capsicum

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. The hot peppers yield CAPSAICIN, which activates vanilloid receptors. Several varieties have sweet or pungent edible fruits that are used as vegetables when fresh and spices when the pods are dried.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Transcriptome profiling and molecular marker discovery in red pepper, Capsicum annuum L. TF68
    Fu hao Lu
    Department of Plant Resources, College of Industrial Sciences, Kongju National University, Yesan 340 802, Republic of Korea
    Mol Biol Rep 39:3327-35. 2012
  2. ncbi Functional characterization of the Xcs and Xps type II secretion systems from the plant pathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv vesicatoria
    Robert Szczesny
    Institut fur Biologie, Bereich Genetik, Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, D 06099 Halle Saale, Germany
    New Phytol 187:983-1002. 2010
  3. ncbi Identification of reference genes for reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR normalization in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
    Hongjian Wan
    Institute of Vegetables, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, People s Republic of China
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 416:24-30. 2011
  4. ncbi Tobacco to tomatoes: a phylogenetic perspective on fruit diversity in the Solanaceae
    Sandra Knapp
    Department of Botany, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
    J Exp Bot 53:2001-22. 2002
  5. pmc Cell wall components and pectin esterification levels as markers of proliferation and differentiation events during pollen development and pollen embryogenesis in Capsicum annuum L
    Ivett Bárány
    Plant Development and Nuclear Architecture group, Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, CIB, CSIC, E 28040 Madrid, Spain
    J Exp Bot 61:1159-75. 2010
  6. ncbi Metabolism of reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) plants under low temperature stress
    Morad Airaki
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Biologia Celular y Molecular de Plantas, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado 419, E 18080 Granada, Spain
    Plant Cell Environ 35:281-95. 2012
  7. pmc The pepper E3 ubiquitin ligase RING1 gene, CaRING1, is required for cell death and the salicylic acid-dependent defense response
    Dong Hyuk Lee
    Laboratory of Molecular Plant Pathology, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136 713, Republic of Korea
    Plant Physiol 156:2011-25. 2011
  8. ncbi The organization of mitochondrial atp6 gene region in male fertile and CMS lines of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
    Dong Hwan Kim
    Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and Center for Plant Molecular Genetics and Breeding Research, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Korea
    Curr Genet 49:59-67. 2006
  9. ncbi Identification of Capsicum species using SNP markers based on high resolution melting analysis
    Hee Jin Jeong
    Department of Plant Science, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Agricultural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151 921, Republic of Korea
    Genome 53:1029-40. 2010
  10. ncbi Anti-inflammatory effects of red pepper (Capsicum baccatum) on carrageenan- and antigen-induced inflammation
    Fernando Spiller
    Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
    J Pharm Pharmacol 60:473-8. 2008

Detail Information

Publications244 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Transcriptome profiling and molecular marker discovery in red pepper, Capsicum annuum L. TF68
    Fu hao Lu
    Department of Plant Resources, College of Industrial Sciences, Kongju National University, Yesan 340 802, Republic of Korea
    Mol Biol Rep 39:3327-35. 2012
    ..we present utility of massively parallel sequencing by synthesis for profiling the transcriptome of red pepper (Capsicum annuum L. TF68) using 454 GS-FLX pyrosequencing. Through the generation of approximately 30...
  2. ncbi Functional characterization of the Xcs and Xps type II secretion systems from the plant pathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv vesicatoria
    Robert Szczesny
    Institut fur Biologie, Bereich Genetik, Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, D 06099 Halle Saale, Germany
    New Phytol 187:983-1002. 2010
    ..By contrast, expression of xynC and extracellular protease and xylanase activities are repressed by HrpG and HrpX, suggesting that components and substrates of the Xps system are differentially regulated...
  3. ncbi Identification of reference genes for reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR normalization in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
    Hongjian Wan
    Institute of Vegetables, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, People s Republic of China
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 416:24-30. 2011
    ..Validation of these candidate genes could provide useful guidelines for reference gene selection in qRT-PCR studies in pepper...
  4. ncbi Tobacco to tomatoes: a phylogenetic perspective on fruit diversity in the Solanaceae
    Sandra Knapp
    Department of Botany, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
    J Exp Bot 53:2001-22. 2002
    ..Finally, several key areas of future comparative, phylogenetic investigation into fruit type evolution in the family are highlighted...
  5. pmc Cell wall components and pectin esterification levels as markers of proliferation and differentiation events during pollen development and pollen embryogenesis in Capsicum annuum L
    Ivett Bárány
    Plant Development and Nuclear Architecture group, Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, CIB, CSIC, E 28040 Madrid, Spain
    J Exp Bot 61:1159-75. 2010
    ..The wall changes reported are characteristic of proliferation and differentiation events as markers of these processes that take place during pollen development and embryogenesis...
  6. ncbi Metabolism of reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) plants under low temperature stress
    Morad Airaki
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Biologia Celular y Molecular de Plantas, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado 419, E 18080 Granada, Spain
    Plant Cell Environ 35:281-95. 2012
    ..Using leaves from pepper (Capsicum annum L...
  7. pmc The pepper E3 ubiquitin ligase RING1 gene, CaRING1, is required for cell death and the salicylic acid-dependent defense response
    Dong Hyuk Lee
    Laboratory of Molecular Plant Pathology, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136 713, Republic of Korea
    Plant Physiol 156:2011-25. 2011
    ..Here, we identified a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase RING1 gene, CaRING1, from pepper (Capsicum annuum). In pepper, CaRING1 expression is induced by avirulent Xanthomonas campestris pv vesicatoria infection...
  8. ncbi The organization of mitochondrial atp6 gene region in male fertile and CMS lines of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
    Dong Hwan Kim
    Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and Center for Plant Molecular Genetics and Breeding Research, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Korea
    Curr Genet 49:59-67. 2006
    ..Northern blot analysis showed differences in mRNA band patterns between CMS and restorer lines, indicating that atp6 gene is one of the candidates for CMS in pepper...
  9. ncbi Identification of Capsicum species using SNP markers based on high resolution melting analysis
    Hee Jin Jeong
    Department of Plant Science, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Agricultural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151 921, Republic of Korea
    Genome 53:1029-40. 2010
    ..SNPs) derived from both nuclear and cytoplasmic DNA sequences were developed to identify distinct species of Capsicum. Species identification was achieved by detecting allelic variations of these type of markers via high resolution ..
  10. ncbi Anti-inflammatory effects of red pepper (Capsicum baccatum) on carrageenan- and antigen-induced inflammation
    Fernando Spiller
    Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
    J Pharm Pharmacol 60:473-8. 2008
    ..b>Capsicum baccatum L. var. pendulum (Willd...
  11. ncbi Molecular and functional characterization of CaLEA6, the gene for a hydrophobic LEA protein from Capsicum annuum
    Hyung Sae Kim
    School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, South Korea
    Gene 344:115-23. 2005
    ..Named CaLEA6 (for Capsicum annuum LEA), this gene belongs to the atypical hydrophobic LEA Group 6...
  12. ncbi The Pun1 gene for pungency in pepper encodes a putative acyltransferase
    Charles Stewart
    Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Plant J 42:675-88. 2005
    Pungency in Capsicum fruits is due to the accumulation of the alkaloid capsaicin and its analogs...
  13. ncbi Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Capsicum baccatum: from traditional use to scientific approach
    Aline Rigon Zimmer
    Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Farmacia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul UFRGS, Av Ipiranga 2752, Porto Alegre, RS 90610 000, Brazil
    J Ethnopharmacol 139:228-33. 2012
    Peppers from Capsicum species (Solanaceae) are native to Central and South America, and are commonly used as food and also for a broad variety of medicinal applications.
  14. ncbi Proteome analysis of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) chromoplasts
    Muhammad Asim Siddique
    Institute of Plant Sciences, ETH Zurich, Universitatstrasse 2, CH 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Plant Cell Physiol 47:1663-73. 2006
    We report a comprehensive proteome analysis of chromoplasts from bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)...
  15. ncbi Isolation and characterization of the cytoplasmic male sterility-associated orf456 gene of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
    Dong Hwan Kim
    Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and Center for Plant Molecular Genetics and Breeding Research, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Korea
    Plant Mol Biol 63:519-32. 2007
    ..conducted to detect the presence of differing band patterns between male fertile and CMS lines of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). In the CMS pepper, a novel ORF, termed orf456, was found at the 3'-end of the coxll gene...
  16. ncbi A GH3-like gene, CcGH3, isolated from Capsicum chinense L. fruit is regulated by auxin and ethylene
    Kede Liu
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agriculture University, 430070, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China
    Plant Mol Biol 58:447-64. 2005
    ..A new GH3-like gene was identified from a suppressive subtraction hybridization (SSH) library of pungent pepper (Capsicum chinense L.) cDNAs...
  17. ncbi A COSII genetic map of the pepper genome provides a detailed picture of synteny with tomato and new insights into recent chromosome evolution in the genus Capsicum
    Feinan Wu
    Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Theor Appl Genet 118:1279-93. 2009
    ..annuum and wild C. annuum (as well as related Capsicum species) which differ by a reciprocal chromosome translocation...
  18. ncbi Antioxidant activity of the main phenolic compounds isolated from hot pepper fruit (Capsicum annuum L)
    Małgorzata Materska
    Department of Chemistry, Agricultural University, ul Akademicka 15, 20 950 Lublin, Poland
    J Agric Food Chem 53:1750-6. 2005
    Four cultivars (Bronowicka Ostra, Cyklon, Tornado, and Tajfun) of pepper fruit Capsicum annuum L. were studied for phenolics contents and antioxidant activity...
  19. ncbi A comparison of the carotenoid accumulation in Capsicum varieties that show different ripening colours: deletion of the capsanthin-capsorubin synthase gene is not a prerequisite for the formation of a yellow pepper
    Sun Hwa Ha
    National Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, RDA, Suwon 441 707, Republic of Korea
    J Exp Bot 58:3135-44. 2007
    Ripe pepper (Capsicum sp.) fruits can display a range of colours from white to deep red...
  20. ncbi The impacts of cypermethrin pesticide application on the non-target microbial community of the pepper plant phyllosphere
    Baoguo Zhang
    Research Centre for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China
    Sci Total Environ 407:1915-22. 2009
    ....
  21. pmc De novo assembly of the pepper transcriptome (Capsicum annuum): a benchmark for in silico discovery of SNPs, SSRs and candidate genes
    Hamid Ashrafi
    Seed Biotechnology Center, University of California, Davis, 1 Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    BMC Genomics 13:571. 2012
    Molecular breeding of pepper (Capsicum spp.) can be accelerated by developing DNA markers associated with transcriptomes in breeding germplasm...
  22. ncbi Diverse forms of Pin-II family proteinase inhibitors from Capsicum annuum adversely affect the growth and development of Helicoverpa armigera
    Vaijayanti A Tamhane
    Plant Molecular Biology Unit, Division of Biochemical Sciences, National Chemical Laboratory, Dr Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411008 MS, India
    Gene 403:29-38. 2007
    ..CanPIs) having three or four inhibitory repeat domains (IRD) were isolated from the developing green fruits of Capsicum annuum...
  23. ncbi A point mutation in the polymerase of Potato virus Y confers virulence toward the Pvr4 resistance of pepper and a high competitiveness cost in susceptible cultivar
    Berenger Janzac
    INRA, UR407 Pathologie Végétale, R 84140 Montfavet, France
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 23:823-30. 2010
    ..and with a previously developed model predicting the durability of virus resistances as a function of the evolutionary constraint applied on corresponding avirulence factors...
  24. ncbi Natural variation and functional analyses provide evidence for co-evolution between plant eIF4E and potyviral VPg
    Carine Charron
    INRA UR1052, Genetics and Breeding of Fruits and Vegetables, Domaine St Maurice, BP94, F 84143 Montfavet, France
    Plant J 54:56-68. 2008
    ..initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) result in recessive resistance to potyviruses in a range of plant species, including Capsicum spp...
  25. ncbi Starch fossils and the domestication and dispersal of chili peppers (Capsicum spp. L.) in the Americas
    Linda Perry
    Archaeobiology Program, Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Post Office Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013 7012, USA
    Science 315:986-8. 2007
    Chili peppers (Capsicum spp.) are widely cultivated food plants that arose in the Americas and are now incorporated into cuisines worldwide...
  26. ncbi The Zur of Xanthomonas campestris is involved in hypersensitive response and positively regulates the expression of the hrp cluster via hrpX but not hrpG
    Dong Liang Huang
    Guangxi Key Laboratory of Subtropical Bioresources Conservation and Utilization, College of Life Science and Technology, Guangxi University, 100 Daxue Road, Nanning, Guangxi 530004, China
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 22:321-9. 2009
    ..campestris pv. campestris...
  27. pmc Functional characterization of the type III secretion ATPase HrcN from the plant pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria
    Christian Lorenz
    Institut fur Biologie, Bereich Genetik, Martin Luther Universitat Halle Wittenberg, Saale, Germany
    J Bacteriol 191:1414-28. 2009
    ..There is no experimental evidence that T3S can occur in the absence of the ATPase, in contrast to recent findings reported for animal pathogenic bacteria...
  28. ncbi Bioaccessibility, uptake, and transport of carotenoids from peppers (Capsicum spp.) using the coupled in vitro digestion and human intestinal Caco-2 cell model
    Laurie O'Sullivan
    School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Republic of Ireland
    J Agric Food Chem 58:5374-9. 2010
    Spanish bell peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) and chili peppers sourced from Kenya and Turkey were analyzed for their carotenoid content, bioaccessibility, and bioavailability...
  29. ncbi BAC-derived markers converted from RFLP linked to Phytophthora capsici resistance in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
    Hyoun Joung Kim
    Department of Plant Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151 921, South Korea
    Theor Appl Genet 118:15-27. 2008
    ..capsici resistance, a molecular linkage map was constructed using 100 F(2) individuals from a cross between Capsicum annuum 'CM334' and C. annuum 'Chilsungcho'...
  30. ncbi Immunosuppressive activity of capsaicinoids: capsiate derived from sweet peppers inhibits NF-kappaB activation and is a potent antiinflammatory compound in vivo
    Rocio Sancho
    Departamento de Biologia Celular, Fisiologia e Inmunologia, Universidad de Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain
    Eur J Immunol 32:1753-63. 2002
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that CPT and related synthetic analogues target specific pathways involved in inflammation, and hold considerable potential for dietary health benefits as well as for pharmaceutical development...
  31. ncbi Molecular mapping of capsaicinoid biosynthesis genes and quantitative trait loci analysis for capsaicinoid content in Capsicum
    Eyal Blum
    Department of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P O Box 6, 50250, Bet Dagan, Israel
    Theor Appl Genet 108:79-86. 2003
    ..in the fruit of chile peppers, capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin, was analyzed in a cross between the non-pungent Capsicum annuum parent cv. Maor and a pungent Capsicum frutescens parent, accession BG 2816...
  32. ncbi A common plant cell-wall protein HyPRP1 has dual roles as a positive regulator of cell death and a negative regulator of basal defense against pathogens
    Seon In Yeom
    Department of Plant Science, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
    Plant J 69:755-68. 2012
    ..We identified the gene HyPRP1 in Capsicum annuum and Nicotiana benthamiana, which encodes a protein containing proline-rich domain and eight-cysteine motif ..
  33. ncbi Dietary red chilli (Capsicum frutescens L.) is insulinotropic rather than hypoglycemic in type 2 diabetes model of rats
    Md Shahidul Islam
    Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 742, South Korea
    Phytother Res 22:1025-9. 2008
    ..The data of this study suggest that 2% dietary RC is insulinotropic rather than hypoglycemic at least in this experimental condition...
  34. pmc Hydrogen peroxide generation by the pepper extracellular peroxidase CaPO2 activates local and systemic cell death and defense response to bacterial pathogens
    Hyong Woo Choi
    College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136 713, Republic of Korea
    Plant Physiol 145:890-904. 2007
    ..We have isolated a novel extracellular peroxidase gene, CaPO2, from pepper (Capsicum annuum)...
  35. ncbi Capsaicin inhibits growth of adult T-cell leukemia cells
    Jie Zhang
    Department of Pathology First Unit, Shimane Medical University, 89 1 Enya cho, Izumo, Shimane 693 8501, Japan
    Leuk Res 27:275-83. 2003
    ..In addition, the Bcl-2 level was found to be decreased. Based on these findings, capsaicin may be considered for chemoprevention of ATL...
  36. pmc EcoTILLING in Capsicum species: searching for new virus resistances
    Vicente P Ibiza
    Instituto de Conservacion y Mejora de la Agrodiversidad Valenciana COMAV, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, 8E CPI, Camino de Vera s n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
    BMC Genomics 11:631. 2010
    ..We have developed an EcoTILLING platform to exploit Capsicum genetic resources...
  37. ncbi Genetic control of pungency in C. chinense via the Pun1 locus
    Charles Stewart
    Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Exp Bot 58:979-91. 2007
    ..Capsaicinoid biosynthesis is restricted to the genus Capsicum and results from the acylation of the aromatic compound, vanillylamine, with a branched-chain fatty acid...
  38. pmc Comparative genomics reveals diversity among xanthomonads infecting tomato and pepper
    Neha Potnis
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    BMC Genomics 12:146. 2011
    ....
  39. ncbi Use of a secretion trap screen in pepper following Phytophthora capsici infection reveals novel functions of secreted plant proteins in modulating cell death
    Seon In Yeom
    Department of Plant Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 24:671-84. 2011
    ..signal-sequence trap screening was conducted with the RNA from Phytophthora capsici-inoculated root of Capsicum annuum 'Criollo de Morelos 334' (CM334)...
  40. ncbi CaMF2, an anther-specific lipid transfer protein (LTP) gene, affects pollen development in Capsicum annuum L
    Changming Chen
    College of Horticulture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China
    Plant Sci 181:439-48. 2011
    ..by cDNA-amplified fragment length polymorphism (cDNA-AFLP) in the genic male sterile-fertile line 114AB of Capsicum annuum L., a variety of differentially expressed cDNA fragments were detected in fertile or sterile lines...
  41. ncbi Chilling and cultivar type affect the diversity of bacterial endophytes colonizing sweet pepper (Capsicum anuum L.)
    Frank Rasche
    ARC Austrian Research Centers Seibersdorf research GmbH, Division of Biogenetics and Natural Resources, Seibersdorf, Austria
    Can J Microbiol 52:1036-45. 2006
    ..temperatures (chilling) on the diversity of bacteria colonizing the endospheres of two thermophilic sweet pepper (Capsicum anuum L.) cultivars, Milder Spiral and Ziegenhorn Bello...
  42. pmc Computational and biochemical analysis of the Xanthomonas effector AvrBs2 and its role in the modulation of Xanthomonas type three effector delivery
    Bingyu Zhao
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1002408. 2011
    ..Investigation of the mechanism underlying this modulation of the type III secretion system may offer new strategies to generate broad-spectrum resistance to bacterial pathogens...
  43. pmc Out of sight but not out of mind: alternative means of communication in plants
    Monica Gagliano
    Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e37382. 2012
    ..These results provide clear experimental evidence for the existence of communication channels between plants beyond those that have been recognized and studied thus far...
  44. ncbi Rapid genetic diversification and high fitness penalties associated with pathogenicity evolution in a plant virus
    Aurora Fraile
    Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas UPM INIA and ETSI Agrónomos, Campus de Montegancedo, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Pozuelo de Alarcon, Madrid, Spain
    Mol Biol Evol 28:1425-37. 2011
    ..These high pathogenicity costs may reflect intrinsic properties of plant virus genomes and should be considered in future models of host-parasite coevolution...
  45. ncbi Characterization of Geminivirus resistance in an accession of Capsicum chinense Jacq
    Marco A García-Neria
    Departamento de Ingeniería Genética, CINVESTAV Unidad Irapuato, Km 9 6 Libramiento Norte, Carretera Irapuato León, 36821, Irapuato, Gto, Mexico
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 24:172-82. 2011
    ..huasteco yellow vein virus (PHYVV), members of the Geminiviridae family, are important pathogens of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and other solanaceous crops. Accession BG-3821 of C. chinense Jacq...
  46. ncbi A lectin with antifungal and mitogenic activities from red cluster pepper (Capsicum frutescens) seeds
    Patrick H K Ngai
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 74:366-71. 2007
    ..27 microM, was inhibited specifically by D(+)-mannose. The lectin was capable of inhibiting the germination of Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium moniliforme spores and hyphal growth in the two fungi...
  47. ncbi Characterization of AvrHah1, a novel AvrBs3-like effector from Xanthomonas gardneri with virulence and avirulence activity
    Sebastian Schornack
    Institute of Biology, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, 06099 Halle Saale, Germany
    New Phytol 179:546-56. 2008
    ..identify novel virulence effectors of the bacterial plant pathogen Xanthomonas, a worldwide collection of pepper (Capsicum annuum) pathogenic Xanthomonas strains was studied...
  48. ncbi Positive Darwinian selection at single amino acid sites conferring plant virus resistance
    J R Cavatorta
    Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    J Mol Evol 67:551-9. 2008
    ..Our results indicate that although both methods are surprisingly accurate in their identification of resistance sites, HyPhy appears to more accurately identify biologically significant amino acids using our data set...
  49. ncbi Isolation and functional characterization of the Ca-DREBLP1 gene encoding a dehydration-responsive element binding-factor-like protein 1 in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Pukang)
    Jong Pil Hong
    Department of Biology, College of Science, Yonsei University, 120 749, Seoul, Korea
    Planta 220:875-88. 2005
    ..we have identified 14 partial cDNA clones (pCa-DSRs) that are rapidly induced by dehydration in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) roots...
  50. ncbi A natural recessive resistance gene against potato virus Y in pepper corresponds to the eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E)
    Sandrine Ruffel
    Genetics and Breeding of Fruits and Vegetable, Dom St Maurice, BP94, F 84143 Montfavet
    Plant J 32:1067-75. 2002
    ....
  51. pmc Evolutionary ecology of pungency in wild chilies
    Joshua J Tewksbury
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Box 351800, 24 Kincaid Hall, Seattle, WA 98195 1800, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:11808-11. 2008
    ..Capsaicinoids are the chemicals responsible for the well known pungency of chili fruits. Capsicum chacoense is naturally polymorphic for the production of capsaicinoids and displays geographic variation in the ..
  52. pmc The pepper mannose-binding lectin gene CaMBL1 is required to regulate cell death and defense responses to microbial pathogens
    In Sun Hwang
    Laboratory of Molecular Plant Pathology, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136 713, Republic of Korea
    Plant Physiol 155:447-63. 2011
    ..In this study, we isolated and functionally characterized a novel pepper (Capsicum annuum) MBL gene, CaMBL1, from pepper leaves infected with Xanthomonas campestris pv vesicatoria (Xcv)...
  53. ncbi Mapping of yield-related QTLs in pepper in an interspecific cross of Capsicum annuum and C. frutescens
    G U Rao
    Department of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P O Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
    Theor Appl Genet 106:1457-66. 2003
    An advanced backcross QTL study was performed in pepper using a cross between the cultivated species Capsicum annuum cv. Maor and the wild C. frutescens BG 2816 accession...
  54. ncbi Characterisation and changes in the antioxidant system of chloroplasts and chromoplasts isolated from green and mature pepper fruits
    M C Marti
    Department of Stress Biology and Plant Pathology, Centro de Edafologia y Biologia Aplicada del Segura CEBAS CSIC, Murcia, Spain
    Plant Biol (Stuttg) 11:613-24. 2009
    Purification and characterisation of pepper (Capsicum annuum L) chloroplasts and chromoplasts isolated from commercial green, red and yellow mature fruits were undertaken...
  55. ncbi Differential activation of defense-related genes in susceptible and resistant pepper cultivars infected with Phytophthora capsici
    Cristina Silvar
    Departamento de Bioloxia Animal, Bioloxia Vexetal e Ecoloxia, Universidade da Coruna, Campus da Zapateira, Spain
    J Plant Physiol 165:1120-4. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi Microspore-derived embryogenesis in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.): subcellular rearrangements through development
    Ivett Bárány
    Plant Development and Nuclear Organization, Centro de Investigaciones Biologicas, CSIC, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Biol Cell 97:709-22. 2005
    ..Haploid plants of Capsicum annuum L. (var...
  57. ncbi Plant pathogen recognition mediated by promoter activation of the pepper Bs3 resistance gene
    Patrick Römer
    Institute of Biology, Department of Genetics, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, D 06099 Halle Saale, Germany
    Science 318:645-8. 2007
    ..Our data suggest a recognition mechanism in which the Avr protein binds and activates the promoter of the cognate R gene...
  58. ncbi Ferredoxin from sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) intensifying harpin(pss)-mediated hypersensitive response shows an enhanced production of active oxygen species (AOS)
    Badri Venkata Dayakar
    Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 115 29, Taiwan
    Plant Mol Biol 51:913-24. 2003
    ..Overall, this study will provide a new insight in the functional properties of ferredoxin in hypersensitive cell death...
  59. ncbi Induction of hydroxycinnamoyl-tyramine conjugates in pepper by Xanthomonas campestris, a plant defense response activated by hrp gene-dependent and hrp gene-independent mechanisms
    M A Newman
    The Sainsbury Laboratory, John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 14:785-92. 2001
    Inoculation of pepper leaves, Capsicum annuum cv...
  60. ncbi Reclassification of the xanthomonads associated with bacterial spot disease of tomato and pepper
    Jeffrey B Jones
    University of Florida, Plant Pathology Department, Gainesville 32611, USA
    Syst Appl Microbiol 27:755-62. 2004
    ..gardneri', which has less than 70% DNA relatedness with any of the Xanthomonas species and which has never had taxonomic status, be named X. gardneri (ATCC 19865T = NCPPB 881T) to reflect the specific epithet proposed by Sutic in 1957...
  61. ncbi CaWRKY58, encoding a group I WRKY transcription factor of Capsicum annuum, negatively regulates resistance to Ralstonia solanacearum infection
    Yuna Wang
    College of Life Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China
    Mol Plant Pathol 14:131-44. 2013
    ..So far, their biological and molecular functions in nonmodel plants, including pepper (Capsicum annuum) and other Solanaceae, remain poorly understood...
  62. ncbi The analgesic effects of capsicum plaster at the Zusanli point after abdominal hysterectomy
    Kyo S Kim
    Department of Anesthesiology, Hanyang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
    Anesth Analg 103:709-13. 2006
    ..We designed this double-blind, sham-controlled study to assess the effectiveness of capsicum plaster (PAS) at Zusanli (ST-36) acupoints on postoperative opioid analgesic requirement, side effects, and ..
  63. ncbi Rapid spectrophotometric determination of red and yellow isochromic carotenoid fractions in paprika and red pepper oleoresins
    D Hornero-Méndez
    Departamento de Biotecnologia de Alimentos, Instituto de la Grasa, CSIC, Avenida Padre Garcia Tejero 4, 41012 Sevilla, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 49:3584-8. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi Inheritance of seed color in Capsicum
    Y Zewdie
    New Mexico State University, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
    J Hered 94:355-7. 2003
    The mode of seed color inheritance in Capsicum was studied via an interspecific hybridization between C. pubescens Ruiz and Pav. (black seed color) and C. eximium Hunz. (yellow seed color)...
  65. ncbi Isolation of cDNA clones differentially accumulated in the placenta of pungent pepper by suppression subtractive hybridization
    M Kim
    School of Plant Sciences, Seoul National University, Suwon, Korea
    Mol Cells 11:213-9. 2001
    ..study of capsaicinoid biosynthesis, a cDNA library was constructed from the placenta of a highly pungent pepper, Capsicum chinense cv. Habanero using the suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH)...
  66. ncbi Carotenoid composition and vitamin A value in ají (Capsicum baccatum L.) and rocoto (C. pubescens R. & P.), 2 pepper species from the Andean region
    Adrián Rodríguez-Burruezo
    Instituto de Conservacion y Mejora de la Agrodiversidad Valenciana COMAV, Univ Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s n, CP 46022, Valencia, Spain
    J Food Sci 75:S446-53. 2010
    The carotenoid patterns of fully ripe fruits from 12 Bolivian accessions of the Andean peppers Capsicum baccatum (ají) and C...
  67. ncbi Discovery of a large set of SNP and SSR genetic markers by high-throughput sequencing of pepper (Capsicum annuum)
    M Nicolai
    INRA, PACA, UR1052, Unité de Génétique et Amélioration des Fruits et Légumes, Domaine Saint Maurice, Montfavet Cedex, France
    Genet Mol Res 11:2295-300. 2012
    ..However, for many species, such as pepper (Capsicum annuum), a reference genome sequence is not yet available. To this end, we sequenced the C. annuum cv...
  68. ncbi Construction of an integrated pepper map using RFLP, SSR, CAPS, AFLP, WRKY, rRAMP, and BAC end sequences
    Heung Ryul Lee
    Department of Plant Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151 921, Korea
    Mol Cells 27:21-37. 2009
    ..The integrated map contained four genetic maps of two interspecific (Capsicum annuum 'TF68' and C. chinense 'Habanero') and two intraspecific (C. annuum 'CM334' and C...
  69. ncbi Bacterial endophytes contribute to abiotic stress adaptation in pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.)
    A H Sziderics
    Austrian Research Centers GmbH, Department of Bioresources, Seibersdorf A 2444, Austria
    Can J Microbiol 53:1195-202. 2007
    ..All indole acetate producers promoted growth in Capsicum annuum L. 'Ziegenhorn Bello', from which they were isolated...
  70. ncbi Molecular mapping and characterization of a single dominant gene controlling CMV resistance in peppers (Capsicum annuum L.)
    Won Hee Kang
    Department of Plant Science, Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, Seoul National University, 599 Gwanak Ro, Gwanak Gu, Seoul, 151 921, Korea
    Theor Appl Genet 120:1587-96. 2010
    ..In this study, we showed that the Capsicum annuum cultivar 'Bukang' contains a single dominant resistance gene against CMV(Korean) and CMV(FNY) strains...
  71. ncbi Characterization of two recessive genes controlling resistance to all races of bacterial spot in peppers
    C Eduardo Vallejos
    Department of Horticultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
    Theor Appl Genet 121:37-46. 2010
    ..The breeding line ECW12346 is the only source of resistance to race P6 in Capsicum annuum, and displays a non-hypersensitive type of resistance...
  72. ncbi Non-pungent Capsicum contains a deletion in the capsaicinoid synthetase gene, which allows early detection of pungency with SCAR markers
    Choong Jae Lee
    Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and Center for Plant Molecular Genetics and Breeding Research, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Korea
    Mol Cells 19:262-7. 2005
    ..controls the presence of pungency, in 121 F2 individuals from a cross between 'ECW123R' and 'CM334', both of Capsicum annuum. We concluded that CS and C are tightly linked...
  73. ncbi Determination of polyphenols in three Capsicum annuum L. (bell pepper) varieties using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: their contribution to overall antioxidant and anticancer activity
    Won Y Jeong
    Department of Chemistry and Research Institute of Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Republic of Korea
    J Sep Sci 34:2967-74. 2011
    ..annuum L. cv. Cupra and C. annuum L. cv. Orange glory. The high activities of CLST were attributed to the much higher concentration of quercetin derivatives in CLST...
  74. ncbi Determination of capsinoids by HPLC-DAD in capsicum species
    Satyavan Singh
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, 5735 Hitchner Hall, University of Maine, Orono, Maine 04469 5735, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 57:3452-7. 2009
    b>Capsicum fruits contain a newly discovered phytochemical called capsinoids...
  75. ncbi Hot Pepper (Capsicum spp.) protects brain from sodium nitroprusside- and quinolinic acid-induced oxidative stress in vitro
    G Oboh
    Biochemistry Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
    J Med Food 11:349-55. 2008
    ..The ability of aqueous extracts of ripe and unripe Capsicum annum, Tepin (CAT) and Capsicum chinese, Habanero (CCH) to prevent lipid peroxidation induced by sodium ..
  76. ncbi Identification, validation and survey of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associated with pungency in Capsicum spp
    Ana Garcés-Claver
    Technology for Plant Production Department, Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria CITA, Apdo 727, 50080, Zaragoza, Spain
    Theor Appl Genet 115:907-16. 2007
    ..This fragment was identified after expression analysis of the EST clone SB2-66 in placenta tissue of Capsicum fruits...
  77. ncbi Influence of ripening stage on health benefits properties of Capsicum annuum var. acuminatum L.: in vitro studies
    Monica R Loizzo
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nutrition and Health Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Calabria, Rende CS, Italy
    J Med Food 11:184-9. 2008
    ..In the present study the in vitro hypoglycemic and anti-acetylcholinesterase activities of hot pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum var. acuminatum L.) at different ripening stages were investigated...
  78. pmc Unilateral incompatibility in Capsicum (Solanaceae): occurrence and taxonomic distribution
    A Naci Onus
    Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Akdeniz University, 07059 Antalya, Turkey
    Ann Bot 94:289-95. 2004
    ..The genus Capsicum is evolutionarily somewhat distant from Lycopersicon and Solanum and even further removed from Nicotiana and ..
  79. ncbi Dramatic changes in leaf development of the native Capsicum chinense from the Seychelles at temperatures below 24 degrees C
    Sota Koeda
    Laboratory of Vegetable and Ornamental Horticulture, Department of Agronomy and Horticultural Science, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Sakyo ku, Kyoto, 606 8502, Japan
    J Plant Res 122:623-31. 2009
    When a pepper cultivar (Capsicum chinense cv. Seychelles-2, Sy-2) native to the Seychelles was grown in Japan, all seedlings showed seasonal developmental abnormalities such as development of abnormally shaped leaves...
  80. ncbi Cancer chemopreventive activity of carotenoids in the fruits of red paprika Capsicum annuum L
    T Maoka
    Research Institute for Production Development, 15 Shimogamo Morimoto Cho, Sakyo ku, 606 0805, Kyoto, Japan
    Cancer Lett 172:103-9. 2001
    Capsanthin and related carotenoids isolated from the fruits of red paprika Capsicum annuum L...
  81. ncbi Characterization and genetic analysis of a low-temperature-sensitive mutant, sy-2, in Capsicum chinense
    Song Ji An
    Department of Plant Science, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, 599 Gwanak ro Gwank gu, Seoul, Korea
    Theor Appl Genet 122:459-70. 2011
    A temperature-sensitive mutant of Capsicum chinense, sy-2, shows a normal developmental phenotype when grown above 24°C...
  82. ncbi Dietary capsanthin, the main carotenoid in paprika (Capsicum annuum), alters plasma high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels and hepatic gene expression in rats
    Koichi Aizawa
    Corporate Planning Division, Research Institute, Kagome Co, Ltd, Nasushiobara shi, Tochigi, Japan
    Br J Nutr 102:1760-6. 2009
    The effects of dietary capsanthin, the main carotenoid in paprika (Capsicum annuum), on lipid metabolism were examined...
  83. ncbi Chilli peppers--a review on tissue culture and transgenesis
    S L Kothari
    Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004 12, India
    Biotechnol Adv 28:35-48. 2010
    ..and recombinant DNA technologies are powerful tools that can complement conventional breeding and expedite Capsicum improvement...
  84. ncbi Identification of six type III effector genes with the PIP box in Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris and five of them contribute individually to full pathogenicity
    Wei Jiang
    Guangxi Key Laboratory of Subtropical Bioresources Conservation and Utilization, The Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Microbial and Plant Genetic Engineering, and College of Life Science and Technology, Guangxi University, 100 Daxue Road, Nanning, Guangxi 530004, China
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 22:1401-11. 2009
    ..Mutational analyses demonstrated that all these effectors, except AvrXccB, are individually required for full virulence and growth of X. campestris pv. campestris in the host plant Chinese radish...
  85. ncbi Binary transformation systems based on 'shooter' mutants of Agrobacterium tumefaciens: a simple, efficient and universal gene transfer technology that permits marker gene elimination
    V Mihalka
    Agricultural Biotechnology Centre, Szent Györgyi A u 4, 2100, Godollo, Hungary
    Plant Cell Rep 21:778-84. 2003
    ..Such phenotypically normal transformants typically lacked a stably integrated ipt gene. Normal looking shoots could also be produced in tomato, muskmelon and sweet pepper...
  86. ncbi Pepper yellow mosaic virus, a new potyvirus in sweetpepper, Capsicum annuum
    A K Inoue-Nagata
    Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, Brasilia DF, Brazil
    Arch Virol 147:849-55. 2002
    ..The 3'-untranslated region was highly divergent from other potyviruses. Based on these results, the virus found in sweetpepper plants could be considered as a new potyvirus. The name Pepper yellow mosaic virus (PepYMV) is suggested...
  87. ncbi High-throughput gene expression analysis of intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes after oral feeding of carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, or Capsicum oleoresin
    D K Kim
    Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Poult Sci 89:68-81. 2010
    Among dietary phytonutrients, carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, and Capsicum oleoresin are well known for their antiinflammatory and antibiotic effects in human and veterinary medicine...
  88. ncbi Molecular mapping of the C locus for presence of pungency in Capsicum
    Eyal Blum
    Department of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
    Genome 45:702-5. 2002
    Pungency owing to the presence of capsaicinoids is a unique character of pepper (Capsicum spp.)...
  89. ncbi Survival and growth of Salmonella in salsa and related ingredients
    Li Ma
    Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, Griffin, Georgia 30223 1797, USA
    J Food Prot 73:434-44. 2010
    ..These results highlight the importance of preharvest pathogen contamination control of fresh produce and proper formulation and storage of salsa...
  90. ncbi Suppression of a ripening-related endo-1,4-beta-glucanase in transgenic pepper fruit does not prevent depolymerization of cell wall polysaccharides during ripening
    Mark H Harpster
    DNA Plant Technology, Oakland, CA 94608, USA
    Plant Mol Biol 50:345-55. 2002
    ..EGase) CaCel1 in fruit softening was investigated by suppression of CaCel1 gene expression in transgenic pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) plants using constitutive expression of a truncated sense CaCel1 transgene...
  91. ncbi Expression of the genes encoding the early carotenoid biosynthetic enzymes in Capsicum annuum
    S Romer
    Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du C N R S, Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 196:1414-21. 1993
    ..Comparison of the expression pattern of the genes encoding geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase, phytoene synthase and phytoene desaturase revealed that these genes are not co-regulated during pepper fruit ripening...
  92. ncbi Durability of resistance in tomato and pepper to xanthomonads causing bacterial spot
    Robert E Stall
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
    Annu Rev Phytopathol 47:265-84. 2009
    ..More emphasis is being given to transfer of quantitative trait resistance to commercial cultivars of both tomato and pepper...
  93. ncbi A new selection method for pepper transformation: callus-mediated shoot formation
    Y H Lee
    Breeding Institute, Nong Woo Bio Co, 537 17, Jeongdan, 469 885, Yeoju, Gyeonggi, South Korea
    Plant Cell Rep 23:50-8. 2004
    ..and PPI1 (pepper-PMMV interaction 1 transcription factor), to transform commercially important chili pepper (Capsicum annuum) inbred lines (P915, P409) by means of Agrobacterium co-culture...
  94. ncbi Systematic analysis of xanthomonads (Xanthomonas spp.) associated with pepper and tomato lesions
    J B Jones
    Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Bradenton 34203, USA
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50:1211-9. 2000
    ..On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic differences between A- and C-group strains, the C strains should be considered as a subspecies within Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria...
  95. ncbi Beta-hexosaminidase, an enzyme from ripening bell capsicum (Capsicum annuum var variata)
    B H Jagadeesh
    Biochemistry and Nutrition Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570013, India
    Phytochemistry 61:295-300. 2002
    beta-Hexosaminidase activity increased significantly during fruit development and ripening of bell capsicum (Capsicuum annuum var. variata)...
  96. ncbi Localization of 5S and 25S rRNA genes on somatic and meiotic chromosomes in Capsicum species of chili pepper
    Jin Kyung Kwon
    Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151 921, Korea
    Mol Cells 27:205-9. 2009
    The loci of the 5S and 45S rRNA genes were localized on chromosomes in five species of Capsicum, namely, annuum, chacoense, frutescens, baccatum, and chinense by FISH...
  97. ncbi Peroxisomes from pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum L.): purification, characterisation and antioxidant activity
    Rosa M Mateos
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Biologia Celular y Molecular de Plantas, Estacion Experimental del Zaidin, CSIC, Apartado 419, E 18080 Granada, Spain
    J Plant Physiol 160:1507-16. 2003
    ..Green and red pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum L., type Lamuyo) were used in this study...
  98. ncbi Metabolite biodiversity in pepper (Capsicum) fruits of thirty-two diverse accessions: variation in health-related compounds and implications for breeding
    Yuni Wahyuni
    Plant Research International, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Phytochemistry 72:1358-70. 2011
    A comprehensive study on morphology and biochemical compounds of 32 Capsicum spp. accessions has been performed...
  99. ncbi Carotenoid composition in the fruits of red paprika (Capsicum annuum var. lycopersiciforme rubrum) during ripening; biosynthesis of carotenoids in red paprika
    J Deli
    Department of Medical Chemistry, University of Pecs, Medical School, H 7624 Pecs, Szigeti ut 12, Hungary
    J Agric Food Chem 49:1517-23. 2001
    The changes in the carotenoid pigments of the Capsicum annuum var. lycopersiciforme rubrum during maturation have been investigated quantitatively by means of a HPLC technique...
  100. ncbi Double mutations in eIF4E and eIFiso4E confer recessive resistance to Chilli veinal mottle virus in pepper
    Jeena Hwang
    Department of Plant Science, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151 921, Korea
    Mol Cells 27:329-36. 2009
    ..infection in pepper, we conducted a genetic analysis using a segregating population derived from a cross between Capsicum annuum 'Dempsey' containing an eIF4E mutation (pvr1(2)) and C...
  101. ncbi Simultaneous mutations in translation initiation factors eIF4E and eIF(iso)4E are required to prevent pepper veinal mottle virus infection of pepper
    Sandrine Ruffel
    INRA, Genetics and Breeding of Fruits and Vegetables, Domaine St Maurice, BP 94, F 84143 Montfavet, France
    J Gen Virol 87:2089-98. 2006
    b>Capsicum resistance to Pepper veinal mottle virus (PVMV) results from complementation between the pvr2 and pvr6 resistance genes: recessive alleles at these two loci are necessary for resistance, whereas any dominant allele confers ..

Research Grants9

  1. Combinational anti-cancer effects of capsaicin and 3,3'-diindolylmethane in color
    Seong Ho Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Capsaicin (trans-8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide), a natural product of the Capsicum species of red peppers, is known to induce apoptosis and suppress cell growth in various cancer models...
  2. MOLECULAR BASIS OF ACTION OF NOVEL SENSORY IRRITANTS
    Igor Mezine; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Systematic studies of capsaicins, the pungent principals derived from the genus Capsicum, led to the discovery ad characterization of a capsaicin receptor mechanism in sensory neurons and afforded ..
  3. A NOVEL ANTIFUNGAL COMPOUND FROM CAYENNE PEPPER
    Claude Selitrennikoff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We have identified a novel, broadly-active antifungal compound from the dried fruit of Capsicum spp. (cayenne pepper)...
  4. Food Rheology and Feeding in Lean and Obese Humans
    Richard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. HEDONICS AND DIETARY INTAKE OF FAT
    Richard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This will be explored through stable isotope tracer studies for Aim 3. The proposed work will hold important public health, clinical, commercial and basic biological implications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Gestational Diabetes in Women:Taste & Endocrine Factors
    BEVERLY TEPPER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Non-pregnant controls will also be studied. The long-term goal of this project is to obtain a better understanding of taste changes in GDM to develop better preventative and therapeutic dietary intervention strategies for this disease. ..
  7. Ditag technologies for complete transcriptome annotation
    Yijun Ruan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We seek to identify all genes that are responsive to p53, and to ascertain through GIS-ChIP cloning and through our novel GIS analysis strategy all possible cis-regulatory fragments. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Whole Genome Chromatin Interaction Analysis using Pair-End-diTagging (CIA-PET)
    Yijun Ruan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project will provide unprecedented insight into the mechanisms of transcription regulations allowing us to better understand how cancer cells develop and how stem cells retain pluripotency. ..
  9. NASD Academic ED Collaborative - UC San Diego
    Theodore Chan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..UCSD ED investigators will be responsible for following up on difficult to reach) patients. Local data and survey results will be submitted to the R-25 and R-21 sites for analysis. ..