- A molecular phylogeny of living primates
Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, USA
PLoS Genet 7:e1001342. 2011
Comparative genomic analyses of primates offer considerable potential to define and understand the processes that mold, shape, and transform the human genome...
- Likelihood ratio tests for detecting positive selection and application to primate lysozyme evolution
Department of Biology, University College, London, United Kingdom
Mol Biol Evol 15:568-73. 1998
..The likelihood analysis thus confirmed most, but not all, conclusions Messier and Stewart reached using reconstructed ancestral sequences to estimate synonymous and nonsynonymous rates for different lineages...
- Maps and streams in the auditory cortex: nonhuman primates illuminate human speech processing
Josef P Rauschecker
Laboratory of Integrative Neuroscience and Cognition, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
Nat Neurosci 12:718-24. 2009
..A new model connects structures in the temporal, frontal and parietal lobes linking speech perception and production...
- Patterns of positive selection in six Mammalian genomes
Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
PLoS Genet 4:e1000144. 2008
..This study provides additional evidence for widespread positive selection in mammalian evolution and new genome-wide insights into the functional implications of positive selection...
- Sperm methylation profiles reveal features of epigenetic inheritance and evolution in primates
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1 Bungtown Road, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA
Cell 146:1029-41. 2011
..Thus, the features that determine DNA methylation patterns differ between male germ cells and somatic cells, and elements of these features have diverged between humans and chimpanzees...
- Advanced antisense therapies for postexposure protection against lethal filovirus infections
Travis K Warren
United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Maryland, USA
Nat Med 16:991-4. 2010
..PMOplus may be useful for treating these and other highly pathogenic viruses in humans...
- BST-2/tetherin: a new component of the innate immune response to enveloped viruses
David T Evans
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School, New England Primate Research Center, One Pine Hill Drives, Southborough, MA 01772, USA
Trends Microbiol 18:388-96. 2010
..Here, we review this new host-pathogen relationship and discuss its impact on the evolution of primate lentiviruses and the origins of the HIV pandemic...
- Neuron densities vary across and within cortical areas in primates
Christine E Collins
Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15927-32. 2010
..In all primates examined, primary visual cortex (V1) was the most neuron-dense cortical area and the secondary visual areas had ..
- Characterization of the fecal microbiome from non-human wild primates reveals species specific microbial communities
The Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e13963. 2010
..It has been hypothesized that the gastrointestinal microbiome of humans and other non-human primates may have played significant roles in host evolution by facilitating a range of dietary adaptations...
- Relaxed phylogenetics and dating with confidence
Alexei J Drummond
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS Biol 4:e88. 2006
..From these we conclude that our method is phylogenetically more accurate and precise than the traditional unrooted model while adding the ability to infer a timescale to evolution...
- Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Inselstrasse 22, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Nature 418:869-72. 2002
..Here we show that human FOXP2 contains changes in amino-acid coding and a pattern of nucleotide polymorphism, which strongly suggest that this gene has been the target of selection during recent human evolution...
- Ancient co-speciation of simian foamy viruses and primates
William M Switzer
HIV and Retrovirology Branch, Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, MS G 19, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Nature 434:376-80. 2005
..Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) are ubiquitous, non-pathogenic retroviruses that infect all primates. Here we test the co-speciation hypothesis in SFVs and their primate hosts by comparing the phylogenies of SFV ..
- A mitogenomic phylogeny of living primates
Research Group Molecular Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
PLoS ONE 8:e69504. 2013
b>Primates, the mammalian order including our own species, comprise 480 species in 78 genera. Thus, they represent the third largest of the 18 orders of eutherian mammals...
- Loss of olfactory receptor genes coincides with the acquisition of full trichromatic vision in primates
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
PLoS Biol 2:E5. 2004
..To investigate the process of degeneration of the olfactory repertoire in primates, we estimated the proportion of OR pseudogenes in 19 primate species by surveying randomly chosen subsets of 100 ..
- Learning to control a brain-machine interface for reaching and grasping by primates
Jose M Carmena
Department of Neurobiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
PLoS Biol 1:E42. 2003
Reaching and grasping in primates depend on the coordination of neural activity in large frontoparietal ensembles...
- Evolution of mammals and their gut microbes
Ruth E Ley
Center for Genome Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
Science 320:1647-51. 2008
..bacterial diversity, which increases from carnivory to omnivory to herbivory; that bacterial communities codiversified with their hosts; and that the gut microbiota of humans living a modern life-style is typical of omnivorous primates.
- Accelerated evolution of the Prdm9 speciation gene across diverse metazoan taxa
Peter L Oliver
Medical Research Council Functional Genomics Unit, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
PLoS Genet 5:e1000753. 2009
..Similar patterns are apparent for Prdm9 zinc fingers for diverse metazoans, including primates. Indeed, allelic variation at the DNA-binding positions of human PRDM9 zinc fingers show significant association ..
- Detection of nonneutral substitution rates on mammalian phylogenies
Katherine S Pollard
Gladstone Institutes, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94158, USA
Genome Res 20:110-21. 2010
..We also describe new "Conservation" tracks in the UCSC Genome Browser that display both phyloP and phastCons scores for genome-wide alignments of 44 vertebrate species...
- Ancient adaptive evolution of tetherin shaped the functions of Vpu and Nef in human immunodeficiency virus and primate lentiviruses
Efrem S Lim
Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Ave N, P O Box 10924, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, USA
J Virol 84:7124-34. 2010
..Human Tetherin is unique among the Tetherins of simian primates in that it has a 5-amino-acid deletion that results in the loss of the residue under the strongest positive ..
- The strange blood: natural hybridization in primates
Ceognitive Ethology Laboratory, German Primate Center, University of Gottingen, Germany
Evol Anthropol 20:96-103. 2011
..In primates, hybridization has occurred mainly between subspecies and species, but has also been detected between genera and ..
- Degeneration of olfactory receptor gene repertories in primates: no direct link to full trichromatic vision
Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama, Aichi, Japan
Mol Biol Evol 27:1192-200. 2010
..It is generally thought that primates are vision oriented and dependent weakly on olfaction...
- Gene regulation in primates evolves under tissue-specific selection pressures
Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
PLoS Genet 4:e1000271. 2008
..These observations are consistent with the notion that adaptive circumscribed changes in gene regulation have fewer deleterious pleiotropic effects compared with changes at the protein sequence level...
- Macroevolutionary dynamics and historical biogeography of primate diversification inferred from a species supermatrix
Mark S Springer
Department of Biology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e49521. 2012
..Relaxed clock analyses of divergence times with 14 fossil-calibrated nodes suggest that living Primates last shared a common ancestor 71-63 Ma, and that divergences within both Strepsirrhini and Haplorhini are ..
- Adaptive evolution of four microcephaly genes and the evolution of brain size in anthropoid primates
Stephen H Montgomery
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Mol Biol Evol 28:625-38. 2011
..with microcephaly (ASPM, CDK5RAP2, CENPJ, MCPH1) across 21 species representing all major clades of anthropoid primates. Contrary to prevailing assumptions, positive selection was not limited to or intensified along the lineage ..
- Preclinical differences of intravascular AAV9 delivery to neurons and glia: a comparative study of adult mice and nonhuman primates
Steven J Gray
Gene Therapy Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
Mol Ther 19:1058-69. 2011
..When this approach was applied to juvenile nonhuman primates (NHPs) at the middle dose (9-9...
- Estimating the phylogeny and divergence times of primates using a supermatrix approach
Helen J Chatterjee
Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
BMC Evol Biol 9:259. 2009
The primates are among the most broadly studied mammalian orders, with the published literature containing extensive analyses of their behavior, physiology, genetics and ecology...
- Recombination drives the evolution of GC-content in the human genome
UMR 5558 CNRS, Université Lyon I, Villeurbanne, France
Mol Biol Evol 21:984-90. 2004
..These results have important implications for understanding the spatial and temporal variations of substitution processes in a broad range of sexual organisms, and for detecting the hallmarks of natural selection in DNA sequences...
- Dating primate divergences through an integrated analysis of palaeontological and molecular data
Richard D Wilkinson
School of Mathmatical Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
Syst Biol 60:16-31. 2011
..To perform the inference, a new approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) algorithm is introduced, where the structure of the model can be exploited in an ABC-within-Gibbs algorithm to provide a more efficient analysis...
- Evidence for a convergent slowdown in primate molecular rates and its implications for the timing of early primate evolution
Michael E Steiper
Department of Anthropology, Hunter College of the City University of New York, New York, NY 10065, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:6006-11. 2012
..One explanation for this phenomenon is that crown primates existed in the Cretaceous but that their fossil remains have not yet been found...
- Gene expression differences among primates are associated with changes in a histone epigenetic modification
Carolyn E Cain
Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Genetics 187:1225-34. 2011
Changes in gene regulation are thought to play an important role in speciation and adaptation, especially in primates. However, we still know relatively little about the mechanisms underlying regulatory evolution...
- Vesicular stomatitis virus-based ebola vaccine is well-tolerated and protects immunocompromised nonhuman primates
Thomas W Geisbert
National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratories Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PLoS Pathog 4:e1000225. 2008
..progress has been made over the last decade in developing candidate preventive vaccines that can protect nonhuman primates against EBOV...
- Molecular evolution and network-level analysis of the N-glycosylation metabolic pathway across primates
Department of Experimental and Health Sciences, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, Universitat Pompeu Fabra Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Mol Biol Evol 28:813-23. 2011
..forces that shaped the evolution of the genes involved in the synthesis of the N-glycans during the divergence of primates within the framework of their functional network...
- Convergent evolution of escape from hepaciviral antagonism in primates
Maulik R Patel
Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA
PLoS Biol 10:e1001282. 2012
..antagonism has shaped the evolution of the host protein MAVS--a crucial component of the viral-sensing pathway in primates. From sequencing and phylogenetic analyses of MAVS from 21 simian primates, we found that MAVS has evolved under ..
- Comparative RNA sequencing reveals substantial genetic variation in endangered primates
George H Perry
Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Genome Res 22:602-10. 2012
Comparative genomic studies in primates have yielded important insights into the evolutionary forces that shape genetic diversity and revealed the likely genetic basis for certain species-specific adaptations...
- The connections of the dopaminergic system with the striatum in rats and primates: an analysis with respect to the functional and compartmental organization of the striatum
Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel
Neuroscience 96:451-74. 2000
This Commentary compares the connections of the dopaminergic system with the striatum in rats and primates with respect to two levels of striatal organization: a tripartite functional (motor, associative and limbic) subdivision and a ..
- Detecting positive selection within genomes: the problem of biased gene conversion
Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Box 582, 751 23 Uppsala, Sweden
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2571-80. 2010
..Our results indicate that gBGC significantly affects the evolution of coding sequences in primates, often leading to patterns of evolution that can be mistaken for positive selection.
- Trypanosoma cruzi in Brazilian Amazonia: Lineages TCI and TCIIa in wild primates, Rhodnius spp. and in humans with Chagas disease associated with oral transmission
Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 05508 900 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Int J Parasitol 39:615-23. 2009
..cruzi I (TCI) and T. cruzi IIa (TCIIa) circulate amongst non-human primates in Brazilian Amazonia, and are transmitted by Rhodnius species in overlapping arboreal transmission cycles, ..
- Necessity of hippocampal neurogenesis for the therapeutic action of antidepressants in adult nonhuman primates
Tarique D Perera
Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Medical Center and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e17600. 2011
..Pen-3 subjects 2 weeks of irradiation (N = 4) or sham-irradiation (N = 2) and then exposed to 15 weeks of stress and fluoxetine. Dependent measures were weekly behavioral observations and postmortem neurogenesis levels...
- RNAi-mediated gene silencing in non-human primates
Tracy S Zimmermann
Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Inc, 300 Third Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
Nature 441:111-4. 2006
..systemically in a liposomal formulation, can silence the disease target apolipoprotein B (ApoB) in non-human primates. APOB-specific siRNAs were encapsulated in stable nucleic acid lipid particles (SNALP) and administered by ..
- Primates--a natural heritage of conflict resolution
F B de Waal
Living Links, Center for the Advanced Study of Human and Ape Evolution, Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Science 289:586-90. 2000
..For example, chimpanzees kiss and embrace after fights, and other nonhuman primates engage in similar "reconciliations...
- Patterns of macroevolution among Primates inferred from a supermatrix of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA
P H Fabre
Institut des Sciences de l Evolution ISEM, UMR 5554 CNRS, Universite Montpellier II, Place E Bataillon, CC 064, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Mol Phylogenet Evol 53:808-25. 2009
..The resulting dated tree allowed to infer of macroevolutionary processes among the primates. Shifts in diversification rate and speciation rates were determined using the SymmeTREE method and a birthdeath ..
- Molecular evolution of trichromacy in primates
D M Hunt
Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, UK
Vision Res 38:3299-306. 1998
Although trichromacy in Old and New World primates is based on three visual pigments with spectral peaks in the violet (SW, shortwave), green (MW, middlewave) and yellow-green (LW, longwave) regions of the spectrum, the underlying genetic ..
- New Oligocene primate from Saudi Arabia and the divergence of apes and Old World monkeys
Iyad S Zalmout
Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, 1109 Geddes Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
Nature 466:360-4. 2010
..Saadanius has a tubular ectotympanic but lacks synapomorphies of either group of crown Catarrhini, and we infer that the hominoid-cercopithecoid split happened later, between 29-28 and 24 Myr ago...
- Tolerogenic dendritic cells actively inhibit T cells through heme oxygenase-1 in rodents and in nonhuman primates
INSERM U643, CHU Hotel Dieu, Nantes, France
FASEB J 23:3070-7. 2009
Clinical translation of dendritic cell (DC)-based cell therapy requires preclinical studies in nonhuman primates (NHPs)...
- A model for tool-use traditions in primates: implications for the coevolution of culture and cognition
Carel P van Schaik
Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, Box 90383, Durham, NC 27708 0383, USA
J Hum Evol 44:645-64. 2003
..or cultures), we developed a formal model to predict the incidence of these acquired specializations among wild primates and to examine the evolution of their underlying abilities...
- New insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-precursor sequences from mammalian genomes: the molecular evolution of IGFs and associated peptides in primates
Biochemistry Department, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex, UK
Growth Horm IGF Res 19:12-23. 2009
..IGF precursors from several new species, and this has been used here to study the evolution of these proteins in primates. The sequence of insulin is strongly conserved in primates except for the branch leading to NWM - the sequence of ..
- An optogenetic toolbox designed for primates
Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
Nat Neurosci 14:387-97. 2011
..We present a set of optogenetic tools designed for optogenetic experiments in the non-human primate brain...
- Efficient gene delivery and selective transduction of glial cells in the mammalian brain by AAV serotypes isolated from nonhuman primates
Patricia A Lawlor
Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Mol Ther 17:1692-702. 2009
- Novel adenoviruses in wild primates: a high level of genetic diversity and evidence of zoonotic transmissions
Division of Viral Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
J Virol 85:10774-84. 2011
Adenoviruses (AdVs) broadly infect vertebrate hosts, including a variety of nonhuman primates (NHPs)...
- Stepwise evolution of stable sociality in primates
Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, 64 Banbury Road, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6PN, UK
Nature 479:219-22. 2011
..much attention has been focused on explaining and describing the diversity of social grouping patterns among primates, less effort has been devoted to understanding the evolutionary history of social living...
- Exaptation of an ancient Alu short interspersed element provides a highly conserved vitamin D-mediated innate immune response in humans and primates
Adrian F Gombart
Linus Pauling Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
BMC Genomics 10:321. 2009
..in additional primate lineages would provide strong evidence that the TLR2/1-vitamin D-cathelicidin pathway evolved as a biologically important immune response mechanism protecting human and non-human primates against infection.
- A comparative MRI study of the relationship between neuroanatomical asymmetry and interhemispheric connectivity in primates: implication for the evolution of functional asymmetries
W D Hopkins
Department of Psychology, Berry College, USA
Behav Neurosci 114:739-48. 2000
..of corpus callosum size to brain volume (CC:VOL) and to neocortical surface area (CC:NEO) in human and nonhuman primates. Magnetic resonance images were collected in a sample of 45 primates including 8 New World monkeys, 10 Old World ..
- Prefrontal white matter volume is disproportionately larger in humans than in other primates
P Thomas Schoenemann
Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, 3260 South St, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6398, USA
Nat Neurosci 8:242-52. 2005
..This suggests that connectional elaboration (as gauged by white matter volume) played a key role in human brain evolution...
- Single-injection vaccine protects nonhuman primates against infection with marburg virus and three species of ebola virus
Thomas W Geisbert
Department of Microbiology, National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratories Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
J Virol 83:7296-304. 2009
..Marburg virus and Ebola virus cause severe hemorrhagic fever with high mortality in humans and nonhuman primates. Among the most promising filovirus vaccines under development is a system based on recombinant vesicular ..
- Long-term effects of early-life environmental manipulations in rodents and primates: Potential animal models in depression research
Christopher R Pryce
Behavioural Neurobiology Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Schorenstrasse 16, CH 8603 Schwerzenbach, Zurich, Switzerland
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29:649-74. 2005
..Studies of postnatal environmental manipulations in rodents and primates can potentially yield evidence that abnormal early-life experience leading to dysfunction of the neurobiology, ..
- Manganese neurotoxicity: lessons learned from longitudinal studies in nonhuman primates
Neal C Burton
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
Environ Health Perspect 117:325-32. 2009
..The comparatively sparse studies incorporating in vivo neuroimaging in nonhuman primates provide invaluable insights on the effects of Mn on brain chemistry.
- Live attenuated recombinant vaccine protects nonhuman primates against Ebola and Marburg viruses
Steven M Jones
Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, 1015 Arlington Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 3R2, Canada
Nat Med 11:786-90. 2005
..intramuscular injection of the EBOV or MARV vaccine elicited completely protective immune responses in nonhuman primates against lethal EBOV or MARV challenges...
- Comparative expression of hedonic impact: affective reactions to taste by human infants and other primates
J E Steiner
Department of Oral Biology, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 25:53-74. 2001
..affective reactions elicited by tastes from eight newborn human infants, and from 27 other infant or adult primates. Non-human primates belonged to 11 species: three great apes (chimpanzee, orangutan, gorilla), three Old World ..
- Origins of HIV and the evolution of resistance to AIDS
Jonathan L Heeney
Department of Virology, Biomedical Primate Research Centre, Rijswijk 2280 GH, Netherlands
Science 313:462-6. 2006
The cross-species transmission of lentiviruses from African primates to humans has selected viral adaptations which have subsequently facilitated human-to-human transmission...
- Social intelligence, innovation, and enhanced brain size in primates
Simon M Reader
Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, High Street, Madingley, Cambridge CB3 8AA, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:4436-41. 2002
..The ability to learn from others, invent new behaviors, and use tools may have played pivotal roles in primate brain evolution...
- Evolutionary conservation of chromosome territory arrangements in cell nuclei from higher primates
Department of Biology II Human Genetics, University of Munich, Richard Wagner Strasse 10, 80333 München, Germany
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:4424-9. 2002
..The evolutionarily conserved positioning of homologous chromosomes or chromosome segments in related species supports evidence for a functionally relevant higher-order chromatin arrangement that is correlated with gene-density...
- Adaptation and constraint at Toll-like receptors in primates
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, AZ, USA
Mol Biol Evol 27:2172-86. 2010
..We found a clear signature of positive selection in the rates of substitution across primates in most TLRs...
- Molecular evolution and tempo of amplification of human LINE-1 retrotransposons since the origin of primates
Department of Biology, Queens College, The City University of New York, Flushing, New York 11367, USA
Genome Res 16:78-87. 2006
..of the families of LINE-1 (L1) retrotransposons that have amplified in the human lineage since the origin of primates. We identified two phases in the evolution of L1...
- Comparative analysis of Alu repeats in primate genomes
George E Liu
USDA, ARS, ANRI, Bovine Functional Genomics Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
Genome Res 19:876-85. 2009
..a global assessment of the divergence distributions, phylogenies, and consensus sequences for Alu elements in primates including lemur, marmoset, macaque, baboon, and chimpanzee as compared to human...
- Does the mastery of center-embedded linguistic structures distinguish humans from nonhuman primates?
University of Bourgogne, Dijon, France
Psychon Bull Rev 12:307-13. 2005
..that, beyond the specific drawbacks inherent in F&H's study, researching the source of the inability of nonhuman primates to master language within a framework built around Chomsky's hierarchy of grammars is a conceptual dead end.
- The evolution of primate general and cultural intelligence
Simon M Reader
Department of Biology and Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:1017-27. 2011
..correlated composite of cognitive traits suggests social, technical and ecological abilities have coevolved in primates, indicative of an across-species general intelligence that includes elements of cultural intelligence...
- Adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing shapes transcriptome diversity in primates
Cancer Research Center, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:12174-9. 2010
..due to exceptional editing within the primate-specific Alu sequences, but the global editing level of nonhuman primates has not been studied so far...
- Personality in nonhuman primates: a review and evaluation of past research
Hani D Freeman
Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
Am J Primatol 72:653-71. 2010
Scientific reports of personality in nonhuman primates are now appearing with increasing frequency across a wide range of disciplines, including psychology, anthropology, endocrinology, and zoo management...
- Using the fossil record to estimate the age of the last common ancestor of extant primates
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 1340, USA
Nature 416:726-9. 2002
..For the order Primates, molecular data calibrated with various external fossil dates uniformly suggest a mid-Cretaceous divergence from ..
- Origin of primate orphan genes: a comparative genomics approach
Evolutionary Genomics Group, Biomedical Informatics Research Programme, Fundació Institut Municipal d Investigació Mèdica, Barcelona, Spain
Mol Biol Evol 26:603-12. 2009
..This indicates frequent recruitment of TEs as part of novel genes. Finally, we also obtain evidence that a small fraction of primate orphan genes, around 5.5%, might have originated de novo from mammalian noncoding genomic regions...
- Neurobiological mechanisms of the onset of puberty in primates
Department of Pediatrics, Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center, and University of Wisconsin Madison, 53715 1299, USA
Endocr Rev 22:111-51. 2001
..However, the mechanism controlling the pubertal increase in LHRH release is still unclear. In primates the LHRH neurosecretory system is already active during the neonatal period but subsequently enters a dormant ..
- MicroRNA silencing in primates: towards development of novel therapeutics
Santaris Pharma, Kogle Alle 6, Hørsholm, Denmark and Wilhelm Johannsen Centre for Functional Genome Research, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3, Copenhagen, Denmark
Cancer Res 69:393-5. 2009
..Recent reports on efficient miRNA silencing in rodents and nonhuman primates using high-affinity targeting by chemically modified antisense oligonucleotides highlight the utility of such ..
- Brains, innovations and evolution in birds and primates
Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quec, Canada
Brain Behav Evol 63:233-46. 2004
..In both birds and primates, innovation rate is positively correlated with the relative size of association areas in the brain, the ..
- Calorie restriction and aging in nonhuman primates
Joseph W Kemnitz
Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, 1220 Capitol Court, Madison, WI 53715 1299, USA
ILAR J 52:66-77. 2011
..This research offers tremendous potential for producing novel insights into aging and risk of disease...
- Nonhuman primates prefer slow tempos but dislike music overall
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, MIT, Perceptual Science Group, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Cognition 104:654-68. 2007
..Cognition, 94(2), B11-B21] to test cotton-top tamarins and common marmosets, two new-World primates, for their spontaneous responses to stimuli that varied systematically with respect to tempo...
- Codon-substitution models for detecting molecular adaptation at individual sites along specific lineages
Galton Laboratory, Department of Biology, University College London
Mol Biol Evol 19:908-17. 2002
..models as well as previous branch- and site-specific models to three data sets: the lysozyme genes from primates, the tumor suppressor BRCA1 genes from primates, and the phytochrome (PHY) gene family in angiosperms...
- Comparative primate genomics
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 5:351-78. 2004
..the advent of technologies to study functional aspects of genomes, molecular comparisons between humans and other primates have gained momentum...
- Noninvasive, transient and selective blood-brain barrier opening in non-human primates in vivo
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e22598. 2011
..For the first time, the feasibility of transcranial ME-FUS BBB opening in non-human primates is demonstrated with subsequent BBB recovery...
- Mitochondrial DNA sequences of primates: tempo and mode of evolution
W M Brown
J Mol Evol 18:225-39. 1982
..bp in length, contains the genes for three transfer RNAs and parts of two proteins, and is homologous in all 5 primates. The 5 sequences differ from one another by base substitutions at 283 positions and by a deletion of one base ..
- Displacement activities as a behavioral measure of stress in nonhuman primates and human subjects
Department of Psychiatry, University of Rome Tor Vergata, via Guattani, 14, 00161 Rome, Italy
Stress 5:47-54. 2002
..of stress is to analyze those behavior patterns that ethologists have named displacement activities and that, in primates, consist mostly of self-directed behaviors...
- Dissecting the role of dendritic cells in simian immunodeficiency virus infection and AIDS
Elizabeth R Wonderlich
Center for Vaccine Research, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Immunol Res 50:228-34. 2011
..Both DC subsets have been well characterized in nonhuman primates and shown to have strikingly similar phenotypic and functional characteristics to their counterparts in the human...
- On the immortality of television sets: "function" in the human genome according to the evolution-free gospel of ENCODE
Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston, TX, USA
Genome Biol Evol 5:578-90. 2013
..The ENCODE results were predicted by one of its authors to necessitate the rewriting of textbooks. We agree, many textbooks dealing with marketing, mass-media hype, and public relations may well have to be rewritten...
- Transmission characteristics of primate vocalizations: implications for acoustic analyses
Cognitive Ethology Laboratory, German Primate Center, Gottingen, Germany
PLoS ONE 6:e23015. 2011
..Because the recording conditions can have appreciable effects on acoustic parameters, it is advisable to validate the extraction method of acoustic variables from recordings over longer distances before using them in acoustic analyses...
- Is group size related to longevity in mammals?
Jason M Kamilar
Department of Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Biol Lett 6:736-9. 2010
..We found that group size was a poor predictor of maximum longevity across all mammals, as well as within primates and rodents...
- Frequent gene conversion events between the X and Y homologous chromosomal regions in primates
The Center for the Promotion of Integrated Sciences, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies Sokendai, Shonan Village, Hayama, Kanagawa 240 0193, Japan
BMC Evol Biol 10:225. 2010
..To examine the evolutionary mechanism for this low p-distance region, sequences of a corresponding region including KALX/Y from seven species of non-human primates were analyzed.
- Novel multiplexed HIV/simian immunodeficiency virus antibody detection assay
University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France
Emerg Infect Dis 17:2277-86. 2011
..To assess the risk for cross-species transmission of simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) from nonhuman primates to humans in the Democratic Republic of Congo, we collected 330 samples derived from nonhuman primate bushmeat at ..
- Positive selection of primate TRIM5alpha identifies a critical species-specific retroviral restriction domain
Sara L Sawyer
Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:2832-7. 2005
..Our study highlights the power of evolutionary analyses, in which positive selection identifies not only the age of genetic conflict but also the interaction interface where this conflict plays out...
- Differential transduction following basal ganglia administration of distinct pseudotyped AAV capsid serotypes in nonhuman primates
Hemraj B Dodiya
Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
Mol Ther 18:579-87. 2010
..The current data suggest that AAV2/5 and AAV2/1 are superior to AAV2/8 for gene delivery to the nonhuman primate striatum and therefore better candidates for therapeutic applications targeting this structure...
- Evolution of eye size and shape in primates
Callum F Ross
Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
J Hum Evol 52:294-313. 2007
Strepsirrhine and haplorhine primates exhibit highly derived features of the visual system that distinguish them from most other mammals...
- Emergence of young human genes after a burst of retroposition in primates
Ana Claudia Marques
Center for Integrative Genomics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
PLoS Biol 3:e357. 2005
..retrogenes on the lineage leading to humans generated by the high rate of retroposition (retroduplication) in primates. Extensive comparative sequencing and expression studies coupled with evolutionary analyses and simulations ..
- Phylogenetic analyses of dimorphism in primates: evidence for stronger selection on canine size than on body size
Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Am J Phys Anthropol 130:50-9. 2006
..methods were used to analyze the consequences of sexual selection on canine size and canine size dimorphism in primates. Our analyses of previously published body mass and canine size data revealed that the degree of sexual selection ..
- Coevolution of vocal communication and sociality in primates
Department of Psychology, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK
Biol Lett 1:381-5. 2005
- Evolution of the mammalian placenta revealed by phylogenetic analysis
Derek E Wildman
Perinatology Research Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:3203-8. 2006
..Here we challenge the view that the hemochorial placenta is a derived feature in haplorhine primates. Using phylogenetic and statistical analyses of molecular and morphological data, we demonstrate that the ..
- Simian foamy virus infection in humans: prevalence and management
Arifa S Khan
Laboratory of Retrovirus Research, Division of Viral Products, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration, 8800 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 7:569-80. 2009
..These steps will help prevent the emergence of a novel pathogen and reduce the risk of transmission of another potential pathogenic human retrovirus...
- Convergent evolution of anthropoid-like adaptations in Eocene adapiform primates
Erik R Seiffert
Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 8081, USA
Nature 461:1118-21. 2009
Adapiform or 'adapoid' primates first appear in the fossil record in the earliest Eocene epoch ( approximately 55 million years (Myr) ago), and were common components of Palaeogene primate communities in Europe, Asia and North America...
- Ecological importance of trichromatic vision to primates
N J Dominy
Department of Anatomy, University of Hong Kong, People s Republic of China
Nature 410:363-6. 2001
..430 nm, approximately 535 nm and approximately 562 nm (refs 1, 2), has evolved convergently in catarrhine primates and one genus of New World monkey, the howlers (genus Alouatta)...
- Social network analysis in the study of nonhuman primates: a historical perspective
Lauren J N Brent
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
Am J Primatol 73:720-30. 2011
..these questions by providing an overview of the historical relationship between SNA and the study of nonhuman primates. We begin with a brief history of the development of SNA, followed by a detailed description of the network-based ..
- Osteological evidence for the evolution of activity pattern and visual acuity in primates
R F Kay
Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 113:235-62. 2000
Examination of orbit size and optic foramen size in living primates reveals two adaptive phenomena. First, as noted by many authors, orbit size is strongly correlated with activity pattern...
- On the genetic architecture of cortical folding and brain volume in primates
Department of Genetics, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, 7620 N W Loop 410, San Antonio, TX 78227, USA
Neuroimage 53:1103-8. 2010
..The human brain is exceptional among primates in both total volume and gyrification, and therefore understanding the genetic mechanisms influencing variation ..
- Molecular evolution of the primate antiviral restriction factor tetherin
Institute of Life Sciences, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China
PLoS ONE 5:e11904. 2010
..Here, we performed a detailed evolutionary analysis to address this presumption...
- Genomic characterization of TT viruses (TTVs) in pigs, cats and dogs and their relatedness with species-specific TTVs in primates and tupaias
Immunology Division and Division of Molecular Virology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi Ken 329 0498, Japan
J Gen Virol 83:1291-7. 2002
..4-3.9 kb and TTV-like mini viruses (TLMVs) of 2.8-3.0 kb isolated from humans and non-human primates as well as tupaia TTVs of 2...