Genomes and Genes
Summary: The only species in the genus GARDNERELLA, and previously classed as Haemophilus vaginalis. This bacterium, also isolated from the female genital tract of healthy women, is implicated in the cause of bacterial vaginosis (VAGINOSIS, BACTERIAL). It occasionally causes postpartum bacteremia and bacteremia following a transurethral resection of the prostate.
Publications195 found, 100 shown here
- Comparative genomics of Gardnerella vaginalis strains reveals substantial differences in metabolic and virulence potentialCarl J Yeoman
Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, USA
PLoS ONE 5:e12411. 2010b>Gardnerella vaginalis is described as a common vaginal bacterial species whose presence correlates strongly with bacterial vaginosis (BV). Here we report the genome sequencing and comparative analyses of three strains of G. vaginalis...
- Molecular identification of bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosisDavid N Fredricks
Program in Infectious Diseases, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
N Engl J Med 353:1899-911. 2005..The cause of bacterial vaginosis remains poorly understood despite numerous studies based on cultures. Bacteria in microbial communities can be identified without cultivation by characterizing their ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequences...
- Temporal variability of human vaginal bacteria and relationship with bacterial vaginosisSujatha Srinivasan
Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e10197. 2010..This study used PCR to assess the variability in concentrations of key vaginal bacteria in healthy women and the immediate response to antibiotic treatment in women with bacterial vaginosis (BV)...
- Cloning of 16S rRNA genes amplified from normal and disturbed vaginal microflora suggests a strong association between Atopobium vaginae, Gardnerella vaginalis and bacterial vaginosisRita Verhelst
Department Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
BMC Microbiol 4:16. 2004The pathogenesis of bacterial vaginosis remains largely elusive, although some microorganisms, including Gardnerella vaginalis, are suspected of playing a role in the etiology of this disorder...
- Deep sequencing of the vaginal microbiota of women with HIVRuben Hummelen
Canadian Research and Development Centre for Probiotics, Lawson Health Research Institute, London, Canada
PLoS ONE 5:e12078. 2010..It is poorly understood which bacterial communities constitute BV or the normal vaginal microbiota among this population and how the microbiota associated with BV responds to antibiotic treatment...
- Quantitative determination by real-time PCR of four vaginal Lactobacillus species, Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae indicates an inverse relationship between L. gasseri and L. inersEllen De Backer
Department of Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Ghent University Hospital, UGent, Ghent, Belgium
BMC Microbiol 7:115. 2007..Here we applied existing real-time PCR formats for Lactobacillus crispatus, L. gasseri and Gardnerella vaginalis and developed new formats for Atopobium vaginae, L. iners and L...
- Exploring the diversity of Gardnerella vaginalis in the genitourinary tract microbiota of monogamous couples through subtle nucleotide variationA Murat Eren
Department of Computer Science, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e26732. 2011..vaginalis biotypes, as well as more recent genomic comparisons of G. vaginalis isolates from symptomatic and asymptomatic women, suggest that particular G. vaginalis strains may play a key role in the pathogenesis of BV...
- The aetiology of bacterial vaginosisY Turovskiy
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
J Appl Microbiol 110:1105-28. 2011..Many of these factors are yet to be characterized because a clear understanding of their relative contribution to the aetiology of BV is pivotal to the formulation of an effective treatment for and prophylaxis of this condition...
- Drawing the line between commensal and pathogenic Gardnerella vaginalis through genome analysis and virulence studiesMichael D Harwich
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical College of Virginia Campus of Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
BMC Genomics 11:375. 2010..b>Gardnerella vaginalis was originally identified as the causative agent, but subsequent findings that it is commonly isolated ..
- An adherent Gardnerella vaginalis biofilm persists on the vaginal epithelium after standard therapy with oral metronidazoleAlexander Swidsinski
Molekulargenetisches Labor für polymikrobielle Infektionen und bakterielle Biofilme, Berlin, Germany
Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:97.e1-6. 2008..The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of standard treatment with oral metronidazole in the eradication of the bacterial vaginosis biofilm...
- The genital econiche: focus on microbiota and bacterial vaginosisDan Danielsson
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Division of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital, Orebro, Sweden
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1230:48-58. 2011..Recent studies have implicated the development of a vaginal biofilm with Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae as main players in the pathogenesis of bacterial vaginosis...
- Female genital-tract HIV load correlates inversely with Lactobacillus species but positively with bacterial vaginosis and Mycoplasma hominisBeverly E Sha
Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Rush University Medical Center, University of Illinois at Chicago, Illinois, USA
J Infect Dis 191:25-32. 2005..Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition. We examined the association between BV and BV-associated bacteria and expression of HIV in the female genital tract...
- Gardnerella vaginalis comprises three distinct genotypes of which only two produce sialidaseGuido Lopes Dos Santos Santiago
Department of Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology, and Immunology, Laboratory for Bacteriology Research, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
Am J Obstet Gynecol 204:450.e1-7. 2011Sialidase and the presence of Gardnerella vaginalis have been proposed as biomarkers for bacterial vaginosis. Sialidase has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcome...
- Response of Gardnerella vaginalis biofilm to 5 days of moxifloxacin treatmentAlexander Swidsinski
Laboratory for Molecular Genetics, Polymicrobial Infections and Bacterial Biofilms, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany
FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 61:41-6. 2011Polymicrobial communities are often recalcitrant to antibiotics. We tested whether the polymicrobial Gardnerella vaginalis biofilm can be eradicated with moxifloxacin...
- In vitro secretion profile of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, and of human beta-defensins (HBD)-1, HBD-2, and HBD-3 from human chorioamniotic membranes after selective stimulation with Gardnerella vaginalisVeronica Zaga-Clavellina
Cell Biology Department, Instituto Nacional de Perinatologia Isidro Espinosa de los Reyes, Mexico City, Mexico
Am J Reprod Immunol 67:34-43. 2012Preterm labor associated with infection is a major clinical condition; in this work, we analyze the response of human chorioamniotic membranes stimulated with Gardnerella vaginalis.
- Genetic and biochemical diversity of Gardnerella vaginalis strains isolated from women with bacterial vaginosisMilda Pleckaityte
Institute of Biotechnology, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 65:69-77. 2012b>Gardnerella vaginalis is considered a substantial player in the progression of bacterial vaginosis (BV). We analysed 17 G...
- Detection of bacterial vaginosis-related organisms by real-time PCR for Lactobacilli, Gardnerella vaginalis and Mycoplasma hominisM Reza Zariffard
Department of Immunology Microbiology, Rush University, 1653 West Congress Parkway, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 34:277-81. 2002..lavage (CVL) samples from 21 women were analyzed by real-time PCR for the numbers of Mycoplasma hominis, Gardnerella vaginalis and lactobacilli. Lactobacilli organisms were detected in all CVL samples, G...
- In vitro inhibitory activity of human vaginal lactobacilli against pathogenic bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosis in Kenyan womenMartin N Matu
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Kenyatta University, P O Box 43844, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
Anaerobe 16:210-5. 2010..fragilis while 23% (37/158), 28% (45/158) and 29% (46/158) inhibited the growth of Prevotella bivia, Gardnerella vaginalis and Mobiluncus spp. respectively. The lactobacilli produced supernatants with a pH range between 2...
- Resolution and characterization of distinct cpn60-based subgroups of Gardnerella vaginalis in the vaginal microbiotaTeenus Paramel Jayaprakash
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
PLoS ONE 7:e43009. 2012..The Nugent score, based on Gram stain, is used to diagnose BV and Gardnerella vaginalis abundance in the sample is one factor determining Nugent score...
- Dissimilarity in the occurrence of Bifidobacteriaceae in vaginal and perianal microbiota in women with bacterial vaginosisAlexander Swidsinski
Laboratory for Molecular Genetics, Polymicrobial Infections and Bacterial Biofilms, 10098 Berlin, Germany
Anaerobe 16:478-82. 2010..vaginosis, the most common perturbation of the vaginal microflora involving primarily overgrowth of Gardnerella vaginalis, has also been suggested to involve a recto-vaginal pathway...
- Comparative genomic analyses of 17 clinical isolates of Gardnerella vaginalis provide evidence of multiple genetically isolated clades consistent with subspeciation into genovarsAzad Ahmed
Center for Genomic Sciences, Allegheny Singer Research Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
J Bacteriol 194:3922-37. 2012b>Gardnerella vaginalis is associated with a spectrum of clinical conditions, suggesting high degrees of genetic heterogeneity among stains. Seventeen G...
- Extravaginal reservoirs of vaginal bacteria as risk factors for incident bacterial vaginosisJeanne M Marrazzo
Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, WA, USA
J Infect Dis 205:1580-8. 2012..to diverse anaerobes. Although antibiotics relieve symptoms and temporarily eradicate BV-associated bacteria (BVAB), BV usually recurs. We investigated the role of extravaginal BVAB reservoirs in recurrence...
- Biotypes and virulence factors of Gardnerella vaginalis isolated from cases of bacterial vaginosisJ Udayalaxmi
Department of Microbiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore 575 001, India
Indian J Med Microbiol 29:165-8. 2011The present study was conducted to correlate the biotypes of Gardnerella vaginalis strains isolated from cases of bacterial vaginosis and their virulence factors. Thirty-two strains of G...
- Longitudinal qPCR study of the dynamics of L. crispatus, L. iners, A. vaginae, (sialidase positive) G. vaginalis, and P. bivia in the vaginaGuido Lopes Dos Santos Santiago
Laboratory for Bacteriology Research, Department of Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology, and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
PLoS ONE 7:e45281. 2012..To obtain more detailed understanding of the causes of disturbance of the vaginal microflora (VMF), a longitudinal study was carried out for 17 women during two menstrual cycles...
- [Biotypes and antibiotic resistance patterns of Gardnerella vaginalis strains isolated from healthy women and women with bacterial vaginosis]Ilknur Tosun
Karadeniz Teknik Universitesi Tip Fakültesi, Mikrobiyoloji ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Anabilim Dali, Trabzon
Mikrobiyol Bul 41:21-7. 2007As Gardnerella vaginalis is accepted as a member of normal vaginal flora, it is one of the dominant species which has been related to bacterial vaginosis (BV)...
- Correlation of local interleukin-8 with immunoglobulin A against Gardnerella vaginalis hemolysin and with prolidase and sialidase levels in women with bacterial vaginosisSabina Cauci
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technologies, School of Medicine, University of Udine, Piazzale Kolbe 4, 33100 Udine, Italy
J Infect Dis 185:1614-20. 2002..Concentrations of sialidase, prolidase, and anti-Gardnerella vaginalis hemolysin (Gvh) immunoglobulin A (IgA) were higher in vaginal fluids of 75 fertile women with BV, compared ..
- Gardnerella biofilm involves females and males and is transmitted sexuallyAlexander Swidsinski
Laboratory for Molecular Genetics, Charite, Gastroenterology, Berlin, Germany alexander swidsinski charite de
Gynecol Obstet Invest 70:256-63. 2010To study the incidence and distribution of adherent Gardnerella vaginalis.
- High vaginal concentrations of Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis in women undergoing preterm laborJean Pierre Menard
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Marseille Public Hospital System APHM, Marseille, France
Obstet Gynecol 115:134-40. 2010..To estimate the relationship between vaginal quantification of the main microorganisms related with bacterial vaginosis and the risk of preterm delivery among women with preterm labor...
- Gardnerella vaginalis isolated from patients with bacterial vaginosis and from patients with healthy vaginal ecosystemsA A Aroutcheva
Rush Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA
Clin Infect Dis 33:1022-7. 2001The differences in the phenotype and genotype of Gardnerella vaginalis isolates from patients with bacterial vaginosis (BV) and from patients without BV are unknown. In our study, 43 isolates of G...
- Correlation of local interleukin-1beta levels with specific IgA response against Gardnerella vaginalis cytolysin in women with bacterial vaginosisSabina Cauci
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technologies, School of Medicine, University of Udine, Italy
Am J Reprod Immunol 47:257-64. 2002....
- Glycerol monolaurate inhibits Candida and Gardnerella vaginalis in vitro and in vivo but not LactobacillusKristi L Strandberg
Department of Microbiology, University of Minnesota Medical School, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:597-601. 2010We investigated the effects of glycerol monolaurate (GML) on Lactobacillus, Candida, and Gardnerella vaginalis human vaginal microflora...
- Functional and phylogenetic characterization of Vaginolysin, the human-specific cytolysin from Gardnerella vaginalisShari E Gelber
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA
J Bacteriol 190:3896-903. 2008Pore-forming toxins are essential to the virulence of a wide variety of pathogenic bacteria. Gardnerella vaginalis is a bacterial species associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV) and its significant adverse sequelae, including preterm ..
- Bacterial vaginosis: what is physiological in vaginal bacteriology? An update and opinionPentti A Leppäluoto
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 90:1302-6. 2011..vaginosis, characterized by low vaginal acidity (elevated pH) and replacement of vaginal Lactobacillus by Gardnerella vaginalis flora, could be caused by unprotected intercourse when a low pH changes through the neutralizing power of ..
- A multiplex polymerase chain reaction-based diagnostic method for bacterial vaginosisMana Obata-Yasuoka
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Tsukuba, Japan
Obstet Gynecol 100:759-64. 2002..To develop a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnostic method for bacterial vaginosis using bacterial vaginosis-associated anaerobes...
- Antibiotic resistance of Gardnerella vaginalis in recurrent bacterial vaginosisP Nagaraja
Department of Microbiology, Farwaniya Hospital, Post Box 18373, Kuwait 81004, State of Kuwait
Indian J Med Microbiol 26:155-7. 2008Fifty strains of Gardnerella vaginalis isolated from 321 high vaginal swabs over a period of five months were tested for their antibiotic sensitivity...
- DNA hybridization test: rapid diagnostic tool for excluding bacterial vaginosis in pregnant women with symptoms suggestive of infectionArmin Witt
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vienna Medical School, Austria
J Clin Microbiol 40:3057-9. 2002..The DNA hybridization test compared well with Gram stain and can be used as a rapid diagnostic tool to exclude bacterial vaginosis...
- Frequency of Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida sp and Gardnerella vaginalis in cervical-vaginal smears in four different decadesS J Adad
Discipline of Special Pathology, Faculdade de Medicina do Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil
Sao Paulo Med J 119:200-5. 2001..Vaginitis is one of the principal motives that lead women to seek out an obstetrician or gynecologist. Bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis and trichomoniasis are responsible for 90% of the cases of infectious vaginitis...
- In vitro activities of Garenoxacin (BMS 284756) against 108 clinical isolates of Gardnerella vaginalisEllie J C Goldstein
R M Alden Research Laboratory, Santa Monica University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, 90404, USA
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 46:3995-6. 2002Garenoxacin (BMS 284756) was active against 105 of 108 (97%) recent clinical Gardnerella vaginalis isolates at < or =2 micro g/ml by using the reference agar dilution method for anaerobes...
- Antagonism and synergism in Gardnerella vaginalis strains isolated from women with bacterial vaginosisG S Teixeira
Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
J Med Microbiol 59:891-7. 2010..In the present study, such compounds produced by Gardnerella vaginalis strains isolated from women with bacterial vaginosis (BV) were detected in vitro and the antagonistic ones ..
- Artemisia princeps Pamp. Essential oil and its constituents eucalyptol and α-terpineol ameliorate bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis in mice by inhibiting bacterial growth and NF-κB activationHien Trung Trinh
Department of Life and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea
Planta Med 77:1996-2002. 2011..against bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis, their antimicrobial activities against Gardnerella vaginalis and Candida albicans in vitro and their anti-inflammatory effects against G...
- Gene polymorphisms of Toll-like and related recognition receptors in relation to the vaginal carriage of Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginaeHans Verstraelen
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
J Reprod Immunol 79:163-73. 2009..condition characterised by the presence of a vaginal biofilm consisting of the Gram-positive anaerobes Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae...
- Bacterial vaginosis a "broad overview"A González Pedraza Avilés
C S C Dr José Castro Villagrana, Departamento de Medicina Familiar, Facultad de Medicina, UNAM, Instituto de Servicios de Salud del Distrito Federal, Mexico D F
Rev Latinoam Microbiol 41:25-34. 1999..also described a "new" causative organism, which they named "Haemophilus vaginalis", subsequently renamed Gardnerella vaginalis. BV is currently the most prevalent cause of infectious vaginitis among women attending for genitourinary ..
- Evidence for Gardnerella vaginalis uptake and internalization by squamous vaginal epithelial cells: implications for the pathogenesis of bacterial vaginosisChristy N Marrs
Meharry Medical College, School of Medicine, Center for AIDS Health Disparities Research, Hubbard Hospital, Nashville, TN 37208, USA
Microbes Infect 14:500-8. 2012..b>Gardnerella vaginalis is the predominant bacterial species associated with BV, although its exact role in the pathology of BV is ..
- Self-collected vaginal swabs for the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay of Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis and the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosisJ P Menard
Service de Gynecologie Obstetrique, Hôpital Nord Marseille, Chemin des Bourrely, 13915, Marseille, France
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 31:513-8. 2012..748 for Atopobium vaginae, 0.918 for Lactobacillus species, 0.940 for Gardnerella vaginalis; p < 0.001), especially for high concentrations of A...
- Rates of bacterial vaginosis in women undergoing in vitro fertilisation for different types of infertilityJanet D Wilson
The General Infirmary at Leeds, UK
BJOG 109:714-7. 2002..To assess whether the rate of bacterial vaginosis (BV) is higher in women with tubal factor infertility compared with those with other causes of infertility...
- The natural antimicrobial peptide subtilosin acts synergistically with glycerol monolaurate, lauric arginate, and ε-poly-L-lysine against bacterial vaginosis-associated pathogens but not human lactobacilliKatia Sutyak Noll
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 56:1756-61. 2012..that has antimicrobial activity against the bacterial vaginosis-associated human pathogen Gardnerella vaginalis. The ability of subtilosin to inhibit G...
- Lactobacillus johnsonii HY7042 ameliorates Gardnerella vaginalis-induced vaginosis by killing Gardnerella vaginalis and inhibiting NF-κB activationHyun Min Joo
Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyung Hee University, 1, Hoegi, Dongdaemun ku, Seoul 130 701, Republic of Korea
Int Immunopharmacol 11:1758-65. 2011..lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from women's vaginas and their anti-inflammatory effects against Gardnerella vaginalis-induced vaginosis were examined in β-estradiol-immunosuppressed mice...
- Activation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 expression by Gardnerella vaginalisF B Hashemi
Department of Immunology Microbiology, Rush University, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
J Infect Dis 179:924-30. 1999..associated with an increased rate of sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1, and Gardnerella vaginalis is frequently isolated from the genital tracts of women with BV. G...
- Gardnerella vaginalis septicaemia with pyelonephritis, infective endocarditis and septic emboli in the kidney and brain of an adult maleH J Yoon
Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
Int J STD AIDS 21:653-7. 2010b>Gardnerella vaginalis is typically associated with bacterial vaginosis in women. However, balanitis, urethritis, urinary tract infections and asymptomatic bacteraemia have also been described in men. Here we report a case of G...
- Cytologically diagnosed Gardnerella vaginalis infection and cervical (pre)neoplasia as established in population-based cervical screeningJohanna M Klomp
Leiden Cytology and Pathology Laboratory, Leiden, The Netherlands
Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:480.e1-5. 2008..The purpose of this study was to document the prevalence of cervical (pre)neoplastic changes in asymptomatic women with a cytologically diagnosed Gardnerella vaginalis infection.
- Inhibitory activity of thymol on native and mature Gardnerella vaginalis biofilms: in vitro studyPier Carlo Braga
Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Milan, Italy
Arzneimittelforschung 60:675-81. 2010..with BV show the growth of bacteria in the form of biofilms as against only 10% without BV, and that Gardnerella vaginalis was the predominant species. The propensity of G...
- Bacterial vaginosis and risk of pelvic inflammatory diseaseRoberta B Ness
University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Magee Womens Hospital and Research Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
Obstet Gynecol 104:761-9. 2004..Bacterial vaginosis commonly is found in women with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), but it is unclear whether bacterial vaginosis leads to incident PID...
- Utility of Amsel criteria, Nugent score, and quantitative PCR for Gardnerella vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, and Lactobacillus spp. for diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected womenBeverly E Sha
Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
J Clin Microbiol 43:4607-12. 2005..Lactobacilli, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Mycoplasma hominis in cervicovaginal lavage samples were quantified by PCR...
- The association of Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis with bacterial vaginosis and recurrence after oral metronidazole therapyC S Bradshaw
Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, The Alfred Hospital, Carlton, 3053, Victoria, Australia
J Infect Dis 194:828-36. 2006..We investigated associations between Atopobium vaginae and bacterial vaginosis (BV) and the role that A. vaginae plays in recurrent BV after oral metronidazole therapy...
- Lactobacillus strains isolated from the vaginal microbiota of healthy women inhibit Prevotella bivia and Gardnerella vaginalis in coculture and cell cultureFabrice Atassi
INSERM and Université Paris XI, Faculte de Pharmacie, Chatenay Malabry, France
FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 48:424-32. 2006..jensenii, Lactobacillus gasseri and Lactobacillus crispatus inhibit the vaginosis-associated pathogens Gardnerella vaginalis and Prevotella bivia. Results show that all the strains in coculture condition reduced the viability of G...
- Probiotics for the treatment of women with bacterial vaginosisM E Falagas
Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Marousi, Greece
Clin Microbiol Infect 13:657-64. 2007..studies have suggested that certain specific strains of lactobacilli are able to inhibit the adherence of Gardnerella vaginalis to the vaginal epithelium and/or produce H2O2, lactic acid and/or bacteriocins, which inhibit the growth ..
- The polymicrobial hypothesis of bacterial vaginosis causation: a reassessmentW E Josey
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
Int J STD AIDS 19:152-4. 2008The cause of bacterial vaginosis remains controversial. The two leading hypotheses are that Gardnerella vaginalis is the specific aetiologic agent versus the polymicrobial hypothesis that G...
- Vaginal microflora associated with bacterial vaginosis in nonpregnant women: reliability of sialidase detectionJ Smayevsky
Laboratorio de Microbiologia, Centro de Educación Médica e Investigaciones Clínicas Dr Norberto Quirno CEMIC, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 9:17-22. 2001To determine the prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis, anaerobic bacteria and Mycoplasma hominis in vaginal specimens of women with and without bacterial vaginosis (BV) as well as to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the direct ..
- Characterization of vaginal microflora of healthy, nonpregnant women by chaperonin-60 sequence-based methodsJanet E Hill
National Research Council of Canada, Plant Biotechnology Institute, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:682-92. 2005..The purpose of this study was to use a novel method that was based on the application of chaperonin-60 sequencing to describe the vaginal microflora of 16 healthy women...
- Effect of biofilm phenotype on resistance of Gardnerella vaginalis to hydrogen peroxide and lactic acidJennifer L Patterson
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:170.e1-7. 2007..H2O2 and lactic acid, which normally suppress growth of anaerobes; however, in bacterial vaginosis, Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobes proliferate, and the number of lactobacilli decreases. G...
- Molecular quantification of Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae loads to predict bacterial vaginosisJean Pierre Menard
Unite des Rickettsies, IFR 48, CNRS UMR 6020, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseille, France
Clin Infect Dis 47:33-43. 2008..Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a poorly detected public health problem that is associated with preterm delivery and for which no reliable diagnostic tool exists...
- Antibiotic susceptibility of Atopobium vaginaeEllen De Backer
Department of Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium
BMC Infect Dis 6:51. 2006..Thus far the four isolates of this fastidious micro-organism were found to be highly resistant to metronidazole and susceptible for clindamycin, two antibiotics preferred for the treatment of BV...
- Comparison between Gram stain and culture for the characterization of vaginal microflora: definition of a distinct grade that resembles grade I microflora and revised categorization of grade I microfloraRita Verhelst
Department Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Ghent University Hospital, UGent, Ghent, Belgium
BMC Microbiol 5:61. 2005..purpose we compared Gram stain based categorization of vaginal smears with i) species specific PCR for the detection of Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae and with ii) tDNA-PCR for the identification of most cultivable species.
- Gardnerella vaginalis bacteremia in a previously healthy man: case report and characterization of the isolatePhilippe R S Lagacé-Wiens
Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
J Clin Microbiol 46:804-6. 2008b>Gardnerella vaginalis in women causes vaginitis or infections in other sites, such as the urinary tract, but is an infrequent cause of bacteremia. Bacteremia in men is very rare and is typically associated with immunocompromised states...
- Prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae in virginal womenSepehr N Tabrizi
Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women s Hospital, 132 Grattan Street, Victoria 3053, Australia
Sex Transm Dis 33:663-5. 2006The objectives of this study was to determine the prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis and Atopobium vaginae in virginal women and to establish if nonpenetrative sexual activity is associated with these organisms.
- Effect of Lactobacillus challenge on Gardnerella vaginalis biofilmsSheri Saunders
Canadian Research and Development Centre for Probiotics, Lawson Health Research Institute, F2 116, 268 Grosvenor Street, London, Ontario N6A 4V2, Canada
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 55:138-42. 2007..b>Gardnerella vaginalis is commonly associated with these infections. Microscopy analysis showed that within 72 h, viable G...
- Isolation of the Bacillus subtilis antimicrobial peptide subtilosin from the dairy product-derived Bacillus amyloliquefaciensK E Sutyak
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ, USA
J Appl Microbiol 104:1067-74. 2008..To purify and characterize an antimicrobial protein (bacteriocin) isolated from the dairy product-derived Bacillus amyloliquefaciens...
- Efficacy and tolerance of metronidazole and miconazole nitrate in treatment of vaginitisFabio Peixoto
Laboratory of Human Reproduction, Teaching Hospital, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 102:287-92. 2008..To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a vaginal pessary containing 750 mg of metronidazole and 200 mg of miconazole nitrate used daily for 7 days in the treatment of vaginitis...
- Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 stimulatory activity by Gardnerella vaginalis: relationship to biotypes and other pathogenic characteristicsJ A Simoes
Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
J Infect Dis 184:22-7. 2001Stimulation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 expression by Gardnerella vaginalis is one possible cause for an increase in the amount of virus in the genital tract. The ability of G...
- Production and characterization of monoclonal antibodies against vaginolysin: mapping of a region critical for its cytolytic activityAurelija Zvirbliene
Institute of Biotechnology, V Graiciuno 8, LT 02241 Vilnius, Lithuania
Toxicon 56:19-28. 2010Vaginolysin (VLY) is a protein toxin released by Gardnerella vaginalis. VLY belongs to the group of cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDCs). We have generated a panel of novel monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against VLY...
- Vaginal hydrolytic enzymes, immunoglobulin A against Gardnerella vaginalis toxin, and risk of early preterm birth among women in preterm labor with bacterial vaginosis or intermediate floraSabina Cauci
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technologies, School of Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
Am J Obstet Gynecol 187:877-81. 2002..whether the microbial hydrolytic enzymes, sialidase and prolidase, and immunoglobulin A against the Gardnerella vaginalis cytolysin (anti-Gvh IgA) increase the risk for early preterm birth (< or =34 weeks of gestation) among ..
- Gardnerella vaginalis bacteremia in a premature neonateRene A Amaya
Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
J Perinatol 22:585-7. 2002b>Gardnerella vaginalis is a normal component of the human vaginal flora and commonly associated with bacterial vaginosis. Invasive infection in obstetrical patients due to G. vaginalis has also been reported...
- Two novel vaginal microbicides (polystyrene sulfonate and cellulose sulfate) inhibit Gardnerella vaginalis and anaerobes commonly associated with bacterial vaginosisJose A Simoes
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rush University, Rush Presbyterian St Luke s Medical Center, 1653 W Congress Parkway, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 46:2692-5. 2002..Vaginal application of these microbicides not only may reduce the risk of acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus and other sexually transmitted infection-causing organisms but may also decrease the incidence of BV...
- Characterization of vaginal flora and bacterial vaginosis in women who have sex with womenJeanne M Marrazzo
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
J Infect Dis 185:1307-13. 2002..These data support the hypothesis that sexual exchange of vaginal secretions is a possible mechanism for acquisition of BV...
- Bacteriocin susceptibility of Gardnerella vaginalis and its relationship to biotype, genotype, and metronidazole susceptibilityJ A Simoes
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Ill, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 185:1186-90. 2001OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to investigate the bacteriocin susceptibility of Gardnerella vaginalis and its relationship to biotype, genotype, and resistance to metronidazole...
- Definition of a type of abnormal vaginal flora that is distinct from bacterial vaginosis: aerobic vaginitisGilbert G G Donders
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
BJOG 109:34-43. 2002..To define an entity of abnormal vaginal flora: aerobic vaginitis...
- Analysis of adherence, biofilm formation and cytotoxicity suggests a greater virulence potential of Gardnerella vaginalis relative to other bacterial-vaginosis-associated anaerobesJennifer L Patterson
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, PO Box 980678, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23928, USA
Microbiology 156:392-9. 2010..In most cases of BV, the predominant bacterial species found is Gardnerella vaginalis. However, pure cultures of G...
- Vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis due to Gardnerella vaginalisSimon Graham
Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, University of Leeds, School of Medicine, Clarendon Wing A, Leeds General Infirmary Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK
J Med Microbiol 58:1382-4. 2009b>Gardnerella vaginalis is a facultative anaerobic Gram-variable pleomorphic rod that forms part of the normal vaginal flora. It is most commonly associated with infection of the genital tract in women, but recognition of extravaginal G...
- Antibody-based detection and inhibition of vaginolysin, the Gardnerella vaginalis cytolysinTara M Randis
Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
PLoS ONE 4:e5207. 2009..We have recently characterized vaginolysin (VLY), the human-specific cytotoxin produced by Gardnerella vaginalis and believed to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of BV and its associated morbidities...
- Importance of isolation and biotypization of Gardnerella vaginalis in diagnosis of bacterial vaginosisFatima Numanovic
Polyclinic for Laboratory Diagnostics, Department for Microbiology, University Clinics Centre Tuzla, Trnovac bb, 75 000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosn J Basic Med Sci 8:270-6. 2008The natural habitat of Gardnerella vaginalis is a vagina since it could be located among 69% of women who have no signs of vaginal infection and in the vagina of as many as 13.5% girls. G...
- Acquisition of iron by Gardnerella vaginalisG P Jarosik
Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
Infect Immun 66:5041-7. 1998Six Gardnerella vaginalis strains were examined for the ability to utilize various iron-containing compounds as iron sources...
- Vaginal microflora in healthy women with Gardnerella vaginalisH Mikamo
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Gifu University, 40 Tsukasa Machi, Gifu 500 8705, Japan
J Infect Chemother 6:173-7. 2000In order to find the vaginal prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in a normal female population, we determined the incidence of G. vaginalis in relation to that of other bacterial genera and species in the vagina...
- Antimicrobial protein produced by vaginal Lactobacillus acidophilus that inhibits Gardnerella vaginalisA A Aroutcheva
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 9:33-9. 2001..growth-inhibiting activity of bacteriocin was determined by a bioassay using nine different isolates of Gardnerella vaginalis. RESULTS: MRS broth is not a suitable medium for extracting bacteriocin, because it binds with Tween 80...
- Gardnerella vaginalis acute hip arthritis in a renal transplant recipientValérie Sivadon-Tardy
Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Hopital Raymond Poincare, 104 Bd Raymond Poincaré, 92380 Garches, France
J Clin Microbiol 47:264-5. 2009We report the case of an acute hip septic arthritis caused by Gardnerella vaginalis in a 48-year-old woman under immunosuppressive therapy for kidney transplantation...
- Detection of Bifidobacterium species and Gardnerella vaginalis in the vagina using PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)J P Burton
The Lawson Health Research Institute, St Joseph s Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada
Int J Gynaecol Obstet 81:61-3. 2003
- Clinical evaluation of affirm VPIII in the detection and identification of Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Candida species in vaginitis/vaginosisHaywood L Brown
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Pathology, St Vincent Hospitals and Health Service, Indianapolis, IN, USA
Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 12:17-21. 2004To compare the Affirm VPIII Microbial Identification Test for detection and identification of Candida species, Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis to clinical and microscopic criteria commonly used to diagnose vaginitis.
- Vaginal flora morphotypic profiles and assessment of bacterial vaginosis in women at risk for HIV infectionBeth C Tohill
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease and Public Health Prevention, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 12:121-6. 2004..The proposed profiles from the Gram stain reflect the morphotypic categories describing vaginal flora that may enable clearer elucidation of gynecologic and obstetric outcomes in various populations...
- Evaluation of the Affirm Ambient Temperature Transport System for the detection and identification of Trichomonas vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Candida species from vaginal fluid specimensH L Brown
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pathology, St Vincent Hospitals and Health Services, Indianapolis, Indiana 46240, USA
J Clin Microbiol 39:3197-9. 2001..containing the three common organisms causing vaginitis: Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida species, and Gardnerella vaginalis (one of the causative agents of bacterial vaginosis)...
- An altered immunity hypothesis for the development of symptomatic bacterial vaginosisSteven S Witkin
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
Clin Infect Dis 44:554-7. 2007..A deficit in vaginal mannose-binding lectin concentrations would further decrease the capacity for microbial killing and increase the likelihood of bacterial migration from the vagina to the upper genital tract...
- [Causation and treatment of infectious leucorrhoea at the Cocody University Hospital (Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire)]Raphaël Abauleth
Service de gynécologie et d obstétrique du CHU de Cocody, B P V 13, Abidjan, Cote d Ivoire
Sante 16:191-5. 2006..to determine the frequency of different bacteria causing infectious leucorrhoea and to calculate the percentage of cures after standard treatment...
- The International Infections in Pregnancy (IIP) study: variations in the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis and distribution of morphotypes in vaginal smears among pregnant womenJorge E Tolosa
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University for The Global Network for Perinatal and Reproductive Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:1198-204. 2006..The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis and the distribution of associated morphotypes among asymptomatic pregnant women in different countries...
- [The bacterial vaginosis--treatment problems]Małgorzata K Romanik
Z Katedry i Zakladu Mikrobiologii Lekarskiej Slaskiej Akademii Medycznej w Katowicach
Wiad Lek 60:64-7. 2007..and increasing number of Mobiluncus spp., Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae, Prevotella spp., Mycoplasma hominis, Peptostreptococcus spp...
- Symptomatic candidiasis: Using self sampled vaginal smears to establish the presence of Candida, lactobacilli, and Gardnerella vaginalisM K Engberts
Leiden Cytology and Pathology Laboratory, Leiden, The Netherlands
Diagn Cytopathol 35:635-9. 2007..Thereafter, the smears were restained with Giemsa-stain to determine presence of lactobacilli, Gardnerella vaginalis ("clue cells") and neutrophils...
- Relationship of abnormal vaginal flora, proinflammatory cytokines and idiopathic infertility in women undergoing IVFS D Spandorfer
Center for Reproductive Medicine and Infertility and Division of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, USA
J Reprod Med 46:806-10. 2001..The induction of proinflammatory cytokines by an altered vaginal ecosystem may be a previously unrecognized cause of idiopathic infertility...
- [Protease and phospholipase activities of Candida albicans isolated from vaginal secretions with different pH values]Adriana M Ombrella
Catedra de Microbiologia, Virologia y Parasitologia, Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentina
Rev Iberoam Micol 25:12-6. 2008..0001). Based on these results we postulate that the simultaneous occurrence of bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis could be related to the proteolytic activity but unrelated to phospholipases activity...
- Atopobium vaginae triggers an innate immune response in an in vitro model of bacterial vaginosisErika K Libby
Molecular and Cellular Biology Division, Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, LLC 2439 Kuser Rd, Hamilton, NJ 08690, USA
Microbes Infect 10:439-46. 2008..flora from the predominant Lactobacillus species to other bacterial species such as Atopobium vaginae and Gardnerella vaginalis. This change is associated with an increase in vaginal cytokine secretion...
- Gardnerella vaginalis and Lactobacillus sp in liquid-based cervical samples in healthy and disturbed vaginal flora using cultivation-independent methodsJohanna M Klomp
Leiden Cytology and Pathology Laboratory, Leiden, The Netherlands
Diagn Cytopathol 36:277-84. 2008..DNA of five bacterial species: Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus jensenii, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Mycoplasma hominis...
- Longitudinal trajectory of bacterial vaginosis during pregnancyThaddeus P Waters
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA
Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:431.e1-5. 2008..This study was undertaken to characterize the course of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy and to discern the bacterial morphotypes responsible for infection...
- Spermicidal activity of the safe natural antimicrobial peptide subtilosinKatia E Sutyak
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08854 8097, USA
Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2008:540758. 2008..BV), a condition affecting millions of women each year, is primarily caused by the gram-variable organism Gardnerella vaginalis. A number of organisms associated with BV cases have been reported to develop multidrug resistance, ..
- Bacterial vaginosis: a sexually enhanced diseaseHans Verstraelen
Int J STD AIDS 19:575-6. 2008
- [Vulvovaginitis: vaginal pH changes and associated microflora]Ana Conceição Ribeiro Dantas Saturnino
Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Acta Cir Bras 20:266-9. 2005..To establish a correlation between pH vaginal and the microflora associated in carriers of vulvovaginites...
- Bacteriocins inhibiting growth of vaginal lactobacilliVivien Pybus; Fiscal Year: 2004..such that the Lactobacillus-dominated populations present in healthy individuals are replaced by Gardnerella vaginalis, anaerobes, and genital mycoplasmas...
- The role of novel, uncultivable bacteria in incident PIDCATHERINE L contact HAGGERTY; Fiscal Year: 2011..hypothesis that BV-associated bacteria (Bacterial Vaginosis Associated Bacteria 1 (BVAB1), BVAB2, BVAB3, Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae, Eggerthella-like bacterium, Leptotrichia spp...
- Gardnerella vaginalis: toxin production and pathogenesisADAM JONATHAN RATNER; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have recently characterized vaginolysin (VLY), a cholesterol-dependent cytolysin from Gardnerella vaginalis (a bacterial species present on the vaginal mucosa in the setting of BV and thought to contribute to the ..
- Development of Bacterial Therapeutics Targeting Bacterial Vaginosis-Associated BiQiang Xu; Fiscal Year: 2010..jensenii with a disrupted pox1 gene in the chromosome that exhibits highly potent activity against a Gardnerella vaginalis strain (ATCC 14018)...
- RCT of Treatment of Male Partners of Women with Recurrent Bacterial VaginosisJane R Schwebke; Fiscal Year: 2012..It is clear that Gardnerella vaginalis plays a role in this syndrome since it is present in high concentrations in all women with BV...
- DNase For Prevention Of Reproductive Tract Infections In PregnancyADAM JONATHAN RATNER; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have found that both Gardnerella vaginalis (the major constituent of the vaginal microbiota during bacterial vaginosis) and group B Streptococcus (..
- Impact of suppressive antimicrobial therapy on the vaginal microbiota and BVRAYMOND SCOTT MCCLELLAND; Fiscal Year: 2013..effect of PPT on the detection and concentration of BV-associated bacterial species (BVAB1, BVAB2, BVAB3, Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae, Leptotrichia amnionii, and Megasphaera species)...
- GU Infection Self-Diagnosis for Deployed Military WomenNancy Ryan Wenger; Fiscal Year: 2004..self- diagnoses in comparison with laboratory reference standards (urine culture and DNA probe testing for gardnerella vaginalis, trichomonas vaginalis, and candida species)...
- Natural antimicrobials against bacterial vaginosisMichael Chikindas; Fiscal Year: 2006..associated with the depletion of lactobacilli, the major flora of a healthy vagina and the overgrowth of Gardnerella vaginalis, Peptostreptococcus spp. and Prevotella bivia. BV may lead to premature labor...
- HIV activation in alcohol-aided G. vaginalis virulenceAbraham Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005..The application proposes to test the novel hypothesis that Gardnerella vaginalis is a major opportunistic HIV co-infection agent for women that features alcohol enhanced activity of its ..
- Inflammation and Ovarian CancerClareann Bunker; Fiscal Year: 2008..In particular, NSAID use may prove to be a potentially important chemopreventative for this often-fatal disease. ..
- The Molecular Microbiology of Bacterial VaginosisDavid Fredricks; Fiscal Year: 2003..In future studies, vaginal fluid samples from a larger cohort of women will be assayed to determine if a candidate pathogen is specifically associated with BV. ..
- Quantitative PCR for the Detection of Fungal InfectionsDavid Fredricks; Fiscal Year: 2008..Hypothesis: Fungal 18S rDNA qPCR employing a broad range fungal probe, or a system of multiple specific probes, will be useful for detecting emerging fungal pathogens in the transplant setting. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- VIOLENCE AND SPONTANEOUS ABORTION IN INNER CITY WOMENDeborah Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- The Acquisition of Bacterial Vaginosis in LesbiansJeanne Marrazzo; Fiscal Year: 2006..Lesbian couples provide a unique opportunity to conduct comparative studies of vaginal microbial ecology in sex partners, and to directly analyze determinants of transmission. ..
- EFFECTIVENESS OF OUTPATIENT TREATMENT OF PIDRoberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003..We gain great efficiency in the use of the extensive resources and excellent follow-up success within the PEACH cohort. ..
- DOUCHING, VAGINAL MICROBIOLOGY, AND PIDRoberta Ness; Fiscal Year: 2003..Given the paucity of information regarding the relationship between douching and reproductive outcomes, the proposed study is imperative in order to direct future public health recommendations. ..
- Trichomonas Lipophosphoglycan in Regulation Immune ResponsesRaina Fichorova; Fiscal Year: 2008..vaginalis infections and complications. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- QUANTITATIVE MICROBIOLOGIC MODEL FOR PRETERM DELIVERYAndrew Onderdonk; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- ANTI-HIV-1 ACTIVITY OF MANNAN-BINDING LECTINGregory Spear; Fiscal Year: 2003..3. Utilize inhibitors of glycosylation to enhance biological effects of MBL. Exarnine the interaction of MBL with anti-viral antibodies in mediating anti-viral effects. Deterrnine the interaction of HIV-1 with MBL in vivo. ..
- Gene Polymorphisms, Preterm Birth, Neonatal Complicatio*Steven Witkin; Fiscal Year: 2005..Identification of genetic factors in mothers or their neonates that influence susceptibility to preterm labor and fetal morbidity in different racial groups will aid in development of improved protocols for monitoring and treatment...