Summary: A plant family of the order Liliales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida. Members of the family have narrow, lance-shaped, sometimes fleshy or toothed leaves that are clustered at the base of each plant. Most species have large flower clusters containing many flowers. The fruit is a capsule or berry.
- Species of colletotrichum on agavaceaeDavid F Farr
Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD, USA
Mycol Res 110:1395-408. 2006Species of Colletotrichum cause diseases on a wide range of hosts, frequently infecting plants in the Agavaceae (monocotyledons: Liliales)...
- Toxicological assessment of the aqueous root extract of Sanseviera liberica Gerome and Labroy (Agavaceae)Muibat B Amida
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, Idi Araba, P M B 12003 Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
J Ethnopharmacol 113:171-5. 2007..Results indicate that oral doses of SL are relatively safe in rats; however, assessment of hepato-biliary function should be done during chronic use in humans...
- Species identification and sibship assignment of sympatric larvae in the yucca moths Tegeticula synthetica and Tegeticula antithetica (Lepidoptera: Prodoxidae)Christopher S Drummond
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho, PO Box 443051, Moscow, ID 83844, USA Department of Biology, Willamette University, 900 State Street, Salem, OR 97301, USA
Mol Ecol Resour 9:1369-72. 2009Ecological interactions between yucca moths (Tegeticula, Prodoxidae) and their host plants (Yucca, Agavaceae) are exemplary of obligate plant-pollinator mutualism and co-evolution...
- Influence of phenolic constituents from Yucca schidigera bark on arachidonate metabolism in vitroEva M Wenzig
Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 4, 8010 Graz, Austria
J Agric Food Chem 56:8885-90. 2008Yucca schidigera Roezl. (Agavaceae) has been traditionally used to treat a variety of diseases including arthritis and rheumatism...
- Short seed longevity, variable germination conditions, and infrequent establishment events provide a narrow window for Yucca brevifolia (Agavaceae) recruitmentM Bryant J Reynolds
U S Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, 160 N Stephanie Street, Henderson, Nevada 89074, USA
Am J Bot 99:1647-54. 2012....
- A new steroidal saponin, yuccalan, from the leaves of Yucca smallianaYu Lan Jin
Division of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500 757, Korea
Arch Pharm Res 30:543-6. 2007An extract of the leaves of Yucca smalliana Fern. (Agavaceae) showed potential antimicrobial activity...
- Effect of herbal molluscicides and their combinations on the reproduction of the snail Lymnaea acuminataAmrita Singh
Department of Zoology, DDU Gorakhpur University, India
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 46:470-7. 2004..Twenty-four-hour sublethal treatment with the acetogenins caused a maximum reduction in the protein, amino acid, DNA, and RNA in the ovotestis of treated Lymnaea acuminata...
- Antitumor activity of Sansevieria roxburghiana rhizome against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in micePallab Kanti Haldar
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India
Pharm Biol 48:1337-43. 2010Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. & Schult. f. (Agavaceae) is a herbaceous perennial plant traditionally used for coughs, rheumatism; as an expectorant, febrifuge, purgative, and tonic.
- Steroidal glycosides from the underground parts of Dracaena thalioides and their cytotoxic activityLiying Tang
Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, No 16 Nanxiaojie, Dongzhimennei, Beijing 100700, China Department of Medicinal Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432 1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192 0392, Japan
Phytochemistry 107:102-10. 2014..glycosides (1-6) and 12 known compounds (7-18) were isolated from the underground parts of Dracaena thalioides (Agavaceae)...
- Timing and rate of speciation in Agave (Agavaceae)Sara V Good-Avila
Department of Biology, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS, Canada B4P 2R6
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:9124-9. 2006The Agave (Agavaceae) are keystone species of semiarid to arid regions where the geographic center of origin is Mexico but whose populations spread from the southwestern U.S...
- Enhancement of starting up anaerobic digestion of lignocellulosic substrate: fique's bagasse as an exampleMabel Quintero
Escuela de Bacteriología y Laboratorio Clínico Grupo de investigación en Bioquímica y Microbiología, Universidad Industrial de Santander, AA, 678 Bucaramanga, Colombia
Bioresour Technol 108:8-13. 2012In Colombia there are 20,000 ha of fique fields (Furcraea sp., family Agavaceae), that produce around 93,400 tons of fique's bagasse per year. These residuals are disposed into rivers and soil causing pollution...
- Binary PVA bio-nanocomposites containing cellulose nanocrystals extracted from different natural sources: part IE Fortunati
University of Perugia, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, UdR INSTM, Strada di Pentima 4, 05100 Terni, Italy
Carbohydr Polym 97:825-36. 2013..It was also clarified that all PVA/CNC systems remain transparent due to CNC dispersion at the nanoscale, while being all saturated after the first 18-24h of water absorption. ..
- A reverse-phase liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry method for the analysis of high-molecular-weight fructooligosaccharidesScott J Harrison
Grasslands Research Centre, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Anal Biochem 395:113-5. 2009..This method allows the separation and quantification of isomeric fructan oligomers ranging from degree of polymerization (DP) 3 to DP 49...
- Steroidal glycosides from the underground parts of Yucca glauca and their cytotoxic activitiesAkihito Yokosuka
Department of Medicinal Pharmacognosy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, School of Pharmacy, 1432 1, Horinouchi, Hachiouji, Tokyo 192 0392, Japan Electronic address
Phytochemistry 101:109-15. 2014Six steroidal glycosides and 14 known compounds were isolated from the underground parts of Yucca glauca (Agavaceae)...
- Tolerance to cadmium of Agave lechuguilla (Agavaceae) seeds and seedlings from sites contaminated with heavy metalsAlejandra Méndez-Hurtado
Instituto de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, 32310 Ciudad Juárez, Chih, Mexico
ScientificWorldJournal 2013:167834. 2013..Most of our results fitted into the hypothesis that plants from metal-contaminated places do not tolerate more pollution, because of the accumulative effect that cadmium might have on them. ..
- Evaluation of traditional medicines II: the use of metabolite peak-kinetics to monitor PHELA in rat plasmaMakhotso Lekhooa
Department of Pharmacology, University of the Free State, Francie van Ziyl Drive, Tygerberg 7505, Parow Valley, Cape Town, South Africa
Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med 9:73-80. 2012....
- A simple HPLC-fluorescence detection of nitric oxide in cultivated plant cells by in situ derivatization with 2,3-diaminonaphthaleneMitsuhiro Wada
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Japan
Anal Sci 18:631-4. 2002..fluorescence detection for the determination of nitric oxide (NO) in cultivated plant cells (Agave pacifica, Agavaceae) was developed...
- Ternary PVA nanocomposites containing cellulose nanocrystals from different sources and silver particles: part IIE Fortunati
University of Perugia, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, UdR INSTM, Strada di Pentima 4, 05100 Terni, Italy
Carbohydr Polym 97:837-48. 2013..Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) has only been performed on the ternary composite containing 0.1 wt% Ag, which yielded higher values of Young's modulus, and as a whole confirmed the above results...
- Characterization of microsatellite loci in Yucca brevifolia (Agavaceae) and cross-amplification in related speciesRamona Flatz
Department of Biology, Willamette University, 900 State Street, Salem, Oregon 97301, USA
Am J Bot 98:e67-9. 2011..Microsatellite primers were characterized in Yucca brevifolia for use in population genetic studies and, particularly, analyses of gene flow between varieties...
- Chemical constituents of the leaves of Dracaena thalioidesAkihito Yokosuka
Department of Medicinal Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432 1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192 0392, Japan
Nat Prod Commun 8:315-8. 2013..bisdesmosides (1 and 2) and seven known compounds (3-9) were isolated from the leaves of Dracaena thalioides (Agavaceae)...
- Agaves as a raw material: recent technologies and applicationsJ A Narváez-Zapata
Centro de Biotecnología Genómica Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Blvd Del Maestro esq Elias Piña, Col Narciso Mendoza 88710, Reynosa, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Recent Pat Biotechnol 3:185-91. 2009..This plant genus belongs to the Agavaceae family and until now more than 200 species have been described...
- Neophaeosphaeria and Phaeosphaeriopsis, segregates of ParaphaeosphaeriaMarcos P S Câmara
Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Room 304, Building 011A, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
Mycol Res 107:516-22. 2003..quadriseptata are transferred to Neophaeosphaeria. At present all species in Neophaeosphaeria occur on Yucca (Agavaceae). Phaeosphaeriopsis is described for species that produce 4-5-septate ascospores...
- Effect of steam explosion and enzymatic pre-treatments on pulping and bleaching of Hesperaloe funiferaR Martín-Sampedro
Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria INIA, Carretera de La Coruna, km 7 5, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Bioresour Technol 111:460-7. 2012..1% delignification rate and a final brightness of 67% ISO. Finally, the steam explosion pre-treatment also improved the color properties of the bleached pulp and reduced the hydrogen peroxide consumption by 24.6%...
- Asymmetric hybridization and gene flow between Joshua trees (Agavaceae: Yucca) reflect differences in pollinator host specificityTyler N Starr
Department of Biology, Willamette University, 900 State Street, Salem, OR 97301, USA
Mol Ecol 22:437-49. 2013..Natural selection may be required to maintain phenotypic differences in the face of ongoing gene flow...
- New chlorogenin hexasaccharide isolated from Agave fourcroydes with cytotoxic and cell cycle inhibitory activitiesTakashi Ohtsuki
Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, 1 33 Yayoi cho, Inage Ku, Chiba 263 8522, Japan
Bioorg Med Chem 12:3841-5. 2004A new chlorogenin hexasaccharide (1) was isolated from leaves of Agave fourcroydes (Agavaceae)...
- Effects of different sources of fructans on body weight, blood metabolites and fecal bacteria in normal and obese non-diabetic and diabetic ratsJuan A Rendón-Huerta
Programa Multidisciplinario de Posgrado en Ciencias Ambientales, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Altair 200 Fracc Del Llano, S L P México, CP, 78377, Mexico
Plant Foods Hum Nutr 67:64-70. 2012..Asteraceae, Helianthus tuberosus L. Asteraceae and Agave angustifolia ssp. tequilana Haw, Agavaceae) on body weight change, blood metabolites and fecal bacteria in non-diabetic (ND) and diabetic (D) rats...
- Florivore impacts on plant reproductive success and pollinator mortality in an obligate pollination mutualismDavid M Althoff
Department of Biology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, 13244, USA
Oecologia 173:1345-54. 2013..Yucca filamentosa (Agavaceae) is pollinated by the moth Tegeticula cassandra (Lepidoptera: Prodoxidae), and the mutualism also attracts two ..
- AFLP analysis and zebra disease resistance identification of 40 sisal genotypes in ChinaJianming Gao
Key Laboratory of Tropical Crop Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Haikou, 571101, China
Mol Biol Rep 39:6379-85. 2012..attenuata var. marginata, Dong 109, Nan ya 1 and A. attenuata are suitable for hybridization with H.11648 to breed a new disease-resistant variety...
- Novel microsatellite loci for Agave parryi and cross-amplification in Agave palmeri (Agavaceae)Denise L Lindsay
Environmental Laboratory, U S Army Engineer Research and Development Center, 3909 Halls Ferry Road, Vicksburg, MS 39180, USA
Am J Bot 99:e295-7. 2012..These markers were also tested for cross-amplification and applicability to assess patterns of genetic diversity and structure in A. palmeri...
- Effects of gene flow on phenotype matching between two varieties of Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia; Agavaceae) and their pollinatorsJ B Yoder
Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108, USA
J Evol Biol 26:1220-33. 2013..we examine possible effects of gene flow on plant-pollinator trait matching in two varieties of Joshua tree (Agavaceae: Yucca brevifolia)...
- New cholestane glycosides from the leaves of Cordyline terminalisAkihito Yokosuka
Laboratory of Medicinal Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432 1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo, Japan
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 60:275-9. 2012Four new cholestane glycosides (1-4) were isolated from the leaves of Cordyline terminalis (Agavaceae)...
- Host specificity and reproductive success of yucca moths (Tegeticula spp. Lepidoptera: Prodoxidae) mirror patterns of gene flow between host plant varieties of the Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia: Agavaceae)Christopher Irwin Smith
Department of Biology, Willamette University, OR 97301, USA
Mol Ecol 18:5218-29. 2009....
- Steroidal glycosides from Furcraea foetida and their cytotoxic activityAkihito Yokosuka
Laboratory of Medicinal Pharmacognosy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences School of Pharmacy, Hachiouji, Tokyo 192 0392, Japan
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 57:1161-6. 2009..3), together with nine known steroidal glycosides (4-12) were isolated from the leaves of Furcraea foetida (Agavaceae)...
- Simulation of the thermogravimetry analysis of three non-wood pulpsAgustín García Barneto
Chemical Engineering Department, Campus El Carmen, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
Bioresour Technol 101:3220-9. 2010..These simulations allow us to investigate certain effects like oxygen influence on cellulose-char formation (including reduction in activation energy) and to calculate the composition of samples...
- Phylogeography of Camassia quamash in western North America: postglacial colonization and transport by indigenous peoplesHiroshi Tomimatsu
Departments of Botany and Zoology and Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Mol Ecol 18:3918-28. 2009..quamash does not show any detectable signatures of transport by indigenous peoples and is better understood as the result of natural dispersal processes...
- Effect of Chlorophytum Borivilianum Santapau and Fernandes on sexual dysfunction in hyperglycemic male ratsMayank Thakur
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, India
Chin J Integr Med 15:448-53. 2009..To investigate the effects of Chlorophytum borivilianum (CB) on sexual dysfunction, loss of body weight, and lack of libido in hyperglycemic rats induced with streptozotocin or alloxan...
- Evaluation of the antidiarrhoeal effect of Sanseviera liberica Gerome & Labroy (Agavaceae) root extractO O Adeyemi
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, P M B 12003 Lagos, Nigeria
J Ethnopharmacol 123:459-63. 2009The aqueous root extract of Sansevieraliberica (Agavaceae), SL, is used in Traditional African Medicine (TAM) for the treatment of diarrhoea. However, the scientific basis for this usage has not been established.
- A GIS-based comparison of the Mexican national and IUCN methods for determining extinction riskTeresa P Feria Arroyo
Laboratory of Landscape Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Texas Pan American, 1201 W University Drive, Edinburg, TX 78541, USA
Conserv Biol 23:1156-66. 2009..for evaluation of risk of extinction of wild species [MER]) with the IUCN system for the 16 Polianthes taxa (Agavaceae), a genus of plants with marked variation in distribution sizes...
- [Steroidal saponins from the plant Agave brittoniana with activity against the parasite Trichomona vaginalis]José Orestes Guerra
Facultad de Quimica y Farmacia, Universidad Central de Las Villas, Cuba
Rev Biol Trop 56:1645-52. 2008The genus Agave (Agavaceae), includes more than 300 species; around 16 of them show an homogeneous distribution throughout Cuba. Agave brittoniana (ssp...
- Steroidal saponins from the whole plants of Agave utahensis and their cytotoxic activityAkihito Yokosuka
Laboratory of Medicinal Pharmacognosy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo, Japan
Phytochemistry 70:807-15. 2009Phytochemical investigation of the whole plants of Agave utahensis Engelm. (Agavaceae) has resulted in the isolation of 15 steroidal saponins (1-15), including five spirostanol saponins (1-5) and three furostanol saponins (11-13)...
- Genetic consequences of pre-Columbian cultivation for Agave murpheyi and A. delamateri (Agavaceae)Kathleen C Parker
Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 USA
Am J Bot 94:1479-90. 2007..Genetic variation in both cultigens was lower than in most contemporary commercial crops but similar to that observed in modern traditional agricultural systems...
- Primary and secondary thickening in the stem of Cordyline fruticosaMarina B Cattai
Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Cidade Universitaria, Butanta, SP, Brazil
An Acad Bras Cienc 82:653-62. 2010..The analysis of serial sections shows that the pericycle and STM are continuous in this species, and it is clear that the STM originates in the pericycle.The endodermis is acknowledged only as the innermost layer of the cortex...
- Diversity and structure of landraces of Agave grown for spirits under traditional agriculture: A comparison with wild populations of A. angustifolia (Agavaceae) and commercial plantations of A. tequilanaOfelia Vargas-Ponce
Departamento de Botanica y Zoologia, CUCBA, Universidad de Guadalajara, km 15 5 carretera Guadalajara Nogales, Las Agujas, Nextipac, Zapopan, Jalisco, A P 1100 México
Am J Bot 96:448-57. 2009..118) was 73% lower. Changes to agave spirits certification laws to allow the conservation of current genetic, ecological and cultural diversity can play a key role in the preservation of the traditional agroecosystems...
- Desert wildfire and severe drought diminish survivorship of the long-lived Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia; Agavaceae)Lesley A Defalco
U S Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center, 160 N Stephanie Street, Henderson, Nevada 89074 USA
Am J Bot 97:243-50. 2010..brevifolia population structure toward tall, old adults with fewer opportunities for plant recruitment, thus imperiling the persistence of this unique plant community...
- Specialization clines in the pollination systems of agaves (Agavaceae) and columnar cacti (Cactaceae): A phylogenetically controlled meta-analysisMiguel A Munguía-Rosas
Departamento de Ecología Aplicada, Instituto de Ecologia, A C Apartado Postal 63, Xalapa, Veracruz, C P 91000 Mexico
Am J Bot 96:1887-95. 2009..The degree of specificity in the pollination systems of columnar cacti is heavily influenced by ecological factors and has a predictable geographic pattern...
- [Interpopulation reproductive synchrony of Agave cocui (Agavaceae) in Venezuela]Carmen J Figueredo
Centro de Ecologia, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas, A P 20632, Caracas 1020 A, Venezuela
Rev Biol Trop 59:1359-70. 2011Agave cocui (Agavaceae) is a species with broad distribution in arid and semiarid areas of Venezuela and Colombia...
- Heterogeneous pollen in Chlorophytum comosum, a species with a unique mode of plastid inheritance intermediate between the maternal and biparental modesYang Liu
College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 China
Plant Physiol 135:193-200. 2004..comosum, we propose that the species is a transitional type with a mode of plastid inheritance that is genetically intermediate between the maternal and biparental modes...
- Functional plant cell wall design revealed by the Raman imaging approachStephan Richter
Faculty 5 Biomimetics, Biological Materials, University of Applied Sciences Bremen, 28199, Bremen, Germany
Planta 233:763-72. 2011..The different plant cell wall designs on the tissue and microlevel involve changes in chemical composition as well as cellulose microfibril alignment and are discussed and related according to the development and function...
- Coumarins in Phormium (New Zealand flax) fibers: their role in fluorescence and photodegradationGerald J Smith
Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
Photochem Photobiol 87:45-50. 2011..The spectral distributions of the fluorescence associated with the unirradiated fibers and their aqueous extracts are consistent with them originating from a number of 7-hydroxycoumarins present...
- Absence of population-level phenotype matching in an obligate pollination mutualismW Godsoe
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 1527, USA
J Evol Biol 23:2739-46. 2010..Here, we use the case of co-divergence between different varieties of Joshua tree Yucca brevifolia (Agavaceae) and their obligate pollinators, two yucca moths (Tegeticula spp...
- Exploitation of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin from Hesperaloe funiferaR Sanchez
Chemical Engineering Department, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain
Bioresour Technol 102:1308-15. 2011..13% H2, 31.79% CO and 1.86% CH4 by weight. Gasification of the same sample provided a gas containing 0.18% H2, 24.50% CO and 17.75% CH4...
- Characterization of calcium oxalate biominerals in some (non-Cactaceae) succulent plant speciesPaula V Monje
Centro de Química Inorgánica CEQUINOR, CONICET UNLP, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C Correo 962, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
Z Naturforsch C 65:429-32. 2010..Spectroscopic results revealed that the mineral present in succulent species of Agavaceae, Aizoaceae, and Asphodelaceae was calcium oxalate monohydrate (whewellite, CaC2O4 x H2O)...
- Soda pulp and fuel gases synthesis from Hesperaloe funiferaRafael Sanchez
Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Science, University of Cordoba, Spain
Bioresour Technol 101:7043-51. 2010..H. funifera contains little lignin and abundant alpha-cellulose; this, together with the morphological characteristics of its fibers, makes it a potentially highly useful papermaking raw material...
- Elucidating the selenium and arsenic metabolic pathways following exposure to the non-hyperaccumulating Chlorophytum comosum, spider plantScott E Afton
Department of Chemistry, University of Cincinnati Agilent Technologies Metallomics Center of the Americas, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221 0172, USA
J Exp Bot 60:1289-97. 2009..Although total elemental analysis demonstrates a selenium and arsenic antagonism, a compound containing selenium and arsenic was not present in the general aqueous extract of the plant...
- An Aphelenchoides sp. nematode Parasitic of Polianthes tuberosa in the Mekong DeltaNguyen Thi Thu Cuc
Cantho University, College of Agriculture and Applied Biology, Department of Plant Protection, 3 2 street, Can Tho City, Vietnam Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Goteborg University, S 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
J Nematol 39:248-57. 2007..Finally, we demonstrated that the nematode is capable of infecting 30 rice cultivars but does not cause the white tip disease usually associated with A. besseyi infection...
- Cytotoxic activity of Agave intermixta L. (Agavaceae) and Cissus sicyoides L. (Vitaceae)M T Saenz
Laboratory of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Seville, S N, 41012 Seville, Spain
Phytother Res 14:552-4. 2000The cytostatic activities of Agave intermixta L. (Agavaceae) and Cissus sicyoides L. (Vitaceae) have been determined. In the antimitotic assay, Agave intermixta L. showed complete inhibition of cell division at 24 h of treatment...
- In situ chromosomal localization of rDNA sites in "Safed Musli" Chlorophytum ker-gawl and their physical measurement by fiber FISHU C Lavania
Cytogenetics Division, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, India
J Hered 96:155-60. 2005..comosum, grossly in correspondence to their respective physical sizes at metaphase...
- Multivariate analysis of FTIR and ion chromatographic data for the quality control of tequilaDirk W Lachenmeier
Chemisches und Veterinaruntersuchungsamt CVUA Karlsruhe, Weissenburger Strasse 3, 76187 Karlsruhe, Germany
J Agric Food Chem 53:2151-7. 2005..azul, Agavaceae) and tequila produced with other fermentable sugars ("mixed"tequila) was possible...
- Antifungal activity of tuberose absolute and some of its constituentsEugene Sebastian J Nidiry
Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hessaraghatta Lake P O, Bangalore 560089, India
Phytother Res 19:447-9. 2005..However, three constituents present in the absolute, namely geraniol, indole and methyl anthranilate exhibited significant activity showing total inhibition of the mycelial growth at this concentration...
- Dracaenogenins A and B, new spirostanols from the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensisQing An Zheng
State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resource in West China, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204, PR China
Steroids 71:160-4. 2006..dracaenogenin B (2) were isolated from Chinese dragon's blood, the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis (Agavaceae)...
- Free radical scavenging potential of Chlorophytum tuberosum BakerSreevidya Narasimhan
Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow 226 001, India
J Ethnopharmacol 104:423-5. 2006..97 microg/ml for scavenging of DPPH, nitric oxide, lipid peroxidation and ferry bi-pyridyl complex, respectively, along with a integral anitoxidant activity of 2.986 nmol ascorbic acid/g equivalents in photochemiluminescence assay...
- Phytochemistry and antimycobacterial activity of Chlorophytum inornatumGemma O'Donnell
Centre for Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, The School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29 39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, UK
Phytochemistry 67:178-82. 2006..The antimycobacterial activity of this plant was mainly due to the homoisoflavonoid which exhibited minimum inhibitory values ranging from 16-256 microg/ml against four strains of fast-growing mycobacteria...
- Rapid plant regeneration and analysis of genetic fidelity of in vitro derived plants of Chlorophytum arundinaceum Baker--an endangered medicinal herbS K Lattoo
Genetics and Plant Breeding, Regional Research Laboratory CSIR, Canal Road, Jammu Tawi, 180 001 India
Plant Cell Rep 25:499-506. 2006..High multiplication frequency, molecular, cytological and phenotypic stability ensures the efficacy of the protocol developed for the production and conservation of this important endangered medicinal herb...
- Isolation and structure elucidation of three glycosides and a long chain alcohol from Polianthes tuberosa LinnKhalid Mohammed Kha
H E J Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical Science, University of Karachi, Pakistan
Nat Prod Lett 16:283-90. 2002..All four isolated compounds were screened for their cytotoxicity, antibacterial and antifungal activities, none of the compounds showed any significant activity...
- Variations in the fibre repeat between samples of cellulose I from different sourcesTony C Davidson
Industrial Research Limited, PO Box 31310 Lower Hutt, New Zealand
Carbohydr Res 339:2889-93. 2004..The model was used to extrapolate the fibre repeat to a value of 1.043 nm for a hypothetical, infinitely large crystal, and to 1.029 nm for a crystallite so narrow that all chains were exposed on surfaces...
- Saponins from Furcraea selloa var. marginataJoanne L Simmons-Boyce
Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, P O Box 64, Bridgetown, Barbados, WI
Fitoterapia 75:634-8. 2004..The 22-O-methyl ether (2) of furcreafurostatin (1) was also characterized. The structures were determined by using a combination of spectroscopic techniques...
- Chemoprotective potentials of homoisoflavonoids and chalcones of Dracaena cinnabari: modulations of drug-metabolizing enzymes and antioxidant activityM Machala
Veterinary Research Institute, Hudcova 70, 62132 Brno, Czech Republic
Phytother Res 15:114-8. 2001A series of homoisoflavonoids and chalcones, isolated from the endemic tropical plant Dracaena cinnabari Balf. (Agavaceae), were tested for their potential to inhibit cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) enzymes and Fe-enhanced in vitro ..
- Four new 3,5-cyclosteroidal saponins from Dracaena surculosaAkihito Yokosuka
Laboratory of Medicinal Plant Science, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Japan
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 50:992-5. 2002Further search for steroidal compounds contained in Dracaena surculosa (Agavaceae) led to the isolation of two new 3,5-cyclospirostanol saponins (1, 2) and two new 3,5-cyclofurostanol saponins (3, 4)...
- Spirostanol pentaglycosides from the underground parts of polianthestuberosaYoshihiro Mimaki
School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, 1432 1, Horinouchi, Hachioji, Japan
J Nat Prod 65:1424-8. 2002..The cytotoxic activities of 1-4 against HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells and HSC-2 human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells are reported...
- Genetic differentiation in the Agave deserti (Agavaceae) complex of the Sonoran desertA Navarro-Quezada
Biology Department, McGill University, 1205 Avenue Dr Penfield, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1B1
Heredity (Edinb) 90:220-7. 2003..91-6.14). Nei's genetic distances between the three species were low compared to the values obtained from other Agavaceae, and there was no clear correlation with taxonomic divisions. In a UPGMA analysis, A. subsimplex and A...
- An obligate pollination mutualism and reciprocal diversification in the tree genus Glochidion (Euphorbiaceae)Makoto Kato
Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Yoshida nihonmatsu cho, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:5264-7. 2003..accompanied by reciprocal diversification has been known in only two plant genera, Ficus (Moraceae) and Yucca (Agavaceae), which are pollinated exclusively by obligate seed-parasitic wasps and moths, respectively...
- Spirostanol and furostanol glycosides from the fresh tubers of Polianthes tuberosaJian Ming Jin
State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resources in West China, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204, People s Republic of China
J Nat Prod 67:5-9. 2004..Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and the results of acidic and enzymatic hydrolysis. The cytotoxic activities of 1-14 against HeLa cells are reported...
- Polysaccharide (ANK-102) from Polianthes tuberosa cells deteriorates the resistance of mice to Listeria monocytogenes infectionT Majima
Department of Ontogeny and Development, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 17:59-68. 1995..2 expression on the surface of the thymocytes. A new type of immunosuppressive polysaccharide ANK-102 was introduced...
- Changes in polyamine pattern are involved in floral initiation and development in Polianthes tuberosaChiung Kuei Huang
Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, ROC
J Plant Physiol 161:709-13. 2004..tuberosa. It is also suggested that a significant reduction in putrescine and spermine in the corms is involved in the early floral initiation in P. tuberosa...
- Isolation and identification of some steroidal glycosides of Furcraea selloaM M El-Sayed
Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Warrak el Hadar, Giza, Egypt
Pharmazie 61:478-82. 2006The antischistosomal impact of different extracts of the leaves of Furcraea selloa C. Koch (Family Agavaceae) were screened against adult Schistosoma mansoni worms in vitro using well established culture media...
- Guard cells in albino leaf patches do not respond to photosynthetically active radiation, but are sensitive to blue light, CO2 and abscisic acidM Rob G Roelfsema
Molecular Plant Physiology and Biophysics, Julius von Sachs Institute for Biosciences, Biocenter, Wurzburg University, Germany
Plant Cell Environ 29:1595-605. 2006..Stomata in albino leaf patches, however, do not respond to PAR, but require photosynthetically active mesophyll cells for this response...
- Action of (2-->1)Fructo-oligopolysaccharide fraction of Chlorophytum borivilianum against Streptozotocin-Induced oxidative stressSreevidya Narasimhan
Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, India
Planta Med 72:1421-4. 2006..32 +/- 3.56 and 110.21 +/- 4.22, respectively, as compared to the control value of 231.25 +/- 3.03 along with moderate antioxidant activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic animals...
- An evaluation of anthelmintic properties, assessed using faecal nematode egg counts, of New Zealand native flax (Phormium tenax)Aj Litherland
AgResearch Ltd, Grasslands Research Centre, Private Bag 11008, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
N Z Vet J 56:339-42. 2008..To investigate the anthelmintic properties of New Zealand native flax (Phormium tenax) for cattle, using a faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT)...
- Molluscicidal and schistosomicidal activities of a steroidal saponin containing fraction from Dracaena fragrans (L.)M M Tadros
Department of Medical Malacology, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Egypt
J Egypt Soc Parasitol 38:585-98. 2008The steroidal saponin-containing fraction from methanolic extract of Dracaena fragrans (Family: Agavaceae) was tested for molluscicidal and ovicidal activities against Biomphalaria alexandrina and Bulinus truncatus, the snail vectors of ..
- Contractile roots in succulent monocots: convergence, divergence and adaptation to limited rainfallGretchen B North
Department of Biology, Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA 90041, USA
Plant Cell Environ 31:1179-89. 2008..pull shoots further down in the soil are a possible example of convergent evolution in two monocot families, the Agavaceae and the Asphodelaceae...
- A combined extract of Cinnamomi Ramulus, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Alpiniae Officinari Rhizoma suppresses production of nitric oxide by inhibiting NF-kappaB activation in RAW 264.7 cellsMi Young Jeong
Research Group of Pain and Neuroscience in Vision 2000 Project, WHO Collaborating Center for Traditional Medicine, East West Medical Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegidong, Dongdaemoongu, Seoul, 130 701, South Korea
Phytother Res 22:772-7. 2008..CAA might be a potential therapeutic candidate for treating inflammatory diseases such as arthritis...
- Cytotoxic spirostane-type saponins from the roots of Chlorophytum borivilianumDebabrata Acharya
Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie, Unite de Molecules d Interet Biologique, UMIB UPRES EA 3660, Faculte de Pharmacie, Universite de Bourgogne, 21079 Dijon Cedex, France
J Nat Prod 72:177-81. 2009..The cytotoxicity of borivilianosides F (2), G (3), and H (4) and three known compounds was evaluated using two human colon cancer cell lines (HT-29 and HCT 116)...
- Anti-stress and anti-oxidant effects of roots of Chlorophytum borivilianum (Santa Pau & Fernandes)R D Kenjale
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mumbai University Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400019, India
Indian J Exp Biol 45:974-9. 2007..The results suggested that it could be used for the treatment of oxidative stress-induced disorders...
- Pattern and timing of diversification in Yucca (Agavaceae): specialized pollination does not escalate rates of diversificationChristopher Irwin Smith
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844, USA
Proc Biol Sci 275:249-58. 2008..also corroborate the suggestion that the plant-moth pollination mutualism has at least two origins within the Agavaceae. Finally, age estimates show significant discord between the age of Yucca (ca 6-10Myr) and the current best ..
- Antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic activity of novel phenolic derivatives of resveratrolP Nigro
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, Italy
Life Sci 81:873-83. 2007Gloriosaols A-C, isolated from Yucca gloriosa (Agavaceae), are novel phenolic compounds structurally related to resveratrol...
- Steroidal saponins from the stem of Yucca elephantipesYing Zhang
State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resources in West China, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204, PR China
Phytochemistry 69:264-70. 2008..b>Agavaceae). Their structures were determined by detailed chemical and spectroscopic analysis...
- Molecular and morphological characterization of Leveillula (Ascomycota: Erysiphales) on monocotyledonous plantsSeyed Akbar Khodaparast
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, P O Box 41635 1314, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Mycol Res 111:673-9. 2007..4%. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the two monocot isolates do not group into a clade together. This result suggests that Leveillula acquired parasitism to monocots at least twice independently...
- Morphology and life cycle of a new species of Didymium (Myxomycetes) from arid areas of MexicoD Wrigley de Basanta
Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Plaza de Murillo 2, 28014 Madrid, Spain
Mycologia 100:921-9. 2008A new species of myxomycete, Didymium umbilicatum, isolated from the bark of Agavaceae, is described from arid zones of Mexico. This species was obtained from moist chamber cultures of Yucca spp...
- Cytomixis impairs meiosis and influences reproductive success in Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb) Jacq. - an additional strategy and possible implicationsS K Lattoo
Regional Research Laboratory, Canal Road, Jammu Tawi 180 001, India
J Biosci 31:629-37. 2006..The evolutionary significance and tenable hypothesis in the backdrop of existing literature is also proposed...
- Steroidal glycosides from Agave utahensisAkihito Yokosuka
Laboratory of Medicinal Pharmacognosy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Hachiouji, Tokyo 192 0392, Japan
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 55:145-9. 2007..together with two known spirostanol glycosides (5 and 6) were isolated from the whole plants of Agave utahensis (Agavaceae)...
- Methods for characterizing plant fibersNatasha Cruthers
Clothing and Textile Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Microsc Res Tech 67:260-4. 2005..The best methods were (i) transverse sections of leaf specimens 4 microm thick, embedded in Paraplast and observed using light microscopy, and (ii) nonfixed ultimate fibers observed using scanning electron microscopy...
- The influence of interaction type and feeding location on the phylogeographic structure of the yucca moth community associated with Hesperoyucca whippleiDavid M Althoff
Department of Biology, 130 College Place, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA
Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:398-406. 2007..We used a community of four yucca moth species, monophagous on the host plant Hesperoyucca whipplei (Agavaceae), to examine how the type of interaction and where insects feed within a plant influence phylogeographic ..
- Steroidal glycosides from the aerial parts of Polianthes tuberosaY Mimaki
School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, 1432 1, Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192 0392, Japan
J Nat Prod 63:1519-23. 2000..The isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity on HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells...
- Accidental importation of the mosquito Aedes albopictus into the Netherlands: a survey of mosquito distribution and the presence of dengue virusE J Scholte
Dutch Plant Protection Service, Department of Entomology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Med Vet Entomol 22:352-8. 2008..several horticultural companies that import the ornamental plant Dracaena sanderiana (Sparagalus: Dracaenaceae [Agavaceae]), known as Lucky bamboo, from southern China, an area endemic for this mosquito species and for arboviruses ..
- Effects of an increase in summer precipitation on leaf, soil, and ecosystem fluxes of CO2 and H2O in a sotol grassland in Big Bend National Park, TexasLisa Patrick
Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 3131, USA
Oecologia 151:704-18. 2007..In summary, greater amounts of summer precipitation may lead to short-term increased carbon uptake by this sotol grassland ecosystem...
- Effects of Chlorophytum borivilianum on sexual behaviour and sperm count in male ratsRakesh Kenjale
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mumbai University Institute of Chemical Technology, Matunga, Mumbai 400019, India
Phytother Res 22:796-801. 2008..Thus, roots of Chlorophytum borivilianum can be useful in the treatment of certain forms of sexual inadequacies, such as premature ejaculation and oligospermia...
- Indigenous ancestral sayings contribute to modern conservation partnerships: examples using Phormium tenaxPriscilla M Wehi
School of Maori and Pacific Development and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand
Ecol Appl 19:267-75. 2009..TEK can inform restoration ecology, historical ecology, and conservation management of species and ecosystems, especially where data from pollen records and archaeological artifacts are incomplete...
- Comparative analysis of the plasmids from two isolates of "Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense"Lia W Liefting
AgriGenesis Biosciences Ltd, P O Box 50, Auckland, New Zealand
Plasmid 56:138-44. 2006..The identities of the deduced amino acid sequences of ORF1, ORF2, ORF3, and ORF4 between pPAPh2 and pPASb11 were 89, 68, 91, and 68%, respectively; the differences being consistent with the subgroup status of the parental phytoplasmas...
- Sedative and anticonvulsant activities of the aqueous root extract of Sanseviera liberica Gerome & Labroy (Agavaceae)Olufunmilayo O Adeyemi
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, Idi Araba, P M B 12003, Lagos, Nigeria
J Ethnopharmacol 113:111-4. 2007..The results indicate that ASL has sedative and anticonvulsant activities, therefore, justifying its use in traditional African medicine...
- A new potyvirus from tuberose ( Polianthes tuberosa) in ChinaL Lin
Department of Virology and Biotechnology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, People s Republic of China
Arch Virol 149:1107-16. 2004..These results therefore suggest that the Hangzhou isolate should be regarded as a new member of the genus Potyvirus, and we have tentatively named it Tuberose mild mottle virus...