- The proliferative ventricular zone in adult vertebrates: a comparative study using reptiles, birds, and mammals
Jose Manuel Garcia-Verdugo
Departamento de Biologia Celular, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Brain Res Bull 57:765-75. 2002
..Here we review the organization and cellular composition of the ventricular wall of reptiles, birds, and mammals in an effort to identify differences and commonalities among these vertebrate classes...
- Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate
J F Gillooly
Department of Biology, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
Science 293:2248-51. 2001
..Temperature and body size are primary determinants of biological time and ecological roles...
- Phylogenomics of nonavian reptiles and the structure of the ancestral amniote genome
Andrew M Shedlock
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:2767-72. 2007
..65,000 8-mer oligonucleotides suggest that rates of DNA-word frequency change are an order of magnitude slower in reptiles than in mammals...
- Transitions between sex-determining systems in reptiles and amphibians
Stephen D Sarre
Wildlife Genetics Laboratory, Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 12:391-406. 2011
..In particular, comparative chromosome mapping in reptiles has shown an intriguing distribution of homology in sex chromosomes across reptile groups...
- Neuroanatomy of flying reptiles and implications for flight, posture and behaviour
Lawrence M Witmer
Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA
Nature 425:950-3. 2003
..Their enormous cerebellar floccular lobes may suggest neural integration of extensive sensory information from the wing, further enhancing eye- and neck-based reflex mechanisms for stabilizing gaze...
- Conservation of chromosomes syntenic with avian autosomes in squamate reptiles revealed by comparative chromosome painting
Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 128 44 Prague 2, Czech Republic
Chromosoma 121:409-18. 2012
- Rampant horizontal transfer of SPIN transposons in squamate reptiles
Department of Biology, University of Texas, TX, USA
Mol Biol Evol 29:503-15. 2012
..Here, we provide evidence that a DNA transposon called SPIN has colonized the genome of 17 species of reptiles representing nearly every major lineage of squamates, including 14 families of lizards, snakes, and ..
- Molecular phylogenetics of squamata: the position of snakes, amphisbaenians, and dibamids, and the root of the squamate tree
Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
Syst Biol 53:735-57. 2004
Squamate reptiles (snakes, lizards, and amphisbaenians) serve as model systems for evolutionary studies of a variety of morphological and behavioral traits, and phylogeny is crucial to many generalizations derived from such studies...
- Adaptation to the land: The skin of reptiles in comparison to that of amphibians and endotherm amniotes
Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Sperimentale, University of Bologna, 40126, Bologna, Italy
J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol 298:12-41. 2003
..As the first amniotes were reptiles, the present review focuses on past and recent information on the evolution of reptilian epidermis and the ..
- Reptiles as potential vectors and hosts of the amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Panama
Vanessa L Kilburn
Department of Biology, McGill University, 1205 Docteur Penfield Ave, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1, Canada
Dis Aquat Organ 97:127-34. 2011
..b>Reptiles living in close proximity to amphibians and sharing similar ecological traits could serve as vectors or reservoir ..
- Introducing reptiles into a captive collection: the role of the veterinarian
Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Ghent University, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
Vet J 175:53-68. 2008
The successful introduction of reptiles into a captive collection depends on providing optimal husbandry and veterinary attention...
- A review on human attitudes towards reptiles in Brazil
Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraiba, Av das Baraúnas, 351 Campus Universitário Bodocongó, 58109 753 Campina Grande, PB, Brazil
Environ Monit Assess 184:6877-901. 2012
For many millennia humans and reptiles have interacted, but the attitude of humans towards these animals has depended on culture, environment, and personal experience...
- Calibration choice, rate smoothing, and the pattern of tetrapod diversification according to the long nuclear gene RAG-1
Andrew F Hugall
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, SA, Australia
Syst Biol 56:543-63. 2007
..Similarly, saturation of mitochondrial DNA sequences, and the resultant greater compression of basal branches means that using only external deep calibrations will also lead to inflated age estimates within the focal ingroup...
- Viruses infecting reptiles
Rachel E Marschang
Institut für Umwelt und Tierhygiene, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstr 30, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
Viruses 3:2087-126. 2011
A large number of viruses have been described in many different reptiles. These viruses include arboviruses that primarily infect mammals or birds as well as viruses that are specific for reptiles...
- Dynamic evolution of venom proteins in squamate reptiles
Nicholas R Casewell
Alistair Reid Venom Research Unit, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
Nat Commun 3:1066. 2012
..the origin and evolution of reptile venoms, leading to the current hypothesis that venom evolved once in squamate reptiles. However, because of a lack of homologous squamate non-toxin sequences, these conclusions rely on the implicit ..
- The phylogeny of squamate reptiles (lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians) inferred from nine nuclear protein-coding genes
Department of Biology, Astrobiology Research Center, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 5301, USA
C R Biol 328:1000-8. 2005
Squamate reptiles number approximately 8000 living species and are a major component of the world's terrestrial vertebrate diversity...
- Environmental sex determination mechanisms in reptiles
Departamento de Biologia Celular y Fisiologia, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Sex Dev 7:95-103. 2013
Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) was first discovered in reptiles. Since then, a great diversity of sex-determining responses to temperature has been reported...
- Genome evolution in Reptilia, the sister group of mammals
DANIEL E JANES
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 11:239-64. 2010
The genomes of birds and nonavian reptiles (Reptilia) are critical for understanding genome evolution in mammals and amniotes generally...
- Why does a trait evolve multiple times within a clade? Repeated evolution of snakelike body form in squamate reptiles
John J Wiens
Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 5245, USA
Evolution 60:123-41. 2006
..Instead, other factors may also be important, such as biogeography and competitive interactions. In squamate reptiles (lizards and snakes) a dramatic transition in body form has occurred repeatedly, from a fully limbed, lizardlike ..
- First large-scale DNA barcoding assessment of reptiles in the biodiversity hotspot of Madagascar, based on newly designed COI primers
Zoltán T Nagy
Joint Experimental Molecular Unit, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium
PLoS ONE 7:e34506. 2012
DNA barcoding of non-avian reptiles based on the cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene is still in a very early stage, mainly due to technical problems...
- Dinosaurian growth patterns and rapid avian growth rates
G M Erickson
Department of Biological Science and College of Medicine, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 1100, USA
Nature 412:429-33. 2001
Did dinosaurs grow in a manner similar to extant reptiles, mammals or birds, or were they unique? Are rapid avian growth rates an innovation unique to birds, or were they inherited from dinosaurian precursors? We quantified growth rates ..
- New ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaurs from the European Lower Cretaceous demonstrate extensive ichthyosaur survival across the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary
Geology Department, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
PLoS ONE 7:e29234. 2012
..However, the record of ichthyosaurs from the Berriasian-Barremian interval is extremely limited, and the effects of the end-Jurassic extinction event on ichthyosaurs remains poorly understood...
- Ecologically distinct dinosaurian sister group shows early diversification of Ornithodira
Sterling J Nesbitt
Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York 10964, USA
Nature 464:95-8. 2010
..The unparalleled taxonomic diversity of the Manda archosaur assemblage indicates that archosaur diversification was well underway by the Middle Triassic or earlier...
- Reptiles and mammals have differentially retained long conserved noncoding sequences from the amniote ancestor
D E Janes
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Genome Biol Evol 3:102-13. 2011
..large numbers of noncoding sequences has been reported repeatedly among mammals but not thus far among birds and reptiles. By searching genomes of chicken (Gallus gallus), zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata), and green anole (Anolis ..
- Reptilian tooth development
Joy M Richman
Department of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Genesis 49:247-60. 2011
..The role of the successional lamina during tooth replacement in squamate reptiles is reviewed and we speculate on the possible formation of a vestigial, post-permanent dentition in mammals...
- Viruses in reptiles
Microbiology and Immunology, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4810, Australia
Vet Res 42:100. 2011
..Thirty to forty years ago, studies of viruses in reptiles focused mainly on the zoonotic potential of arboviruses in reptiles and much effort went into surveys and ..
- Sox2 marks epithelial competence to generate teeth in mammals and reptiles
Institute of Biotechnology, Developmental Biology Program, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
Development 140:1424-32. 2013
..dental lamina that gives rise to successional teeth in mammals with one round of tooth replacement as well as in reptiles with continuous tooth replacement...
- European origin of placodont marine reptiles and the evolution of crushing dentition in Placodontia
James M Neenan
Palaeontological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich CH 8006, Switzerland
Nat Commun 4:1621. 2013
..The new taxon provides insight into the evolution of placodont dentition, representing a transitional morphology between the plesiomorphic diapsid condition of palatal denticles and the specialized crushing teeth of placodonts...
- Large Cretaceous sphenodontian from Patagonia provides insight into lepidosaur evolution in Gondwana
Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia, Av Angel Gallardo 470, Buenos Aires 1405, Argentina
Nature 425:609-12. 2003
Sphenodontian reptiles successfully radiated during Triassic and Jurassic times, but were driven almost to extinction during the Cretaceous period...
- Palaeogenomics of pterosaurs and the evolution of small genome size in flying vertebrates
Chris L Organ
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Biol Lett 5:47-50. 2009
..We predict that, similar to the pattern seen in theropod dinosaurs, genome-size contraction preceded flight in pterosaurs and bats...
- Origin of tropical American burrowing reptiles by transatlantic rafting
Departement Systematique et Evolution, UMR 7138, Systématique, Evolution, Adaptation, Case Postale 26, Museum national d histoire naturelle, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
Biol Lett 4:115-8. 2008
..Amphisbaenians, the worm lizards (approx. 165 species), are small squamate reptiles that are uniquely adapted to a burrowing lifestyle and inhabit Africa, South America, Caribbean Islands, North ..
- Sexual maturity in growing dinosaurs does not fit reptilian growth models
Andrew H Lee
Department of Integrative Biology and Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3140, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:582-7. 2008
..It also far precedes predictions based on the growth rates of living reptiles scaled to similar size...
- Effects of atrazine on fish, amphibians, and aquatic reptiles: a critical review
Keith R Solomon
Department of Environmental Biology and Centre for Toxicology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Crit Rev Toxicol 38:721-72. 2008
..relevant concentrations of atrazine affect reproduction and/or reproductive development in fish, amphibians, and reptiles is not supported by the vast majority of observations...
- Poxviruses as possible vectors for horizontal transfer of retroposons from reptiles to mammals
Faculty of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 B21 Nagatsuta cho, Midori ku, Yokohama 226 8501, Japan
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:12046-51. 2007
..host for TATV, suggesting that VARV-related epidemiologically relevant viruses may have derived from our cold-blooded ancestors and that poxviruses are possible vectors for horizontal transfer of retroposons from reptiles to mammals.
- Energetics of free-ranging mammals, reptiles, and birds
K A Nagy
Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology, and Evolution, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1606, USA
Annu Rev Nutr 19:247-77. 1999
..Allometric (scaling) relationships are calculated for mammals (79 species), reptiles (55 species), and birds (95 species) and for various taxonomic, dietary, and habitat groups within these ..
- Evolutionary diversification of clades of squamate reptiles
R E Ricklefs
Department of Biology, University of Missouri St Louis, St Louis, MO 63121 4499, USA
J Evol Biol 20:1751-62. 2007
We analysed the diversification of squamate reptiles (7488 species) based on a new molecular phylogeny, and compared the results to similar estimates for passerine birds (5712 species)...
- Rapid development of multiple nuclear loci for phylogenetic analysis using genomic resources: an example from squamate reptiles
Ted M Townsend
Department of Biology, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4164, USA
Mol Phylogenet Evol 47:129-42. 2008
..Although targeted for higher-level phylogenetics of squamate reptiles, many of these loci appear to be useful across and within other vertebrate clades (e.g...
- Serosurveillance of eastern equine encephalitis virus in amphibians and reptiles from Alabama, USA
Sean P Graham
Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, Alabama, USA
Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:540-4. 2012
..is among the most medically important arboviruses in North America, and studies suggest a role for amphibians and reptiles in its transmission cycle...
- The ends of a continuum: genetic and temperature-dependent sex determination in reptiles
Stephen D Sarre
Applied Ecology Research Group, University of Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Bioessays 26:639-45. 2004
Two prevailing paradigms explain the diversity of sex-determining modes in reptiles. Many researchers, particularly those who study reptiles, consider genetic and environmental sex-determining mechanisms to be fundamentally different, and ..
- How do geological sampling biases affect studies of morphological evolution in deep time? A case study of pterosaur (Reptilia: Archosauria) disparity
Richard J Butler
Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Richard Wagner Straße 10, 80333 Munich, Germany
Evolution 66:147-62. 2012
..Here, we use pterosaurs (Mesozoic flying reptiles) as an exemplar group to address this problem...
- Shape of articular surface of crocodilian (Archosauria) elbow joints and its relevance to sauropsids
Shin ichi Fujiwara
The University Museum, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo, Japan
J Morphol 271:883-96. 2010
..This, in turn, helps to determine the maximum angle of extension of the elbow joint in archosaurs...
- Tooth and cranial disparity in the fossil relatives of Sphenodon (Rhynchocephalia) dispute the persistent 'living fossil' label
Hull York Medical School, The University of Hull, Hull, UK
J Evol Biol 25:2194-209. 2012
..These results show that the tuatara is not the product of evolutionary stasis but that it represents the only survivor of a diverse Mesozoic radiation whose subsequent decline remains to be explained...
- The phylogenetic definition of reptilia
Sean P Modesto
Department of Biology, University College of Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia B1P 6LS, Canada
Syst Biol 53:815-21. 2004
- Molecular mechanisms of sex determination in reptiles
Department of Biology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA turk rhen und nodak edu
Sex Dev 4:16-28. 2010
..we review the molecular, cellular, morphological, and physiological changes associated with sex determination in reptiles. Most research on the molecular biology of sex determination in reptiles describes expression patterns for ..
- A zoological catalogue of hunted reptiles in the semiarid region of Brazil
Rômulo Romeu Nóbrega Alves
Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual da Paraiba, Av, das Baraúnas, 351 Campus Universitário, Bodocongó 58109 753, Campina Grande Pb, Brazil
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 8:27. 2012
..In the semi-arid region of Brazil, many reptiles interact with human communities because of their utility or because of the risks they represent...
- Hard (Beta-)keratins in the epidermis of reptiles: composition, sequence, and molecular organization
Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Sperimentale, University of Bologna, Italy, and Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Padova, Italy
J Proteome Res 6:3377-92. 2007
..In the present review, the distribution and molecular characteristics of beta-keratins in reptiles are presented...
- Pentastomiasis and other parasitic zoonoses from reptiles and amphibians
Vet Med Labor, IDEXX Laboratories, Ludwigsburg, Germany
Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 124:528-35. 2011
b>Reptiles are growing in popularity as pets.The colonization of reptiles and amphibians by parasites and the resulting disease conditions are the most common problems seen in captive animals...
- Ecosystem remodelling among vertebrates at the Permian-Triassic boundary in Russia
M J Benton
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK
Nature 432:97-100. 2004
..Here we document the nature of the event in Russia in a comprehensive survey of 675 specimens of amphibians and reptiles from 289 localities spanning 13 successive geological time zones in the South Urals basin...
- Rates and patterns in the evolution of snake-like body form in squamate reptiles: evidence for repeated re-evolution of lost digits and long-term persistence of intermediate body forms
Matthew C Brandley
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94270, USA
Evolution 62:2042-64. 2008
..The dramatic transition from a lizard-like to snake-like body form in squamate reptiles offers an exciting system for such research because this change is replicated dozens of times...
- Effect of regulation and education on reptile-associated salmonellosis
Birgitta de Jong
Department of Epidemiology, Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, SE 171 82 Solna, Stockholm, Sweden 171 82
Emerg Infect Dis 11:398-403. 2005
b>Reptiles have become increasingly common as domestic pets, and with them reptile-associated Salmonella infections in humans. From 1990 to 2000, a total of 339 reptile-associated Salmonella cases were reported in Sweden...
- Proceedings of the SMBE Tri-National Young Investigators' Workshop 2005. MHC Class I genes in the Tuatara (Sphenodon spp.): evolution of the MHC in an ancient reptilian order
Hilary C Miller
Allan Wilson Centre for Molecular Ecology and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
Mol Biol Evol 23:949-56. 2006
..As nonavian reptiles are ancestral to both mammals and birds, they occupy an important phylogenetic position for understanding these ..
- Diversity of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pulsotypes, serovars, and antibiotic resistance among Salmonella isolates from wild amphibians and reptiles in the California Central Coast
Produce Safety and Microbiology Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Albany, California 94710, USA
Foodborne Pathog Dis 10:540-8. 2013
..Samples from 460 amphibians and reptiles and 119 water samples were collected and cultured for Salmonella...
- Tooth histology in the cretaceous ichthyosaur Platypterygius australis, and its significance for the conservation and divergence of mineralized tooth tissues in amniotes
Erin E Maxwell
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E9, Canada
J Morphol 272:129-35. 2011
Ichthyosaurs are an extinct group of secondarily aquatic reptiles that show ligamentous tooth attachment to the jaw in some derived forms...
- Origin and evolution of avian microchromosomes
D W Burt
Department of Genomics and Bioinformatics, Roslin Institute, Roslin, Midlothian, United Kingdom
Cytogenet Genome Res 96:97-112. 2002
..A "Fission-Fusion Model" of microchromosome evolution based on chromosome rearrangement and minimization of repeat content is discussed...
- Evolutionary insights into the regulation of courtship behavior in male amphibians and reptiles
Sarah C Woolley
Section for Integrative Biology, Division of Biological Sciences, Patterson Laboratories, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
Physiol Behav 83:347-60. 2004
..species differences and similarities in the control of courtship and copulatory behaviors in male amphibians and reptiles, focusing on the role of sex steroid hormones, the neurohormone arginine vasotocin (AVT), and catecholamines...
- Prevalence of Salmonella in Australian reptiles
T Franciscus Scheelings
Department of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, 30 36 Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia
J Wildl Dis 47:1-11. 2011
From January 2007 until June 2008, 504 reptiles of four families and 57 species were examined for Salmonella by using cloacal or intestinal swabs. Salmonella was identified in 139 (28%) of the 504 animals tested...
- Salmonella diversity associated with wild reptiles and amphibians in Spain
Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Environ Microbiol 6:868-71. 2004
During the spring and summer of 2001, faeces from 166 wild reptiles (94 individuals) and amphibians (72 individuals) from 21 different species found in central Spain were examined for the presence of Salmonella. Thirty-nine reptiles (41...
- Stable isotopes may provide evidence for starvation in reptiles
Marshall D McCue
Department of Biological Sciences, 601 Science Engineering, 1 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 22:2307-14. 2008
..very little is known about the relationship between food limitation and the isotopic composition of reptiles. We examined the effects that starvation has on delta13C and delta15N signatures in the tissues (excreta, carcass,..
- Telomere biology in Metazoa
Nuno M V Gomes
Department of Cell Biology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390 9039, USA
FEBS Lett 584:3741-51. 2010
..In invertebrates, fish, amphibian, and reptiles persistent telomerase activity in somatic tissues might allow the maintenance of the extensive regenerative ..
- Coprological survey in pet reptiles in Italy
Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Profilassi e Igiene degli Alimenti, Universita di Pisa, Viale delle Piagge 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy
Vet Rec 169:207. 2011
Faecal samples were collected from 324 pet reptiles showing no clinical signs, including 28 saurian species (n=192), three ophidian species (n=74) and three chelonian species (n=58)...
- New toothed flying reptile from Asia: close similarities between early Cretaceous pterosaur faunas from China and Brazil
Key Laboratory of Evolutionary Systematics of Vertebrates, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Naturwissenschaften 99:249-57. 2012
..The association of the new specimen with coprolites and the cranial morphology suggest that G. venator preyed on fish...
- The skull of the giant predatory pliosaur Rhomaleosaurus cramptoni: implications for plesiosaur phylogenetics
Adam S Smith
School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Republic of Ireland
Naturwissenschaften 95:975-80. 2008
..a number of well-supported lineages that correlate with marine biogeography and the palaeoecology of these reptiles. Rhomaleosaurids comprised a short-lived and early diverging lineage within pliosaurs, whose open-water top-..
- Viviparity and K-selected life history in a Mesozoic marine plesiosaur (Reptilia, Sauropterygia)
F R O'Keefe
Department of Biological Sciences, Marshall University, Huntington, WV 25755, USA
Science 333:870-3. 2011
Viviparity is known in several clades of Mesozoic aquatic reptiles, but evidence for it is lacking in the Plesiosauria. Here, we report a Late Cretaceous plesiosaur fossil consisting of a fetus preserved within an adult of the same taxon...
- Pheromone communication in amphibians and reptiles
Lynne D Houck
Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
Annu Rev Physiol 71:161-76. 2009
..These and related studies show that natural pheromones can be identified, validated with behavioral tests, and incorporated in research on vomeronasal functional response...
- Respiratory evolution facilitated the origin of pterosaur flight and aerial gigantism
Leon P A M Claessens
Department of Biology, College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA, USA
PLoS ONE 4:e4497. 2009
Pterosaurs, enigmatic extinct Mesozoic reptiles, were the first vertebrates to achieve true flapping flight. Various lines of evidence provide strong support for highly efficient wing design, control, and flight capabilities...
- The shape of pterosaur evolution: evidence from the fossil record
G J Dyke
School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland
J Evol Biol 22:890-8. 2009
Although pterosaurs are a well-known lineage of Mesozoic flying reptiles, their fossil record and evolutionary dynamics have never been adequately quantified...
- Antibodies to West Nile virus in asymptomatic mammals, birds, and reptiles in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
Jose A Farfan-Ale
Laboratorio de Arbovirologia, Centro de Investigaciones Regionales Dr Hideyo Noguchi, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan, Merida, Yucatan, Mexico
Am J Trop Med Hyg 74:908-14. 2006
..Sera from 144 horses on Cozumel Island, Quintana Roo State, 415 vertebrates (257 birds, 52 mammals, and 106 reptiles) belonging to 61 species from the Merida Zoo, Yucatan State, and 7 farmed crocodiles in Ciudad del Carmen, ..
- Detection and confirmation of reptilian adenovirus infection by in situ hybridization
L E Perkins
Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA
J Vet Diagn Invest 13:365-8. 2001
Adenovirus infections are documented in at least 12 different species of reptiles. In contrast to their mammalian and avian counterparts reptilian adenoviruses are not well characterized as to their pathogenic potential and their ability ..
- Persistence of arboviruses and antiviral antibodies in vertebrate hosts: its occurrence and impacts
Arbovirus Diseases Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO, USA
Rev Med Virol 11:165-90. 2001
..Likewise, significant impacts are felt on diverse fields ranging from epidemiology to diagnostic virology and from veterinary medicine to agricultural commerce. Published in 2001 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd...
- An egg-adult association, gender, and reproduction in pterosaurs
Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
Science 331:321-4. 2011
..The ratio of egg mass to adult mass is relatively low, as in extant reptiles, and is comparable to values for squamates...
- Serovars of Salmonella from captive reptiles
University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Zoonoses Public Health 56:238-42. 2009
The distribution on serovars of 60 Salmonella isolates from reptiles kept in captivity in Denmark during the period 1995-2006 was investigated...
- Characterization and complete nucleotide sequence of an unusual reptilian retrovirus recovered from the order Crocodylia
Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, United Kingdom
J Virol 76:4651-4. 2002
- Developmental growth patterns of the filter-feeder pterosaur, Pterodaustro guiñazui
Zoology Department, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, Republic of South Africa
Biol Lett 4:282-5. 2008
..Thereafter, growth continued for at least another 3-4 years at comparatively slower rates until larger adult body sizes were attained. Our analysis further provides definitive evidence that Pterodaustro had a determinate growth strategy...
- Low incidence of N-glycolylneuraminic acid in birds and reptiles and its absence in the platypus
Biochemisches Institut, Christian Albrechts Universitat zu Kiel, Olshausenstr 40, D 24098 Kiel, Germany
Carbohydr Res 344:1494-500. 2009
The sialic acids of the platypus, birds, and reptiles were investigated with regard to the occurrence of N-glycolylneuraminic (Neu5Gc) acid...
- Occurrence of an invertebrate iridescent-like virus (Iridoviridae) in reptiles
Institute of Zoology, Fishery Biology and Fish Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilian's University Munich, Gemany
J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 48:685-94. 2001
- The physiological and evolutionary significance of cardiovascular shunting patterns in reptiles
James W Hicks
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California at Irvine, 92697, USA
News Physiol Sci 17:241-5. 2002
..In birds and mammals cardiac shunts are detrimental, but in reptiles this condition is often considered a derived trait, conveying important physiological functions and favored by ..
- Genome analysis of the platypus reveals unique signatures of evolution
Wesley C Warren
Genome Sequencing Center, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8501, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
Nature 453:175-83. 2008
..aquatic lifestyle; platypus females lactate, yet lay eggs; and males are equipped with venom similar to that of reptiles. Analysis of the first monotreme genome aligned these features with genetic innovations...
- The smallest known non-avian theropod dinosaur
The Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People s Republic of China
Nature 408:705-8. 2000
..The discovery of these in non-avian theropods provides new insights for studying the palaeoecology of some bird-like theropod dinosaurs...
- Smart moves: effects of relative brain size on establishment success of invasive amphibians and reptiles
Joshua J Amiel
School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
PLoS ONE 6:e18277. 2011
..Brain size relative to body size was larger in species of amphibians and reptiles reported to be successful invaders, compared to species that failed to thrive after translocation to new sites...
- Host range, host specificity and hypothesized host shift events among viruses of lower vertebrates
Unidad de Ictiopatología Patología Viral, Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Instituto de Acuicultura, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Vet Res 42:67. 2011
- Reptiles, amphibians, and human Salmonella infection: a population-based, case-control study
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Clin Infect Dis 38:S253-61. 2004
..Patients and controls were interviewed about contact with reptiles and amphibians...
- Prevalence of Salmonella spp. in pet reptiles in Japan
Division of Animal Life Science, Institute of Symbiotic Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Saiwai cho, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 67:97-101. 2005
From November 2000 to July 2002, 112 fecal samples from pet reptiles, including 18 turtles, 71 lizards and 23 snakes, sold at a pet shop were examined for the prevalence of Salmonella spp. in Japan. Salmonella spp...
- Habitat history improves prediction of biodiversity in rainforest fauna
Catherine H Graham
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Valley Life Sciences Building, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:632-6. 2006
..These results clearly demonstrate that spatially explicit analyses of the historical processes of persistence and colonization are both effective and necessary for understanding observed patterns of biodiversity...
- Integrating reptilian herpesviruses into the family herpesviridae
Duncan J McGeoch
MRC Virology Unit, Institute of Virology, Church St, Glasgow G11 5JR, United Kingdom
J Virol 79:725-31. 2005
- Regulation of body temperature by some Mesozoic marine reptiles
CNRS UMR 5125, Paléoenvironnements et Paléobiosphère, Universite Lyon 1, Lyon, 2 rue Raphael Dubois, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
Science 328:1379-82. 2010
..The thermophysiologic status of the great marine reptiles is still unknown, even though some studies have suggested that thermoregulation may have contributed to their ..
- Karyotypic evolution in squamate reptiles: comparative gene mapping revealed highly conserved linkage homology between the butterfly lizard (Leiolepis reevesii rubritaeniata, Agamidae, Lacertilia) and the Japanese four-striped rat snake (Elaphe quadrivirg
Department of Genetics, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, 50 Paholyothin, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
Chromosome Res 17:975-86. 2009
..The homology with L. reevesii rubritaeniata microchromosomes were also identified in the distal regions of EQU1p and 1q, indicating the occurrence of telomere-to-telomere fusions of microchromosomes to the p and q arms of EQU1...
- Exploring the evolution of environmental sex determination, especially in reptiles
F J Janzen
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Center for Integrated Animal Genomics, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA
J Evol Biol 19:1775-84. 2006
- Vicariant origin of malagasy reptiles supports late cretaceous antarctic land bridge
Brice P Noonan
Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602, USA
Am Nat 168:730-41. 2006
..Specifically, our data provide strong, independently corroborated evidence for a contiguous Late Cretaceous Gondwana, exclusive of Africa and connected via Antarctica...
- Risk of Salmonella infection with exposure to reptiles in England, 2004-2007
A M Aiken
Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom
Euro Surveill 15:19581. 2010
..In a large case-case study in England between 2004 and 2007, the association between exposure to reptiles and Salmonella illness was investigated using multivariable logistic regression...
- The molecular evolutionary tree of lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians
Departement Systematique et Evolution, UMR 7138, Systématique, Evolution, Adaptation, Case Postale 26, Museum national d histoire naturelle, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
C R Biol 332:129-39. 2009
Squamate reptiles (lizards, snakes, amphisbaenians) number approximately 8200 living species and are a major component of the world's terrestrial vertebrate diversity...
- Temperature-dependent sex determination and gonadal differentiation in reptiles
Institut Jacques Monod, CNRS, Paris, France
Cell Mol Life Sci 55:887-900. 1999
..Preliminary results indicate that homologues of AMH, DAX1, SF1, SOX9 and WT1 genes with the same function(s) as in mammals exist in reptiles. How these genes could interact with aromatase is being examined.
- Hosts of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes and G. pallidipes in areas of western Kenya with endemic sleeping sickness, as determined using an egg-yolk (IgY) ELISA
F N Wamwiri
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Trypanosomiasis Research Centre, P O Box 362 00902, Kikuyu, Kenya
Ann Trop Med Parasitol 101:225-32. 2007
..9%) of the G. f. fuscipes caught on Mageta Island had last fed on reptiles whereas most of the G. f. fuscipes (70.4%) and G. pallidipes (57.1%) caught in Busia had last fed on bovids...
- Evolutionary diversity of bile salts in reptiles and mammals, including analysis of ancient human and extinct giant ground sloth coprolites
Lee R Hagey
Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
BMC Evol Biol 10:133. 2010
..We greatly extend prior surveys of bile salt diversity in both reptiles and mammals, including analysis of 8,000 year old human coprolites and coprolites from the extinct Shasta ground ..
- Analyzing the coordinated gene network underlying temperature-dependent sex determination in reptiles
Christina M Shoemaker
Department of Integrative Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78705, United States
Semin Cell Dev Biol 20:293-303. 2009
..We discuss some of the problems encountered unraveling this network, pose potential solutions, and suggest rewarding future directions of research...
- Discovery of a rare arboreal forest-dwelling flying reptile (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea) from China
Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P O Box 643, Beijing 100044, China
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:1983-7. 2008
- Natural products from the integument of nonavian reptiles
Paul J Weldon
Conservation and Research Center, Smithsonian Institution, 1500 Remount Road, Front Royal, VA 22630, USA
Nat Prod Rep 25:738-56. 2008
This review describes the epidermal and glandular chemistry of nonavian reptiles in relation to proposed functions, and includes more than 170 references. The results are presented according to the different reptile taxa.
- Consensus nested PCR amplification and sequencing of diverse reptilian, avian, and mammalian orthoreoviruses
James F X Wellehan
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
Vet Microbiol 133:34-42. 2009
..disease, the majority of Orthoreovirus species have been shown to cause significant and often fatal disease in reptiles, birds, and primates. There is significant potential for jumping species...
- Genotypic sex determination enabled adaptive radiations of extinct marine reptiles
Chris L Organ
Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
Nature 461:389-92. 2009
..relationship to predict the sex-determining mechanism in three independent lineages of extinct Mesozoic marine reptiles (mosasaurs, sauropterygians and ichthyosaurs), each of which is known from fossils to have evolved live birth...
- Scientific description can imperil species
Bryan L Stuart
Science 312:1137. 2006
- Heat transfer in a microvascular network: the effect of heart rate on heating and cooling in reptiles (Pogona barbata and Varanus varius)
Department of Zoology and Entomology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia
J Theor Biol 203:97-109. 2000
Thermally-induced changes in heart rate and blood flow in reptiles are believed to be of selective advantage by allowing animal to exert some control over rates of heating and cooling...
- Cultural inheritance as a mechanism for population sex-ratio bias in reptiles
Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405 3700, USA
Evolution 55:1049-55. 2001
..favor skewed primary sex ratios and propose that it may explain the female-biased sex ratios commonly observed in reptiles with environmental sex determination (ESD)...