Genomes and Genes
low birth weight infant
Summary: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Publications315 found, 100 shown here
- Impact of malaria during pregnancy on low birth weight in sub-Saharan AfricaHelen L Guyatt
Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
Clin Microbiol Rev 17:760-9, table of contents. 2004..These estimates imply that around 100,000 infant deaths each year could be due to LBW caused by malaria during pregnancy in areas of malaria endemicity in Africa...
- The sick placenta-the role of malariaB J Brabin
Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
Placenta 25:359-78. 2004..These statistics and our limited understanding of its pathogenesis suggest the research priorities on this subject...
- Risk factors for low birth weight: a reviewJavier Valero de Bernabé
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Universitario Santa Cristina and Medicine School of Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 116:3-15. 2004..However, although interventions exist to prevent many of these factors before and during pregnancy, the incidence of LBW has not decreased...
- Placental monocyte infiltrates in response to Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection and their association with adverse pregnancy outcomesStephen J Rogerson
Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:115-9. 2003..0001), number of ANC visits (P = 0.002), and recent febrile symptoms (P = 0.0001). Pigment-containing placental monocytes are associated with anemia and LBW due to malaria, and may have a causative role in their development...
- Fetal origins of adult disease: strength of effects and biological basisD J P Barker
Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
Int J Epidemiol 31:1235-9. 2002....
- 4 million neonatal deaths: when? Where? Why?Joy E Lawn
Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, and International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, Cape Town, South Africa
Lancet 365:891-900. 2005..While we neglect these challenges, 450 newborn children die every hour, mainly from preventable causes, which is unconscionable in the 21st century...
- Malaria in pregnancy as an indirect cause of infant mortality in sub-Saharan AfricaH L Guyatt
Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:569-76. 2001..This may explain the high reduction in infant mortality rates from interventions aimed at reducing transmission, over and above that expected from a decline in direct malaria-specific mortality alone...
- The impact of placental malaria on gestational age and birth weightC Menendez
Unidad de Epidemiologia y Bioestadistica, Hospital Clinic, E 08036, Barcelona, Spain
J Infect Dis 181:1740-5. 2000..This study also shows that placental malaria causes prematurity even in high-transmission areas. The impact of maternal malaria on infant mortality may be greater than was thought previously...
- Area deprivation, individual factors and low birth weight in England: is there evidence of an "area effect"?Chris Dibben
School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, Irving Building, North Street, St Andrews KY16 9AL, Fife, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:1053-9. 2006..To explore the relationship between low and very low birth weights, mother's age, individual socioeconomic status and area deprivation...
- Cerebral cortex thickness in 15-year-old adolescents with low birth weight measured by an automated MRI-based methodM Martinussen
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Brain 128:2588-96. 2005....
- Associations of seafood and elongated n-3 fatty acid intake with fetal growth and length of gestation: results from a US pregnancy cohortEmily Oken
Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Epidemiol 160:774-83. 2004..Results from this US cohort support the conclusion that seafood intake during pregnancy is associated with reduced fetal growth...
- Elevated plasma cortisol concentrations: a link between low birth weight and the insulin resistance syndrome?D I Phillips
Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 83:757-60. 1998..Moreover, this study provides the first evidence that intrauterine programming of the HPAA may be a mechanism underlying the association between low birth weight and the insulin resistance syndrome in adult life...
- Post-neonatal infant mortality in Malawi: the importance of maternal healthFrancine H Verhoeff
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
Ann Trop Paediatr 24:161-9. 2004..Reduction of HIV prevalence and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV must be a main target for government health policy...
- Maternal hematological status and risk of low birth weight and preterm delivery in NepalG T Bondevik
Centre for International Health and the Section for Medical Statistics, Armauer Hansens Building, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 80:402-8. 2001..Low maternal age, height or body mass index also increased the risk of low birth weight. Improvements in the nutritional status of young Nepali women could contribute to improved health among their infants...
- Is There a Causal Relationship between Iron Deficiency or Iron-Deficiency Anemia and Weight at Birth, Length of Gestation and Perinatal Mortality?K Rasmussen
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853
J Nutr 131:590S-601S; discussion 601S-603S. 2001....
- Female survivors of childhood cancer: preterm birth and low birth weight among their childrenLisa B Signorello
International Epidemiology Institute, 1455 Research Blvd, Ste 550, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
J Natl Cancer Inst 98:1453-61. 2006..We investigated whether children of female childhood cancer survivors are at elevated risk of being born preterm or exhibiting restricted fetal growth and evaluated the associations of different cancer treatments on these outcomes...
- Is antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight, or stillbirth?Amanda M Cotter
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida 33101, USA
J Infect Dis 193:1195-201. 2006..Our objective was to investigate whether antiretroviral therapy was associated with adverse pregnancy outcome at a single site...
- Birth weight and exposure to kitchen wood smoke during pregnancy in rural GuatemalaErick Boy
The Micronutrient Initiative, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 110:109-14. 2002..Because two-thirds of households in developing countries still rely on biofuels and women of childbearing age perform most cooking tasks, the attributable risk arising from this association, if confirmed, could be substantial...
- Fetal growth in early pregnancy and risk of delivering low birth weight infant: prospective cohort studyRadek Bukowski
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
BMJ 334:836. 2007..To determine if first trimester fetal growth is associated with birth weight, duration of pregnancy, and the risk of delivering a small for gestational age infant...
- Fetal responses during placental malaria modify the risk of low birth weightEdward R Kabyemela
MOMS Project, Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
Infect Immun 76:1527-34. 2008..Because fetal cells are a source of placental IFN-gamma and cord ferritin, the fetal response to PM may modify the risk of LBW...
- Breast-feeding and cognitive development: a meta-analysisJ W Anderson
Metabolic Research Group, Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Am J Clin Nutr 70:525-35. 1999....
- Early differential defects of insulin secretion and action in 19-year-old caucasian men who had low birth weightChristine B Jensen
Department of Endocrinology and Clinical Research Unit, Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark
Diabetes 51:1271-80. 2002..We propose that reduced insulin-stimulated glycolysis precedes overt insulin resistance in LBW men. A lower insulin secretion may contribute to impaired glucose tolerance and ultimately lead to diabetes...
- Birth weight and later risk of depression in a national birth cohortCatharine R Gale
MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
Br J Psychiatry 184:28-33. 2004..Low birth weight increases the risk of childhood behavioural problems, but it is not clear whether poor foetal growth has a long-term influence on susceptibility to depression...
- Social inequalities in perinatal mortality in a Southern European cityC Borrell
Municipal Institute of Public Health, Barcelona, Spain
Eur J Epidemiol 18:5-13. 2003..These results point out the need to improve the living conditions, behavioural factors and also the management of pregnancy, labour and the health care of the newborn of these mothers with greater risk...
- Effects of malaria during pregnancy on infant mortality in an area of low malaria transmissionC Luxemburger
Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sod, Thailand
Am J Epidemiol 154:459-65. 2001..The prevention of malaria in pregnancy and, thus, of malaria-attributable low birth weight should increase the survival of young babies...
- Obstetric complications and schizophrenia: historical and meta-analytic reviewMary Cannon
Division of Psychological Medicine P063, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Am J Psychiatry 159:1080-92. 2002..The authors trace the evolution of this literature through different methods and carry out a quantitative review of the results from prospective, population-based studies...
- Gestational age and birth weight in relation to school performance of 10-year-old children: a follow-up study of children born after 32 completed weeksIda Kirkegaard
Department of Obstetrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby Sygehus, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
Pediatrics 118:1600-6. 2006..Much less is known about children of higher gestational ages and birth weights. We studied gestational age after 32 completed weeks and birth weight in relation to the child's school performance at the age of 10 years...
- Asthma symptoms, severity, and drug therapy: a prospective study of effects on 2205 pregnanciesMichael B Bracken
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
Obstet Gynecol 102:739-52. 2003..To prospectively examine in pregnant women whether asthma or asthma therapy influenced preterm delivery, intrauterine grown restriction (IUGR), or birthweight...
- Risk factors for preterm, low birth weight and small for gestational age birth in urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women in TownsvilleKatie Panaretto
Townsville Aboriginal and Islanders Health Service and School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Queensland
Aust N Z J Public Health 30:163-70. 2006..To assess the characteristics of Indigenous births and to examine the risk factors for preterm (<37 weeks), low birth weight (<2,500 g) and small for gestational age (SGA) births in a remote urban setting...
- Ambient air pollution and pregnancy outcomes: a review of the literatureRadim J Sram
Laboratory of Genetic Ecotoxicology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Sciences, and Health Institute of Central Bohemia, Prague, Czech Republic
Environ Health Perspect 113:375-82. 2005....
- Reproductive health indicators and outcomes among refugee and internally displaced persons in postemergency phase campsMichelle Hynes
Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K 22, 2900 Woodcock Blvd, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
JAMA 288:595-603. 2002..Despite increasing awareness of the importance of reproductive health programs and services for refugee and internally displaced populations, there is a paucity of basic epidemiological data on reproductive health outcomes...
- Changing patterns of low birthweight and preterm birth in the United States, 1981-98Amy M Branum
Infant and Child Health Studies Branch, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782 2003, USA
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 16:8-15. 2002..Understanding the differential patterns in birth outcomes among white and black infants is necessary to develop effective interventions designed to decrease racial disparities in pregnancy outcome...
- Maternal fish intake in late pregnancy and the frequency of low birth weight and intrauterine growth retardation in a cohort of British infantsI Rogers
Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Division of Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 58:486-92. 2004..To investigate the relation between maternal fish intake in late pregnancy and the frequency of low birth weight and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)...
- Determinants of low birth weight among HIV-infected pregnant women in TanzaniaM L Dreyfuss
Departments of Nutrition, Biostatistics, and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 74:814-26. 2001..Low birth weight (LBW) increases the risk of infant death, but little is known about its causes among HIV-infected populations in sub-Saharan Africa...
- Mid-arm circumference: an alternative measure for screening low birth weight babiesJagadish C Das
General Hospital, Rangamati
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 31:1-6. 2005..The researchers recommend designing of simple 'Tri-colored tape' for early detection of 'At Risk' newborns in rural community for their timely management...
- Comparing individual- and area-based socioeconomic measures for the surveillance of health disparities: A multilevel analysis of Massachusetts births, 1989-1991S V Subramanian
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
Am J Epidemiol 164:823-34. 2006..The risk, if any, in the absence of individual-level socioeconomic information is a conservative estimate of socioeconomic inequalities in health...
- Maternal antiretroviral drugs during pregnancy and infant low birth weight and preterm birthEdgardo G Szyld
Hosp Diego Paroissien, Brazil
AIDS 20:2345-53. 2006..The a priori hypothesis was that protease inhibitor (PI)-containing regimens are associated with an increased risk of LBW and preterm birth...
- The developmental origins of adult diseaseD J P Barker
University of Southampton, MRC Epidemiology Centre, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, England
J Am Coll Nutr 23:588S-595S. 2004..A new vision of optimal early human development is emerging which takes account of both short and long-term outcomes...
- Birth weight and anthropometry of newbornsDhananjay B Naik
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Govt Medical College, Nanded, Maharashtra, India
Indian J Pediatr 70:145-6. 2003..To determine the relationship between birth weight and the anthropometric measurements of newborn to screen for low birth weight...
- A review of low birth weight: predictors, precursors and morbidity outcomesJoan R Ashdown-Lambert
Collaborative Research Solutions Ltd, Denbighshire, Wales
J R Soc Promot Health 125:76-83. 2005....
- Changing patterns of inequality in birthweight and its determinants: a population-based study, Scotland 1980-2000Lesley Fairley
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:342-51. 2005..Both the slope and relative index of inequality had a quadratic relationship over time, with the inequalities in birthweight being greatest in the early 1980s and late 1990s...
- Socio-economic status, smoking during pregnancy and birth outcomes: an analysis of cross-sectional community studies in Liverpool (1993-2001)Ali Delpisheh
Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
J Child Health Care 10:140-8. 2006..To assess the influence of socio-economic status on pregnancy outcomes in smoking mothers...
- Immunization of preterm and low birth weight infants. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious DiseasesThomas N Saari
Pediatrics 112:193-8. 2003..Although the immunogenicity of some childhood vaccines may be decreased in the smallest PT infants, antibody concentrations achieved usually are protective...
- Relationship between the surrogate anthropometric measures, foot length and chest circumference and birth weight among newborns of Sarlahi, NepalL C Mullany
Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
Eur J Clin Nutr 61:40-6. 2007..Classification of infants into low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) or very low birth weight (VLBW, <2000 g) categories is a crucial step in targeting interventions to high-risk infants...
- Risk factors for preterm and small-for-gestational-age babies: a cohort from the Pacific Islands Families StudyWanzhen Gao
Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
J Paediatr Child Health 42:785-92. 2006..To explore risk factors that are associated with preterm birth and full-term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth for a Pacific population...
- Outdoor air pollution, low birth weight, and prematurityM Bobak
International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Environ Health Perspect 108:173-6. 2000..Low gestational age accounted for the association between SO(2) and low birth weight. These findings provide further support for the hypothesis that air pollution can affect the outcome of pregnancy...
- Birth weight and cognitive function in the British 1946 birth cohort: longitudinal population based studyM Richards
MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
BMJ 322:199-203. 2001..To examine the association between birth weight and cognitive function in the normal population...
- Delayed childbearing and its impact on population rate changes in lower birth weight, multiple birth, and preterm deliverySuzanne C Tough
Department of Pediatrics and Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Pediatrics 109:399-403. 2002....
- Low birthweight is associated with specific changes in muscle insulin-signalling protein expressionS E Ozanne
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Diabetologia 48:547-52. 2005..The mechanistic basis of this phenomenon is not known. Here we investigate the effect of early growth restriction on the expression of insulin-signalling proteins in skeletal muscle in a human cohort and a rat model...
- Perinatal care regionalization and low birth weight infant mortality rates in AlaskaB D Gessner
Alaska Division of Public Health, Anchorage 99524, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:623-8. 2001The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the failure of non-tertiary care hospitals to appropriately triage and refer pregnant women and newborns contributes to low birth weight infant death in Alaska.
- Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and MassachusettsMichelle L Bell
School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:1118-24. 2007..Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States...
- Assessing the role and effectiveness of prenatal care: history, challenges, and directions for future researchG R Alexander
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, RPHB 320, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
Public Health Rep 116:306-16. 2001..In addition, the authors recommend directions for future research to address persistent questions regarding the function, structure, and significance of prenatal care in improving US perinatal outcomes...
- Sociocultural factors that affect pregnancy outcomes in two dissimilar immigrant groups in the United StatesAshima Madan
Department of Pediatrics and Stanford Research Prevention Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
J Pediatr 148:341-6. 2006..To compare perinatal risks and outcomes in foreign- and U.S.-born Asian-Indian and Mexican women...
- Maternal psychological stress and distress as predictors of low birth weight, prematurity and intrauterine growth retardationP H C Rondó
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Eur J Clin Nutr 57:266-72. 2003....
- Racial disparities in low birthweight and the contribution of residential segregation: a multilevel analysisSue C Grady
Geography Department, Michigan State University, 130 Geography Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Soc Sci Med 63:3013-29. 2006..This study demonstrates that residential segregation and neighborhood poverty are important determinants of racial disparity in low birthweight in New York City...
- Birth outcomes and prenatal exposure to ozone, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter: results from the Children's Health StudyMuhammad T Salam
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
Environ Health Perspect 113:1638-44. 2005..1-42.2 g), but this association was reduced and not significant after adjusting for O3. In summary, O3 exposure during the second and third trimesters and CO exposure during the first trimester were associated with reduced birth weight...
- Ambient air pollution and adverse birth outcomes: methodologic issues in an emerging fieldBeate Ritz
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 102:182-90. 2008..Investigating biological mechanisms (e.g. using ultrasound measurements and biomarkers for hypothesized pathways) is an important remaining issue...
- The fetal insulin hypothesis: an alternative explanation of the association of low birthweight with diabetes and vascular diseaseA T Hattersley
Department of Diabetes and Vascular Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, Exeter, UK
Lancet 353:1789-92. 1999..The predisposition to NIDDM and vascular disease is likely to be the result of both genetic and fetal environmental factors...
- Pregnancy outcome of female survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor StudyDaniel M Green
Department of Pediatrics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 187:1070-80. 2002..This study was undertaken to determine the effect, if any, of prior treatment with radiation therapy or chemotherapy for cancer diagnosed during childhood or adolescence on pregnancy loss, live births, and birth weight...
- Choosing area based socioeconomic measures to monitor social inequalities in low birth weight and childhood lead poisoning: The Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project (US)N Krieger
Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 57:186-99. 2003..To determine which area based socioeconomic measures can meaningfully be used, at which level of geography, to monitor socioeconomic inequalities in childhood health in the US...
- Methodological issues in studies of air pollution and reproductive healthTracey J Woodruff
Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
Environ Res 109:311-20. 2009..This work is of critical public health importance because of widespread exposure and because perinatal outcomes are important markers of future child and adult health...
- A review of the literature on the effects of ambient air pollution on fetal growthMildred Maisonet
Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA
Environ Res 95:106-15. 2004..Current scientific knowledge on the impact of air pollution on fetal growth is still limited; thus, several issues should be examined further...
- Risk factors for severe acute lower respiratory tract infection in under-five childrenS Broor
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India
Indian Pediatr 38:1361-9. 2001..upper respiratory infection in siblings, severe malnutrition, cooking fuel other than liquid petroleum gas, inappropriate immunization for age and history of LRTI in the family were the significant risk factors associated with ALRTI..
- Determinants of childhood mortality and morbidity in urban slums in IndiaShally Awasthi
Department of Pediatrics and Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, King George s Medical University, Lucknow UP, India
Indian Pediatr 40:1145-61. 2003....
- Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy and the risk of an adverse outcomeRuth E Tuomala
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston 02115, USA
N Engl J Med 346:1863-70. 2002..Some studies suggest that combination antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection increases the risk of premature birth and other adverse outcomes of pregnancy...
- Mutations in the glucokinase gene of the fetus result in reduced birth weightA T Hattersley
Department of Vascular Medicine and Diabetes Research, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
Nat Genet 19:268-70. 1998..This observation suggests that variation in fetal growth could be used in the assessment of the role of genes which modify either insulin secretion or insulin action...
- Maternal anthropometry as predictors of low birth weightC Mohanty
Department of Anatomy, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
J Trop Pediatr 52:24-9. 2006..Mothers who have anthropometric parameters in the 'red zone' are at risk of delivery LBW infants...
- Births: final data for 2001Joyce A Martin
Natl Vital Stat Rep 51:1-102. 2002..Selected data by mother's State of residence are shown, as well as data on month and day of birth, sex ratio, and age of father. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted...
- Cerebral palsy updateIngeborg Krageloh-Mann
University Children s Hospital, Department of Paediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Hoppe Seyler Str 1, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Brain Dev 31:537-44. 2009..Language function reorganized to the right hemisphere eventually seems not to be impaired, this occurs, however, on the expense of primary right hemispheric functions...
- Levels and risk factors for perinatal mortality in Ahmedabad, IndiaD V Mavalankar
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892
Bull World Health Organ 69:435-42. 1991..Estimates of attributable risk derived from the prevalence of exposures in the population survey suggest that improvements in maternal nutrition and antenatal and intrapartum care could result in marked reductions of perinatal mortality...
- Trends in the prevalence of low birth weight in Okinawa, Japan: a public health perspectiveT Hokama
School of Health Sciences, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
Acta Paediatr 98:242-6. 2009..To review the trends in low birth weight (LBW) in Japan and Okinawa and to discuss the public health implications of the trend...
- Published genetic variants in retinopathy of prematurity: random forest analysis suggests a negligible contribution to risk and severityGyorgy Dunai
Csolnoky Ferenc Hospital, Veszprem, Hungary
Curr Eye Res 33:501-5. 2008..We applied a high-dimensional nonparametric method called random forest technique (RFT) to evaluate the predictive value of genetic polymorphisms in ROP at birth...
- Higher risk of preterm birth and low birth weight in women with periodontal diseaseN J Lopez
Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Chile, Santiago
J Dent Res 81:58-63. 2002..3). Risk factors significantly associated with PLBW were previous PLBW, PD, fewer than 6 pre-natal visits, and low maternal weight gain. PD was associated with both preterm birth and low birth weight, independent of other risk factors...
- US birth weight/gestational age-specific neonatal mortality: 1995-1997 rates for whites, hispanics, and blacksGreg R Alexander
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0022, USA
Pediatrics 111:e61-6. 2003..Our purpose for this investigation was to provide an up-to-date national reference for birth weight/gestational age-specific neonatal mortality rates for use by clinicians in care decision making and discussions with parents...
- Risk of preterm delivery in relation to maternal low birth weightBarna De
Department of Epidemiology, Multidisciplinary International Research Training Program, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:565-71. 2007..We examined the relationship between maternal low birth weight and preterm delivery risk...
- Effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine for control of malaria in pregnancy in western Kenya: a hospital-based studyA M van Eijk
Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Vector Biology and Control Research, Kisumu, Kenya
Trop Med Int Health 9:351-60. 2004....
- Low birth weight and high birth weight infants are both at an increased risk to have type 2 diabetes among schoolchildren in taiwanJung Nan Wei
College of Public Health, School of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Diabetes Care 26:343-8. 2003..To study the effect of birth weight on risk of type 2 diabetes in the schoolchildren in Taiwan...
- Pregnancy outcomes and outdoor air pollution: an ecological study in districts of the Czech Republic 1986-8M Bobak
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
Occup Environ Med 56:539-43. 1999..The association between outdoor air pollution and stillbirths and low birthweight in the Czech Republic, where air pollution was high, was examined...
- Is air pollution a risk factor for low birth weight in Seoul?E H Ha
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Epidemiology 12:643-8. 2001..Carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and total suspended particle concentrations in the first trimester of pregnancy period are risk factors for low birth weight...
- Effect of trihalomethane exposure on fetal developmentJ M Wright
Environmental Epidemiology Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Occup Environ Med 60:173-80. 2003....
- Protein balance in the first week of life in ventilated neonates receiving parenteral nutritionP J Thureen
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 68:1128-35. 1998..Protein intake is frequently delayed in ill neonates because of concerns about their ability to metabolize substrates...
- Hepatoblastoma and low birth weightLogan G Spector
Pediatr Blood Cancer 43:706. 2004
- Social inequalities in low birth weight in England and Wales: trends and implications for future population healthK Moser
Office for National Statistics, London, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 57:687-91. 2003..To examine social inequalities and trends in low birth weight in England and Wales...
- Does labor influence neonatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely-low-birth-weight infants who are born by cesarean delivery?Rajan Wadhawan
National Institute for Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network, Bethesda, MD 02905, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:501-6. 2003..We hypothesized that infants who are born by cesarean delivery without labor will have better outcomes than those infants who are born by cesarean delivery with labor...
- Evaluation of the OptiMAL rapid antigen test and species-specific PCR to detect placental Plasmodium falciparum infection at deliveryLimangeni Mankhambo
College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
J Clin Microbiol 40:155-8. 2002..Neither OptiMAL nor PCR testing of peripheral blood is adequately sensitive to detect all placental malaria infection, but a positive result by OptiMAL testing identifies women with a high proportion of low-birth-weight babies...
- Low birthweight associated with maternal anaemia and Plasmodium falciparum infection during pregnancy, in a peri-urban/urban area of low endemicity in UgandaI N Kasumba
Med Biotech Laboratories, Kampala, Uganda
Ann Trop Med Parasitol 94:7-13. 2000..Despite the low prevalence of parasitaemia in this population, P. falciparum infection in the primigravidae was a significant contributor to their ill health, leading to low birthweights in their infants...
- Is chloroquine chemoprophylaxis still effective to prevent low birth weight? Results of a study in BeninLise Denoeud
Mother and Child Health in the Tropics UR 010, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Paris, France
Malar J 6:27. 2007..The prevalence of placental malaria and its burden on LBW were assessed in Benin to evaluate the efficacy of weekly CQ chemoprophylaxis, prior to its replacement by intermittent preventive treatment...
- First-year blood pressure increase steepest in low birthweight newbornsEmpar Lurbe
Pediatric Nephrology and Cardiovascular Risk Unit, Departement of Pediatrics, Consorcio Hospital General, University of Valencia, Avda Tres Cruces s n, 46014 Valencia, Spain
J Hypertens 25:81-6. 2007..The present research has been undertaken prospectively to study the impact of birthweight and growth pattern on blood pressure changes from birth through the first year of life...
- Teenage pregnancy: risk factors for adverse perinatal outcomeL Gortzak-Uzan
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel
J Matern Fetal Med 10:393-7. 2001..The risk for LBW was affected mainly by demographic factors (maternal ethnicity, lack of prenatal care) and medical factors (pregnancy-induced hypertension, malformations)...
- Maternal periodontal disease and preterm low birthweight: case-control studyE S Davenport
Department of Oral Growth and Development, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary, University of London, Turner Street, London E1 2AD, UK
J Dent Res 81:313-8. 2002..64 to 0.99). We found no evidence for an association between PLBW and periodontal disease. Our results do not support a specific drive to improve periodontal health of pregnant women as a means of improving pregnancy outcomes...
- Birth outcomes in adolescent pregnancy in an area with intense malaria transmission in TanzaniaUlrika Uddenfeldt Wort
Division of International Health IHCAR, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:949-54. 2006..This paper analyses birth outcome in adolescent pregnancy in an area of Tanzania with intense malaria transmission...
- High prevalence of placental malaria and low birth weight in Sahelian periurban areaDemba Sarr
Institut Pasteur de Dakar, Dakar, Senegal
Am J Trop Med Hyg 75:171-7. 2006..Severe anemia was also associated with chronic infection. Long-lasting infections are the most deleterious to mother and infant and are most likely associated with drug resistance of parasites...
- Low birthweight babies: socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics of adolescent mothers at Kenyatta National Hospital, NairobiA Wasunna
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, P O Box 19676 Nairobi, Kenya
East Afr Med J 79:543-6. 2002..To compare some socio-demographic and obstetric factors between adolescent mothers (aged below 20 years) and older mothers of low birthweight (birthweight < 2000 gm) babies...
- Social patterns of birth weight in Hong Kong, 1984-1997Y B Cheung
Clinical Trials Centre, , University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam
Soc Sci Med 52:1135-41. 2001..05). Type of living quarters and parental relation were also related to birth weight and low birth weight (each P<0.05). Continuous monitoring of the social patterns of birth weight is recommended...
- Differential association of birth weight with cardiovascular risk variables in African-Americans and Whites: the Bogalusa heart studyFawaz Mzayek
Tulane Center for Cardiovascular Health and Department of Epidemiology, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Ann Epidemiol 14:258-64. 2004..To study the relationship between low birth weight and the subsequent development of cardiovascular risk factors and to compare this relationship between African-Americans and whites at 7 to 21 years of age...
- Risk factors associated with preterm labourF Begum
Deptt of Obst and Gynae, SSMC, Dhaka
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 29:59-66. 2003..4), BMI <19 kg/m2 (OR 2.91), MAC <20 cm (OR 7.78), education <5 year (OR 2.73), income <2000 rupees (OR 5.05) and birth interval <12 months (OR 6.39) were significant risk factors for preterm labour...
- Association between maternal exposure to elevated ambient sulfur dioxide during pregnancy and term low birth weightChih Ming Lin
Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei Hsien, Taiwan, ROC
Environ Res 96:41-50. 2004..4 ppb of SO2 in the last trimester showed 20% higher risk (OR=1.20, 95% CI=1.01-1.41) of term LBW delivery than mothers with lower exposure (<6.8 ppb). No significant elevation ORs was observed for other air pollutants...
- Monitoring low birth weight: an evaluation of international estimates and an updated estimation procedureAnn K Blanc
Blancroft Research International, New York, NY 10013, USA
Bull World Health Organ 83:178-85. 2005..To assess the effect of adjustment procedures on the estimates and propose a modified estimation procedure for international reporting purposes...
- Low birth weight and residential proximity to PCB-contaminated waste sitesAkerke Baibergenova
School of Public Health, University at Albany, Rensselaer, New York 12144 3456, USA
Environ Health Perspect 111:1352-7. 2003..These observations support the hypothesis that living in a zip code near a PCB-contaminated site poses a risk of exposure and giving birth to an infant of low birth weight...
- Preterm births, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth restriction in three birth cohorts in Southern Brazil: 1982, 1993 and 2004Fernando C Barros
Programa de Pós Graduação em Saúde e Comportamento, Universidade Catolica de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
Cad Saude Publica 24:S390-8. 2008..1% in 2004. The increase in preterms could be partially explained by the growing number of pregnancy interruptions, but there must be other causes since this increase was also observed among babies born by non-induced vaginal deliveries...
- Maternal/newborn GSTT1 null genotype contributes to risk of preterm, low birthweight infantsTomoko Nukui
Department of Medicine, The Center of Clinical Pharmacology, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Pharmacogenetics 14:569-76. 2004..However, little is known about genetic susceptibility and possible interactions with cigarette smoking which may increase risk of these events...
- Hybrid Optical/Doppler Imaging of Ischemia in NEC - a multicenter trialDavid A Benaron; Fiscal Year: 2010..If successful, the health benefit will be large, as it is estimated that treating NEC alone (not including treating its later complications) adds $650 million to the annual health bill. ..
- Lactoferrin Enhances Growth and Reduces Nosocomial Infection in Preterm InfantsKarel Petrak; Fiscal Year: 2009..Marketing approval for TLF to treat NIs would be of great benefit to the patients and the community, and would also be of a substantial commercial value. ..
- Wireless At-Risk Infant Monitoring SystemJASON HOLMSTEDT; Fiscal Year: 2012..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The proposed portable medical monitor system will offer a simple solution for measuring the vital health signs of at-risk newborn babies and can be used in neonatal intensive care units and home settings. ..
- The effect of trichloroethylene exposure on adverse pregnancy outcomesIman Hassan; Fiscal Year: 2013..Results from this project will provide new knowledge about potential mechanisms by which environmental toxicants may contribute to adverse birth outcomes. ..
- Effect of Lactobacillus GG on gut permeability and microbiome in VLBW neonatesROSE MARIE VISCARDI; Fiscal Year: 2013..The data generated from the proposed studies will directly lead to decisions concerning future randomized safety and efficacy trials of LGG to prevent NEC in the preterm population. ..
- Maternal One Carbon Metabolism and Low Birth Weight InfantSatish C Kalhan; Fiscal Year: 2013..There are major public health and economic implications for this study, when one considers the enormous magnitude of the LBW, the associated clinical problems and the economic burden to the society. ..
- Outcomes of Infertility Treatments in Clinic and Population-Based CohortsJoseph B Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of this study will describe clinically relevant outcomes for couples seeking to have healthy children and will also inform the development of future targeted randomized trials. ..
- Role of Vimentin in Pathogenesis of CNS InflammationSheng He Huang; Fiscal Year: 2013..2). Determine how Vim and PSF contribute to IbeA-induced pathogen penetration and PMN transmigration across the BBB by SCP analysis of cBMEC and genetic blockage of Vim. ..
- A Rapid Point-of-care Diagnostic for Neisseria gonorrhoeae STDsRichard F Selden; Fiscal Year: 2012..Dean and Shafer, and the microfluidic and molecular biology expertise of Dr. Selden, the application provides a unique collaborative opportunity to finally obtain a rapid point-of-care diagnostic for GC. ..
- The Impact of Sleep-Disordered Breathing on Adverse Pregnancy OutcomesLOUISE M O apos BRIEN; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will ultimately lead to the development of early intervention strategies to treat sleep disordered breathing during pregnancy which may ultimately reduce risk of adverse pregnancy outcome. ..
- Role of Physico-chemical Properties in the Reprotoxicity of Inhaled Cd NP.JUDITH TERRY ZELIKOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant WomenEileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010..More effective targeted strategies initiated within this narrow window of time may reduce the number of low birth weight infants and improve obstetrical outcomes. ..
- High Throughput Methods to Measure Disparities in Childhood Exposure to TobaccoSharon E Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Right Heart-Pulmonary Vascular Interactions in Bronchopulmonary DysplasiaMarlowe Eldridge; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have a unique and important opportunity to investigate the consequences of BPD on lung and right heart function in this population, which will inform treatment strategies and predictions of disease progression in the future. ..
- Click chemistry for novel antimicrobials against periodontal pathogensValery V Fokin; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- GI-Safer Formulation of Indomethacin for use in Preterm NeonatesUPENDRA K MARATHI; Fiscal Year: 2010..This grant proposal will partially fund the development of a new molecular complex of indomethacin and phosphatidylcholine, a new formulation of indomethacin that significantly reduces GI injury. ..
- Reducing Preterm Births in Underserved Pregnant WomenJAMES G CHRISTIAN; Fiscal Year: 2011..If the proposed system proves to be effective in reducing preterm births it can improve maternal and child quality of life as well as reduce the economic burden of preterm births in the U.S. ..
- NICHD Maternal Fetal Medicine Units NetworkGeeta K Swamy; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Role of VEGF in Perinatal HypertensionSTEVEN HERBERT ABMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..In this renewal, we propose a series of integrative studies that incorporate physiologic, cell and molecular approaches towards understanding BPD. ..
- GI-Safer Formulation of Indomethacin for use in Preterm NeonatesUPENDRA K MARATHI; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Biomarker Profiles for Early Diagnosis of Sepsis in NeonatesJAMES PRESTON MAPES; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- Adipocyte Renin-Angiotensin System and Programming of HypertensionMina Desai; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our proposed studies will therefore determine the role of adipose renin-angiotensin system in development of adult hypertension and obesity in growth restricted newborns. ..
- A Trial of Zinc and Micronutrients in Tanzanian ChildrenChristopher P Duggan; Fiscal Year: 2010..As experts in the fields of nutrition, pediatrics, epidemiology and maternal and child health, our team is committed to further evaluating the possible role of micronutrients in improving child health. ..
- Routine Aspiration of Residual Gastric Contents in Very Low Birth Weight InfantsLeslie A Parker; Fiscal Year: 2013..Public Health Relevance: This research has potential to influence health policy and practices that may directly translate to improved nutritional and health outcomes for premature VLBW infants. ..
- A geostatistical framework for the multi-scale boundary analysis of space-time trPIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013..It will also facilitate the long-term quantification of the benefits of current strategies and policies for reducing the observed geographic and racial disparities in cancer stage at diagnosis and incidence of infant mortality ..
- Genetic Manipulation of Unreaplasma spp. Infecting Humans using Synthetic GenomicJOHN IRVIN GLASS; Fiscal Year: 2013..Learning how to transplant ureaplasma genomes could lead to our being able to do this for many other species including bacteria with unrealized pharmaceutical or industrial potential, for which we have no genetic tools. ..
- Prenatal stress biology, infant body composition and obesity riskSonja Entringer; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Mechanisms of Arsenic-Induced Developmental ToxicityLisa Bain; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Cookstove Replacement for Prevention of ARI and Low Birthweight in NepalJAMES MACK TIELSCH; Fiscal Year: 2012..If the replacement of these stoves works to reduce respiratory infections and low birthweight, significant number of children's lives can be saved at very low cost. ..
- Transforming Women's Health: Discovery, Development, and DeliveryEllen M Daley; Fiscal Year: 2012..Such an approach to research, practice and policy is necessary to improve health and decrease disparities in women's health across the lifespan in Florida and beyond. ..
- Mother Sibling InteractionsJulie A Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed study is germane to the goal of identifying factors to promote the health of young children, particularly those who are at risk for maladjustment due to having a sibling with a chronic medical condition. ..
- Paternal Environmental Exposures and Reproductive Outcomes: A Comparison of in ViDEBORAH ANN HANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013..In vivo and in vitro parameters include: a) 14.5 dpc placental and fetal weights, and crown to rump lengths;b) full term litter size, birth weights, and 5 week growth rates;and c) gross and microscopic structure. ..
- Motivational Incentives to Reduce Secondhand Smoke in NICU Infants'HomesAngela L Stotts; Fiscal Year: 2013..Highly experienced behavioral and clinical investigators, pilot data suggesting intervention feasibility and promise, a large and accessible population, and an extraordinary infrastructure ensure study success. ..
- VCU Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's HealthJerome F Strauss; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- Adverse Outcomes of Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Genetics or Epigenetics?Margareta Pisarska; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Repair of Bone Defects with Human Autologous Pluripotent Very Small Embryonic likRussell S Taichman; Fiscal Year: 2013..It successful, these studies will provide the basis for the rapid clinical development of VSELs for craniofacial osseous regeneration and treatment of a number of other skeletal based disorders. ..
- Weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and factors that affect neuroendocrine functionEDWARD ANTONIO RUIZ-NARVAEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013..The proposed study will provide novel data on factors that may be contributing to the epidemic of obesity and T2D in AA women and in other population groups as well. ..
- Role of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and social stress on perinatal outcomesAmi R Zota; Fiscal Year: 2012..Results from this work will improve pregnancy outcomes and inform public health policy, particularly for vulnerable subpopulations, who often encounter elevated exposures to chemical and non-chemical stressors. ..
- Early Identification of Developmental Disorders in InfantsB Eugene Parker; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Impact of Catecholamines to Insulin-Glucose Homeostasis in IUGR FetusesSean W Limesand; Fiscal Year: 2013..Therefore, we plan to determine how a key stress response alters the developmental program in the fetal 2-cells to impair glucose homeostasis and lead to adulthood pathologies, such as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. ..
- Trial Of Late SURFactant (TOLSURF) to Prevent BPD-Data Coordinating CenterDennis M Black; Fiscal Year: 2013..This research has potential to decrease chronic infant lung disease and asthma, important areas of public health, reduce cost of care, and improve long-term outcome for premature infants. ..
- Trial of Late SURFactant (TOLSURF) to Prevent BPD - Clinical Coord CtrROBERTA ANDERSON BALLARD; Fiscal Year: 2013..This research has potential to decrease chronic infant lung disease and asthma, important areas of public health, reduce cost of care, and improve long-term outcome for premature infants. ..
- Epidemiology of testicular cancer in the Utah populationMia Hashibe; Fiscal Year: 2012..We will also study the prognosis of testicular cancer patients and examine what factors affect prognosis. Our results will be relevant for public health planning of prevention efforts against testicular cancer in Utah. ..
- PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF DELAYED CORD CLAMPING IN VLBW INFANTSJUDITH SMITH MERCER; Fiscal Year: 2012..If delaying cord clamping at the births of preterm infants lowers rates of intraventricular hemorrhage and late onset sepsis it may have a dramatic effect on the health and well being of these infants. ..
- Validation in Baboon Model of Broadband NIR Monitoring for Neonate Gut PerfusionDavid A Benaron; Fiscal Year: 2012..Aim 3 - To determine the safety of probes used with the T-Stat Perfusion Monitor. ..
- Preeclampsia, IUGR and Hypertension: Targets for TreatmentJoey P Granger; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Physiological Disturbances Associated with Neonatal Intraventricular HemorrhageJEFFREY RADIN KAISER; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Molecular Epidemiology of the Vaginal MicrobiomeRebecca M Brotman; Fiscal Year: 2013..This research will contribute valuable information on the causes of BV, help develop improved methods for diagnosing, preventing and treating BV, and may help reduce major reproductive health problems associated with BV. ..
- Cooperative Multicenter Maternal Fetal Medicine Units NetworksJohn M Thorp; Fiscal Year: 2013..This is particularly important in North Carolina as the state ranks in the bottom third of the nation with regard to perinatal/maternal health and infant mortality. ..
- Maternal Intestinal Infections and Low Birth Weight in a Rural Indian CohortRACHEL MARGARET WHELAN; Fiscal Year: 2012..Women will be interviewed, measurements taken and samples collected at a registration visit before the woman is pregnant, during the first and third trimesters and within one month of the birth of the child. ..
- CAT B Existing Wyoming PRAMSJoseph Grandpre; Fiscal Year: 2013..In addition, PRAMS fact sheets will be created for specific MCH priority issues and updated annually. All fact sheets, reports, press releases, and slide show presentations will be posted to the Wyoming PRAMS website. ..
- Maternal Androgen Excess: Vascular and Placental Function and Fetal ConsequencesKUNJU REDDIAR SATHISH KUMAR; Fiscal Year: 2012..Our rat model presents an opportunity to investigate the adverse effects of elevated maternal androgens, which may aid in improving maternal and fetal health. ..
- Dissecting the Regulation of Zinc-HomeostasisDavin Malasarn; Fiscal Year: 2010..In this work, mechanisms of zinc-sensing and adaptive response will be unraveled to understand how cells recognize and adjust to zinc deficiency and toxicity. ..
- Low birth weight, the kidney, and hypertensionBarbara T Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Novel genetic and salivary glycan biomarkers for risk of NEC in ELBW infants.Ardythe L Morrow; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Optimizing Treatment of Mental Illness during Pregnancy:Improving Infant OutcomesKatherine L Wisner; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Adrenal function and adverse CV outcomes at age 6 after extremely preterm birthKristi L Watterberg; Fiscal Year: 2013..The accelerated review process of RFA-HL-13-003 will allow inclusion of approximately 340 eligible children if this application is funded by July1, 2013. ..
- Ophthalmologic Follow-up Care for Children Born Very-Low-Birth-WeightCHIHHUNG JASON WANG; Fiscal Year: 2012..The findings will have important public health implications for tracking their health, development, and educational outcomes. ..
- Bisphenol-A and Reproductive DysfunctionVasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2013..The findings will be of relevance to the threat estrogenic environmental disruptors pose at current exposure levels to reproductive health. ..
- Development of a Yoga Intervention for Antenatal DepressionCynthia L Battle; Fiscal Year: 2012..If shown to be effective, yoga could provide depressed women with an option for treatment that may be more acceptable than existing treatments. ..
- Role of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and social stress on perinatal outcomesAmi R Zota; Fiscal Year: 2013..abstract_text> ..
- Smokeless Tobacco Use and Reproductive Health Among Married Women in a Low-incomeJean J Schensul; Fiscal Year: 2011..s. ..
- Fetal Programming and Human Physical PerformanceTom Brutsaert; Fiscal Year: 2009..This research has clear relevance for the public health, as fetal programming has been linked to various adult cardiovascular, metabolic, and endocrine disorders. ..
- Comprehensive Clinical Decision Support for the Primary Care of Premature InfantsRobert W Grundmeier; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Temperature & Vasomotor Tone During the First 5 Days in Preterms Less than 1000gROBIN BRITT KNOBEL; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- EEG synchrony of preterm infants: Regional disparities and perinatal risksPhilip Grieve; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our new method, using noninvasive measurements of infant brain electricity, has the potential to provide new methods of care for these infants. ..
- MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITST O SHEA; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- The Neonatal Microbiome and Necrotizing EnterocolitisPhillip Tarr; Fiscal Year: 2009..We might then be able to alter these factors, and prevent this abdominal catastrophe from occurring. ..
- Air Pollution and Adverse Birth OutcomesBeate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- A Collaborative, Intersectional Approach to Health Disparities in PregnancyTina Bloom; Fiscal Year: 2007..It will also bring needed health and resource information back to other women, for healthier mothers and babies in the future. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIVRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
- Early Identification of Developmental Disorders in InfantsB Parker; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Surfaces designed for the quantification of long-chain fatty acidsSTEVEN MEYERS; Fiscal Year: 2009..We hypothesize that the knowledge of the calorie content of their own breast milk will give mothers confidence to continue their breastfeeding practices at this critical time in their child's life. ..
- Effects of Noise on Newborns < 1000g BirthweightRobert Lasky; Fiscal Year: 2007..The research team consists of respected investigators skilled in assessing NICU noise, evaluating infant responses, and performing randomized trials addressing important short and long term outcomes of ELBW infants. ..
- Multiple Chronic Conditions in VLBW Infants: Epidemiology, NICU Care, and OutcomeWilliam Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2010..Because PVLBW babies are often subject to multiple chronic disorders and are over-represented in an underserved community, they are a priority population for comparative effectiveness research. ..
- AMALGAM RESTORATIONS AND PREGNANCY OUTCOMESRichard Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 1993..whether restorations increase the risk that a pregnancy will end with a spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, low birth weight infant, or congenital abnormality...
- Wed Based Outreach for Pregnant African American WomenJoAnne Herman; Fiscal Year: 2001..Posttest data will be collected after 28 weeks gestation. Pretest and posttest measurement must be at least 10 weeks apart. The hypotheses will be tested using ANCOVA, ANOVA, Chi-Square, and test of proportion. ..