physicians

Summary

Summary: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.

Top Publications

  1. pmc The development of instruments to measure the work disability assessment behaviour of insurance physicians
    Romy Steenbeek
    TNO Work and Employment, PO Box 718, 2130 AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 11:1. 2011
  2. pmc Prevalence of dry eye disease among US men: estimates from the Physicians' Health Studies
    Debra A Schaumberg
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 900 Commonwealth Ave E, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 127:763-8. 2009
  3. ncbi Methodologies for improving response rates in surveys of physicians: a systematic review
    Jonathan B VanGeest
    Kennesaw State University, Georgia, USA
    Eval Health Prof 30:303-21. 2007
  4. ncbi Burnout and satisfaction with work-life balance among US physicians relative to the general US population
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:1377-85. 2012
  5. doi Job stress and job satisfaction of physicians in private practice: comparison of German and Norwegian physicians
    Edgar Voltmer
    Department of Health and Behavioral Sciences, Friedensau Adventist University, Friedensau, Germany
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 85:819-28. 2012
  6. pmc Multivitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular disease in men: the Physicians' Health Study II randomized controlled trial
    Howard D Sesso
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    JAMA 308:1751-60. 2012
  7. pmc The financial cost of doctors emigrating from sub-Saharan Africa: human capital analysis
    Edward J Mills
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Canada
    BMJ 343:d7031. 2011
  8. ncbi Systematic review of the literature on assessment, feedback and physicians' clinical performance: BEME Guide No. 7
    Jon Veloski
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia 19107, USA
    Med Teach 28:117-28. 2006
  9. doi Physician wellness: a missing quality indicator
    Jean E Wallace
    Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Lancet 374:1714-21. 2009
  10. ncbi Technology acceptance among physicians: a new take on TAM
    Amy K Yarbrough
    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610 0195, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 64:650-72. 2007

Detail Information

Publications382 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The development of instruments to measure the work disability assessment behaviour of insurance physicians
    Romy Steenbeek
    TNO Work and Employment, PO Box 718, 2130 AS Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 11:1. 2011
    Variation in assessments is a universal given, and work disability assessments by insurance physicians are no exception. Little is known about the considerations and views of insurance physicians that may partly explain such variation...
  2. pmc Prevalence of dry eye disease among US men: estimates from the Physicians' Health Studies
    Debra A Schaumberg
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 900 Commonwealth Ave E, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 127:763-8. 2009
    ..To estimate the prevalence and risk factors for dry eye disease (DED) among US men...
  3. ncbi Methodologies for improving response rates in surveys of physicians: a systematic review
    Jonathan B VanGeest
    Kennesaw State University, Georgia, USA
    Eval Health Prof 30:303-21. 2007
    ..Researchers should continue to implement design strategies that have been documented to improve the survey response of physicians.
  4. ncbi Burnout and satisfaction with work-life balance among US physicians relative to the general US population
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:1377-85. 2012
    Despite extensive data about physician burnout, to our knowledge, no national study has evaluated rates of burnout among US physicians, explored differences by specialty, or compared physicians with US workers in other fields.
  5. doi Job stress and job satisfaction of physicians in private practice: comparison of German and Norwegian physicians
    Edgar Voltmer
    Department of Health and Behavioral Sciences, Friedensau Adventist University, Friedensau, Germany
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 85:819-28. 2012
    This study examined job satisfaction and job stress of German compared to Norwegian physicians in private practice.
  6. pmc Multivitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular disease in men: the Physicians' Health Study II randomized controlled trial
    Howard D Sesso
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    JAMA 308:1751-60. 2012
    ..Observational studies have shown inconsistent associations between regular multivitamin use and CVD, with no long-term clinical trials of multivitamin use...
  7. pmc The financial cost of doctors emigrating from sub-Saharan Africa: human capital analysis
    Edward J Mills
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Canada
    BMJ 343:d7031. 2011
    ..To estimate the lost investment of domestically educated doctors migrating from sub-Saharan African countries to Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
  8. ncbi Systematic review of the literature on assessment, feedback and physicians' clinical performance: BEME Guide No. 7
    Jon Veloski
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia 19107, USA
    Med Teach 28:117-28. 2006
    There is a basis for the assumption that feedback can be used to enhance physicians' performance. Nevertheless, the findings of empirical studies of the impact of feedback on clinical performance have been equivocal.
  9. doi Physician wellness: a missing quality indicator
    Jean E Wallace
    Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
    Lancet 374:1714-21. 2009
    When physicians are unwell, the performance of health-care systems can be suboptimum. Physician wellness might not only benefit the individual physician, it could also be vital to the delivery of high-quality health care...
  10. ncbi Technology acceptance among physicians: a new take on TAM
    Amy K Yarbrough
    University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610 0195, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 64:650-72. 2007
    ..of physician technology acceptance, this model will inform health care managers about barriers that make physicians hesitant to embrace new technologies designed to increase efficiency and improve quality in a health care setting...
  11. pmc The smartphone in medicine: a review of current and potential use among physicians and students
    Errol Ozdalga
    Stanford University Hospital, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Med Internet Res 14:e128. 2012
    ..The smartphone is one of the fastest growing sectors in the technology industry, and its impact in medicine has already been significant...
  12. pmc Anesthesiologists' and surgeons' perceptions about routine pre-operative testing in low-risk patients: application of the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to identify factors that influence physicians' decisions to order pre-operative tests
    Andrea M Patey
    Centre for Practice Changing Research, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute General Campus, Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Implement Sci 7:52. 2012
    ..In this study, the TDF is used to explore anaesthesiologists' and surgeons' perceptions of ordering routine tests for healthy patients undergoing low-risk surgery...
  13. doi Attitudes of physicians regarding anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation: a systematic review
    Dan Pugh
    University of Edinburgh, UK
    Age Ageing 40:675-83. 2011
    ..This systematic review aims to determine physicians' attitudes to the prescription of warfarin for AF, and identify reasons for its underuse.
  14. ncbi A meta-analysis of continuing medical education effectiveness
    Maliheh Mansouri
    Haskayne School of Business, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 27:6-15. 2007
    ..We undertook a meta-analysis of the Continuing Medical Education (CME) outcome literature to examine the effect of moderator variables on physician knowledge, performance, and patient outcomes...
  15. ncbi Physician empathy: definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1563-9. 2002
    ..This study was designed to investigate the components of physician empathy, its measurement properties, and group differences in empathy scores...
  16. pmc Barriers to the acceptance of electronic medical records by physicians from systematic review to taxonomy and interventions
    Albert Boonstra
    Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:231. 2010
    The main objective of this research is to identify, categorize, and analyze barriers perceived by physicians to the adoption of Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) in order to provide implementers with beneficial intervention options.
  17. pmc Eight questions about physician-rating websites: a systematic review
    Martin Emmert
    Institute of Management IFM, School of Business and Economics, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen Nuremberg, Nuremberg 90411, Germany
    J Med Internet Res 15:e24. 2013
    ..Physician-rating websites (PRWs) are currently gaining in popularity because they increase transparency in the health care system. However, research on the characteristics and content of these portals remains limited...
  18. doi Overconfidence as a cause of diagnostic error in medicine
    Eta S Berner
    Department of Health Services Administration, School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Am J Med 121:S2-23. 2008
    ..We argue that physicians in general underappreciate the likelihood that their diagnoses are wrong and that this tendency to ..
  19. pmc An evaluation of the use of smartphones to communicate between clinicians: a mixed-methods study
    Robert Wu
    Division of General Internal Medicine, University Health Network, 200 Elizabeth Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Med Internet Res 13:e59. 2011
    ..Smartphones such as BlackBerrys may improve communication, but studies of these technologies have been limited to date...
  20. pmc A changing landscape of physician quality reporting: analysis of patients' online ratings of their physicians over a 5-year period
    Guodong Gordon Gao
    Center for Health Information and Decision Systems, Robert H Smith School of Business, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Med Internet Res 14:e38. 2012
    Americans increasingly post and consult online physician rankings, yet we know little about this new phenomenon of public physician quality reporting. Physicians worry these rankings will become an outlet for disgruntled patients.
  21. ncbi Clinicians' attitudes to clinical practice guidelines: a systematic review
    Cynthia M Farquhar
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National Women s Hospital, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Med J Aust 177:502-6. 2002
    ..To systematically review surveys of clinicians' attitudes to clinical practice guidelines...
  22. ncbi An adaptation of the theory of interpersonal behaviour to the study of telemedicine adoption by physicians
    Marie Pierre Gagnon
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Pavillon de l Est 2180, Chemin Ste Foy, QC, G1K 7P4 Quebec, Canada
    Int J Med Inform 71:103-15. 2003
    b>Physicians' acceptance of telemedicine constitutes a prerequisite for its diffusion on a national scale...
  23. ncbi Control of blood pressure as measured at home and office, and comparison with physicians' assessment of control among treated hypertensive patients in Japan: First Report of the Japan Home versus Office Blood Pressure Measurement Evaluation (J-HOME) study
    Takayoshi Ohkubo
    Department of Planning for Drug Development and Clinical Evaluation, Tohoku University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science and Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Hypertens Res 27:755-63. 2004
    ..as measured at home and in the clinic (office) and define their association with BP control as evaluated by physicians. Mean systolic/diastolic BP (SBP/DBP) values were 140/82 mmHg for home BP and 143/81 mmHg for office BP...
  24. ncbi A critical review of interventions to redress the inequitable distribution of healthcare professionals to rural and remote areas
    Nathan W Wilson
    Ukwanda Centre for Rural Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
    Rural Remote Health 9:1060. 2009
    ..This review provides a comprehensive overview of the most important studies addressing the recruitment and retention of doctors to rural and remote areas...
  25. doi Physicians' empathy and clinical outcomes for diabetic patients
    Mohammadreza Hojat
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Jefferson Longitudinal Study of Medical Education, Center for Research in Medical Education and Health Care, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA
    Acad Med 86:359-64. 2011
    To test the hypothesis that physicians' empathy is associated with positive clinical outcomes for diabetic patients.
  26. ncbi Physicians and the pharmaceutical industry: is a gift ever just a gift?
    A Wazana
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 283:373-80. 2000
    Controversy exists over the fact that physicians have regular contact with the pharmaceutical industry and its sales representatives, who spend a large sum of money each year promoting to them by way of gifts, free meals, travel subsidies,..
  27. doi Determinants of under-reporting of adverse drug reactions: a systematic review
    Elena Lopez-Gonzalez
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Drug Saf 32:19-31. 2009
    ..was the professional characteristic most closely associated with under-reporting in 76% of studies involving physicians. Other factors associated with under-reporting were ignorance (only severe ADRs need to be reported) in 95%; ..
  28. doi Satisfaction, motivation, and intent to stay among Ugandan physicians: a survey from 18 national hospitals
    Sam Luboga
    School of Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
    Int J Health Plann Manage 26:2-17. 2011
    ..Previous literature has largely focused on those who leave. This paper reports on a study of physicians working in 18 public and private facilities in Uganda as part of a larger study of more than 641 hospital-based ..
  29. ncbi Patterns of care for COPD by Japanese physicians
    Shunichi Fukuhara
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
    Respirology 10:341-8. 2005
    ..COPD treatment guidelines are available worldwide, yet it is not known how widely they are followed. This study evaluated the clinical care of COPD patients in Japan as compared to guideline recommendations...
  30. pmc Multivitamins in the prevention of cancer in men: the Physicians' Health Study II randomized controlled trial
    J Michael Gaziano
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02120, USA
    JAMA 308:1871-80. 2012
    ..Observational studies have not provided evidence regarding associations of multivitamin use with total and site-specific cancer incidence or mortality...
  31. pmc Genetic testing and cancer risk management recommendations by physicians for at-risk relatives
    Sharon E Plon
    Department of Pediatrics, Dan L Duncan Cancer Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Genet Med 13:148-54. 2011
    ..Sequence-based cancer susceptibility testing results are described as negative, deleterious mutation or variant of uncertain significance. We studied the impact of different types of test results on clinical decision making...
  32. ncbi The metrics of the physician brain drain
    Fitzhugh Mullan
    George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:1810-8. 2005
    There has been substantial immigration of physicians to developed countries, much of it coming from lower-income countries...
  33. pmc A guide for the design and conduct of self-administered surveys of clinicians
    Karen E A Burns
    Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care, University of Toronto, and Keenan Research Centre and the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 179:245-52. 2008
  34. pmc Healthy user and related biases in observational studies of preventive interventions: a primer for physicians
    William H Shrank
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:546-50. 2011
    The current emphasis on comparative effectiveness research will provide practicing physicians with increasing volumes of observational evidence about preventive care...
  35. ncbi Accuracy of physician self-assessment compared with observed measures of competence: a systematic review
    David A Davis
    Knowledge Translation Program of the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute at St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 296:1094-102. 2006
    ..continuing medical education credit, relicensure, specialty recertification, and clinical competence are linked to the abilities of physicians to assess their own learning needs and choose educational activities that meet these needs.
  36. doi Smoking cessation intervention practices in Chinese physicians: do gender and smoking status matter?
    Tai Hing Lam
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Health Soc Care Community 19:126-37. 2011
    ..factors associated with the frequency of cessation intervention practices by smoking status among Chinese physicians in men and women...
  37. doi Physicians' characteristics in the usage of online database: a representative nationwide survey of regional hospitals in Taiwan
    Ya Wen Chiu
    Division of Health Policy Research and Development, Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan
    Inform Health Soc Care 34:127-35. 2009
    b>Physicians have to deal with a broad range of medical problems in clinical practice, thus making the timely acquisition of relevant information is a critical skill for physicians to improve care quality...
  38. doi The role of triage liaison physicians on mitigating overcrowding in emergency departments: a systematic review
    Brian H Rowe
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Acad Emerg Med 18:111-20. 2011
    The objective was to examine the effectiveness of triage liaison physicians (TLPs) on mitigating the effects of emergency department (ED) overcrowding.
  39. pmc Which patients with lower respiratory tract infections need inpatient treatment? Perceptions of physicians, nurses, patients and relatives
    Claudia Baehni
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    BMC Pulm Med 10:12. 2010
    ..This survey analyzed perceptions of physicians, nurses, patients and relatives about feasibility of outpatient management and required duration of hospital stay...
  40. pmc A cross-country comparison of intensive care physicians' beliefs about their transfusion behaviour: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains Framework
    Rafat Islam
    Centre for Practice Changing Research, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, General Campus, Ottawa, Canada
    Implement Sci 7:93. 2012
    ..studies in Canada and the United Kingdom were designed to explore transfusion behaviour in intensive care physicians. The aim of this paper is three-fold: first, to explore beliefs that influence Canadian intensive care ..
  41. doi Perspective: a culture of respect, part 1: the nature and causes of disrespectful behavior by physicians
    Lucian L Leape
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Acad Med 87:845-52. 2012
    ..More common are everyday humiliations of nurses and physicians in training, as well as passive resistance to collaboration and change...
  42. pmc The health worker shortage in Africa: are enough physicians and nurses being trained?
    Yohannes Kinfu
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
    Bull World Health Organ 87:225-30. 2009
    ....
  43. pmc The impact of change in a doctor's job position: a five-year cohort study of job satisfaction among Norwegian doctors
    Ingunn Bjarnadottir Solberg
    Department of Behavioural Sciences in Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:41. 2012
    Job satisfaction among physicians may be of importance to their individual careers and their work with patients...
  44. ncbi Hand hygiene among physicians: performance, beliefs, and perceptions
    Didier Pittet
    Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland
    Ann Intern Med 141:1-8. 2004
    ..Physician adherence to hand hygiene remains low in most hospitals...
  45. pmc Current recognition and management of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome among tertiary Chinese intensive care physicians
    Jian cang Zhou
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310016, China
    J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 12:156-62. 2011
    ..management of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH)/abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) among intensive care physicians in tertiary Chinese hospitals...
  46. ncbi Physician response to surveys. A review of the literature
    S E Kellerman
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Epidemiology Program Office, Division of Training, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Prev Med 20:61-7. 2001
    ..We reviewed literature of survey methodology specific to physician surveys and report those found to be most effective...
  47. pmc Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years' observations on male British doctors
    Richard Doll
    Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit CTSU, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE
    BMJ 328:1519. 2004
    ..To compare the hazards of cigarette smoking in men who formed their habits at different periods, and the extent of the reduction in risk when cigarette smoking is stopped at different ages...
  48. pmc The representation of patient experience and satisfaction in physician rating sites. A criteria-based analysis of English- and German-language sites
    Swantje Reimann
    Hannover Medical School, CELLS Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences, Institute for History, Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine, Carl Neuberg Str, 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:332. 2010
    Information on patient experience and satisfaction with individual physicians could play an important role for performance measures, improved health care and health literacy...
  49. pmc A levels and intelligence as predictors of medical careers in UK doctors: 20 year prospective study
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT
    BMJ 327:139-42. 2003
    ..To assess whether A level grades (achievement) and intelligence (ability) predict doctors' careers...
  50. ncbi Factors considered important at the end of life by patients, family, physicians, and other care providers
    K E Steinhauser
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center 152, 508 Fulton St, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    JAMA 284:2476-82. 2000
    ..Empirical evidence defining such factors, however, is lacking...
  51. doi Gender differences in clinical confidence: a nationwide survey of resident physicians in Japan
    Kyoko Nomura
    Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
    Acad Med 85:647-53. 2010
    The number of women physicians is increasing in Japan. The authors investigated gender differences in self-perceptions of clinical confidence.
  52. doi Designing a framework for the delivery of collaborative musculoskeletal care involving chiropractors and physicians in community-based primary care
    Silvano Mior
    Department of Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, Canada
    J Interprof Care 24:678-89. 2010
    ..a qualitative study to articulate a conceptual model to advance the interprofessional collaboration between physicians and chiropractors within community-based primary care in Ontario, Canada...
  53. pmc Psychosocial health risk factors and resources of medical students and physicians: a cross-sectional study
    Edgar Voltmer
    Department of Health and Behavioural Sciences, Friedensau Adventist University, An der Ihle 19, 39291 Friedensau, Germany
    BMC Med Educ 8:46. 2008
    Epidemiological data indicate elevated psychosocial health risks for physicians, e. g., burnout, depression, marital disturbances, alcohol and substance abuse, and suicide...
  54. pmc Problems in sickness certification of patients: a qualitative study on views of 26 physicians in Sweden
    Mia von Knorring
    Section of Personal Injury Prevention, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Prim Health Care 26:22-8. 2008
    To identify what problems physicians experience in sickness certification of patients.
  55. pmc When patients lack capacity: the roles that patients with terminal diagnoses would choose for their physicians and loved ones in making medical decisions
    Marie T Nolan
    The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    J Pain Symptom Manage 30:342-53. 2005
    ..We explored these complexities by examining how patients with terminal diagnoses would choose to involve their physicians and loved ones in making medical decisions, assuming they were able and unable to participate...
  56. ncbi The well-being of physicians
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Med 114:513-9. 2003
  57. doi Physicians down-regulate their pain empathy response: an event-related brain potential study
    Jean Decety
    Department of Psychology, and Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience, The University of Chicago, IL, USA
    Neuroimage 50:1676-82. 2010
    ..Here, we recorded event-related potentials (ERP) from physicians and matched controls as they were presented with visual stimuli depicting body parts pricked by a needle (pain) ..
  58. ncbi A national survey of physician-industry relationships
    Eric G Campbell
    Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital Partners Health Care System and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:1742-50. 2007
    Relationships between physicians and pharmaceutical, medical device, and other medically related industries have received considerable attention in recent years...
  59. doi Opioid analgesics for pain control: wisconsin physicians' knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and prescribing practices
    Marla Z Wolfert
    University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin WI 53792, USA
    Pain Med 11:425-34. 2010
    ..Although their role in the management of chronic pain not related to cancer is controversial, there is increasing evidence for their benefit in certain patient populations...
  60. pmc Stress, burnout and doctors' attitudes to work are determined by personality and learning style: a twelve year longitudinal study of UK medical graduates
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    BMC Med 2:29. 2004
    ....
  61. pmc Analysis of 4999 online physician ratings indicates that most patients give physicians a favorable rating
    Bassam Kadry
    Department of Anesthesia, School of Medicine, Stanford University, CA 94305, United States
    J Med Internet Res 13:e95. 2011
    Many online physician-rating sites provide patients with information about physicians and allow patients to rate physicians...
  62. ncbi Professionalism in medicine: results of a national survey of physicians
    Eric G Campbell
    Massachusetts General Hospital, Institute for Health Policy, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
    Ann Intern Med 147:795-802. 2007
    ..Although there have been efforts to define and promote professionalism, few data are available on physician attitudes toward and conformance with professional norms...
  63. ncbi Views of practicing physicians and the public on medical errors
    Robert J Blendon
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 347:1933-40. 2002
    ..What is not known is the level of support for these proposed changes among practicing physicians and the public.
  64. ncbi Non-analytical models of clinical reasoning: the role of experience
    Geoff Norman
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Med Educ 41:1140-5. 2007
    ..This paper aims to summarise the evidence supporting the role of experience-based, non-analytic reasoning (NAR) or pattern recognition as a central feature of expert medical diagnosis...
  65. ncbi Physicians who do not take sick leave: hazardous heroes?
    E O Rosvold
    Department of General Practice and Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Public Health 29:71-5. 2001
    b>Physicians seem to have problems in accepting their own illness, and they tend to avoid taking sick leave...
  66. ncbi Attitudes and practices of physicians and nurses regarding physical activity promotion in the Catalan primary health-care system
    A Puig Ribera
    Departament de Ciències i Ciències Socials, Universitat de Vic, Catalonia, Spain
    Eur J Public Health 15:569-75. 2005
    ..This study set out to establish descriptive baseline data for PA promotion in Catalan general practices, and to explore the experiences of doctors/nurses in promoting PA in their day-to-day professional lives...
  67. doi Physician well being and quality of patient care: an exploratory study of the missing link
    Jean E Wallace
    Department of Sociology, The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychol Health Med 14:545-52. 2009
    The goal of this article is to explore physicians' perceptions of their colleagues' awareness of the link between physician wellness and the quality of care they provide to their patients...
  68. pmc Evaluation of the safety and efficiency of the dorsal slit and sleeve methods of male circumcision provided by physicians and clinical officers in Rakai, Uganda
    Dennis Rogers Buwembo
    Rakai Health Sciences Programme, Makerere University Kampala MUK, School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda
    BJU Int 109:104-8. 2012
    To assess the safety and efficiency of the dorsal slit and sleeve male circumcision (MC) procedures performed by physicians and clinical officers (COs).
  69. doi Determinants of physicians' technology acceptance for e-health in ambulatory care
    Sebastian Dünnebeil
    Department of Informatics, Technical University of Munich, Bolzmannstrasse 3, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
    Int J Med Inform 81:746-60. 2012
    ..The project is facing massive resistance from German physicians, which has led to a delay of more than five years...
  70. ncbi Changes in career satisfaction among primary care and specialist physicians, 1997-2001
    Bruce E Landon
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Ave, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 289:442-9. 2003
    A number of forces have changed the practice of medicine in the past decade. Evidence suggests that physicians are becoming less satisfied in this environment.
  71. pmc Smoking status and cessation counseling practices among physicians, Guangxi, China, 2007
    Jiatong Zhou
    Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning, Guangxi, China
    Prev Chronic Dis 7:A15. 2010
    We examined Chinese physicians' smoking behavior, knowledge of smoking's health effects, and compliance with accepted cessation counseling practices.
  72. pmc Hereditary breast/ovarian and colorectal cancer genetics knowledge in a national sample of US physicians
    L Wideroff
    Applied Research Program Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7344, USA
    J Med Genet 42:749-55. 2005
    ....
  73. ncbi Disclosure of CAM use to medical practitioners: a review of qualitative and quantitative studies
    A Robinson
    Monash University School of Rural Health, P O Box 424, Traralgon, VIC 3844, Australia
    Complement Ther Med 12:90-8. 2004
    ..This literature review aims to provide an understanding of the degree to which patients disclose their use of CAM to their medical practitioners, and their reasons for not doing so...
  74. ncbi Factors associated with residents' attitudes toward dying patients
    J Kvale
    Department of Family Practice, University of Texas, Houston, USA
    Fam Med 31:691-6. 1999
    Management of the dying patient often elicits anxiety in physicians. This study identified the association of physicians' personal fear of death, tolerance of uncertainty, and attachment style with physician attitudes toward dying patients...
  75. pmc Breakfast cereals and risk of hypertension in the Physicians' Health Study I
    Jinesh Kochar
    Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Clin Nutr 31:89-92. 2012
    ..We examined the association between breakfast cereal consumption and the risk of hypertension...
  76. doi Effective training strategies for teaching communication skills to physicians: an overview of systematic reviews
    Marianne Berkhof
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 84:152-62. 2011
    b>Physicians need good communication skills to communicate effectively with patients. The objective of this review was to identify effective training strategies for teaching communication skills to qualified physicians.
  77. doi Attitudes toward schizophrenia in the general population, psychiatric staff, physicians, and psychiatrists: a web-based survey in Japan
    Hiroaki Hori
    Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan
    Psychiatry Res 186:183-9. 2011
    ..study enrollment, 197 subjects in the general population, 100 psychiatric staff (other than psychiatrists), 112 physicians (other than psychiatrists) and 36 psychiatrists were enrolled in a web-based survey using an Internet-based ..
  78. doi Diversity and dynamics of patient cost-sharing for physicians' and hospital services in the 27 European Union countries
    Marzena Tambor
    Department of Health Economics and Social Security, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum, Krakow, Poland
    Eur J Public Health 21:585-90. 2011
    ..This article presents a review of patient cost-sharing for health-care services in the 27 EU countries, and discusses directions for their improvement...
  79. pmc Work hours and self rated health of hospital doctors in Norway and Germany. A comparative study on national samples
    Judith Rosta
    The Research Institute of the Norwegian Medical Association, POB 1152 Sentrum 0107 Oslo, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:40. 2011
    ..The study examines the relationship between work hours and self rated health in two national samples of hospital doctors...
  80. pmc Adherence to oral second-generation antipsychotic medications in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: physicians' perceptions of adherence vs. pharmacy claims
    J J Stephenson
    HealthCore, Inc, Wilmington, DE, USA
    Int J Clin Pract 66:565-73. 2012
    ..To compare physician-reported adherence of specific patients to oral second-generation antipsychotics vs. actual adherence rates determined from the patients' pharmacy claims...
  81. pmc Mortality among Norwegian doctors 1960-2000
    Olaf G Aasland
    The Research Institute, Norwegian Medical Association, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Public Health 11:173. 2011
    ..The total number of deaths in the study population was 1 583 559...
  82. pmc Physicians' attitudes towards copy and pasting in electronic note writing
    Heather C O'Donnell
    Department of Public Health, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 24:63-8. 2009
    ..Little is known about physicians' collective experience with the copy and paste function (CPF).
  83. doi A review of smoke-free health care in mainland China
    Y Lin
    International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Beijing, China
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:453-8. 2011
    ..Male doctors in China have a high rate of smoking (41%). Smoke-free policies and help in quitting smoking in health care facilities would improve the health of staff and patients, and reduce smoking among doctors...
  84. pmc Educating a new generation of doctors to improve the health of populations in low- and middle-income countries
    Francesca Celletti
    Department of Human Resources for Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    PLoS Med 8:e1001108. 2011
    ..Francesca Celletti and colleagues from WHO argue that a transformation in the scale-up of medical education in low- and middle-income countries is needed, and detail what this might look like...
  85. ncbi Epoxide hydrolase and CYP2C9 polymorphisms, cigarette smoking, and risk of colorectal carcinoma in the Nurses' Health Study and the Physicians' Health Study
    Gregory J Tranah
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Mol Carcinog 44:21-30. 2005
    ..to risk of colorectal carcinoma in two case-control studies nested in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Physicians' Health Study (PHS) cohorts...
  86. pmc An interactive internet-based continuing education course on sexually transmitted diseases for physicians and midwives in Peru
    Fredy A Canchihuaman
    School of Public Health and Administration, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    PLoS ONE 6:e19318. 2011
    ..New educational tools could improve CE accessibility and effectiveness...
  87. doi A survey of health information exchange organizations in the United States: implications for meaningful use
    Julia Adler-Milstein
    Harvard Business School, Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Ann Intern Med 154:666-71. 2011
    To receive financial incentives for meaningful use of electronic health records, physicians and hospitals will need to engage in health information exchange (HIE)...
  88. doi Return to work after sick leave due to depression; a conceptual analysis based on perspectives of patients, supervisors and occupational physicians
    G de Vries
    Arkin, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Affect Disord 136:1017-26. 2012
    This study aims to investigate the most important factors facilitating a return to work after sick leave due to depression from the perspectives of patients, supervisors and occupational physicians.
  89. pmc Impact of PubMed search filters on the retrieval of evidence by physicians
    Salimah Z Shariff
    Division of Nephrology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont
    CMAJ 184:E184-90. 2012
    b>Physicians face challenges when searching PubMed for research evidence, and they may miss relevant articles while retrieving too many nonrelevant articles...
  90. pmc An implementation strategy to improve the guideline adherence of insurance physicians: an experiment in a controlled setting
    Feico Zwerver
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Implement Sci 6:131. 2011
    ..We hypothesized that an educational intervention would increase the insurance physicians' (IPs) guideline adherence in a controlled setting.
  91. doi Accuracy of conflict-of-interest disclosures reported by physicians
    Kanu Okike
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    N Engl J Med 361:1466-74. 2009
    The recent public reporting of payments made to physicians by manufacturers of orthopedic devices provides an opportunity to assess the accuracy of physicians' conflict-of-interest disclosures.
  92. ncbi Screening for cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias: opinions of European caregivers, payors, physicians and the general public
    J Bond
    Institute of Health and Society and Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    J Nutr Health Aging 14:558-62. 2010
    The IMPACT survey queried physicians, caregivers, payors and members of the general public from 5 European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom) regarding their opinions towards screening for Alzheimer's disease ..
  93. doi Physicians underestimate the importance of patient-centredness to patients: a discrete choice experiment in fertility care
    Inge W H van Empel
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Hum Reprod 26:584-93. 2011
    ..This study aimed to determine and compare the importance of patient-centredness, relative to pregnancy rates, to patients and physicians.
  94. pmc Effects of various methodologic strategies: survey response rates among Canadian physicians and physicians-in-training
    Inese Grava-Gubins
    College of Family Physicians of Canada Research, Mississauga, Ont
    Can Fam Physician 54:1424-30. 2008
    ..To increase the overall 2007 response rate of the National Physician Survey (NPS) from the survey's 2004 rate of response with the implementation of various methodologic strategies...
  95. pmc Impact of feeling responsible for adverse events on doctors' personal and professional lives: the importance of being open to criticism from colleagues
    O G Aasland
    The Research Institute, The Norwegian Medical Association, P O B 1152 Sentrum, N 0107 Oslo, Norway
    Qual Saf Health Care 14:13-7. 2005
    ..To investigate the impact of adverse events that had caused patient injury and for which the doctor felt responsible, and the experience of acceptance of criticism among colleagues...
  96. doi Reports of the decline of empathy during medical education are greatly exaggerated: a reexamination of the research
    Jerry A Colliver
    Department of Medical Education, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois 62794 9623, USA
    Acad Med 85:588-93. 2010
    ..Research is said to show that empathy declines during medical school and residency training. These studies and their results were examined to determine the extent of the decline and the plausibility of any alternative explanations...
  97. pmc How important are role models in making good doctors?
    Elisabeth Paice
    London Postgraduate Medical and Dental Education, University of London, London WC1N 1DZ
    BMJ 325:707-10. 2002
  98. pmc Relationship between increased personal well-being and enhanced empathy among internal medicine residents
    Tait D Shanafelt
    Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:559-64. 2005
    ..While resident distress and its potential to negatively effect patient care have been well documented, little is known bout resident well-being or its potential to enhance care...
  99. doi Are medical graduates ready to face the challenges of Foundation training?
    Victoria R Tallentire
    Centre for Medical Education, University of Edinburgh, UK
    Postgrad Med J 87:590-5. 2011
    ..Education for Foundation trainees should focus on the areas in which graduates are perceived to be less prepared, such as acute care, prescribing, and procedural skills...
  100. doi A review of tobacco smoking and smoking cessation practices among physicians in China: 1987-2010
    Abu S Abdullah
    Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi, China
    Tob Control 22:9-14. 2013
    Tobacco use by physicians represents a significant barrier in promoting smoking cessation through physician interventions...
  101. pmc Comparing standard care with a physician and pharmacist team approach for uncontrolled hypertension
    P E Bogden
    Department of Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 13:740-5. 1998
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Patients who fail to achieve national blood pressure goals under standard outpatient medical care may benefit from a program that includes a physician and pharmacist teamwork approach...

Research Grants87

  1. PHYSICIANS HEALTH STUDY--CONTINUED FOLLOW UP
    Julie Buring; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of Medicine, the results of two large-scale randomized trials which included beta carotene were published: the Physicians' Health Study (PHS) and the Beta Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial (CARET)...
  2. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This protocol does not provide treatment. Participants will remain under the care of their own physicians during participation in this protocol...
  3. STATISITICAL DESIGN, MONITORING &COORD. OF VISION CLINICAL TRIALS &EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Keri Hammel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This protocol does not provide treatment. Participants will remain under the care of their own physicians during participation in this protocol...
  4. Personalized Clinical Diagnostics and Beyond: Integrated Ring Resonator Arrays
    Ryan Bailey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Unfortunately, many of the same measurement approaches are not applicable in the clinical setting and thus physicians do not have access to the same detailed biochemical information enjoyed by the academician...
  5. Cellular &Inflammatory Pathways in Ashtma &Allergic Diseases: From IgE to Cells
    LAWRENCE BARRY SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Understanding more precisely the characteristics of and the mechanism(s) behind desensitization will enable physicians to better utilize this approach to reduce mast cell/basophil-mediated contributions to asthma and allergic ..
  6. SPEAKER TRAVEL AND SCIENTIFIC SESSION SUPPORT FOR THE TERATOLOGY SOCIETY 50TH
    Christina Chambers; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Because of human-health concerns about the developmental toxicity of drugs and chemicals, scientists, physicians and regulators have focused efforts on understanding and protecting against potential hazards of these agents to ..
  7. Mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and surgical acute kidney injury
    FREDERIC TREMAINE BILLINGS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..promote the success of junior physician-scientists and has received numerous awards for successfully mentoring physicians to scientific independence...
  8. Interdisciplinary Research Training in Reproduction for Indian Fellows
    John C Herr; Fiscal Year: 2010
    This competing continuation application requests support to train three PhD scientists or post-resident physicians [MD or PhD/MD], holding positions at two partner institutions in India, for investigative careers in reproductive research...
  9. Twenty-second Annual Fanconi Anemia Research Fund Scientific Symposium
    GROVER CARLTON BAGBY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The Symposium brings together leading researchers and physicians as well as young investigators, graduate and post-graduate students from around the world to discuss all basic, ..
  10. 24th Annual Fanconi Anemia Research Fund Scientific Symposium
    GROVER CARLTON BAGBY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The Symposium brings together leading researchers and physicians as well as young investigators from around the world to discuss basic science, translational, and clinical ..
  11. Emergency Neurophysiological Assessment Bedside Logic Engine
    Don M Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Second, emergency physicians are not trained in EEG interpretation so they require assistance...
  12. Mechanims of CNS Autonomic Regulation by EA
    John C Longhurst; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although acupuncture may be a viable inexpensive alternative that has a very low incidence of side effects, physicians generally are reluctant to recommend this therapy because little data are available on its efficacy and ..
  13. Non-invasive zoonotic pathogen exposure and outcome biomarkers with follow-up in
    Christopher D Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and immunology training and epidemiologic research skills through mentorship from zoonotic infectious diseases physicians, clinical immunologists, microbiologists, and occupational health epidemiologists;engagement in formal didactics;..
  14. Chronic Electrical Stimulation to Reduce Bladder Hyperreflexia after SCI
    Kenneth J Gustafson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Successful completion of this collaborative project between basic scientists and physicians will demonstrate the efficacy of producing chronic continence via electrical stimulation of peripheral afferent ..
  15. Investigation of Occupational Exposure to and Infection by MRSA in Rural Iowa
    Tara Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Finally, we will partner with rural physicians working in areas of high livestock concentration, in order to examine symptomatic infections caused by S...
  16. Transforming PCI Informed Consent into an Evidence-based Decision-making Tool
    John A Spertus; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Specific Aim 3: Test the impact of PRISM on the use of Bleeding Avoidance Therapies (BATs): At the time of PCI, physicians must choose the best strategies to minimize the risks of bleeding, a major procedural complication...
  17. Scavenging of Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species by Cobalamins
    NICOLA ELIZABETH BRASCH; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..For example, B12 has been used extensively by physicians over several decades to treat inflammatory disorders including chronic fatigue syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, ..
  18. Health Care Disparities in the Pacific Islands Pacific Regional Medical Conferenc
    SAIED SAFABAKHSH; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Guam Health Disparities in Diabetes Current Opinions in Medical Ethics Chronic Kidney Disease for Primary care physicians in a medically underserved area Review on: Obesity and other health disparities Complicating Filipino Women'..
  19. Sex-Hormones and the TMPRSS2: ERG Fusion in Prostate Cancer Progression
    Lorelei Mucci; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have identified 1,500 men diagnosed with incident PCa in the Physicians'Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study during 1982 to 2006, and will continue prospective ..
  20. Comparative Effectiveness Research in Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases: Leveraging CA
    CAROL A contact WALLACE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Once developed, these protocols will be disseminated, and implemented by the physicians who treat children and adolescents with rheumatic diseases, ensuring that all children with these diseases have ..
  21. Long-Acting G-CSF Analog for Treating ARS
    GEORGE NORBERT COX; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our novel G- CSF analog will provide physicians with an effective and convenient therapy for the treatment of all of the major hematopoietic complications of ..
  22. Assessment of Bone Composition Through a Novel Liquid/Solid State MRI Method
    Ara Nazarian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..this non-invasive and non-ionizing imaging technique to differentiate osteoporosis from osteomalacia, so that physicians may select appropriate treatment for at risk patients...
  23. Nebraska/Kansas Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Network
    JULIE MARIE VOSE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Special expertise available at the two centers is complimentary with physicians at UNMC having expertise in lymphoma, autologous stem cell transplantation, and novel therapies used during stem ..
  24. Assessment of Bone Composition Through a Novel Liquid/Solid State MRI Method
    Ara Nazarian; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..this non-invasive and non-ionizing imaging technique to differentiate osteoporosis from osteomalacia, so that physicians may select appropriate treatment for at risk patients...
  25. Chronic Granulomatous Lung Inflammation Elicited by Carbon Nanotubes
    Mary Jane Thomassen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..gain experience with animal models of lung disease, learn effects of gene deletion in disease, and interact with physicians to learn environmental causes of human lung disease and how human lung disease is diagnosed and treated...
  26. GM-CSF analogs for treating acute radiation syndrome
    GEORGE NORBERT COX; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The improved characteristics of our long-acting GM-CSF analog may provide physicians with a more effective and more convenient therapy for the treatment of the hematopoietic complications of ARS, ..
  27. Biliary Atresia, Cholestatic Liver Diseases, and Cystic Fibrosis: Indiana Univers
    Jean Pappas Molleston; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific Aim 3: We will design and implement a computer module which teaches physicians key points about neonatal cholestasis;we will evaluate our outcomes by testing primary care providers and ..
  28. Yale Autoimmunity Center of Excellence
    Kevan C Herold; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): The Clinical component of the Yale Autoimmunity Center of Excellence involves physicians in the fields of Endocrinology, Rheumatology, and Gastroenterology...
  29. Regulation of Metabolism by Dietary Sterols
    SHAILENDRA BHANUBHAI PATEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..And there are no studies to suggest that these small increases in plant sterols are safe long-term. Many physicians believe that these plant sterols are 'innocuous'and thus are likely to be safe...
  30. Endothelial Cell Dysregulation in Neovascular AMD
    Mark E Kleinman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This treatment failure is attributed to the frequent clinical situation in which patients present to eye physicians after vision is already lost and irreversible structural and functional tissue damage has already occurred...
  31. Genetic Determinants of the Response to Thienopyridine Therapy
    Jessica L Mega; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, identifying polymorphisms that affect individual responses to thienopyridines should help physicians select the optimal dose and drug for each patient. CANDIDATE: Dr...
  32. Genetic correction of human beta-thalassemic induced pluripotent stem cells
    EIRINI PAPAPETROU; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) is a center of biomedical research bringing together scientists and physicians working together towards translation of basic science to preclinical and clinical research...
  33. Web-based Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO) System for Breast Cancer Survivors
    JOHN CHRISTOPHER WEISS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A) at-home survivorship process and system to collect PRO data via the Web;(B) care coordination among physicians;(C) automated referrals to specialists (e.g., dietician, smoking cessation, exercise program, peer support, etc...
  34. Inhibiting EGFR and ER pathways in NSCLC
    Edward B Garon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center (JCCC) members include nearly 300 physicians and scientists. Clinical trials are conducted across a wide range of malignancies...
  35. HIV Implementation Science Research Training Program
    Arthur L Reingold; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Training Program will provide multi-disciplinary training in support of implementation science research to physicians, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, and scientists at the University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences (UZCHS),..
  36. microRNAs as novel biomarkers for management of breast cancer
    LORENZO SEMPERE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our results should provide a solid foundation to develop miRNA-based clinical assays to assist physicians in making crucial decisions with regards to treatment of patients.
  37. FASEB SRC on Hematopoietic Malignancies
    MICHELLE ALICE KELLIHER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..FASEB Summer Research Conference on Hematopoietic Malignancies is a highly focused and interactive meeting of physicians and scientists who are dedicated to the study of blood diseases and are committed to developing improved ..
  38. Rapid, Highly Multiplexed and Sensitive Blood Test for Drug-resistant Bacteria
    ARMIN H REITMAIR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The improved diagnostic information will enable physicians to better prescribe the appropriate antibiotics to patients and enable hospitals to implement infection control ..
  39. Improving pain and function in hip fracture
    R Sean Morrison; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Physicians are reluctant to prescribe opioid analgesics to geriatric patients for fear of precipitating side effects (e.g...
  40. Osteoarthritis: Identification of Novel Imaging Biomarkers via 23Na/1H MRI at 7 T
    Gregory Chang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If successful, the expected results will enhance physicians'and scientists'understanding of OA pathogenesis, and suggest a potential noninvasive means for early ..
  41. Liver cancer risk and prevention among persons living with HIV/AIDS
    LESLEY SUEJEAN PARK; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..epidemiologic and statistical workshops, 2) seminars on HIV, cancer biology, and medicine, 3) shadowing of physicians to increase clinical knowledge and experience, 4) mentorship from two established epidemiologic researchers, and ..
  42. Foot Bone Motion in End Stage Ankle Arthritis Patients
    William R Ledoux; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e., joint replacement) have increased the treatment options available. Many patients and physicians are now considering ankle arthroplasty, whereas a decade ago, most would only consider arthrodesis...
  43. Developing Novel Serological Biomarkers for Autoimmune Liver Diseases
    Xuhang Li; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of this study is to identify and develop reliable, less invasive, and less expensive serum biomarkers to assist physicians to make accurate diagnosis/prognosis and treatment decisions, leading to effective management of AILDs and ..
  44. Optimization of HDAC6 Inhibitors in the Treatment of CMT
    Ludo Van Den Bosch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The disease is named for the three physicians who first identified it in 1886...
  45. Health Information Technology for Chronic Kidney Disease Management
    Lipika Samal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..HIT systems can prompt early diagnosis of CKD and can help physicians to stratify patients according to risk of progression to ESRD...
  46. Epidemiology of Retinopathy and other Complications in Long Term Type 1 Diabetes
    Michael Y Tsai; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These data will be important to patients and their physicians in developing new interventions for managing type 1 diabetes and to public health practitioners charged with ..
  47. Training/Research Center-Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
    Jaroslaw P Maciejewski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..projects within the bone marrow failure center, 4) Integration of basic scientists into clinical research and physicians from related disciplines to form productive research teams in the field of bone marrow failure syndromes...
  48. Online patient self-assessment for chronic pancreatic and other pain
    Andrew H Soll; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Therefore, physicians and investigators are often looking at CPP through a pinhole...
  49. Seriodiagnostic arrays for biodefense and emerging infectious diseases
    DAVID HUW DAVIES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..facility and a Clinical Research Lab to offer diagnostic products and services to developers of novel vaccines, physicians and Phama...
  50. Improving Quality of Care in Parkinsons Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    KAREN ILENE CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In a nearly-completed pilot study funded by VA, a Task Force of stakeholders that includes nurses, physicians, other healthcare disciplines, and patient advocates was established;Task Force members were drawn from a ..
  51. Anti-Phospholipid Multiplex For Pathologic Epitopes
    Paul O Neilsen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..project and work will extend beyond the immediate funding period to have a positive impact on APS researchers, physicians, and patients suffering from these debilitating autoimmune diseases...
  52. Effects of Vitamin D and Marine Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Anemia in the Elderly
    Nancy Berliner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..anemia through the use of medical record review and supplementary questionnaires completed by participants'physicians. In our sub-study, fresh samples will be collected pre- and post-intervention from 900 subjects who will be ..
  53. Genetic correction of human beta-thalassemic induced pluripotent stem cells
    EIRINI PAPAPETROU; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) is a center of biomedical research bringing together scientists and physicians working together towards translation of basic science to preclinical and clinical research...
  54. Integrated Treatment for Smoking Cessation &Anxiety in People with HIV
    Michael J Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This is an interdisciplinary research proposal that involves collaboration between clinical psychologists, physicians, and mental health/HIV counselors.
  55. Functional Consequence of Macrolide Resistance Mutations in T. pallidum
    Sheila A Lukehart; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..If these mutations are found to be common and are shown to cause treatment failure, physicians will be advised not to use azithromycin for treating patients with syphilis.
  56. Mechanisms of trauma and hemorrhage-induced impairment of innate immunity
    Xiao Di Tan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..applicant): Trauma and hemorrhagic shock are critical surgical conditions that are managed daily by surgeons and physicians in VA medical centers...
  57. Interactive Multimedia Intervention to Improve Colonoscopy and Bowel Prep Adhere
    JOHN MATTHEW INADOMI; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..commercial aspects such as production, marketing, and distribution of the intervention to consumers including physicians, hospitals, clinics, ambulatory surgery centers, as well as patients...
  58. Predictors of Prenatal Care Providers Counseling Women on Tobacco Use/Exposure
    BETH LEONG PINELES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Services Task Force (USPSTF) and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) recommend that physicians counsel all patients about tobacco use...
  59. Volumetric Perfusion MRI of Liver Tumors to Detect Early Response to Chemotherapy
    Scott B Reeder; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Treating physicians will be able to rapidly determine which chemotherapeutic agents are effective, while avoiding ineffective agents ..
  60. Arrayed Lateral Flow Biosensor for Rapid Molecular Identification of UTI-Related
    Anjal C Sharma; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A positive result with uropathogens identified will give physicians more information to avoid presumptive treatments and prescribe effective medication to patients for better ..
  61. Exercise Intervention for Smoking
    Michael J Zvolensky; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..endeavor, involving collaboration across disciplines: between clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, physicians, smoking cessation and mental health counselors...
  62. Transfusion Trigger Trial in Coronary Artery Disease: A Pilot Study
    JEFFREY LEE CARSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Therefore, many physicians believe that patients with underlying cardiovascular disease should be transfused to maintain hemoglobin above ..
  63. Proteomic Identification of Actionable Biomarkers in Rheumatoid Arthritis
    William H Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..arthritis for their enrollment in primary RA prevention trials, and could ultimately be used by primary care physicians and rheumatologists to identify pre-disease RA patients that would benefit from early therapeutic intervention...
  64. USING CLAIMS DATA FOR CANCER SURVEILLANCE
    Lynne Penberthy; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Collection of outpatient information will have four approaches: 1. A survey will be mailed to physicians from the VCR asking about the treatment given to a specified patient; 2...
  65. A Medical Home Pilot Evaluation: A Model for Comparative Effectiveness Research
    KIM DUNN DUNN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..costly, difficult to access and navigate, duplicates services, does not connect patients, primary care physicians, and specialists, nor assures treatment and prevention guidelines are followed for a given patient...
  66. Teleconsultation and Quality Review in Child Maltreatment
    PATRICIA GOEDE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Pediatrics to become the newest medical subspecialty of Pediatrics, recognizing the need for highly skilled physicians in this area...
  67. Telemetric Implantable Intraocular Pressure Sensor Syste
    LAWRENCE WAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..With this technology, physicians will have the ability to measure the effects that medications and other life-style factors have on the lOP of ..
  68. Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis: ACCP Evidence-Based Clinical
    Sandra Zelman Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence- Based Guidelines, 9th Edition Development Conference Abstract-NHLBI The American College of Chest Physicians (..
  69. Patient Safety &Quality Symposium to Address the Unmet Needs in Teaching Physici
    SHARI DOGBO; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The Patient Safety and Quality Symposium to Address the Unmet Needs in Teaching Physicians to Provide Safe Patient Care (PSQS) is a [1 1/2]-day forum designed to build upon the recently released (2010) ..
  70. Diagnostic Biomarkers for Radicular Pain
    GAETANO JOHN SCUDERI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One of the greatest challenges for physicians is reaching an accurate diagnosis when faced with certain orthopedic problems...
  71. Examining the effect of a provider-delivered intervention among Medicaid smokers
    AMY K FERKETITCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The specific aims of this R21 proposal are to perform a qualitative study with physicians, office staff, and MMCP smokers to better understand: 1) physician and office staff attitudes, norms, and ..
  72. Medical Student Education on Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
    T Tanner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Medical schools provide little background and training to prepare future physicians to deal with alcohol misuse, abuse and dependence seen in the population...
  73. HERMES - Help physicians to Extract and aRticulate Multimedia information from li
    Hong Yu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physicians have many questions when seeing patients. Primary care physicians are reported to generate between 0.7 and 18.5 questions for every 10 patient visits...
  74. Decision-making in Pelvic Floor Disorders: Translating Outcomes to Practice
    JAMES LEIGH WHITESIDE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..for women facing treatment of a pelvic floor disorder is complex and poorly understood by both patients and physicians. We seek to address this knowledge deficit and thereby improve the care of women affected by pelvic floor ..
  75. Role of Physicians and Their Groups in Cancer Screening
    George Wright; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the sub-optimal rates of cancer screening in primary care, by examining the relationships between individual physicians and their medical groups in the provision of preventative cancer test screening tests to Medicare beneficiaries...
  76. ELSI Issues: Colon Cancer and Cancer Genomics Research
    Patricia A Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Patients represent one group of research volunteers needed for cancer genomics research. Trust in physicians and medical research has been identified as an important ingredient in risk assessments of genetic research...
  77. Hospital-Physician Gainsharing
    JONATHAN DAVID KETCHAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S., but the value of this spending is uncertain. Fragmentation and misaligned financial incentives among physicians and between hospitals and physicians inhibit value-based decision-making...
  78. Enhancing Pediatric Psycho Pharmacology in the Medical Home
    PETER SCOTT JENSEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of two interventions of differing intensity, both designed to increase primary care providers'(principally physicians') use of expert-recommended "best practices" in the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents ..
  79. Palliative Care Curriculum for Medical Residents
    Charles von Gunten; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There is substantial evidence that physicians do not have adequate training in palliative care...
  80. Referrals for Dental Care from a Medical Office-Based Preventive Dental Program
    SALLY STEARNS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Professional guidelines have long recommended that physicians screen children for dental disease during routine medical visits...
  81. Isolating Mechanisms Underlying Hospital Variation in End-of-Life ICU Use
    Amber E Barnato; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, by placing physicians in a simulated environment with an identical case, we can isolate the provider sources of variation among two ..
  82. Compensating for Uncertainty Biases in Health Risk Judgments
    SCOTT D FERSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Even when relevant data are available, they may not be correctly communicated. Practicing physicians may not provide accurate counsel about, for example, the probabilistic implications of test results...
  83. Personal digital assistant devices and medication error
    Kimberly Galt; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..of the use of personal digital assistants (PDAs) by prescribers on potential medication errors in primary care physicians office-based practices...
  84. HPV vaccine practices among Physicians Serving High Risk, Minority Populations
    Abraham Aragones; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Physicians are often the primary and first source of information for parents and patients regarding vaccine awareness and ..
  85. PHYSICIANS' DECISIONS REGARDING CEREBRAL PALSY REFERRAL
    Suzann Campbell; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Survey research has suggested that physicians believe that PT produces a modest positive impact on children with CP, but substantial positive effects on the ..
  86. Communication to Prevent and Respond to Medical Injuries: WA State Collaborative
    THOMAS HENRY GALLAGHER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..that feeds a peer-led approach to system change;national leaders on patient safety and quality improvement;and Physicians Insurance, which insurers over half the state's physicians...
  87. THE RURAL HMSA PHYSICIAN RETENTION STUDY
    Thomas Konrad; Fiscal Year: 1991
    This study's objective is to supply much needed information about and understanding of current physicians in rural health manpower shortage areas (HMSAs), with an emphasis on physicians in the National Health Service Corps (NHSC, Corps)...