animal feed

Summary

Top Publications

  1. pmc Current situation of mycotoxin contamination and co-occurrence in animal feed--focus on Europe
    Elisabeth Streit
    BIOMIN Research Center, Technopark 1, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Toxins (Basel) 4:788-809. 2012
  2. ncbi Formation, determination and significance of masked and other conjugated mycotoxins
    Franz Berthiller
    Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Center for Analytical Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna BOKU, Konrad Lorenz Str 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Anal Bioanal Chem 395:1243-52. 2009
  3. ncbi Mycotoxin detoxication of animal feed by different adsorbents
    A Huwig
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Laboratory of Technical Chemistry, , 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
    Toxicol Lett 122:179-88. 2001
  4. pmc Genome-wide association analysis for feed efficiency in Angus cattle
    M M Rolf
    Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65211, USA
    Anim Genet 43:367-74. 2012
  5. ncbi Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies
    R L Naylor
    Stanford University, Institute for International Studies, California 94305 6055, USA
    Nature 405:1017-24. 2000
  6. ncbi Sirtuin activators mimic caloric restriction and delay ageing in metazoans
    Jason G Wood
    Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, 77 Ave Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 430:686-9. 2004
  7. ncbi Residual intake and body weight gain: a new measure of efficiency in growing cattle
    D P Berry
    Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co Cork, Ireland
    J Anim Sci 90:109-15. 2012
  8. ncbi Ameliorative effect of a microbial feed additive on infectious bronchitis virus antibody titer and stress index in broiler chicks fed deoxynivalenol
    K Ghareeb
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Poult Sci 91:800-7. 2012
  9. ncbi Effects of increasing dietary concentrations of corn naturally contaminated with deoxynivalenol on broiler and turkey poult performance and response to lipopolysaccharide
    L Xu
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
    Poult Sci 90:2766-74. 2011
  10. ncbi Genetic and phenotypic variance and covariance components for feed intake, feed efficiency, and other postweaning traits in Angus cattle
    P F Arthur
    NSW Agriculture, Agricultural Research Centre, Trangie, NSW 2823, Australia
    J Anim Sci 79:2805-11. 2001

Detail Information

Publications377 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Current situation of mycotoxin contamination and co-occurrence in animal feed--focus on Europe
    Elisabeth Streit
    BIOMIN Research Center, Technopark 1, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Toxins (Basel) 4:788-809. 2012
    ..Regarding animal feed, five mycotoxins (aflatoxins, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fumonisins and ochratoxin A) are covered by EU ..
  2. ncbi Formation, determination and significance of masked and other conjugated mycotoxins
    Franz Berthiller
    Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA Tulln, Christian Doppler Laboratory for Mycotoxin Research, Center for Analytical Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna BOKU, Konrad Lorenz Str 20, 3430 Tulln, Austria
    Anal Bioanal Chem 395:1243-52. 2009
    ..This transformation process is not only important regarding food safety but also for the resistance of plants towards fungal-induced diseases, such as Fusarium head blight of wheat...
  3. ncbi Mycotoxin detoxication of animal feed by different adsorbents
    A Huwig
    Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Laboratory of Technical Chemistry, , 8092, Zurich, Switzerland
    Toxicol Lett 122:179-88. 2001
    The contamination of animal feed with mycotoxins represents a worldwide problem for farmers. These toxins originate from molds whose growth on living and stored plants is almost unavoidable particularly under moist conditions...
  4. pmc Genome-wide association analysis for feed efficiency in Angus cattle
    M M Rolf
    Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, 65211, USA
    Anim Genet 43:367-74. 2012
    ..While our study identifies panels of SNPs significant for efficiency traits in our population, validation of all SNPs in independent populations will be necessary before commercialization...
  5. ncbi Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies
    R L Naylor
    Stanford University, Institute for International Studies, California 94305 6055, USA
    Nature 405:1017-24. 2000
    ....
  6. ncbi Sirtuin activators mimic caloric restriction and delay ageing in metazoans
    Jason G Wood
    Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, 77 Ave Louis Pasteur, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nature 430:686-9. 2004
    ..Lifespan extension is dependent on functional Sir2, and is not observed when nutrients are restricted. Together these data indicate that STACs slow metazoan ageing by mechanisms that may be related to caloric restriction...
  7. ncbi Residual intake and body weight gain: a new measure of efficiency in growing cattle
    D P Berry
    Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co Cork, Ireland
    J Anim Sci 90:109-15. 2012
    ..The advantages of both reduced daily DMI and greater ADG in animals superior for RIG are demonstrated compared with animals superior for either RFI or RG...
  8. ncbi Ameliorative effect of a microbial feed additive on infectious bronchitis virus antibody titer and stress index in broiler chicks fed deoxynivalenol
    K Ghareeb
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Poult Sci 91:800-7. 2012
    ..However, the dietary Mycofix select supplementation as a detoxifying agent was successful in overcoming the mycotoxin-related effects...
  9. ncbi Effects of increasing dietary concentrations of corn naturally contaminated with deoxynivalenol on broiler and turkey poult performance and response to lipopolysaccharide
    L Xu
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
    Poult Sci 90:2766-74. 2011
    ..aureus by cecal tonsil cells in non-LPS-challenged broilers, and greatly decreased heterophil to lymphocyte ratios in LPS-challenged broilers...
  10. ncbi Genetic and phenotypic variance and covariance components for feed intake, feed efficiency, and other postweaning traits in Angus cattle
    P F Arthur
    NSW Agriculture, Agricultural Research Centre, Trangie, NSW 2823, Australia
    J Anim Sci 79:2805-11. 2001
    ..17, r(p) = 0.14). These results indicate that genetic improvement in feed efficiency can be achieved through selection and, in general, correlated responses in growth and the other postweaning traits will be minimal...
  11. ncbi Occurrence of mycotoxins in feed as analyzed by a multi-mycotoxin LC-MS/MS method
    Sofie Monbaliu
    Laboratory of Food Analysis, Ghent University, Harelbekestraat 72, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    J Agric Food Chem 58:66-71. 2010
    Crops used for animal feed can be easily contaminated by fungi during growth, harvest, or storage, resulting in the occurrence of mycotoxins...
  12. ncbi Environmental fate of roxarsone in poultry litter. I. Degradation of roxarsone during composting
    J R Garbarino
    National Water Quality Laboratory, U S Geological Survey, P O Box 25046 MS407, Denver Federal Center, Denver, Colorado 80225 0046, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 37:1509-14. 2003
    ..Samples collected from a variety of litter windrows in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Maryland also showed that roxarsone originally present had been converted to arsenate...
  13. ncbi Effects of short-term feeding of Bt MON810 maize on growth performance, organ morphology and function in pigs
    Maria C Walsh
    Teagasc, Pig Development Department, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, County Cork, Republic of Ireland
    Br J Nutr 107:364-71. 2012
    ..The biological significance of these findings is currently being clarified in long-term exposure studies in pigs...
  14. ncbi Effects of chronic exposure of diets with reduced concentrations of aflatoxin and deoxynivalenol on growth and immune status of pigs
    A C Chaytor
    Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695, USA
    J Anim Sci 89:124-35. 2011
    ....
  15. ncbi Dietary supplementation with a probiotic fermented four-herb combination enhances immune activity in broiler chicks and increases survivability against Salmonella Gallinarum in experimentally infected broiler chicks
    Bock Gie Jung
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
    J Vet Med Sci 72:1565-73. 2010
    ....
  16. ncbi Primary genome scan to identify putative quantitative trait loci for feedlot growth rate, feed intake, and feed efficiency of beef cattle
    J D Nkrumah
    Igenity Livestock Production Business Unit, Merial Ltd, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2P5, Canada
    J Anim Sci 85:3170-81. 2007
    ..Further studies will be required to confirm these QTL in other populations so that they can be fine-mapped for potential applications in marker-assisted selection and management of beef cattle...
  17. ncbi Deoxynivalenol as a contaminant of broiler feed: effects on bird performance and response to common vaccines
    A W Yunus
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Poult Sci 91:844-51. 2012
    ..Further studies are therefore required to clarify the implications of these results on the welfare of chickens...
  18. ncbi Global gene expression profiling reveals genes expressed differentially in cattle with high and low residual feed intake
    Y Chen
    Industry and Investment NSW Primary Industries, Beef Industry Centre, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia
    Anim Genet 42:475-90. 2011
    ....
  19. pmc Immunochemical methods for ochratoxin A detection: a review
    Eline P Meulenberg
    ELTI Support VOF, Ambachtsweg 5, 6581 AX Malden, The Netherlands
    Toxins (Basel) 4:244-66. 2012
    ..Further, the application of the various formats to the detection and quantification of ochratoxin will be described, including the use of commercially available kits...
  20. ncbi Zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a model for investigating dietary toxic effects of deoxynivalenol contamination in aquaculture feeds
    Monica Sanden
    National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research NIFES, N 5817 Bergen, Norway
    Food Chem Toxicol 50:4441-8. 2012
    ..We do not know if effects observed on fecundity and larvae swimming activity are attributed to a direct interaction of DON with the reproductive organ or secondary to the maternal/paternal liver oxidative imbalance...
  21. ncbi Antibiotics in animal feed and their role in resistance development
    Henrik C Wegener
    Danish Zoonosis Centre, Danish Veterinary Institute, Bulowsvej 27, DK 1790 V, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Curr Opin Microbiol 6:439-45. 2003
    ..The data shows that although the levels of resistance in animals and food, and consequently in humans, has been markedly reduced after the termination of use, the effects on animal health and productivity have been very minor...
  22. ncbi Transcriptomic responses to functional feeds in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
    Luca Tacchi
    Scottish Fish Immunology Research Centre, Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB242TZ, UK
    Fish Shellfish Immunol 31:704-15. 2011
    ..Together these changes appear to result in less energy wastage in fish and an enhanced growth and performance...
  23. ncbi Limited and excess protein intake of pregnant gilts differently affects body composition and cellularity of skeletal muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue of newborn and weanling piglets
    Charlotte Rehfeldt
    Research Unit Muscle Biology and Growth, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Wilhelm Stahl Allee 2, Dummerstorf, Germany
    Eur J Nutr 51:151-65. 2012
    ....
  24. ncbi Diet and murine atherosclerosis
    Godfrey S Getz
    Department of Pathology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 26:242-9. 2006
    ..Cholate should not be used unless its effects are being specifically investigated...
  25. ncbi Experimental feed induction of ruminal lactic, propionic, or butyric acidosis in sheep
    A Lettat
    INRA, UR1213 Herbivores, Centre de Recherches de Clermont Ferrand Theix, F 63122 Saint Genes Champanelle, France
    J Anim Sci 88:3041-6. 2010
    ..We developed an original model that promoted differentiated fermentation pathways in the rumen of sheep. It will be used to study the ruminal microbiome changes involved in different acidosis situations...
  26. pmc A three-year survey on the worldwide occurrence of mycotoxins in feedstuffs and feed
    Inês Rodrigues
    BIOMIN Singapore Pte Ltd, 3791 Jalan Bukit Merah 08 08, Singapore
    Toxins (Basel) 4:663-75. 2012
    ....
  27. ncbi Assessment of the health impact of GM plant diets in long-term and multigenerational animal feeding trials: a literature review
    Chelsea Snell
    University of Nottingham, School of Biosciences, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
    Food Chem Toxicol 50:1134-48. 2012
    ..The studies reviewed present evidence to show that GM plants are nutritionally equivalent to their non-GM counterparts and can be safely used in food and feed...
  28. ncbi Feed efficiency differences and reranking in beef steers fed grower and finisher diets
    O N Durunna
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2P5, Canada
    J Anim Sci 89:158-67. 2011
    ..Each feeding test lasted for a minimum of 10 wk, and all steers were fed ad libitum. Individual animal feed intakes were collected using the GrowSafe feeding system, and BW were measured every 2 wk...
  29. pmc Effect of subtherapeutic administration of antibiotics on the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli bacteria in feedlot cattle
    T W Alexander
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada Research Centre, 5403 1st Ave South, P O Box 3000, Lethbridge, Alberta T1J 4B1, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:4405-16. 2008
    ..coli in cattle. However, resistance to antibiotics may be related to additional environmental factors such as diet...
  30. ncbi Mycotoxins in ethanol co-products: modeling economic impacts on the livestock industry and management strategies
    Felicia Wu
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh, Bridgeside Point 560, Pittsburgh, PA 15219, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 56:3900-11. 2008
    ..If mycotoxin surveillance is implemented by ethanol producers, losses are shifted among multiple stakeholders. Solutions to this problem include methods to reduce mycotoxin contamination in both pre- and postharvest maize...
  31. pmc Phylogenetic characterization of fecal microbial communities of dogs fed diets with or without supplemental dietary fiber using 454 pyrosequencing
    Ingmar S Middelbos
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9768. 2010
    ..This work aimed to use 16S rDNA tag pyrosequencing to phylogenetically characterize hindgut microbiome in dogs and determine how consumption of dietary fiber affects community structure...
  32. ncbi Effects of deoxynivalenol on general performance and electrophysiological properties of intestinal mucosa of broiler chickens
    W A Awad
    Institute of Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Science, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinarplatz 1, A 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Poult Sci 83:1964-72. 2004
    ..The addition of Eubacterium sp. may be useful in counteracting the toxic effects of DON on intestinal glucose transport...
  33. pmc A theoretical introduction to "combinatory SYBRGreen qPCR screening", a matrix-based approach for the detection of materials derived from genetically modified plants
    Marc Van den Bulcke
    Division of Biosafety and Biotechnology, Scientific Institute of Public Health, J Wytsmanstreet 14, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Anal Bioanal Chem 396:2113-23. 2010
    ..Together, these analyses provide guidance for semi-quantitative estimation of GMO presence in a food and feed product...
  34. ncbi Studies on the toxicity of deoxynivalenol (DON), sodium metabisulfite, DON-sulfonate (DONS) and de-epoxy-DON for porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells and the Intestinal Porcine Epithelial Cell lines IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2, and on effects of DON and DONS
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Friedrich Loeffler Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Braunschweig, Germany
    Food Chem Toxicol 48:2154-62. 2010
    ..Further studies should clarify the possible impact of SBS on the porcine immune system...
  35. ncbi Residues of veterinary antibiotics in manures from feedlot livestock in eight provinces of China
    Ling Zhao
    State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, People s Republic of China
    Sci Total Environ 408:1069-75. 2010
    ..The residue levels for most antibiotics showed significant statistical differences among the sampling districts and the animal species...
  36. ncbi Tailoring of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) flesh lipid composition and sensory quality by replacing fish oil with a vegetable oil blend
    Bente E Torstensen
    National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research, N 5817 Bergen, Norway
    J Agric Food Chem 53:10166-78. 2005
    ..At the same time, 75% of the dietary fish oil can be replaced without compromising flesh VLCn-3 PUFA content, thereby providing a beneficial nutritional profile for human consumption...
  37. ncbi Feeding barley grain steeped in lactic acid modulates rumen fermentation patterns and increases milk fat content in dairy cows
    S Iqbal
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Dairy Sci 92:6023-32. 2009
    ..In conclusion, results demonstrated that treatment of barley grain with LA lowered the risk of subacute rumen acidosis and maintained high milk fat content in late-lactating Holstein cows fed diets based on barley grain...
  38. ncbi Bacterial mechanisms to overcome inhibitory effects of dietary tannins
    Alexandra H Smith
    Department of Microbiology, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
    Microb Ecol 50:197-205. 2005
    ....
  39. ncbi Genetics of efficient feed utilization and national cattle evaluation: a review
    D H Denny Crews
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada Research Centre, Lethbridge, Alberta, T1J 4B1, Canada
    Genet Mol Res 4:152-65. 2005
    ..These costs need to be compared to expected, and, if possible, realized rates of genetic change and the associated reduction in feed input requirements...
  40. ncbi Absorption, metabolism and excretion of 3-acetyl DON in pigs
    G S Eriksen
    Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    Arch Tierernahr 57:335-45. 2003
    ..Furthermore, the experiment shows that the main part of DON is rapidly excreted and does not accumulate in plasma, but a minor part of the toxin is retained and slowly excreted from the pigs...
  41. ncbi Effects of feeding a blend of grains naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins on swine performance, brain regional neurochemistry, and serum chemistry and the efficacy of a polymeric glucomannan mycotoxin adsorbent
    H V L N Swamy
    Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
    J Anim Sci 80:3257-67. 2002
    ....
  42. ncbi Effects of different selenium sources on tissue selenium concentrations, blood GSH-Px activities and plasma interleukin levels in finishing lambs
    Shunyi Qin
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    Biol Trace Elem Res 116:91-102. 2007
    ..However, there were no significant differences in plasma interleukin levels of lambs between organic and inorganic Se sources...
  43. ncbi Effect of a preparation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on microbial profiles and fermentation patterns in the large intestine of horses fed a high fiber or a high starch diet
    B Medina
    Alltech France, Goussainville
    J Anim Sci 80:2600-9. 2002
    ..When the digestion of starch in the small intestine was saturated, the effect of the addition of a S. cerevisiae preparation appeared to limit the extent of undesirable changes in the intestinal ecosystem of the horse...
  44. ncbi The intestine as a possible target for fumonisin toxicity
    Sandrine Bouhet
    Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Toxicologie, INRA, Toulouse, France
    Mol Nutr Food Res 51:925-31. 2007
    ....
  45. ncbi Immunochemical methods in health risk assessment: cross reactivity of antibodies against mycotoxin deoxynivalenol with deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside
    Jiri Ruprich
    National Institute of Public Health in Prague, Centre for the Hygiene of Food Chains in Brno, Czech Republic
    Cent Eur J Public Health 16:34-7. 2008
    ....
  46. ncbi A crucial role of sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 in the regulation of lipogenic gene expression by polyunsaturated fatty acids
    N Yahagi
    Department of Metabolic Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113 8655, Japan
    J Biol Chem 274:35840-4. 1999
    ....
  47. pmc What do we feed to food-production animals? A review of animal feed ingredients and their potential impacts on human health
    Amy R Sapkota
    Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:663-70. 2007
    ..In this article we review current U.S. animal feeding practices and etiologic agents that have been detected in animal feed. Evidence that current feeding practices may lead to adverse human health impacts is also evaluated.
  48. ncbi Genetic and phenotypic relationships of feeding behavior and temperament with performance, feed efficiency, ultrasound, and carcass merit of beef cattle
    J D Nkrumah
    Igenity Livestock Production Business Unit, Merial Ltd, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Anim Sci 85:2382-90. 2007
    ....
  49. pmc Impact of reduced marker set estimation of genomic relationship matrices on genomic selection for feed efficiency in Angus cattle
    Megan M Rolf
    Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 5300, USA
    BMC Genet 11:24. 2010
    ..The number of SNPs needed to accurately estimate a genomic relationship matrix was evaluated in this population...
  50. ncbi Dietary protein concentration affects intestinal microbiota of adult cats: a study using DGGE and qPCR to evaluate differences in microbial populations in the feline gastrointestinal tract
    D C Lubbs
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 93:113-21. 2009
    ..39 vs. 10.83 CFU/g). In this experiment, a high-protein diet resulted in a dramatic shift in microbial populations. Decreased Bifidobacterium population in cats fed HP may justify prebiotic supplementation for such diets...
  51. ncbi Response to soy: T-cell-like reactivity in the intestine of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L
    A M Bakke-McKellep
    Aquaculture Protein Centre, a CoE, Norway
    J Fish Dis 30:13-25. 2007
    ..In conclusion, a T-cell-like response appears to be involved in this example of a food-sensitive enteropathy...
  52. ncbi Chemical contaminants in aquafeeds and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) following the use of traditional- versus alternative feed ingredients
    Marc H G Berntssen
    National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research NIFES, P O Box 2029 Nordnes, 5817 Bergen, Norway
    Chemosphere 78:637-46. 2010
    ..The paper also compares the levels of contaminants in farmed Atlantic salmon expected in the future with those levels reported in the literature and currently on the market...
  53. ncbi Evaluation of stress- and immune-response biomarkers in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., fed different levels of genetically modified maize (Bt maize), compared with its near-isogenic parental line and a commercial suprex maize
    A Sagstad
    National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research, NIFES, Bergen, Norway
    J Fish Dis 30:201-12. 2007
    ..GM maize seemed to induce significant changes in white blood cell populations which are associated with an immune response...
  54. ncbi A high-protein, high-fat, carbohydrate-free diet reduces energy intake, hepatic lipogenesis, and adiposity in rats
    Lisa Pichon
    UMR INRA 914 Physiologie de la Nutrition et du Comportement Alimentaire, Institut National Agronomique Paris Grignon, F75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
    J Nutr 136:1256-60. 2006
    ..These reductions in adipose tissue development with decreases in the C:L ratio of the diet seemed to be due primarily to reduced hepatic lipogenesis...
  55. ncbi Selection response and genetic parameters for residual feed intake in Yorkshire swine
    W Cai
    Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
    J Anim Sci 86:287-98. 2008
    ..05% with P < 0.0001). In conclusion, RFI is a heritable trait, and selection for low RFI has significantly decreased the feed required for a given rate of growth and backfat...
  56. ncbi Effects of graded levels of Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat and of a detoxifying agent in broiler diets on performance, nutrient digestibility and blood chemical parameters
    S Danicke
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig FAL, Braunschweig, Germany
    Br Poult Sci 44:113-26. 2003
    ..Moreover, some clinical-chemical serum parameters were significantly altered due to Mycofix Plus but also independently of the dietary mycotoxin concentration...
  57. ncbi Relationships of feedlot feed efficiency, performance, and feeding behavior with metabolic rate, methane production, and energy partitioning in beef cattle
    J D Nkrumah
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2P5, Canada
    J Anim Sci 84:145-53. 2006
    ..51), DE (r = -0.52), ME (r = -0.55), and RE (r = -0.60). These results have practical implications for the selection of animals that eat less at a similar BW and growth rate and for the environmental sustainability of beef production...
  58. ncbi Clostridium perfringens in poultry: an emerging threat for animal and public health
    Filip Van Immerseel
    Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Avian Pathol 33:537-49. 2004
    ..The most cost-effective control will probably be achieved by balancing the composition of the feed...
  59. pmc Isolation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria from the air plume downwind of a swine confined or concentrated animal feeding operation
    Shawn G Gibbs
    University of Texas Health Science Center, School of Public Health, El Paso, Texas, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1032-7. 2006
    ..In this study we evaluated the levels of antibiotic- and multidrug-resistant bacteria in bioaerosols upwind, within, and downwind at locations 25 m, 50 m, 100 m, and 150 m from a swine confined animal feeding operation...
  60. ncbi A direct method for fatty acid methyl ester synthesis: application to wet meat tissues, oils, and feedstuffs
    J R Busboom
    Department of Animal Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman 99164, USA
    J Anim Sci 85:1511-21. 2007
    ..The method saves time and effort and is economical when compared with other methods. Its unique performance, including easy sample preparation, is achieved because water is included rather than eliminated in the FAME reaction mixtures...
  61. ncbi Assessing the transfer of genetically modified DNA from feed to animal tissues
    Raffaele Mazza
    Instituto di Agronomia generale e Coltivazioni erbacee, Universita Cattolica S Cuore, via E Parmense, 84, Piacenza 29100, Italy
    Transgenic Res 14:775-84. 2005
    ..From the data obtained, we consider it unlikely that the occurrence of genetic transfer associated with GM plants is higher than that from conventional plants...
  62. pmc Paradoxical resistance to diet-induced obesity in UCP1-deficient mice
    Xiaotuan Liu
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70808, USA
    J Clin Invest 111:399-407. 2003
    ..We propose that in the absence of nonshivering thermogenesis, alternative, calorically more costly pathways of metabolism must be used to maintain body temperature...
  63. ncbi Commercial potential for Haematococcus microalgae as a natural source of astaxanthin
    R T Lorenz
    Cyanotech Corporation, 73 4460 Queen Kaahumanu Highway, Suite 102, Kailua Kona, HI 96740, USA
    Trends Biotechnol 18:160-7. 2000
    ..Cultivation methods have been developed to produce Haematococcus containing 1.5-3.0% astaxanthin by dry weight, with potential applications as a pigment source in aquaculture, poultry feeds and in the worldwide nutraceutical market...
  64. ncbi Epidemiology of resistance to antibiotics. Links between animals and humans
    A E van den Bogaard
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Maastricht, P O Box 616, NL 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 14:327-35. 2000
    ..Discontinuing the practice of routinely adding AMGP to animal feeds would reduce the amounts of antibiotics used for animals in the EU by a minimum of 30% and in some member states even by 50%...
  65. ncbi Review on the toxicity, occurrence, metabolism, detoxification, regulations and intake of zearalenone: an oestrogenic mycotoxin
    Abdellah Zinedine
    Laboratory of Food Toxicology, National Institute of Health INH, BP 769 Agdal, 27 Avenue Ibn Battouta, Rabat, Morocco
    Food Chem Toxicol 45:1-18. 2007
    ..w./day for the USA. The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) established a provisional maximum tolerable daily intake (PMTDI) for ZEA of 0.5 microg/kg of body weight...
  66. ncbi High-fat diets: modeling the metabolic disorders of human obesity in rodents
    Roland Buettner
    Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Regensburg, 93042 Regensburg, Germany
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:798-808. 2007
    ..Therefore, in this review, metabolic data obtained with different HF diet approaches are compiled. Both whole-body and organ-specific diet effects are analyzed...
  67. ncbi Factors affecting beef cattle producer perspectives on feed efficiency
    J D Wulfhorst
    Social Science Research Unit, University of Idaho, Moscow, 83844, USA
    J Anim Sci 88:3749-58. 2010
    ..Additional data collection in a future social assessment will continue to elaborate the proportion of producers who perceive feed efficiency as an increasingly important decision and management tool for beef production...
  68. ncbi The carnivore connection to nutrition in cats
    Debra L Zoran
    Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4474, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 221:1559-67. 2002
  69. ncbi Development of an immunochromatographic strip test for rapid detection of melamine in raw milk, milk products and animal feed
    Xiangmei Li
    Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, People s Republic of China
    J Agric Food Chem 59:6064-70. 2011
    ..a monoclonal antibody was developed for the detection of melamine (MEL) residues in raw milk, milk products and animal feed. The limit of detection was estimated to be 0...
  70. ncbi Fermentation of animal components in strict carnivores: a comparative study with cheetah fecal inoculum
    S Depauw
    Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Heidestraat 19, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    J Anim Sci 90:2540-8. 2012
    ..Further research is warranted to assess the impact of fermentation of each type of animal tissue on gastro-intestinal function and health in the cheetah and other felid species...
  71. ncbi Organic and inorganic selenium: III. Ewe and progeny performance
    W C Stewart
    Department of Animal and Rangeland Sciences, College of Agriculture, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331, USA
    J Anim Sci 90:4536-43. 2012
    ..We conclude that supranutritional supplementation of ewes with Se-yeast at 24.5 mg Se/wk improves lamb growth and ewe health without negatively affecting reproductive performance...
  72. ncbi Preparation of monoclonal antibody for melamine and development of an indirect competitive ELISA for melamine detection in raw milk, milk powder, and animal feeds
    Weiwei Yin
    The School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People s Republic of China
    J Agric Food Chem 58:8152-7. 2010
    ..The intra-assay and interassay coefficients of variation were <12.0 and <13.0%, respectively. Finally, the application of the cELISA in quantity evaluation of MEL in various feeds from local markets was evaluated and discussed...
  73. ncbi Zearalenone--undesirable substances in feed
    M Gajecki
    Department of Veterinary Prevention and Feed Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 13, 10 718 Olsztyn, Poland
    Pol J Vet Sci 5:117-22. 2002
    ..organizations, which confirm the significance of problems connected with the presence of zearalenone in animal feed materials and their influence on the safety of food materials are shown in this review article...
  74. ncbi Density-dependent effects in experimental larval populations of Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) can be negative, neutral, or overcompensatory depending on density and diet levels
    J R L Gilles
    Insect Pest Control Laboratory, Joint Food and Agriculture Organization International Atomic Energy Agency, Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria
    J Med Entomol 48:296-304. 2011
    ..We discuss these results in the context of diet and larval densities for mass rearing and the effect of larval competition on control strategies...
  75. ncbi The effect of maternal linseed supplementation and/or lamb linseed supplementation on muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue fatty acid composition of indoor lambs
    V Berthelot
    AgroParisTech, Département de la Vie et Santé, 16 rue Claude Bernard, 75 005 Paris, France
    Meat Sci 90:548-57. 2012
    ..Softer and more colored fat was associated with a decrease in even medium-chain saturated FA and increases in odd and methyl FA proportions but not with ALA proportion in subcutaneous adipose tissue...
  76. ncbi Antimicrobial residues in animal waste and water resources proximal to large-scale swine and poultry feeding operations
    Enzo R Campagnolo
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Sci Total Environ 299:89-95. 2002
    ..More sensitive LC/ESI-MS techniques are required in environmental samples, where low levels of antimicrobial residues are more likely...
  77. ncbi mRNA expression of genes regulating oxidative phosphorylation in the muscle of beef cattle divergently ranked on residual feed intake
    Alan K Kelly
    UCD School of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine, College of Life Sciences, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland
    Physiol Genomics 43:12-23. 2011
    ..04) in the low compared with the high RFI phenotype while on LF but not the HF diet (P = 0.22). These data suggest an association between cellular energetic efficiency and RFI in cattle...
  78. ncbi Effect of feeding maternal colostrum or plasma-derived or colostrum-derived colostrum replacer on passive transfer of immunity, health, and performance of preweaning heifer calves
    D Priestley
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA
    J Dairy Sci 96:3247-56. 2013
    ..Given the conditions of this trial, feeding 3.8L of MC was superior to feeding one dose of CR. Further research is needed to evaluate calf performance when a higher dose of CR is fed...
  79. pmc The effect of feeding Bt MON810 maize to pigs for 110 days on intestinal microbiota
    Stefan G Buzoianu
    Teagasc, Pig Development Department, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Ireland
    PLoS ONE 7:e33668. 2012
    ..To assess the effects of feeding Bt MON810 maize to pigs for 110 days on the intestinal microbiota...
  80. ncbi Nutritional equivalency evaluation of transgenic maize grain from event DP-O9814O-6 and transgenic soybeans containing event DP-356O43-5: laying hen performance and egg quality measures
    J McNaughton
    AHPharma, Salisbury, MD 21801, USA
    Poult Sci 90:377-89. 2011
    ....
  81. ncbi Nutritional modulation of insulin resistance in the true carnivorous cat: a review
    Adronie Verbrugghe
    Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 52:172-82. 2012
    ..Secondly, this literature review deals with nutritional modulation of insulin sensitivity, focusing on dietary macronutrients, carbohydrate sources, and dietary fiber for prevention and treatment of insulin resistance...
  82. ncbi Aging and survival: the genetics of life span extension by dietary restriction
    William Mair
    The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Annu Rev Biochem 77:727-54. 2008
    ..Here, we discuss how recent work in nonmammalian model organisms has revealed new insight into the genetics of DR and how the discovery of DR-specific transcription factors will advance our understanding of this phenomenon...
  83. ncbi Effects of feed-borne Fusarium mycotoxins with or without yeast cell wall adsorbent on organ weight, serum biochemistry, and immunological parameters of broiler chickens
    Z Li
    Department of Animal Sciences and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Shandong, People s Republic of China
    Poult Sci 91:2487-95. 2012
    ....
  84. ncbi Effect of feeding treatment during the backgrounding phase of beef production from pasture on: II. Longissimus muscle proximate composition, cholesterol and fatty acids
    A J Pordomingo
    National Institute of Agricultural Research, INTA Anguil, La Pampa, Argentina
    Meat Sci 90:947-55. 2012
    ..041) conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) concentration in the lipid fraction than 40% hay. Results suggested that residual effects of backgrounding strategies could be detected in intramuscular fat of pasture finished heifers...
  85. ncbi Sequestration of glucosinolates and iridoid glucosides in sawfly species of the genus Athalia and their role in defense against ants
    Sebastian E W Opitz
    Department of Chemical Ecology, Bielefeld University, Universitatsstr 25, 33615, Bielefeld, Germany
    J Chem Ecol 36:148-57. 2010
    ..rosae larvae. The results show that glucoside sequestration is widespread in the genus Athalia, but that the specific glucoside uptake can result in different defense effectiveness against a predator species...
  86. pmc Correlation of particular bacterial PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis patterns with bovine ruminal fermentation parameters and feed efficiency traits
    Emma Hernandez-Sanabria
    Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:6338-50. 2010
    ..This is the first study correlating PCR-DGGE bands representing specific bacteria to metabolites in the bovine rumen and to host feed efficiency traits...
  87. pmc Effects of feeding Bt MON810 maize to pigs for 110 days on peripheral immune response and digestive fate of the cry1Ab gene and truncated Bt toxin
    Maria C Walsh
    Teagasc, Pig Development Department, Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, County Cork, Ireland
    PLoS ONE 7:e36141. 2012
    ....
  88. pmc Biodegradation of ochratoxin a for food and feed decontamination
    Luís Abrunhosa
    IBB, Institute for Biotechnology, Bioengineering, Centro de Engenharia Biólogica, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga, Portugal
    Toxins (Basel) 2:1078-99. 2010
    ..A critical discussion about the technical applicability of these strategies is presented...
  89. ncbi Ochratoxin A in feed of food-producing animals: an undesirable mycotoxin with health and performance effects
    Sofia C Duarte
    Group of Health Surveillance, Center of Pharmaceutical Studies, University of Coimbra, Polo III, Azinhaga de Sta Comba, 3000 548 Coimbra, Portugal
    Vet Microbiol 154:1-13. 2011
    ..For the unpredictability and unavoidability of occurrence, OTA will definitely be an enduring problem in animal production...
  90. ncbi Trans-18:1 and CLA isomers in rumen and duodenal digesta of bulls fed n-3 and n-6 PUFA-based diets
    Xiangzhen Shen
    Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, People s Republic of China
    Lipids 46:831-41. 2011
    ..The concentration of trans-16-18:1 was significantly decreased in the rumen of n-3 PUFA supplemented-fed bulls compared to n-6 PUFA supplemented-fed bulls...
  91. pmc Forage as a primary source of mycotoxins in animal diets
    Jiří Skládanka
    Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, CZ 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:37-50. 2011
    ..Moreover, the level of the occurrence of mould was quantified as ergosterol content, which was higher at the specific date of cut. All results were statistically processed and significant changes were discussed...
  92. ncbi Detection of corn intrinsic and recombinant DNA fragments and Cry1Ab protein in the gastrointestinal contents of pigs fed genetically modified corn Bt11
    E H Chowdhury
    National Institute of Animal Health, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0856, Japan
    J Anim Sci 81:2546-51. 2003
    Genetically modified corn has been approved as an animal feed in several countries, but information about the fate of genetically modified DNA and protein in vivo is insufficient...
  93. ncbi Dietary phosphate restriction decreases stem cell proliferation and subsequent growth potential in neonatal pigs
    Lindsey S Alexander
    Laboratory of Developmental Nutrition, Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
    J Nutr 140:477-82. 2010
    ..Nutritional programming of tissue-specific stem cells by dietary PO(4) may have profound implications for life-long growth potential...
  94. ncbi Effect of protein level in commercial diets on pork meat quality
    Veronica Alonso
    Department of Animal Production and Food Science, University of Zaragoza, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
    Meat Sci 85:7-14. 2010
    ..Finally, WBSF appeared to be a good predictor of the tenderness for grill-cooked pork...
  95. pmc Maternal diet modulates the risk for neural tube defects in a mouse model of diabetic pregnancy
    Claudia Kappen
    Department of Developmental Biology, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Reprod Toxicol 31:41-9. 2011
    ....
  96. ncbi Cell-cycle blockage associated with increased apoptotic cells in the thymus of chickens fed on diets high in fluorine
    Tao Chen
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya an, Sichuan, China
    Hum Exp Toxicol 30:685-92. 2011
    ....
  97. ncbi The effect of feeding system in the expression of genes related with fat metabolism in semitendinous muscle in sheep
    E Dervishi
    Unidad de Tecnologia en Produccion Animal, CITA, Zaragoza, Spain
    Meat Sci 89:91-7. 2011
    ..Feeding strategy is an important tool to manipulate intramuscular fatty acid profile in meat through altering gene expression of enzymes related with fat metabolism...
  98. ncbi Feeding co-extruded flaxseed to pigs: effects of duration and feeding level on growth performance and backfat fatty acid composition of grower-finisher pigs
    M Juarez
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, Lacombe Research Centre, 6000 C and E Trail, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada
    Meat Sci 84:578-84. 2010
    ....
  99. ncbi Effects of diet particle size on digestive parameters in D+ and D- genetic chicken lines selected for divergent digestion efficiency
    N Rougière
    Unité de Recherches Avicoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique INRA, 37380 Nouzilly, France
    Poult Sci 88:1206-15. 2009
    ..The D(+) chickens showed high digestion efficiencies in all cases, independently of diet particle size...
  100. ncbi Occupational sensitization to fungal enzymes used in animal feed industry
    Maria Luisa Caballero
    Servicio de Inmunologia, Hospital Carlos III, Madrid, Espana
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 144:231-9. 2007
    ..Our objective was to study workers occupationally exposed to fungal enzymes in 2 animal feed factories to determine if the sensitization originated in the enzymes or was caused by the microorganism used ..
  101. ncbi Diet-induced obesity in C57BL/6J mice causes increased renal lipid accumulation and glomerulosclerosis via a sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c-dependent pathway
    Tao Jiang
    Department of Medicine, The University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, 80262, USA
    J Biol Chem 280:32317-25. 2005
    ..Our results therefore suggest that diet-induced obesity causes increased renal lipid accumulation and glomerulosclerosis in C57BL/6J mice via an SREBP-1c-dependent pathway...

Research Grants59

  1. Expanded Testing Methods for Elements and Metals in Animal Diagnostic Specimens
    Timothy Baszler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, animal feed recalls by FDA from 2009-2012 have included 10 contamination events from zinc, potassium, copper, and ..
  2. Food(cassava) cyanogen exposure and motor neuron degeneration
    DANIEL DESIRE TSHALA KATUMBAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This project has a global heath relevance because the crop (cassava) is a staple for more than 400 million people dwelling under the tropics and it is increasingly exported worldwide for snack production and animal feed.
  3. ISU Vet-LIRN Collaborative Validation of Testing Methods on Animal Diagnostic Spe
    WILSON KIIZA RUMBEIHA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..because it is predominantly food-animal related and we have an excellent reputation in the area of diagnosis of animal feed contaminants and toxicants in animal tissues, milk and eggs...
  4. Feed Safety and BSE/Ruminant Feed Ban Support Project (U18)
    CLAUDIA G COLES; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cultural and environmental drivers that encourage increased use of agricultural and food processing waste as animal feed and proposes inspection, sampling and educational activities to address feed and fomite disease transmission ..
  5. Method validation and comparison for the detection of mycotoxins in novel animal
    Lisa Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..personnel at multiple laboratories to quickly screen large volumes of samples in the event of a suspected animal feed contamination incident...
  6. Validation of LC-MS/MS analyses of animal tissue and feed matrices for toxicants
    CYNTHIA LYNN GASKILL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the FDA to increase the safety of human and animal health by investigating potential adverse events involving animal feed or animal drug contamination or adulteration...
  7. Building an Integrated Laboratory System to Advance the Safety of Food and Animal
    Shari Shea; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the goals of the Food Safety Modernization Act by facilitating long-term improvements to the national food and animal feed safety system...
  8. Enhanced inspection and surveillance testing of cattle feeds in NY State
    Daniel Rice; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Abstract: The NYSDAM has a well developed animal feed inspection and testing program that with support from the FDA can be significantly expanded with modest inputs...
  9. Vet-LRN Capacity Building for Increased Sample Analysis
    Ogi Okwumabua; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It was also found that a portion of the tainted pet food was used to produce farm animal feed and fish feed and some animals that ate the tainted feed had been processed into human food (1, 2)...
  10. WV Food and Feed Rapid Response Team
    BRAD J COCHRAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..well as purchase required equipment and test kits, develop a database of manufacturers who sell by-product as animal feed and provide educational materials for the manufacturer and the farmer, coordinate and update agencies emergency ..
  11. CAHFS Capacity and Capability for Microbiological Testing of Animal Food Products
    KRISTIN CLOTHIER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Salmonella- contaminated pet food highlights the possible widespread health issues that can arise from an animal feed product contamination...
  12. Animal Feed and Pet Food Safety Cooperative Agreement with FDA/VetLRN
    Bruce L Akey; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Feed Safety and BSE/Ruminant Feed Ban Support Project, Cooperative Agreement Appl
    STEVE BORNMANN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of existing programs to locate and visit firms involved in the manufacture, distribution, and transportation of animal feed and operations feeding animals within their jurisdictions...
  14. Texas Feed Safety and BSE/Ruminant Feed Ban Support Project
    TIMOTHY JOHN HERRMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..control audit to identify gaps in feed safety practices identified under current regulations and pending Animal Feed Safety System regulations...
  15. CVM Vet-LRN Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory Program
    Alma Roy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS IN DIABETIC EMBRYOPATHY
    CLAUDIA T KAPPEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These experiments will generate new and comprehensive insights into the function of pancreatic transcription factors and their pathogenic potential in metabolic disease and fetal development. ..
  17. FOLATE AND HOX GENES IN CRANIOFACIAL DEVELOPMENT
    Claudia Kappen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Knowledge about the interactions of genes with environmental factors will be important for designing therapeutic strategies and preventive measures against craniofacial defects. ..
  18. Genome-wide discovery of beta cell gene control elements
    Claudia Kappen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Together, our studies will show how speck gene expression is achieved in beta cells and provide a framework to integrate gene transcription and beta cell biology. ..
  19. Arginine and Ovine Model for Fetal Growth Restriction
    Guoyao Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will ultimately promote favorable pregnancy outcomes while saving billions of healthcare dollars in the U.S. and worldwide. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Genetic dissection of skeletal patterning
    Claudia Kappen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The identification of modifier loci that act on skeletal patterning will reveal new molecular mechanisms in skeletal development and has important implications for the evolution of vertebrate body plans. ..
  21. PROTON LEAK, OXIDATIVE STRESS, AND ENERGY RESTRICTION
    Jon Ramsey; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The premise is that Caloric Restriction (CR), hypothyroidism, and modulation of dietary fat will decrease mitochondrial permeability (i.e. proton leak), therefore decreasing molecular Oxygen consumption, and presumably oxidative stress. ..
  22. Interdisciplinary Research Training for Veterinarians
    Lisa Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These evaluations, continued refinement, and the commitment of the program faculty will help to ensure that this becomes a self-sustaining program. ..
  23. UW Oshkosh Animal Facility Improvement
    DANA VAUGHAN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Development and evaluation of subunit vaccine CmeC against Campylobacter jejuni
    Jun Lin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..S. The proposed research will provide novel information on the development of effective vaccine against C. jejuni to protect public health. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Mechanisms of Immune Modulation by Abscisic Acid
    Josep Bassaganya Riera; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The mechanistic understanding of the immune modulatory properties of botanicals such as ABA will aid in the development of more efficacious CAM approaches for modulating immune function and ameliorating infectious diseases. ..
  26. Genetic Susceptibility to Mercury-Induced Immune Dysfunction in Autism & ASD
    Ellen Silbergeld; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Novel peroxisomal genes in the yeast Pichia pastoris
    James Cregg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..P. pastoris strains deleted for each strain will be constructed and examined biochemically and morphologically for peroxisome function to identify new PEX genes and to define their role in peroxisome biogenesis. ..
  28. NEUROTROPIC CYTOMEGALOVIRUS DURING IMMUNOSUPPRESSION
    JON REUTER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Developmental toxicity of environmental chemicals
    FREDERICK VOM SAAL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..5a-reductase activity will be determined by radiometric assay. ..
  30. Community Health Effects of Industrial Hog Operations
    Steven Wing; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  31. Liposomal Opioids Extend Analgesia in Laboratory Animals
    Lisa Krugner Higby; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If proven efficacious, these analgesic regimens would lead to a significant change in the post-surgical care of animals used in biomedical research and veterinary medicine. ..
  32. ETHANOL EFFECTS ON BONE FORMATION IN PREGNANCY
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The role of CYP2E1 and free radicals in the skeletal toxicity of ethanol during these periods will also be studied. ..
  33. Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and Function
    Bo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
  34. COMMUNITY HEALTH & ENVIRONMENTAL REAWAKENING
    Steven Wing; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  35. AGRICULTURAL DUST AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA SYMPTOMS
    Steve Wing; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  36. Role of Genomic Imprinting in Developmental Neurotoxici*
    Ellen Silbergeld; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..2. To utilize high throughput methods to examine patterns of DNA methylation in candidate genes in sperm and zygote in order to detect the presence of male-mediated effects on imprinted genes involved in early development. ..
  37. DYNAMICS OF MYOCARDIAL GLUCOSE METABOLISM
    Heinrich Taegtmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  38. MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF HEART DISEASE
    Heinrich Taegtmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Glucolipotoxicity and Cardiac Dysfunction in Obesity
    Heinrich Taegtmeyer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. Maternal flu infection and brain development in primates
    Christopher L Coe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  41. ETHANOL METABOLISM IN PREGNANCY--ROLE OF DIET
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  42. Roles of PTP 1B Overexpression in Pathogenesis in vivo
    JANICE ZABOLOTNY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. Reproductive Consequences of Prenatal Androgenization
    Vasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Specifically it will establish that discrete, experimentally induced androgen excess of fetal sheep provides the first clear etiology for hyperandrogenic anovulation in adulthood. ..
  44. Mechanisms of Sexual Dimorphism in Perinatal Programming
    LORI WOODS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Renal renin-angiotensin system components will be measured in the neonatal period, and arterial pressure, renal function, and glomerular number and volume will be measured in juvenile and adult animals. ..
  45. US Specific and General Processes in Pavlovian Learning
    ANDREW DELAMATER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..More globally, it is hoped that these studies will provide a much firmer basis upon which to think about the cognitive and motivational foundations of learning. ..
  46. Development of molecular biology-based assays for human selenium status
    ROGER SUNDE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  47. A Drosophila model of Batten Disease
    Robert Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The specific aims of the proposal are: 1. Determine the phenotypic consequences of removing DmPPT1 function by gene mutation. 2. Determine the phenotypic consequences of disrupting DmPPT1 function by RNA interference. ..
  48. Symposium on Selenium in Biology and Medicine
    ROGER SUNDE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The breath and depth of this meeting and its participants will help to better integrate this information, leading to additional advances and enhanced understanding of human health. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. NEUROENDOCRINE CONTROL OF FSH
    Vasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  50. Renal and Hormonal Mechanisms of Perinatal Programming
    LORI WOODS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Intrarenal RAS activity will be measured in fetal and newborn animals. Arterial pressure, renal function, and nephron number will be measured in chronically instrumented juvenile and adult offspring. ..
  51. IDENTIFICATION AND STUDY OF PPARgamma-REGULATED GENES
    DOROTHY SEARS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Postisoprenylation Processing and the Nuclear Lamina
    Stephen Young; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The third aim is to understand the posttranslational processing of lamin B1 and to define the consequences of lamin B1 deficiency in mammals. ..
  53. METABOLISM OF SPONTANEOUSLY DAMAGED PROTEINS IN AGING
    Stephen Young; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, we propose to ask whether the expression of the repair methyltransferase in the extracellular compartment would limit the accumulation of spontaneous damage to extracellular proteins. ..
  54. CAAX Protein Processing and Cancer Therapy
    Stephen Young; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies should define the therapeutic potential of blocking the three different steps of CAAX protein processing. ..
  55. THE NHLBI BAY AREA FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS COMSORTIUM
    Stephen Young; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The Consortium's resources will be distributed freely to any interested investigator and should provide a catalyst for many different NHLBI-funded research programs. ..
  56. Bisphenol-A and the Reproductive Dysfunction
    Vasantha Padmanabhan; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings will be relevant to research on fetal origin of infertility and the threat estrogenic environmental disruptors at current exposure levels pose to human health. ..
  57. NHLBI Bay Area Functional Genomics Consortium
    Stephen Young; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A fourth objective is to generate a limited number of genetically modified mice, for the purpose of defining the relevance of specific genes to cardiopulmonary development and disease (Components 4-6). ..
  58. Hutchinson Gilford Progeria Syndrome and Atherosclerosis
    Stephen Young; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The PI's laboratory has extensive experience in analyzing atherogenesis in mice and is thrilled with the prospect of exploring mechanisms of atherosclerosis in HGPS. ..