vegetables

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intake and overall cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Paolo Boffetta
    The Tisch Cancer Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 102:529-37. 2010
  2. pmc Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic diseases
    Heiner Boeing
    Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbrucke, Germany
    Eur J Nutr 51:637-63. 2012
  3. pmc The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002
  4. ncbi Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of cohort studies
    Luc Dauchet
    INSERM U557, INRA U1125, CNAM, University Paris 13, Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine, 93017 Bobigny, France
    J Nutr 136:2588-93. 2006
  5. pmc Fruit and vegetable intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Patrice Carter
    Diabetes Research, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 5WW
    BMJ 341:c4229. 2010
  6. ncbi Food store types, availability, and cost of foods in a rural environment
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1916-23. 2007
  7. pmc The global burden of disease attributable to low consumption of fruit and vegetables: implications for the global strategy on diet
    Karen Lock
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England
    Bull World Health Organ 83:100-8. 2005
  8. pmc Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendations
    Susan M Krebs-Smith
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Nutr 140:1832-8. 2010
  9. pmc Cruciferous vegetables intake and the risk of colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis of observational studies
    Q J Wu
    State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes and Department of Epidemiology, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, No 25, Lane 2200, Xie Tu Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China
    Ann Oncol 24:1079-87. 2013
  10. ncbi Fruit and vegetable consumption and stroke: meta-analysis of cohort studies
    Feng J He
    Blood Pressure Unit, Cardiac and Vascular Sciences, St George s University of London, London, UK
    Lancet 367:320-6. 2006

Detail Information

Publications416 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intake and overall cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
    Paolo Boffetta
    The Tisch Cancer Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 102:529-37. 2010
    It is widely believed that cancer can be prevented by high intake of fruits and vegetables. However, inconsistent results from many studies have not been able to conclusively establish an inverse association between fruit and vegetable ..
  2. pmc Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic diseases
    Heiner Boeing
    Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbrucke, Germany
    Eur J Nutr 51:637-63. 2012
    b>Vegetables and fruit provide a significant part of human nutrition, as they are important sources of nutrients, dietary fibre, and phytochemicals...
  3. pmc The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002
    ..We studied the association between the local food environment and residents' report of recommended dietary intake...
  4. ncbi Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of cohort studies
    Luc Dauchet
    INSERM U557, INRA U1125, CNAM, University Paris 13, Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine, 93017 Bobigny, France
    J Nutr 136:2588-93. 2006
    The consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with a reduced rate of coronary heart disease (CHD) in observational cohorts. The purpose of this study was to assess the strength of this association in a meta-analysis...
  5. pmc Fruit and vegetable intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Patrice Carter
    Diabetes Research, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 5WW
    BMJ 341:c4229. 2010
    To investigate the independent effects of intake of fruit and vegetables on incidence of type 2 diabetes.
  6. ncbi Food store types, availability, and cost of foods in a rural environment
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1916-23. 2007
    ..To characterize the built nutritional environment in terms of types and number of food stores, availability, and cost of selected food items in a rural area...
  7. pmc The global burden of disease attributable to low consumption of fruit and vegetables: implications for the global strategy on diet
    Karen Lock
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England
    Bull World Health Organ 83:100-8. 2005
    We estimated the global burden of disease attributable to low consumption of fruit and vegetables, an increasingly recognized risk factor for cardiovascular disease and cancer, and compared its impact with that of other major risk factors ..
  8. pmc Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendations
    Susan M Krebs-Smith
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    J Nutr 140:1832-8. 2010
    ..In conclusion, nearly the entire U.S. population consumes a diet that is not on par with recommendations. These findings add another piece to the rather disturbing picture that is emerging of a nation's diet in crisis...
  9. pmc Cruciferous vegetables intake and the risk of colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis of observational studies
    Q J Wu
    State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes and Department of Epidemiology, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, No 25, Lane 2200, Xie Tu Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China
    Ann Oncol 24:1079-87. 2013
    ..To our knowledge, a comprehensive and quantitative assessment of the association between CV intake and CRC has not been reported...
  10. ncbi Fruit and vegetable consumption and stroke: meta-analysis of cohort studies
    Feng J He
    Blood Pressure Unit, Cardiac and Vascular Sciences, St George s University of London, London, UK
    Lancet 367:320-6. 2006
    Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables has been shown to be associated with a reduced risk of stroke in most epidemiological studies, although the extent of the association is uncertain...
  11. ncbi Global variability in fruit and vegetable consumption
    Justin N Hall
    School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 36:402-409.e5. 2009
    ..This study presents data on the prevalence of low fruit and vegetable intake for 52 countries and for various sociodemographic groups and settings across these countries...
  12. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intake in relation to risk of ischemic stroke
    K J Joshipura
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    JAMA 282:1233-9. 1999
    ..Few studies have evaluated the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and cardiovascular disease...
  13. ncbi What can intervention studies tell us about the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and weight management?
    Barbara J Rolls
    The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Nutritional Sciences, 226 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802 6501, USA
    Nutr Rev 62:1-17. 2004
    ..Because fruits and vegetables are high in water and fiber, incorporating them in the diet can reduce energy density, promote satiety, and ..
  14. ncbi Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents: a systematic review
    Natalie Pearson
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
    Public Health Nutr 12:267-83. 2009
    ..To review associations between the family environment and young people's fruit and vegetable consumption...
  15. ncbi Neighbourhood food environment and area deprivation: spatial accessibility to grocery stores selling fresh fruit and vegetables in urban and rural settings
    Dianna M Smith
    Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:277-84. 2010
    ..This paper presents results from a study that quantified access to grocery stores selling fresh fruit and vegetables in four environmental settings in Scotland, UK.
  16. ncbi Higher fat intake and lower fruit and vegetables intakes are associated with greater acculturation among Mexicans living in Washington State
    Marian L Neuhouser
    Cancer Prevention, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:51-7. 2004
    ..To examine associations of diet with acculturation among Hispanic immigrants from Mexico to Washington state and to compare dietary patterns of Hispanic with non-Hispanic white residents...
  17. ncbi Design and serendipity in establishing a large cohort with wide dietary intake distributions : the National Institutes of Health-American Association of Retired Persons Diet and Health Study
    A Schatzkin
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:1119-25. 2001
    ..7 (women) g per day of dietary fiber, 3.1 and 11.6 (men) and 2.8 and 11.3 (women) servings per day of fruits and vegetables, and 20.7 and 156.8 (men) and 10.5 and 97.0 (women) g per day of red meat...
  18. ncbi Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals
    Rui Hai Liu
    Department of Food Science and the Institute of Comparative and Environmental Toxicology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:517S-520S. 2003
    ..Regular consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with reduced risks of cancer, cardiovascular disease, stroke, Alzheimer disease, cataracts, and ..
  19. ncbi Neighbourhood fruit and vegetable availability and consumption: the role of small food stores in an urban environment
    J Nicholas Bodor
    Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Public Health Nutr 11:413-20. 2008
    ..This study synthesises both types of information - store access and in-store availability - to determine their potential relationship to fruit and vegetable consumption...
  20. ncbi Analysis of antioxidant activities of common vegetables employing oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays: a comparative study
    Boxin Ou
    Brunswick Laboratories, 6 Thacher Lane, Wareham, Massachusetts 02571, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:3122-8. 2002
    ..On the basis of the ORAC results, green pepper, spinach, purple onion, broccoli, beet, and cauliflower are the leading sources of antioxidant activities against the peroxyl radicals...
  21. ncbi Fresh fruit and vegetables as vehicles for the transmission of human pathogens
    Cedric N Berger
    Centre for Molecular Microbiology and Infection, Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
    Environ Microbiol 12:2385-97. 2010
    ..However, recent investigations have identified fruits and vegetables are the source of many disease outbreaks...
  22. pmc Measuring the food environment: shelf space of fruits, vegetables, and snack foods in stores
    Thomas A Farley
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Urban Health 86:672-82. 2009
    ..We conducted measurements of the length of shelf space used for fruits, vegetables, and snack foods items in 419 stores in 217 urban census tracts in southern Louisiana and in Los Angeles County...
  23. ncbi Microbiological quality of fresh, minimally-processed fruit and vegetables, and sprouts from retail establishments
    M Abadias
    IRTA, Centre UdL IRTA, XaRTA Postharvest, 191 Rovira Roure, 25198 Lleida, Catalonia, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 123:121-9. 2008
    A survey of fresh and minimally-processed fruit and vegetables, and sprouts was conducted in several retail establishments in the Lleida area (Catalonia, Spain) during 2005-2006 to determine whether microbial contamination, and in ..
  24. pmc Dietary fibre intake and risks of cancers of the colon and rectum in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC)
    Neil Murphy
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e39361. 2012
    ..We explored whether the association remained after longer follow-up with a near threefold increase in colorectal cancer cases, and if the association varied by gender and tumour location...
  25. ncbi Organic and conventional fruits and vegetables contain equivalent counts of Gram-negative bacteria expressing resistance to antibacterial agents
    Raymond Ruimy
    EA 6934 lt lt Résistance Bactérienne in vivo gt gt Université Paris Diderot, and Centre National de Référence sur la Résistance aux Antibiotiques, Hopital Bichat Claude Bernard, APHP, Paris, France
    Environ Microbiol 12:608-15. 2010
    ..constructed sample set containing 399 products that, irrespective of their mode of production, raw fruits and vegetables are heavily contaminated by Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) resistant to multiple antibiotics...
  26. ncbi Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts
    James M Harnly
    Food Composition Laboratory and Nutrient Data Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 54:9966-77. 2006
    Analytical data are reported for 20 flavonoids (as aglycones) determined for more than 60 fresh fruits, vegetables, and nuts collected from four regions across the United States at two times of the year...
  27. ncbi Carotenoids and their isomers: color pigments in fruits and vegetables
    Hock Eng Khoo
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
    Molecules 16:1710-38. 2011
    Fruits and vegetables are colorful pigment-containing food sources. Owing to their nutritional benefits and phytochemicals, they are considered as 'functional food ingredients'...
  28. pmc Health-promoting components of fruits and vegetables in the diet
    Rui Hai Liu
    Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Adv Nutr 4:384S-92S. 2013
    Regular consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other plant foods has been negatively correlated with the risk of the development of chronic diseases...
  29. ncbi Effectiveness of school-based interventions in Europe to promote healthy nutrition in children and adolescents: systematic review of published and 'grey' literature
    Eveline Van Cauwenberghe
    Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Br J Nutr 103:781-97. 2010
    ..Evidence for effectiveness on anthropometrical obesity-related measures is lacking...
  30. ncbi Grains, vegetables, and fish dietary pattern is inversely associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome in South korean adults
    Jihye Kim
    Department of Food and Nutrition, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, South Korea
    J Am Diet Assoc 111:1141-9. 2011
    ..Dietary patterns are critical in the prevention and management of chronic diseases...
  31. ncbi Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of common vegetables
    Yi Fang Chu
    Department of Food Science and Institute of Comparative and Environmental Toxicology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:6910-6. 2002
    Epidemiological studies have shown that consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases...
  32. ncbi The potential association between fruit intake and body weight--a review
    S Alinia
    Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, Denmark
    Obes Rev 10:639-47. 2009
    Both national and international bodies recommend an increased intake of fruits and vegetables in order to decrease the risk of overweight and obesity. However, there is a rationale to investigate the separate role of fruits...
  33. ncbi Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables is related to a reduced risk of coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of cohort studies
    F J He
    Blood Pressure Unit, Cardiac and Vascular Sciences, St George s University of London, London, UK
    J Hum Hypertens 21:717-28. 2007
    Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables has been shown to be associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in many epidemiological studies, however, the extent of the association is uncertain...
  34. ncbi Reliability and validity of a questionnaire to measure personal, social and environmental correlates of fruit and vegetable intake in 10-11-year-old children in five European countries
    I De Bourdeaudhuij
    Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    Public Health Nutr 8:189-200. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi Food group intake and central obesity among children and adolescents in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)
    M Loring Bradlee
    Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:797-805. 2010
    ..To explore mean food group intakes associated with central obesity anthropometry among children and adolescents enrolled in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)...
  36. pmc Cruciferous vegetables and human cancer risk: epidemiologic evidence and mechanistic basis
    Jane V Higdon
    Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 6512, USA
    Pharmacol Res 55:224-36. 2007
    Cruciferous vegetables are a rich source of glucosinolates and their hydrolysis products, including indoles and isothiocyanates, and high intake of cruciferous vegetables has been associated with lower risk of lung and colorectal cancer ..
  37. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of major chronic disease
    Hsin Chia Hung
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1577-84. 2004
    ..We evaluated the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and the incidence of cardiovascular disease and cancer and of deaths from other causes in two prospective cohorts...
  38. ncbi Beverage vs. solid fruits and vegetables: effects on energy intake and body weight
    Jenny A Houchins
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:1844-50. 2012
    ..Energy-matched beverage or solid forms of fruits and vegetables were provided to 34, lean or overweight/obese adults for two 8-week periods with a 3-week washout interspersed...
  39. ncbi Epidemiologic evidence of the protective effect of fruit and vegetables on cancer risk
    Elio Riboli
    Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon Cedex, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:559S-569S. 2003
    Diets rich in fruit and vegetables have been recommended for preventing cancer...
  40. pmc Bacterial communities associated with the surfaces of fresh fruits and vegetables
    Jonathan W Leff
    Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e59310. 2013
    Fresh fruits and vegetables can harbor large and diverse populations of bacteria...
  41. ncbi Cruciferous vegetables and cancer risk in a network of case-control studies
    C Bosetti
    Department of Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy
    Ann Oncol 23:2198-203. 2012
    Cruciferous vegetables have been suggested to protect against various cancers, though the issue is open to discussion...
  42. ncbi Distribution of lutein, zeaxanthin, and related geometrical isomers in fruit, vegetables, wheat, and pasta products
    Julia M Humphries
    Department of Plant Science, Waite Campus, The University of Adelaide, Australia
    J Agric Food Chem 51:1322-7. 2003
    ..of lutein, zeaxanthin, and their (E/Z)-isomers in the extracts from some of the most commonly consumed fruits, vegetables, and pasta products were determined by HPLC employing a silica-based nitrile-bonded column...
  43. ncbi The importance of exposure for healthy eating in childhood: a review
    L Cooke
    Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Gower Street, London, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 20:294-301. 2007
    ..olds and two further studies, in which mothers used exposure techniques to increase children's acceptance of vegetables, achieved similar results...
  44. ncbi Fruit, vegetables, and olive oil and risk of coronary heart disease in Italian women: the EPICOR Study
    Benedetta Bendinelli
    Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Cancer Research and Prevention Institute, Florence, Italy
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:275-83. 2011
    Many observational studies support the recommendation to eat sufficient amounts of fruit and vegetables as part of a healthy diet.
  45. ncbi Men participating in a weight-loss intervention are able to implement key dietary messages, but not those relating to vegetables or alcohol: the Self-Help, Exercise and Diet using Internet Technology (SHED-IT) study
    Clare E Collins
    School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 14:168-75. 2011
    ..To describe dietary changes in men participating in an obesity intervention as part of the Self-Help, Exercise and Diet using Information Technology (SHED-IT) study...
  46. ncbi A rapid food screener to assess fat and fruit and vegetable intake
    G Block
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Am J Prev Med 18:284-8. 2000
    ..Task Force recommends that Americans lower dietary fat and cholesterol intake and increase fiber and fruit/vegetables to reduce prevalence of heart disease, cancer, stroke, hypertension, obesity, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes ..
  47. ncbi Shopping for fruits and vegetables. Food and retail qualities of importance to low-income households at the grocery store
    Caroline B Webber
    Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Western Michigan University, 1903 W Michigan Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49008 5322, USA
    Appetite 54:297-303. 2010
    Purchasing fruits and vegetables is an integral part of managing food consumption and dietary quality...
  48. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease in US adults: the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study
    Lydia A Bazzano
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:93-9. 2002
    ..Epidemiologic studies report inconsistent findings on the association of fruit and vegetable intake with the risk of cardiovascular disease...
  49. ncbi Health risk of Hg, Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu to the inhabitants around Huludao Zinc Plant in China via consumption of vegetables
    Na Zheng
    Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, China
    Sci Total Environ 383:81-9. 2007
    ..Heavy metals have contaminated its neighboring environment seriously. We collected 20 vegetables and the corresponding soil samples from eight sampling plots near Huludao Zinc Plant to investigate health risk ..
  50. ncbi Dietary intakes in North Carolina child-care centers: are children meeting current recommendations?
    Sarah C Ball
    Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7426, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:718-21. 2008
    ..less than 13% of MyPyramid recommendations for whole grains and 7% of MyPyramid recommendations for dark vegetables. Also noteworthy, 50% of milk consumed was whole milk and 75% of the meat consumed was of the high-fat or fried ..
  51. ncbi Relationship of fruit and vegetable intake with adiposity: a systematic review
    T A Ledoux
    Department of Pediatrics, USDA ARS Children s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
    Obes Rev 12:e143-50. 2011
    ..Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake has been proposed to protect against obesity. The purpose of this paper was to assess the FV consumption to adiposity relationship. Twenty-three publications were included...
  52. pmc Health benefits of fruits and vegetables
    Joanne L Slavin
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN, USA
    Adv Nutr 3:506-16. 2012
    Fruits and vegetables are universally promoted as healthy. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 recommend you make one-half of your plate fruits and vegetables. Myplate...
  53. ncbi Stability in consumption of fruit, vegetables, and sugary foods in a cohort from age 14 to age 21
    N Lien
    Institute for Nutrition Research, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Prev Med 33:217-26. 2001
    ..Knowledge about the stability of eating behavior during the transition from adolescence to early adulthood has implication for dietary interventions for children and young adolescents...
  54. ncbi Effect of the nationwide free school fruit scheme in Norway
    Elling Bere
    Faculty of Health and Sport, University of Agder, Serviceboks 422, 4604 Kristiansand, Norway
    Br J Nutr 104:589-94. 2010
    ..There has been an increase in pupils' fruit intake from 2001 to 2008 in Norway, and the school fruit programmes seem to have been effective. A great challenge remains in increasing vegetable intake...
  55. pmc Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among children and adolescents: a review of the literature. Part II: qualitative studies
    Rikke Krølner
    National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:112. 2011
    ..of children do not fulfil the World Health Organization recommendation of eating at least 400 grams of fruit and vegetables (FV) per day...
  56. ncbi Fruits, vegetables and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies
    D Aune
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, Paddington, London, W2 1PG, UK
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 134:479-93. 2012
    ..89 (95 % CI: 0.80-0.99, I (2) = 0 %) for fruits and vegetables combined, 0.92 (95 % CI: 0.86-0.98, I (2) = 9 %) for fruits, and 0.99 (95 % CI: 0.92-1...
  57. ncbi Does the Mediterranean dietary pattern or the Healthy Diet Index influence the risk of breast cancer in a large British cohort of women?
    J E Cade
    Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:920-8. 2011
    ..To assess the risk of developing breast cancer associated with consumption of two common dietary patterns: a Mediterranean dietary pattern and a dietary pattern, which conforms to the World Health Organization Healthy Diet Index (WHO HDI)...
  58. ncbi Adulthood consumption of preserved and nonpreserved vegetables and the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a systematic review
    Lisa Gallicchio
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Int J Cancer 119:1125-35. 2006
    ..Few risk factors for NPC are known; however, in contrast to the hypothesized health benefits of nonpreserved vegetables, it is thought that preserved vegetable intake may play a role in contributing to the higher incidence of NPC in ..
  59. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of total cancer and cardiovascular disease: Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Study
    Ribeka Takachi
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
    Am J Epidemiol 167:59-70. 2008
    Few studies have investigated the effects of fruit and vegetables on the risk of both cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  60. ncbi Isothiocyanates as cancer chemopreventive agents: their biological activities and metabolism in rodents and humans
    C Clifford Conaway
    Division of Carcinogenesis and Molecular Epidemiology, American Health Foundation, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
    Curr Drug Metab 3:233-55. 2002
    ..occurring compounds that occur as thioglucoside conjugates, termed glucosinolates, in plants and cruciferous vegetables such as watercress, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage, kai choi, kale, horseradish, radish and turnip...
  61. ncbi Fruit, vegetables, and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Franzel J B van Duijnhoven
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands and Medical Biosciences, Pathology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1441-52. 2009
    A high consumption of fruit and vegetables is possibly associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the findings to date are inconsistent.
  62. ncbi Interventions designed to increase adult fruit and vegetable intake can be effective: a systematic review of the literature
    Joceline Pomerleau
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Nutr 135:2486-95. 2005
    International recommendations advise increasing intakes of fruit and vegetables to help reduce the burden of chronic diseases worldwide...
  63. ncbi Quantitative analysis of flavonols, flavones, and flavanones in fruits, vegetables and beverages by high-performance liquid chromatography with photo-diode array and mass spectrometric detection
    U Justesen
    Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, , Denmark
    J Chromatogr A 799:101-10. 1998
    ..MS) detection was developed to determine and quantify flavonols, flavones, and flavanones in fruits, vegetables and beverages...
  64. ncbi Effects of added fruits and vegetables on dietary intakes and body weight in Scottish adults
    Stephen Whybrow
    Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
    Br J Nutr 95:496-503. 2006
    An increased consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) has been suggested as a way to limit, or even lower, energy and fat intakes...
  65. ncbi Age and gender differences in children's food preferences
    Lucy J Cooke
    Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, WC1E 6BT UK
    Br J Nutr 93:741-6. 2005
    ..Girls liked fruit (P<0.05) and vegetables (P<0.001) more than boys did; boys liked fatty and sugary foods (P<0.005), meat (P<0...
  66. ncbi Increasing fruit and vegetable intake and decreasing fat and sugar intake in families at risk for childhood obesity
    L H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Obes Res 9:171-8. 2001
    ....
  67. ncbi Children's fruit and vegetable intake: associations with the neighbourhood food environment
    Anna Timperio
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
    Prev Med 46:331-5. 2008
    ..To examine associations between availability of different types of food outlets and children's fruit and vegetable intake...
  68. ncbi Body and soul. A dietary intervention conducted through African-American churches
    Ken Resnicow
    School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Am J Prev Med 27:97-105. 2004
    ....
  69. ncbi Reproducibility, validity, and responsiveness to change of a short questionnaire for measuring fruit and vegetable intake
    Rik P Bogers
    Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Am J Epidemiol 159:900-9. 2004
    ..39 and 0.37, respectively, for fruits and 0.24 and 0.26, respectively, for vegetables. Correlations between changes in consumption and plasma carotenoids and vitamin C were 0.32 and 0...
  70. ncbi Health risks of heavy metals to the general public in Tianjin, China via consumption of vegetables and fish
    Xilong Wang
    Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, Kakuma, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920 1192 Japan
    Sci Total Environ 350:28-37. 2005
    Consumption of vegetables and fish contaminated with the heavy metals Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Hg, and Cr is the most likely route for human exposure in Tianjin, China...
  71. ncbi Residues of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides in organically-farmed vegetables
    Azza Zohair
    Faculty of Specific Education, Home Economics Science Department, Menufiya Universty, Ashmoun, 32811 Menufiya, Egypt
    Chemosphere 63:541-53. 2006
    ..5, above which no changes were discernible for either class of contaminants. No relationship was observed between soil-crop BCFs and logK(ow) for OCPs, most likely because their concentrations were low and variable...
  72. ncbi Family and child-care provider influences on preschool children's fruit, juice, and vegetable consumption
    T A Nicklas
    Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Nutr Rev 59:224-35. 2001
    Children's intakes of fruit, juice, and vegetables (FJV) do not meet the recommended minimum of five daily servings, placing them at increased risk for development of cancer and other diseases...
  73. pmc High 5 for Kids: the impact of a home visiting program on fruit and vegetable intake of parents and their preschool children
    Debra Haire-Joshu
    Department of Community Health, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    Prev Med 47:77-82. 2008
    ....
  74. ncbi Cruciferous vegetables, genetic polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferases M1 and T1, and prostate cancer risk
    Michael A Joseph
    Department of Oncological Sciences, Mt Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Nutr Cancer 50:206-13. 2004
    Cruciferous vegetables contain anticarcinogenic isothiocyanates (ITCs), particularly the potent sulforaphane, which may decrease risk of prostate cancer through induction of phase II enzymes, including glutathione S-transferases (GSTs)...
  75. pmc Fruit, vegetables, and antioxidants in childhood and risk of adult cancer: the Boyd Orr cohort
    M Maynard
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, London, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:218-25. 2003
    ..To examine associations between food and nutrient intake, measured in childhood, and adult cancer in a cohort with over 60 years follow up...
  76. ncbi Disparities in the availability of fruits and vegetables between racially segregated urban neighbourhoods
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Public Health Nutr 10:1481-9. 2007
    ..Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the availability and variety of produce located in two racially and economically diverse urban neighbourhoods...
  77. ncbi Intake of fruits and vegetables and risk of breast cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    S A Smith-Warner
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 285:769-76. 2001
    ..93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.86-1.00; P for trend =.08), total vegetables (RR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.89-1.04; P for trend =.54), and total fruits and vegetables (RR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.86-1...
  78. ncbi Effects of enhanced consumption of fruit and vegetables on plasma antioxidant status and oxidative resistance of LDL in smokers supplemented with fish oil
    W G Roberts
    Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition, School of Food Biosciences, The University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:1303-10. 2003
    To determine whether consumption of five portions of fruit and vegetables per day reduces the enhancement of oxidative stress induced by consumption of fish oil.
  79. ncbi Promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among European schoolchildren: rationale, conceptualization and design of the pro children project
    Knut Inge Klepp
    Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Ann Nutr Metab 49:212-20. 2005
    ..objective was to develop and test strategies, applicable across Europe, for promoting consumption of fruits and vegetables among schoolchildren and their parents...
  80. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intake in African Americans income and store characteristics
    Shannon N Zenk
    Program in Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:1-9. 2005
    ..where African-American women shopped mediated the association between their income and intake of fruits and vegetables. Food store characteristics included store type (supermarket, specialty store, limited assortment store, ..
  81. ncbi Fruits, vegetables and coronary heart disease
    Luc Dauchet
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, INSERM 744, Institut Pasteur de Lille and University of Lille Nord de France, Lille, France
    Nat Rev Cardiol 6:599-608. 2009
    ..This evidence is based on observational cohort studies, nutrition prevention trials with fruit and vegetables, and investigations of the effects of fruit and vegetables on cardiovascular risk factors...
  82. ncbi Consumption of vegetables, fruit, and antioxidants during pregnancy and wheeze and eczema in infants
    Y Miyake
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka
    Allergy 65:758-65. 2010
    ..We investigated the association between maternal intake of vegetables, fruit, and selected antioxidants during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and eczema in the offspring aged 16-24 ..
  83. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intakes and subsequent changes in body weight in European populations: results from the project on Diet, Obesity, and Genes (DiOGenes)
    Brian Buijsse
    German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbrucke, Department of Epidemiology, Nuthetal, Germany
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:202-9. 2009
    ..High fruit and vegetable intakes may limit weight gain, particularly in susceptible persons, such as those who stop smoking...
  84. ncbi Tracking of fruit and vegetable consumption from adolescence into adulthood and its longitudinal association with overweight
    Saskia J te Velde
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Room AE 130, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Nutr 98:431-8. 2007
    ..the fact that we only observed beneficial weight-maintaining effects of vegetable intake in women, promoting vegetables is important for both sexes because of other positive properties of vegetables...
  85. pmc Fruit and vegetables and cancer risk
    T J Key
    Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Oxford University, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Br J Cancer 104:6-11. 2011
    The possibility that fruit and vegetables may help to reduce the risk of cancer has been studied for over 30 years, but no protective effects have been firmly established...
  86. pmc Food consumption frequency and perceived stress and depressive symptoms among students in three European countries
    Rafael T Mikolajczyk
    Faculty of Sport, Health and Social Care, University of Gloucestershire, Oxstalls Lane, Gloucester GL2 9HW, UK
    Nutr J 8:31. 2009
    ....
  87. ncbi Changes in the utilization of wild green vegetables in Poland since the 19th century: a comparison of four ethnobotanical surveys
    Lukasz Luczaj
    Department of Humanities, Academy of Humanities and Economics in Łódź, 90 222 Łódź, Poland
    J Ethnopharmacol 128:395-404. 2010
    The aim of this paper is to compare the presence of wild green vegetables in four ethnobotanical questionnaires. This range of surveys offers a rich diachronic perspective, possibly unique in ethnobotany.
  88. ncbi Associations among the food environment, diet quality and weight status in Cree children in Québec
    Shauna M Downs
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, 4 10 Agriculture Forestry Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Public Health Nutr 12:1504-11. 2009
    ..To explore the relationship among children's diet quality, weight status and food environment in subarctic Canada...
  89. ncbi Longitudinal changes in diet from childhood into adulthood with respect to risk of cardiovascular diseases: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study
    V Mikkilä
    Division of Nutrition, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 58:1038-45. 2004
    ..To assess nutrient intakes relevant in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among young adults in Finland and to find past and present determinants of quality of diet...
  90. ncbi Effects on blood lipids of a blood pressure-lowering diet: the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Trial
    E Obarzanek
    Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 7936, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 74:80-9. 2001
    ..Effects of diet on blood lipids are best known in white men, and effects of type of carbohydrate on triacylglycerol concentrations are not well defined...
  91. ncbi Outcome and process evaluation of a Norwegian school-randomized fruit and vegetable intervention: Fruits and Vegetables Make the Marks (FVMM)
    E Bere
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Norway
    Health Educ Res 21:258-67. 2006
    This study reports the effect of the Fruits and Vegetables Make the Marks intervention, a school-based fruit and vegetable intervention consisting of a home economics classroom component and parental involvement and encouraged ..
  92. ncbi Diet and breast cancer: a review of the prospective observational studies
    Karin B Michels
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Epidemiology Center, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer 109:2712-49. 2007
    ..The risk of breast cancer can be reduced by avoidance of weight gain in adulthood and limiting the consumption of alcohol...
  93. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Study
    S Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine and Channing Laboratory, The Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:922-8. 2000
    ..Prospective data relating fruit and vegetable intake to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk are sparse, particularly for women...
  94. ncbi Tobacco smoking, fruit and vegetable intake modify association between -21A>T polymorphism of catalase gene and risk of bronchial asthma
    A V Polonikov
    Department of Biology, Medical Genetics and Ecology, Kursk State Medical University, Kursk, Russian Federation
    J Asthma 46:217-24. 2009
    ....
  95. pmc Rural and urban differences in the associations between characteristics of the community food environment and fruit and vegetable intake
    Wesley R Dean
    Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 43:426-33. 2011
    ..To examine the relationship between measures of the household and retail food environments and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in both urban and rural environmental contexts...
  96. ncbi Comparison of phenotypic (Biolog System) and genotypic (random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction, RAPD-PCR, and amplified fragment length polymorphism, AFLP) methods for typing Lactobacillus plantarum isolates from raw vegetables and fru
    R Di Cagno
    Department of Biologia e Chimica Agro Forestale ed Ambientale, University of Bari, Italy
    Int J Food Microbiol 143:246-53. 2010
    The diversity of 72 isolates of Lactobacillus plantarum, previously identified from different raw vegetables and fruits, was studied based on phenotypic (Biolog System) and genotypic (randomly amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain ..
  97. ncbi Impact of a school-based food garden on attitudes and identification skills regarding vegetables and fruit: a 12-month intervention trial
    Shawn Somerset
    School of Public Health and Heart Foundation Research Centre, Griffith University, University Drive, Meadowbrook, Queensland 4131, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 12:214-21. 2009
    To determine changes in ability to identify specific vegetables and fruits, and attitudes towards vegetables and fruit, associated with the introduction of a school-based food garden.
  98. ncbi Neighbourhood-socioeconomic variation in women's diet: the role of nutrition environments
    L E Thornton
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Eur J Clin Nutr 64:1423-32. 2010
    ....
  99. pmc Eating for pleasure or profit: the effect of incentives on children's enjoyment of vegetables
    Lucy J Cooke
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom WC1E 6BT
    Psychol Sci 22:190-6. 2011
    ..These results indicate that external rewards do not necessarily produce negative effects and may be useful in promoting healthful eating...
  100. ncbi Influence of habitual diet on antioxidant status: a study in a population of vegetarians and omnivores
    S Haldar
    Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health NICHE, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, County Londonderry, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 61:1011-22. 2007
    ..Antioxidant status can be used as a biomarker to assess chronic disease risk and diet can modulate antioxidant defence...
  101. ncbi A family-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in adolescents: a pilot study
    Natalie Pearson
    School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK
    Public Health Nutr 13:876-85. 2010
    ..To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a pilot family-based newsletter intervention to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among adolescents...

Research Grants81

  1. GLUTATHIONE TRANSFERASES IN HUMANS: DIETARY INFLUENCES
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    Individuals with higher plant food intakes, particularly vegetables, have lower risks of almost all cancers...
  2. Randomized trial of PEITC as a modifier of NNK metabolism in smokers
    Jian Min Yuan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Observational epidemiological studies have demonstrated that dietary intake of cruciferous vegetables or isothiocyanates is associated with a reduced risk of lung cancer...
  3. K-Mg-citrate as a BP lowering agent in African Americans; role of natriuresis
    ROBERT FRANKLIN REILLY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The DASH diet, which is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low fat dairy products significantly lowers blood pressure in African Americans (systolic ..
  4. Diet Quality and CVD Risk Factors in a Family Based Weight Management Study
    Alice H Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..22:6n-3 for vegetable oil, meat and fish;plasma carotenoids and phylloquinone for highly pigmented fruits and vegetables;RBC 15:0 for full-fat milk and dairy products;and RBC trans fatty acids and plasma dihydrophylloquinone for ..
  5. Role of natural indoles in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
    Mitzi Nagarkatti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Dietary indoles including indole-3-carbinol (I3C) found in cruciferous vegetables such as cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts, as well as its derivative, diindolylmethane (DIM) have also ..
  6. Prevention of Esophageal Cancer with Berries
    Gary Stoner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..carcinogens, vitamin and trace mineral deficiencies, and diets high in starch but low in fruits and vegetables. Our laboratory has been evaluating the use of freeze-dried berries, mainly black raspberries (BRBs), for the ..
  7. Continuation of FERN Activities at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Statio
    LAURIE J PETERSON-WRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have used GC-MS to detect melamine in food products from China and pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables. We have enhanced the FDA FERN T021 methodology by developing the use of a Programmed Temperature Vaporizing (..
  8. Environment, Novel Aging Outcomes, and Genetics
    Sung Kyun Park; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..diseases are modified by dietary intake of antioxidants (vitamins C and E, carotenoids, and cruciferous vegetables) and omega-3 fatty acids...
  9. Cleavage Products of Dietary Carotenoids: Occurrence &Nutritional Function
    EARL HOWARD HARRISON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Humans obtain carotenoids in the diet by ingesting fruits and vegetables. Historically, it was thought that the most important role of some carotenoids was their metabolic conversion ..
  10. Nutrition and Physical Activity Assessment Study (NPAAS)
    Ross L Prentice; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and 1- and 3- methylhistidine (meat);and blood-derived nutritional measures, including carotenoids (fruits &vegetables), 1- and 3 -tocopherols (fats &oils), phospholipid fatty acids (fats &oils), and folate (fruits &..
  11. Lycopene Chemoprevention of Lung Cancer in Ferret
    Xiang Dong Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the observational epidemiological studies showing that diets high in fruits and vegetables containing carotenoids (but at much lower concentrations than in the intervention studies) are associated with a ..
  12. Evaluating Economic Subsidies To Improve Dietary Intake Among Low Income Families
    Marian L Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to examine the effect of the revised WIC program on consumption of fruits, vegetables, fiber, and reduced-fat foods by low-income children compared to consumption levels under the current WIC ..
  13. Enhancing Nrf2 by Sulforaphane Treatment in COPD
    Robert A Wise; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This trial focuses on sulforaphane, a derivative of cruciferous vegetables, which is a potent in-vitro and in-vivo stimulator of Nrf2 activity...
  14. Creation of Eating/Activity Environments by New Mothers
    Deborah Young Hyman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..identify factors which are associated with or prevent mothers and babies from eating 5-9 servings of fruits and vegetables a day, and mothers achieving CDC/ACSM guidelines for healthy PA during the first year of their babies'lives...
  15. Cardiovascular Health: Effects of the Social and Physical Environment
    Shakira Franco Suglia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., higher air pollution levels, poor access to recreational facilities and access to fresh fruits and vegetables) and behavioral (i.e...
  16. Quercitrin functions as an antioxidant and protects UV-induced carcinogenesis
    Zhuo Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Recent studies suggest that various fruits and vegetables contain high concentrations of antioxidants...
  17. Novel neurotrophic therapy in a mouse model of ALS
    Alpaslan Dedeoglu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) is a member of the flavonoid family. Flavonoids, present in fruits and vegetables, have been shown to exert diverse biological actions including neuroprotective, anti-oxidant and anti-apoptotic ..
  18. Dietary patterns and root caries risk
    ELIZABETH A KAYE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..incidence and severity are reduced among older men who follow a dietary pattern that is high in fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy and whole grains, even in the presence of moderate sugar intake...
  19. Flavonoids, esophageal/gastric cardia adenocarcinoma and Barretts Esophagus Risk
    Marilie D Gammon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that flavonoids, which are a group of bioactive polyphenolic compounds that are naturally occurring in fruits, vegetables, and beverages of plant origin, partially account for the risk reduction of fruits and vegetables on these ..
  20. GLUTATHIONE TRANSFERASES IN HUMANS: DIETARY INFLUENCES
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2009
    PROJECT SUMMARY Higher consumption of cruciferous (i.e., broccoli-family) vegetables is associated with lower risk of several cancers...
  21. Fatty Acids and Heart Failure in the Physicians'Health Study
    Luc Djousse; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..acids (known to increase the risk of coronary heart disease) or short-chain fatty acids found abundantly in vegetables (and cheaper than fish) could prevent the occurrence of HF...
  22. Dietary nitrate activation of PPARgamma improves insulin sensitivity
    MARK THOMAS contact GLADWIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Diets rich in leafy green vegetables and fish, such as the Mediterranean diet, are associated with a striking reduction in obesity, diabetes and ..
  23. An Integrated Study of Mitochondrial Pathways in Colorectal Cancer
    Bharat Thyagarajan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..that will be measured include antioxidant enzymes of the ROS detoxification system, dietary intake of fruits and vegetables and more specifically by plasma carotenoids...
  24. The Association of Chronic Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollutants, Inflamm
    RODRIGO XAVIER ARMIJOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables). The study will be conducted i 300 children (age 7-11 yrs) residing in the El Paso, Texas...
  25. Diet and Activity Promotion Among Older Working Adults
    Gladys Block; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Groups B &C then focus on either increasing PA, increasing fruits and vegetables, or decreasing saturated and trans- fats and added sugars...
  26. Apigenin restores TSP-1 expression in UVB-irradiated keratinocytes
    Jill C Pelling; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Apigenin (Api, 4', 5, 7- trihydroxyflavone), a nonmutagenic flavonoid found in fruits and vegetables, inhibits NMSC induced by UV exposure and chemical carcinogens (7,8)...
  27. Quantitation of In Vivo Human Lutein Metabolism
    ANDREW JOSEPH CLIFFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Lutein is an oxygenated carotenoid (xanthophyll) found in dark green leafy vegetables. Dietary lutein and zeaxanthin accumulate in the macula region of the retina and are hypothesized to protect the ..
  28. Stomate-based innate immunity against bacterial infection in Arabidopsis
    Maeli Melotto; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Human pathogen contamination of fresh vegetables is a major public health concern and a potential bio-terrorist threat as a source of food poisoning...
  29. Plant-based diets and risk of cancer
    Gary E Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..food groups that differ between these dietary patterns, including red meat, tomatoes, dairy foods, cruciferous vegetables, isoflavones, long-chain fatty acids, and others...
  30. Lung carcinogenesis: Chemoprevention by Indole-3-carbinol
    Fekadu Kassie; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose that indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a constituent of Brassica vegetables, inhibits 4- (methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)-induced lung tumorigenesis in A/J mice and ..
  31. Therapeutic Efficacy of Flaxseed in the Treatment of Ovarian Cancer
    Dale B Hales; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A diet which is high in meats and low in vegetables may be corellated with increased ovarian cancer incidence...
  32. Endogenous and exogenous protection of the BBB in stroke
    Richard F Keep; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..xc- can be markedly upregulated by exposure to sulforaphane, an activator of Nrf2 and a component of cruciferous vegetables. These results have led us to hypothesize that: Nrf2 and the proteins it regulates (e.g...
  33. The molecular basis for a broad range of phenotypes related to hTAS2R38
    Sarah V Lipchock; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will determine PROP thresholds and liking and intensity ratings of bitter tastants and vegetables and measure levels of TAS2R mRNA by quantitative PCR in human taste buds donated on the same day as testing...
  34. MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF LUNG CANCER
    Chu Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..such as smoking intensity and recency, and dietary factors, such as intake of antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables (e.g. Rosaceae fruits and Cruciferae vegetables), and food-derived nutrients (e.g...
  35. Risk Factors for Urinary Incontinence in Women
    Francine Grodstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..women;women with incontinence are often given advice to reduce certain foods, such as caffeine, and acidic fruit/vegetables. Yet, recommending lower intake of healthy foods such as fruit/vegetables, especially in older women, may be ..
  36. An interactive web-based intervention to achieve healthy weight in young children
    Ellen Wald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sole agents of change;(2) we will propose a non-restrictive nutritious "diet" focused on increasing fruits and vegetables with most attention to proper portion size;(3) we will promote an active life style with increased physical ..
  37. Epigenetics and Nutrition: DNA Methylation, Dietary Intake and CVD
    Annette L Fitzpatrick; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..saturated fat, linoleic acid, and oleic acid (energy-corrected);and weekly servings of whole grains, vegetables, fruits, meats, tuna/other fish, fried fish, and alcohol...
  38. ENHANCING CARBOHYDRATE QUALITY IN DIABETES TYPE - 1
    Lori Laffel; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such a diet would consist of greater consumption of carbohydrate from whole foods - whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes - in accordance with the HHS-USDA 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans...
  39. Motivational Changes for Nutritionally Relevant Tastes after Gastric Bypass
    Alan C Spector; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..preference for and intake of high sweet and high fat foods and possibly increase their preference for fruits and vegetables. Moreover, there are many anecdotal reports from patients that they experience changes in taste sensibility...
  40. Homogenous HTS Assays to Screen for Inhibitors of Keap1-Nrf2 Interaction
    Longqin Hu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..chemicals like sulforaphane, curcumin, and epigallocatechin gallate derived from natural sources such as fruits, vegetables, and tea products...
  41. Eosinophil Peroxidase in Allergic Inflammation
    Arne Slungaard; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In this grant we will test whether thiocyanate, a simple, inexpensive and non-toxic chemical compound found in vegetables, can be ingested to treat asthma and ulcerative colitis, two serious allergic diseases...
  42. Indolecarbinol target proteins and anti-cancer signaling in human melanoma cells
    Gary L Firestone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), an indolecarbinol compound obtained from Brassica vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage and Brussels sprouts, exhibits potent anti-proliferative properties in a wide range of ..
  43. Mothers and Others: Family-based Obesity Prevention for Infants and Toddlers
    Margaret E Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of breastfeeding initiation, exclusivity and duration;after 6 months, higher dietary intakes of whole fruits and vegetables and lower intakes of energy-dense snack foods;longer durations of infant and toddler sleep and fewer night ..
  44. A New Point of Use Decontamination Method for Fresh Produce
    ADRIAN J DENVIR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Food and Drug Administration have become increasingly concerned about the microbiological safety of fruits and vegetables. Produce related outbreaks of foodborne illness have been attributed to sprouted seeds, leafy vegetables, ..
  45. Bacterial effectors targeting the IKK/NF-kB pathway
    PHILIP ROSS HARDWIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Despite costly attempts to reduce bacterial contamination of water, meat, and vegetables, Shiga toxin- producing E. coli (STEC) and related enteric pathogens (e.g...
  46. Task Shifting and Blood Pressure Control in Ghana: A Cluster- Randomized Trial.
    GBENGA GODWIN OGEDEGBE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..BP control at 12 months; levels of physical activity, percent change in weight, and dietary intake of fruits and vegetables at 12 months;and sustainability of intervention effects at 24 months...
  47. Phytochemicals &Metabolism in Pancreatic Diseases/Pandol, Stephen
    Vay Liang W Go; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Evidence from population studies suggests that phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables provide a protective effect against cancer including pancreatic cancer...
  48. Using Community Based Participatory Research to Improve Health in Children
    LUISA contact SEIJO MALDONADO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Specific Aim 3, eat more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat milk, is based on findings that focusing on increasing these three groups, as opposed to focusing ..
  49. Comparative Mechanisms of Cancer Chemoprevention
    Roderick H Dashwood; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The CENTRAL HYPOTHESIS is that sulforaphane (SFN) and indole-3-carbinol (ISC), and the cruciferous vegetables from which they derive, are effective chemopreventive agents because, in addition to their blocking activities ..
  50. Pooling of Prospective Studies of Diet, Lifestyle and ALS
    EILIS O'REILLY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are to examine the relation between dietary intake of fatty acids, antioxidants and flavonoids, and fruit and vegetables with ALS...
  51. Interactive Web Program and Health Coaching for Prehypertensive Adults
    AMELIA J BIRNEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Phase I prototype program promoted moderate physical activity and eating fruits and vegetables as part of the DASH diet...
  52. Isothiocyanate-Mediated Breast Cancer Prevention
    Louise R Howe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is a dietary isothiocyanate derived from a precursor compound (glucoraphanin) during consumption of cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, a particularly rich source of the SFN precursor...
  53. Serum biomarkers for early detection of H. pylori-associated gastric cancer
    Jay V Solnick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Environmental factors such as excessive dietary salt and lack of fresh fruits and vegetables were long suspected to be the inciting event that initiated the gastric inflammatory response...
  54. Unmetabolized folic acid and retinoblastoma.
    Manuela A Orjuela; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Physiologic folate is naturally occurrng in some vegetables and other foods, while folic acid is the synthetic form found in fortified foods and vitamin supplements...
  55. The Neural Correlates of Food Choice Decision-Making in Obesity and Weight Loss
    Kathryn E Demos; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..little work has been done to try to understand how individuals decide to choose healthy foods like fruits and vegetables over good-tasting foods like chocolate and pizza and what brain processes support this...
  56. Physical Activity and Diet in the Prevention of Obesity in Men and Women
    Howard D Sesso; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g. Western versus prudent dietary patterns, fruits and vegetables, fiber, carbohydrates, dairy products, and alcohol) are associated with an increased risk of becoming obese or ..
  57. Role of a Novel E3-Ubiquitin Ligase in Chemoprevention
    Mark Hannink; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..pathway is activated by both naturally occuring chemopreventive agents found in a wide variety of fruits and vegetables and by synthetic molecules...
  58. FOXO: A Target for Prostate Cancer Prevention
    Sanjeev Shukla; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to investigate the cancer preventive potential of apigenin, a plant flavonoid present in common fruits and vegetables, by targeting FOXO signaling pathway...
  59. Neighborhood Environments and Disparities in Obesity Rates in New York City
    Andrew G Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Interview data on demographic characteristics, physical activity, consumption of fruits and vegetables and height and weight (used to calculate BMI) from ~45,000 New Yorkers will be combined with a geographic ..
  60. Disruption of NF-kB signaling by diarrheagenic Escherichia coli
    PHILIP ROSS HARDWIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..is a significant source of food borne disease, often transmitted in undercooked beef products or contaminated vegetables. The investigator is characterizing an E...
  61. Faith-Based Approaches in the Treatment of Hypertension (FAITH)
    GBENGA GODWIN OGEDEGBE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of adverse lifestyle behaviors such as lack of physical activity, high sodium intake, poor intake of fruits and vegetables. Despite compelling evidence of the beneficial effects of therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLC) on BP reduction, ..
  62. Novel Targets of Indoles in Prostate Cancer
    Fazlul H Sarkar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Previous studies have shown that consumption of fruits and vegetables provides indole compounds [indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and its in vivo product 3-3'-diindolylmethane (DIM)] ..
  63. Lunch in the Bag: Packing More Fruit, Vegetables, Grain in Preschool Sack Lunches
    DEANNA MARIE HOELSCHER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The majority of Americans eat less than the recommended amounts of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains...
  64. DiosMemTM, a natural gamma-secretase inhibitor, opposes AD pathogenesis
    Jun Tan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..that may modulate AD pathology has advanced the analysis of specific dietary derived substances from fruits and vegetables, which epidemiological study suggest are beneficial against the neurodegeneration and aging processes...
  65. PHYTOESTROGENS, ORGANOCHLORINES, AND FIBROID RISK
    Stephen Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to dietary sources of phytoestrogens through intake of soy foods, grains, and to a lesser extent fruits and vegetables. In addition, residues of organochlorine compounds can be detected in the tissue of a large proportion of the ..
  66. Nutrition Program-Caribbean Hispanic elders & diabetes
    ODILIA BERMUDEZ; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..to have a culturally specific nutrition self-management program designed to improve dietary intake of fruit and vegetables and dietary fiber, which, once incorporated into the diabetes self-management plan of Hispanic elders with ..
  67. Taste psychophysics of bitter phytochemicals
    MIRIAM LINSCHOTEN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Diets rich in vegetables and fruit lower the risk of cancer and other systemic diseases...
  68. Translating Dietary Trials into the Community
    Alain Bertoni; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..DASH calls for increased consumption of fruits, vegetables, and low fat dairy, and decreased saturated fat and sodium intake...
  69. CAROTENOID RICH DIET TRIAL TO REVERSE CIN II
    Cheryl Rock; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Evidence from epidemiologic studies strongly supports a role for a diet emphasizing fruits and vegetables, which provides carotenoids among an array of nutrients and other possibly protective factors, in promoting the ..
  70. Are anthocyanins necessary for oral cancer chemoprevention by berries?
    CHRISTOPHER WEGHORST; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Numerous epidemiological studies have shown a strong correlation between consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables and a decreased risk of oral cancer...
  71. Variations in plasma phytoestrogen levels in Europe
    Petra Peeters; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Their main two subclasses are isoflavones (soy and soy products) and lignans (whole grains, fruit and vegetables)...
  72. CANCER PREVENTION BY SELENIUM-ENRICHED ALLIUM VEGETABLES
    Clement Ip; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The objective is to corroborate the significance of clonal suppression of preneoplastic lesions in selenium protection of cancer. ..
  73. LOCALIZED VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES AND RISK FOR LUNG CANCER
    Chandrika Piyathilake; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..is substantial epidemiological and experimental evidence of a protective effect of a high intake of fruits and vegetables against lung cancer (LC), studies that have attempted to isolate specific nutrient effects have given variable ..
  74. RCT of the Naturopathic Anti-inflammatory Diet
    Patricia Elmer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This diet excludes dairy products, wheat and gluten, citrus, nightshade vegetables, and meat...
  75. Neighborhood Food Availability, Consumer Economics, and Sentinel Food Consumption
    Donald Rose; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of calorie-dense snack foods and insufficient availability of low-calorie nutritious foods such as fruits and vegetables. Low-income individuals -- who often have difficult access to fresh fruits and vegetables -- consume less of ..
  76. BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN OF POLISH ANCESTRY
    Dorothy Pathak; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..g. cruciferous vegetables, sauerkraut, root vegetables, whole grain breads and other cereals), and thus: 2) reduction in intake of ..
  77. BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN OF POLISH ANCESTRY
    Dorothy Pathak; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..g. cruciferous vegetables, sauerkraut, root vegetables, whole grain breads and other cereals), and thus: 2) reduction in intake of ..
  78. BREAST CANCER RISK--VEGETABLES AND SERUM PHYTOSTEROLS
    Paola Muti; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Several case-control and cohort studies showed a decreased breast cancer risk with increasing consumption of vegetables and fruits...
  79. Cancer prevention by indole-3-carbinol via modulation of the epigenome
    Abby D Benninghoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a key active component of cruciferous vegetables, has been shown to be a remarkably effective cancer chemopreventive agent by reducing risk of lung, colon, ..
  80. A web-based tailored health behavior intervention for African American colon canc
    Marlyn Allicock; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Diets high in fruits and vegetables and moderate to vigorous physical activity all have the potential to significantly reduce colon cancer incidence ..
  81. GENE-ENVIRONMENT EFFECTS AND COLON ADENOMAS
    Henry Lin; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Environmental exposures to be analyzed include: meat, cruciferous vegetables, and aspirin...