cereals

Summary

Summary: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Dietary intake of whole and refined grain breakfast cereals and weight gain in men
    Lydia A Bazzano
    Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obes Res 13:1952-60. 2005
  2. pmc Parallel domestication of the Shattering1 genes in cereals
    Zhongwei Lin
    Department of Agronomy, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA
    Nat Genet 44:720-4. 2012
  3. ncbi A draft sequence of the rice genome (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica)
    Stephen A Goff
    Torrey Mesa Research Institute, Syngenta, 3115 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA
    Science 296:92-100. 2002
  4. pmc Factors influencing deoxynivalenol accumulation in small grain cereals
    Stephen N Wegulo
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
    Toxins (Basel) 4:1157-80. 2012
  5. pmc Whole grain, bran, and germ intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study and systematic review
    Jeroen S L de Munter
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e261. 2007
  6. ncbi New hypotheses for the health-protective mechanisms of whole-grain cereals: what is beyond fibre?
    Anthony Fardet
    INRA, UMR 1019 Nutrition Humaine, F 63122 Saint Genes Champanelle, France
    Nutr Res Rev 23:65-134. 2010
  7. ncbi Whole-grain intake is favorably associated with metabolic risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the Framingham Offspring Study
    Nicola M McKeown
    Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:390-8. 2002
  8. pmc Detection of segregation distortion loci in triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) based on a high-density DArT marker consensus genetic linkage map
    Katharina V Alheit
    State Plant Breeding Institute, University of Hohenheim, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
    BMC Genomics 12:380. 2011
  9. ncbi Fiber and magnesium intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study and meta-analysis
    Matthias B Schulze
    Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, Germany
    Arch Intern Med 167:956-65. 2007
  10. pmc Plant breeding and drought in C3 cereals: what should we breed for?
    J L Araus
    Unitat de Fisiologia Vegetal, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Bot 89:925-40. 2002

Detail Information

Publications379 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Dietary intake of whole and refined grain breakfast cereals and weight gain in men
    Lydia A Bazzano
    Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Obes Res 13:1952-60. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the association between whole and refined grain breakfast cereal intakes and risk of overweight (BMI >or= 25 kg/m(2)) and weight gain...
  2. pmc Parallel domestication of the Shattering1 genes in cereals
    Zhongwei Lin
    Department of Agronomy, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA
    Nat Genet 44:720-4. 2012
    ..1+ZmSh1-5.2) were verified with a large mapping population. Our results indicate that Sh1 genes for seed shattering were under parallel selection during sorghum, rice and maize domestication...
  3. ncbi A draft sequence of the rice genome (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica)
    Stephen A Goff
    Torrey Mesa Research Institute, Syngenta, 3115 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA
    Science 296:92-100. 2002
    ..Assignment of candidate rice orthologs to Arabidopsis genes is possible in many cases. The rice genome sequence provides a foundation for the improvement of cereals, our most important crops.
  4. pmc Factors influencing deoxynivalenol accumulation in small grain cereals
    Stephen N Wegulo
    Department of Plant Pathology, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
    Toxins (Basel) 4:1157-80. 2012
    ..These and other closely related fungi cause a disease known as Fusarium head blight (FHB) in small grain cereals. Other mycotoxins produced by FHB-causing fungi include nivalenol, T-2 toxin, and zearalenone...
  5. pmc Whole grain, bran, and germ intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study and systematic review
    Jeroen S L de Munter
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e261. 2007
    ..We evaluated intakes of whole grain, bran, and germ in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in prospective cohort studies...
  6. ncbi New hypotheses for the health-protective mechanisms of whole-grain cereals: what is beyond fibre?
    Anthony Fardet
    INRA, UMR 1019 Nutrition Humaine, F 63122 Saint Genes Champanelle, France
    Nutr Res Rev 23:65-134. 2010
    Epidemiological studies have clearly shown that whole-grain cereals can protect against obesity, diabetes, CVD and cancers...
  7. ncbi Whole-grain intake is favorably associated with metabolic risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the Framingham Offspring Study
    Nicola M McKeown
    Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:390-8. 2002
    ..The influence of whole grains on cardiovascular disease risk may be mediated through multiple pathways, eg, a reduction in blood lipids and blood pressure, an enhancement of insulin sensitivity, and an improvement in blood glucose control...
  8. pmc Detection of segregation distortion loci in triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) based on a high-density DArT marker consensus genetic linkage map
    Katharina V Alheit
    State Plant Breeding Institute, University of Hohenheim, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
    BMC Genomics 12:380. 2011
    ..Modern genomic approaches aimed at enhancing breeding progress in cereals require high-quality genetic linkage maps...
  9. ncbi Fiber and magnesium intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study and meta-analysis
    Matthias B Schulze
    Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, Germany
    Arch Intern Med 167:956-65. 2007
    ..We examined associations between fiber and magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes and summarized existing prospective studies by meta-analysis...
  10. pmc Plant breeding and drought in C3 cereals: what should we breed for?
    J L Araus
    Unitat de Fisiologia Vegetal, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Bot 89:925-40. 2002
    ..Alternatively, extending the duration of stem elongation without changing the timing of anthesis would increase the number of grains per spike and the harvest index without changing the amount of water utilized by the crop...
  11. ncbi Wholegrain cereals and bread: a duet of the Mediterranean diet for the prevention of chronic diseases
    Angel Gil
    1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Centre for Biomedical Research CIB, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Granada, Avda del Conocimiento s n, 18100 Armilla, Granada, Spain
    Public Health Nutr 14:2316-22. 2011
    ..Wholegrain cereals are rich in nutrients and many phytochemical compounds, with recognised benefits for health, including dietary ..
  12. ncbi Relation between changes in intakes of dietary fiber and grain products and changes in weight and development of obesity among middle-aged women
    Simin Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine and the Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:920-7. 2003
    ..Although increased consumption of dietary fiber and grain products is widely recommended to maintain healthy body weight, little is known about the relation of whole grains to body weight and long-term weight changes...
  13. pmc Evolution of wild cereals during 28 years of global warming in Israel
    Eviatar Nevo
    Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:3412-5. 2012
    ..We witnessed the profound adaptive changes of these wild cereals in Israel over the last 28 y in flowering time and simple sequence repeat allelic turnover...
  14. pmc Putting the whole grain puzzle together: health benefits associated with whole grains--summary of American Society for Nutrition 2010 Satellite Symposium
    Satya S Jonnalagadda
    General Mills Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, Golden Valley, MN 55427, USA
    J Nutr 141:1011S-22S. 2011
    ..The symposium also highlighted the need for further research to examine the role of whole grain foods in disease prevention and management to gain a better understanding of their mechanisms of action...
  15. ncbi Approaches to increasing the salt tolerance of wheat and other cereals
    Rana Munns
    CSIRO Plant Industry, GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    J Exp Bot 57:1025-43. 2006
    ..Screening methods for these traits are discussed in relation to their use in breeding, particularly with respect to wheat. Precise phenotyping is the key to finding and introducing new genes for salt tolerance into crop plants...
  16. pmc The molecular biology of seasonal flowering-responses in Arabidopsis and the cereals
    Aaron Greenup
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Division of Plant Industry, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601, Australia
    Ann Bot 103:1165-72. 2009
    ..FT is a promoter of flowering activated by long days and by warm conditions. FLC represses FT to delay flowering until plants experience winter...
  17. ncbi Dietary fiber and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of cohort studies
    Mark A Pereira
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN55454, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:370-6. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to conduct a pooled analysis of dietary fiber and its subtypes and risk of coronary heart disease...
  18. ncbi Effect of whole grains on insulin sensitivity in overweight hyperinsulinemic adults
    Mark A Pereira
    Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, and the Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:848-55. 2002
    ..Epidemiologic studies have found whole-grain intake to be inversely associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease...
  19. ncbi Breakfast cereals and risk of type 2 diabetes in the Physicians' Health Study I
    Jinesh Kochar
    Division of Aging, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 1620 Tremont Street, 3rd Floor, Boston MA 02120, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:3039-44. 2007
    ..To examine the association between breakfast cereal consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes (DM)...
  20. ncbi Chromosome-based genomics in the cereals
    Jaroslav Dolezel
    Laboratory of Molecular Cytogenetics and Cytometry, Institute of Experimental Botany, Sokolovska 6, CZ 77200, Olomouc, Czech Republic
    Chromosome Res 15:51-66. 2007
    The cereals are of enormous importance to mankind. Many of the major cereal species - specifically, wheat, barley, oat, rye, and maize - have large genomes...
  21. ncbi The effects of a whole grain-enriched hypocaloric diet on cardiovascular disease risk factors in men and women with metabolic syndrome
    Heather I Katcher
    The Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Core Endocrine Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:79-90. 2008
    ..However, few clinical trials have tested whether incorporating whole grains into a hypocaloric diet increases weight loss and improves CVD risk factors...
  22. ncbi Oxalate content of cereals and cereal products
    Roswitha Siener
    Department of Urology, University of Bonn, Sigmund Freud Strasse 25, D 53105 Bonn, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 54:3008-11. 2006
    ..4 mg/100 g). The higher oxalate content in whole grain than in refined grain cereals suggests that oxalic acid is primarily located in the outer layers of cereal grains...
  23. ncbi Brachypodium distachyon grain: characterization of endosperm cell walls
    Fabienne Guillon
    INRA UR1268 Biopolymers, Interactions Assemblies, F 44316 Nantes, France
    J Exp Bot 62:1001-15. 2011
    The wild grass Brachypodium distachyon has been proposed as an alternative model species for temperate cereals. The present paper reports on the characterization of B. distachyon grain, placing emphasis on endosperm cell walls...
  24. ncbi The effect of drought and heat stress on reproductive processes in cereals
    Beáta Barnabás
    Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Brunszvik 2, H 2462 Martonvásár, Hungary
    Plant Cell Environ 31:11-38. 2008
    ..of intensive research and breeding efforts over the last 20 years, the yield potential and yield quality of cereals have been greatly improved...
  25. pmc MADS box genes control vernalization-induced flowering in cereals
    Ben Trevaskis
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Division of Plant Industry, G P O Box 1600, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:13099-104. 2003
    ..There is now evidence that AP1-like genes determine the time of flowering in a range of cereal and grass species...
  26. ncbi Gene discovery in cereals through quantitative trait loci and expression analysis in water-use efficiency measured by carbon isotope discrimination
    Jing Chen
    Department of Renewable Resources, 442 Earth Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Plant Cell Environ 34:2009-23. 2011
    ..Future efficient and effective breeding progress in cereals under targeted drought environments will come from the integrated knowledge of physiology and genomics.
  27. ncbi Plausible mechanisms for the protectiveness of whole grains
    J L Slavin
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:459S-463S. 1999
    ..Further study is needed regarding the mechanisms behind this protection so that the most potent protective components of whole grains will be maintained when developing whole grains into acceptable food products for the public...
  28. ncbi Allergens to wheat and related cereals
    A S Tatham
    Cardiff School of Health Sciences, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, Cardiff, UK
    Clin Exp Allergy 38:1712-26. 2008
    ..Processing of wheat and of related cereals (barley and rye, which may contain related allergens) may lead to decreased allergenicity while genetic ..
  29. ncbi Chromatographic methods for the simultaneous determination of mycotoxins and their conjugates in cereals
    Franz Berthiller
    Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Department of Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Int J Food Microbiol 119:33-7. 2007
    ..the concurrent detection and quantification of 90 major mycotoxins and other secondary fungal metabolites in cereals. Even more, known plant derived metabolites of mycotoxins, like zearalenone-4-glucoside or deoxynivalenol-3-..
  30. ncbi Brachypodium distachyon: making hay with a wild grass
    Magdalena Opanowicz
    John Innes Centre, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich, NR4 7UH, UK
    Trends Plant Sci 13:172-7. 2008
    Brachypodium distachyon is a wild grass with a short life cycle. Although it is related to small grain cereals such as wheat, its genome is only a fraction of the size...
  31. pmc Diversity in nucleotide binding site-leucine-rich repeat genes in cereals
    Jianfa Bai
    Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 5502, USA
    Genome Res 12:1871-84. 2002
    ..plant disease resistance genes, the nucleotide binding site-leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes, was examined in cereals following polymerase chain reaction (PCR) cloning and database mining...
  32. pmc Validation of reference genes as internal control for studying viral infections in cereals by quantitative real-time RT-PCR
    Jana Jarosová
    Department of Virology, Crop Research Institute, Drnovska 507, Prague Ruzyne, The Czech Republic
    BMC Plant Biol 10:146. 2010
    ..For this purpose, seven reference genes were investigated in tissues of the most important cereals (wheat, barley and oats)...
  33. ncbi Whole grain intake and its cross-sectional association with obesity, insulin resistance, inflammation, diabetes and subclinical CVD: The MESA Study
    Pamela L Lutsey
    University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Br J Nutr 98:397-405. 2007
    ..Counter to hypothesis, however, whole grain intake was unrelated to subclinical CVD...
  34. ncbi Antioxidant activity of grains
    Kafui Kwami Adom
    Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Stocking Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853 7201, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 50:6182-7. 2002
    ..This may partly explain the mechanism of grain consumption in the prevention of colon cancer, other digestive cancers, breast cancer, and prostate cancer, which is supported by epidemiological studies...
  35. ncbi Whole-grain intake and insulin sensitivity: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, 29208, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:965-71. 2003
    ..Increased intake of whole-grain foods has been related to a reduced risk of developing diabetes and heart disease. One underlying pathway for this relation may be increased insulin sensitivity...
  36. ncbi Why whole grains are protective: biological mechanisms
    Joanne Slavin
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Proc Nutr Soc 62:129-34. 2003
    ..The few whole-grain feeding studies that are available show improvements in biomarkers with whole-grain consumption, such as weight loss, blood lipid improvement and antioxidant protection...
  37. ncbi Whole-grain consumption and the metabolic syndrome: a favorable association in Tehranian adults
    A Esmaillzadeh
    Endocrine Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:353-62. 2005
    ..Although dietary guidelines recommend increased intake of grain products to prevent chronic diseases, epidemiologic data regarding whole-grain intake association with metabolic syndrome are sparse...
  38. ncbi Dietary fiber and subsequent changes in body weight and waist circumference in European men and women
    Huaidong Du
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:329-36. 2010
    ..Dietary fiber may play a role in obesity prevention. Until now, the role that fiber from different sources plays in weight change had rarely been studied...
  39. ncbi Identification and characterization of large-effect quantitative trait loci for grain yield under lowland drought stress in rice using bulk-segregant analysis
    Ramaiah Venuprasad
    Plant Breeding Genetics and Biotechnology Division, International Rice Research Institute, DAPO Box 7777, Manila, Philippines
    Theor Appl Genet 120:177-90. 2009
    ..The Apo alleles for these large-effect QTL for grain yield under drought and aerobic conditions may be immediately exploited in marker-assisted-breeding to improve the drought tolerance of Swarna...
  40. pmc Markers of cardiovascular risk are not changed by increased whole-grain intake: the WHOLEheart study, a randomised, controlled dietary intervention
    Iain A Brownlee
    School of Agriculture, Human Nutrition Research Centre, Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
    Br J Nutr 104:125-34. 2010
    ....
  41. ncbi Dietary fiber intake is associated with reduced risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease among Japanese men and women
    Ehab S Eshak
    Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita Shi, Osaka, Japan
    J Nutr 140:1445-53. 2010
    ..In conclusion, dietary intakes of fiber, both insoluble and soluble fibers, and especially fruit and cereal fibers, may reduce risk of mortality from CHD...
  42. pmc Ancient polyploidization predating divergence of the cereals, and its consequences for comparative genomics
    A H Paterson
    Plant Genome Mapping Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:9903-8. 2004
    ..that a polyploidization event occurred approximately 70 million years ago, before the divergence of the major cereals from one another but after the divergence of the Poales from the Liliales and Zingiberales...
  43. ncbi Intake of refined carbohydrates and whole grain foods in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease
    Simin Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 21:298-306. 2002
    ..It seems prudent, therefore, to distinguish whole-grain rather than refined-grain cereal products for the prevention of chronic diseases...
  44. ncbi Whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis
    Philip B Mellen
    Department of Internal Medicine, Section of General Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18:283-90. 2008
    ..This study sought to quantitate the available observational evidence on whole grain intake and clinical cardiovascular events...
  45. ncbi Whole-grain and fiber intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes
    Jukka Montonen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:622-9. 2003
    ..Epidemiologic evidence of a preventive effect of whole grain against type 2 diabetes is mainly based on data from women. Information specific to men and women is needed...
  46. ncbi Whole-grain foods do not affect insulin sensitivity or markers of lipid peroxidation and inflammation in healthy, moderately overweight subjects
    Agneta Andersson
    Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Nutr 137:1401-7. 2007
    ....
  47. ncbi Zinc biofortification of cereals: problems and solutions
    Michael G Palmgren
    Centre for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease PUMPKIN, Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, DK 1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Trends Plant Sci 13:464-73. 2008
    ..b>Cereals serve as the main staple food for a large proportion of the world population but have the shortcoming, from a ..
  48. ncbi Whole-grain intake is inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome and mortality in older adults
    Nadine R Sahyoun
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:124-31. 2006
    ..The metabolic consequence of consuming high whole-grain diets may differ in elderly persons, who are prone to greater insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance...
  49. ncbi Effect of increased consumption of whole-grain foods on blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk markers in healthy middle-aged persons: a randomized controlled trial
    Paula Tighe
    Division of Applied Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:733-40. 2010
    ..Three daily portions of whole-grain foods could lower cardiovascular disease risk, but a comprehensive intervention trial was needed to confirm this recommendation...
  50. pmc Vernalization-induced flowering in cereals is associated with changes in histone methylation at the VERNALIZATION1 gene
    Sandra N Oliver
    CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:8386-91. 2009
    ..In cereals, the vernalization response is mediated by stable induction of the floral promoter VERNALIZATION1 (VRN1), which ..
  51. ncbi Polyploidization-induced genome variation in triticale
    Xue Feng Ma
    Department of Agronomy, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
    Genome 47:839-48. 2004
    ..In addition, the observed genome variation in wheat-rye addition lines was similar to that in triticale, suggesting that wheat-rye addition lines can be used to thoroughly study the genome evolution of polyploid triticale...
  52. ncbi Phylogenomic analysis of the PEBP gene family in cereals
    Fabien Chardon
    Station de Génétique Végétale, UMR de Genetique Vegetale, INRA UPS CNRS INAPG, Ferme du Moulon, 91190 Gif sur Yvette, France
    J Mol Evol 61:579-90. 2005
    ..We investigated the evolution of the PEBP gene family in cereals. First, taking advantage of the complete rice genome sequence and EST databases, we found 19 PEBP genes in this ..
  53. ncbi A diet high in fatty fish, bilberries and wholegrain products improves markers of endothelial function and inflammation in individuals with impaired glucose metabolism in a randomised controlled trial: the Sysdimet study
    V D F de Mello
    Department of Clinical Nutrition Food and Health Research Centre, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, P O Box 1627, FIN 70211 Kuopio, Finland
    Diabetologia 54:2755-67. 2011
    ..We evaluated whether a diet high in fatty fish, bilberries and wholegrain products (Healthy Diet) improves biomarkers reflecting inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in individuals with impaired glucose metabolism...
  54. pmc Identification of novel MiRNAs and MiRNA expression profiling during grain development in indica rice
    Ying Lan
    National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement Jiangsu Plant Gene Engineering Research Center, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    BMC Genomics 13:264. 2012
    ....
  55. pmc Breakfast cereals and risk of hypertension in the Physicians' Health Study I
    Jinesh Kochar
    Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
    Clin Nutr 31:89-92. 2012
    ..We examined the association between breakfast cereal consumption and the risk of hypertension...
  56. ncbi Erect leaves caused by brassinosteroid deficiency increase biomass production and grain yield in rice
    Tomoaki Sakamoto
    Field Production Science Center, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1 1 1 Midoricho, Nishi Tokyo, Tokyo 188 0002, Japan
    Nat Biotechnol 24:105-9. 2006
    ..These results suggest that regulated genetic modulation of brassinosteroid biosynthesis can improve crops without the negative environmental effects of fertilizers...
  57. ncbi Combination of fluorescent reporters for simultaneous monitoring of root colonization and antifungal gene expression by a biocontrol pseudomonad on cereals with flow cytometry
    Laurène Rochat
    Department of Fundamental Microbiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact 23:949-61. 2010
    ..Our approach may be useful for selective single-cell level analysis of plant effects in other bacteria-root interactions...
  58. ncbi Absorption of hydroxycinnamates in humans after high-bran cereal consumption
    Sandra M Kern
    Institute of Food Research, Nutrition Division, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UA, UK
    J Agric Food Chem 51:6050-5. 2003
    ..b>Cereals containing a high proportion of the bran layers are rich in ester-linked hydroxycinnamic acids, such as ferulic ..
  59. ncbi Total antioxidant capacity of spices, dried fruits, nuts, pulses, cereals and sweets consumed in Italy assessed by three different in vitro assays
    Nicoletta Pellegrini
    Antioxidant Research Laboratory at the Unit of Human Nutrition, National Institute for Food and Nutrition Research, Rome, Italy
    Mol Nutr Food Res 50:1030-8. 2006
    ..e. cereals, legumes, and nuts)...
  60. pmc BreedVision--a multi-sensor platform for non-destructive field-based phenotyping in plant breeding
    Lucas Busemeyer
    Competence Centre of Applied Agricultural Engineering COALA, University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück, 49076 Osnabrueck, Germany
    Sensors (Basel) 13:2830-47. 2013
    ..This work describes the development of a tractor-pulled multi-sensor phenotyping platform for small grain cereals with a focus on the technological development of the system...
  61. ncbi Are breakfast consumption patterns associated with weight status and nutrient adequacy in African-American children?
    Brandy M Williams
    Louisiana State University, Agricultural and Mechanical College, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
    Public Health Nutr 12:489-96. 2009
    ..The objective of the present study was to assess whether weight status, nutrient intake and dietary adequacy were associated with breakfast consumption patterns...
  62. pmc NtCP56, a new cysteine protease in Nicotiana tabacum L., involved in pollen grain development
    Xiao Mei Zhang
    College of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, PR China
    J Exp Bot 60:1569-77. 2009
    ..5. Suppression of the NtCP56 gene in anti-sense transgenic tobaccos resulted in the sterility of pollen grains. Our data indicated that, as a cysteine protease, NtCP56 might play an important role in pollen development...
  63. pmc Observation of T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin glucosides from Fusarium sporotrichioides by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)
    Mark Busman
    U S Agricultural Research Service, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Department of Agriculture Research, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
    Toxins (Basel) 3:1554-68. 2011
    ..sporotrichiodes, as well as in cultures grown in liquid media and on cracked corn or rice. Production of glucosides in wheat and oats suggest that they may also be present in naturally contaminated cereals.
  64. ncbi A micronutrient powder with low doses of highly absorbable iron and zinc reduces iron and zinc deficiency and improves weight-for-age Z-scores in South African children
    Barbara Troesch
    Laboratory for Human Nutrition, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Nutr 141:237-42. 2011
    ..In addition, the MNP is likely to enhance absorption of the high native iron content of complementary foods based on cereals and/or legumes.
  65. ncbi Combined meta-genomics analyses unravel candidate genes for the grain dietary fiber content in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
    Umar Masood Quraishi
    INRA University Blaise Pascal, UMR1095 Génétique, Diversité et Ecophysiologie des Céréales, 234 avenue du Brezet, 63100, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Funct Integr Genomics 11:71-83. 2011
    ....
  66. ncbi Increased consumption of refined carbohydrates and the epidemic of type 2 diabetes in the United States: an ecologic assessment
    Lee S Gross
    Inter Medic Medical Group, 2630 Bobcat Village Center Road, North Port, FL 34288, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:774-9. 2004
    ....
  67. ncbi The contribution of ready-to-eat cereals to daily nutrient intake and breakfast quality in a Mediterranean setting
    Anneke van den Boom
    Community Nutrition Research Centre, University of Barcelona Science Park, Barcelona, Spain
    J Am Coll Nutr 25:135-43. 2006
    To examine if and how ready-to-eat cereals (RTEC) contribute to the quality of the diet of children, adolescents and young adults in a Mediterranean setting.
  68. ncbi Alkylresorcinols in cereals and cereal products
    Alastair B Ross
    Department of Food Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Agric Food Chem 51:4111-8. 2003
    The alkylresorcinol (AR) content of 8 commonly consumed cereals, 125 Triticum cultivars, milling fractions of wheat and rye, bread, and other cereal products was analyzed...
  69. ncbi Food fortification to reduce vitamin A deficiency: International Vitamin A Consultative Group recommendations
    Omar Dary
    MOST, U S Agency for International Development Micronutrient Program, Arlington, VA 22209, USA
    J Nutr 132:2927S-2933S. 2002
    ..Fortification of food commodities is a very attractive and economic way to prevent and control vitamin A deficiency. Effective food fortification might make supplementation of postpartum women and older children unnecessary...
  70. ncbi Quantitative measurement of betaine and free choline in plasma, cereals and cereal products by isotope dilution LC-MS/MS
    Stephen J Bruce
    Department of Bioanalytical Science, Nestle Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland
    J Agric Food Chem 58:2055-61. 2010
    ..Whole-grain cereal products and products containing cereal bran appear to be excellent dietary sources of betaine and free-choline...
  71. ncbi Intakes of whole grains, bran, and germ and the risk of coronary heart disease in men
    Majken K Jensen
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1492-9. 2004
    ..However, methods for the assessment of whole-grain intake differ. Furthermore, any additional effects of added bran and germ, which are components of whole grains, have not been reported...
  72. ncbi Capturing diversity in the cereals: many options but little promiscuity
    Jason A Able
    Molecular Plant Breeding Cooperative Research Centre, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia
    Trends Plant Sci 12:71-9. 2007
    ..Highlighting the most significant findings to date, this review pools the knowledge on these tools and reproductive processes...
  73. ncbi Novel approaches in analysis of Fusarium mycotoxins in cereals employing ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with high resolution mass spectrometry
    M Zachariasova
    Institute of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Department of Food Chemistry and Analysis, Technicka 3, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic
    Anal Chim Acta 662:51-61. 2010
    ..matching regulatory requirements are needed for effective control of occurrence of Fusarium toxins in cereals and cereal-based products to which they might be transferred during processing...
  74. ncbi Oat beta-glucan increases postprandial cholecystokinin levels, decreases insulin response and extends subjective satiety in overweight subjects
    Eleanor J Beck
    School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia
    Mol Nutr Food Res 53:1343-51. 2009
    ..followed by energy intake from a subsequent meal, after varying doses of beta-glucan in extruded breakfast cereals. Molecular weight, solubility and viscosity of beta-glucan products were determined...
  75. ncbi Population reference values for plasma total homocysteine concentrations in US adults after the fortification of cereals with folic acid
    Vijay Ganji
    Department of Human Nutrition, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:989-94. 2006
    ..Folate intake is inversely associated with circulating total homocysteine (tHcy). Elevated tHcy is directly associated with cardiovascular disease risk...
  76. pmc A new resource for cereal genomics: 22K barley GeneChip comes of age
    Timothy J Close
    Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Plant Physiol 134:960-8. 2004
    ..We expect that this first generation array will accelerate hypothesis generation and gene discovery in disease defense pathways, responses to abiotic stresses, development, and evolutionary diversity in monocot plants...
  77. ncbi Whole genome approaches to identify early meiotic gene candidates in cereals
    William D Bovill
    School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, Glen Osmond, SA, Australia
    Funct Integr Genomics 9:219-29. 2009
    ..Transcriptome data for candidate genes indicate that they are expressed in meiotic tissues. Candidates identified included a non-annotated expressed protein, a DNA topoisomerase 2-like candidate, RecG, RuvB and RAD54 homologues...
  78. ncbi Structural basis for gluten intolerance in celiac sprue
    Lu Shan
    Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5025, USA
    Science 297:2275-9. 2002
    ..The peptide could be detoxified in in vitro and in vivo assays by exposure to a bacterial prolyl endopeptidase, suggesting a strategy for oral peptidase supplement therapy for Celiac Sprue...
  79. ncbi Evaluation of bacterial diversity in the rumen and feces of cattle fed different levels of dried distillers grains plus solubles using bacterial tag-encoded FLX amplicon pyrosequencing
    T R Callaway
    Food and Feed Safety Research Unit, Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, College Station, TX 77845, USA
    J Anim Sci 88:3977-83. 2010
    ..Using bTEFAP, the normal microbiota of cattle were examined using modern molecular methods to understand how diets affect gastrointestinal ecology and the gastrointestinal contribution of the microbiome to animal health and production...
  80. pmc A prospective study of whole-grain intake and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in US women
    S Liu
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1409-15. 2000
    ..This study examined the association between intake of whole vs refined grain and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus...
  81. pmc Evolution and taxonomic split of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon
    Pilar Catalán
    Department of Agriculture, High Polytechnic School of Huesca, University of Zaragoza, Spain
    Ann Bot 109:385-405. 2012
    Brachypodium distachyon is being widely investigated across the world as a model plant for temperate cereals. This annual plant has three cytotypes (2n = 10, 20, 30) that are still regarded as part of a single species...
  82. ncbi Genetic map of triticale compiling DArT, SSR, and AFLP markers
    M Tyrka
    Rzeszow University of Technology, Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Powstańców Warszawy 6, 35 959 Rzeszow, Poland
    Genome 54:391-401. 2011
    ..This genetic map may serve as a reference linkage map of triticale for efficient studies of structural rearrangements, gene mapping, and marker-assisted selection...
  83. ncbi Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, cereal fiber, and plasma adiponectin concentration in diabetic men
    Lu Qi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:1022-8. 2005
    ..Adiponectin may improve insulin sensitivity, reduce inflammation, and ameliorate glycemic control. However, few studies have evaluated dietary predictors of plasma adiponectin levels, especially among subjects with type 2 diabetes...
  84. ncbi Development and assessment of DArT markers in triticale
    A Badea
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, 5403 1st Avenue South, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
    Theor Appl Genet 122:1547-60. 2011
    ....
  85. ncbi Whole-grain, bran, and cereal fiber intakes and markers of systemic inflammation in diabetic women
    Lu Qi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:207-11. 2006
    ..To evaluate the dietary predictors for the markers of systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes...
  86. pmc Whole-grain intake and cereal fiber are associated with lower abdominal adiposity in older adults
    Nicola M McKeown
    Nutritional Epidemiology Program, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Nutr 139:1950-5. 2009
    ..Higher intakes of cereal fiber, particularly from whole-grain sources, are associated with lower total percent body fat and percent trunk fat mass in older adults...
  87. ncbi From weeds to crops: genetic analysis of root development in cereals
    Frank Hochholdinger
    Center for Plant Molecular Biology, Department of General Genetics, Eberhard Karls University Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, 72076, Tubingen, Germany
    Trends Plant Sci 9:42-8. 2004
    ..Further analyses of these unique pathways will contribute to the understanding of the complex molecular networks involved in cereal root formation...
  88. ncbi Genomics in cereals: from genome-wide conserved orthologous set (COS) sequences to candidate genes for trait dissection
    Umar Masood Quraishi
    Genetique, Diversité et Ecophysiologie des Céréales GDEC, UMR 1095 INRA Université Blaise Pascal, Domaine de Crouelle, 234 avenue du Brezet, 63100, Clermont Ferrand, France
    Funct Integr Genomics 9:473-84. 2009
    Recent updates in comparative genomics among cereals have provided the opportunity to identify conserved orthologous set (COS) DNA sequences for cross-genome map-based cloning of candidate genes underpinning quantitative traits...
  89. ncbi Associations of whole-grain, refined-grain, and fruit and vegetable consumption with risks of all-cause mortality and incident coronary artery disease and ischemic stroke: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
    Lyn M Steffen
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, 55454, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:383-90. 2003
    ..However, the findings were inconsistent for fruit and vegetable intake...
  90. ncbi Molecular genetics of heat tolerance and heat shock proteins in cereals
    Elena Maestri
    Division of Genetics and Environmental Biotechnology, Dept of Environmental Sciences, University of Parma, Italy
    Plant Mol Biol 48:667-81. 2002
    ..current knowledge on the molecular and genetic basis of thermotolerance in vegetative and reproductive tissues of cereals. Significance of heat stress response and expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in thermotolerance of cereal ..
  91. ncbi Some major mycotoxins and their mycotoxicoses--an overview
    John L Richard
    Romer Labs, Inc, 34423 N Wilderness Trail, Cave Creek, AZ 85331, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 119:3-10. 2007
    ..Therefore, diagnosis of a mycotoxicoses is dependent upon adequate testing for mycotoxins involving sampling, sample preparation and analysis...
  92. pmc Plant genetic resources: what can they contribute toward increased crop productivity?
    D Hoisington
    International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center CIMMYT, Lisboa 27, Apartado Postal 6 641, 06600 Mexico City, Mexico
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:5937-43. 1999
    ..The effective and complementary use of all of our technological tools and resources will be required for meeting the challenge posed by the world's expanding demand for food...
  93. ncbi Whole-grain consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: results from the Nurses' Health Study
    S Liu
    Division of Preventive Medicine and Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:412-9. 1999
    ..Although current dietary guidelines for Americans recommend increased intake of grain products to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD), epidemiologic data relating whole-grain intake to the risk of CHD are sparse...
  94. ncbi Cereal grains and legumes in the prevention of coronary heart disease and stroke: a review of the literature
    I Flight
    CSIRO Human Nutrition, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:1145-59. 2006
    ..Promotion of carbohydrate foods should be focused on wholegrain cereals because these have proven to be associated with health benefits...
  95. ncbi Low glycemic index breakfasts and reduced food intake in preadolescent children
    Janet M Warren
    Nutrition and Food Science Group, School of Biological and Molecular Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane Campus, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 112:e414. 2003
    ....
  96. ncbi Genetics and geography of wild cereal domestication in the near east
    Francesco Salamini
    Max Planck Institut fur Zuchtungsforschung, Carl von Linne Weg 10, 50829 Köln, Germany
    Nat Rev Genet 3:429-41. 2002
    ..on the basis of genome-wide measures of genetic similarity, have traced the origins of some domesticated cereals to wild populations of naturally occurring grasses that persist in the Near East...
  97. ncbi Effect of a low-glycemic index or a high-cereal fiber diet on type 2 diabetes: a randomized trial
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    JAMA 300:2742-53. 2008
    ..Low-glycemic index diets may improve both glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors for patients with type 2 diabetes but debate over their effectiveness continues due to trial limitations...
  98. ncbi Processing of wild cereal grains in the Upper Palaeolithic revealed by starch grain analysis
    Dolores R Piperno
    Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Box 2072, Balboa, Republic of Panama
    Nature 430:670-3. 2004
    ..Our data indicate that routine processing of a selected group of wild cereals, combined with effective methods of cooking ground seeds, were practiced at least 12,000 years before their ..
  99. ncbi Starch synthesis and carbon partitioning in developing endosperm
    M J Emes
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Manchester, 3 614 Stopford Building, Manchester M13 9PT, UK
    J Exp Bot 54:569-75. 2003
    ..As ADPG is an activated sugar, the dependence of its production on respiration, changes which occur during development, and the constraints which ATP production may place on carbon partitioning into different end-products are discussed...
  100. ncbi Stability of mycotoxins during food processing
    Lloyd B Bullerman
    Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583 0919, United States
    Int J Food Microbiol 119:140-6. 2007
    ..Feeding trial toxicity tests in rats with extruded fumonisin contaminated corn grits show some reduction in toxicity of grits extruded with glucose...
  101. pmc Toward integration of comparative genetic, physical, diversity, and cytomolecular maps for grasses and grains, using the sorghum genome as a foundation
    X Draye
    Applied Genetic Technology Center, Departments of Crop and Soil Science, Botany, and Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Plant Physiol 125:1325-41. 2001
    ....

Research Grants70

  1. Arizona Surveillance and Research Center for Developmental Disabilities
    Sydney A Rice; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Despite the decline in SB births since the implementation of folic acid fortification of cereals and wheat grains in the US, there are still substantial numbers of SB births that occur each year...
  2. Reduced gluten cereal grains
    CHARLES PAUL MOEHS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..supplement may provide the opportunity for these individuals to introduce limited quantities of reduced gluten cereals into their diets. Testing this hypothesis in a non-human primate model is the objective of the proposed research...
  3. Using combinatorial control to improve transgene expression specificity in plants
    Tedd D Elich; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of combinatorial control, Phase II research will expand this approach to crops including economically important cereals like corn...
  4. Impact of Food Marketing and Cross-Promotions on Preschoolers'Dietary Intake
    Meghan R Longacre; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Restaurant fast foods (FF) and high sugar breakfast cereals (SBC) account for the greatest advertising expenditures and exposure among young children...
  5. Dietary Patterns / Dietary Quality and Risk of RA in Women
    Bing Lu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and cooked vegetables confer a protective effect against the development of RA, whereas red meat, fat, dairy and cereals may increase the risk of RA, although evidence for dietary etiology is inconclusive...
  6. Characterization of Innate immune receptors
    Detlef Schuppan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It is triggered by dietary gluten proteins from cereals and affects 1 in 130 US citizens...
  7. BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN OF POLISH ANCESTRY
    Dorothy Pathak; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..g. cruciferous vegetables, sauerkraut, root vegetables, whole grain breads and other cereals), and thus: 2) reduction in intake of phytochemicals (e.g...
  8. BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN OF POLISH ANCESTRY
    Dorothy Pathak; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..g. cruciferous vegetables, sauerkraut, root vegetables, whole grain breads and other cereals), and thus: 2) reduction in intake of phytochemicals (e.g...
  9. BREAST CANCER RISK--VEGETABLES AND SERUM PHYTOSTEROLS
    Paola Muti; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Phytosterols are abundant in fat soluble fractions of plants: seeds, nuts, cereals, beans, and legumes are rich sources of phytosterols...
  10. Selenium and colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas
    Alexandra Connelly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Selenium, an essential trace element found in cereals, wheat, dairy products, meat and fish, may prevent carcinogenesis through a number of biochemical pathways...
  11. Timing of Gluten Intake In Infant Nutrition and Risk of Celiac Disease Autoimmuni
    Alessio Fasano; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our overall hypothesis is that the timing of introduction of gluten-containing cereals into the diet of infants genetically at risk for CD may influence the loss of tolerance to the protein and ..
  12. Mouse Models for Celiac Disease
    Detlef Schuppan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is triggered by consumption of gluten which is the storage protein of cereals. Treatment of cd is a strictly gluten-free diet...
  13. Economic Analysis of the Impact of Food Advertisements
    John Cawley; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..specifically, decisions about the consumption of fast food, soft drinks, candy, and sweetened breakfast cereals. Our specific aims are to estimate two-part econometric models of the impact of advertisements on: 1) youths'..
  14. Prostate Cancer Chemoprevention by Inositol Hexaphosphate Efficacy and Mechanism
    Rajesh Agarwal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) is a nutrient constituting 6.4% (w/w) or even higher levels in most cereals, legumes, nuts, oil seeds and soybean, and also taken orally as an over-the-counter dietary/nutrient supplement ..
  15. NOVEL GENES OF THE MEVALONATE PATHWAY
    Skaidrite Krisans; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..for lowering the risks of cancer and cardiovascular disease emphasize the value of fruits, vegetables and cereals. These foods are the primary dietary source of geraniol, limonene and other isoprenoid products of secondary ..
  16. ROLE OF CYTOCHROMES P450 IN ISOFLAVONE METABOLISM
    Elizabeth Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..are derived from precursors primarily found in soybean products, bean sprouts and other legumes, and whole-grain cereals. It is postulated that the soy-based diets in Asian populations may contribute to the lower incidences of breast, ..
  17. Plant Transposases and their MITEs
    Susan Wessler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and diverse group that is the most relevant TE associated with the genes of flowering plants, especially the cereals. MITEs are also a significant component of animal genomes including insects, zebrafish and humans...
  18. CHOLESTEROL REGULATION BY CEREALS AND FUNGAL PRODUCTS
    WARREN BURGER; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..the active constituents of diets containing culture filtrates of the mold Trichoderma viride, and some cereals, particularly barley, which have recently been found by us to suppress by up to 90% the biosynthesis of ..
  19. DIET MODIFICATION AND BLOOD PRESSURE IN YOUNG PEOPLE
    Robert Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..calcium-enriched foods (including orange juice and other fruit juices, a variety of soft drinks, and selected cereals) for one school year each at two colleges; similar products without added calcium would be served during the ..
  20. ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIOR
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
  21. Prevention of Vitamin D Deficiency in Breastfed Infants
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study has considerable public health importance because of the importance of preventing vitamin D deficiency not only in its severe form, rickets, but also in its milder forms. ..
  22. Patient Oriented Research in Pediatric Nutrition
    Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Iron and the Breast-fed Infant
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We expect to find that infants re-excrete iron into the feces when their iron stores are full, but retain most of the absorbed iron when iron stores are low. ..
  24. GENE ENVIRONMENT STUDY OF TYPE 2 DIABETES IN FAMILIES
    Jill Norris; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  25. GENETICS OF ADIPOSITY AND GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS
    Jill Norris; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  26. Nutritional Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes in the Multiethnic Cohort
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Effects of Soy on Estrogens in Breast Fluid and Urine
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NAF approach is the only way to learn more about the beneficial and adverse effects of soy directly in the female breast without applying invasive procedures to women without breast disease or surgery. ..
  28. NESTED CASE CONTROL STUDY OF MAMMOGRAPHIC DENSITY
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  29. Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and Function
    Bo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
  30. TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR INVOLVEMENT IN FUMONISIN TOXICITY
    RAGHUBIR SHARMA; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Results will help in defining the mechanism(s) of fumonisin toxicity, causes of species-specificity, and provide a better appraisal of risk in humans, including modification of fumonisin response by gram-negative infections. ..
  31. HPV Clearance by Folic Acid Supplementation
    Chandrika J Piyathilake; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Because this study will be conducted among women positive for HPV 16, the most prevalent and powerful causative agent of CC, the public health significance of this study could be enormous and will complement HPV vaccine studies. ..
  32. DIETARY LIPIDS AND EXPERIMENTAL IGA NEPHROPATHY
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Prognostic Significance of DNA and Histone Methylation
    Chandrika Piyathilake; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Investigator talent, equipment, facilities and access to study subjects at UAB are ideal for conducting this study. ..
  34. Inflammatory Markers in a 2-Year Soy Intervention among Premenopausal Women
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The statistical analysis will apply general linear models to compare the levels of inflammatory markers by soy intake, while taking into account the repeated measurement design. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. Effects of Folate Fortification on Cancer Prevention an*
    Chandrika Piyathilake; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  36. ENDOTOXIN AND SUSCEPTIBILITY TO TRICHOTHECENE MYCOTOXINS
    James Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Over the long term, this research will provide insight into adverse immunologic consequences that may occur in LPS-exposed individuals who are exposed to environmental toxicants." ..
  37. Effects of the DASH Diet in Albuminuria
    David Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Thus we will test the hypothesis that the DASH dietary pattern ameliorates albuminuria. Reduction of albuminuria and the underlying defects that it represents is an important medical and public health goal. ..
  38. Soy Consumption and Breast Tissue Proliferation
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  39. Breast Density, IGF-I, & Prolactin, in Four Populations
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The statistical analysis will include mixed models to explore the relation between hormone levels and breast density while controlling for confounders and for clustering by study location. ..
  40. Prognostic Significance of Altered DNA Methylation
    Chandrika Piyathilake; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A newly developed and tested immunohistochemical technique, which measures the degree of global methylation in intact and specific types of cells, will be used to evaluate global DNA methylation in the proposed study. ..
  41. Colorectal Screening Capacity Building Conference
    David Alberts; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Continued capacity building and future collaboration will also be woven into this conference to serve as a stone to build upon in the future. ..
  42. Intestinal Endogenous Zinc: Role for Metallothionein?
    Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  43. Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity
    Margaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..For type specifications, see instructions on page 6.) j RESEARCH GRANT ! TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page .' 1 Description, ..
  44. Developing and Evaluating New Approaches to Youth Agricultural Injury Prevention
    John Wilkins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..5. Relying on the PEM data, quantify the risk of CAI among participating youth. ..
  45. NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CANCER
    Steven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We are requesting two postdoctoral and six predoctoral trainee positions each year for this purpose. ..
  46. Antiviral/Antitumor Roles of Ganoderma Lucidum Spores
    Rui Liu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  47. An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Vitamin B12 and Folate in Relation to Cognition in the Framingham Offspring Study
    Jacob Selhub; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5 About 3-5 percent of seniors have low circulating vitamin B12 levels;6 however, about 20 percent of seniors are found to be deficient when those with elevated methylmalonic acid levels are included. ..
  49. The Feasibility of Replacement Feeding as an HIV Prevention Method in Malawi
    Margaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Glucuronidation in Humans--Genotypes and Phenotypes
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The randomized cross-over design will allow us to test efficiently for diet effects within individuals, as well as for gene-by-diet and sex-by-diet interactions. ..
  51. Biomarkers in the progression of nephropathy in type 2DM
    Julie Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Data on how these modifiable biomarkers are related to kidney function decline could have an important and beneficial impact on treatment and monitoring of nephropathy in type 2 diabetes in the near future. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  52. Fiber and Colorectal Adenomas: A Pooling Project
    Elizabeth Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If it is found that certain groups may receive greater benefit from fiber, then public health recommendations can be made which target these groups and prevent the recurrence of colorectal adenomas. ..
  53. Effect of Nutrition Labeling on Fast Food Choices
    Lisa Harnack; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study builds on previous intervention research on point of purchase nutrition information and price incentives to provide new unique information that may have broad public health implications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. Identification of Biomarkers of Autoimmunity in T1D by Novel Tools
    Mikael Knip; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  55. Trends in socioeconomic position and diet relationship
    ASHIMA KANT; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed study will thus contribute to progress towards the stated goals of Healthy People 2010 and the National Cancer Institute. ..
  56. AIAN Cohort Physical Activity Questionaire Validation
    Maureen Murtaugh; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Validation of the physical activity questionnaire for this population is the main objective of this proposal. The availability of a valid instrument could potentially enhance future lifestyle surveillance efforts. ..
  57. GLUTATHIONE TRANSFERASES IN HUMANS: DIETARY INFLUENCES
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. DIET INDUCED HYPERINSULINEMIA AND BETA CELL FUNCTION
    Mulchand Patel; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This unique rat model has the potential for providing new and significant insight into the "fuel hypothesis" for altered insulin secretory response in response to diet and maternal influences on fetal pancreatic adaptations. ..
  59. INCREASING SCHOOL SNACK BAR FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INTAKE
    Karen Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Positive findings from this study should be applicable to middle schools where snack bars are available. ..
  60. Project F-EAT: Families and Eating and Activity in Teens
    Dianne R Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Serum 25(OH)D, Vitamin D Intake, and Breast Cancer Recurrence in the WHEL Study
    Elizabeth T Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  62. Familys' Web: Cancer Prevention for Daughters
    Karen Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This feasibility or pilot study will provide the foundation for a full scale intervention focused on dietary change. ..
  63. Dietary pattern indexes: relation with CVD risk factors
    ASHIMA KANT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will use dietary, anthropometric, biochemical, and health data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994 (>15,000), to address these issues. ..
  64. Reducing snack food variety during obesity treatment
    Hollie Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This will be the first investigation to examine methods of manipulating dietary variety that can be adhered to over time and that influence intake, weight loss, and weight loss maintenance. ..
  65. Serum IGFs--Effects of a Soy Intervention in Humans
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It provides an ideal design to evaluate the effects of isoflavones on the IGF system and to explore relationships between IGFs and colonic epithelial cell proliferation in humans. ..
  66. EXERCISE, DIET, AND SEX HORMONES IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN
    Anne McTiernan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Intervention adherence will be monitored via exercise and diet logs and weekly weighing. Potential adverse effects will be measured including injuries, overall bone density (DEXA), and Quality of Life. ..
  67. Hormone Status Postmenopause: Colonic Bacterial Effects
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this study will provide novel data regarding the relationship of the equol-producer phenotype, a marker of colonic nticrofloral environment, to lifetime estrogen exposure. ..
  68. Human Gut Microflora Profiling for Population Studies
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  69. UGT Polymorphisms and Hormonally-Mediated Biomarkers in Premenopausal Women
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  70. HOST GENES AND COLONIC BACTERIA--PROBING FOR INHERITANCE
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If we can establish that the equol-producer phenotype is an inherited trait, we can then work to identify the associated genotype and determine more effectively whether this is a biomarker of breast cancer risk. ..