low birth weight infant

Summary

Summary: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Impact of malaria during pregnancy on low birth weight in sub-Saharan Africa
    Helen L Guyatt
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
    Clin Microbiol Rev 17:760-9, table of contents. 2004
  2. ncbi The sick placenta-the role of malaria
    B J Brabin
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Placenta 25:359-78. 2004
  3. ncbi Risk factors for low birth weight: a review
    Javier Valero de Bernabé
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Universitario Santa Cristina and Medicine School of Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 116:3-15. 2004
  4. ncbi Placental monocyte infiltrates in response to Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection and their association with adverse pregnancy outcomes
    Stephen J Rogerson
    Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:115-9. 2003
  5. ncbi Fetal origins of adult disease: strength of effects and biological basis
    D J P Barker
    Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:1235-9. 2002
  6. ncbi 4 million neonatal deaths: when? Where? Why?
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, and International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 365:891-900. 2005
  7. ncbi Malaria in pregnancy as an indirect cause of infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
    H L Guyatt
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:569-76. 2001
  8. ncbi The impact of placental malaria on gestational age and birth weight
    C Menendez
    Unidad de Epidemiologia y Bioestadistica, Hospital Clinic, E 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    J Infect Dis 181:1740-5. 2000
  9. pmc Area deprivation, individual factors and low birth weight in England: is there evidence of an "area effect"?
    Chris Dibben
    School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, Irving Building, North Street, St Andrews KY16 9AL, Fife, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:1053-9. 2006
  10. ncbi Cerebral cortex thickness in 15-year-old adolescents with low birth weight measured by an automated MRI-based method
    M Martinussen
    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Brain 128:2588-96. 2005

Detail Information

Publications315 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Impact of malaria during pregnancy on low birth weight in sub-Saharan Africa
    Helen L Guyatt
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
    Clin Microbiol Rev 17:760-9, table of contents. 2004
    ..These estimates imply that around 100,000 infant deaths each year could be due to LBW caused by malaria during pregnancy in areas of malaria endemicity in Africa...
  2. ncbi The sick placenta-the role of malaria
    B J Brabin
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Placenta 25:359-78. 2004
    ..These statistics and our limited understanding of its pathogenesis suggest the research priorities on this subject...
  3. ncbi Risk factors for low birth weight: a review
    Javier Valero de Bernabé
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Universitario Santa Cristina and Medicine School of Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
    Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 116:3-15. 2004
    ..However, although interventions exist to prevent many of these factors before and during pregnancy, the incidence of LBW has not decreased...
  4. ncbi Placental monocyte infiltrates in response to Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection and their association with adverse pregnancy outcomes
    Stephen J Rogerson
    Malawi Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:115-9. 2003
    ..0001), number of ANC visits (P = 0.002), and recent febrile symptoms (P = 0.0001). Pigment-containing placental monocytes are associated with anemia and LBW due to malaria, and may have a causative role in their development...
  5. ncbi Fetal origins of adult disease: strength of effects and biological basis
    D J P Barker
    Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 31:1235-9. 2002
    ....
  6. ncbi 4 million neonatal deaths: when? Where? Why?
    Joy E Lawn
    Saving Newborn Lives Save the Children USA, and International Perinatal Care Unit, Institute of Child Health, London, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 365:891-900. 2005
    ..While we neglect these challenges, 450 newborn children die every hour, mainly from preventable causes, which is unconscionable in the 21st century...
  7. ncbi Malaria in pregnancy as an indirect cause of infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
    H L Guyatt
    Kenya Medical Research Institute Wellcome Trust Collaborative Programme, P O Box 43640, Nairobi, Kenya
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 95:569-76. 2001
    ..This may explain the high reduction in infant mortality rates from interventions aimed at reducing transmission, over and above that expected from a decline in direct malaria-specific mortality alone...
  8. ncbi The impact of placental malaria on gestational age and birth weight
    C Menendez
    Unidad de Epidemiologia y Bioestadistica, Hospital Clinic, E 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    J Infect Dis 181:1740-5. 2000
    ..This study also shows that placental malaria causes prematurity even in high-transmission areas. The impact of maternal malaria on infant mortality may be greater than was thought previously...
  9. pmc Area deprivation, individual factors and low birth weight in England: is there evidence of an "area effect"?
    Chris Dibben
    School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, Irving Building, North Street, St Andrews KY16 9AL, Fife, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:1053-9. 2006
    ..To explore the relationship between low and very low birth weights, mother's age, individual socioeconomic status and area deprivation...
  10. ncbi Cerebral cortex thickness in 15-year-old adolescents with low birth weight measured by an automated MRI-based method
    M Martinussen
    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Brain 128:2588-96. 2005
    ....
  11. pmc Associations of seafood and elongated n-3 fatty acid intake with fetal growth and length of gestation: results from a US pregnancy cohort
    Emily Oken
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:774-83. 2004
    ..Results from this US cohort support the conclusion that seafood intake during pregnancy is associated with reduced fetal growth...
  12. ncbi Elevated plasma cortisol concentrations: a link between low birth weight and the insulin resistance syndrome?
    D I Phillips
    Medical Research Council Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, United Kingdom
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 83:757-60. 1998
    ..Moreover, this study provides the first evidence that intrauterine programming of the HPAA may be a mechanism underlying the association between low birth weight and the insulin resistance syndrome in adult life...
  13. ncbi Post-neonatal infant mortality in Malawi: the importance of maternal health
    Francine H Verhoeff
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Ann Trop Paediatr 24:161-9. 2004
    ..Reduction of HIV prevalence and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV must be a main target for government health policy...
  14. ncbi Maternal hematological status and risk of low birth weight and preterm delivery in Nepal
    G T Bondevik
    Centre for International Health and the Section for Medical Statistics, Armauer Hansens Building, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 80:402-8. 2001
    ..Low maternal age, height or body mass index also increased the risk of low birth weight. Improvements in the nutritional status of young Nepali women could contribute to improved health among their infants...
  15. ncbi Is There a Causal Relationship between Iron Deficiency or Iron-Deficiency Anemia and Weight at Birth, Length of Gestation and Perinatal Mortality?
    K Rasmussen
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853
    J Nutr 131:590S-601S; discussion 601S-603S. 2001
    ....
  16. pmc Female survivors of childhood cancer: preterm birth and low birth weight among their children
    Lisa B Signorello
    International Epidemiology Institute, 1455 Research Blvd, Ste 550, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 98:1453-61. 2006
    ..We investigated whether children of female childhood cancer survivors are at elevated risk of being born preterm or exhibiting restricted fetal growth and evaluated the associations of different cancer treatments on these outcomes...
  17. ncbi Is antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight, or stillbirth?
    Amanda M Cotter
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida 33101, USA
    J Infect Dis 193:1195-201. 2006
    ..Our objective was to investigate whether antiretroviral therapy was associated with adverse pregnancy outcome at a single site...
  18. pmc Birth weight and exposure to kitchen wood smoke during pregnancy in rural Guatemala
    Erick Boy
    The Micronutrient Initiative, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Health Perspect 110:109-14. 2002
    ..Because two-thirds of households in developing countries still rely on biofuels and women of childbearing age perform most cooking tasks, the attributable risk arising from this association, if confirmed, could be substantial...
  19. pmc Fetal growth in early pregnancy and risk of delivering low birth weight infant: prospective cohort study
    Radek Bukowski
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555, USA
    BMJ 334:836. 2007
    ..To determine if first trimester fetal growth is associated with birth weight, duration of pregnancy, and the risk of delivering a small for gestational age infant...
  20. pmc Fetal responses during placental malaria modify the risk of low birth weight
    Edward R Kabyemela
    MOMS Project, Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Infect Immun 76:1527-34. 2008
    ..Because fetal cells are a source of placental IFN-gamma and cord ferritin, the fetal response to PM may modify the risk of LBW...
  21. ncbi Breast-feeding and cognitive development: a meta-analysis
    J W Anderson
    Metabolic Research Group, Veterans Affairs Medical Center
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:525-35. 1999
    ....
  22. ncbi Early differential defects of insulin secretion and action in 19-year-old caucasian men who had low birth weight
    Christine B Jensen
    Department of Endocrinology and Clinical Research Unit, Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark
    Diabetes 51:1271-80. 2002
    ..We propose that reduced insulin-stimulated glycolysis precedes overt insulin resistance in LBW men. A lower insulin secretion may contribute to impaired glucose tolerance and ultimately lead to diabetes...
  23. ncbi Birth weight and later risk of depression in a national birth cohort
    Catharine R Gale
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 184:28-33. 2004
    ..Low birth weight increases the risk of childhood behavioural problems, but it is not clear whether poor foetal growth has a long-term influence on susceptibility to depression...
  24. ncbi Social inequalities in perinatal mortality in a Southern European city
    C Borrell
    Municipal Institute of Public Health, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:5-13. 2003
    ..These results point out the need to improve the living conditions, behavioural factors and also the management of pregnancy, labour and the health care of the newborn of these mothers with greater risk...
  25. ncbi Effects of malaria during pregnancy on infant mortality in an area of low malaria transmission
    C Luxemburger
    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sod, Thailand
    Am J Epidemiol 154:459-65. 2001
    ..The prevention of malaria in pregnancy and, thus, of malaria-attributable low birth weight should increase the survival of young babies...
  26. ncbi Obstetric complications and schizophrenia: historical and meta-analytic review
    Mary Cannon
    Division of Psychological Medicine P063, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1080-92. 2002
    ..The authors trace the evolution of this literature through different methods and carry out a quantitative review of the results from prospective, population-based studies...
  27. ncbi Gestational age and birth weight in relation to school performance of 10-year-old children: a follow-up study of children born after 32 completed weeks
    Ida Kirkegaard
    Department of Obstetrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby Sygehus, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark
    Pediatrics 118:1600-6. 2006
    ..Much less is known about children of higher gestational ages and birth weights. We studied gestational age after 32 completed weeks and birth weight in relation to the child's school performance at the age of 10 years...
  28. ncbi Asthma symptoms, severity, and drug therapy: a prospective study of effects on 2205 pregnancies
    Michael B Bracken
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 102:739-52. 2003
    ..To prospectively examine in pregnant women whether asthma or asthma therapy influenced preterm delivery, intrauterine grown restriction (IUGR), or birthweight...
  29. ncbi Risk factors for preterm, low birth weight and small for gestational age birth in urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women in Townsville
    Katie Panaretto
    Townsville Aboriginal and Islanders Health Service and School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, James Cook University, Queensland
    Aust N Z J Public Health 30:163-70. 2006
    ..To assess the characteristics of Indigenous births and to examine the risk factors for preterm (<37 weeks), low birth weight (<2,500 g) and small for gestational age (SGA) births in a remote urban setting...
  30. pmc Ambient air pollution and pregnancy outcomes: a review of the literature
    Radim J Sram
    Laboratory of Genetic Ecotoxicology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Sciences, and Health Institute of Central Bohemia, Prague, Czech Republic
    Environ Health Perspect 113:375-82. 2005
    ....
  31. ncbi Reproductive health indicators and outcomes among refugee and internally displaced persons in postemergency phase camps
    Michelle Hynes
    Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop K 22, 2900 Woodcock Blvd, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    JAMA 288:595-603. 2002
    ..Despite increasing awareness of the importance of reproductive health programs and services for refugee and internally displaced populations, there is a paucity of basic epidemiological data on reproductive health outcomes...
  32. ncbi Changing patterns of low birthweight and preterm birth in the United States, 1981-98
    Amy M Branum
    Infant and Child Health Studies Branch, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782 2003, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 16:8-15. 2002
    ..Understanding the differential patterns in birth outcomes among white and black infants is necessary to develop effective interventions designed to decrease racial disparities in pregnancy outcome...
  33. pmc Maternal fish intake in late pregnancy and the frequency of low birth weight and intrauterine growth retardation in a cohort of British infants
    I Rogers
    Unit of Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, Division of Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:486-92. 2004
    ..To investigate the relation between maternal fish intake in late pregnancy and the frequency of low birth weight and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR)...
  34. ncbi Determinants of low birth weight among HIV-infected pregnant women in Tanzania
    M L Dreyfuss
    Departments of Nutrition, Biostatistics, and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 74:814-26. 2001
    ..Low birth weight (LBW) increases the risk of infant death, but little is known about its causes among HIV-infected populations in sub-Saharan Africa...
  35. ncbi Mid-arm circumference: an alternative measure for screening low birth weight babies
    Jagadish C Das
    General Hospital, Rangamati
    Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 31:1-6. 2005
    ..The researchers recommend designing of simple 'Tri-colored tape' for early detection of 'At Risk' newborns in rural community for their timely management...
  36. ncbi Comparing individual- and area-based socioeconomic measures for the surveillance of health disparities: A multilevel analysis of Massachusetts births, 1989-1991
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:823-34. 2006
    ..The risk, if any, in the absence of individual-level socioeconomic information is a conservative estimate of socioeconomic inequalities in health...
  37. ncbi Maternal antiretroviral drugs during pregnancy and infant low birth weight and preterm birth
    Edgardo G Szyld
    Hosp Diego Paroissien, Brazil
    AIDS 20:2345-53. 2006
    ..The a priori hypothesis was that protease inhibitor (PI)-containing regimens are associated with an increased risk of LBW and preterm birth...
  38. ncbi The developmental origins of adult disease
    D J P Barker
    University of Southampton, MRC Epidemiology Centre, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, England
    J Am Coll Nutr 23:588S-595S. 2004
    ..A new vision of optimal early human development is emerging which takes account of both short and long-term outcomes...
  39. ncbi Birth weight and anthropometry of newborns
    Dhananjay B Naik
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Govt Medical College, Nanded, Maharashtra, India
    Indian J Pediatr 70:145-6. 2003
    ..To determine the relationship between birth weight and the anthropometric measurements of newborn to screen for low birth weight...
  40. ncbi A review of low birth weight: predictors, precursors and morbidity outcomes
    Joan R Ashdown-Lambert
    Collaborative Research Solutions Ltd, Denbighshire, Wales
    J R Soc Promot Health 125:76-83. 2005
    ....
  41. ncbi Changing patterns of inequality in birthweight and its determinants: a population-based study, Scotland 1980-2000
    Lesley Fairley
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:342-51. 2005
    ..Both the slope and relative index of inequality had a quadratic relationship over time, with the inequalities in birthweight being greatest in the early 1980s and late 1990s...
  42. ncbi Socio-economic status, smoking during pregnancy and birth outcomes: an analysis of cross-sectional community studies in Liverpool (1993-2001)
    Ali Delpisheh
    Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    J Child Health Care 10:140-8. 2006
    ..To assess the influence of socio-economic status on pregnancy outcomes in smoking mothers...
  43. ncbi Immunization of preterm and low birth weight infants. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases
    Thomas N Saari
    Pediatrics 112:193-8. 2003
    ..Although the immunogenicity of some childhood vaccines may be decreased in the smallest PT infants, antibody concentrations achieved usually are protective...
  44. pmc Relationship between the surrogate anthropometric measures, foot length and chest circumference and birth weight among newborns of Sarlahi, Nepal
    L C Mullany
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:40-6. 2007
    ..Classification of infants into low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) or very low birth weight (VLBW, <2000 g) categories is a crucial step in targeting interventions to high-risk infants...
  45. ncbi Risk factors for preterm and small-for-gestational-age babies: a cohort from the Pacific Islands Families Study
    Wanzhen Gao
    Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Paediatr Child Health 42:785-92. 2006
    ..To explore risk factors that are associated with preterm birth and full-term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth for a Pacific population...
  46. pmc Outdoor air pollution, low birth weight, and prematurity
    M Bobak
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 108:173-6. 2000
    ..Low gestational age accounted for the association between SO(2) and low birth weight. These findings provide further support for the hypothesis that air pollution can affect the outcome of pregnancy...
  47. pmc Birth weight and cognitive function in the British 1946 birth cohort: longitudinal population based study
    M Richards
    MRC National Survey of Health and Development, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMJ 322:199-203. 2001
    ..To examine the association between birth weight and cognitive function in the normal population...
  48. ncbi Delayed childbearing and its impact on population rate changes in lower birth weight, multiple birth, and preterm delivery
    Suzanne C Tough
    Department of Pediatrics and Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Pediatrics 109:399-403. 2002
    ....
  49. ncbi Low birthweight is associated with specific changes in muscle insulin-signalling protein expression
    S E Ozanne
    Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Diabetologia 48:547-52. 2005
    ..The mechanistic basis of this phenomenon is not known. Here we investigate the effect of early growth restriction on the expression of insulin-signalling proteins in skeletal muscle in a human cohort and a rat model...
  50. ncbi Perinatal care regionalization and low birth weight infant mortality rates in Alaska
    B D Gessner
    Alaska Division of Public Health, Anchorage 99524, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:623-8. 2001
    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the failure of non-tertiary care hospitals to appropriately triage and refer pregnant women and newborns contributes to low birth weight infant death in Alaska.
  51. pmc Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and Massachusetts
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1118-24. 2007
    ..Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States...
  52. pmc Assessing the role and effectiveness of prenatal care: history, challenges, and directions for future research
    G R Alexander
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, RPHB 320, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:306-16. 2001
    ..In addition, the authors recommend directions for future research to address persistent questions regarding the function, structure, and significance of prenatal care in improving US perinatal outcomes...
  53. ncbi Sociocultural factors that affect pregnancy outcomes in two dissimilar immigrant groups in the United States
    Ashima Madan
    Department of Pediatrics and Stanford Research Prevention Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    J Pediatr 148:341-6. 2006
    ..To compare perinatal risks and outcomes in foreign- and U.S.-born Asian-Indian and Mexican women...
  54. ncbi Maternal psychological stress and distress as predictors of low birth weight, prematurity and intrauterine growth retardation
    P H C Rondó
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:266-72. 2003
    ....
  55. ncbi Racial disparities in low birthweight and the contribution of residential segregation: a multilevel analysis
    Sue C Grady
    Geography Department, Michigan State University, 130 Geography Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:3013-29. 2006
    ..This study demonstrates that residential segregation and neighborhood poverty are important determinants of racial disparity in low birthweight in New York City...
  56. pmc Birth outcomes and prenatal exposure to ozone, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter: results from the Children's Health Study
    Muhammad T Salam
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1638-44. 2005
    ..1-42.2 g), but this association was reduced and not significant after adjusting for O3. In summary, O3 exposure during the second and third trimesters and CO exposure during the first trimester were associated with reduced birth weight...
  57. pmc Ambient air pollution and adverse birth outcomes: methodologic issues in an emerging field
    Beate Ritz
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 102:182-90. 2008
    ..Investigating biological mechanisms (e.g. using ultrasound measurements and biomarkers for hypothesized pathways) is an important remaining issue...
  58. ncbi The fetal insulin hypothesis: an alternative explanation of the association of low birthweight with diabetes and vascular disease
    A T Hattersley
    Department of Diabetes and Vascular Medicine, School of Postgraduate Medicine and Health Sciences, Exeter, UK
    Lancet 353:1789-92. 1999
    ..The predisposition to NIDDM and vascular disease is likely to be the result of both genetic and fetal environmental factors...
  59. ncbi Pregnancy outcome of female survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study
    Daniel M Green
    Department of Pediatrics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 187:1070-80. 2002
    ..This study was undertaken to determine the effect, if any, of prior treatment with radiation therapy or chemotherapy for cancer diagnosed during childhood or adolescence on pregnancy loss, live births, and birth weight...
  60. pmc Choosing area based socioeconomic measures to monitor social inequalities in low birth weight and childhood lead poisoning: The Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project (US)
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:186-99. 2003
    ..To determine which area based socioeconomic measures can meaningfully be used, at which level of geography, to monitor socioeconomic inequalities in childhood health in the US...
  61. ncbi Methodological issues in studies of air pollution and reproductive health
    Tracey J Woodruff
    Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Environ Res 109:311-20. 2009
    ..This work is of critical public health importance because of widespread exposure and because perinatal outcomes are important markers of future child and adult health...
  62. ncbi A review of the literature on the effects of ambient air pollution on fetal growth
    Mildred Maisonet
    Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA
    Environ Res 95:106-15. 2004
    ..Current scientific knowledge on the impact of air pollution on fetal growth is still limited; thus, several issues should be examined further...
  63. ncbi Risk factors for severe acute lower respiratory tract infection in under-five children
    S Broor
    Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India
    Indian Pediatr 38:1361-9. 2001
    ..upper respiratory infection in siblings, severe malnutrition, cooking fuel other than liquid petroleum gas, inappropriate immunization for age and history of LRTI in the family were the significant risk factors associated with ALRTI..
  64. ncbi Determinants of childhood mortality and morbidity in urban slums in India
    Shally Awasthi
    Department of Pediatrics and Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, King George s Medical University, Lucknow UP, India
    Indian Pediatr 40:1145-61. 2003
    ....
  65. ncbi Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy and the risk of an adverse outcome
    Ruth E Tuomala
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1863-70. 2002
    ..Some studies suggest that combination antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection increases the risk of premature birth and other adverse outcomes of pregnancy...
  66. ncbi Mutations in the glucokinase gene of the fetus result in reduced birth weight
    A T Hattersley
    Department of Vascular Medicine and Diabetes Research, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Exeter, UK
    Nat Genet 19:268-70. 1998
    ..This observation suggests that variation in fetal growth could be used in the assessment of the role of genes which modify either insulin secretion or insulin action...
  67. ncbi Maternal anthropometry as predictors of low birth weight
    C Mohanty
    Department of Anatomy, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
    J Trop Pediatr 52:24-9. 2006
    ..Mothers who have anthropometric parameters in the 'red zone' are at risk of delivery LBW infants...
  68. ncbi Births: final data for 2001
    Joyce A Martin
    Natl Vital Stat Rep 51:1-102. 2002
    ..Selected data by mother's State of residence are shown, as well as data on month and day of birth, sex ratio, and age of father. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted...
  69. ncbi Cerebral palsy update
    Ingeborg Krageloh-Mann
    University Children s Hospital, Department of Paediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, Hoppe Seyler Str 1, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Brain Dev 31:537-44. 2009
    ..Language function reorganized to the right hemisphere eventually seems not to be impaired, this occurs, however, on the expense of primary right hemispheric functions...
  70. pmc Levels and risk factors for perinatal mortality in Ahmedabad, India
    D V Mavalankar
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892
    Bull World Health Organ 69:435-42. 1991
    ..Estimates of attributable risk derived from the prevalence of exposures in the population survey suggest that improvements in maternal nutrition and antenatal and intrapartum care could result in marked reductions of perinatal mortality...
  71. ncbi Trends in the prevalence of low birth weight in Okinawa, Japan: a public health perspective
    T Hokama
    School of Health Sciences, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan
    Acta Paediatr 98:242-6. 2009
    ..To review the trends in low birth weight (LBW) in Japan and Okinawa and to discuss the public health implications of the trend...
  72. ncbi Published genetic variants in retinopathy of prematurity: random forest analysis suggests a negligible contribution to risk and severity
    Gyorgy Dunai
    Csolnoky Ferenc Hospital, Veszprem, Hungary
    Curr Eye Res 33:501-5. 2008
    ..We applied a high-dimensional nonparametric method called random forest technique (RFT) to evaluate the predictive value of genetic polymorphisms in ROP at birth...
  73. ncbi Higher risk of preterm birth and low birth weight in women with periodontal disease
    N J Lopez
    Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Chile, Santiago
    J Dent Res 81:58-63. 2002
    ..3). Risk factors significantly associated with PLBW were previous PLBW, PD, fewer than 6 pre-natal visits, and low maternal weight gain. PD was associated with both preterm birth and low birth weight, independent of other risk factors...
  74. pmc US birth weight/gestational age-specific neonatal mortality: 1995-1997 rates for whites, hispanics, and blacks
    Greg R Alexander
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0022, USA
    Pediatrics 111:e61-6. 2003
    ..Our purpose for this investigation was to provide an up-to-date national reference for birth weight/gestational age-specific neonatal mortality rates for use by clinicians in care decision making and discussions with parents...
  75. ncbi Risk of preterm delivery in relation to maternal low birth weight
    Barna De
    Department of Epidemiology, Multidisciplinary International Research Training Program, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:565-71. 2007
    ..We examined the relationship between maternal low birth weight and preterm delivery risk...
  76. ncbi Effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine for control of malaria in pregnancy in western Kenya: a hospital-based study
    A M van Eijk
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre for Vector Biology and Control Research, Kisumu, Kenya
    Trop Med Int Health 9:351-60. 2004
    ....
  77. ncbi Low birth weight and high birth weight infants are both at an increased risk to have type 2 diabetes among schoolchildren in taiwan
    Jung Nan Wei
    College of Public Health, School of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Diabetes Care 26:343-8. 2003
    ..To study the effect of birth weight on risk of type 2 diabetes in the schoolchildren in Taiwan...
  78. pmc Pregnancy outcomes and outdoor air pollution: an ecological study in districts of the Czech Republic 1986-8
    M Bobak
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Occup Environ Med 56:539-43. 1999
    ..The association between outdoor air pollution and stillbirths and low birthweight in the Czech Republic, where air pollution was high, was examined...
  79. ncbi Is air pollution a risk factor for low birth weight in Seoul?
    E H Ha
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Epidemiology 12:643-8. 2001
    ..Carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and total suspended particle concentrations in the first trimester of pregnancy period are risk factors for low birth weight...
  80. pmc Effect of trihalomethane exposure on fetal development
    J M Wright
    Environmental Epidemiology Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Occup Environ Med 60:173-80. 2003
    ....
  81. ncbi Protein balance in the first week of life in ventilated neonates receiving parenteral nutrition
    P J Thureen
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 68:1128-35. 1998
    ..Protein intake is frequently delayed in ill neonates because of concerns about their ability to metabolize substrates...
  82. ncbi Hepatoblastoma and low birth weight
    Logan G Spector
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 43:706. 2004
  83. pmc Social inequalities in low birth weight in England and Wales: trends and implications for future population health
    K Moser
    Office for National Statistics, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:687-91. 2003
    ..To examine social inequalities and trends in low birth weight in England and Wales...
  84. ncbi Does labor influence neonatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely-low-birth-weight infants who are born by cesarean delivery?
    Rajan Wadhawan
    National Institute for Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network, Bethesda, MD 02905, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:501-6. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that infants who are born by cesarean delivery without labor will have better outcomes than those infants who are born by cesarean delivery with labor...
  85. pmc Evaluation of the OptiMAL rapid antigen test and species-specific PCR to detect placental Plasmodium falciparum infection at delivery
    Limangeni Mankhambo
    College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
    J Clin Microbiol 40:155-8. 2002
    ..Neither OptiMAL nor PCR testing of peripheral blood is adequately sensitive to detect all placental malaria infection, but a positive result by OptiMAL testing identifies women with a high proportion of low-birth-weight babies...
  86. ncbi Low birthweight associated with maternal anaemia and Plasmodium falciparum infection during pregnancy, in a peri-urban/urban area of low endemicity in Uganda
    I N Kasumba
    Med Biotech Laboratories, Kampala, Uganda
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 94:7-13. 2000
    ..Despite the low prevalence of parasitaemia in this population, P. falciparum infection in the primigravidae was a significant contributor to their ill health, leading to low birthweights in their infants...
  87. pmc Is chloroquine chemoprophylaxis still effective to prevent low birth weight? Results of a study in Benin
    Lise Denoeud
    Mother and Child Health in the Tropics UR 010, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Paris, France
    Malar J 6:27. 2007
    ..The prevalence of placental malaria and its burden on LBW were assessed in Benin to evaluate the efficacy of weekly CQ chemoprophylaxis, prior to its replacement by intermittent preventive treatment...
  88. ncbi First-year blood pressure increase steepest in low birthweight newborns
    Empar Lurbe
    Pediatric Nephrology and Cardiovascular Risk Unit, Departement of Pediatrics, Consorcio Hospital General, University of Valencia, Avda Tres Cruces s n, 46014 Valencia, Spain
    J Hypertens 25:81-6. 2007
    ..The present research has been undertaken prospectively to study the impact of birthweight and growth pattern on blood pressure changes from birth through the first year of life...
  89. ncbi Teenage pregnancy: risk factors for adverse perinatal outcome
    L Gortzak-Uzan
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel
    J Matern Fetal Med 10:393-7. 2001
    ..The risk for LBW was affected mainly by demographic factors (maternal ethnicity, lack of prenatal care) and medical factors (pregnancy-induced hypertension, malformations)...
  90. ncbi Maternal periodontal disease and preterm low birthweight: case-control study
    E S Davenport
    Department of Oral Growth and Development, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary, University of London, Turner Street, London E1 2AD, UK
    J Dent Res 81:313-8. 2002
    ..64 to 0.99). We found no evidence for an association between PLBW and periodontal disease. Our results do not support a specific drive to improve periodontal health of pregnant women as a means of improving pregnancy outcomes...
  91. ncbi Birth outcomes in adolescent pregnancy in an area with intense malaria transmission in Tanzania
    Ulrika Uddenfeldt Wort
    Division of International Health IHCAR, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 85:949-54. 2006
    ..This paper analyses birth outcome in adolescent pregnancy in an area of Tanzania with intense malaria transmission...
  92. ncbi High prevalence of placental malaria and low birth weight in Sahelian periurban area
    Demba Sarr
    Institut Pasteur de Dakar, Dakar, Senegal
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 75:171-7. 2006
    ..Severe anemia was also associated with chronic infection. Long-lasting infections are the most deleterious to mother and infant and are most likely associated with drug resistance of parasites...
  93. ncbi Low birthweight babies: socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics of adolescent mothers at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi
    A Wasunna
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, P O Box 19676 Nairobi, Kenya
    East Afr Med J 79:543-6. 2002
    ..To compare some socio-demographic and obstetric factors between adolescent mothers (aged below 20 years) and older mothers of low birthweight (birthweight < 2000 gm) babies...
  94. ncbi Social patterns of birth weight in Hong Kong, 1984-1997
    Y B Cheung
    Clinical Trials Centre, , University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam
    Soc Sci Med 52:1135-41. 2001
    ..05). Type of living quarters and parental relation were also related to birth weight and low birth weight (each P<0.05). Continuous monitoring of the social patterns of birth weight is recommended...
  95. ncbi Differential association of birth weight with cardiovascular risk variables in African-Americans and Whites: the Bogalusa heart study
    Fawaz Mzayek
    Tulane Center for Cardiovascular Health and Department of Epidemiology, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:258-64. 2004
    ..To study the relationship between low birth weight and the subsequent development of cardiovascular risk factors and to compare this relationship between African-Americans and whites at 7 to 21 years of age...
  96. ncbi Risk factors associated with preterm labour
    F Begum
    Deptt of Obst and Gynae, SSMC, Dhaka
    Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 29:59-66. 2003
    ..4), BMI <19 kg/m2 (OR 2.91), MAC <20 cm (OR 7.78), education <5 year (OR 2.73), income <2000 rupees (OR 5.05) and birth interval <12 months (OR 6.39) were significant risk factors for preterm labour...
  97. ncbi Association between maternal exposure to elevated ambient sulfur dioxide during pregnancy and term low birth weight
    Chih Ming Lin
    Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei Hsien, Taiwan, ROC
    Environ Res 96:41-50. 2004
    ..4 ppb of SO2 in the last trimester showed 20% higher risk (OR=1.20, 95% CI=1.01-1.41) of term LBW delivery than mothers with lower exposure (<6.8 ppb). No significant elevation ORs was observed for other air pollutants...
  98. pmc Monitoring low birth weight: an evaluation of international estimates and an updated estimation procedure
    Ann K Blanc
    Blancroft Research International, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 83:178-85. 2005
    ..To assess the effect of adjustment procedures on the estimates and propose a modified estimation procedure for international reporting purposes...
  99. pmc Low birth weight and residential proximity to PCB-contaminated waste sites
    Akerke Baibergenova
    School of Public Health, University at Albany, Rensselaer, New York 12144 3456, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 111:1352-7. 2003
    ..These observations support the hypothesis that living in a zip code near a PCB-contaminated site poses a risk of exposure and giving birth to an infant of low birth weight...
  100. ncbi Preterm births, low birth weight, and intrauterine growth restriction in three birth cohorts in Southern Brazil: 1982, 1993 and 2004
    Fernando C Barros
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Saúde e Comportamento, Universidade Catolica de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:S390-8. 2008
    ..1% in 2004. The increase in preterms could be partially explained by the growing number of pregnancy interruptions, but there must be other causes since this increase was also observed among babies born by non-induced vaginal deliveries...
  101. ncbi Maternal/newborn GSTT1 null genotype contributes to risk of preterm, low birthweight infants
    Tomoko Nukui
    Department of Medicine, The Center of Clinical Pharmacology, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Pharmacogenetics 14:569-76. 2004
    ..However, little is known about genetic susceptibility and possible interactions with cigarette smoking which may increase risk of these events...

Research Grants77

  1. Hybrid Optical/Doppler Imaging of Ischemia in NEC - a multicenter trial
    David A Benaron; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If successful, the health benefit will be large, as it is estimated that treating NEC alone (not including treating its later complications) adds $650 million to the annual health bill. ..
  2. Lactoferrin Enhances Growth and Reduces Nosocomial Infection in Preterm Infants
    Karel Petrak; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Marketing approval for TLF to treat NIs would be of great benefit to the patients and the community, and would also be of a substantial commercial value. ..
  3. Wireless At-Risk Infant Monitoring System
    JASON HOLMSTEDT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The proposed portable medical monitor system will offer a simple solution for measuring the vital health signs of at-risk newborn babies and can be used in neonatal intensive care units and home settings. ..
  4. The effect of trichloroethylene exposure on adverse pregnancy outcomes
    Iman Hassan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from this project will provide new knowledge about potential mechanisms by which environmental toxicants may contribute to adverse birth outcomes. ..
  5. Effect of Lactobacillus GG on gut permeability and microbiome in VLBW neonates
    ROSE MARIE VISCARDI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The data generated from the proposed studies will directly lead to decisions concerning future randomized safety and efficacy trials of LGG to prevent NEC in the preterm population. ..
  6. Maternal One Carbon Metabolism and Low Birth Weight Infant
    Satish C Kalhan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There are major public health and economic implications for this study, when one considers the enormous magnitude of the LBW, the associated clinical problems and the economic burden to the society. ..
  7. Outcomes of Infertility Treatments in Clinic and Population-Based Cohorts
    Joseph B Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this study will describe clinically relevant outcomes for couples seeking to have healthy children and will also inform the development of future targeted randomized trials. ..
  8. Role of Vimentin in Pathogenesis of CNS Inflammation
    Sheng He Huang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..2). Determine how Vim and PSF contribute to IbeA-induced pathogen penetration and PMN transmigration across the BBB by SCP analysis of cBMEC and genetic blockage of Vim. ..
  9. A Rapid Point-of-care Diagnostic for Neisseria gonorrhoeae STDs
    Richard F Selden; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Dean and Shafer, and the microfluidic and molecular biology expertise of Dr. Selden, the application provides a unique collaborative opportunity to finally obtain a rapid point-of-care diagnostic for GC. ..
  10. The Impact of Sleep-Disordered Breathing on Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes
    LOUISE M O apos BRIEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will ultimately lead to the development of early intervention strategies to treat sleep disordered breathing during pregnancy which may ultimately reduce risk of adverse pregnancy outcome. ..
  11. Role of Physico-chemical Properties in the Reprotoxicity of Inhaled Cd NP.
    JUDITH TERRY ZELIKOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..More effective targeted strategies initiated within this narrow window of time may reduce the number of low birth weight infants and improve obstetrical outcomes. ..
  13. High Throughput Methods to Measure Disparities in Childhood Exposure to Tobacco
    Sharon E Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  14. Right Heart-Pulmonary Vascular Interactions in Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
    Marlowe Eldridge; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have a unique and important opportunity to investigate the consequences of BPD on lung and right heart function in this population, which will inform treatment strategies and predictions of disease progression in the future. ..
  15. Click chemistry for novel antimicrobials against periodontal pathogens
    Valery V Fokin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  16. GI-Safer Formulation of Indomethacin for use in Preterm Neonates
    UPENDRA K MARATHI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This grant proposal will partially fund the development of a new molecular complex of indomethacin and phosphatidylcholine, a new formulation of indomethacin that significantly reduces GI injury. ..
  17. Reducing Preterm Births in Underserved Pregnant Women
    JAMES G CHRISTIAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..If the proposed system proves to be effective in reducing preterm births it can improve maternal and child quality of life as well as reduce the economic burden of preterm births in the U.S. ..
  18. NICHD Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network
    Geeta K Swamy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  19. Role of VEGF in Perinatal Hypertension
    STEVEN HERBERT ABMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In this renewal, we propose a series of integrative studies that incorporate physiologic, cell and molecular approaches towards understanding BPD. ..
  20. GI-Safer Formulation of Indomethacin for use in Preterm Neonates
    UPENDRA K MARATHI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  21. Biomarker Profiles for Early Diagnosis of Sepsis in Neonates
    JAMES PRESTON MAPES; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  22. Adipocyte Renin-Angiotensin System and Programming of Hypertension
    Mina Desai; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our proposed studies will therefore determine the role of adipose renin-angiotensin system in development of adult hypertension and obesity in growth restricted newborns. ..
  23. A Trial of Zinc and Micronutrients in Tanzanian Children
    Christopher P Duggan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As experts in the fields of nutrition, pediatrics, epidemiology and maternal and child health, our team is committed to further evaluating the possible role of micronutrients in improving child health. ..
  24. Routine Aspiration of Residual Gastric Contents in Very Low Birth Weight Infants
    Leslie A Parker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Public Health Relevance: This research has potential to influence health policy and practices that may directly translate to improved nutritional and health outcomes for premature VLBW infants. ..
  25. A geostatistical framework for the multi-scale boundary analysis of space-time tr
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will also facilitate the long-term quantification of the benefits of current strategies and policies for reducing the observed geographic and racial disparities in cancer stage at diagnosis and incidence of infant mortality ..
  26. Genetic Manipulation of Unreaplasma spp. Infecting Humans using Synthetic Genomic
    JOHN IRVIN GLASS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Learning how to transplant ureaplasma genomes could lead to our being able to do this for many other species including bacteria with unrealized pharmaceutical or industrial potential, for which we have no genetic tools. ..
  27. Prenatal stress biology, infant body composition and obesity risk
    Sonja Entringer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. Mechanisms of Arsenic-Induced Developmental Toxicity
    Lisa Bain; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  29. Cookstove Replacement for Prevention of ARI and Low Birthweight in Nepal
    JAMES MACK TIELSCH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..If the replacement of these stoves works to reduce respiratory infections and low birthweight, significant number of children's lives can be saved at very low cost. ..
  30. Transforming Women's Health: Discovery, Development, and Delivery
    Ellen M Daley; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Such an approach to research, practice and policy is necessary to improve health and decrease disparities in women's health across the lifespan in Florida and beyond. ..
  31. Mother Sibling Interactions
    Julie A Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed study is germane to the goal of identifying factors to promote the health of young children, particularly those who are at risk for maladjustment due to having a sibling with a chronic medical condition. ..
  32. Paternal Environmental Exposures and Reproductive Outcomes: A Comparison of in Vi
    DEBORAH ANN HANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In vivo and in vitro parameters include: a) 14.5 dpc placental and fetal weights, and crown to rump lengths;b) full term litter size, birth weights, and 5 week growth rates;and c) gross and microscopic structure. ..
  33. Motivational Incentives to Reduce Secondhand Smoke in NICU Infants'Homes
    Angela L Stotts; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Highly experienced behavioral and clinical investigators, pilot data suggesting intervention feasibility and promise, a large and accessible population, and an extraordinary infrastructure ensure study success. ..
  34. VCU Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health
    Jerome F Strauss; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  35. Adverse Outcomes of Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Genetics or Epigenetics?
    Margareta Pisarska; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  36. Repair of Bone Defects with Human Autologous Pluripotent Very Small Embryonic lik
    Russell S Taichman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It successful, these studies will provide the basis for the rapid clinical development of VSELs for craniofacial osseous regeneration and treatment of a number of other skeletal based disorders. ..
  37. Weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and factors that affect neuroendocrine function
    EDWARD ANTONIO RUIZ-NARVAEZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed study will provide novel data on factors that may be contributing to the epidemic of obesity and T2D in AA women and in other population groups as well. ..
  38. Role of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and social stress on perinatal outcomes
    Ami R Zota; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Results from this work will improve pregnancy outcomes and inform public health policy, particularly for vulnerable subpopulations, who often encounter elevated exposures to chemical and non-chemical stressors. ..
  39. Early Identification of Developmental Disorders in Infants
    B Eugene Parker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  40. Impact of Catecholamines to Insulin-Glucose Homeostasis in IUGR Fetuses
    Sean W Limesand; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, we plan to determine how a key stress response alters the developmental program in the fetal 2-cells to impair glucose homeostasis and lead to adulthood pathologies, such as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. ..
  41. Trial Of Late SURFactant (TOLSURF) to Prevent BPD-Data Coordinating Center
    Dennis M Black; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research has potential to decrease chronic infant lung disease and asthma, important areas of public health, reduce cost of care, and improve long-term outcome for premature infants. ..
  42. Trial of Late SURFactant (TOLSURF) to Prevent BPD - Clinical Coord Ctr
    ROBERTA ANDERSON BALLARD; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research has potential to decrease chronic infant lung disease and asthma, important areas of public health, reduce cost of care, and improve long-term outcome for premature infants. ..
  43. Epidemiology of testicular cancer in the Utah population
    Mia Hashibe; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will also study the prognosis of testicular cancer patients and examine what factors affect prognosis. Our results will be relevant for public health planning of prevention efforts against testicular cancer in Utah. ..
  44. PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF DELAYED CORD CLAMPING IN VLBW INFANTS
    JUDITH SMITH MERCER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..If delaying cord clamping at the births of preterm infants lowers rates of intraventricular hemorrhage and late onset sepsis it may have a dramatic effect on the health and well being of these infants. ..
  45. Validation in Baboon Model of Broadband NIR Monitoring for Neonate Gut Perfusion
    David A Benaron; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Aim 3 - To determine the safety of probes used with the T-Stat Perfusion Monitor. ..
  46. Preeclampsia, IUGR and Hypertension: Targets for Treatment
    Joey P Granger; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  47. Physiological Disturbances Associated with Neonatal Intraventricular Hemorrhage
    JEFFREY RADIN KAISER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  48. Molecular Epidemiology of the Vaginal Microbiome
    Rebecca M Brotman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This research will contribute valuable information on the causes of BV, help develop improved methods for diagnosing, preventing and treating BV, and may help reduce major reproductive health problems associated with BV. ..
  49. Cooperative Multicenter Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Networks
    John M Thorp; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This is particularly important in North Carolina as the state ranks in the bottom third of the nation with regard to perinatal/maternal health and infant mortality. ..
  50. Maternal Intestinal Infections and Low Birth Weight in a Rural Indian Cohort
    RACHEL MARGARET WHELAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Women will be interviewed, measurements taken and samples collected at a registration visit before the woman is pregnant, during the first and third trimesters and within one month of the birth of the child. ..
  51. CAT B Existing Wyoming PRAMS
    Joseph Grandpre; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition, PRAMS fact sheets will be created for specific MCH priority issues and updated annually. All fact sheets, reports, press releases, and slide show presentations will be posted to the Wyoming PRAMS website. ..
  52. Maternal Androgen Excess: Vascular and Placental Function and Fetal Consequences
    KUNJU REDDIAR SATHISH KUMAR; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our rat model presents an opportunity to investigate the adverse effects of elevated maternal androgens, which may aid in improving maternal and fetal health. ..
  53. Dissecting the Regulation of Zinc-Homeostasis
    Davin Malasarn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In this work, mechanisms of zinc-sensing and adaptive response will be unraveled to understand how cells recognize and adjust to zinc deficiency and toxicity. ..
  54. Low birth weight, the kidney, and hypertension
    Barbara T Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Novel genetic and salivary glycan biomarkers for risk of NEC in ELBW infants.
    Ardythe L Morrow; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  56. Optimizing Treatment of Mental Illness during Pregnancy:Improving Infant Outcomes
    Katherine L Wisner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  57. Adrenal function and adverse CV outcomes at age 6 after extremely preterm birth
    Kristi L Watterberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The accelerated review process of RFA-HL-13-003 will allow inclusion of approximately 340 eligible children if this application is funded by July1, 2013. ..
  58. Ophthalmologic Follow-up Care for Children Born Very-Low-Birth-Weight
    CHIHHUNG JASON WANG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The findings will have important public health implications for tracking their health, development, and educational outcomes. ..
  59. Bisphenol-A and Reproductive Dysfunction
    Vasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The findings will be of relevance to the threat estrogenic environmental disruptors pose at current exposure levels to reproductive health. ..
  60. Development of a Yoga Intervention for Antenatal Depression
    Cynthia L Battle; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..If shown to be effective, yoga could provide depressed women with an option for treatment that may be more acceptable than existing treatments. ..
  61. Role of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and social stress on perinatal outcomes
    Ami R Zota; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. Smokeless Tobacco Use and Reproductive Health Among Married Women in a Low-income
    Jean J Schensul; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..s. ..
  63. Fetal Programming and Human Physical Performance
    Tom Brutsaert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research has clear relevance for the public health, as fetal programming has been linked to various adult cardiovascular, metabolic, and endocrine disorders. ..
  64. Comprehensive Clinical Decision Support for the Primary Care of Premature Infants
    Robert W Grundmeier; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  65. Temperature & Vasomotor Tone During the First 5 Days in Preterms Less than 1000g
    ROBIN BRITT KNOBEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  66. EEG synchrony of preterm infants: Regional disparities and perinatal risks
    Philip Grieve; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our new method, using noninvasive measurements of infant brain electricity, has the potential to provide new methods of care for these infants. ..
  67. MULTICENTER NETWORK OF NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
    T O SHEA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  68. The Neonatal Microbiome and Necrotizing Enterocolitis
    Phillip Tarr; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We might then be able to alter these factors, and prevent this abdominal catastrophe from occurring. ..
  69. Air Pollution and Adverse Birth Outcomes
    Beate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. A Collaborative, Intersectional Approach to Health Disparities in Pregnancy
    Tina Bloom; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It will also bring needed health and resource information back to other women, for healthier mothers and babies in the future. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  71. MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIV
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
  72. Early Identification of Developmental Disorders in Infants
    B Parker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. Surfaces designed for the quantification of long-chain fatty acids
    STEVEN MEYERS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We hypothesize that the knowledge of the calorie content of their own breast milk will give mothers confidence to continue their breastfeeding practices at this critical time in their child's life. ..
  74. Effects of Noise on Newborns < 1000g Birthweight
    Robert Lasky; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The research team consists of respected investigators skilled in assessing NICU noise, evaluating infant responses, and performing randomized trials addressing important short and long term outcomes of ELBW infants. ..
  75. Multiple Chronic Conditions in VLBW Infants: Epidemiology, NICU Care, and Outcome
    William Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Because PVLBW babies are often subject to multiple chronic disorders and are over-represented in an underserved community, they are a priority population for comparative effectiveness research. ..
  76. AMALGAM RESTORATIONS AND PREGNANCY OUTCOMES
    Richard Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..whether restorations increase the risk that a pregnancy will end with a spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, low birth weight infant, or congenital abnormality...
  77. Wed Based Outreach for Pregnant African American Women
    JoAnne Herman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Posttest data will be collected after 28 weeks gestation. Pretest and posttest measurement must be at least 10 weeks apart. The hypotheses will be tested using ANCOVA, ANOVA, Chi-Square, and test of proportion. ..