visually impaired persons

Summary

Summary: Persons with loss of vision such that there is an impact on activities of daily living.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Causes of blindness and visual impairment in Nigeria: the Nigeria national blindness and visual impairment survey
    Mohammed M Abdull
    Specialist Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:4114-20. 2009
  2. ncbi 2002 global update of available data on visual impairment: a compilation of population-based prevalence studies
    D Pascolini
    WHO Programme for the Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, Geneva, Switzerland
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 11:67-115. 2004
  3. ncbi Methodology of the Singapore Indian Chinese Cohort (SICC) eye study: quantifying ethnic variations in the epidemiology of eye diseases in Asians
    Raghavan Lavanya
    Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:325-36. 2009
  4. ncbi Causes and prevalence of visual impairment among adults in the United States
    Nathan Congdon
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Wilmer 120, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:477-85. 2004
  5. ncbi The association of multiple visual impairments with self-reported visual disability: SEE project
    G S Rubin
    Lions Vision Center, Department of Biostatistics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 42:64-72. 2001
  6. ncbi Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness and cataract surgical services in kilimanjaro region, Tanzania
    Celestin Habiyakire
    Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Tanzania
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:90-4. 2010
  7. ncbi Depression in older people: visual impairment and subjective ratings of health
    Karen J Hayman
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Optom Vis Sci 84:1024-30. 2007
  8. pmc Further validation of the Daily Living Tasks Dependent on Vision: identification of domains
    P M Hart
    Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, The Queen s University of Belfast and Royal Group of Hospitals, Grosvenor Road, Belfast BT12 6BA, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 89:1127-30. 2005
  9. ncbi The effect of rehabilitation on depression among visually disabled older adults
    A Horowitz
    Arlene R Gordon Research Institute, Lighthouse International, New York, New York 10023, USA
    Aging Ment Health 9:563-70. 2005
  10. ncbi Results of a rapid assessment of avoidable blindness (RAAB) in Eritrea
    Andreas Muller
    Fred Hollows Foundation, Australia
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 18:103-8. 2011

Detail Information

Publications206 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Causes of blindness and visual impairment in Nigeria: the Nigeria national blindness and visual impairment survey
    Mohammed M Abdull
    Specialist Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:4114-20. 2009
    ..Determine causes of blindness and visual impairment among adults aged >or=40 years...
  2. ncbi 2002 global update of available data on visual impairment: a compilation of population-based prevalence studies
    D Pascolini
    WHO Programme for the Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, Geneva, Switzerland
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 11:67-115. 2004
    ..The Data Bank has now been updated to include studies conducted since the last update in 1994...
  3. ncbi Methodology of the Singapore Indian Chinese Cohort (SICC) eye study: quantifying ethnic variations in the epidemiology of eye diseases in Asians
    Raghavan Lavanya
    Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:325-36. 2009
    ..This report summarizes the rationale and study design of the Singapore Indian Chinese Cohort (SICC) Eye Study, a population-based study of ethnic South Asian (Indians) and East Asian (Chinese) older adults in Singapore...
  4. ncbi Causes and prevalence of visual impairment among adults in the United States
    Nathan Congdon
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Wilmer 120, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:477-85. 2004
    ..To estimate the cause-specific prevalence and distribution of blindness and low vision in the United States by age, race/ethnicity, and gender, and to estimate the change in these prevalence figures over the next 20 years...
  5. ncbi The association of multiple visual impairments with self-reported visual disability: SEE project
    G S Rubin
    Lions Vision Center, Department of Biostatistics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 42:64-72. 2001
    ..This report examines the relationship between psychophysical measures of visual impairment and self-reported difficulty with everyday visual tasks in a population-based sample of individuals 65 years of age and older...
  6. ncbi Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness and cataract surgical services in kilimanjaro region, Tanzania
    Celestin Habiyakire
    Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Tanzania
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:90-4. 2010
    ..To estimate the prevalence and causes of avoidable blindness and visual impairment in persons 50 years of age and older, and to assess the impact of cataract surgical services...
  7. ncbi Depression in older people: visual impairment and subjective ratings of health
    Karen J Hayman
    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Optom Vis Sci 84:1024-30. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of depression in a sample of older adults with impaired vision and investigate associations between physical and visual disability and depression...
  8. pmc Further validation of the Daily Living Tasks Dependent on Vision: identification of domains
    P M Hart
    Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, The Queen s University of Belfast and Royal Group of Hospitals, Grosvenor Road, Belfast BT12 6BA, UK
    Br J Ophthalmol 89:1127-30. 2005
    ..To examine the Daily Living Tasks Dependent on Vision (DLTV), a visual function questionnaire for domain structure, and redundancy...
  9. ncbi The effect of rehabilitation on depression among visually disabled older adults
    A Horowitz
    Arlene R Gordon Research Institute, Lighthouse International, New York, New York 10023, USA
    Aging Ment Health 9:563-70. 2005
    ....
  10. ncbi Results of a rapid assessment of avoidable blindness (RAAB) in Eritrea
    Andreas Muller
    Fred Hollows Foundation, Australia
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 18:103-8. 2011
    ..To collect baseline data for planning of the National Blindness Prevention & Control Program and for monitoring future achievements...
  11. ncbi Prevalence and causes of visual impairment and blindness in an urban Indian population: the Singapore Indian Eye Study
    Yingfeng Zheng
    Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore
    Ophthalmology 118:1798-804. 2011
    ..To describe the prevalence and causes of visual impairment and blindness in an urban Indian population...
  12. ncbi Prevelence and causes of visual impairment and blindness in older adults in an area of India with a high cataract surgical rate
    Gudlavalleti V S Murthy
    International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:185-95. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence and causes of vision impairment/blindness among older adults in a high CSR area...
  13. ncbi Participation of the elderly after vision loss
    Manna A Alma
    Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Disabil Rehabil 33:63-72. 2011
    ..To assess the degree of participation of the visually impaired elderly and to make a comparison with population-based reference data...
  14. ncbi The impact of diabetic retinopathy on participation in daily living
    Ecosse L Lamoureux
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Melbourne, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:84-8. 2004
    ..To determine the restriction of participation in daily activities of people with diabetic retinopathy using the Impact of Vision Impairment questionnaire...
  15. ncbi Vision-specific distress and depressive symptoms in people with vision impairment
    Gwyneth Rees
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, University of Melbourne, East Melbourne, Vic, Australia
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:2891-6. 2010
    ..To determine the unique contribution of vision-specific distress in predicting depressive symptoms in people with vision impairment attending a tertiary eye care clinic...
  16. ncbi Prevalence of cataract surgery and postoperative visual outcome in Greater Beijing: the Beijing Eye Study
    Bin Liu
    Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital University of Medical Science, Beijing, China
    Ophthalmology 116:1322-31. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence of cataract surgery and the postoperative visual outcome in the adult Chinese population living in rural and urban regions of Greater Beijing...
  17. pmc Family caregiver social problem-solving abilities and adjustment to caring for a relative with vision loss
    Jennifer K Bambara
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:1585-92. 2009
    To examine the prevalence of persons at risk for depression among family caregivers of visually impaired persons and the extent to which social problem-solving abilities are associated with caregiver depressive symptomatology and life ..
  18. ncbi Estimating incidence of vision-reducing cataract in Africa: a new model with implications for program targets
    Susan Lewallen
    Kilimanjaro Centre for Community Ophthalmology, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:1584-9. 2010
    ..To estimate the incidence of vision-reducing cataract in sub-Saharan Africa and use these data to calculate cataract surgical rates (CSR) needed to eliminate blindness and visual impairment due to cataract...
  19. ncbi Disability and 6-year mortality in elderly population. Role of visual impairment
    Francesco Cacciatore
    Department of Rehabilitation, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Telese Campoli Bn, Italy
    Aging Clin Exp Res 16:382-8. 2004
    ..A cross-sectional survey in a large population randomly selected in 1992 with a 6-year mortality evaluation in Campania, a region in southern Italy...
  20. ncbi The influence of health, social support quality and rehabilitation on depression among disabled elders
    A Horowitz
    Arlene R Gordon Research Institute, Lighthouse International, New York, NY 10022, USA
    Aging Ment Health 7:342-50. 2003
    ....
  21. ncbi The economic burden of major adult visual disorders in the United States
    David B Rein
    RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 124:1754-60. 2006
    ....
  22. ncbi The prevalence and causes of visual impairment in central Sri Lanka the Kandy Eye study
    Kapila Edussuriya
    Department of Ophthalmology, General Hospital, Kandy, Sri Lanka
    Ophthalmology 116:52-6. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence and causes of uncorrectable visual impairment in the Kandy District of central Sri Lanka...
  23. ncbi How does visual impairment affect performance on tasks of everyday life? The SEE Project. Salisbury Eye Evaluation
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:774-80. 2002
    ..To determine the association between performance on selected tasks of everyday life and impairment in visual acuity and contrast sensitivity...
  24. ncbi The pattern of childhood blindness in Karnataka, South India
    Parikshit Gogate
    Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, H V Desai Eye Hospital, Pune, India
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:212-7. 2009
    ..To determine the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness in children in schools for the blind in southern Karnataka state of India...
  25. ncbi The determinants of participation in activities of daily living in people with impaired vision
    Ecosse L Lamoureux
    The Centre for Eye Research Australia, Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Ophthalmol 137:265-70. 2004
    ..To investigate the determinants of participation in daily activities in people with impaired vision using the Impact of Vision Impairment (IVI) instrument...
  26. ncbi Enhanced speech perception capabilities in a blind listener are associated with activation of fusiform gyrus and primary visual cortex
    Ingo Hertrich
    Department of General Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Neurocase 15:163-70. 2009
    ..Since left FG is known to be involved in phonological processing, this structure, presumably, provides the functional link between the central-auditory and -visual systems...
  27. ncbi Global vision impairment due to uncorrected presbyopia
    Brien A Holden
    International Centre for Eyecare Education, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 126:1731-9. 2008
    ..To evaluate the personal and community burdens of uncorrected presbyopia...
  28. ncbi Visual acuity outcomes after cataract extraction in adult latinos. The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study
    Anne E Barañano
    Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:815-21. 2008
    ..To determine prevalence, primary causes, and risk indicators of visual impairment in cataract-operated eyes...
  29. ncbi Causes of severe visual impairment and blindness in children in schools for the blind in eastern Africa: changes in the last 14 years
    Margaret Njuguna
    Eye Department, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:151-5. 2009
    ..To determine the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness in children attending schools for the blind in Kenya, Malawi, Uganda, and Tanzania and to compare the findings with those of a 1994 study...
  30. ncbi Early 'visual' cortex activation correlates with superior verbal memory performance in the blind
    Amir Amedi
    Neurobiology Department, Life Science Institute, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Nat Neurosci 6:758-66. 2003
    ....
  31. ncbi Blindness and low vision in The Netherlands from 2000 to 2020-modeling as a tool for focused intervention
    Hans Limburg
    International Center for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, The Netherlands, UK
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:362-9. 2009
    ..To estimate the magnitude and causes of blindness and low vision in The Netherlands from 2000 to 2020...
  32. ncbi Uptake of cataract surgery in Sava Region, Madagascar: role of cataract case finders in acceptance of cataract surgery
    Narivony Razafinimpanana
    SALFA Eye Clinic Sambava, Sambava, Madagascar
    Int Ophthalmol 32:107-11. 2012
    ..Strategies to improve uptake need to be revised in order to ensure that people have access to and use cataract surgical services...
  33. ncbi Acute care hospital utilization by patients with visual impairment
    A R Morse
    Jewish Guild for the Blind, New York, NY 10023, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 117:943-9. 1999
    ..To assess whether visual impairment contributes to average length of stay (ALOS) within inpatient care facilities...
  34. ncbi Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Iran
    Zhale Rajavi
    Ophthalmic Research Center, Labbafinejad Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Ophthalmology 118:1812-8. 2011
    ..To determine the extent and causes of blindness and visual impairment (VI) in the Varamin district, Iran, in 2009...
  35. pmc Causes of blindness and visual impairment in Pakistan. The Pakistan national blindness and visual impairment survey
    B Dineen
    Research Unit, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:1005-10. 2007
    ..To determine the causes of blindness and visual impairment in adults (> or =30 years old) in Pakistan, and to explore socio-demographic variations in cause...
  36. ncbi Participation in daily activities and social roles of older adults with visual impairment
    Johanne Desrosiers
    School of Rehabilitation, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
    Disabil Rehabil 31:1227-34. 2009
    ....
  37. ncbi Vision and quality of life: the development of a utility measure
    RoseAnne Misajon
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:4007-15. 2005
    ..To identify the content for a vision and quality of life-related utility measure (Vision Quality of Life Index [VisQoL]) for the economic evaluation of eye care and rehabilitation programs...
  38. ncbi Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the occipital pole interferes with verbal processing in blind subjects
    Amir Amedi
    Neurobiology Department, Life Science Institute and Interdisciplinary Center for Neural Computation, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Nat Neurosci 7:1266-70. 2004
    ..Thus, in blind persons, a transient 'virtual lesion' of the left occipital cortex interferes with high-level verbal processing..
  39. ncbi Pediatric ophthalmology in the developing world
    Jennifer M Maida
    Department of Ophthalmology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA
    Curr Opin Ophthalmol 19:403-8. 2008
    ..In addition, we will review the prevalence of uncorrected refractive error and discuss the access to pediatric ophthalmologists in developing countries...
  40. ncbi Health risk profile for older adults with blindness: an application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health framework
    Gwyn C Jones
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:400-10. 2010
    ..To develop a health risk profile for adults age 65 years or older with blindness, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as our conceptual framework...
  41. ncbi Childhood visual impairment in Fiji
    Anasaini T Cama
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Locked Bag 8, East Melbourne 8002, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:608-12. 2010
    ..Crude prevalence was derived and, using 5-year age range and age at onset of vision loss, the probable prevalence per 1000 children was calculated...
  42. pmc Low vision services for vision rehabilitation in the United Kingdom
    L E Culham
    Br J Ophthalmol 86:743-7. 2002
    ..Little is known about the distribution and methods of delivery of low vision services across the United Kingdom. The purpose of this study was to determine the type and location of low vision services within the UK...
  43. ncbi A survey of visual impairment and blindness in children attending seven schools for the blind in Myanmar
    James Muecke
    South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, Adelaide, Australia
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 16:370-7. 2009
    ....
  44. ncbi A survey of visual impairment and blindness in children attending four schools for the blind in Cambodia
    David I T Sia
    South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:225-33. 2010
    ..To identify the causes of blindness and severe visual impairment (BL/SVI) in children attending four schools for the blind in Cambodia and to provide spectacles, low vision aids, orientation and mobility training and ophthalmic treatment...
  45. ncbi Economic cost of visual impairment in Japan
    Chris B Roberts
    Access Economics Pty Limited, Barton, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 128:766-71. 2010
    ..To quantify the total economic cost of visual impairment in Japan...
  46. pmc Global data on visual impairment in the year 2002
    Serge Resnikoff
    Programme for the Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, World Health Organization, Geneva 1211, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 82:844-51. 2004
    ..Other major causes of visual impairment are, in order of importance, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and trachoma...
  47. ncbi Prevalence and causes of low vision and blindness in a rural chinese adult population: the Handan Eye Study
    Yuan bo Liang
    Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China
    Ophthalmology 115:1965-72. 2008
    ..To describe the prevalence and causes of low vision and blindness in a rural population in Northern China...
  48. ncbi The Kariapatti pediatric eye evaluation project: baseline ophthalmic data of children aged 15 years or younger in Southern India
    Praveen K Nirmalan
    Aravind Eye Care System, Madurai, India
    Am J Ophthalmol 136:703-9. 2003
    ..To estimate the prevalence of ocular morbidity among children of rural southern India before developing a service delivery model for community-based pediatric eye care...
  49. pmc Changes in visual impairment prevalence by period of diagnosis of diabetes: the Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy
    Ronald Klein
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53726 2336, USA
    Ophthalmology 116:1937-42. 2009
    ..To examine relationships of period of diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) to the prevalence of visual impairment (VI)...
  50. ncbi Does mobility performance of visually impaired adults improve immediately after orientation and mobility training?
    G P Soong
    Centre for Eye Research, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Optom Vis Sci 78:657-66. 2001
    ..With the inclusion of a control group of subjects, this study investigated the effect of orientation and mobility training on mobility performance of a group of visually impaired adults...
  51. ncbi Associations between glaucomatous visual field loss and participation in activities of daily living
    Geertje Noe
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, 32 Gisborne Street, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia
    Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 31:482-6. 2003
    ..This study investigated the association between visual field loss and participation in daily activities in individuals with glaucoma...
  52. ncbi Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Kunming, china
    Min Wu
    Red Cross Hospital, Kunming, Yunnan, China
    Ophthalmology 115:969-74. 2008
    ....
  53. ncbi Cataract surgical outcome and predictors of outcome in Lumbini Zone and Chitwan District of Nepal
    Ram Prasad Kandel
    Seva Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:276-81. 2010
    ..To evaluate visual acuity outcome from cataract surgery based on a population-based survey among people aged 50 years and older in Lumbini Zone and Chitwan District of Nepal...
  54. ncbi Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in rural myanmar: the Meiktila Eye Study
    Robert J Casson
    South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, Adelaide, Australia
    Ophthalmology 114:2302-8. 2007
    ..To determine the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in the Meiktila district of central, rural Myanmar...
  55. ncbi Economic impact of visual impairment and blindness in the United States
    Kevin D Frick
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Health Services Research and Development Center, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 1901, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 125:544-50. 2007
    ..To assess the economic impact of excess medical and informal care and the health utility loss associated with visual impairment and blindness in adults aged 40 years and older in the United States...
  56. ncbi Costs of interventions for visual impairment
    Hugh R Taylor
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for the Prevention of Blindness, East Melbourne Victoria, Australia
    Am J Ophthalmol 143:561-5. 2007
    ..To quantify the economic costs of vision loss in Australia and assess the impact of a costed intervention package to prevent avoidable vision loss...
  57. ncbi Cause-specific prevalence of bilateral visual impairment in Victoria, Australia: the Visual Impairment Project
    M R VanNewkirk
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
    Ophthalmology 108:960-7. 2001
    ..Although easily preventable, uncorrected refractive error remains a major cause of vision impairment...
  58. ncbi Literacy is an independent risk factor for vision impairment and poor visual functioning
    Yingfeng Zheng
    Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:7634-9. 2011
    ..The authors therefore investigated the independent contribution of limited literacy on visual impairment and visual function in a large eye survey in Singapore...
  59. ncbi Coverage of hospital-based cataract surgery and barriers to the uptake of surgery among cataract blind persons in nigeria: the Nigeria National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey
    Tafida Abubakar
    Ministry of Health, Dutse, Jigawa state, Nigeria
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 19:58-66. 2012
    ..To determine cataract surgical coverage, and barriers to modern cataract surgery in Nigeria...
  60. ncbi Prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Nigeria: the National Blindness and Visual Impairment Study
    Fatima Kyari
    National Eye Centre, Kaduna, Nigeria
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2033-9. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment among adults aged > or = 40 years in Nigeria...
  61. ncbi How the blind "see" Braille: lessons from functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Norihiro Sadato
    Department of Cerebral Research, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
    Neuroscientist 11:577-82. 2005
    ....
  62. ncbi Recent trends in disability and functioning among older adults in the United States: a systematic review
    Vicki A Freedman
    Polisher Research Institute, Madlyn and Leonard Abramson Center for Jewish Life, 1425 Horsham Rd, North Wales, PA 19454, USA
    JAMA 288:3137-46. 2002
    ..Several well-publicized recent studies have suggested that disability among older Americans has declined in the last decade...
  63. ncbi Eventual entrainment of the human circadian pacemaker by melatonin is independent of the circadian phase of treatment initiation: clinical implications
    Alfred J Lewy
    Sleep and Mood Disorders Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    J Biol Rhythms 19:68-75. 2004
    ..Therefore, it is not essential that circadian phase be ascertained before starting low-dose melatonin treatment of blind people...
  64. ncbi Prevalence of blindness and visual impairment among Jordanian diabetics
    M I Al-Till
    Ophthalmology Department, Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan
    Eur J Ophthalmol 15:62-8. 2005
    ..To investigate the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment among a population of Jordanian diabetics...
  65. ncbi Age-specific causes of bilateral visual impairment
    L M Weih
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Australia
    Arch Ophthalmol 118:264-9. 2000
    ..To describe the age-specific prevalence of common eye diseases causing bilateral visual impairment and estimate the total number of Australians with cause-specific visual impairment...
  66. ncbi A Dutch ICF version of the Activity Inventory: results from focus groups with visually impaired persons and experts
    Janna Bruijning
    Department of Ophthalmology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:366-77. 2010
    ....
  67. ncbi The impact of visual impairment on health, function and mortality
    Jeremy M Jacobs
    Department of Geriatrics and Rehabilitation, Hadassah University Hospital Mt Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel
    Aging Clin Exp Res 17:281-6. 2005
    ..Our aim was to determine the impact of visual impairment on self-rated health, function and mortality amongst a community-dwelling elderly cohort...
  68. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of children's diagnosed eye and vision conditions
    Michael L Ganz
    Abt Associates Inc, Lexington, Massachusetts, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:2298-306. 2006
    ..The purpose of this report is to describe the prevalence of diagnosed eye and vision conditions among children younger than 18 years in the United States...
  69. ncbi Assessment of the impact of vision impairment
    LeAnn M Weih
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:927-35. 2002
    ..To describe the psychometric characteristics of the Impact of Vision Impairment (IVI) Profile and evaluate its validity and reliability over time and between different forms of administration...
  70. ncbi Measuring low-vision rehabilitation outcomes with the NEI VFQ-25
    Joan A Stelmack
    Blind Rehabilitation Center, Edward Hines VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois 60141, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 43:2859-68. 2002
    ..To evaluate the sensitivity of the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire-25 (NEI VFQ-25) to change in visual abilities after low-vision rehabilitation in two different Veterans Administration (VA) low-vision programs..
  71. ncbi Cataract blindness in 4 regions of Guatemala: results of a population-based survey
    Fernando Beltranena
    Hospital Rodolfo Robles, Committee for the Blind and Deaf of Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala
    Ophthalmology 114:1558-63. 2007
    ..To assess prevalence of visual impairment resulting from cataract and cataract surgical services in 4 departments (provinces) of Guatemala to facilitate further health care planning...
  72. ncbi Change in quality of life after rehabilitation: prognostic factors for visually impaired adults
    Maaike Langelaan
    Department of Ophthalmology, Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Rehabil Res 32:12-9. 2009
    ..The results indicate that only age was a predictor for all domains of quality of life. Future research should aim at confirming these results. Ultimately, these findings should lead to adjustments in the rehabilitation programme...
  73. ncbi Prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Pakistan: the Pakistan National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey
    Mohammad Z Jadoon
    Pakistan Institute of Community Ophthalmology, Kyber Institute of Ophthalmic Medical Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4749-55. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in adults aged 30 years and older in Pakistan and to assess socio-demographic risk factors...
  74. ncbi Visual acuity in a population with regular screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus and eye disease
    Eydis Olafsdottir
    Department of Ophthalmology, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Acta Ophthalmol Scand 85:40-5. 2007
    ..In the community of Laxå, County of Orebro, Sweden, such screening has been carried out since 1983. We evaluate visual impairment and blindness in this population...
  75. ncbi Evidence-based guidelines on the referral of visually impaired persons to low vision services
    M R de Boer
    Department of Ophthalmology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Ophthalmol 15:400-6. 2005
    ..For most of these people there is no curative therapy. Therefore, the Dutch Ophthalmic Society has taken the initiative to develop an evidence-based guideline for the referral of visually impaired persons to low vision services.
  76. ncbi Estimating the burden and economic impact of trachomatous visual loss
    Kevin D Frick
    Department of Health Policy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 10:121-32. 2003
    ..To estimate the burden (disability-adjusted life years) and economic impact (potential productivity loss) associated with trachomatous visual loss...
  77. ncbi Prevalence and burden of self-reported blindness, low vision, and visual impairment in the French community: a nationwide survey
    Antoine Pierre Brézin
    Service d Ophtalmologie, Universite Paris Descartes, Faculte de Medicine, Hopital Cochin, Universite Paris 5, 27 rue du Faubourg Saint Jacques, 75679 Paris Cedex 14, France
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:1117-24. 2005
    ..To estimate the prevalence of self-reported visual impairment and its association with disabilities, handicaps, and socioeconomic consequences...
  78. pmc Prevalence and burden of self-reported blindness and low vision for individuals living in institutions: a nationwide survey
    Antoine Pierre Brézin
    Hopital Cochin, Service d Ophtalmologie, Universite Paris 5, 27 rue du Faubourg Saint Jacques, F 75679 Paris cedex 14, France
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 3:27. 2005
    ..The prevalence of self-reported low vision (LV) and blindness, and their associated disabilities, handicaps and socio-economic consequences for individuals living in institutions are poorly documented...
  79. ncbi Impact of impaired vision and eye disease on quality of life in Andhra Pradesh
    Rishita Nutheti
    International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4742-8. 2006
    ..To determine the impact of visual impairment and eye diseases on quality of life (QOL) in an older population of Andhra Pradesh in southern India...
  80. ncbi Impact of severity and bilaterality of visual impairment on health-related quality of life
    Rohit Varma
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:1846-53. 2006
    ..To assess the impact of unilateral and bilateral visual impairment (VI) and its severity on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Latinos 40 years and older...
  81. ncbi Ocular trauma in a rural population of southern India: the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study
    Sannapaneni Krishnaiah
    L V Prasad Eye Institute, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, India
    Ophthalmology 113:1159-64. 2006
    ..To determine the prevalence of ocular trauma and proportion of blindness and visual impairment due to ocular trauma in a rural population of southern India...
  82. ncbi Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in craniosynostotic syndromes
    Tien Tay
    Department of Ophthalmology, The Children s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 34:434-40. 2006
    ..To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in patients with craniosynostotic syndromes of Apert, Crouzon, Pfeiffer, Saethre-Chotzen and craniofrontonasal dysplasia...
  83. ncbi Refractive error and patterns of spectacle use in 12-year-old Australian children
    Dana Robaei
    Department of Ophthalmology, Centre for Vision Research, Westmead Hospital, and Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Ophthalmology 113:1567-73. 2006
    ..To document the prevalence of visual impairment resulting from refractive error and to describe patterns of spectacle use in a representative sample of 12-year-old Australian school children...
  84. ncbi Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in low-middle income school children in Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Solange R Salomao
    Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Paulista School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:4308-13. 2008
    ..Assess prevalence and causes of vision impairment among low-middle income school children in São Paulo...
  85. ncbi Refractive error and visual impairment in school children in rural southern China
    Mingguang He
    Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China
    Ophthalmology 114:374-82. 2007
    ..To assess the prevalence of refractive error and visual impairment in school children in a rural area of southern China...
  86. ncbi Relationship between visual impairment and eye diseases and visual function in Andhra Pradesh
    Rishita Nutheti
    International Centre for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Ophthalmology 114:1552-7. 2007
    ..To determine the impact of visual impairment and eye diseases on visual function in an older population of Andhra Pradesh in southern India...
  87. ncbi Impact of visual field loss on health-related quality of life in glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study
    Roberta McKean-Cowdin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:941-948.e1. 2008
    ..To examine the association between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and visual field (VF) loss in participants with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study (LALES)...
  88. ncbi Depression and anxiety in visually impaired older people
    Jennifer R Evans
    International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Ophthalmology 114:283-8. 2007
    ..To investigate the association between visual impairment and depression and anxiety in older people in Britain...
  89. doi Low plus lenses for children
    Roger Filips
    Ophthalmology 115:222-3; author reply 223. 2008
  90. ncbi Trends in blind and low vision registrations in Taipei City
    I L Tsai
    Department of Ophthalmology, Zhongxing Branch, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
    Eur J Ophthalmol 18:118-24. 2008
    ..To determine the overall reported incidence and causes of registrable blindness and low vision in Taipei, Taiwan, that have occurred in the previous 10 years...
  91. ncbi Prevalence and causes of functional low vision and implications for services: the Pakistan National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey
    Shaheen P Shah
    International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:887-93. 2008
    ..To determine the prevalence and causes of functional low vision (FLV) and total blindness and to estimate the assessment needs for low-vision services in Pakistan...
  92. ncbi Use of eye care services and need for assistance in the visually impaired
    Arja Laitinen
    Department of Health and Functional Capacity, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Optom Vis Sci 85:341-9. 2008
    ..To assess the use of eye care services and unmet need for assistance in visually impaired people...
  93. ncbi Correctable visual impairment in an elderly Chinese population in Taiwan: the Shihpai Eye Study
    Tung Mei Kuang
    Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1032-7. 2007
    ..To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of correctable visual impairment and the quality of life of persons with correctable visual impairment in a metropolitan senior population...
  94. ncbi Correctable and non-correctable visual impairment in a population-based sample of 12-year-old Australian children
    Dana Robaei
    Department of Ophthalmology Centre for Vision Research, Westmead Hospital and the Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead, NSW, Australia
    Am J Ophthalmol 142:112-118. 2006
    ..To document the prevalence of correctable and non-correctable visual impairment in a representative sample of Australian children, predominantly age 12 years...
  95. ncbi Attitudes towards and perceptions of visual loss and its causes among Hong Kong Chinese adults
    Joseph Tak Fai Lau
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 32:243-50. 2004
    ..Demographic factors associated with these variables were also studied...
  96. ncbi Self-reported comorbidities and visual function in a population-based study: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study
    Denise R Globe
    Department of Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 123:815-21. 2005
    ..To assess the association of self-reported systemic and ocular comorbid disease and visual function in Latino subjects...
  97. ncbi Visual acuity and the causes of visual loss in a population-based sample of 6-year-old Australian children
    Dana Robaei
    Department of Ophthalmology, Centre for Vision Research, Westmead Hospital, Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Ophthalmology 112:1275-82. 2005
    ..To describe the distribution of visual acuity and causes of visual loss in a representative sample of Australian schoolchildren...
  98. ncbi Incidence of blindness and low vision in a sample population: the Priverno Eye Study, Italy
    Claudio Cedrone
    Physiopathological Optics, Department of Biopathology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Tor Vergata 135, 00133 Rome, Italy
    Ophthalmology 110:584-8. 2003
    ..To study the incidence of blindness and low vision over a 7-year period...
  99. ncbi Refractive error and visual impairment in school-age children in Gombak District, Malaysia
    Pik Pin Goh
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Selayang, Selangor, Malaysia
    Ophthalmology 112:678-85. 2005
    ..To assess the prevalence of refractive error and visual impairment in school-age children in Gombak District, a suburban area near Kuala Lumpur city...
  100. ncbi [Present-day sports activities among the blind and persons with poor vision in different countries of the world]
    R A Talmachev
    Vestn Oftalmol 119:43-6. 2003
    ....
  101. ncbi Age-related macular degeneration causing visual impairment in people 75 years or older in Britain: an add-on study to the Medical Research Council Trial of Assessment and Management of Older People in the Community
    Jennifer R Evans
    Department of Epidemiology and International Eye Health, Institute of Ophthalmology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Ophthalmology 111:513-7. 2004
    ..There are no nationally representative data on the prevalence of AMD in the British population. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of AMD causing visual impairment in people 75 years or older in Britain...

Research Grants62

  1. Wayfinding for the blind & visually impaired using passive environmental labels
    James Coughlan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the problem of way finding (finding one's way in an environment), faced by blind and severely visually impaired persons who are unable to find or read signs, landmarks and locations...
  2. Improving Access to and Quality of Eye Care in an At-Risk, Underserved Population
    Cynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Studies will focus on primary open angle glaucoma, diabetic eye care, and visually impaired persons in need of rehabilitation services...
  3. Efficacy of Visually Impaired Veterans'Medication Management Strategies
    KATHARINA VICTORIA ECHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A better understanding of the current medication practices of visually impaired persons served by VA Healthcare, and the relative efficacy of these practices as they are employed in the home ..
  4. Providing Access to Appliance Displays for Visually Impaired Users
    James M Coughlan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..project is to develop a computer vision system that runs on smartphones and tablets to enable blind and visually impaired persons to read appliance displays...
  5. Egress Assistance for Visually Impaired - EVAC Passage
    DANIEL E KISER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  6. A Cell Phone-Based Street Intersection Analyzer for Visually Impaired Pedestrians
    James M Coughlan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..proposed research would result in a highly accessible system (with zero or minimal cost to users) to augment existing wayfinding techniques, which could dramatically improve independent travel for blind and visually impaired persons.
  7. A Cell Phone-based Sign Reader for Blind & Visually Impaired Persons
    James M Coughlan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..proposed research would result in a highly accessible system (with zero or minimal cost to users) to augment existing wayfinding techniques, which could dramatically improve independent travel for blind and visually impaired persons.
  8. LOW VISION AID FOR OBSERVERS WITH CENTRAL VISION LOSSES
    TERI LAWTON; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Abstract): The low vision aid developed during this study will provide an electronic device to help visually impaired persons maximize the use of their residual vision, using innovative image enhancement filters that will be ..
  9. INTERACTIVE FLIGHT SIMULATOR AND DRIVING SIMULATOR
    Michael Sinclair; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..the efficacy of this prototype will then be field-tested through a collaborative research program with the Pennsylvania College of Optometry in Philadelphia, PA...
  10. A Smart Telescope for Low Vision
    MARK NITZBERG; Fiscal Year: 2005
    This is a proposal to test the feasibility of a "Smart Telescope" for use to improve the ability of visually impaired persons in tasks such as travel, navigation and social interactions...
  11. SIGN FINDER: COMPUTER VISION TO FIND AND READ SIGNS
    MARK NITZBERG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We propose to build a device that enhances the mobility of visually impaired persons by finding and reading signs aloud without the need for infrastructure beyond ordinary signs...
  12. Reading Enhancement for Patients with Visual Field Loss
    MICHAEL SANDBERG; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the impact of visual impairment in everyday life, and reduce disability and societal limitations among visually impaired persons" (Vision Research-A National Plan: 1999-2003, National Eye Institute)...
  13. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Rohit Varma; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  14. Novel Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The new data may provide insights into the relative protective value of low levels of these markers on the incidence CKD in an aging population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Microvascular - Macrovascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  16. Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis-Eye Study
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..insights into the relative contribution of microvascular disease to the pathophysiology and natural history of subclinical and clinical cardiovascular disease, in representative populations of men and women of diverse ethnicities ..
  17. Retinal Microvascular Characteristics/Vascular Disorders
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. WISCONSIN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEAS
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  19. RETINAL ARTERIOLAR ABNORMALITIES AND CV MORTALITY
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from this study will improve the understanding of the association between microvascular characteristics and cardiovascular mortality. ..
  20. Sensory Impairment, Functional Status and Mortality
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. EYE DISEASE, DISABILITY AND MORTALITY RISK IN US ADULTS
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  22. Epidemiology of Visual Impairment: The 1986-2002 NHIS
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Clinical Vision Research Unit at UAB
    Cynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Furthermore, UAB has already established many community relations and research infrastructure contacts with these subpopulations that will immediately facilitate our research efforts. ..
  24. Planning a Clinical Trial on Low Vision Rehabilitation
    Cynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. DISTANCE LEARNING SYSTEM FOR LOW VISION REHABILITATION
    Robert Massof; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..All testing will be done with volunteers recruited from among students taking the online low vision course developed in Phase 1. ..
  26. VISION DISABILITIES IN LOW VISION
    Robert Massof; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..And, to achieve Aim 4, we will use triadic comparison and willingness-to-pay methods of measuring the values of alternative low vision rehabilitation outcomes. ..
  27. Low Vision Rehabilitation Consensus Project
    Robert Massof; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Latino Eye Health: A Communication Strategy for Diabetes
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Improvements in eye care seeking behaviors should help in avoiding visual loss from diabetic retinopathy and macula edema, the leading causes of visual loss in the working age Latino population. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Yearly Mass Treatment C. Trachomatis: When Can We Stop?
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Who drives safely? Visual/cognitive predictors in Elders
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This study will provide critical data on the interactive role of vision, visual attention, and cognition in changing older persons driving behaviors, and the resulting effect on driver errors and risk of crashes. ..
  31. INTERVENTIONS FOR VISUAL LOSS IN NURSING HOME RESIDENTS
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This trial will answer timely questions of the impact on the functional status of the most frail elderly of modest, potentially sustainable inputs into improving the appropriate utilization of eye care services. ..
  32. TRIAL OF ANTIBIOTICS TO REDUCE RECURRENT TRICHIASIS
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. PREVALENCE AND IMPACT OF GLAUCOMA AMONG THE VERY ELDERLY
    David Friedman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, the interactions between comorbidities (including cognitive deficits) and visual field loss will be explored. ..
  34. AMD AND RISK FACTORS IN A HISPANIC POPULATION
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Such data will advance our understanding of the magnitude of AMD in this ethnic group, and the way in which risk factors relate to AMD in different populations. ..
  35. Cataract: Health Disparity for Older African-Americans
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data will advance the goal of reducing health disparity in visual disability from cataract among older African Americans. ..
  36. The Predictive Value of Pre-plus Disease in ROP
    David Wallace; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. A Smart Telescope for Low Vision
    MARK NITZBERG; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Building Health Empowerment Zones for People with Disabilities
    James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The primary outcome of this demonstration project is a model program for improving access to the built environment resulting in improved health and reduction of secondary conditions among people with mobility disabilities. ..
  39. TACTILE PICTURES AND THE VISUALLY IMPAIRED
    MORTON HELLER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A number of illusions which occur in vision will also be investigated when presented tactually. In addition, top down influences as well as context effects will also be studied. ..
  40. WORK ACCOMMODATIONS FOR OLDER WORKERS WITH DISABILITIES
    Craig Zwerling; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..5. To determine whether workplace accommodations prevent occupational injuries among older workers with disabilities, using the first five waves of the HRS (1992-2000). ..
  41. PHASE SHIFTING EFFECTS OF MELATONIN IN WINTER DEPRESSION
    Alfred Lewy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The proposed study should further our understanding of light melatonin and biological rhythms in winter depression. ..
  42. Vision Loss, Coping Tendencies, and Mental Health
    Kathrin Boerner; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..50-middle aged and 50 older adults will be recruited from a community- based rehabilitation agency. Regression analyses will be conducted to test the effects of independent variables on mental health outcomes. ..
  43. Melatonin Studies of Totaly Blind Children
    Alfred J Lewy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In a future grant application, we will assess feasibility of a large-scale, multi-center study of melatonin safety and efficacy, which may also be of benefit sighted people with circadian rhythm sleep and mood disorders ..
  44. Personalized Physical Activity & Nutrition Intervention for Overweight/Obese.....
    James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Intention-to-treat analysis will be conducted using a series of mixed models that will compare the three treatment groups over time (pre-test and six, 12 and 18-month post-test). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Applied Visual Peformance Tests
    John Brabyn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In the process, we will gather two more rounds of data for our longitudinal study, which will then encompass five test points over 15 years, significantly increasing its value and predictive power. ..
  46. Efficacy of a Health Intervention for People with Intellectual Disabilities
    Willi Horner Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Hearing Therapies for the Future
    Gabrielle Saunders; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. population over the age of 65 years, and most (83%) individuals over the age of 70 years. By targeting NIHL, therefore, this conference has potential to benefit all Americans. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Predictors of successful optical rehabilitation in ARM
    DAWN DECARLO; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The outcome of this proposed research project will also provide a tool for more appropriate standardization of participants in future large scale well-designed studies examining the effects of low vision rehabilitation. ..
  49. Disability, Perceived Overprotection, and Mental Health
    VERENA CIMAROLLI; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Findings from this research will help to identify those who are at risk for mental health problems and to design interventions. ..
  50. DATA COORDINATING CENTER FOR EARLY GLAUCOMA TRIAL
    M Leske; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  51. Trends in Use of Eye Care Services for Children
    Michael Ganz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will use data from the 1996 through the 2000 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys (MEPS), supplemented with information from the 1995 though the 1999 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS), to pursue these goals. ..
  52. EEFFECTS OF AEROBIC EXERCISE IN PERSONS WITH STROKE
    James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Unlike traditional analytic methods, the GEE approach can be used with data characterized by almost any type of statistical distribution (e.g., normal/Gaussian, binomial, Poison). ..
  53. GENETICS OF AGED RELATED CATARACTS IN SALISBURY MARYLAND
    Nathan Congdon; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  54. Universal Exercise Kits for Manual Wheelchair Users
    James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. PROGRESSION OF NUCLEAR DENSITY OVER A 10-YEAR INTERVAL
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  56. Linkage Studies of Quantitative Ocular Traits
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Subsequent follow-up with fine mapping of areas of interest in the genome is planned. ..
  57. Parent Care Transitions, Marital Relationships, and Health Outcomes
    Jamila Bookwala; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. A Wearable Multi-Sensor Navigation Device for the Visually Impaired
    Vladimir Kulyukin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Melatonin Entrainment of Elderly Blind Free-runners
    Alfred Lewy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The study of blind people provides an opportunity to understand the physiology of the circadian system in humans unperturbed by the light/dark cycle. ..
  60. Depression, Disability & Coping in Midlife
    Kathrin Boerner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) will be employed to test the direct and indirect effects of impairment status, goal interference, and coping on mental health outcome. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Family Clustering of Incidence & Progression of Cataract
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We currently have no funds to support the proposed analyses. We believe this project offers the possibility of examining important hypotheses in a large group of families in a population-based framework. ..