Summary: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, or other pharmacologic activity when administered to higher animals.
Publications327 found, 100 shown here
- Medicinal plants and antimicrobial activityJ L Rios
Departament de Farmacologia, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de València Av Vicent Andrés Estellés s n 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain
J Ethnopharmacol 100:80-4. 2005In the present paper, we analyze the past, present and future of medicinal plants, both as potential antimicrobial crude drugs as well as a source for natural compounds that act as new anti-infection agents...
- Is the use-impact on native caatinga species in Brazil reduced by the high species richness of medicinal plants?Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque
Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Departamento de Biologia, Área de Botânica, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Pernambuco, Brazil
J Ethnopharmacol 113:156-70. 2007A study of the diversity of uses of medicinal plants and the traditional knowledge associated with the caatinga vegetation was undertaken in the semi-arid region of Pernambuco State, NE Brazil...
- Medicinal plants of the caatinga (semi-arid) vegetation of NE Brazil: a quantitative approachUlysses Paulino de Albuquerque
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Biologia, Área de Botânica, Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmaos, Recife, Pernambuco 52171 030, Brazil
J Ethnopharmacol 114:325-54. 2007..The present work focused on analyzing published information available concerning medicinal plants used by traditional communities...
- Medicinal plants of India with anti-diabetic potentialJ K Grover
Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110049, India
J Ethnopharmacol 81:81-100. 2002..charantia, Eugenia jambolana, Mucuna pruriens, T. cordifolia, T. foenum graecum, O. sanctum, P. marsupium, Murraya koeingii and Brassica juncea. All plants have shown varying degree of hypoglycemic and anti-hyperglycemic activity...
- Drug discovery from medicinal plantsMarcy J Balunas
Program for Collaborative Research in the Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, 833 South Wood Street, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Life Sci 78:431-41. 2005Current research in drug discovery from medicinal plants involves a multifaceted approach combining botanical, phytochemical, biological, and molecular techniques...
- Medicinal plants: traditions of yesterday and drugs of tomorrowAmeenah Gurib-Fakim
Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius
Mol Aspects Med 27:1-93. 2006..The paper also presents some data on the use of plant products in the development of functional foods, addresses the needs for validation of plant extracts and always stressing on safety, efficacy and quality of phyto-medications...
- A new approach to study medicinal plants with tannins and flavonoids contents from the local knowledgeThiago Antônio de Sousa Araújo
Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Departamento de Biologia, Área de Botânica, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Av Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmaos, CEP 52171 900 Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
J Ethnopharmacol 120:72-80. 2008....
- Medicinal plants in the Mediterranean area: synthesis of the results of the project RubiaM R González-Tejero
Department of Botany, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de Cartuja, 18071 Granada, Spain
J Ethnopharmacol 116:341-57. 2008..This paper synthesises the chief results related to the medicinal utilization of those plants...
- Re-examining hypotheses concerning the use and knowledge of medicinal plants: a study in the Caatinga vegetation of NE BrazilUlysses Paulino de Albuquerque
Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Área de Botânica, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmãos Recife Pernambuco, 52171 030, Brasil
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:30. 2006..However, very little information is available concerning the interaction of people with the plants of the Caatinga...
- Sustainable harvest of medicinal plants at Bulashbar Nullah, Astore (Northern Pakistan)Zabta Khan Shinwari
Ethnobotany Project, WWF P World Wide Fund for Nature Pakistan, 34 D II, Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Road, University Town, Peshawar, Pakistan
J Ethnopharmacol 84:289-98. 2003..conventional use needs ex-situ and in-situ conservation, training of the community regarding collection of medicinal plants and their marketing...
- Antimalarial activity of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in S. Tomé and Príncipe islandsMaria do Céu de Madureira
Departamento de Farmacognosia, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade de Coimbra, R Norte, 3000 Coimbra, Portugal
J Ethnopharmacol 81:23-9. 2002The present study investigates the antimalarial activity of 13 medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in S...
- Anti-quorum sensing activity of medicinal plants in southern FloridaAllison L Adonizio
Department of Biological Sciences, Center for Ethnobiology and Natural Products, CENaP, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, University Park, Miami, 33199, USA
J Ethnopharmacol 105:427-35. 2006..To test this hypothesis, 50 medicinal plants from southern Florida were screened for anti-QS activity using two biomonitor strains, Chromobacterium ..
- Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu, IndiaChellaiah Muthu
Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai 600 034, India
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:43. 2006An ethnobotanical survey was undertaken to collect information from traditional healers on the use of medicinal plants in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu during October 2003 to April 2004...
- Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants at Bale Mountains National Park, EthiopiaHaile Yineger
Department of Biology, Jimma University, P O Box 5195, Jimma, Ethiopia
J Ethnopharmacol 112:55-70. 2007An ethnobotanical study on veterinary medicinal plants of Bale Mountains National Park and adjacent areas was conducted from July 2003 to June 2004...
- Antioxidative activity, polyphenolic content and anti-glycation effect of some Thai medicinal plants traditionally used in diabetic patientsW Kusirisin
Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
Med Chem 5:139-47. 2009Ethanolic extracts of 30 Thai medicinal plants, traditionally used as alternative treatments in diabetes, were evaluated for antioxidative activity by the 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) ..
- Total phenol, antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of some medicinal plantsDhan Prakash
Nutraceutical Chemistry, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, India
Int J Food Sci Nutr 58:18-28. 2007..109 mg/g, ellagic acid from 0.009 to 0.902 mg/g, ferulic acid from 0.036 to 0.078 mg/g, gallic acid from 0.192 to 3.597 mg/g, kaempferol from 0.011 to 0.910 mg/g, quercetin from 0.047 to 1.106 mg/g and rutin from 0.059 to 2.029 mg/g...
- The importance of weeds in ethnopharmacologyJ R Stepp
Laboratories of Ethnobiology, Department of Anthropology, Baldwin Hall, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 1619, USA
J Ethnopharmacol 75:19-23. 2001Tropical primary forest is often considered to be the most important habitat for traditional peoples to gather medicinal plants. However, the role of weeds, commonly found in disturbed areas, in traditional medicinal floras has been ..
- In vitro screening of five local medicinal plants for antibacterial activity using disc diffusion methodM R S Zaidan
Bioassay Unit, Herbal Medicine Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur
Trop Biomed 22:165-70. 2005b>Medicinal plants have many traditional claims including the treatment of ailments of infectious origin. In the evaluation of traditional claims, scientific research is important...
- Phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity and in vitro inhibitory potential against key enzymes relevant for hyperglycemia and hypertension of commonly used medicinal plants, herbs and spices in Latin AmericaLena Galvez Ranilla
Escuela de Alimentos, Facultad de Recursos Naturales, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Avenida Waddington 716, Playa Ancha, Valparaiso, Chile
Bioresour Technol 101:4676-89. 2010Traditionally used medicinal plants, herbs and spices in Latin America were investigated to determine their phenolic profiles, antioxidant activity and in vitro inhibitory potential against key enzymes relevant for hyperglycemia and ..
- Ethnobotanical study of knowledge and medicinal plants use by the people in Dek Island in EthiopiaTilahun Teklehaymanot
Endod and Other Medicinal Plants Unit, Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
J Ethnopharmacol 124:69-78. 2009It reveals the trend of knowledge of medicinal plants and the documentation serves as a baseline data for future phytochemical and pharmacological studies.
- Screening of selected Indian medicinal plants for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activityB Vinutha
Department of Pharmacognosy, Al Ameen College of Pharmacy, Hosur Road, Bangalore, India
J Ethnopharmacol 109:359-63. 2007Seventy-six plant extracts including methanolic and successive water extracts from 37 Indian medicinal plants were investigated for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity (in vitro)...
- An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in the lowlands of Konta Special Woreda, southern nations, nationalities and peoples regional state, EthiopiaTesfaye Hailemariam Bekalo
Louis Dreyfus Commodities Coffee Division, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 5:26. 2009..Therefore, this research was conducted to investigate medicinal plants of the Konta people and to document the local knowledge before environmental and cultural changes deplete the ..
- Use of medicinal plants for the treatment of oral diseases in Burkina FasoHadissa Tapsoba
Ecole de Santé Publique, Faculte de Medecine, UPRES EA 3444, Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France
J Ethnopharmacol 104:68-78. 2006This paper presents the findings of an investigation into the treatment of oral diseases with medicinal plants in the Kadiogo province, Burkina Faso...
- An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Mana Angetu district, southeastern EthiopiaErmias Lulekal
Department of Biology, Debre Berhan University, P, O, Box 445, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 4:10. 2008..Documenting the eroding plants and associated indigenous knowledge can be used as a basis for developing management plans for conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in the area.
- Traditional phytotherapy and trans-cultural pharmacy among Turkish migrants living in Cologne, GermanyAndrea Pieroni
SCH Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Postbus 8060, NL 6700 DA Wageningen, The Netherlands
J Ethnopharmacol 102:69-88. 2005..This article concludes by suggesting hypotheses on future changes affecting the knowledge and use of medicinal plants within the Turkish community of Cologne.
- Effects of extracts from Italian medicinal plants on planktonic growth, biofilm formation and adherence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusCassandra L Quave
Florida International University, Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Ethnobiology and Natural Products, Miami, FL 33199, USA
J Ethnopharmacol 118:418-28. 2008..Our aim was to investigate plants from different ethnobotanical usage groups for inhibition of growth and biofilms in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)...
- Evaluation of antioxidant and free radical scavenging capacities of some Nigerian indigenous medicinal plantsAfolabi C Akinmoladun
Drug Metabolism and Toxicology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
J Med Food 13:444-51. 2010Methanolic extracts of 10 selected Nigerian medicinal plants-Psidium guajava, Alstonia boonei, Cassia alata, Newbouldia laevis, Spondias mombin, Globimetula cupulatum, Chromolaena odorata, Securidaca longepedunculata, Ocimum gratissimum, ..
- In vitro antiplasmodial activity of medicinal plants native to or naturalised in South AfricaCailean Clarkson
Pharmacology Division, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, K 45 OMB GSH, Observatory 7925, South Africa
J Ethnopharmacol 92:177-91. 2004..These results support a rational rather than random approach to the selection of antiplasmodial screening candidates, and identify a number of promising taxa for further investigation as plant-based antimalarial agents...
- Natural products as alternative treatments for metabolic bone disorders and for maintenance of bone healthSophie E Putnam
School of Pharmacy, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
Phytother Res 21:99-112. 2007..The effects of natural products on bone and connective tissue are then discussed, to include items of diet, herbal extracts and food supplements, with evidence for their efficacy outlined...
- Use patterns and knowledge of medicinal species among two rural communities in Brazil's semi-arid northeastern regionJulio Marcelino Monteiro
Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada, Departamento de Biologia, Área de Botânica, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Av Dom Manoel de Medeiros s n, Dois Irmaos, CEP 52171 900 Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
J Ethnopharmacol 105:173-86. 2006..in the semi-arid region of the state of Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil) concerning two species of native medicinal plants: "aroeira do sertão", Myracrodruon urundeuva (Engl.) Fr. All...
- An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, EthiopiaFisseha Mesfin
Biology Department, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 5:28. 2009b>Medicinal plants are the integral part of the variety of cultures in Ethiopia and have been used over many centuries...
- Ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics among the tribal communities of North-West Frontier Province, PakistanArshad Mehmood Abbasi
Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan
J Ethnopharmacol 128:322-35. 2010The present investigation is an attempt to find out ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics.
- Cultural significance of medicinal plant families and species among Quechua farmers in Apillapampa, BoliviaEvert Thomas
Laboratory of Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture and Ethnobotany, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
J Ethnopharmacol 122:60-7. 2009..Medicinal plant use was investigated in Apillapampa, a community of subsistence farmers located in the semi-arid Bolivian Andes...
- Effective medicinal plants against enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7Supayang Voravuthikunchai
School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
J Ethnopharmacol 94:49-54. 2004..Inhibition of growth was primarily tested by the paper disc agar diffusion method. Among the medicinal plants tested, only 8 species (21.05%) exhibited antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7...
- Antimycobacterial screening of traditional medicinal plants using the microplate resazurin assayDuncan Webster
Department of Medicine, Saint John Regional Hospital, Canada
Can J Microbiol 56:487-94. 2010..In this study, we evaluated the antimycobacterial activity of 5 medicinal plants traditionally used as general therapeutics for pulmonary illnesses and specifically as treatments for ..
- The activity of medicinal plants and secondary metabolites on eosinophilic inflammationAlexandre P Rogerio
Universidade Federal do Triangulo Mineiro, Av Getúlio Guaritá s n, Uberaba, MG 38025 440, Brazil
Pharmacol Res 62:298-307. 2010..In addition, we highlight the medical potential of these plant-derived compounds for treating eosinophil-mediated inflammation, such as asthma and allergy...
- Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest EthiopiaMirutse Giday
Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
J Ethnopharmacol 110:516-25. 2007..was conducted in two sub-districts in northwestern Ethiopia to compile and analyse knowledge on the use of medicinal plants for treatment or prevention of human ailments by three socio-cultural groups, namely the Amharas, Shinashas ..
- Screening of vasorelaxant activity of some medicinal plants used in Oriental medicinesMing Hao Yin
Department of Herbal Resources, Professional Graduate School of Oriental Medicine and Medicinal Resources Research Institute MeRRI, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Jeonbuk 570 749, Republic of Korea
J Ethnopharmacol 99:113-7. 2005Hexane, ethylacetate (EtOAC), and n-butanol (n-BuOH) extracts of medicinal plants traditionally used in the East Asia, such as China, Korea, and Japan were screened for their vasorelaxant activity using isolated rat aorta...
- Evaluation of antioxidant and nitric oxide inhibitory activities of selected Malaysian medicinal plantsK Saha
Laboratory of Phytomedicines, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
J Ethnopharmacol 92:263-7. 2004Methanol extracts of seven Malaysian medicinal plants were screened for antioxidant and nitric oxide inhibitory activities...
- Antifungal activity of some Tanzanian plants used traditionally for the treatment of fungal infectionsOmar J M Hamza
Department of Oral Surgery and Oral Pathology, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, P O Box 65014, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
J Ethnopharmacol 108:124-32. 2006..Usambarensis (Taub) Brenan, Cyphosterma hildebrandti (Gilg), Desc, Elaeodendron buchannanii (Lows), Acacia nilotica (L.) Wild ex Del, Jatropha multifida L., and Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn...
- A comparison of knowledge about medicinal plants for three rural communities in the semi-arid region of northeast of BrazilCecília de Fátima Castelo Branco Rangel de Almeida
Departamento de Biologia, Laboratório de Etnobotânica Aplicada LEA, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife PE, Brazil
J Ethnopharmacol 127:674-84. 2010....
- An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by the Didayi tribe of Malkangiri district of Orissa, IndiaChiranjibi Pattanaik
Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Deccan Regional Station, Hyderabad 500017, Andhra Pradesh, India
Fitoterapia 79:67-71. 2008..An ethnobotanical survey was carried out among the ethnic community (Didayi) in Malkangiri district, Orissa. A total of 53 medicinal plant species belonging to 34 families and 52 different species are described under this study...
- Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants around Mt.Yinggeling, Hainan Island, ChinaXi Long Zheng
South China Botanical Garden, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China
J Ethnopharmacol 124:197-210. 2009The main objectives were to collect information on the use of medicinal plants and compare medicinal plant traditions between Run and Qi.
- Identification of medicinal plants in the family Fabaceae using a potential DNA barcode ITS2Ting Gao
Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, 151 Malianwa North Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100193, PR China
J Ethnopharmacol 130:116-21. 2010To test whether the ITS2 region is an effective marker for use in authenticating of the family Fabaceae which contains many important medicinal plants.
- Use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South AfricaD Van der Merwe
Department of Paraclinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
J S Afr Vet Assoc 72:189-96. 2001Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) methods were employed to document the use of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants in cattle by Setswana-speaking people in the Madikwe area of the North West Province of South Africa...
- Antidiabetic agents from medicinal plantsMankil Jung
Department of Chemistry, Yonsei University, Seoul 120 749, Korea
Curr Med Chem 13:1203-18. 2006..The present paper reviews medicinal plants that have shown experimental or clinical antidiabetic activity and that have been used in traditional systems ..
- Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants from the Humla district of western NepalMaan Bahadur Rokaya
Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Praha, Czech Republic
J Ethnopharmacol 130:485-504. 2010..It also determines the homogeneity of informant's knowledge on medicinal plants suitable for different ailment categories and the most preferred plant species used to treat each ailment ..
- Animal self-medication and ethno-medicine: exploration and exploitation of the medicinal properties of plantsMichael A Huffman
Section of Ecology, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, 41 2 Kanrin, Inuyama Aichi 484 8506, Japan
Proc Nutr Soc 62:371-81. 2003..Both folklore and living examples provide accounts of how medicinal plants were obtained by observing the behaviour of animals...
- Medicinal plants of the Meinit ethnic group of Ethiopia: an ethnobotanical studyMirutse Giday
Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa University, Torhailoch Street, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
J Ethnopharmacol 124:513-21. 2009The majority of the Ethiopian people, including the Meinit ethnic group, are highly dependent on medicinal plants for their day-to-day public healthcare and veterinary needs...
- Anti-proliferative activity of essential oil extracted from Thai medicinal plants on KB and P388 cell linesJiradej Manosroi
Pharmaceutical Cosmetic Raw Materials and Natural Products Research and Development Center, PCRNC, Institute for Science and Technology Research and Development, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
Cancer Lett 235:114-20. 2006Anti-proliferative activity of essential oil from 17 Thai medicinal plants on human mouth epidermal carcinoma (KB) and murine leukemia (P388) cell lines using MTT assay were investigated...
- Screening of Malian medicinal plants for antifungal, larvicidal, molluscicidal, antioxidant and radical scavenging activitiesD Diallo
Institute of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, University of Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Phytother Res 15:401-6. 2001A total of 78 different extracts from 20 medicinal plants belonging to 14 plant families from Mali were tested for their antifungal, larvicidal, molluscicidal, antioxidant and radical scavenging activities...
- Folk phytotherapeutical plants from Maratea area (Basilicata, Italy)Paolo Maria Guarrera
Museo Nazionale Arti e Tradizioni Popolari, Piazza Marconi 8 10, 00144 Rome, Italy
J Ethnopharmacol 99:367-78. 2005..graeca (coughs) and Ceterach officinarum (malaria), while in the ethnoveterinary field, we have Pteridium aquilinum (wolf bites) and Spartium junceum (fractures of animal limbs)...
- A study of the larvicidal and molluscicidal activities of some medicinal plants from northeast BrazilJ de S Luna
Departamento de Química Fundamental CCEN, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50740 901 Recife PE, Brazil
J Ethnopharmacol 97:199-206. 2005..In a search for natural products that could be used to control the vectors of tropical diseases, 23 extracts of medicinal plants from the northeast of Brazil have been tested for molluscicidal activity against egg masses and adults of the ..
- Acetaminophen-induced liver damage in mice: effects of some medicinal plants on the oxidative defense systemM Tolulope Olaleye
Departamento de Quimica, Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Biológicas Bioquímica Toxicológica, Camobi, CEP 97105 900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil
Exp Toxicol Pathol 59:319-27. 2008..0mg/kg) of acetaminophen and to evaluate the possible protective effects of administration (100mg/kg) of some medicinal plants (Kigelia africana, Calotropis procera, Hibiscus sabdariffa and Alchornea cordifolia) on PCM-induced liver ..
- Anticariogenic activity of some tropical medicinal plants against Streptococcus mutansJae Kwan Hwang
Department of Biotechnology and Bioproducts Research Center, Yonsei University, Seoul 120 749, South Korea
Fitoterapia 75:596-8. 2004..In particular, G. glabra, K. pandurata and P. angulata conferred fast killing bactericidal effect against S. mutans in 2 min at 50 microg/ml of extract concentration...
- Herbal and food folk medicines of the Russlanddeutschen living in Künzelsau/Taläcker, South-Western GermanyAndrea Pieroni
Division of Pharmacy Practice, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Bd, Richmond Road, Bradford BD71DP, UK
Phytother Res 22:889-901. 2008....
- Studies on pharmaceutical ethnobotany in the region of Pallars (Pyrenees, Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula). Part I. General results and new or very rare medicinal plantsA Agelet
, , Universitat de Barcelona. Av. Joan XXIII s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
J Ethnopharmacol 77:57-70. 2001..Further papers will deal with unreported or very uncommon uses for known medicinal plant species and with medicinal non-vascular plants...
- Potential medicinal plants for CNS disorders: an overviewVikas Kumar
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Texas Tech University, Health Sciences Center, School of Pharmacy, Amarillo, TX 79106, USA
Phytother Res 20:1023-35. 2006..In the present article, an attempt has been made to review the most important medicinal plants, including Ginkgo biloba, St John's wort, Kava-kava, Valerian, Bacopa monniera and Convolvulus pluricaulis, ..
- Medicinal plants: historical and cross-cultural usage patternsRobert A Halberstein
Department of Anthropology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124 2005, USA
Ann Epidemiol 15:686-99. 2005..An attempt is made to review the prevalence of medicinal herb use in different societies and the various lines of evidence for its effectiveness for particular health needs and the alleviation of disease conditions...
- Comparative evaluation of hypoglycaemic activity of some Indian medicinal plants in alloxan diabetic ratsAjit Kar
Satsang Herbal Research and Analytical Laboratories, PO Satsang 814 116 Deoghar, India
J Ethnopharmacol 84:105-8. 2003In our experiments 30 hypoglycaemic medicinal plants (known and less known) have been selected for thorough studies from indigenous folk medicines, Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha systems of medicines...
- Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds in selected herbsW Zheng
Fruit Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
J Agric Food Chem 49:5165-70. 2001..longiflora, whereas quercetin-3-O-rhamnosyl-(1 --> 2)-rhamnosyl-(1 --> 6)-glucoside and kaempferol-3-O-rhamnosyl-(1 --> 2)-rhamnosyl-(1 --> 6)-glucoside were predominant phenolic compounds in Ginkgo biloba leaves...
- Effect of oil extracted from some medicinal plants on different mycotoxigenic fungiK M Soliman
Food Technology and Dairy Departments, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Food Chem Toxicol 40:1669-75. 2002Essential oils of 12 medicinal plants were tested for inhibitory activity against Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus, A. ochraceus and Fusarium moniliforme...
- Antimicrobial activity of medicinal plants against oral microorganismsG More
Department of Plant Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
J Ethnopharmacol 119:473-7. 2008..All plant extracts showed moderate cytotoxicity on the Vero cell line. The fifty percent inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of all plants tested range from 92.3 to 285.1 microg/ml...
- Genome-based approaches to the authentication of medicinal plantsNikolaus J Sucher
Centre for Complementary Medicine Research, University of Western Sydney, Penrith South DC, NSW, Australia
Planta Med 74:603-23. 2008b>Medicinal plants are the source of a large number of essential drugs in Western medicine and are the basis of herbal medicine, which is not only the primary source of health care for most of the world's population living in developing ..
- Indigenous use and bio-efficacy of medicinal plants in the Rasuwa District, Central NepalYadav Uprety
Human Ecology Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 109, B 1090 Brussels, Belgium
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 6:3. 2010..Nepal is a natural storehouse of medicinal plants. Although several ethnobotanical studies were conducted in the country, many areas remain unexplored...
- Systematic review of herbs and dietary supplements for glycemic control in diabetesGloria Y Yeh
Division for Research and Education in Complementary and Integrative Medical Therapies, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Diabetes Care 26:1277-94. 2003..To conduct a systematic review of the published literature on the efficacy and safety of herbal therapies and vitamin/mineral supplements for glucose control in patients with diabetes...
- Ethnobotanical study of some Ghanaian anti-malarial plantsAlex Asase
Department of Botany, University of Ghana, P O Box LG 55 Legon, Ghana
J Ethnopharmacol 99:273-9. 2005..The results are discussed and recommendations made for future research to support the conservation and sustainable harvesting of the species reported to have medicinal properties...
- Ethnobotanical studies and economic evaluation of medicinal plants in Taounate province (Northern Morocco)Jaouad El-Hilaly
UFR Physiology Pharmacology, Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Dhar El Mehraz, USMBA, BP 1976 Atlas Fez, Morocco
J Ethnopharmacol 86:149-58. 2003..Extensive investigation undertaken during the past 5 years has brought to light 102 medicinal plants belonging to 48 families...
- Reconstructed materia medica of the Medieval and Ottoman al-ShamEfraim Lev
Jordan Valley College, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
J Ethnopharmacol 80:167-79. 2002..Finally, our data revealed that the al-Sham region was an independent source of production and marketing of medicinal substances during the medieval and Ottoman periods...
- Screening antifungal activities of selected medicinal plantsE N Quiroga
, Instituto de Estudios Vegetales 'Dr. Antonio R. Sampietro, , , , Ayacucho 471, 4000, , Argentina
J Ethnopharmacol 74:89-96. 2001..In addition to the former plants, Prosopanche americana also inhibited yeast growth...
- Leads from Indian medicinal plants with hypoglycemic potentialsPulok K Mukherjee
Pharmacognosy Research Laboratories, Department of Pharmacy, Franklin Wilkins Building, King s College, London, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, UK
J Ethnopharmacol 106:1-28. 2006..Several medicinal plants have found potential use as hypoglycemic in the Indian system of medicines, including ayurveda...
- Brine shrimp toxicity of some plants used as traditional medicines in Kagera Region, north western TanzaniaM J Moshi
Department of Biological and Preclinical Studies, Institute of Traditional Medicine, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Box 65001, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Tanzan J Health Res 12:63-7. 2010..Picralima nitida and Rubus rigidus extracts are mildly toxic, but by comparison have a remote possibility to yield active anticancer compounds...
- Systematics and health effects of chemically distinct tannins in medicinal plantsTakuo Okuda
Okayama University, Tsushima, Okayama 700 8530, Japan
Phytochemistry 66:2012-31. 2005The research began with an investigation of tannins from traditional medicinal plants and resulted in isolation and structure determination of hundreds of ellagitannins and dehydroellagitannins, as well as their oligomers and oxidized ..
- Antiviral and antimicrobial activities of Colombian medicinal plantsA Lopez
Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, University Campus, 3529-6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
J Ethnopharmacol 77:189-96. 2001..We concluded that these Colombian medicinal plants represent an untapped source of potentially useful antivirals and are worthy of further study.
- Phytochemicals from traditional medicinal plants used in the treatment of diarrhoea: modes of action and effects on intestinal functionEnzo A Palombo
Environment and Biotechnology Centre, Faculty of Life and Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia
Phytother Res 20:717-24. 2006b>Medicinal plants have been used as traditional treatments for numerous human diseases for thousands of years...
- Ethnopharmacological approaches to wound healing--exploring medicinal plants of IndiaB Kumar
National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow 226001, India
J Ethnopharmacol 114:103-13. 2007..Pharmacological reports available on Indian medicinal plants employing various wound healing models and its underlying molecular mechanism, wherever available, has also ..
- Structure-radical scavenging activity relationships of phenolic compounds from traditional Chinese medicinal plantsYi Zhong Cai
Department of Botany, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, PR China
Life Sci 78:2872-88. 2006Traditional Chinese medicinal plants associated with anticancer contain a wide variety of natural phenolic compounds with various structural features and possessing widely differing antioxidant activity...
- Medicinal plant knowledge of the Bench ethnic group of Ethiopia: an ethnobotanical investigationMirutse Giday
Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, PO Box 1176, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 5:34. 2009..However, little work has been made in the past to properly document and promote the knowledge. Today medicinal plants and the associated knowledge in the country are threatened due to deforestation, environmental degradation ..
- Ethnomedicinal plant knowledge and practice of the Oromo ethnic group in southwestern EthiopiaHaile Yineger
Department of Biology, Jimma University, P, O, Box 5195, Jimma, Ethiopia
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 4:11. 2008..Our results showed that ethnomedicinal plant species used by healers are under serious threat due to several factors, which indicates the need for urgent attention towards their conservation and sustainable utilization...
- Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi county, Uganda: plant species and mode of useJohn R S Tabuti
Department of Biology and Nature Conservation, Agricultural University of Norway, P O Box 5014, N 1432 As, Norway
J Ethnopharmacol 88:279-86. 2003..Most of the curative species reported here are directed at treating East Coast fever (ECF), a disease known to cause high fatalities in cattle...
- Anti-diabetic activity of medicinal plants and its relationship with their antioxidant propertyM C Sabu
Amala Cancer Research Centre, Amala Nagar, Kerala Trichur 680 553, India
J Ethnopharmacol 81:155-60. 2002..Continued, daily administration of the drug produced a sustained effect...
- Ethnobotanical knowledge of the Istro-Romanians of Zejane in CroatiaAndrea Pieroni
Department of Pharmacy, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Building, Richmond Road, Bradford, West Yorkshire BD7 1DP, UK
Fitoterapia 74:710-9. 2003....
- The importance of botellas and other plant mixtures in Dominican traditional medicineIna Vandebroek
Institute of Economic Botany, The New York Botanical Garden, 2900 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, NY 10458, USA
J Ethnopharmacol 128:20-41. 2010..Plant mixtures are understudied in ethnobotanical research...
- In vitro anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of extracts of selected medicinal plants from North West CameroonRoland N Ndip
Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Buea, Cameroon
J Ethnopharmacol 114:452-7. 2007..The growing problem of antibiotic resistance by the organism demands the search for novel compounds from plant based sources...
- The use and safety of non-allopathic Indian medicinesN J Gogtay
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai Bombay, India
Drug Saf 25:1005-19. 2002..There is an urgent need for the practitioners of the allopathic and non-allopathic systems to work together to optimise the risk-benefit profile of these medicines...
- Traditional medicine in north Côte-d'Ivoire: screening of 50 medicinal plants for antibacterial activityW M Koné
Laboratoire de Botanique, UFR Biosciences, Universite de Cocody, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire
J Ethnopharmacol 93:43-9. 2004..The results provided evidence that some of the studied plants might indeed be potential sources of new antibacterial agents, also against some antibiotic-resistant strains...
- Studies on the in vitro and in vivo hypoglycemic activities of some medicinal plants used in treatment of diabetes in Jordanian traditional medicineI I Hamdan
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Queen Rania Street, Amman, Jordan
J Ethnopharmacol 93:117-21. 2004..The main conclusion of this work was the concern over the unjustified claims of the uses of some herbal medicine in Jordan and possibly in other countries...
- Mexican plants with hypoglycaemic effect used in the treatment of diabetesAdolfo Andrade-Cetto
Departamento de Biologia Celular, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70 359, 04511 México DF, Mexico
J Ethnopharmacol 99:325-48. 2005....
- In vitro cytotoxic activity of Thai medicinal plants used traditionally to treat cancerArunporn Itharat
Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Prince of Songkhla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90110, Thailand
J Ethnopharmacol 90:33-8. 2004..Celastraceae), exhibited high cytotoxic activity showing a certain degree of selectivity against the different cell types...
- Anti-Candida activity of Brazilian medicinal plantsMarta Cristina Teixeira Duarte
Research Center for Chemistry, Biology and Agriculture, State University of Campinas, P O Box 6171, CEP 13083 970 Campinas, SP, Brazil
J Ethnopharmacol 97:305-11. 2005Essential oils and ethanolic extracts from the leaves and/or roots of 35 medicinal plants commonly used in Brazil were screened for anti-Candida albicans activity. The oils were obtained by water-distillation using a Clevenger-type system...
- Ethnobotanical investigations among tribes in Madurai District of Tamil Nadu (India)S Ignacimuthu
Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai, India
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:25. 2006An ethnobotanical survey was carried out to collect information on the use of medicinal plants in Southern Western Ghats of India (Madurai district, Tamil Nadu)...
- Medicinal plants for insomnia: a review of their pharmacology, efficacy and tolerabilityDavid Wheatley
Consultant Psychiatrist, Harley St, London, UK
J Psychopharmacol 19:414-21. 2005A number of medicinal plants are traditionally endowed with anxiolytic or sedative properties and, in the context of this revue, both indications are considered since the former may induce a mood conducive to the latter...
- Antibacterial activity of traditional therapeutic coastal medicinal plants against some pathogensS Ravikumar
Centre for Marine Science and Technology, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Rajakkamangalam, India
J Environ Biol 26:383-6. 2005....
- Polyphenolic compounds in the fruits of Egyptian medicinal plants (Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia chebula and Terminalia horrida): characterization, quantitation and determination of antioxidant capacitiesBeate Pfundstein
Division of Preventive Oncology, German Cancer Research Center DKFZ National Tumor Center, Im Neuenheimer Feld 517, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Phytochemistry 71:1132-48. 2010..Therefore, further studies (metabolism, bioavailability and toxicity) of the polyphenolics in Terminalia species using preclinical models and in vivo human intervention trials are warranted...
- Medicinal plants used for the treatment of diarrhoea in northern Maputaland, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South AfricaH de Wet
Department of Botany, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa
J Ethnopharmacol 130:284-9. 2010..To document the ethnobotanical knowledge on antidiarrhoeal plant use by lay people in a rural community in northern Maputaland...
- Antimalarial and cytotoxic activities of ethnopharmacologically selected medicinal plants from South VietnamJulie Nguyen-Pouplin
UMR 5154 CNRS Chimie et Biochimie des Substances Naturelles, Dpt R D D M, Museum national d histoire naturelle, CP54, 63 rue Buffon, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
J Ethnopharmacol 109:417-27. 2007..An ethnopharmacological investigation was undertaken of medicinal plants traditionally used to treat malaria in the South Vietnam...
- Asháninka medicinal plants: a case study from the native community of Bajo Quimiriki, Junín, PeruGaia Luziatelli
Department of Agriculture and Ecology, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 21, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 6:21. 2010..The present study assesses the state of traditional medicinal plant knowledge in the community and compares the local pharmacopoeia with the one from a related ethnic group...
- Antiproliferative effect of alcoholic extracts of some Gabonese medicinal plants on human colonic cancer cellsMengome Line-Edwige
Laboratoire de Phytochimie, Institut de Pharmacopée et de Médecine Traditionnelle IPHAMETRA CENAREST, BP 1935 Libreville Gabon
Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med 6:112-7. 2009..Only one extract (leaves of Dieffenbachia seguine (G-DSF)) exhibited weak antiproliferative activity with 50% inhibition concentration (IC(50)) higher than 50 microg/ml...
- Correlations of antioxidant activity against phenolic content revisited: a new approach in data analysis for food and medicinal plantsD A Jacobo-Velázquez
Dept of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A and M Univ, Vegetable and Fruit Improvement Center, College Station, TX 77843 2133, USA
J Food Sci 74:R107-13. 2009..Data obtained from carrots stored under conditions of air and hyperoxia (superatmospheric oxygen) are used to exemplify how to apply this new approach...
- Isolation, diversity, and antimicrobial activity of rare actinobacteria from medicinal plants of tropical rain forests in Xishuangbanna, ChinaSheng Qin
Key Laboratory for Microbial Resources of the Ministry of Education and Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio Resources, Yunnan Institute of Microbiology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, People s Republic of China
Appl Environ Microbiol 75:6176-86. 2009..In this work, we studied the diversity of actinobacteria isolated from medicinal plants collected from tropical rain forests in Xishuangbanna...
- Screening of some Tanzanian medicinal plants for their trypanocidal and cytotoxic activitiesEndalkachew Nibret
Institut für Pharmazie und molekulare Biotechnologie, Universitat Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Phytother Res 24:945-7. 2010..was to evaluate in vitro antitrypanosomal and cytotoxic activities of crude extracts of 20 traditionally used medicinal plants of Tanzania...
- PLANT ANTITUMOR AGENTSKuo Hsiung Lee; Fiscal Year: 2009..by using focused disease-oriented cytotoxicity, mechanistic, and molecular target based screening of selected medicinal plants, chosen either for their therapeutic use to treat cancer(s) or their structural novelty and potency...
- BOTANICAS IN ETHNIC HEALTHCAREMichael Jones; Fiscal Year: 2002..particular attention to herbal therapies including sources, collection, processing and therapeutic uses of medicinal plants. Results of the study can contribute to increasing the quality of clinical research that evaluates the ..
- CHEMICAL DIVERSITY LIBRARIES FROM MEDICINAL PLANTS (RMI)Kuo Hsiung Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007..The compounds included in these libraries will be derived from medicinal plants - both isolated natural products and synthetic modified derivatives...
- Cancer Prevention by West African Medicinal PlantsMichael Wargovich; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] The overall goal of this project is to discover novel, anti-inflammatory compounds from medicinal plants native to West Africa...
- Chemopreventative properties of Medicinal and Food plants of the Lumbee TribeTRACIE LOCKLEAR; Fiscal Year: 2010..Lamiaceae), and Brassica oleracea (Brassicaceae). The focus of this investigation will be on both food and medicinal plants associated with cancer chemoprevention among the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina...
- A synergy-based therapy against C. difficileKim Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2013..We will develop an effective therapeutic against drug-resistant C. difficile by disabling the mechanism of resistance to berberine, a widely used antimicrobial from medicinal plants.
- Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in PNGLouis R Barrows; Fiscal Year: 2013..Medicines Taskforce, and student theses, to provide pharmacologic validation and chemical standardization of medicinal plants, and the identification of novel bioactive molecules...
- Novel Antitumor AgentsKuo Hsiung Lee; Fiscal Year: 2013..rainforest extracts with confirmed cytotoxic activity as screened b the National Cancer Institute, as well as medicinal plants used for cancer-related therapy...
- Advancing Drug Development from Medicinal Plants using Transcriptomics and MetaboSARAH E O apos CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Medicinal plants produce a wealth of pharmaceutical compounds such as taxol, vincristine, and morphine...
- Roots of Rainforest MedicineROBERT ALLEN VOEKS; Fiscal Year: 2010..As Gentry queried, "Is it an impossible dream to hope that through medicinal plants the biodiversity of tropical forests might be able to save the world from cancer or AIDS?" Combined with a ..
- Anti-Tubercular Plants from Traditional Medicines of LaosBETHANY GWEN ELKINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2012..research-training aims to preserve and protect TMK and to demonstrate the value of traditionally used medicinal plants through scientific validation, providing support for an important component of Laos'undeveloped forest ..
- Bioassay Guided Isolation of Hypoglycemic Compounds from Philippine Medicinal PlaLeah Tolosa; Fiscal Year: 2012..Of 6,000 endemic plants, it is believed that traditional doctors and herbalists use about 1,500 as medicinal plants of which only 1% has been characterized for their active components...
- Natural Products from Under-explored MicroorganismsBen Shen; Fiscal Year: 2012..selection are: (i) the uniqueness and richness of biodiversity, (ii) symbiosis with traditional Chinese medicinal plants, (iii) morphological and taxonomical distinctiveness, and (iv) bias towards actinomycetes...
- 1/2-Caribbean Consortium for Research in Environ. &Occupational Health:SurinameDennis R A Mans; Fiscal Year: 2013..in large and small-scale agriculture;and 3) environmental contamination of nutraceuticals and indigenous medicinal plants. An important aspect of CCREOH will be engaging the indigenous and other health disparate communities in ..
- Transcriptome Characterization of Medicinal Plants Relevant to Human HealthMeinhart H Zenk; Fiscal Year: 2010..Its Specific Aims are 1) To validate carefully selected medicinal plants based on taxonomic classification, medicinal compound accumulation and target transcript analysis, 2) To ..
- Mechanistic analysis of flavonoids on bacterial virulenceHoward C Hang; Fiscal Year: 2013..for type III protein secretion in Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, we discovered specific flavonoids from medicinal plants that do not interfere with bacterial growth can effectively antagonize this key bacterial virulence pathway ..
- Natural Products in the Prevention of CancerNanjoo Suh; Fiscal Year: 2011..Principal topics of the session will be potential chemopreventive agents developed from natural products and medicinal plants. The meeting will cover preclinical, clinical and epidemiological data in the area of cancer prevention ..
- Studies of the Flora and Predator Bacteria of JordanNICHOLAS OBERLIES; Fiscal Year: 2004..environments (Botany and Biodiversity), 2) Flora for Herbal Drug Analysis based on safety and efficacy of medicinal plants used traditionally by the People of Jordan (Botany and Ethnobotany), 3) Predator Bacteria from the diverse ..
- Int'l Center for Indigenous Phytotherapy Studies--TICIPSWilliam Folk; Fiscal Year: 2004..UWC has outstanding CAM research and educational programs, especially in medicinal plants, and extensive ties with South Africans that use traditional healers, and with the South African government...
- WOUND HEALING ACCELERATION USING NATURAL PRODUCTSGerald Hammond; Fiscal Year: 1999..the United States, with the aim of linking conservation of biological diversity with sustained economic management of medicinal plants needed for the discovery and development of pharmaceuticals to improve human health.
- CHEMICAL STUDIES OF NOVEL SULFUR CONTAINING ANTIBIOTICSEloy Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 1993..of naturally occurring dithiacyclohexadienes, we specifically propose to: (1) chemically screen a variety of medicinal plants and tissue cultures of the Asteraceae, for novel dithiapolyacetylenes and related bioactive metabolites (2) ..
- Biodiversity and Drug Discovery in the PhillipinesMichael Kron; Fiscal Year: 2004..Secondly, research will critically evaluate and prioritize promising medicinal plants with incomplete pre-clinical data, such as many species listed in the Philippines Registry of Medicinal ..
- NOVEL INHIBITORS OF DNA TOPOISOMERASE IIKuo Hsiung Lee; Fiscal Year: 1993..effective, and clinically relevant anticancer drugs targeted to human DNA topoisomerase II from Chinese medicinal plants. The compounds we anticipate to isolate will have unique activity against etoposide-resistant cells...
- Medicinal Plants of Antiquity: A Computerized DatabaseAlain Touwaide; Fiscal Year: 2007..will be based on the three major ancient extant works, or groups of works, on pharmaceutical therapy and medicinal plants, those by, or attributed to: Hippocrates (5th-4th cent. B.C.), Dioscorides (1st cent. A.D...
- Identification of Anti-Viral Compounds from PlantsShiyou Li; Fiscal Year: 2005..Due to lack of sustainable use and conservation, genetic biodiversity of medicinal plants is continuously under the threat of extinction...
- Strengthening Botanical CAM Research: A Collaboration between CUNY and ColumbiaEdward Kennelly; Fiscal Year: 2007..University's Rosenthal Center brings an established record in clinical and basic science research in medicinal plants. The proposed program, headed by established collaborators Dr. Edward Kennelly (Lehman) and Dr...
- IDENTIFICATION OF PLANTS USING NEURAL NETWORK TECHNOLOGYFRANK WADLEIGH; Fiscal Year: 1999..2. Identify poisonous plants. 3. Expedite discovery of new medicinal plants. 4. Create an image database directly from plant material and link with existing medicinal plant databases. 5...
- TESTING OF ANTI-HIV COMPOUNDS FROM MEDICINAL PLANTSWilliam Robinson; Fiscal Year: 1993..Further, the applicants believe that with further purification, it is possible that medicinally important anti-HIV agents may be discovered thus improving our ability to treat HIV infections in humans...
- PERUVIAN MEDICINAL PLANT SOURCES OF NEW PHARMACEUTICALSWalter Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2000..the Ecology and Resource Management program an important contribution will be to identify and help grow those medicinal plants needed in research development and for commercial use...
- Effect of Medicinal Plants used by Tribes on Cancer and BacteriaWim Steelant; Fiscal Year: 2008..The critical role of medicinal plants is being widely recognized in the biochemical and biomedical world as well as in the pharmaceutical industry...
- Molecular Target Focused Discovery of Anticancer DrugsGeorge R Pettit; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Molecular Target Focused Discovery of Anticancer DrugsGEORGE PETTIT; Fiscal Year: 2007..In summary, the proposed research will be sharply aimed at the discovery and very rapid development of new anticancer drugs for the NCI programs direct at improving human cancer treatments. ..
- SYNTHESIS OF ANTICANCER AGENTSK C Nicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Plants in the service of human healthDJAJA SOEJARTO; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF AZADIRACHTINK Nicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed work is expected to impact the general areas of pharmaceutical and agricultural research, and infectious diseases in particular, through discoveries in synthetic organic chemistry and chemical biology. ..
- TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF APOPTOLIDINK Nicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposed work is expected to have significant impact in the area of cancer chemotherapy and should provide enabling technologies and tools for biology and medicine. ..
- TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF NATURAL PRODUCTSK Nicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2002..3] sigmatropic rearrangement and a radical based ring closure to form the bicyclic skeleton. ..
- Training in Alternative Tropical Botanical MedicineBRADLEY BENNETT; Fiscal Year: 2005..They then proceed to investigations on the pharmacology and mechanism of action of medicinal plants. While providing a breadth of training, we expect trainees to develop expertise in one or more areas related ..
- Enabling Technologies for Combinatorial ChemistryK Nicolaou; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Drug HepatotoxicityHARTMUT W JAESCHKE; Fiscal Year: 2010..This new insight into the signaling mechanism of AAP-induced cell death holds the promise of establishing novel therapeutic approaches for preventing AAP-induced liver failure and potentially other forms of drug toxicity in humans. ..
- Anti-Trypanosomal Agents from a Neotropical CloudforestWILLIAM SETZER; Fiscal Year: 2004..The long-term benefit of this research project is the development of new medicines to treat patients with Chagas disease. ..
- Ethnopharmacological Studies in Oral MedicineMichael Colvard; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposal will form the basis of a program aimed at the discovery and development of botanically derived oral medications for non-microbial originating oral diseases and conditions. ..
- CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON BOTANICAL DIETARY SUPPLEMENTSDiane Birt; Fiscal Year: 2006..This center will serve as a national resource and interact with other institutions...
- ASYMMETRIC SYNTHESIS OF VANCOMYCIN ANTIBIOTICSDavid Evans; Fiscal Year: 2001..During the course of this project we intend to confirm (correct) the absolute stereochemical assignments of the principal members of this family by total synthesis. ..
- Alternative Medicine:Implications for Clinical PracticeDavid Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- CELL SURFACE ACTIVITIES IN LIPOPROTEIN CATABOLISMROBERT ORLANDO; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- EVALUATION OF BOTANICALS FOR H .PYLORI INFECTIONSGail Mahady; Fiscal Year: 2002..pylori strains. Active extracts will be utilized for in vivo studies. The long-term objectives are to develop safe and effective botanical extracts for the treatment and prevention of H. pylori infections. ..
- USUAL CARE VS. CHOICE OF ALTERNATIVE RX: LOW BACK PAINDavid Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Model of Integrative Care In An Academic Health CenterDavid Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- SYNTHESIS OF THE TEDANOLIDES, CYTOTOXIC POLYPROPIONATESMichael Jung; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Phytochemical Treatments for Vocal Fold ScarBernard Rousseau; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- In Vivo Antiviral Activity of SaponinsMICHAEL RONER; Fiscal Year: 2007..The extract is well suited to such an application as it is pH stable, is already approved as a food additive, is inexpensive, readily available and is soluble in water. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mechanisms of Neutrophil-induced Liver ToxicityHartmut Jaeschke; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Purification of Optically Labeled OligonucleotidesWilliam Pearson; Fiscal Year: 2004..Initial work will focus on oligonucleotide probe purification. ..
- Curcumin-based analogs as improved inhibitors of Abeta aggregationROBERT ORLANDO; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Bupropion SR as an Anti-Craving Anti-Obesity AgentKristine Steffen; Fiscal Year: 2008..Longer term implications for the results of this study include the potential investigation of this agent as a therapeutic intervention for conditions such as obesity and binge eating disorder. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- AKT MEDIATED TAMOXIFEN RESISTANCE IN BREAST CANCER CELLSHarikrishna Nakshatri; Fiscal Year: 2005..3) By inactivating PTEN, through a dominant-negative mutant or antisense RNA, we will determine whether loss of PTEN leads to increased ERalpha activity and tamoxifen-resistant growth of breast cancer cells. ..
- CAM Use in Midlife Women in Five Ethnic GroupsEllen Gold; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Botanicals for Chlamydia pneumonia infections-Revision 1Gail Mahady; Fiscal Year: 2005..Data and active standardized extracts developed during this work will be used as the basis for future clinical trials. ..
- Synthesis of Polyketides and TerpenesDavid A Evans; Fiscal Year: 2010..As a consequence, organic synthesis is a critical discipline that continues to have an important impact on the fields of both medicine and biology. ..
- US-China-Japan Research Consortium on Herbal MedicinesDavid Eisenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004..Lastly, we will determine, as part of this planning grant, the ideal number of partnering institutions (2, 3 or 4) in anticipation of an application for Phase II of this NIH International Center for Research on CAM. ..
- ENERGY RESTRICTION, CELL SIGNALING AND CANCER PREVENTIONDiane Birt; Fiscal Year: 2001..The dependence of the biochemical events modified in Aims 2-4 on corticosterone will be assessed by parallel studies in sham and adrenalectomized mice. ..