culex

Summary

Summary: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) commonly found in tropical regions. Species of this genus are vectors for St. Louis encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, ST. LOUIS) as well as many other diseases of man and domestic and wild animals.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Sequencing of Culex quinquefasciatus establishes a platform for mosquito comparative genomics
    Peter Arensburger
    Center for Disease Vector Research, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Science 330:86-8. 2010
  2. pmc Experimental infection of North American birds with the New York 1999 strain of West Nile virus
    Nicholas Komar
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:311-22. 2003
  3. pmc Past, present, and future of Japanese encephalitis
    Tobias E Erlanger
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1-7. 2009
  4. pmc VectorBase: a data resource for invertebrate vector genomics
    Daniel Lawson
    European Bioinformatics Institute EMBL EBI, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire CB10 1SD, UK
    Nucleic Acids Res 37:D583-7. 2009
  5. pmc The native Wolbachia endosymbionts of Drosophila melanogaster and Culex quinquefasciatus increase host resistance to West Nile virus infection
    Robert L Glaser
    Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11977. 2010
  6. ncbi The unique mutation in ace-1 giving high insecticide resistance is easily detectable in mosquito vectors
    M Weill
    Institut des Sciences de l Evolution UMR 5554, Laboratoire Genetique et Environnement, Universite Montpellier II, Montpellier, France
    Insect Mol Biol 13:1-7. 2004
  7. pmc "Bird biting" mosquitoes and human disease: a review of the role of Culex pipiens complex mosquitoes in epidemiology
    Ary Farajollahi
    Rutgers University, Center for Vector Biology, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
    Infect Genet Evol 11:1577-85. 2011
  8. pmc Genome evolution of Wolbachia strain wPip from the Culex pipiens group
    Lisa Klasson
    Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research and Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 25:1877-87. 2008
  9. pmc Transmission dynamics of an insect-specific flavivirus in a naturally infected Culex pipiens laboratory colony and effects of co-infection on vector competence for West Nile virus
    Bethany G Bolling
    Arthropod Borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
    Virology 427:90-7. 2012
  10. ncbi A newly emergent genotype of West Nile virus is transmitted earlier and more efficiently by Culex mosquitoes
    Robin M Moudy
    Arbovirus Laboratories, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, 5668 State Farm Road, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:365-70. 2007

Detail Information

Publications348 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Sequencing of Culex quinquefasciatus establishes a platform for mosquito comparative genomics
    Peter Arensburger
    Center for Disease Vector Research, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Science 330:86-8. 2010
    b>Culex quinquefasciatus (the southern house mosquito) is an important mosquito vector of viruses such as West Nile virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus, as well as of nematodes that cause lymphatic filariasis. C...
  2. pmc Experimental infection of North American birds with the New York 1999 strain of West Nile virus
    Nicholas Komar
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:311-22. 2003
    ..Persistent WNV infections were found in tissues of 16 surviving birds. Our observations shed light on transmission ecology of WNV and will benefit surveillance and control programs...
  3. pmc Past, present, and future of Japanese encephalitis
    Tobias E Erlanger
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:1-7. 2009
    ..On a global scale, however, the incidence of JE may decline as a result of large-scale vaccination programs implemented in China and India...
  4. pmc VectorBase: a data resource for invertebrate vector genomics
    Daniel Lawson
    European Bioinformatics Institute EMBL EBI, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire CB10 1SD, UK
    Nucleic Acids Res 37:D583-7. 2009
    ..Currently, VectorBase contains genome information for three mosquito species: Aedes aegypti, Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus, a body louse Pediculus humanus and a tick species Ixodes scapularis...
  5. pmc The native Wolbachia endosymbionts of Drosophila melanogaster and Culex quinquefasciatus increase host resistance to West Nile virus infection
    Robert L Glaser
    Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11977. 2010
    ..Wolbachia infection has not yet been demonstrated to increase viral resistance in a native Wolbachia-mosquito host system...
  6. ncbi The unique mutation in ace-1 giving high insecticide resistance is easily detectable in mosquito vectors
    M Weill
    Institut des Sciences de l Evolution UMR 5554, Laboratoire Genetique et Environnement, Universite Montpellier II, Montpellier, France
    Insect Mol Biol 13:1-7. 2004
    ..A single mutation (G119S of the ace-1 gene) explains this high resistance in Culex pipiens and in Anopheles gambiae...
  7. pmc "Bird biting" mosquitoes and human disease: a review of the role of Culex pipiens complex mosquitoes in epidemiology
    Ary Farajollahi
    Rutgers University, Center for Vector Biology, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
    Infect Genet Evol 11:1577-85. 2011
    ..One group of vectors, the mosquitoes in the Culex pipiens complex, play key roles in the transmission of a range of pathogens including several viruses such as West ..
  8. pmc Genome evolution of Wolbachia strain wPip from the Culex pipiens group
    Lisa Klasson
    Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research and Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 25:1877-87. 2008
    ..Wolbachia pipientis strain wPip induces cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI), patterns of crossing sterility, in the Culex pipiens group of mosquitoes. The complete sequence is presented of the 1...
  9. pmc Transmission dynamics of an insect-specific flavivirus in a naturally infected Culex pipiens laboratory colony and effects of co-infection on vector competence for West Nile virus
    Bethany G Bolling
    Arthropod Borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
    Virology 427:90-7. 2012
    We established a laboratory colony of Culex pipiens mosquitoes from eggs collected in Colorado and discovered that mosquitoes in the colony are naturally infected with Culex flavivirus (CxFV), an insect-specific flavivirus...
  10. ncbi A newly emergent genotype of West Nile virus is transmitted earlier and more efficiently by Culex mosquitoes
    Robin M Moudy
    Arbovirus Laboratories, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, 5668 State Farm Road, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:365-70. 2007
    ..in vitro between the genotypes in either replication or fitness, there were significant differences in vivo in Culex mosquitoes...
  11. ncbi Host selection by Culex pipiens mosquitoes and West Nile virus amplification
    Gabriel L Hamer
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48910, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:268-78. 2009
    ..key super spreader bird species that function both as primary blood hosts of the vector mosquitoes (in particular Culex pipiens) and as reservoir-competent virus hosts...
  12. ncbi Genetic and phenotypic variation of West Nile virus in New York, 2000-2003
    Gregory D Ebel
    Arbovirus Laboratories, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, 5668 State Farm Road, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:493-500. 2004
    ..This genotype seems to possess an advantage over previously recognized WNV strains in mosquito transmission phenotype...
  13. pmc Genome analysis of cytochrome P450s and their expression profiles in insecticide resistant mosquitoes, Culex quinquefasciatus
    Ting Yang
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e29418. 2011
    Here we report a study of the 204 P450 genes in the whole genome sequence of larvae and adult Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes...
  14. pmc Effects of co-habitation between Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Culex quinquefasciatus aquatic stages on life history traits
    Eliningaya J Kweka
    Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, PO Box 1578, Kisumu 40100, Kenya
    Parasit Vectors 5:33. 2012
    ..gambiae s.s. and Cx. quinquefasciatus on different life history traits of both species under different densities and constant food supply in the habitats of the same size under semi-natural conditions...
  15. pmc Temperature, viral genetics, and the transmission of West Nile virus by Culex pipiens mosquitoes
    A Marm Kilpatrick
    Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS Pathog 4:e1000092. 2008
    ..and was more efficient than the introduced genotype, NY99, at infecting, disseminating, and being transmitted by Culex mosquitoes...
  16. pmc Identification of microRNAs expressed in two mosquito vectors, Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus
    Rebecca L Skalsky
    Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology and Center for Virology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    BMC Genomics 11:119. 2010
    ..West Nile virus (WNV) and dengue virus, members of the Flaviviridae family, are primarily transmitted by Aedes and Culex mosquitoes. Using high-throughput deep sequencing, we examined the miRNA repertoire in Ae. albopictus cells and Cx...
  17. ncbi Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae): a bridge vector of West Nile virus to humans
    Gabriel L Hamer
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Med Entomol 45:125-8. 2008
    Host-feeding patterns of Culex pipiens L. collected in southwest suburban Chicago in 2005 were studied using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing techniques. Culex spp. mosquitoes, most identified to Cx...
  18. ncbi An experimental hut evaluation of PermaNet(®) 3.0, a deltamethrin-piperonyl butoxide combination net, against pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes in southern Benin
    Raphael N'Guessan
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E7HT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:758-65. 2010
    ..Anopheles gambiae and Culex quinquefasciatus from this area are highly resistant to pyrethroids through kdr and cytochrome P450 mechanisms...
  19. ncbi Effects of temperature on the transmission of west nile virus by Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae)
    William K Reisen
    Center for Vectorborne Diseases, Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Med Entomol 43:309-17. 2006
    b>Culex tarsalis Coquillett females were infected with the NY99 strain of West Nile virus (family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus, WNV) and then incubated under constant temperatures of 10-30 degrees C...
  20. pmc Reexamination of Culex pipiens hybridization zone in the Eastern United States by ribosomal DNA-based single nucleotide polymorphism markers
    Shaoming Huang
    Center for Vector Biology and Zoonotic Diseases, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:434-41. 2011
    Mosquitoes in the Culex pipiens complex are important vectors of several disease-causing pathogens, including West Nile virus. In North America, the complex consists of Cx. pipiens pipiens form pipiens, Cx...
  21. pmc High prevalence and lineage diversity of avian malaria in wild populations of great tits (Parus major) and mosquitoes (Culex pipiens)
    Olivier Glaizot
    Museum of Zoology, Lausanne, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 7:e34964. 2012
    ..Plasmodium spp. were detected in Culex pipiens only, with an overall 6.6% prevalence...
  22. pmc Horizontal and vertical transmission of West Nile virus genotype NY99 by Culex salinarius and genotypes NY99 and WN02 by Culex tarsalis
    John F Anderson
    Department of Entomology and Center for Vector Biology and Zoonotic Diseases, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:134-9. 2012
    b>Culex tarsalis is a superior horizontal and vertical vector of West Nile virus (WNV) compared with Culex salinarius...
  23. pmc Vector competence of selected North American Culex and Coquillettidia mosquitoes for West Nile virus
    M R Sardelis
    Division of Tropical Public Health, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:1018-22. 2001
    ..Therefore, we evaluated the WNV vector potential of several North American mosquito species. Culex restuans and Cx...
  24. pmc Reduced efficacy of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying for malaria control in pyrethroid resistance area, Benin
    Vincent Corbel
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Cotonou, Benin, West Africa
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:199-206. 2007
    ..Pyrethroid resistance in An. gambiae appears to threaten the future of ITN and IRS in Benin...
  25. ncbi Characterization of olfactory genes in the antennae of the Southern house mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus
    Julien Pelletier
    Honorary Maeda Duffey Laboratory, Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    J Insect Physiol 57:915-29. 2011
    ..proteins (CSPs) and sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs) families from the Southern house mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, a vector of pathogens implicated in multiple human diseases...
  26. pmc Insecticide resistance in Culex quinquefasciatus from Zanzibar: implications for vector control programmes
    Christopher M Jones
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
    Parasit Vectors 5:78. 2012
    ..of lymphatic filariasis (LF) caused by the filarial parasite Wuchereria bancrofti, and transmitted by the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus Say...
  27. pmc ITN mixtures of chlorfenapyr (Pyrrole) and alphacypermethrin (Pyrethroid) for control of pyrethroid resistant Anopheles arabiensis and Culex quinquefasciatus
    Richard M Oxborough
    Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine LSHTM, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 8:e55781. 2013
    ..The same treatments were evaluated in tunnel tests against insectary-reared pyrethroid susceptible and resistant Culex quinquefasciatus. Performance was measured in terms of insecticide-induced mortality, and blood-feeding inhibition...
  28. pmc Comparative genomics of odorant binding proteins in Anopheles gambiae, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus
    Malini Manoharan
    Universite de la Reunion, DSIMB, INSERM UMR S 665, La Reunion, France
    Genome Biol Evol 5:163-80. 2013
    ..genomics study of OBPs in the three disease-transmitting mosquito species Anopheles gambiae, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus starting with the identification of 110 new OBPs in these three genomes...
  29. pmc Spatial variation in host feeding patterns of Culex tarsalis and the Culex pipiens complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in California
    T C Thiemann
    Center for Vectorborne Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Med Entomol 49:903-16. 2012
    ..Because different avian hosts have varying competence for WNV, determining the blood-feeding patterns of Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) vectors is a key component in understanding the maintenance and amplification of the virus as ..
  30. pmc Putative new lineage of west nile virus, Spain
    Ana Vazquez
    Centro Nacional de Microbiologia Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Spain
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:549-52. 2010
    ..WNV genomic RNA was detected in 1 pool from unfed female Culex pipiens mosquitoes...
  31. pmc West Nile virus risk assessment and the bridge vector paradigm
    A Marm Kilpatrick
    Consortium for Conservation Medicine, Wildlife Trust, 61 Rte 9W, Palisades, NY 10964, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:425-9. 2005
    ..This analysis suggests that 2 species (Culex pipiens L. and Cx...
  32. pmc Evaluation of PermaNet 3.0 a deltamethrin-PBO combination net against Anopheles gambiae and pyrethroid resistant Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes: an experimental hut trial in Tanzania
    Patrick Tungu
    Amani Medical Research Centre, National Institute for Medical Research, Muheza, Tanzania
    Malar J 9:21. 2010
    ..PBO is an inhibitor of mixed function oxidases implicated in pyrethroid resistance...
  33. ncbi Emerging vectors in the Culex pipiens complex
    Dina M Fonseca
    Genetics Program, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, 3001 Connecticut Avenue N W, Washington, DC 20008 0551, USA
    Science 303:1535-8. 2004
    In the Old World, some mosquitoes in the Culex pipiens complex are excellent enzootic vectors of West Nile virus, circulating the virus among birds, whereas others bite mainly humans and other mammals...
  34. ncbi Seasonal blood-feeding behavior of Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Weld County, Colorado, 2007
    Rebekah Kent
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Arbovirus Diseases Branch, 3150 Rampart Rd, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
    J Med Entomol 46:380-90. 2009
    Studies on Culex tarsalis Coquillett in Colorado have shown marked seasonal variation in the proportion of blood meals from birds and mammals...
  35. ncbi Ecology and geographical expansion of Japanese encephalitis virus
    Andrew F van den Hurk
    Virology, Queensland Health Forensic and Scientific Services, Archerfield, Queensland 4108, Australia
    Annu Rev Entomol 54:17-35. 2009
    ..The virus is maintained in a zoonotic cycle between ardeid wading birds and/or pigs and Culex mosquitoes. The primary mosquito vector of JEV is Culex tritaeniorhynchus, although species such as Cx...
  36. pmc Pathogenomics of Culex quinquefasciatus and meta-analysis of infection responses to diverse pathogens
    Lyric C Bartholomay
    Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Science 330:88-90. 2010
    The mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus poses a substantial threat to human and veterinary health as a primary vector of West Nile virus (WNV), the filarial worm Wuchereria bancrofti, and an avian malaria parasite...
  37. pmc Weather and land cover influences on mosquito populations in Sioux Falls, South Dakota
    Ting Wu Chuang
    Geographic Information Science Center of Excellence, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
    J Med Entomol 48:669-79. 2011
    This study compared the spatial and temporal patterns of Culex tarsalis Coquillett and Aedes vexans Meigen populations and examined their relationships with land cover types and climatic variability in Sioux Falls, SD...
  38. pmc Introduction of Culex toxicity into Bacillus thuringiensis Cry4Ba by protein engineering
    Mohd Amir F Abdullah
    The Protein Research Group, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:5343-53. 2003
    Bacillus thuringiensis mosquitocidal toxin Cry4Ba has no significant natural activity against Culex quinquefasciatus or Culex pipiens (50% lethal concentrations [LC(50)], >80,000 and >20,000 ng/ml, respectively)...
  39. ncbi West Nile virus: epidemiology and ecology in North America
    Nicholas Komar
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Fort Collins, Colorado 80522, USA
    Adv Virus Res 61:185-234. 2003
  40. ncbi Avian host and mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) vector competence determine the efficiency of West Nile and St. Louis encephalitis virus transmission
    W K Reisen
    Center for Vectorborne Diseases, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Med Entomol 42:367-75. 2005
    ..to elicit an elevated viremia response in California passerine birds was critical for the effective infection of Culex mosquitoes...
  41. pmc Secreted Vago restricts West Nile virus infection in Culex mosquito cells by activating the Jak-STAT pathway
    Prasad N Paradkar
    CSIRO Animal, Food and Health Sciences, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, VIC 3220 Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:18915-20. 2012
    ..Here we show that the Culex orthologue of Vago (CxVago) is up-regulated in response to WNV infection in a Dicer-2-dependent manner...
  42. ncbi Isolation of a new strain of the flavivirus cell fusing agent virus in a natural mosquito population from Puerto Rico
    Shelley Cook
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    J Gen Virol 87:735-48. 2006
    ..The viral strain was present in a range of mosquito species, including Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus and Culex sp...
  43. ncbi Evidence for p-glycoprotein modification of insecticide toxicity in mosquitoes of the Culex pipiens complex
    D S Buss
    Division of Zoology, School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, The University of Reading, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 16:218-22. 2002
    ..inhibitor, verapamil (calcium channel blocker), on insecticide toxicity to fourth-instar mosquito larvae of the Culex pipiens L. complex (Diptera: Culicidae)...
  44. pmc Weather variability affects abundance of larval Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) in storm water catch basins in suburban Chicago
    Allison M Gardner
    Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 2001 South Lincoln Avenue, Urbana IL 61802, USA
    J Med Entomol 49:270-6. 2012
    b>Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) and Culex restuans Theobald are the primary enzootic and bridge vectors of West Nile virus in the eastern United States north of 36 degrees latitude...
  45. pmc New vectors of Rift Valley fever in West Africa
    D Fontenille
    Laboratoire de Zoologie Medicale, Institut Pasteur, Dakar, Senegal
    Emerg Infect Dis 4:289-93. 1998
    ..Although enzootic vectors have now been identified in West Africa, the factors causing outbreaks remain unclear...
  46. pmc West Nile virus and the climate
    P R Epstein
    Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 78:367-71. 2001
    ..The extreme weather conditions accompanying long-term climate change may also be contributing to the spread of West Nile virus in the United States and Europe...
  47. ncbi Insecticide resistance genes induce a mating competition cost in Culex pipiens mosquitoes
    Claire Berticat
    Laboratoire Genetique et Environnement, Institut des Sciences de l Evolution UMR CNRS 5554, Université de Montpellier II C C 065, F 34095 Montpellier, France
    Genet Res 79:41-7. 2002
    Resistance to organophosphorus insecticides (OP) in Culex pipiens mosquitoes represents a convenient model for investigating the fitness cost of resistance genes and its origin, since both the environmental changes in nature and the ..
  48. ncbi Studies on cultured and uncultured microbiota of wild culex quinquefasciatus mosquito midgut based on 16s ribosomal RNA gene analysis
    Vyankatesh J Pidiyar
    Molecular Biology Unit, National Centre for Cell Science, University of Pune, Pune, India
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 70:597-603. 2004
    ..for the generation of transgenic mosquitoes refractory to transmission of diseases, the microbiota of wild Culex quinquefasciatus mosquito midgut was studied using a conventional culture technique and analysis of a 16S ..
  49. ncbi Epidemiology of West Nile infection in Volgograd, Russia, in relation to climate change and mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) bionomics
    Alexander E Platonov
    Central Institute of Epidemiology, Novogireevskaya str, 3A, Moscow, 111123, Russia
    Parasitol Res 103:S45-53. 2008
    ..Mar.) and a hot "summer" (June-Sep.). There are up to 15 potential WNF vectors in Volgograd, but only Culex pipiens and Culex modestus are abundant in late summer, both in urban and rural settings...
  50. pmc Genome analysis and expression patterns of odorant-binding proteins from the Southern House mosquito Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus
    Julien Pelletier
    Honorary Maeda Duffey Laboratory, Department of Entomology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e6237. 2009
    ..approaches to identify and characterize members of the "classic" OBP family in the Southern House mosquito Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus ( = Cx. quinquefasciatus), a vector of pathogens causing several human diseases...
  51. pmc Fine-scale variation in vector host use and force of infection drive localized patterns of West Nile virus transmission
    Gabriel L Hamer
    Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e23767. 2011
    ..In suburban Chicago, Illinois, USA, we estimated community force of infection for West Nile virus using data on Culex pipiens mosquito host selection and WNV vertebrate reservoir competence for each host species in multiple ..
  52. pmc Evidence of simultaneous circulation of West Nile and Usutu viruses in mosquitoes sampled in Emilia-Romagna region (Italy) in 2009
    Mattia Calzolari
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell Emilia Romagna B Ubertini IZSLER, Brescia, Italy
    PLoS ONE 5:e14324. 2010
    ..An extensive entomological survey was performed in 2009 to establish the presence and distribution of mosquito arboviruses in this region, with particular reference to flaviviruses...
  53. pmc Rift Valley fever virus epidemic in Kenya, 2006/2007: the entomologic investigations
    Rosemary Sang
    Arbovirology Hemorrhagic Fevers Laboratory, Centre for Virus Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:28-37. 2010
    ..including Aedes mcintoshi/circumluteolus (26 pools), Aedes ochraceus (23 pools), Mansonia uniformis (15 pools); Culex poicilipes, Culex bitaeniorhynchus (3 pools each); Anopheles squamosus, Mansonia africana (2 pools each); Culex ..
  54. ncbi Isolation of West Nile virus from mosquitoes, crows, and a Cooper's hawk in Connecticut
    J F Anderson
    Department of Entomology, Department of Soil and Water, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, Post Office Box 1106, New Haven, CT 06504, USA
    Science 286:2331-3. 1999
    ..a mosquito-transmitted virus native to Africa, Asia, and Europe, was isolated from two species of mosquitoes, Culex pipiens and Aedes vexans, and from brain tissues of 28 American crows, Corvus brachyrhynchos, and one Cooper's ..
  55. ncbi Rapid amplification of West Nile virus: the role of hatch-year birds
    Gabriel L Hamer
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 8:57-67. 2008
    ..we detected WNV in 227 of 1195 mosquito pools (19%) in 2005 and 205 of 1685 (12%) in 2006; nearly all were Culex pipiens...
  56. ncbi West Nile virus transmission and ecology in birds
    R G McLean
    United States Geologic Survey, National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 951:54-7. 2001
    ..Inoculated crows were viremic before death, and high titers of virus were isolated from a variety of tissues. The significance of the experimental direct transmission among captive crows is unknown...
  57. pmc Spatial and temporal variation in vector competence of Culex pipiens and Cx. restuans mosquitoes for West Nile virus
    A Marm Kilpatrick
    University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:607-13. 2010
    ..We examined vector competence of Culex pipiens Linnaeus and Cx...
  58. pmc Host feeding patterns of Culex mosquitoes and West Nile virus transmission, northeastern United States
    Goudarz Molaei
    The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut 06504, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:468-74. 2006
    To evaluate the role of Culex mosquitoes as enzootic and epidemic vectors for WNV, we identified the source of vertebrate blood by polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing portions of the cytochrome b gene of mitochondrial ..
  59. pmc Population genetic data suggest a role for mosquito-mediated dispersal of West Nile virus across the western United States
    Meera Venkatesan
    The W Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Mol Ecol 19:1573-84. 2010
    ..The mosquito vector largely responsible for WNV amplification and transmission of WNV in the western USA is Culex tarsalis. Here we present population genetic data that suggest a potential role for C...
  60. ncbi Members of the Culex pipiens complex as vectors of viruses
    Michael J Turell
    Department of Vector Assessment, Virology Division, USAMRIID, 1425 Porter Street, Fort Detrick, Maryland 21702 5011, USA
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 28:123-6. 2012
    Members of the Culex pipiens complex have been implicated as vectors of a number of arboviruses including St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile, Sindbis, and Rift Valley fever viruses...
  61. ncbi Rapid assays for identification of members of the Culex (Culex) pipiens complex, their hybrids, and other sibling species (Diptera: culicidae)
    Julie L Smith
    Genetics Program, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 70:339-45. 2004
    Mosquitoes in the Culex (Culex) pipiens complex of species, known as vectors of periodic filariasis and deadly encephalitides, have recently emerged as important vectors of West Nile virus in the United States...
  62. ncbi Importance of vertical and horizontal transmission of West Nile virus by Culex pipiens in the Northeastern United States
    John F Anderson
    Department of Entomology, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Infect Dis 194:1577-9. 2006
    ..We report that WNV was vertically transmitted to 2 F(1) female Culex pipiens from a naturally infected female collected in Stratford, Connecticut...
  63. pmc Partial genetic characterization of West Nile virus strains, New York State, 2000
    G D Ebel
    Arbovirus Laboratories, New York State Department of Health, 5668 State Farm Road, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:650-3. 2001
    ..The genetic distances were 0.003 or less. WN virus strains circulating in 2000 were homogeneous with respect to one another and to a strain isolated in 1999...
  64. ncbi Culex pipiens: species versus species complex taxonomic history and perspective
    Ralph E Harbach
    Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, U K
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 28:10-23. 2012
    The taxonomic history of Culex pipiens (1758-present) is reviewed. The central question is whether Cx. pipiens is a single polytypic species or a complex of sibling species? The taxon traditionally known as the Cx...
  65. pmc Correlation between carboxylesterase alleles and insecticide resistance in Culex pipiens complex from China
    Yangyang Liu
    Plant Protection College, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai an, Shandong, 271018 China
    Parasit Vectors 4:236. 2011
    ..b>Culex pipiens complex has evolved to be resistant to all types of chemical insecticides, especially organophosphates, ..
  66. pmc Transmission of West Nile virus by Culex quinquefasciatus say infected with Culex Flavivirus Izabal
    Rebekah J Kent
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, Arbovirus Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4:e671. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to determine whether or not prior infection with Culex flavivirus (CxFV) Izabal altered the vector competence of Cx...
  67. ncbi Aspects of bioecology of two Rift Valley Fever Virus vectors in Senegal (West Africa): Aedes vexans and Culex poicilipes (Diptera: Culicidae)
    B A Yamar
    Laboratoire d entomologie médicale, Institut Pasteur de Dakar, BP 220, Dakar, Senegal
    J Med Entomol 42:739-50. 2005
    ..age structure of two Rift Valley Fever Virus (Phlebovirus: Bunyaviridae) (RVFV) vectors, Aedes vexans Meigen and Culex poicilipes Theobald, were investigated in northern Senegal...
  68. pmc Insect-specific flaviviruses from Culex mosquitoes in Colorado, with evidence of vertical transmission
    Bethany G Bolling
    Arthropod Borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:169-77. 2011
    ..were collected in Colorado during 2006 and 2007 to examine spatial and seasonal patterns of risk for exposure to Culex vectors and West Nile virus. We used universal flavivirus primers to test pools of Culex mosquitoes for viral RNA...
  69. pmc The costs of infection and resistance as determinants of West Nile virus susceptibility in Culex mosquitoes
    Alexander T Ciota
    Wadsworth Center, New York State Dept, of Health, Slingerlands, USA
    BMC Ecol 11:23. 2011
    ..are species-specific, we performed fitness studies with and without WNV exposure using a highly susceptible Culex pipiens mosquito colony...
  70. ncbi Overexpression of cytochrome P450 genes in pyrethroid-resistant Culex quinquefasciatus
    Osamu Komagata
    Department of Medical Entomology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 40:146-52. 2010
    JPal-per strain of Culex quinquefasciatus exhibits extremely high resistance against pyrethroids in larvae, though the resistance is greatly lower in adults...
  71. ncbi Experimental hut comparisons of nets treated with carbamate or pyrethroid insecticides, washed or unwashed, against pyrethroid-resistant mosquitoes
    A N Asidi
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 18:134-40. 2004
    ..vector Anopheles gambiae Giles carries the kdr gene (conferring pyrethroid resistance) at high frequency and Culex quinquefasciatus Say is also pyrethroid resistant...
  72. pmc Forty years of erratic insecticide resistance evolution in the mosquito Culex pipiens
    Pierrick Labbé
    Equipe Génétique de l Adaptation, Institut des Sciences de l Evolution, CNRS Universite Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France
    PLoS Genet 3:e205. 2007
    ..In this paper, we show how ace-1, a gene involved in resistance to organophosphorous insecticide in the mosquito Culex pipiens, has evolved during 40 years of an insecticide control program...
  73. pmc The West Nile virus mutant spectrum is host-dependant and a determinant of mortality in mice
    Greta V S Jerzak
    The Arbovirus Laboratories, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, 5668 State Farm Rd, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA
    Virology 360:469-76. 2007
    ..on intrahost WNV population dynamics, the mutant spectra that arose as a result of 20 serial in vivo passages in Culex pipiens and young chickens were examined. Genetically homogeneous WNV was serially passaged 20 times in each host...
  74. pmc West Nile virus genetic diversity is maintained during transmission by Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus mosquitoes
    Doug E Brackney
    Department of Pathology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e24466. 2011
    ..of West Nile virus (WNV; Flaviviridae, Flavivirus) populations during infection of the vector mosquito, Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus to determine whether WNV populations undergo bottlenecks during transmission by this host...
  75. ncbi Differential expression of genes in pyrethroid resistant and susceptible mosquitoes, Culex quinquefasciatus (S.)
    Nannan Liu
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn AL 36849, USA
    Gene 394:61-8. 2007
    ..In the current study, we compared the gene expression profiles of resistant and susceptible Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes, using a combination of subtractive PCR hybridization and cDNA microarray technique...
  76. pmc Development of environmental tools for anopheline larval control
    Susan S Imbahale
    Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, PO Box 8031, 6700 EH Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Parasit Vectors 4:130. 2011
    ..Trials consisted of environmental manipulation using locally available plants, the introduction of predatory fish and/or the use of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) in various combinations...
  77. pmc Characterization of mosquito-adapted West Nile virus
    Alexander T Ciota
    The Arbovirus Laboratories, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, 5668 State Farm Road, Slingerlands, NY 12159, USA
    J Gen Virol 89:1633-42. 2008
    ..of adaptation in vivo, this study measured phenotypic and genotypic changes in WNV resulting from passage in Culex pipiens mosquitoes. An increase in replicative ability of WNV in C...
  78. pmc Gene structure and expression of nanos (nos) and oskar (osk) orthologues of the vector mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus
    J Juhn
    Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Insect Mol Biol 17:545-52. 2008
    ..The nos and osk genes of the cosmopolitan vector mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, encode proteins with domains common to orthologues found in other mosquitoes...
  79. ncbi Wolbachia variability and host effects on crossing type in Culex mosquitoes
    Steven P Sinkins
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Peter Medawar Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3SY, UK
    Nature 436:257-60. 2005
    ..In the Culex pipiens mosquito group (including the filariasis vector C...
  80. ncbi Influence of the distribution of host species on adult abundance of Japanese encephalitis vectors Culex vishnui subgroup and Culex gelidus in a rice-cultivating village in northern Vietnam
    Maiko Hasegawa
    Department of Vector Ecology and Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan Entomology Laboratory, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 78:159-68. 2008
    ..Indoor and outdoor collections were conducted from 50 compounds. We collected three JE vector species--Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex vishnui that comprised the Culex vishnui group, and Culex gelidus...
  81. ncbi Isolation and characterization of a new mosquito flavivirus, Quang Binh virus, from Vietnam
    Mary B Crabtree
    Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, 3150 Rampart Road, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
    Arch Virol 154:857-60. 2009
    ..The virus was isolated from Culex tritaeniorhyncus mosquitoes collected in Vietnam in 2002 and was found to be genetically different from mosquito ..
  82. ncbi Evaluation of four sampling techniques for surveillance of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and other mosquitoes in African rice agroecosystems
    Ephantus J Muturi
    Medical Entomology Laboratory, Centre for Ecological Entomology, Illinois Natural History Survey, 1816 Sooth Oak St, Champaign, IL 61820
    J Med Entomol 44:503-8. 2007
    ..light traps against nonbaited CDC light traps and gravid traps against oviposition traps in outdoor collection of Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) and other mosquitoes...
  83. ncbi Extrinsic incubation periods for horizontal and vertical transmission of West Nile virus by Culex pipiens pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae)
    John F Anderson
    Department of Entomology, The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, CT 06405, USA
    J Med Entomol 45:445-51. 2008
    b>Culex pipiens pipiens L...
  84. pmc Isolation of a novel species of flavivirus and a new strain of Culex flavivirus (Flaviviridae) from a natural mosquito population in Uganda
    Shelley Cook
    Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
    J Gen Virol 90:2669-78. 2009
    ..A third tentative member of the 'insect-only' group, Culex flavivirus (CxFV), was first isolated in 2007 from Japan and further strains have subsequently been reported from ..
  85. ncbi The status of Rift Valley fever in animals in Saudi Arabia: a mini review
    Adel I Al-Afaleq
    Deanship of Graduate Studies, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 11:1513-20. 2011
    ..Vector studies in Saudi Arabia established Aedes vexans arabiensis and Culex (culex) triteniorynchus as the biological vectors of RVF virus in the region...
  86. ncbi Effect of sublethal dose of diflubenzuron and azadirachtin on various life table attributes of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae)
    D S Suman
    Defence Research and Development Establishment, Gwalior, M P, India
    J Med Entomol 47:996-1002. 2010
    ..0079 mg/liter) insect growth regulators was provided to late third- early fourth instars of Culex quinquefasciatus till emergence of adults to find out the effects on various biological and life table attributes ..
  87. pmc Effects of latitude and longitude on the population structure of Culex pipiens s.l., vectors of West Nile virus in North America
    Frances Edillo
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:842-8. 2009
    ..and latitudinal selection that might result in sensitivities to critical day-lengths that trigger diapause between Culex pipiens populations distributed along North-South and East-West axes in eastern North America...
  88. ncbi Vertical transmission of West Nile Virus by three California Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) species
    Laura B Goddard
    Department of Entomology, Davis Arbovirus Research Unit, University of California, Davis, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Med Entomol 40:743-6. 2003
    Three California Culex species previously identified as efficient laboratory vectors of West Nile (WN) virus were tested for their capability to vertically transmit WN virus. Wild-caught Culex pipiens pipiens L...
  89. pmc Sodium channel genes and their differential genotypes at the L-to-F kdr locus in the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus
    Qiang Xu
    Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 407:645-9. 2011
    ..Here, multiple copies of the sodium channel gene were identified in the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus by Southern blot analysis and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis...
  90. ncbi Energetic cost of insecticide resistance in Culex pipiens mosquitoes
    A Rivero
    Génétique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, CNRS, UMR 2724, Centre de Recherche IRD, 911 Avenue Agropolis, 34394 Montpellier, France
    J Med Entomol 48:694-700. 2011
    ..by quantifying the energetic resources (lipids, glycogen, and glucose) of larvae and adult females of the mosquito Culex pipiens L...
  91. ncbi Multiple duplications of the rare ace-1 mutation F290V in Culex pipiens natural populations
    Haoues Alout
    Team Genomic of Adaptation, CNRS UMR 5554, Institut des Sciences de l Evolution, C C 065, Universite Montpellier 2, Place E Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier, France
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 39:884-91. 2009
    ..1 (AChE1), G119S and F290V, are responsible for resistance to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides in Culex pipiens mosquitoes. These mutations generate very different levels of insensitivity to insecticide inhibitors...
  92. ncbi Aedes vexans and Culex pipiens as the potential vectors of Dirofilaria immitis in Central Turkey
    A Yildirim
    Erciyes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Parasitology Department, Kayseri 38090, Turkey
    Vet Parasitol 178:143-7. 2011
    ..41 and 0.12, respectively. Although D. immitis DNA's were found in both pools from Ae. vexans and Cx. pipiens, the calculated MIRs provide evidence that Ae. vexans could be the main potential vector of D. immitis in Kayseri...
  93. ncbi Evaluation of indigenous plant extracts against larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae)
    A Abdul Rahuman
    Unit of Bioactive Natural Products, P G and Research Department of Zoology, C Abdul Hakeem College, Melvisharam, 632 509, Tamil Nadu, India
    Parasitol Res 104:637-43. 2009
    ..extracts from commonly used medicinal herbs as an environmentally safe measure to control the filarial vector, Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae). The early fourth-instar larvae of C...
  94. ncbi Control of Culex quinquefasciatus in a storm drain system in Florida using attractive toxic sugar baits
    G C Müller
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Institute for Medical Research Israel Canada, Kuvin Centre for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
    Med Vet Entomol 24:346-51. 2010
    ..A total of 220 pupae of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) were released in each control and toxin-treated drain, and the numbers of ..
  95. pmc Spatio-temporal patterns of distribution of West Nile virus vectors in eastern Piedmont Region, Italy
    Donal Bisanzio
    Department of Animal Production, Epidemiology and Ecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Torino, Italy
    Parasit Vectors 4:230. 2011
    ..to a longitudinal dataset on the abundance of the three putative WNV vectors [Ochlerotatus caspius (Pallas 1771), Culex pipiens (Linnaeus 1758) and Culex modestus (Ficalbi 1890)] in eastern Piedmont, we quantified their abundance and ..
  96. pmc Genotype v Japanese encephalitis virus is emerging
    Ming Hua Li
    State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1231. 2011
    ..Here, the XZ0934 strain of JEV was isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus, collected in China...
  97. ncbi The effects of climatic factors on the distribution and abundance of Japanese encephalitis vectors in Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, India
    U Suryanarayana Murty
    Biology Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology CSIR, Hyderabad, India
    J Vector Borne Dis 47:26-32. 2010
    ....
  98. ncbi Modeling the distribution of Culex tritaeniorhynchus to predict Japanese encephalitis distribution in the Republic of Korea
    Penny Masuoka
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Geospat Health 5:45-57. 2010
    Over 35,000 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) are reported worldwide each year. Culex tritaeniorhynchus is the primary vector of the JE virus, while wading birds are natural reservoirs and swine amplifying hosts...
  99. pmc Short report: comparison of oral infectious dose of West Nile virus isolates representing three distinct genotypes in Culex quinquefasciatus
    Dana L Vanlandingham
    Department of Pathology and Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555 0609, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:951-4. 2008
    ..We determined the relative susceptibility of Culex quinquefasciatus to infection with isolates from the Eastern U.S...
  100. pmc Changing patterns of West Nile virus transmission: altered vector competence and host susceptibility
    Aaron C Brault
    Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Vet Res 40:43. 2009
    West Nile virus (WNV) is a flavivirus (Flaviviridae) transmitted between Culex spp. mosquitoes and avian hosts. The virus has dramatically expanded its geographic range in the past ten years...
  101. pmc An insight into the sialotranscriptome of the West Nile mosquito vector, Culex tarsalis
    Eric Calvo
    Section of Vector Biology, Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    BMC Genomics 11:51. 2010
    ..Mosquito saliva also potentiates the transmission of vector borne pathogens, including arboviruses. Culex tarsalis is a bird feeding mosquito vector of West Nile Virus closely related to C...

Research Grants65

  1. Genetic Analysis of Mosquito Metamorphosis
    James T Nishiura; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These include the sequencing of the Anopheles gambiae[19], Aedes aegypti [20] and Culex pipiens genomes[21], developing techniques to produce stable transgenic mosquitoes [22-32], the use of RNAi ..
  2. In vivo phenotypic effects of naturally occuring sequence variations in WNV
    Robin M Moudy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This is important to examine because we previously found that WN02 viruses are transmitted by Culex mosquitoes two to four days earlier and cause significantly higher viremia titers and mortality in house sparrows ..
  3. Disruption of Host-Seeking Behavior in Aedes and Culex Mosquitoes using Odorants
    Anandasankar Ray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Aedes aegypti mosquitoes transmit Dengue and Yellow Fever virus, and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes transmit the West Nile virus and filarial parasite Wuchereria bancrofti to hundreds of millions ..
  4. Systematic analysis of cell death regulation in mosquitoes
    Lei Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..of these pro-apoptotic genes in mediating vector-pathogen interaction, we identified the mx ortholog in Culex and found that it is induced by CuniNPV (a mosquito baculovirus) infection to Cx.quinauifasciatus (section 4...
  5. Manipulation of stem cell activity and cell death by intracellular bacteria
    Horacio M Frydman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Determine the effects of different Wolbachia strains in germline programmed cell death in D. melanogaster, Culex pipiens and Aedes aegypti. 2...
  6. New Alphavirus Expression Systems in Mosquitoes
    Kenneth E Olson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and other bioinformatics are available for three major vector species (Anopheles gambiae, Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens)...
  7. Characterization of the sodium channel mutations involved in insecticide resistan
    Nannan Liu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..resistance in the mosquito? Preliminary research has isolated cDNAs of the full-length sodium channels from Culex quinquefasciatus S- Lab and the HAmCqG0, HAmCqG8, MoAmCqG0, and MoAmCqG8 mosquitoes, and 25 mutations (7 ..
  8. Intracellular transfer of cholesterol in mosquitoes
    Que Lan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..SCPIs are effective larvicides in Aedes aegypti, Anopheles gambiae and Culex pipiens, indicating that a sterol carrier protein-2 has functional similarity in different mosquito species...
  9. Diapause in Culex Mosquitoes
    David W Severson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Mosquitoes in the Culex pipiens complex are primary vectors for the lymphatic filarioid nematode parasite, Wuchereria bancrofti and ..
  10. Environmental filters and medically important container mosquitoes
    Donald A Yee; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..triseriatus, and Culex quinquefasciatus, acting as vectors of important human diseases...
  11. Insecticide Resistance in Culex pipiens pallens Mosquitoes
    Changliang Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mosquitoes Culex pipiens is a major vector species for Japanese encephalitis and filariasis in China, and it is an important vector of West Nile Virus in the USA...
  12. Quasispecies dynamics in arbovirus persistence emergence and fitness
    GREGORY DAVID EBEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Field-collected and colonized Culex (main) and Aedes (secondary) mosquitoes will be assessed...
  13. Biological vector control reducing arboviruses, including Dengue and Chikungunya
    JAMES WILLIAM MAINS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A regulatory pathway is defined. Moreover, the approach will be broadly applicable to additional mosquito vector species (e.g., Ae. aegypti, Culex pipiens, etc.) and appropriate for areas outside the USA.
  14. Characterizing the role of the 22 up-regulated genes in mosquito resistance
    Nannan Liu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of which confers resistance? The Liu laboratory has recently identified 22 novel genes that are over-expressed in Culex HAmCq mosquitoes...
  15. Persistence of West Nile virus in California
    William K Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..2) Delineate the timing of Culex spp...
  16. Molecular Improvement of Bacterial Mosquito Larvicides
    Brian A Federici; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Combined, these studies will strengthen the basis for using larvicides as component of integrated vector management programs for controlling species belonging to the most important vector genera, namely, Anopheles, Aedes, and Culex.
  17. Molecular regulation of diapause in Culex pipiens
    David L Denlinger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the molecular mechanisms that regulate this developmental arrest in adults of the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens, the vector of West Nile virus, with the longterm goal of disrupting this vulnerable phase of the life ..
  18. STRENGTHENING INFECTIOUS-DISEASE RESEARCH CAPACITY FOR PUBLIC-HEALTH ACTION IN
    Celia Cordon-Rosales; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..2. Confirmation of Culex species as important vectors of WNV and other arboviruses such as VEEV and Group C Bunya viruses. 3...
  19. Olfactory protein-based screening of oviposition attractants for Culex mosquitoes
    Walter S Leal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Females of the Southern House mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, rely on environmental cues, also known as oviposition attractants (OAs), to locate suitable sites for laying eggs...
  20. Ochlerotatus japonicus: Ecology of an Invasive Mosquito
    RICHARD FALCO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..a wide variety of breeding sites that encompass urban, suburban, and rural habitats, including those inhabited by Culex pipiens, the primary local vector of WNV (urban sites), and Oc...
  21. Chromosome-based genome assembly for Culex quinquefasciatus
    Maria Sharakhova; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..genome-based strategies for vector control, the genomes of the three major mosquito genera-Anopheles, Aedes, and Culex-were sequenced over the last decade. The genome assembly of Cx...
  22. Multispecies competition, indirect effects, and invasion in mosquito communities
    STEVEN JULIANO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Container-dwelling mosquitoes are medically important, with Aedes albopictus, Ochlerotatus triseriatus, Culex pipiens/quinquefasciatus, among others, acting as vectors of human diseases...
  23. Passerine filariasis and West Nile virus transmission
    JEFFERSON ARCHER VAUGHAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is that the microfilarial infections in songbirds may enhance WNV transmission by the enzootic mosquito vector, Culex pipiens...
  24. Mosquitocidal Avtive Clostridium Toxins
    Sarjeet Gill; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Similarly, this bacterium together with B. sphaericus has been used successfully against both Aedes and Culex in many developed and developing countries, thereby attenuating diseases, such as dengue and West Nile...
  25. A Viral Vector for Gene Expression in Insects
    Ranjit Dasgupta; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the initial period of support we have extended the host range of FHV to four mosquito genera (Aedes, Anopheles, Culex and Armigeres), a species of tsetse (Glossina morsitans) and a reduviid (Rhodnius prolixus)...
  26. Mechanisms of Enhanced Arbovirus Infection by Mosquito Saliva
    Kristen A Bernard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our model for these studies will be West Nile virus (WNV), one of its enzootic vectors, Culex tarsalis, and mice as the vertebrate host...
  27. Functional Domains of Bacillus thuringiensis Endotoxins
    DONALD DEAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of several mosquitocidal proteins against key pestiferous mosquito species, Anopheles gambiae, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefaciatus. The main mosquitocidal toxins of interest are the toxins of B. thuringiensis var...
  28. Catalytic definition of insecticide-metabolizing P450s
    MARY SCHULER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..that vector malarial parasites (estimated to kill as many as 3 million people per year) and the Aedes and Culex mosquitoes that vector yellow fever and West Nile disease...
  29. Control of Urban and Peri-urban Culex Mosquitoes
    Gregory Lanzaro; Fiscal Year: 2007
    Mosquitoes in the genus Culex are major vectors of human diseases throughout the world. In the U.S. Culex mosquitoes have been identified as the principal vectors of West Nile Virus (WNV)...
  30. Emergence and adaption of West Nile virus in New York
    Laura Kramer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..2. Vector Studies will analyze spatially and temporally, disparate populations of Culex pipiens for vector competence, genetic markers, and effects on viral genetic diversity and fitness. 3...
  31. Technology for automated real-time counting and identification of adult mosquitoe
    PHILIPP KIRSCH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..baited traps, with or without light) or adult oviposition behaviour (Culex gravid traps, Aedes ovitraps)...
  32. ECOLOGY AND CONTROL OF ARBOVIRUSES
    James Hardy; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..and the central valley of California by studies on the effect of temperature on selected biological traits of Culex tarsalis and its vector competence for western equine encephalomyelitis (WEE) and St...
  33. Mosquito Immunity to Alphaviruses
    Brian Foy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..3) Characterize the mechanisms that Culex tritaeniorhynchus mosquitoes use to clear Sindbis virus-infected midgut cells. [unreadable] [unreadable]
  34. INVASION BIOLOGY OF AEDES ALBOPICTUS
    LEON LOUNIBOS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..albopictus, including Culex pipiens Complex mosquitoes in WNV areas and Ae. aegypti in Florida...
  35. Insecticide resistance in Africa Malaria mosquitoes
    Maureen Coetzee; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..series of novel reporters of enzyme-mediate resistance that have successfully been used in examining resistance in Culex mosquitoes...
  36. LARVAL MOSQUITO FEEDING AND MICROBIAL INTERACTIONS
    Edward Walker; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..the same larval habitat and resources (Ochlerotatus triseriatus, Ochlerotatus japonicus, Aedes albopictus, and t Culex pipiens, all vectors of human pathogens) will be compared to assess growth rates under conditions of intense intra-..
  37. Glutathione-s-transferase mediated pyrethroid resistance in Culex pipiens s.l.
    Anthony Cornel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Pyrethroids are the major insecticides used to control populations of Culex pipiens s.l. mosquitoes in the USA and Africa...
  38. TOGAVIRUS--VECTOR INTERACTIONS
    Thomas Scott; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..medically important alphavirus, Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus, in its enzootic mosquito vector, Culex taeniopus...
  39. Polytene chromosomes of Culex pipiens mosquito complex
    Anthony Cornel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    DESCRIPTION (provided by the applicant): Members of the Culex pipiens mosquito complex have a worldwide distribution and in various regions are vectors of St...
  40. MECHANISMS OF ARBOVIRUS ADAPTATION TO MOSQUITO VECTORS
    Scott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Generate chimeric VEE viruses by inserting genome portions of a variety IE isolate, which readily infects Culex (Melanoconion) taeniopus, into an existing infectious cDNA clone derived from a variety IAB strain that ..
  41. Biological Targets from Oxetane Templates
    Amy Howell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, laureatin, a compound that has shown promising activity against Culex pipiens pallens mosquito larvae, will be synthesized from a 1,5-dioxaspiro[3...
  42. Movement-Responsive Cage for Simultaneous Pharmacology Studies in MiniPigs
    Douglas Mann; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..which has been widely adopted in pharmaceutical research in an automated blood sampling and dosing machine ("Culex")...
  43. Molecular Systematics of Culex (Melanoconian) spp.vecto*
    Scott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Many important zoonotic arboviruses utilize mosquito vectors in the Culex (Melanoconion) subgenus, and one particular group (the Spissipes Section, 23 species) includes most of these vectors in the neotropics...
  44. Biology-Pathology of Arbovirus Persistence in a Mosquito Host
    Doria Bowers; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..persistence variants of SIN following chronic infection in female mosquitoes and IV: Comparison between Aedine and Culex responses to SIN...
  45. Latitude and the Duration of Neartic WNV Outbreaks
    Dyann Wirth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Toward this end, we shall determine whether the duration of the breeding season of Culex p...
  46. MODELING ST LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS TRANSMISSION
    CYNTHIA LORD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The proposed research will use mathematical models to integrate available information on the SLE virus-Culex nigripalpus cycle in Florida and examine the factors influencing transmission and epidemics...
  47. Regulation of Energy Metabolism in Insects
    Roger L Miesfeld; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..fuel accretion during larval development, as well as, applying these methods to other mosquitoes, such as Culex pipens...
  48. DISEASE DYNAMICS FOLLOWING MULTIPLE VECTOR INTRODUCTIONS
    ROBERT FLEISCHER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..of vectors and parasites in an introduced system of avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum), introduced vectors (Culex quinquefasciatus) and introduced and native bird hosts in Hawaii...
  49. DEFENSIN GENE REGULATION AND MOSQUITO VECTOR COMPETENCE
    Bruce Christensen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..peptides in Aedes and Anopheles mosquitoes to begin the isolation and characterization of immune peptides in Culex and to determine if immune activation limits the development of Wucheria bancrofti in this natural vector; and, (4)..
  50. Recombinant Subunit Vaccine/Prevention of West Nile Vir*
    Beth Ann Coller; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is an arthropod-borne virus, being transmitted by the Culex mosquito. Since 1999, the virus has rapidly spread throughout the continental U.S...
  51. Highly Improved Bacterial Larvicides for Vector Control
    Brian Federici; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..sphaericus in Culex populations in Brazil, China, and India...
  52. Development of a Subunit Vaccine for West Nile
    Michael Lieberman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The virus infects birds, the natural reservoir of the virus, and is transmitted to humans by the bite of the Culex mosquito...
  53. ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDS
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
  54. HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSION
    William Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Experiments compare the responses of different avian host species and the primary vector mosquito, Culex tarsalis, to infection with the Alphavirus western equine encephalomyelitis virus (WEE) and the Flavivirus St...
  55. FUNGAL AGENTS FOR INTEGRATED MOSQUITO CONTROL
    RICHARD AXTELL; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..the efficacy and persistence of the fungal mycelia encapsulated in protective media such as alginate, and 2) develop a preliminary simulation model of the epizootiology of the fungus in Culex mosquito-breeding permanent-water pools.
  56. Molecular regulation of diapause in Culex pipiens
    David Denlinger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    This proposal focuses on the molecular basis for diapause (dormancy) in the northern house mosquito, Culex pipiens...
  57. Vector Survillance with Phytochemicals
    WOODBRIDGE FOSTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The targets are Aedes vexans, considered the most important biting pest in the Midwest and elsewhere, and Culex pipiens, the presumptive primary vector of West Nile virus in the northeastern quadrant of the U.S...
  58. ECOLOGY AND GENETICS OF VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS
    Scott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This information will be invaluable in targeting prevention and control resources, especially for obtaining maximum benefit in developing countries with limited resources. ..
  59. Modeling and empirical studies of arboviruses in Florida
    CYNTHIA LORD; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In Florida, Culex nigripalpus and Cx. quinquefasciatus are considered the most important vectors of WN and SLE viruses...
  60. MARINER TRANSPOSONS OF MAMMALS
    Hugh Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..It will also reveal how occasionally particular copies of transposons can become integral parts of their host genetic complements. ..
  61. Genotypic and Phenotypic Analysis of West Nile virus, Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
    Bradley Blitvich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information will help determine why there has not been an epidemic of WNV in the YP, and will identify risk factors associated with WNV disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Gustatory and olfactory receptors of Anopheles gambiae
    Hugh Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This work will also contribute to our overall understanding of the molecular basis of chemoreception in insects and other animals. [unreadable] [unreadable]..