anthozoa

Summary

Summary: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification
    O Hoegh-Guldberg
    Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Science 318:1737-42. 2007
  2. ncbi Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
    T P Hughes
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Science 301:929-33. 2003
  3. pmc Sequencing and de novo analysis of a coral larval transcriptome using 454 GSFlx
    Eli Meyer
    University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0930, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    BMC Genomics 10:219. 2009
  4. ncbi Projecting coral reef futures under global warming and ocean acidification
    John M Pandolfi
    Australian Research Council ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Science 333:418-22. 2011
  5. ncbi Confronting the coral reef crisis
    D R Bellwood
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, Dept of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Nature 429:827-33. 2004
  6. ncbi Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms
    James C Orr
    Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l Environnement, UMR CEA CNRS, CEA Saclay, F 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Nature 437:681-6. 2005
  7. ncbi Long-term region-wide declines in Caribbean corals
    Toby A Gardner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 301:958-60. 2003
  8. ncbi Using the Acropora digitifera genome to understand coral responses to environmental change
    Chuya Shinzato
    Marine Genomics Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Promotion Corporation, Onna, Okinawa 904 0412, Japan
    Nature 476:320-3. 2011
  9. ncbi Whole transcriptome analysis of the coral Acropora millepora reveals complex responses to CO₂-driven acidification during the initiation of calcification
    A Moya
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Mol Ecol 21:2440-54. 2012
  10. ncbi One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts
    Kent E Carpenter
    IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Programme Species Survival Commission SSC, Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
    Science 321:560-3. 2008

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications257 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification
    O Hoegh-Guldberg
    Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Science 318:1737-42. 2007
    ..As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided...
  2. ncbi Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
    T P Hughes
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Science 301:929-33. 2003
    ..International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming...
  3. pmc Sequencing and de novo analysis of a coral larval transcriptome using 454 GSFlx
    Eli Meyer
    University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0930, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    BMC Genomics 10:219. 2009
    ..We have applied these methods to sequence the transcriptome of planulae larvae from the coral Acropora millepora...
  4. ncbi Projecting coral reef futures under global warming and ocean acidification
    John M Pandolfi
    Australian Research Council ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Science 333:418-22. 2011
    ....
  5. ncbi Confronting the coral reef crisis
    D R Bellwood
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, Dept of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Nature 429:827-33. 2004
    ..These findings have profound implications for restoration of degraded reefs, management of fisheries, and the focus on marine protected areas and biodiversity hotspots as priorities for conservation...
  6. ncbi Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms
    James C Orr
    Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l Environnement, UMR CEA CNRS, CEA Saclay, F 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
    Nature 437:681-6. 2005
    ..Our findings indicate that conditions detrimental to high-latitude ecosystems could develop within decades, not centuries as suggested previously...
  7. ncbi Long-term region-wide declines in Caribbean corals
    Toby A Gardner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 301:958-60. 2003
    ..The ability of Caribbean coral reefs to cope with future local and global environmental change may be irretrievably compromised...
  8. ncbi Using the Acropora digitifera genome to understand coral responses to environmental change
    Chuya Shinzato
    Marine Genomics Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Promotion Corporation, Onna, Okinawa 904 0412, Japan
    Nature 476:320-3. 2011
    ..The coral genome provides a platform for understanding the molecular basis of symbiosis and responses to environmental changes...
  9. ncbi Whole transcriptome analysis of the coral Acropora millepora reveals complex responses to CO₂-driven acidification during the initiation of calcification
    A Moya
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Mol Ecol 21:2440-54. 2012
    ..This study is the first exhaustive exploration of the transcriptomic response of a scleractinian coral to acidification and provides an unbiased perspective on its effects during the early stages of calcification...
  10. ncbi One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts
    Kent E Carpenter
    IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Programme Species Survival Commission SSC, Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
    Science 321:560-3. 2008
    ..Our results emphasize the widespread plight of coral reefs and the urgent need to enact conservation measures...
  11. pmc Regional decline of coral cover in the Indo-Pacific: timing, extent, and subregional comparisons
    John F Bruno
    Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 2:e711. 2007
    ..However, little is known about the timing, rate or spatial variability of the loss of reef-building corals, especially in the Indo-Pacific, which contains 75% of the world's coral reefs...
  12. pmc Symbiodinium transcriptomes: genome insights into the dinoflagellate symbionts of reef-building corals
    Till Bayer
    Red Sea Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
    PLoS ONE 7:e35269. 2012
    ..Overall, our findings indicate that Symbiodinium possesses some unique characteristics, in particular the transcriptional regulation in Symbiodinium may differ from the currently known mechanisms of eukaryotic gene regulation...
  13. ncbi Effects of terrestrial runoff on the ecology of corals and coral reefs: review and synthesis
    Katharina E Fabricius
    Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRC Reef, PMB No 3, Townsville MC, Qld 4810, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 50:125-46. 2005
    ..It provides a conceptual aid to assess the kind of change(s) likely to occur in response to changing coastal water quality...
  14. ncbi Rising to the challenge of sustaining coral reef resilience
    Terry P Hughes
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:633-42. 2010
    ..Learning how to avoid undesirable phase-shifts, and how to reverse them when they occur, requires an urgent reform of scientific approaches, policies, governance structures and coral reef management...
  15. ncbi Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change
    Terence P Hughes
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 17:360-5. 2007
    ....
  16. ncbi The role of microorganisms in coral health, disease and evolution
    Eugene Rosenberg
    Department of Molecular Microbiology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Israel 69978
    Nat Rev Microbiol 5:355-62. 2007
    ..Generalization of the coral probiotic hypothesis has led us to propose the hologenome theory of evolution...
  17. pmc Disturbance and the dynamics of coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef (1995-2009)
    Kate Osborne
    Supporting Sustainable Use of Marine Biodiversity, Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e17516. 2011
    ..Instead, fluctuations in coral cover at subregional scales (10-100 km), driven mostly by changes in fast-growing Acroporidae, occurred as a result of localized disturbance events and subsequent recovery...
  18. ncbi Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystems
    John M Pandolfi
    Department of Paleobiology, MRC 121, National Museum of Natural History, Post Office Box 37012, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013 7012, USA
    Science 301:955-8. 2003
    ..All reefs were substantially degraded long before outbreaks of coral disease and bleaching. Regardless of these new threats, reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales...
  19. ncbi What are the physiological and immunological responses of coral to climate warming and disease?
    Laura D Mydlarz
    Department of Biology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
    J Exp Biol 213:934-45. 2010
    ..However, there is huge variability in responses among coral species, and the rate of climate change is projected to be so rapid that only extremely hardy taxa are likely to survive the projected changes in climate stressors...
  20. ncbi Heterotrophic plasticity and resilience in bleached corals
    Andréa G Grottoli
    Department of Geological Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Nature 440:1186-9. 2006
    ....
  21. ncbi Impact of anthropogenic CO2 on the CaCO3 system in the oceans
    Richard A Feely
    Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, WA 98115 6349, USA
    Science 305:362-6. 2004
    ..The total water column CaCO3 dissolution rate for the global oceans is approximately 0.5 +/- 0.2 petagrams of CaCO3-C per year, which is approximately 45 to 65% of the export production of CaCO3...
  22. ncbi Scaling of connectivity in marine populations
    R K Cowen
    Marine Biology and Fisheries, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149, USA
    Science 311:522-7. 2006
    ..The results reveal distinct regions of population isolation based on larval dispersal that also correspond to genetic and morphological clines observed across a range of marine organisms...
  23. pmc Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
    Stuart A Sandin
    Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
    ..Thus, protection from overfishing and pollution appears to increase the resilience of reef ecosystems to the effects of global warming...
  24. ncbi Heterotrophy in tropical scleractinian corals
    Fanny Houlbrèque
    Stanford University, Geological and Environmental Sciences, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 2115, USA
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 84:1-17. 2009
    ..We then consider the nutritional inputs of feeding. Finally, we review feeding effects on the different physiological parameters of corals (tissue composition, photosynthesis and skeletal growth)...
  25. pmc Membrane lipids of symbiotic algae are diagnostic of sensitivity to thermal bleaching in corals
    Dan Tchernov
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:13531-5. 2004
    ..A clocked molecular phylogenetic analysis suggests that the evolutionary history of symbiotic algae in cnidarians selected for a reduced tolerance to elevated temperatures in the latter portion of the Cenozoic...
  26. ncbi Coral bleaching: thermal adaptation in reef coral symbionts
    Rob Rowan
    University of Guam Marine Laboratory, Mangilao, Guam 96923, USA
    Nature 430:742. 2004
    ..If other coral species can host these or similar Symbiodinium taxa, they might adapt to warmer habitats relatively easily...
  27. pmc Global habitat suitability for framework-forming cold-water corals
    Andrew J Davies
    School of Ocean Sciences, Bangor University, Menai Bridge, Anglesey, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e18483. 2011
    ....
  28. ncbi Profiling gene expression responses of coral larvae (Acropora millepora) to elevated temperature and settlement inducers using a novel RNA-Seq procedure
    E Meyer
    Integrative Biology Section, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Mol Ecol 20:3599-616. 2011
    ..Future studies of gene expression in corals will have to address this genetic variation, which could have important adaptive consequences for corals during global climate change...
  29. ncbi Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems
    J Murray Roberts
    Scottish Association for Marine Science, Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory, Oban, Argyll, PA37 1QA, UK
    Science 312:543-7. 2006
    ..Threats to these fragile, long-lived, and rich ecosystems are mounting: The impacts of deep-water trawling are already widespread, and effects of ocean acidification are potentially devastating...
  30. pmc Ocean acidification causes bleaching and productivity loss in coral reef builders
    K R N Anthony
    Centre for Marine Studies, The University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072 Queensland, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:17442-6. 2008
    ..Our findings suggest that sensitive reef-building species such as CCA may be pushed beyond their thresholds for growth and survival within the next few decades whereas corals will show delayed and mixed responses...
  31. pmc Sinularin from indigenous soft coral attenuates nociceptive responses and spinal neuroinflammation in carrageenan-induced inflammatory rat model
    Shi Ying Huang
    Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, Asia Pacific Ocean Research Center, National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan
    Mar Drugs 10:1899-919. 2012
    ..The present results demonstrate that systemic sinularin exerts analgesic effects at the behavioral and spinal levels, which are associated with both inhibition of leukocyte infiltration and upregulation of TGF-β1...
  32. ncbi Metagenomic analysis of the microbial community associated with the coral Porites astreoides
    Linda Wegley
    Department of Biology, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Dr, San Diego, CA 92182 4614, USA
    Environ Microbiol 9:2707-19. 2007
    ....
  33. ncbi Molecular cloning of a cDNA encoding a soluble protein in the coral exoskeleton
    Isao Fukuda
    Division of Marine Biosciences, Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 1 15 1 Minamidai, Nakano, 168 8639, Tokyo, Japan
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 304:11-7. 2003
    ..Galaxin exhibits a novel amino acid sequence which is characterized by a tandem repeat structure. Galaxin transcripts were detected in the adult coral, but not in planktonic larvae...
  34. ncbi Declining coral calcification on the Great Barrier Reef
    Glenn De'ath
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland 4810, Australia
    Science 323:116-9. 2009
    ..The causes of the decline remain unknown; however, this study suggests that increasing temperature stress and a declining saturation state of seawater aragonite may be diminishing the ability of GBR corals to deposit calcium carbonate...
  35. ncbi Effects of algal turfs and sediment on coral settlement
    Chico L Birrell
    Department of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 51:408-14. 2005
    ..These results provide the first direct, experimental evidence of effects of filamentous algal turfs on coral settlement, the variability in those effects, and the potential combined effects of algal turfs and trapped sediments...
  36. ncbi Physiological responses of the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis to bacterial stress from Vibrio coralliilyticus
    Jeremie Vidal-Dupiol
    UMR 5244, CNRS UPVD EPHE, Universite de Perpignan Via Domitia, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan Cedex, France
    J Exp Biol 214:1533-45. 2011
    ..The transcription patterns of these selected genes provide new insights into the responses of coral colonies to virulent versus non-virulent bacteria...
  37. ncbi Growth of Western Australian corals in the anthropocene
    Timothy F Cooper
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, University of Western Australia Oceans Institute, Crawley, Australia
    Science 335:593-6. 2012
    ....
  38. ncbi Coral-associated bacterial assemblages: current knowledge and the potential for climate-driven impacts
    Morgan E Mouchka
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Integr Comp Biol 50:662-74. 2010
    ..We suggest that the relationship between coral and their bacterial associates represents a valuable model that can be applied to the broader discipline of invertebrate-microbial interactions...
  39. pmc Marine reserves enhance the recovery of corals on Caribbean reefs
    Peter J Mumby
    Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of Biosciences, Hatherly Laboratory, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e8657. 2010
    ..Reducing herbivore exploitation as part of an ecosystem-based management strategy for coral reefs appears to be justified...
  40. ncbi Microbial disease and the coral holobiont
    David G Bourne
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia
    Trends Microbiol 17:554-62. 2009
    ..Such approaches will allow a better understanding of the causes of coral mortality and coral reef declines and help assess potential management options to mitigate their effects in the longer term...
  41. ncbi Coral reefs: corals' adaptive response to climate change
    Andrew C Baker
    Marine Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
    Nature 430:741. 2004
    ..This adaptive shift in symbiont communities indicates that these devastated reefs could be more resistant to future thermal stress, resulting in significantly longer extinction times for surviving corals than had been previously assumed...
  42. pmc An optical marker based on the UV-induced green-to-red photoconversion of a fluorescent protein
    Ryoko Ando
    Laboratory for Cell Function and Dynamics, Advanced Technology Development Center, Brain Science Institute, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research RIKEN, 2 1 Hirosawa, Wako City, Saitama 351 0198, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:12651-6. 2002
    ..Illumination of a focused UV pulse onto the soma of a Kaede-expressing neuron resulted in filling of all processes with red fluorescence, allowing visualization of contact sites between the red and green neurons of interest...
  43. ncbi Improved monomeric red, orange and yellow fluorescent proteins derived from Discosoma sp. red fluorescent protein
    Nathan C Shaner
    Nat Biotechnol 22:1567-72. 2004
    ..Three monomers with distinguishable hues from yellow-orange to red-orange have higher quantum efficiencies...
  44. ncbi Is the coral-algae symbiosis really 'mutually beneficial' for the partners?
    Scott A Wooldridge
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3, Townsville MC, Queensland 4810, Australia
    Bioessays 32:615-25. 2010
    ..The ramification of this new paradigm for developing management strategies that may assist the evolution of bleaching resistance in corals is discussed...
  45. pmc Mitochondrial and nuclear genes suggest that stony corals are monophyletic but most families of stony corals are not (Order Scleractinia, Class Anthozoa, Phylum Cnidaria)
    Hironobu Fukami
    Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Field Science Education and Research Center, Kyoto University, Shirahama, Wakayama, Japan
    PLoS ONE 3:e3222. 2008
    ....
  46. ncbi Antiviral and anti-inflammatory diterpenoids from the soft coral Sinularia gyrosa
    Shi Yie Cheng
    Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Nat Prod 73:1184-7. 2010
    ..6 and 3.7 microM, respectively. In addition, compounds 1 and 2 showed significant anti-inflammatory activity by reducing the levels of the COX-2 protein (19.6 + or - 3.9% and 29.1 + or - 9.6%, respectively) in RAW 264.7 macrophages...
  47. pmc Cnidarians as a source of new marine bioactive compounds--an overview of the last decade and future steps for bioprospecting
    Joana Rocha
    Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Largo Professor Abel Salazar no 2, 4099 003 Porto, Portugal
    Mar Drugs 9:1860-86. 2011
    ..This diverse group of marine invertebrates includes over 11,000 species, 7500 of them belonging to the class Anthozoa. We present an overview of some of the most promising marine bioactive compounds from a therapeutic point of view ..
  48. pmc Live tissue imaging shows reef corals elevate pH under their calcifying tissue relative to seawater
    Alexander Venn
    Centre Scientifique de Monaco, Monaco, Principality of Monaco
    PLoS ONE 6:e20013. 2011
    ..The procedure used in the current study provides a novel, tangible approach for future investigations into these processes and the impact of environmental change on the cellular mechanisms underpinning coral calcification...
  49. pmc Genomic and proteomic analyses of the coral pathogen Vibrio coralliilyticus reveal a diverse virulence repertoire
    Eidy de O Santos
    Laboratory of Microbiology, Institute of Biology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    ISME J 5:1471-83. 2011
    ..Overall, the results of this study indicate that V. coralliilyticus strain P1 has a diverse virulence repertoire that possibly enables this bacterium to be an efficient animal pathogen...
  50. pmc The urgent need for robust coral disease diagnostics
    F Joseph Pollock
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia
    PLoS Pathog 7:e1002183. 2011
    ....
  51. pmc Ciliate and bacterial communities associated with White Syndrome and Brown Band Disease in reef-building corals
    Michael Sweet
    School of Biology, Ridley Building, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
    Environ Microbiol 14:2184-99. 2012
    ..The strong similarity in bacterial and ciliate community composition of these diseases suggests that they are actually the same syndrome...
  52. ncbi Hirsutane sesquiterpenoids from the marine-derived fungus Chondrostereum sp
    Hou Jin Li
    School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, P R China
    Chem Biodivers 8:317-24. 2011
    ..The structures were elucidated mainly on the basis of the NMR, MS, and X-ray single-crystal diffraction data. Hirsutanol A (2) exhibited potent cytotoxic activities against various cancer cell lines...
  53. pmc Major cellular and physiological impacts of ocean acidification on a reef building coral
    Paulina Kaniewska
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e34659. 2012
    ..These widespread changes in gene expression emphasize the need to expand future studies of ocean acidification to include a wider spectrum of cellular processes, many of which may occur before impacts on calcification...
  54. pmc Coral decline threatens fish biodiversity in marine reserves
    Geoffrey P Jones
    School of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:8251-3. 2004
    ..Several rare coral-specialists became locally extinct. We suggest that fish biodiversity is threatened wherever permanent reef degradation occurs and warn that marine reserves will not always be sufficient to ensure their survival...
  55. ncbi A neuroprotective sulfone of marine origin and the in vivo anti-inflammatory activity of an analogue
    Zhi Hong Wen
    Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, Asia Pacific Ocean Research Center, National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan, ROC
    Eur J Med Chem 45:5998-6004. 2010
    ....
  56. pmc Induction of apoptosis by 11-dehydrosinulariolide via mitochondrial dysregulation and ER stress pathways in human melanoma cells
    Tzu rong Su
    Antai Medical Care Cooperation, Antai Tian Sheng Memorial Hospital, Pingtung 92842, Taiwan
    Mar Drugs 10:1883-98. 2012
    ..The data in this study suggest that 11-dehydrosinulariolide potentially induces apoptosis against melanoma cells via mitochondrial dysregulation and ER stress pathways...
  57. ncbi Ocean warming slows coral growth in the central Red Sea
    Neal E Cantin
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Science 329:322-5. 2010
    ..Combining our data with climate model simulations by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, we predict that should the current warming trend continue, this coral could cease growing altogether by 2070...
  58. ncbi Anti-inflammatory cembranoids from the soft corals Sinularia querciformis and Sinularia granosa
    Yi Lu
    Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan, Republic of China
    J Nat Prod 71:1754-9. 2008
    ..However, compounds 3, 7, and 8 significantly inhibited the accumulation of the pro-inflammatory iNOS and COX-2 proteins in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cells...
  59. pmc Coral-associated bacteria and their role in the biogeochemical cycling of sulfur
    Jean Baptiste Raina
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville MC, Queensland, Australia
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:3492-501. 2009
    ....
  60. pmc Hyperspectral and physiological analyses of coral-algal interactions
    Katie Barott
    Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e8043. 2009
    ....
  61. ncbi Reserve design for uncertain responses of coral reefs to climate change
    Peter J Mumby
    Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of Biological Sciences and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Qld 4068, Australia
    Ecol Lett 14:132-40. 2011
    ..Our approach allows new insights into coral holobiont adaptation to be integrated directly into an adaptive approach to management...
  62. pmc A unique horizontal gene transfer event has provided the octocoral mitochondrial genome with an active mismatch repair gene that has potential for an unusual self-contained function
    Jaret P Bilewitch
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St, Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    BMC Evol Biol 11:228. 2011
    ..Here we present new and compelling evidence on the evolutionary origin of mtMutS, and provide the very first data on its activity, functional capacity and stability within the octocoral mitochondrial genome...
  63. ncbi Rethinking the phylogeny of scleractinian corals: a review of morphological and molecular data
    Ann F Budd
    Department of Geoscience, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    Integr Comp Biol 50:411-27. 2010
    ..We demonstrate how the combined use of morphological and molecular tools holds great promise for ending confusion in scleractinian systematics...
  64. pmc High CO2 enhances the competitive strength of seaweeds over corals
    Guillermo Diaz-Pulido
    Griffith School of Environment, Australian Rivers Institute and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, Brisbane, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia
    Ecol Lett 14:156-62. 2011
    ..g. herbivory) will play an increasingly important role in maintaining coral abundance...
  65. pmc A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) based on mitochondrial CO1 sequence data
    Marcelo V Kitahara
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reefs Studies and Coral Genomics Group, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 5:e11490. 2010
    ....
  66. ncbi Assessing evidence of phase shifts from coral to macroalgal dominance on coral reefs
    John F Bruno
    Department of Marine Sciences, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 3300, USA
    Ecology 90:1478-84. 2009
    ..Coral reef ecosystems appear to be more resistant to macroalgal blooms than assumed, which has important implications for reef management...
  67. pmc A global analysis of the effectiveness of marine protected areas in preventing coral loss
    Elizabeth R Selig
    Curriculum in Ecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9278. 2010
    ..However, the general efficacy of MPAs in increasing coral reef resilience has never been tested...
  68. ncbi Inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 participate in anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of the natural marine compound lemnalol from Formosan soft coral Lemnalia cervicorni
    Yen Hsuan Jean
    Section of Orthopedic Surgery, Pingtung Christian Hospital, 60 Da Lan Road, Pingtung 900, Taiwan
    Eur J Pharmacol 578:323-31. 2008
    ..In addition, inhibition of elevated iNOS and COX-2 protein expression as well as neurophil infiltration of carrageenan-injected paws may be involved in the beneficial effects of lemnalol...
  69. pmc Capnellene, a natural marine compound derived from soft coral, attenuates chronic constriction injury-induced neuropathic pain in rats
    Yen Hsuan Jean
    Section of Orthopedic Surgery, Pingtung Christian Hospital, Pingtung, Taiwan
    Br J Pharmacol 158:713-25. 2009
    ..Here we have assessed the anti-neuroinflammatory properties of GB9 and its acetylated derivative, acetic acid 3a-hydroxy-4,4,6a-trimethyl-3-methylene-decahydro-cyclopenta[]pentalen-2-yl ester (GB10)...
  70. ncbi Metagenomic analysis of stressed coral holobionts
    Rebecca Vega Thurber
    Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
    Environ Microbiol 11:2148-63. 2009
    ..Additionally, low-abundance Vibrio spp. were found to significantly alter microbiome metabolism, suggesting that the contribution of a just a few members of a community can profoundly shift the health status of the coral holobiont...
  71. pmc Bioactive cembrane-based diterpenoids from the soft coral Sinularia triangular
    Jui Hsin Su
    National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, Pingtung 944, Taiwan
    Mar Drugs 9:944-51. 2011
    ..7 macrophage cells by inhibiting the expression of the iNOS protein. Metabolites 4 and 5 also effectively reduced the expression of the COX-2 protein in the macrophages...
  72. pmc Threatened corals provide underexplored microbial habitats
    Shinichi Sunagawa
    School of Natural Sciences, University of California Merced, Merced, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9554. 2010
    ..Given that two of the coral species investigated are listed as threatened under the U.S. Endangered Species Act, our results add an important microbial diversity-based perspective to the significance of conserving coral reefs...
  73. pmc Production of a reference transcriptome and transcriptomic database (PocilloporaBase) for the cauliflower coral, Pocillopora damicornis
    Nikki Traylor-Knowles
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
    BMC Genomics 12:585. 2011
    ..We isolated RNA from colony fragments ("nubbins") exposed to four environmental stressors (heat, desiccation, peroxide, and hypo-saline conditions) or control conditions. The RNA was pooled and sequenced using the 454 platform...
  74. pmc Bioactive eunicellin-based diterpenoids from the soft coral Cladiella krempfi
    Chi Jen Tai
    Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
    Mar Drugs 9:2036-45. 2011
    ..Furthermore, compounds 2, 3, 5 and 6 were shown to exert significant in vitro anti-inflammatory activity against LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophage cells...
  75. pmc Bioactive cembranoids from the soft coral Sinularia crassa
    Chih Hua Chao
    Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
    Mar Drugs 9:1955-68. 2011
    ....
  76. ncbi The coral reef crisis: the critical importance of<350 ppm CO2
    J E N Veron
    Coral Reef Research, 10 Benalla Road, Townsville 4811, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 58:1428-36. 2009
    ..This is likely to have been the path of great mass extinctions of the past, adding to the case that anthropogenic CO(2) emissions could trigger the Earth's sixth mass extinction...
  77. ncbi The biology of coral metamorphosis: molecular responses of larvae to inducers of settlement and metamorphosis
    L C Grasso
    Centre for the Molecular Genetics of Development, Molecular Genetics and Evolution Group, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, P O Box 475, Canberra, ACT, 2612, Australia
    Dev Biol 353:411-9. 2011
    ....
  78. pmc Caribbean corals in crisis: record thermal stress, bleaching, and mortality in 2005
    C Mark Eakin
    Coral Reef Watch, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e13969. 2010
    ..In 2005, high ocean temperatures in the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean resulted in the most severe bleaching event ever recorded in the basin...
  79. ncbi Anatomy and development of the nervous system of Nematostella vectensis, an anthozoan cnidarian
    Heather Q Marlow
    Kewalo Marine Laboratory, Pacific Biomedical Research Center, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    Dev Neurobiol 69:235-54. 2009
    ..Neural specification in N. vectensis appears to occur through an independent mechanism from that in the classical cnidarian model Hydra...
  80. pmc Bacterial communities of two ubiquitous Great Barrier Reef corals reveals both site- and species-specificity of common bacterial associates
    E Charlotte E Kvennefors
    Centre for Marine Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS ONE 5:e10401. 2010
    ..Replicated data such as these are crucial in determining potential roles of bacteria on coral...
  81. ncbi Slow mitochondrial DNA sequence evolution in the Anthozoa (Cnidaria)
    T L Shearer
    Department of Biological Sciences, 109 Cooke Hall, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
    Mol Ecol 11:2475-87. 2002
    ..Slow evolution and unique characteristics may be common in primitive metazoans, suggesting that patterns of mtDNA evolution in these organisms differ from that in other animal systems...
  82. ncbi Onset of algal endosymbiont specificity varies among closely related species of Acropora corals during early ontogeny
    David Abrego
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia
    Mol Ecol 18:3532-43. 2009
    ....
  83. ncbi The bacterial ecology of a plague-like disease affecting the Caribbean coral Montastrea annularis
    Olga Pantos
    School of Biology, Ridley Building, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
    Environ Microbiol 5:370-82. 2003
    ..The WP-like disease studied here is apparently different to WP Type ii because the bacterial species previously identified as the causal agent of WP Type ii was not detected, although the symptoms of the two diseases are similar...
  84. pmc Phenotype-specific bacterial communities in the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) and their implications for the coral's nutrition, health, and distribution
    Sven C Neulinger
    Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:7272-85. 2008
    ..Some coral-associated microbes were regarded as opportunistic pathogens. Dominance of mixotrophic members of the Rhodobacteraceae in white L. pertusa could explain the wider dispersal of this phenotype by supplementary nutrition...
  85. pmc Out of their depth? Isolated deep populations of the cosmopolitan coral Desmophyllum dianthus may be highly vulnerable to environmental change
    Karen J Miller
    Institute of Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e19004. 2011
    ..Clearly future environmental management strategies must consider both regional and depth-related isolation of deep-sea coral populations...
  86. ncbi Molecular cloning and localization of a PMCA P-type calcium ATPase from the coral Stylophora pistillata
    Didier Zoccola
    Centre Scientifique de Monaco, Avenue Saint Martin, MC 98000, Monaco
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1663:117-26. 2004
    ..Moreover, this high level of gene conservation further validates the use of cnidarian model systems for studying processes shared by Eumetazoans...
  87. pmc Effects of coral reef benthic primary producers on dissolved organic carbon and microbial activity
    Andreas F Haas
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e27973. 2011
    ..e., DOC and oxygen availability, bacterial abundance and metabolism) in coral reef communities...
  88. ncbi Coral reef management and conservation in light of rapidly evolving ecological paradigms
    Peter J Mumby
    Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, Hatherly Laboratory, University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter EX4 4PS, UK
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:555-63. 2008
    ..g. productivity and herbivory). Most reef conservation efforts are directed toward reserve implementation, but new approaches are needed to sustain ecosystem function in exploited areas...
  89. ncbi Indirect effects of algae on coral: algae-mediated, microbe-induced coral mortality
    Jennifer E Smith
    Ecol Lett 9:835-45. 2006
    ....
  90. ncbi Microarray analysis reveals transcriptional plasticity in the reef building coral Acropora millepora
    Line K Bay
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Mol Ecol 18:3062-75. 2009
    ..6). Declines in total lipid content following translocation were the greatest for inshore corals, suggesting that turbid water corals have a strong reliance on heterotrophic feeding...
  91. ncbi Early molecular responses of coral larvae to hyperthermal stress
    Mauricio Rodriguez-Lanetty
    Department of Biology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 70504, USA
    Mol Ecol 18:5101-14. 2009
    ....
  92. ncbi Ongoing collapse of coral-reef shark populations
    William D Robbins
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 16:2314-9. 2006
    ..Further steps are urgently required for protecting this critical functional group from ecological extinction...
  93. pmc Predictive modeling of coral disease distribution within a reef system
    Gareth J Williams
    School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
    PLoS ONE 5:e9264. 2010
    ..Predictive statistical modeling can help to increase our understanding of coral disease ecology worldwide...
  94. ncbi Photoacclimatization by the coral Montastraea cavernosa in the mesophotic zone: light, food, and genetics
    Michael P Lesser
    Department of Molecular, Cellular and Biomedical Sciences, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA
    Ecology 91:990-1003. 2010
    ..cavernosa are occurring...
  95. ncbi Coral bleaching: the role of the host
    Andrew H Baird
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:16-20. 2009
    ....
  96. pmc Diversity and evolution of coral fluorescent proteins
    Naila O Alieva
    Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 3:e2680. 2008
    GFP-like fluorescent proteins (FPs) are the key color determinants in reef-building corals (class Anthozoa, order Scleractinia) and are of considerable interest as potential genetically encoded fluorescent labels...
  97. ncbi Light-responsive cryptochromes from a simple multicellular animal, the coral Acropora millepora
    O Levy
    Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072 QLD, Australia
    Science 318:467-70. 2007
    ..Our results demonstrate phylogenetically broad roles of these ancient circadian clock-related molecules in the animal kingdom...
  98. ncbi Niche partitioning of closely related symbiotic dinoflagellates
    Eugenia M Sampayo
    Centre for Marine Studies, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    Mol Ecol 16:3721-33. 2007
    ..This study provides thus evidence that closely related symbionts are ecologically distinct and fulfil their own niche within the ecosystem provided by the host and external environment...
  99. ncbi Carbonic anhydrase in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata: characterization, localization, and role in biomineralization
    Aurélie Moya
    Centre Scientifique de Monaco, Avenue Saint Martin, Principality of Monaco
    J Biol Chem 283:25475-84. 2008
    ..Results show that the STPCA gene is expressed 2-fold more during the dark than the light. We suggest that in the dark, up-regulation of the STPCA gene represents a mechanism to cope with night acidosis...
  100. ncbi The role of deep reefs in shallow reef recovery: an assessment of vertical connectivity in a brooding coral from west and east Australia
    Madeleine J H van Oppen
    Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB No 3, Townsville MC, Qld 4810, Australia
    Mol Ecol 20:1647-60. 2011
    ..Conversely, no migration from the genetically divergent deep slope populations into the shallow habitats was evident at Yonge Reef, making recovery of shallow habitats from deeper waters at this location highly unlikely...
  101. ncbi Porites ulcerative white spot disease: description, prevalence, and host range of a new coral disease affecting Indo-Pacific reefs
    Laurie J H Raymundo
    Silliman University Marine Laboratory, Dumaguete City 6200, Philippines
    Dis Aquat Organ 56:95-104. 2003
    ..Poritids are dominant Indo-Pacific reef builders; a disease targeting this genus could cause major shifts in community structure over time. This report contributes to the limited knowledge of PUWS impacts in this region...

Research Grants21

  1. GFP-like proteins:Diversity and determinants of color
    Mikhail Matz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finding such proteins in non-bioluminescent Anthozoa offers an exciting opportunity to expand the technology by providing more colors to choose from...
  2. Molecular Fluorescent Toolkit
    VLADISLAV VERKHUSHA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..green fluorescent protein (GFP) from jellyfish Aequorea victoria and homologues fluorescent proteins (FPs) from Anthozoa corals have become invaluable tools for cell imaging...
  3. Beyond GFP and aequorin: Ocean-wide study of fluorescent and luminous proteins
    Mikhail Matz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..possessing combinations of biophysical, biochemical and optical features that are not found in thoroughly sampled Anthozoa (such as far-red fluorescence, true monomeric state and rapid maturation)...
  4. Kindling Fluorescent Proteins for Tagging and Biosensors
    VLADISLAV VERKHUSHA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..using the green fluorescent protein (GFP) from the Aequorea jellyfish and its fluorescent homologues from Anthozoa corals has become an invaluable approach in cell biology, biotechnology, biomedical research and drug discovery...
  5. PRESERVATION OF GENETIC LINES IN A NON MAMMALIAN SYSTEM
    Mary Hagedorn; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Most importantly, these somatic changes will not affect the germ line, so they are ideal for genomic banking to maintain important genetic stocks for biomedical and endangered fish research. ..
  6. Pseudopteroxazole and Related Antitubercular Agents
    Michael Harmata; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..More generally, the methodology to be developed should have extremely broad impact, as it can be applied to the generation of stereogenic centers in a large number of compounds of biological and medicinal interest. ..
  7. BENZANNULATION APPROACH TO BIARYL ETHERS
    Michael Harmata; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Inhibitors of Hedgehog Signaling For Brain Cancer Chemotherapy
    JEFFREY D contact WINKLER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The studies outlined herein therefore hold the promise of developing important new tools in cancer biology and new drug candidates for the treatment of brain cancers. ..
  9. NAVBO Workshop: Biology of Signaling in the Cardiovascular System
    Timothy Hla; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..End of Abstract) [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Development of Fluorescent Protein Biosensors
    S James Remington; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Vinylogous Amide Photochemistry in Organic Synthesis
    Jeffrey Winkler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. Regulation of Signal Transduction on Vesicles
    Hung Teh Kao; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results will contribute not only to a better understanding of the molecular basis of neural development, but could also provide insights into the pharmacological treatment of neuropsychiatric diseases. ..
  13. Xenbase: a Xenopus Model Organism Database
    PETER VIZE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Functional Genomics in a Simple Model Metazoan
    MARK MARTINDALE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. SYNTHESIS OF THE TEDANOLIDES, CYTOTOXIC POLYPROPIONATES
    Michael Jung; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  16. Deciphering Beta-Catenin Contributions in Prostate Cance
    David Mulholland; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..These cells will be assessed for growth and PSA secretion in tumours carried as xenografts. These novel in vivo tools will allow understanding to the role of Beta-catenin has in Al PrCa. ..
  17. PKN1 KINASE AND TSG101 TUMOR SUPPRESSOR
    Peter Burbelo; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Together these studies may yield a mechanistic understanding of both the normal function of TSG101 and PKN1 and their role in cellular transformation and invasion. ..
  18. Synthesis of Bioactive Substances
    Jeffrey Winkler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Exploring microbial diversity for novel natural products
    JULIE OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  20. Synthesis of Tumor Inhibitory Marine Natural Products
    James Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The main chemical issues to be addressed include the control of stereochemistry by means of chiral organometal chemistry and the design of new and efficient routes to structurally novel natural products. ..
  21. SYNTHESIS OF ANNONACEOUS ACETOGENINS AND ANALOGUES
    James Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The synthetic approach will employ chiral allylic and allenic organometal reagents to introduce stereogenic centers with concurrent formation of carbon-carbon bonds. ..