelen M Bramlett; Fiscal Year: 2013..It is anticipated that findings from this proposal will have an impact on the way we treat PTE in both military as well as civilian populations. ..
- Proteolytic Pathways in Thrombus ResolutionToni M Antalis; Fiscal Year: 2013..Deployed military personnel are at increased risk due to prolonged air and ground transport, dehydration, tobacco use, and extended ..
- Novel anti-toxin compounds against Yersinia infectionsMaurizio Pellecchia; Fiscal Year: 2010..Pneumonia, possibly leading to novel broad spectrum antibacterial agents. ..
- Academic-Community Partnerships to Brdge Across the U.S. Pacific IslandsAlice Tse; Fiscal Year: 2012..The project work will be accomplished through training programs &meetings to be conducted in the USAPI jurisdictions, and culminate in a CBPR grant proposal for the USAPI. ..
- Adolescent Alcohol,Dysregulated Stress System, and PTSD VulnerabilityGERHARD H SCHULTEIS; Fiscal Year: 2013..Most heavy drinkers among military personnel are less than 25 years old, and this same age group is reported to be at increased risk for PTSD and other ..
- Clinical and Molecular Biology of Acute and Chronic Traumatic EncephalopathiesJAMES WAVELL AIKEN; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- The Effects of C-Reactive Protein on AutoimmunityTerry W Du Clos; Fiscal Year: 2013..Therefore, understanding the role this protein plays in the risk for SLE will aid in understanding the cause and treatment of this and other autoimmune diseases in Veterans. ..
- Gonococcal Mechanisms to Evade Host DefensesWILLIAM MAURICE SHAFER; Fiscal Year: 2013..With more female veterans using the Medical Service as their primary mode of care, it is likely that VA Medical Centers will experience the health care costs associated with invasive gonococcal infections. ..
- Molecular probes for a vOTU from CCHFV using a fluorogenic peptideSCOTT DUSAN PEGAN; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Pilot Study: Self Management Groups for Veterans with Dual Sensory LossMITCHEL BRANT TURBIN; Fiscal Year: 2011..Results will guide the conduct of a followup randomized clinical trial that could provide VA with an evidence base and curriculum/technical manual for improving services to Veterans with DSL. ..
- Stress and PTSD Among OEF/OIF Soldiers &Their SpousesCatherine M Caska; Fiscal Year: 2012..Such improvements may more broadly reduce the health care utilization and national costs of treating service members with PTSD and will increase our ability to thoroughly care for spouses of our nation's veterans. ..
- Unique immune regulation by alternatively spliced interleukin-4Sergei P Atamas; Fiscal Year: 2013..The results will form the basis for development of new therapies that target IL-442 in patients, particularly in veterans, with the goal of attenuating or curing diseases in veterans, and thus improving veterans'health. ..
- Innovative technologies to effectively treat Multi-drug resistant and/or biofilm-Jie Wen; Fiscal Year: 2010..By 2007, the US wound care market has grown to an estimated $10 B. This growth has driven efforts to reduce infection that resulted in the development of antimicrobial dressings. ..
- Mosquito Saliva in Dengue Virus PathogenesisREBECCA R RICO-HESSE; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Nrf1 Molecular Pathway, Vitamin C Deficiency, and Spontaneous FracturesSubburaman Mohan; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- MULTIDIMENSIONAL HORMONAL ASSESSMENT OF PTSDSheila Wang; Fiscal Year: 1999....
- Definitive Studies For Use Of Galantamine As A Pre-Treatment Countermeasure AgainBILL BASINGER; Fiscal Year: 2011..We expect this research will help lay the groundwork for expanded applications both in nerve agents and organophosphorus pesticides. ..
- Lyophilization of Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite vaccineStephen Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2007..is responsible for a loss of >1% of GDP in Africa annually, and is a serious concern for travelers and military personnel. When attenuated Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites (PfSPZ) are administered by bite of infected mosquitoes &..
- GU Infection Self-Diagnosis for Deployed Military WomenNancy Ryan Wenger; Fiscal Year: 2004..e. missionary work, Peace Corps, humanitarian missions, expeditions, or foreign travel. ..
- Automatic Detection of Critical Dermoscopy Features for Basal Cell CarcinomaWilliam V Stoecker; Fiscal Year: 2010..Phase I and Phase II of this proposal should allow us to reach the software sale stage. After that, integration with strategic partners will allow market expansion. ..
- Telehealth Tinnitus Intervention for Patients with TBIJAMES A contact HENRY; Fiscal Year: 2011..Tinnitus management for Veterans and military personnel with TBI has become a critical concern...
- Ecological and Health Consequences of the Vietnam WarLinda Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Impact of PTSD on Bone FormationSubburaman Mohan; Fiscal Year: 2009..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abstract It is now well established that PTSD is a major health issue in military personnel. Although a proportion of returning veterans from the Gulf war and war on terrorism complain of bone aches, ..
- Sex Hormones and Rat Anterior Cruciate Ligament StrengthWilliam A Romani; Fiscal Year: 2010..These studies are important and they will help direct future studies to identify women at risk for ACL injury and develop novel strategies to prevent their occurrence. ..
- Vestibular Consequences of Blast-related Mild Traumatic Brain InjuryFAITH AKIN; Fiscal Year: 2009..TBI has been described as the signature condition among United States military personnel involved in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan...
- Determining vaccine candidacy of LT and STa toxoid fusions against enterotoxigeniWeiping Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010..world in addition to causing of illness to immunocompromised individuals and travelers including deployed military personnel. The key virulence factors in ETEC- associated diarrhea are bacterial adhesins or colonization factor ..
- Neurobiology of PTSD During REM SleepAnne Germain; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings from the proposed study will provide new insights the neurobiological correlates of PTSD during both wakefulness and sleep. ..
- Improving Production of Attenuated Malaria Sporozoite Vaccines through Genetic MoPeter Billingsley; Fiscal Year: 2009..million deaths per annum, reduces the GDP of Africa by >1% and is a serious risk for travelers including military personnel. Sanaria's goal is to develop and commercialize a >90% protective attenuated Plasmodium falciparum (..
- Biologic scaffold prostheses to enhance meniscus repairJOE WEINBERG; Fiscal Year: 2009..Also, for active-duty military personnel, it may result in more rapid return to active duty...
- Easy-to-Use, Low-Cost, Handheld Retinal Camera for Screening for Diabetic RetinopRANDAL CHINNOCK; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- The Effects of Vitamin B3 on Traumatic Brain InjuryMICHAEL HOANE; Fiscal Year: 2009..It is hoped that the research included in this proposal will help offset this major public health crisis by helping to identify a potential therapy for TBI. ..
- Treating Insomnia & Nightmares After Trauma: Impact on Symptoms & Quality of LifeSean P A Drummond; Fiscal Year: 2010..a War-Related Traumatic Injury With an increase in active combat operations in recent years, the number of military personnel exposed to trauma is growing rapidly...
- Mustard Gas Exposure and Carcinogenesis of the LungCharles Giardina; Fiscal Year: 2007..Finally, these studies will provide unique insight into the ability of a powerful mutagen to initiate carcinogenesis in humans after a single, high intensity exposure. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Executive Functioning in OEF/OIF Veterans with Traumatic Brain InjuryJuliana Baldo; Fiscal Year: 2009..Project Summary/Abstract Traumatic brain injury is a significant health problem in a large number of military personnel returning from Iraq and Afghanistan...
- Engineered Multi-Functional Nanofibrous Meniscus ImplantsJohn Esterhai; Fiscal Year: 2009..options for meniscus repair, an otherwise untreatable and prevalent musculoskeletal condition in our active military personnel, and a causative factor for the development of knee osteoarthritis in our aging veteran populations...
- Potency of cryopreserved, irradiated sporozoite vaccineStephen Hoffman; Fiscal Year: 2005..for a loss of greater than 1% of GDP in Africa annually, and is a serious concern for travelers and military personnel. Sanada's goal is to develop and commercialize an attenuated Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite vaccine for ..
- An Oral Vaccine Against Multiple Biowarfare AgentsKARL KLOSE; Fiscal Year: 2004Background: U.S. citizens, particularly military personnel, are vulnerable to the threat of exposure to biological warfare agents...
- Novel xanthine oxidase inhibitor for hemorrhagic shockPal Pacher; Fiscal Year: 2001..Estimated worldwide gross sales revenues after market entry and maturation (ca. 4 years after FDA approval) equal $800 million (annual). ..
- Intervenable Host Leishmania (Viannia) InteractionsDIANE MCMAHON PRATT; Fiscal Year: 2009..reported cases have almost doubled from 5,000 annually to close to 10,000 in 2003 excluding cases in military personnel. Dermal leishmaniasis in the New World is generally considered a zoonosis...