Genomes and Genes
Summary: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.
Publications391 found, 100 shown here
- FlyBase: enhancing Drosophila Gene Ontology annotationsSusan Tweedie
Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EH, UK
Nucleic Acids Res 37:D555-9. 2009FlyBase (http://flybase.org) is a database of Drosophila genetic and genomic information...
- Targeted gene expression as a means of altering cell fates and generating dominant phenotypesA H Brand
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115
Development 118:401-15. 1993..The gene encoding the yeast transcriptional activator GAL4 is inserted randomly into the Drosophila genome to drive GAL4 expression from one of a diverse array of genomic enhancers...
- Genome engineering of Drosophila with the CRISPR RNA-guided Cas9 nucleaseScott J Gratz
Genetics Training Program, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Genetics 194:1029-35. 2013We have adapted a bacterial CRISPR RNA/Cas9 system to precisely engineer the Drosophila genome and report that Cas9-mediated genomic modifications are efficiently transmitted through the germline...
- The dorsoventral regulatory gene cassette spätzle/Toll/cactus controls the potent antifungal response in Drosophila adultsB Lemaitre
Institut de Biologie Moléculaire at Cellulaire, UPR 9022 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Strasbourg, France
Cell 86:973-83. 1996The cytokine-induced activation cascade of NF-kappaB in mammals and the activation of the morphogen dorsal in Drosophila embryos show striking structural and functional similarities (Toll/IL-1, Cactus/I-kappaB, and dorsal/NF-kappaB)...
- A human homologue of the Drosophila Toll protein signals activation of adaptive immunityR Medzhitov
Section of Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8011, USA
Nature 388:394-7. 1997..We report here the cloning and characterization of a human homologue of the Drosophila toll protein (Toll) which has been shown to induce the innate immune response in adult Drosophila...
- Highly efficient targeted mutagenesis of Drosophila with the CRISPR/Cas9 systemAndrew R Bassett
Medical Research Council Functional Genomics Unit, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PT, UK
Cell Rep 4:220-8. 2013Here, we present a simple and highly efficient method for generating and detecting mutations of any gene in Drosophila melanogaster through the use of the CRISPR/Cas9 system (clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats/CRISPR-..
- Multilocus methods for estimating population sizes, migration rates and divergence time, with applications to the divergence of Drosophila pseudoobscura and D. persimilisJody Hey
Department of Genetics, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
Genetics 167:747-60. 2004..These methods are applied to a large multilocus data set from Drosophila pseudoobscura and D. persimilis. The species are estimated to have diverged approximately 500,000 years ago...
- Hedgehog signaling in development and cancerJin Jiang
Department of Developmental Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
Dev Cell 15:801-12. 2008..We discuss how the Hh pathway has diverged during evolution and how it integrates with other signaling pathways to control cell growth and patterning...
- Ablation of insulin-producing neurons in flies: growth and diabetic phenotypesEric J Rulifson
Department of Developmental Biology, Beckman Center B300, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 5329, USA
Science 296:1118-20. 2002In the fruit fly Drosophila, four insulin genes are coexpressed in small clusters of cells [insulin-producing cells (IPCs)] in the brain...
- Mosaic analysis with a repressible cell marker for studies of gene function in neuronal morphogenesisT Lee
Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, California 94305, USA
Neuron 22:451-61. 1999We describe a genetic mosaic system in Drosophila, in which a dominant repressor of a cell marker is placed in trans to a mutant gene of interest...
- Evolution of genes and genomes on the Drosophila phylogenyAndrew G Clark
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
Nature 450:203-18. 2007..The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae, ..
- A second-generation assembly of the Drosophila simulans genome provides new insights into patterns of lineage-specific divergenceTina T Hu
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and the Lewis Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA
Genome Res 23:89-98. 2013We create a new assembly of the Drosophila simulans genome using 142 million paired short-read sequences and previously published data for strain w(501)...
- Recruitment of human muscleblind proteins to (CUG)(n) expansions associated with myotonic dystrophyJ W Miller
Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Centers for Gene Therapy and Mammalian Genetics, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
EMBO J 19:4439-48. 2000..Remarkably, the EXP proteins are homologous to the Drosophila muscleblind proteins required for terminal differentiation of muscle and photoreceptor cells...
- Histone methyltransferase activity of a Drosophila Polycomb group repressor complexJurg Muller
EMBL, Gene Expression Programme, Meyerhofstr 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Cell 111:197-208. 2002..A SET domain in E(Z) suggests this complex might methylate histones. We purified an ESC-E(Z) complex from Drosophila embryos and found four major subunits: ESC, E(Z), NURF-55, and the PcG repressor, SU(Z)12...
- Efficient and specific modifications of the Drosophila genome by means of an easy TALEN strategyJiyong Liu
State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Datun Road 15, Beijing 100101, China
J Genet Genomics 39:209-15. 2012..have, step by step, developed powerful genetic tools for manipulating and functionally dissecting the Drosophila genome, but room for improving these technologies and developing new techniques is still large, especially today ..
- A fructose receptor functions as a nutrient sensor in the Drosophila brainTetsuya Miyamoto
Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77845, USA
Cell 151:1113-25. 2012..Thus, our studies indicate that the Gr43a-expressing brain neurons function as a nutrient sensor for hemolymph fructose and assign opposing valence to feeding experiences in a satiation-dependent manner...
- Mosaic analysis with a repressible cell marker (MARCM) for Drosophila neural developmentT Lee
Department of Cell and Structural Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Trends Neurosci 24:251-4. 2001..mosaic system to label either neurons derived from a common progenitor or isolated single neurons, in the Drosophila CNS...
- Analysis of genetic mosaics in developing and adult Drosophila tissuesT Xu
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley 94720
Development 117:1223-37. 1993..the generation and analysis of clones of genetically distinct cells in developing and adult tissues of Drosophila. Each of these strains carries an FRT element, the target for the yeast FLP recombinase, near the base of a ..
- A conserved dedicated olfactory circuit for detecting harmful microbes in DrosophilaMarcus C Stensmyr
Department of Evolutionary Neuroethology, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans Knoll Strasse 8, 07745 Jena, Germany
Cell 151:1345-57. 2012Flies, like all animals, need to find suitable and safe food. Because the principal food source for Drosophila melanogaster is yeast growing on fermenting fruit, flies need to distinguish fruit with safe yeast from yeast covered with ..
- A Drosophila model of FUS-related neurodegeneration reveals genetic interaction between FUS and TDP-43Nicholas A Lanson
Department of Genetics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Hum Mol Genet 20:2510-23. 2011..Ectopic expression of human ALS-causing FUS/TLS mutations in Drosophila caused an accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins, neurodegeneration, larval-crawling defect and early lethality...
- Adaptive protein evolution at the Adh locus in DrosophilaJ H McDonald
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544
Nature 351:652-4. 1991..DNA sequence data on the Adh locus (encoding alcohol dehydrogenase, EC 22.214.171.124) in three species in the Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup do not fit this expectation; instead, there are more fixed replacement differences ..
- Drosophila enhancer of Zeste/ESC complexes have a histone H3 methyltransferase activity that marks chromosomal Polycomb sitesBirgit Czermin
Adolf Butenandt Institut, University of Munich, Schillerstrasse 44, 80336 Munich, Germany
Cell 111:185-96. 2002..Histone H3 methylated in vitro by the E(Z)/ESC complex binds specifically to Polycomb protein...
- Spatiotemporal rescue of memory dysfunction in DrosophilaSean E McGuire
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Science 302:1765-8. 2003We have developed a method for temporal and regional gene expression targeting (TARGET) in Drosophila and show the simultaneous spatial and temporal rescue of a memory defect...
- A comprehensive map of insulator elements for the Drosophila genomeNicolas Negre
Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, Department of Human Genetics, and Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
PLoS Genet 6:e1000814. 2010..CP190, BEAF-32, Su(Hw), Mod(mdg4), and GAF-to obtain the first comprehensive map of insulator elements in Drosophila embryos. We identify over 14,000 putative insulators, including all classically defined insulators...
- Hitchhiking under positive Darwinian selectionJ C Fay
Committee on Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Genetics 155:1405-13. 2000..Application of the H test to published surveys of Drosophila variation reveals an excess of high frequency variants that are likely to have been influenced by positive ..
- High sugar-induced insulin resistance in Drosophila relies on the lipocalin Neural LazarilloMatthieu Y Pasco
Institute of Biology Valrose iBV, CNRS UMR 7707, Inserm UMR 1091, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France
PLoS ONE 7:e36583. 2012..In organisms with simpler IIS, this functional separation is questionable. In Drosophila IIS consists of several insulin-like peptides called Dilps, activating a unique membrane receptor and its ..
- Polycomb-dependent regulatory contacts between distant Hox loci in DrosophilaFrédéric Bantignies
Institut de Genetique Humaine, CNRS UPR 1142, Montpellier, France
Cell 144:214-26. 2011In Drosophila melanogaster, Hox genes are organized in an anterior and a posterior cluster, called Antennapedia complex and bithorax complex, located on the same chromosome arm and separated by 10 Mb of DNA...
- Traces of Drosophila memoryRonald L Davis
Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute Florida, Jupiter, FL 33410, USA
Neuron 70:8-19. 2011....
- Functional siRNAs and miRNAs exhibit strand biasAnastasia Khvorova
Amgen, Inc, One Amgen Center Drive, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320, USA
Cell 115:209-16. 2003..Together, these results suggest that the thermodynamic properties of siRNA play a critical role in determining the molecule's function and longevity, possibly biasing the steps involved in duplex unwinding and strand retention by RISC...
- Highly efficient genome modifications mediated by CRISPR/Cas9 in DrosophilaZhongsheng Yu
State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Datun Road 15, Beijing 100101, China
Genetics 195:289-91. 2013We report that Cas9/gRNA mediates efficient genetic modifications in Drosophila. Through targeting seven loci, we achieved a germline efficiency of up to 100%. Genes in both heterochromatin and euchromatin can be modified efficiently...
- Genome-wide analysis of self-renewal in Drosophila neural stem cells by transgenic RNAiRalph A Neumüller
Institute of Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences IMBA, Dr Bohr Gasse 3, 1030 Vienna, Austria
Cell Stem Cell 8:580-93. 2011..we use genome-wide transgenic RNAi to identify 620 genes potentially involved in controlling this balance in Drosophila neuroblasts...
- Regulated functional alternative splicing in DrosophilaJulian P Venables
Universite Montpellier 2, UMR 5535, Institut de Genetique Moleculaire de Montpellier, CNRS, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 05, France
Nucleic Acids Res 40:1-10. 2012..splicing expands the coding capacity of metazoan genes, and it was largely genetic studies in the fruit-fly Drosophila melanogaster that established the principle that regulated alternative splicing results in tissue- and stage-..
- Drosophila ATM and ATR have distinct activities in the regulation of meiotic DNA damage and repairEric F Joyce
Waksman Institute of Microbiology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
J Cell Biol 195:359-67. 2011..In this paper, we show that ATM and ATR have unique roles in the repair of meiotic DSBs in Drosophila melanogaster. ATR mutant analysis indicated that it is required for checkpoint activity, whereas ATM may not be...
- Phylogenetic perspectives in innate immunityJ A Hoffmann
Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, CNRS, Strasbourg, 67084, France
Science 284:1313-8. 1999..similarities between pathogen recognition, signaling pathways, and effector mechanisms of innate immunity in Drosophila and mammals, pointing to a common ancestry of these defenses...
- Effects of diet and development on the Drosophila lipidomeMaria Carvalho
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Dresden, Germany
Mol Syst Biol 8:600. 2012..Furthermore, Drosophila differentially regulates uptake, mobilization and tissue accumulation of specific sterols, and undergoes ..
- The PINK1/Parkin pathway regulates mitochondrial morphologyAngela C Poole
Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:1638-43. 2008..Genetic studies in Drosophila indicate that PINK1 acts upstream of Parkin in a common pathway that influences mitochondrial integrity in a ..
- Proneural genes and the specification of neural cell typesNicolas Bertrand
Institut de Genetique et de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS INSERM Universite Louis Pasteur, B P 163, 67404 Illkirch Cedex, C U de Strasbourg, France
Nat Rev Neurosci 3:517-30. 2002..Parallel studies in Drosophila and vertebrates have revealed that proneural genes are key regulators of neurogenesis, coordinating the ..
- Sorting of Drosophila small silencing RNAs partitions microRNA* strands into the RNA interference pathwayMegha Ghildiyal
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA
RNA 16:43-56. 2010..Here, we show that while most Drosophila miRNAs are bound to Ago1, miRNA* strands accumulate bound to Ago2...
- Complementary function and integrated wiring of the evolutionarily distinct Drosophila olfactory subsystemsAna F Silbering
Center for Integrative Genomics, Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
J Neurosci 31:13357-75. 2011..We have addressed these questions through comprehensive comparative analysis of the Drosophila olfactory subsystems that express the ionotropic receptors (IRs) and odorant receptors (ORs)...
- Shadow enhancers foster robustness of Drosophila gastrulationMichael W Perry
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Curr Biol 20:1562-7. 2010..These results suggest that shadow enhancers represent a novel mechanism of canalization whereby complex developmental processes "bring about one definite end-result regardless of minor variations in conditions" ...
- Elucidation of a universal size-control mechanism in Drosophila and mammalsJixin Dong
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Cell 130:1120-33. 2007..In Drosophila, these two processes are orchestrated by the Hippo kinase cascade, a growth-suppressive pathway that ultimately ..
- Epigenetic regulation of cellular memory by the Polycomb and Trithorax group proteinsLeonie Ringrose
ZMBH, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Annu Rev Genet 38:413-43. 2004..Here we review current ideas on the protein and DNA components of this transcriptional memory system and how they interact dynamically with each other to orchestrate cellular memory for several hundred genes...
- Nutrient-dependent expression of insulin-like peptides from neuroendocrine cells in the CNS contributes to growth regulation in DrosophilaTomoatsu Ikeya
Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057, Zurich, Switzerland
Curr Biol 12:1293-300. 2002The insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway controls cellular and organismal growth in many multicellular organisms. In Drosophila, genetic defects in components of the insulin signaling pathway produce small flies that are delayed in development ..
- Gene regulatory networks in the evolution and development of the heartEric N Olson
Department of Molecular Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6000 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390, USA
Science 313:1922-7. 2006..The consequences of such mutations reveal the logic of organogenesis and the evolutionary origins of morphological complexity...
- Mitochondrial pathology and apoptotic muscle degeneration in Drosophila parkin mutantsJessica C Greene
Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, P O Box 357730, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:4078-83. 2003..To gain insight into the molecular mechanism responsible for selective cell death in AR-JP, we have created a Drosophila model of this disorder...
- Faster-X evolution of gene expression in DrosophilaRichard P Meisel
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
PLoS Genet 8:e1003013. 2012..We analyzed microarray and RNA-seq data collected from females and males of six Drosophila species and found that the expression levels of X-linked genes also diverge faster than autosomal gene ..
- Role for a bidentate ribonuclease in the initiation step of RNA interferenceE Bernstein
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York 11724, USA
Nature 409:363-6. 2001..The enzyme has a distinctive structure, which includes a helicase domain and dual RNase III motifs. Dicer also contains a region of homology to the RDE1/QDE2/ARGONAUTE family that has been genetically linked to RNAi...
- Drosophila microbiome modulates host developmental and metabolic homeostasis via insulin signalingSeung Chul Shin
School of Biological Science, Seoul National University and National Creative Research Initiative Center for Symbiosystem, Seoul 151 742, South Korea
Science 334:670-4. 2011..of a commensal bacterium, Acetobacter pomorum, modulates insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling (IIS) in Drosophila to regulate host homeostatic programs controlling developmental rate, body size, energy metabolism, and ..
- Apoptotic cells can induce compensatory cell proliferation through the JNK and the Wingless signaling pathwaysHyung Don Ryoo
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 252, New York, NY 10021, USA
Dev Cell 7:491-501. 2004In many metazoans, damaged and potentially dangerous cells are rapidly eliminated by apoptosis. In Drosophila, this is often compensated for by extraproliferation of neighboring cells, which allows the organism to tolerate considerable ..
- The carnegie protein trap library: a versatile tool for Drosophila developmental studiesMichael Buszczak
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Research Laboratories, Department of Embryology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
Genetics 175:1505-31. 2007..Using transposon mutagenesis in Drosophila, we constructed a library of 7404 protein trap and enhancer trap lines, the Carnegie collection, to facilitate ..
- Targeted chromosomal cleavage and mutagenesis in Drosophila using zinc-finger nucleasesMarina Bibikova
Department of Biochemistry, University of Utah School of Medicine, Medical Research and Education Building, 20 North 1900 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA
Genetics 161:1169-75. 2002..We have tested this idea by designing a pair of ZFNs that recognize a unique site in the yellow (y) gene of Drosophila. When these nucleases were expressed in developing larvae, they led to somatic mutations specifically in the y ..
- Chromosomal inversions and the reproductive isolation of speciesM A Noor
Department of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences Building, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:12084-8. 2001..We have examined the genetic basis of hybrid sterility and female species preferences in Drosophila pseudoobscura and Drosophila persimilis, two occasionally hybridizing North American species...
- New genes in Drosophila quickly become essentialSidi Chen
Department of Ecology and Evolution, The University of Chicago, 1101 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
Science 330:1682-5. 2010..we identified and phenotyped 195 young protein-coding genes, which originated 3 to 35 million years ago in Drosophila. Knocking down expression with RNA interference showed that 30% of newly arisen genes are essential for ..
- Flies without centriolesRenata Basto
The Gurdon Institute, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QN, UK
Cell 125:1375-86. 2006..The Drosophila protein DSas-4 is related to the human microcephaly protein CenpJ and the C. elegans centriolar protein Sas-4...
- The ALS-associated proteins FUS and TDP-43 function together to affect Drosophila locomotion and life spanJi Wu Wang
Center for Motor Neuron Biology and Disease, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, USA
J Clin Invest 121:4118-26. 2011..Here, we report that Drosophila mutants in which the homolog of FUS is disrupted exhibit decreased adult viability, diminished locomotor speed, ..
- Binding site turnover produces pervasive quantitative changes in transcription factor binding between closely related Drosophila speciesRobert K Bradley
Department of Mathematics, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America
PLoS Biol 8:e1000343. 2010..factors that initiate segmentation along the anterior-posterior axis in embryos of two closely related species: Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila yakuba...
- Molecular mechanisms of metabolic regulation by insulin in DrosophilaAurelio A Teleman
German Cancer Research Center Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Im Neuenheimer Feld 580, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Biochem J 425:13-26. 2010The insulin signalling pathway is highly conserved from mammals to Drosophila. Insulin signalling in the fly, as in mammals, regulates a number of physiological functions, including carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, tissue growth and ..
- Molecular evolution and functional characterization of Drosophila insulin-like peptidesSebastian Gronke
Institute of Healthy Ageing, Department of Genetics, Evolution, and Environment, University College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS Genet 6:e1000857. 2010..Invertebrate genomes often contain multiple genes encoding insulin-like ligands, including seven Drosophila insulin-like peptides (DILPs)...
- Codon-substitution models for heterogeneous selection pressure at amino acid sitesZ Yang
Department of Biology, University College London, London NW1 2HE, United Kingdom
Genetics 155:431-49. 2000..However, we encountered difficulties in estimating the precise distribution of omega among sites from real data sets...
- Senseless, a Zn finger transcription factor, is necessary and sufficient for sensory organ development in DrosophilaR Nolo
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
Cell 102:349-62. 2000..required for proper development of most cell types of the embryonic and adult peripheral nervous system (PNS) of Drosophila. Sens is a nuclear protein with four Zn fingers that is expressed and required in the sensory organ precursors (..
- A novel class of evolutionarily conserved genes defined by piwi are essential for stem cell self-renewalD N Cox
Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 USA
Genes Dev 12:3715-27. 1998..We cloned and characterized the Drosophila piwi gene and showed that it is required for the asymmetric division of GSCs to produce and maintain a daughter ..
- Drosophila innate immunity: an evolutionary perspectiveJules A Hoffmann
CNRS, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, 15 rue Descartes, 67000 Strasbourg, France
Nat Immunol 3:121-6. 2002In response to microbial infections, Drosophila mounts a multifaceted immune response involving humoral reactions that culminate in the destruction of invading organisms by lytic peptides...
- A pattern-based method for the identification of MicroRNA binding sites and their corresponding heteroduplexesKevin C Miranda
Bioinformatics and Pattern Discovery Group, IBM Thomas J Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, P O Box 218, NY 10598, USA
Cell 126:1203-17. 2006..We also extended the method's key idea to a low-error microRNA-precursor-discovery scheme; our studies suggest that the number of microRNA precursors in mammalian genomes likely ranges in the tens of thousands...
- The Hippo signaling pathway coordinately regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis by inactivating Yorkie, the Drosophila Homolog of YAPJianbin Huang
Department of Physiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA
Cell 122:421-34. 2005..In Drosophila, these two processes are regulated by a pathway involving the Ste20-like kinase Hippo (Hpo) and the NDR family ..
- A direct role for dual oxidase in Drosophila gut immunityEun Mi Ha
Division of Molecular Life Science and Center for Cell Signaling Research, Ewha Woman s University, Seoul 120 750, South Korea
Science 310:847-50. 2005..Here, we show that the Drosophila nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase enzyme, dual oxidase (dDuox), is indispensable for ..
- Sex chromosome-specific regulation in the Drosophila male germline but little evidence for chromosomal dosage compensation or meiotic inactivationColin D Meiklejohn
Department of Biology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America
PLoS Biol 9:e1001126. 2011..How the X chromosome is regulated in the Drosophila melanogaster male germline is unclear...
- The role of anorexia in resistance and tolerance to infections in DrosophilaJanelle S Ayres
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
PLoS Biol 7:e1000150. 2009..This suggests that attempts to extend lifespan through diet restriction or the manipulation of pathways mimicking this process will have complicated effects on a host's ability to fight infections...
- DroID 2011: a comprehensive, integrated resource for protein, transcription factor, RNA and gene interactions for DrosophilaThilakam Murali
Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Nucleic Acids Res 39:D736-43. 2011DroID (http://droidb.org/), the Drosophila Interactions Database, is a comprehensive public resource for Drosophila gene and protein interactions...
- Role of histone H3 lysine 27 methylation in Polycomb-group silencingRu Cao
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7295, USA
Science 298:1039-43. 2002..Here we report the purification and characterization of an EED-EZH2 complex, the human counterpart of the Drosophila ESC-E(Z) complex...
- Global analysis of Drosophila Cys₂-His₂ zinc finger proteins reveals a multitude of novel recognition motifs and binding determinantsMetewo Selase Enuameh
Program in Gene Function and Expression, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA
Genome Res 23:928-40. 2013..a first step in this process, we have characterized the DNA-binding specificities of 129 zinc finger sets from Drosophila using a bacterial one-hybrid system...
- A visual motion detection circuit suggested by Drosophila connectomicsShin Ya Takemura
Janelia Farm Research Campus, HHMI, Ashburn, Virginia 20147, USA
Nature 500:175-81. 2013..microscopy to reconstruct a connectome, containing 379 neurons and 8,637 chemical synaptic contacts, within the Drosophila optic medulla...
- Bacterial communities of diverse Drosophila species: ecological context of a host-microbe model systemJames Angus Chandler
Center for Population Biology, Department of Evolution and Ecology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, USA
PLoS Genet 7:e1002272. 2011b>Drosophila melanogaster is emerging as an important model of non-pathogenic host-microbe interactions. The genetic and experimental tractability of Drosophila has led to significant gains in our understanding of animal-microbial symbiosis...
- The birth and death of microRNA genes in DrosophilaJian Lu
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, 1101 East 57th Street, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Nat Genet 40:351-5. 2008..We carried out deep sequencing of miRNAs from three species of Drosophila, and obtained 107,000 sequences that map to no fewer than 300 loci that were not previously known...
- The role of site accessibility in microRNA target recognitionMichael Kertesz
Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nat Genet 39:1278-84. 2007..Our study thus demonstrates that target accessibility is a critical factor in microRNA function...
- Homeobox genes and axial patterningW McGinnis
Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511
Cell 68:283-302. 1992
- SOX2 functions to maintain neural progenitor identityVictoria Graham
Neuroscience Center, Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
Neuron 39:749-65. 2003..Taken together, these data indicate that SOXB1 signaling is both necessary and sufficient to maintain panneural properties of neural progenitor cells...
- Pervasive natural selection in the Drosophila genome?Guy Sella
Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
PLoS Genet 5:e1000495. 2009..Recent evidence from Drosophila, reviewed here, suggests that this view may be invalid...
- Parallels between tissue repair and embryo morphogenesisPaul Martin
Department of Physiology, University of Bristol, School of Medical Sciences, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TD, UK
Development 131:3021-34. 2004..to repair an embryonic epithelial wound as is involved during the morphogenetic episodes of dorsal closure in Drosophila and eyelid fusion in the mouse foetus...
- Molecular, anatomical, and functional organization of the Drosophila olfactory systemAfrica Couto
Institute of Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Dr Bohr Gasse 3 5 A 1030 Vienna, Austria
Curr Biol 15:1535-47. 2005..A comprehensive understanding of the molecular and neural mechanisms of odor detection and processing requires complete maps of odorant receptor (Or) expression and ORN connectivity, preferably at single-cell resolution...
- Regulatory changes underlying expression differences within and between Drosophila speciesPatricia J Wittkopp
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
Nat Genet 40:346-50. 2008..of cis- and trans-regulatory changes to variable intra- and interspecific gene expression using four strains of Drosophila melanogaster, three strains of D. simulans and a total of 78 genes...
- High-fat-diet-induced obesity and heart dysfunction are regulated by the TOR pathway in DrosophilaRyan T Birse
NASCR Center, Sanford Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Cell Metab 12:533-44. 2010..Here, we use Drosophila to test the hypothesis that HFD-induced obesity and associated cardiac complications have early evolutionary ..
- Regulatory divergence in Drosophila revealed by mRNA-seqC Joel McManus
Department of Genetics and Developmental Biology, University of Connecticut Stem Cell Institute, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030, USA
Genome Res 20:816-25. 2010..sequencing, we quantified total and allele-specific mRNA expression levels genome-wide in two closely related Drosophila species (D. melanogaster and D. sechellia) and their F(1) hybrids...
- RNA toxicity is a component of ataxin-3 degeneration in DrosophilaLing Bo Li
Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6018, USA
Nature 453:1107-11. 2008..Here we provide evidence for a pathogenic role of the CAG repeat RNA in polyQ toxicity using Drosophila. In a Drosophila screen for modifiers of polyQ degeneration induced by the spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) ..
- Cytokine/Jak/Stat signaling mediates regeneration and homeostasis in the Drosophila midgutHuaqi Jiang
Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
Cell 137:1343-55. 2009..We show here that when enterocytes (ECs) in the Drosophila midgut are subjected to apoptosis, enteric infection, or JNK-mediated stress signaling, they produce cytokines (..
- An evolutionarily conserved function of the Drosophila insulin receptor and insulin-like peptides in growth controlW Brogiolo
Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057, Zurich, Switzerland
Curr Biol 11:213-21. 2001..Studies in Drosophila have identified an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway that regulates organismal size and that includes ..
- CNTNAP2 and NRXN1 are mutated in autosomal-recessive Pitt-Hopkins-like mental retardation and determine the level of a common synaptic protein in DrosophilaChristiane Zweier
Institute of Human Genetics, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen Nuremberg, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
Am J Hum Genet 85:655-66. 2009..Using Drosophila as a model, we now show that, as known for fly Nrx-I, the CASPR2 ortholog Nrx-IV might also localize to synapses...
- Mutations of the human homolog of Drosophila patched in the nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndromeH Hahn
Centre for Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia
Cell 85:841-51. 1996..A human sequence (PTC) with strong homology to the Drosophila segment polarity gene, patched, was isolated from a YAC and cosmid contig of the NBCCS region...
- Sepsid even-skipped enhancers are functionally conserved in Drosophila despite lack of sequence conservationEmily E Hare
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America
PLoS Genet 4:e1000106. 2008..locus from six species of scavenger flies (Sepsidae) that are highly diverged from the model species Drosophila melanogaster, but share its basic patterns of developmental gene expression...
- Pharmacological rescue of synaptic plasticity, courtship behavior, and mushroom body defects in a Drosophila model of fragile X syndromeSean M J McBride
Section of Molecular Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Medical Scientist Training Program, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
Neuron 45:753-64. 2005..A Drosophila model for Fragile X syndrome, based on the loss of dfmr1 activity, exhibits phenotypes that bear similarity to ..
- Reversal of an ancient sex chromosome to an autosome in DrosophilaBeatriz Vicoso
Department of Integrative Biology, Center for Theoretical Evolutionary Genomics, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
Nature 499:332-5. 2013..Here we show that an autosome of Drosophila, the dot chromosome, was ancestrally a differentiated X chromosome...
- Wild-type and A315T mutant TDP-43 exert differential neurotoxicity in a Drosophila model of ALSPatricia S Estes
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Hum Mol Genet 20:2308-21. 2011..within TDP-43, efforts have been directed towards generating animal models of ALS in mouse, zebrafish, Drosophila and worms...
- Evolution in the fast lane: rapidly evolving sex-related genes in DrosophilaWilfried Haerty
Department of Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada
Genetics 177:1321-35. 2007A large portion of the annotated genes in Drosophila melanogaster show sex-biased expression, indicating that sex and reproduction-related genes (SRR genes) represent an appreciable component of the genome...
- Drosophila dosage compensation: a complex voyage to the X chromosomeMarnie E Gelbart
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Development 136:1399-410. 2009..In Drosophila, the male-specific lethal (MSL) ribonucleoprotein complex mediates dosage compensation by upregulating ..
- A Drosophila model for TDP-43 proteinopathyYan Li
Department of Neurology, Lurie Cancer Center, Center for Genetic Medicine, Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:3169-74. 2010....
- puckered encodes a phosphatase that mediates a feedback loop regulating JNK activity during dorsal closure in DrosophilaE Martin-Blanco
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
Genes Dev 12:557-70. 1998..Here, we describe a new member of this family encoded by the puckered gene of Drosophila. Mutations in this gene lead to cytoskeletal defects that result in a failure in dorsal closure related to those ..
- Genome-wide analysis of the interaction between the endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia and its Drosophila hostZhiyong Xi
Department of Entomology University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546, USA
BMC Genomics 9:1. 2008..Despite substantial scientific effort, the molecular mechanisms underlying the Wolbachia/host interaction are unknown...
- Targeted expression of tetanus toxin light chain in Drosophila specifically eliminates synaptic transmission and causes behavioral defectsS T Sweeney
Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, England
Neuron 14:341-51. 1995..neuronal communication for behavioural studies, we have expressed a gene encoding tetanus toxin light chain in Drosophila. Toxin expression in embryonic neurons removes detectable synaptobrevin and eliminates evoked, but not ..
- On the utility of short intron sequences as a reference for the detection of positive and negative selection in DrosophilaJohn Parsch
Department of Biology II, University of Munich, Planegg Martinsried, Germany
Mol Biol Evol 27:1226-34. 2010..In Drosophila, recent findings of widespread selective constraint, as well as adaptive evolution, in both coding and noncoding ..
- An in vivo RNAi assay identifies major genetic and cellular requirements for primary piRNA biogenesis in DrosophilaDaniel Olivieri
Institute of Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences IMBA, Vienna, Austria
EMBO J 29:3301-17. 2010In Drosophila, PIWI proteins and bound PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) form the core of a small RNA-mediated defense system against selfish genetic elements...
- Localization of apical epithelial determinants by the basolateral PDZ protein ScribbleD Bilder
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Nature 403:676-80. 2000..b>Drosophila proteins that confer apical membrane identity have been found, but the mechanisms that restrict these ..
- Drosophila odorant receptors are novel seven transmembrane domain proteins that can signal independently of heterotrimeric G proteinsRenee Smart
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC 3800, Australia
Insect Biochem Mol Biol 38:770-80. 2008Olfaction in Drosophila is mediated by a large family of membrane-bound odorant receptor proteins (Ors)...
- Sphingolipid Metabolism in Drosophila DevelopmentJulie D Saba; Fiscal Year: 2013..Studies supported by this grant have explored the role of sphingolipids in the model organism Drosophila melanogaster...
- Discovery of Small Molecule MBT Domain AntagonistsSTEPHEN VERNON FRYE; Fiscal Year: 2010..This proposal specifically aims to develop potent antagonists of methyl-lysine recognition by human and Drosophila MBT domain containing proteins in order to permit exploration of the biological consequences of blocking this ..
- Functional Genomics of the Mitochondrial ProteomeDennis R Winge; Fiscal Year: 2011..define the physiological role of these OXPHOS assembly proteins in the context of a multicellular model organism Drosophila. Aim 5 will generate mouse models of mitochondrial dysfunction, harboring tissue-restricted mutations these ..
- Targeted siRNA nanotechnology for intravesical treatment of urologicaldiseasesRobert M Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2010..and Kim Woodrow of the Yale University Department of Bioengineering, we have shown that antennapedia (AP), a Drosophila transcription factor that facilitates uptake of peptides and oligonucleotides into mammalian cells, when ..
- GENETIC ANALYSIS OF POLARITYRUTH M STEWARD; Fiscal Year: 2010Abstract: The developmental mechanisms of human and Drosophila blood systems show remarkable parallels...
- Using Drosophila to understand WNK and SPAK/OSR1 regulation of SLC12 cotransporteAYLIN RACHEL RODAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..D., and fellowship studies, and in particular previous experience studying Drosophila melanogaster, by developing new scientific skills in physiology and biochemistry...
- Genetic Studies of Optic AtrophyTaosheng Huang; Fiscal Year: 2012..of an effective therapeutic agent for optic atrophies, recently we have generated an Opa1 knockout model in Drosophila. By analyzing phenotypes in the developing and adult Drosophila eyes, we found that the heterozygous mutation of ..
- Ceramide Metabolism and Photoreceptor HomeostasisUsha R Acharya; Fiscal Year: 2013..findings that enzymes of the sphingolipid biosynthetic pathway and their metabolites are important regulators of Drosophila photoreceptor structure, function, and modulation of this pathway can suppress retinal degeneration in a set of ..
- Novel genomic effects of Y-linked polymorphismsDaniel L Hartl; Fiscal Year: 2012..The novelty emerges from our recent discovery that the Y chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster is polymorphic for sequences that differentially affect the expression of many hundreds of ..
- PTEN TUMOR SUPPRESSOR AND SIGNAL TRANSDUCTIONRAMON E PARSONS; Fiscal Year: 2012..elegans and drosophila. In these species, PTEN acts downstream of the insulin/IGF receptor, the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) ..
- Phosphotyrosine signaling pathways controlling tracheal tube geometryKAI G ZINN; Fiscal Year: 2013..The respiratory (tracheal) system of the Drosophila larva has provided a useful genetic model for the study of the development of complex branched tubular networks...
- Diverse Roles for RIC8 During G Protein Signaling in FungiKatherine A Borkovich; Fiscal Year: 2012..RIC8 is required for asymmetric cell division in both Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila. Loss of ric8 leads to reduced levels of G proteins in Drosophila, suggesting a chaperone function in addition ..
- Analysis of the role of the VRK1 protein kinase in mammalian fertilityPaula Traktman; Fiscal Year: 2011..The VRK1 orthologs in Drosophila and C. elegans are essential proteins whose disruption causes sterility associated with meiotic defects...
- BMP signaling in vertebrate developmentKen W Y Cho; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have recently provided evidence that the evolutionarily conserved orthologs of the Drosophila gene schnurri encode a common partner that may be used more widely to promote BMP target gene recognition...
- Persisting Grand Mal and Myoclonic Seizures in JME including VeteransAntonio V Delgado-Escueta; Fiscal Year: 2013..The results guide which putative epilepsy genes have priority for studies of functions and disease mechanisms in Drosophila melanogaster (Aim 3), mice (Aim 2) and humans (Aim 1)...
- 5500 QTRAPJohn W Turk; Fiscal Year: 2010..Sasanka Ramanadham, WU);(3) Using Drosophila to identify candidate modifiers of glucose toxicity (Dr...
- Oxidative stress and neurogenetic networks in DrosophilaRobert R H Anholt; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Drosophila melanogaster provides a genetically tractable model system, because the genetic background and environmental ..
- Analysis of the functions of axon guidance genes during vector mosquito developmeMOLLY DUMAN SCHEEL; Fiscal Year: 2012..In recent years, evolutionary developmental biologists have applied knowledge of developmental genetics in Drosophila melanogaster, a genetically tractable model organism, to better understand development of other arthropods...
- Regulation of Rhox5 Transcriptional ElongationMarcy E Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2013..Recent studies conducted in human embryonic stem cells and Drosophila melanogaster embryos have identified transcriptional elongation as a widely used alternative control mechanism ..
- Germ Cell Migration in Drosophila.Ruth Lehmann; Fiscal Year: 2012..We have used Drosophila to identify signals produced by the soma that guide migrating germ cells...
- Genetic Control of Axial Patterning in Drosophila EyeAmit Singh; Fiscal Year: 2010..The fruit fly, Drosophila, provides an ideal model for genetic analysis of dorsoventral (DV) patterning and growth of the eye primordium...
- Melanin-Concentrating Hormone: Ancestral Role in Feeding &Sleep RegulationPhilippe Mourrain; Fiscal Year: 2013..As MCH is not found in non-vertebrate models like Drosophila and C...
- TRANSCRIPTIONAL REPRESSION BY POLYCOMB GROUP PRODUCTSJeffrey A Simon; Fiscal Year: 2012..genetic and biochemical methods will be used to study the Polycomb group (PcG) transcriptional repressors of Drosophila, which provide one of the premier models for deciphering chromatin mechanisms in development...
- Epigenetic mechanisms of TDP43-mediated neurodegenerationAmit Berson; Fiscal Year: 2013..question, we recently performed an in-vivo RNAi screen for epigenetic modifiers of neurodegeneration in Drosophila, a powerful genetically amendable animal model...
- Tunable Insulin Resistance in a Drosophila Model of DiabetesELENA M GRACHEVA; Fiscal Year: 2010..platform optimized for high-throughput drug screening in situ by generating human diseases in the fruit fly Drosophila. Our whole-organism approach holds the promise of producing better safety and efficacy data than traditional pre-..
- AAA ATPases linking mitochondria with microtubule processing in flies and yeastKaren G Hales; Fiscal Year: 2012..Many human genetic neurodegenerative disorders are associated with defects of mitochondrial dynamics. Drosophila melanogaster spermatogenesis is an ideal model system for genetic dissection of conserved mechanisms of ..
- The role of satellite rasiRNA in the Segregation Distorter system of DrosophilaAMANDA MARIE LARRACUENTE; Fiscal Year: 2013..If SD affects Rsp rasiRNA production, then SD genotype will correlate with Rsp rasiRNA abundance in postmeiotic testis dissections. ..
- Dissecting the role of one neuronal RhoGEF amongst many: the Kalirin-7 null mouseRichard E Mains; Fiscal Year: 2012..Mammals also express Trio, a highly homologous, but non- redundant gene. The single Kalirin/Trio gene in Drosophila and C. elegans plays an essential role within and outside of the nervous system...
- Molecular Genetics of Caloric Restriction in Aging FliesBlanka Rogina; Fiscal Year: 2013..contributions to our understanding of the effects of age and caloric intake on physiology and longevity of adult Drosophila. Mutation in the Indy gene in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, dramatically extends life span...
- SIRT1 as a regulator of health and lifespan of mammalsDavid A Sinclair; Fiscal Year: 2013..Recent evidence from C. elegans and Drosophila indicates that alterations in mitochondrial function in one cell type (e.g...
- Is symmetrical dimethylation of Arginine 2 of Histone H3 used as an epigenetic siMarjorie A Oettinger; Fiscal Year: 2010..Fourth, we will analyze these modifications in model organisms (S. cerevisiae, S. pombe and Drosophila melanogaster), determining both the genome-wide localization pattern of the modifications and whether they are ..
- Humanized Transgenic Mice Reproduce the Disease Evolution in Severe RAGrete Sonderstrup; Fiscal Year: 2010..model by introducing the RA-susceptible HLA- DR*0401 gene and a luciferase transgene (controlled by a minimal Drosophila promoter activated by 3 NF:B binding sites), which will facilitate continuous in vivo monitoring of the disease ..
- Molecular Physiology of the Epitrachael Endocrine SystemMichael E Adams; Fiscal Year: 2012..to activate or ablate specific peptidergic ensembles to test their necessary roles in the ecdysis sequence in Drosophila, Aedes, and Bombyx...
- Ligands and cofactors required for RORgt function in the immune systemDan Littman; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have found that RORyt has transcriptional activity in Drosophila S2 cells, and have exploited this observation to perform a genome-wide RNA interference screen...
- Analyzing Anthrax Toxins in DrosophiliaEthan Bier; Fiscal Year: 2013..resulting in barrier disruption We discovered this novel effect of anthrax toxins using the model genetic system Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly) and then validated these effects in human vascular endothelial cells as well as in vivo ..
- Genome-wide Identification of Immediate Early Genes in InsectsAnandasankar Ray; Fiscal Year: 2012..A few genes have been identified as IEGs in mammals, but very little is known about IEGs in insects such as Drosophila melanogaster, which is used as a model to study these biological process...
- Germ Cell Migration in Drosophila.Ruth Lehmann; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have used Drosophila to identify signals produced by the soma that guide migrating germ cells...
- Ecd as a regulator of cell cycle and breast oncogenesisVimla Band; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have identified the mammalian ortholog of Drosophila ecdysoneless (Ecd) protein as a novel and essential regulator of Rb-E2F-dependent cell cycle progression...
- Laser Spinning Disc Confocal System for live-cell and live-organism microscopyMartha C Soto; Fiscal Year: 2012..elegans as a model system to study human ciliopathies, or diseases of cilia. Drosophila studies of meiosis in the McKim lab have identified molecules required for proper fertility through the ..
- EGF RECEPTOR MEDIATED SIGNALING IN DROSOPHILAGERTRUD M SCHUPBACH; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This research project investigates the mechanisms that activate the Drosophila Epidermal Growth Factor receptor (Egfr) during oogenesis, and the cellular pathways that mediate the response to this ..
- CSHL Eukaryotic DNA Replication ConferenceDavid J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2013..including studies of: (1) chromosomal replication and gene amplification in organisms as diverse as yeast, Drosophila, Xenopus and mammalian cells;(2) the replication of viral chromosomes, including SV40, polyomavirus, ..
- Expression control in Drosophila splicing assembly factor RNP-4FJACK VAUGHN; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Drosophila RNP-4F is an ortholog to human p110, which functions with the pre-mRNA processing (PRP) protein class as a recycling factor to carry U4- and U6-snRNPs to the assembling spliceosome...
- Regulation of TRP channels and visual transductionCraig Montell; Fiscal Year: 2013The long-term goal of our research is to understand the mechanisms underlying phototransduction in the fruitfly, Drosophila melanogaster...
- CELL CYCLE CONTROL IN EARLY DROSOPHILA DEVELOPMENTTerry L Orr-Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2013..b>Drosophila is an ideal model organism in which to identify the key regulatory mechanisms and genes that govern ..
- Role of FUS in ALSHaining Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2013..The Drosophila model we established showed motor function deficiency when FUS was over-expressed in motor neurons...
- Insulin, IGF and Insulin Signaling: effects on Anopheles lifespan and immunityMICHAEL ALLEN RIEHLE; Fiscal Year: 2012..its impacts on mosquito physiology and vector competence that were conceptualized for Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster and mammals...
- 2011 EUKARYOTIC DNA REPLICATION &GENOME MAINTENANCEDavid J Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2011..including studies of: (1) chromosomal replication and gene amplification in organisms as diverse as yeast, Drosophila, Xenopus and mammalian cells;(2) the replication of viral chromosomes, including SV40, polyomavirus, ..
- Genetic and Molecular Studies of Drosophila Chromatin Remodeling FactorsJohn W Tamkun; Fiscal Year: 2013..To address these important issues, our laboratory uses Drosophila melanogaster as a model organism to study the function of chromatin-remodeling and modifying enzymes...
- Using Drosophila as a model to understand TDP-43 function in ALSDavid B Morton; Fiscal Year: 2012..We are using the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, as a model to understand the function of TDP- 43 in neurons and the consequences of aberrant ..
- How do Amine Neurons Work?Edward A Kravitz; Fiscal Year: 2013..These experimental approaches are the farthest advanced in fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) where powerful genetic methods allow identification and manipulation of single neurons concerned ..
- Phylogenomics and functional diversification of the Heterochromatin Protein 1 genMIA TAUNA LEVINE; Fiscal Year: 2012..Our recent hand-curated computational approach to HP1 annotation across Drosophila genomes, however, expanded this family from three to 14 genes, most of which evolve rapidly...
- Regulation of Neuronal Survival by the Rit GTPaseDOUGLAS ALLEN ANDRES; Fiscal Year: 2012..conserved group of Ras-related GTPases, including two mammalian proteins (Rit and Rin) and a single Drosophila ortholog (Ric), play critical roles in regulating apoptotic signaling...
- Centrosomin and Centrosomes in Cell DivisionTimothy L Megraw; Fiscal Year: 2012..Here we focus on the Centrosomin family of proteins. A key breakthrough came with mutation studies of Drosophila Centrosomin (CNN), showing that it is required in an early process of mitotic centrosome assembly...
- Role of Stasimon Dysfunction in Spinal Muscular AtrophyLivio Pellizzoni; Fiscal Year: 2013..expression is decreased by SMN deficiency and that contributes to SMN-dependent motor neuron dysfunction in Drosophila and zebrafish models of SMA...
- The Role of Alternative Splicing Factor Sfrs10 in Neural DevelopmentRahul N Kanadia; Fiscal Year: 2010..Previous studies in Drosophila have shown that Sfrs10 is required during sex determination and others have shown that Sfrs10 regulates the AS ..
- Molecular and cellular mechanism of MicrocephalyArnold Kriegstein; Fiscal Year: 2013..Centrosome defects in Drosophila do not dramatically perturb mitosis in most somatic cells, but the asymmetric division of larval neuroblasts is ..
- Genetic control of quantitative traits associated with the metabolic syndromeMaria De Luca; Fiscal Year: 2013..4) Investigate whether genetic variants in human orthologs of the 10 Drosophila candidate genes identified in the previous aims are associated with phenotypic variation in human obesity and ..
- Nutrition, Deregulation of Imprinted GenesCathrine Hoyo; Fiscal Year: 2013..associated with aberrant methylation and loss of imprinting of insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF2) and Delta, drosophila homolog-like-1 (DLK1) in the offspring;(2) To determine whether aberrant methylation and loss of imprinting of ..
- De novo establishment of Polycomb-group-mediated repressionRichard S Jones; Fiscal Year: 2010..Originally identified as negative regulators of Drosophila Hox genes, their functions and molecular/biochemical activities have been highly conserved from insects to ..
- Non-coding RNAs in the epigenetics of human centromere formationPETER WARBURTON; Fiscal Year: 2009..Remarkably, it has been shown in S. pombe, Drosophila, Arabidopsis and mouse that assembly of centromeric heterochromatin actually requires bidirectional cis ..
- The Molecular Genetics of Early NeurogenesisEthan Bier; Fiscal Year: 2013..In Drosophila and vertebrates alike, dorsal cells of the CNS form along the border of the BMP producing epidermis and express ..
- Molecular Mechanisms of Age-related Impairment of Muscle RegenerationThomas A Rando; Fiscal Year: 2013..We will specifically examine how BCL9, an essential component of Wnt signaling in Drosophila, functions in mammalian muscle stem cells to determine how Wnt signaling may lead to different cell fates under ..
- Control of developmental timing and body size in DrosophilaMICHAEL BRENDAN O'CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2013..processing is required for PTTH signaling and if PKC, PLC and the IP3 receptor, contribute to PTTH signaling in Drosophila and how their activity is coupled to Torso activation...
- Nemo-Like Kinase and the Pathogenesis of Spinal and Bulbar Muscular AtrophyTIFFANY WERLYNE TODD; Fiscal Year: 2013..Both established and novel Drosophila models of SBMA will be employed to determine if there is a genetic interaction between NLK and the mutant AR ..
- PAIRING OF HOMOLOGOUS SEQUENCES IN DROSOPHILAKENT GOLIC; Fiscal Year: 2002..The fourth specific aim will aim to adapt for Drosophila the "cassette exchange" method of FLP-mediated DNA integration developed by Schlake and Bode...
- DOSAGE COMPENSATION IN DROSOPHILABruce Baker; Fiscal Year: 1999..clear that the mechanisms of dosage compensation are quite distinct in the three most studied eukaryotic system, Drosophila C. elegans, and man. Drosophila dosage compensates by hyperactivation of the single male X chromosome, C...
- SEGMENTATION AND PATTERNING IN DROSOPHILAEric Wieschaus; Fiscal Year: 2000..is to understand how complex patterns of cell differentiation are established in epithelial cells during Drosophila embryonic development...
- Establishing Drosophila as a Model to Study Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria SyndromeSandra Schulze; Fiscal Year: 2009..The experiments described in this proposal will establish the fruit fly Drosophila as a model to study human Lamin A processing...
- FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF NOVEL GABA RECEPTOR IN DROSOPHILARichard ffrench Constant; Fiscal Year: 1999..recently identified a novel GABA receptor subunit gene Rdl (Resistance to dieldrin) that was cloned from a Drosophila mutant resistant to PTX and cyclodiene insecticides...
- Generation of Wunen/LPP3-based therapy for muscular dystrophyHannele Ruohola Baker; Fiscal Year: 2010..reduction of LPP3 that reduces the level of active second messenger, S1P can suppress dystrophic phenotypes in Drosophila melanogaster...
- Immune Response of Drosophila Against SpiroplasmaMariana Mateos; Fiscal Year: 2009..The fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster has provided an unbiased and powerful tool for examination of innate response against many types of ..
- A Drosophila Model for Genetic Studies of MetabolismCarl S Thummel; Fiscal Year: 2010..The goal of our research is to use the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, as a simple model system to define the central regulatory pathways that control metabolism and ..
- EFFECTS OF AGING ON GERMLINE AND SOMATIC STEM CELLS IN DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTERMATTHEW WALLENFANG; Fiscal Year: 2007..The research proposed examines the effect of aging on stem cells in the Drosophila testis, which presents 3 major advantages for this type of study...
- GENE EXPRESSION DURING DROSOPHILA MYOGENESISAllen Shearn; Fiscal Year: 1999We propose to continue systematic molecular genetic investigation of Drosophila muscle development and pathology, the broader goal being enhanced understanding of myopathies afflicting humans and domestic animals...
- MECHANISMS OF DNA CROSSLINK REPAIR IN HIGHER EUKARYOTESKENNETH BURTIS; Fiscal Year: 1999..clone the Fanconi anemia A (FA-A) gene of man through an analysis of the functionally homologous mus3O8 gene of Drosophila. This hematological disorder is a candidate for human gene therapy...
- Genetic and Biochemical Analyses of Germline Development in DrosophilaAlexey Arkov; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Genetic and Biochemical Analyses of Germline Development in Drosophila During development germline is originated from the embryonic germ cells...
- A Drosophila Model for Williams Syndrome Cognitive ProcessingRalph J Greenspan; Fiscal Year: 2010..This proposal outlines a plan to develop a behavioral/genetic model in Drosophila melanogaster to study the distinctive cognitive phenotype affecting visuospatial processing found in humans with ..
- HCO3-transporters in Drosophila and MosquitoesMICHAEL ROMERO; Fiscal Year: 2003..Recently we have cloned a Na+-driven anion exchangers (NDAE1) from Drosophila and immunolocalized NDAE1 to epithelia (gut, Malpighian tubules and salivary glands) as well as the central and ..
- CELLULAR COMMUNICATION IN MORPHOGENESISMark Krasnow; Fiscal Year: 2003This is a proposal to identify and characterize response pathways in Drosophila cells that are triggered by lack of oxygen (hypoxia). During the previous funding period, Dr...