gorilla gorilla

Summary

Summary: This single species of Gorilla, which is a member of the HOMINIDAE family, is the largest and most powerful of the PRIMATES. It is distributed in isolated scattered populations throughout forests of equatorial Africa.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Insights into hominid evolution from the gorilla genome sequence
    Aylwyn Scally
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton CB10 1SA, UK
    Nature 483:169-75. 2012
  2. ncbi Multiple Ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central African wildlife
    Eric M Leroy
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR034, Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
    Science 303:387-90. 2004
  3. ncbi Discrete quantity judgments in the great apes (Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla, Pongo pygmaeus): the effect of presenting whole sets versus item-by-item
    Daniel Hanus
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 121:241-9. 2007
  4. ncbi Gastrointestinal bacterial transmission among humans, mountain gorillas, and livestock in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda
    Innocent B Rwego
    Makerere University, Department of Zoology, P O Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
    Conserv Biol 22:1600-7. 2008
  5. pmc A new approach to estimate parameters of speciation models with application to apes
    Celine Becquet
    Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Genome Res 17:1505-19. 2007
  6. ncbi A new human immunodeficiency virus derived from gorillas
    Jean Christophe Plantier
    Laboratoire Associé au Centre National de Référence du Virus de l Immunodéficience Humaine, Equipe d Accueil EA2656, Faculte de Medecine Pharmacie, Universite de Rouen, France
    Nat Med 15:871-2. 2009
  7. pmc Detection and genetic characterization of enteroviruses circulating among wild populations of chimpanzees in Cameroon: relationship with human and simian enteroviruses
    Heli Harvala
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, University of Edinburgh EH9 1QH, United Kingdom
    J Virol 85:4480-6. 2011
  8. pmc Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution
    Kevin E Langergraber
    Department of Anthropology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:15716-21. 2012
  9. ncbi Fission-fusion dynamics, behavioral flexibility, and inhibitory control in primates
    Federica Amici
    Research Centre in Evolutionary Anthropology and Palaeoecology, School of Biological and Earth Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, James Parsons Building, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 18:1415-9. 2008
  10. pmc Gestural communication of the gorilla (Gorilla gorilla): repertoire, intentionality and possible origins
    Emilie Genty
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, UK
    Anim Cogn 12:527-46. 2009

Research Grants

  1. Molecular Epidemiology and Natural History of SIVcpz
    Beatrice H Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
  2. CONTROLS FOR ASSOCIATION STUDIES OF ALCOHOLISM
    Kenneth Kidd; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. Genomic Patterns of Polymorphism in Primates
    Jeffrey D Wall; Fiscal Year: 2012
  4. Great Ape Reservoirs of Human Malaria
    Beatrice H Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. Natural SIV Reservoirs and Human Zoonotic Risk
    Beatrice H Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
  6. INSTITUTIONAL TRAINING GRANT IN GENOME SCIENCE
    Michael P Snyder; Fiscal Year: 2013
  7. Y CHROMOSOME EVOLUTION AND MODERN HUMAN ORIGINS
    Michael Hammer; Fiscal Year: 1999
  8. Molecular epidemiology of Plasmodium reichenowi
    Julian Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. Evolution of vertebrate sensory genes
    Jianzhi Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF INFANT ABUSE IN PRIMATES
    Dario Maestripieri; Fiscal Year: 2002

Detail Information

Publications256 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Insights into hominid evolution from the gorilla genome sequence
    Aylwyn Scally
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton CB10 1SA, UK
    Nature 483:169-75. 2012
    ..The use of the genome sequence in these and future analyses will promote a deeper understanding of great ape biology and evolution...
  2. ncbi Multiple Ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central African wildlife
    Eric M Leroy
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR034, Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
    Science 303:387-90. 2004
    ..Surveillance of animal mortality may help to predict and prevent human Ebola outbreaks...
  3. ncbi Discrete quantity judgments in the great apes (Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla, Pongo pygmaeus): the effect of presenting whole sets versus item-by-item
    Daniel Hanus
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 121:241-9. 2007
    ..sequential whole sets as well as for sequentially dropped items in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), gorillas (Gorilla gorilla), bonobos (Pan paniscus), and orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus)...
  4. ncbi Gastrointestinal bacterial transmission among humans, mountain gorillas, and livestock in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda
    Innocent B Rwego
    Makerere University, Department of Zoology, P O Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
    Conserv Biol 22:1600-7. 2008
    ..We collected Escherichia coli bacteria from humans, livestock, and mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda, from May to August 2005 to examine whether habitat ..
  5. pmc A new approach to estimate parameters of speciation models with application to apes
    Celine Becquet
    Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Genome Res 17:1505-19. 2007
    ..Similarly, Eastern and Western gorillas and Sumatran and Bornean orangutans appear to have experienced gene flow since their splits approximately 90 and over 250 Kya, respectively...
  6. ncbi A new human immunodeficiency virus derived from gorillas
    Jean Christophe Plantier
    Laboratoire Associé au Centre National de Référence du Virus de l Immunodéficience Humaine, Equipe d Accueil EA2656, Faculte de Medecine Pharmacie, Universite de Rouen, France
    Nat Med 15:871-2. 2009
    ..This new virus seems to be the prototype of a new HIV-1 lineage that is distinct from HIV-1 groups M, N and O. We propose to designate it HIV-1 group P...
  7. pmc Detection and genetic characterization of enteroviruses circulating among wild populations of chimpanzees in Cameroon: relationship with human and simian enteroviruses
    Heli Harvala
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, University of Edinburgh EH9 1QH, United Kingdom
    J Virol 85:4480-6. 2011
    ....
  8. pmc Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution
    Kevin E Langergraber
    Department of Anthropology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:15716-21. 2012
    ..This suggests that molecular divergence dates may not be in conflict with the attribution of 6- to 7-million-y-old fossils to the human lineage and 400,000-y-old fossils to the Neanderthal lineage...
  9. ncbi Fission-fusion dynamics, behavioral flexibility, and inhibitory control in primates
    Federica Amici
    Research Centre in Evolutionary Anthropology and Palaeoecology, School of Biological and Earth Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, James Parsons Building, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 18:1415-9. 2008
    ..These findings confirmed that enhanced inhibitory skills are positively associated with FF dynamics, more than to phylogenetic relations or feeding ecology...
  10. pmc Gestural communication of the gorilla (Gorilla gorilla): repertoire, intentionality and possible origins
    Emilie Genty
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, UK
    Anim Cogn 12:527-46. 2009
    ..Gorilla gestures are not, however, inflexible signals but are employed for intentional communication to specific individuals...
  11. pmc Differential alu mobilization and polymorphism among the human and chimpanzee lineages
    Dale J Hedges
    Department of Biological Sciences, Biological Computation and Visualization Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
    Genome Res 14:1068-75. 2004
    ..We propose a population-based model to account for the observed fluctuation in Alu retroposition rates across primate taxa...
  12. ncbi Ebola outbreak killed 5000 gorillas
    Magdalena Bermejo
    Ecosystèmes Forestiers d Afrique Centrale ECOFAC, Box Postale 15115 Libreville, Gabon
    Science 314:1564. 2006
    ..The lag between neighboring gorilla groups in mortality onset was close to the ZEBOV disease cycle length, evidence that group-to-group transmission has amplified gorilla die-offs...
  13. pmc Wild animal mortality monitoring and human Ebola outbreaks, Gabon and Republic of Congo, 2001-2003
    Pierre Rouquet
    Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, CIRMF BP 769, Franceville, Gabon
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:283-90. 2005
    ..Wild animal outbreaks began before each of the 5 human Ebola outbreaks. Twice we alerted the health authorities to an imminent risk for human outbreaks, weeks before they occurred...
  14. ncbi The complex evolutionary history of gorillas: insights from genomic data
    O Thalmann
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Mol Biol Evol 24:146-58. 2007
    ..In this study, we used samples from both western (Gorilla gorilla) and eastern (Gorilla beringei) gorillas to infer the timing of the split between these geographically ..
  15. ncbi PCDH11 is X/Y homologous in Homo sapiens but not in Gorilla gorilla and Pan troglodytes
    N D Wilson
    Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Cytogenet Genome Res 114:137-9. 2006
    ..for the absence of the PCDH11 genefrom the Y chromosome of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) as well as gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)...
  16. ncbi Male and female western gorilla diet: preferred foods, use of fallback resources, and implications for ape versus old world monkey foraging strategies
    D Doran-Sheehy
    Department of Anthropology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 4364, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 140:727-38. 2009
    Most of what is currently known about western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) diet is based on indirect studies using fecal samples and trail signs rather than measures based on direct observations...
  17. ncbi A novel, nonclassical MHC class I molecule specific to the common chimpanzee
    E J Adams
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    J Immunol 167:3858-69. 2001
    ..Patr-AL has characteristics of a class I molecule of innate immunity with potential to provide common chimpanzees with responses unavailable to humans...
  18. ncbi Human immunodeficiency viruses: SIV infection in wild gorillas
    Fran Van Heuverswyn
    UMR145, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement and Department of International Health, University of Montpellier 1, 34394 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Nature 444:164. 2006
    ..Here we report the discovery of HIV-1 group O-like viruses in wild gorillas...
  19. ncbi Influence of male morphology on male mating status and behavior during interunit encounters in western lowland gorillas
    Damien Caillaud
    Université de Montpellier 2, France
    Am J Phys Anthropol 135:379-88. 2008
    The western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) is one of the most sexually dimorphic primate species. Mature males are twice the size of females and have grey fur on their backs and a fibrous, adipose crest on their heads...
  20. pmc Recovery potential of a western lowland gorilla population following a major Ebola outbreak: results from a ten year study
    Céline Genton
    UMR 6553, ECOBIO Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Evolution, CNRS University of Rennes 1, Biological Station of Paimpont, Paimpont, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e37106. 2012
    ..outbreaks in central Africa have killed up to 95% of the individuals in affected western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) populations...
  21. pmc A likelihood ratio test of speciation with gene flow using genomic sequence data
    Ziheng Yang
    Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, United Kingdom
    Genome Biol Evol 2:200-11. 2010
    ..The test is applied to genomic data from the human, chimpanzee, and gorilla...
  22. ncbi Genetic analysis reveals population structure and recent migration within the highly fragmented range of the Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli)
    Richard A Bergl
    Anthropology Department, City University of New York Graduate Center, 365 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Mol Ecol 16:501-16. 2007
    ..Here we investigate population structure in the critically endangered Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) by applying a suite of individual-based analyses to data obtained from between one-quarter and one-..
  23. pmc A novel adenovirus of Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
    Diana Wevers
    FG12 Division of Viral Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
    Virol J 7:303. 2010
    ..The mixed phylogenetic clusters of gorilla, chimpanzee, bonobo and human AdVs within the HAdV-B species indicate that host switches may have been a component of the evolution of human and non-human primate HAdV-B viruses...
  24. pmc Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multimale groups
    Brenda J Bradley
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9418-23. 2005
    ..Instead, as long-term assemblages of related and unrelated individuals, gorilla groups are similar to chimpanzee groups and so offer interesting possibilities for kin-biased interactions among individuals...
  25. ncbi Clinical and pathologic manifestation of oesophagostomosis in African great apes: does self-medication in wild apes influence disease progression?
    Sabrina Krief
    USM 104 Eco anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, Département Hommes, Natures, sociétés, Museum national d histoire naturelle, Paris, France
    J Med Primatol 37:188-95. 2008
    ....
  26. ncbi Potential for Ebola transmission between gorilla and chimpanzee social groups
    Peter D Walsh
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Am Nat 169:684-9. 2007
    ..These observations support a reassessment of ape-to-ape transmission as an amplifier of Ebola outbreaks...
  27. ncbi Fruit bats as reservoirs of Ebola virus
    Eric M Leroy
    Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
    Nature 438:575-6. 2005
    ..We find evidence of asymptomatic infection by Ebola virus in three species of fruit bat, indicating that these animals may be acting as a reservoir for this deadly virus...
  28. ncbi Gorilla susceptibility to Ebola virus: the cost of sociality
    Damien Caillaud
    Curr Biol 16:R489-91. 2006
  29. ncbi Mineral content as a basis for food selection by western lowland gorillas in a forest clearing
    Florence Magliocca
    UMR 6552 CNRS Université Rennes 1, Station Biologique, Paimpont, France
    Am J Primatol 57:67-77. 2002
    ..Clearings should thus be considered as key habitats for the conservation of gorillas...
  30. ncbi Abundant gene conversion between arms of palindromes in human and ape Y chromosomes
    Steve Rozen
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 9 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 423:873-6. 2003
    ..We conclude that during recent evolution, an average of approximately 600 nucleotides per newborn male have undergone Y-Y gene conversion, which has had an important role in the evolution of multi-copy testis gene families in the MSY...
  31. pmc Human metapneumovirus infection in wild mountain gorillas, Rwanda
    Gustavo Palacios
    Center for Infection and Immunity, Columbia University, Rm 1709, 722 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:711-3. 2011
    ..Surveillance is needed to ensure survival of these critically endangered animals...
  32. ncbi Geographic and species association of hepatitis B virus genotypes in non-human primates
    S E Starkman
    Laboratory for Clinical and Molecular Virology, University of Edinburgh, Summerhall, Edinburgh, EH9 1QH, UK
    Virology 314:381-93. 2003
    ..detected in human populations throughout the world, as well as in a number of ape species (Pan troglodytes, Gorilla gorilla, gibbons [Nomascus and Hylobates species] and Pongo pygmaeus)...
  33. pmc A new isolation with migration model along complete genomes infers very different divergence processes among closely related great ape species
    Thomas Mailund
    Bioinformatics Research Center, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
    PLoS Genet 8:e1003125. 2012
    ..We also apply the model to the Homo/Pan speciation event and find that the most likely scenario involves an extended period of gene flow during speciation...
  34. ncbi Color preferences in gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    Deborah L Wells
    School of Psychology, Queen s University Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
    J Comp Psychol 122:213-9. 2008
    ..Overall, the findings suggest that gorillas and chimpanzees, our closest living relatives, may harbor color preferences comparable to those of humans and other species...
  35. ncbi Impact of ecological and social factors on ranging in western gorillas
    Diane M Doran-Sheehy
    Department of Anthropology, SUNY at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York, USA
    Am J Primatol 64:207-22. 2004
    ..and social (intergroup interaction rate) factors on ranging behavior in one group of western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) during a 16-month study...
  36. ncbi Simian T cell leukaemia virus type I subtype B in a wild-caught gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes vellerosus) from Cameroon
    Eric Nerrienet
    Laboratoire de Virologie, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun, , Cameroon
    J Gen Virol 85:25-9. 2004
    ..Two young animals, a gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes vellerosus), exhibited a pattern of complete HTLV-I seroreactivity...
  37. ncbi The tyrosinase gene in gorillas and the albinism of 'Snowflake'
    R Martinez-Arias
    Unitat de Biologia Evolutiva, Facultat de Ciencies de la Salut i de la Vida, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
    Pigment Cell Res 13:467-70. 2000
    The sequence of the tyrosinase (Tyr) gene coding tracts has been obtained for the gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). The five exons of the gene were sequenced in three gorillas and in a normally pigmented human...
  38. pmc African apes as reservoirs of Plasmodium falciparum and the origin and diversification of the Laverania subgenus
    Linda Duval
    Laboratoire de Biologie fonctionnelle des protozoaires, Unité Scientifique du Muséum 504, Museum national d histoire naturelle, 75005 Paris, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:10561-6. 2010
    ..If malignant malaria were eradicated from human populations, chimpanzees, in addition to gorillas, might serve as a reservoir for P. falciparum...
  39. ncbi Behavioral responses of one western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) group at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic, to tourists, researchers and trackers
    Michelle Klailova
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, United Kingdom
    Am J Primatol 72:897-906. 2010
    ..We recommend increasing minimum observation distance to >10 m where possible, decreasing observer group sizes, particularly after a visit consisting of maximum numbers and restricting tourist access to 1 visit/day...
  40. pmc Comparing the performances of apes (Gorilla gorilla, Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus) and human children (Homo sapiens) in the floating peanut task
    Daniel Hanus
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e19555. 2011
    ..Within the oldest group (8 years), 58 percent of the children solved the problem, whereas in the youngest group (4 years), only 8 percent were able to find the solution...
  41. ncbi Another gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) recognizes himself in a mirror
    Sandra Posada
    Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Primatol 69:576-83. 2007
    Various attempts have been made to explain why gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) find it difficult to recognize their mirror image...
  42. ncbi Validation of multiple diagnostic techniques to detect Cryptosporidium sp. and Giardia sp. in free-ranging western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and observations on the prevalence of these protozoan infections in two populations in Gabon
    Martine van Zijll Langhout
    Mikongo Conservation Centre, Lope National Park, Gabon
    J Zoo Wildl Med 41:210-7. 2010
    Anthropozoonotic diseases threaten the survival of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)...
  43. pmc Reaching around barriers: the performance of the great apes and 3-5-year-old children
    Petra H J M Vlamings
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig, Germany
    Anim Cogn 13:273-85. 2010
    ..In general, the performance of the older children was far from perfect and comparable to some of the nonhuman apes tested...
  44. ncbi Neuropathologic findings in an aged albino gorilla
    M Marquez
    Animal Tissue Bank of Catalunya, Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animals, Facultat de Veterinaria, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra Cerdanyola del Valles, Barcelona, Spain
    Vet Pathol 45:531-7. 2008
    ..Sequencing of the gorilla PANK2 gene failed to detect any mutation. The clinical, neuropathologic, and genetic findings in this gorilla point to an age-related pallido-nigral degeneration that presented PKAN-like neurologic deficits...
  45. pmc Consequences of non-intervention for infectious disease in African great apes
    Sadie J Ryan
    Department of Environmental and Forest Biology, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, New York, USA
    PLoS ONE 6:e29030. 2011
    ..We discuss and evaluate non-interventionist responses such as limiting tourist access to apes, community health programs, and safety, logistic, and cost issues that constrain the potential of vaccination...
  46. ncbi Variation in tooth morphology of Gorilla gorilla
    A Uchida
    Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Japan
    J Hum Evol 34:55-70. 1998
    b>Gorilla gorilla exemplifies a species that shows considerable variation in habitat, behaviour, genetic structure and morphology. This study examines variation of dental morphology in gorillas...
  47. ncbi Handedness in captive gorillas (Gorilla gorilla)
    Rebecca M Harrison
    Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield, Northgate House, West Street, Sheffield S1 4ET, UK
    Primates 51:251-61. 2010
    ..In this study, we examined handedness in 22 captive gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) across a range of behaviours that were part of their daily routine...
  48. ncbi Dientamoeba fragilis: initial evidence of pathogenicity in the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
    Felix Lankester
    Limbe Wildlife Centre, Limbe Botanic Garden Street, Limbe, South West Region, Cameroon
    J Zoo Wildl Med 41:350-2. 2010
    A 7-yr-old female western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) shared an enclosure with 10 other gorillas at the Limbe Wildlife Centre (LWC), a wildlife rehabilitation centre in Cameroon...
  49. ncbi Occlusal relief changes with molar wear in Pan troglodytes troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla gorilla
    Francis M'Kirera
    Environmental Dynamics Ph D Program, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA
    Am J Primatol 60:31-41. 2003
    ..study presents a morphological comparison of variably worn lower second molars (M(2)s) of lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla; n=47) and common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes; n=54) using dental topographic analysis...
  50. ncbi Postconflict behavior in captive western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
    S Mallavarapu
    Zoo Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia 30315, USA
    Am J Primatol 68:789-801. 2006
    ..PC behavior was not uniform throughout the groups, but rather varied according to dyad type...
  51. ncbi Effects of group dynamics and diet on the ranging patterns of a western gorilla group (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic
    Chloe Cipolletta
    WWF, Bangui, Central African Republic
    Am J Primatol 64:193-205. 2004
    ..In the last 14 months of the study, when the group numbered only three individuals and was ranging in a restricted area, the average DPL, but not the monthly range, increased when the gorillas were consuming more fruit...
  52. ncbi HLA-H: a pseudogene with increased variation due to balancing selection at neighboring loci
    C Grimsley
    Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 15:1581-8. 1998
    ..Instead, these data suggest that HLA-H has increased variation as a result of balancing selection acting on nearby loci such as HLA-A...
  53. ncbi Gorillas' (Gorilla gorilla) use of experimenter-given manual and facial cues in an object-choice task
    Jill T Byrnit
    Semel Institute of Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Anim Cogn 12:401-4. 2009
    ..Interestingly, the only object-choice task conducted with gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) has indicated successful use of both manual and visual cues...
  54. ncbi Infanticide and social flexibility in the genus Gorilla
    Juichi Yamagiwa
    Laboratory of Human Evolution Studies, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto, Japan
    Primates 50:293-303. 2009
    ..Rapid changes in density of gorilla social units and their relations following drastic environmental changes caused by recent human disturbances may also increase the probability of infanticide...
  55. pmc The evolution of African great ape subtelomeric heterochromatin and the fusion of human chromosome 2
    Mario Ventura
    Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Genome Res 22:1036-49. 2012
    ..Our findings highlight the complex interplay between duplicated sequences and chromosomal rearrangements that rapidly alter the cytogenetic landscape in a short period of evolutionary time...
  56. ncbi Event memory and misinformation effects in a gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
    Bennett L Schwartz
    Florida International University, University Park, FL 33199, Miami, USA
    Anim Cogn 7:93-100. 2004
    Event memory and misinformation effects were examined in an adult male gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla)...
  57. ncbi Cholesterol values in free-ranging gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla and Gorilla beringei) and Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus)
    Debra A Schmidt
    Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 37:292-300. 2006
    ..banked serum samples from free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei), western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), and Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) were analyzed for total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-..
  58. pmc Aging in the natural world: comparative data reveal similar mortality patterns across primates
    Anne M Bronikowski
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Science 331:1325-8. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that mortality patterns in primates are shaped by local selective forces rather than phylogenetic history...
  59. pmc Identification of differences in human and great ape phytanic acid metabolism that could influence gene expression profiles and physiological functions
    Paul A Watkins
    Department ofNeurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Hugo W Moser Research Institute at Kennedy Krieger, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    BMC Physiol 10:19. 2010
    ..Furthermore, phytanic acid is an activator of the PPAR-alpha transcription factor that influences the expression of genes relevant to lipid metabolism...
  60. ncbi Effects of habitat fragmentation, population size and demographic history on genetic diversity: the Cross River gorilla in a comparative context
    Richard A Bergl
    Anthropology Department, City University of New York Graduate Center, New York, New York, USA
    Am J Primatol 70:848-59. 2008
    ..We assessed genetic variability in the critically endangered Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli), a small and fragmented population, using 11 autosomal microsatellite loci...
  61. ncbi Ape metaphysics: object individuation without language
    Natacha Mendes
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103, Leipzig, Germany
    Cognition 106:730-49. 2008
    ..It remains to be seen, however, whether this kind of object individuation requires sortal concepts as human linguistic thinkers use them, or whether some simpler form of tracking properties is sufficient...
  62. ncbi Age-related patterns of reproductive success among female mountain gorillas
    Andrew M Robbins
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Phys Anthropol 131:511-21. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi Hyperkeratotic mange caused by Sarcoptes scabiei (Acariformes: Sarcoptidae) in juvenile human-habituated mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei)
    T K Graczyk
    Harry W Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Parasitol Res 87:1024-8. 2001
    To facilitate ecotourism and behavioral research, free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) have been habituated to humans...
  64. ncbi Morphological and molecular evidence reveals recent hybridization between gorilla taxa
    Rebecca Rogers Ackermann
    Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Science, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
    Evolution 64:271-90. 2010
    ....
  65. ncbi Sexual behavior in female western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla): evidence for sexual competition
    Tara S Stoinski
    Zoo Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Primatol 71:587-93. 2009
    ..This study focused on sexual behaviors in a newly formed group of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) housed at Zoo Atlanta...
  66. ncbi Pneumatic processes in the temporal bone of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)
    R J Sherwood
    Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Morphol 241:127-37. 1999
    ..The diminution of this structure in Homo sapiens explains the difference in air cell distribution in these regions...
  67. ncbi Preliminary evaluation of blood lipid profiles in captive western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
    Eric J Baitchman
    Department of Clinical Care, Wildlife Health Sciences, Wildlife Conservation Society, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 37:126-9. 2006
    Published serum cholesterol values in captive western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) are much higher than human ranges, with a national mean of 7.36 mmol/L (284 mg/dl, n = 863)...
  68. pmc A solution to the worn tooth conundrum in primate functional anatomy
    Peter S Ungar
    Department of Anthropology, Old Main 330, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:3874-7. 2003
    ....
  69. ncbi Major histocompatibility complex and microsatellite variation in two populations of wild gorillas
    D Lukas
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig 04103, Germany
    Mol Ecol 13:3389-402. 2004
    ..Comparison of results from analysis of variation at multiple microsatellite loci found only a slight reduction in heterozygosity for the mountain gorillas despite the relatively smaller population size...
  70. ncbi Human chromosome 15q11-q14 regions of rearrangements contain clusters of LCR15 duplicons
    Miguel Angel Pujana
    Centre de Genètica Mèdica i Molecular IRO, Hospital Duran i Reynals, Gran Via Km 2 7, 08907 L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    Eur J Hum Genet 10:26-35. 2002
    ..LCR15 analysis in non-human primates and age-sequence divergences support a recent origin of this family of segmental duplications through human speciation...
  71. ncbi Domain shuffling has been the main mechanism forming new hominoid killer cell Ig-like receptors
    Raja Rajalingam
    Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University, 299 Campus Drive West, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Immunol 172:356-69. 2004
    ..Other KIR genes represent recombinant forms present in a minority of species, often only one, as exemplified by 8 of the 11 gorilla KIR genes...
  72. ncbi Factors affecting the amount of genomic DNA extracted from ape faeces and the identification of an improved sample storage method
    A M Nsubuga
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Mol Ecol 13:2089-94. 2004
    ....
  73. ncbi Genetic variation in gorillas
    Linda Vigilant
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 64:161-72. 2004
    ..Such studies, addressing topics such as behavior of individuals with kin and non-kin, and the actual success of male reproductive strategies, will provide a link between behavioral and genetic studies of gorillas...
  74. pmc Population genetic and phylogenetic evidence for positive selection on regulatory mutations at the factor VII locus in humans
    Matthew W Hahn
    Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Genetics 167:867-77. 2004
    ..Our results thus further support the hypothesis that regulatory mutations have been important in human evolution...
  75. ncbi Simulation of the population dynamics and social structure of the Virunga mountain gorillas
    Martha M Robbins
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Am J Primatol 63:201-23. 2004
    ..Our final simulation addressed these discrepancies, and provided a better basis for further studies on the complex relationships among individual life history events, group composition, population age structure, and growth rate patterns...
  76. pmc Wave-like spread of Ebola Zaire
    Peter D Walsh
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Primatology, Leipzig, Germany
    PLoS Biol 3:e371. 2005
    ..Controlling the impact of Ebola on wild apes and human populations may be more feasible than previously recognized...
  77. ncbi Peaceful post-conflict interactions between aggressors and bystanders in captive lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
    Elisabetta Palagi
    Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Universita di Pisa, Calci, Pisa, Italy
    Am J Primatol 70:949-55. 2008
    ..Our data also suggest that bystanders decide when a peaceful contact may be too risky; in fact, neither PPIAB nor PPIVB occurred after high-intensity aggressions...
  78. ncbi How the great apes (Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, Pan paniscus, and Gorilla gorilla) perform on the reversed contingency task: the effects of food quantity and food visibility
    Petra H J M Vlamings
    Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 32:60-70. 2006
    ..authors compared the performance of 4 great ape species (Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, Pan paniscus, and Gorilla gorilla) on the reversed contingency task while manipulating food quantity (0-4 or 1-4) and food visibility (visible ..
  79. doi Mountain gorilla research: the risk of disease transmission relative to the benefit from the perspective of ecosystem health
    Michael R Cranfield
    Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Program, Inc, Maryland Zoo, Druid Hill Park, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Primatol 70:751-4. 2008
  80. pmc Tubes, tables and traps: great apes solve two functionally equivalent trap tasks but show no evidence of transfer across tasks
    Gema Martin-Ordas
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103, Leipzig, Germany
    Anim Cogn 11:423-30. 2008
    ..We used a larger sample of subjects than in previous studies and from all the four species of great apes (Gorilla gorilla, Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus, and Pongo pygmaeus)...
  81. ncbi Endocranial shape asymmetries in Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla assessed via skull based landmark analysis
    Antoine Balzeau
    Equipe de Paléontologie Humaine, CNRS, UMR 7194, Département de Préhistoire du Muséum national d histoire naturelle, Paris, France
    J Hum Evol 59:54-69. 2010
    ..the positions of frontal and occipital protrusions in large samples of Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla. This study confirms the existence of frontal and occipital petalias in African apes...
  82. pmc Widespread infection with homologues of human parvoviruses B19, PARV4, and human bocavirus of chimpanzees and gorillas in the wild
    Colin P Sharp
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, University of Edinburgh, Summerhall, Edinburgh EH9 1QH, Scotland, UK
    J Virol 84:10289-96. 2010
    ..This study provides the first evidence for widespread circulation of parvoviruses in primates and enables future investigations of their epidemiology, host specificity, and (co)evolutionary histories...
  83. ncbi Nuclear insertions help and hinder inference of the evolutionary history of gorilla mtDNA
    O Thalmann
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Mol Ecol 14:179-88. 2005
    ..Here we used information from numts found in western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) and eastern gorillas (Gorilla beringei) to estimate that these two species diverged about 1...
  84. ncbi Tracking the displacement of objects: a series of tasks with great apes (Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus, Gorilla gorilla, and Pongo pygmaeus) and young children (Homo sapiens)
    Jochen Barth
    Faculty of Psychology, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 32:239-52. 2006
    ..in which chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) performed better than gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) and orangutans (Pongo pygmeaus). All species found nonadjacent trials and rotations especially difficult...
  85. ncbi How great apes perform on a modified trap-tube task
    Nicholas J Mulcahy
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103, Leipzig, Germany
    Anim Cogn 9:193-9. 2006
    ..orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus), two chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), two bonobos (Pan paniscus), and one gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) with a modified trap tube that allowed subjects to push or rake the reward with the tool...
  86. ncbi Home-range use and intergroup encounters in western gorillas (Gorilla g. gorilla) at Lossi forest, North Congo
    M Bermejo
    Animal Biology Department, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Primatol 64:223-32. 2004
    ..I present data on home-range use and types of intergroup encounters for one group (Apollo) of western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) from a new study site in the Republic of Congo...
  87. ncbi Living in nonbreeding groups: an alternative strategy for maturing gorillas
    Florence Levrero
    Universite Rennes 1, CNRS UMR 6552, Ethologie Evolution Ecologie, Station Biologique, Paimpont, France
    Am J Primatol 68:275-91. 2006
    ..The dynamics of NBGs are not well known. In this study, which was conducted on a gorilla population (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) of 377 individuals that visited the Lokoué clearing in the Republic of Congo, we detail how the ..
  88. ncbi Mitochondrial DNA sequence from an enigmatic gorilla population (Gorilla gorilla uellensis)
    Michael Hofreiter
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig 04103, Germany
    Am J Phys Anthropol 121:361-8. 2003
    ..Africa have inspired recent unsuccessful field expeditions in search of the "mystery ape" termed Gorilla gorilla uellensis...
  89. pmc Likelihood and Bayes estimation of ancestral population sizes in hominoids using data from multiple loci
    Ziheng Yang
    Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, England
    Genetics 162:1811-23. 2002
    ..1-1.7 million years earlier. The analysis suggests that typical data sets contain useful information about the ancestral population sizes and that it is advantageous to analyze data of several species simultaneously...
  90. pmc The role of Pleistocene refugia and rivers in shaping gorilla genetic diversity in central Africa
    Nicola M Anthony
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20432-6. 2007
    ..Comparative data are needed to evaluate the importance of both mechanisms of vicariance in other African rainforest taxa...
  91. ncbi Anthropozoonotic Giardia duodenalis genotype (assemblage) a infections in habitats of free-ranging human-habituated gorillas, Uganda
    Thaddeus K Graczyk
    The W Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Parasitol 88:905-9. 2002
    ..This genotype may have been introduced into gorilla populations through habituation activities and may have then been sustained in their habitats by anthropozoonotic transmission...
  92. ncbi Manipulating decay time for efficient large-mammal density estimation: gorillas and dung height
    Hjalmar S Kuehl
    Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig 04103, Germany
    Ecol Appl 17:2403-14. 2007
    ..Further research is necessary to evaluate whether the temporal bias inherent in such an approach is small enough to ignore, given the 10-20-fold increases in precision promised by a PDR approach...
  93. ncbi Initial studies on the contributions of body size and gastrointestinal passage rates to dietary flexibility among gorillas
    M J Remis
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 1365, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 112:171-80. 2000
    ..This study provides additional experimental data on the gastrointestinal passage times of gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) fed a captive diet in a zoological park setting and discusses results in relation to field research ..
  94. ncbi Mother-infant interactions in western Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla): spatial relationships, communication, and opportunities for social learning
    Dario Maestripieri
    Committee on Human Development, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    J Comp Psychol 116:219-27. 2002
    This study investigated mother-infant interactions in lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) with particular focus on the relative role of mothers and infants in creating situations that are potentially conducive to infant social ..
  95. ncbi Cryptosporidium parvum genotype 2 infections in free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) of the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda
    T K Graczyk
    Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Parasitol Res 87:368-70. 2001
    For behavioral research and due to growing ecotourism, some populations of free-ranging mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) have become habituated to humans. Molecular analysis of two Cryptosporidium sp...
  96. ncbi Trisomy 17 in a bonobo (Pan paniscus) and deletion of 3q in a lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla): comparison with human trisomy 18 and human deletion 4q syndrome
    T L Lear
    Molecular Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Science, M H Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546, USA
    Cytogenet Cell Genet 95:228-33. 2001
    ..In addition, a male lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), also born at the zoo, exhibited postnatal growth retardation, facial dysmorphisms and small hands ..
  97. pmc The evolutionary chromosome translocation 4;19 in Gorilla gorilla is associated with microduplication of the chromosome fragment syntenic to sequences surrounding the human proximal CMT1A-REP
    P Stankiewicz
    Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Genome Res 11:1205-10. 2001
    ..2 arose as a result of a telomeric fusion between acrocentric chromosomes, whereas chromosomes 4 and 19 in Gorilla gorilla are the products of a reciprocal translocation between ancestral chromosomes, syntenic to human chromosomes 5 ..
  98. ncbi Imitative learning by captive western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in a simulated food-processing task
    T S Stoinski
    TechLab, Zoo Atlanta, Georgia 30315, USA
    J Comp Psychol 115:272-81. 2001
    ..To test experimentally for evidence of imitation in the current study, we exposed gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) to an artificial fruit foraging task designed by A. Whiten and D. M. Custance (1996)...
  99. ncbi How the great apes (Pan troglodytes, Pongo pygmaeus, Pan paniscus, Gorilla gorilla) perform on the reversed reward contingency task II: transfer to new quantities, long-term retention, and the impact of quantity ratios
    Jana Uher
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 122:204-12. 2008
    ..6 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), 3 orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus), 4 bonobos (Pan paniscus), and 2 gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) in the reversed reward contingency task...
  100. pmc Refinement of a chimpanzee pericentric inversion breakpoint to a segmental duplication cluster
    Devin P Locke
    Department of Genetics, Center for Computational Genomics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
    Genome Biol 4:R50. 2003
    ..Reproductive isolation and subsequent speciation are thought to be the potential result of pericentric inversions, as reproductive boundaries form as a result of hybrid sterility...
  101. ncbi Dispersed male networks in western gorillas
    Brenda J Bradley
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    Curr Biol 14:510-3. 2004
    ..However, recent findings on the little-studied western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) indicate that interactions between social groups occur more frequently than they do in mountain gorillas and ..

Research Grants24

  1. Molecular Epidemiology and Natural History of SIVcpz
    Beatrice H Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Using non- invasive methods, we will screen Gombe chimpanzees for STLV, ChHBV and adenoviruses and determine whether and to what extent these infections influence chimpanzee morbidity and mortality. ..
  2. CONTROLS FOR ASSOCIATION STUDIES OF ALCOHOLISM
    Kenneth Kidd; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Indications of the importance to alcoholism of different genetic variants and of which haplotypes may harbor cryptic but functionally relevant variation will result from these studies. ..
  3. Genomic Patterns of Polymorphism in Primates
    Jeffrey D Wall; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  4. Great Ape Reservoirs of Human Malaria
    Beatrice H Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  5. Natural SIV Reservoirs and Human Zoonotic Risk
    Beatrice H Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. INSTITUTIONAL TRAINING GRANT IN GENOME SCIENCE
    Michael P Snyder; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The SGTP plans to train graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to not only have highly successful careers in this area, but form the next generation of leaders in this field in both academia, industry and related professions. ) ..
  7. Y CHROMOSOME EVOLUTION AND MODERN HUMAN ORIGINS
    Michael Hammer; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..DNA will be sequenced from 16 humans and four species of great apes (Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus, Gorilla gorilla, and Pongo pygmaeus)...
  8. Molecular epidemiology of Plasmodium reichenowi
    Julian Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..reichenowi infection in wild chimpanzees and to use that information to obtain new P. reichenowi isolates that would be made available to the malaria research community for comparative studies. ..
  9. Evolution of vertebrate sensory genes
    Jianzhi Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies will also help understand human smell and taste variations and disorders. ..
  10. PSYCHOBIOLOGY OF INFANT ABUSE IN PRIMATES
    Dario Maestripieri; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This project will significantly enhance our understanding of the causes and consequences of infant abuse in primates and could have important implications for prevention and treatment of child maltreatment as well. ..
  11. Psychobiology of Parenting and Development
    Dario Maestripieri; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, this research could also elucidate the mechanisms underlying individual differences in vulnerability or resilience to the effects of early abuse. ..
  12. Nuclear integrations of mitochondrial DNA in great apes
    Nicola Anthony; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. Evolutionary genomics of new Drosophila genes
    DAVEN PRESGRAVES; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The methods developed will be applicable in comparative analysis of other genomes, including those of humans and their primate relatives. ..
  14. DNA Methylation as an Epigenetic Host Factor in HIV/AIDS
    Jianming Tang; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. NUCLEOTIDE DONORS AFFECTING GLYCOSYLATION PATHWAYS
    Ajit Varki; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  16. EXPLORING NUCLEAR-MITOCHONDRIAL DNA INTERACTIONS
    CARLOS MORAES; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will also study some physical and biochemical properties of oocyte mitochondria and test if these specific features are optimized for mitochondrial maintenance in the egg. ..
  17. Genetic Epidemiology of Adult Brain Cancer: A Follow-up Study
    Jianming Tang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Multiscale Analysis of Neuronal Morphology
    Patrick Hof; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such studies will provide crucial insight into general mechanisms of memory induction and maintenance that underlie normal cognitive function, its dysfunction in diseased states, and potential mechanisms for its restoration. ..
  19. Mouse Models of Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathies
    CARLOS MORAES; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We expect these studies to provide evidence that specific defects in the OXPHOS can manifest as distinct phenotypic alterations. ..
  20. OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION IN CELL GROWTH AND DEATH
    CARLOS TORRES MORAES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Carcinogenesis: Effects of Diet Deficient in Methyl Donors
    Shi Huang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The new understanding that will emerge from these studies will help clarify the role of nutrient metabolism in carcinogenesis. The results may have important public health implications. ..
  22. Group and Individual Differences in Audition
    Dennis McFadden; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If so, theory, diagnosis, treatment, and nosology for ADHD could be affected. ..
  23. Assessing Reproductive Senescence in Captive Gorillas
    Susan Margulis; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Given the current state of the captive gorilla population (roughly 30% of females are considered to be geriatric), this research is timely. ..