reptiles

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The proliferative ventricular zone in adult vertebrates: a comparative study using reptiles, birds, and mammals
    Jose Manuel Garcia-Verdugo
    Departamento de Biologia Celular, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
    Brain Res Bull 57:765-75. 2002
  2. ncbi Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate
    J F Gillooly
    Department of Biology, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Science 293:2248-51. 2001
  3. pmc Phylogenomics of nonavian reptiles and the structure of the ancestral amniote genome
    Andrew M Shedlock
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:2767-72. 2007
  4. ncbi Transitions between sex-determining systems in reptiles and amphibians
    Stephen D Sarre
    Wildlife Genetics Laboratory, Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 12:391-406. 2011
  5. ncbi Neuroanatomy of flying reptiles and implications for flight, posture and behaviour
    Lawrence M Witmer
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA
    Nature 425:950-3. 2003
  6. ncbi Conservation of chromosomes syntenic with avian autosomes in squamate reptiles revealed by comparative chromosome painting
    Martina Pokorná
    Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague 2, Czech Republic
    Chromosoma 121:409-18. 2012
  7. pmc Rampant horizontal transfer of SPIN transposons in squamate reptiles
    Clément Gilbert
    Department of Biology, University of Texas, TX, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 29:503-15. 2012
  8. ncbi Molecular phylogenetics of squamata: the position of snakes, amphisbaenians, and dibamids, and the root of the squamate tree
    Ted Townsend
    Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Syst Biol 53:735-57. 2004
  9. ncbi Adaptation to the land: The skin of reptiles in comparison to that of amphibians and endotherm amniotes
    Lorenzo Alibardi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Sperimentale, University of Bologna, 40126, Bologna, Italy
    J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 298:12-41. 2003
  10. ncbi Reptiles as potential vectors and hosts of the amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Panama
    Vanessa L Kilburn
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Docteur Penfield Ave, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Dis Aquat Organ 97:127-34. 2011

Detail Information

Publications341 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The proliferative ventricular zone in adult vertebrates: a comparative study using reptiles, birds, and mammals
    Jose Manuel Garcia-Verdugo
    Departamento de Biologia Celular, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
    Brain Res Bull 57:765-75. 2002
    ..Here we review the organization and cellular composition of the ventricular wall of reptiles, birds, and mammals in an effort to identify differences and commonalities among these vertebrate classes...
  2. ncbi Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate
    J F Gillooly
    Department of Biology, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Science 293:2248-51. 2001
    ..Temperature and body size are primary determinants of biological time and ecological roles...
  3. pmc Phylogenomics of nonavian reptiles and the structure of the ancestral amniote genome
    Andrew M Shedlock
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:2767-72. 2007
    ..65,000 8-mer oligonucleotides suggest that rates of DNA-word frequency change are an order of magnitude slower in reptiles than in mammals...
  4. ncbi Transitions between sex-determining systems in reptiles and amphibians
    Stephen D Sarre
    Wildlife Genetics Laboratory, Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 12:391-406. 2011
    ..In particular, comparative chromosome mapping in reptiles has shown an intriguing distribution of homology in sex chromosomes across reptile groups...
  5. ncbi Neuroanatomy of flying reptiles and implications for flight, posture and behaviour
    Lawrence M Witmer
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA
    Nature 425:950-3. 2003
    ..Their enormous cerebellar floccular lobes may suggest neural integration of extensive sensory information from the wing, further enhancing eye- and neck-based reflex mechanisms for stabilizing gaze...
  6. ncbi Conservation of chromosomes syntenic with avian autosomes in squamate reptiles revealed by comparative chromosome painting
    Martina Pokorná
    Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague 2, Czech Republic
    Chromosoma 121:409-18. 2012
    ....
  7. pmc Rampant horizontal transfer of SPIN transposons in squamate reptiles
    Clément Gilbert
    Department of Biology, University of Texas, TX, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 29:503-15. 2012
    ..Here, we provide evidence that a DNA transposon called SPIN has colonized the genome of 17 species of reptiles representing nearly every major lineage of squamates, including 14 families of lizards, snakes, and ..
  8. ncbi Molecular phylogenetics of squamata: the position of snakes, amphisbaenians, and dibamids, and the root of the squamate tree
    Ted Townsend
    Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Syst Biol 53:735-57. 2004
    Squamate reptiles (snakes, lizards, and amphisbaenians) serve as model systems for evolutionary studies of a variety of morphological and behavioral traits, and phylogeny is crucial to many generalizations derived from such studies...
  9. ncbi Adaptation to the land: The skin of reptiles in comparison to that of amphibians and endotherm amniotes
    Lorenzo Alibardi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Sperimentale, University of Bologna, 40126, Bologna, Italy
    J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 298:12-41. 2003
    ..As the first amniotes were reptiles, the present review focuses on past and recent information on the evolution of reptilian epidermis and the ..
  10. ncbi Reptiles as potential vectors and hosts of the amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Panama
    Vanessa L Kilburn
    Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Docteur Penfield Ave, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
    Dis Aquat Organ 97:127-34. 2011
    ..b>Reptiles living in close proximity to amphibians and sharing similar ecological traits could serve as vectors or reservoir ..
  11. ncbi Introducing reptiles into a captive collection: the role of the veterinarian
    Frank Pasmans
    Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Ghent University, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vet J 175:53-68. 2008
    The successful introduction of reptiles into a captive collection depends on providing optimal husbandry and veterinary attention...
  12. ncbi A review on human attitudes towards reptiles in Brazil
    Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraiba, Av das Baraúnas, 351 Campus Universitário Bodocongó, 58109 753 Campina Grande, PB, Brazil
    Environ Monit Assess 184:6877-901. 2012
    For many millennia humans and reptiles have interacted, but the attitude of humans towards these animals has depended on culture, environment, and personal experience...
  13. ncbi Calibration choice, rate smoothing, and the pattern of tetrapod diversification according to the long nuclear gene RAG-1
    Andrew F Hugall
    School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Syst Biol 56:543-63. 2007
    ..Similarly, saturation of mitochondrial DNA sequences, and the resultant greater compression of basal branches means that using only external deep calibrations will also lead to inflated age estimates within the focal ingroup...
  14. pmc Viruses infecting reptiles
    Rachel E Marschang
    Institut für Umwelt und Tierhygiene, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstr 30, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
    Viruses 3:2087-126. 2011
    A large number of viruses have been described in many different reptiles. These viruses include arboviruses that primarily infect mammals or birds as well as viruses that are specific for reptiles...
  15. ncbi Dynamic evolution of venom proteins in squamate reptiles
    Nicholas R Casewell
    Alistair Reid Venom Research Unit, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
    Nat Commun 3:1066. 2012
    ..the origin and evolution of reptile venoms, leading to the current hypothesis that venom evolved once in squamate reptiles. However, because of a lack of homologous squamate non-toxin sequences, these conclusions rely on the implicit ..
  16. ncbi The phylogeny of squamate reptiles (lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians) inferred from nine nuclear protein-coding genes
    Nicolas Vidal
    Department of Biology, Astrobiology Research Center, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 5301, USA
    C R Biol 328:1000-8. 2005
    Squamate reptiles number approximately 8000 living species and are a major component of the world's terrestrial vertebrate diversity...
  17. ncbi Environmental sex determination mechanisms in reptiles
    H Merchant-Larios
    Departamento de Biologia Celular y Fisiologia, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
    Sex Dev 7:95-103. 2013
    Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) was first discovered in reptiles. Since then, a great diversity of sex-determining responses to temperature has been reported...
  18. ncbi Genome evolution in Reptilia, the sister group of mammals
    DANIEL E JANES
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 11:239-64. 2010
    The genomes of birds and nonavian reptiles (Reptilia) are critical for understanding genome evolution in mammals and amniotes generally...
  19. ncbi Why does a trait evolve multiple times within a clade? Repeated evolution of snakelike body form in squamate reptiles
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
    Evolution 60:123-41. 2006
    ..Instead, other factors may also be important, such as biogeography and competitive interactions. In squamate reptiles (lizards and snakes) a dramatic transition in body form has occurred repeatedly, from a fully limbed, lizardlike ..
  20. pmc First large-scale DNA barcoding assessment of reptiles in the biodiversity hotspot of Madagascar, based on newly designed COI primers
    Zoltán T Nagy
    Joint Experimental Molecular Unit, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 7:e34506. 2012
    DNA barcoding of non-avian reptiles based on the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene is still in a very early stage, mainly due to technical problems...
  21. ncbi Dinosaurian growth patterns and rapid avian growth rates
    G M Erickson
    Department of Biological Science and College of Medicine, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 1100, USA
    Nature 412:429-33. 2001
    Did dinosaurs grow in a manner similar to extant reptiles, mammals or birds, or were they unique? Are rapid avian growth rates an innovation unique to birds, or were they inherited from dinosaurian precursors? We quantified growth rates ..
  22. pmc New ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaurs from the European Lower Cretaceous demonstrate extensive ichthyosaur survival across the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary
    Valentin Fischer
    Geology Department, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 7:e29234. 2012
    ..However, the record of ichthyosaurs from the Berriasian-Barremian interval is extremely limited, and the effects of the end-Jurassic extinction event on ichthyosaurs remains poorly understood...
  23. ncbi Ecologically distinct dinosaurian sister group shows early diversification of Ornithodira
    Sterling J Nesbitt
    Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York 10964, USA
    Nature 464:95-8. 2010
    ..The unparalleled taxonomic diversity of the Manda archosaur assemblage indicates that archosaur diversification was well underway by the Middle Triassic or earlier...
  24. pmc Reptiles and mammals have differentially retained long conserved noncoding sequences from the amniote ancestor
    D E Janes
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Genome Biol Evol 3:102-13. 2011
    ..large numbers of noncoding sequences has been reported repeatedly among mammals but not thus far among birds and reptiles. By searching genomes of chicken (Gallus gallus), zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata), and green anole (Anolis ..
  25. ncbi Reptilian tooth development
    Joy M Richman
    Department of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Genesis 49:247-60. 2011
    ..The role of the successional lamina during tooth replacement in squamate reptiles is reviewed and we speculate on the possible formation of a vestigial, post-permanent dentition in mammals...
  26. pmc Viruses in reptiles
    Ellen Ariel
    Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4810, Australia
    Vet Res 42:100. 2011
    ..Thirty to forty years ago, studies of viruses in reptiles focused mainly on the zoonotic potential of arboviruses in reptiles and much effort went into surveys and ..
  27. pmc Sox2 marks epithelial competence to generate teeth in mammals and reptiles
    Emma Juuri
    Institute of Biotechnology, Developmental Biology Program, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Development 140:1424-32. 2013
    ..dental lamina that gives rise to successional teeth in mammals with one round of tooth replacement as well as in reptiles with continuous tooth replacement...
  28. ncbi European origin of placodont marine reptiles and the evolution of crushing dentition in Placodontia
    James M Neenan
    Palaeontological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich CH 8006, Switzerland
    Nat Commun 4:1621. 2013
    ..The new taxon provides insight into the evolution of placodont dentition, representing a transitional morphology between the plesiomorphic diapsid condition of palatal denticles and the specialized crushing teeth of placodonts...
  29. ncbi Large Cretaceous sphenodontian from Patagonia provides insight into lepidosaur evolution in Gondwana
    Sebastian Apesteguia
    Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia, Av Angel Gallardo 470, Buenos Aires 1405, Argentina
    Nature 425:609-12. 2003
    Sphenodontian reptiles successfully radiated during Triassic and Jurassic times, but were driven almost to extinction during the Cretaceous period...
  30. pmc Palaeogenomics of pterosaurs and the evolution of small genome size in flying vertebrates
    Chris L Organ
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Biol Lett 5:47-50. 2009
    ..We predict that, similar to the pattern seen in theropod dinosaurs, genome-size contraction preceded flight in pterosaurs and bats...
  31. pmc Origin of tropical American burrowing reptiles by transatlantic rafting
    Nicolas Vidal
    Departement Systematique et Evolution, UMR 7138, Systématique, Evolution, Adaptation, Case Postale 26, Museum national d histoire naturelle, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Biol Lett 4:115-8. 2008
    ..Amphisbaenians, the worm lizards (approx. 165 species), are small squamate reptiles that are uniquely adapted to a burrowing lifestyle and inhabit Africa, South America, Caribbean Islands, North ..
  32. pmc Sexual maturity in growing dinosaurs does not fit reptilian growth models
    Andrew H Lee
    Department of Integrative Biology and Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3140, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:582-7. 2008
    ..It also far precedes predictions based on the growth rates of living reptiles scaled to similar size...
  33. ncbi Effects of atrazine on fish, amphibians, and aquatic reptiles: a critical review
    Keith R Solomon
    Department of Environmental Biology and Centre for Toxicology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Crit Rev Toxicol 38:721-72. 2008
    ..relevant concentrations of atrazine affect reproduction and/or reproductive development in fish, amphibians, and reptiles is not supported by the vast majority of observations...
  34. pmc Poxviruses as possible vectors for horizontal transfer of retroposons from reptiles to mammals
    Oliver Piskurek
    Faculty of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 B21 Nagatsuta cho, Midori ku, Yokohama 226 8501, Japan
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:12046-51. 2007
    ..host for TATV, suggesting that VARV-related epidemiologically relevant viruses may have derived from our cold-blooded ancestors and that poxviruses are possible vectors for horizontal transfer of retroposons from reptiles to mammals.
  35. ncbi Energetics of free-ranging mammals, reptiles, and birds
    K A Nagy
    Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology, and Evolution, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1606, USA
    Annu Rev Nutr 19:247-77. 1999
    ..Allometric (scaling) relationships are calculated for mammals (79 species), reptiles (55 species), and birds (95 species) and for various taxonomic, dietary, and habitat groups within these ..
  36. ncbi Evolutionary diversification of clades of squamate reptiles
    R E Ricklefs
    Department of Biology, University of Missouri St Louis, St Louis, MO 63121 4499, USA
    J Evol Biol 20:1751-62. 2007
    We analysed the diversification of squamate reptiles (7488 species) based on a new molecular phylogeny, and compared the results to similar estimates for passerine birds (5712 species)...
  37. ncbi Rapid development of multiple nuclear loci for phylogenetic analysis using genomic resources: an example from squamate reptiles
    Ted M Townsend
    Department of Biology, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4164, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 47:129-42. 2008
    ..Although targeted for higher-level phylogenetics of squamate reptiles, many of these loci appear to be useful across and within other vertebrate clades (e.g...
  38. pmc Serosurveillance of eastern equine encephalitis virus in amphibians and reptiles from Alabama, USA
    Sean P Graham
    Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, Alabama, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:540-4. 2012
    ..is among the most medically important arboviruses in North America, and studies suggest a role for amphibians and reptiles in its transmission cycle...
  39. ncbi The ends of a continuum: genetic and temperature-dependent sex determination in reptiles
    Stephen D Sarre
    Applied Ecology Research Group, University of Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Bioessays 26:639-45. 2004
    Two prevailing paradigms explain the diversity of sex-determining modes in reptiles. Many researchers, particularly those who study reptiles, consider genetic and environmental sex-determining mechanisms to be fundamentally different, and ..
  40. ncbi How do geological sampling biases affect studies of morphological evolution in deep time? A case study of pterosaur (Reptilia: Archosauria) disparity
    Richard J Butler
    Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Richard Wagner Straße 10, 80333 Munich, Germany
    Evolution 66:147-62. 2012
    ..Here, we use pterosaurs (Mesozoic flying reptiles) as an exemplar group to address this problem...
  41. ncbi Shape of articular surface of crocodilian (Archosauria) elbow joints and its relevance to sauropsids
    Shin ichi Fujiwara
    The University Museum, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, Japan
    J Morphol 271:883-96. 2010
    ..This, in turn, helps to determine the maximum angle of extension of the elbow joint in archosaurs...
  42. ncbi Tooth and cranial disparity in the fossil relatives of Sphenodon (Rhynchocephalia) dispute the persistent 'living fossil' label
    Carlo Meloro
    Hull York Medical School, The University of Hull, Hull, UK
    J Evol Biol 25:2194-209. 2012
    ..These results show that the tuatara is not the product of evolutionary stasis but that it represents the only survivor of a diverse Mesozoic radiation whose subsequent decline remains to be explained...
  43. ncbi The phylogenetic definition of reptilia
    Sean P Modesto
    Department of Biology, University College of Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia B1P 6LS, Canada
    Syst Biol 53:815-21. 2004
  44. pmc Molecular mechanisms of sex determination in reptiles
    T Rhen
    Department of Biology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA turk rhen und nodak edu
    Sex Dev 4:16-28. 2010
    ..we review the molecular, cellular, morphological, and physiological changes associated with sex determination in reptiles. Most research on the molecular biology of sex determination in reptiles describes expression patterns for ..
  45. pmc A zoological catalogue of hunted reptiles in the semiarid region of Brazil
    Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
    Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraiba, Av, das Baraúnas, 351 Campus Universitário, Bodocongó 58109 753, Campina Grande Pb, Brazil
    J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 8:27. 2012
    ..In the semi-arid region of Brazil, many reptiles interact with human communities because of their utility or because of the risks they represent...
  46. ncbi Hard (Beta-)keratins in the epidermis of reptiles: composition, sequence, and molecular organization
    Mattia Toni
    Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Sperimentale, University of Bologna, Italy, and Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Padova, Italy
    J Proteome Res 6:3377-92. 2007
    ..In the present review, the distribution and molecular characteristics of beta-keratins in reptiles are presented...
  47. ncbi Pentastomiasis and other parasitic zoonoses from reptiles and amphibians
    Nikola Pantchev
    Vet Med Labor, IDEXX Laboratories, Ludwigsburg, Germany
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 124:528-35. 2011
    b>Reptiles are growing in popularity as pets.The colonization of reptiles and amphibians by parasites and the resulting disease conditions are the most common problems seen in captive animals...
  48. ncbi Ecosystem remodelling among vertebrates at the Permian-Triassic boundary in Russia
    M J Benton
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK
    Nature 432:97-100. 2004
    ..Here we document the nature of the event in Russia in a comprehensive survey of 675 specimens of amphibians and reptiles from 289 localities spanning 13 successive geological time zones in the South Urals basin...
  49. ncbi Rates and patterns in the evolution of snake-like body form in squamate reptiles: evidence for repeated re-evolution of lost digits and long-term persistence of intermediate body forms
    Matthew C Brandley
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94270, USA
    Evolution 62:2042-64. 2008
    ..The dramatic transition from a lizard-like to snake-like body form in squamate reptiles offers an exciting system for such research because this change is replicated dozens of times...
  50. pmc Effect of regulation and education on reptile-associated salmonellosis
    Birgitta de Jong
    Department of Epidemiology, Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, SE 171 82 Solna, Stockholm, Sweden 171 82
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:398-403. 2005
    b>Reptiles have become increasingly common as domestic pets, and with them reptile-associated Salmonella infections in humans. From 1990 to 2000, a total of 339 reptile-associated Salmonella cases were reported in Sweden...
  51. ncbi Proceedings of the SMBE Tri-National Young Investigators' Workshop 2005. MHC Class I genes in the Tuatara (Sphenodon spp.): evolution of the MHC in an ancient reptilian order
    Hilary C Miller
    Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
    Mol Biol Evol 23:949-56. 2006
    ..As nonavian reptiles are ancestral to both mammals and birds, they occupy an important phylogenetic position for understanding these ..
  52. ncbi Diversity of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pulsotypes, serovars, and antibiotic resistance among Salmonella isolates from wild amphibians and reptiles in the California Central Coast
    Lisa Gorski
    Produce Safety and Microbiology Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Albany, California 94710, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 10:540-8. 2013
    ..Samples from 460 amphibians and reptiles and 119 water samples were collected and cultured for Salmonella...
  53. ncbi Tooth histology in the cretaceous ichthyosaur Platypterygius australis, and its significance for the conservation and divergence of mineralized tooth tissues in amniotes
    Erin E Maxwell
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E9, Canada
    J Morphol 272:129-35. 2011
    Ichthyosaurs are an extinct group of secondarily aquatic reptiles that show ligamentous tooth attachment to the jaw in some derived forms...
  54. ncbi Origin and evolution of avian microchromosomes
    D W Burt
    Department of Genomics and Bioinformatics, Roslin Institute, Roslin, Midlothian, United Kingdom
    Cytogenet Genome Res 96:97-112. 2002
    ..A "Fission-Fusion Model" of microchromosome evolution based on chromosome rearrangement and minimization of repeat content is discussed...
  55. ncbi Evolutionary insights into the regulation of courtship behavior in male amphibians and reptiles
    Sarah C Woolley
    Section for Integrative Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, Patterson Laboratories, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    Physiol Behav 83:347-60. 2004
    ..species differences and similarities in the control of courtship and copulatory behaviors in male amphibians and reptiles, focusing on the role of sex steroid hormones, the neurohormone arginine vasotocin (AVT), and catecholamines...
  56. ncbi Prevalence of Salmonella in Australian reptiles
    T Franciscus Scheelings
    Department of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, 30 36 Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
    J Wildl Dis 47:1-11. 2011
    From January 2007 until June 2008, 504 reptiles of four families and 57 species were examined for Salmonella by using cloacal or intestinal swabs. Salmonella was identified in 139 (28%) of the 504 animals tested...
  57. ncbi Salmonella diversity associated with wild reptiles and amphibians in Spain
    Victor Briones
    Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Environ Microbiol 6:868-71. 2004
    During the spring and summer of 2001, faeces from 166 wild reptiles (94 individuals) and amphibians (72 individuals) from 21 different species found in central Spain were examined for the presence of Salmonella. Thirty-nine reptiles (41...
  58. ncbi Stable isotopes may provide evidence for starvation in reptiles
    Marshall D McCue
    Department of Biological Sciences, 601 Science Engineering, 1 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 22:2307-14. 2008
    ..very little is known about the relationship between food limitation and the isotopic composition of reptiles. We examined the effects that starvation has on delta13C and delta15N signatures in the tissues (excreta, carcass,..
  59. pmc Telomere biology in Metazoa
    Nuno M V Gomes
    Department of Cell Biology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390 9039, USA
    FEBS Lett 584:3741-51. 2010
    ..In invertebrates, fish, amphibian, and reptiles persistent telomerase activity in somatic tissues might allow the maintenance of the extensive regenerative ..
  60. ncbi Coprological survey in pet reptiles in Italy
    R Papini
    Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Profilassi e Igiene degli Alimenti, Universita di Pisa, Viale delle Piagge 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy
    Vet Rec 169:207. 2011
    Faecal samples were collected from 324 pet reptiles showing no clinical signs, including 28 saurian species (n=192), three ophidian species (n=74) and three chelonian species (n=58)...
  61. ncbi New toothed flying reptile from Asia: close similarities between early Cretaceous pterosaur faunas from China and Brazil
    Xiaolin Wang
    Key Laboratory of Evolutionary Systematics of Vertebrates, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    Naturwissenschaften 99:249-57. 2012
    ..The association of the new specimen with coprolites and the cranial morphology suggest that G. venator preyed on fish...
  62. ncbi The skull of the giant predatory pliosaur Rhomaleosaurus cramptoni: implications for plesiosaur phylogenetics
    Adam S Smith
    School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Republic of Ireland
    Naturwissenschaften 95:975-80. 2008
    ..a number of well-supported lineages that correlate with marine biogeography and the palaeoecology of these reptiles. Rhomaleosaurids comprised a short-lived and early diverging lineage within pliosaurs, whose open-water top-..
  63. ncbi Viviparity and K-selected life history in a Mesozoic marine plesiosaur (Reptilia, Sauropterygia)
    F R O'Keefe
    Department of Biological Sciences, Marshall University, Huntington, WV 25755, USA
    Science 333:870-3. 2011
    Viviparity is known in several clades of Mesozoic aquatic reptiles, but evidence for it is lacking in the Plesiosauria. Here, we report a Late Cretaceous plesiosaur fossil consisting of a fetus preserved within an adult of the same taxon...
  64. ncbi Pheromone communication in amphibians and reptiles
    Lynne D Houck
    Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    Annu Rev Physiol 71:161-76. 2009
    ..These and related studies show that natural pheromones can be identified, validated with behavioral tests, and incorporated in research on vomeronasal functional response...
  65. pmc Respiratory evolution facilitated the origin of pterosaur flight and aerial gigantism
    Leon P A M Claessens
    Department of Biology, College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e4497. 2009
    Pterosaurs, enigmatic extinct Mesozoic reptiles, were the first vertebrates to achieve true flapping flight. Various lines of evidence provide strong support for highly efficient wing design, control, and flight capabilities...
  66. ncbi The shape of pterosaur evolution: evidence from the fossil record
    G J Dyke
    School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland
    J Evol Biol 22:890-8. 2009
    Although pterosaurs are a well-known lineage of Mesozoic flying reptiles, their fossil record and evolutionary dynamics have never been adequately quantified...
  67. ncbi Antibodies to West Nile virus in asymptomatic mammals, birds, and reptiles in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
    Jose A Farfan-Ale
    Laboratorio de Arbovirologia, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:908-14. 2006
    ..Sera from 144 horses on Cozumel Island, Quintana Roo State, 415 vertebrates (257 birds, 52 mammals, and 106 reptiles) belonging to 61 species from the Merida Zoo, Yucatan State, and 7 farmed crocodiles in Ciudad del Carmen, ..
  68. ncbi Detection and confirmation of reptilian adenovirus infection by in situ hybridization
    L E Perkins
    Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA
    J Vet Diagn Invest 13:365-8. 2001
    Adenovirus infections are documented in at least 12 different species of reptiles. In contrast to their mammalian and avian counterparts reptilian adenoviruses are not well characterized as to their pathogenic potential and their ability ..
  69. ncbi Persistence of arboviruses and antiviral antibodies in vertebrate hosts: its occurrence and impacts
    G Kuno
    Arbovirus Diseases Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO, USA
    Rev Med Virol 11:165-90. 2001
    ..Likewise, significant impacts are felt on diverse fields ranging from epidemiology to diagnostic virology and from veterinary medicine to agricultural commerce. Published in 2001 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd...
  70. ncbi An egg-adult association, gender, and reproduction in pterosaurs
    Junchang Lü
    Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
    Science 331:321-4. 2011
    ..The ratio of egg mass to adult mass is relatively low, as in extant reptiles, and is comparable to values for squamates...
  71. ncbi Serovars of Salmonella from captive reptiles
    K Pedersen
    University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Zoonoses Public Health 56:238-42. 2009
    The distribution on serovars of 60 Salmonella isolates from reptiles kept in captivity in Denmark during the period 1995-2006 was investigated...
  72. pmc Characterization and complete nucleotide sequence of an unusual reptilian retrovirus recovered from the order Crocodylia
    Joanne Martin
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
    J Virol 76:4651-4. 2002
    ....
  73. pmc Developmental growth patterns of the filter-feeder pterosaur, Pterodaustro guiñazui
    A Chinsamy
    Zoology Department, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, Republic of South Africa
    Biol Lett 4:282-5. 2008
    ..Thereafter, growth continued for at least another 3-4 years at comparatively slower rates until larger adult body sizes were attained. Our analysis further provides definitive evidence that Pterodaustro had a determinate growth strategy...
  74. ncbi Low incidence of N-glycolylneuraminic acid in birds and reptiles and its absence in the platypus
    Roland Schauer
    Biochemisches Institut, Christian Albrechts Universitat zu Kiel, Olshausenstr 40, D 24098 Kiel, Germany
    Carbohydr Res 344:1494-500. 2009
    The sialic acids of the platypus, birds, and reptiles were investigated with regard to the occurrence of N-glycolylneuraminic (Neu5Gc) acid...
  75. ncbi Occurrence of an invertebrate iridescent-like virus (Iridoviridae) in reptiles
    F Just
    Institute of Zoology, Fishery Biology and Fish Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilian's University Munich, Gemany
    J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 48:685-94. 2001
    ....
  76. ncbi The physiological and evolutionary significance of cardiovascular shunting patterns in reptiles
    James W Hicks
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California at Irvine, 92697, USA
    News Physiol Sci 17:241-5. 2002
    ..In birds and mammals cardiac shunts are detrimental, but in reptiles this condition is often considered a derived trait, conveying important physiological functions and favored by ..
  77. pmc Genome analysis of the platypus reveals unique signatures of evolution
    Wesley C Warren
    Genome Sequencing Center, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8501, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Nature 453:175-83. 2008
    ..aquatic lifestyle; platypus females lactate, yet lay eggs; and males are equipped with venom similar to that of reptiles. Analysis of the first monotreme genome aligned these features with genetic innovations...
  78. ncbi The smallest known non-avian theropod dinosaur
    X Xu
    The Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Nature 408:705-8. 2000
    ..The discovery of these in non-avian theropods provides new insights for studying the palaeoecology of some bird-like theropod dinosaurs...
  79. pmc Smart moves: effects of relative brain size on establishment success of invasive amphibians and reptiles
    Joshua J Amiel
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e18277. 2011
    ..Brain size relative to body size was larger in species of amphibians and reptiles reported to be successful invaders, compared to species that failed to thrive after translocation to new sites...
  80. pmc Host range, host specificity and hypothesized host shift events among viruses of lower vertebrates
    Isabel Bandín
    Unidad de Ictiopatología Patología Viral, Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Instituto de Acuicultura, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Vet Res 42:67. 2011
    ....
  81. ncbi Reptiles, amphibians, and human Salmonella infection: a population-based, case-control study
    Jonathan Mermin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 38:S253-61. 2004
    ..Patients and controls were interviewed about contact with reptiles and amphibians...
  82. ncbi Prevalence of Salmonella spp. in pet reptiles in Japan
    Aya Nakadai
    Division of Animal Life Science, Institute of Symbiotic Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Saiwai cho, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 67:97-101. 2005
    From November 2000 to July 2002, 112 fecal samples from pet reptiles, including 18 turtles, 71 lizards and 23 snakes, sold at a pet shop were examined for the prevalence of Salmonella spp. in Japan. Salmonella spp...
  83. pmc Habitat history improves prediction of biodiversity in rainforest fauna
    Catherine H Graham
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Valley Life Sciences Building, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:632-6. 2006
    ..These results clearly demonstrate that spatially explicit analyses of the historical processes of persistence and colonization are both effective and necessary for understanding observed patterns of biodiversity...
  84. pmc Integrating reptilian herpesviruses into the family herpesviridae
    Duncan J McGeoch
    MRC Virology Unit, Institute of Virology, Church St, Glasgow G11 5JR, United Kingdom
    J Virol 79:725-31. 2005
    ....
  85. ncbi Regulation of body temperature by some Mesozoic marine reptiles
    Aurélien Bernard
    CNRS UMR 5125, Paléoenvironnements et Paléobiosphère, Universite Lyon 1, Lyon, 2 rue Raphael Dubois, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    Science 328:1379-82. 2010
    ..The thermophysiologic status of the great marine reptiles is still unknown, even though some studies have suggested that thermoregulation may have contributed to their ..
  86. ncbi Karyotypic evolution in squamate reptiles: comparative gene mapping revealed highly conserved linkage homology between the butterfly lizard (Leiolepis reevesii rubritaeniata, Agamidae, Lacertilia) and the Japanese four-striped rat snake (Elaphe quadrivirg
    Kornsorn Srikulnath
    Department of Genetics, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, 50 Paholyothin, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
    Chromosome Res 17:975-86. 2009
    ..The homology with L. reevesii rubritaeniata microchromosomes were also identified in the distal regions of EQU1p and 1q, indicating the occurrence of telomere-to-telomere fusions of microchromosomes to the p and q arms of EQU1...
  87. ncbi Exploring the evolution of environmental sex determination, especially in reptiles
    F J Janzen
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Center for Integrated Animal Genomics, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA
    J Evol Biol 19:1775-84. 2006
    ....
  88. ncbi Vicariant origin of malagasy reptiles supports late cretaceous antarctic land bridge
    Brice P Noonan
    Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602, USA
    Am Nat 168:730-41. 2006
    ..Specifically, our data provide strong, independently corroborated evidence for a contiguous Late Cretaceous Gondwana, exclusive of Africa and connected via Antarctica...
  89. ncbi Risk of Salmonella infection with exposure to reptiles in England, 2004-2007
    A M Aiken
    Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
    Euro Surveill 15:19581. 2010
    ..In a large case-case study in England between 2004 and 2007, the association between exposure to reptiles and Salmonella illness was investigated using multivariable logistic regression...
  90. ncbi The molecular evolutionary tree of lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians
    Nicolas Vidal
    Departement Systematique et Evolution, UMR 7138, Systématique, Evolution, Adaptation, Case Postale 26, Museum national d histoire naturelle, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
    C R Biol 332:129-39. 2009
    Squamate reptiles (lizards, snakes, amphisbaenians) number approximately 8200 living species and are a major component of the world's terrestrial vertebrate diversity...
  91. ncbi Temperature-dependent sex determination and gonadal differentiation in reptiles
    C Pieau
    Institut Jacques Monod, CNRS, Paris, France
    Cell Mol Life Sci 55:887-900. 1999
    ..Preliminary results indicate that homologues of AMH, DAX1, SF1, SOX9 and WT1 genes with the same function(s) as in mammals exist in reptiles. How these genes could interact with aromatase is being examined.
  92. ncbi Hosts of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes and G. pallidipes in areas of western Kenya with endemic sleeping sickness, as determined using an egg-yolk (IgY) ELISA
    F N Wamwiri
    Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Trypanosomiasis Research Centre, P O Box 362 00902, Kikuyu, Kenya
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 101:225-32. 2007
    ..9%) of the G. f. fuscipes caught on Mageta Island had last fed on reptiles whereas most of the G. f. fuscipes (70.4%) and G. pallidipes (57.1%) caught in Busia had last fed on bovids...
  93. pmc Evolutionary diversity of bile salts in reptiles and mammals, including analysis of ancient human and extinct giant ground sloth coprolites
    Lee R Hagey
    Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 10:133. 2010
    ..We greatly extend prior surveys of bile salt diversity in both reptiles and mammals, including analysis of 8,000 year old human coprolites and coprolites from the extinct Shasta ground ..
  94. pmc Analyzing the coordinated gene network underlying temperature-dependent sex determination in reptiles
    Christina M Shoemaker
    Department of Integrative Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78705, United States
    Semin Cell Dev Biol 20:293-303. 2009
    ..We discuss some of the problems encountered unraveling this network, pose potential solutions, and suggest rewarding future directions of research...
  95. pmc Discovery of a rare arboreal forest-dwelling flying reptile (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea) from China
    Xiaolin Wang
    Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P O Box 643, Beijing 100044, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:1983-7. 2008
    ....
  96. ncbi Natural products from the integument of nonavian reptiles
    Paul J Weldon
    Conservation and Research Center, Smithsonian Institution, 1500 Remount Road, Front Royal, VA 22630, USA
    Nat Prod Rep 25:738-56. 2008
    This review describes the epidermal and glandular chemistry of nonavian reptiles in relation to proposed functions, and includes more than 170 references. The results are presented according to the different reptile taxa.
  97. ncbi Consensus nested PCR amplification and sequencing of diverse reptilian, avian, and mammalian orthoreoviruses
    James F X Wellehan
    Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Vet Microbiol 133:34-42. 2009
    ..disease, the majority of Orthoreovirus species have been shown to cause significant and often fatal disease in reptiles, birds, and primates. There is significant potential for jumping species...
  98. ncbi Genotypic sex determination enabled adaptive radiations of extinct marine reptiles
    Chris L Organ
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 461:389-92. 2009
    ..relationship to predict the sex-determining mechanism in three independent lineages of extinct Mesozoic marine reptiles (mosasaurs, sauropterygians and ichthyosaurs), each of which is known from fossils to have evolved live birth...
  99. ncbi Scientific description can imperil species
    Bryan L Stuart
    Science 312:1137. 2006
  100. ncbi Heat transfer in a microvascular network: the effect of heart rate on heating and cooling in reptiles (Pogona barbata and Varanus varius)
    F Seebacher
    Department of Zoology and Entomology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia
    J Theor Biol 203:97-109. 2000
    Thermally-induced changes in heart rate and blood flow in reptiles are believed to be of selective advantage by allowing animal to exert some control over rates of heating and cooling...
  101. ncbi Cultural inheritance as a mechanism for population sex-ratio bias in reptiles
    S Freedberg
    Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405 3700, USA
    Evolution 55:1049-55. 2001
    ..favor skewed primary sex ratios and propose that it may explain the female-biased sex ratios commonly observed in reptiles with environmental sex determination (ESD)...

Research Grants62

  1. Regulation of cochlea hair cell differentiation by the Lin28b/let-7 axis
    Erin Golden; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While many vertebrates, including birds and reptiles, are able to regenerate damaged hair cells, mammals (including humans) do not retain this ability, resulting in ..
  2. Demography of Sex Differences in Health and Survival
    James W Vaupel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..do they vary over place? * How have they varied over time? * How do they vary across species of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish? Second, to the extent that the paradox is true, why is this the case? Various social and ..
  3. Role of Shh-Hey1/Hey2 and Activin A in Hair Cell Differentiation
    Ana Benito-Gonzalez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While many vertebrates, including birds and reptiles, are able to regenerate damaged hair cells, mammals (including humans) do not retain this ability, resulting in ..
  4. Pathogenic determinants of an emerging infectious disease
    James K Jancovich; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..economically and ecologically important freshwater poikilothermic vertebrates including fish, amphibians and reptiles. RVs are a unique group of viruses for two reasons: (i) No other group of viruses infect such a wide diversity of ..
  5. CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF THE VESTIBULAR SYSTEM
    Anna Lysakowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with emphasis on the type I hair cell and its calyx ending, phylogenetically recent acquisitions only found in reptiles, birds and mammals. These structures are restricted to central/striolar zones in reptiles and birds...
  6. Connecting the proteome and transcriptome during regeneration
    Kenro Kusumi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, since mammals and reptiles are both amniote vertebrates and have diverged relatively recently compared with other regeneration models (..
  7. 6th International Symposium on the Biology of Vertebrate Sex Determination
    Richard R Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by the entire international field working on diverse vertebrate systems including amphibians, fishes, birds, reptiles, monotremes, marsupials, and eutherian mammals, including domesticated species, mice, and humans...
  8. CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF THE VESTIBULAR SYSTEM
    Jay Goldberg; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..emphasis on the type I hair cell and its calyx ending, phylogenetically recent acquisitions, only found in reptiles, birds and mammals. These structures are restricted to central/striolar zones In reptiles and birds...
  9. Evaluation of Salmonella in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Pets: Study for the Vet-
    Shelley Rankin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..1 Salmonellae are ubiquitous organisms that can infect, or be isolated from, a variety of mammals, birds, reptiles and insects...
  10. PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS OF VERTEBRATE FREEZE TOLERANCE
    RICHARD LEE JR; Fiscal Year: 1991
    DESCRIPTION (Adapted from the Applicant's Abstract): Among the vertebrates, a few species of frogs and reptiles have evolved the unique capacity to tolerate extensive ice formation within their bodies during hibernation...
  11. Fourth Symposium Biology Vertebrate Sex Determination
    Blanche Capel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..community and is attended by scientists working on diverse vertebrate systems including fish, birds, reptiles, pigs, goats, horses, mice, marsupials, and humans...
  12. EVOLUTION OF THE RETICULAR FORMATION
    WILLIAM CRUCE; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Previous work in this lab has demonstrated that the reticular formation of reptiles (snakes, lizards, turtles, and crocodiles) is anatomically quite similar to that of mammals, including humans...
  13. FREEZING STORAGE OF HEART AT HIGH SUBZERO TEMPERATURES
    Tingchung Wang; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..This approach emulates the overwintering strategies used by terrestrially hibernating amphibians and reptiles. These freeze tolerant animals use glucose or glycerol in the order of 20 to 200 mM and survive a frozen state at ..
  14. MECHANISMS OF FLUID BALANCE IN LOWER VERTEBRATE LUNGS
    ALLAN SMITS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Rates of pulmonary fluid filtration in non-diseased amphibians and reptiles equal or exceed those of humans afflicted with pulmonary edema, suggesting that these non-mammalian vertebrates "..
  15. Ecology of Encephalitis Viruses in the USA
    Thomas R Unnasch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We have also found evidence for EEE infection very early in the year and in species that feed primarily upon reptiles and amphibians...
  16. FIFTH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE BIOLOGY OF VERTEBRATE SEX DETERMINATION
    Richard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..by the entire international field working on diverse vertebrate systems including amphibians, fish, birds, reptiles, monotremes, marsupials, and eutherian mammals, including pigs, goats, horses, mice, and humans...
  17. DEMOGRAPHIC AGING IN CAPTIVE BIRDS AND MAMMALS
    Robert Ricklefs; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..resource to characterize variation in rates of aging in captive populations of vertebrates (mammals, birds, and reptiles) in zoological institutions...
  18. FUNCTION OF THE PINEAL COMPLEX
    CHARLES RALPH; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..reproduction, thermoregulation, rhythmicity and behavior will be studied in appropriate species, including fish, reptiles, and mammals...
  19. ENVIRONMENTAL SEX DETERMINATION AND DIFFERENTIATION
    David Crews; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Mammals, birds, and reptiles constitute the amniote vertebrates. In all mammals and birds, and in many reptiles, sex is determined at fertilization by genotype (genotypic sex determination or GSD)...
  20. DEMOGRAPHIC AGING IN CAPTIVE BIRDS AND MAMMALS
    Robert Ricklefs; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..project will characterize variation in rates of aging in captive populations of vertebrates (mammals, birds, and reptiles) in zoological parks by quantifying the increase in mortality rate as a function of age, which is referred to as ..
  21. COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY OF SLEEP
    Jerome Siegel; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These findings suggest that REM sleep or a precursor state should exist in reptiles. Observation of the discharge patterns of brainstem aminergic and cholinergic cell groups could determine the key ..
  22. 2ND INTERNAT'L SYMPOSIUM OF VERTEBRATE SEX DETERMINATION
    Valentine Lance; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..SOX9, MIH, DAX1, WT1) have since been shown to be expressed in the differentiating gonads of fish, amphibians, reptiles and birds...
  23. AN FMRI STUDY OF HEALTHY MOTHERS HEARING INFANT CRIES
    JEFFREY LORBERBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..First, the thalamocingulate circuit (TC circuit) is present in mammals but not in reptiles, who unlike mammals, are generally not parental, do not hear well, and do not cry as infants...
  24. Evolution of heteromorphic sex chromosomes in Reptilia
    DANIEL JANES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..artificial chromosome (BAC) libraries will allow us to sequence and compare portions of sex chromosomes among reptiles and birds...
  25. ATRAZINE: IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH
    Tyrone Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..described in human cell lines, the induction of aromatase, has now been identified in amphibians, fish, and reptiles, and is consistent with the hermaphroditism observed in wildlife exposed to atrazine in the laboratory and field...
  26. REGULATION OF APOLIPOPROTEIN METABOLISM--A TURTLE MODEL
    IAN CALLARD; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..and progesterone and testosterone on the other, which are in opposition with regard to vitellogenin synthesis in reptiles, provide a model for investigation of the regulatory effects of the same hormones on the synthesis and metabolism ..
  27. ONTOGENETIC STUDIES OF A NOVEL PAIR OF IG-LIKE RECEPTORS
    PETER BURROWS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The PIR gene family is highly conserved, having been found in mammals, birds, and reptiles. The characteristics of PIR-A and PIR-B and their coordinate expressions in a restricted subset of host defense ..
  28. NEUROENDOCRINE CONTROL OF REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR
    David Crews; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..For example, studies with reptiles have proven these animals to be model systems for examining the neuroendocrine control of reproductive behavior ..
  29. ANATOMICAL ORGANIZATION OF INFRARED SYSTEM
    DOLORES SCHROEDER; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..These experimental data will provide important insights into this unique sensory system plus providing information on trigeminal projections of reptiles and the organization of the optic tectum of snakes.
  30. Creation of a Nestin Lineage Stem Cell Ablation System
    Gregory Elder; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Neurogenesis occurs in adult brain in discrete regions in creatures as diverse as mammals, amphibians, birds and reptiles. Its occurrence in adult mammals is firmly established in the hippocampus and the subventricular zone surrounding ..
  31. ANATOMICAL STUDIES OF THE INTERNAL EAR
    BRYCE MUNGER; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..2) a study of the distribution of gap junctions between sensory and supporting cells in a selected series of reptiles; (3) a cytochemical study of basally infolded cells in the labyrinth of Anolis; and (4) a tracer study of ..
  32. PROBLEMS OF HUMAN BRAIN MAGNETITE & HIGH MAGNETIC FIELDS
    DEREK FENDER; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..moment magnetometers, studies of tissue from evolutionarily separate groups of vertebrates, including reptiles, cetaceans, and primates, have revealed the presence of ferromagnetic material in anatomically similar structures,..
  33. Epigenetic Influences on Brain and Behavior
    David Crews; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Specific Aim III. To establish if the different behavioral profiles exhibited in such animals in adulthood are reflected in different patterns of activity in a network of interconnected limbic nuclei. ..
  34. TRAINING PROGRAM IN NEUROBIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR
    David Crews; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..All of the laboratories comply with NIH requirements. ..
  35. Integrity of the Pulmonary Blood-Gas Barrier
    John West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, at the more basic level, this research is devoted to a fundamental biological dilemma of the lung, namely how the blood-gas barrier combines extreme thinness with immense strength. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  36. ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON BRAIN PLASTICITY
    David Crews; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..One such variable is the incubation temperature of eggs in many reptiles. In the leopard gecko, embryos become male or female depending upon their temperature during development...
  37. EVOLUTION OF BRAIN-BEHAVIOR CONTROLLING MECHANISMS
    David Crews; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Evolution of BMP Genes 2 and 4 in Archosaurs
    CHRIS ORGAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project will use comparative genomics to clarify osteogenic bmp2 and bmp4 evolution in birds and reptiles as they relate to the evolution of skeletal co-ossification on the phylogenetic line to birds...
  39. Inhibins and Environmental Estrogens in Ovarian Disease
    Louis Guillette; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Renal Inner Medulla: Integrated Structure and Function
    WILLIAM DANTZLER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. Neuropathology and Pathogenesis of Huntington's Disease
    Anton Reiner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. REOVIRUS OUTER-CAPSID ASSEMBLY & FUNCTIONS IN CELL ENTRY
    MAX NIBERT; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These in vitro recoating methods have been adapted into a new style of molecular genetic analysis of reovirus outer-capsid structure and function by using mutant forms of recombinant proteins for recoating. ..
  43. Intracellular mechanisms of reovirus genome replication and particle assembly
    MAX NIBERT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Molecular Mechanisms in Reovirus mRNA Synthesis
    MAX NIBERT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results of these studies will enhance our understanding of the reovirus core as an elegantly designed molecular machine for mRNA synthesis. ..
  45. Galanin Control of Food Intake: Molecular, Neuroanatomical and Behavioral Bases
    Eric P Zorrilla; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  46. CALCIUM RELEASE UNITS IN CARDIAC MUSCLE
    Clara Franzini Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..3) The composition of CRUs in skeletal muscle of Amphioxus will be examined using molecular biology and ultrastructural approaches. ..
  47. Regulation of Dopamine Release by ROS
    Margaret Rice; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Consistent with the goals of the R21 program, these data should provide ground-breaking new information about underlying mechanisms in nigrostriatal degeneration. ..
  48. Pathogen Discovery in Chronic Lung Disease by Mass Tag PCR and Microarray
    W Ian Lipkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  49. Urocortins Brain CRF2 Receptors and Energy Balance
    Eric P Zorrilla; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  50. Role of the CRF2 Receptor in Ingestive Behavior
    Eric Zorrilla; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed studies will address these questions as well to understand better the role of the CRF2 receptor in feeding behavior. ..
  51. EXTRAOCULAR CIRCADIAN PHOTOTRANSDUCTION IN HUMANS
    Scott Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  52. CHRONOBIOLOGY OF AGE RELATED SLEEP DISTURBANCE
    Scott Campbell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The Independent Scientist Award will enable the candidate to further develop and enhance the proposed research program by ensuring a basis of stable, long-term support. ..
  53. Flow Cytometry to Detect Human Tumor Cells in Body Fluid
    AWTAR GANJU KRISHAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3. Compare data collected from flow cytometric analysis with that obtained from cytopathology and immunocytochemistry routinely performed on these specimens for diagnostic purpose. ..
  54. A Staged Strategy for Virus Identification and Discovery
    WALTER LIPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Consistent with aims proposed in AI51292, our initial clinical application will be to analyze enteroviral serotypes implicated in human disease in North America. ..
  55. CONTROL OF GENE EXPRESSION DURING DROSOPHILA DEVELOPMENT
    Leslie Pick; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The fip-2 gene has been mapped to a chromosomal region rich in existing mutations. If one of these is a fip-2 mutation, a phenotypic analysis will be carried out. ..
  56. Evolution of Estrogen Receptor-Ligand Interactions
    Jennifer Fox; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such an experimental system will allow the rigorous testing of hypotheses about ER-ligand structure function relationships and the dynamics of receptor-ligand coevolution. ..
  57. A Genome Sequence Survey of Enterocytozoon bieneusi
    Donna Akiyoshi; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..c. Establishment of a website to provide access to the sequence data and clones by the scientific community. ..
  58. Sleep in Cetaceans
    Jerome Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed studies take advantage of a rapidly vanishing opportunity to study cetacean sleep. They will improve our understanding of the physiological and neurochemical substrates of mammalian sleep. ..
  59. PLASTICITY OF SPINAL RESPIRATORY SYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION
    Stephen Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....