plant roots

Summary

Summary: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Genome-wide identification and testing of superior reference genes for transcript normalization in Arabidopsis
    Tomasz Czechowski
    Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Potsdam, Germany
    Plant Physiol 139:5-17. 2005
  2. ncbi Local, efflux-dependent auxin gradients as a common module for plant organ formation
    Eva Benkova
    Zentrum für Molekularbiologie der Pflanzen, Universitat Tubingen, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Cell 115:591-602. 2003
  3. ncbi Reactive oxygen species produced by NADPH oxidase regulate plant cell growth
    Julia Foreman
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Nature 422:442-6. 2003
  4. ncbi The PIN auxin efflux facilitator network controls growth and patterning in Arabidopsis roots
    Ikram Blilou
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Nature 433:39-44. 2005
  5. ncbi Inhibition of shoot branching by new terpenoid plant hormones
    Mikihisa Umehara
    RIKEN Plant Science Center, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230 0045, Japan
    Nature 455:195-200. 2008
  6. ncbi Biomass allocation to leaves, stems and roots: meta-analyses of interspecific variation and environmental control
    Hendrik Poorter
    Plant Sciences IBG2, Forschungszentrum Julich, D 52425 Julich, Germany
    New Phytol 193:30-50. 2012
  7. ncbi The genome of Laccaria bicolor provides insights into mycorrhizal symbiosis
    F Martin
    UMR 1136, INRA Nancy Université, Interactions Arbres Microorganismes, INRA Nancy, 54280 Champenoux, France
    Nature 452:88-92. 2008
  8. ncbi Plant species and soil type cooperatively shape the structure and function of microbial communities in the rhizosphere
    Gabriele Berg
    Graz University of Technology, Environmental Biotechnology, Graz, Austria
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 68:1-13. 2009
  9. ncbi Strigolactone inhibition of shoot branching
    Victoria Gomez-Roldan
    Universite de Toulouse, UPS, CNRS, Surface Cellulaire et Signalisation chez les Végétaux, 24 Chemin de Borde Rouge, F 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
    Nature 455:189-94. 2008
  10. pmc Uncovering small RNA-mediated responses to phosphate deficiency in Arabidopsis by deep sequencing
    Li Ching Hsieh
    Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan
    Plant Physiol 151:2120-32. 2009

Detail Information

Publications308 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Genome-wide identification and testing of superior reference genes for transcript normalization in Arabidopsis
    Tomasz Czechowski
    Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Potsdam, Germany
    Plant Physiol 139:5-17. 2005
    ..The developed PCR primers or hybridization probes for the novel reference genes will enable better normalization and quantification of transcript levels in Arabidopsis in the future...
  2. ncbi Local, efflux-dependent auxin gradients as a common module for plant organ formation
    Eva Benkova
    Zentrum für Molekularbiologie der Pflanzen, Universitat Tubingen, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Cell 115:591-602. 2003
    ..Our results suggest that PIN-dependent, local auxin gradients represent a common module for formation of all plant organs, regardless of their mature morphology or developmental origin...
  3. ncbi Reactive oxygen species produced by NADPH oxidase regulate plant cell growth
    Julia Foreman
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Nature 422:442-6. 2003
    ..This indicates that NADPH oxidases control development by making ROS that regulate plant cell expansion through the activation of Ca2+ channels...
  4. ncbi The PIN auxin efflux facilitator network controls growth and patterning in Arabidopsis roots
    Ikram Blilou
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Nature 433:39-44. 2005
    ..Our data reveal an interaction network of auxin transport facilitators and root fate determinants that control patterning and growth of the root primordium...
  5. ncbi Inhibition of shoot branching by new terpenoid plant hormones
    Mikihisa Umehara
    RIKEN Plant Science Center, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230 0045, Japan
    Nature 455:195-200. 2008
    ..Thus, we propose that strigolactones act as a new hormone class-or their biosynthetic precursors-in regulating above-ground plant architecture, and also have a function in underground communication with other neighbouring organisms...
  6. ncbi Biomass allocation to leaves, stems and roots: meta-analyses of interspecific variation and environmental control
    Hendrik Poorter
    Plant Sciences IBG2, Forschungszentrum Julich, D 52425 Julich, Germany
    New Phytol 193:30-50. 2012
    ..Thus, we conclude that plants generally are less able to adjust allocation than to alter organ morphology...
  7. ncbi The genome of Laccaria bicolor provides insights into mycorrhizal symbiosis
    F Martin
    UMR 1136, INRA Nancy Université, Interactions Arbres Microorganismes, INRA Nancy, 54280 Champenoux, France
    Nature 452:88-92. 2008
    ..and biotrophic lifestyle of the mycorrhizal fungus that enables it to grow within both soil and living plant roots. The predicted gene inventory of the L...
  8. ncbi Plant species and soil type cooperatively shape the structure and function of microbial communities in the rhizosphere
    Gabriele Berg
    Graz University of Technology, Environmental Biotechnology, Graz, Austria
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 68:1-13. 2009
    ..Physiological and molecular data on the factors that drive selection processes in the rhizosphere are presented here. Furthermore, implications for agriculture, nature conservation and biotechnology will also be discussed...
  9. ncbi Strigolactone inhibition of shoot branching
    Victoria Gomez-Roldan
    Universite de Toulouse, UPS, CNRS, Surface Cellulaire et Signalisation chez les Végétaux, 24 Chemin de Borde Rouge, F 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
    Nature 455:189-94. 2008
    ..Furthermore, ccd8 mutants demonstrate the diverse effects of strigolactones in shoot branching, mycorrhizal symbiosis and parasitic weed interaction...
  10. pmc Uncovering small RNA-mediated responses to phosphate deficiency in Arabidopsis by deep sequencing
    Li Ching Hsieh
    Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan
    Plant Physiol 151:2120-32. 2009
    ..This study represents a comprehensive expression profiling of Pi-responsive small RNAs and advances our understanding of the regulation of Pi homeostasis mediated by small RNAs...
  11. ncbi Arabidopsis lateral root development: an emerging story
    Benjamin Peret
    Plant Sciences Division and Centre for Plant Integrative Biology, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, UK
    Trends Plant Sci 14:399-408. 2009
    ..We review how these studies have revealed that the plant hormone auxin represents a common signal that integrates these distinct yet interconnected developmental processes...
  12. ncbi Integration of plant responses to environmentally activated phytohormonal signals
    Patrick Achard
    John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UJ, UK
    Science 311:91-4. 2006
    ..The growth restraint conferred by DELLA proteins is beneficial and promotes survival. We propose that DELLAs permit flexible and appropriate modulation of plant growth in response to changes in natural environments...
  13. ncbi Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria
    Ben Lugtenberg
    Leiden University, Institute of Biology, Clusius Laboratory, 2333 AL Leiden, The Netherlands
    Annu Rev Microbiol 63:541-56. 2009
    ..Mechanisms of biological control by which rhizobacteria can promote plant growth indirectly, i.e., by reducing the level of disease, include antibiosis, induction of systemic resistance, and competition for nutrients and niches...
  14. ncbi A gene expression atlas of the model legume Medicago truncatula
    Vagner A Benedito
    Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, OK 73401, USA
    Plant J 55:504-13. 2008
    ..The data presented here represent an unparalleled resource for legume functional genomics, which will accelerate discoveries in legume biology...
  15. ncbi An Arabidopsis MADS box gene that controls nutrient-induced changes in root architecture
    H Zhang
    Biochemistry and Physiology Department, IACR Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
    Science 279:407-9. 1998
    ....
  16. ncbi Biological control of soil-borne pathogens by fluorescent pseudomonads
    Dieter Haas
    Department of Fundamental Microbiology, University of Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Nat Rev Microbiol 3:307-19. 2005
    Particular bacterial strains in certain natural environments prevent infectious diseases of plant roots. How these bacteria achieve this protection from pathogenic fungi has been analysed in detail in biocontrol strains of fluorescent ..
  17. ncbi A miRNA involved in phosphate-starvation response in Arabidopsis
    Hiroaki Fujii
    Institute for Integrative Genome Biology and Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Curr Biol 15:2038-43. 2005
    ..The results suggest that miRNAs have functional roles for plants to cope with fluctuations in mineral-nutrient availability in the soil...
  18. pmc IRT1, an Arabidopsis transporter essential for iron uptake from the soil and for plant growth
    Grégory Vert
    Biochimie et Physiologie Moleculaire des Plantes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004, Universite Montpellier II, 2 place Viala, F 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
    Plant Cell 14:1223-33. 2002
    ..These results clearly demonstrate that IRT1 is the major transporter responsible for high-affinity metal uptake under iron deficiency...
  19. pmc Arabidopsis NAC1 transduces auxin signal downstream of TIR1 to promote lateral root development
    Q Xie
    Laboratory of Plant Cell Biology, Institute of Molecular Agrobiology, National University of Singapore, 117604 Singapore
    Genes Dev 14:3024-36. 2000
    ..Finally, TIR1-induced lateral root development is blocked by expression of antisense NAC1 cDNA, and NAC1 overexpression can restore lateral root formation in the auxin-response mutant tir1, indicating that NAC1 acts downstream of TIR1...
  20. pmc Arabidopsis cytokinin receptor mutants reveal functions in shoot growth, leaf senescence, seed size, germination, root development, and cytokinin metabolism
    Michael Riefler
    Institute of Biology Applied Genetics, Free University of Berlin, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:40-54. 2006
    ....
  21. pmc Phenotypic plasticity of adventitious rooting in Arabidopsis is controlled by complex regulation of AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR transcripts and microRNA abundance
    Laurent Gutierrez
    Umea Plant Science Centre, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE 90183 Umea, Sweden
    Plant Cell 21:3119-32. 2009
    ..These results provide evidence of microRNA control of phenotypic variability and are a significant step forward in understanding the molecular mechanisms regulating adventitious rooting...
  22. ncbi AtPIN4 mediates sink-driven auxin gradients and root patterning in Arabidopsis
    Jiri Friml
    Max Delbruck Laboratorium in der Max Planck Gesellschaft, Koln, Germany
    Cell 108:661-73. 2002
    ..We propose a role for AtPIN4 in generating a sink for auxin below the quiescent center of the root meristem that is essential for auxin distribution and patterning...
  23. pmc Massive analysis of rice small RNAs: mechanistic implications of regulated microRNAs and variants for differential target RNA cleavage
    Dong Hoon Jeong
    Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19711, USA
    Plant Cell 23:4185-207. 2011
    ..This high-resolution analysis of rice miRNAs should be relevant to plant miRNAs in general, particularly in the Poaceae...
  24. pmc De novo sequencing and analysis of the American ginseng root transcriptome using a GS FLX Titanium platform to discover putative genes involved in ginsenoside biosynthesis
    Chao Sun
    Institute of Medicinal Plant Development IMPLAD, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Haidian District, Beijing, China
    BMC Genomics 11:262. 2010
    ..Its major bioactive constituents are the triterpene saponins known as ginsenosides. However, little is known about ginsenoside biosynthesis in American ginseng, especially the late steps of the pathway...
  25. ncbi A high-resolution root spatiotemporal map reveals dominant expression patterns
    Siobhan M Brady
    Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Science 318:801-6. 2007
    ..Methods that combine these profiles demonstrate transcriptionally rich and complex programs that define Arabidopsis root development in both space and time...
  26. ncbi PIN proteins perform a rate-limiting function in cellular auxin efflux
    Jan Petrasek
    Institute of Experimental Botany, The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 165 02 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    Science 312:914-8. 2006
    ..This suggests a direct involvement of PINs in catalyzing cellular auxin efflux...
  27. pmc Genome-wide survey and expression analysis of the plant-specific NAC transcription factor family in soybean during development and dehydration stress
    Dung Tien Le
    Signaling Pathway Research Unit, Plant Science Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, Suehiro cho, Tsurumi, Japan
    DNA Res 18:263-76. 2011
    ..Our systematic analysis has identified excellent tissue-specific and/or dehydration-responsive candidate GmNAC genes for in-depth characterization and future development of improved drought-tolerant transgenic soybeans...
  28. ncbi Genes and salt tolerance: bringing them together
    Rana Munns
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
    New Phytol 167:645-63. 2005
    ..Suggestions are made to increase the value of molecular studies in identifying genes that are important for salinity tolerance...
  29. pmc MicroRNA directs mRNA cleavage of the transcription factor NAC1 to downregulate auxin signals for arabidopsis lateral root development
    Hui Shan Guo
    Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Temasek Life Science Laboratory, National University of Singapore, 117604 Singapore
    Plant Cell 17:1376-86. 2005
    ..Moreover, the cleavage-resistant form of NAC1 mRNA was unaffected by auxin treatment. Our results indicate that auxin induction of miR164 provides a homeostatic mechanism to clear NAC1 mRNA to downregulate auxin signals...
  30. ncbi Cytokinin modulates endocytic trafficking of PIN1 auxin efflux carrier to control plant organogenesis
    Peter Marhavy
    Department of Plant Systems Biology, VIB, Technologiepark 927, B 9052 Gent, Belgium
    Dev Cell 21:796-804. 2011
    ....
  31. pmc Auxin transport promotes Arabidopsis lateral root initiation
    I Casimiro
    Departmento de Ciencias Morfologicas y Biologia Celular y Animal, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain
    Plant Cell 13:843-52. 2001
    ....
  32. ncbi Plant sesquiterpenes induce hyphal branching in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
    Kohki Akiyama
    Division of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599 8531, Japan
    Nature 435:824-7. 2005
    ..The natural strigolactones 5-deoxy-strigol, sorgolactone and strigol, and a synthetic analogue, GR24, induced extensive hyphal branching in germinating spores of the AM fungus Gigaspora margarita at very low concentrations...
  33. pmc Microarray analysis of the nitrate response in Arabidopsis roots and shoots reveals over 1,000 rapidly responding genes and new linkages to glucose, trehalose-6-phosphate, iron, and sulfate metabolism
    Rongchen Wang
    Section of Cell and Developmental Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0116, USA
    Plant Physiol 132:556-67. 2003
    ..These results show that the effect of nitrate on gene expression is substantial (affecting almost 10% of the genes with detectable mRNA levels) yet selective and affects many genes involved in carbon and nutrient metabolism...
  34. pmc Differential expression of miRNAs in response to salt stress in maize roots
    Dong Ding
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, P R China
    Ann Bot 103:29-38. 2009
    ..MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to act as key regulating factors of post-transcriptional gene expression. However, little is known about the role of miRNAs in plants' responses to abiotic stresses...
  35. ncbi The PLETHORA genes mediate patterning of the Arabidopsis root stem cell niche
    Mitsuhiro Aida
    Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3514CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Cell 119:109-20. 2004
    ..Thus, the PLT genes are key effectors for establishment of the stem cell niche during embryonic pattern formation...
  36. ncbi AtNAC2, a transcription factor downstream of ethylene and auxin signaling pathways, is involved in salt stress response and lateral root development
    Xin Jian He
    National Key Lab of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    Plant J 44:903-16. 2005
    ..AtNAC2 also promoted or inhibited downstream gene expressions. These results indicate that AtNAC2 may be a transcription factor incorporating the environmental and endogenous stimuli into the process of plant lateral root development...
  37. pmc Multilevel interactions between ethylene and auxin in Arabidopsis roots
    Anna N Stepanova
    Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA
    Plant Cell 19:2169-85. 2007
    ..This model not only implies existence of several levels of interaction but also provides a likely explanation for the strong ethylene response defects observed in auxin mutants...
  38. ncbi The role of root exudates in rhizosphere interactions with plants and other organisms
    Harsh P Bais
    Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Delaware Biotechnology Institute, Newark, Delaware 19711, USA
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 57:233-66. 2006
    ..This review describes recent advances in elucidating the role of root exudates in interactions between plant roots and other plants, microbes, and nematodes present in the rhizosphere...
  39. ncbi Polar PIN localization directs auxin flow in plants
    Justyna Wisniewska
    Center for Plant Molecular Biology ZMBP, Tubingen University, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Science 312:883. 2006
    ..This finding provides a crucial piece in the puzzle of how auxin flow can be redirected via rapid changes in PIN polarity...
  40. ncbi Conserved factors regulate signalling in Arabidopsis thaliana shoot and root stem cell organizers
    Ananda K Sarkar
    Institute of Biology III, University of Freiburg, Schanzlestrasse 1, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Nature 446:811-4. 2007
    ..Importantly, both WOX5 and WUS maintain stem cells in either a root or shoot context. Together, our data indicate that stem cell maintenance signalling in both meristems employs related regulators...
  41. ncbi Auxin inhibits endocytosis and promotes its own efflux from cells
    Tomasz Paciorek
    Zentrum für Molekularbiologie der Pflanzen, Universitat Tubingen, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Nature 435:1251-6. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi Cellular mechanisms for heavy metal detoxification and tolerance
    J L Hall
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Biomedical Sciences Building, Southampton SO16 7PX, UK
    J Exp Bot 53:1-11. 2002
    ..This review provides a broad overview of the evidence for an involvement of each mechanism in heavy metal detoxification and tolerance...
  43. ncbi The role of nutrient availability in regulating root architecture
    José López-Bucio
    Departamento de Ingeniería Genética de Plantas, Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Unidad Irapuato, Apartado Postal 629, 36500 Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 6:280-7. 2003
    ..Progress in this field has led to the cloning of regulatory genes that play pivotal roles in nutrient-induced changes to root development...
  44. ncbi TAA1-mediated auxin biosynthesis is essential for hormone crosstalk and plant development
    Anna N Stepanova
    Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
    Cell 133:177-91. 2008
    ..Thus, the IPA route of auxin production is key to generating robust auxin gradients in response to environmental and developmental cues...
  45. pmc Rhizosphere communities of genetically modified zeaxanthin-accumulating potato plants and their parent cultivar differ less than those of different potato cultivars
    Nicole Weinert
    Julius Kühn Institut Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics, Braunschweig, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:3859-65. 2009
    ..In general, the fingerprints of the two GM lines were more similar to that of the parental cultivar, and the differences observed did not exceed natural cultivar-dependent variability...
  46. ncbi A genetic framework for the control of cell division and differentiation in the root meristem
    Raffaele Dello Ioio
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Biologia Molecolare, Laboratorio di Genomica e Proteomica Funzionale dei Sistemi Modello FGPL, Università La Sapienza Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
    Science 322:1380-4. 2008
    ....
  47. ncbi Regulation of polar auxin transport by AtPIN1 in Arabidopsis vascular tissue
    L Gälweiler
    Max Delbruck Laboratorium in der Max Planck Gesellschaft, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Köln, Germany
    Science 282:2226-30. 1998
    ..AtPIN1 may act as a transmembrane component of the auxin efflux carrier...
  48. pmc Novel and nodulation-regulated microRNAs in soybean roots
    Senthil Subramanian
    Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, 975 N Warson Road, St Louis, MO 63132, USA
    BMC Genomics 9:160. 2008
    ..g. soybean) and rhizobia bacteria (e.g. Bradyrhizobium japonicum) results in root nodules where the majority of biological nitrogen fixation occurs. We sought to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) regulated during soybean-B. japonicum symbiosis...
  49. pmc Control of root cap formation by MicroRNA-targeted auxin response factors in Arabidopsis
    Jia wei Wang
    National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, People s Republic of China
    Plant Cell 17:2204-16. 2005
    ..We further demonstrate that miR160-uncoupled production of ARF16 exerts pleiotropic effects on plant phenotypes, and miR160 plays an essential role in regulating Arabidopsis development and growth...
  50. pmc Functional genomic analysis of the AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR gene family members in Arabidopsis thaliana: unique and overlapping functions of ARF7 and ARF19
    Yoko Okushima
    Plant Gene Expression Center, Albany, California 94710, USA
    Plant Cell 17:444-63. 2005
    ..These observations provide molecular insight into the unique and overlapping functions of ARF gene family members in Arabidopsis...
  51. ncbi Nitrate-regulated auxin transport by NRT1.1 defines a mechanism for nutrient sensing in plants
    Gabriel Krouk
    Biochimie et Physiologie Moleculaire des Plantes, UMR 5004 CNRS INRA SupAgro M UM2, Institut de Biologie Integrative des Plantes, Place Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
    Dev Cell 18:927-37. 2010
    ..1 represses lateral root growth at low nitrate availability by promoting basipetal auxin transport out of these roots. This defines a mechanism connecting nutrient and hormone signaling during organ development...
  52. pmc Control of Arabidopsis root development
    Jalean J Petricka
    Department of Biology and Duke Center for Systems Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 63:563-90. 2012
    ..Future refinement of these models will lead to a more complete description of the complex molecular interactions that give rise to a simple growing root...
  53. pmc Cell signalling by microRNA165/6 directs gene dose-dependent root cell fate
    Annelie Carlsbecker
    Institute of Biotechnology Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014, Finland
    Nature 465:316-21. 2010
    ..In plant roots the radial tissue organization is highly conserved with a central vascular cylinder in which two water ..
  54. pmc Cytokinin-deficient transgenic Arabidopsis plants show multiple developmental alterations indicating opposite functions of cytokinins in the regulation of shoot and root meristem activity
    Tomáš Werner
    Institute of Biology Applied Genetics, Freie Universitat Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Plant Cell 15:2532-50. 2003
    ....
  55. ncbi A soybean β-expansin gene GmEXPB2 intrinsically involved in root system architecture responses to abiotic stresses
    Wenbing Guo
    Root Biology Centre, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
    Plant J 66:541-52. 2011
    ..This finding has great agricultural potential for improving crop P uptake on both low-P and P-fertilized soils...
  56. ncbi Properties of bacterial endophytes and their proposed role in plant growth
    Pablo R Hardoim
    Department of Microbial Ecology, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN, Haren, The Netherlands
    Trends Microbiol 16:463-71. 2008
    ..The ecological role of these endophytes and their relevance for plant growth are discussed here...
  57. pmc MicroRNA399 is a long-distance signal for the regulation of plant phosphate homeostasis
    Bikram Datt Pant
    Max Planck Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology, Science Park Golm, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
    Plant J 53:731-8. 2008
    ..Hence the transported miR399 molecules retain biological activity. This is a demonstration of systemic control of a biological process, i.e. maintenance of plant Pi homeostasis, by a phloem-mobile microRNA...
  58. ncbi Reciprocal rewards stabilize cooperation in the mycorrhizal symbiosis
    E Toby Kiers
    Institute of Ecological Science, Vrije Universiteit, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Science 333:880-2. 2011
    ..Rather, the mutualism is evolutionarily stable because control is bidirectional, and partners offering the best rate of exchange are rewarded...
  59. pmc Ethylene biosynthesis and signaling networks
    Kevin L C Wang
    Plant Biology Laboratory, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Plant Cell 14:S131-51. 2002
  60. ncbi Root developmental adaptation to phosphate starvation: better safe than sorry
    Benjamin Peret
    UMR 6191 CEA, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire de Biologie du Développement des Plantes, Universite d Aix Marseille, 13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance, France
    Trends Plant Sci 16:442-50. 2011
    ..Such an improvement is needed in order to adjust how we manage limited phosphorus stocks and to reduce the disastrous environmental effects of phosphate fertilizers overuse...
  61. pmc The oxylipin signal jasmonic acid is activated by an enzyme that conjugates it to isoleucine in Arabidopsis
    Paul E Staswick
    Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA
    Plant Cell 16:2117-27. 2004
    ..Plant hormone activation by conjugation to amino acids and the enzymes involved in their formation were previously unknown...
  62. ncbi How do plants respond to nutrient shortage by biomass allocation?
    Christian Hermans
    Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Génétique Moléculaire des Plantes, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard du Triomphe CP 242, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Trends Plant Sci 11:610-7. 2006
    ....
  63. pmc Root-specific reduction of cytokinin causes enhanced root growth, drought tolerance, and leaf mineral enrichment in Arabidopsis and tobacco
    Tomáš Werner
    Institute of Biology Applied Genetics, Dahlem Centre of Plant Sciences, Freie Universitat Berlin, D 14195 Berlin, Germany
    Plant Cell 22:3905-20. 2010
    ..Our approach might contribute to improve drought tolerance, nutrient efficiency, and nutrient content of crop plants...
  64. ncbi Physiological and molecular approaches to improve drought resistance in soybean
    Lakshmi P Manavalan
    National Center for Soybean Biotechnology and Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Plant Cell Physiol 50:1260-76. 2009
    ....
  65. pmc Genome-wide temporal-spatial gene expression profiling of drought responsiveness in rice
    Di Wang
    Institute of Crop Sciences National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China
    BMC Genomics 12:149. 2011
    ..The transcriptome from leaf, root, and young panicle at three developmental stages was comparatively analyzed combined with bioinformatics exploring drought stress related cis-elements...
  66. pmc Physiological effects of the synthetic strigolactone analog GR24 on root system architecture in Arabidopsis: another belowground role for strigolactones?
    Carolien Ruyter-Spira
    Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, 6700 AR Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Physiol 155:721-34. 2011
    ..We postulate that the tightly balanced auxin-strigolactone interaction is the basis for the mechanism of the regulation of the plants' root-to-shoot ratio...
  67. ncbi Involvement of OsSPX1 in phosphate homeostasis in rice
    Chuang Wang
    State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
    Plant J 57:895-904. 2009
    ..This suggests that OsSPX1 acts via a negative feedback loop to optimize growth under phosphate-limited conditions...
  68. pmc Root-specific expression of OsNAC10 improves drought tolerance and grain yield in rice under field drought conditions
    Jin Seo Jeong
    School of Biotechnology and Environmental Engineering, Myongji University, Yongin 449 728, Korea
    Plant Physiol 153:185-97. 2010
    ..Overall, our results demonstrated that root-specific overexpression of OsNAC10 enlarges roots, enhancing drought tolerance of transgenic plants, which increases grain yield significantly under field drought conditions...
  69. ncbi The challenge of improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop plants: towards a more central role for genetic variability and quantitative genetics within integrated approaches
    Bertrand Hirel
    Unité de Nutrition Azotée des Plantes, UR 511, INRA de Versailles, Route de St Cyr, F 78026 Versailles Cedex, France
    J Exp Bot 58:2369-87. 2007
    ..Current knowledge and prospects for future agronomic development and application for breeding crops adapted to lower fertilizer input are explored, taking into account the world economic and environmental constraints in the next century...
  70. pmc AtPIN2 defines a locus of Arabidopsis for root gravitropism control
    A Muller
    Max Delbruck Laboratorium in der Max Planck Gesellschaft, Max Planck Institut fur Zuchtungsforschung, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Köln, Germany
    EMBO J 17:6903-11. 1998
    ..These results suggest that AtPIN2 plays an important role in control of gravitropism regulating the redistribution of auxin from the stele towards the elongation zone of roots...
  71. pmc Early effects of salinity on water transport in Arabidopsis roots. Molecular and cellular features of aquaporin expression
    Yann Boursiac
    Biochimie et Physiologie Moleculaire des Plantes, Agro Montpellier Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Institut National de la Recheche Agonomique Université Montpellier 2, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004, France
    Plant Physiol 139:790-805. 2005
    ..and aquaporin expression and investigate possible molecular and cellular mechanisms of aquaporin regulation in plant roots under stress...
  72. ncbi Functional redundancy of PIN proteins is accompanied by auxin-dependent cross-regulation of PIN expression
    Anne Vieten
    Centre for Molecular Biology of Plants, University Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 3, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Development 132:4521-31. 2005
    ..The compensatory properties of the PIN-dependent transport network might enable the stabilization of auxin gradients and potentially contribute to the robustness of plant adaptive development...
  73. pmc The bHLH transcription factor POPEYE regulates response to iron deficiency in Arabidopsis roots
    Terri A Long
    Department of Biology and Institute for Genome Science and Policy Center for Systems Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Plant Cell 22:2219-36. 2010
    ..PYE and BTS expression is also tightly coregulated. We propose that interactions among PYE, PYE homologs, and BTS are important for maintaining iron homeostasis under low iron conditions...
  74. ncbi Molecular mechanisms of metal hyperaccumulation in plants
    Nathalie Verbruggen
    Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    New Phytol 181:759-76. 2009
    ..This review presents key aspects of our current understanding of plant metal – in particular cadmium (Cd),nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn) – hyperaccumulation...
  75. ncbi Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property
    Michael W I Schmidt
    Department of Geography, University of Zurich, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland
    Nature 478:49-56. 2011
    ..Here we propose ways to include this understanding in a new generation of experiments and soil carbon models, thereby improving predictions of the SOM response to global warming...
  76. pmc Generation of cell polarity in plants links endocytosis, auxin distribution and cell fate decisions
    Pankaj Dhonukshe
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Nature 456:962-6. 2008
    ..It also highlights the link between endocytosis-dependent polarity of individual cells and auxin distribution-dependent cell fate establishment for multicellular patterning...
  77. ncbi Clathrin-mediated constitutive endocytosis of PIN auxin efflux carriers in Arabidopsis
    Pankaj Dhonukshe
    Center for Plant Molecular Biology ZMBP, Auf der Morgenstelle 3, University of Tubingen, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Curr Biol 17:520-7. 2007
    ..Our data demonstrate that clathrin-dependent endocytosis is operational in plants and constitutes the predominant pathway for the internalization of numerous plasma-membrane-resident proteins including PIN auxin efflux carriers...
  78. pmc Arabidopsis ASA1 is important for jasmonate-mediated regulation of auxin biosynthesis and transport during lateral root formation
    Jiaqiang Sun
    State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, National Centre for Plant Gene Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    Plant Cell 21:1495-511. 2009
    b>Plant roots show an impressive degree of plasticity in adapting their branching patterns to ever-changing growth conditions...
  79. pmc Characterization of an Arabidopsis enzyme family that conjugates amino acids to indole-3-acetic acid
    Paul E Staswick
    Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA
    Plant Cell 17:616-27. 2005
    ..This evidence establishes that several GH3 genes encode IAA-amido synthetases, which help to maintain auxin homeostasis by conjugating excess IAA to amino acids...
  80. pmc Root exudates regulate soil fungal community composition and diversity
    Corey D Broeckling
    Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:738-44. 2008
    ..This study establishes root exudates as a mechanism through which a plant is able to regulate soil fungal community composition...
  81. ncbi Flagella-driven chemotaxis towards exudate components is an important trait for tomato root colonization by Pseudomonas fluorescens
    Sandra de Weert
    Leiden University, Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, The Netherlands
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 15:1173-80. 2002
    ..fluorescens WCS365 cells in the tomato rhizosphere...
  82. pmc The putative plasma membrane Na(+)/H(+) antiporter SOS1 controls long-distance Na(+) transport in plants
    Huazhong Shi
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
    Plant Cell 14:465-77. 2002
    ..We present a model in which SOS1 functions in retrieving Na(+) from the xylem stream under severe salt stress, whereas under mild salt stress it may function in loading Na(+) into the xylem...
  83. pmc Genome-wide Medicago truncatula small RNA analysis revealed novel microRNAs and isoforms differentially regulated in roots and nodules
    Christine Lelandais-Brière
    Institut des Sciences du Vegetal, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, F 91198 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France
    Plant Cell 21:2780-96. 2009
    ..Spatial regulation of miRNAs may determine specialization of regulatory RNA networks in plant differentiation processes, such as root nodule formation...
  84. ncbi Transcriptional regulation of ROS controls transition from proliferation to differentiation in the root
    Hironaka Tsukagoshi
    Department of Biology and Institute for Genome Science and Policy Center for Systems Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Cell 143:606-16. 2010
    ..This pathway functions independently of auxin and cytokinin plant hormonal signaling. Comparison to ROS-regulated growth control in animals suggests that a similar mechanism is used in plants and animals...
  85. pmc Strigolactones are transported through the xylem and play a key role in shoot architectural response to phosphate deficiency in nonarbuscular mycorrhizal host Arabidopsis
    Wouter Kohlen
    Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Physiol 155:974-87. 2011
    ..Together, these results show that xylem-transported strigolactones contribute to the regulation of shoot architectural response to phosphate-limiting conditions...
  86. pmc Histidine kinase homologs that act as cytokinin receptors possess overlapping functions in the regulation of shoot and root growth in Arabidopsis
    Chika Nishimura
    Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya University, Chikusa ku, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
    Plant Cell 16:1365-77. 2004
    ....
  87. pmc How rhizobial symbionts invade plants: the Sinorhizobium-Medicago model
    Kathryn M Jones
    Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Building 68, Room 633, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    Nat Rev Microbiol 5:619-33. 2007
    ....
  88. ncbi A PINOID-dependent binary switch in apical-basal PIN polar targeting directs auxin efflux
    Jiri Friml
    Developmental Genetics, Center for Molecular Biology of Plants, University Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 3, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Science 306:862-5. 2004
    ..Our results show that a PINOID-dependent binary switch controls PIN polarity and mediates changes in auxin flow to create local gradients for patterning processes...
  89. pmc miR390, Arabidopsis TAS3 tasiRNAs, and their AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR targets define an autoregulatory network quantitatively regulating lateral root growth
    Elena Marin
    Laboratoire de Biologie du Développement des Plantes, Commissariat à l Energie Atomique Cadarache, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite Aix Marseille, 13108 St Paul lez Durance, France
    Plant Cell 22:1104-17. 2010
    ..These results also show how small regulatory RNAs integrate with auxin signaling to quantitatively regulate organ growth during development...
  90. pmc The regulation of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis by phosphate in pea involves early and systemic signalling events
    Coline Balzergue
    Universite de Toulouse, UPS, UMR 5546, Surfaces Cellulaires et Signalisation chez les Végétaux, BP 42617, F 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
    J Exp Bot 62:1049-60. 2011
    ..Together, the results suggest the existence of additional early signals that may control the differentiation of hyphopodia...
  91. ncbi Signaling network in sensing phosphate availability in plants
    Tzyy Jen Chiou
    Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 62:185-206. 2011
    ..In this review, we outline the current knowledge on this subject and present hypotheses pertaining to other potential signals and to the organization and coordination of signaling...
  92. ncbi The endophytic continuum
    Barbara Schulz
    Institute of Microbiology, Technical University of Braunschweig, Spielmannstrasse 7, D 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
    Mycol Res 109:661-86. 2005
    ..This phenotypic plasticity is a motor of evolution...
  93. pmc Auxin regulation of the microRNA390-dependent transacting small interfering RNA pathway in Arabidopsis lateral root development
    Eun Kyung Yoon
    Department of Biological Science and the Basic Science Research Institute, Chun chun Dong 300, Jang An Gu, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, 440 746, Korea
    Nucleic Acids Res 38:1382-91. 2010
    ..We propose that, together with auxin concentration sensing through miR390 transcription, the tasiRNA-ARF pathway mediates the auxin response and ARF4-mediated LR developmental processes...
  94. pmc Genome-wide expression profiling of soybean two-component system genes in soybean root and shoot tissues under dehydration stress
    Dung Tien Le
    Signaling Pathway Research Unit, Plant Science Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, 1 7 22 Suehiro cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama, Japan
    DNA Res 18:17-29. 2011
    ....
  95. ncbi Fine root branch orders respond differentially to carbon source-sink manipulations in a longleaf pine forest
    Dali L Guo
    Jones Ecological Research Center, Route 2, Box 2324, Newton, GA 39870, USA
    Oecologia 140:450-7. 2004
    ....
  96. pmc Phloem small RNAs, nutrient stress responses, and systemic mobility
    Anja Buhtz
    Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas UPM INIA, Campus de Montegancedo, M40 km38, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcon Madrid, Spain
    BMC Plant Biol 10:64. 2010
    ..Recently, specific miRNAs emerged as a new type of regulating molecules during stress and nutrient deficiency responses, and miR399 was suggested to be a phloem-mobile long-distance signal involved in the phosphate starvation response...
  97. ncbi Strigolactones are regulators of root development
    Hinanit Koltai
    Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
    New Phytol 190:545-9. 2011
    ..Strigolactone regulation of plant development suggests that they are coordinators of shoot and root development and mediators of plant responses to environmental conditions...
  98. ncbi Sulphur starvation induces the expression of microRNA-395 and one of its target genes but in different cell types
    Cintia Goulart Kawashima
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Plant J 57:313-21. 2009
    ..These results illustrate that negative temporal correlation between the expression level of a miRNA and its target gene in a complex tissue cannot be a requirement for target gene validation...
  99. ncbi OsSPX1 suppresses the function of OsPHR2 in the regulation of expression of OsPT2 and phosphate homeostasis in shoots of rice
    Fang Liu
    State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Life Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
    Plant J 62:508-17. 2010
    ..This finding provides new insight into the regulatory mechanism of Pi uptake, translocation, allocation and homeostasis in plants...
  100. ncbi Ethylene signalling and ethylene-targeted transcription factors are required to balance beneficial and nonbeneficial traits in the symbiosis between the endophytic fungus Piriformospora indica and Arabidopsis thaliana
    Iris Camehl
    Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, Institut für Allgemeine Botanik und Pflanzenphysiologie, Jena, Germany
    New Phytol 185:1062-73. 2010
    ..The results show that the restriction of fungal growth by ethylene signalling components is required for the beneficial interaction between the two symbionts...
  101. ncbi The role of root apoplastic transport barriers in salt tolerance of rice (Oryza sativa L.)
    Pannaga Krishnamurthy
    National Centre for Biological Sciences, TIFR, Bangalore 560065, India
    Planta 230:119-34. 2009
    ..Enhanced barriers were detected after several days of moderate stress. Overall, more extensive apoplastic barriers in roots correlated with reduced Na+ uptake and enhanced survival when challenged with high salinity...

Research Grants24

  1. Nano-scale Mechanisms of Metal(loid) Rhizostabilization in Desert Mine Tailings
    JONATHAN D CHOROVER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The role of plant roots and microbes in promoting mineral dissolution-precipitation reactions and associated metal sequestration is an ..
  2. Rhizo-mining of root exudates for therapeutics against Enterococcus species
    Harsh P Bais; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is expected that these novel efforts will lead to the development of new therapeutics leading to characterization of anti-infective for the treatment of Enterococcus infections. ..
  3. Regulated Assembly of Subcellular Structures in alpha-Proteobacteria
    JOSEPH CHIUNG CHU CHEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..components are conserved in Sinorhizobium meliloti, a related bacterium that induces nodule formation in plant roots during symbiosis. However, S. meliloti cells are morphologically symmetric compared to C. crescentus...
  4. Root exudates as a new chemical-mining pool for isolation of novel antimicrobials
    Harsh P Bais; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..faecalis and E. faecium with a variety of plant species. This screen would utilize the plant roots ability to sense and respond to the bacteria through specific elicitation of compounds and infectivity in plant ..
  5. TAXIS OF RHIZOBIA TO LOCALIZED SITES ON LEGUME ROOTS
    KOSTIA BERGMAN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The findings of these studies will be relevant for study of bacterial infection in other complex microenvironments including, for example, the mouth and the gut...
  6. RHIZOBIUM EXOPOLYSACCHARIDES AND NODULATION
    JOHN LEIGH; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..the polysaccharide, assaying attachment of polysaccharide deficient mutants and of the polysaccharide itself to plant roots or extracted components of plant roots, investigating the effect of isolated polysaccharide on nodulation or ..
  7. Cell-specific transcriptional responses to environmental stress in Arabidopsis
    Anjali Iyer Pascuzzi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The complex interactions through which life develops are thus likely to follow broadly parallel patterns. ..
  8. Quantifying deformable motion in growth and motility
    K PALANIAPPAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Quantifying motility algorithmically, at high accuracy, and at essentially every pixel of an image, should enjoy myriad applications throughout biomedicine. ..
  9. Mechanotransduction & Gravity Signaling in Biol Systems
    Martin Chalfie; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..sensors, there are major advances in our understanding of mechanosensing in nonspecialized tissues (bone, plant roots and shoots)...
  10. Kinetotoxic Mechanisms of Environmental Carcinogens
    James Sherley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Such insights will advance efforts to develop better strategies to limit morbidity associated with exposure to environmental carcinogens. ..
  11. Akt activation sustains silica induced inflammation
    CELINE BEAMER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. 3rd ASM Conference on Cell-Cell Communication in Bacteria
    WILLIAM FUQUA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. MATRIX-ASSISTED LASER DESORPTION TOF MASS SPECTROMETER
    Richard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Mechanisms of prostate cancer prevention by lycopene
    Richard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These human studies will provide vital information for the design of future clinical trials investigating the chemoprevention of prostate cancer by lycopene. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. HPLC time-of-flight mass spectrometer for accurate mass measurements
    Richard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to natural product chemists and synthetic organic chemists in the user community who rely upon rapid analyses of their compounds in order to advance with their NIH-funded research programs [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINANTS OF MALARIA IN BELIZE
    Eliska Rejmankova; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will also explore management options such as selective burning that will prevent establishment of TDM and formation of An. vestitipennis habitats. ..
  17. Microbial Outcomes of Minimal Intervention Treatment
    Mathilde Peters; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This investigation is a clinical and molecular re-entry study of sealing of caries, in support of a future full-scale clinical trial of incomplete caries removal. ..
  18. 2D-HPLC-Tandem Mass Spectrometer for Proteomics
    Richard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Overall, the proposed 2D mu LC-MS/MS instrument will complement the existing proteomics resources on campus and will enhance the current research of NIH-funded users by providing analytical capabilities currently unavailable on campus. ..
  19. Flavocoxid: A Medical Food Therapy for Osteoarthritis
    Sarah Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This innovative compound has commercial potential with its expected efficacy comparable to or exceeding the currently marketed COX inhibitors but with fewer side effects and at a significantly lower cost. ..
  20. The Bioavilaibility of Folate in Humans
    Richard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our new LC-MS-MS assay and the use of 13C-labeled folate species will provide new and more detailed information on the uptake, metabolism, and bioavailability of folates than has been possible previously. ..
  21. Phospholipid-induced Motility in Bacillus cereus Group
    R Fall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Such information will be thebasis for future studies or the biochemical mechanism of gliding motility in B. cereus family, and may lead to new strategies to control tissue invasion by these pathogens. ..
  22. Interaction of auxin and abscisic acid signaling
    LUCIA STRADER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By studying and cloning suppresors, as well as identifying IBR5 substrates, a more in-depth understanding of auxin and ABA cross-talk will be gained. ..
  23. Roles of the SKU genes in directional cell expansion
    JOHN SEDBROOK; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..They should also provide insights into mechanisms that control microtubule assembly and stability. ..