primula

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE. It can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS. SAPONINS have been identified in the root.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Isolation and characterization of methoxylated flavones in the flowers of Primula veris by liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry
    C W Huck
    Institute of Analytical Chemistry and Radiochemistry, Leopold-Franzens-University, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Chromatogr A 870:453-62. 2000
  2. ncbi Composition of volatile oil of Primula obconica in Central China
    Peng Na
    Wuhan Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, People s Republic of China
    Nat Prod Lett 16:249-53. 2002
  3. pmc Analysis of petal shape variation of Primula sieboldii by elliptic fourier descriptors and principal component analysis
    Yosuke Yoshioka
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    Ann Bot 94:657-64. 2004
  4. ncbi Are any primroses (Primula) primitively monomorphic?
    Austin R Mast
    Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    New Phytol 171:605-16. 2006
  5. ncbi Evolution of biogeographic patterns, ploidy levels, and breeding systems in a diploid-polyploid species complex of Primula
    Alessia Guggisberg
    Institut für Systematische Botanik, Universitat Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, Ch 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    New Phytol 171:617-32. 2006
  6. ncbi Disentangling reticulate evolution in an arctic-alpine polyploid complex
    Alessia Guggisberg
    Institut für Systematische Botanik, Universitat Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, Ch 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Syst Biol 58:55-73. 2009
  7. ncbi Habitat change and demography of Primula veris: identification of management targets
    Kari Lehtila
    Department of Natural Sciences, Sodertorn University College, SE 14189 Huddinge, Sweden
    Conserv Biol 20:833-43. 2006
  8. ncbi The effect of segregation of flowering time on fine-scale spatial genetic structure in an alpine-snowbed herb Primula cuneifolia
    A S Hirao
    Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    Heredity (Edinb) 100:424-30. 2008
  9. ncbi Spatial genetic structure among and within populations of Primula sieboldii growing beside separate streams
    N Kitamoto
    Laboratory of Plant Breeding, Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    Mol Ecol 14:149-57. 2005
  10. ncbi Molecular characterization of DNA sequences from the Primula vulgaris S-locus
    Iain W Manfield
    Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    J Exp Bot 56:1177-88. 2005

Scientific Experts

Detail Information

Publications116 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Isolation and characterization of methoxylated flavones in the flowers of Primula veris by liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry
    C W Huck
    Institute of Analytical Chemistry and Radiochemistry, Leopold-Franzens-University, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Chromatogr A 870:453-62. 2000
    ..Finally, RP-HPLC-ESI-MS-MS was used to identify substances G1-G6 in phytopharmaceutical drugs...
  2. ncbi Composition of volatile oil of Primula obconica in Central China
    Peng Na
    Wuhan Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, People s Republic of China
    Nat Prod Lett 16:249-53. 2002
    b>Primula obconica was introduced to Europe from Hubei, China in 1880, and has been cultivated worldwide as one of popular ornamental plants. The volatile oil of wild P...
  3. pmc Analysis of petal shape variation of Primula sieboldii by elliptic fourier descriptors and principal component analysis
    Yosuke Yoshioka
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    Ann Bot 94:657-64. 2004
    Petals are important for Primula sieboldii because of the commercial value of its flowers, and their form is a target characteristic for breeding...
  4. ncbi Are any primroses (Primula) primitively monomorphic?
    Austin R Mast
    Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    New Phytol 171:605-16. 2006
    b>Primula (c. 430 species) and relatives (Primulaceae) are paradigmatic to our understanding of distyly...
  5. ncbi Evolution of biogeographic patterns, ploidy levels, and breeding systems in a diploid-polyploid species complex of Primula
    Alessia Guggisberg
    Institut für Systematische Botanik, Universitat Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, Ch 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    New Phytol 171:617-32. 2006
    b>Primula sect. Aleuritia subsect. Aleuritia (Aleuritia) includes diploid, self-incompatible heterostyles and polyploid, self-compatible homostyles, the latter generally occurring at higher latitudes than the former...
  6. ncbi Disentangling reticulate evolution in an arctic-alpine polyploid complex
    Alessia Guggisberg
    Institut für Systematische Botanik, Universitat Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, Ch 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Syst Biol 58:55-73. 2009
    ..b>Primula sect. Aleuritia subsect...
  7. ncbi Habitat change and demography of Primula veris: identification of management targets
    Kari Lehtila
    Department of Natural Sciences, Sodertorn University College, SE 14189 Huddinge, Sweden
    Conserv Biol 20:833-43. 2006
    ..We assessed population viability for the perennial herb Primula veris L...
  8. ncbi The effect of segregation of flowering time on fine-scale spatial genetic structure in an alpine-snowbed herb Primula cuneifolia
    A S Hirao
    Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    Heredity (Edinb) 100:424-30. 2008
    ..in flowering time and physical distance on fine-scale spatial genetic structure (SGS) of a snowbed herb Primula cuneifolia sampled in 10-m grids within a continuous snow patch (110 x 250 m) using nine allozyme loci...
  9. ncbi Spatial genetic structure among and within populations of Primula sieboldii growing beside separate streams
    N Kitamoto
    Laboratory of Plant Breeding, Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    Mol Ecol 14:149-57. 2005
    ..of SSR (simple sequence repeats) and cpDNA (chloroplast DNA) polymorphisms among and within populations of Primula sieboldii, a heterostylous clonal herb...
  10. ncbi Molecular characterization of DNA sequences from the Primula vulgaris S-locus
    Iain W Manfield
    Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    J Exp Bot 56:1177-88. 2005
    b>Primula species provide possibly the best known examples of heteromorphic flower development and this breeding system has attracted considerable attention, including that of Charles Darwin...
  11. ncbi Lipophilic flavones of Primula veris L. from field cultivation and in vitro cultures
    Jaromir Budzianowski
    Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, K Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences, 14 Sw Marii Magdaleny Str, 61 861 Poznan, Poland
    Phytochemistry 66:1033-9. 2005
    Ten lipophilic flavones were isolated from the leaves of Primula veris from field cultivation - the newly described 3'-hydroxy-4',5'-dimethoxyflavone and 3'-methoxy-4',5'-methylenedioxyflavone, the previously known from chemical ..
  12. pmc Polyploid evolution and Pleistocene glacial cycles: A case study from the alpine primrose Primula marginata (Primulaceae)
    Gabriele Casazza
    DISTAV, University of Genova, corso Dogali 1M, I 16136 Genova, Italy
    BMC Evol Biol 12:56. 2012
    ..The polyploid Primula marginata, endemic to the southwestern Alps, includes both hexaploid and dodecaploid cytotypes that show no ..
  13. pmc Ability of bumblebees to discriminate differences in the shape of artificial flowers of Primula sieboldii (Primulaceae)
    Yosuke Yoshioka
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305 8572 Japan
    Ann Bot 99:1175-82. 2007
    ..This study focused on the diversity of flower shape in Primula sieboldii and investigated the ability of bumblebees to discriminate between flowers by combining computer ..
  14. ncbi Phenological changes in rate of respiration and annual carbon balance in a perennial herbaceous plant, Primula sieboldii
    Hibiki Noda
    Department of Ecosystem Studies, Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    J Plant Res 120:375-83. 2007
    b>Primula sieboldii E. Morren is a clonal herbaceous species with a short foliar period from spring to early summer...
  15. pmc Floral heteromorphy in Primula vulgaris: progress towards isolation and characterization of the S locus
    Jinhong Li
    School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    Ann Bot 108:715-26. 2011
    The common primrose, Primula vulgaris, along with many other species of the Primulaceae, exhibits floral heteromorphy in which different individuals develop one of two possible forms of flower, known as pin and thrum...
  16. pmc Rapid loss of genetic variation in a founding population of Primula elatior (Primulaceae) after colonization
    Hans Jacquemyn
    Division of Plant Ecology and Systematics, University of Leuven, Arenbergpark 31, B 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
    Ann Bot 103:777-83. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate genetic diversity in a founding population of the self-incompatible forest herb Primula elatior and to elucidate the processes that affect genetic diversity shortly after colonization.
  17. ncbi A comparison of early floral ontogeny in wild-type and floral homeotic mutant phenotypes of Primula
    Margaret A Webster
    Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Planta 216:903-17. 2003
    b>Primula flowers are heteromorphic with individual plants producing either pin-form or thrum-form flowers...
  18. ncbi The S locus-linked Primula homeotic mutant sepaloid shows characteristics of a B-function mutant but does not result from mutation in a B-function gene
    Jinhong Li
    Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Plant J 56:1-12. 2008
    Floral homeotic and flower development mutants of Primula, including double, Hose in Hose, Jack in the Green and Split Perianth, have been cultivated since the late 1500s as ornamental plants but until recently have attracted limited ..
  19. pmc Hose in Hose, an S locus-linked mutant of Primula vulgaris, is caused by an unstable mutation at the Globosa locus
    Jinhong Li
    Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5664-8. 2010
    ..shows variable penetrance and expressivity and is linked to the S locus, which controls floral heteromorphy in Primula species...
  20. ncbi A novel double-stranded RNA virus detected in Primula malacoides is a plant-isolated partitivirus closely related to partitivirus infecting fungal species
    Liqiang Li
    Institute of Bioengineering, Zhejiang Sci Tech University, Hangzhou, China
    Arch Virol 154:565-72. 2009
    A novel virus was detected in ornamental plants of Primula malacoides Franch exhibiting typical yellow-edge symptoms...
  21. ncbi Spatio-temporal variation in pollen limitation and reproductive success of two scape morphs in Primula farinosa
    Didrik Vanhoenacker
    Department of Botany, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    New Phytol 169:615-21. 2006
    ..We examined the effect of inflorescence height on pollination success in Primula farinosa, which is dimorphic for scape length...
  22. ncbi Identification of primula fatty acid delta 6-desaturases with n-3 substrate preferences
    Olga V Sayanova
    Long Ashton Research Station, Long Ashton, Bristol BS41 9AF, UK
    FEBS Lett 542:100-4. 2003
    ..polymerase chain reaction-based approach was used to isolate 'front-end' cytochrome b(5) fusion desaturases from Primula vialii Franchet and Primula farinosa L...
  23. pmc Genomic origin and organization of the allopolyploid Primula egaliksensis investigated by in situ hybridization
    Alessia Guggisberg
    Institut für Systematische Botanik and Zürich Basel Plant Science Center, Universitat Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, Ch 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann Bot 101:919-27. 2008
    Earlier studies have suggested that the tetraploid Primula egaliksensis (2n = 40) originated from hybridization between the diploids P. mistassinica (2n = 18) and P...
  24. ncbi Genetic structure of the forest herb Primula elatior in a changing landscape
    Hans Jacquemyn
    Laboratory for Forest, Nature and Landscape Research, University of Leuven, Belgium
    Mol Ecol 13:211-9. 2004
    ..in land use and associated forest patch turnover affected genetic diversity and structure of the forest herb Primula elatior, historical data on landscape changes were combined with a population genetic analysis using dominant ..
  25. ncbi Identification of Primula "front-end" desaturases with distinct n-6 or n-3 substrate preferences
    Olga Sayanova
    Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, UK
    Planta 224:1269-77. 2006
    cDNA clones encoding cytochrome b(5) fusion desaturases were isolated from Primula cortusoides L...
  26. ncbi Identification and characterization of pin and thrum alleles of two genes that co-segregate with the Primula S locus
    Jinhong Li
    Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Plant J 51:18-31. 2007
    The study of heteromorphy in Primula over the past 140 years has established the reproductive significance of this breeding system. Plants produce either thrum or pin flowers that demonstrate reciprocal herkogamy...
  27. ncbi The primrose path to heterostyly
    Austin R Mast
    Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    New Phytol 171:439-42. 2006
  28. ncbi Gene flow and inbreeding depression inferred from fine-scale genetic structure in an endangered heterostylous perennial, Primula sieboldii
    Fumiko Ishihama
    Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, 1 1 1 Yayoi, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    Mol Ecol 14:983-90. 2005
    ..of inbreeding depression from the fine-scale genetic structure in the endangered heterostylous perennial Primula sieboldii...
  29. ncbi Study of the effect of Bronchipret on the lung function of five Austrian saddle horses suffering recurrent airway obstruction (heaves)
    R van den Hoven
    First Medical Clinic for Ungulates and Small Animals, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Vet Rec 152:555-7. 2003
    The effects of an oral preparation containing an extract of thyme and primula (Bronchipret; Bionorica) on the lung function of five horses suffering heaves were determined in a longitudinal study. The horses accepted the product well...
  30. ncbi Analysis of phenolic glycosides and saponins in Primula elatior and Primula veris (primula root) by liquid chromatography, evaporative light scattering detection and mass spectrometry
    Andrea Müller
    Institute of Pharmacy, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    J Chromatogr A 1112:218-23. 2006
    ..suitable for the simultaneous determination of bioactive compounds, saponins and phenolic glycosides, present in Primula elatior and Primula veris, including the NMR data of primulaverin and primeverin...
  31. ncbi Morphological plasticity of Primula nutans to hummock-and-hollow microsites in an alpine wetland
    Haihua Shen
    Department of Ecosystem Studies, Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, The University of Tokyo, 1 1 1 Yayoi, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
    J Plant Res 119:257-64. 2006
    ..The physical environment of hummocks contrasts strongly with that of hollows. To address how Primula nutans Georgi, a herbaceous species broadly distributed on the plateau, can inhabit both hummocks and hollows, we ..
  32. ncbi Anxiolytic properties of botanical extracts in the chick social separation-stress procedure
    K J Sufka
    Department of Psychology, University of Mississippi, Oxford 38677, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 153:219-24. 2001
    ..The recent growth in sales of natural products labeled as dietary supplements in the United States has renewed scientific interest in the study of the therapeutic effects of multi-component botanical products...
  33. ncbi Breeding system variation, genetics and evolution in the Turneraceae
    Joel S Shore
    Department of Biology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada
    New Phytol 171:539-51. 2006
    ..Evidence from crosses with homostylous species and mutants is consistent with the possibility that a "Primula-type" supergene underlies distyly but does not prove this to be the case...
  34. ncbi Biological screening of some Turkish medicinal plant extracts for antimicrobial and toxicity activities
    A U Turker
    Department of Biology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280 Bolu, Turkey
    Nat Prod Res 22:136-46. 2008
    ..At low concentration (10,000 mg L(-1)), S. dulcamara aerial parts and Primula vulgaris leaf extracts were observed to inhibit the root length more than the other plant extracts...
  35. pmc Nectar robbers pollinate flowers with sexual organs hidden within corollas in distylous Primula secundiflora (Primulaceae)
    Xing Fu Zhu
    Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yunnan, Republic of China
    Biol Lett 6:785-7. 2010
    ..In this study, we examined whether robbers pollinate flowers of distylous Primula secundiflora. Distylous plants have two floral morphs...
  36. ncbi Antimicrobial activity of some endemic plants growing in the Eastern Black Sea Region, Turkey
    Kurtulus Buruk
    Department of Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology, School of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey
    Fitoterapia 77:388-91. 2006
    ..Among the 30 active crude extracts, water-insoluble crude extracts from Betula medwediewii, Heracleum platytaenium, Primula longipes, Anthemis cretica ssp. argaea and Centaurea helenioides were the prominent ones with their MIC values.
  37. ncbi Biological effects of epicuticular flavonoids from Primula denticulata on human leukemia cells
    Sergey V Tokalov
    Institut fur Zoologie, Technische Universitat Dresden, Mommsenstrasse 13, D 01062 Dresden, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 52:239-45. 2004
    ..effects of epicuticular substances in farinose exudates accumulated on inflorescence shafts and calyces of Primula denticulata on human acute myeloid leukemia cells (HL-60) were analyzed...
  38. ncbi Triterpenoid saponin from Primula elatior subsp. meyeri
    N Yayli
    Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Chemistry, Trabzon, Turkey
    J Asian Nat Prod Res 3:347-52. 2001
    A new triterpenoid saponin, protoprimuloside B (2), has been isolated from the roots of Primula elatior subsp...
  39. ncbi Primula allergic dermatitis simulating occupational contact dermatitis induced by metals, oils and greases
    Marta Kiec-Swierczynska
    Department of Occupational Diseases, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health 19:79-80. 2006
    ..primine (after 48 and 96 h, + +), the patient recalled that two months earlier she had started to grow primrose (Primula obconica) at home. Patch tests with the primrose leaf and flower were also positive (+ +)...
  40. ncbi Strong genetic differentiation of Primula sikkimensis in the East Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains
    Feng Ying Wang
    South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, P R China
    Biochem Genet 46:75-87. 2008
    The East Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains region is the center of diversity of the genus Primula, and P. sikkimensis is one of the most common members of the genus in the region. In this study, the genetic diversity and structure of P...
  41. ncbi Cost-effective method to synthesize fluorescently labeled DNA size standards using cloned AFLP fragments
    Saneyoshi Ueno
    Japan Wildlife Research Center, Tokyo, Japan
    Biotechniques 34:1146-8. 2003
  42. pmc Population growth rates: issues and an application
    H Charles J Godfray
    NERC Centre for Population Biology and Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1307-19. 2002
    ....
  43. ncbi Impact of herbivory on flowering behaviour and life history trade-offs in a polycarpic herb: a 10-year experiment
    Rein Brys
    Research Institute for Nature and Forest, Brussels, Belgium
    Oecologia 166:293-303. 2011
    ..insights in the effects of herbivory on the flowering behaviour of the long-lived polycarpic grassland herb Primula veris L...
  44. ncbi Differential survival and performance of forest herbs in ancient and recent forest
    L Baeten
    Laboratory of Forestry, Ghent University Geraardsbergsesteenweg 267, BE 9090, Gontrode Melle, Belgium
    Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 72:99-102. 2007
  45. ncbi Effects of stand age on the demography of a temperate forest herb in post-agricultural forests
    Hans Jacquemyn
    Division Plant Ecology and Systematics, University of Leuven, Arenbergpark 31, B 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
    Ecology 89:3480-9. 2008
    ..consecutive years were used to study the effect of forest age on population dynamics of the temperate forest herb Primula elatior...
  46. ncbi Evaluation of efficacy and tolerability of a fixed combination of dry extracts of thyme herb and primrose root in adults suffering from acute bronchitis with productive cough. A prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicentre clinical trial
    Bernd Kemmerich
    Arzneimittelforschung 57:607-15. 2007
    ....
  47. pmc Antibacterial activity of essential oils from palmarosa, evening primrose, lavender and tuberose
    M H Lodhia
    Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot 360 005, India
    Indian J Pharm Sci 71:134-6. 2009
    Essential oils extracted from flower petals of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martini), evening primrose (Primula rosea), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and tuberose (Polianthus tuberosa) were tested for their antibacterial activities against ..
  48. ncbi Evaluation of the non-inferiority of a fixed combination of thyme fluid- and primrose root extract in comparison to a fixed combination of thyme fluid extract and primrose root tincture in patients with acute bronchitis. A single-blind, randomized, bi-cen
    Joerg Gruenwald
    Department Phytopharm Research, Waldseeweg 6, 13467 Berlin, Germany
    Arzneimittelforschung 56:574-81. 2006
    ..The results of the study confirm the non-inferiority of the fluid, a combination of thyme fluid extract and primrose root extract when compared to the drops, a combination of thyme fluid extract and primrose root tincture...
  49. ncbi Miconidin and miconidin methyl ether from Primula obconica Hance: new allergens in an old sensitizer
    Evy Paulsen
    Department of Dermatology, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, DK 5000 Odense C, Denmark
    Contact Dermatitis 55:203-9. 2006
    ..and clinical observations have suggested the presence of at least one more allergen in addition to primin in Primula obconica...
  50. pmc Population expanding with the phalanx model and lineages split by environmental heterogeneity: a case study of Primula obconica in subtropical China
    Hai Fei Yan
    Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e41315. 2012
    ....
  51. pmc Decrease of sexual organ reciprocity between heterostylous primrose species, with possible functional and evolutionary implications
    Barbara Keller
    Institute of Systematic Botany, University of Zurich, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Ann Bot 110:1233-44. 2012
    ..This study aimed at testing whether intermorph sexual reciprocity differs within vs. between primrose species that hybridize in nature and whether the positions of sexual organs are correlated with other floral traits...
  52. pmc Unidirectional hybridization and reproductive barriers between two heterostylous primrose species in north-west Yunnan, China
    Yongpeng Ma
    Kunming Botanical Garden, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, PR China
    Ann Bot 113:763-75. 2014
    ..The heterostylous genus Primula is very diverse in the Himalaya region, but hybrids there have been little researched...
  53. ncbi Phytochemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of some medicinal plants
    Hamideh Jaberian
    Department of Biotechnology, Payam E Noor University, Tehran, Iran
    Food Chem 136:237-44. 2013
    Different parts of three plants (Primula auriculata, Fumaria vaillantii and Falcaria vulgaris) were extracted with three different solvents to yield 72 crude extracts...
  54. ncbi Production of interspecific hybrids in ornamental plants
    Juntaro Kato
    Department of Biology, Aichi University of Education, Kariya, Japan
    Methods Mol Biol 877:233-45. 2012
    ..In this paper, recent advances in interspecific hybridization are described based on the results obtained in Primula, Cosmos, and Kalanchoe with special references to the use of embryo culture techniques for rescuing the abortive ..
  55. ncbi Quantitative evaluation of the petal shape variation in Primula sieboldii caused by breeding process in the last 300 years
    Y Yoshioka
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    Heredity (Edinb) 94:657-63. 2005
    b>Primula sieboldii: (E. Morren) has been a popular garden plant at least since the Edo period, about 300 years ago...
  56. ncbi Primula latifolia Lapeyr. and Primula vulgaris Hudson flavonoids
    Paola S Colombo
    a Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Mangiagalli 25, 20133 Milano, Italy
    Nat Prod Res 28:1641-4. 2014
    Three flavonoids were isolated from the leaf MeOH extracts of Primula latifolia Lapeyr. and Primula vulgaris Hudson collected from Italian Alps: rutin (1) and kaempferol 3-neohesperidoside (2) from P...
  57. ncbi Non-linear relationship between intensity of plant-animal interactions and selection strength
    Didrik Vanhoenacker
    Department of Botany, Stockholm University, SE, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden
    Ecol Lett 16:198-205. 2013
    ..We quantified interactions and selection in 69 populations of the short-lived herb Primula farinosa...
  58. ncbi [Administration of Cardiodoron® in patients with functional cardiovascular disorders and/or sleep disorders--results of a prospective, non-interventional study]
    Claudia Rother
    Weleda AG, Klinische Forschung, Schwäbisch Gmünd, Deutschland
    Forsch Komplementmed 20:334-44. 2013
    ..The medicinal product Cardiodoron counteracts the dysfunctional vegetative rhythmicity with 3 medicinal plants--Primula veris (common cowslip), Hyoscyamus niger (black henbane) and Onopordum acanthium (cotton thistle).
  59. ncbi Flavonoids in selected Primula spp.: bridging micromorphology with chemodiversity
    Tshering Doma Bhutia
    Chemodiversity Research Group, Dept of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, University of Vienna, Rennweg 14, A 1030 Vienna, Austria
    Nat Prod Commun 7:1469-73. 2012
    A combined study was carried out on the micromorphology and chemistry of glandular trichomes with focus on Primula vialii and P. vulgaris, respectively...
  60. ncbi Interaction of different extracts of Primula heterochroma Stapf. with red blood cell membrane lipids and proteins: antioxidant and antihemolytic effects
    Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
    Applied Biotechnology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    J Diet Suppl 9:285-92. 2012
    ..in vitro and ex vivo studies are performed in order to estimate possible effects of different extracts of Primula heterochroma Stapf. on red blood cell membranes of rat erythrocytes using colorimetric methods...
  61. pmc Occurrence of morphological and anatomical adaptive traits in young and adult plants of the rare Mediterranean cliff species Primula palinuri Petagna
    Veronica de Micco
    Laboratorio di Botanica ed Ecologia Riproduttiva, Dipartimento di Arboricoltura, Botanica e Patologia Vegetale, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Viale Università 100, 80055 Portici, Italy
    ScientificWorldJournal 2012:471814. 2012
    ..Despite the presence of harsh abiotic conditions, large endemic floras live in such environments. Primula palinuri Petagna is a rare endemic plant species, surviving on cliff sites along a few kilometres of the ..
  62. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of Primula section Primula reveals rampant non-monophyly among morphologically distinct species
    Alexander N Schmidt-Lebuhn
    Institute of Systematic Botany, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 65:23-34. 2012
    The type section of Primula (Primulaceae), here considered to include seven species, is phylogenetically quite isolated in its genus...
  63. ncbi Complete sequence of a cryptic virus from hemp (Cannabis sativa)
    Angelika Ziegler
    Institute for Biosafety of Genetically Modified Plants, Julius Kühn Institute, Erwin Baur Str 27, 06484 Quedlinburg, Germany
    Arch Virol 157:383-5. 2012
    ..Sequence information was used to search databases, and the greatest similarity was found with Primula malacoides virus 1, a putative new member of the genus Partitivirus...
  64. ncbi Clinical efficacy of a dry extract of five herbal drugs in acute viral rhinosinusitis
    R Jund
    Puchheim, Germany
    Rhinology 50:417-26. 2012
    ..A herbal drug combination (Dry Extract BNO 1016) has been assessed for efficacy and tolerability in patients with acute viral rhinosinusitis...
  65. ncbi Linking environmental and demographic data to predict future population viability of a perennial herb
    Per Toräng
    Plant Ecology, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18 D, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Oecologia 163:99-109. 2010
    ..We collected 7 years of demographic data in three populations of the perennial herb Primula farinosa, and used these data to examine how variation in vital rates affected population viability parameters (..
  66. ncbi Plasticity in response to phosphorus and light availability in four forest herbs
    Lander Baeten
    Laboratory of Forestry, Department of Forest and Water Management, Ghent University, Geraardsbergsesteenweg 267, 9090 Gontrode, Melle, Belgium
    Oecologia 163:1021-32. 2010
    ..we applied three P levels to four forest herbs with contrasting colonization capacities: Anemone nemorosa, Primula elatior, Circaea lutetiana and Geum urbanum...
  67. ncbi Chemodiversity of exudate flavonoids in Dionysia (Primulaceae): a comparative study
    Karin M Valant-Vetschera
    Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, University of Vienna, Wien, Austria
    Phytochemistry 71:937-47. 2010
    ..were analysed for their exudate flavonoid composition. Many Dionysia spp. accumulate the typical Primula flavonoids with irregular substitution (unsubstituted flavone, its 2',5'-substituted derivatives and ..
  68. ncbi Identification of plant sphingolipid desaturases using chromatography and mass spectrometry
    Dayong Sun
    Monsanto Company, 800 N Lindbergh Blvd, St Louis, MO 63167, USA
    J Chromatogr Sci 47:895-901. 2009
    ....
  69. ncbi The synthesis and accumulation of stearidonic acid in transgenic plants: a novel source of 'heart-healthy' omega-3 fatty acids
    Noemí Ruiz-López
    Department of Biological Chemistry, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, UK
    Plant Biotechnol J 7:704-16. 2009
    ..Using a Delta6-desaturase from Primula vialii, we generated transgenic Arabidopsis and linseed lines accumulating stearidonic acid in their seed lipids...
  70. ncbi Characterization of X-ray-generated floral mutants carrying deletions at the S-locus of distylous Turnera subulata
    J D J Labonne
    Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Heredity (Edinb) 105:235-43. 2010
    ..Remarkably, our data are consistent with the supergene model (GPA/gpa) of Primula. The long homostyle mutant appears to have deletions involving both the G and P loci...
  71. pmc Chromosomal rearrangements maintain a polymorphic supergene controlling butterfly mimicry
    Mathieu Joron
    CNRS UMR 7205, Museum national d histoire naturelle, CP50, 45 rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France
    Nature 477:203-6. 2011
    ..of traits are maintained within a single population, were first described for 'pin' and 'thrum' floral types in Primula and Fagopyrum, but classic examples are also found in insect mimicry and snail morphology...
  72. ncbi Fluorescent dye particles as pollen analogues for measuring pollen dispersal in an insect-pollinated forest herb
    Fabienne Van Rossum
    Plant Biology and Nature Management, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Oecologia 165:663-74. 2011
    ..We investigated pollen dispersal in two small populations of the insect-pollinated herb Primula elatior from urban forest fragments using direct (paternity analyses based on microsatellite DNA markers) and ..
  73. pmc Prevalence of lipid abnormalities before and after introduction of lipid modifying therapy among Swedish patients with dyslipidemia (PRIMULA)
    Billie Pettersson
    Center for Medical Technology Assessment, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 10:737. 2010
    ..The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and attainment of goal/normal lipid levels in patients treated with lipid modifying therapy (LMT)...
  74. ncbi Antiviral activity in vitro of two preparations of the herbal medicinal product Sinupret® against viruses causing respiratory infections
    B Glatthaar-Saalmüller
    Labor Dr Glatthaar, Beim Braunland 1, D 88416 Ochsenhausen, Germany
    Phytomedicine 19:1-7. 2011
    Sinupret(®), a herbal medicinal product made from Gentian root, Primula flower, Elder flower, Sorrel herb, and Verbena herb is frequently used in the treatment of acute and chronic rhinosinusitis and respiratory viral infections such as ..
  75. pmc Expansion of mass-flowering crops leads to transient pollinator dilution and reduced wild plant pollination
    Andrea Holzschuh
    Agroecology, Department of Crop Sciences, Georg August University, Grisebachstr 6, 37077 Gottingen, Germany
    Proc Biol Sci 278:3444-51. 2011
    ..Abundances of bumble-bees, which are the main pollinators of the grassland plant Primula veris, but also pollinate oilseed rape (OSR), decreased with increasing amount of OSR...
  76. ncbi Influence of saponin plants on the volatile fraction of thyme in herbal teas
    Christine Tschiggerl
    Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 4 1, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Fitoterapia 82:903-10. 2011
    ..volatile fraction of herbal teas prepared from thyme (Thymus vulgaris) and the effect of combining with cowslip (Primula veris/P. elatior) and liquorice roots (Glycyrrhiza glabra) on the volatiles were analyzed...
  77. ncbi Primula spectabilis Tratt. aerial parts: morphology, volatile compounds and flavonoids
    Sara Vitalini
    Dipartimento di Produzione Vegetale, Facolta di Agraria, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milano, Italy
    Phytochemistry 72:1371-8. 2011
    ..2) were isolated, in addition to a flavone and three flavonols already known from species of Primula. From an EtOH extract of leaf exudates, 7,3',4'-tri-O-methylquercetin was obtained...
  78. ncbi Reconsideration for conservation units of wild Primula sieboldii in Japan based on adaptive diversity and molecular genetic diversity
    Yasuko Yoshida
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1 1 1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8572, Japan
    Genet Res (Camb) 91:225-35. 2009
    b>Primula sieboldii E. Morren is a perennial clonal herb that is widely distributed in Japan, but in danger of extinction in the wild...
  79. ncbi Clinical patterns of phytodermatitis
    Denis Sasseville
    Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Royal Victoria Hospital, Room A 4 17, 687 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, QC H3A 1A1, Canada
    Dermatol Clin 27:299-308, vi. 2009
    ..This article reviews the characteristic clinical patterns of phyto- and phytophotodermatitis and some less common presentations...
  80. ncbi Genetic signs of connectivity in Primula vulgaris (Primulaceae) in a hedgerow network landscape
    Pascal Campagne
    Unité de recherche IRD R072 c o CNRS, Laboratoire Evolution, Genomes et Speciation, Batiment 13, BP1, 91198 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France
    C R Biol 332:652-61. 2009
    The effects of landscape configuration on the genetic connectivity of the heterostylous species Primula vulgaris Huds. (Primulaceae) were studied using AFLP markers...
  81. ncbi Evaluation of modulations in heart rate variability caused by a composition of herbal extracts
    D Cysarz
    Department of Clinical Research, Community Hospital Herdecke, Germany
    Arzneimittelforschung 50:420-4. 2000
    ..of changes of the basic vegetative rhythms due to Cardiodoron, a composition of extracts of blossoms from Primula officinalis and Onopordon acanthium and from the herbs of Hyoscyamus niger...
  82. ncbi Facilitation in an insect-pollinated herb with a floral display dimorphism
    Per Toräng
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Villavägen 14, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Ecology 87:2113-7. 2006
    ..The insect-pollinated herb Primula farinosa is polymorphic for inflorescence height...
  83. ncbi Analysis of late stage flower development in Primula vulgaris reveals novel differences in cell morphology and temporal aspects of floral heteromorphy
    Margaret A Webster
    Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, The University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    New Phytol 171:591-603. 2006
    Heterostyly in Primula is characterized by the development of long-styled pin and short-styled thrum flowers, with anthers midway down the corolla tube in pin flowers, and at its mouth in thrum flowers...
  84. ncbi Efficacy and tolerability of a fixed combination of thyme and primrose root in patients with acute bronchitis. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial
    Joerg Gruenwald
    Analyze and realize ag Phytopharm Research, Berlin, Germany
    Arzneimittelforschung 55:669-76. 2005
    ....
  85. ncbi Contact erythema multiforme from Primula obconica
    R Gallo
    Section of Dermatology Di S E M University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
    Contact Dermatitis 53:351-2. 2005
  86. ncbi Screening of plants used in Danish folk medicine to treat epilepsy and convulsions
    Anna K Jäger
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, The Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2 Universitetsparken, 2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark
    J Ethnopharmacol 105:294-300. 2006
    ..Ethanolic extracts of leaves of Primula elatior and Primula veris and aerial parts of Tanacetum parthenium exhibited good, dose-dependent affinity.
  87. ncbi Floral odor variation in two heterostylous species of Primula
    Anne C Gaskett
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia 2019
    J Chem Ecol 31:1223-8. 2005
    ..We analyzed inter- and intraspecific odor variation in the "pin" and "thrum" floral morphs of sympatric Primula elatior and P. farinosa (Primulaceae). Floral volatiles were sampled with headspace sorption...
  88. ncbi Primula obconica--is contact allergy on the decline?
    M Connolly
    Kinghorn Dermatology Unit, Royal United Hospital, Bath, UK
    Contact Dermatitis 51:167-71. 2004
    b>Primula obconica, a member of the Primulaceae family, was introduced to Britain from China in 1880. P...
  89. ncbi Identification of unusual fatty acids of four alpine plant species from the Pamirs
    Vladimir D Tsydendambaev
    Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism, Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Botanicheskaya 35, Moscow 127276, Russia
    Phytochemistry 65:2695-703. 2004
    ..and structure in total lipids from the green above-ground parts of four alpine plants, Oxygraphis glacialis, Primula macrophylla, Rhodiola pamiroalaica, and Swertia marginata, were established by GC and GC-MS...
  90. pmc Quaternary diversification in European alpine plants: pattern and process
    Joachim W Kadereit
    Institut für Spezielle Botanik und Botanischer Garten, Abteilung Okologie, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Mainz, D 55099 Mainz, Germany
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:265-74. 2004
    Molecular clock approaches applied previously to European alpine plants suggest that Primula sect. Auricula, Gentiana sect...
  91. ncbi Reactive oxygen species-independent G1 arrest induced by evening primrose extract in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells
    Tsutomu Arimura
    Department of Food and Human Health Sciences, Graduated School of Human Life Science, Osaka City University, 3 3 138 Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi ku, Osaka 558 8585, Japan
    Cancer Lett 207:19-25. 2004
    ..The present study suggests that intracellular peroxides, which trigger off induction of apoptosis, are not the trigger of EPE-induced G1 arrest in cell cycle...
  92. ncbi [Guidelines should be based on real knowledge: allergy to ornamental plants is mainly a problem for gardeners]
    Lars Porskjaer Christensen
    Ugeskr Laeger 166:289; author reply 289-90. 2004
  93. pmc Genetic diversity in Primula obconica (Primulaceae) from central and south-west China as revealed by ISSR markers
    Peng Nan
    South China Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Guangzhou 510650, People s Republic of China
    Ann Bot 91:329-33. 2003
    Genetic diversity was investigated in 60 individuals of Primula obconica from four natural populations (from Hubei, central China, and Sichuan, south-west China) and from cultivated material...
  94. ncbi Effects of an anthroposophical remedy on cardiorespiratory regulation
    Dirk Cysarz
    Department of Clinical Research, Gemeinschaftskrankenhaus, Herdecke, Germany
    Altern Ther Health Med 8:78-83. 2002
    ..If this ability is disturbed, eg, in cases of orthostatic syndrome with purely functional disorders, an herbal remedy based on anthroposophical medicine may be able to regulate such rhythmic disturbances...
  95. ncbi Systemic availability and pharmacokinetics of thymol in humans
    Claudia Kohlert
    German Central Institute for Pharmaceutical Research, Sinzig
    J Clin Pharmacol 42:731-7. 2002
    ..2 hours. Thymol sulfate was detectable up to 41 hours after administration. Urinary excretion could be followed over 24 hours. The amount of both thymol sulfate and glucuronide excreted in 24-hour urine was 16.2%+/-4.5% of the dose...
  96. ncbi Fine-scale spatial genetic structure of the distylous Primula veris in fragmented habitats
    F van Rossum
    Plant Science and Nature Management, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Plant Biol (Stuttg) 9:374-82. 2007
    In Flanders (northern Belgium), the distylous self-incompatible perennial herb Primula veris is common, but mainly occurs in fragmented habitats. Distyly, which favours disassortative mating, is characterized in P...
  97. ncbi The influence of n-6 fatty acid supplemented diet on the effect of imipramine in an animal model of depression
    Elizabethe C Borsonelo
    Department of Psychobiology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Pharmacol Biochem Behav 86:113-6. 2007
    ..These results show that the diet supplemented with n-6 fatty acid altered the behavior of the animals in the FST, inhibiting the imipramine effect...
  98. ncbi Exudate flavonoids of Primula spp: structural and biogenetic chemodiversity
    Karin M Valant-Vetschera
    Chemodiversity Research Group, Dept of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, University of Vienna, Rennweg 14, A 1030 Vienna, Austria
    Nat Prod Commun 4:365-70. 2009
    Several new accessions of the genus Primula and of the closely related Cortusa matthioli have been studied for their exudate flavonoid profiles...
  99. ncbi Spatial variability in seed predation in Primula farinosa: local population legacy versus patch selection
    Didrik Vanhoenacker
    Department of Botany, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
    Oecologia 160:77-86. 2009
    ..We monitored seed predation in the perennial herb Primula farinosa, which is dimorphic for scape length, during 5 consecutive years, in a 10-km x 4-km area comprising 79 P...
  100. ncbi Premenstrual disorders in adolescent females-- integrative management
    Gillian Singleton
    Aust Fam Physician 36:629-30. 2007
    ..The presentation of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can be varied and can include psychological and/or somatic symptoms...
  101. ncbi Effects of population size on reproductive success of the endangered and endemic species Primula merrilliana
    Jian Wen Shao
    College of Life Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
    J Integr Plant Biol 50:1151-60. 2008
    The reproductive ability related to the population size of the endangered and endemic species Primula merrilliana Schltr. was investigated...