Genomes and Genes
Summary: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
Publications226 found, 100 shown here
- Relationship between nutritional composition of plant species and infestation levels of thripsAlison S Scott Brown
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey, TW9 3AB, United Kingdom
J Chem Ecol 28:2399-409. 2002..haenmorrhoidalis was positively correlated to levels of protein in host plants but not to levels of carbohydrates. Overall, levels of soluble protein in plants influenced their susceptibility to thrips more than levels of carbohydrates...
- How do frugivores track resources? Insights from spatial analyses of bird foraging in a tropical forestJames F Saracco
Department of Zoology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7617, USA
Oecologia 139:235-45. 2004..speculiferus, to find new foraging areas. Such a mechanism could help explain the formation of mixed species feeding flocks and highlights the potential importance of facilitation between species that share resources...
- Catalpa bignonioides alters extrafloral nectar production after herbivory and attracts ant bodyguardsJ H Ness
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 2601, USA
Oecologia 134:210-8. 2003..Fewer caterpillars remained on plants that attracted greater numbers of ants, suggesting these bodyguards benefit the plant...
- Diversity of alternative hosts of maize stemborers in Trans-Nzoia district of KenyaJames I Kanya
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, PO Box 62000, Nairobi, Kenya
Environ Biosafety Res 3:159-68. 2004..The results of this study are discussed in light of the possible role that wild host plant species might play in stemborer resistance management following the introduction of Bt maize...
- The gathering and consumption of wild edible plants in the Campoo (Cantabria, Spain)Manuel Pardo-de-Santayana
Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid, Spain
Int J Food Sci Nutr 56:529-42. 2005This paper discusses the traditional consumption of wild edible plants in the rural communities of the Campoo (Cantabria), a region in northern Spain...
- Evaluation of anti-quorum-sensing activity of edible plants and fruits through inhibition of the N-acyl-homoserine lactone system in Chromobacterium violaceum and Pseudomonas aeruginosaK Syed Musthafa
Department of Biotechnology, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, India
Chemotherapy 56:333-9. 2010..To find out an alternative strategy to antibiotic usage against bacterial infection...
- Human gamma delta T cells recognize alkylamines derived from microbes, edible plants, and tea: implications for innate immunityJ F Bukowski
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Immunity 11:57-65. 1999..alkylamines are secreted to millimolar concentrations in bacterial supernatants and are found in certain edible plants. Given the large numbers of memory V gamma 2 V delta 2 T cells in adult humans, recognition of alkylamine ..
- Wild and semi-domesticated food plant consumption in seven circum-Mediterranean areasAndreas Ch Hadjichambis
Agricultural Research Institute ARI of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
Int J Food Sci Nutr 59:383-414. 2008..More similarities of wild edible popular use were revealed between the Eastern Mediterranean and the Western Mediterranean...
- The importance of a taste. A comparative study on wild food plant consumption in twenty-one local communities in ItalyMaria Pia Ghirardini
University of Gastronomic Sciences, P za Vittorio Emanuele 9, I 12060 Bra Pollenzo, Italy
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:22. 2007..data with the most important international and national food ethnobotanical databases that focus on wild edible plants, we pointed out a few uncommon plant food uses (e.g...
- Alpha-glucosidase inhibitory and antioxidant activities of Vietnamese edible plants and their relationships with polyphenol contentsTruong Tuyet Mai
Department of Food and Nutrition, Japan Women s University, Tokyo 112 8681, Japan
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 53:267-76. 2007..inhibitory and antioxidant activities of aqueous and methanolic extracts from 28 common Vietnamese edible plants, comprising 4 groups (plants used for making drinks, edible wild vegetables, herbs, and dark green vegetables),..
- Evaluation of alpha-glucosidase, alpha-amylase and protein glycation inhibitory activities of edible plantsSirichai Adisakwattana
The Medical Food Research and Development Center, Department of Transfusion Medicine, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Int J Food Sci Nutr 61:295-305. 2010..in vitro alpha-glucosidase, pancreatic alpha-amylase and protein glycation inhibitory activities of nine edible plants. The results indicated that total phenolics, flavonoids, and condensed tannins of nine edible plants showed ..
- [Test for urokinase-type plasminogen activator inhibitor of edible plants in vitro]Yuan Jing Fan
College of Biological and Food Industry, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230069, China
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 38:252-6. 2004To study the effect of anti-progression activity of edible plants using urokinase as the biomarker.
- Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal): a comparative studyManuel Pardo-de-Santayana
Departamento de Biología Botánica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, C Darwin 2, Campus de Cantoblanco, E 28049 Madrid, Spain
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:27. 2007We compare traditional knowledge and use of wild edible plants in six rural regions of the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula as follows: Campoo, Picos de Europa, Piloña, Sanabria and Caurel in Spain and Parque Natural de Montesinho in ..
- Ta chòrta: wild edible greens used in the Graecanic area in Calabria, Southern ItalySabine Nebel
Centre for Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy, The School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29 39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, UK
Appetite 47:333-42. 2006..The present study demonstrates how the consumption of wild food plant species is strongly embedded in the local culture, and that they contribute to a healthy and balanced diet...
- The ethnobotanical study of local Mediterranean food plants as medicinal resources in Southern SpainD Rivera
Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
J Physiol Pharmacol 56:97-114. 2005..Information regarding 145 species has been recorded. Among the Gathered Food Plant Species 81 are used in medicine, in double proportion than the cultivated food plants. 61 are orally administered, in the same form as food...
- Use of wild and semi-wild edible plants in nutrition and survival of people in 1430 days of siege of Sarajevo during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995)Sulejman Redzić
Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coll Antropol 34:551-70. 2010This study is a systematic overview of data on use of wild and semi-wild edible plants in nutrition of people in 1430 days of the siege of Sarajevo during aggression on Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995)...
- Antibacterial activity of extracts from some edible plants commonly consumed in AsiaN S Alzoreky
Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Food Science, Sana a University, Sana a, Yemen
Int J Food Microbiol 80:223-30. 2003Extracts of edible plants (26 species) from China, Japan, Thailand and Yemen were screened for their antibacterial activity against Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli and Salmonella infantis...
- Antioxidant status and human health. Use of cyclic voltammetry for the evaluation of the antioxidant capacity of plasma and of edible plantsS Chevion
Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Ann N Y Acad Sci 899:308-25. 2000..These methodologies could be widely employed for rapid evaluation of subjects, in health and disease, for monitoring of their response to treatment and nutritional supplementation, and for screening of specific populations...
- Ethnobotanical remarks on Central and Southern ItalyPaolo Maria Guarrera
Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale Università La Sapienza Roma, Italy
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:23. 2007..These different cultural contributions left certain traces, both in the toponyms and in the vernacular names of the plants and, more generally, in the culture as a whole...
- Ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants of Kara and Kwego semi-pastoralist people in Lower Omo River Valley, Debub Omo Zone, SNNPR, EthiopiaTilahun Teklehaymanot
Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P, O, Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 6:23. 2010The rural populations in Ethiopia have a rich knowledge of wild edible plants and consumption of wild edible plants is still an integral part of the different cultures in the country...
- Food medicine and minor nourishment in the folk traditions of Central Italy (Marche, Abruzzo and Latium)Paolo Maria Guarrera
Museo Nazionale Arti e Tradizioni Popolari, Piazza Marconi 8 10, Roma 00144, Italy
Fitoterapia 74:515-44. 2003..References to analogous alimentary uses in Central Italy are documented. Comparisons among different food traditions are also discussed...
- Traditional knowledge of wild edible plants used in Palestine (Northern West Bank): a comparative studyMohammed S Ali-Shtayeh
Department of Biology and Biotechnology, An Najah University, Nablus, Palestine
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 4:13. 2008..These are among the areas in the PA whose rural inhabitants primarily subsisted on agriculture and therefore still preserve the traditional knowledge on wild edible plants.
- Food, flavouring and feed plant traditions in the Tyrrhenian sector of Basilicata, ItalyPaolo Maria Guarrera
Museo Nazionale Arti e Tradizioni Popolari, Piazza Marconi 8 10 00144 Rome, Italy
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:37. 2006..This area was colonized in ancient times by Greeks. Data was collected through field interviews, especially of farmers...
- Contribution to the knowledge of the veterinary science and of the ethnobotany in Calabria region (Southern Italy)Nicodemo G Passalacqua
Museo di Storia Naturale della Calabria ed Orto Botanico, Universita della Calabria, 87030 Arcavacata di Rende, Italy
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:52. 2006..Until some decades ago the road network was poorly developed and villages were isolated, so that the culture of the "subsistence" and some archaic customs were kept...
- Distribution of metals in the edible plants grown at Jajmau, Kanpur (India) receiving treated tannery wastewater: relation with physico-chemical properties of the soilS Sinha
Ecotoxicology and Bioremediation, Environmental Sciences Division, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow, India
Environ Monit Assess 115:1-22. 2006..In some fruit part of vegetables such as, bitter gourd, egg plant, jack tree, maize and okra, the accumulation of Cr was not detected and may be grown in this area...
- Children's traditional ecological knowledge of wild food resources: a case study in a rural village in Northeast ThailandChantita Setalaphruk
Social Sciences Department, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:33. 2007..The basic ability (knowledge) for naming wild food species remains among village children. However, the practical in-depth knowledge, especially about wild food plants, shows some potential eroding...
- Tyrosinase inhibitory activity of ethanol extracts from medicinal and edible plants cultivated in okinawa and identification of a water-soluble inhibitor from the leaves of Nandina domesticaToshiya Masuda
Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences, University of Tokushima, Tokushima 770 8502, Japan
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 71:2316-20. 2007..Although it was a known compound (4-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxybenzoic acid), its inhibitory activity toward tyrosinase is revealed for the first time in this work...
- An ethnobotanical survey of wild edible plants of Paphos and Larnaca countryside of CyprusAthena Della
Agricultural Research Institute, P O Box 22016, 1516 Nicosia, Cyprus
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:34. 2006An ethnobotanical survey of wild edible plants of Cyprus was carried out in two sites, Paphos vine zone and Larnaca mixed farming zone...
- Ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants in Derashe and Kucha Districts, South EthiopiaKebu Balemie
Department of Ethnobiology, Institute of Biodiversity Conservation, P O Box 30726, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:53. 2006The study discussed ethnobotany of and threats to wild edible plants in Derashe and Kucha Districts, South Ethiopia...
- Wild food plants of popular use in SicilyFrancesca Lentini
Department of Botanical Sciences, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:15. 2007..These studies may also suggest new applications for a few botanicals in medico-nutritional fields. The work includes also a short review of the seaweeds and mushrooms traditionally gathered and consumed in Sicily...
- Determination of some toxic and essential metal ions in medicinal and edible plants from MaliAbabacar Maiga
Department of Traditional Medicine, BP 1746, Bamako, Mali
J Agric Food Chem 53:2316-21. 2005..The concentrations of some toxic and essential metal ions were surveyed in seven medicinal and edible plants from Mali...
- Wild vascular plants gathered for consumption in the Polish countryside: a reviewŁukasz Łuczaj
High School of Humanities and Economics in Łódź, Department of Humanities, 90 222 Łódź, Poland
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 3:17. 2007This paper is an ethnobotanical review of wild edible plants gathered for consumption from the end of the 18th century to the present day, within the present borders of Poland.
- Plant use of the Maasai of Sekenani Valley, Maasai Mara, KenyaRainer W Bussmann
University of Hawaii, Lyon Arboretum, 3860 Manoa Rd, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:22. 2006..In most cases the treatment of illness involves herbal purgatives to cleanse the patient. There are also frequent indications of plant use for common problems like wounds, parasites, body aches and burns...
- The mother-child nexus. Knowledge and valuation of wild food plants in Wayanad, Western Ghats, IndiaGisella Susana Cruz García
Social Sciences Department, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:39. 2006....
- Melatonin in edible plants (phytomelatonin): Identification, concentrations, bioavailability and proposed functionsRussel J Reiter
Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229 3900, USA
World Rev Nutr Diet 97:211-30. 2007
- Perceived health and medicinal properties of six species of wild edible plants in north-east LebanonZeinab Jeambey
School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Public Health Nutr 12:1902-11. 2009Wild edible plants (WEP) play the dual role of securing food diversity and promoting health in traditional societies. Current simplified dietary habits contribute to increasing population health risks...
- Use of non-crop food vascular plants in Montseny biosphere reserve (Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula)M Angels Bonet
Laboratori de Botànica, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Av Joan XXIII s n 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia
Int J Food Sci Nutr 53:225-48. 2002..This article presents the results concerning the use of non-crop vascular food plants, numbering 132. Edible plants (75), as well as those involved in drink preparation (84) are considered...
- Indigenous systems of forest classification: understanding land use patterns and the role of NTFPs in shifting cultivators' subsistence economiesClaudio O Delang
Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto UniversityYoshida, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 8501, Japan
Environ Manage 37:470-86. 2006..They account for some 80-90% of the amount of edible plants consumed by the Pwo Karen, and have a base value of Baht 11,505 per year, comparable to the cash incomes of ..
- Melatonin: an antioxidant in edible plantsRussel J Reiter
Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229 3900, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 957:341-4. 2002..that is widely distributed in the animal kingdom, has now been shown to exist in the plant kingdom, including edible plants. Our findings show that melatonin is not only an endogenously produced antioxidant, but that it is also ..
- Are insect-synthesized retronecine esters (creatonotines) the precursors of the male courtship pheromone in the arctiid moth Estigmene acrea?T Hartmann
Institut fur Pharmazeutische Biologie, Technische Universitat Braunschweig, D 38106, Braunschweig, Germany
J Chem Ecol 29:2603-8. 2003..acrea. It is hypothesized that this may represent a general mechanism of hydroxydanaidal formation from diverse macrocyclic PAs in arctiids...
- Interactive effects of genotype, environment, and ontogeny on resistance of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) to the generalist herbivore, Spodoptera exiguaRowan D H Barrett
Department of Botany, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3B2, Canada
J Chem Ecol 30:37-51. 2004....
- Resource-mediated impact of spider predation risk on performance in the grasshopper Ageneotettix deorum (Orthoptera: Acrididae)Bradford J Danner
School of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588 0118, USA
Oecologia 137:352-9. 2003..Increased resource quality can clearly moderate the negative life history responses caused by the behavioral modification of grasshoppers when exposed to spider predation risk, a compensatory response...
- Spatial variation in springtime food resources influences the winter body mass of roe deer fawnsNathalie Pettorelli
Unité mixte de Recherche CNRS No 5558 Biométrie et Biologie évolutive, Universite Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622, Villeurbanne, Cedex, France
Oecologia 137:363-9. 2003..The availability of these plants is therefore likely to be a key factor in the dynamics of roe deer populations...
- Host nutritive quality and host plant choice in two grass miners: primary roles for primary compounds?Jan Scheirs
Evolutionary Biology Group, University of Antwerp RUCA, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium
J Chem Ecol 29:1373-89. 2003..Finally, the results suggest a primary role for foliar protein content in host choice of the study species in general and in shaping the host range of C. milii in particular...
- Colony structure in a plant-ant: behavioural, chemical and genetic study of polydomy in Cataulacus mckeyi (Myrmicinae)Gabriel Debout
CEFE CNRS UPR 9056, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293 Cedex 5 Montpellier, France
Oecologia 137:195-204. 2003..This particular colony structure may confer on C. mckeyi an advantage in short-distance dispersal, and this could help explain its persistence within the dynamic Leonardoxa system...
- Interactions between willows and insect herbivores under enhanced ultraviolet-B radiationT O Veteli
Department of Biology, University of Joensuu, PO Box 111, 80101 Joensuu, Finland
Oecologia 137:312-20. 2003..phylicifolia) than to changes in their primary hosts (S. myrsinifolia)...
- Group size in folivorous primates: ecological constraints and the possible influence of social factorsColin A Chapman
Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Primates 46:1-9. 2005..9 individuals, and for black howlers it was 5.3 individuals. We explore possible social constraints, such as infanticide, that prevent black-and-white colobus and black howlers from living in large groups...
- Flowering phenology and compensation for herbivory in Ipomopsis aggregataRachael S Freeman
Department of Plant Biology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
Oecologia 136:394-401. 2003....
- Reduced resistance of invasive varieties of the alien tree Sapium sebiferum to a generalist herbivoreEvan Siemann
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA
Oecologia 135:451-7. 2003..These results demonstrate post-invasion genetic differences in herbivore resistance and growth of an invasive plant species together with a decoupling of defense and herbivore choice in the introduced range...
- Effect of iridoid glycoside content on oviposition host plant choice and parasitism in a specialist herbivoreMarko Nieminen
Department of Ecology and Systematics Division of Population Biology, Biocenter 3 P O Box 65, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
J Chem Ecol 29:823-44. 2003..Therefore, parasitoids appear to avoid or perform poorly in host larvae with high catalpol content...
- Tryptamine-induced resistance in tryptophan decarboxylase transgenic poplar and tobacco plants against their specific herbivoresRishi I S Gill
UBC Biotechnology Laboratory and Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4
J Chem Ecol 29:779-93. 2003..Thus, ectopic expression of TDC1 can allow sufficient tryptamine to accumulate in poplar and tobacco leaf tissue to suppress significantly the growth of insect pests that normally feed on these plants...
- Plant vascular architecture and within-plant spatial patterns in resource quality following herbivoryD V Viswanathan
Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3B2
J Chem Ecol 30:531-43. 2004..Hence, plant vascular architecture clearly predicted within-plant changes in resource quality following only small amounts of herbivore damage...
- Antioxidants in grasshoppers: higher levels defend the midgut tissues of a polyphagous species than a graminivorous speciesRaymond V Barbehenn
Department of Ecology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 1048, USA
J Chem Ecol 29:683-702. 2003....
- Plant-herbivore models, where more grass means fewer grazersBelinda Barnes
Ecosystem Dynamics Group, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
Bull Math Biol 67:33-55. 2005....
- The relationship between relative growth rate and susceptibility to aphids in wild barley under different nutrient levelsI A M Elberse
Institute of Ecology NIOO, Boterhoekse straat 48, P O Box 40, 6666 ZG, Heteren, The Netherlands
Oecologia 137:564-71. 2003..Whatever the cause, the genetic variation for the reaction in susceptibility to nutrient supply suggests that selection could act in favour of more or less plasticity in plants without any apparent change in potential RGR...
- GM crops may harm biodiversityMaria Burke
Environ Sci Technol 37:425A-426A. 2003
- Impact of genetically modified crops and their management on soil microbially mediated plant nutrient transformationsP P Motavalli
Department of Soil, Environmental and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
J Environ Qual 33:816-24. 2004..Future environmental evaluation of the impact of the diverse transgenic crops under development could lead to an improved understanding of soil biological functions and processes...
- Long-term effects of defoliation on quaking aspen in relation to genotype and nutrient availability: plant growth, phytochemistry and insect performanceTod L Osier
Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1630 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Oecologia 139:55-65. 2004..In this study, plant genotype was of primary importance, nutrient availability was of secondary importance and long-term induced responses were unimportant as determinants of insect performance...
- Measuring plant diversity in the tall threetip sagebrush steppe: influence of previous grazing management practicesSteven S Seefeldt
United States Department of Agriculture Agriculture Research Service, United States Sheep Experiment Station, HC 62 Box 2010, Dubois, Idaho 83423, USA
Environ Manage 32:234-45. 2003....
- Delineating the effects of a plant trait on interactions among associated insectsGary C Chang
Department of Plant, Soil and Entomological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844 2339, USA
Oecologia 139:123-30. 2004..convergens, P. scitulus, and A. pisum were the same on both types of peas. We consider how aphid movement, plant growth, and a high frequency of predation by P. scitulus on H. convergens influenced pea aphid density...
- Multiple disturbances accelerate invasion of reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinaceaL.) in a mesocosm studySuzanne M Kercher
Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin Madison, 430 Lincoln Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Oecologia 138:455-64. 2004..A separate experiment likewise revealed a synergistic interaction between added nutrients and simulated grazing. We suggest that multiple factors be mitigated simultaneously to reduce invasion of Phalaris...
- Effects of nutrient variability on the genetic-based resistance of Eucalyptus globulus to a mammalian herbivore and on plant defensive chemistryJulianne M O'Reilly-Wapstra
CRC for Sustainable Production Forestry, School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 5, TAS, Hobart, 7001, Australia
Oecologia 142:597-605. 2005....
- Interactions of root and leaf herbivores on purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)Tamaru R Hunt-Joshi
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Corson Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Oecologia 142:554-63. 2005..Interspecific interactions between G. calmariensis and H. transversovittatus are possible and may negatively affect either species, but this is unlikely to occur unless heavy feeding damage results in partial or complete plant death...
- Responses of invertebrate natural enemies to complex-structured habitats: a meta-analytical synthesisGail A Langellotto
Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Oecologia 139:1-10. 2004....
- Overexpression of glutamate decarboxylase in transgenic tobacco plants deters feeding by phytophagous insect larvaeKennaway B MacGregor
Department of Biological Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada L2S3A1
J Chem Ecol 29:2177-82. 2003..These results suggest that leaf GABA accumulation, which is known to occur in response to insect larval walking and feeding, represents a rapidly deployed local resistance mechanism...
- Survival, growth, and escape from herbivory are determined by habitat and herbivore species for three Australian woodland plantsKimberly G Allcock
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E9, Canada
Oecologia 138:231-41. 2004..Our results show that habitat and herbivore species strongly influence the effect of herbivory on vegetation...
- Induction of hypericins and hyperforins in Hypericum perforatum in response to damage by herbivoresTara M Sirvent
Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
J Chem Ecol 29:2667-81. 2003..Although the leaf damage index of the specialist feeding was 2.7 times greater, C. quadrigemina had little effect on H. perforatum chemical defenses in response to feeding damage in comparison to generalist feeding...
- Secondary succession is influenced by belowground insect herbivory on a productive siteMartin Schädler
Department of Community Ecology, UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig Halle, Theodor Lieser Strasse 4, 06120 Halle, Germany
Oecologia 138:242-52. 2004..Hence, soil insects can exert strong top-down effects on the vegetation of productive sites by affecting dominant plant species and altering competitive balances...
- Phenological variation as protection against defoliating insects: the case of Quercus robur and Operophtera brumataOlli Pekka Tikkanen
Department of Biology, University of Joensuu, PO Box 111, 80101 Joensuu, Finland
Oecologia 136:244-51. 2003..robur stand can limit the colonisation of neighbouring trees by dispersing larvae. Furthermore, the hybridisation of moths adapted to phenologically different trees may lead to maladapted phenology of their offspring...
- Phenolic compounds in red oak and sugar maple leaves have prooxidant activities in the midgut fluids of Malacosoma disstria and Orgyia leucostigma caterpillarsRaymond Barbehenn
Department of Molecular Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1048, USA
J Chem Ecol 31:969-88. 2005..disstria and O. leucostigma caterpillars. We conclude that the oxidative defenses of trees vary substantially between species, with those in sugar maple leaves being especially active, even in phenolic-tolerant herbivore species...
- Similarity of cuticular lipids between a caterpillar and its host plant: a way to make prey undetectable for predatory ants?Augusto Henrique Arantes Portugal
Laboratorio de Ecología Química, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas UNICAMP, Caixa Postal 6109, 13083 970 Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil
J Chem Ecol 31:2551-61. 2005..This defensive mechanism can be defined as chemical camouflage, and may have a double adaptive advantage, namely, protection against predation and a reduction in the cost of sequestering toxic compounds from the host plant...
- If you've got it, flaunt it: ingested alkaloids affect corematal display behavior in the salt marsh moth, Estigmene acreaAlex T Jordan
Department of Biology, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27106, USA
J Insect Sci 5:1. 2005..MNO was also shown to be an adequate precursor for the production of the courtship pheromone hydroxydanaidal...
- Effects of furanocoumarins on feeding behavior of parsnip webworms Depressaria pastinacellaJ A Cianfrogna
Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
J Chem Ecol 28:1365-75. 2002....
- Constraints on effectiveness of cyanogenic glycosides in herbivore defenseRoslyn M Gleadow
School of Botany, The University of Melbourne Victoria, Australia
J Chem Ecol 28:1301-13. 2002..Nevertheless, they do form part of the broad spectrum of toxic and distasteful compounds that herbivores must accommodate if they are to feed on cyanogenic plants...
- An ecosystem approach to population management of ungulatesPeter J Weisberg
Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 1499, USA
J Environ Manage 65:181-97. 2002..Resolution of elk-cattle conflicts is likely to be facilitated by managing elk distribution, rather than overall elk population levels...
- More woody plants? The status of bush encroachment in Botswana's grazing areasN M Moleele
Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Botswana, Private Bag 0022, Gaborone, Botswana
J Environ Manage 64:3-11. 2002....
- Simultaneous effects of food limitation and inducible resistance on herbivore population dynamicsKaren C Abbott
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, 1101 E 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Theor Popul Biol 73:63-78. 2008....
- Herbivore-induced volatile production by Arabidopsis thaliana leads to attraction of the parasitoid Cotesia rubecula: chemical, behavioral, and gene-expression analysisR M Van Poecke
Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
J Chem Ecol 27:1911-28. 2001..AtAOS, encoding allene oxide synthase, involved in the production of jasmonic acid, also was induced by herbivory...
- Application of an ecological framework linking scales based on self-thinningBelinda Barnes
CRC for Greenhouse Accounting, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra 0200 Australia
Ecol Appl 16:133-42. 2006..Further, the general formulation has an analytic solution based on characteristics of the individual, facilitating practical and predictive application...
- Genetic architecture for normal and novel host-plant use in two local populations of the herbivorous ladybird beetle, Epilachna pustulosaH Ueno
Laboratory of Biology, Faculty of Education, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan
J Evol Biol 16:883-95. 2003....
- A review of feeding and nutrition of herbivorous land crabs: adaptations to low quality plant dietsStuart M Linton
School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Pigdons Road, Waurn Ponds, VIC 3217, Australia
J Comp Physiol B 177:269-86. 2007..To digest plant material, they possess a plastic digestive strategy of high food intake, short retention time, high assimilation of cell contents, and substantial digestion of cellulose and hemicellulose...
- Dietary influences on terpenoids sequestered by the biological control agent Oxyops vitiosa: effect of plant volatiles from different Melaleuca quinquenervia chemotypes and laboratory host speciesG S Wheeler
USDA ARS Invasive Plant Research Lab, 3205 College Avenue, Ft Lauderdale, Florida 33314, USA
J Chem Ecol 29:189-208. 2003..g., 1,8-cineole, viridiflorol) found to be active in their field host M. quinquenervia. These weevil larvae are opportunistic, sequestering the primary terpenoids in their host leaves that confer antipredator activity...
- Herbivory limits recruitment in an old-field seed addition experimentAndrew S MacDougall
Department of Biology, University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, Saskatchewan S4S OA2 Canada
Ecology 88:1105-11. 2007..Recruitment outside the herbivore exclosures was mostly by unpalatable exotics, suggesting a possible link between invasion success and herbivore resistance for some introduced plants...
- Effect of nitrogen and water treatment on leaf chemistry in horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), and relationship to herbivory by flea beetles (Epitrix spp.) and tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta)Martin L Cipollini
Department of Biology, 430 Berry College, Mount Berry, Georgia 30149, USA
J Chem Ecol 28:2377-98. 2002..Because leaf resistance was maintained in low nitrogen plants at the apparent expense of growth and reproduction, our results support the concept of a fitness cost of defense, as predicted by the optimal defense hypothesis...
- Covariance of preference and performance on normal and novel hosts in a locally monophagous and locally polyphagous butterfly populationJ L Bossart
Department of Biology, The College of New Jersey, PO Box 7718, Ewing, NJ 08628 0718, USA
Oecologia 135:477-86. 2003..Likely, multiple genetic control mechanisms (e.g., pleiotropy and co-adaptation) integrate at the level of different trait combinations and/or a particular trait combination to generate observed patterns...
- Herbivorous mites as ecological engineers: indirect effects on arthropods inhabiting papaya foliageValerie Fournier
Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Oecologia 135:442-50. 2003..This study shows the importance of indirect effects in structuring a terrestrial community of herbivores...
- A comparative analysis of morphological and ecological characters of European aphids and lycaenids in relation to ant attendanceBernhard Stadler
Bayreuth Institute for Terrestrial Ecosystem Research, University of Bayreuth, 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
Oecologia 135:422-30. 2003..The opposite is true for lycaenids, where most variance is explained at the lowest taxonomic level. Possible mechanisms explaining these different patterns of associations with ants are suggested...
- Advantages of a mixed diet: feeding on several foliar age classes increases the performance of a specialist insect herbivoreGaétan Moreau
Population Ecology Group, Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management, University of New Brunswick, E3B 6C2, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Oecologia 135:391-9. 2003..Our results emphasize the importance of considering non-linear changes in foliar quality as leaves age on herbivore preference and performance, and demonstrate how a herbivore can use this variability to maximize its fitness...
- Putting the insect into the birch-insect interactionErkki Haukioja
Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland
Oecologia 136:161-8. 2003....
- Asymmetric competition via induced resistance: specialist herbivores indirectly suppress generalist preference and populationsJeremy D Long
Marine Science Center, Northeastern University, 430 Nahant Road, Nahant, Massachusetts 01908, USA
Ecology 88:1232-40. 2007..Our results indicate that marine herbivores may compete via inducible responses in shared seaweeds. These plant-mediated interactions were asymmetric with a specialist (L. obtusata) competitively superior to a generalist (L. littorea)...
- Effects of quantitative variation in allelochemicals in Plantago lanceolata on development of a generalist and a specialist herbivore and their endoparasitoidsJeffrey A Harvey
Department of Multitrophic Interactions, Netherlands Institute of Ecology NIOO KNAW, P O Box 40, NL 6666 ZG Heteren, The Netherlands
J Chem Ecol 31:287-302. 2005....
- Herbivores and edaphic factors constrain the realized niche of a native plantJennifer A Lau
Center for Population Biology, One Shields Avenue, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
Ecology 89:754-62. 2008..Thus, interactions between the abiotic environment and insect herbivory contributed to restricting the niche of C. sparsiflora serpentine ecotypes to a subset of available habitat...
- The East African decapod crab Neosarmatium meinerti (de Man) sweeps mangrove floors clean of leaf litterEmil Olafsson
Department of Zoology, University of Stockholm, Sweden
Ambio 31:569-73. 2002..meinerti may sweep mangrove forest floors clean of leaf litter are confirmed. In high shore mangroves of East and South Africa where N. meinerti is common, energy flow appears unique: virtually all litter production is retained...
- Autecology of the common mormon butterfly, Papilio polytes (Lepidoptera : Rhopalocera : Papilionidae)J B Atluri
Department of Botany, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, Andhras Pradesh, India
J Environ Biol 23:199-204. 2002..The development time from egg to adult is 28-30, giving 11-12 generations in a year, but with better breeding during August-February. Thus P. polytes is multivoltine...
- Effects of a simple plant morphological mutation on the arthropod community and the impacts of predators on a principal insect herbivoreClaire E Rutledge
Plant Soil and Entomological Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844 2339, USA
Oecologia 135:39-50. 2003..The benefit of extrinsic resistance to herbivory conferred by reduced EW may balance any benefits of a prominent EW bloom, thereby sustaining EW polymorphisms in some natural plant populations...
- Behavioral mechanisms underlie an ant-plant mutualismJennifer A Rudgers
Center for Population Biology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Oecologia 135:51-9. 2003..This study contributes to a small body of evidence from terrestrial systems demonstrating that the trait-mediated effects of predators can cascade to the host plants of prey...
- Effect of ethnomedicinal plants used in folklore medicine in Jordan as antibiotic resistant inhibitors on Escherichia coliRula M Darwish
Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
BMC Complement Altern Med 10:9. 2010..This is the first report testing the antibiotic resistance-modifying activity of nineteen Jordanian plants against multidrug-resistant E. coli...
- Antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities of eleven edible plantsMehmet Boga
Department of Analytical and General Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
Pharm Biol 49:290-5. 2011..Consumers have become more interested in beneficial effects of vegetables, fruits, and tea to protect their health...
- Plant crude extracts could be the solution: extracts showing in vivo antitumorigenic activityA A Amara
Protein Research Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, Mubarak City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Alexandria, Egypt
Pak J Pharm Sci 21:159-71. 2008..The extracts from edible plants represent 50% of the first and the second group which have the highest antitumor activities represented in F...
- Evaluation of antibacterial activity of selected Iranian essential oils against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli in nutrient broth mediumMohammad Mohsenzadeh
Department of Food Hygiene and Public Health, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, P O Box 91775 1793, Mashhad, Iran
Pak J Biol Sci 10:3693-7. 2007..In conclusion, essential oils of edible plants could be a potential source for inhibitory substances for some foodborne pathogens...
- Evaluation of the cytotoxicity, mutagenicity and antimutagenicity of emerging edible plantsG C Yen
Department of Food Science, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuokuang Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
Food Chem Toxicol 39:1045-53. 2001This study evaluates the toxic, mutagenic and antimutagenic effects of emerging edible plants that are consumed as new leafy vegetables in Taiwan. Among eight plant extracts, only the extracts of Sol (Solanum nigrum L...
- Paclitaxel pathway transcriptional activatorsPierre Broun; Fiscal Year: 2002..The main benefits of the activator genes will be increasing Taxol supply and reducing production costs. ..
- Nutrition and Thyroid Cancer Risk in the CTS CohortPAMELA HORN ROSS; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results of this research will have important implications for improving our understanding of the etiology of this disease which disproportionately affects young women. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Development of novel therapies for aging-induced skeletal muscle atrophy.SCOTT MATTHEW EBERT; Fiscal Year: 2013..Both compounds are natural products found in edible plants (suggesting a favorable safety profile) and the robust effects of these compounds in mice suggest outstanding ..
- Fruit exosome-like particles for therapeutic delivery of extracellular miRNAsHuang Ge Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013..preliminary data show that exosome-like nanoparticles can be isolated in large quantities from the tissue of edible plants, including grapes...
- ADHERENCE BLOCKING VACCINE FOR AMEBIASISWilliam Petri; Fiscal Year: 2003..In Project 2, recombinant CRD containing peptides will be expressed in edible plants. In Project 3, the applicants will attempt to develop a novel adjuvant, based on the ricin B subunit to ..
- DATA MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE REPOSITORY FOR THE exRNA ATLASAleksandar Milosavljevic; Fiscal Year: 2013..The exRNAs may also originate from edible plants and from microbes that inhabit the human body...
- Induction Of Apoptosis in Osteosarcoma By Green TeaTARIQ HAQQI; Fiscal Year: 2005Micronutrients present in edible plants are known to possess anti-carcinogenic properties because epidemiological studies have suggested that consumption of fruits and vegetables may prevent against many cancer types...
- NOVEL STRATEGIES FOR CHEMOPROTECTION AGAINST CANCERPaul Talalay; Fiscal Year: 2000..pinpointing new targets for chemoprotective intervention; identifying new chemoprotective chemicals and edible plants rich in such activities; and developing short-term markers for assessing chemoprotection in humans...
- Chemopreventive Efficacy of Broccoli Sprouts in HumansThomas Kensler; Fiscal Year: 2004..Many edible plants, most notably 3-day-old broccoli sprouts, contain potent phase 2 enzyme inducer activity in the form of ..
- Intestinal Disposition of Chemoprevention AgentsThomas Cook; Fiscal Year: 2004..Many compounds with chemopreventive activity have been isolated from a host of edible plants (e.g...
- JHU-NUS Center for Research on CAMs(Planning Grant)PAUL LIETMAN; Fiscal Year: 2004..of TCM products to be studied by plant genomic and biochemical means, the reliable sourcing of herbs and edible plants, and the formulation and manufacturing of products following GMP 2...
- Immune Response to Oral HIV-1 Tat Expressed in PlantsALEXANDER KARASEV; Fiscal Year: 2003..These studies will provide important information on whether native or modified Tat should be included in an HIV vaccine and will provide data on the feasibility of oral administration of HIV antigens in edible plants.
- Expression of Human Therapeutic Proteins in Transgenic Tobacco ChloroplastsHenry Daniell; Fiscal Year: 2010..Successful completion of these studies would make transgenic chloroplasts ideal bioreactors for the production of safe and less expensive therapeutic proteins and open the door for in depth studies of membrane proteins. ..
- Plant Foods and Endometrial Cancer EpidemiologyPAMELA HORN ROSS; Fiscal Year: 2005..A priori definitions and factor analysis will be used to identify dietary patterns. The results of the proposed analyses will provide further understanding of the etiology of endometrial cancer. ..
- TARGETS OF AMINO ACID RESTRICTION IN PROSTATE CANCERGary G Meadows; Fiscal Year: 2009..This research could serve as the basis for future development of more specific antimetastatic, anti-invasive, apoptosis-based therapies for human prostate cancer. ..
- MECHANISM OF THYMIC ATROPHY INDUCED BY ALCOHOLGARY MEADOWS; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long term objective of this research is to understand the mechanism underlying the loss in thymic cellularity induced by high alcohol consumption and to determine the reversibility of this effect. ..
- Inland Northwest Cancer ConferenceGARY MEADOWS; Fiscal Year: 2004..The 2004 conference entitled "Bridging the Gap, Breakthroughs in Cancer Care and Research" will be held on November 12th and 13th at the Davenport Hotel in Spokane, WA. ..
- MECHANISMS OF DIETARY MODULATION OF MELANOMA INVASIONGARY MEADOWS; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and FunctionBo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
- Mechanisms on metastasis and survival in alcoholic miceGary G Meadows; Fiscal Year: 2010..Flow cytometric and ELISA assays will be used to determine lymphocyte populations, surface and intracellular marker expression, cytokine producing cells, and cytokine concentrations. ..
- IMMUNOGENETIC MECHANISMS OF VACCINE RESPONSEGregory A Poland; Fiscal Year: 2010..The knowledge gained from these studies will enable us to design new strategies and new vaccines to protect human health against viral diseases. ..
- Effect of Selenoprotein SNPs on Prostate Cancer RiskMargaret Rayman; Fiscal Year: 2005..Reduction of cancer incidence in these sub-groups would reduce the incidence of prostate cancer in the population. ..
- Role of human gamma delta T cells in tumor immunityJACK BUKOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2003..These studies will thus help define the role of VgammaVdelta2 T cells in human tumor immunity. ..
- Comparing Effects of 3 Sources of Garlic on Serum LipidsChristopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2005..The comprehensive approach taken in this study will provide important evidence for both the public and for health professionals as to whether fresh garlic or garlic supplements have beneficial effects on serum lipids. ..
- ALA & EPA/DHA (w-3) Effects On Inflammatory Markers in Insulin Resistant AdultsChristopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2007..The adults with the metabolic syndrome selected for this study are those that are at increased risk of heart disease, and those most likely to be benefit from the different therapies tested. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effect of Antioxidants on Inflammatory Markers and FMVDChristopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Benefits & Risks of Popular Weight Loss DietsChristopher Gardner; Fiscal Year: 2003..The data generated from this preliminary/feasibility study will be used to strengthen the proposal and design of a future full-scale study. ..