poaceae

Summary

Summary: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (CEREALS) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The Sorghum bicolor genome and the diversification of grasses
    Andrew H Paterson
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Nature 457:551-6. 2009
  2. ncbi Partitioning selection and complementarity in biodiversity experiments
    M Loreau
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, UMR 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, 75230 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Nature 412:72-6. 2001
  3. ncbi Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 294:843-5. 2001
  4. ncbi Impact of nitrogen deposition on the species richness of grasslands
    Carly J Stevens
    Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
    Science 303:1876-9. 2004
  5. pmc Brachypodium distachyon. A new model system for functional genomics in grasses
    J Draper
    Institute of Biological Sciences, Edward Llwyd Building, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, SY23 3DA, United Kingdom
    Plant Physiol 127:1539-55. 2001
  6. ncbi High-efficiency Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Brachypodium distachyon inbred line Bd21-3
    John Vogel
    USDA Western Regional Research Center, Albany, CA 94710, USA
    Plant Cell Rep 27:471-8. 2008
  7. ncbi Ecosystem stability and compensatory effects in the Inner Mongolia grassland
    Yongfei Bai
    Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    Nature 431:181-4. 2004
  8. ncbi Determinants of woody cover in African savannas
    Mahesh Sankaran
    Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Nature 438:846-9. 2005
  9. pmc High resolution genetic mapping by genome sequencing reveals genome duplication and tetraploid genetic structure of the diploid Miscanthus sinensis
    Xue Feng Ma
    Ceres, Inc, Thousand Oaks, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33821. 2012
  10. pmc Reconstruction of monocotelydoneous proto-chromosomes reveals faster evolution in plants than in animals
    Jerome Salse
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 1095, Genetique, Diversité et Ecophysiologie des Céréales, Universite Blaise Pascal, 234 avenue du Brezet, 63100 Clermont Ferrand, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:14908-13. 2009

Detail Information

Publications310 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The Sorghum bicolor genome and the diversification of grasses
    Andrew H Paterson
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Nature 457:551-6. 2009
    ..About 24% of genes are grass-specific and 7% are sorghum-specific. Recent gene and microRNA duplications may contribute to sorghum's drought tolerance...
  2. ncbi Partitioning selection and complementarity in biodiversity experiments
    M Loreau
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, UMR 7625, Ecole Normale Superieure, 46 rue d Ulm, 75230 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Nature 412:72-6. 2001
    ..In contrast, the complementarity effect is positive overall, supporting the hypothesis that plant diversity influences primary production in European grasslands through niche differentiation or facilitation...
  3. ncbi Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment
    D Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 294:843-5. 2001
    ....
  4. ncbi Impact of nitrogen deposition on the species richness of grasslands
    Carly J Stevens
    Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
    Science 303:1876-9. 2004
    ..At the mean chronic nitrogen deposition rate of central Europe (17 kg Nha-1 year-1), there is a 23% species reduction compared with grasslands receiving the lowest levels of nitrogen deposition...
  5. pmc Brachypodium distachyon. A new model system for functional genomics in grasses
    J Draper
    Institute of Biological Sciences, Edward Llwyd Building, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, SY23 3DA, United Kingdom
    Plant Physiol 127:1539-55. 2001
    ..Despite its small stature, B. distachyon has large seeds that should prove useful for studies on grain filling. Such biological characteristics represent important traits for study in temperate cereals...
  6. ncbi High-efficiency Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Brachypodium distachyon inbred line Bd21-3
    John Vogel
    USDA Western Regional Research Center, Albany, CA 94710, USA
    Plant Cell Rep 27:471-8. 2008
    ..Conducting the co-cultivation step under desiccating conditions produced the greatest improvement in transformation efficiency...
  7. ncbi Ecosystem stability and compensatory effects in the Inner Mongolia grassland
    Yongfei Bai
    Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    Nature 431:181-4. 2004
    ..Our study provides new insights for better management and restoration of the rapidly degrading Inner Mongolia grassland...
  8. ncbi Determinants of woody cover in African savannas
    Mahesh Sankaran
    Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Nature 438:846-9. 2005
    ..These results provide insights into the nature of African savannas and suggest that future changes in precipitation may considerably affect their distribution and dynamics...
  9. pmc High resolution genetic mapping by genome sequencing reveals genome duplication and tetraploid genetic structure of the diploid Miscanthus sinensis
    Xue Feng Ma
    Ceres, Inc, Thousand Oaks, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33821. 2012
    ..In addition, it has utility as a reference for genome sequence assembly for the forthcoming whole genome sequencing of the Miscanthus genus...
  10. pmc Reconstruction of monocotelydoneous proto-chromosomes reveals faster evolution in plants than in animals
    Jerome Salse
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 1095, Genetique, Diversité et Ecophysiologie des Céréales, Universite Blaise Pascal, 234 avenue du Brezet, 63100 Clermont Ferrand, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:14908-13. 2009
    ..If one compares the pace of primate evolution of 90 million years (233 species) to 60 million years of the Poaceae (10,000 species), change in chromosome structure through speciation has accelerated significantly in plants.
  11. ncbi Similar response of labile and resistant soil organic matter pools to changes in temperature
    Changming Fang
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, UK
    Nature 433:57-9. 2005
    ....
  12. ncbi Exploiting the Brachypodium Tool Box in cereal and grass research
    Luis A J Mur
    Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth, Wales, UK
    New Phytol 191:334-47. 2011
    ..Brachypodium is an ideal system for functional genomic studies, because of its easy growth requirements, small physical stature, and rapid life cycle, coupled with the resources offered by the Brachypodium Tool Box...
  13. ncbi Loss of plant species after chronic low-level nitrogen deposition to prairie grasslands
    Christopher M Clark
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, 100 Ecology, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 451:712-5. 2008
    ..A second experiment showed that a decade after cessation of nitrogen addition, relative plant species number, although not species abundances, had recovered, demonstrating that some effects of nitrogen addition are reversible...
  14. pmc TriFLDB: a database of clustered full-length coding sequences from Triticeae with applications to comparative grass genomics
    Keiichi Mochida
    Plant Science Center, RIKEN, Yokohama 230 0045, Japan
    Plant Physiol 150:1135-46. 2009
    ..This informative content provides an informatics gateway for Triticeae genomics and grass comparative genomics. TriFLDB is publicly available at http://TriFLDB.psc.riken.jp/...
  15. ncbi Optimal dose, efficacy, and safety of once-daily sublingual immunotherapy with a 5-grass pollen tablet for seasonal allergic rhinitis
    Alain Didier
    Department of Pneumology, Larrey Hospital, Toulouse, France
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 120:1338-45. 2007
    ..Sublingual immunotherapy is well tolerated and data suggest its effectiveness for the treatment of allergic rhinitis in adults, but it lacks optimum dose definition...
  16. ncbi Brachypodium distachyon: making hay with a wild grass
    Magdalena Opanowicz
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, NR4 7UH, UK
    Trends Plant Sci 13:172-7. 2008
    ..Thus, given its rapid cycling time and ease of cultivation, Brachypodium will be a useful model for investigating problems in grass biology...
  17. ncbi Next-generation sequencing-based transcriptomic and proteomic analysis of the common reed, Phragmites australis (Poaceae), reveals genes involved in invasiveness and rhizome specificity
    Ruifeng He
    Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164, USA
    Am J Bot 99:232-47. 2012
    ..Characterization of the rhizome transcriptome and proteome is needed to identify candidate genes and proteins involved in rhizome growth, development, metabolism, and invasiveness...
  18. ncbi Quality and quantity of data recovered from massively parallel sequencing: Examples in Asparagales and Poaceae
    P Roxanne Steele
    Department of Biology, 6001 W Dodge Street, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, Nebraska 68182 0040, USA
    Am J Bot 99:330-48. 2012
    ....
  19. ncbi Competition for light causes plant biodiversity loss after eutrophication
    Yann Hautier
    Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 324:636-8. 2009
    ..Our conclusions have implications for grassland management and conservation policy and underscore the need to control nutrient enrichment if plant diversity is to be preserved...
  20. ncbi The evolution of apical dominance in maize
    J Doebley
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    Nature 386:485-8. 1997
    ..The maize allele of tb1 is expressed at twice the level of the teosinte allele, suggesting that gene regulatory changes underlie the evolutionary divergence of maize from teosinte...
  21. pmc Multigenic phylogeny and analysis of tree incongruences in Triticeae (Poaceae)
    Juan S Escobar
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre de Montpellier, UMR Diversité et Adaptation des Plantes Cultivées, Domaine de Melgueil, 34130 Mauguio, France
    BMC Evol Biol 11:181. 2011
    ....
  22. ncbi Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment
    David Tilman
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 441:629-32. 2006
    ..Our results indicate that the reliable, efficient and sustainable supply of some foods (for example, livestock fodder), biofuels and ecosystem services can be enhanced by the use of biodiversity...
  23. ncbi Long-term effects of plant diversity and composition on soil nematode communities in model grasslands
    Maria Viketoft
    Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU, Box 7044, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
    Ecology 90:90-9. 2009
    ..Although we found clear effects of plants on soil nematodes, these were probably not large enough to result in strong and persistent plant-soil-organism-plant feedback loops...
  24. ncbi Molecular evolution of FLORICAULA/LEAFY orthologs in the Andropogoneae (Poaceae)
    Kirsten Bomblies
    Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin Madison, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 22:1082-94. 2005
    Members of the grass family (Poaceae) exhibit a broad range of inflorescence structures and other morphologies, making the grasses an interesting model system for studying the evolution of development...
  25. pmc Gene clusters for insecticidal loline alkaloids in the grass-endophytic fungus Neotyphodium uncinatum
    Martin J Spiering
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40546 0312, USA
    Genetics 169:1403-14. 2005
    ..The predicted LolU protein has a DNA-binding site signature, and the relationships of other lol-gene products indicate that the pathway has evolved from various different primary and secondary biosynthesis pathways...
  26. ncbi Feedback with soil biota contributes to plant rarity and invasiveness in communities
    John N Klironomos
    Department of Botany, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    Nature 417:67-70. 2002
    ..These results indicate that plants have different abilities to influence their abundance by changing the structure of their soil communities, and that this is an important regulator of plant community structure...
  27. ncbi Species interactions reverse grassland responses to changing climate
    K B Suttle
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 315:640-2. 2007
    ..Changes in these natural grassland communities suggest a prominent role for species interactions in ecosystem response to climate change...
  28. ncbi Elevated CO2 reduces losses of plant diversity caused by nitrogen deposition
    Peter B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, 1530 Cleveland Avenue North, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 326:1399-402. 2009
    ..This resulted from multiple effects of CO2 and N on plant traits and soil resources that altered competitive interactions among species. Elevated CO2 thus ameliorated the negative effects of N enrichment on species richness...
  29. ncbi Physical organisation of simple sequence repeats (SSRs) in Triticeae: structural, functional and evolutionary implications
    A Cuadrado
    Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, University of Alcala, Madrid, Spain
    Cytogenet Genome Res 120:210-9. 2008
    ..The importance of SSRs in plant breeding and their possible role in chromosome structure, function and evolution is discussed...
  30. pmc PSY3, a new member of the phytoene synthase gene family conserved in the Poaceae and regulator of abiotic stress-induced root carotenogenesis
    Faqiang Li
    Department of Biological Sciences, Lehman College, The City University of New York, Bronx, NY 10468, USA
    Plant Physiol 146:1333-45. 2008
    ..committed step in carotenoid biosynthesis; with PSY3 described here, maize (Zea mays) and other members of the Poaceae have three paralogous genes, in contrast to only one in Arabidopsis thaliana...
  31. pmc Shifts in species composition constrain restoration of overgrazed grassland using nitrogen fertilization in Inner Mongolian steppe, China
    Qing Chen
    Department of Plant Nutrition, China Agricultural University, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 6:e16909. 2011
    ..However, the utility of fertilization for restoration may be constrained by shifts in species composition and the lack of response by belowground biomass, which reduces replacement of soil carbon and nitrogen...
  32. ncbi A depth-controlled tracer technique measures vertical, horizontal and temporal patterns of water use by trees and grasses in a subtropical savanna
    Andrew Kulmatiski
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alaska, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA
    New Phytol 188:199-209. 2010
    ..Because root mass was a poor indicator of root activity, our results highlight the importance of precise root activity measurements...
  33. pmc Introgression of chromosome 3Ns from Psathyrostachys huashanica into wheat specifying resistance to stripe rust
    Houyang Kang
    Triticeae Research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e21802. 2011
    ..These introgressions, which had significant characteristics of resistance to stripe rust, could be utilized as novel germplasms for wheat breeding...
  34. ncbi Improved drought and salt tolerance of Arabidopsis thaliana by transgenic expression of a novel DREB gene from Leymus chinensis
    Peng Xianjun
    Institute of Botany, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100093, People s Republic of China
    Plant Cell Rep 30:1493-502. 2011
    ..Thus, LcDREB3a, encoding a stress-inducible DREB transcription factor, could enhance the abiotic stress tolerance of plants...
  35. ncbi Geographical variation in resistance to acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase-inhibiting herbicides across the range of the arable weed Alopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)
    Christophe Délye
    INRA, UMR1210 Biologie et Gestion des Adventices, Dijon, France
    New Phytol 186:1005-17. 2010
    ..Resistance in A. myosuroides was shaped by variation in the herbicide selective pressure at both the individual field level and the national level...
  36. pmc Identification of a major QTL controlling the content of B-type starch granules in Aegilops
    Thomas Howard
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    J Exp Bot 62:2217-28. 2011
    ....
  37. pmc A sister group contrast using untargeted global metabolomic analysis delineates the biochemical regulation underlying desiccation tolerance in Sporobolus stapfianus
    Melvin J Oliver
    U S Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Plant Genetic Research Unit, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Plant Cell 23:1231-48. 2011
    ..Collectively, the metabolic profiles obtained uncovered a cascade of biochemical regulation strategies critical to the survival of S. stapfianus under desiccation...
  38. ncbi Stress tolerance in plants via habitat-adapted symbiosis
    Rusty J Rodriguez
    US Geological Survey, WFRC, Seattle, WA, USA
    ISME J 2:404-16. 2008
    ..The ability of fungal endophytes to confer stress tolerance to plants may provide a novel strategy for mitigating the impacts of global climate change on agricultural and native plant communities...
  39. pmc Regulation of a chemical defense against herbivory produced by symbiotic fungi in grass plants
    Dong Xiu Zhang
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40146 0312, USA
    Plant Physiol 150:1072-82. 2009
    ..As a result, lolines maximally protect young host tissues in a fashion similar to endogenous plant metabolites that conform to optimal defense theory...
  40. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of C, M, N, and U genomes and their relationships with Triticum and other related genomes as revealed by LMW-GS genes at Glu-3 loci
    Shunli Wang
    Key Laboratory of Genetics and Biotechnology, College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, 100048 Beijing, China
    Genome 54:273-84. 2011
    ..In addition, phylogenetic relationships among different genomes analysed in this study support the concept that Aegilops is not monophyletic...
  41. pmc Hierarchical plant responses and diversity loss after nitrogen addition: testing three functionally-based hypotheses in the Inner Mongolia grassland
    Qingmin Pan
    State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e20078. 2011
    ..Simultaneously examining both aboveground and belowground responses in natural ecosystems is logistically complex, and has rarely been done...
  42. ncbi Community and ecosystem effects of intraspecific genetic diversity in grassland microcosms of varying species diversity
    Jason D Fridley
    Syracuse University, Department of Biology, 107 College Place, Syracuse, New York 13244, USA
    Ecology 91:2272-83. 2010
    ....
  43. ncbi Grass group I allergens (beta-expansins) are novel, papain-related proteinases
    K Grobe
    University of California, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Eur J Biochem 263:33-40. 1999
    ..This leads us to propose a C1 cysteine proteinase function for grass group I allergens, which may mediate plant cell wall growth and possibly contributes to the allergenicity of the molecule...
  44. ncbi Comparative transcriptomics of three Poaceae species reveals patterns of gene expression evolution
    Rebecca M Davidson
    Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1312, USA
    Plant J 71:492-502. 2012
    The Poaceae family, also known as the grasses, includes agronomically important cereal crops such as rice, maize, sorghum, and wheat...
  45. ncbi Ecosystem response to elevated CO(2) levels limited by nitrogen-induced plant species shift
    J Adam Langley
    Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, Maryland 21037, USA
    Nature 466:96-9. 2010
    ..Moreover, we suggest that trade-offs between the abilities of plant taxa to respond positively to different perturbations may constrain natural ecosystem response to global change...
  46. pmc Transpositional reactivation of the Dart transposon family in rice lines derived from introgressive hybridization with Zizania latifolia
    Ningning Wang
    Key Laboratory of Molecular Epigenetics of MOE and Institute of Genetics and Cytology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    BMC Plant Biol 10:190. 2010
    ..It was not known however whether other types of TEs had also been transpositionally reactivated in these introgressants, their relevance to alteration in cytosine methylation, and their impact on expression of adjacent cellular genes...
  47. ncbi Phylogenetic relationships in Elymus (Poaceae: Triticeae) based on the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL-F sequences
    Quanlan Liu
    The Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    New Phytol 170:411-20. 2006
    ....
  48. pmc Links between plant and rhizoplane bacterial communities in grassland soils, characterized using molecular techniques
    Naoise Nunan
    Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Dundee, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:6784-92. 2005
    ..T-RFLP had greater potential resolving power than DGGE, but findings from the two methods were not significantly different...
  49. ncbi Effects of aboveground grazing on coupling among nitrifier activity, abundance and community structure
    Xavier Le Roux
    INRA, CNRS, Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, UMR 5557 Ecologie Microbienne, Villeurbanne, France
    ISME J 2:221-32. 2008
    ..The results also suggest that taxonomic affiliation does not fully infer functional traits of AOB...
  50. ncbi Plant species richness and functional composition drive overyielding in a six-year grassland experiment
    Elisabeth Marquard
    Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans Knöll Strasse 10, 07745 Jena, Germany
    Ecology 90:3290-302. 2009
    ..We conclude that transgressive overyielding between functional groups and species richness effects within functional groups caused the positive biodiversity effects on aboveground community biomass in our experiment...
  51. ncbi Mechanisms contributing to stability in ecosystem function depend on the environmental context
    Emily Grman
    Plant Biology Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Ecol Lett 13:1400-10. 2010
    ....
  52. ncbi Transcriptomic changes following recent natural hybridization and allopolyploidy in the salt marsh species Spartina x townsendii and Spartina anglica (Poaceae)
    Houda Chelaifa
    UMR CNRS 6553, Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
    New Phytol 186:161-74. 2010
    ..These results reflect the decoupled effects of the 'genomic shock' following hybridization and genome redundancy on the genetic, epigenetic and regulatory mechanisms characterizing transcriptomic evolution in allopolyploids...
  53. ncbi Molecular, morphological, and cytological analysis of diverse Brachypodium distachyon inbred lines
    E Filiz
    Sabanci University, Biological Science and Bioengineering Program, 34956, Tuzla, Istanbul, Turkey
    Genome 52:876-90. 2009
    ..These results will also help efforts to have a better understanding of complex large genomes (i.e., wheat, barley, and switchgrass)...
  54. ncbi A protocol for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Brachypodium distachyon community standard line Bd21
    Silvia C Alves
    Department of Crop Genetics, John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    Nat Protoc 4:638-49. 2009
    ..The process--from wild-type seeds to transgenic T(1) seeds--takes approximately 8 months to complete...
  55. ncbi Large multi-gene phylogenetic trees of the grasses (Poaceae): progress towards complete tribal and generic level sampling
    Yanis Bouchenak-Khelladi
    Department of Botany, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, D2, Ireland
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 47:488-505. 2008
    ..We produced a fully resolved phylogenetic summary tree for the grass family at subfamily level and indicated the most likely relationships of all included tribes in our analysis...
  56. ncbi Grassland responses to global environmental changes suppressed by elevated CO2
    M Rebecca Shaw
    Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Science 298:1987-90. 2002
    ..These findings indicate the importance of a multifactor experimental approach to understanding ecosystem responses to global change...
  57. pmc Evolution and function of the sucrose-phosphate synthase gene families in wheat and other grasses
    C Kate Castleden
    Crop Performance and Improvement Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
    Plant Physiol 135:1753-64. 2004
    ..of five families of SPS genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum) and other monocotyledonous plants from the family Poaceae (grasses)...
  58. ncbi Carbon losses from all soils across England and Wales 1978-2003
    Pat H Bellamy
    National Soil Resources Institute, Cranfield University, Silsoe MK45 4DT, UK
    Nature 437:245-8. 2005
    ..Our findings indicate that losses of soil carbon in England and Wales--and by inference in other temperate regions-are likely to have been offsetting absorption of carbon by terrestrial sinks...
  59. ncbi Sixty million years in evolution of soft grain trait in grasses: emergence of the softness locus in the common ancestor of Pooideae and Ehrhartoideae, after their divergence from Panicoideae
    Mathieu Charles
    Unité de Recherches en Génomique Végétale, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unite Mixte de Recherche 1165 CNRS 8114UEVE, Organization and evolution of Plant Genomes, Evry, France
    Mol Biol Evol 26:1651-61. 2009
    Together maize, Sorghum, rice, and wheat grass (Poaceae) species are the most important cereal crops in the world and exhibit different "grain endosperm texture...
  60. ncbi Characterization of two plasma membrane protein 3 genes (PutPMP3) from the alkali grass, Puccinellia tenuiflora, and functional comparison of the rice homologues, OsLti6a/b from rice
    Zhang Chang-Qing
    College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, China
    BMB Rep 41:448-54. 2008
    ..However, the four yeast transformants each showed similar levels of salt tolerance. These results imply that these PMP3 family members don't function identically under different stress tolerance conditions...
  61. ncbi Population structure of wild wheat D-genome progenitor Aegilops tauschii Coss.: implications for intraspecific lineage diversification and evolution of common wheat
    Nobuyuki Mizuno
    Laboratory of Plant Genetics, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Nada Ku, Kobe 657 8501, Japan
    Mol Ecol 19:999-1013. 2010
    ..tauschii and the genealogical relationship among Ae. tauschii accessions should provide important agricultural and evolutionary knowledge on genetic resources and conservation of natural genetic diversity...
  62. pmc Species and functional group diversity independently influence biomass accumulation and its response to CO2 and N
    Peter B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, 55108, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:10101-6. 2004
    ..These results indicate that S and F independently influence biomass accumulation and its response to elevated CO(2) and N...
  63. ncbi Linking leaf and root trait syndromes among 39 grassland and savannah species
    M G Tjoelker
    Department of Forest Science, Texas A and M University, 2135 TAMU, College Station, TX, 77843 2135, USA
    New Phytol 167:493-508. 2005
    ....
  64. pmc Grass microRNA gene paleohistory unveils new insights into gene dosage balance in subgenome partitioning after whole-genome duplication
    Michael Abrouk
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique Université Blaise Pascal, Unité Mixte de Recherche 1095, Genetique, Diversité et Ecophysiologie des Céréales, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Plant Cell 24:1776-92. 2012
    ..Together, our data suggest that overretained miRNAs in grass genomes may be implicated in connected gene regulations for stress responses, which is essential for plant adaptation and useful for crop variety innovation...
  65. pmc A framework genetic map for Miscanthus sinensis from RNAseq-based markers shows recent tetraploidy
    Kankshita Swaminathan
    Energy Biosciences Institute, Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois Urbana, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    BMC Genomics 13:142. 2012
    Miscanthus (subtribe Saccharinae, tribe Andropogoneae, family Poaceae) is a genus of temperate perennial C4 grasses whose high biomass production makes it, along with its close relatives sugarcane and sorghum, attractive as a biofuel ..
  66. pmc Are loline alkaloid levels regulated in grass endophytes by gene expression or substrate availability?
    Dong Xiu Zhang
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
    Plant Signal Behav 5:1419-22. 2010
    Many cool-season grasses (Poaceae, subfam. Pooideae) possess seedborne fungal symbionts, the epichloae, known for their bioprotective properties, and especially for production of anti-insect alkaloids such as lolines...
  67. ncbi Phylogenetic study of Oryzoideae species and related taxa of the Poaceae based on atpB-rbcL and ndhF DNA sequences
    Xu Zeng
    Center for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100193, China
    Mol Biol Rep 39:5737-44. 2012
    Oryzoideae (Poaceae) plants have economic and ecological value. However, the phylogenetic position of some plants is not clear, such as Hygroryza aristata (Retz.) Nees. and Porteresia coarctata (Roxb.) Tateoka (syn. Oryza coarctata)...
  68. ncbi Molecular, phylogenetic and comparative genomic analysis of the cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase gene family in the Poaceae
    Sabine Mameaux
    National Institute of Agricultural Botany NIAB, Cambridge, UK
    Plant Biotechnol J 10:67-82. 2012
    ..However, comparative approaches within the Poaceae permit transfer of molecular knowledge between species, despite their divergence from a common ancestor sixty ..
  69. pmc Pervasive survival of expressed mitochondrial rps14 pseudogenes in grasses and their relatives for 80 million years following three functional transfers to the nucleus
    Han Chuan Ong
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 6:55. 2006
    ....
  70. ncbi Viral diversity and prevalence gradients in North American Pacific Coast grasslands
    Eric W Seabloom
    Oregon State University, Department of Zoology, 3029 Cordley Hall, Corvallis, Oregon 97330, USA
    Ecology 91:721-32. 2010
    ..This work demonstrates the need for further studies of processes governing coinfection, and the utility of applying theory developed to explain diversity in communities of free-living organisms to pathogen systems...
  71. ncbi Local context drives infection of grasses by vector-borne generalist viruses
    Elizabeth T Borer
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Ecol Lett 13:810-8. 2010
    ..For B/CYDV, local context more strongly predicts infection risk than host species traits or regional context; such spatially nested experiments can clarify the factors underlying variation in infection risk...
  72. ncbi Molecular characterization and comparative transcriptional analysis of LMW-m-type genes from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Aegilops species
    X H Li
    Key Laboratory of Genetics and Biotechnology, College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100048, China
    Theor Appl Genet 121:845-56. 2010
    ..Furthermore, the expression level of ZyLMW-m2 genes was much higher than that of ZyLMW-m1 during all grain developmental stages, suggesting that the expression efficiency of LMW-GS genes between the two subclasses was highly discrepant...
  73. ncbi Production and characterization of amphiploids of Aegilops kotschyi and Ae. biuncialis with Secale cereale, and of backcross hybrids of Ae. biuncialis x S. cereale amphiploids with 2x and 4x S. cereale
    Barbara Wojciechowska
    Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Strzeszynska 34, 60 479 Poznan, Poland
    J Appl Genet 46:157-61. 2005
    ..The BC1 plants (2n = 4x = 28 and 2n = 5x = 35, respectively) were phenotypically intermediate between the parents and vigorous in vegetative growth. Some seeds were obtained only from the 35-chromosome BC1 hybrids...
  74. ncbi History on the biological nitrogen fixation research in graminaceous plants: special emphasis on the Brazilian experience
    Jose I Baldani
    Embrapa Agrobiologia, Seropedica, Rio de Janeiro, 23851 970, Brazil
    An Acad Bras Cienc 77:549-79. 2005
    ....
  75. pmc Forage as a primary source of mycotoxins in animal diets
    Jiří Skládanka
    Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, CZ 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:37-50. 2011
    ..Moreover, the level of the occurrence of mould was quantified as ergosterol content, which was higher at the specific date of cut. All results were statistically processed and significant changes were discussed...
  76. pmc Long-term performance of a plant microbial fuel cell with Spartina anglica
    Ruud A Timmers
    Sub Department of Environmental Technology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 86:973-81. 2010
    ..This research shows potential application of microbial fuel cell technology in salt marshes for bio-energy production with the plant microbial fuel cell...
  77. ncbi The stability of African savannas: insights from the indirect estimation of the parameters of a dynamic model
    Steven I Higgins
    Institut für Physische Geographie, Goethe Universitat Frankfurt am Main, Altenhoeferallee 1, Frankfurt am Main 60438, Germany
    Ecology 91:1682-92. 2010
    ..Rainfall does not influence which of these two classes of dynamics occurs. We conclude that, even though fire might not be necessary for grass-tree coexistence, it nonetheless is an important modifier of grass: tree ratios...
  78. ncbi Nitrogen deposition threatens species richness of grasslands across Europe
    Carly J Stevens
    Department of Life Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
    Environ Pollut 158:2940-5. 2010
    ..The results of this survey suggest that the impacts of nitrogen deposition can be observed over a large geographical range...
  79. ncbi The use of genomics and metabolomics methods to quantify fungal endosymbionts and alkaloids in grasses
    Susanne Rasmussen
    AgResearch Ltd, Grasslands Research Centre, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Methods Mol Biol 860:213-26. 2012
    ..lolii. To quantify the fungal alkaloids, we describe LC-MS based methods which provide coverage of a wide range of alkaloids of the indolediterpene and ergot alkaloid classes, together with peramine...
  80. ncbi Biomass-dependent susceptibility to drought in experimental grassland communities
    Yongfan Wang
    Department of Ecology, School of Life Sciences State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    Ecol Lett 10:401-10. 2007
    ....
  81. pmc Differences in light interception in grass monocultures predict short-term competitive outcomes under productive conditions
    Eva Vojtech
    Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 2:e499. 2007
    ..Our results are consistent with the idea that when light is a limiting resource, competition between species for this resource can be asymmetric, contributing to high dominance and low diversity...
  82. ncbi The Rengen Grassland experiment: bryophytes biomass and element concentrations after 65 years of fertilizer application
    Michal Hejcman
    Department of Ecology, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamýcká 1176, 165 21, Prague 6 Suchdol, Czech Republic
    Environ Monit Assess 166:653-62. 2010
    ..Bryophytes seem to be promising bio-indicators not only for airborne deposition of toxic element but also for fertilizer introduced as well...
  83. ncbi Reticulation, data combination, and inferring evolutionary history: an example from Danthonioideae (Poaceae)
    Michael D Pirie
    Institute for Systematic Botany, University of Zurich, Ch 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Syst Biol 58:612-28. 2009
    ..Given the discrepancies between inferences based on the gene trees individually, we urge the use of approaches such as ours that take multiple gene trees into account...
  84. pmc Root colonization and systemic spreading of Azoarcus sp. strain BH72 in grasses
    T Hurek
    Abteilung Mikrobiologie, , Switzerland
    J Bacteriol 176:1913-23. 1994
    ....
  85. ncbi Direct and indirect control of grassland community structure by litter, resources, and biomass
    Eric G Lamb
    Department of Biological Sciences, CW 315 Biological Sciences Building University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E9, Canada
    Ecology 89:216-25. 2008
    ....
  86. ncbi Characterizing the landscape dynamics of an invasive plant and risk of invasion using remote sensing
    Bethany A Bradley
    Department of Geological Sciences, Box 1846, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    Ecol Appl 16:1132-47. 2006
    ..These results highlight the importance of including land use variables and the extents of current plant invasion in predictions of future risk...
  87. ncbi En/Spm-like transposons in Poaceae species: transposase sequence variability and chromosomal distribution
    Ahu Altinkut
    Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Mt Carmel, Haifa, Israel
    Cell Mol Biol Lett 11:214-30. 2006
    ..on the sequence conservation of the transposase region from sequence analyses of En/Spm-like transposons from Poaceae species, namely Zingeria biebersteiniana, Zingeria trichopoda, Triticum monococcum, Triticum urartu, Hordeum ..
  88. pmc Plant diversity surpasses plant functional groups and plant productivity as driver of soil biota in the long term
    Nico Eisenhauer
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16055. 2011
    ..Impacts of key plant functional groups on soil biota are considered to be more important than those of plant diversity; however, current knowledge mainly relies on short-term experiments...
  89. ncbi Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainability of ecosystem response to CO2
    Peter B Reich
    Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Nature 440:922-5. 2006
    ....
  90. ncbi Savanna tree density, herbivores, and the herbaceous community: bottom-up vs. top-down effects
    Corinna Riginos
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Ecology 89:2228-38. 2008
    ..This, in turn, appears to have cascading effects on the herbaceous vegetation. These results shed light on one of the major features of the "landscape of fear" in which African savanna herbivores exist...
  91. ncbi Gene capture from across the grass family in the allohexaploid Elymus repens (L.) Gould (Poaceae, Triticeae) as evidenced by ITS, GBSSI, and molecular cytogenetics
    Václav Mahelka
    Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Pruhonice, Czech Republic
    Mol Biol Evol 27:1370-90. 2010
    ....
  92. ncbi Large multi-locus plastid phylogeny of the tribe Arundinarieae (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) reveals ten major lineages and low rate of molecular divergence
    Chun Xia Zeng
    Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650204, PR China
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:821-39. 2010
    ..Perhaps the ideal way to further illuminate relationships among the temperate bamboos is to sample multiple nuclear loci or whole chloroplast sequences in order to obtain sufficient variation...
  93. ncbi The phylogeny of the Pentaschistis clade (Danthonioideae, Poaceae) based on chloroplast DNA, and the evolution and loss of complex characters
    C Galley
    Institute of Systematic Botany, University of Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, Ch 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Evolution 61:864-84. 2007
    ..We suggest that the presence of these glands enables the persistence of orthophyllous lineages and therefore diversification of the Pentaschistis clade on eutrophic as well as oligotrophic soils...
  94. ncbi Altered expression of wheat AINTEGUMENTA homolog, WANT-1, in pistil and pistil-like transformed stamen of an alloplasmic line with Aegilops crassa cytoplasm
    Kota Mizumoto
    Laboratory of Plant Genetics, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Nada Ku, Kobe, 657 8501, Japan
    Dev Genes Evol 219:175-87. 2009
    ..crassa cytoplasm...
  95. ncbi Phylogenetic relationships of Triticum and Aegilops and evidence for the origin of the A, B, and D genomes of common wheat (Triticum aestivum)
    Gitte Petersen
    Botanical Garden and Museum, The Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Sølvgade 83, DK 1307 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 39:70-82. 2006
    ..The phylogenetic hypothesis further suggests that neither Triticum, Aegilops, nor Triticum plus Aegilops are monophyletic...
  96. ncbi Symbioses of grasses with seedborne fungal endophytes
    Christopher L Schardl
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40546 0312, USA
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 55:315-40. 2004
    Grasses (family Poaceae) and fungi of the family Clavicipitaceae have a long history of symbiosis ranging in a continuum from mutualisms to antagonisms...
  97. ncbi The response of the high altitude C(4) grass Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) A.S. Hitchc. to long- and short-term chilling
    J Pittermann
    Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S3B2
    J Exp Bot 52:829-38. 2001
    ..The inability to overcome the Rubisco limitation at low temperature may be an inherent limitation restricting C(4) photosynthetic performance in cooler climates...
  98. ncbi Identification and molecular characterization of a Brachypodium distachyon GIGANTEA gene: functional conservation in monocot and dicot plants
    Shin Young Hong
    Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, Korea
    Plant Mol Biol 72:485-97. 2010
    ..It is envisioned that the GI genes of bioenergy grasses as well as Brachypodium could be manipulated to improve biomass by engineering developmental timing of phase transitions...
  99. ncbi Data mining for simple sequence repeats in expressed sequence tags from barley, maize, rice, sorghum and wheat
    Ramesh V Kantety
    Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Plant Mol Biol 48:501-10. 2002
    ..This information can be useful for the development of SSR markers that can amplify across the grass genera for comparative mapping and genetics. Functional analysis may reveal their role in plant metabolism and gene evolution...
  100. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of North American Elymus and the monogenomic Triticeae (Poaceae) using three chloroplast DNA data sets
    Roberta J Mason-Gamer
    The University of Idaho, Department of Biological Sciences, Moscow, ID 83844 3051, USA
    Genome 45:991-1002. 2002
    ..At the intergeneric level, the data reveal several deeper-level relationships that were not resolved by previous cpDNA trees...

Research Grants64

  1. PRETERM SKIN CONTACT EFFECTS ON ELECTROPHYSIOLOGIC SLEEP
    Susan Ludington; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Partitioning of data into fifteen minute segments will be performed prior to repeated measures analysis. ..
  2. Genome wide views of chromatin occupancy in the control of Aquilegia development
    Levi Yant; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  3. An Evaluation of Treatment with Omalizumab to Improve the Asthmatic Response to a
    Thomas A Platts-Mills; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Taken together, these studies are designed to understand the importance of IgE antibodies and to better define the correct targets for the treatment of asthma that is designed to prevent exacerbations. ..
  4. Comparative Genomics of Peroxisomal Lipid Metabolism
    Joseph Hacia; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Neural Mechanisms of Diurnality: Role of the Intergeniculate Leaflet
    ANDREW JASON GALL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  6. LIAI Epitope Validation Center: Characterization of Allergen specific T Cells
    ALESSANDRO D SETTE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. MI Youth Violence Prevention Center
    Marc A Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will conduct a process evaluation of the component programs to assure their intended effects are realized and an overall evaluation of the Center. ..
  8. Yellow Fever/Dengue Virus Competence in Aedes aegypt aegypti/formosus in Senegal
    William C Black; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We also plan to visit 50 additional sites in Senegal not covered in our initial survey to provide a more thorough coverage of vector competence and the prevalence of the subspecies. ..
  9. Mycobacterium avium subspecies in Crohn's Disease
    Saleh Naser; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Ultimately, the outcome of this study will go a long way toward clearing up the MAP debate. ..
  10. MRI-Guided Radiotherapy and Biomarkers for Prostate Cancer
    Alan Pollack; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will determine the feasibility and toxicity of the approach in a Phase I clinical trial. ..
  11. Neural Basis for SAD: Development of a Diurnal Rodent Model
    Lily Yan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, such knowledge will contribute to the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies for SAD and result in breakthroughs for the treatment of mental illness. ..
  12. Parallel Computer
    David Piston; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The cost-effective super-computer architecture that we are requesting will support key research projects at Vanderbilt in Genetics, Proteomics, Structural Biology, Cancer, Diabetes and Neuroscience. ..
  13. Molecular Imaging Directed, 3D Ultrasound-guided, Biopsy System
    Baowei Fei; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If completely developed, the multimodality molecular image-guided system will be able to be used not only for biopsy but also for brachytherapy, radiofrequency thermal ablation, cryotherapy, and photodynamic therapy. ..
  14. Epidemiology of Psychological Distress in a Chinese Aging Population
    XinQi Dong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Parallel Computer with High Memory Nodes
    David W Piston; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  16. A randomized trial of urban vacant lot stabilization and substance abuse outcomes
    Charles C Branas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  17. Community-Academic Partnership to Address Health Dispairties in New Orleans
    JOHN J ESTRADA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The project would contribute to ameliorating health disparities in Louisiana, a state with one of the highest indexes of chronic diseases and poverty in the nation. ..
  18. Conference: Improving Dental Quality through Measurement
    Krishna Aravamudhan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Findings from the conference will be published and tools will be developed for distribution to organizations and individuals to help them implement measurement towards quality improvement. ..
  19. Translational Training Program in Pulmonary Biology and Medicine
    Mark T Gladwin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..End of Abstract) ..
  20. Investigation of T cell responses to immunotherapy using class II tetramers
    STEPHEN JAMES TILL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3. Induce immunologic changes that persist following immunotherapy discontinuation. 4. Modify transcriptional profiles of allergen-specific T cells, giving rise to potential new biomarkers for effective tolerization. ..
  21. Multilevel Factors Impacting Smoking Relapse in a National Sample
    JEFFREY SCOTT WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  22. Northeast Regional Life Sciences Core Directors (NERLSCD) Meeting
    George S Grills; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Thus, support for the NERLSCD meeting will facilitate a broad range of current and future NIH funded projects in many different institutions. ..
  23. SCDB Meeting: "Innovations in Development"
    JOHN WALTER TAMKUN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  24. BINDING OF ALLERGENS TO LIPOSOMES FOR IMMUNOTHERAPY
    ARISTO WOJDANI; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..During Phase II additional allergens by both encapsulation as well as cross linking to liposomes will be tested...
  25. STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY OF THE ALLERGIC RESPONSE
    STEVEN ALMO; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  26. Biosensors for Environmental Contaminants
    MICHAEL BLAYLOCK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, demonstration of turf grass as a biosensor for soil lead is expected to stimulate development of low-cost biosensing techniques for other environmental health hazards. ..
  27. IMMUNOBIOLOGY OF IA-DETERMINANT & HLA-D INTERACTION
    Elaine Alexander; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The information obtained on Ir gene sequences and structure of Ia and T-cell determinants will be valuable in investigating structure-function correlations between specific epitopes and Ir gene products...
  28. Chitosan IFNgamma-pDNA Nanosphere Therapy and Immunopathology of Allergic Asthma
    Shyam Mohapatra; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is anticipated that the results of these studies will contribute significantly to our knowledge of asthma and CIN therapy may provide a major breakthrough in management of asthma. ..
  29. ICP-MS Instrument for Baylor College of Dentistry
    Kathy Svoboda; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We have identified two laboratories in the Dallas area that have appropriate instruments, but they cannot analyze our samples (see correspondence). [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. STRUCTURE/FUNCTION OF RAGWEED POLLEN ALLERGEN ANTIGEN E
    David Klapper; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Western" and "dot" blotting procedures ensure that a particular message is present prior to synthesizing a cDNA library for sequence analysis and placement into expression vectors...
  31. NATIONAL NETWORK FOR HISPANIC CANCER PREVENTION
    Amelie Ramirez; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  32. Advanced 3D Control Techniques for Powered Wheelchairs
    Rory Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This pilot study will provide the means to conduct a large-scale trial designed to implement robust controllers in electric powered wheelchairs and test the effect on safety, mobility, and community participation. ..
  33. The Psychobiology of Rhythms in Diurnal Mammals
    Laura Smale; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These insights will help us understand and eventually alleviate the myriad medical and behavioral problems faced by shift workers, who represent 16% of Americans ..
  34. PACIFIC ISLANDER CANCER CONTROL NETWORK
    F Hubbell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. PATIENT EDUCATION VIDEOS: NEUROBIOLOGY OF ALCOHOL
    Frank George; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The potential exists for broader educational distribution of these materials for use with the family members and concerned others of alcoholics. ..
  36. Fate and consequences of gene duplication in eukaryotes
    Michael Zanis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  37. Experimental manipulation of sleep mentation and memory
    Robert Stickgold; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. ASSESSMENT OF CORONARY CARE UNIT USE IN DIFFERENT HOSPIT
    HARRY SELKER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Project 2's results should be of use to those who develop and test predictive probabilistic predictive methods, and to those using logistic regression in health services, epidemiologic, and other research...
  39. Public Health and Pathogens in Isolated Populations
    CAROLINE ACKER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. The states of California and Pennsylvania, and the cities of San Francisco, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh will serve as case studies. ..
  40. EAST HARLEM PARTNERSHIP FOR CANCER AWARENESS (EHPCA)
    William Redd; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  41. EXPORT Center on Metabolic Syndrome and Minority Health
    George Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The talent, commitment, and leadership of the two institutions, coordinated by the Administrative Core, are in place to realize the tremendous potential for reducing health disparities through an EXPORT Center led by SCSU and MUSC. ..
  42. MicroArrays in Grass Shrimp and Sheepshead Minnows
    Patrick Larkin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Because many contaminants act at the gene level to induce or repress gene expression through both receptor-mediated and non-receptor mediated pathways, microarrays can help to elucidate signaling pathways that are affected. ..
  43. EXPORT Center for Metabolic Syndrome and Minority Health
    SABRA SLAUGHTER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The talent, commitment, and leadership of the two institutions, coordinated by the Administrative Core, are in place to realize the tremendous potential for reducing health disparities through an EXPORT Center led by SCSU and MUSC. ..
  44. BREAST CANCER EDUCATION SUMMIT CONFERENCE
    Ronald Blum; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ....
  45. Planning the Stanford Center for Biomedical Computation
    Russ Altman; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. Enhancing Community Research Awareness
    Anita Tesh; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Formative feedback to and from the Community Partnership Board will occur after each step of the intervention. Analysis will include Chi-square, repeated measures ANOVA, regression, and content analyses. ..
  47. LEAD AWARENESS--NORTH PHILLY STYLE
    Nancy Rothman; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  48. Development of an optical brain/nerve stimulator
    Mark Bendett; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  49. BREAST CANCER EDUCATION MINI-SUMMITS
    Ronald Blum; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  50. EMERGENT SELF HELP NETWORKS AMONG URBAN ELDERLY
    HARRY TODD; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ....
  51. Effective Dissemination & Technology Transfer of EBPs
    Judy Hall; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..An evaluation of the planning process and grant activities will be conducted throughout the grant period. ..
  52. Photoreactive Self-Assembled Monolayers
    PATRICK GUIRE; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  53. Circadian Rhythms: Photic Sensitivity and Behavior
    Roberto Refinetti; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF MAIZE GROUP-1 POLLEN ALLERGENS
    Daniel Cosgrove; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will leverage the insights gained from analysis of Zea ml to study the function of group-Il and group-Ill grass pollen allergens, which show significant sequence similarity with the carboxy terminus of group-I allergens. ..
  55. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALLERGIC RHINITIS AND SINUSITIS
    Fuad Baroody; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This will hopefully help to improve our therapeutic modalities for this enigmatic illness that affects millions of Americans every year. ..
  56. DISEASE ON NEW HOSTS: MICROBOTRYUM AS A MODEL SYSTEM
    Janis Antonovics; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Determine the role of genetic factors in the transmission of a pathogen to a new host, c. Determine the role of pathogen specialization in persistence on new hosts. ..
  57. Force and Measurement Device - Phase II
    Rory Cooper; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g. playgrounds, parks, etc.). ..
  58. PATIENT ORIENTED RESEARCH IN CUTANEOUS ONCOLOGY
    Stuart Lessin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Lessin to continue to participate in the ongoing departmental and institutional POR programs and serve as a role model and mentor for young investigators in POR at the University of Pennsylvania. ..
  59. FUNCTIONAL EVOLUTION OF OPIOID RECEPTORS
    Craig Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. Human Sensory Irritation From Volitile Organic Compounds
    William Cain; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..F) The effect of inflammation upon chemesthetic sensitivity. G) Through measurement of the NMP, confirmation of the peripheral basis for a) temporal phenomena, b) differences in potency, and c) effects of inflammation. ..