mentally disabled persons

Summary

Summary: Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Policies stress more freedom of choice for people with disabilities
    Lisa Gelhaus
    Provider 28:26-8, 31-2, 35-6. 2002
  2. ncbi Analyzing Pennsylvania community residential facilities for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities
    H Barry Waldman
    Department of General Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, SUNY, Stony Brook, NY 11794 8706, USA
    Pa Dent J (Harrisb) 71:27-9. 2004
  3. ncbi [Carry over: practical experience of persons with severe motor and intellectual disabilities]
    Keiko Shishikura
    Tomo Clinic for Handicapped, Yokohama, Kanagawa
    No To Hattatsu 37:225-30. 2005
  4. ncbi Relation between intrauterine growth and subsequent intellectual disability in a ten-year population cohort of children in Western Australia
    Helen Leonard
    Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, West Perth, Australia
    Am J Epidemiol 167:103-11. 2008
  5. ncbi A best practice in education and support services for independent living of intellectually disabled youth and adults in Mexico
    Gregorio Katz
    Capacitación y Desarrollo Integral AC, Estado de Mexico, Mexico
    Salud Publica Mex 50:s194-204. 2008
  6. pmc Health-related quality of life in parents of school-age children with Asperger Syndrome or High-Functioning Autism
    Hiie Allik
    Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Woman and Child Health, Astrid Lindgren Children s Hospital, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 4:1. 2006
  7. ncbi Mental disorder in adults with intellectual disability. 1: Prevalence of functional psychiatric illness among a community-based population aged between 16 and 64 years
    S Deb
    Division of Psychological Medicine, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 45:495-505. 2001
  8. ncbi Difficulties in conducting a randomized controlled trial of health service interventions in intellectual disability: implications for evidence-based practice
    P C Oliver
    Department of Public Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, Paterson Centre, 20 South Wharf Road, London W2 1PD, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 46:340-5. 2002
  9. ncbi Oral health status, treatment needs, and obstacles to dental care among noninstitutionalized children with severe mental disabilities in The Netherlands
    Ad de Jongh
    Academic Center for Dentistry, Department of Social Dentistry and Behavioural Sciences, and Center for Special Dental Care, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Spec Care Dentist 28:111-5. 2008
  10. ncbi Healthcare needs of people with intellectual disability in institutions in Taiwan: outpatient care utilization and implications
    J D Lin
    School of Public Health, National Defence Medical Centre, National Defence University, Nei Hu, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Intellect Disabil Res 47:169-80. 2003

Research Grants

  1. Novel mechanism-based treatments for infantile spasms
    LIBOR VELISEK; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. Rapid Field Test for Iodine Levels in Salt
    Bikas Vaidya; Fiscal Year: 2012
  3. SOCIAL COGNITION IN WILLIAMS SYNDROME
    HELEN B TAGER FLUSBERG; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. The Effect of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms on Protein Structure and Interactio
    EMIL GEORGIEV ALEXOV; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. The Microstructural Basis of Abnormal Connectivity in Autism
    JANET ELIZABETH LAINHART; Fiscal Year: 2013
  6. LITHIUM IN AGGRESSIVE CHILDREN WITH CONDUCT DISORDER
    Magda Campbell; Fiscal Year: 1993
  7. Oral & Respiratory Status of Retarded/Disabled Persons
    Catherine Binkley; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. Cognitive-Brain Phenotyping of Atypical Chinese Children
    Annette Karmiloff Smith; Fiscal Year: 2005
  9. ROLE OF OPIOIDS IN AUTISTIC MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN
    Andrew Levy; Fiscal Year: 1993
  10. OBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT IN MENTAL INSTITUTIONS
    GORDON PAUL; Fiscal Year: 1980

Detail Information

Publications253 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Policies stress more freedom of choice for people with disabilities
    Lisa Gelhaus
    Provider 28:26-8, 31-2, 35-6. 2002
  2. ncbi Analyzing Pennsylvania community residential facilities for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities
    H Barry Waldman
    Department of General Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, SUNY, Stony Brook, NY 11794 8706, USA
    Pa Dent J (Harrisb) 71:27-9. 2004
    ..National and Pennsylvania data are reviewed in an effort to provide a general awareness of these community living arrangements, which in turn may assist in the delivery and the follow-up of oral health services...
  3. ncbi [Carry over: practical experience of persons with severe motor and intellectual disabilities]
    Keiko Shishikura
    Tomo Clinic for Handicapped, Yokohama, Kanagawa
    No To Hattatsu 37:225-30. 2005
    ..The author reported the daily medical care activities in the day care center and the group home...
  4. ncbi Relation between intrauterine growth and subsequent intellectual disability in a ten-year population cohort of children in Western Australia
    Helen Leonard
    Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, West Perth, Australia
    Am J Epidemiol 167:103-11. 2008
    ..36, 95% CI: 0.93, 6.03). These findings suggest that inappropriate intrauterine growth, less than or greater than optimal birth weight, is associated with development of ID...
  5. ncbi A best practice in education and support services for independent living of intellectually disabled youth and adults in Mexico
    Gregorio Katz
    Capacitación y Desarrollo Integral AC, Estado de Mexico, Mexico
    Salud Publica Mex 50:s194-204. 2008
    ....
  6. pmc Health-related quality of life in parents of school-age children with Asperger Syndrome or High-Functioning Autism
    Hiie Allik
    Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Woman and Child Health, Astrid Lindgren Children s Hospital, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 4:1. 2006
    ..The present study aimed to evaluate aspects of HRQL in parents of school-age children with AS/HFA and the correlates with child behaviour characteristics...
  7. ncbi Mental disorder in adults with intellectual disability. 1: Prevalence of functional psychiatric illness among a community-based population aged between 16 and 64 years
    S Deb
    Division of Psychological Medicine, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 45:495-505. 2001
    ..Out of the 11 remaining adults with severe ID, two (18%) had a diagnosis of a psychiatric illness (one mania and one anxiety disorder) according to the Diagnostic Assessment for the Severely Handicapped (DASH) questionnaire...
  8. ncbi Difficulties in conducting a randomized controlled trial of health service interventions in intellectual disability: implications for evidence-based practice
    P C Oliver
    Department of Public Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, Paterson Centre, 20 South Wharf Road, London W2 1PD, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 46:340-5. 2002
    ....
  9. ncbi Oral health status, treatment needs, and obstacles to dental care among noninstitutionalized children with severe mental disabilities in The Netherlands
    Ad de Jongh
    Academic Center for Dentistry, Department of Social Dentistry and Behavioural Sciences, and Center for Special Dental Care, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Spec Care Dentist 28:111-5. 2008
    ..In conclusion, Dutch noninstitutionalized children with severe disabilities still receive a relatively low degree of quality dental care. This is particularly true for children from ethnic minority groups...
  10. ncbi Healthcare needs of people with intellectual disability in institutions in Taiwan: outpatient care utilization and implications
    J D Lin
    School of Public Health, National Defence Medical Centre, National Defence University, Nei Hu, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Intellect Disabil Res 47:169-80. 2003
    ..The present study assessed the outpatient care use of people with intellectual disability (ID) in order to identify patterns of healthcare needs and the factors affecting this utilization...
  11. ncbi Ageing and mental health problems in people with intellectual disability
    Jennifer Torr
    Centre for Developmental Disability Health Victoria, Oakleigh, Victoria, Australia
    Curr Opin Psychiatry 20:467-71. 2007
    ..Increasing numbers of people with intellectual disability are now living well into old age. This paper will review the recent literature pertaining to the mental health of older people with intellectual disability...
  12. ncbi At the margins of moral personhood
    Eva Feder Kittay
    Ethics 116:100-31. 2005
  13. ncbi An analysis of physical guidance as reinforcement for noncompliance
    Lee Kern
    Lehigh University, College of Education, 111 Research Drive, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA
    Behav Modif 26:516-36. 2002
    ....
  14. ncbi [Validity of care assessment in disabled and mentally retarded children]
    M Haussler
    Frühdiagnosezentrum Würzburg, Germany
    Gesundheitswesen 64:527-33. 2002
    ..In conclusion, future assessments of nursing needs in children should employ standardised assessment methods...
  15. ncbi Mothers of adolescents and adults with autism: parenting multiple children with disabilities
    Gael I Orsmond
    Department of Occupational Therapy and Rehabilitation Counseling, Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University, MA 02215, USA
    Intellect Dev Disabil 45:257-70. 2007
    ..Findings are discussed with respect to understanding the needs of such families, including service provision...
  16. pmc An enriched teaching program for reducing resistance and indices of unhappiness among individuals with profound multiple disabilities
    Carolyn W Green
    Carolina Behavior Analysis and Support Center, P O Box 425, Morganton, North Carolina 28680, USA
    J Appl Behav Anal 38:221-33. 2005
    ..Directions for future research discussed include identifying critical aspects of the overall program and the potential relation between teaching proficiency and the program's enrichment effectiveness...
  17. ncbi [Tracheostomy for home-care patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities]
    Kiyokuni Miura
    Department of Pediatric Neurology, Aichi Welfare Center for Persons with Developmental Disabilities, Kasugai, Aichi
    No To Hattatsu 37:293-8. 2005
    ..Home-care SMID patients with respiratory disturbance require tracheostomy timely performed, followed by careful observation to prevent postoperative complications...
  18. ncbi Intellectual impairment and sexual health: information needs
    Louise I Clark
    Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King s College, London
    Br J Nurs 16:154-6. 2007
    ..Implications for future practice are discussed...
  19. ncbi Organizational and individual factors associated with breakdown of residential placements for people with intellectual disabilities
    S Broadhurst
    Tizard Centre, University of Kent at Canterbury, Beverley Farm, Canterbury, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 51:293-301. 2007
    ..A small number of studies have suggested that service variables may impact on intervention effectiveness and hence placement breakdown...
  20. ncbi Psychiatric disorders in children with intellectual disability
    Terhi Koskentausta
    , Keskussairaalankatu 7, FI 15850 Lahti, Finland
    Nord J Psychiatry 56:126-31. 2002
    ..The former were less common among children with mild intellectual disability. In conclusion, about one-third of children with intellectual disability have a psychiatric disorder which needs to be taken into account in treatment...
  21. ncbi A state of blessed inspiration
    R King
    Developmental Disabilities Program, Ministry of Health, North Bay Psychiatric Hospital, ON
    Ment Retard 40:178-81. 2002
  22. ncbi A worthy, underserved population
    Betty Pieper
    N Y State Dent J 72:9-10. 2006
  23. ncbi Highlights
    John W Parry
    Ment Phys Disabil Law Rep 30:8-10. 2006
  24. ncbi Mega numbers and lobbying for individuals with intellectual disabilities
    H Barry Waldman
    Department of General Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, SUNY at Stony Brook, NY, USA
    Med Sci Monit 12:SR37-9. 2006
    ..Census Bureau and private research foundation data are used to illustrate an approach to personalize the information for individual politicians...
  25. ncbi Knowledge of legal terminology and court proceedings in adults with developmental disabilities
    K I Ericson
    Surrey Place Centre, 2 Surrey Place, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 2C2
    Law Hum Behav 25:529-45. 2001
    ..Results are discussed with respect to the need for education of DD individuals and legal professionals to support participation and fair treatment of DD individuals in legal situations...
  26. ncbi [Mental health disorders among handicapped children and youth]
    Klaus Sarimski
    Kinderzentrum Munchen, Germany
    Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 35:19-29; quiz 30-1. 2007
    ..Some conclusions for psychopathological assessment of handicapped children and youth are presented...
  27. ncbi Dermatoglyphics and abnormal palmar flexion creases as markers of early prenatal stress in children with idiopathic intellectual disability
    A Rosa
    Laboratori d'Antropologia, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    J Intellect Disabil Res 45:416-23. 2001
    ..These findings suggest that environmental factors acting early in development, or mechanisms involving an interaction of genotype and environment could be involved in the aetiology of some cases of ID...
  28. ncbi Mental health nursing roles and functions in acute inpatient units: caring for people with intellectual disability and mental health problems--a literature review
    Andrew Pridding
    Victorian Dual Disability Service, PO Box 2900, Fitzroy Victoria, Australia
    Int J Psychiatr Nurs Res 12:1459-71. 2007
    ..The two identified key roles and functions of mental health nursing practice for people with intellectually disabilities within acute inpatient mental health facilities in Victoria will be discussed...
  29. ncbi Putting mental retardation and mental illness on health care professionals' radar screen
    Rebecca Voelker
    JAMA 288:433-5. 2002
  30. ncbi Association of sociodemographic characteristics of children with intellectual disability in Western Australia
    Helen Leonard
    Centre for Child Health Research, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, P O Box 855, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia Disability Services Commission, Western Australia, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 60:1499-513. 2005
    ..Furthermore, many of the sociodemographic correlates identified in this study, particularly in the mild/moderate category of ID, are potentially modifiable, opening up opportunities for primary prevention...
  31. ncbi Physical performance of individuals with intellectual disability: a 30 year follow up
    Ulla Lahtinen
    Department of Special Education, Abo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland
    Adapt Phys Activ Q 24:125-43. 2007
    ..The IQ effect was significant on balance and manual dexterity. The gender differences in adulthood were significant, but differences were not noted for DS when controlling for IQ...
  32. ncbi The relationships among three factors affecting the financial decision-making abilities of adults with mild intellectual disabilities
    W M I Suto
    Department of Psychiatry Section of Developmental Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 49:210-7. 2005
    ..Although increased financial independence is a goal for many people, it is essential that individuals' decision-making abilities are sufficient, and many factors may affect the development of such abilities...
  33. ncbi Parental acceptance of restraint methods used for children with intellectual disabilities during dental care
    Ana Cristina Borges Oliveira
    National Public Health School, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Spec Care Dentist 27:222-6. 2007
    ..Dental healthcare professionals should consider the individual needs of each patient and consult with the child's family if there is a need to use restraints...
  34. ncbi Capacity to make financial decisions among people with mild intellectual disabilities
    W M I Suto
    Department of Psychiatry Section of Developmental Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    J Intellect Disabil Res 49:199-209. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi Research issues related to individuals with intellectual disabilities
    Kathy Kellett
    Braceland Center for Mental Health and Aging, Institute of Living Hartford Hospital, Hartford Hospital s Mental Health Network, USA
    Conn Med 68:525-9. 2004
  36. ncbi Management of psychiatric issues in patients with intellectual disability
    Robert L Trestman
    University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, USA
    Conn Med 68:495-8. 2004
    ..With greater attention now being paid to this population, continued improvement in the quality and capacity of service delivery is on the horizon...
  37. ncbi [Teams for adults with developmental neuropsychiatric disorders. A small resource for a great number of disabled]
    Marie Hagnell
    Psykiatriska kliniken SV, Stockholms läns landsting
    Lakartidningen 101:2437-8. 2004
  38. ncbi Is the death of the death penalty near? The impact of Atkins and Roper on the future of capital punishment for mentally ill defendants
    Helen Shin
    Fordham Law Rev 76:465-516. 2007
    ..This Note examines the feasibility of such an exemption for the mentally ill and considers its possible repercussions...
  39. ncbi [Proposed immunization program for children with epilepsy or severe motor and intellectual disabilities]
    Y Awaya
    No To Hattatsu 37:251-6. 2005
  40. ncbi The Hissom closure outcomes study: a report on six years of movement to supported living
    James Conroy
    Center for Outcome Analysis, Narberth, PA 19072, USA
    Ment Retard 41:263-75. 2003
    ..We noted concern regarding health care, where there was a need for easier access to health professionals in community settings...
  41. ncbi Functional disability of mental disorders and comparison with physical disorders: a study among the general population of six European countries
    M A Buist-Bouwman
    University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, and Graduate Research School of Behavior, Cognition and Neurosciences BCN, The Netherlands
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 113:492-500. 2006
    ..To examine the association of mental and physical disorders with multiple domains of functioning and compare the two...
  42. ncbi Rights not restrictions for learning disabled adults: a response to Spiecker and Steutel
    Mal Leicester
    School of Continuing Education, The University of Nottingham, Jubilee Campus, Wollaton Road, Nottingham, NG8 1BB, UK
    J Moral Educ 31:181-7. 2002
    ..We suggest that carers need to develop empathy and, where necessary, advocacy skills. We point to the existence of training programmes on sexuality and protection issues...
  43. ncbi Reasonable paternalism and the limits of sexual freedom: a response to Greenspan and Leicester and Cooke
    Jan Steutel
    Department of Philosophy and History of Education, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorstraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Moral Educ 31:189-94. 2002
    ..But this point has the rather disquieting implication that both the practice of treating 'mental retardation' as an exempting condition and the practice of giving them important special welfare rights seem to loose their justification...
  44. ncbi Sex between people with "mental retardation": an ethical evaluation
    Ben Spiecker
    Department of Philosophy and History of Education, Vrije Universiteit, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Moral Educ 31:155-69. 2002
    ..Finally, some important implications for the moral education of future care professionals are spelled out...
  45. ncbi A sex police for adults with "mental retardation"? Comment on Spiecker and Steutel
    Stephen Greenspan
    University of Connecticut, USA
    J Moral Educ 31:171-9. 2002
    ..After a review of historical, empirical and practical considerations, an ethical analysis is undertaken which concludes that Spiecker and Steutel's arguments are deeply flawed and their proposed policy morally objectionable...
  46. ncbi Restoration of competency to stand trial: a training program for persons with mental retardation
    Barry W Wall
    Forensic Service, P O Box 8269, Eleanor Slater Hospital, Cranston, RI 02920, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 31:189-201. 2003
    ....
  47. ncbi Commentary: Training for competence--form or substance?
    Ronald Schouten
    Law and Psychiatry Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, 60 Staniford Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 31:202-4. 2003
  48. ncbi Mental disorders, disability and health service use amongst Vietnamese refugees and the host Australian population
    Z Steel
    Center for Population Mental Health Research, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 111:300-9. 2005
    ..To compare the prevalence of common mental disorders, disability and health service utilization amongst Vietnamese refugees resettled in Australia for 11 years, with data obtained from a national survey of the host population...
  49. ncbi Long-term treatment and management of violent tendencies of men with intellectual disabilities convicted of assault
    William R Lindsay
    Clinical Psychology Department, Wedderburn House, 1 Edward St, Dundee, DDI 5NS, Scotland
    Ment Retard 41:47-56. 2003
    ..Anger management treatment seems effective for men with intellectual disabilities in the community who have committed socially and legally unacceptable acts...
  50. ncbi Possibilities and limitations of comprehensive treatment of mentally retarded patients with cleft lip, alveolus and palate
    Jens Johannes Bock
    Department of Orthodontics, University of Halle Wittenberg, German
    J Orofac Orthop 65:259-68. 2004
    ..Only with combined orthodontic therapy and orthognathic surgery could the dental and skeletal abnormalities be corrected in adulthood...
  51. ncbi Where the action really is: Medicaid and the disabled
    Bruce C Vladeck
    Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York City, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 22:90-100. 2003
    ....
  52. ncbi The prevalence and determinants of obesity in adults with intellectual disabilities
    C A Melville
    Section of Psychological Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Obes Rev 8:223-30. 2007
    ..To take forward the priorities for research and the development of effective, accessible services, there is a need for collaboration between professionals working in the fields of intellectual disabilities and obesity...
  53. ncbi Halitosis and periodontal disease in subjects with mental disabilities
    L C Figueiredo
    Dental Research and Graduate Studies Division, Department of Periodontics, Guarulhos University, , Brazil
    Oral Dis 11:83-5. 2005
    ..23 ppb) than in MR (203.23 ppb) and MH individuals (180.53 ppb). CONCLUSIONS: Even though the presence of BANA positive activity was similar among DS, MR and MH subjects, halitosis seemed to be lower in the DS group...
  54. ncbi Patient and parent/guardian perspectives on the health care of adults with mental retardation
    Sarah C Voss Horrell
    Ment Retard 44:239-48. 2006
    ....
  55. ncbi Mental retardation and the death penalty in the USA: the clinical and legal legacy
    Laurence A French
    Crim Behav Ment Health 15:82-6. 2005
  56. ncbi Adapted physical activities for the intellectually challenged adolescent: psychomotor characteristics and implications for programming and motor intervention
    Hezkiah Aharoni
    Advance Psychology, Education and Human Development, Rehovot, Israel
    Int J Adolesc Med Health 17:33-47. 2005
    ..This article describes the behavioral and psychomotor characteristics of intellectually challenged individuals and offers general and specific recommendations for instruction and intervention...
  57. ncbi Transfer and interference of motor skills in people with intellectual disability
    A Mohan
    Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, India; Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
    J Intellect Disabil Res 45:361-9. 2001
    ..Subjects with ID were found to perform better with their non-preferred than with their preferred hand. A within-group comparison revealed that right-handed performance was more affected by interference than left in these subjects...
  58. ncbi Behavioural and emotional problems in children with intellectual disability attending special schools in Cape Town, South Africa
    G Molteno
    Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Intellect Disabil Res 45:515-20. 2001
    ..Ambulant children were more disruptive and antisocial, while non-ambulant children were more anxious. Non-verbal children had higher scores on all of the subscales except for disruptive behaviour...
  59. ncbi [Governmental medical and welfare policy for severe motor and intellectual disabilities]
    T Konishi
    No To Hattatsu 37:278. 2005
  60. ncbi Assessment of feeding and mealtime behavior problems in persons with mental retardation
    David E Kuhn
    Louisiana State University, USA
    Behav Modif 28:638-48. 2004
    ..This article discusses the role of the various disciplines, and the types of behavioral assessments that are currently being utilized by clinicians and researchers...
  61. ncbi Cancer information needs of people with intellectual disability: a review of the literature
    Patricia O'Regan
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Brookfield Health Sciences Complex, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
    Eur J Oncol Nurs 12:142-7. 2008
    ..This paper presents a review of the literature with a specific focus on the cancer information needs of people with an intellectual disability...
  62. ncbi Patterns of emotional and behavioural disturbance associated with autistic traits in young people with severe intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviours
    Jennie Hill
    Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, Community Learning Disability Team, 53, Cheapside, Worksop, Nottinghamshire S80 2JD, UK
    Res Dev Disabil 27:517-28. 2006
    ..Findings are compared to those from previous research and implications for the conceptualisation of emotional and behavioural disorders in individuals with autism are discussed...
  63. ncbi Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: an underdiagnosed cause of congenital chorioretinitis
    M B Mets
    Department of Ophthalmology, Children s Memorial Hospital, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 130:209-15. 2000
    ..To elucidate the role and clinical spectrum of congenital lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection as a cause of chorioretinopathy, congenital hydrocephalus, and macrocephaly or microcephaly in the United States...
  64. pmc Prevention of mental handicaps in children in primary health care
    P M Shah
    Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 69:779-89. 1991
    ..Most of these have been field-tested by WHO and can be used in the home, the health centre or day care centres to detect and prevent the above-mentioned conditions which can cause mental handicap...
  65. pmc An exceptional Albanian family with seven children presenting with dysmorphic features and mental retardation: maternal phenylketonuria
    Ina Knerr
    Children and Youth Hospital, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Loschge Street 15, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
    BMC Pediatr 5:5. 2005
    ..The maternal phenylketonuria syndrome is caused by high blood phenylalanine concentrations during pregnancy and presents with serious foetal anomalies, especially congenital heart disease, microcephaly and mental retardation...
  66. ncbi Intestinal parasitic infections among intellectual disability children in rehabilitation centers of northern Iran
    Mehdi Sharif
    Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 18th km of Khazar Abad Road, PC 48168 95475, Sari, Iran
    Res Dev Disabil 31:924-8. 2010
    ..Nevertheless, our data in rehabilitation centers in northern Iran suggest that infection is not higher than that in community population in recent years in this geographical area...
  67. ncbi Congenital hypothyroidism with impaired thyroid response to thyrotropin (TSH) and absent circulating thyroglobulin: evidence for a new inactivating mutation of the TSH receptor gene
    M Tonacchera
    Dipartimento di Endocrinologia, Universita di Pisa, Italy
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85:1001-8. 2000
    ....
  68. ncbi Clinical quiz. Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (synonyms: broad thumbs and great toes, characteristic facies, and mental retardation -- broad thumb-hallux syndrome)
    Jean Kanitakis
    Department of Dermatology, Hopital Edouard Herriot, 69437 Lyon Cedex 03, France
    Eur J Dermatol 12:107, 108-9. 2002
    ..Past medical history included polydactylism of the feet and clinodactyly of the thumbs (both corrected surgically), respiratory tract infections, Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome and refractive errors necessitating glasses...
  69. ncbi Psychiatric comorbidity in forensic psychiatry
    Tija Zarković Palijan
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Neuropsychiatric Hospital Dr Ivan Barbot, 44 317 Popovaca, Croatia
    Psychiatr Danub 21:429-36. 2009
    ....
  70. ncbi Infantile autism: a chronic psychosis since infancy due to synaptic pruning of the supplementary motor area
    Letten F Saugstad
    Institute of Neuroscience, University of Oslo
    Nutr Health 19:307-17. 2008
    ..To secure optimal brain function in the coming generations, there is a need to change the diet now from its emphasis on protein for body growth to food for the brain. This means there is a need to increase fish and sea food consumption...
  71. ncbi Post WISC-R and TOVA improvement with QEEG guided neurofeedback training in mentally retarded: a clinical case series of behavioral problems
    Tanju Surmeli
    Living Mental Healthy Center for Research and Education, Istanbul, Turkey
    Clin EEG Neurosci 41:32-41. 2010
    ..This study provides the first evidence for positive effects of NF treatment in mental retardation. The results of this study encourage further research...
  72. ncbi [Characteristics of mental disorders in psychiatric patients with mental retardation--preliminary communication]
    Kinga Bobinska
    Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, Klinika Psychiatrii Doroslych
    Pol Merkur Lekarski 25:8-12. 2008
    ....
  73. ncbi Disconnecting surgical treatment of hypothalamic hamartoma in children and adults with refractory epilepsy and proposal of a new classification
    Olivier Delalande
    unité de neurochirurgie pédiatrique, Fondation Ophtalmologique A de Rothschild, Paris, France
    Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 43:61-8. 2003
    ..Endoscopic disconnection seems to be a very safe way to treat hamartomas in intraventricular locations...
  74. ncbi Variant rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata (RCDP) with normal plasma phytanic acid: clinico-biochemical delineation of a subtype and complementation studies
    P G Barth
    Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Med Genet 62:164-8. 1996
    ..Fibroblasts from our patient could also be assigned to this complementation group suggesting that the phenotypic variability results from different mutations within the same gene...
  75. ncbi [Screening for congenital hypothyroidism, phenylketonuria, galactosemia and biotinidase deficiency in a sample of mentally retarded patients in the city of Havana]
    N Marrero-González
    Laboratorio de Cribado Neonatal, Centro de Inmunoensayo, Instituto Superieur de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana, La Habana, Cuba
    Rev Neurol 36:913-6. 2003
    ..AIMS. The aim of our study was to screen individuals with MR of unknown origin for CH, PKU, GAL and BD...
  76. ncbi Oral health status of handicapped primary school pupils in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    E N M Simon
    Department of Oral Surgery and Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, P O Box 65014, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    East Afr Med J 85:113-7. 2008
    ..Determination of their oral health status could help in planning sustainable intervention programmes for this disadvantaged group...
  77. ncbi Mass infection with Entamoeba histolytica in a Japanese institution for individuals with mental retardation: epidemiology and control measures
    S Nishise
    Department of Gastroenterology, Yamagata University School of Medicine, 2 2 2 Iida nishi, Yamagata 990 9585, Japan
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 104:383-90. 2010
    ..histolytica infection have been found in the institution. This encouraging result offers hope and guidance to those attempting to control outbreaks of E. histolytica infection in other institutions...
  78. ncbi Vaccination against hepatitis viruses in Poland
    J Slusarczyk
    Department of Sera and Vaccines Evaluation, National Institute of Hygiene, Chocimska st 24, 00 791, Warsaw, Poland
    Vaccine 19:2384-8. 2001
    ..It has also been recommended in connection with natural disasters such as floods occurring in a large area of Poland in 1997...
  79. ncbi Involuntary sterilization of persons with mental retardation: an ethical analysis
    Douglas S Diekema
    Department of Pediatrics and Medical History and Ethics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 9:21-6. 2003
    ....
  80. ncbi The psychopathology inventory for mentally retarded adults: factor structure and comparisons between subjects with or without dual diagnosis
    G Balboni
    Department of Devlopmental Psychology and Socialization, University of Padova, Italy
    Res Dev Disabil 21:311-21. 2000
    ..These results could be considered particularly valid as they were obtained from a large sample comprising different levels of mental retardation and thus showing all possible psychopathological behaviors...
  81. ncbi Stereotypies in caged parrots, schizophrenia and autism: evidence for a common mechanism
    Joseph P Garner
    Department of Animal Science, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Behav Brain Res 145:125-34. 2003
    ..Finally, by parallel to human patients, there is a potential psychological distress in animals showing these behaviors...
  82. ncbi Hypothalamic hamartoma with refractory epilepsy: surgical procedures and results in 18 patients
    Martine Fohlen
    unité de neurochirurgie pédiatrique, Fondation Ophtalmologique A de Rothschild, Paris, France
    Epileptic Disord 5:267-73. 2003
    ..To study the surgical procedures and results on seizures, in 18 patients with refractory epilepsy due to hypothalamic hamartoma...
  83. ncbi MLPA analysis for a panel of syndromes with mental retardation reveals imbalances in 5.8% of patients with mental retardation and dysmorphic features, including duplications of the Sotos syndrome and Williams-Beuren syndrome regions
    Maria Kirchhoff
    Chromosome Laboratory, Department of Clinical Genetics, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    Eur J Med Genet 50:33-42. 2007
    ..MRS-MLPA combined with Subtelomeric MLPA represents an attractive first test in a clinical algorithm for mental retardation...
  84. ncbi The effect of peroral lynestrenol on serum lipids and lipoproteins in therapeutic amenorrhea of mentally retarded women
    K Huovinen
    Rinnekoti Institute for the Mentally Retarded, Espoo, Finland
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 69:35-40. 1990
    ..001 or p less than 0.01), respectively. The lynestrenol dose was thus the most important determinant of lipoprotein pattern and should be kept as small as possible in order to reduce cardiovascular risk...
  85. ncbi Screening with the FMR1 protein test among mentally retarded males
    B B de Vries
    Department of Clinical Genetics, University Hospital Dijkzigt and Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Hum Genet 103:520-2. 1998
    ..The results also suggest that mutations other than the CGG repeat leading to absence of detectable FMRP are apparently rare among mentally retarded males...
  86. ncbi Five patients with a biotin-responsive defect in holocarboxylase formation: evaluation of responsiveness to biotin therapy in vivo and comparative biochemical studies in vitro
    T Suormala
    Metabolic Unit, University Children s Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
    Pediatr Res 41:666-73. 1997
    ..The results in the five patients are in accordance with a primary defect of holocarboxylase synthetase due to a decreased affinity for biotin, in one patient combined with a decreased Vmax...
  87. ncbi [Ethic charter of the German Society for the Study of Pain (DGSS)]
    S Reiter-Theil
    Institut für Angewandte Ethik und Medizinethik, Medizinische Fakultät der Universität Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Schmerz 22:191-206. 2008
    ..Palliative medical care is a basic right of all terminally ill patients. Politics and health care providers must establish prerequisites for adequate pain diagnosis, pain therapy and palliative medicine...
  88. ncbi Loss of seizure control due to anticonvulsant-induced hypocalcemia
    Fawzi Elhami Ali
    Medical Rehabilitation Center, PO Box 1240, Surra 45713, Kuwait
    Ann Pharmacother 38:1002-5. 2004
    ..To report a case of loss of seizure control due to hypocalcemia resulting from long-term treatment with phenytoin and phenobarbital...
  89. pmc Disruption of the gene Euchromatin Histone Methyl Transferase1 (Eu-HMTase1) is associated with the 9q34 subtelomeric deletion syndrome
    T Kleefstra
    Department of Human Genetics, University Medical Centre St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    J Med Genet 42:299-306. 2005
    ..The minimum critical region responsible for this 9q subtelomeric deletion syndrome (9q-) is approximately 1.2 Mb and encompasses at least 14 genes...
  90. ncbi Use of methylation sensitive polymerase chain reaction for detection of fragile X full mutation & carrier state in males
    Anusha Karunasagar
    Department of Neurology, KS Hegde Medical Academy, Deralakatte, Mangalore, India
    Indian J Med Res 122:429-33. 2005
    ..The present study was done to evaluate the utility of a methylation sensitive polymerase chain reaction (ms-PCR) method in the molecular diagnosis of fragile X syndrome in a select group of mentally retarded male children...
  91. ncbi Coexistent mosaic monosomy 21 and fragile X syndrome in a mentally retarded male patient
    G E Utine
    Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics, 06100 Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkiye
    Genet Couns 18:171-7. 2007
    ..As a last conclusion, cytogenetic analysis must be done to all mentally retarded patients with minor dysmorphic features...
  92. ncbi Interchromosomal insertions. Identification of five cases and a review
    J O van Hemel
    Department of Clinical Genetics, University Hospital Dijkzigt, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Hum Genet 107:415-32. 2000
    ..In the families where both aneusomies occurred, the size of the insertions ranged between 0.22 and 1.21% HAL. Overall, the findings fit with the general idea that a surplus of genetic material is tolerated more easily than a deficiency...
  93. ncbi [A child with myelomeningocele as a dialytic patient]
    Bozena Jachimiak
    Oddział Nefrologii ze Stacja Dializ, Specjalistyczny Samodzielny Publiczny, Zakład Opieki Zdrowotnej nad Dzieckiem i Młodzieza w Szczecinie
    Przegl Lek 63:176-9. 2006
    ..We concluded that in Poland pediatric pts with SB create specific group with the number of problems and complications higher than in other children on dialysis...
  94. ncbi Potential aripiprazole-mediated extrapyramidal symptoms in an adult with developmental disabilities
    Nancy C Brahm
    Department of Pharmacy Clinical and Administrative Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Oklahoma UO, Tulsa 74135 2512, USA
    Am J Health Syst Pharm 64:827-9. 2007
    ..A case of extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) following administration of aripiprazole to a man with developmental disabilities who had never received antipsychotic medications and had no history of movement disorders is presented...
  95. ncbi System flexibility in the rehabilitation process of mentally disabled persons in a hostel that bridges between the hospital and the community
    Vered Baloush-Kleinman
    Tirat Carmel Mental Health Center, 9 Eshkol Street, Tirat Carmel 30200, Israel
    Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 40:274-82. 2003
    ..Deinstitutionalization and community mental health services have become the focus of mental health care in the United States, Italy and England, and now in Israel...
  96. ncbi Pune low birth weight study--cognitive abilities and educational performance at twelve years
    Sudha Chaudhari
    Department of Pediatrics, KEM Hospital, Pune 411 011, India
    Indian Pediatr 41:121-8. 2004
    ..To assess the intelligence, visuo-motor perception, motor competence and school performance of children with birth weight less than 2000 grams, at the age of 12 years...
  97. ncbi Bilateral aural myiasis (Wohlfahrtia magnifica): a case with chronic suppurative otitis media
    Tuba Bayindir
    Inonu University Medical Faculty, Department of Otolaryngology, Malatya, Turkey
    Turkiye Parazitol Derg 34:65-7. 2010
    ..Myiasis is related to personal hygiene. Therefore, in order to decrease the incidence of these infestations, care and hygiene standards should be carried out for those at risk...
  98. ncbi Oral hygiene in 12-year-old disabled children in Flanders, Belgium, related to manual dexterity
    L Martens
    Dental School, Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Special Care, University of Gent, Belgium
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 28:73-80. 2000
    ..There was, however, a difference between their assessment and the clinical picture. It was concluded that there was a need for in-service training programmes in oral health care for educators as well as for parents...
  99. ncbi Measurement of range of motion in individuals with mental retardation and with or without Down syndrome
    N Angelopoulou
    Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
    Percept Mot Skills 89:550-6. 1999
    ..Because differences exist in mean range of motion between the two mentally disabled groups, individualized and differentiated training programs to improve flexibility must be designed based on the type of handicap...
  100. ncbi [Bochdalek's hernia in a mentally retarded adolescent]
    Héctor Nicho Salvador
    Unidad de Gastroenterologia, Clínica San Pedro, Centro Médico Especializado Veronesi Huacho
    Rev Gastroenterol Peru 27:194-8. 2007
    ..Surgical corrections were performed. The clinical case resolved satisfactorily. The late age of the patient, type and treatment are discussed...
  101. ncbi Prevalence of hepatitis A in an institution for the mentally retarded in an intermediate endemicity area: influence of age length of institutionalization
    A Gil
    Preventive Medicine and Public Health Department, School of Medicine, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
    J Infect 38:120-3. 1999
    ....

Research Grants62

  1. Novel mechanism-based treatments for infantile spasms
    LIBOR VELISEK; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  2. Rapid Field Test for Iodine Levels in Salt
    Bikas Vaidya; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Lynntech is proposing to develop a simple and accurate method using disposable cartridges for routine monitoring of iodine levels in iodized salt in the field. ..
  3. SOCIAL COGNITION IN WILLIAMS SYNDROME
    HELEN B TAGER FLUSBERG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research program will not only advance our understanding of WS;it has the potential to influence developing theoretical models in the growing field of social cognitive neuroscience. ..
  4. The Effect of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms on Protein Structure and Interactio
    EMIL GEORGIEV ALEXOV; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These hypotheses and mutants will be biochemically tested in Dr. Schwartz lab and screened against available clinical data. ..
  5. The Microstructural Basis of Abnormal Connectivity in Autism
    JANET ELIZABETH LAINHART; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will determine how microstructural white matter features, gray matter morphometric features, and clinical deficits are related to each other and change over time in autism. ..
  6. LITHIUM IN AGGRESSIVE CHILDREN WITH CONDUCT DISORDER
    Magda Campbell; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..including the Overt Aggression Scale (OAS). Drug effects will be assessed also on cognition in the laboratory, using a cognitive battery. Carbamazepine blood levels will be determined and correlated with behavioral response. ..
  7. Oral & Respiratory Status of Retarded/Disabled Persons
    Catherine Binkley; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed study will test measures and methodology and will provide pilot data for sample size estimation for a full clinical trial. ..
  8. Cognitive-Brain Phenotyping of Atypical Chinese Children
    Annette Karmiloff Smith; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. ROLE OF OPIOIDS IN AUTISTIC MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN
    Andrew Levy; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Phase IV is a double-blind cross-over design where placebo and naltrexone (1.0 mg/kg) are each administered daily for four weeks. All sessions will be videotaped for blind behavioral analyses...
  10. OBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT IN MENTAL INSTITUTIONS
    GORDON PAUL; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Once the assessment systems are installed, it would be possible to implement a treatment program that has proven to be nearly four times as cost-effective as alternatives for some groups of mental patients...
  11. EARLY IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FOR LANGUAGE DISORDER
    Donna Thal; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Specifically, the information will be used for the design of research on early assessment and intervention...
  12. X-Linked Mental Retardation-Linkage
    Charles Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In summary, this represents a unique study that combines a variety of methodologies and disciplines in order to better understand the role of genes on the X chromosome in brain development and function. ..
  13. FENFLURAMINE AND METHYLPHENIDATE IN MENTAL RETARDATION
    Johannes Rojahn; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  14. BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION FOR CONGENITAL CMV DISEASE
    Stuart Adler; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results of this trial will determine the effectiveness of behavioral intervention and the motivation necessary to adhere to recommendations and prevent child-to-mother transmission of CMV. ..
  15. COGNITIVE ANALYSIS--CODING SCHEMES FOR SPEECH PROSTHESIS
    MARK MC DANIEL; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This research will have broad-based significance for current training and utilization of speech prosthesis devices. ..
  16. BIOSOCIAL HISTORIES OF MENTALLY RETARDED YOUNG ADULTS
    Stephen Richardson; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..In addition, a set of multivariate procedures will be used to determined the relative contribution of characteristics of the individual and the environmental in childhood to young adult adjustment...
  17. CONTROL OF MSH RELEASE AND ROLE OF MIF AND MSH
    ABBA KASTIN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..It is proposed to continue these investigations and determine the mechanism by which these effects are exerted upon the central nervous system...
  18. COGNITIVE & GENETIC ASPECTS: DUCHENNE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
    Veronica Hinton; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Longitudinal assessment of DMD boys previously assessed on intellectual and muscle function will be continued through the five years. ..
  19. MENTAL RETARDATION RESEARCH CENTER
    ROBERT PERLMAN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The fine structure of the human cortex in normal and mentally retarded individuals is being investigated as well as dendritic development in a tissue culture system...
  20. PROGRAM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED
    RICHARD EYMAN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..All of them relate to the basic model, and all have as their ultimate objective the discovery of ways to improve retarded individuals' adaptation to their environments. ..
  21. FUNCTIONAL REGRESSION IN MENTALLY RETARDED ADULTS
    Warren Zigman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  22. GENERALIZED LANGUAGE & THOUGHT IN THE MENTALLY RETARDED
    Earl Butterfield; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Finally, we hope to develop procedures that can be used by teachers to inculcate self-management skills in the classroom. ..
  23. COMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH WITH RETARDED CHILDREN
    DONALD BAER; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..These investigators are currently conducting studies assessing the cross-task validity of executive functioning...
  24. Emergence of SIB in Developmentally Delayed Individuals
    CURT ALAN SANDMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from this project will contribute to the understanding of the emergence and maintenance of SIB. ..
  25. LONG TERM TREATMENT OF SIB WITH NALTREXONE
    Curt Sandman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..In addition to within comparisons of placebo and naltrexone, patients who did not respond, positively will be observed as a positive control group...
  26. PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF AUTISM
    Nancy Minshew; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..All subjects will be studied at entry and the children and adolescents from the initial two year study and the first year of this study will be reevaluated at the end of three years...
  27. ORDINAL RELATIONS AND TRANSITIVITY IN MENTAL RETARDATION
    Robert Stromer; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Our research is likely, therefore, to contribute to a growing technology for teaching mentally retarded people and others with special instructional needs...
  28. MRL Neuroanatomy in Autism: From Infancy to Childhoood
    Eric Courchesne; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results from the proposed research will provide knowledge of the developmental anatomic phenotype in autism. ..
  29. ADAPTIVE ATTENDING BEHAVIOR: MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN
    Salvatore Soraci; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The remaining experiments proposed utilize random dot kinematograms to evaluate stimulus organization variables in motion-defined forms, as well as the influences of training on detection and motion direction discrimination. ..
  30. STIMULUS-REINFORCER RELATIONS--CONDITIONAL BEHAVIOR
    William McIlvane; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  31. THE SOCIAL ACCEPTABILITY OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN
    GARY SIPERSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..These approaches will help establish the generalizability and ecological validity of our findings...
  32. RESOURCE ALLOCATION AND MENTAL RETARDATION
    Edward Merrill; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..It is expected that the proposed experiments will generate some of the first data available concerning the possible relationship between mental retardation and the effective utilization of cognitive processing resources...
  33. Two Mildly Retarded Samples: A 20-Year Follow-Up
    ROBERT EDGERTON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Among the analytic strategies to be employed are ethnographic content analysis (Crabtree & Miller, 1992), sequential analysis, and consensus analysis. ..
  34. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CMV
    Stuart Adler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results of this study will establish if immunization of mothers against CMV infection is possible. ..
  35. Prevention of Cytomegalovirus Infection
    Stuart Adler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results of this study will establish if prevention of CMV infections is possible. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. Cytomegalovirus Transmission in Pregnant Women
    Beth Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. COGNITIVE STRATEGIES IN THE MENTALLY RETARDED
    LEONARD BLACKMAN; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ....
  38. RECRUITMENT OF RETARDED CHILDREN'S CONVERSATION
    Paul Yoder; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Autocorrelation will be controlled when carrying out the sequential analyses...
  39. MEMORY STRATEGY USE IN MENTALLY RETARDED STUDENTS
    LISA TURNER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..From a theoretical perspective, it is important to identify the causes of strategic deficiencies. This understanding is also essential for the development of effective remediation programs...
  40. PERMANENT RESIDENTIAL PLANNING BY PARENTS OF MR ADULTS
    SHELDON TOBIN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The availability of this sample permits further investigation of antecedents and, additionally, assessment of beneficial effects that follow from the sense of relief in having made plans...
  41. MENTAL RETARDATION--FAMILY EFFECTS ON SCHOOL SUCCESS
    Mary Reid; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The findings are relevant to understanding the processes that mediate successful family adjustment and school adaptation...
  42. Genetic Characterization of Patients with Autism
    Michael Gambello; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results from these studies will further delineate autistic phenotypes, allow the correlation of specific genetic lesions with data from other aspects of the program project, and provide a foundation for larger genetic studies of autism. ..
  43. FAMILY ADJUSTMENT TO CHILD HANDICAP
    Gloria Krahn; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Results are intended to have broad implications for understanding families and facilitating their adaptation to caring for the mentally retarded child...
  44. AUDITORY DISCRIMINATION IN INFANTILE AUTISM
    PETER TANGUAY; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..The ultimate goal of the project will be to further our understanding of the pathophysiology of early infantile autism with a view toward improving our methods of identification and treatment. ..
  45. EFFECTS OF A COMPUTERIZED DRUG ORDER REVIEW SYSTEM
    Carole Siegel; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Further, investigations of factors which may effect these rates such as clinician characteristics, attitudes, and other institutional and environmental factors, will be made. ..
  46. Rehabilitation Research & Training Center on Aging with Development Disabilities
    Tamar Heller; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) Researchers will present their findings at an open conference on Day 1 to increase the knowledge of professionals in health services and the field of developmental disabilities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. Rett syndrome: determinants of outcome and burden
    Helen Leonard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Feedback to families on study progress will be given through the study Web site. ..
  48. Efficacy of a Health Intervention for People with Intellectual Disabilities
    Willi Horner Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Chlorhexidine and Pneumonia in Nursing Home Residents
    Catherine Binkley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results of the proposed research will serve as the basis for the design and submission of an investigator-initiated research proposal before the end of the award. ..
  50. Developing a Measure of Voluntary Consent for Protocol-Based Treatment Decisions
    Robert Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Adolescent Siblings of Brothers or Sisters with Autism
    Gael Orsmond; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..An overall goal of the study in this proposal is to establish a sample of siblings who, with additional funding in the future, could be followed longitudinally as they transition to adulthood. ..
  52. Graduated Recovery Intervention for Early Schizophrenia
    David Penn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of Research
    Celia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Consequences of Prenatal Cocaine Exposure in Adolescence
    Virginia Delaney Black; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research will provide data critical to understanding the impact of prenatal cocaine exposure in adolescence, and to shape future studies of problem behaviors in late adolescence and early adulthood. ..
  55. Social Course of Adherence to HAART in Active Drug Users
    Norma Ware; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These categories will serve as the basis for formulating and assessing the feasibility of patient focused, clinician-focused, and other strategies for supporting adherence to HAART among active users of illegal drugs. ..
  56. Reducing benzodiazepines and hip fracture in the elderly
    Stephen Soumerai; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Phase II analyses will also contribute a novel method for evaluating health outcomes of changes in medication use in large populations. ..
  57. Treatment Issues In Smokers with Schizophrenia
    Marc Steinberg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The plan will include important hands-on learning experiences, workshops, class work, attendance at national scientific conferences, and strong mentoring relationships. ..