small for gestational age infant

Summary

Summary: An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Vitamins and perinatal outcomes among HIV-negative women in Tanzania
    Wafaie W Fawzi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:1423-31. 2007
  2. ncbi A new and improved population-based Canadian reference for birth weight for gestational age
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Pediatrics 108:E35. 2001
  3. pmc Does one size fit all? The case for ethnic-specific standards of fetal growth
    William J Kierans
    The British Columbia Vital Statistics Agency, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:1. 2008
  4. ncbi Previous preeclampsia, preterm delivery, and delivery of a small for gestational age infant and the risk of unexplained stillbirth in the second pregnancy: a retrospective cohort study, Scotland, 1992-2001
    Gordon C S Smith
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, The Rosie Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 165:194-202. 2007
  5. ncbi Risk factors for small-for-gestational-age babies: The Auckland Birthweight Collaborative Study
    J M Thompson
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Paediatr Child Health 37:369-75. 2001
  6. ncbi Excess mortality and morbidity among small-for-gestational-age premature infants: a population-based study
    Rivka H Regev
    Neonatal Department Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba, Israel
    J Pediatr 143:186-91. 2003
  7. ncbi Increased risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and increased mortality in very preterm infants being small for gestational age
    Irwin Reiss
    Pediatric Center, Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Justus Liebig University, Feulgenstrasse 12, 35385 Giessen, Germany
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 269:40-4. 2003
  8. ncbi Effect of interpregnancy interval on birth outcomes: findings from three recent US studies
    B P Zhu
    Office of Epidemiology, Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, 920 Wildwood Drive, P O Box 570, Jefferson City, MO 65102, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 89:S25-33. 2005
  9. ncbi Postnatal growth in VLBW infants: significant association with neurodevelopmental outcome
    Beatrice Latal-Hajnal
    Growth and Development Center, University Children s Hospital Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Pediatr 143:163-70. 2003
  10. ncbi Neighborhood economic disadvantage, violent crime, group density, and pregnancy outcomes in a diverse, urban population
    Christopher M Masi
    University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:2440-57. 2007

Detail Information

Publications203 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Vitamins and perinatal outcomes among HIV-negative women in Tanzania
    Wafaie W Fawzi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:1423-31. 2007
    ..Prematurity and low birth weight are associated with high perinatal and infant mortality, especially in developing countries. Maternal micronutrient deficiencies may contribute to these adverse outcomes...
  2. ncbi A new and improved population-based Canadian reference for birth weight for gestational age
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada
    Pediatrics 108:E35. 2001
    ....
  3. pmc Does one size fit all? The case for ethnic-specific standards of fetal growth
    William J Kierans
    The British Columbia Vital Statistics Agency, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 8:1. 2008
    ..Although the need for different standards for males and females is generally acknowledged, the physiologic vs pathologic nature of ethnic differences in fetal growth is hotly debated and remains unresolved...
  4. ncbi Previous preeclampsia, preterm delivery, and delivery of a small for gestational age infant and the risk of unexplained stillbirth in the second pregnancy: a retrospective cohort study, Scotland, 1992-2001
    Gordon C S Smith
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, The Rosie Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 165:194-202. 2007
    ..63, 9.32). Associations were stronger with SGA unexplained stillbirths. The authors conclude that complicated first births of liveborn infants are associated with an increased risk of unexplained stillbirth in the next pregnancy...
  5. ncbi Risk factors for small-for-gestational-age babies: The Auckland Birthweight Collaborative Study
    J M Thompson
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Paediatr Child Health 37:369-75. 2001
    ..This case-control study determined whether internationally recognized risk factors for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) term babies were applicable in New Zealand...
  6. ncbi Excess mortality and morbidity among small-for-gestational-age premature infants: a population-based study
    Rivka H Regev
    Neonatal Department Meir Hospital, Kfar Saba, Israel
    J Pediatr 143:186-91. 2003
    ..We examined the effect of intrauterine growth restriction on mortality and morbidity in the Israel cohort of very low birth weight premature infants...
  7. ncbi Increased risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and increased mortality in very preterm infants being small for gestational age
    Irwin Reiss
    Pediatric Center, Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Justus Liebig University, Feulgenstrasse 12, 35385 Giessen, Germany
    Arch Gynecol Obstet 269:40-4. 2003
    ..The objective was to evaluate the impact of being born small for gestational age (SGA) on neonatal mortality and neonatal pulmonary morbidity in preterm infants <32 weeks of gestation...
  8. ncbi Effect of interpregnancy interval on birth outcomes: findings from three recent US studies
    B P Zhu
    Office of Epidemiology, Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, 920 Wildwood Drive, P O Box 570, Jefferson City, MO 65102, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 89:S25-33. 2005
    ..This information can be used by health care providers and public health programs to counsel and educate women who recently gave births on reducing the risk for adverse birth outcomes by means of appropriate pregnancy spacing...
  9. ncbi Postnatal growth in VLBW infants: significant association with neurodevelopmental outcome
    Beatrice Latal-Hajnal
    Growth and Development Center, University Children s Hospital Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
    J Pediatr 143:163-70. 2003
    ..To study the significance of growth status at birth and postnatal growth on neurodevelopmental outcome in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants...
  10. ncbi Neighborhood economic disadvantage, violent crime, group density, and pregnancy outcomes in a diverse, urban population
    Christopher M Masi
    University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:2440-57. 2007
    ..These results suggest that group density and violent crime may impact birth weight via different mechanisms...
  11. ncbi Significant paternal contribution to the risk of small for gestational age
    Delphine Jaquet
    INSERM U 457, Hopital Robert Debre, 75019 Paris, France
    BJOG 112:153-9. 2005
    ..The aim of this study is to investigate both maternal and paternal contributions in the familial aggregation of small for gestational age...
  12. ncbi Prenatal risk factors for severe retinopathy of prematurity among very preterm infants of the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network
    Brian A Darlow
    Department of Paediatrics, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, PO Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Pediatrics 115:990-6. 2005
    ..To identify prenatal and perinatal risk factors for clinically severe (stage 3 or 4) retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)...
  13. ncbi Postnatal growth and development in the preterm and small for gestational age infant
    Richard J Cooke
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 65:85-95; discussion 96-8. 2010
    ..Data from our group do not support the idea of increased or altered adiposity in preterm infants fed a nutrient-enriched formula after hospital discharge...
  14. ncbi Hypospadias and early gestation growth restriction in infants
    Naveed Hussain
    Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030 2948, USA
    Pediatrics 109:473-8. 2002
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the association between early gestation intrauterine growth and hypospadias...
  15. pmc Maternal and paternal risk factors for cryptorchidism and hypospadias: a case-control study in newborn boys
    Frank H Pierik
    Department of Andrology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 112:1570-6. 2004
    ....
  16. ncbi Insulin sensitivity in people born pre-term, with low or very low birth weight and small for gestational age
    P L Hofman
    Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Endocrinol Invest 29:2-8. 2006
    ....
  17. pmc Maternal nutritional risk factors for small for gestational age babies in a developed country: a case-control study
    E A Mitchell
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 89:F431-5. 2004
    ..To assess the effect of maternal diet during pregnancy on the risk of delivering a baby who is small for gestational age (SGA)...
  18. ncbi Thresholds for small for gestational age among newborns of East Asian and South Asian ancestry
    Joel G Ray
    Department of Medicine, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Obstet Gynaecol Can 31:322-30. 2009
    ..To determine the risk that newborn infants of East Asian and South Asian ancestry may be misclassified as small for gestational age (SGA)...
  19. ncbi Country of origin, social support and the risk of small for gestational age birth
    Elisabeth Dejin-Karlsson
    Department of Nursing, School of Health and Society, Malmo University, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 32:442-9. 2004
    ..This study investigates the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) in relation to country of origin of the mother. The role of psychosocial resources, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors was examined in different causal models...
  20. ncbi Chronic lung disease of prematurity and intrauterine growth retardation: a population-based study
    Mithilesh K Lal
    Neonatal Unit, Leicester Royal Infirmary, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 111:483-7. 2003
    ..To determine the risk of chronic lung disease (CLD) in small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants in comparison to appropriately grown and large for gestational age (LGA) infants...
  21. ncbi Adult functional outcome of those born small for gestational age: twenty-six-year follow-up of the 1970 British Birth Cohort
    R S Strauss
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, New Brunswick 08903 0019, USA
    JAMA 283:625-32. 2000
    ..The need exists for long-term studies of such children to assess functional outcomes not measurable with standardized testing...
  22. ncbi Placental expression of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 is increased in singletons and twin pregnancies with intrauterine growth restriction
    Ori Nevo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Avenue, Room 871C, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X5
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:285-92. 2008
    ....
  23. ncbi Outcome in preterm small for gestational age infants compared to appropriate for gestational age preterms at the age of 2 years: a prospective study
    Ludwig Gortner
    Department of Neonatology, Pediatric Center, Justus Liebig University, Feulgenstr 12, Giessen D 35383, Germany
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 110:S93-7. 2003
    ..To investigate the effects of small for gestational age (SGA) in preterm infants on growth and development until the age of 22 months...
  24. ncbi Small-for-gestational-age fetuses with normal umbilical artery Doppler have suboptimal perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcome
    Francesc Figueras
    Obstetrics and Neonatal Department, IDIBAPS, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 136:34-8. 2008
    ..To evaluate the perinatal and neurodevelopmental outcome of small-for-gestational-age fetuses with normal umbilical artery Doppler managed expectantly during pregnancy and delivery...
  25. ncbi Adult height after long-term, continuous growth hormone (GH) treatment in short children born small for gestational age: results of a randomized, double-blind, dose-response GH trial
    Yvonne van Pareren
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology, Sophia Children s Hospital Erasmus Medical Center, 3015 GJ Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:3584-90. 2003
    ..In conclusion, long-term continuous GH treatment in short children born SGA without signs of persistent catch-up growth leads to a normalization of AH, even with a GH dose of 3 IU/m(2).d ( approximately 0.033 mg/kg.d)...
  26. ncbi Growth of very low birth weight infants to age 20 years
    Maureen Hack
    Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Pediatrics 112:e30-8. 2003
    ..As part of a longitudinal study of VLBW infants, we sought to examine gender-specific changes in growth from birth to 20 years old and to identify the correlates of growth attainment at 20 years old...
  27. ncbi Increased blood pressure but normal renal function in adult women born preterm
    A Kistner
    Institute of Woman s and Child s Health, Karolinska Institute, Astrid Lindgren Children s Hospital Q2 09, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Pediatr Nephrol 15:215-20. 2000
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between birth weight, blood pressure, and kidney function in adult subjects who were born preterm or born small for gestational age (SGA)...
  28. pmc Prothrombin gene G20210A mutation and obstetric complications
    Robert M Silver
    Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 115:14-20. 2010
    ..To estimate whether maternal carriage of the prothrombin gene G20210A mutation is associated with pregnancy loss, preeclampsia, placental abruption, or small for gestational age (SGA) neonates in a low-risk, prospective cohort...
  29. ncbi The INS VNTR locus does not associate with smallness for gestational age (SGA) but interacts with SGA to increase insulin resistance in young adults
    Thuy Ai Vu-Hong
    Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherché Médicale Unit 690, Robert Debre Hospital, 48, boulevard Serurier, 75019 Paris, France
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:2437-40. 2006
    ..Among candidate genes that potentially influence both fetal growth and glucose metabolism is insulin. The potential effect of the insulin gene VNTR (INS) on birth weight has been controversial so far...
  30. ncbi Physical growth and current health status of infants who were of extremely low birth weight and controls at adolescence
    S Saigal
    Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Pediatrics 108:407-15. 2001
    ..To compare the physical growth, current health status, and utilization of health care resources by extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and control (C) adolescents and to look at changes over time...
  31. ncbi Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A and alpha-fetoprotein and prediction of adverse perinatal outcome
    Gordon C S Smith
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Obstet Gynecol 107:161-6. 2006
    ..To describe the association between pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and adverse perinatal outcome...
  32. ncbi Long-term metabolic consequences of being born small for gestational age
    Claire Levy-Marchal
    INSERM U457, Robert Debre Hospital, Paris, France
    Pediatr Diabetes 5:147-53. 2004
    ..Although not confirmed, the hypothesis suggesting that this association could be the consequence of genetic/environmental interactions remains at the moment the most attractive...
  33. pmc The effect of disinfection by-products and mutagenic activity on birth weight and gestational duration
    J Michael Wright
    Office of Research and Development, National Center for Environmental Assessment, U S Environmental Protection Agency, 26 W Martin Luther King Drive MS 90, Cincinnati, OH 45268, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:920-5. 2004
    ..These data also suggest a relationship between fetal development indices and mutagenic activity independent of exposure to trihalomethanes, haloacetic acids, and MX...
  34. pmc Impact of ambient air pollution on birth weight in Sydney, Australia
    T Mannes
    NSW Public Health Officer Training Program, New South Wales Health Department, North Sydney, Australia
    Occup Environ Med 62:524-30. 2005
    ..Studies in Asia, Europe, and the Americas have provided evidence that ambient air pollution may have an adverse effect on birth weight, although results are not consistent...
  35. pmc Atrazine in municipal drinking water and risk of low birth weight, preterm delivery, and small-for-gestational-age status
    C M Villanueva
    Respiratory and Environmental Health Research Unit, Institut Municipal d Investigacio Medica IMIM, C Doctor Aiguader, 80, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
    Occup Environ Med 62:400-5. 2005
    ..Atrazine is a herbicide used extensively worldwide. Bioassays have shown that it is embryotoxic and embryolethal. Evidence of adverse reproductive outcomes from exposure in the general population is sparse...
  36. ncbi Is it normal for multiples to be smaller than singletons?
    Isaac Blickstein
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel
    Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 18:613-23. 2004
    ..The key in these circumstances might be found in the ability to recognize the transition from the physiologic adaptation into the pathologic process of growth restriction...
  37. ncbi Adult height distribution in subjects born small for gestational age
    D Jaquet
    INSERM Unit 457, hôpital R Debré, Paris, France
    Horm Res 62:92-6. 2004
    ..The role of parental height and birth length suggests that adult short stature in SGA subjects results at least in some cases from a familial and likely genetic growth disorder with antenatal onset...
  38. ncbi Neonatal outcome following maternal antenatal depression and anxiety: a population-based study
    Liselott Andersson
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 159:872-81. 2004
    ..The authors conclude that neonatal outcome did not deteriorate despite the women's impaired mental health during pregnancy...
  39. ncbi Small for gestational age and the metabolic syndrome: which mechanism is suggested by epidemiological and clinical studies?
    C Levy-Marchal
    INSERM Units 457 and 690, Robert Debre Hospital, Paris, France
    Horm Res 65:123-30. 2006
    ..Although not confirmed, the hypothesis suggesting that this association could be the consequence of genetic/environmental interactions remains the most attractive...
  40. ncbi Body mass index change between pregnancies and small for gestational age births
    Christine J Cheng
    Department of Community Health, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 104:286-92. 2004
    ..To estimate whether maternal weight changes between pregnancies influence the risk for small for gestational age (SGA) births...
  41. ncbi Customized versus population-based birth weight standards for identifying growth restricted infants: a French multicenter study
    Anne Ego
    The Jeanne de Flandre Maternity Hospital, Lille, France
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:1042-9. 2006
    ..This study was undertaken to describe the characteristics of pregnancies according to a customized definition of fetal growth restriction and to determine the association between customized standards and adverse pregnancy outcomes...
  42. ncbi The use of customised versus population-based birthweight standards in predicting perinatal mortality
    X Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    BJOG 114:474-7. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to critically examine potential artifacts and biases underlying the use of 'customised' standards of birthweight for gestational age (GA)...
  43. ncbi SGA subtypes and mortality risk among singleton births
    Sibylle Kristensen
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Early Hum Dev 83:99-105. 2007
    ..To determine whether early mortality (first year of life) risks among small for gestational age (SGA) neonates were similar regardless of SGA subtype based on three chronological classifications (term, preterm and post-term)...
  44. ncbi Are babies born to short, primiparous, or thin mothers "normally" or "abnormally" small?
    Xun Zhang
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Pediatr 150:603-7, 607.e1-3. 2007
    ..To examine whether the smaller size of infants born to primiparous, short, or thin mothers is associated with increased risks of perinatal mortality...
  45. ncbi Xenobiotic-metabolizing genes and small-for-gestational-age births: interaction with maternal smoking
    Claire Infante-Rivard
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Epidemiology 17:38-46. 2006
    ..Little is known about the role of xenobiotic-metabolizing gene variants as risk factors for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births or as modifiers for the effects of exposures such as maternal smoking...
  46. ncbi Nonresponse bias in a follow-up study of 19-year-old adolescents born as preterm infants
    E T M Hille
    TNO Quality of Life, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Pediatrics 116:e662-6. 2005
    ....
  47. ncbi Final height in short children born small for gestational age treated with growth hormone
    Jovanna Dahlgren
    Goteborg Pediatric Growth Research Center, Institute for the Health of Women and Children, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Goteborg University, 416 85 Goteborg, Sweden
    Pediatr Res 57:216-22. 2005
    ..The younger, shorter, and lighter the child at the start of GH treatment, the better the response. Moreover, most of these SGA individuals treated with GH reach their target height...
  48. ncbi Air pollution and birth weight among term infants in California
    Jennifer D Parker
    Office of Analysis and Epidemiology, National Center for Health Statistics, 3311 Toledo Rd, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Pediatrics 115:121-8. 2005
    ..To examine associations between birth weight and air pollution among full-term infants in California...
  49. ncbi Increased catecholamines and heart rate in children with low birth weight: perinatal contributions to sympathoadrenal overactivity
    S Johansson
    Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    J Intern Med 261:480-7. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that perinatal stress alters autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system. In this study, catecholamines, heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) were measured in healthy children with low birth weight...
  50. ncbi Effect of the interval between pregnancies on perinatal outcomes
    B P Zhu
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    N Engl J Med 340:589-94. 1999
    ..Whether that association is due to confounding by other risk factors, such as maternal age, socioeconomic status, and reproductive history, is unknown...
  51. ncbi Abnormal circadian blood pressure regulation in children born preterm
    Umut Selda Bayrakci
    Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University Hospital for Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
    J Pediatr 151:399-403. 2007
    ..To assess a possible relationship between prematurity and casual blood pressure (BP) by means of 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM)...
  52. ncbi Do mother's education and foreign born status interact to influence birth outcomes? Clarifying the epidemiological paradox and the healthy migrant effect
    N Auger
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:402-9. 2008
    ..The "healthy migrant" effect concerns the association between foreign born status per se and birth outcomes. The epidemiological paradox and healthy migrant effect were analysed for newborns in a favourable sociopolitical environment...
  53. pmc Type 2 diabetes gene TCF7L2 polymorphism is not associated with fetal and postnatal growth in two birth cohort studies
    Dennis O Mook-Kanamori
    The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Med Genet 10:67. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to examine whether T2D gene polymorphism TCF7L2 rs7903146 is associated with growth patterns from fetal life until infancy...
  54. ncbi The use of customised versus population-based birthweight standards in predicting perinatal mortality
    J Gardosi
    BJOG 114:1301-2; author reply 1303. 2007
  55. ncbi Familial aggregation of fetal growth restriction in a French cohort of 7,822 term births between 1971 and 1985
    Agnès La Batide-Alanore
    INSERM U525, Paris, France
    Am J Epidemiol 156:180-7. 2002
    ..This strong residual sib-sib aggregation suggests a role for genetic and/or shared environmental factors in the etiology of fetal growth restriction, especially when associated with a low ponderal index...
  56. pmc Small babies receive the cardiovascular protective apolipoprotein epsilon 2 allele less frequently than expected
    C Infante-Rivard
    J Med Genet 40:626-9. 2003
  57. ncbi Psychosocial factors, lifestyle, and fetal growth: the added value of both pre- and post-natal assessments
    Elisabeth Dejin-Karlsson
    Department of Nursing, School of Health and Society, Malmo University, S 205 06 Malmö, Sweden
    Eur J Public Health 13:210-7. 2003
    ..Most previous studies are based on a single assessment of these exposures, which does not take into account the possibility of different effects during early and late stages of pregnancy...
  58. pmc TCF7L2 rs7903146 variant does not associate with smallness for gestational age in the French population
    Stephane Cauchi
    CNRS, 8090 Institute of biology, Pasteur Institute, Lille, 59000 France
    BMC Med Genet 8:37. 2007
    ....
  59. ncbi Growth hormone treatment of short children born small for gestational age: growth responses with continuous and discontinuous regimens over 6 years
    F de Zegher
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Leuven, Belgium
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85:2816-21. 2000
    ....
  60. ncbi Increased blood pressure in adolescents who were small for gestational age at birth: a cohort study in Brazil
    F C Barros
    Latin American Center for Perinatology and Human Development CLAP PAHO WHO, Montevideo, Uruguay
    Int J Epidemiol 28:676-81. 1999
    ..This paper studies the relationship between birthweight for gestational age and blood pressure in adolescents aged 14-15 years in southern Brazil...
  61. ncbi Adiponectin levels are reduced in children born small for gestational age and are inversely related to postnatal catch-up growth
    Stefano Cianfarani
    Rina Balducci Center of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Public Health, Tor Vergata University, 00133 Rome, Italy
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:1346-51. 2004
    ..Whether this finding implies a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis remains to be established...
  62. pmc Effect of trihalomethane exposure on fetal development
    J M Wright
    Environmental Epidemiology Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Occup Environ Med 60:173-80. 2003
    ....
  63. ncbi Glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion in children born small for gestational age
    Margreet A Veening
    Department of Pediatrics, Research Institute for Endocrinology, Reproduction and Metabolism, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87:4657-61. 2002
    ..In addition, interventions to improve fetal growth and to control obesity in childhood seem to be important factors in the prevention of NIDDM...
  64. ncbi Prediction of response to growth hormone treatment in short children born small for gestational age: analysis of data from KIGS (Pharmacia International Growth Database)
    Michael B Ranke
    Sektion Pädiatrische Endokrinologie, Universitatsklinikum Tubingen, Eberhard Karls Universitat, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:125-31. 2003
    ..Furthermore, this model can be used to provide patients with a realistic expectation of treatment and may help to identify compliance problems or other underlying causes of treatment failure...
  65. ncbi Two definitions of "small size at birth" as predictors of motor development at six months
    Olga Basso
    Danish Epidemiology Science Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Arhus, Arhus, Denmark
    Epidemiology 16:657-63. 2005
    ..In predicting risk, it may be more informative to estimate smallness in relation to family norm (using the birth weight of an older sibling) rather than to use the standard "small-for-gestational-age" (SGA z-score) measure...
  66. ncbi Polymorphisms and mutations in the GH-IGF axis in very short children born SGA due to IUGR, and the implications for the patients in childhood and adult life
    Cheri Deal
    Department of Pediatrics, Hôspital Sainte Justine Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada
    Horm Res 59:130. 2003
  67. ncbi The effects of gestational age and growth restriction on compensatory kidney growth
    Aikaterini Drougia
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 24:142-8. 2009
    ..The ratios of KL(3) to crown to heel length (CHL), body weight (BW) and body surface area (BSA) were used as estimators of relative kidney length (RKL)...
  68. ncbi Association between perceived security of the neighbourhood and small-for-gestational-age birth
    Nathalie Auger
    Unité Etudes et Analyses de l Etat de Santé de la Population, Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Quebec, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 22:467-77. 2008
    ..Immigrant density and subjective perceptions of neighbourhood security are associated with SGA birth. Public health strategies to improve fetal growth should target neighbourhoods with low perceived security and high immigrant density...
  69. ncbi Activated protein C resistance -- in the absence of factor V Leiden -- and pregnancy
    P G Lindqvist
    Department of Clinical Science, Malmo University Hospital, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    J Thromb Haemost 4:361-6. 2006
    ..Many previous pregnancy studies have been focused on APC resistance caused by FVL. Very few have investigated APC resistance in the absence of FVL (APCR(FVL-))...
  70. ncbi Studying genetic predisposition among small-for-gestational-age newborns
    Claire Infante-Rivard
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Semin Perinatol 31:213-8. 2007
    ..These are defined and methods to evaluate them are briefly presented...
  71. ncbi Customised birthweight centiles are useful for identifying small-for-gestational-age babies in women with type 2 diabetes
    Janet A Rowan
    Department of Obstetrics, National Women s Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 49:180-4. 2009
    ..Customised birthweight centiles identify small-for-gestational-age (SGA) babies at increased risk of morbidity more accurately than population centiles, but they have not been validated in obese populations...
  72. ncbi Risk factors for intrauterine growth restriction in a socio-economically disadvantaged region
    Monique E Kleijer
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lyell McEwin Health Service, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 18:23-30. 2005
    ....
  73. ncbi Born small for gestational age: increased risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia in adulthood
    Delphine Jaquet
    INSERM Unité 457, Hospital Robert Debre, Paris, France
    Horm Res 59:131-7. 2003
    ..Although yet to be confirmed, the hypothesis suggesting that the association could be the consequence of genetic-environmental interactions is at present the most attractive...
  74. ncbi Comparison of risk factors for small-for-gestational-age and preterm in a Portuguese cohort of newborns
    Teresa Rodrigues
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Porto Medical School, Al Prof Hernani Monteiro, 4200 319 Porto, Portugal
    Matern Child Health J 11:417-24. 2007
    ..To identify risk factors for small-for-gestational-age and preterm in a Portuguese cohort of newborns...
  75. ncbi Is there a viability centile for extremely growth-retarded infants?
    Esther Rieger-Fackeldey
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Section for Pediatrics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Pediatrics 118:818-9. 2006
  76. ncbi Extremely growth-retarded infants: is there a viability centile?
    Vishwanath M Kamoji
    Neonatal Unit, Level 5 Kensington Building, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Infirmary Square, Leicester LE1 5WW, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 118:758-63. 2006
    ..There are few data to inform decisions about viability and (dis)continuation of intensive care when both extreme prematurity and severe growth retardation are present...
  77. ncbi Marine oil, and other prostaglandin precursor, supplementation for pregnancy uncomplicated by pre-eclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction
    M Makrides
    Child Health Research Institute, Women s and Children s Hospital, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, SA, Australia 5006
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:CD003402. 2006
    ..It is suggested that the fatty acids of marine foods may be the underlying cause of these associations...
  78. ncbi US Black vs White disparities in foetal growth: physiological or pathological?
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 35:1187-95. 2006
    ..Birthweight for gestational age is lower in US Black infants than in US White infants. It is unknown, however, whether this difference is 'normal' (i.e. physiological) or reflects pathological foetal growth restriction...
  79. ncbi [Very low-weight preterm infants: from birth until the first year of age]
    Daisy Maria Rizatto Tronchin
    Escola de Enfermagem, da Universidade de Sao Paulo
    Rev Gaucha Enferm 28:79-88. 2007
    ..and 75.0% were followed-up in the neonatal out-patient unit. These infants required specialized care, long hospital stay, and out-patient follow-up by a multidisciplinary team...
  80. ncbi Decreased human milk concentration of epidermal growth factor after preterm delivery of intrauterine growth-restricted newborns
    Anna Oslislo
    Department of Perinatology and Gynecology, Medical University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 44:464-7. 2007
    ....
  81. pmc Preterm delivery but not intrauterine growth retardation is associated with young maternal age among primiparae in rural Nepal
    Christine P Stewart
    Department of International Health, Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe Street, Room W2505, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 3:174-85. 2007
    ..Thus, we conclude that young maternal age (<or=18 years) increased the risk of preterm delivery, but not intrauterine growth retardation, for the first but not second liveborn infant...
  82. ncbi [Fetal growth in multiple pregnancy]
    Dietmar Schlembach
    Universitatsklinik fur Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe, Medizinische Universitat Graz, Graz, Osterreich
    Gynakol Geburtshilfliche Rundsch 47:57-63. 2007
    ..In multiples with growth discordance, it is necessary to consider or exclude the various causes, and if necessary the clinical follow-up has to be intensified...
  83. ncbi Comparison between singleton- and triplet-specific "growth" curves to detect growth restricted triplet infants
    Mirit Shoshani
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah Hebrew University School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Perinat Med 35:322-5. 2007
    ..To evaluate whether triplet- or singleton-specific growth standards should be used to define the growth restricted triplet fetus/neonate...
  84. ncbi Celiac disease, pregnancy, small for gestational age: role of extravillous trophoblast
    Faruk Hadziselimovic
    Kindertagesklinik Liestal, Liestal, Switzerland
    Fetal Pediatr Pathol 26:125-34. 2007
    ..A gluten-free diet during pregnancy prevents SGA children and, thus, the fetal origin of serious adult diseases...
  85. ncbi Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and the small for gestational age neonate: not a simple relationship
    Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:335.e1-5. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and SGA correlate with severity of hypertension, suggestive of common pathophysiological pathways...
  86. ncbi Obstetric outcomes in overweight and obese adolescents
    Sara Sukalich
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:851-5. 2006
    ..Obese adult pregnant women have increased rates of maternal and neonatal complications. Our objective was to examine adverse obstetric outcomes in overweight adolescent women...
  87. pmc Customised birthweight standards accurately predict perinatal morbidity
    Francesc Figueras
    Perinatal Institute, Crystal Court, Aston Cross, Birmingham, UK
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 92:F277-80. 2007
    ..This study compared the association between neonatal morbidity and fetal growth status at birth as determined by customised birthweight centiles and currently used centiles based on population standards...
  88. ncbi Undernutrition and growth restriction in pregnancy
    Renate L Bergmann
    Department of Obstetrics, Charite Universitatsmedizin, Berlin, Germany
    Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 61:103-21. 2008
    ..The theoretical concepts of a thrifty phenotype (Hales and Barker) and of a predictive adaptive response (Gluckman and Hanson) offer a comprehensive approach to understanding the empirical and experimental findings...
  89. ncbi Treatment of periodontal disease and the risk of preterm birth
    Bryan S Michalowicz
    Department of Developmental and Surgical Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:1885-94. 2006
    ..Maternal periodontal disease has been associated with an increased risk of preterm birth and low birth weight. We studied the effect of nonsurgical periodontal treatment on preterm birth...
  90. pmc Evidence of endothelial dysfunction in preeclampsia and risk of adverse pregnancy outcome
    Robert W Powers
    Magee Womens Research Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Reprod Sci 15:374-81. 2008
    ..5-13.1) in women with preeclampsia, hyperuricemia, and elevated cFN compared with normotensive women. Elevated cFN is prevalent among women with preeclampsia and identifies women at increased risk of preterm delivery and SGA...
  91. pmc High-altitude ancestry protects against hypoxia-associated reductions in fetal growth
    Colleen Glyde Julian
    Colleen Glyde Julian, University of Colorado Altitude Research Center, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Campus Box B123, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Suite 301 BRB, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 92:F372-7. 2007
    ....
  92. ncbi In utero tobacco exposure is associated with modified effects of maternal factors on fetal growth
    Kjersti M Aagaard-Tillery
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:66.e1-6. 2008
    ..The objective of the study was to evaluate whether maternal tobacco use is associated with an attenuation in fetal birthweight among women with nutritional and uteroplacental constraints...
  93. ncbi Impact of fetal growth restriction on body composition and hormonal status at birth in infants of small and appropriate weight for gestational age
    R Verkauskiene
    INSERM, Unité de recherche U690, Hopital Robert Debre, 48, bd Serurier, 75019 Paris, France
    Eur J Endocrinol 157:605-12. 2007
    ..Fetal growth restriction (FGR) has been related to several health risks, which have been generally identified in small-for-gestational age (SGA) individuals...
  94. ncbi The IUGR newborn
    Adam Rosenberg
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, The Childrens Hospital, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Semin Perinatol 32:219-24. 2008
    ..Issues specific to the IUGR preterm infant are reviewed as well including an increased incidence of chronic lung disease, necrotizing enterocolitis, retinopathy of prematurity and postnatal growth failure...
  95. ncbi Hb A1c in relation to intrauterine growth among male adolescents in southern Brazil
    A Nazmi
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:434-7. 2007
    ..The association remained significant after adjustment for family income and mother's education, as well as for body mass index at 18 years (P for trend=0.01 and 0.03, respectively)...
  96. ncbi Screening for fetal growth restriction
    Suneet P Chauhan
    Aurora Health Care, West Allis, Wisconsin 53227, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 49:284-94. 2006
    ..Among patients at risk for suboptimal growth, Doppler of the umbilical artery improves the detection rate...
  97. ncbi Mild gestational hypertension remote from term: progression and outcome
    J R Barton
    Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Central Baptist Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky 40503, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 184:979-83. 2001
    ..6%. The development of proteinuria is associated with an earlier gestational age at delivery, lower birth weight, and an increased incidence of small-for-gestational age newborns...
  98. ncbi Birthweight and gestational age as predictors of outcome in preterm deliveries for severe pre-eclampsia
    David Hall
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tygerberg Hospital and Stellenbosch University, MRC Perinatal Mortality Research Unit, Tygerberg, Republic of South Africa
    J Trop Pediatr 49:178-80. 2003
    ..Thus within gestational age categories, birthweights < 10th centile did not predict a worse outcome in preterm deliveries for severe pre-eclampsia...
  99. ncbi Preterm birth attenuates association between low birth weight and endothelial dysfunction
    Mikael Norman
    Department of Women and Child Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Circulation 108:996-1001. 2003
    ....
  100. ncbi Pregnancy in renal transplant recipients: the Royal Free Hospital experience
    B C Thompson
    Centre for Nephrology and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal Free and University College School of Medicine, London, UK
    QJM 96:837-44. 2003
    ..For women with end-stage renal failure of child-bearing age, renal transplantation offers a chance to start a family. Pregnancies in renal transplant recipients involve risks for graft and fetus, and need to be carefully managed...
  101. ncbi Risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes among Inuit and North American Indian women in Quebec, 1985-97
    Zhong Cheng Luo
    Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and of Pediatrics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 18:40-50. 2004
    ....

Research Grants62

  1. Pregnancy complications, future cardiovascular disease risk factors and cardiovas
    NISHA INDRAVADAN PARIKH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and CVD include pregnancy- induced hypertension or pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, having a small for gestational age infant, a low or very high number of pregnancies, pre-term delivery, stillbirth and a history of ..
  2. Epidemiologic Study of Placental Abruption
    Cande Ananth; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It will also add substantial new evidence for associations of several genetic thrombophilias and abruption risk. ..
  3. Inflammation and Ovarian Cancer
    Clareann Bunker; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In particular, NSAID use may prove to be a potentially important chemopreventative for this often-fatal disease. ..
  4. RESEARCH TRAINING IN MATERNAL, INFANT & CHILD NUTRITION
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. The Role of IGF2 in Fetal Growth Restriction
    Pinchas Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Impact of Development on Protein Utilization and Growth
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, the findings of this project are expected to contribute to further improvements in nutritional management and, hence, outcome of LBW infants. ..
  7. IGF-I: A Nutrition-Regulated Target in Prostate Cancer
    Pinchas Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  8. Working Memory and Social Functioning in Schizophrenia
    Tyrone Cannon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Partnership on Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Research in Tanza*
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The program will be carried out as a collaborative effort between Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania and the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA. ..
  10. Nutrition, Early Development and Glucose Metabolism
    Patricia Vuguin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Toddler Feeding Styles
    Maureen M Black; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Relationship between Periodontal Disease and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
    Xu Xiong; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Improving oral health and treating periodontal disease before and during pregnancy may reduce maternal and perinatal morbidity associated with GDM and prevent type 2 diabetes after pregnancy. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Zinc and Biobehavioral development in early childhood
    Laura Caulfield; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Strengths of the study include the experimental design, the innovative methods proposed to measure cognitive development, and the uniqueness of the study site. ..
  14. New Paradigms of Cerebral Palsy Etiology: A Comprehensive Case Control Study
    NIGEL SEFTON PANETH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Maternal interviews and birth certificates will inform the above analyses by linking molecular information to self-reported and recorded clinical events and conditions. ..
  15. Functional Status and the Menopause Transition
    MaryFran R Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Among the elderly, older women live longer, develop more chronic disease and experience more prolonged and severe disability than older men. ..
  16. MOLECULAR REGULATION AND ROLE OF PLACENTA GROWTH FACTOR
    Donald S Torry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  17. Trial of Vitamins in HIV Progression and Transmission
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study is a collaborative effort between Harvard School of Public Health and Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. ..
  18. Change in Bone, Arthritis, Function: Hormones & Obesity
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  19. Glucose & Lipid Metabolism in Obese Adolescents
    Agneta Sunehag; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This information is likely to lead to identifying factors and potentially new strategies to prevent and/or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in adolescents. ..
  20. Psychosocial Res. to Improve Drug Treatment in Pregnancy
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Understanding Barriers to Oral Health Care In Pregnancy: The First Step to Improv
    Kim Boggess; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. NUTRITION, IMMUNOLOGY, AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TB
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Adult Functioning of Extremely Low Birthweight Infants
    Saroj Saigal; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Effects of Perinatal Depression on PTD and LBW
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Further, if we determine antidepressants increase the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, treatment with psychotherapy rather than antidepressants should be considered when recommending therapeutic options. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Intestinal Endogenous Zinc: Role for Metallothionein?
    Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Treating PMS/PMDD--Research versus Clinical Reality
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  27. INTEGRATION OF CLINICAL NUTRITION INTO MEDICAL TRAINING
    Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..An evaluation will examine process and impact on learner knowledge, attitudes, and confidence regarding nutrition assessment and counseling. ..
  28. Role of 10-formyldihydrofolate in purine biosynthesis
    Tsunenobu Tamura; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If this pathway is proven, derivatives of 10-HCO-H2folate could be used to inhibit de novo purine biosynthesis for developing new anticancer drugs. ..
  29. DIETARY OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS, GENE EXPRESSION AND GROWTH
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..S., the commitment of the authorities in Tanzania to HIV research, and the political stability in Tanzania, would make this collaboration a valuable addition to the HPTN. ..
  31. A TRAIL OF MICRONUTRIENTS AND ADVERSE PREGNACY OUTCOMES
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..To examine potential mechanisms of action of the supplements or dietary patterns and intake of individual nutrients, they will assess the following secondary outcomes among women: hemoglobin levels, T cell counts, and placental weight. ..
  32. INTRAUTERINE ASPHYXIAL ENCEPHALOPATHY
    Peter Gluckman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..By further elucidating the pathogenesis of prenatal and perinatal asphyxial encephalopathy these studies will provide important information towards improving perinatal diagnosis, monitoring and intervention. ..
  33. ZINC AND IRON SUPPLEMENTATION: IMPACT ON DEVELOPMENT
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results have important public health implications regarding the timing of micronutrient supplementation and the relationship between micronutrient deficiency and children's behavior and development. ..
  34. 16th World Congress of Epidemiology
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Symposia and scientific sessions for poster and oral presentations will provide a dynamic forum for discussion in all of these areas. ..
  35. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..
  36. Dietary Factors in Relation to Prenatal and Postpartum Depression
    ANSHU MOHLLAJEE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our study will shed further light in evaluating whether intake of omega-3 PUFA could be a cost-effective method of preventing prenatal and postpartum depression. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. HYPERHOMOCYSTEINEMIA IN PREGNANCY AND PREECLAMPSIA
    James Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies could provide insight into what appears to be a unique sensitivity to endothelial dysfunction during pregnancy and whether acute (during pregnancy) insults are as important as life long exposure. ..
  38. IGF AXIS IN ASTHMA
    Pinchas Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We believe that these studies may help us understand the dis-regulated growth of asthmatic airway smooth muscle and allow us to optimize our therapeutic approaches to this disease. ..
  39. DETECTION AND TREATMENT OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS REACTIVITY AND PREGNANCY OUTCOMES
    Pathik Wadhwa; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  41. EFFECT OF CHRONIC INFECTION ON PLACENTAL DEVELOPMENT
    Kim Boggess; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding of these mechanisms may assist in the development of interventions to protect the fetus and placenta from damage as a result of chronic maternal infection with oral pathogens. ..
  42. Genomic and Non-Genomic Effects of IGFBP-3 on Apoptosis
    Pinchas Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If successful our findings may validate novel targets for clinical therapy development for use in men with CaP. ..
  43. Supplemental zinc & fetal development: 4-year follow-up
    Laura Caulfield; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. OXIDATIVE STRESS, ANTIOXIDANT STATUS & PREGNANCY OUTCOME
    Theresa Scholl; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  45. ALCOHOL'S EFFECTS ON THE DEVELOPING ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGE
    THERESA GAUTHIER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. STRESS BIOLOGY, RACE/ETHNICITY & INFECTION IN PREGNANCY
    Pathik Wadhwa; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., the ex-vivo immune challenge methodology) to identify women who are at heightened risk for infection and infection-related preterm birth, thereby improving obstetric risk assessment. ..
  47. Trial of Vitamins among Children of HIV-infected Mothers
    Wafaie Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will be carried out as a collaborative effort between the Harvard School of Public Health and Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. ..
  48. Neural Phenotypes for Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder
    Tyrone D Cannon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  49. ANXIETY, DISINHIBITION, AND RISK FOR DRUG ABUSE
    Kimberly Yonkers; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..phenotypic indices of vulnerability using combinations of clinical and psychophysiological measures. ..
  50. MATERNAL ALCOHOL IMPAIRS FETAL ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGE
    THERESA GAUTHIER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Understanding the modulatory role of GSH availability in AM function will broaden our understanding of GSH supplements not only as a possible therapy for infants exposed to ETOH in utero but premature infants in general. ..
  51. Regulation of Glucose Metabolism in Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) Infants
    AGNETA LISBETH SUNEHAG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A clear understanding of the mechanisms that control glucose homeostasis in the extremely low birth weight infant will permit us to develop evidence based strategies to maintain euglycemia while providing appropriate energy intake. ..
  52. Prenatal Drug Exposure: Effects on Adolescent Brain and Behavioral Development
    Maureen Black; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This application examines adacemic performance, socio-emotional functioning, and drug use among adolescents exposed to cocaine and/or heroin prenatally ..
  53. Pathways to Psychiatric & Medical Comorbidity in Adults
    Yoko Nomura; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings of this project will provide important information for both clinicians and policy makers in order to plan more cost-effective and time-effective early intervention. ..
  54. Estrogen, Metabolism, Menopause, and Health Outcomes
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This is a unique opportunity to prospectively integrate lifestyle elements with measures of hormone metabolism pathways into a comprehensive examination of multiple human health effects. ..
  55. SWAN Sleep Study II - Michigan Center
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results can inform primary prevention of adverse health outcomes due to the menopause-related sleep disturbances. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. Advanced Reproductive Age and Environmental Health
    Stephanie Engel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. NIH D.C. INITIATIVE TO REDUCE INFANT MORTALITY
    Ayman El Mohandes; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The impact of the intervention on fathers and kinship and how they relate to the mother/infant dyad will also be analyzed. ..
  58. How Much and Why Does Class Size Matter?
    Ashlesha Datar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. RACIAL AND NEIGHBORHOOD DISPARITIES IN INFANT HEALTH
    Irma Elo; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The sample composition will permit us to address explicitly the role of race in infant health, and to examine whether factors contributing to infant health are similar for low income women in all racial/ethnic groups. ..
  60. Oxygen and Phototherapy in perinatal period: Risk of Acute Lymphoctyic Leukemia
    Nigel Paneth; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If these treatments increase the risk of leukemia, it should be possible to find alternative ways to manage newborn problems that minimize exposure to these treatments [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. EFFECTIVENESS OF OUTPATIENT TREATMENT OF PID
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We gain great efficiency in the use of the extensive resources and excellent follow-up success within the PEACH cohort. ..
  62. DOUCHING, VAGINAL MICROBIOLOGY, AND PID
    Roberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Given the paucity of information regarding the relationship between douching and reproductive outcomes, the proposed study is imperative in order to direct future public health recommendations. ..