Genomes and Genes
Summary: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Publications242 found, 100 shown here
- Rice domestication by reducing shatteringChangbao Li
Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Science 311:1936-9. 2006..The substitution undermined the gene function necessary for the normal development of an abscission layer that controls the separation of a grain from the pedicel...
- The molecular genetics of crop domesticationJohn F Doebley
Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Cell 127:1309-21. 2006....
- An SNP caused loss of seed shattering during rice domesticationSaeko Konishi
Institute of the Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries, 446 1 Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
Science 312:1392-6. 2006....
- Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debtJoseph Fargione
The Nature Conservancy, 1101 West River Parkway, Suite 200, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA
Science 319:1235-8. 2008..In contrast, biofuels made from waste biomass or from biomass grown on degraded and abandoned agricultural lands planted with perennials incur little or no carbon debt and can offer immediate and sustained GHG advantages...
- Green revolution: a mutant gibberellin-synthesis gene in riceA Sasaki
BioScience Center, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
Nature 416:701-2. 2002..Gibberellin is also implicated in green-revolution varieties of wheat, but the reduced height of those crops is conferred by defects in the hormone's signalling pathway...
- A QTL for rice grain width and weight encodes a previously unknown RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligaseXian Jun Song
National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institute for Biological Sciences, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Road, Shanghai 200032, China
Nat Genet 39:623-30. 2007..The functional characterization of GW2 provides insight into the mechanism of seed development and is a potential tool for improving grain yield in crops...
- Applications of single nucleotide polymorphisms in crop geneticsAntoni Rafalski
DuPont Crop Genetics Molecular Genetics, Delaware Technology Park, Newark, Delaware 19711, USA
Curr Opin Plant Biol 5:94-100. 2002..Technological improvements make the use of SNP and indel markers attractive for high-throughput use in marker-assisted breeding, EST mapping and the integration of genetic and physical maps...
- Control of a key transition from prostrate to erect growth in rice domesticationLubin Tan
State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, National Center for Evaluation of Agricultural Wild Plants Rice, Department of Plant Genetics and Breeding, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100094, China
Nat Genet 40:1360-4. 2008..Sequence comparison shows that 182 varieties of cultivated rice, including 87 indica and 95 japonica cultivars from 17 countries, carry identical mutations in the prog1 coding region that may have become fixed during rice domestication...
- The accumulation of deleterious mutations in rice genomes: a hypothesis on the cost of domesticationJian Lu
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, 1101 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Trends Genet 22:126-31. 2006..This excess is negatively correlated with the rate of recombination, suggesting that 'hitchhiking' has occurred. We hypothesize that during domestication artificial selection increased the frequency of many deleterious mutations...
- Pattern of polymorphism after strong artificial selection in a domestication eventHideki Innan
Human Genetics Center, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:10667-72. 2004..These theoretical results are discussed in light of data collected from maize. Although the main focus of this article is on domestication, this model can also be generalized to describe selective sweeps from standing genetic variation...
- How fast was wild wheat domesticated?Ken Ichi Tanno
Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Takashima 335, Kamigyo, 602 0878 Kyoto, Japan
Science 311:1886. 2006..Slow domestication implies that after cultivation began, wild cereals may have remained unchanged for a long period, supporting claims that agriculture originated in the Near East approximately 10,500 years before the present...
- Selectable traits to increase crop photosynthesis and yield of grain cropsR A Richards
CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra, ACT, Australia
J Exp Bot 51:447-58. 2000..It is then expected that additional photosynthesis will follow, either by a longer daily duration of photosynthesis or by an extended leaf area duration...
- Phytolith evidence for early Holocene Cucurbita domestication in southwest EcuadorDolores R Piperno
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute STRI, Balboa, Panama
Science 299:1054-7. 2003..These data provide evidence for an independent emergence of plant food production in lowland South America that was contemporaneous with or slightly before that in highland Mesoamerica...
- Lethal risk to birds from insecticide use in the United States--a spatial and temporal analysisPierre Mineau
National Wildlife Research Centre, Canadian Wildlife Service, Carleton University Campus, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0H3, Canada
Environ Toxicol Chem 25:1214-22. 2006..The reasons for this improvement vary from crop to crop, but usually entail the replacement of older more hazardous products with newer ones with lower acute toxicity to birds...
- Evolutionary analysis of the Sub1 gene cluster that confers submergence tolerance to domesticated riceTakeshi Fukao
Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, Center for Plant Cell Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Ann Bot 103:143-50. 2009..nivara Sharma et Shastry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the orthologues of the Sub1 locus in the closest relatives of O. sativa to provide insight into the origin of the gene and allelic variation of the Sub1 locus...
- Isolation and characterization of diazotrophic growth promoting bacteria from rhizosphere of agricultural crops of KoreaMyoungsu Park
Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361 763, Chungbuk, Republic of Korea
Microbiol Res 160:127-33. 2005..The isolate PM-24 (Bacillus fusiformis) exhibiting highest nitrogenase activity (3677.81 nmol h(-1) mg(-1) protein) and IAA production (255microg ml(-1)) has a promising potential for developing as a plant growth promoting rhizobacteria...
- The extent of linkage disequilibrium in rice (Oryza sativa L.)Kristie A Mather
Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695, USA
Genetics 177:2223-32. 2007..As well as heterogeneity between groups, our results suggest variation in LD patterns among genomic regions. We demonstrate the feasibility of genomewide association mapping in cultivated Asian rice using a modest number of SNPs...
- Insect resistance management in GM crops: past, present and futureSarah L Bates
Department of Entomology, Cornell University, NYSAES, 630 W North Street, Geneva, New York 14456, USA
Nat Biotechnol 23:57-62. 2005....
- Genome plasticity a key factor in the success of polyploid wheat under domesticationJorge Dubcovsky
Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Science 316:1862-6. 2007..Frequent gene deletions and disruptions generated by a fast replacement rate of repetitive sequences are buffered by the polyploid nature of wheat, resulting in subtle dosage effects on which selection can operate...
- Genomics-assisted breeding for crop improvementRajeev K Varshney
Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research IPK, Corrensstrasse 3, D 06466 Gatersleben, Germany
Trends Plant Sci 10:621-30. 2005..Nevertheless, marker-assisted breeding and selection will gradually evolve into 'genomics-assisted breeding' for crop improvement...
- Green revolution: the way forwardG S Khush
Division of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biochemistry, International Rice Research Institute, DAPO PO Box 777 Metro Manila, The Philippines
Nat Rev Genet 2:815-22. 2001..This unprecedented increase, which has been named the 'green revolution', resulted from the creation of genetically improved crop varieties, combined with the application of improved agronomic practices...
- A meta-analysis of effects of Bt cotton and maize on nontarget invertebratesMichelle Marvier
Environmental Studies Institute, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA 95053, USA
Science 316:1475-7. 2007..However, in comparison with insecticide-free control fields, certain nontarget taxa are less abundant in Bt fields...
- Economic, ecological, food safety, and social consequences of the deployment of bt transgenic plantsA M Shelton
Department of Entomology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, New York 14456, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 47:845-81. 2002..Bt plants were deployed with the expectation that the risks would be lower than current or alternative technologies and that the benefits would be greater. Based on the data to date, these expectations seem valid...
- Native bees provide insurance against ongoing honey bee lossesRachael Winfree
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Ecol Lett 10:1105-13. 2007..The honey bee is currently undergoing extensive die-offs because of Colony Collapse Disorder. We predict that in our region native bees will buffer potential declines in agricultural production because of honey bee losses...
- Weed evolution after crop gene introgression: greater survival and fecundity of hybrids in a new environmentLesley G Campbell
Ecol Lett 9:1198-209. 2006..270% greater lifetime fecundity and c. 22% greater survival than wild plants in CA. Our results support the hypothesis that crop-wild hybridization may create genotypes with the potential to displace parental taxa in new environments...
- Sub1A is an ethylene-response-factor-like gene that confers submergence tolerance to riceKenong Xu
Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Nature 442:705-8. 2006..Cultivation of this variety is expected to provide protection against damaging floods and increase crop security for farmers...
- Transgene introgression from genetically modified crops to their wild relativesC Neal Stewart
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA
Nat Rev Genet 4:806-17. 2003....
- The ecological risks and benefits of genetically engineered plantsL L Wolfenbarger
AAAS Environmental Fellow, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Center for Environmental Assessment, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW 8601D, Washington, DC 20460, USA
Science 290:2088-93. 2000..Collectively, existing studies emphasize that these can vary spatially, temporally, and according to the trait and cultivar modified...
- Wild bees enhance honey bees' pollination of hybrid sunflowerSarah S Greenleaf
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:13890-5. 2006..These findings also demonstrate the economic importance of interspecific interactions for ecosystem services and suggest that protecting wild bee populations can help buffer the human food supply from honey bee shortages...
- Phylogeography of Asian wild rice, Oryza rufipogon, reveals multiple independent domestications of cultivated rice, Oryza sativaJason P Londo
Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:9578-83. 2006..sativa indica was domesticated within a region south of the Himalaya mountain range, likely eastern India, Myanmar, and Thailand, whereas O. sativa japonica was domesticated from wild rice in southern China...
- Contributions of domesticated plant studies to our understanding of plant evolutionJames F Hancock
Department of Horticulture, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 49924, USA
Ann Bot 96:953-63. 2005..Plant evolutionary theory has been greatly enriched by studies on crop species. Over the last century, important information has been generated on many aspects of population biology, speciation and polyploid genetics...
- Genetic changes accompanying the domestication of Pisum sativum: is there a common genetic basis to the 'domestication syndrome' for legumes?Norman F Weeden
Department of Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA
Ann Bot 100:1017-25. 2007..This study investigates the genetic basis of domestication in pea (Pisum sativum) and compares the genes involved with those determined to be important in common bean domestication...
- Nutritionally improved agricultural cropsMartina Newell-McGloughlin
University of California, Systemwide Biotechnology Research and Education Program, Davis, California 95616, USA
Plant Physiol 147:939-53. 2008
- Assessing risk of heavy metals from consuming food grown on sewage irrigated soils and food chain transferN Sridhara Chary
Analytical Chemistry and Environmental Sciences Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad 500 007, India
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 69:513-24. 2008..Results showed high amounts of Pb, Zn, Cr, and Ni compared to permissible limits. HQ was found to be high for Zn followed by Cr and Pb with special reference to leafy vegetables particularly spinach and amaranthus...
- Polyphyletic origin of cultivated rice: based on the interspersion pattern of SINEsChaoyang Cheng
Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, Japan
Mol Biol Evol 20:67-75. 2003..The subfamily members of p-SINE1 constitute a powerful tool for studying the classification and relationship of rice strains, even when one has limited knowledge of morphology, taxonomy, physiology, and biochemistry of rice strains...
- Stress and domestication traits increase the relative fitness of crop-wild hybrids in sunflowerKristin L Mercer
Applied Plant Sciences Program, University of Minnesota, 411 Borlaug Hall, 1991 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Ecol Lett 10:383-93. 2007..Rigorous assessment of how particular genotypes, phenotypes, and environments affect introgression will improve risk assessment for transgenic crops...
- Tagging the signatures of domestication in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) by means of pooled DNA samplesRoberto Papa
Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
Ann Bot 100:1039-51. 2007....
- Are Bt crops safe?Mike Mendelsohn
Office of Pesticide Programs of the U S Environmental Protection Agency, USA
Nat Biotechnol 21:1003-9. 2003
- Genetic approaches to crop improvement: responding to environmental and population changesShin Takeda
Laboratory of Plant Cell Function, Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
Nat Rev Genet 9:444-57. 2008..In addition, promising new methods are being developed for identifying additional genes and variants of interest and putting these to practical use in crop improvement...
- Use of U.S. croplands for biofuels increases greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use changeTimothy Searchinger
Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Science 319:1238-40. 2008..Biofuels from switchgrass, if grown on U.S. corn lands, increase emissions by 50%. This result raises concerns about large biofuel mandates and highlights the value of using waste products...
- Domestication to crop improvement: genetic resources for Sorghum and Saccharum (Andropogoneae)Sally L Dillon
Australian Tropical Crops and Forages Centre, Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Biloela, QLD 4715, Australia
Ann Bot 100:975-89. 2007..The improvement of both sorghum and sugarcane will be accelerated by the incorporation of more diverse germplasm into the domesticated gene pools using molecular tools and the improved knowledge of these genomes...
- Architectural evolution and its implications for domestication in grassesAndrew Doust
University of Missouri St Louis, 1 University Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63121, USA
Ann Bot 100:941-50. 2007..Increasingly, exploring the phylogenetic context of the crop grasses will suggest new ways to identify and create combinations of morphological traits that will best suit our future needs...
- New insights into the history of rice domesticationMichael J Kovach
Cornell University, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Ithaca, NY 14853 1901, USA
Trends Genet 23:578-87. 2007..sativa varieties. Our current view of rice domestication supports multiple domestications coupled with limited introgression that transferred key domestication alleles between divergent rice gene pools...
- Grain yield responses to moisture regimes in a rice population: association among traits and genetic markersG H Zou
Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
Theor Appl Genet 112:106-13. 2005..The identification of genomic regions associated with GY and its components under stress will be useful to improve drought tolerance of rice by marker-aided approaches...
- Cytokinin oxidase regulates rice grain productionMotoyuki Ashikari
Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464 8601, Japan
Science 309:741-5. 2005..QTL pyramiding to combine loci for grain number and plant height in the same genetic background generated lines exhibiting both beneficial traits. These results provide a strategy for tailormade crop improvement...
- Genome dissection of traits related to domestication in azuki bean (Vigna angularis) and comparison with other warm-season legumesTakehisa Isemura
National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Kannondai 2 1 2, Tsukuba 305 8602, Ibaraki, Japan
Ann Bot 100:1053-71. 2007....
- Genetic control of rice plant architecture under domesticationJian Jin
National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 300 Fenglin Road, Shanghai 200032, China
Nat Genet 40:1365-9. 2008..Rice transformation experiments demonstrate that artificial selection of an amino acid substitution in the PROG1 protein during domestication led to the transition from the plant architecture of wild rice to that of domesticated rice...
- Letting the gene out of the bottle: the population genetics of genetically modified cropsMark A Chapman
Vanderbilt University, Department of Biological Sciences, VU Station B 351634, Nashville, TN 37235, USA
New Phytol 170:429-43. 2006..Hence, much of this review focuses on the likely effects of transgenes once they escape. Finally, we consider strategies for transgene containment...
- Bt crop effects on functional guilds of non-target arthropods: a meta-analysisL LaReesa Wolfenbarger
Department of Biology, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, Nebraska, United States of America
PLoS ONE 3:e2118. 2008..We performed meta-analyses on a modified public database to synthesize current knowledge about the effects of Bt cotton, maize and potato on the abundance and interactions of arthropod non-target functional guilds...
- Chloroplast DNA microsatellite analysis supports a polyphyletic origin for barleyJ L Molina-Cano
Centre UdL IRTA, Av Rovira Roure 177, 25189, Lleida, Spain
Theor Appl Genet 110:613-9. 2005....
- Updating the 'crop circle'Katrien M Devos
Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, and Department of Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
Curr Opin Plant Biol 8:155-62. 2005..The isolation of genes underlying orthologous traits is the first step in conducting comparative functional studies...
- Biofortification of crops with seven mineral elements often lacking in human diets--iron, zinc, copper, calcium, magnesium, selenium and iodinePhilip J White
The Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, UK
New Phytol 182:49-84. 2009..These approaches are addressing mineral malnutrition in humans globally...
- Phytoremediation of soil polluted by nickel using agricultural cropsCesare Giordani
Istituto Agronomico per l Oltremare, Via A Cocchi, Florence, 4 50131, Italy
Environ Manage 36:675-81. 2005..The objectives of this research were to establish the uptake efficiency of nickel by some agricultural crops. In addition, we wanted to establish also in which part of plants the metal is stored for an eventual use of ..
- An unusual posttranscriptional processing in two betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase loci of cereal crops directed by short, direct repeats in response to stress conditionsXiangli Niu
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Bio Resource and Eco Environment, College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
Plant Physiol 143:1929-42. 2007..The site selection for the deletion/insertion was altered in response to the stress conditions. This indicates that the sequence elements of short, direct repeats are probably required for the recognition of the deletion/insertion sites...
- The effect of gamma irradiation on the germination and growth of certain Nigerian agricultural cropsC E Mokobia
Department of Physics, Delta State University, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria
J Radiol Prot 25:181-8. 2005..A chart of percentage germination of seeds versus exposure dose is also presented as a quick guide to farmers, policy makers and agricultural institutions...
- Domestication and breeding of tomatoes: what have we gained and what can we gain in the future?Yuling Bai
Laboratory of Plant Breeding, Wageningen University, PO Box 386, 6700 AJ Wageningen, The Netherlands
Ann Bot 100:1085-94. 2007..What have we gained from tomato domestication and breeding and what can we gain in the future?..
- Genetic analysis of rice domestication syndrome with the wild annual species, Oryza nivaraChangbao Li
Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
New Phytol 170:185-93. 2006..The genetic analyses of domestication traits with both wild relatives will open opportunities for the improvement of rice cultivars utilizing natural germplasm...
- Early allelic selection in maize as revealed by ancient DNAViviane Jaenicke-Despres
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Science 302:1206-8. 2003..The results reveal that the alleles typical of contemporary maize were present in Mexican maize by 4400 years ago. However, as recently as 2000 years ago, allelic selection at one of the genes may not yet have been complete...
- Domestication of plants in the Americas: insights from Mendelian and molecular geneticsBarbara Pickersgill
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Reading, Reading, UK
Ann Bot 100:925-40. 2007....
- Predicting the economic impact of an invasive species on an ecosystem serviceDavid C Cook
CSIRO Entomology, Black Mountain, GPO Box 1700, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
Ecol Appl 17:1832-40. 2007..S. $16.4-38.8 million (Aus $21.3-50.5 million) per year. We suggest that current invasion response funding arrangements in Australia, which do not acknowledge these avoided damages, require amendment...
- A phylogenetic analysis based on nucleotide sequence of a marker linked to the brittle rachis locus indicates a diphyletic origin of barleyPerumal Azhaguvel
National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8642, Japan
Ann Bot 100:1009-15. 2007..Barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare) cultivation started between 9500 and 8400 years ago, and was a major part of ancient agriculture in the Near East. The brittle rachis is a critical trait in the domestication process...
- Improving plant breeding with exotic genetic librariesD Zamir
Otto Warburg Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nat Rev Genet 2:983-9. 2001..These libraries can also act as reagents for the discovery and characterization of genes that underlie traits of agricultural value...
- From critical levels to critical loads for ozone: a discussion of a new experimental and modelling approach for establishing flux-response relationships for agricultural crops and native plant speciesLudger Grünhage
Institute for Plant Ecology, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Heinrich Buff Ring 26 32, 35392, Giessen, Germany
Environ Pollut 125:99-110. 2003....
- Domestication and crop physiology: roots of green-revolution wheatJ Giles Waines
Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 0124, USA
Ann Bot 100:991-8. 2007..It compares the root system of bread wheat and 'Veery'-type wheat containing the 1RS translocation from rye...
- A genome-wide analysis of differentiation between wild and domesticated Phaseolus vulgaris from MesoamericaR Papa
Department of Plant Sciences, Section of Crop and Ecosystem Sciences, University of California, Mailstop 1, Davis, CA 95616 8780, USA
Theor Appl Genet 111:1147-58. 2005....
- The domestication of artichoke and cardoon: from Roman times to the genomic ageGabriella Sonnante
CNR Institute of Plant Genetics, Via Amendola 165 A, 70126 Bari, Italy
Ann Bot 100:1095-100. 2007..Here, new trends in artichoke cultivation are analysed, while the consequences of these tendencies on the conservation of artichoke genetic resources are highlighted...
- Domestication, genomics and the future for bananaJ S Heslop-Harrison
Department of Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
Ann Bot 100:1073-84. 2007..With a production of 100 million tons annually, banana is a staple food across the Asian, African and American tropics, with the 15 % that is exported being important to many economies...
- The complex history of the domestication of riceMegan Sweeney
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell University, 161 Emerson Hall, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
Ann Bot 100:951-7. 2007..Numerous traits separate wild and domesticated rices including changes in: pericarp colour, dormancy, shattering, panicle architecture, tiller number, mating type and number and size of seeds...
- Global dissemination of a single mutation conferring white pericarp in riceMegan T Sweeney
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
PLoS Genet 3:e133. 2007..Our finding provides evidence of active cultural exchange among ancient farmers over the course of rice domestication coupled with very strong, positive selection for a single white allele in both subspecies of O. sativa...
- The importance of barley genetics and domestication in a global perspectiveMohammad Pourkheirandish
National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences NIAS, Tsukuba 305 8602, Japan
Ann Bot 100:999-1008. 2007..Archaeological evidence has revealed that barley (Hordeum vulgare) is one of the oldest crops used by ancient farmers. Studies of the time and place of barley domestication may help in understanding ancient human civilization...
- Genetic map construction and QTL mapping of resistance to blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans) disease in Australian canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivarsS Kaur
Biosciences Research Division, Department of Primary Industries, Victorian AgriBiosciences Centre, La Trobe University Research and Development Park, Bundoora, Vic, 3083, Australia
Theor Appl Genet 120:71-83. 2009..However, the likelihood of shifts in pathogen race structure across different geographical locations may have implications for the long-term durability of such associations...
- Deletion in a gene associated with grain size increased yields during rice domesticationAyahiko Shomura
Institute of the Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries, 446 1 Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
Nat Genet 40:1023-8. 2008..These analyses show that the qSW5 deletion had an important historical role in artificial selection, propagation of cultivation and natural crossings in rice domestication, and shed light on how the rice genome was domesticated...
- Vector abundance and malaria transmission in rice-growing villages in MaliMaria A Diuk-Wasser
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:725-31. 2005..This may partly explain why malaria prevalence is low in irrigated villages with high Anopheles density...
- Pollination and other ecosystem services produced by mobile organisms: a conceptual framework for the effects of land-use changeClaire Kremen
Department of Environmental Sciences, Policy and Management, University of California, 137 Mulford Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 3114, USA
Ecol Lett 10:299-314. 2007..Developing conceptual models for MABES aids in identifying knowledge gaps, determining research priorities, and targeting interventions that can be applied in an adaptive management context...
- Multilocus analysis of nucleotide variation of Oryza sativa and its wild relatives: severe bottleneck during domestication of riceQihui Zhu
State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Mol Biol Evol 24:875-88. 2007....
- Genome-wide patterns of nucleotide polymorphism in domesticated riceAna L Caicedo
Department of Genetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
PLoS Genet 3:1745-56. 2007....
- AgBase: a unified resource for functional analysis in agricultureFiona M McCarthy
Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, PO Box 6100, Mississippi, MS 39762, USA
Nucleic Acids Res 35:D599-603. 2007..We encourage and publicly acknowledge GO annotations from researchers and provide an online mechanism for agricultural researchers to submit requests for GO annotations...
- The release of genetically modified crops into the environment. Part II. Overview of ecological risk assessmentAnthony J Conner
New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd, Private Bag 4704, Christchurch, New Zealand
Plant J 33:19-46. 2003..When assessing GM crops relative to existing cultivars, the increased knowledge base underpinning the development of GM crops will provide greater confidence in the assurances plant science can give on the risks of releasing such crops...
- Development of candidate introgression lines using an exotic barley accession ( Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum) as donorM Von Korff
Department of Crop Science and Plant Breeding, University of Bonn, Katzenburgweg 5, 53115 Bonn, Germany
Theor Appl Genet 109:1736-45. 2004..They may promote the breeding progress, serve for the verification of QTL effects and provide a valuable resource for the unravelling of gene function, e.g. by expression profiling or map-based cloning...
- Preceramic adoption of peanut, squash, and cotton in northern PeruTom D Dillehay
Department of Anthropology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37221, USA
Science 316:1890-3. 2007..These data provide evidence for early use of peanut and squash in the human diet and of cotton for industrial purposes and indicate that horticultural economies in parts of the Andes took root by about 10,000 years ago...
- Development of a wide population of chromosome single-segment substitution lines in the genetic background of an elite cultivar of rice (Oryza sativa L.)Zhang Ying Xi
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Breeding, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, PR China
Genome 49:476-84. 2006..These genetic materials will be powerful tools to dissect complex traits into a set of monogenic loci and to assign phenotypic values to different alleles at the locus of interest...
- Crop-to-wild gene flow, introgression and possible fitness effects of transgenesEric Jenczewski
Unité Mixte de Recherche ENSAR INRA, Amélioration des plantes et biotechnologies végétales Domaine de la Motte, BP 35327, 35653 Le Rheu, France
Environ Biosafety Res 2:9-24. 2003..Future directions for research should thus focus on the long-term establishment and effects of transgenes on natural communities...
- Selenium concentrations of common weeds and agricultural crops grown in the seleniferous soils of northwestern IndiaKaraj S Dhillon
Department of Soils, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141 004, India
Sci Total Environ 407:6150-6. 2009..Among agricultural crops grown on a naturally contaminated soil in the greenhouse, Se concentrations were the highest for oilseed ..
- Contrasting patterns in crop domestication and domestication rates: recent archaeobotanical insights from the Old WorldDorian Q Fuller
Institute of Archaeology, University College London, 31 34 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PY, UK
Ann Bot 100:903-24. 2007..These traits include features that have been selected under the conditions of cultivation. From archaeological remains the easiest traits to study are seed size and in cereal crops the loss of natural seed dispersal...
- Prioritizing climate change adaptation needs for food security in 2030David B Lobell
Food Security and Environment Program, Woods Institute for the Environment and the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Science 319:607-10. 2008..We also find that uncertainties vary widely by crop, and therefore priorities will depend on the risk attitudes of investment institutions...
- Problem formulation and hypothesis testing for environmental risk assessments of genetically modified cropsAlan Raybould
Syngenta, Jealott s Hill International Research Centre, Bracknell, Berkshire RG42 6EY, UK
Environ Biosafety Res 5:119-25. 2006..Poor problem formulation can increase environmental risk because it leads to the collection of superfluous data that may delay or prevent the introduction of environmentally beneficial products...
- Global food insecurity. treatment of major food crops with elevated carbon dioxide or ozone under large-scale fully open-air conditions suggests recent models may have overestimated future yieldsStephen P Long
Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois, 379 Edward R Madigan Laboratory, 1201 West Gregory, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:2011-20. 2005..Without more extensive study of the effects of these changes at an agronomic scale in the open air, our ever-more sophisticated models will continue to have feet of clay...
- Selection on domestication traits and quantitative trait loci in crop-wild sunflower hybridsEric J Baack
Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, 6270 W University Blvd, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
Mol Ecol 17:666-77. 2008..These results indicate that crop trait values and alleles may sometimes be favoured in a noncrop environment and across broad geographical regions...
- Starch grains reveal early root crop horticulture in the Panamanian tropical forestD R Piperno
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Ancon, Balboa, Republic of Panama
Nature 407:894-7. 2000..The data provide the earliest direct evidence for root crop cultivation in the Americas, and support an ancient and independent emergence of plant domestication in the lowland Neotropical forest...
- Plant science. Unfallen grains: how ancient farmers turned weeds into cropsJohn Doebley
Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Science 312:1318-9. 2006
- Mitigation using a tandem construct containing a selectively unfit gene precludes establishment of Brassica napus transgenes in hybrids and backcrosses with weedy Brassica rapaHani Al-Ahmad
Plant Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Plant Biotechnol J 4:23-33. 2006..Clearly, the mitigation technology works efficiently in a rapeseed crop-weed system under biocontainment-controlled environments, but field studies should further validate its utility for minimizing the risks of gene flow...
- Biofortification of staple food cropsPenelope Nestel
HarvestPlus, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA
J Nutr 136:1064-7. 2006..With the advent of good seed systems, the development of markets and products, and demand creation, this can be achieved...
- Novel Phr1 mutations and the evolution of phenol reaction variation in US weedy rice (Oryza sativa)Briana L Gross
Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
New Phytol 184:842-50. 2009..Red rice may provide a useful study system for understanding the adaptive significance of Phr1 variation in agricultural settings...
- Differential attachment to and subsequent contamination of agricultural crops by Salmonella entericaJeri D Barak
Produce Safety and Microbiology Research Unit, USDA ARS WRRC, 800 Buchanan St, Albany, California 94710, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 74:5568-70. 2008..Once they were contaminated, phyllosphere populations were similar, except for tomato. Contamination differences exist among tomato cultivars...
- A high-density consensus map of barley linking DArT markers to SSR, RFLP and STS loci and agricultural traitsPeter Wenzl
Triticarte P L, PO Box 7141 Yarralumla, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia
BMC Genomics 7:206. 2006....
- Tiered tests to assess the environmental risk of fitness changes in hybrids between transgenic crops and wild relatives: the example of virus resistant Brassica napusAlan Raybould
Syngenta, Jealott s Hill International Research Centre, Bracknell, Berkshire RG42 6EY, UK
Environ Biosafety Res 4:127-40. 2005..We illustrate how the approach might work for assessing the risks of increased weediness using the example of possible introgression of a gene for Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) resistance from oilseed rape to certain wild Brassica species...
- Anthropology. Autonomous cultivation before domesticationEhud Weiss
Martin Szusz Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology and Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, 52900 Ramat Gan, Israel
Science 312:1608-10. 2006
- Archaeology. Invisible clues to New World plant domesticationVaughn M Bryant
Center for Ecological Archaeology, Department of Anthropology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Science 299:1029-30. 2003
- Bridging model and crop legumes through comparative genomicsHongyan Zhu
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40546, USA
Plant Physiol 137:1189-96. 2005
- Integrating genomics and metabolomics for engineering plant metabolic pathwaysKirsi Marja Oksman-Caldentey
VTT Biotechnology, PO Box 1500, 02044 VTT Espoo, Finland
Curr Opin Biotechnol 16:174-9. 2005..State-of-the art genomics tools can be combined with metabolic profiling to identify key genes that could be engineered for the production of improved crop plants...
- Assessing the impact of the green revolution, 1960 to 2000R E Evenson
Department of Economics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Science 300:758-62. 2003..Productivity gains, however, have been uneven across crops and regions. Consumers generally benefited from declines in food prices. Farmers benefited only where cost reductions exceeded price reductions...
- Expression of Human Therapeutic Proteins in Transgenic Tobacco ChloroplastsHenry Daniell; Fiscal Year: 2010..Successful completion of these studies would make transgenic chloroplasts ideal bioreactors for the production of safe and less expensive therapeutic proteins and open the door for in depth studies of membrane proteins. ..
- Optimization of Codon-Pair Usage to Maximize Protein Expression in PlantsKEITH WYCOFF; Fiscal Year: 2007..For reasons that are unclear, the yield of antibodies has been low in practical agricultural crops, such as tobacco...
- Genetics of Variation for Complex TraitsJohn Doebley; Fiscal Year: 2007..5) Finally, we will analyze the patterning of genetic diversity in genomic regions that have experienced recent and strong selective sweeps to understand how the genome responds to past selective pressure. ..
- PHYSIOLOGY OF NERVE, GLIAL AND MUSCLE CELL LINESDavid Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2005..This work is directly relevant to CNS trauma and stroke as well as to all chronic degenerative diseases where oxidative stress is a pathological hallmark. ..
- Air Pollution and Adverse Birth OutcomesBeate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Registry Study of Parkinsons Disease in DenmarkBeate R Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed research cannot be performed in the US due to a lack of population PD registries that would provide access to such a large number of cases and valid methods for control recruitment from the general population. ..
- Production of the anti-HIV protein SLPI in plantsDavid Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development and Testing of a Novel Neuroprotective DrugDavid Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2006..The results from these studies will determine the therapeutic potential of this novel compound. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Joint Risks of Hazadous Air Pollulants Among Childhood Cancer HistotypesJames Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study will identify the areas of high risk and the associated HAPs exposures, information essential to elucidate the role of HAPs and to guide further study. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Regulation of APP Degradation and ABeta SecretionDavid Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2008..In addition, understanding how cells regulate the degradation of proteins is critical to the study of a wide range of diseases, particularly those in the nervous system that are characterized by the intracellular protein accumulation. ..
- Metgagenomic Analysis of the Human Oral Viral MicrobiomeDerrick Fouts; Fiscal Year: 2008..A future application of the data is the control of bacterial pathogens through the identification and production of bacteriophage-encoded products. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Ergonomic Interventions for Garment WorkBeate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study will provide employers, employees and public agencies with evidence of the effectiveness of ergonomic interventions in order to guide health and safety policy. ..
- Redox Sensitive Proteins in Aging and NeurodegenerationDavid Schubert; Fiscal Year: 2006..These proteins, in turn, will be used as targets for the identification of potentially therapeutic antioxidants that could be useful in preventing age-and disease-associated damage to the CNS. ..
- Certified Safe Farm Evaluating Health Insurance ClaimsKelley Donham; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Diagnostic Development for NASHSteven Watkins; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- The Role of Pesticide Dispersion Within Texas Watershed*James Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2004..It is anticipated that the results produced will provide the preliminary data needed to continue definitive investigations under the auspices of subsequent R01 funding. ..
- Perception of Mechanical Stimuli by Arabidopsis RootsROBYN PERRIN; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- A Novel Family of Neuroprotective Compounds for StrokeDAVID R SCHUBERT; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Development of Enhanced Plants for Remediation of Cadmium and LeadDavid Lee; Fiscal Year: 2008..These plants could lead to novel remediation technologies with reduced environmental impact than traditional solutions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..