angiosperms

Summary

Summary: Any member of the more than 250,000 species of flowering plants. Angiosperms are often differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida).

Top Publications

  1. doi Ancestral polyploidy in seed plants and angiosperms
    Yuannian Jiao
    Intercollege Graduate Degree Program in Plant Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Nature 473:97-100. 2011
  2. doi Rates of molecular evolution are linked to life history in flowering plants
    Stephen A Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 21 Sachem Street, Post Office Box 208105, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8105, USA
    Science 322:86-9. 2008
  3. pmc Modes of gene duplication contribute differently to genetic novelty and redundancy, but show parallels across divergent angiosperms
    Yupeng Wang
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e28150. 2011
  4. pmc The frequency of polyploid speciation in vascular plants
    Troy E Wood
    Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Munster, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13875-9. 2009
  5. pmc An uncorrelated relaxed-clock analysis suggests an earlier origin for flowering plants
    Stephen A Smith
    National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5897-902. 2010
  6. doi Establishing a time-scale for plant evolution
    John T Clarke
    School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Queen s Road, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK
    New Phytol 192:266-301. 2011
  7. pmc Phylogenetic analysis of 83 plastid genes further resolves the early diversification of eudicots
    Michael J Moore
    Biology Department, Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH 44074, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:4623-8. 2010
  8. doi Angiosperm phylogeny: 17 genes, 640 taxa
    Douglas E Soltis
    Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 8525, USA edu
    Am J Bot 98:704-30. 2011
  9. doi Family life at close quarters: communication and constraint in angiosperm seed development
    Gwyneth Christina Ingram
    Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Protoplasma 247:195-214. 2010
  10. ncbi Angiosperm mitochondrial genomes and mutations
    Tomohiko Kubo
    Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, N 9, W 9, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 8589, Japan
    Mitochondrion 8:5-14. 2008

Research Grants

  1. PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF CHLOROPLAST DNA POLYMORPHISMS I
    Steven Strauss; Fiscal Year: 1990
  2. FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF MAIZE GROUP-1 POLLEN ALLERGENS
    Daniel Cosgrove; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. Functional Genomics of Nuclei
    David Galbraith; Fiscal Year: 2005
  4. Ascorbylation of Oxidized Lipids and Atherosclerosis
    Jan Frederik Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2010
  5. Hybrid triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometer
    Jan Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Demographics and phylogeography of hybrid speciation
    JARED STRASBURG; Fiscal Year: 2007
  7. Tea Polyphenols in Chemoprevention of Prostate Cancer
    SUSANNE MARGARETE HENNING; Fiscal Year: 2011
  8. Clinical Assessment of Herb-Drug Interactions
    Bill Gurley; Fiscal Year: 2005
  9. Physiogical Control of Neuroblast Polarity in Drosophila
    Kenneth Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2005
  10. Activation of Maternal mRNA in Early Development
    Keith Hutchison; Fiscal Year: 2004

Detail Information

Publications317 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Ancestral polyploidy in seed plants and angiosperms
    Yuannian Jiao
    Intercollege Graduate Degree Program in Plant Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Nature 473:97-100. 2011
    ..The success of angiosperms has been attributed, in part, to innovations associated with gene or whole-genome duplications, but evidence ..
  2. doi Rates of molecular evolution are linked to life history in flowering plants
    Stephen A Smith
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 21 Sachem Street, Post Office Box 208105, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8105, USA
    Science 322:86-9. 2008
    ....
  3. pmc Modes of gene duplication contribute differently to genetic novelty and redundancy, but show parallels across divergent angiosperms
    Yupeng Wang
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e28150. 2011
    ..However, the evolutionary effects of different modes of gene duplication, especially regarding their contributions to genetic novelty or redundancy, have been inadequately explored...
  4. pmc The frequency of polyploid speciation in vascular plants
    Troy E Wood
    Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Munster, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13875-9. 2009
    ..Thus, the widespread occurrence of polyploid taxa appears to result from the substantial contribution of polyploidy to cladogenesis, but not from subsequent increases in diversification rates of polyploid lines...
  5. pmc An uncorrelated relaxed-clock analysis suggests an earlier origin for flowering plants
    Stephen A Smith
    National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5897-902. 2010
    ..However, our estimates for the origin of crown-clade angiosperms, which center on the Late Triassic, are considerably older than the unequivocal fossil record of flowering ..
  6. doi Establishing a time-scale for plant evolution
    John T Clarke
    School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Queen s Road, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK
    New Phytol 192:266-301. 2011
    ..ranging from 568-815 million yr before present (Ma) for crown embryophytes and from 175-240 Ma for crown angiosperms. • We reject both a post-Jurassic origin of angiosperms and a post-Cambrian origin of land plants...
  7. pmc Phylogenetic analysis of 83 plastid genes further resolves the early diversification of eudicots
    Michael J Moore
    Biology Department, Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH 44074, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:4623-8. 2010
    Although Pentapetalae (comprising all core eudicots except Gunnerales) include approximately 70% of all angiosperms, the origin of and relationships among the major lineages of this clade have remained largely unresolved...
  8. doi Angiosperm phylogeny: 17 genes, 640 taxa
    Douglas E Soltis
    Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 8525, USA edu
    Am J Bot 98:704-30. 2011
    ..In the hope of improving our understanding of angiosperm phylogeny, we expanded sampling of taxa and genes beyond previous analyses...
  9. doi Family life at close quarters: communication and constraint in angiosperm seed development
    Gwyneth Christina Ingram
    Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
    Protoplasma 247:195-214. 2010
    ..Given the evolutionary and agronomic importance of angiosperm seeds, the complex combination of communication pathways which co-ordinate their growth and development remains remarkably poorly understood...
  10. ncbi Angiosperm mitochondrial genomes and mutations
    Tomohiko Kubo
    Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, N 9, W 9, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 8589, Japan
    Mitochondrion 8:5-14. 2008
    ..We also review mitochondrial mutants in angiosperms from a genomic viewpoint, and discuss how they have arisen...
  11. ncbi Phylogeny of the ants: diversification in the age of angiosperms
    Corrie S Moreau
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 312:101-4. 2006
    ..This period also witnessed the rise of angiosperms and most herbivorous insects.
  12. ncbi Horizontal gene transfer in plants
    Aaron O Richardson
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, 1001 East Third Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    J Exp Bot 58:1-9. 2007
    ....
  13. ncbi Horsetails and ferns are a monophyletic group and the closest living relatives to seed plants
    K M Pryer
    Department of Botany, The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA
    Nature 409:618-22. 2001
    ..belongs to bryophytes, pteridophytes and gymnosperms, which eventually yielded to the ecological dominance by angiosperms 90 Myr ago...
  14. doi Complete sequence of the duckweed (Lemna minor) chloroplast genome: structural organization and phylogenetic relationships to other angiosperms
    Andrey V Mardanov
    Centre Bioengineering, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prosp 60 let Oktyabrya, bld 7 1, Moscow 117312, Russia
    J Mol Evol 66:555-64. 2008
    ..As in basal angiosperms and eudicots, but not in other monocots, the borders between IRs and a large single-copy region are located ..
  15. pmc Punctuated evolution of mitochondrial gene content: high and variable rates of mitochondrial gene loss and transfer to the nucleus during angiosperm evolution
    Keith L Adams
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:9905-12. 2002
    ..Most of the oldest groups of angiosperms are still mired in a prolonged stasis in mitochondrial gene content, containing nearly the same set of genes as ..
  16. doi Passive origins of stomatal control in vascular plants
    Tim J Brodribb
    School of Plant Science, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 55, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
    Science 331:582-5. 2011
    ..These results indicate that a fundamental transition from passive to active metabolic control of plant water balance occurred after the divergence of ferns about 360 million years ago...
  17. ncbi Unravelling angiosperm genome evolution by phylogenetic analysis of chromosomal duplication events
    John E Bowers
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Nature 422:433-8. 2003
    ..of years of divergence, but comparisons of the Arabidopsis thaliana sequence to partial gene orders of other angiosperms (flowering plants) sharing common ancestry approximately 170-235 million years ago yield conflicting results...
  18. pmc Analysis of 81 genes from 64 plastid genomes resolves relationships in angiosperms and identifies genome-scale evolutionary patterns
    Robert K Jansen
    Section of Integrative Biology and Institute of Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19369-74. 2007
    b>Angiosperms are the largest and most successful clade of land plants with >250,000 species distributed in nearly every terrestrial habitat...
  19. pmc Discovery of the rpl10 gene in diverse plant mitochondrial genomes and its probable replacement by the nuclear gene for chloroplast RPL10 in two lineages of angiosperms
    Nakao Kubo
    Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Seika, Kyoto, Japan
    DNA Res 17:1-9. 2010
    ..In three lineages of angiosperms, rpl10 is either lost from the mitochondrial genome or a pseudogene...
  20. doi Recently formed polyploid plants diversify at lower rates
    Itay Mayrose
    Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 333:1257. 2011
    ..The increased speciation rates of diploids can, in part, be ascribed to their capacity to speciate via polyploidy. Only particularly fit lineages of polyploids may persist to enjoy longer-term evolutionary success...
  21. doi Relative rates of synonymous substitutions in the mitochondrial, chloroplast and nuclear genomes of seed plants
    Guy Drouin
    Département de biologie et Centre de recherche avancée en génomique environnementale, Université d Ottawa, 30 Marie Curie, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 49:827-31. 2008
    Previous studies have estimated that, in angiosperms, the synonymous substitution rate of chloroplast genes is three times higher than that of mitochondrial genes and that of nuclear genes is twelve times higher than that of ..
  22. pmc Parasitic plants have increased rates of molecular evolution across all three genomes
    Lindell Bromham
    Centre for Macroevolution and Macroecology, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, A C T 0200, Australia
    BMC Evol Biol 13:126. 2013
    ..test for these predictions, as there are at least a dozen independent origins of the parasitic lifestyle in angiosperms. Studies of a number of parasitic plant lineages have suggested faster rates of molecular evolution, but the ..
  23. doi GC-biased gene conversion impacts ribosomal DNA evolution in vertebrates, angiosperms, and other eukaryotes
    Juan S Escobar
    Institut des Sciences de l Evolution, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5554 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite Montpellier II, Montpellier, France
    Mol Biol Evol 28:2561-75. 2011
    ..Phylogenetic analyses of 18S rDNA in vertebrates and angiosperms reveal significant heterogeneity in the evolution of base composition across both groups...
  24. pmc From algae to angiosperms-inferring the phylogeny of green plants (Viridiplantae) from 360 plastid genomes
    Brad R Ruhfel
    Department of Biological Sciences, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, KY 40475, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 14:23. 2014
    ..Although these data have helped resolve the phylogeny of numerous clades (e.g., green algae, angiosperms, and gymnosperms), their utility for inferring relationships across all green plants is uncertain...
  25. pmc Slow but not low: genomic comparisons reveal slower evolutionary rate and higher dN/dS in conifers compared to angiosperms
    Emmanuel Buschiazzo
    Department of Forest Sciences, University of British Columbia, 2424 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    BMC Evol Biol 12:8. 2012
    ..Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), together with full genome sequences for two angiosperms, Arabidopsis thaliana and poplar (Populus trichocarpa), offer an opportunity to infer the evolutionary ..
  26. ncbi Complete chloroplast genome sequences from Korean ginseng (Panax schinseng Nees) and comparative analysis of sequence evolution among 17 vascular plants
    Ki Joong Kim
    School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136 701, Korea
    DNA Res 11:247-61. 2004
    ..Large-sized indels were often associated with direct repeats at the end of the sequences facilitating intra-molecular recombination...
  27. pmc A survey of nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer substitution rates across angiosperms: an approximate molecular clock with life history effects
    Kathleen M Kay
    Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, 166 Plant Biology Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 6:36. 2006
    ..Here, we systematically review the literature to assess substitution rate variation in nrITS among angiosperms, and we evaluate possible correlates of the variation.
  28. doi Synteny and collinearity in plant genomes
    Haibao Tang
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 320:486-8. 2008
    ..In angiosperms, comparisons of gene arrangements are complicated by recurring polyploidy and extensive genome rearrangement...
  29. pmc Nuclear DNA amounts in angiosperms: targets, trends and tomorrow
    M D Bennett
    Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, UK
    Ann Bot 107:467-590. 2011
    ..Combining these data with those published previously shows that C-values are now available for 6287 angiosperm species...
  30. doi Ecological and genetic factors linked to contrasting genome dynamics in seed plants
    A R Leitch
    School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
    New Phytol 194:629-46. 2012
    The large-scale replacement of gymnosperms by angiosperms in many ecological niches over time and the huge disparity in species numbers have led scientists to explore factors (e.g...
  31. ncbi Pollen tube attraction by the synergid cell
    T Higashiyama
    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Science 293:1480-3. 2001
    ..After fertilization, the embryo sac no longer attracts the pollen tube, despite the persistence of one synergid cell. This cessation of attraction might be involved in blocking polyspermy...
  32. ncbi Molecular and genetic analyses of the silky1 gene reveal conservation in floral organ specification between eudicots and monocots
    B A Ambrose
    Department of Biology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0116, USA
    Mol Cell 5:569-79. 2000
    ..In addition, they provide compelling developmental evidence for recognizing lodicules as modified petals and, possibly, palea and lemma as modified sepals...
  33. ncbi Host-to-parasite gene transfer in flowering plants: phylogenetic evidence from Malpighiales
    Charles C Davis
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan Herbarium, 3600 Varsity Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48108 2287, USA
    Science 305:676-8. 2004
    ..These discordant phylogenetic hypotheses strongly suggest that part of the mitochondrial genome in Rafflesiaceae was acquired via HGT from their hosts...
  34. ncbi The origins of genomic duplications in Arabidopsis
    T J Vision
    USDA ARS Center for Agricultural Bioinformatics, 604 Rhodes Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 290:2114-7. 2000
    ..duplication events that occurred 100 to 200 million years ago, a formative period in the diversification of the angiosperms. A better understanding of the complex structural history of angiosperm genomes is necessary to make full use ..
  35. ncbi Phylogenetic utility of rapidly evolving DNA at high taxonomical levels: contrasting matK, trnT-F, and rbcL in basal angiosperms
    Kai F Müller
    Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants, University of Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 170, 53111 Bonn, Germany
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 41:99-117. 2006
    ..evolving matK and trnT-trnF regions yielded well resolved and highly supported trees for early diverging angiosperms. We compare here the phylogenetic structure in matK, trnT-F, and rbcL datasets for the same 42, primarily basal ..
  36. pmc Dynamics and evolution of the inverted repeat-large single copy junctions in the chloroplast genomes of monocots
    Rui Jiang Wang
    South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China
    BMC Evol Biol 8:36. 2008
    ..Therefore, we compared the organizations of genes flanking two IR-LSC junctions in 123 angiosperm representatives to uncover the evolutionary dynamics of IR-LSC junctions in basal angiosperms and monocots.
  37. ncbi The Physcomitrella genome reveals evolutionary insights into the conquest of land by plants
    Stefan A Rensing
    Plant Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, Schaenzlestrasse 1, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Science 319:64-9. 2008
    ..The Physcomitrella genome provides a resource for phylogenetic inferences about gene function and for experimental analysis of plant processes through this plant's unique facility for reverse genetics...
  38. pmc Fossil evidence for Cretaceous escalation in angiosperm leaf vein evolution
    Taylor S Feild
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8363-6. 2011
    ..The great divide in maximal ability to exchange CO(2) for water between leaves of nonangiosperms and angiosperms forms the mechanistic foundation for speculation about how angiosperms drove sweeping ecological and ..
  39. pmc Unraveling ancient hexaploidy through multiply-aligned angiosperm gene maps
    Haibao Tang
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Genome Res 18:1944-54. 2008
    ..the foundation for approximating the number and arrangement of genes in the last universal common ancestor of angiosperms. Comparative analysis of inferred homologous genes derived from this model shows patterns of preferential gene ..
  40. ncbi Transposable elements, gene creation and genome rearrangement in flowering plants
    Jeffrey L Bennetzen
    Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 40602 7223, USA
    Curr Opin Genet Dev 15:621-7. 2005
    ....
  41. doi Multiple developmental processes underlie sex differentiation in angiosperms
    Pamela K Diggle
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    Trends Genet 27:368-76. 2011
    ....
  42. pmc Long branch attraction, taxon sampling, and the earliest angiosperms: Amborella or monocots?
    Sasa Stefanovic
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 4:35. 2004
    ..in recognizing three groups of plants, including Amborella, as comprising the basal-most grade of all other angiosperms. A major exception is the recent study by Goremykin et al. (2003; Mol. Biol. Evol...
  43. pmc Recent acceleration of plastid sequence and structural evolution coincides with extreme mitochondrial divergence in the angiosperm genus Silene
    Daniel B Sloan
    Department of Biology, University of Virginia, VA, USA
    Genome Biol Evol 4:294-306. 2012
    ..plastid genes as well as a plastid genome structure that has remained essentially unchanged since the origin of angiosperms. These results raise the possibility that common evolutionary forces could be shaping the extreme but distinct ..
  44. ncbi Decoupled plant and insect diversity after the end-Cretaceous extinction
    Peter Wilf
    Department of Geosciences and Institutes of the Environment, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Science 313:1112-5. 2006
    ..8-million-year-old flora from the Denver Basin shows little damage and virtually no specialized feeding. These findings reveal severely unbalanced food webs 1 to 2 million years after the end-Cretaceous extinction 65.5 million years ago...
  45. ncbi Codon-substitution models for detecting molecular adaptation at individual sites along specific lineages
    Ziheng Yang
    Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London
    Mol Biol Evol 19:908-17. 2002
    ..genes from primates, the tumor suppressor BRCA1 genes from primates, and the phytochrome (PHY) gene family in angiosperms. Positive selection is detected in the lysozyme and BRCA genes by both the new and the old models...
  46. pmc Sequencing angiosperm plastid genomes made easy: a complete set of universal primers and a case study on the phylogeny of saxifragales
    Wenpan Dong
    State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Genome Biol Evol 5:989-97. 2013
    ..The universality of the primers was tested by using species from the basal to asterid angiosperms. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) success rate was higher than 96%...
  47. doi Fire-adapted traits of Pinus arose in the fiery Cretaceous
    Tianhua He
    School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    New Phytol 194:751-9. 2012
    ..Our evidence for a strong correlation between the evolution of fire-response strategies and changes in fire regime 90-125 Ma greatly backdates the key role that fire has played in the evolution of seed plants...
  48. ncbi Shifts in grassland invasibility: effects of soil resources, disturbance, composition, and invader size
    Ian J Renne
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois Champaign Urbana, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Ecology 87:2264-77. 2006
    ..Lastly, we suggest temporal as well as spatial coincidences of multiple invasion facilitators dictate the window of opportunity for invasion...
  49. doi Ancestral expression patterns and evolutionary diversification of YABBY genes in angiosperms
    Toshihiro Yamada
    Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920 1192, Japan
    Plant J 67:26-36. 2011
    ..genes representing the five major YAB gene classes from Cabomba caroliniana, a member of the earliest-diverging angiosperms. Consistent with observations in eudicots, the FILAMENTOUS FLOWER (FIL) and YABBY5 (YAB5) genes of C...
  50. pmc Conservation and canalization of gene expression during angiosperm diversification accompany the origin and evolution of the flower
    André S Chanderbali
    Department of Biology and Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22570-5. 2010
    The origin and rapid diversification of the angiosperms (Darwin's "Abominable Mystery") has engaged generations of researchers...
  51. pmc Ethnopharmacological survey among migrants living in the Southeast Atlantic Forest of Diadema, São Paulo, Brazil
    Daniel Garcia
    Department of Biology, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Rua Arthur Ridel, 275 CEP, 09941 510, Diadema, SP, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 6:29. 2010
    ..An ethnopharmacological survey conducted among migrants living in the Southeast Atlantic Forest remnants (Diadema, São Paulo, Brazil) is presented herein...
  52. pmc Using plastid genome-scale data to resolve enigmatic relationships among basal angiosperms
    Michael J Moore
    Department of Botany and Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:19363-8. 2007
    ..The extremely short branches separating these five lineages imply a rapid diversification estimated to have occurred between 143.8 +/- 4.8 and 140.3 +/- 4.8 Mya...
  53. doi Holocentric chromosomes of Luzula elegans are characterized by a longitudinal centromere groove, chromosome bending, and a terminal nucleolus organizer region
    S Heckmann
    Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research IPK, Gatersleben, Germany
    Cytogenet Genome Res 134:220-8. 2011
    ..We suggest that the 45S rDNA position in distal centromere-free regions could be required to ensure chromosome stability...
  54. pmc Many parallel losses of infA from chloroplast DNA during angiosperm evolution with multiple independent transfers to the nucleus
    R S Millen
    Department of Environmental, Population, and Organismic Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA
    Plant Cell 13:645-58. 2001
    ..the integrity of the chloroplast gene infA, which codes for translation initiation factor 1, in >300 diverse angiosperms. Whereas most angiosperms appear to contain an intact chloroplast infA gene, the gene has repeatedly become ..
  55. ncbi Timing transantarctic disjunctions in the Atherospermataceae (Laurales): evidence from coding and noncoding chloroplast sequences
    S S Renner
    Department of Biology, University of Missouri, St Louis, Missouri 63121 4499, USA
    Syst Biol 49:579-91. 2000
    ..novae-zelandiae and Nemuaron...
  56. pmc Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial substitution rate variation in the angiosperm tribe Sileneae
    Daniel B Sloan
    Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
    BMC Evol Biol 9:260. 2009
    ..noctiflora is a recent and isolated evolutionary event. This assessment, however, is based on a very limited sampling of taxa within this diverse genus...
  57. doi Cytoarchitecture of Utricularia nutritive tissue
    Bartosz J Płachno
    Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology, Jagiellonian University, 52 Grodzka st, 31 044, Cracow, Poland
    Protoplasma 234:25-32. 2008
    ..The position and structure of the nutritive tissue in Utricularia spp. are related to the position of various species in the genus phylogeny...
  58. ncbi Ribosomal DNA locus evolution in Nemesia: transposition rather than structural rearrangement as the key mechanism?
    Paul M Datson
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Chromosome Res 14:845-57. 2006
    ..We suggest that, in Nemesia, transposition of rDNA genes may be equally if not more important in chromosome evolution...
  59. pmc Oxygen concentrations inside the traps of the carnivorous plants Utricularia and Genlisea (Lentibulariaceae)
    Lubomír Adamec
    Institute of Botany AS CR, Section of Plant Ecology, Dukelska 135, CZ 37982 Trebon, Czech Republic
    Ann Bot 100:849-56. 2007
    ..To test the hypothesis that prey are killed by anoxia inside the traps, and to measure respiration of traps, [O(2)] was measured in the fluid in mature traps of these species...
  60. pmc Widespread genome duplications throughout the history of flowering plants
    Liying Cui
    Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    Genome Res 16:738-49. 2006
    ..and no evidence for polyploidy in pine, although gymnosperms generally have much larger genomes than the angiosperms investigated...
  61. pmc Using phylogenomic patterns and gene ontology to identify proteins of importance in plant evolution
    Angélica Cibrián-Jaramillo
    Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, USA
    Genome Biol Evol 2:225-39. 2010
    ....
  62. doi Next generation sequencing reveals genome downsizing in allotetraploid Nicotiana tabacum, predominantly through the elimination of paternally derived repetitive DNAs
    Simon Renny-Byfield
    School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 28:2843-54. 2011
    ..tabacum reveal all major types of retroelements found in angiosperms (genome proportions range between 17-22.5% and 2.3-3...
  63. pmc The Pinus taeda genome is characterized by diverse and highly diverged repetitive sequences
    Allen Kovach
    Section of Evolution and Ecology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    BMC Genomics 11:420. 2010
    ..The pines have extensive genetic resources, with approximately 329000 ESTs from eleven species and genetic maps in eight species, including a dense genetic map of the twelve linkage groups in Pinus taeda...
  64. pmc Complete plastid genome sequences of three Rosids (Castanea, Prunus, Theobroma): evidence for at least two independent transfers of rpl22 to the nucleus
    Robert K Jansen
    Section of Integrative Biology and Institute of Cellular and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 28:835-47. 2011
    ..We performed phylogenetic analyses of 97 taxa, including 93 angiosperms and four gymnosperm outgroups using alignments of 81 plastid genes to examine the phylogenetic distribution of ..
  65. pmc Stomatal closure during leaf dehydration, correlation with other leaf physiological traits
    Tim J Brodribb
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 16 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Plant Physiol 132:2166-73. 2003
    ..However, the close proximity of Psi(l) at initial stomatal closure and initial loss of K(leaf) suggest that partial loss of K(leaf) might occur regularly, presumably necessitating repair of embolisms...
  66. ncbi Genome-scale data, angiosperm relationships, and "ending incongruence": a cautionary tale in phylogenetics
    Douglas E Soltis
    Department of Botany and the Genetics Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Trends Plant Sci 9:477-83. 2004
    ..We provide a conspicuous example that includes Amborella, the putative sister of all other extant angiosperms, highlighting the limits of phylogenetics when whole genomes are used but taxon sampling is poor.
  67. ncbi Seed dormancy and the control of germination
    William E Finch-Savage
    Warwick HRI, Warwick University, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, UK
    New Phytol 171:501-23. 2006
    ..We argue that adaptation has taken place on a theme rather than via fundamentally different paths and identify similarities underlying the extensive diversity in the dormancy response to the environment that controls germination...
  68. doi Highly conserved low-copy nuclear genes as effective markers for phylogenetic analyses in angiosperms
    Ning Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Institute of Plant Biology, Center for Evolutionary Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433, China
    New Phytol 195:923-37. 2012
    ..Furthermore, we demonstrated the use of five nuclear genes in 91 angiosperms representing 46 orders (73% of orders) and three gymnosperms as outgroups for a highly resolved phylogeny...
  69. ncbi Impacts of parasitic plants on natural communities
    Malcolm C Press
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK
    New Phytol 166:737-51. 2005
    ..Such impacts can have further consequences in altering the resource supply to and behaviour of other organisms within parasitic plant communities...
  70. ncbi Evolutionary rates and species diversity in flowering plants
    T G Barraclough
    Department of Biology and NERC Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, United Kingdom
    Evolution 55:677-83. 2001
    ..Our findings reveal a link between the rate of neutral molecular change within populations and the evolution of species diversity...
  71. doi Causes of plant diversification in the Cape biodiversity hotspot of South Africa
    Jan Schnitzler
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Syst Biol 60:343-57. 2011
    ....
  72. pmc Evidence for a Cenozoic radiation of ferns in an angiosperm-dominated canopy
    Eric Schuettpelz
    Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:11200-5. 2009
    ..is mostly the result of a major leptosporangiate radiation beginning in the Cretaceous, following the rise of angiosperms. This pattern is suggestive of an ecological opportunistic response, with the proliferation of flowering plants ..
  73. doi Leaf hydraulic evolution led a surge in leaf photosynthetic capacity during early angiosperm diversification
    Tim J Brodribb
    School of Plant Science, University of Tasmania, Hobart, 7001 TAS, Australia
    Ecol Lett 13:175-83. 2010
    ..However, the origins of high photosynthetic capacity in angiosperms remain unknown...
  74. pmc Combining bioinformatics and phylogenetics to identify large sets of single-copy orthologous genes (COSII) for comparative, evolutionary and systematic studies: a test case in the euasterid plant clade
    Feinan Wu
    Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Genetics 174:1407-20. 2006
    ..2) No whole-genome duplication event (i.e., polyploidization) occurred immediately prior to or after the radiation of either Solanaceae or Rubiaceae as has been recently suggested...
  75. ncbi Smallest angiosperm genomes found in lentibulariaceae, with chromosomes of bacterial size
    J Greilhuber
    Department of Botanical Systematics and Evolutionary Research, University of Vienna, Rennweg 14, 1030 Vienna, Austria
    Plant Biol (Stuttg) 8:770-7. 2006
    Nuclear holoploid genome sizes (C-values) have been estimated to vary about 800-fold in angiosperms, with the smallest established 1C-value of 157 Mbp recorded in Arabidopsis thaliana...
  76. pmc Inferring angiosperm phylogeny from EST data with widespread gene duplication
    Michael J Sanderson
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 7:S3. 2007
    ..One rarely used method of inference, gene tree parsimony, can infer species trees from gene families undergoing duplication and loss, but its performance has not been evaluated at a phylogenomic scale for EST data in plants...
  77. doi Defensin-like polypeptide LUREs are pollen tube attractants secreted from synergid cells
    Satohiro Okuda
    Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo cho, Chikusa ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464 8602, Japan
    Nature 458:357-61. 2009
    ..Injection of morpholino antisense oligomers against the LUREs impaired pollen tube attraction, supporting the finding that LUREs are the attractants derived from the synergid cells of T. fournieri...
  78. ncbi Revival of a resurrection plant correlates with its antioxidant status
    Ilse Kranner
    Institute of Plant Physiology, University of Graz, Schubertstrasse 51, A 8010 Graz, Austria
    Plant J 31:13-24. 2002
    ....
  79. pmc Angiosperm genome comparisons reveal early polyploidy in the monocot lineage
    Haibao Tang
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:472-7. 2010
    ..Although the exact timing of the sigma-duplication(s) is unclear because of uncertainties of the molecular clock assumption, our data suggest that it occurred early in the monocot lineage after its divergence from the eudicot clade...
  80. ncbi Biosynthesis of cytokinins
    Tatsuo Kakimoto
    Department of Biology, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560 0043, Japan
    J Plant Res 116:233-9. 2003
    ..The isopentenylated side chain is hydroxylated to form zeatin-type cytokinins. An alternative pathway, in which a hydroxylated side chain is directly added to the N(6) position of the adenine moiety, has also been suggested...
  81. pmc Mitochondrial DNA sequences reveal the photosynthetic relatives of Rafflesia, the world's largest flower
    Todd J Barkman
    Department of Biological Sciences, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:787-92. 2004
    ....
  82. ncbi Many independent origins of trans splicing of a plant mitochondrial group II intron
    Yin Long Qiu
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    J Mol Evol 59:80-9. 2004
    ..A total of 164 species (157 genera), all angiosperms, was found to have a trans-spliced form of the intron...
  83. ncbi The age of the angiosperms: a molecular timescale without a clock
    Charles D Bell
    Florida Museum of Natural History, Dickinson Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
    Evolution 59:1245-58. 2005
    The age of the angiosperms has long been of interest to botanists and evolutionary biologists...
  84. ncbi Spatial population genetic structure in Trillium grandiflorum: the roles of dispersal, mating, history, and selection
    S Kalisz
    University of Pittsburgh, Department of Biological Sciences, Pennsylvania 15260, USA
    Evolution 55:1560-8. 2001
    ..Only a longitudinal stage-specific study of SPGS structure can distinguish between historical events and local selection as causes of increased structure with increasing life history stage...
  85. doi Discrete shoot and root stem cell-promoting WUS/WOX5 functions are an evolutionary innovation of angiosperms
    Judith Nardmann
    Institut fur Entwicklungsbiologie, Universitat zu Koln, Koln, Germany
    Mol Biol Evol 26:1745-55. 2009
    The morphologically diverse bodies of seed plants comprising gymnosperms and angiosperms, which separated some 350 Ma, grow by the activity of meristems containing stem cell niches...
  86. ncbi Functional diversification of B MADS-box homeotic regulators of flower development: Adaptive evolution in protein-protein interaction domains after major gene duplication events
    Tania Hernández-Hernández
    Laboratorio de Genetica Molecular, Desarrollo y Evolución de Plantas, Instituto de Ecologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacan, Mexico D F, Mexico
    Mol Biol Evol 24:465-81. 2007
    ..Orthologs of these genes have been found across angiosperms and gymnosperms, and it is thought that the basic regulatory function of B proteins is conserved in seed plant ..
  87. ncbi Protection mechanisms in the resurrection plant Xerophyta viscosa (Baker): both sucrose and raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs) accumulate in leaves in response to water deficit
    Shaun Peters
    University of Cape Town, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Private Bag, Rhodes Gift, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Exp Bot 58:1947-56. 2007
    ....
  88. pmc Rapid and accurate pyrosequencing of angiosperm plastid genomes
    Michael J Moore
    Department of Botany, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    BMC Plant Biol 6:17. 2006
    ..Genome Sequencer 20 (GS 20) System (454 Life Sciences Corporation), to rapidly and accurately sequence the whole plastid genomes of the basal eudicot angiosperms Nandina domestica (Berberidaceae) and Platanus occidentalis (Platanaceae).
  89. ncbi Evolution of carnivory in Lentibulariaceae and the Lamiales
    K Muller
    Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    Plant Biol (Stuttg) 6:477-90. 2004
    ..Extreme DNA mutational rates found in Utricularia and Genlisea are shown to correspond to their unusual nutritional specialization, thereby hinting at a marked degree of carnivory in these two genera...
  90. pmc Bacterial leaf symbiosis in angiosperms: host specificity without co-speciation
    Benny Lemaire
    Laboratory of Plant Systematics, K U Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 6:e24430. 2011
    ..This geological epoch was characterized by cool and arid conditions, which may have triggered the origin of bacterial leaf symbiosis...
  91. doi Parallel structural evolution of auxin response factors in the angiosperms
    Cédric Finet
    Laboratoire de Reproduction et Développement des Plantes UMR 5667 CNRS, INRA, Université de Lyon Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, 46, Allee d Italie, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France
    Plant J 63:952-9. 2010
    ..ARF4 to have been generated by the duplication of a non-truncated ARF gene prior to the radiation of the extant angiosperms. We furthermore show that either ETT or ARF4 orthologs have become modified to encode truncated ARF proteins, ..
  92. doi Etioplast and etio-chloroplast formation under natural conditions: the dark side of chlorophyll biosynthesis in angiosperms
    Katalin Solymosi
    Department of Plant Anatomy, Institute of Biology, Eotvos University, Pázmány P s 1 C, 1117 Budapest, Hungary
    Photosynth Res 105:143-66. 2010
    ....
  93. doi Contrasting evolutionary dynamics between angiosperm and mammalian genomes
    Eduard Kejnovsky
    Institute of Biophysics, The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Kralovopolska 135, 612 65 Brno, Czech Republic
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:572-82. 2009
    ..Because most data (in terms of depth and phylogenetic breadth) are available for angiosperms and mammals, we explore differences between these groups and show that angiosperms have less highly ..
  94. doi Factors influencing diversification in angiosperms: at the crossroads of intrinsic and extrinsic traits
    Jana C Vamosi
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary AB T2N 1N4, Canada
    Am J Bot 98:460-71. 2011
    Recent studies indicate that both key innovations and available area influence species richness in angiosperms. Available area has been observed to have the greatest effect, however, and appears to alter the "carrying capacity" of a ..
  95. ncbi Archaefructaceae, a new basal angiosperm family
    Ge Sun
    Research Center of Palaeontology, Jilin University, Changchun 130026, China
    Science 296:899-904. 2002
    ..6 million years from the Yixian Formation, Liaoning, China. They are a sister clade to all angiosperms when their characters are included in a combined three-gene molecular and morphological analysis...
  96. ncbi Protein expression profiles in an endosymbiotic cyanobacterium revealed by a proteomic approach
    Martin Ekman
    Department of Botany, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 19:1251-61. 2006
    ..This is the first comprehensive analysis of proteins in the symbiotic state...
  97. pmc Accelerated evolution and coevolution drove the evolutionary history of AGPase sub-units during angiosperm radiation
    Jonathan Corbi
    CNRS, UMR Génétique Végétale, Gif sur Yvette, France
    Ann Bot 109:693-708. 2012
    ..Secondly, we investigated coevolution between amino acids both within and between sub-units...
  98. pmc Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests
    Hengchang Wang
    Wuhan Botanical Garden, The Chinese Academy of Science, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:3853-8. 2009
    ..Despite progress in elucidating relationships within the angiosperms, rosids remain the largest poorly resolved major clade; deep relationships within the rosids are particularly ..
  99. ncbi Leaf hydraulic capacity in ferns, conifers and angiosperms: impacts on photosynthetic maxima
    Tim J Brodribb
    Dept Plant Science, University of Tasmania, GPO 252 55, Hobart 7000, Australia
    New Phytol 165:839-46. 2005
    ..The data suggest that vessels in the leaves of the angiosperms studied provide them with the flexibility to produce highly conductive leaves with correspondingly high ..
  100. pmc Transmitting tissue ECM distribution and composition, and pollen germinability in Sarcandra glabra and Chloranthus japonicus (Chloranthaceae)
    Katerina Hristova
    Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3B2
    Ann Bot 96:779-91. 2005
    ..The aim of this research was to establish the spatial distribution and histo/immunochemical composition of the ECM involved in pollen tube growth in Sarcandra glabra and Chloranthus japonicus (Chloranthaceae)...
  101. doi Taller plants have lower rates of molecular evolution
    Robert Lanfear
    Ecology, Evolution, and Genetics, Research School of Biology, Building 116 Daley Road, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia
    Nat Commun 4:1879. 2013
    ..Our results have implications for understanding the evolutionary history and future of plant lineages in a changing world...

Research Grants23

  1. PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF CHLOROPLAST DNA POLYMORPHISMS I
    Steven Strauss; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..despite their ecologic, systematic, and economic importance, and despite reasons to expect them to differ from angiosperms. This study is likely to be the first comprehensive analysis of molecular genetics and evolution in a group of ..
  2. FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF MAIZE GROUP-1 POLLEN ALLERGENS
    Daniel Cosgrove; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, we will leverage the insights gained from analysis of Zea ml to study the function of group-Il and group-Ill grass pollen allergens, which show significant sequence similarity with the carboxy terminus of group-I allergens. ..
  3. Functional Genomics of Nuclei
    David Galbraith; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Moreover, the constructs will be used to develop mouse lines from which investigators can perform the cell specific gene array studies, as well a studies of cell function within sections of living tissue. ..
  4. Ascorbylation of Oxidized Lipids and Atherosclerosis
    Jan Frederik Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project contributes to our long- term goal to determine the role of lipid peroxidation in inflammatory and age-related disease and how its effects can be modulated by therapeutic or dietary intervention. ..
  5. Hybrid triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometer
    Jan Stevens; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Demographics and phylogeography of hybrid speciation
    JARED STRASBURG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Tea Polyphenols in Chemoprevention of Prostate Cancer
    SUSANNE MARGARETE HENNING; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The results will assist in designing dietary supplements for chemoprevention of early stages of prostate cancer or during watchful waiting. ..
  8. Clinical Assessment of Herb-Drug Interactions
    Bill Gurley; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e. CYPIA2, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4); and (3) whether prolonged herb use can modulate P-gp-mediated drug absorption and elimination. ..
  9. Physiogical Control of Neuroblast Polarity in Drosophila
    Kenneth Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Endogenous electric fields are ubiquitous in development and arise whenever an epithelial layer is damaged, so these results will have implications for understanding development as well as wound healing. ..
  10. Activation of Maternal mRNA in Early Development
    Keith Hutchison; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition, we will exam the role of a novel form of a major translation control protein, elF4E, in this process. ..
  11. RNA EDITING IN PLANT ORGANELLES
    Maureen Hanson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The proposed research should enhance understanding of other forms of RNA processing in the biological world, especially the mechanisms of tRNA, mRNA and rRNA modification and editing. ..
  12. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS OF THE MAIZE LEAF
    Michael Freeling; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We are elucidating a molecular genetic basis for heterochrony, the prevailing theory that links evolution with developmental biology. ..
  13. Bioavailability of Tea Polyphenols in Prostate Cancer
    Susanne Henning; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..ODC enzyme activity will be determined measuring the release of 14C CO2 from 14C ornithine. These studies will provide information important in designing studies to critically test the role of dietary supplementation in prostate cancer. ..
  14. Long Chain Fatty Acid (LCFA) Taste Receptor CD36 in Food Choice and Consumption
    Eric Walters; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Statistical Studies of Genomic Evolution
    Masatoshi Nei; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In these studies, most DNA and protein sequences to be used will be obtained by homology search from the genome sequences of various model organisms. ..
  16. CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF NOVEL NATURAL PRODUCTS
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Daphnicyclidin A. This recent discovery has revealed a new molecular architecture which exhibits significant antitumor activity. Our research will investigate strategies for chemical synthesis of these complex polycyclic systems. ..
  17. MECHANISMS OF IGE REGULATION OF HUMAN LEUKOCYTES
    Sarbjit Saini; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of the planned studies will further define mechanisms of FcepsilonRI regulation on basophils and monocytes, and may lead to novel FcepsilonRI-based strategies for the treatment of allergic diseases. ..
  18. Vernalization a cold-induced regulatory network establishing cellular memory
    Richard M Amasino; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A general understanding of epigenetic regulation in a range of multi-cellular organisms should ultimately contribute to the development of strategies to treat disease states. ..
  19. INTERESTING BIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The selective synthesis of contiguous stereotriads will advance basic methodology for asymmetric conjugate additions. ..
  20. Chromatin remodeling in Arabidopsis development
    Jennifer Pfluger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus, Arabidopsis is an advantageous model system to enable the study of ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complexes throughout development. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Acupuncture to aid post-colectomy recovery in colorectal cancer patients
    Gary Deng; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Evolution of Abalone Egg Coat Proteins
    Jan Aagaard; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Thus the proposed work addresses general themes in reproductive biology, and may shed light on the molecular basis of sperm and egg interactions of relevance to human reproduction. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Expression of Human Therapeutic Proteins in Transgenic Tobacco Chloroplasts
    Henry Daniell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Successful completion of these studies would make transgenic chloroplasts ideal bioreactors for the production of safe and less expensive therapeutic proteins and open the door for in depth studies of membrane proteins. ..