plant leaves

Summary

Summary: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Genome-wide identification and testing of superior reference genes for transcript normalization in Arabidopsis
    Tomasz Czechowski
    Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Potsdam, Germany
    Plant Physiol 139:5-17. 2005
  2. ncbi FT protein movement contributes to long-distance signaling in floral induction of Arabidopsis
    Laurent Corbesier
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Science 316:1030-3. 2007
  3. ncbi Cleavage of Scarecrow-like mRNA targets directed by a class of Arabidopsis miRNA
    Cesar Llave
    Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology, and Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Science 297:2053-6. 2002
  4. ncbi The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Nature 428:821-7. 2004
  5. pmc Overexpressing a NAM, ATAF, and CUC (NAC) transcription factor enhances drought resistance and salt tolerance in rice
    Honghong Hu
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, National Center of Plant Gene Research, Wuhan 430070, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:12987-92. 2006
  6. pmc Isolation and functional analysis of Arabidopsis stress-inducible NAC transcription factors that bind to a drought-responsive cis-element in the early responsive to dehydration stress 1 promoter
    Lam Son Phan Tran
    Biological Resources Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8686, Japan
    Plant Cell 16:2481-98. 2004
  7. ncbi A NAC Gene regulating senescence improves grain protein, zinc, and iron content in wheat
    Cristobal Uauy
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Science 314:1298-301. 2006
  8. ncbi Biomass allocation to leaves, stems and roots: meta-analyses of interspecific variation and environmental control
    Hendrik Poorter
    Plant Sciences IBG2, Forschungszentrum Julich, D 52425 Julich, Germany
    New Phytol 193:30-50. 2012
  9. ncbi What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 190 Edward R Madigan Laboratory, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    New Phytol 165:351-71. 2005
  10. ncbi Hd3a protein is a mobile flowering signal in rice
    Shojiro Tamaki
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma 630 0101, Japan
    Science 316:1033-6. 2007

Detail Information

Publications301 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Genome-wide identification and testing of superior reference genes for transcript normalization in Arabidopsis
    Tomasz Czechowski
    Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Potsdam, Germany
    Plant Physiol 139:5-17. 2005
    ..The developed PCR primers or hybridization probes for the novel reference genes will enable better normalization and quantification of transcript levels in Arabidopsis in the future...
  2. ncbi FT protein movement contributes to long-distance signaling in floral induction of Arabidopsis
    Laurent Corbesier
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Science 316:1030-3. 2007
    ..Finally, we provide evidence that FT does not activate an intermediate messenger in leaves. We conclude that FT protein acts as a long-distance signal that induces Arabidopsis flowering...
  3. ncbi Cleavage of Scarecrow-like mRNA targets directed by a class of Arabidopsis miRNA
    Cesar Llave
    Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology, and Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Science 297:2053-6. 2002
    ....
  4. ncbi The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
    Ian J Wright
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109, Australia
    Nature 428:821-7. 2004
    ..Reliable quantification of the leaf economics spectrum and its interaction with climate will prove valuable for modelling nutrient fluxes and vegetation boundaries under changing land-use and climate...
  5. pmc Overexpressing a NAM, ATAF, and CUC (NAC) transcription factor enhances drought resistance and salt tolerance in rice
    Honghong Hu
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, National Center of Plant Gene Research, Wuhan 430070, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:12987-92. 2006
    ..DNA chip analysis revealed that a large number of stress-related genes were up-regulated in the SNAC1-overexpressing rice plants. Our data suggest that SNAC1 holds promising utility in improving drought and salinity tolerance in rice...
  6. pmc Isolation and functional analysis of Arabidopsis stress-inducible NAC transcription factors that bind to a drought-responsive cis-element in the early responsive to dehydration stress 1 promoter
    Lam Son Phan Tran
    Biological Resources Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8686, Japan
    Plant Cell 16:2481-98. 2004
    ..However, erd1 was not upregulated in the transgenic plants. Other interacting factors may be necessary for the induction of erd1 in Arabidopsis under stress conditions...
  7. ncbi A NAC Gene regulating senescence improves grain protein, zinc, and iron content in wheat
    Cristobal Uauy
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Science 314:1298-301. 2006
    ..Reduction in RNA levels of the multiple NAM homologs by RNA interference delayed senescence by more than 3 weeks and reduced wheat grain protein, zinc, and iron content by more than 30%...
  8. ncbi Biomass allocation to leaves, stems and roots: meta-analyses of interspecific variation and environmental control
    Hendrik Poorter
    Plant Sciences IBG2, Forschungszentrum Julich, D 52425 Julich, Germany
    New Phytol 193:30-50. 2012
    ..Thus, we conclude that plants generally are less able to adjust allocation than to alter organ morphology...
  9. ncbi What have we learned from 15 years of free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2
    Elizabeth A Ainsworth
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 190 Edward R Madigan Laboratory, 1201 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    New Phytol 165:351-71. 2005
    ....
  10. ncbi Hd3a protein is a mobile flowering signal in rice
    Shojiro Tamaki
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma 630 0101, Japan
    Science 316:1033-6. 2007
    ..We show that the protein encoded by Hd3a, a rice ortholog of FT, moves from the leaf to the shoot apical meristem and induces flowering in rice. These results suggest that the Hd3a protein may be the rice florigen...
  11. ncbi Plant circadian clocks increase photosynthesis, growth, survival, and competitive advantage
    Antony N Dodd
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EA, UK
    Science 309:630-3. 2005
    ..This explains why plants gain advantage from circadian control...
  12. pmc Leaf microbiota in an agroecosystem: spatiotemporal variation in bacterial community composition on field-grown lettuce
    Gurdeep Rastogi
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    ISME J 6:1812-22. 2012
    ..one of the largest surveys of leaf surface microbiology, this study offers new insights into the extent and underlying causes of variability in bacterial community composition on plant leaves as a function of time, space and environment.
  13. ncbi AtNAP, a NAC family transcription factor, has an important role in leaf senescence
    Yongfeng Guo
    Department of Horticulture, 119 Plant Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 5904, USA
    Plant J 46:601-12. 2006
    ..Furthermore, inducible overexpression of AtNAP causes precocious senescence. These data strongly suggest that AtNAP and its homologs play an important role in leaf senescence in Arabidopsis and possibly in other plant species...
  14. ncbi Integration of spatial and temporal information during floral induction in Arabidopsis
    Philip A Wigge
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Science 309:1056-9. 2005
    ..A complex of FT and FD proteins in turn can activate floral identity genes such as APETALA1 (AP1)...
  15. ncbi FD, a bZIP protein mediating signals from the floral pathway integrator FT at the shoot apex
    Mitsutomo Abe
    Department of Botany, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8502, Japan
    Science 309:1052-6. 2005
    ..FT may represent a long-distance signal in flowering...
  16. pmc Arabidopsis NAC1 transduces auxin signal downstream of TIR1 to promote lateral root development
    Q Xie
    Laboratory of Plant Cell Biology, Institute of Molecular Agrobiology, National University of Singapore, 117604 Singapore
    Genes Dev 14:3024-36. 2000
    ..Finally, TIR1-induced lateral root development is blocked by expression of antisense NAC1 cDNA, and NAC1 overexpression can restore lateral root formation in the auxin-response mutant tir1, indicating that NAC1 acts downstream of TIR1...
  17. ncbi Trifurcate feed-forward regulation of age-dependent cell death involving miR164 in Arabidopsis
    Jin Hee Kim
    Division of Molecular Life Sciences, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Hyoja Dong, Pohang, Kyungbuk, 790 784, Republic of Korea
    Science 323:1053-7. 2009
    ..The trifurcate feed-forward pathway involving ORE1, miR164, and EIN2 provides a highly robust regulation to ensure that aging induces cell death in Arabidopsis leaves...
  18. pmc Both leaf properties and microbe-microbe interactions influence within-species variation in bacterial population diversity and structure in the lettuce (Lactuca Species) phyllosphere
    Paul J Hunter
    Warwick HRI, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:8117-25. 2010
    ..We conclude that both leaf surface properties and microbial interactions are important in determining the structure and diversity of the phyllosphere bacterial community...
  19. pmc Microbiology of the phyllosphere
    Steven E Lindow
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:1875-83. 2003
  20. pmc Arabidopsis cytokinin receptor mutants reveal functions in shoot growth, leaf senescence, seed size, germination, root development, and cytokinin metabolism
    Michael Riefler
    Institute of Biology Applied Genetics, Free University of Berlin, Germany
    Plant Cell 18:40-54. 2006
    ....
  21. ncbi Hierarchical action and inhibition of plant Dicer-like proteins in antiviral defense
    Angelique Deleris
    Institut de Biologie Moleculaire des Plantes, CNRS Unité Propre de Recherche UPR 2357, 12, rue du Général Zimmer, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France
    Science 313:68-71. 2006
    ..These findings define a molecular framework for studying antiviral silencing and defense in plants...
  22. pmc High-resolution temporal profiling of transcripts during Arabidopsis leaf senescence reveals a distinct chronology of processes and regulation
    Emily Breeze
    School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, United Kingdom
    Plant Cell 23:873-94. 2011
    ..These data enable connection of metabolic processes, signaling pathways, and specific TF activity, which will underpin the development of network models to elucidate the process of senescence...
  23. ncbi Plant stomata function in innate immunity against bacterial invasion
    Maeli Melotto
    Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Cell 126:969-80. 2006
    ..We provide evidence that supports a model in which stomata, as part of an integral innate immune system, act as a barrier against bacterial infection...
  24. ncbi Genes and salt tolerance: bringing them together
    Rana Munns
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
    New Phytol 167:645-63. 2005
    ..Suggestions are made to increase the value of molecular studies in identifying genes that are important for salinity tolerance...
  25. ncbi A putative ABC transporter confers durable resistance to multiple fungal pathogens in wheat
    Simon G Krattinger
    Institute of Plant Biology, University of Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    Science 323:1360-3. 2009
    ..Alleles of Lr34 conferring resistance or susceptibility differ by three genetic polymorphisms. The Lr34 gene, which functions in the adult plant, stimulates senescence-like processes in the flag leaf tips and edges...
  26. pmc Two calcium-dependent protein kinases, CPK4 and CPK11, regulate abscisic acid signal transduction in Arabidopsis
    Sai Yong Zhu
    China State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, 100094 Beijing, China
    Plant Cell 19:3019-36. 2007
    ....
  27. ncbi A gene expression atlas of the model legume Medicago truncatula
    Vagner A Benedito
    Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Parkway, Ardmore, OK 73401, USA
    Plant J 55:504-13. 2008
    ..The data presented here represent an unparalleled resource for legume functional genomics, which will accelerate discoveries in legume biology...
  28. pmc MYB58 and MYB63 are transcriptional activators of the lignin biosynthetic pathway during secondary cell wall formation in Arabidopsis
    Jianli Zhou
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Plant Cell 21:248-66. 2009
    ..Together, our results indicate that MYB58 and MYB63 are specific transcriptional activators of lignin biosynthesis in the SND1-mediated transcriptional network regulating secondary wall formation...
  29. pmc Nucleoid-enriched proteomes in developing plastids and chloroplasts from maize leaves: a new conceptual framework for nucleoid functions
    Wojciech Majeran
    Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Plant Physiol 158:156-89. 2012
    ..Details of protein identification and annotation are provided in the Plant Proteome Database...
  30. pmc Control of leaf vascular patterning by polar auxin transport
    Enrico Scarpella
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E9, Canada
    Genes Dev 20:1015-27. 2006
    ..We derive a model for self-regulated, reiterative patterning of all vein orders and postulate at its onset a common epidermal auxin-focusing mechanism for major-vein positioning and phyllotactic patterning...
  31. ncbi Arabidopsis CBF1 overexpression induces COR genes and enhances freezing tolerance
    K R Jaglo-Ottosen
    Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Plant and Soil Sciences Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1325, USA
    Science 280:104-6. 1998
    ..We conclude that CBF1 is a likely regulator of the cold acclimation response, controlling the level of COR gene expression, which in turn promotes tolerance to freezing...
  32. pmc Red colouration in apple fruit is due to the activity of the MYB transcription factor, MdMYB10
    Richard V Espley
    HortResearch, Mt Albert Research Centre, Private Bag 92169, Auckland, New Zealand
    Plant J 49:414-27. 2007
    ..Characterization of MdMYB10 has implications for the development of new varieties through classical breeding or a biotechnological approach...
  33. pmc Control of jasmonate biosynthesis and senescence by miR319 targets
    Carla Schommer
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Tubingen, Germany
    PLoS Biol 6:e230. 2008
    ..We propose that miR319-controlled TCP transcription factors coordinate two sequential processes in leaf development: leaf growth, which they negatively regulate, and leaf senescence, which they positively regulate...
  34. pmc SND1, a NAC domain transcription factor, is a key regulator of secondary wall synthesis in fibers of Arabidopsis
    Ruiqin Zhong
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Plant Cell 18:3158-70. 2006
    ..Together, our results reveal that SND1 is a key transcriptional activator involved in secondary wall biosynthesis in fibers...
  35. ncbi Early events of citrus greening (Huanglongbing) disease development at the ultrastructural level
    Svetlana Y Folimonova
    Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, USA
    Phytopathology 100:949-58. 2010
    ..Furthermore, they may be an important aid in answering a question: when and where within an infected tree the tissue serves as a better inoculum source for acquisition and transmission of the bacterium by its psyllid vector...
  36. ncbi The role of stomata in sensing and driving environmental change
    Alistair M Hetherington
    Department of Biological Sciences, The Lancaster Environment Centre, University of Lancaster, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
    Nature 424:901-8. 2003
    ..Such concerted adaptation results from a web of control systems, reminiscent of a 'scale-free' network, whose untangling requires integrated approaches beyond those currently used...
  37. ncbi Leaf senescence
    Pyung Ok Lim
    Department of Science Education, Cheju National University Jeju, Jeju 690 756, Korea
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 58:115-36. 2007
    ....
  38. pmc microRNAs associated with drought response in the bioenergy crop sugarcane (Saccharum spp.)
    Thaís Helena Ferreira
    Departamento de Genetica, Evolução e Bioagentes, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    PLoS ONE 7:e46703. 2012
    ..These findings constitute a significant increase in the number of identified miRNAs in sugarcane and contribute to the elucidation of the complex regulatory network that is activated by drought stress...
  39. ncbi A bacterial virulence protein suppresses host innate immunity to cause plant disease
    Kinya Nomura
    Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Science 313:220-3. 2006
    ..HopM1 mediates the destruction of AtMIN7 via the host proteasome. Our results illustrate a strategy by which a bacterial pathogen exploits the host proteasome to subvert host immunity and causes infection in plants...
  40. pmc MicroRNA control of PHABULOSA in leaf development: importance of pairing to the microRNA 5' region
    Allison C Mallory
    Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02142 1479, USA
    EMBO J 23:3356-64. 2004
    ....
  41. pmc The oxylipin signal jasmonic acid is activated by an enzyme that conjugates it to isoleucine in Arabidopsis
    Paul E Staswick
    Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA
    Plant Cell 16:2117-27. 2004
    ..Plant hormone activation by conjugation to amino acids and the enzymes involved in their formation were previously unknown...
  42. ncbi Regulation and identity of florigen: FLOWERING LOCUS T moves center stage
    Franziska Turck
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding, D 50829 Cologne, Germany
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 59:573-94. 2008
    ..Finally, we discuss conservation of FT function in other species and how variation in its regulation could generate different flowering behaviors...
  43. ncbi Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry across 753 terrestrial plant species in China
    Wenxuan Han
    Department of Ecology, College of Environmental Sciences and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing, China
    New Phytol 168:377-85. 2005
    ..The relationships between leaf N, P and N : P ratio and latitude (and MAT) also suggested the existence of broad biogeographical patterns of these leaf traits in Chinese flora...
  44. ncbi A molecular framework for light and gibberellin control of cell elongation
    Miguel de Lucas
    Departamento de Genética Molecular de Plantas, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia CSIC, Campus Univ Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco c Darwin 3, 28049 Madrid, Spain
    Nature 451:480-4. 2008
    ....
  45. ncbi Insects betray themselves in nature to predators by rapid isomerization of green leaf volatiles
    Silke Allmann
    Department of Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans Knöll Str 8, DE 07745 Jena, Germany
    Science 329:1075-8. 2010
    ..Hence, attacking herbivores initiate the release of an indirect defense a full day before the attacked plants manufacture their own defensive compounds...
  46. pmc The ecology of the phyllosphere: geographic and phylogenetic variability in the distribution of bacteria on tree leaves
    Amanda J Redford
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Environ Microbiol 12:2885-93. 2010
    ..ponderosa needles...
  47. pmc The N terminus of bacterial elongation factor Tu elicits innate immunity in Arabidopsis plants
    Gernot Kunze
    Zurich Basel Plant Science Center, Botanisches Institut der Universität Basel, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland
    Plant Cell 16:3496-507. 2004
    ..In leaves of Arabidopsis plants, elf18 induces an oxidative burst and biosynthesis of ethylene, and it triggers resistance to subsequent infection with pathogenic bacteria...
  48. pmc Global analysis of Arabidopsis gene expression uncovers a complex array of changes impacting pathogen response and cell cycle during geminivirus infection
    Jose Trinidad Ascencio-Ibañez
    Department of Molecular and Structural Biochemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA
    Plant Physiol 148:436-54. 2008
    ....
  49. ncbi Hd3a and RFT1 are essential for flowering in rice
    Reina Komiya
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916 5 Takayama, Ikoma 630 0101, Japan
    Development 135:767-74. 2008
    ..These results indicate that Hd3a and RFT1 act as floral activators under SD conditions, and that RFT1 expression is partly regulated by chromatin modification...
  50. ncbi Two-component circuitry in Arabidopsis cytokinin signal transduction
    I Hwang
    Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA
    Nature 413:383-9. 2001
    ....
  51. ncbi Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an Amazonian forest
    Nathan J B Kraft
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 322:580-2. 2008
    ..Our results show that strategy differentiation among species contributes to the maintenance of diversity in one of the most diverse tropical forests in the world...
  52. pmc Stomatal development and patterning are regulated by environmentally responsive mitogen-activated protein kinases in Arabidopsis
    Huachun Wang
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Plant Cell 19:63-73. 2007
    ....
  53. ncbi Biogeography and variability of eleven mineral elements in plant leaves across gradients of climate, soil and plant functional type in China
    W X Han
    Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, Department of Ecology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Ecol Lett 14:788-96. 2011
    ..Our findings can help initiate a more holistic approach to ecological plant nutrition and lay the groundwork for the eventual development of multiple element biogeochemical models...
  54. pmc An abscisic acid-AtNAP transcription factor-SAG113 protein phosphatase 2C regulatory chain for controlling dehydration in senescing Arabidopsis leaves
    Kewei Zhang
    Department of Horticulture, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 5904, USA
    Plant Physiol 158:961-9. 2012
    ..These results indicate that there is a unique regulatory chain, ABA-AtNAP-SAG113 protein phosphastase 2C, which controls stomatal movement and water loss during leaf senescence...
  55. ncbi A guard-cell-specific MYB transcription factor regulates stomatal movements and plant drought tolerance
    Eleonora Cominelli
    Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari e Biotecnologie, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26, 20133 Milano, Italy
    Curr Biol 15:1196-200. 2005
    ..Our data indicate that AtMYB60 is a transcriptional modulator of physiological responses in guard cells and open new possibilities to engineering stomatal activity to help plants survive desiccation...
  56. pmc Small RNA binding is a common strategy to suppress RNA silencing by several viral suppressors
    Lóránt Lakatos
    Agricultural Biotechnology Center, Plant Biology Institute, Godollo, Hungary
    EMBO J 25:2768-80. 2006
    ..None of the suppressors affected the activity of preassembled RISC complexes. In contrast, each suppressor uniformly inhibited the siRNA-initiated RISC assembly pathway by preventing RNA silencing initiator complex formation...
  57. pmc Rapid synthesis of auxin via a new tryptophan-dependent pathway is required for shade avoidance in plants
    Yi Tao
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Cell 133:164-76. 2008
    ..This pathway is rapidly deployed to synthesize auxin at the high levels required to initiate the multiple changes in body plan associated with shade avoidance...
  58. ncbi Differential contributions of ribosomal protein genes to Arabidopsis thaliana leaf development
    Gorou Horiguchi
    Department of Life Science, College of Science, Rikkyo University, 3 34 1 Nishi Ikebukuro, Toshima ku, Tokyo 171 8501, Japan
    Plant J 65:724-36. 2011
    ..Depending on their structural abnormalities, dysfunctional ribosomes may affect translation of specific transcripts involved in the regulation of some leaf developmental processes...
  59. ncbi Members of the YABBY gene family specify abaxial cell fate in Arabidopsis
    K R Siegfried
    Section of Plant Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Development 126:4117-28. 1999
    ..Furthermore, ectopic expression studies suggest that ubiquitous abaxial cell fate and maintenance of a functional apical meristem are incompatible...
  60. pmc Leaf maximum photosynthetic rate and venation are linked by hydraulics
    Tim J Brodribb
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
    Plant Physiol 144:1890-8. 2007
    ..The shape of this correlation provided clear support for the a priori hypothesis that vein positioning limits photosynthesis via its influence on leaf hydraulic efficiency...
  61. pmc A viral protein suppresses RNA silencing and binds silencing-generated, 21- to 25-nucleotide double-stranded RNAs
    Dániel Silhavy
    Agricultural Biotechnology Center, Plant Biology Institute, PO Box 411, H 2101, Godollo, Hungary
    EMBO J 21:3070-80. 2002
    ..Moreover, the observation that p19-expressing transgenic plants show altered leaf morphology might indicate that the p19-targeted PTGS pathway is also important in the regulation of plant development...
  62. pmc Roles for rice membrane dynamics and plasmodesmata during biotrophic invasion by the blast fungus
    Prasanna Kankanala
    Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, USA
    Plant Cell 19:706-24. 2007
    ..Analysis of biotrophic blast invasion will significantly contribute to our understanding of normal plant processes and allow the characterization of secreted fungal effectors that affect these processes...
  63. ncbi Control of leaf morphogenesis by microRNAs
    Javier F Palatnik
    Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, D 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Nature 425:257-63. 2003
    ..TCP genes with microRNA target sequences are found in a wide range of species, indicating that microRNA-mediated control of leaf morphogenesis is conserved in plants with very different leaf forms...
  64. pmc The microRNA regulated SBP-box genes SPL9 and SPL15 control shoot maturation in Arabidopsis
    Stefan Schwarz
    Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Carl von Linne Weg 10, Cologne, Germany
    Plant Mol Biol 67:183-95. 2008
    ....
  65. ncbi Role of the Arabidopsis glucose sensor HXK1 in nutrient, light, and hormonal signaling
    Brandon Moore
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, and Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Science 300:332-6. 2003
    ..Plants use HXK as a glucose sensor to interrelate nutrient, light, and hormone signaling networks for controlling growth and development in response to the changing environment...
  66. ncbi Conserved microRNAs and their targets in model grass species Brachypodium distachyon
    Turgay Unver
    Biological Sciences and Bioengineering Program, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey
    Planta 230:659-69. 2009
    ..Other newly identified miRNAs target the mRNAs involving metabolic processes, signal transduction and stress response...
  67. pmc Cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase 1 is a central component of the reactive oxygen gene network of Arabidopsis
    Sholpan Davletova
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557, USA
    Plant Cell 17:268-81. 2005
    ..Our study points to a key role for the cytosol in protecting the chloroplast during light stress and provides evidence for cross-compartment protection of thylakoid and stromal/mitochondrial APXs by cytosolic APX1...
  68. ncbi Causes and consequences of variation in leaf mass per area (LMA): a meta-analysis
    Hendrik Poorter
    Ecophysiology of Plants, Institute of Environmental Biology, PO Box 800 84, NL 3508 TB Utrecht, The Netherlands
    New Phytol 182:565-88. 2009
    ..This trait complex is an important factor determining the fitness of species in their environment and affects various ecosystem processes...
  69. ncbi Control of flowering and storage organ formation in potato by FLOWERING LOCUS T
    Cristina Navarro
    Departamento de Genética Molecular de Plantas, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia CSIC, Calle Darwin 3, 28049 Madrid, Spain
    Nature 478:119-22. 2011
    ....
  70. pmc Ribosome and transcript copy numbers, polysome occupancy and enzyme dynamics in Arabidopsis
    Maria Piques
    Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Am Muehlenberg 1, Potsdam Golm, Germany
    Mol Syst Biol 5:314. 2009
    ..Global translation rates are used to estimate the energy costs of protein synthesis and relate them to the plant carbon budget, in particular the rates of starch degradation and respiration at night...
  71. pmc Conservation and divergence of microRNAs in Populus
    Abdelali Barakat
    Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Evolutionary Genetics, and The Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, 403 Life Sciences Building, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    BMC Genomics 8:481. 2007
    ..In this study, we analyzed expressed small RNAs from leaves and vegetative buds of Populus using high throughput pyrosequencing...
  72. ncbi Chemical and molecular ecology of herbivore-induced plant volatiles: proximate factors and their ultimate functions
    Gen Ichiro Arimura
    Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Otsu 520 2113, Japan
    Plant Cell Physiol 50:911-23. 2009
    ..To understand the ecological significance of HIPVs, we also review case studies of insect-plant and inter-/intraplant interactions mediated by HIPVs that have been documented in the field and laboratory in recent years...
  73. ncbi Water stress-induced abscisic acid accumulation triggers the increased generation of reactive oxygen species and up-regulates the activities of antioxidant enzymes in maize leaves
    Mingyi Jiang
    Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, PRC
    J Exp Bot 53:2401-10. 2002
    ..These data suggest that water stress-induced ABA accumulation triggers the increased generation of ROS, which, in turn, leads to the up-regulation of the antioxidant defence system...
  74. pmc Regulation of phosphate homeostasis by MicroRNA in Arabidopsis
    Tzyy Jen Chiou
    Institute of BioAgricultural Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Plant Cell 18:412-21. 2006
    ..These results provide evidence that miRNA controls Pi homeostasis by regulating the expression of a component of the proteolysis machinery in plants...
  75. ncbi Salinity tolerance in halophytes
    Timothy J Flowers
    School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex, BN1 9QG, UK
    New Phytol 179:945-63. 2008
    ....
  76. pmc Calcium-dependent protein kinases regulate the production of reactive oxygen species by potato NADPH oxidase
    Michie Kobayashi
    Plant Pathology Laboratory, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
    Plant Cell 19:1065-80. 2007
    ..Furthermore, the heterologous expression of St CDPK5VK phosphorylated Ser-82 of St RBOHB in N. benthamiana. These results suggest that St CDPK5 induces the phosphorylation of St RBOHB and regulates the oxidative burst...
  77. ncbi Exit from proliferation during leaf development in Arabidopsis thaliana: a not-so-gradual process
    Megan Andriankaja
    Department of Plant Systems Biology, VIB, 9052 Gent, Belgium
    Dev Cell 22:64-78. 2012
    ..Hence, differentiation of the photosynthetic machinery is important for regulating the exit from proliferation...
  78. pmc betaC1, the pathogenicity factor of TYLCCNV, interacts with AS1 to alter leaf development and suppress selective jasmonic acid responses
    Jun Yi Yang
    Laboratory of Plant Molecular Biology, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065, USA
    Genes Dev 22:2564-77. 2008
    ..Our results show that betaC1 forms a complex with AS1 to execute its pathogenic functions and to suppress a subset of JA responses...
  79. ncbi Stomatal patterning and differentiation by synergistic interactions of receptor kinases
    Elena D Shpak
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Science 309:290-3. 2005
    ..Our findings suggest that the negative regulation of ER-family RLKs by TMM, which is an LRR receptor-like protein, is critical for proper stomatal differentiation...
  80. ncbi Asymmetric leaf development and blade expansion in Arabidopsis are mediated by KANADI and YABBY activities
    Yuval Eshed
    Section of Plant Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Development 131:2997-3006. 2004
    ..Subsequently, polar YABBY expression contributes both to abaxial cell fate and to abaxial/adaxial juxtaposition-mediated lamina expansion...
  81. pmc Gene expression analysis of plant host-pathogen interactions by SuperSAGE
    Hideo Matsumura
    Iwate Biotechnology Research Center, Narita 22 174 4, Kitakami, Iwate, 024 0003, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:15718-23. 2003
    ..SuperSAGE will be especially useful for transcriptome profiling of two or more interacting organisms like hosts and pathogens, and of organisms, for which no DNA database is available...
  82. pmc Proanthocyanidin synthesis and expression of genes encoding leucoanthocyanidin reductase and anthocyanidin reductase in developing grape berries and grapevine leaves
    Jochen Bogs
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Plant Industry, Horticulture Unit, Glen Osmond, South Australia
    Plant Physiol 139:652-63. 2005
    ..Both ANR and LAR contribute to PA synthesis in fruit, and the tissue and temporal-specific regulation of the genes encoding ANR and LAR determines PA accumulation and composition during grape berry development...
  83. pmc Histidine kinase homologs that act as cytokinin receptors possess overlapping functions in the regulation of shoot and root growth in Arabidopsis
    Chika Nishimura
    Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya University, Chikusa ku, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
    Plant Cell 16:1365-77. 2004
    ....
  84. pmc Within-plant signaling by volatiles leads to induction and priming of an indirect plant defense in nature
    Martin Heil
    Fachbereich 9, Allgemeine Botanik Pflanzenökologie, Universitat Duisburg Essen, Universitätstrasse 5, D 45117 Essen, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:5467-72. 2007
    ....
  85. pmc The SHINE clade of AP2 domain transcription factors activates wax biosynthesis, alters cuticle properties, and confers drought tolerance when overexpressed in Arabidopsis
    Asaph Aharoni
    Plant Research International, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Plant Cell 16:2463-80. 2004
    ..We propose that these diverse functions are mediated by regulating metabolism of lipid and/or cell wall components...
  86. ncbi A type I-secreted, sulfated peptide triggers XA21-mediated innate immunity
    Sang Won Lee
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Science 326:850-3. 2009
    ..axY(S)22 is 100% conserved in all analyzed Xanthomonas species, confirming that Ax21 is a pathogen-associated molecular pattern and that XA21 is a pattern recognition receptor...
  87. ncbi KANADI regulates organ polarity in Arabidopsis
    R A Kerstetter
    University of Pennsylvania, Department of Biology, Plant Science Institute, Philadelphia 19104 6018, USA
    Nature 411:706-9. 2001
    ....
  88. ncbi Breeding for high water-use efficiency
    A G Condon
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    J Exp Bot 55:2447-60. 2004
    ..Results of such simulations indicate that greater progress may be achieved by pyramiding traits so that potential negative effects of individual traits are neutralized. DNA-based selection techniques may assist in such a strategy...
  89. pmc Arabidopsis BRANCHED1 acts as an integrator of branching signals within axillary buds
    José Antonio Aguilar-Martínez
    Departamento de Genética Molecular de Plantas, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Campus Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
    Plant Cell 19:458-72. 2007
    ..The conservation of BRC1/tb1 function among distantly related angiosperm species suggests that a single ancestral mechanism of branching control integration evolved before the radiation of flowering plants...
  90. pmc A chloroplast lipoxygenase is required for wound-induced jasmonic acid accumulation in Arabidopsis
    E Bell
    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 92:8675-9. 1995
    ..This result suggests that wound-induced JA (or some other LOX2-requiring component of the wound response pathway) is involved in the wound-induced regulation of this gene...
  91. ncbi Tissue-level leaf toughness, but not lamina thickness, predicts sapling leaf lifespan and shade tolerance of tropical tree species
    Kaoru Kitajima
    Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    New Phytol 186:708-21. 2010
    ....
  92. ncbi The endophytic continuum
    Barbara Schulz
    Institute of Microbiology, Technical University of Braunschweig, Spielmannstrasse 7, D 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
    Mycol Res 109:661-86. 2005
    ..This phenotypic plasticity is a motor of evolution...
  93. pmc The spread of tomato yellow leaf curl virus from the Middle East to the world
    Pierre Lefeuvre
    Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa
    PLoS Pathog 6:e1001164. 2010
    ..We instead identify the Mediterranean basin as the main launch-pad of global TYLCV movements...
  94. pmc Whole genome wide expression profiles of Vitis amurensis grape responding to downy mildew by using Solexa sequencing technology
    Jiao Wu
    College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
    BMC Plant Biol 10:234. 2010
    ..cv. Zuoshan-1. Our goal is to identify genes that are involved in resistance to grape DM disease...
  95. pmc Developmental stage specificity and the role of mitochondrial metabolism in the response of Arabidopsis leaves to prolonged mild osmotic stress
    Aleksandra Skirycz
    Department of Plant Biotechnology and Genetics, Ghent University, B 9052 Ghent, Belgium
    Plant Physiol 152:226-44. 2010
    ..Taken together, our data underline the value of analyzing stress responses in development and demonstrate the importance of mitochondrial respiration for sustaining cell proliferation under osmotic stress conditions...
  96. pmc Exploring the neutral invertase-oxidative stress defence connection in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Li Xiang
    KULeuven, Laboratory of Molecular Plant Physiology, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, B 3001 Leuven, Belgium
    J Exp Bot 62:3849-62. 2011
    ..A hypothetical model is proposed in which both mitochondrial and cytosolic A/N-Invs can generate glucose as a substrate for mitochondria-associated hexokinase, contributing to mitochondrial reactive oxygen species homeostasis...
  97. ncbi Sulphur starvation induces the expression of microRNA-395 and one of its target genes but in different cell types
    Cintia Goulart Kawashima
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Plant J 57:313-21. 2009
    ..These results illustrate that negative temporal correlation between the expression level of a miRNA and its target gene in a complex tissue cannot be a requirement for target gene validation...
  98. ncbi Long-distance signals regulating stomatal conductance and leaf growth in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) plants subjected to partial root-zone drying
    Wagdy Y Sobeih
    Department of Biological Sciences, Lancaster Environment Centre, University of Lancaster, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
    J Exp Bot 55:2353-63. 2004
    ..Combined use of genetic technologies to reduce ethylene production and agronomic technologies to sustain water status (such as PRD) may sustain plant growth under conditions where yield would otherwise be significantly reduced...
  99. ncbi Perspectives on leaf dorsoventral polarity
    Dóra Szakonyi
    John Innes Centre, Norwich NR4 7UH, UK
    J Plant Res 123:281-90. 2010
    ..This review will discuss these regulatory mechanisms in the context of leaf dorsoventrality, and will conclude with unresolved questions and areas of future research...
  100. pmc LAMINA: a tool for rapid quantification of leaf size and shape parameters
    Max Bylesjo
    Research Group for Chemometrics, Department of Chemistry, Umea University, SE 901 87 Umea, Sweden
    BMC Plant Biol 8:82. 2008
    ..Such fields require measurement of large collections of leaves, with resulting conclusions being highly influenced by the accuracy of the phenotypic measurement process...
  101. pmc A coastal cline in sodium accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana is driven by natural variation of the sodium transporter AtHKT1;1
    Ivan Baxter
    United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Plant Genetics Research Unit, Donald Danforth Plant Sciences Center, St Louis, Missouri, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 6:e1001193. 2010
    ..The fixation of this weak AtHKT1;1 allele in these populations is genetic evidence supporting local adaptation to these potentially saline impacted environments...

Research Grants11

  1. Oral Therapy for Hemophilia A
    Kam W Leong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This approach could readily be adapted to other inherited protein deficiencies or certain allergies. ..
  2. Dissection of EARLY FLOWERING3 Function in the Arabidopsis Circadian Clock
    DMITRI ANTON NUSINOW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  3. REQUEST FOR MULT-USER CONFOCAL IMAGE ANALYSIS FACILITY
    Frank Ruddle; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..involved in the patterning of vertebrate neuronal projections and a spatial analysis of cells in developing plant leaves, Drosophila, and mouse embryos...
  4. Transmucosal Intra-Oral Drug Delivery System for THC
    Mahmoud Elsohly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Compositions for Prevention/Prophylactic Treatment of Poison Ivy Dermatitis
    Mahmoud Elsohly; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This proposal addresses a major public health problem, namely contact allergic dermatitis and promises the development of an effective agent to address this problem. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. SOURCES OF NEUROACTIVE ANALGESIC N-ACYLETHANOLAMINES
    Kent Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..as well as by molecular genetic approaches (cultures derived from CBI-knockout mice). Results from this research should target new botanical sources for development as neuroactive therapeutics. ..
  7. Use of an Amphibian as an Alternative Model to Evaluate Effects of Contaminants o
    Michelle Boone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Retinol Equivalence of Plant Carotenoids in Children
    Guangwen Tang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will be of importance in planning vitamin A deficiency prevention strategies and also will provide useful information regarding the potential efficacy of a bioengineered crop to provide vitamin A nutrition. ..
  9. MUTATOR TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS OF MAIZE
    Virginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Host factors that regulate MuDR/Mu activities will also be characterized, because transposable element activities are an evolved nartnershiD of the transDoson and its host. ..
  10. Metabolome of non-replicating M. tuberculosis
    GUIDO PAULI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..