- Fruit and vegetable intake and overall cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
The Tisch Cancer Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
J Natl Cancer Inst 102:529-37. 2010
It is widely believed that cancer can be prevented by high intake of fruits and vegetables. However, inconsistent results from many studies have not been able to conclusively establish an inverse association between fruit and vegetable ..
- Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic diseases
Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbrucke, Germany
Eur J Nutr 51:637-63. 2012
b>Vegetables and fruit provide a significant part of human nutrition, as they are important sources of nutrients, dietary fibre, and phytochemicals...
- The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002
..We studied the association between the local food environment and residents' report of recommended dietary intake...
- Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of cohort studies
INSERM U557, INRA U1125, CNAM, University Paris 13, Centre de Recherche en Nutrition Humaine, 93017 Bobigny, France
J Nutr 136:2588-93. 2006
The consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with a reduced rate of coronary heart disease (CHD) in observational cohorts. The purpose of this study was to assess the strength of this association in a meta-analysis...
- Fruit and vegetable intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review and meta-analysis
Diabetes Research, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 5WW
BMJ 341:c4229. 2010
To investigate the independent effects of intake of fruit and vegetables on incidence of type 2 diabetes.
- Food store types, availability, and cost of foods in a rural environment
Angela D Liese
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 107:1916-23. 2007
..To characterize the built nutritional environment in terms of types and number of food stores, availability, and cost of selected food items in a rural area...
- The global burden of disease attributable to low consumption of fruit and vegetables: implications for the global strategy on diet
European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England
Bull World Health Organ 83:100-8. 2005
We estimated the global burden of disease attributable to low consumption of fruit and vegetables, an increasingly recognized risk factor for cardiovascular disease and cancer, and compared its impact with that of other major risk factors ..
- Americans do not meet federal dietary recommendations
Susan M Krebs-Smith
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Nutr 140:1832-8. 2010
..In conclusion, nearly the entire U.S. population consumes a diet that is not on par with recommendations. These findings add another piece to the rather disturbing picture that is emerging of a nation's diet in crisis...
- Cruciferous vegetables intake and the risk of colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis of observational studies
Q J Wu
State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Genes and Department of Epidemiology, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, No 25, Lane 2200, Xie Tu Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China
Ann Oncol 24:1079-87. 2013
..To our knowledge, a comprehensive and quantitative assessment of the association between CV intake and CRC has not been reported...
- Fruit and vegetable consumption and stroke: meta-analysis of cohort studies
Feng J He
Blood Pressure Unit, Cardiac and Vascular Sciences, St George s University of London, London, UK
Lancet 367:320-6. 2006
Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables has been shown to be associated with a reduced risk of stroke in most epidemiological studies, although the extent of the association is uncertain...
- Global variability in fruit and vegetable consumption
Justin N Hall
School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Am J Prev Med 36:402-409.e5. 2009
..This study presents data on the prevalence of low fruit and vegetable intake for 52 countries and for various sociodemographic groups and settings across these countries...
- Fruit and vegetable intake in relation to risk of ischemic stroke
K J Joshipura
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
JAMA 282:1233-9. 1999
..Few studies have evaluated the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and cardiovascular disease...
- What can intervention studies tell us about the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and weight management?
Barbara J Rolls
The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Nutritional Sciences, 226 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802 6501, USA
Nutr Rev 62:1-17. 2004
..Because fruits and vegetables are high in water and fiber, incorporating them in the diet can reduce energy density, promote satiety, and ..
- Family correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption in children and adolescents: a systematic review
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
Public Health Nutr 12:267-83. 2009
..To review associations between the family environment and young people's fruit and vegetable consumption...
- Neighbourhood food environment and area deprivation: spatial accessibility to grocery stores selling fresh fruit and vegetables in urban and rural settings
Dianna M Smith
Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
Int J Epidemiol 39:277-84. 2010
..This paper presents results from a study that quantified access to grocery stores selling fresh fruit and vegetables in four environmental settings in Scotland, UK.
- Higher fat intake and lower fruit and vegetables intakes are associated with greater acculturation among Mexicans living in Washington State
Marian L Neuhouser
Cancer Prevention, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 104:51-7. 2004
..To examine associations of diet with acculturation among Hispanic immigrants from Mexico to Washington state and to compare dietary patterns of Hispanic with non-Hispanic white residents...
- Design and serendipity in establishing a large cohort with wide dietary intake distributions : the National Institutes of Health-American Association of Retired Persons Diet and Health Study
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
Am J Epidemiol 154:1119-25. 2001
..7 (women) g per day of dietary fiber, 3.1 and 11.6 (men) and 2.8 and 11.3 (women) servings per day of fruits and vegetables, and 20.7 and 156.8 (men) and 10.5 and 97.0 (women) g per day of red meat...
- Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals
Rui Hai Liu
Department of Food Science and the Institute of Comparative and Environmental Toxicology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 78:517S-520S. 2003
..Regular consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with reduced risks of cancer, cardiovascular disease, stroke, Alzheimer disease, cataracts, and ..
- Neighbourhood fruit and vegetable availability and consumption: the role of small food stores in an urban environment
J Nicholas Bodor
Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Public Health Nutr 11:413-20. 2008
..This study synthesises both types of information - store access and in-store availability - to determine their potential relationship to fruit and vegetable consumption...
- Analysis of antioxidant activities of common vegetables employing oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays: a comparative study
Brunswick Laboratories, 6 Thacher Lane, Wareham, Massachusetts 02571, USA
J Agric Food Chem 50:3122-8. 2002
..On the basis of the ORAC results, green pepper, spinach, purple onion, broccoli, beet, and cauliflower are the leading sources of antioxidant activities against the peroxyl radicals...
- Fresh fruit and vegetables as vehicles for the transmission of human pathogens
Cedric N Berger
Centre for Molecular Microbiology and Infection, Division of Cell and Molecular Biology, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Environ Microbiol 12:2385-97. 2010
..However, recent investigations have identified fruits and vegetables are the source of many disease outbreaks...
- Measuring the food environment: shelf space of fruits, vegetables, and snack foods in stores
Thomas A Farley
Department of Community Health Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
J Urban Health 86:672-82. 2009
..We conducted measurements of the length of shelf space used for fruits, vegetables, and snack foods items in 419 stores in 217 urban census tracts in southern Louisiana and in Los Angeles County...
- Microbiological quality of fresh, minimally-processed fruit and vegetables, and sprouts from retail establishments
IRTA, Centre UdL IRTA, XaRTA Postharvest, 191 Rovira Roure, 25198 Lleida, Catalonia, Spain
Int J Food Microbiol 123:121-9. 2008
A survey of fresh and minimally-processed fruit and vegetables, and sprouts was conducted in several retail establishments in the Lleida area (Catalonia, Spain) during 2005-2006 to determine whether microbial contamination, and in ..
- Dietary fibre intake and risks of cancers of the colon and rectum in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC)
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 7:e39361. 2012
..We explored whether the association remained after longer follow-up with a near threefold increase in colorectal cancer cases, and if the association varied by gender and tumour location...
- Organic and conventional fruits and vegetables contain equivalent counts of Gram-negative bacteria expressing resistance to antibacterial agents
EA 6934 lt lt Résistance Bactérienne in vivo gt gt Université Paris Diderot, and Centre National de Référence sur la Résistance aux Antibiotiques, Hopital Bichat Claude Bernard, APHP, Paris, France
Environ Microbiol 12:608-15. 2010
..constructed sample set containing 399 products that, irrespective of their mode of production, raw fruits and vegetables are heavily contaminated by Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) resistant to multiple antibiotics...
- Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts
James M Harnly
Food Composition Laboratory and Nutrient Data Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
J Agric Food Chem 54:9966-77. 2006
Analytical data are reported for 20 flavonoids (as aglycones) determined for more than 60 fresh fruits, vegetables, and nuts collected from four regions across the United States at two times of the year...
- Carotenoids and their isomers: color pigments in fruits and vegetables
Hock Eng Khoo
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Molecules 16:1710-38. 2011
Fruits and vegetables are colorful pigment-containing food sources. Owing to their nutritional benefits and phytochemicals, they are considered as 'functional food ingredients'...
- Health-promoting components of fruits and vegetables in the diet
Rui Hai Liu
Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Adv Nutr 4:384S-92S. 2013
Regular consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other plant foods has been negatively correlated with the risk of the development of chronic diseases...
- Effectiveness of school-based interventions in Europe to promote healthy nutrition in children and adolescents: systematic review of published and 'grey' literature
Eveline Van Cauwenberghe
Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Br J Nutr 103:781-97. 2010
..Evidence for effectiveness on anthropometrical obesity-related measures is lacking...
- Grains, vegetables, and fish dietary pattern is inversely associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome in South korean adults
Department of Food and Nutrition, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, South Korea
J Am Diet Assoc 111:1141-9. 2011
..Dietary patterns are critical in the prevention and management of chronic diseases...
- Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of common vegetables
Yi Fang Chu
Department of Food Science and Institute of Comparative and Environmental Toxicology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
J Agric Food Chem 50:6910-6. 2002
Epidemiological studies have shown that consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases...
- The potential association between fruit intake and body weight--a review
Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, Denmark
Obes Rev 10:639-47. 2009
Both national and international bodies recommend an increased intake of fruits and vegetables in order to decrease the risk of overweight and obesity. However, there is a rationale to investigate the separate role of fruits...
- Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables is related to a reduced risk of coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of cohort studies
F J He
Blood Pressure Unit, Cardiac and Vascular Sciences, St George s University of London, London, UK
J Hum Hypertens 21:717-28. 2007
Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables has been shown to be associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in many epidemiological studies, however, the extent of the association is uncertain...
- Reliability and validity of a questionnaire to measure personal, social and environmental correlates of fruit and vegetable intake in 10-11-year-old children in five European countries
I De Bourdeaudhuij
Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Public Health Nutr 8:189-200. 2005
- Food group intake and central obesity among children and adolescents in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)
M Loring Bradlee
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Public Health Nutr 13:797-805. 2010
..To explore mean food group intakes associated with central obesity anthropometry among children and adolescents enrolled in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)...
- Cruciferous vegetables and human cancer risk: epidemiologic evidence and mechanistic basis
Jane V Higdon
Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 6512, USA
Pharmacol Res 55:224-36. 2007
Cruciferous vegetables are a rich source of glucosinolates and their hydrolysis products, including indoles and isothiocyanates, and high intake of cruciferous vegetables has been associated with lower risk of lung and colorectal cancer ..
- Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of major chronic disease
Hsin Chia Hung
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Natl Cancer Inst 96:1577-84. 2004
..We evaluated the relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and the incidence of cardiovascular disease and cancer and of deaths from other causes in two prospective cohorts...
- Beverage vs. solid fruits and vegetables: effects on energy intake and body weight
Jenny A Houchins
Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:1844-50. 2012
..Energy-matched beverage or solid forms of fruits and vegetables were provided to 34, lean or overweight/obese adults for two 8-week periods with a 3-week washout interspersed...
- Epidemiologic evidence of the protective effect of fruit and vegetables on cancer risk
Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon Cedex, France
Am J Clin Nutr 78:559S-569S. 2003
Diets rich in fruit and vegetables have been recommended for preventing cancer...
- Bacterial communities associated with the surfaces of fresh fruits and vegetables
Jonathan W Leff
Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, United States of America
PLoS ONE 8:e59310. 2013
Fresh fruits and vegetables can harbor large and diverse populations of bacteria...
- Cruciferous vegetables and cancer risk in a network of case-control studies
Department of Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Milan, Italy
Ann Oncol 23:2198-203. 2012
Cruciferous vegetables have been suggested to protect against various cancers, though the issue is open to discussion...
- Distribution of lutein, zeaxanthin, and related geometrical isomers in fruit, vegetables, wheat, and pasta products
Julia M Humphries
Department of Plant Science, Waite Campus, The University of Adelaide, Australia
J Agric Food Chem 51:1322-7. 2003
..of lutein, zeaxanthin, and their (E/Z)-isomers in the extracts from some of the most commonly consumed fruits, vegetables, and pasta products were determined by HPLC employing a silica-based nitrile-bonded column...
- The importance of exposure for healthy eating in childhood: a review
Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Gower Street, London, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 20:294-301. 2007
..olds and two further studies, in which mothers used exposure techniques to increase children's acceptance of vegetables, achieved similar results...
- Fruit, vegetables, and olive oil and risk of coronary heart disease in Italian women: the EPICOR Study
Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Cancer Research and Prevention Institute, Florence, Italy
Am J Clin Nutr 93:275-83. 2011
Many observational studies support the recommendation to eat sufficient amounts of fruit and vegetables as part of a healthy diet.
- Men participating in a weight-loss intervention are able to implement key dietary messages, but not those relating to vegetables or alcohol: the Self-Help, Exercise and Diet using Internet Technology (SHED-IT) study
Clare E Collins
School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia
Public Health Nutr 14:168-75. 2011
..To describe dietary changes in men participating in an obesity intervention as part of the Self-Help, Exercise and Diet using Information Technology (SHED-IT) study...
- A rapid food screener to assess fat and fruit and vegetable intake
School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Am J Prev Med 18:284-8. 2000
..Task Force recommends that Americans lower dietary fat and cholesterol intake and increase fiber and fruit/vegetables to reduce prevalence of heart disease, cancer, stroke, hypertension, obesity, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes ..
- Shopping for fruits and vegetables. Food and retail qualities of importance to low-income households at the grocery store
Caroline B Webber
Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Western Michigan University, 1903 W Michigan Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49008 5322, USA
Appetite 54:297-303. 2010
Purchasing fruits and vegetables is an integral part of managing food consumption and dietary quality...
- Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease in US adults: the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study
Lydia A Bazzano
Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 76:93-9. 2002
..Epidemiologic studies report inconsistent findings on the association of fruit and vegetable intake with the risk of cardiovascular disease...
- Health risk of Hg, Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu to the inhabitants around Huludao Zinc Plant in China via consumption of vegetables
Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, China
Sci Total Environ 383:81-9. 2007
..Heavy metals have contaminated its neighboring environment seriously. We collected 20 vegetables and the corresponding soil samples from eight sampling plots near Huludao Zinc Plant to investigate health risk ..
- Dietary intakes in North Carolina child-care centers: are children meeting current recommendations?
Sarah C Ball
Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7426, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 108:718-21. 2008
..less than 13% of MyPyramid recommendations for whole grains and 7% of MyPyramid recommendations for dark vegetables. Also noteworthy, 50% of milk consumed was whole milk and 75% of the meat consumed was of the high-fat or fried ..
- Relationship of fruit and vegetable intake with adiposity: a systematic review
T A Ledoux
Department of Pediatrics, USDA ARS Children s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA
Obes Rev 12:e143-50. 2011
..Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake has been proposed to protect against obesity. The purpose of this paper was to assess the FV consumption to adiposity relationship. Twenty-three publications were included...
- Health benefits of fruits and vegetables
Joanne L Slavin
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN, USA
Adv Nutr 3:506-16. 2012
Fruits and vegetables are universally promoted as healthy. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 recommend you make one-half of your plate fruits and vegetables. Myplate...
- Stability in consumption of fruit, vegetables, and sugary foods in a cohort from age 14 to age 21
Institute for Nutrition Research, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway
Prev Med 33:217-26. 2001
..Knowledge about the stability of eating behavior during the transition from adolescence to early adulthood has implication for dietary interventions for children and young adolescents...
- Effect of the nationwide free school fruit scheme in Norway
Faculty of Health and Sport, University of Agder, Serviceboks 422, 4604 Kristiansand, Norway
Br J Nutr 104:589-94. 2010
..There has been an increase in pupils' fruit intake from 2001 to 2008 in Norway, and the school fruit programmes seem to have been effective. A great challenge remains in increasing vegetable intake...
- Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among children and adolescents: a review of the literature. Part II: qualitative studies
National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:112. 2011
..of children do not fulfil the World Health Organization recommendation of eating at least 400 grams of fruit and vegetables (FV) per day...
- Fruits, vegetables and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, Paddington, London, W2 1PG, UK
Breast Cancer Res Treat 134:479-93. 2012
..89 (95 % CI: 0.80-0.99, I (2) = 0 %) for fruits and vegetables combined, 0.92 (95 % CI: 0.86-0.98, I (2) = 9 %) for fruits, and 0.99 (95 % CI: 0.92-1...
- Does the Mediterranean dietary pattern or the Healthy Diet Index influence the risk of breast cancer in a large British cohort of women?
J E Cade
Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 65:920-8. 2011
..To assess the risk of developing breast cancer associated with consumption of two common dietary patterns: a Mediterranean dietary pattern and a dietary pattern, which conforms to the World Health Organization Healthy Diet Index (WHO HDI)...
- Adulthood consumption of preserved and nonpreserved vegetables and the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a systematic review
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Int J Cancer 119:1125-35. 2006
..Few risk factors for NPC are known; however, in contrast to the hypothesized health benefits of nonpreserved vegetables, it is thought that preserved vegetable intake may play a role in contributing to the higher incidence of NPC in ..
- Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of total cancer and cardiovascular disease: Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Study
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan
Am J Epidemiol 167:59-70. 2008
Few studies have investigated the effects of fruit and vegetables on the risk of both cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
- Isothiocyanates as cancer chemopreventive agents: their biological activities and metabolism in rodents and humans
C Clifford Conaway
Division of Carcinogenesis and Molecular Epidemiology, American Health Foundation, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
Curr Drug Metab 3:233-55. 2002
..occurring compounds that occur as thioglucoside conjugates, termed glucosinolates, in plants and cruciferous vegetables such as watercress, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage, kai choi, kale, horseradish, radish and turnip...
- Fruit, vegetables, and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
Franzel J B van Duijnhoven
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands and Medical Biosciences, Pathology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1441-52. 2009
A high consumption of fruit and vegetables is possibly associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the findings to date are inconsistent.
- Interventions designed to increase adult fruit and vegetable intake can be effective: a systematic review of the literature
European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
J Nutr 135:2486-95. 2005
International recommendations advise increasing intakes of fruit and vegetables to help reduce the burden of chronic diseases worldwide...
- Quantitative analysis of flavonols, flavones, and flavanones in fruits, vegetables and beverages by high-performance liquid chromatography with photo-diode array and mass spectrometric detection
Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, , Denmark
J Chromatogr A 799:101-10. 1998
..MS) detection was developed to determine and quantify flavonols, flavones, and flavanones in fruits, vegetables and beverages...
- Effects of added fruits and vegetables on dietary intakes and body weight in Scottish adults
Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK
Br J Nutr 95:496-503. 2006
An increased consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) has been suggested as a way to limit, or even lower, energy and fat intakes...
- Age and gender differences in children's food preferences
Lucy J Cooke
Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, WC1E 6BT UK
Br J Nutr 93:741-6. 2005
..Girls liked fruit (P<0.05) and vegetables (P<0.001) more than boys did; boys liked fatty and sugary foods (P<0.005), meat (P<0...
- Increasing fruit and vegetable intake and decreasing fat and sugar intake in families at risk for childhood obesity
L H Epstein
Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
Obes Res 9:171-8. 2001
- Children's fruit and vegetable intake: associations with the neighbourhood food environment
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia
Prev Med 46:331-5. 2008
..To examine associations between availability of different types of food outlets and children's fruit and vegetable intake...
- Body and soul. A dietary intervention conducted through African-American churches
School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Am J Prev Med 27:97-105. 2004
- Reproducibility, validity, and responsiveness to change of a short questionnaire for measuring fruit and vegetable intake
Rik P Bogers
Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Am J Epidemiol 159:900-9. 2004
..39 and 0.37, respectively, for fruits and 0.24 and 0.26, respectively, for vegetables. Correlations between changes in consumption and plasma carotenoids and vitamin C were 0.32 and 0...
- Health risks of heavy metals to the general public in Tianjin, China via consumption of vegetables and fish
Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, Kakuma, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920 1192 Japan
Sci Total Environ 350:28-37. 2005
Consumption of vegetables and fish contaminated with the heavy metals Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Hg, and Cr is the most likely route for human exposure in Tianjin, China...
- Residues of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides in organically-farmed vegetables
Faculty of Specific Education, Home Economics Science Department, Menufiya Universty, Ashmoun, 32811 Menufiya, Egypt
Chemosphere 63:541-53. 2006
..5, above which no changes were discernible for either class of contaminants. No relationship was observed between soil-crop BCFs and logK(ow) for OCPs, most likely because their concentrations were low and variable...
- Family and child-care provider influences on preschool children's fruit, juice, and vegetable consumption
T A Nicklas
Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Nutr Rev 59:224-35. 2001
Children's intakes of fruit, juice, and vegetables (FJV) do not meet the recommended minimum of five daily servings, placing them at increased risk for development of cancer and other diseases...
- High 5 for Kids: the impact of a home visiting program on fruit and vegetable intake of parents and their preschool children
Department of Community Health, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
Prev Med 47:77-82. 2008
- Cruciferous vegetables, genetic polymorphisms in glutathione S-transferases M1 and T1, and prostate cancer risk
Michael A Joseph
Department of Oncological Sciences, Mt Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
Nutr Cancer 50:206-13. 2004
Cruciferous vegetables contain anticarcinogenic isothiocyanates (ITCs), particularly the potent sulforaphane, which may decrease risk of prostate cancer through induction of phase II enzymes, including glutathione S-transferases (GSTs)...
- Fruit, vegetables, and antioxidants in childhood and risk of adult cancer: the Boyd Orr cohort
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, London, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 57:218-25. 2003
..To examine associations between food and nutrient intake, measured in childhood, and adult cancer in a cohort with over 60 years follow up...
- Disparities in the availability of fruits and vegetables between racially segregated urban neighbourhoods
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, USA
Public Health Nutr 10:1481-9. 2007
..Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the availability and variety of produce located in two racially and economically diverse urban neighbourhoods...
- Intake of fruits and vegetables and risk of breast cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
S A Smith-Warner
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
JAMA 285:769-76. 2001
..93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.86-1.00; P for trend =.08), total vegetables (RR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.89-1.04; P for trend =.54), and total fruits and vegetables (RR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.86-1...
- Effects of enhanced consumption of fruit and vegetables on plasma antioxidant status and oxidative resistance of LDL in smokers supplemented with fish oil
W G Roberts
Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition, School of Food Biosciences, The University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 57:1303-10. 2003
To determine whether consumption of five portions of fruit and vegetables per day reduces the enhancement of oxidative stress induced by consumption of fish oil.
- Promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among European schoolchildren: rationale, conceptualization and design of the pro children project
Knut Inge Klepp
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Ann Nutr Metab 49:212-20. 2005
..objective was to develop and test strategies, applicable across Europe, for promoting consumption of fruits and vegetables among schoolchildren and their parents...
- Fruit and vegetable intake in African Americans income and store characteristics
Shannon N Zenk
Program in Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
Am J Prev Med 29:1-9. 2005
..where African-American women shopped mediated the association between their income and intake of fruits and vegetables. Food store characteristics included store type (supermarket, specialty store, limited assortment store, ..
- Fruits, vegetables and coronary heart disease
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, INSERM 744, Institut Pasteur de Lille and University of Lille Nord de France, Lille, France
Nat Rev Cardiol 6:599-608. 2009
..This evidence is based on observational cohort studies, nutrition prevention trials with fruit and vegetables, and investigations of the effects of fruit and vegetables on cardiovascular risk factors...
- Consumption of vegetables, fruit, and antioxidants during pregnancy and wheeze and eczema in infants
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka
Allergy 65:758-65. 2010
..We investigated the association between maternal intake of vegetables, fruit, and selected antioxidants during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and eczema in the offspring aged 16-24 ..
- Fruit and vegetable intakes and subsequent changes in body weight in European populations: results from the project on Diet, Obesity, and Genes (DiOGenes)
German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbrucke, Department of Epidemiology, Nuthetal, Germany
Am J Clin Nutr 90:202-9. 2009
..High fruit and vegetable intakes may limit weight gain, particularly in susceptible persons, such as those who stop smoking...
- Tracking of fruit and vegetable consumption from adolescence into adulthood and its longitudinal association with overweight
Saskia J te Velde
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Room AE 130, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Br J Nutr 98:431-8. 2007
..the fact that we only observed beneficial weight-maintaining effects of vegetable intake in women, promoting vegetables is important for both sexes because of other positive properties of vegetables...
- Fruit and vegetables and cancer risk
T J Key
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Oxford University, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
Br J Cancer 104:6-11. 2011
The possibility that fruit and vegetables may help to reduce the risk of cancer has been studied for over 30 years, but no protective effects have been firmly established...
- Food consumption frequency and perceived stress and depressive symptoms among students in three European countries
Rafael T Mikolajczyk
Faculty of Sport, Health and Social Care, University of Gloucestershire, Oxstalls Lane, Gloucester GL2 9HW, UK
Nutr J 8:31. 2009
- Changes in the utilization of wild green vegetables in Poland since the 19th century: a comparison of four ethnobotanical surveys
Department of Humanities, Academy of Humanities and Economics in Łódź, 90 222 Łódź, Poland
J Ethnopharmacol 128:395-404. 2010
The aim of this paper is to compare the presence of wild green vegetables in four ethnobotanical questionnaires. This range of surveys offers a rich diachronic perspective, possibly unique in ethnobotany.
- Associations among the food environment, diet quality and weight status in Cree children in Québec
Shauna M Downs
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, 4 10 Agriculture Forestry Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Public Health Nutr 12:1504-11. 2009
..To explore the relationship among children's diet quality, weight status and food environment in subarctic Canada...
- Longitudinal changes in diet from childhood into adulthood with respect to risk of cardiovascular diseases: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study
Division of Nutrition, University of Helsinki, Finland
Eur J Clin Nutr 58:1038-45. 2004
..To assess nutrient intakes relevant in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among young adults in Finland and to find past and present determinants of quality of diet...
- Effects on blood lipids of a blood pressure-lowering diet: the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Trial
Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 7936, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 74:80-9. 2001
..Effects of diet on blood lipids are best known in white men, and effects of type of carbohydrate on triacylglycerol concentrations are not well defined...
- Outcome and process evaluation of a Norwegian school-randomized fruit and vegetable intervention: Fruits and Vegetables Make the Marks (FVMM)
Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Norway
Health Educ Res 21:258-67. 2006
This study reports the effect of the Fruits and Vegetables Make the Marks intervention, a school-based fruit and vegetable intervention consisting of a home economics classroom component and parental involvement and encouraged ..
- Diet and breast cancer: a review of the prospective observational studies
Karin B Michels
Obstetrics and Gynecology Epidemiology Center, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Cancer 109:2712-49. 2007
..The risk of breast cancer can be reduced by avoidance of weight gain in adulthood and limiting the consumption of alcohol...
- Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Study
Division of Preventive Medicine and Channing Laboratory, The Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 72:922-8. 2000
..Prospective data relating fruit and vegetable intake to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk are sparse, particularly for women...
- Tobacco smoking, fruit and vegetable intake modify association between -21A>T polymorphism of catalase gene and risk of bronchial asthma
A V Polonikov
Department of Biology, Medical Genetics and Ecology, Kursk State Medical University, Kursk, Russian Federation
J Asthma 46:217-24. 2009
- Rural and urban differences in the associations between characteristics of the community food environment and fruit and vegetable intake
Wesley R Dean
Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
J Nutr Educ Behav 43:426-33. 2011
..To examine the relationship between measures of the household and retail food environments and fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in both urban and rural environmental contexts...
- Comparison of phenotypic (Biolog System) and genotypic (random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction, RAPD-PCR, and amplified fragment length polymorphism, AFLP) methods for typing Lactobacillus plantarum isolates from raw vegetables and fru
R Di Cagno
Department of Biologia e Chimica Agro Forestale ed Ambientale, University of Bari, Italy
Int J Food Microbiol 143:246-53. 2010
The diversity of 72 isolates of Lactobacillus plantarum, previously identified from different raw vegetables and fruits, was studied based on phenotypic (Biolog System) and genotypic (randomly amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain ..
- Impact of a school-based food garden on attitudes and identification skills regarding vegetables and fruit: a 12-month intervention trial
School of Public Health and Heart Foundation Research Centre, Griffith University, University Drive, Meadowbrook, Queensland 4131, Australia
Public Health Nutr 12:214-21. 2009
To determine changes in ability to identify specific vegetables and fruits, and attitudes towards vegetables and fruit, associated with the introduction of a school-based food garden.
- Neighbourhood-socioeconomic variation in women's diet: the role of nutrition environments
L E Thornton
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Eur J Clin Nutr 64:1423-32. 2010
- Eating for pleasure or profit: the effect of incentives on children's enjoyment of vegetables
Lucy J Cooke
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom WC1E 6BT
Psychol Sci 22:190-6. 2011
..These results indicate that external rewards do not necessarily produce negative effects and may be useful in promoting healthful eating...
- Influence of habitual diet on antioxidant status: a study in a population of vegetarians and omnivores
Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health NICHE, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, County Londonderry, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 61:1011-22. 2007
..Antioxidant status can be used as a biomarker to assess chronic disease risk and diet can modulate antioxidant defence...
- A family-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in adolescents: a pilot study
School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK
Public Health Nutr 13:876-85. 2010
..To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a pilot family-based newsletter intervention to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among adolescents...