- Purification and characterization of a novel class IIa bacteriocin, piscicocin CS526, from surimi-associated Carnobacterium piscicola CS526
Laboratory of Marine Food Science, Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, 3 1 1 Minato, Hakodate 041 8611, Japan
Appl Environ Microbiol 71:554-7. 2005
..The molecular mass of piscicocin CS526, which had a bactericidal mode of action, was approximately 4,430 Da...
- Ribosomally synthesized antibacterial peptides in Gram positive bacteria
Dzung B Diep
Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Agricultural University of Norway, As
Curr Drug Targets 3:107-22. 2002
- Assembly of pili in Gram-positive bacteria
Committee on Microbiology, University of Chicago, 920 East 58th Street, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Trends Microbiol 12:228-34. 2004
- Biofilm formation as microbial development
Department of Microbiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
Annu Rev Microbiol 54:49-79. 2000
..The results reviewed in this article indicate that the formation of biofilms serves as a new model system for the study of microbial development...
- Dual activation of the Drosophila toll pathway by two pattern recognition receptors
Unité Propre de Recherche 9022 du CNRS, Institut de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, 15 rue Rene Descartes, F67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France
Science 302:2126-30. 2003
..The potential for a combination of distinct proteins to mediate detection of infectious nonself in the fly will refine the concept of pattern recognition in insects...
- Investigation of candidate division TM7, a recently recognized major lineage of the domain Bacteria with no known pure-culture representatives
Advanced Wastewater Management Centre, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
Appl Environ Microbiol 67:411-9. 2001
..A highly atypical base substitution (Escherichia coli position 912; C to U) for bacterial 16S rRNAs was present in almost all TM7 sequences, suggesting that TM7 bacteria, like Archaea, may be streptomycin resistant at the ribosome level...
- Distribution of multi-resistant Gram-negative versus Gram-positive bacteria in the hospital inanimate environment
S W Lemmen
Department of Infection Control, University Hospital Aachen, 52057 Aachen, Germany
J Hosp Infect 56:191-7. 2004
..This benefits not only the patients, but also the hospital by removing some of the strain placed on already over-stretched resources...
- Staphylococcus aureus sortase, an enzyme that anchors surface proteins to the cell wall
S K Mazmanian
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, UCLA School of Medicine, University of California, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Science 285:760-3. 1999
..The protein specified by srtA, sortase, may be a useful target for the development of new antimicrobial drugs...
- Plectasin is a peptide antibiotic with therapeutic potential from a saprophytic fungus
Per H Mygind
Novozymes A S, 2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark
Nature 437:975-80. 2005
..These findings identify fungi as a novel source of antimicrobial defensins, and show the therapeutic potential of plectasin. They also suggest that the defensins of insects, molluscs and fungi arose from a common ancestral gene...
- Quorum sensing by peptide pheromones and two-component signal-transduction systems in Gram-positive bacteria
Department of Biophysical Chemistry, NIZO, Ede, The Netherlands
Mol Microbiol 24:895-904. 1997
..Moreover, genetic linkage of the common elements involved results in autoregulation of peptide-pheromone production...
- High-throughput PCR screening of genes for three-component regulatory system putatively involved in quorum sensing from low-G + C gram-positive bacteria
Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 6 10 1 Hakozaki, Higashi ku, Fukuoka 812 8581, Japan
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 67:480-9. 2003
..These results indicated the usefulness of this high-throughput gene screening and suggested that the three-component regulatory gene cassette are widely present...
- Drosophila Toll is activated by Gram-positive bacteria through a circulating peptidoglycan recognition protein
Institut de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, UPR 9022 du CNRS, 15 rue Rene Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France
Nature 414:756-9. 2001
..Interestingly, seml does not affect Toll activation by fungal infection, indicating the existence of a distinct recognition system for fungi to activate the Toll pathway...
- Peptide pheromone-dependent regulation of antimicrobial peptide production in Gram-positive bacteria: a case of multicellular behavior
Wageningen Centre for Food Sciences, The Netherlands
Peptides 22:1579-96. 2001
..This review focuses on the major advances and current views of the peptide-pheromone dependent regulatory circuits involved in production of antimicrobial peptides in Gram-positive bacteria...
- Bacteremia in children: etiologic agents, focal sites, and risk factors
L F Nimri
Department of Applied Biology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid
J Trop Pediatr 47:356-60. 2001
..Resistance of the isolated pathogens to several commonly used antibiotics was observed. Empirical treatment with antibiotics is recommended only in life-threatening cases...
- Production of piscicolin 126 by Carnobacterium maltaromaticum UAL26 is controlled by temperature and induction peptide concentration
Lucas J Gursky
Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science, 4 10 Agriculture Forestry Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2P5
Arch Microbiol 186:317-25. 2006
..This deletion causes a frameshift, resulting in truncation of the PisE transport accessory protein in UAL26...
- Contribution of Toll-like receptors to the innate immune response to Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria
NovImmune SA, Geneva, Switzerland
Blood 109:1574-83. 2007
..This study identifies dominant TLRs involved in responses to whole bacteria. It also validates the concept that host cell activation by bacterial pathogens can be therapeutically reduced by anti-TLR4, -TLR2, and -CD14 mAbs...
- Multimodular penicillin-binding proteins: an enigmatic family of orthologs and paralogs
Centre d Ingénierie des Protéines, Universite de Liege, Institut de Chimie, B 4000 Sart Tilman Liège, Belgium
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 62:1079-93. 1998
..Studies of the reaction pathways by using the methods of quantum chemistry suggest that resistance to penicillin is a road of no return...
- Antibacterial spectrum of a novel des-fluoro(6) quinolone, BMS-284756
J C Fung-Tomc
Department of Microbiology, Bristol Myers Squibb Company, Wallingford, Connecticut 06492, USA
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 44:3351-6. 2000
..These results indicate that with its broad antibacterial spectrum, BMS-284756 should be evaluated clinically for the treatment of community and nosocomial infections...
- Platelet-activating factor receptor and ADAM10 mediate responses to Staphylococcus aureus in epithelial cells
Biomedical Sciences Program, Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Anatomy, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
Nat Med 8:41-6. 2002
..Unlike responses in macrophages, the epithelial-cell response to lipoteichoic acid does not require Toll-like receptor 2 or 4...
- Genome-wide detection and analysis of cell wall-bound proteins with LPxTG-like sorting motifs
Center for Molecular and Biomolecular Informatics, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
J Bacteriol 187:4928-34. 2005
- Bacterial community structure and location in Stilton cheese
Division of Food Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
Appl Environ Microbiol 69:3540-8. 2003
- Function of the drosophila pattern-recognition receptor PGRP-SD in the detection of Gram-positive bacteria
Institut de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS UPR 9022, 15 rue Rene Descartes, Universite Louis Pasteur, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France
Nat Immunol 5:1175-80. 2004
..These data indicate that PGRP-SD can function as a receptor for Gram-positive bacteria and shows partial redundancy with the PGRP-SA-GNBP1 complex...
- The antibacterial activity against MRSA strains and other bacteria of a <500Da fraction from maggot excretions/secretions of Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae)
Department of Biological Sciences, SOTEAS, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK
Microbes Infect 10:325-33. 2008
..aureus and E. coli. ES<500 also demonstrated bacteriostatic activity against S. aureus, however, bactericidal activity and the induction of a viable but non-culturable state were observed with ES<500-treated E. coli...
- Effects on gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria mediated by 5-aminolevulinic Acid and 5-aminolevulinic acid derivatives
Department of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, 30 Quai Ernest Ansermet, Geneva 1211, Switzerland
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 52:1366-73. 2008
..We observed significant differences in terms of the optimal drug concentration, bactericidal activities, and porphyrin production...
- Clinical gram-positive sepsis: does it fundamentally differ from gram-negative bacterial sepsis?
S M Opal
Brown University School of Medicine, Povidence, RI, USA
Crit Care Med 27:1608-16. 1999
..To review the basic differences between gram-positive and gram-negative sepsis and to assess the effect of these differences on current and future therapeutic strategies for sepsis...
- Emerging bacterial resistance patterns in febrile neutropenic patients: experience at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan
M A Khan
Department of Medicine, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi
J Pak Med Assoc 54:357-60. 2004
..To look at the clinical presentations, spectrum and site of isolation of the organisms, sensitivity patterns of the organisms and the antibiotic prescribing practices for the treatment of febrile neutropenic patients at our hospital...
- The effect of dietary fatty acids on lactic acid bacteria associated with the epithelial mucosa and from faecalia of Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.)
Department of Arctic Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian College of Veterinary Medicine, Tromsø, Norway
J Appl Microbiol 85:855-64. 1998
..and Leuconostoc mesenteroides present. Seven strains of Carnobacterium spp. were further identified on the basis of 16S rDNA sequence analysis, and all these strains were identified as Carnobacterium piscicola...
- Use of pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA fragments to differentiate between bacteria responsible for neonatal sepsis
Jeanne A Jordan
Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh, Magee Women s Research Institute, 204 Craft Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
J Mol Diagn 7:105-10. 2005
..Results of DNA sequencing and culture identification were compared. In summary, we were successful at using PCR and pyrosequencing together to accurately differentiate between highly diverse bacterial groups...
- Interfacial charge transfer between CdTe quantum dots and gram negative vs gram positive bacteria
Department of Biomedical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 2B4
Environ Sci Technol 44:1464-70. 2010
..The findings also suggest future avenues of inquiry into electron transfer processes between nanomaterials and bacteria...
- Controlling infection by tuning in and turning down the volume of bacterial small-talk
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
Lancet Infect Dis 2:667-76. 2002
..As a consequence, this event, now termed quorum sensing, represents a novel therapeutic target offering the opportunity to attenuate virulence, and thus control infection, by blocking cell-to-cell communication...
- Design, synthesis, and antibacterial activities of neomycin-lipid conjugates: polycationic lipids with potent gram-positive activity
Department of Chemistry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
J Med Chem 51:6160-4. 2008
..The MIC of neomycin-C16 (C20) conjugates against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is comparable to clinically used antiseptics...
- Prophenoloxidase activation is not required for survival to microbial infections in Drosophila
UPR9022 du CNRS, IBMC, 15 rue Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg, France
EMBO Rep 7:231-5. 2006
..This raises the question with regard to the precise function of phenoloxidase activation in defence, if any...
- Pili in Gram-positive bacteria: assembly, involvement in colonization and biofilm development
Department of Molecular, Microbial, and Structural Biology, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Ave, Farmington, CT 06030, USA
Trends Microbiol 16:33-40. 2008
..Here we review current knowledge of this mechanism and the roles of Gram-positive pili in the colonization of specific host tissues, modulation of host immune responses and the development of bacterial biofilms...
- Pattern searches for the identification of putative lipoprotein genes in Gram-positive bacterial genomes
Iain C Sutcliffe
Fleming Building, Institute of Pharmacy, Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences, University of Sunderland, Sunderland SR2 3SD, UK
Microbiology 148:2065-77. 2002
..These data confirm the likely abundance of lipoproteins in Gram-positive bacterial genomes, with at least 25 probable lipoproteins identified in S. pyogenes..
- Substrate promiscuity of an aminoglycoside antibiotic resistance enzyme via target mimicry
Desiree H Fong
Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, 3775 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2B4, Canada
EMBO J 21:2323-31. 2002
..These results suggest a potential strategy for drug design aimed at circumventing antibiotic resistance...
- Scavenger cells with gram-positive bacterial lipoteichoic acid infiltrate around the damaged interlobular bile ducts of primary biliary cirrhosis
Department of Pathology (II, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, Japan
J Hepatol 35:156-63. 2001
..Such LTA may be involved in the development and progression of portal tract lesions, particularly bile duct lesions, in PBC...
- Bacteremias: a leading cause of death
Gonzalo M L Bearman
Internal Medicine, Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Division of Quality HealthCare, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia 23298 0019, USA
Arch Med Res 36:646-59. 2005
..Regrettably, despite advances in treatment and intensive care facilities, mortality remains high...
- The genome of Heliobacterium modesticaldum, a phototrophic representative of the Firmicutes containing the simplest photosynthetic apparatus
W Matthew Sattley
Department of Biology, Washington University, Campus Box 1137, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
J Bacteriol 190:4687-96. 2008
..In contrast to the nutritional flexibility of many anoxygenic phototrophs, the complete genome sequence of H. modesticaldum reveals an organism with a notable degree of metabolic specialization and genomic reduction...
- Carnobacterium divergens and Carnobacterium maltaromaticum as spoilers or protective cultures in meat and seafood: phenotypic and genotypic characterization
Birgit Groth Laursen
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Grønnegårdsvej 15, 1870 Frederiksberg Copenhagen, Denmark
Syst Appl Microbiol 28:151-64. 2005
..This study serves as a base-line for further investigations on the potential role of species of Carnobacterium in foods where they predominate the spoilage microflora...
- Bacterial communication and group behavior
E Peter Greenberg
Department of Microbiology, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
J Clin Invest 112:1288-90. 2003
..This Perspective series discusses the known signaling mechanisms, the roles they play in both chronic Gram-positive and Gram-negative infections, and promising therapeutic avenues of investigation...
- Marine actinomycetes related to the "Salinospora" group from the Great Barrier Reef sponge Pseudoceratina clavata
Tae Kyung Kim
Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
Environ Microbiol 7:509-18. 2005
..In vitro bioassays of extracts from the isolates for antibiotic activity demonstrated that these actinomycetes have the potential to inhibit other sponge symbionts in vivo, including both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria...
- Serum procalcitonin elevation in critically ill patients at the onset of bacteremia caused by either Gram negative or Gram positive bacteria
Pierre Emmanuel Charles
Service de Reanimation Medicale, Hopital Le Bocage, C H U de DIJON, France
BMC Infect Dis 8:38. 2008
..However, we still do not know to what extent the magnitude of PCT elevation at the onset of bacteremia varies according to the Gram stain result...
- Bacteremia in patients with hematological malignancies
Fu Der Wang
Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Chemotherapy 51:147-53. 2005
..The aim of this study was to investigate isolates of bacteremia and their antibiotic susceptibility in patients with hematological malignancies...
- [Analysis of microorganisms isolated from febrile neutropenic children with neoplastic disease]
Laboratorium Mikrobiologiczne Wojewódzkiego, Szpitala Dzieciecego w Bydgoszczy
Med Dosw Mikrobiol 56:411-9. 2004
..faecium, S. haemolyticus. All strains Staphylococcus spp. were sensitive to vancomycin. There have not been found Enterococcus spp. resistant to glycopeptides. Most active against Gram-positive rods were carbapenems and aminoglycosides...
- Shelf life and safety aspects of chilled cooked and peeled shrimps (Pandalus borealis) in modified atmosphere packaging
Department of Seafood Research, Danish Institute for Fisheries Research DIFRES, Lyngby, Denmark
J Appl Microbiol 99:66-76. 2005
..To evaluate the growth of Listeria monocytogenes and shelf life of cooked and peeled shrimps in modified atmosphere packaging (MAP)...
- Chromosomal replicases as asymmetric dimers: studies of subunit arrangement and functional consequences
Charles S McHenry
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
Mol Microbiol 49:1157-65. 2003
..For example, Pol e and Pol delta may function as distinct leading and lagging strand polymerases in eukaryotes, and PolC and DnaE may function as distinct leading and lagging strand polymerases in low GC content Gram-positive bacteria...
- Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods--a review
Department of Public Health and Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, P O Box 80175, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
Int J Food Microbiol 94:223-53. 2004
..Some EO components are legally registered flavourings in the EU and the USA. Undesirable organoleptic effects can be limited by careful selection of EOs according to the type of food...
- The Drosophila immune system detects bacteria through specific peptidoglycan recognition
Centre de Génétique Moléculaire du CNRS, F 91198 Gif sur Yvette, France
Nat Immunol 4:478-84. 2003
..Thus, the ability of Drosophila to discriminate between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria relies on the recognition of specific forms of peptidoglycan...
- Substrate analogues to study cell-wall biosynthesis and its inhibition
Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
Curr Opin Chem Biol 6:786-93. 2002
..These intermediates also enable studies to probe the mechanism of action of a variety of substrate-binding antibiotics...
- Protein sorting to the cell wall envelope of Gram-positive bacteria
Committee on Microbiology, University of Chicago, 920 East 58th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Biochim Biophys Acta 1694:269-78. 2004
- Real-time PCR for detection and differentiation of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
J Clin Microbiol 40:4304-7. 2002
..All tested bacteria were identified correctly, and none gave a false-positive signal with the opposite Gram probe...
- Gram-positive DsbE proteins function differently from Gram-negative DsbE homologs. A structure to function analysis of DsbE from Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Celia W Goulding
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and UCLA Department of Energy Institute of Genomics and Proteomics, Los Angeles, California 90095 1570
J Biol Chem 279:3516-24. 2004
..Structural and biochemical analysis implies that Mtb DsbE functions differently from Gram-negative DsbE homologs, and we discuss its possible functional role in the bacterium...
- Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants of the island Soqotra
Ramzi A A Mothana
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sana a University, PO Box 33039, Sana a, Yemen
J Ethnopharmacol 96:177-81. 2005
..Only the methanolic extract of Buxus hildebrandtii displayed significant antifungal activity...
- Comparative activity of meropenem in US medical centers (2007): initiating the 2nd decade of MYSTIC program surveillance
Ronald N Jones
JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 61:203-13. 2008
- Improved photoinactivation of gram-negative and gram-positive methicillin-resistant bacterial strains using a new near-infrared absorbing meso-tetrahydroporphyrin: a comparative study with a chlorine e6 photosensitizer photolon
Department of Ophthalmology, Universiy of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 30:129-33. 2008
..Results suggest that tetracationic BLC1065 can bind better to both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial cell envelope than the dianionic chlorine BLC1013 resulting in better efficiency of photoinactivation...
- Polycationic photosensitizer conjugates: effects of chain length and Gram classification on the photodynamic inactivation of bacteria
Michael R Hamblin
Wellman Laboratories of Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114 2698, USA
J Antimicrob Chemother 49:941-51. 2002
..In this report we explore the relationship between the size of the polylysine chain and its effectiveness for mediating the killing of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria...
- Display of proteins on bacteria
Division of Molecular Biotechnology, Department of Biotechnology, SCFAB, Royal Institute of Technology KTH, Roslagstullsbacken 21, SE 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
J Biotechnol 96:129-54. 2002
..This article explains the basic principles of the different bacterial display systems, and discusses current uses and possible future trends of these emerging technologies...
- Meropenem activity against European isolates: report on the MYSTIC (Meropenem Yearly Susceptibility Test Information Collection) 2006 results
Philip J Turner
Infection Discovery Department, AstraZenca, Alderley House, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, SK10 4TG Cheshire, UK
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 60:185-92. 2008
..The continued need for surveillance studies such as MYSTIC in order that correct clinical decisions concerning antibiotic selection are made is once again demonstrated...
- Surface-enhanced Raman scattering for the rapid discrimination of bacteria
Roger M Jarvis
School of Chemistry, The University of Manchester, P O Box 88, Sackville St, Manchester, UK
Faraday Discuss 132:281-92; discussion 309-19. 2006
..In addition, Bacillus species also undergo sporulation, and we demonstrate that SERS peaks that could be attributed to the dipicolinic acid biomarker, could be readily generated from Bacillus spores...
- Identification of a novel two-peptide lantibiotic, haloduracin, produced by the alkaliphile Bacillus halodurans C-125
Elaine M Lawton
Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
FEMS Microbiol Lett 267:64-71. 2007
..It is also the first example of a lantibiotic of any kind to be produced by an alkaliphilic species...
- Characterization of the theta-type plasmid pCD3.4 from Carnobacterium divergens, and modulation of its host range by RepA mutation
Marco J van Belkum
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2P5
Microbiology 152:171-8. 2006
..The mutation was located in the C-terminal region of the RepA protein, changing a proline into a serine. This is believed to be the first example of such plasmid-host-range modulation in Gram-positive bacteria...
- Growth control of Listeria monocytogenes on cold-smoked salmon using a competitive lactic acid bacteria flora
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Department of Seafood Research, Technical University, Lyngby
J Food Prot 62:336-42. 1999
..monocytogenes that were found on Oxford plates incubated at 25 degrees C reached low maximum cell counts of 10(4) and 2 x 10(3) after 14 and 20 days of storage in mixed culture with C. piscicola A9b and A10a...
- Quorum sensing: the many languages of bacteria
Nicola C Reading
Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390 9048, USA
FEMS Microbiol Lett 254:1-11. 2006
..Three major quorum-sensing circuits have been described: one used primarily by Gram-negative bacteria, one used primarily by Gram-positive bacteria, and one that has been proposed to be universal...
- Contemporary antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of bacterial pathogens commonly associated with febrile patients with neutropenia
R N Jones
Department of Pathology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA
Clin Infect Dis 29:495-502. 1999
..e., carbapenems, cefepime, levofloxacin, and trovafloxacin) offer a greater inhibitory potential for empirical therapy among patients with neutropenia and severe infections...
- Cold-adapted alanine dehydrogenases from two antarctic bacterial strains: gene cloning, protein characterization, and comparison with mesophilic and thermophilic counterparts
Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto Fu 611, Japan
Appl Environ Microbiol 65:4014-20. 1999
..Homology-based structural models of various AlaDHs, including the two psychotropic AlaDHs, were constructed. The thermal instability of SheAlaDH and CarAlaDH may result from relatively low numbers of salt bridges in these proteins...
- Lipoteichoic acid may affect the pathogenesis of bile duct damage in primary biliary cirrhosis
Tokyo Women s Medical University, Department of Medicine and Gastroenterology, Tokyo, Japan
Autoimmunity 39:129-35. 2006
..Gram-positive bacterial DNA was detected recently in gallbladder bile of PBC patients. In the present study, we assessed the possible pathological role of lipoteichoic acid (LTA), the gram-positive bacterial cell wall component, in PBC...
- Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes by Carnobacterium spp. strains in a simulated cold smoked fish system stored at 4 degrees C
ENITIAA, Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Nantes, France
Int J Food Microbiol 47:33-42. 1999
..monocytogenes as early as day 4, whereas C. piscicola SF668 inhibiting effect was observed at day 13. The potential for using such biopreservation treatments on whole smoked salmon is discussed...
- The effect of diet on aerobic bacterial flora associated with intestine of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus L.)
Department of Arctic Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian College of Veterinary Medicine, Tromsø, Norway
J Appl Microbiol 86:22-8. 1999
..were isolated from the large intestine of fish fed high carbohydrate. On the contrary, C. divergens-like isolates were found associated with the small and large intestine of fish fed low dietary carbohydrate...
- What are archaebacteria: life's third domain or monoderm prokaryotes related to gram-positive bacteria? A new proposal for the classification of prokaryotic organisms
R S Gupta
Department of Biochemistry, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Mol Microbiol 29:695-707. 1998
..These observations provide evidence for an alternate view of the evolutionary relationship among living organisms that is different from the currently popular three-domain proposal...
- Clinical spectrum of gram-positive infections in lung transplantation
M R Gupta
Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Transplant Center, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555 0772, USA
Transpl Infect Dis 11:424-31. 2009
..This report describes the clinical spectrum of GP infections and their effects on surgical airway complications (SAC) and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) following LT...
- Study of the microbial ecology of cold-smoked salmon during storage at 8 degrees C
Laboratoire de Génie Alimentaire, IFREMER, Nantes, France
Int J Food Microbiol 39:111-21. 1998
..Shewanella putrefaciens, Aeromonas spp. and Brachothrix spp. produced strong off-odours while most of the LAB and P. phosphoreum seemed not to be involved in spoilage...
- Evaluation of the role of Carnobacterium piscicola in spoilage of vacuum- and modified-atmosphere-packed cold-smoked salmon stored at 5 degrees C
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Department of Seafood Research, Danish Technical University, Lyngby, Denmark
Int J Food Microbiol 39:155-66. 1998
..This was supported by the development of soft texture and sour, rancid and bitter off-flavours at the point of spoilage, irrespective of the length of shelf-life and low or high total counts of LAB and Gram-negative bacteria...
- Heat-shock transcription factor (HSF)-1 pathway required for Caenorhabditis elegans immunity
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:13092-7. 2006
..Considering that several coinducers of HSF-1 are currently in clinical trials, this work opens the possibility that activation of HSF-1 could be used to boost immunity to treat infectious diseases and immunodeficiencies...
- Development of matrix lysis for concentration of gram positive bacteria from food and blood
Institute of Milk Hygiene, Milk Technology and Food Science, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Science, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria
J Microbiol Methods 69:504-11. 2007
..Using real-time PCR, 7.3 CFU of L. monocytogenes were detected in artificially contaminated ultra-high temperature treated (UHT) milk and raw milk...
- Functional characterization of a three-component regulatory system involved in quorum sensing-based regulation of peptide antibiotic production in Carnobacterium maltaromaticum
Bettina H Rohde
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York City, USA
BMC Microbiol 6:93. 2006
- The unique 16S rRNA genes of piezophiles reflect both phylogeny and adaptation
Federico M Lauro
Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0202, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 73:838-45. 2007
..These helix changes are believed to improve ribosome function under deep-sea conditions...
- Insights into heliobacterial photosynthesis and physiology from the genome of Heliobacterium modesticaldum
W Matthew Sattley
Department of Biology, MidAmerica Nazarene University, 2030 E College Way, Olathe, KS 66062, USA
Photosynth Res 104:113-22. 2010
..The identities of electron carriers that enable energy conservation by cyclic light-driven electron transfer remain in question...
- An overview of the Meropenem Yearly Susceptibility Test Information Collection (MYSTIC) Program: 1997-2004
Ronald N Jones
JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 53:247-56. 2005
..Thus, antipseudomonal carbapenems such as meropenem and imipenem remain an effective treatment option...
- Surface display on gram positive bacteria
Department of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH, Stockholm, S-100 44, Sweden
Comb Chem High Throughput Screen 4:171-84. 2001
..This article explains the basis of Gram-positive bacterial surface display, and discusses current uses and possible future trends of this emerging technology...
- Toxic-metabolite-producing bacteria and fungus in an indoor environment
Division of Microbiology, Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
Appl Environ Microbiol 67:3269-74. 2001
..The substances from the Streptomyces isolates also swelled the mitochondria. The substances from isolates of Trichoderma harzianum Rifai and Bacillus pumilus damaged the cell membrane barrier function of sperm cells...
- Plantaricin W from Lactobacillus plantarum belongs to a new family of two-peptide lantibiotics
Laboratory of Microbial Gene Technology, Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Agricultural University of Norway, PO Box 5051, N 1432 As, Norway
Microbiology 147:643-51. 2001
..Based on the data a structural model is presented in which each peptide has a central lanthionine and two overlapping thioether bridges close to their C-termini...
- Translocation of proteins across the cell envelope of Gram-positive bacteria
K H van Wely
Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands
FEMS Microbiol Rev 25:437-54. 2001
- The effect of biogenic amine production by single bacterial cultures and metabiosis on cold-smoked salmon
L V Jørgensen
Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Department of Seafood Research, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
J Appl Microbiol 89:920-34. 2000
..Biogenic amines are important indicators of spoilage in vacuum-packed cold-smoked salmon. It is the aim of this study to identify bacteria responsible for biogenic amine production in cold-smoked salmon...
- Characterisation of volatile compounds produced by bacteria isolated from the spoilage flora of cold-smoked salmon
J J Joffraud
IFREMER, Laboratoire de Génie Alimentaire, Nantes, France
Int J Food Microbiol 66:175-84. 2001
..Sensory analysis showed relationships between bacteria, the composition of the volatile fraction and the organoleptic quality of smoked salmon...
- Charge effect on the photoinactivation of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria by cationic meso-substituted porphyrins
Department of Biology and CESAM, University of Aveiro, 3810 193 Aveiro, Portugal
BMC Microbiol 9:70. 2009
..The present study complements our previous work on the search for photosensitizers that might be considered good candidates for the photoinactivation of a large spectrum of environmental microorganisms...
- Quorum sensing in bacteria
M B Miller
Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 1014, USA
Annu Rev Microbiol 55:165-99. 2001
..Presumably, this process bestows upon bacteria some of the qualities of higher organisms. The evolution of quorum sensing systems in bacteria could, therefore, have been one of the early steps in the development of multicellularity...
- Trends in antimicrobial susceptibility in UK centres: the MYSTIC Programme (1997-2002)
Robert G Masterton
Crosshouse Hospital, Kilmarnock, Aryshire, UK
Int J Antimicrob Agents 27:69-72. 2006
..Although all antibiotics tested retained acceptable activity, the carbapenems remained the most active antimicrobial agents against Gram-negative bacteria, including ESBL- and AmpC-producing isolates...
- An antibiotic with activity against gram-positive bacteria from the gentamicin-producing strain of Micromonospora purpurea
Biology Department, Drew University, Madison, New Jersey, USA
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 56:502-3. 2001
..A mixture of polycyclic aromatic compounds with activity against gram-positive bacteria was isolated from a gentamicin-producing species of Micromonospora...
- Assessment of pathogen occurrences and resistance profiles among infected patients in the intensive care unit: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (North America, 2001)
Jennifer M Streit
The JONES Group JMI Laboratories Inc, 345 Beaver Kreek Centre, Suite A, North Liberty, IW 52317, USA
Int J Antimicrob Agents 24:111-8. 2004
..Cefepime and the carbapenems (imipenem or meropenem) for Gram-negative isolates and linezolid for Gram-positive isolates, provided the broadest spectrum of in vitro activity against contemporary ICU pathogens in North America...
- Antibacterial, antifungal, antiplasmodial, and cytotoxic activities of Albertisia villosa
M L Lohombo-Ekomba
Institut supérieur des techniques médicales, B P 774 Kinshasa XI, R D Congo
J Ethnopharmacol 93:331-5. 2004
..These results may partly explain and support the use of Albertisia villosa root barks for the treatment of malaria and other infectious diseases in traditional Congolese medicine...
- [Long term care units--nest of resistant bacteria?]
TAYS, sisätautien vastuulaue, Infektiosairaudet ja sairaalahygienia, Tampere
Duodecim 121:1679-81. 2005
- In vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of CS-023 (RO4908463), a novel parenteral carbapenem
Biological Research Laboratories, Sankyo Co, Ltd, 2 58 Hiromachi 1 chome, Shinagawa ku, Tokyo 140 8710, Japan
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 49:3239-50. 2005
..aeruginosa infections only). These results suggest that CS-023 has potential for the treatment of nosocomial bacterial infections by gram-positive and -negative pathogens, including MRSA and P. aeruginosa...
- Bacteriology of war wounds at the time of injury
Clinton K Murray
Department of Medicine, Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
Mil Med 171:826-9. 2006
..These data suggest that the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics with efficacy against more resistant, Gram-negative bacteria, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp., is unnecessary in early wound management...
- Emerging cephalosporins
Malcolm G P Page
Basilea Pharmaceutica AG, PO Box, CH 4005, Basel, Switzerland
Expert Opin Emerg Drugs 12:511-24. 2007
..The most advanced of these agents, ceftobiprole, is approaching registration and, if approved, will present physicians with a new paradigm in treatment of serious infections by multi-resistant organisms...
- Antibacterial and antifungal activities of extracts of combretum molle
Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University, P O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Ethiop Med J 44:269-77. 2006
..Owing to the widespread traditional uses of this plant, the studyinvestigated the antimicrobial activity the bark extract of this plant against Gram positive and and Gram negative bacteria...
- In vitro antimicrobial activity of propolis and synergism between propolis and antimicrobial drugs
Department of Bacteriology, Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Dr Subotica 1, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Microbiol Res 158:353-7. 2003
..The shown antimicrobial potential of propolis alone or in combination with certain antibiotics and antifungals is of potential medical interest...
- [Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance of bacteria isolated from bloodstream infections: data of the French National Observatory for Epidemiology of Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics (ONERBA), 1998-2003]
Pour le conseil scientifique de l ONERBA
Med Mal Infect 35:329-34. 2005
..The French national observatory for epidemiology of bacterial resistance to antibiotics (ONERBA) includes numerous networks for the surveillance of bacterial resistance to antibiotics...
- Microbial sensitivity pattern in urinary tract infections in children: a single center experience of 1,177 urine cultures
Pediatric Infectious Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Jpn J Infect Dis 59:380-2. 2006
..Therefore, the selection of antibiotics for empiric therapy should be based on the sensitivity and resistance pattern of uropathogens in the respective city...
- Clinical effect of intravenous ciprofloxacin on hospital-acquired pneumonia
Division of Respiratory Diseases, Department of Medicine, Kawasaki Medical School Kawasaki Hospital, 2 1 80 Nakasange, Okayama, 700 0821, Japan
J Infect Chemother 11:52-4. 2005
..4%), but all side effects were mild. Based on the above data, intravenous CPFX may be the drug which should be recommended as the first choice for hospital-acquired pneumonia...
- In vitro evaluation of tigecycline and comparative agents in 3049 clinical isolates: 2001 to 2002
Samuel K Bouchillon
Laboratories International for Microbiology Studies, Schaumburg, IL 60179, USA
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 51:291-5. 2005
- New aromatic compounds from the marine mangrove Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Hans Knöll Institute for Natural Products Research, Jena, Germany
Planta Med 71:160-4. 2005
..All structures have been determined by NMR spectroscopic studies. Among them, 3 showed moderate activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria including mycobacteria and resistant strains (MICs 12.5 microg/mL)...