Genomes and Genes
Summary: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Publications308 found, 100 shown here
- Genome-wide identification and testing of superior reference genes for transcript normalization in ArabidopsisTomasz Czechowski
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Potsdam, Germany
Plant Physiol 139:5-17. 2005..The developed PCR primers or hybridization probes for the novel reference genes will enable better normalization and quantification of transcript levels in Arabidopsis in the future...
- Local, efflux-dependent auxin gradients as a common module for plant organ formationEva Benkova
Zentrum für Molekularbiologie der Pflanzen, Universitat Tubingen, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Cell 115:591-602. 2003..Our results suggest that PIN-dependent, local auxin gradients represent a common module for formation of all plant organs, regardless of their mature morphology or developmental origin...
- Reactive oxygen species produced by NADPH oxidase regulate plant cell growthJulia Foreman
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
Nature 422:442-6. 2003..This indicates that NADPH oxidases control development by making ROS that regulate plant cell expansion through the activation of Ca2+ channels...
- The PIN auxin efflux facilitator network controls growth and patterning in Arabidopsis rootsIkram Blilou
Department of Molecular Genetics, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
Nature 433:39-44. 2005..Our data reveal an interaction network of auxin transport facilitators and root fate determinants that control patterning and growth of the root primordium...
- Inhibition of shoot branching by new terpenoid plant hormonesMikihisa Umehara
RIKEN Plant Science Center, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230 0045, Japan
Nature 455:195-200. 2008..Thus, we propose that strigolactones act as a new hormone class-or their biosynthetic precursors-in regulating above-ground plant architecture, and also have a function in underground communication with other neighbouring organisms...
- Biomass allocation to leaves, stems and roots: meta-analyses of interspecific variation and environmental controlHendrik Poorter
Plant Sciences IBG2, Forschungszentrum Julich, D 52425 Julich, Germany
New Phytol 193:30-50. 2012..Thus, we conclude that plants generally are less able to adjust allocation than to alter organ morphology...
- The genome of Laccaria bicolor provides insights into mycorrhizal symbiosisF Martin
UMR 1136, INRA Nancy Université, Interactions Arbres Microorganismes, INRA Nancy, 54280 Champenoux, France
Nature 452:88-92. 2008..and biotrophic lifestyle of the mycorrhizal fungus that enables it to grow within both soil and living plant roots. The predicted gene inventory of the L...
- Plant species and soil type cooperatively shape the structure and function of microbial communities in the rhizosphereGabriele Berg
Graz University of Technology, Environmental Biotechnology, Graz, Austria
FEMS Microbiol Ecol 68:1-13. 2009..Physiological and molecular data on the factors that drive selection processes in the rhizosphere are presented here. Furthermore, implications for agriculture, nature conservation and biotechnology will also be discussed...
- Strigolactone inhibition of shoot branchingVictoria Gomez-Roldan
Universite de Toulouse, UPS, CNRS, Surface Cellulaire et Signalisation chez les Végétaux, 24 Chemin de Borde Rouge, F 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
Nature 455:189-94. 2008..Furthermore, ccd8 mutants demonstrate the diverse effects of strigolactones in shoot branching, mycorrhizal symbiosis and parasitic weed interaction...
- Uncovering small RNA-mediated responses to phosphate deficiency in Arabidopsis by deep sequencingLi Ching Hsieh
Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan
Plant Physiol 151:2120-32. 2009..This study represents a comprehensive expression profiling of Pi-responsive small RNAs and advances our understanding of the regulation of Pi homeostasis mediated by small RNAs...
- Arabidopsis lateral root development: an emerging storyBenjamin Peret
Plant Sciences Division and Centre for Plant Integrative Biology, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, UK
Trends Plant Sci 14:399-408. 2009..We review how these studies have revealed that the plant hormone auxin represents a common signal that integrates these distinct yet interconnected developmental processes...
- Integration of plant responses to environmentally activated phytohormonal signalsPatrick Achard
John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UJ, UK
Science 311:91-4. 2006..The growth restraint conferred by DELLA proteins is beneficial and promotes survival. We propose that DELLAs permit flexible and appropriate modulation of plant growth in response to changes in natural environments...
- Plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteriaBen Lugtenberg
Leiden University, Institute of Biology, Clusius Laboratory, 2333 AL Leiden, The Netherlands
Annu Rev Microbiol 63:541-56. 2009..Mechanisms of biological control by which rhizobacteria can promote plant growth indirectly, i.e., by reducing the level of disease, include antibiosis, induction of systemic resistance, and competition for nutrients and niches...
- A gene expression atlas of the model legume Medicago truncatulaVagner A Benedito
Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, OK 73401, USA
Plant J 55:504-13. 2008..The data presented here represent an unparalleled resource for legume functional genomics, which will accelerate discoveries in legume biology...
- An Arabidopsis MADS box gene that controls nutrient-induced changes in root architectureH Zhang
Biochemistry and Physiology Department, IACR Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts AL5 2JQ, UK
Science 279:407-9. 1998....
- Biological control of soil-borne pathogens by fluorescent pseudomonadsDieter Haas
Department of Fundamental Microbiology, University of Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Nat Rev Microbiol 3:307-19. 2005Particular bacterial strains in certain natural environments prevent infectious diseases of plant roots. How these bacteria achieve this protection from pathogenic fungi has been analysed in detail in biocontrol strains of fluorescent ..
- A miRNA involved in phosphate-starvation response in ArabidopsisHiroaki Fujii
Institute for Integrative Genome Biology and Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA
Curr Biol 15:2038-43. 2005..The results suggest that miRNAs have functional roles for plants to cope with fluctuations in mineral-nutrient availability in the soil...
- IRT1, an Arabidopsis transporter essential for iron uptake from the soil and for plant growthGrégory Vert
Biochimie et Physiologie Moleculaire des Plantes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004, Universite Montpellier II, 2 place Viala, F 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
Plant Cell 14:1223-33. 2002..These results clearly demonstrate that IRT1 is the major transporter responsible for high-affinity metal uptake under iron deficiency...
- Arabidopsis NAC1 transduces auxin signal downstream of TIR1 to promote lateral root developmentQ Xie
Laboratory of Plant Cell Biology, Institute of Molecular Agrobiology, National University of Singapore, 117604 Singapore
Genes Dev 14:3024-36. 2000..Finally, TIR1-induced lateral root development is blocked by expression of antisense NAC1 cDNA, and NAC1 overexpression can restore lateral root formation in the auxin-response mutant tir1, indicating that NAC1 acts downstream of TIR1...
- Arabidopsis cytokinin receptor mutants reveal functions in shoot growth, leaf senescence, seed size, germination, root development, and cytokinin metabolismMichael Riefler
Institute of Biology Applied Genetics, Free University of Berlin, Germany
Plant Cell 18:40-54. 2006....
- Phenotypic plasticity of adventitious rooting in Arabidopsis is controlled by complex regulation of AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR transcripts and microRNA abundanceLaurent Gutierrez
Umea Plant Science Centre, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE 90183 Umea, Sweden
Plant Cell 21:3119-32. 2009..These results provide evidence of microRNA control of phenotypic variability and are a significant step forward in understanding the molecular mechanisms regulating adventitious rooting...
- AtPIN4 mediates sink-driven auxin gradients and root patterning in ArabidopsisJiri Friml
Max Delbruck Laboratorium in der Max Planck Gesellschaft, Koln, Germany
Cell 108:661-73. 2002..We propose a role for AtPIN4 in generating a sink for auxin below the quiescent center of the root meristem that is essential for auxin distribution and patterning...
- Massive analysis of rice small RNAs: mechanistic implications of regulated microRNAs and variants for differential target RNA cleavageDong Hoon Jeong
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19711, USA
Plant Cell 23:4185-207. 2011..This high-resolution analysis of rice miRNAs should be relevant to plant miRNAs in general, particularly in the Poaceae...
- De novo sequencing and analysis of the American ginseng root transcriptome using a GS FLX Titanium platform to discover putative genes involved in ginsenoside biosynthesisChao Sun
Institute of Medicinal Plant Development IMPLAD, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Haidian District, Beijing, China
BMC Genomics 11:262. 2010..Its major bioactive constituents are the triterpene saponins known as ginsenosides. However, little is known about ginsenoside biosynthesis in American ginseng, especially the late steps of the pathway...
- A high-resolution root spatiotemporal map reveals dominant expression patternsSiobhan M Brady
Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Science 318:801-6. 2007..Methods that combine these profiles demonstrate transcriptionally rich and complex programs that define Arabidopsis root development in both space and time...
- PIN proteins perform a rate-limiting function in cellular auxin effluxJan Petrasek
Institute of Experimental Botany, The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 165 02 Prague 6, Czech Republic
Science 312:914-8. 2006..This suggests a direct involvement of PINs in catalyzing cellular auxin efflux...
- Genome-wide survey and expression analysis of the plant-specific NAC transcription factor family in soybean during development and dehydration stressDung Tien Le
Signaling Pathway Research Unit, Plant Science Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, Suehiro cho, Tsurumi, Japan
DNA Res 18:263-76. 2011..Our systematic analysis has identified excellent tissue-specific and/or dehydration-responsive candidate GmNAC genes for in-depth characterization and future development of improved drought-tolerant transgenic soybeans...
- Genes and salt tolerance: bringing them togetherRana Munns
CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
New Phytol 167:645-63. 2005..Suggestions are made to increase the value of molecular studies in identifying genes that are important for salinity tolerance...
- MicroRNA directs mRNA cleavage of the transcription factor NAC1 to downregulate auxin signals for arabidopsis lateral root developmentHui Shan Guo
Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Temasek Life Science Laboratory, National University of Singapore, 117604 Singapore
Plant Cell 17:1376-86. 2005..Moreover, the cleavage-resistant form of NAC1 mRNA was unaffected by auxin treatment. Our results indicate that auxin induction of miR164 provides a homeostatic mechanism to clear NAC1 mRNA to downregulate auxin signals...
- Cytokinin modulates endocytic trafficking of PIN1 auxin efflux carrier to control plant organogenesisPeter Marhavy
Department of Plant Systems Biology, VIB, Technologiepark 927, B 9052 Gent, Belgium
Dev Cell 21:796-804. 2011....
- Auxin transport promotes Arabidopsis lateral root initiationI Casimiro
Departmento de Ciencias Morfologicas y Biologia Celular y Animal, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain
Plant Cell 13:843-52. 2001....
- Plant sesquiterpenes induce hyphal branching in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungiKohki Akiyama
Division of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599 8531, Japan
Nature 435:824-7. 2005..The natural strigolactones 5-deoxy-strigol, sorgolactone and strigol, and a synthetic analogue, GR24, induced extensive hyphal branching in germinating spores of the AM fungus Gigaspora margarita at very low concentrations...
- Microarray analysis of the nitrate response in Arabidopsis roots and shoots reveals over 1,000 rapidly responding genes and new linkages to glucose, trehalose-6-phosphate, iron, and sulfate metabolismRongchen Wang
Section of Cell and Developmental Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0116, USA
Plant Physiol 132:556-67. 2003..These results show that the effect of nitrate on gene expression is substantial (affecting almost 10% of the genes with detectable mRNA levels) yet selective and affects many genes involved in carbon and nutrient metabolism...
- Differential expression of miRNAs in response to salt stress in maize rootsDong Ding
National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, P R China
Ann Bot 103:29-38. 2009..MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to act as key regulating factors of post-transcriptional gene expression. However, little is known about the role of miRNAs in plants' responses to abiotic stresses...
- The PLETHORA genes mediate patterning of the Arabidopsis root stem cell nicheMitsuhiro Aida
Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3514CH Utrecht, The Netherlands
Cell 119:109-20. 2004..Thus, the PLT genes are key effectors for establishment of the stem cell niche during embryonic pattern formation...
- AtNAC2, a transcription factor downstream of ethylene and auxin signaling pathways, is involved in salt stress response and lateral root developmentXin Jian He
National Key Lab of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Plant J 44:903-16. 2005..AtNAC2 also promoted or inhibited downstream gene expressions. These results indicate that AtNAC2 may be a transcription factor incorporating the environmental and endogenous stimuli into the process of plant lateral root development...
- Multilevel interactions between ethylene and auxin in Arabidopsis rootsAnna N Stepanova
Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA
Plant Cell 19:2169-85. 2007..This model not only implies existence of several levels of interaction but also provides a likely explanation for the strong ethylene response defects observed in auxin mutants...
- The role of root exudates in rhizosphere interactions with plants and other organismsHarsh P Bais
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Delaware Biotechnology Institute, Newark, Delaware 19711, USA
Annu Rev Plant Biol 57:233-66. 2006..This review describes recent advances in elucidating the role of root exudates in interactions between plant roots and other plants, microbes, and nematodes present in the rhizosphere...
- Polar PIN localization directs auxin flow in plantsJustyna Wisniewska
Center for Plant Molecular Biology ZMBP, Tubingen University, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Science 312:883. 2006..This finding provides a crucial piece in the puzzle of how auxin flow can be redirected via rapid changes in PIN polarity...
- Conserved factors regulate signalling in Arabidopsis thaliana shoot and root stem cell organizersAnanda K Sarkar
Institute of Biology III, University of Freiburg, Schanzlestrasse 1, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Nature 446:811-4. 2007..Importantly, both WOX5 and WUS maintain stem cells in either a root or shoot context. Together, our data indicate that stem cell maintenance signalling in both meristems employs related regulators...
- Auxin inhibits endocytosis and promotes its own efflux from cellsTomasz Paciorek
Zentrum für Molekularbiologie der Pflanzen, Universitat Tubingen, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Nature 435:1251-6. 2005....
- Cellular mechanisms for heavy metal detoxification and toleranceJ L Hall
School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Biomedical Sciences Building, Southampton SO16 7PX, UK
J Exp Bot 53:1-11. 2002..This review provides a broad overview of the evidence for an involvement of each mechanism in heavy metal detoxification and tolerance...
- The role of nutrient availability in regulating root architectureJosé López-Bucio
Departamento de Ingeniería Genética de Plantas, Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Unidad Irapuato, Apartado Postal 629, 36500 Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico
Curr Opin Plant Biol 6:280-7. 2003..Progress in this field has led to the cloning of regulatory genes that play pivotal roles in nutrient-induced changes to root development...
- TAA1-mediated auxin biosynthesis is essential for hormone crosstalk and plant developmentAnna N Stepanova
Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
Cell 133:177-91. 2008..Thus, the IPA route of auxin production is key to generating robust auxin gradients in response to environmental and developmental cues...
- Rhizosphere communities of genetically modified zeaxanthin-accumulating potato plants and their parent cultivar differ less than those of different potato cultivarsNicole Weinert
Julius Kühn Institut Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Epidemiology and Pathogen Diagnostics, Braunschweig, Germany
Appl Environ Microbiol 75:3859-65. 2009..In general, the fingerprints of the two GM lines were more similar to that of the parental cultivar, and the differences observed did not exceed natural cultivar-dependent variability...
- A genetic framework for the control of cell division and differentiation in the root meristemRaffaele Dello Ioio
Dipartimento di Genetica e Biologia Molecolare, Laboratorio di Genomica e Proteomica Funzionale dei Sistemi Modello FGPL, Università La Sapienza Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
Science 322:1380-4. 2008....
- Regulation of polar auxin transport by AtPIN1 in Arabidopsis vascular tissueL Gälweiler
Max Delbruck Laboratorium in der Max Planck Gesellschaft, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Köln, Germany
Science 282:2226-30. 1998..AtPIN1 may act as a transmembrane component of the auxin efflux carrier...
- Novel and nodulation-regulated microRNAs in soybean rootsSenthil Subramanian
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, 975 N Warson Road, St Louis, MO 63132, USA
BMC Genomics 9:160. 2008..g. soybean) and rhizobia bacteria (e.g. Bradyrhizobium japonicum) results in root nodules where the majority of biological nitrogen fixation occurs. We sought to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) regulated during soybean-B. japonicum symbiosis...
- Control of root cap formation by MicroRNA-targeted auxin response factors in ArabidopsisJia wei Wang
National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, People s Republic of China
Plant Cell 17:2204-16. 2005..We further demonstrate that miR160-uncoupled production of ARF16 exerts pleiotropic effects on plant phenotypes, and miR160 plays an essential role in regulating Arabidopsis development and growth...
- Functional genomic analysis of the AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR gene family members in Arabidopsis thaliana: unique and overlapping functions of ARF7 and ARF19Yoko Okushima
Plant Gene Expression Center, Albany, California 94710, USA
Plant Cell 17:444-63. 2005..These observations provide molecular insight into the unique and overlapping functions of ARF gene family members in Arabidopsis...
- Nitrate-regulated auxin transport by NRT1.1 defines a mechanism for nutrient sensing in plantsGabriel Krouk
Biochimie et Physiologie Moleculaire des Plantes, UMR 5004 CNRS INRA SupAgro M UM2, Institut de Biologie Integrative des Plantes, Place Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
Dev Cell 18:927-37. 2010..1 represses lateral root growth at low nitrate availability by promoting basipetal auxin transport out of these roots. This defines a mechanism connecting nutrient and hormone signaling during organ development...
- Control of Arabidopsis root developmentJalean J Petricka
Department of Biology and Duke Center for Systems Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Annu Rev Plant Biol 63:563-90. 2012..Future refinement of these models will lead to a more complete description of the complex molecular interactions that give rise to a simple growing root...
- Cell signalling by microRNA165/6 directs gene dose-dependent root cell fateAnnelie Carlsbecker
Institute of Biotechnology Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014, Finland
Nature 465:316-21. 2010..In plant roots the radial tissue organization is highly conserved with a central vascular cylinder in which two water ..
- Cytokinin-deficient transgenic Arabidopsis plants show multiple developmental alterations indicating opposite functions of cytokinins in the regulation of shoot and root meristem activityTomáš Werner
Institute of Biology Applied Genetics, Freie Universitat Berlin, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Plant Cell 15:2532-50. 2003....
- A soybean β-expansin gene GmEXPB2 intrinsically involved in root system architecture responses to abiotic stressesWenbing Guo
Root Biology Centre, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
Plant J 66:541-52. 2011..This finding has great agricultural potential for improving crop P uptake on both low-P and P-fertilized soils...
- Properties of bacterial endophytes and their proposed role in plant growthPablo R Hardoim
Department of Microbial Ecology, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN, Haren, The Netherlands
Trends Microbiol 16:463-71. 2008..The ecological role of these endophytes and their relevance for plant growth are discussed here...
- MicroRNA399 is a long-distance signal for the regulation of plant phosphate homeostasisBikram Datt Pant
Max Planck Institute for Molecular Plant Physiology, Science Park Golm, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
Plant J 53:731-8. 2008..Hence the transported miR399 molecules retain biological activity. This is a demonstration of systemic control of a biological process, i.e. maintenance of plant Pi homeostasis, by a phloem-mobile microRNA...
- Reciprocal rewards stabilize cooperation in the mycorrhizal symbiosisE Toby Kiers
Institute of Ecological Science, Vrije Universiteit, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
Science 333:880-2. 2011..Rather, the mutualism is evolutionarily stable because control is bidirectional, and partners offering the best rate of exchange are rewarded...
- Ethylene biosynthesis and signaling networksKevin L C Wang
Plant Biology Laboratory, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, 10010 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Plant Cell 14:S131-51. 2002
- Root developmental adaptation to phosphate starvation: better safe than sorryBenjamin Peret
UMR 6191 CEA, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire de Biologie du Développement des Plantes, Universite d Aix Marseille, 13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance, France
Trends Plant Sci 16:442-50. 2011..Such an improvement is needed in order to adjust how we manage limited phosphorus stocks and to reduce the disastrous environmental effects of phosphate fertilizers overuse...
- The oxylipin signal jasmonic acid is activated by an enzyme that conjugates it to isoleucine in ArabidopsisPaul E Staswick
Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA
Plant Cell 16:2117-27. 2004..Plant hormone activation by conjugation to amino acids and the enzymes involved in their formation were previously unknown...
- How do plants respond to nutrient shortage by biomass allocation?Christian Hermans
Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Génétique Moléculaire des Plantes, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Boulevard du Triomphe CP 242, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Trends Plant Sci 11:610-7. 2006....
- Root-specific reduction of cytokinin causes enhanced root growth, drought tolerance, and leaf mineral enrichment in Arabidopsis and tobaccoTomáš Werner
Institute of Biology Applied Genetics, Dahlem Centre of Plant Sciences, Freie Universitat Berlin, D 14195 Berlin, Germany
Plant Cell 22:3905-20. 2010..Our approach might contribute to improve drought tolerance, nutrient efficiency, and nutrient content of crop plants...
- Physiological and molecular approaches to improve drought resistance in soybeanLakshmi P Manavalan
National Center for Soybean Biotechnology and Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Plant Cell Physiol 50:1260-76. 2009....
- Genome-wide temporal-spatial gene expression profiling of drought responsiveness in riceDi Wang
Institute of Crop Sciences National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China
BMC Genomics 12:149. 2011..The transcriptome from leaf, root, and young panicle at three developmental stages was comparatively analyzed combined with bioinformatics exploring drought stress related cis-elements...
- Physiological effects of the synthetic strigolactone analog GR24 on root system architecture in Arabidopsis: another belowground role for strigolactones?Carolien Ruyter-Spira
Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, 6700 AR Wageningen, The Netherlands
Plant Physiol 155:721-34. 2011..We postulate that the tightly balanced auxin-strigolactone interaction is the basis for the mechanism of the regulation of the plants' root-to-shoot ratio...
- Involvement of OsSPX1 in phosphate homeostasis in riceChuang Wang
State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
Plant J 57:895-904. 2009..This suggests that OsSPX1 acts via a negative feedback loop to optimize growth under phosphate-limited conditions...
- Root-specific expression of OsNAC10 improves drought tolerance and grain yield in rice under field drought conditionsJin Seo Jeong
School of Biotechnology and Environmental Engineering, Myongji University, Yongin 449 728, Korea
Plant Physiol 153:185-97. 2010..Overall, our results demonstrated that root-specific overexpression of OsNAC10 enlarges roots, enhancing drought tolerance of transgenic plants, which increases grain yield significantly under field drought conditions...
- The challenge of improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop plants: towards a more central role for genetic variability and quantitative genetics within integrated approachesBertrand Hirel
Unité de Nutrition Azotée des Plantes, UR 511, INRA de Versailles, Route de St Cyr, F 78026 Versailles Cedex, France
J Exp Bot 58:2369-87. 2007..Current knowledge and prospects for future agronomic development and application for breeding crops adapted to lower fertilizer input are explored, taking into account the world economic and environmental constraints in the next century...
- AtPIN2 defines a locus of Arabidopsis for root gravitropism controlA Muller
Max Delbruck Laboratorium in der Max Planck Gesellschaft, Max Planck Institut fur Zuchtungsforschung, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Köln, Germany
EMBO J 17:6903-11. 1998..These results suggest that AtPIN2 plays an important role in control of gravitropism regulating the redistribution of auxin from the stele towards the elongation zone of roots...
- Early effects of salinity on water transport in Arabidopsis roots. Molecular and cellular features of aquaporin expressionYann Boursiac
Biochimie et Physiologie Moleculaire des Plantes, Agro Montpellier Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Institut National de la Recheche Agonomique Université Montpellier 2, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004, France
Plant Physiol 139:790-805. 2005..and aquaporin expression and investigate possible molecular and cellular mechanisms of aquaporin regulation in plant roots under stress...
- Functional redundancy of PIN proteins is accompanied by auxin-dependent cross-regulation of PIN expressionAnne Vieten
Centre for Molecular Biology of Plants, University Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 3, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Development 132:4521-31. 2005..The compensatory properties of the PIN-dependent transport network might enable the stabilization of auxin gradients and potentially contribute to the robustness of plant adaptive development...
- The bHLH transcription factor POPEYE regulates response to iron deficiency in Arabidopsis rootsTerri A Long
Department of Biology and Institute for Genome Science and Policy Center for Systems Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Plant Cell 22:2219-36. 2010..PYE and BTS expression is also tightly coregulated. We propose that interactions among PYE, PYE homologs, and BTS are important for maintaining iron homeostasis under low iron conditions...
- Molecular mechanisms of metal hyperaccumulation in plantsNathalie Verbruggen
Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
New Phytol 181:759-76. 2009..This review presents key aspects of our current understanding of plant metal – in particular cadmium (Cd),nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn) – hyperaccumulation...
- Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem propertyMichael W I Schmidt
Department of Geography, University of Zurich, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland
Nature 478:49-56. 2011..Here we propose ways to include this understanding in a new generation of experiments and soil carbon models, thereby improving predictions of the SOM response to global warming...
- Generation of cell polarity in plants links endocytosis, auxin distribution and cell fate decisionsPankaj Dhonukshe
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Nature 456:962-6. 2008..It also highlights the link between endocytosis-dependent polarity of individual cells and auxin distribution-dependent cell fate establishment for multicellular patterning...
- Clathrin-mediated constitutive endocytosis of PIN auxin efflux carriers in ArabidopsisPankaj Dhonukshe
Center for Plant Molecular Biology ZMBP, Auf der Morgenstelle 3, University of Tubingen, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Curr Biol 17:520-7. 2007..Our data demonstrate that clathrin-dependent endocytosis is operational in plants and constitutes the predominant pathway for the internalization of numerous plasma-membrane-resident proteins including PIN auxin efflux carriers...
- Arabidopsis ASA1 is important for jasmonate-mediated regulation of auxin biosynthesis and transport during lateral root formationJiaqiang Sun
State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, National Centre for Plant Gene Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Plant Cell 21:1495-511. 2009b>Plant roots show an impressive degree of plasticity in adapting their branching patterns to ever-changing growth conditions...
- Characterization of an Arabidopsis enzyme family that conjugates amino acids to indole-3-acetic acidPaul E Staswick
Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA
Plant Cell 17:616-27. 2005..This evidence establishes that several GH3 genes encode IAA-amido synthetases, which help to maintain auxin homeostasis by conjugating excess IAA to amino acids...
- Root exudates regulate soil fungal community composition and diversityCorey D Broeckling
Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 74:738-44. 2008..This study establishes root exudates as a mechanism through which a plant is able to regulate soil fungal community composition...
- Flagella-driven chemotaxis towards exudate components is an important trait for tomato root colonization by Pseudomonas fluorescensSandra de Weert
Leiden University, Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, The Netherlands
Mol Plant Microbe Interact 15:1173-80. 2002..fluorescens WCS365 cells in the tomato rhizosphere...
- The putative plasma membrane Na(+)/H(+) antiporter SOS1 controls long-distance Na(+) transport in plantsHuazhong Shi
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA
Plant Cell 14:465-77. 2002..We present a model in which SOS1 functions in retrieving Na(+) from the xylem stream under severe salt stress, whereas under mild salt stress it may function in loading Na(+) into the xylem...
- Genome-wide Medicago truncatula small RNA analysis revealed novel microRNAs and isoforms differentially regulated in roots and nodulesChristine Lelandais-Brière
Institut des Sciences du Vegetal, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, F 91198 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France
Plant Cell 21:2780-96. 2009..Spatial regulation of miRNAs may determine specialization of regulatory RNA networks in plant differentiation processes, such as root nodule formation...
- Transcriptional regulation of ROS controls transition from proliferation to differentiation in the rootHironaka Tsukagoshi
Department of Biology and Institute for Genome Science and Policy Center for Systems Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Cell 143:606-16. 2010..This pathway functions independently of auxin and cytokinin plant hormonal signaling. Comparison to ROS-regulated growth control in animals suggests that a similar mechanism is used in plants and animals...
- Strigolactones are transported through the xylem and play a key role in shoot architectural response to phosphate deficiency in nonarbuscular mycorrhizal host ArabidopsisWouter Kohlen
Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
Plant Physiol 155:974-87. 2011..Together, these results show that xylem-transported strigolactones contribute to the regulation of shoot architectural response to phosphate-limiting conditions...
- Histidine kinase homologs that act as cytokinin receptors possess overlapping functions in the regulation of shoot and root growth in ArabidopsisChika Nishimura
Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya University, Chikusa ku, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
Plant Cell 16:1365-77. 2004....
- How rhizobial symbionts invade plants: the Sinorhizobium-Medicago modelKathryn M Jones
Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Building 68, Room 633, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
Nat Rev Microbiol 5:619-33. 2007....
- A PINOID-dependent binary switch in apical-basal PIN polar targeting directs auxin effluxJiri Friml
Developmental Genetics, Center for Molecular Biology of Plants, University Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 3, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Science 306:862-5. 2004..Our results show that a PINOID-dependent binary switch controls PIN polarity and mediates changes in auxin flow to create local gradients for patterning processes...
- miR390, Arabidopsis TAS3 tasiRNAs, and their AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR targets define an autoregulatory network quantitatively regulating lateral root growthElena Marin
Laboratoire de Biologie du Développement des Plantes, Commissariat à l Energie Atomique Cadarache, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite Aix Marseille, 13108 St Paul lez Durance, France
Plant Cell 22:1104-17. 2010..These results also show how small regulatory RNAs integrate with auxin signaling to quantitatively regulate organ growth during development...
- The regulation of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis by phosphate in pea involves early and systemic signalling eventsColine Balzergue
Universite de Toulouse, UPS, UMR 5546, Surfaces Cellulaires et Signalisation chez les Végétaux, BP 42617, F 31326 Castanet Tolosan, France
J Exp Bot 62:1049-60. 2011..Together, the results suggest the existence of additional early signals that may control the differentiation of hyphopodia...
- Signaling network in sensing phosphate availability in plantsTzyy Jen Chiou
Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Annu Rev Plant Biol 62:185-206. 2011..In this review, we outline the current knowledge on this subject and present hypotheses pertaining to other potential signals and to the organization and coordination of signaling...
- The endophytic continuumBarbara Schulz
Institute of Microbiology, Technical University of Braunschweig, Spielmannstrasse 7, D 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
Mycol Res 109:661-86. 2005..This phenotypic plasticity is a motor of evolution...
- Auxin regulation of the microRNA390-dependent transacting small interfering RNA pathway in Arabidopsis lateral root developmentEun Kyung Yoon
Department of Biological Science and the Basic Science Research Institute, Chun chun Dong 300, Jang An Gu, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, 440 746, Korea
Nucleic Acids Res 38:1382-91. 2010..We propose that, together with auxin concentration sensing through miR390 transcription, the tasiRNA-ARF pathway mediates the auxin response and ARF4-mediated LR developmental processes...
- Genome-wide expression profiling of soybean two-component system genes in soybean root and shoot tissues under dehydration stressDung Tien Le
Signaling Pathway Research Unit, Plant Science Center, RIKEN Yokohama Institute, 1 7 22 Suehiro cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama, Japan
DNA Res 18:17-29. 2011....
- Fine root branch orders respond differentially to carbon source-sink manipulations in a longleaf pine forestDali L Guo
Jones Ecological Research Center, Route 2, Box 2324, Newton, GA 39870, USA
Oecologia 140:450-7. 2004....
- Phloem small RNAs, nutrient stress responses, and systemic mobilityAnja Buhtz
Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas UPM INIA, Campus de Montegancedo, M40 km38, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcon Madrid, Spain
BMC Plant Biol 10:64. 2010..Recently, specific miRNAs emerged as a new type of regulating molecules during stress and nutrient deficiency responses, and miR399 was suggested to be a phloem-mobile long-distance signal involved in the phosphate starvation response...
- Strigolactones are regulators of root developmentHinanit Koltai
Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
New Phytol 190:545-9. 2011..Strigolactone regulation of plant development suggests that they are coordinators of shoot and root development and mediators of plant responses to environmental conditions...
- Sulphur starvation induces the expression of microRNA-395 and one of its target genes but in different cell typesCintia Goulart Kawashima
School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
Plant J 57:313-21. 2009..These results illustrate that negative temporal correlation between the expression level of a miRNA and its target gene in a complex tissue cannot be a requirement for target gene validation...
- OsSPX1 suppresses the function of OsPHR2 in the regulation of expression of OsPT2 and phosphate homeostasis in shoots of riceFang Liu
State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Life Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Plant J 62:508-17. 2010..This finding provides new insight into the regulatory mechanism of Pi uptake, translocation, allocation and homeostasis in plants...
- Ethylene signalling and ethylene-targeted transcription factors are required to balance beneficial and nonbeneficial traits in the symbiosis between the endophytic fungus Piriformospora indica and Arabidopsis thalianaIris Camehl
Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, Institut für Allgemeine Botanik und Pflanzenphysiologie, Jena, Germany
New Phytol 185:1062-73. 2010..The results show that the restriction of fungal growth by ethylene signalling components is required for the beneficial interaction between the two symbionts...
- The role of root apoplastic transport barriers in salt tolerance of rice (Oryza sativa L.)Pannaga Krishnamurthy
National Centre for Biological Sciences, TIFR, Bangalore 560065, India
Planta 230:119-34. 2009..Enhanced barriers were detected after several days of moderate stress. Overall, more extensive apoplastic barriers in roots correlated with reduced Na+ uptake and enhanced survival when challenged with high salinity...
- Nano-scale Mechanisms of Metal(loid) Rhizostabilization in Desert Mine TailingsJONATHAN D CHOROVER; Fiscal Year: 2011..The role of plant roots and microbes in promoting mineral dissolution-precipitation reactions and associated metal sequestration is an ..
- Rhizo-mining of root exudates for therapeutics against Enterococcus speciesHarsh P Bais; Fiscal Year: 2010..It is expected that these novel efforts will lead to the development of new therapeutics leading to characterization of anti-infective for the treatment of Enterococcus infections. ..
- Regulated Assembly of Subcellular Structures in alpha-ProteobacteriaJOSEPH CHIUNG CHU CHEN; Fiscal Year: 2010..components are conserved in Sinorhizobium meliloti, a related bacterium that induces nodule formation in plant roots during symbiosis. However, S. meliloti cells are morphologically symmetric compared to C. crescentus...
- Root exudates as a new chemical-mining pool for isolation of novel antimicrobialsHarsh P Bais; Fiscal Year: 2010..faecalis and E. faecium with a variety of plant species. This screen would utilize the plant roots ability to sense and respond to the bacteria through specific elicitation of compounds and infectivity in plant ..
- TAXIS OF RHIZOBIA TO LOCALIZED SITES ON LEGUME ROOTSKOSTIA BERGMAN; Fiscal Year: 1990..The findings of these studies will be relevant for study of bacterial infection in other complex microenvironments including, for example, the mouth and the gut...
- RHIZOBIUM EXOPOLYSACCHARIDES AND NODULATIONJOHN LEIGH; Fiscal Year: 1992..the polysaccharide, assaying attachment of polysaccharide deficient mutants and of the polysaccharide itself to plant roots or extracted components of plant roots, investigating the effect of isolated polysaccharide on nodulation or ..
- Cell-specific transcriptional responses to environmental stress in ArabidopsisAnjali Iyer Pascuzzi; Fiscal Year: 2009..The complex interactions through which life develops are thus likely to follow broadly parallel patterns. ..
- Quantifying deformable motion in growth and motilityK PALANIAPPAN; Fiscal Year: 2005..Quantifying motility algorithmically, at high accuracy, and at essentially every pixel of an image, should enjoy myriad applications throughout biomedicine. ..
- Mechanotransduction & Gravity Signaling in Biol SystemsMartin Chalfie; Fiscal Year: 2005..sensors, there are major advances in our understanding of mechanosensing in nonspecialized tissues (bone, plant roots and shoots)...
- Kinetotoxic Mechanisms of Environmental CarcinogensJames Sherley; Fiscal Year: 2007..Such insights will advance efforts to develop better strategies to limit morbidity associated with exposure to environmental carcinogens. ..
- Akt activation sustains silica induced inflammationCELINE BEAMER; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- 3rd ASM Conference on Cell-Cell Communication in BacteriaWILLIAM FUQUA; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MATRIX-ASSISTED LASER DESORPTION TOF MASS SPECTROMETERRichard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Mechanisms of prostate cancer prevention by lycopeneRichard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2007..These human studies will provide vital information for the design of future clinical trials investigating the chemoprevention of prostate cancer by lycopene. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HPLC time-of-flight mass spectrometer for accurate mass measurementsRichard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2007..to natural product chemists and synthetic organic chemists in the user community who rely upon rapid analyses of their compounds in order to advance with their NIH-funded research programs [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINANTS OF MALARIA IN BELIZEEliska Rejmankova; Fiscal Year: 2004..We will also explore management options such as selective burning that will prevent establishment of TDM and formation of An. vestitipennis habitats. ..
- Microbial Outcomes of Minimal Intervention TreatmentMathilde Peters; Fiscal Year: 2005..This investigation is a clinical and molecular re-entry study of sealing of caries, in support of a future full-scale clinical trial of incomplete caries removal. ..
- 2D-HPLC-Tandem Mass Spectrometer for ProteomicsRichard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2005..Overall, the proposed 2D mu LC-MS/MS instrument will complement the existing proteomics resources on campus and will enhance the current research of NIH-funded users by providing analytical capabilities currently unavailable on campus. ..
- Flavocoxid: A Medical Food Therapy for OsteoarthritisSarah Morgan; Fiscal Year: 2004..This innovative compound has commercial potential with its expected efficacy comparable to or exceeding the currently marketed COX inhibitors but with fewer side effects and at a significantly lower cost. ..
- The Bioavilaibility of Folate in HumansRichard van Breemen; Fiscal Year: 2004..Our new LC-MS-MS assay and the use of 13C-labeled folate species will provide new and more detailed information on the uptake, metabolism, and bioavailability of folates than has been possible previously. ..
- Phospholipid-induced Motility in Bacillus cereus GroupR Fall; Fiscal Year: 2004..Such information will be thebasis for future studies or the biochemical mechanism of gliding motility in B. cereus family, and may lead to new strategies to control tissue invasion by these pathogens. ..
- Interaction of auxin and abscisic acid signalingLUCIA STRADER; Fiscal Year: 2007..By studying and cloning suppresors, as well as identifying IBR5 substrates, a more in-depth understanding of auxin and ABA cross-talk will be gained. ..
- Roles of the SKU genes in directional cell expansionJOHN SEDBROOK; Fiscal Year: 2003..They should also provide insights into mechanisms that control microtubule assembly and stability. ..