campylobacter

Summary

Summary: A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Prevalence of Campylobacter, Arcobacter, Helicobacter, and Sutterella spp. in human fecal samples as estimated by a reevaluation of isolation methods for Campylobacters
    J Engberg
    Department of Gastrointestinal Infections, Division of Diagnostics, Statens Serum Institut, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    J Clin Microbiol 38:286-91. 2000
  2. ncbi Campylobacter concisus: an evaluation of certain phenotypic and genotypic characteristics
    J Engberg
    Unit of Gastrointestinal Infections, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 11:288-95. 2005
  3. ncbi Host attachment, invasion, and stimulation of proinflammatory cytokines by Campylobacter concisus and other non-Campylobacter jejuni Campylobacter species
    Si Ming Man
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Australia
    J Infect Dis 202:1855-65. 2010
  4. pmc Prevalence of Campylobacter species in adult Crohn's disease and the preferential colonization sites of Campylobacter species in the human intestine
    Vikneswari Mahendran
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e25417. 2011
  5. ncbi Characterization of a haemolytic phospholipase A(2) activity in clinical isolates of Campylobacter concisus
    Taghrid S Istivan
    Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Biology, RMIT University, PO Box 71, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia
    J Med Microbiol 53:483-93. 2004
  6. ncbi The secretome of Campylobacter concisus
    Nadeem O Kaakoush
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    FEBS J 277:1606-17. 2010
  7. ncbi Prevalence of Campylobacter concisus in diarrhoea of immunocompromised patients
    Rune Aabenhus
    Department of Infectious Diseases, National University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Infect Dis 34:248-52. 2002
  8. ncbi Enteric Salmonella or Campylobacter infections and the risk of inflammatory bowel disease
    Tine Jess
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Gut 60:318-24. 2011
  9. pmc Comparative genotypic and pathogenic examination of Campylobacter concisus isolates from diarrheic and non-diarrheic humans
    Lisa D Kalischuk
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, 5403 1st Avenue South, Lethbridge, AB T1J 4B1, Canada
    BMC Microbiol 11:53. 2011
  10. pmc Detection and isolation of Campylobacter species other than C. jejuni from children with Crohn's disease
    Li Zhang
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    J Clin Microbiol 47:453-5. 2009

Detail Information

Publications278 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Prevalence of Campylobacter, Arcobacter, Helicobacter, and Sutterella spp. in human fecal samples as estimated by a reevaluation of isolation methods for Campylobacters
    J Engberg
    Department of Gastrointestinal Infections, Division of Diagnostics, Statens Serum Institut, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    J Clin Microbiol 38:286-91. 2000
    The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of campylobacteria including Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni (C...
  2. ncbi Campylobacter concisus: an evaluation of certain phenotypic and genotypic characteristics
    J Engberg
    Unit of Gastrointestinal Infections, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 11:288-95. 2005
    The clinical relevance of Campylobacter concisus in gastrointestinal disease has not been determined definitively. This study investigated the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of 39 C...
  3. ncbi Host attachment, invasion, and stimulation of proinflammatory cytokines by Campylobacter concisus and other non-Campylobacter jejuni Campylobacter species
    Si Ming Man
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Australia
    J Infect Dis 202:1855-65. 2010
    b>Campylobacter concisus and other non-Campylobacter jejuni Campylobacter species have been implicated in the initiation of gastrointestinal diseases...
  4. pmc Prevalence of Campylobacter species in adult Crohn's disease and the preferential colonization sites of Campylobacter species in the human intestine
    Vikneswari Mahendran
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e25417. 2011
    ..A high prevalence of Campylobacter concisus was previously detected in paediatric CD and adult UC. Currently, the prevalence of C...
  5. ncbi Characterization of a haemolytic phospholipase A(2) activity in clinical isolates of Campylobacter concisus
    Taghrid S Istivan
    Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Biology, RMIT University, PO Box 71, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia
    J Med Microbiol 53:483-93. 2004
    A membrane-bound, haemolytic phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity was detected in clinical strains of Campylobacter concisus isolated from children with gastroenteritis...
  6. ncbi The secretome of Campylobacter concisus
    Nadeem O Kaakoush
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    FEBS J 277:1606-17. 2010
    A higher prevalence of Campylobacter concisus and higher levels of IgG antibodies specific to C. concisus in Crohn's disease patients than in controls were recently detected...
  7. ncbi Prevalence of Campylobacter concisus in diarrhoea of immunocompromised patients
    Rune Aabenhus
    Department of Infectious Diseases, National University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Scand J Infect Dis 34:248-52. 2002
    The importance of Campylobacter species other than C. jejuni/coli in diarrhoeal disease is largely unknown. We wished to determine the prevalence and clinical presentation of C...
  8. ncbi Enteric Salmonella or Campylobacter infections and the risk of inflammatory bowel disease
    Tine Jess
    Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen S, Denmark
    Gut 60:318-24. 2011
    ..was to analyse incidence rates of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis among patients with Salmonella- or Campylobacter-positive and negative stool tests and to study the incidence of positive and negative stool tests among ..
  9. pmc Comparative genotypic and pathogenic examination of Campylobacter concisus isolates from diarrheic and non-diarrheic humans
    Lisa D Kalischuk
    Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, 5403 1st Avenue South, Lethbridge, AB T1J 4B1, Canada
    BMC Microbiol 11:53. 2011
    b>Campylobacter concisus is an emerging enteric pathogen, yet it is commonly isolated from feces and the oral cavities of healthy individuals...
  10. pmc Detection and isolation of Campylobacter species other than C. jejuni from children with Crohn's disease
    Li Zhang
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    J Clin Microbiol 47:453-5. 2009
    The presence of Campylobacter species other than Campylobacter jejuni and antibodies to Campylobacter concisus in children were investigated. A significantly greater presence of C. concisus and higher levels of antibodies to C...
  11. pmc Campylobacter genotyping to determine the source of human infection
    Samuel K Sheppard
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Clin Infect Dis 48:1072-8. 2009
    b>Campylobacter species cause a high proportion of bacterial gastroenteritis cases and are a significant burden on health care systems and economies worldwide; however, the relative contributions of the various possible sources of ..
  12. ncbi A PCR-DGGE method for detection and identification of Campylobacter, Helicobacter, Arcobacter and related Epsilobacteria and its application to saliva samples from humans and domestic pets
    R F Petersen
    National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, Denmark
    J Appl Microbiol 103:2601-15. 2007
    ..a PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) method for the detection and identification of Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Arcobacter species (Epsilobacteria) in clinical samples and evaluate its efficacy on saliva ..
  13. ncbi The clinical importance of emerging Campylobacter species
    Si Ming Man
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK
    Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 8:669-85. 2011
    A growing number of Campylobacter species other than C. jejuni and C. coli have been recognized as emerging human and animal pathogens. Although C...
  14. pmc The pathogenic potential of Campylobacter concisus strains associated with chronic intestinal diseases
    Nadeem O Kaakoush
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e29045. 2011
    b>Campylobacter concisus has garnered increasing attention due to its association with intestinal disease, thus, the pathogenic potential of strains isolated from different intestinal diseases was investigated. A method to isolate C...
  15. ncbi Campylobacter concisus and other Campylobacter species in children with newly diagnosed Crohn's disease
    Si Ming Man
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 16:1008-16. 2010
    b>Campylobacter concisus and other members of the Campylobacter genus have recently been suggested as possible etiological agents of Crohn's disease (CD)...
  16. ncbi The health burden of Campylobacter infection and the impact of antimicrobial resistance: playing chicken
    Guillermo M Ruiz-Palacios
    Clin Infect Dis 44:701-3. 2007
  17. ncbi Occurrence of fastidious Campylobacter spp. in fresh meat and poultry using an adapted cultural protocol
    Orla A Lynch
    Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland
    Int J Food Microbiol 150:171-7. 2011
    This study used an adapted cultural protocol for the recovery of fastidious species of Campylobacter, to gain a more accurate understanding of the diversity of Campylobacter populations in fresh meats...
  18. pmc Oral and fecal Campylobacter concisus strains perturb barrier function by apoptosis induction in HT-29/B6 intestinal epithelial cells
    Hans Linde Nielsen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark
    PLoS ONE 6:e23858. 2011
    b>Campylobacter concisus infections of the gastrointestinal tract can be accompanied by diarrhea and inflammation, whereas colonization of the human oral cavity might have a commensal nature. We focus on the pathophysiology of C...
  19. ncbi Identification of Campylobacter spp. and discrimination from Helicobacter and Arcobacter spp. by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified cpn60 sequences and comparison to cpnDB, a chaperonin reference sequence database
    Janet E Hill
    National Research Council Plant Biotechnology Institute, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    J Med Microbiol 55:393-9. 2006
    A robust method for the identification of Campylobacter spp. based on direct sequencing of PCR-amplified partial cpn60 sequences and comparison of these to a reference database of cpn60 sequences is reported...
  20. pmc Detection of Campylobacter concisus and other Campylobacter species in colonic biopsies from adults with ulcerative colitis
    Indrani Mukhopadhya
    Gastrointestinal Research Group, Division of Applied Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e21490. 2011
    ..b>Campylobacter concisus and other non-jejuni species of Campylobacter have been implicated as putative aetiological agents in ..
  21. pmc Isolation and detection of Campylobacter concisus from saliva of healthy individuals and patients with inflammatory bowel disease
    Li Zhang
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia
    J Clin Microbiol 48:2965-7. 2010
    The presence of Campylobacter concisus in the saliva of healthy individuals and patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was examined. C...
  22. pmc Campylobacter excreted into the environment by animal sources: prevalence, concentration shed, and host association
    Iain D Ogden
    Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 6:1161-70. 2009
    An intensive study of 443 isolates of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli from 2031 fecal samples excreted by animal sources including cattle, sheep, and pigs, a range of wild and domesticated avian species and pets is described...
  23. pmc Antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter: emergence, transmission and persistence
    Taradon Luangtongkum
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, 1116 Veterinary Medicine Complex, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 500111, USA
    Future Microbiol 4:189-200. 2009
    b>Campylobacter is a leading foodborne bacterial pathogen, which causes gastroenteritis in humans...
  24. ncbi The epidemiology of antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter
    John E Moore
    Northern Ireland Public Health Laboratory, Department of Bacteriology, Belfast City Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK
    Microbes Infect 8:1955-66. 2006
    ..and macrolide antibiotics, has now emerged globally with thermophilic campylobacters, including Campylobacter jejuni and C...
  25. pmc Wide geographical distribution of internationally rare Campylobacter clones within New Zealand
    S M McTavish
    ESR Ltd, Kenepuru Science Centre, Porirua, New Zealand
    Epidemiol Infect 136:1244-52. 2008
    ..hemisphere winter of 2006 New Zealand experienced a significant increase in the number of reported cases of Campylobacter infection...
  26. pmc Detection and quantification of 14 Campylobacter species in pet dogs reveals an increase in species richness in feces of diarrheic animals
    Bonnie Chaban
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
    BMC Microbiol 10:73. 2010
    The genus Campylobacter includes many species, some of which are known human and animal pathogens...
  27. pmc Activation of human and chicken toll-like receptors by Campylobacter spp
    Marcel R de Zoete
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Utrecht University, P O Box 80 165, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Infect Immun 78:1229-38. 2010
    b>Campylobacter infection in humans is accompanied by severe inflammation of the intestinal mucosa, in contrast to colonization of chicken. The basis for the differential host response is unknown...
  28. ncbi Assigning the source of human campylobacteriosis in New Zealand: a comparative genetic and epidemiological approach
    Petra Mullner
    Molecular Epidemiology and Veterinary Public Health Laboratory, Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Infect Genet Evol 9:1311-9. 2009
    ..The comparative-modeling and molecular sentinel surveillance approach proposed in this study provides new opportunities for the management of zoonotic diseases...
  29. ncbi The role of iron in Campylobacter gene regulation, metabolism and oxidative stress defense
    Arnoud H M van Vliet
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus Medical Center, Dr Molewaterplein 40, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    FEMS Microbiol Rev 26:173-86. 2002
    Enteric Campylobacter species cause gastrointestinal diseases in humans...
  30. pmc Pervasive, genome-wide positive selection leading to functional divergence in the bacterial genus Campylobacter
    Tristan Lefebure
    Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Genome Res 19:1224-32. 2009
    ..The genus Campylobacter encompasses several important human and animal enteric pathogens, with genome sequence data available for ..
  31. ncbi Campylobacter, from obscurity to celebrity
    J P Butzler
    Department of Human Ecology, Faculty of Medicine, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
    Clin Microbiol Infect 10:868-76. 2004
    After its successful isolation from stools in the 1970s, Campylobacter jejuni has rapidly become the most commonly recognised cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in man...
  32. ncbi Molecular-based detection of non-culturable and emerging campylobacteria in patients presenting with gastroenteritis
    S Bullman
    Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Ireland
    Epidemiol Infect 140:684-8. 2012
    ..to May 2010, 436 faecal samples from patients with diarrhoeal illness in Southern Ireland were identified as Campylobacter genus-positive by an automated multiplex PCR; however, 204 (46·8%) of these samples were culture-negative for ..
  33. pmc The dioxin crisis as experiment to determine poultry-related campylobacter enteritis
    Akke Vellinga
    Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Institute of Public Health Louis Pasteur, Brussels, Belgium
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:19-22. 2002
    ..Through the sentinel surveillance system, a decrease in Campylobacter infections during June 1999 was noticed...
  34. ncbi Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter isolates in broilers from China
    Xia Chen
    National Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Drug Residue, Key Laboratory of Development and Evaluation of the Chemical and Herbal Drugs for Animal Use, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, People s Republic of China
    Vet Microbiol 144:133-9. 2010
    The prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. in broiler chickens were determined in Shandong Province, China...
  35. ncbi Carry-over of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. between sequential and adjacent poultry flocks
    Thomas Alter
    Institute of Food Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Koenigsweg 69, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 147:90-5. 2011
    ..poultry species were monitored at a veterinary field station to investigate the distribution and spread of Campylobacter genotypes between sequential and adjacent flocks...
  36. ncbi Changes in causes of acute gastroenteritis in the United Kingdom over 15 years: microbiologic findings from 2 prospective, population-based studies of infectious intestinal disease
    Clarence C Tam
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Clin Infect Dis 54:1275-86. 2012
    ..We examined changes in etiology and diagnostic yield of IID cases over 15 years...
  37. ncbi Mechanisms of fluoroquinolone and macrolide resistance in Campylobacter spp
    Sophie Payot
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UR086 BioAgresseurs, santé, Environnement, Nouzilly, France
    Microbes Infect 8:1967-71. 2006
    The incidence of human Campylobacter infections is increasing worldwide, as well as the proportion of isolates resistant to fluoroquinolones and/or macrolides, the drugs of choice to treat campylobacteriosis...
  38. ncbi Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance among Campylobacter spp. in Louisiana retail chickens after the enrofloxacin ban
    Feifei Han
    Department of Food Science, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 6:163-71. 2009
    ..S. poultry farms. In this 1-year study initiated in October 2006, we isolated and characterized Campylobacter spp...
  39. ncbi Campylobacter concisus: an emerging pathogen?
    Diane G Newell
    MED VET NET, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 17:1013-4. 2005
    ..Increasingly, evidence indicates that Campylobacter species other than C. jejuni and C. coli are associated with such cases...
  40. pmc Quantifying transmission of Campylobacter spp. among broilers
    T J W M Van Gerwe
    Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 7, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:5765-70. 2005
    b>Campylobacter species are frequently identified as a cause of human gastroenteritis, often from eating or mishandling contaminated poultry products...
  41. pmc Delineation of Campylobacter concisus genomospecies by amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis and correlation of results with clinical data
    Rune Aabenhus
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Clin Microbiol 43:5091-6. 2005
    b>Campylobacter concisus has been as frequently isolated from human diarrhea as the important enteropathogen Campylobacter jejuni, but it also occurs in the feces of healthy individuals. The role of C...
  42. ncbi Quantitative risk assessment of human campylobacteriosis associated with thermophilic Campylobacter species in chickens
    Hanne Rosenquist
    The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Institute of Food Safety and Toxicology, Division of Microbiological Safety, 19, Mørkhøj Bygade, 2860 Søborg, Denmark
    Int J Food Microbiol 83:87-103. 2003
    ..effect of different mitigation strategies on the number of human cases in Denmark associated with thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in chickens...
  43. pmc Attribution of Campylobacter infections in northeast Scotland to specific sources by use of multilocus sequence typing
    Norval J C Strachan
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    J Infect Dis 199:1205-8. 2009
    ..This evaluation was achieved by comparing Campylobacter isolates originating from these children, retail poultry, and a range of animal sources by use of source ..
  44. ncbi Campylobacter in poultry: filling an ecological niche
    Margie D Lee
    Department of Population Health, Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Avian Dis 50:1-9. 2006
    Epidemiological studies indicate that Campylobacter species may be responsible for the majority of cases of sporadic gastroenteritis in humans...
  45. ncbi Association of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter isolated from food-producing animals with antimicrobial use on farms
    Tetsuo Asai
    National Veterinary Assay Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo 185 8511, Japan
    Jpn J Infect Dis 60:290-4. 2007
    ..the influence of antimicrobial usage within 6 months before a survey conducted on antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter. Tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones were used for therapeutic purposes on 107 and 21 farms, respectively...
  46. pmc Laboratory surveillance of bacterial gastroenteric pathogens in The Netherlands, 1991-2001
    W van Pelt
    Department of Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Epidemiol Infect 130:431-41. 2003
    ..b>Campylobacter (36/100,000 inhabitants) and salmonella (24/100,000 inhabitants) were the main pathogens isolated...
  47. ncbi The physiology of Campylobacter species and its relevance to their role as foodborne pathogens
    Simon F Park
    School of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    Int J Food Microbiol 74:177-88. 2002
    b>Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli are recognised as the leading causes of bacterial foodborne diarrhoeal disease throughout the development world...
  48. pmc Identification methods for campylobacters, helicobacters, and related organisms
    S L On
    Danish Veterinary Laboratory, Copenhagen V, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Rev 9:405-22. 1996
    ..The purpose of this review is to summarize the problems associated with identifying campylobacteria, critically appraise the methods that have been used for this purpose, and discuss prospects for improvements in this field...
  49. pmc Inaccuracy of the disk diffusion method compared with the agar dilution method for susceptibility testing of Campylobacter spp
    Mirva Lehtopolku
    Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare THL, Turku and Helsinki, Finland
    J Clin Microbiol 50:52-6. 2012
    The agar dilution method has been standardized by the CLSI for the susceptibility testing of Campylobacter species, and according to these standards, the disk diffusion method should be used only in screening for macrolide and ..
  50. ncbi Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter in broiler flocks in Japan
    M Haruna
    Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Zoonoses Public Health 59:241-5. 2012
    b>Campylobacter was isolated from 67 (47.2%) of 142 broiler flocks between September 2009 and February 2010...
  51. ncbi Short-term and medium-term clinical outcomes of Campylobacter concisus infection
    H L Nielsen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Hobrovej 18 22, Aalborg, Denmark
    Clin Microbiol Infect 18:E459-65. 2012
    There are only sparse data on the short-term and medium-term clinical impacts of Campylobacter concisus infection. A clinical study was performed during a 2-year period to determine the clinical manifestations in C...
  52. pmc Risk factors for campylobacteriosis of chicken, ruminant, and environmental origin: a combined case-control and source attribution analysis
    Lapo Mughini Gras
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Rome, Italy
    PLoS ONE 7:e42599. 2012
    ..Human Campylobacter infections can be attributed to specific reservoirs by estimating the extent of subtype sharing between ..
  53. ncbi Emerging dynamics of human campylobacteriosis in Southern Ireland
    Susan Bullman
    Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland
    FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 63:248-53. 2011
    Infections with Campylobacter spp. pose a significant health burden worldwide. The significance of Campylobacter jejuni/Campylobacter coli infection is well appreciated but the contribution of non-C. jejuni/C. coli spp...
  54. pmc Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella serovars in organic chickens from Maryland retail stores
    Shenghui Cui
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, 0112 Skinner Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:4108-11. 2005
    ..enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates (79%) from organic chickens were susceptible to 17 antimicrobials tested...
  55. ncbi A recipe for disaster: outbreaks of campylobacteriosis associated with poultry liver pâté in England and Wales
    C L Little
    Department of Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 138:1691-4. 2010
    Despite the frequency of Campylobacter as the principal cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in the UK, outbreaks attributed to this pathogen are rare...
  56. ncbi Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter spp. isolated from retail chicken in two health units in Ontario
    Anne Deckert
    Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    J Food Prot 73:1317-24. 2010
    b>Campylobacter is an important enteric pathogen of humans and can cause diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain. Campylobacter infections have frequently been associated with the handling and consumption of raw and undercooked poultry...
  57. pmc Campylobacter upsaliensis: waiting in the wings
    B Bourke
    Department of Paediatrics, University College Dublin, Ireland
    Clin Microbiol Rev 11:440-9. 1998
    Despite strong epidemiological evidence supporting an important role for Campylobacter upsaliensis as a human enteropathogen, it remains relatively unknown in the realm of clinical microbiology...
  58. pmc Detection of campylobacter species: a comparison of culture and polymerase chain reaction based methods
    S P Kulkarni
    Public Health Laboratory, Central Middlesex Hospital, Acton Lane, Park Royal, London NW10 7NS, UK
    J Clin Pathol 55:749-53. 2002
    ..To investigate the optimal method for the detection of campylobacters from stool samples by comparing selective culture with membrane filtration and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
  59. ncbi A comparison of disease caused by Shigella and Campylobacter species: 24 months community based surveillance in 4 slums of Karachi, Pakistan
    Sajid Bashir Soofi
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Pakistan
    J Infect Public Health 4:12-21. 2011
    ..There is a paucity of population-based data about the incidence of shigellosis and Campylobacter infections in Pakistan...
  60. ncbi Comparison of Campylobacter isolated from humans and food-producing animals in Japan
    K Ishihara
    National Veterinary Assay Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan
    J Appl Microbiol 100:153-60. 2006
    To compare the antimicrobial resistance, serotypes and flagellin gene types of Campylobacter isolated from humans and food-producing animals and thereby facilitate elucidation of the origin of Campylobacter causing human infection in ..
  61. ncbi Campylobacter and Arcobacter species sensitivity to commercial orange oil fractions
    Ramakrishna Nannapaneni
    Center for Food Safety IFSE and Department of Food Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72704, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 129:43-9. 2009
    Seven orange oil fractions were screened for their ability to inhibit the growth of selected Campylobacter and Arcobacter spp. using the standard agar-disk diffusion assay...
  62. pmc Culturing stool specimens for Campylobacter spp., Pennsylvania, USA
    Nkuchia M M'ikanatha
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Founders 7 046, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4283, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:484-7. 2012
    ..laboratories in Pennsylvania regarding stool specimen testing practices for enteropathogens, including Campylobacter spp. Most (96.3%) routinely test for Campylobacter spp. In 17 (15...
  63. ncbi Molecular basis of macrolide resistance in Campylobacter: role of efflux pumps and target mutations
    Laurent Mamelli
    Universite de la Mediterranee, Enveloppe Bacterienne, Perméabilité et Antibiotiques, EA2197, IFR48, Faculte de Medecine, 27 Bd Jean Moulin 13385, Marseille Cedex 05, France
    J Antimicrob Chemother 56:491-7. 2005
    Erythromycin is the drug of choice to treat human campylobacteriosis. Campylobacter isolates exhibit two different phenotypes with regard to erythromycin resistance: high-level resistant strains (HLR) and low-level resistant strains (LLR).
  64. ncbi Molecular characterization of class 1 integrons from Irish thermophilic Campylobacter spp
    Fiona O'Halloran
    Molecular Diagnostics Unit, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Cork, Ireland
    J Antimicrob Chemother 53:952-7. 2004
    In this study a large random collection (n = 378) of Irish thermophilic Campylobacter isolates were investigated for the presence of integrons, genetic elements associated with the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance.
  65. ncbi Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter isolates from humans and chickens in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
    Desalegne Ewnetu
    Faculty of Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:667-70. 2010
    In this study, the isolation and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli strains from chickens and humans in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, were analyzed...
  66. ncbi Amoebae and algae can prolong the survival of Campylobacter species in co-culture
    Diana Axelsson-Olsson
    Section for Zoonotic Ecology and Epidemiology, University of Kalmar, SE 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden
    Exp Parasitol 126:59-64. 2010
    ..eight different unicellular eukaryotic organisms, for their potential to serve as environmental hosts for Campylobacter species...
  67. pmc Campylobacter spp., Giardia spp., Cryptosporidium spp., noroviruses, and indicator organisms in surface water in southwestern Finland, 2000-2001
    Ari Hörman
    Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:87-95. 2004
    ..during five consecutive seasons from autumn 2000 to autumn 2001 for the presence of various enteropathogens (Campylobacter spp., Giardia spp., Cryptosporidium spp...
  68. pmc Evaluation of three commercial latex agglutination tests for identification of Campylobacter spp
    Robert S Miller
    J Clin Microbiol 46:3546-7. 2008
  69. ncbi Immunity to Campylobacter: its role in risk assessment and epidemiology
    Arie H Havelaar
    Centre for Infectious Diseases Control Netherlands, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Crit Rev Microbiol 35:1-22. 2009
    ..also in developed countries the highest incidence is observed in children under five years and the majority of Campylobacter infections are asymptomatic, which may be related to the effects of immunity and/or the ingested doses...
  70. ncbi Molecular fingerprinting of Campylobacter and Arcobacter isolated from chicken and water
    Ana Gonzalez
    Department of Biotechnology, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Spain
    Int Microbiol 10:85-90. 2007
    ..fragment length polymorphism (s-AFLP) technique was evaluated for its efficacy in detecting foodborne Campylobacter and Arcobacter species...
  71. ncbi Fitness of antimicrobial-resistant Campylobacter and Salmonella
    Qijing Zhang
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Microbes Infect 8:1972-8. 2006
    b>Campylobacter and Salmonella are the most commonly reported bacterial causes of human foodborne infections, and increasing proportions of these pathogens become resistant to medically important antimicrobial agents, imposing a burden on ..
  72. ncbi A seven-year survey of Campylobacter contamination in meat at different production stages in Belgium
    Y Ghafir
    Belgian National Reference Laboratory in Food Microbiology for the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain, University of Liege, Department of Food Sciences, Microbiology, Bat B43b, Sart Tilman, 4000 Liege, Belgium
    Int J Food Microbiol 116:111-20. 2007
    The presence of Campylobacter was assessed in different samples of poultry, pork and beef meat and carcasses from slaughterhouses, production plants and retail level...
  73. pmc The persistence of fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter in poultry production
    Lance B Price
    The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21224 2780, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1035-9. 2007
    ..S. poultry production in order to reduce the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter. Little is known about the potential efficacy of this policy.
  74. ncbi Mechanisms of erythromycin resistance of Campylobacter spp. isolated from food, animals and humans
    M Kurincic
    University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Food Science and Technology, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Int J Food Microbiol 120:186-90. 2007
    ..antimicrobials for this purpose as well as in food animal production could result in macrolide resistance in Campylobacter species...
  75. ncbi Campylobacter bacteriophages and bacteriophage therapy
    P L Connerton
    School of Biosciences, Division of Food Sciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough Leics, UK
    J Appl Microbiol 111:255-65. 2011
    Members of the genus Campylobacter are frequently responsible for human enteric disease with occasionally very serious outcomes. Much of this disease burden is thought to arise from consumption of contaminated poultry products...
  76. ncbi Seasonal influence on the prevalence of thermotolerant Campylobacter in retail broiler meat in Denmark
    Louise Boysen
    Department of Microbiology and Risk Assessment, Technical University of Denmark, National Food Institute, Moerkhoej Bygade 19, 2860 Soeborg, Denmark
    Food Microbiol 28:1028-32. 2011
    In Denmark, the incidence of human campylobacteriosis cases, as well as the Campylobacter prevalence in broiler flocks, is strongly influenced by season with a summer peak in July-August...
  77. pmc Development of cpn60-based real-time quantitative PCR assays for the detection of 14 Campylobacter species and application to screening of canine fecal samples
    Bonnie Chaban
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:3055-61. 2009
    b>Campylobacter species are important organisms in both human and animal health. The identification of Campylobacter currently requires the growth of organisms from complex samples and biochemical identification...
  78. ncbi Campylobacter and Salmonella in raw red meats in the United Kingdom: prevalence, characterization and antimicrobial resistance pattern, 2003-2005
    C L Little
    Health Protection Agency, Department of Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, HPA Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK
    Food Microbiol 25:538-43. 2008
    The prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella was assessed in 3959 raw red meats in the UK during 2003-2005. Meats were more frequently contaminated with Campylobacter (7.2%) than with Salmonella (2.4%). Lamb and other meats (e.g...
  79. ncbi Genetic diversity of the Campylobacter genes coding immunodominant proteins
    D P Pawelec
    Institute of Microbiology, Warsaw University, Nowy OEwiat 67, 00 046, Warsaw, Poland
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 185:43-9. 2000
    Three Campylobacter jejuni 72Dz/92 genes (cjaA (ompH1), cjaC (hisJ) and cjaD (omp18)) encoding immunodominant proteins are considered to be potential chicken vaccine candidates...
  80. ncbi Subgingival microflora associated with nifedipine-induced gingival overgrowth
    M Nakou
    Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Athens, Greece
    J Periodontol 69:664-9. 1998
    ..Significantly more frequently isolated were the bacterial species Eubacterium alactolyticum, Campylobacter concisus, C. gingivalis, C. ochracea, C. sputigena, F. mortiferum, F. nucleatum, and F...
  81. pmc Evidence for a lineage of virulent bacteriophages that target Campylobacter
    Andrew R Timms
    Division of Food Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, UK
    BMC Genomics 11:214. 2010
    ..b>Campylobacter, a food-borne pathogen, is one of the organisms for which the use of bacteriophage is being considered to ..
  82. ncbi Immunoreactive proteins of Campylobacter concisus, an emergent intestinal pathogen
    Zsuzsanna Kovach
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 63:387-96. 2011
    b>Campylobacter concisus is an emerging pathogen of the human gastrointestinal tract. Recently, a significantly higher prevalence of C. concisus DNA and higher levels of antibodies specific to C...
  83. pmc Contribution of the multidrug efflux transporter CmeABC to antibiotic resistance in different Campylobacter species
    Baoqing Guo
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:77-83. 2010
    CmeABC, a multidrug efflux system in Campylobacter jejuni, plays an important role in the resistance to different antimicrobials and toxic compounds. Although this efflux system has been well characterized in C...
  84. pmc Transmission of Campylobacter hyointestinalis from a pig to a human
    Gregor Gorkiewicz
    Institute of Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Microbiology, Karl Franzens University, Graz, Austria
    J Clin Microbiol 40:2601-5. 2002
    We report on a case of human gastroenteritis caused by the pathogen Campylobacter hyointestinalis. Recurrent watery diarrhea and intermittent vomiting were the most significant symptoms of the previously healthy patient...
  85. ncbi Fluoroquinolone resistance in campylobacter
    James L Smith
    Microbial Food Safety Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038 8598, USA
    J Food Prot 73:1141-52. 2010
    b>Campylobacter is a commensal in poultry, and therefore, poultry and poultry products are major sources of Campylobacter infections in humans...
  86. ncbi Macrolide-resistant Campylobacter: the meat of the matter
    Aimee E Belanger
    Elanco Animal Health, A Division of Eli Lilly and Company, 2001 West Main Street, GL21, PO Box 708, Greenfield, IN 46140, USA
    J Antimicrob Chemother 60:715-23. 2007
    ..This may include the animal pathogens that are the intended targets of macrolide antibiotic intervention and Campylobacter, common inhabitants of the intestinal tract of food animals that are zoonotic pathogens in man...
  87. ncbi Reduction in flock prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in broilers in Norway after implementation of an action plan
    Merete Hofshagen
    Norwegian Zoonosis Centre, National Veterinary Institute, P O Box 8156 Dep, 0033 Oslo, Norway
    J Food Prot 68:2220-3. 2005
    An action plan against thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in Norwegian broilers was implemented in May 2001...
  88. ncbi Summary of the Swedish Campylobacter program in broilers, 2001 through 2005
    I Hansson
    Department of Bacteriology, National Veterinary Institute, SE 751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
    J Food Prot 70:2008-14. 2007
    A Campylobacter monitoring program in broiler chickens was carried out in Sweden from 2001 through 2005...
  89. pmc Campylobacter antimicrobial drug resistance among humans, broiler chickens, and pigs, France
    Anne Gallay
    Departement des Maladies Infectieuses, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint Maurice, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:259-66. 2007
    We describe isolates from human Campylobacter infection in the French population and the isolates' antimicrobial drug resistance patterns since 1986 and compare the trends with those of isolates from broiler chickens and pigs from 1999 ..
  90. ncbi Campylobacter ureolyticus: an emerging gastrointestinal pathogen?
    Susan Bullman
    Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland
    FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 61:228-30. 2011
    ..7194 faecal samples collected over a 1-year period from patients presenting with diarrhoea were screened for Campylobacter spp. using EntericBio(®) , a multiplex-PCR system. Of 349 Campylobacter-positive samples, 23...
  91. ncbi Laboratory practices for stool-specimen culture for bacterial pathogens, including Escherichia coli O157:H7, in the FoodNet sites, 1995-2000
    Andrew C Voetsch
    Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 38:S190-7. 2004
    ..about laboratory methods and policies for the routine testing of stool specimens for Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, and Vibrio species, Yersinia entercolitica, and Escherichia coli O157:H7...
  92. pmc Molecular identification of Campylobacter concisus
    M I Matsheka
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    J Clin Microbiol 39:3684-9. 2001
    A 1.6-kb DNA fragment isolated from a Campylobacter concisus genomic library gave C. concisus-specific restriction fragment length patterns when it was used as a probe in hybridization studies...
  93. pmc First attempt to produce experimental Campylobacter concisus infection in mice
    Rune Aabenhus
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, National University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
    World J Gastroenterol 14:6954-9. 2008
    To infect mice with atypical Campylobacter concisus (C. concisus) for the first time.
  94. pmc Sequencing and validation of the genome of a Campylobacter concisus reveals intra-species diversity
    Nandan P Deshpande
    Systems Biology Initiative, School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e22170. 2011
    b>Campylobacter concisus is an emerging pathogen of the human gastrointestinal tract. Its role in different diseases remains a subject of debate; this may be due to strain to strain genetic variation...
  95. pmc Presence of Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. in wild small mammals on organic farms
    B G Meerburg
    Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, P O Box 65, NL 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:960-2. 2006
    The presence of Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. in rodents and insectivores (n = 282) was investigated on organic farms. Infections were encountered in house mice (8 of 83 Campylobacter positive and 1 of 83 Salmonella sp...
  96. ncbi A Bayesian modelling framework to estimate Campylobacter prevalence and culture methods sensitivity: application to a chicken meat survey in Belgium
    I Habib
    Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
    J Appl Microbiol 105:2002-8. 2008
    To estimate the true prevalence of Campylobacter and the diagnostic sensitivity of routine detection methods by applying a Bayesian modelling approach.
  97. pmc The internal transcribed spacer region, a new tool for use in species differentiation and delineation of systematic relationships within the Campylobacter genus
    Si Ming Man
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:3071-81. 2010
    The Campylobacter genus consists of a number of important human and animal pathogens...
  98. pmc Rapid quantification of viable Campylobacter bacteria on chicken carcasses, using real-time PCR and propidium monoazide treatment, as a tool for quantitative risk assessment
    M H Josefsen
    National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, 2860 Søborg, Denmark
    Appl Environ Microbiol 76:5097-104. 2010
    A number of intervention strategies against Campylobacter-contaminated poultry focus on postslaughter reduction of the number of cells, emphasizing the need for rapid and reliable quantitative detection of only viable Campylobacter ..
  99. ncbi Reclassification of Bacteroides ureolyticus as Campylobacter ureolyticus comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Campylobacter
    P Vandamme
    Laboratory of Microbiology, K L Ledeganckstraat 35, Universiteit Gent, Ghent, Belgium
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 60:2016-22. 2010
    ..The results demonstrate that this organism is most appropriately allocated in the genus Campylobacter. The presence of much higher amounts of 18 : 1omega7c in its cellular fatty acid profile and its ability to ..
  100. ncbi Fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter species and the withdrawal of fluoroquinolones from use in poultry: a public health success story
    Jennifer M Nelson
    Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Zoonotic, Vectorborne, and Enteric Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:977-80. 2007
    b>Campylobacter species cause 1.4 million infections each year in the United States. Fluoroquinolones (e.g., ciprofloxacin) are commonly used in adults with Campylobacter infection and other infections. Fluoroquinolones (e.g...
  101. ncbi Prevalence and diversity of Campylobacter jejuni in pig herds on farms with and without cattle or poultry
    J Boes
    National Committee for Pig Production, Danish Bacon and Meat Council, DK 1609 Copenhagen, Denmark
    J Food Prot 68:722-7. 2005
    The prevalence and diversity of Campylobacter jejuni was investigated in pig herds on farms with and without cattle or poultry production...

Research Grants62

  1. MICRONUTRIENTS AND ENTERIC INFECTION IN AFRICAN CHILDREN
    Sherwood Gorbach; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Stool for detection of enteric pathogens, including Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, diarrheagenic E...
  2. Campylobacter jejuni proteins induced at 37C
    Stuart Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    b>Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of severe bacterial gastroenteritis in the U.S., and has been classified as a food-borne Category B Bioterrorism agent by the NIH...
  3. Hospital - Based Surveillance of Acute Febrile Illness in Western Ghat Region of
    ARUNKUMAR GOVINDAKARNAVAR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pneumoniae, H.influenzae, N. meningitidis, Shigella, Campylobacter etc. ), Rickettsial group of organisms (Scrub typhus, Spotted fever group, Ehrlichia, Anaplasma etc...
  4. Salmonella Vaccines Against Bacterial Enteropathogens
    Roy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and other entero-pathogens such as Yersinia sp., Vibrio cholerae, Campylobacter jejuni, Helicobacter pylori, Listeria monocytogenes, Clostridium perfringens and C. difficile...
  5. Novel Bioconjugate Vaccines to Prevent Staphylococcus aureus Infection
    JEAN CLAIRE LEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A novel Campylobacter enzyme called PglB is able to transfer an oligosaccharide to a protein consensus sequence, thereby allowing ..
  6. Enhanced Membrane Systems for Supplying Quality Drinking Water
    Andrew Feiring; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A variety of bacteria such as Salmonella, Campylobacter and toxigenic E...
  7. Research and Development of a Novel System to Produce Polysaccharide Conjugate Va
    Peng George Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Oligosaccharyltransferase (PglB) from Campylobacter jejuni, which was first discovered by Markus Aebi in 2002, later developed by GlycoVaxyn LLC, was found to be ..
  8. Periodontal Pathogens and Cardiovascular Disease
    KESAVALU NAIDU LAKSHMYYA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..DNA (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia, Aggregator actinomycetemcomitans, Campylobacter rectus, Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Eikenella corrodens) in atherosclerotic lesions of ..
  9. Structure and mechanism of CRISPR interference.
    Ailong Ke; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..archaeal genomes and 39% of bacterial genomes thus far sequenced, including important human pathogens such as Campylobacter human jejuni, Clostridium botulinum, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and ..
  10. Phenotype MicroArray Analysis of Fastidious Pathogens
    Barry Bochner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..infections (Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Legionella), microaerophilic gastro-intestinal pathogens (Helicobacter, Campylobacter, Arcobacter, Wolinella), and important colonizers of the colon and vagina (Bacteroides, Clostridium, ..
  11. Campylobacter jejuni outer membrane protein vaccine
    Stuart Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    b>Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in the U.S., and has been classified by the NIH as a Category B Bioterrorism Agent due to its ability to cause food-borne and water-borne outbreaks...
  12. Microbial Invasion of the Intestine at the Cell Extrusion Zone of the Villus Tip
    Manuel R Amieva; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..coli, and Campylobacter. How these organisms breach the gastrointestinal epithelial barrier is not clearly understood...
  13. 16th international conference on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and related organism
    Irving Nachamkin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We propose to host the 16th International Workshop on Campylobacter, Helicobacter and Related Organisms (CHRO) from August 28 - September 1, 2011 in Vancouver...
  14. Campylbacter jejuni flagellar regulation and synthesis
    David R Hendrixson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of gastroenteritis in humans in the United States and in other countries throughout the world. According to the Centers for Disease Control, C...
  15. Partnership for Detection of Infection by Category B Pathogens
    Frances S Ligler; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Target analytes will include, but are not limited to, Brucella, Coxiella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, E. coli, Shigella, Listeria, Cryptosporidium parvum, Giardia lamblia, and VEE...
  16. Blood Transcriptional Biomarker Profiles for Category B Pathogens
    Damien Chaussabel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Luminy, France) and diarrheal diseases (Escherichia coli, pathogenic Vibrio strains, Shigella spp, Salmonella, Campylobacter jejuni and Caliciviruses / Department of Molecular Biomedicine, CINVESTAV&Microbiology Research Laboratory ..
  17. CHEMOTACTIC SENSORY TRANSDUCTION IN BACILLUS SUBTILIS
    George W Ordal; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..subtilis chemotaxis mechanism. Furthermore, many Gram-negative pathogens including Burkholderia sp., Campylobacter jejuni, Helicobacter sp...
  18. Molecular Mechanisms of Campylobacter Jejuni-induced Pathogenesis
    Christian Jobin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Gram-negative invasive bacterium Campylobacter jejuni (C...
  19. Environmental Health Specialist Network
    RICHARD NORMAN DANILA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Special studies to identify the burden of Cryptosporidium, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli, and Campylobacter infections due to drinking water, along with practices, behaviors, or other risk factors that lead to sporadic ..
  20. EMERGING INFECTIONS PROGRAM
    Timothy F Jones; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..cell O157:H7, Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter and Listeria over time in a population-based active surveillance program...
  21. Antimicrobial peptide resistance in Campylobacter jejuni
    Jun Lin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Campylobacter jejuni is the leading bacterial cause of human enteritis in the United States. Contaminated poultry meats are considered a significant source for human Campylobacter infections...
  22. Oligosaccharides to Prevent Infectious Diarrhea
    JOHN MICHAEL MCCOY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Virulent Campylobacter species, Vibrio cholerae, enteropathogenic E.coli (EPEC), enterohemorrhagic E...
  23. Murine models to test parasite products as cures for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    Linda S Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..From 1990-2003, she focused on finding naturally occurring animal models for Campylobacter jejuni and Cyst forming coccidia (Sarcocystis neurona, etc...
  24. MOLECULAR GENETICS OF ENTEROPATHOGENIC E. COLI ADHESION
    James B Kaper; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..suggest that the incidence of infections with this pathogen may equal or exceed that of Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, or E. coil O157:H7...
  25. Structural Components of the Campylobacter jejuni Polar Flagellar Motor
    David R Hendrixson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cryo-tomography, we have identified three disk structures associated with the polar flagellar motor of Campylobacter jejuni, a leading cause of gastroenteritis in humans in the United States and in other countries throughout ..
  26. Elucidation of a bacterial cell shape generating program and pathogenic functions
    NINA REDA SALAMA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..homologues are well conserved among curved to helical Proteobacteria including several other pathogens such as Campylobacter jejuni and Vibrio cholerae...
  27. Bacterial Surface Structures of Helicobacter Pylori and Campylobacter Jejuni
    MICHAEL STEPHEN TRENT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..proposal is to unravel the molecular mechanisms by which two pathogenic organisms, Helicobacter pylori and Campylobacter jejuni, modify their LPS structure and the role these modifications play in virulence...
  28. Capsule conjugate vaccines against ETEC and Campylobacter
    Patricia Guerry; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..proposal is that multivalent vaccines can be generated against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and Campylobacter jejuni by conjugation of LTB and antigenically distinct colonization factor antigens (CFA's or fimbriae) ..
  29. Inhibition of Glycoprotein Biosynthesis in Gram-Negative Pathogens
    Barbara Imperiali; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..conversion of UDP-GlcNAc into UDP-diNAcBac in the N-linked protein glycosylation pathway of the enteropathogen Campylobacter jejuni...
  30. GASTRIC ACID SECRETION AND BUFFER CONTENT AFTER EATING
    Mark Feldman; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..role of prostaglandins in peptic ulcer disease in man and in animals; and to determine whether infection with campylobacter-like organisms is related to gastric mucusal diseases in humans or dogs...
  31. Probiotics in Pediatric Diarrhea in Peru_Supplement
    Richard A Oberhelman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..coli, Shigella, Giardia and Campylobacter. Episode-specific outcomes such as time to last unformed stool, and subject-specific outcomes, including ..
  32. Revitalizing Tennessee's Core Environmental Health Programs: Food Safety and Wate
    John R Dunn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S., foodborne pathogens such as Salmonella, Campylobacter, and E. coli O157:H7 cause millions of illnesses, sometimes with severe outcomes...
  33. Cultivation and Characterization of Microaerobes from the Human Microbiome
    Vincent B Young; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Microaerobes, including populations of Helicobacter and Campylobacter, occupy the GI tracts of many animals...
  34. S. typhimiurium Vaccine Against Bacterial Enteropathogens
    Roy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Escherichia coli and Shigella species, and less closely related enteropathogens such as Vibrio cholerae, Campylobacter jejuni and Listeria monocytogenes...
  35. MICRONUTRIENTS AND ENTERIC INFECTION IN AFRICAN CHILDREN
    MICHAEL BENNISH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Stool for detection of enteric pathogens, including Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, diarrheagenic E...
  36. Genetic adaptation in Campylobacter: mechanisms and impacts on human health
    John E Linz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The food borne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni (CJ) causes between 2.5 and 3 million human disease cases and approximately 100 deaths annually at an estimated cost of between 1.6 and 6...
  37. Molecular mechanisms underlying Campylobacter jejuni cellular invasion
    Michael E Konkel; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Project Summary Campylobacter jejuni [unreadable] [unreadable]a NIAID Category B Priority Pathogen[unreadable] [unreadable] is a leading bacterial cause of human gastrointestinal disease worldwide. While the clinical presentation of C...
  38. Synthesis of Complex Carbohydrates.
    Hien M Nguyen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..glycosylation methodology will be applied to the synthesis of bioactive carbohydrate targets, including Campylobacter jejuni N-linked glycan (Specific Aim 2) which can be used to block Campylobacter jejuni adherence to human ..
  39. ESCHERICHIA COLI LT-RELATED ENTEROTOXINS
    RICHARD FINKELSTEIN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..coli strain of bovine origin; and cholera/coli related enterotoxins from Salmonellae, Aeromonas hydrophila, Campylobacter jejuni, Vibrio cholerae non-01, and V. mimicus. For others, the evidence is thus far only circumstantial...
  40. Validation of methods for detection of Campylobacter in veterinary patients
    Shuping Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    PROJECT SUMMARY Campylobacter infection is a leading cause of human foodborne illness in the United States...
  41. Ferric enterobactin acquisition systems in Campylobacter
    Jun Lin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    b>Campylobacter species including C. jejuni and C. coli are the most common bacterial causes of human gastroenteritis in the United States...
  42. Glycosylation of full-length antibodies in Escherichia coli
    ADAM FISHER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..coli-derived immunoglobulins (IgGs). Recently, it was discovered that the Campylobacter jejuni asparagine-linked (N-linked) protein glycosylation pathway can be functionally transferred into E...
  43. CAMPYLOBACTER PYLORIDIS IN GASTRODUODENAL DISEASE
    David Graham; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..pyloridis antigens arising from current or past infection by C. pyloridis. Finally, we will characterize the virulence factors and mechanisms of C. pyloridis pathogenesis...
  44. 3rd ASM Conference on Salmonella
    Ferric Fang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In the US unlike other common food borne infections, including Campylobacter and Shigella, NTS has not shown any signs of decreasing in the last despite major efforts to limit the ..
  45. Humanizing N-linked glycosylation in Escherichia coli
    ADAM FISHER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Recently, however, it has been reported that the Campylobacter jejuni asparagine-linked (Nlinked) protein glycosylation system can be functionally transferred into ..
  46. B27 BINDING BACTERIAL AND SELF PEPTIDES IN B27 ARTHRITIS
    R Scofield; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..the presence of the HLA Class 1 allele B27 and infection with enteric bacteria such as Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Yersinia, and Klebsiella...
  47. Campylobacter colonization and virulence determinants
    Alain Stintzi; Fiscal Year: 2007
    b>Campylobacter spp, generally food-borne, are the leading cause of gastroenteritis worldwide, surpassing the number of cases of Salmonella and Shigella combined. Campylobacter spp...
  48. Engineered Probiotic Yeast to Prevent Infectious Diarrhea
    John McCoy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Virulent Campylobacter species and pathogenic strains of Norwalk virus, the leading bacterial and viral causes of human infectious ..
  49. Campylobacter jejuni and Reactive Nitrogen Species
    Nicole Iovine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the relationship between host-derived reactive nitrogen species and the disease-causing potential of Campylobacter jejuni...
  50. IMMUNOBIOLOGY OF CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI
    Irving Nachamkin; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..b>Campylobacter flagellin, the major protein of the flagella filament, is the major immunodominant protein of Campylobacter ..
  51. Potentiating antibiotics against Campylobacter by inhibiting efflux
    Qijing Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Campylobacter jejuni is a major enteric pathogen and is responsible for a large number of gastroenteritis worldwide...
  52. Quorum-sensing mechanisms of Campylobacter
    PAUL PLUMMER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Through the mentorship of Dr. Qijing Zhang, a leader in the field of Campylobacter molecular microbiology, the principal investigator will develop his ability to formulate thoughtful hypotheses,..
  53. Phenotype MicroArray Analysis of Fastidious Pathogens
    Barry Bochner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Helicobacter pylori (Hp) (implicated in peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer), and the intestinal pathogen Campylobacter jejuni (Cj) (a very common cause of gastroenteritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, and also (with some strains) of ..
  54. MECHANISM OF INJURY IN THE GUILLAIN BARRE SYNDROME
    Tony Ho; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..b>Campylobacter jejuni infection is an important antecedent infection in both patterns of disease...
  55. Capsule conjugate vaccines against Campylobacter jejuni
    Patricia Guerry; Fiscal Year: 2010
    b>Campylobacter jejuni is a Category B agent that is one of the major bacterial causes of diarrheal disease, and there are no vaccines available...
  56. Analysis of Campylobacter coli Lipooligosaccharide Core Diversity
    MARGARET KANIPES; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Campylobacter is the most important cause of gastroenteritis in the United States and a frequent cause of traveler's diarrhea in developing countries...
  57. CAMPYLOBACTER FETUS SURFACE LAYER PROTEIN SECRETION
    Stuart Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    DESCRIPTION (Adapted from the applicant's abstract): Campylobacter fetus is a significant pathogen of cattle and immunocompromised humans. One of the major virulence factors of C...
  58. IMMUNOLOGY OF CAMPYLOBACTOR PYLORI IN GASTRIC DISEASE
    Steven Czinn; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..These bacteria subsequently have been named Campylobacter pylori...
  59. Probing the Glycan Biosynthetic Machinery of Campylobacter Jejuni.
    JERRY TROUTMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..in eukaryotic and archaeal organisms, and has recently been discovered in the gram-negative enteropathogen Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni). C...
  60. ROLE OF CAMPYLOBACTER PYLORIDIS IN NON-ULCER DYSPEPSIA
    Robert Gilman; Fiscal Year: 1990
    There is now a substantial body of data which indicates that Campylobacter pyloridis (CP) is an important cause of gastritis around the world, that it persists in untreated individuals but responds to treatment with antibiotics, and that ..
  61. NATURAL HISTORY OF CAMPYLOBACTER ASSOCIATED GASTRITIS
    Pelayo Correa; Fiscal Year: 1990
    This is a longitudinal study of the natural history and intervention outcomes of patients infected with Campylobacter pyloridis (C.p.). The long term objective is the understanding of the possible etiologic role of C.p...
  62. CHINESE PARALYTIC SYNDROME - MECHANISMS AND RELEVANCE
    GUY MC KHANN; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Both forms can be associated with preceding infections with Campylobacter jejuni. The immunopathology in these two forms is quite different...