zea mays

Summary

Summary: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its seed, corn, used as food and animal fodder.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The B73 maize genome: complexity, diversity, and dynamics
    Patrick S Schnable
    Center for Plant Genomics, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Science 326:1112-5. 2009
  2. ncbi The Sorghum bicolor genome and the diversification of grasses
    Andrew H Paterson
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Nature 457:551-6. 2009
  3. pmc A robust, simple genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) approach for high diversity species
    Robert J Elshire
    Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e19379. 2011
  4. ncbi A unified mixed-model method for association mapping that accounts for multiple levels of relatedness
    Jianming Yu
    Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Nat Genet 38:203-8. 2006
  5. ncbi The genetic architecture of maize flowering time
    Edward S Buckler
    U S Department of Agriculture USDA Agricultural Research Service USDA ARS, USA
    Science 325:714-8. 2009
  6. pmc Efficient control of population structure in model organism association mapping
    Hyun Min Kang
    Department of Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1596, USA
    Genetics 178:1709-23. 2008
  7. ncbi A first-generation haplotype map of maize
    Michael A Gore
    United States Department of Agriculture Agriculture Research Service USDA ARS, USA
    Science 326:1115-7. 2009
  8. ncbi Genome-wide association study of leaf architecture in the maize nested association mapping population
    Feng Tian
    Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Nat Genet 43:159-62. 2011
  9. pmc A large maize (Zea mays L.) SNP genotyping array: development and germplasm genotyping, and genetic mapping to compare with the B73 reference genome
    Martin W Ganal
    TraitGenetics GmbH, Gatersleben, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e28334. 2011
  10. pmc A genome-wide characterization of microRNA genes in maize
    Lifang Zhang
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000716. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications308 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The B73 maize genome: complexity, diversity, and dynamics
    Patrick S Schnable
    Center for Plant Genomics, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Science 326:1112-5. 2009
    ..These analyses inform and set the stage for further investigations to improve our understanding of the domestication and agricultural improvements of maize...
  2. ncbi The Sorghum bicolor genome and the diversification of grasses
    Andrew H Paterson
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Nature 457:551-6. 2009
    ..About 24% of genes are grass-specific and 7% are sorghum-specific. Recent gene and microRNA duplications may contribute to sorghum's drought tolerance...
  3. pmc A robust, simple genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) approach for high diversity species
    Robert J Elshire
    Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e19379. 2011
    ....
  4. ncbi A unified mixed-model method for association mapping that accounts for multiple levels of relatedness
    Jianming Yu
    Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Nat Genet 38:203-8. 2006
    ..As this new method crosses the boundary between family-based and structured association samples, it provides a powerful complement to currently available methods for association mapping...
  5. ncbi The genetic architecture of maize flowering time
    Edward S Buckler
    U S Department of Agriculture USDA Agricultural Research Service USDA ARS, USA
    Science 325:714-8. 2009
    ..time is a complex trait that controls adaptation of plants to their local environment in the outcrossing species Zea mays (maize)...
  6. pmc Efficient control of population structure in model organism association mapping
    Hyun Min Kang
    Department of Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1596, USA
    Genetics 178:1709-23. 2008
    ..An R package implementation and webserver of our EMMA method are publicly available...
  7. ncbi A first-generation haplotype map of maize
    Michael A Gore
    United States Department of Agriculture Agriculture Research Service USDA ARS, USA
    Science 326:1115-7. 2009
    ..This survey of genetic diversity provides a foundation for uniting breeding efforts across the world and for dissecting complex traits through genome-wide association studies...
  8. ncbi Genome-wide association study of leaf architecture in the maize nested association mapping population
    Feng Tian
    Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Nat Genet 43:159-62. 2011
    ..These results demonstrate that the use of GWAS with specially designed mapping populations is effective in uncovering the basis of key agronomic traits...
  9. pmc A large maize (Zea mays L.) SNP genotyping array: development and germplasm genotyping, and genetic mapping to compare with the B73 reference genome
    Martin W Ganal
    TraitGenetics GmbH, Gatersleben, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e28334. 2011
    ..Given the array's high quality, it will be a valuable resource for maize genetics and many aspects of maize breeding...
  10. pmc A genome-wide characterization of microRNA genes in maize
    Lifang Zhang
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000716. 2009
    ..As maize is one of the principal models for plant growth and development, this study will serve as a foundation for future research into the functional roles of miRNA genes...
  11. pmc Field-evolved resistance to Bt maize by western corn rootworm
    Aaron J Gassmann
    Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e22629. 2011
    ..However, the evolution of resistance could cut short these benefits. A primary pest targeted by Bt maize in the United States is the western corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)...
  12. ncbi Genomic and metabolic prediction of complex heterotic traits in hybrid maize
    Christian Riedelsheimer
    Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
    Nat Genet 44:217-20. 2012
    ..Prediction accuracies ranged from 0.72 to 0.81 for SNPs and from 0.60 to 0.80 for metabolites, allowing a reliable screening of large collections of diverse inbred lines for their potential to create superior hybrids...
  13. ncbi The developmental dynamics of the maize leaf transcriptome
    Pinghua Li
    Boyce Thompson Institute, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Nat Genet 42:1060-7. 2010
    ..This dataset will serve as the foundation for a systems biology approach to the understanding of photosynthetic development...
  14. ncbi Genome-wide patterns of genetic variation among elite maize inbred lines
    Jinsheng Lai
    State Key Lab of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
    Nat Genet 42:1027-30. 2010
    ..High-density SNP and indel polymorphism markers reported here are expected to be a valuable resource for future genetic studies and the molecular breeding of this important crop...
  15. ncbi Drought stress and tropical maize: QTL-by-environment interactions and stability of QTLs across environments for yield components and secondary traits
    Rainer Messmer
    ETH Zurich, Institute of Plant Sciences, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
    Theor Appl Genet 119:913-30. 2009
    ..Those regions are clear targets for future marker-assisted breeding, and our results confirm that the best approach to breeding for drought tolerance includes selection under water stress...
  16. pmc Structure of linkage disequilibrium and phenotypic associations in the maize genome
    D L Remington
    Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7614, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:11479-84. 2001
    ..Provided the effects of population structure are effectively controlled, this research suggests that association studies show great promise for identifying the genetic basis of important traits in maize with very high resolution...
  17. ncbi 'Green revolution' genes encode mutant gibberellin response modulators
    J Peng
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, UK
    Nature 400:256-61. 1999
    ..Transgenic rice plants containing a mutant GAI allele give reduced responses to gibberellin and are dwarfed, indicating that mutant GAI orthologues could be used to increase yield in a wide range of crop species...
  18. pmc Prediction of genetic values of quantitative traits in plant breeding using pedigree and molecular markers
    Jose Crossa
    School of Land Crop and Food Sciences, University of Queensland, 4072, Sta Lucia, Queensland, Australia
    Genetics 186:713-24. 2010
    ..and maize (Zea mays) data in which different traits were measured in several environmental conditions...
  19. ncbi Rare genetic variation at Zea mays crtRB1 increases beta-carotene in maize grain
    Jianbing Yan
    International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Texcoco, Mexico
    Nat Genet 42:322-7. 2010
    ..Experimental evidence from association and linkage populations in maize (Zea mays L...
  20. pmc Genetic characterization and linkage disequilibrium estimation of a global maize collection using SNP markers
    Jianbing Yan
    Genetic Resources Program, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico City, Mexico
    PLoS ONE 4:e8451. 2009
    ..A core set of inbreds was defined based on haplotypes, and 60 lines capture 90% of the haplotype diversity of the entire panel. The defined core sets and the entire collection can be used widely for different research targets...
  21. ncbi Genome-wide association study of quantitative resistance to southern leaf blight in the maize nested association mapping population
    Kristen L Kump
    Department of Crop Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
    Nat Genet 43:163-8. 2011
    ..Limited linkage disequilibrium was observed around some SNPs associated with SLB resistance, indicating that the maize NAM population enables high-resolution mapping of some genome regions...
  22. ncbi Genome-wide atlas of transcription during maize development
    Rajandeep S Sekhon
    Department of Energy, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1575 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Plant J 66:553-63. 2011
    ..This comprehensive expression atlas represents a valuable resource for gene discovery and functional characterization in maize...
  23. ncbi The effects of artificial selection on the maize genome
    Stephen I Wright
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Science 308:1310-4. 2005
    ..We investigated the genetic history by which the wild grass teosinte (Zea mays ssp. parviglumis) was domesticated into modern maize (Z. mays ssp. mays)...
  24. pmc Genetic design and statistical power of nested association mapping in maize
    Jianming Yu
    Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 2703, USA
    Genetics 178:539-51. 2008
    ..By integrating genetic design, natural diversity, and genomics technologies, this new complex trait dissection strategy should greatly facilitate endeavors to link molecular variation with phenotypic variation for various complex traits...
  25. pmc Differential expression of miRNAs in response to salt stress in maize roots
    Dong Ding
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, P R China
    Ann Bot 103:29-38. 2009
    Corn (Zea mays) responds to salt stress via changes in gene expression, metabolism and physiology. This adaptation is achieved through the regulation of gene expression at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels...
  26. ncbi Genetics of gene expression surveyed in maize, mouse and man
    Eric E Schadt
    Rosetta Inpharmatics, LLC, 12040 115th Avenue N E, Kirkland, Washington 98034, USA
    Nature 422:297-302. 2003
    ..We identify a gene expression pattern strongly associated with obesity in a murine cross, and observe two distinct obesity subtypes. Furthermore, we find that these obesity subtypes are under the control of different loci...
  27. pmc Maize inbreds exhibit high levels of copy number variation (CNV) and presence/absence variation (PAV) in genome content
    Nathan M Springer
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000734. 2009
    ..Haplotype-specific PAVs contain hundreds of single-copy, expressed genes that may contribute to heterosis and to the extraordinary phenotypic diversity of this important crop...
  28. ncbi Maize HapMap2 identifies extant variation from a genome in flux
    Jer Ming Chia
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, USA
    Nat Genet 44:803-7. 2012
    ..genetics scoring model, we identified 55 million SNPs in 103 lines across pre-domestication and domesticated Zea mays varieties, including a representative from the sister genus Tripsacum...
  29. ncbi The heterochronic maize mutant Corngrass1 results from overexpression of a tandem microRNA
    George Chuck
    Plant Gene Expression Center, 800 Buchanan St, Albany, California 94710, USA
    Nat Genet 39:544-9. 2007
    ..By altering the relative levels of both microRNAs, it is possible to either prolong or shorten juvenile development in maize, thus providing a mechanism for how species-level heterochronic changes can occur in nature...
  30. ncbi Maize association population: a high-resolution platform for quantitative trait locus dissection
    Sherry A Flint-Garcia
    US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Plant Genetics Research Unit, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Plant J 44:1054-64. 2005
    ..This new association population has the potential to identify QTL with small effects, which will aid in dissecting complex traits and in planning future projects to exploit the rich diversity present in maize...
  31. pmc Heritable epigenetic variation among maize inbreds
    Steve R Eichten
    Microbial and Plant Genomics Institute, Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA
    PLoS Genet 7:e1002372. 2011
    ..A genome-wide profiling of DNA methylation in two different genotypes of Zea mays (ssp...
  32. ncbi Accuracy of genomic selection in European maize elite breeding populations
    Yusheng Zhao
    State Plant Breeding Institute, University of Hohenheim, 70599, Stuttgart, Germany
    Theor Appl Genet 124:769-76. 2012
    ..As for maize up to three generations are feasible per year, selection gain per unit time is high and, consequently, genomic selection holds great promise for maize breeding programs...
  33. pmc microRNA172 down-regulates glossy15 to promote vegetative phase change in maize
    Nick Lauter
    Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 1201 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9412-7. 2005
    ..Our results also suggest that the balance of activities between APETALA2-like genes and miR172 may be a general mechanism for regulating vegetative phase change in higher plants...
  34. pmc Natural genetic variation in lycopene epsilon cyclase tapped for maize biofortification
    Carlos E Harjes
    Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 319:330-3. 2008
    ..Selection of favorable lcyE alleles with inexpensive molecular markers will now enable developing-country breeders to more effectively produce maize grain with higher provitamin A levels...
  35. pmc Genetic architecture of maize kernel composition in the nested association mapping and inbred association panels
    Jason P Cook
    Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Plant Physiol 158:824-34. 2012
    The maize (Zea mays) kernel plays a critical role in feeding humans and livestock around the world and in a wide array of industrial applications...
  36. pmc Genome-wide nested association mapping of quantitative resistance to northern leaf blight in maize
    Jesse A Poland
    Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6893-8. 2011
    ..These results are consistent with the hypothesis that quantitative disease resistance in plants is conditioned by a range of mechanisms and could have considerable mechanistic overlap with basal resistance...
  37. ncbi Pathogenicity determinants in smut fungi revealed by genome comparison
    Jan Schirawski
    Department of Organismic Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Karl von Frisch Straße 10, 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Science 330:1546-8. 2010
    ..maydis, we demonstrate a role in virulence for four previously unknown diversity regions. This highlights the power of comparative genomics of closely related species for identification of virulence determinants...
  38. pmc Exceptional diversity, non-random distribution, and rapid evolution of retroelements in the B73 maize genome
    Regina S Baucom
    Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000732. 2009
    ..These results indicate that the maize genome provides a great number of different niches for the survival and procreation of a great variety of retroelements that have evolved to differentially occupy and exploit this genomic diversity...
  39. ncbi Discovery and characterization of field resistance to Bt maize: Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Puerto Rico
    Nicholas P Storer
    Dow AgroSciences LLC, 9330 Zionsville Road, Indianapolis, IN 46268, USA
    J Econ Entomol 103:1031-8. 2010
    Transgenic maize, Zea mays L., event TC1507 produces the Cry1F protein to provide protection from feeding by several important lepidopteran pests, including Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)...
  40. pmc Close split of sorghum and maize genome progenitors
    Zuzana Swigonova
    Waksman Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
    Genome Res 14:1916-23. 2004
    It is generally believed that maize (Zea mays L. ssp. mays) arose as a tetraploid; however, the two progenitor genomes cannot be unequivocally traced within the genome of modern maize...
  41. pmc Gene discovery and annotation using LCM-454 transcriptome sequencing
    Scott J Emrich
    Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Graduate Program, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50010, USA
    Genome Res 17:69-73. 2007
    ..laser capture microdissection (LCM) from the developmentally important shoot apical meristem (SAM) of maize (Zea mays L.)...
  42. pmc Beyond aflatoxin: four distinct expression patterns and functional roles associated with Aspergillus flavus secondary metabolism gene clusters
    D Ryan Georgianna
    Department of Plant Pathology, Center for Integrated Fungal Research, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
    Mol Plant Pathol 11:213-26. 2010
    ..Aflatoxin and CPA were found to have unique regulation, but are sufficiently similar that they would be expected to co-occur in substrates colonized with A. flavus...
  43. ncbi How to usefully compare homologous plant genes and chromosomes as DNA sequences
    Eric Lyons
    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Plant J 53:661-73. 2008
    ..Our tutorial encourages the reader to experiment online with the reviewed tools as a companion to the text...
  44. ncbi Comparative population genomics of maize domestication and improvement
    Matthew B Hufford
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, California, USA
    Nat Genet 44:808-11. 2012
    ....
  45. pmc Identification of a functional transposon insertion in the maize domestication gene tb1
    Anthony Studer
    Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Nat Genet 43:1160-3. 2011
    ..Molecular dating indicates that the Hopscotch insertion predates maize domestication by at least 10,000 years, indicating that selection acted on standing variation rather than new mutation...
  46. pmc Digital gene expression signatures for maize development
    Andrea L Eveland
    Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA
    Plant Physiol 154:1024-39. 2010
    ..In maize (Zea mays) inflorescences, mutations in the RAMOSA (RA) genes affect the determinacy of axillary meristems and thus alter ..
  47. pmc Pervasive gene content variation and copy number variation in maize and its undomesticated progenitor
    Ruth A Swanson-Wagner
    Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Genome Res 20:1689-99. 2010
    ..While this structural variation may not result in major qualitative variation due to genetic buffering, it may significantly contribute to quantitative variation...
  48. pmc Maize (Zea mays L.) genome diversity as revealed by RNA-sequencing
    Candice N Hansey
    Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33071. 2012
    ....
  49. pmc Heterosis is prevalent for multiple traits in diverse maize germplasm
    Sherry A Flint-Garcia
    USDA ARS, Plant Genetics Research Unit, and Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e7433. 2009
    ..Heterosis describes the superior phenotypes observed in hybrids relative to their inbred parents. Maize is a model system for studying heterosis due to the high levels of yield heterosis and commercial use of hybrids...
  50. ncbi Genetic association mapping and genome organization of maize
    Jianming Yu
    Institute for Genomic Diversity and United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 17:155-60. 2006
    ....
  51. ncbi Angiosperm mitochondrial genomes and mutations
    Tomohiko Kubo
    Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, N 9, W 9, Kita ku, Sapporo 060 8589, Japan
    Mitochondrion 8:5-14. 2008
    ..The involvement of nuclear genes in mitochondrial genome stability and organization is currently being revealed through the analysis of mutants...
  52. ncbi Water stress-induced abscisic acid accumulation triggers the increased generation of reactive oxygen species and up-regulates the activities of antioxidant enzymes in maize leaves
    Mingyi Jiang
    Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, PRC
    J Exp Bot 53:2401-10. 2002
    ..CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and glutathione reductase (GR) was investigated in leaves of detached maize (Zea mays L.) plants exposed to -0.7 MPa water stress induced by polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000)...
  53. ncbi Control of coleopteran insect pests through RNA interference
    James A Baum
    Monsanto Company, 700 Chesterfield Parkway West, Chesterfield, Missouri 63017 1732, USA
    Nat Biotechnol 25:1322-6. 2007
    ....
  54. ncbi Recruitment of entomopathogenic nematodes by insect-damaged maize roots
    Sergio Rasmann
    University of Neuchatel, Institute of Zoology, Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Entomology, CP 2, CH 2007 Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Nature 434:732-7. 2005
    ..Development of new varieties that release the attractant in adequate amounts should help enhance the efficacy of nematodes as biological control agents against root pests like D. v. virgifera...
  55. pmc A single molecule scaffold for the maize genome
    Shiguo Zhou
    Laboratory for Molecular and Computational Genomics, Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Genetics, UW Biotechnology Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000711. 2009
    ....
  56. pmc Mitogen-activated protein kinase is involved in abscisic acid-induced antioxidant defense and acts downstream of reactive oxygen species production in leaves of maize plants
    Aying Zhang
    College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, People s Republic of China
    Plant Physiol 141:475-87. 2006
    ..protein kinase (MAPK) in abscisic acid (ABA)-induced antioxidant defense was investigated in leaves of maize (Zea mays) plants...
  57. pmc Conserved noncoding genomic sequences associated with a flowering-time quantitative trait locus in maize
    Silvio Salvi
    Department of Agroenvironmental Science and Technology, University of Bologna, Viale Fanin, 44, 40127 Bologna, Italy
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:11376-81. 2007
    ..Our results support the notion that changes in distant cis-acting regulatory regions are a key component of plant genetic adaptation throughout breeding and evolution...
  58. ncbi Areawide suppression of European corn borer with Bt maize reaps savings to non-Bt maize growers
    W D Hutchison
    Department of Entomology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Science 330:222-5. 2010
    ..9 billion for non-Bt maize growers. These results affirm theoretical predictions of pest population suppression and highlight economic incentives for growers to maintain non-Bt maize refugia for sustainable insect resistance management...
  59. pmc Insights into corn genes derived from large-scale cDNA sequencing
    Nickolai N Alexandrov
    Ceres, Inc, 1535 Rancho Conejo Blvd, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA
    Plant Mol Biol 69:179-94. 2009
    We present a large portion of the transcriptome of Zea mays, including ESTs representing 484,032 cDNA clones from 53 libraries and 36,565 fully sequenced cDNA clones, out of which 31,552 clones are non-redundant...
  60. pmc Pep1, a secreted effector protein of Ustilago maydis, is required for successful invasion of plant cells
    Gunther Doehlemann
    Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, Germany
    PLoS Pathog 5:e1000290. 2009
    ..maydis Deltapep1 mutant. Based on these results, we conclude that Pep1 has a conserved function essential for establishing compatibility that is not restricted to the U. maydis / maize interaction...
  61. pmc Comparisons among two fertile and three male-sterile mitochondrial genomes of maize
    James O Allen
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA
    Genetics 177:1173-92. 2007
    ..This method identified the known CMS-associated ORFs in CMS-S and CMS-T, but not in CMS-C...
  62. pmc Genome-wide and organ-specific landscapes of epigenetic modifications and their relationships to mRNA and small RNA transcriptomes in maize
    Xiangfeng Wang
    Peking Yale Joint Center of Plant Molecular Genetics and Agrobiotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    Plant Cell 21:1053-69. 2009
    Maize (Zea mays) has an exceptionally complex genome with a rich history in both epigenetics and evolution...
  63. pmc Multivariate analysis of maize disease resistances suggests a pleiotropic genetic basis and implicates a GST gene
    Randall J Wisser
    Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 1304, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:7339-44. 2011
    ..The known functions of GSTs suggested that variability in detoxification pathways underlie natural variation in maize MDR...
  64. pmc Plastid gene expression and plant development require a plastidic protein of the mitochondrial transcription termination factor family
    Elena Babiychuk
    Department of Plant Systems Biology, VIB, 9052 Ghent, Belgium
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:6674-9. 2011
    ..Overall, our results indicate that biosynthesis of malonyl-CoA and plastid-derived systemic growth-promoting compounds are the processes that link plant development and plastid gene expression...
  65. ncbi Two linked genes encoding a secreted effector and a membrane protein are essential for Ustilago maydis-induced tumour formation
    Gunther Doehlemann
    Deparment of Organismic Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, D 35043 Marburg, Germany
    Mol Microbiol 81:751-66. 2011
    ..Our results suggest that the activity of Pit1 and Pit2 during tumour formation might be functionally linked and we discuss possibilities for a putative functional connection of the two proteins...
  66. pmc Genome-wide association mapping of leaf metabolic profiles for dissecting complex traits in maize
    Christian Riedelsheimer
    Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, University of Hohenheim, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:8872-7. 2012
    ....
  67. pmc The physical and genetic framework of the maize B73 genome
    Fusheng Wei
    Arizona Genomics Institute, Department of Plant Sciences, BIO5 Institute for Collaborative Research, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000715. 2009
    ..Finally we used all available physical, sequence, genetic, and optical data to generate a golden path (AGP) of chromosome-based pseudomolecules, herein referred to as the B73 Reference Genome Sequence version 1 (B73 RefGen_v1)...
  68. ncbi Proteomic analysis of rice leaves during drought stress and recovery
    Gh Hosseini Salekdeh
    International Rice Research Institute, Metro Manila, Manila, Philippines
    Proteomics 2:1131-45. 2002
    ..Four novel drought-responsive mechanisms were revealed by this work: up-regulation of S-like RNase homologue, actin depolymerizing factor and rubisco activase, and down-regulation of isoflavone reductase-like protein...
  69. ncbi The amylose extender mutant of maize conditions novel protein-protein interactions between starch biosynthetic enzymes in amyloplasts
    Fushan Liu
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, College of Biological Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada
    J Exp Bot 60:4423-40. 2009
    ....
  70. pmc ZmPIN1-mediated auxin transport is related to cellular differentiation during maize embryogenesis and endosperm development
    Cristian Forestan
    Department of Environmental Agronomy and Crop Production, University of Padova, Agripolis, 35020 Legnaro, Italy
    Plant Physiol 152:1373-90. 2010
    ..Localization of the corresponding proteins was also analyzed during maize (Zea mays) kernel development...
  71. ncbi Allelic genome structural variations in maize detected by array comparative genome hybridization
    André Beló
    DuPont Crop Genetics, Route 141, Henry Clay Road, Wilmington, DE 19803, USA
    Theor Appl Genet 120:355-67. 2010
    ..Validation of several CNV regions showed both insertion/deletions and copy-number differences. The nature of CNVs detected suggests CNVs might have a considerable impact on plant phenotypes, including disease response and heterosis...
  72. pmc SNP discovery via 454 transcriptome sequencing
    W Brad Barbazuk
    Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, St Louis, MO 63132, USA
    Plant J 51:910-8. 2007
    ..These results demonstrate that 454-based transcriptome sequencing is an excellent method for the high-throughput acquisition of gene-associated SNPs...
  73. pmc Maize genome structure variation: interplay between retrotransposon polymorphisms and genic recombination
    Hugo K Dooner
    Waksman Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
    Plant Cell 20:249-58. 2008
    Although maize (Zea mays) retrotransposons are recombinationally inert, the highly polymorphic structure of maize haplotypes raises questions regarding the local effect of intergenic retrotransposons on recombination...
  74. pmc Detailed analysis of a contiguous 22-Mb region of the maize genome
    Fusheng Wei
    Arizona Genomics Institute, School of Plant Sciences and Department of Ecology, BIO5 Institute for Collaborative Research, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000728. 2009
    ..Such improvements, along with those of gene and repeat annotation, will serve to promote future functional genomic and phylogenomic research in maize and other grasses...
  75. pmc Genetic signals of origin, spread, and introgression in a large sample of maize landraces
    Joost van Heerwaarden
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:1088-92. 2011
    ..Genetic studies have provided firm evidence that maize was domesticated from Balsas teosinte (Zea mays subspecies parviglumis), a wild relative that is endemic to the mid- to lowland regions of southwestern Mexico...
  76. ncbi Major and minor QTL and epistasis contribute to fatty acid compositions and oil concentration in high-oil maize
    Xiaohong Yang
    Beijing Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, National Maize Improvement Center of China, China Agricultural University, Yuanmingyuan West Road, Haidian, 100193 Beijing, China
    Theor Appl Genet 120:665-78. 2010
    ..A larger number of minor QTL and a certain number of epistatic QTL, both with additive effects, also contributed to fatty acid compositions and oil concentration...
  77. ncbi Genetic and genomic dissection of maize root development and architecture
    Frank Hochholdinger
    University of Tuebingen, Center for Plant Molecular Biology ZMBP, Department of General Genetics, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
    Curr Opin Plant Biol 12:172-7. 2009
    ..The targeted application of forward-genetics and reverse-genetics approaches will accelerate the unraveling of the functional basis of root development and architecture...
  78. pmc A genomic and expression compendium of the expanded PEBP gene family from maize
    Olga N Danilevskaya
    Pioneer Hi Bred International Inc, A DuPont Business, Johnston, IA 50131, USA
    Plant Physiol 146:250-64. 2008
    ..Twenty-five maize (Zea mays) genes that encode PEBP-like proteins, likely the entire gene family, were identified and named Zea mays ..
  79. pmc Airborne signals prime plants against insect herbivore attack
    Juergen Engelberth
    Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, U S Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, 1700 SW 23rd Drive, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:1781-5. 2004
    ..Thus, GLV specifically prime neighboring plants against impending herbivory by enhancing inducible chemical defense responses triggered during attack and may play a key role in plant-plant signaling and plant-insect interactions...
  80. pmc A single domestication for maize shown by multilocus microsatellite genotyping
    Yoshihiro Matsuoka
    Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:6080-4. 2002
    ..We also found only modest evidence for postdomestication gene flow from teosinte into maize...
  81. ncbi Allelic variation and heterosis in maize: how do two halves make more than a whole?
    Nathan M Springer
    Cargill Center for Microbial and Plant Genomics, Department of Plant Biology, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Genome Res 17:264-75. 2007
    ..Variation for the presence of genes, the presence of novel beneficial alleles, and modified levels of gene expression in hybrids may all contribute to the heterotic phenotypes...
  82. pmc Paramutation in maize: RNA mediated trans-generational gene silencing
    Mario Alberto Arteaga-Vazquez
    BIO5 Institute, University of Arizona, Tucson, 85721, United States
    Curr Opin Genet Dev 20:156-63. 2010
    ..However, not all aspects of paramutation can be explained by known mechanisms of RNAi-mediated transcriptional silencing...
  83. ncbi Population structure and linkage disequilibrium of a mini core set of maize inbred lines in China
    Ronghuan Wang
    Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement NFCRI, 100081 Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Theor Appl Genet 117:1141-53. 2008
    ..75-40.28% in the subgroups. Among factors influencing LD, linkage was the major cause for LD of SSR loci. The results suggested that the population may be used in the detection of genome-wide SSR marker-phenotype association...
  84. ncbi Molecular characterization of global maize breeding germplasm based on genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms
    Yanli Lu
    International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center CIMMYT, km 45, Carretera, Mexico Veracruz, El Batan, Texcoco, Mexico
    Theor Appl Genet 120:93-115. 2009
    ..These results confirm the power of SNP markers for diversity analysis and provide a feasible approach to unique allele discovery and use in maize breeding programs...
  85. ncbi The maize ZmMYB42 represses the phenylpropanoid pathway and affects the cell wall structure, composition and degradability in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Fathi Mohamed Sonbol
    Consorci CSIC IRTA UAB, Centre de Recerca en Agrigenomica CRAG, Barcelona, Spain
    Plant Mol Biol 70:283-96. 2009
    ..Together, these results suggest that ZmMYB42 may be part of the regulatory network controlling the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway...
  86. pmc Remarkable variation in maize genome structure inferred from haplotype diversity at the bz locus
    Qinghua Wang
    The Waksman Institute, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08855, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:17644-9. 2006
    ..We propose that recombination in the common gene space greatly amplifies the variability produced by the retrotransposition explosion in the maize ancestry, creating the heterogeneity in genome organization found in modern maize...
  87. pmc Proteins from multiple metabolic pathways associate with starch biosynthetic enzymes in high molecular weight complexes: a model for regulation of carbon allocation in maize amyloplasts
    Tracie A Hennen-Bierwagen
    Department of Biochemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
    Plant Physiol 149:1541-59. 2009
    Starch biosynthetic enzymes from maize (Zea mays) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) amyloplasts exist in cell extracts in high molecular weight complexes; however, the nature of those assemblies remains to be defined...
  88. ncbi Mycotoxins in ethanol co-products: modeling economic impacts on the livestock industry and management strategies
    Felicia Wu
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh, Bridgeside Point 560, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 56:3900-11. 2008
    ..If mycotoxin surveillance is implemented by ethanol producers, losses are shifted among multiple stakeholders. Solutions to this problem include methods to reduce mycotoxin contamination in both pre- and postharvest maize...
  89. pmc High-throughput genetic mapping of mutants via quantitative single nucleotide polymorphism typing
    Sanzhen Liu
    Biology and the Genetics Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA
    Genetics 184:19-26. 2010
    ..Because a mutant can be mapped using as few as eight multiplexed sets of SNP assays on a bulk of as few as 20 mutant F(2) individuals, this strategy is expected to be widely adopted for mapping in many species...
  90. pmc Distribution, diversity, evolution, and survival of Helitrons in the maize genome
    Lixing Yang
    Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:19922-7. 2009
    ..This biased accumulation is not caused by a preference for cis or nearby transposition, suggesting a specific association between Helitron integration functions and unknown chromatin characteristics that specifically mark Helitrons...
  91. pmc Mu transposon insertion sites and meiotic recombination events co-localize with epigenetic marks for open chromatin across the maize genome
    Sanzhen Liu
    Interdepartmental Genetics Graduate Program, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000733. 2009
    ....
  92. pmc Genetic association mapping identifies single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes that affect abscisic acid levels in maize floral tissues during drought
    Tim L Setter
    Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Exp Bot 62:701-16. 2011
    ..Given the short range over which decay of linkage disequilibrium occurs in maize, the results indicate that allelic variation in these genes affects ABA and carbohydrate metabolism in floral tissues during drought...
  93. pmc Genome-wide distribution of transposed Dissociation elements in maize
    Erik Vollbrecht
    Department of Genetics, Development, and Cell Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
    Plant Cell 22:1667-85. 2010
    The maize (Zea mays) transposable element Dissociation (Ds) was mobilized for large-scale genome mutagenesis and to study its endogenous biology...
  94. pmc Maize global transcriptomics reveals pervasive leaf diurnal rhythms but rhythms in developing ears are largely limited to the core oscillator
    Kevin R Hayes
    Pioneer Hi Bred International, Johnston, Iowa, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e12887. 2010
    Plant diurnal rhythms are vital environmental adaptations to coordinate internal physiological responses to alternating day-night cycles. A comprehensive view of diurnal biology has been lacking for maize (Zea mays), a major world crop.
  95. ncbi The Locus Lookup tool at MaizeGDB: identification of genomic regions in maize by integrating sequence information with physical and genetic maps
    Carson M Andorf
    US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Corn Insects and Crop Genetics Research Unit, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Bioinformatics 26:434-6. 2010
    ..With the availability of the well-documented source code, the tool can be easily adapted to other biological systems...
  96. ncbi Loss of an MDR transporter in compact stalks of maize br2 and sorghum dw3 mutants
    Dilbag S Multani
    Pioneer Hi Bred International, 7250 Northwest 62nd Avenue, Johnston, IA 50131, USA
    Science 302:81-4. 2003
    ..A direct duplication within the dw3 gene is responsible for its mutant nature and also for its instability, because it facilitates unequal crossing-over at the locus...
  97. ncbi Down-regulation of the maize and Arabidopsis thaliana caffeic acid O-methyl-transferase genes by two new maize R2R3-MYB transcription factors
    Silvia Fornalé
    Departament de Genetica Molecular, Laboratori de Genètica Molecular Vegetal, CSIC IRTA, Jordi Girona 18 26, 08034, Barcelona, Spain
    Plant Mol Biol 62:809-23. 2006
    The maize (Zea mays L.) caffeic acid O-methyl-transferase (COMT) is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of lignin...
  98. ncbi Priming by airborne signals boosts direct and indirect resistance in maize
    Jurriaan Ton
    Laboratory of Evolutionary Entomology, Institute of Zoology, University of Neuchatel, Neuchatel, Switzerland
    Plant J 49:16-26. 2007
    ..This study shows that VOC-induced priming targets a specific subset of JA-inducible genes, and links these responses at the molecular level to enhanced levels of direct and indirect resistance against insect attack...
  99. ncbi Genetic properties of the maize nested association mapping population
    Michael D McMullen
    United States Department of Agriculture Agriculture Research Service USDA ARS, USA
    Science 325:737-40. 2009
    ..This implies that pericentromeric regions may contribute disproportionally to heterosis...
  100. ncbi Identification of 188 conserved maize microRNAs and their targets
    Baohong Zhang
    The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Department of Environmental Toxicology, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 1163, USA
    FEBS Lett 580:3753-62. 2006
    ..Some of the newly identified miRNA targets may be unique to maize...
  101. pmc Maize centromere structure and evolution: sequence analysis of centromeres 2 and 5 reveals dynamic Loci shaped primarily by retrotransposons
    Thomas K Wolfgruber
    Molecular Biosciences and Bioengineering, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000743. 2009
    ..Furthermore, we propose that CRMs may be involved in removal of centromeric DNA (specifically CentC), invasion of centromeres by non-CRM retrotransposons, and local repositioning of the CENH3...

Research Grants26

  1. A NOVEL ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING AGENT AND BREAST CANCER
    Barry Markaverich; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed studies represent a critical step in defining target pathways for ultimately determining the mechanism of action of these compounds. ..
  2. Mechanisms by which a fungal HDAC inhibitor suppresses innate immunity in maize
    JUSTIN WILLIAM WALLEY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..One devastating disease of Zea mays (corn) is caused by the fungal pathogen Cochliobolus carbonum. Intriguingly, the main determinant of C...
  3. GENETICS OF SEX DETERMINATION AND CELL DEATH IN PLANTS
    Stephen Dellaporta; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of this program is to understand the fundamental mechanisms or sex determination in the model genetic organism Zea mays (maize), a species that produces unisexual flowers (called "florets") through the action of sex determination (SD)..
  4. Environmental Stresses on Protein Structure of the Repair Response in Higher Plan
    SARAH VILLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Since light induced oxidation reactions may regulate the expression of PIMT in Zea mays (corn), the endogenous PIMT activity will be measured in homogenates from corn plants grown under high light ..
  5. ANALYSIS OF THE ANAEROBIC-STRESS RESPONSE IN MAIZE
    Martin Sachs; Fiscal Year: 1992
    I propose to study the anaerobic-stress response in Zea mays. Anaerobic treatment dramatically alters the pattern of gene expression in maize seedlings...
  6. Gene expression effects of heterosis and ploidy level
    NICOLE RIDDLE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Focusing mainly on the use of microarrays and gene expression analysis in Zea mays, the proposed experiments will allow us collect the necessary data to develop a molecular model for heterosis...
  7. REGULATORY MECHANISMS OF AN INDUCIBLE GENE
    John Walker; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..required for the transcription expression of a specific set of genes during conditions of low oxygen-stress in Zea mays. Low-oxygen stress overrides the normal developmental program of gene expression and induces the synthesis of a ..
  8. VARIATION IN MITOCHONDRIAL GENOTYPE AND PHENOTYPE
    Virginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 1980
    We propose a model of mitochondrial DNA organization in Zea mays of multiple, circular chromosomes of variable ploidy. Variant mitochondrial DNA organization correlates with whole organism male sterility and sensitivity to fungal toxins...
  9. MUTATOR TRANSPORTABLE ELEMENTS OF MAIZE
    Virginia Walbot; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Host factors that regulate MuDR/Mu activities will also be characterized, because transposable element activities are an evolved nartnershiD of the transDoson and its host. ..
  10. DIETARY OBESITY
    George Bray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We now propose these well founded, important and exciting studies which will provide critical new insights into anatomical, physiological and molecular mechanisms by which high levels of dietary fat induce obesity. ..
  11. ALIGNMENT BASED METHODS FOR MOLECULAR SEQUENCE ANALYSIS
    Steven Henikoff; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This effort could yield new eukaryotic family members of great importance for understanding epigenetic phenomena, some of which, such as parental imprinting, are relevant to human disease. ..
  12. Fetal Programming Fructose and Insulin Resistance
    SHAWN DONKIN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Comparative Genomics in the Enterobateriaceae
    Sandra Clifton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  14. Molecular Mechanisms of Genome Duplication
    ZENGJIAN CHEN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Genetics of Variation for Complex Traits
    John Doebley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..5) Finally, we will analyze the patterning of genetic diversity in genomic regions that have experienced recent and strong selective sweeps to understand how the genome responds to past selective pressure. ..
  16. Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and Function
    Bo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
  17. Maintenance of blocks-based tools for functional genomic
    Steven Henikoff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These various components will be packaged to facilitate updates and local implementations. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. ETHANOL EFFECTS ON BONE FORMATION IN PREGNANCY
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The role of CYP2E1 and free radicals in the skeletal toxicity of ethanol during these periods will also be studied. ..
  19. ETHANOL METABOLISM IN PREGNANCY--ROLE OF DIET
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  20. Phytoestrogens, alcohol, and endometrial cancer risk
    ELISA BANDERA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This award will provide the support and training the Candidate needs to develop an independent career in the nutritional epidemiology of cancer. ..
  21. Development of 13C-retinol isotope dilution techniques
    Sherry Tanumihardjo; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Cell Growth Inhibiton and Estrogen Action
    Barry Markaverich; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed studies should precisely define specific effects of MeHPLA and bioflavonoids on chromatin structure and function, growth related gene transcription and cellular proliferation in normal and malignant cells. ..
  23. MEMBRANE FUNCTION IN MUTANTS OF CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS
    John Browse; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Quantitative measures of low-temperature performance and thermotolerance of the range of desaturase mutants will be correlated with fatty acid composition and measurements of membrane fluidity. ..
  24. Regulating I. scapularis and the Role of Entomopathogenic Fungi
    Thomas Daniels; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..scapularis in lab studies. Long- term health benefits might also accrue with the reduction in pesticide use those results from the availability of an effective biocontrol agent. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Posttranscriptional control of meristem development
    KATHRYN BARTON; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we will perform experiments to determine to what degree PNH and AGO functions differ from one another and what gene or protein sequences are responsible for this specificity. ..