Genomes and Genes
Summary: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
Publications364 found, 100 shown here
- Evolution of nectarivory in phyllostomid bats (Phyllostomidae Gray, 1825, Chiroptera: Mammalia)Thomas Datzmann
Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity at the Humboldt University Berlin, Invalidenstr, 43, 10115 Berlin, Germany
BMC Evol Biol 10:165. 2010..Nevertheless, the evolution of nectarivory remained equivocal...
- Fruit bats as reservoirs of Ebola virusEric M Leroy
Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
Nature 438:575-6. 2005..We find evidence of asymptomatic infection by Ebola virus in three species of fruit bat, indicating that these animals may be acting as a reservoir for this deadly virus...
- A molecular phylogeny for bats illuminates biogeography and the fossil recordEmma C Teeling
Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, Basic Research Program, SAIC Frederick, Inc, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA
Science 307:580-4. 2005....
- Bats are natural reservoirs of SARS-like coronavirusesWendong Li
Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences CAS, Beijing, China
Science 310:676-9. 2005..The human and civet isolates of SARS-CoV nestle phylogenetically within the spectrum of SL-CoVs, indicating that the virus responsible for the SARS outbreak was a member of this coronavirus group...
- Bats host major mammalian paramyxovirusesJan Felix Drexler
Institute of Virology, University of Bonn Medical Centre, Bonn 53127, Germany
Nat Commun 3:796. 2012..Future attempts to predict the emergence of novel paramyxoviruses in humans and livestock will have to rely fundamentally on these data...
- Bats: important reservoir hosts of emerging virusesCharles H Calisher
Arthropod Borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Clin Microbiol Rev 19:531-45. 2006Bats (order Chiroptera, suborders Megachiroptera ["flying foxes"] and Microchiroptera) are abundant, diverse, and geographically widespread...
- Characterization of Nipah virus from naturally infected Pteropus vampyrus bats, MalaysiaSohayati A Rahman
Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Malaysia
Emerg Infect Dis 16:1990-3. 2010..This isolate is monophyletic with previous NiVs in combined analysis, and the nucleocapsid gene phylogeny species...
- Transmission of human infection with Nipah virusStephen P Luby
International Centre for Diarrheal Diseases Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Clin Infect Dis 49:1743-8. 2009..Efforts to prevent transmission should focus on decreasing bat access to date palm sap and reducing family members' and friends' exposure to infected patients' saliva...
- Convergent sequence evolution between echolocating bats and dolphinsYang Liu
School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
Curr Biol 20:R53-4. 2010..Furthermore, we find evidence that these changes were driven by natural selection...
- Marburg virus infection detected in a common African batJonathan S Towner
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Special Pathogens Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
PLoS ONE 2:e764. 2007..These data imply that more areas are at risk for MHF outbreaks than previously realized and correspond well with a recently published report in which three species of fruit bats were demonstrated to be likely reservoirs for Ebola virus...
- The hearing gene Prestin unites echolocating bats and whalesYing Li
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Curr Biol 20:R55-6. 2010....
- Experimental infection of bats with Geomyces destructans causes white-nose syndromeJeffrey M Lorch
Molecular and Environmental Toxicology Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
Nature 480:376-8. 2011....
- Host phylogeny constrains cross-species emergence and establishment of rabies virus in batsDaniel G Streicker
Rabies Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Science 329:676-9. 2010..Evolutionary constraints on viral host range indicate that host species barriers may trump the intrinsic mutability of RNA viruses in determining the fate of emerging host-virus interactions...
- Bat guano virome: predominance of dietary viruses from insects and plants plus novel mammalian virusesLinlin Li
Blood Systems Research Institute 270 Masonic Ave, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
J Virol 84:6955-65. 2010..Viral metagenomics is a useful tool for genetically characterizing viruses present in animals with the known capability of direct or indirect viral zoonosis to humans...
- Bat Nipah virus, ThailandSupaporn Wacharapluesadee
Department of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1949-51. 2005..Immunoglobulin G antibodies to NV were detected with enzyme immunoassay in 82 of 1,304 bats. NV RNA was found in bat saliva and urine. These data suggest the persistence of NV infection in Thai bats...
- The evolution of echolocation in batsGareth Jones
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol, BS8 1UG, UK
Trends Ecol Evol 21:149-56. 2006..The extensive adaptive radiation in echolocation call design is shaped largely by ecology, showing how perceptual challenges imposed by the environment can often override phylogenetic constraints...
- Recurrent zoonotic transmission of Nipah virus into humans, Bangladesh, 2001-2007Stephen P Luby
International Centre for Diarrheal Diseases Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Emerg Infect Dis 15:1229-35. 2009..Interventions to prevent virus transmission from bats to humans and from person to person are needed...
- Human Ebola outbreak resulting from direct exposure to fruit bats in Luebo, Democratic Republic of Congo, 2007Eric M Leroy
Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville CIRMF, Franceville, Gabon
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 9:723-8. 2009..These findings support the suspected role of bats in the natural cycle of Ebola virus and indicate that the massive seasonal fruit bat migrations should be taken into account in operational Ebola risk maps and seasonal alerts in the DRC...
- Inoculation of bats with European Geomyces destructans supports the novel pathogen hypothesis for the origin of white-nose syndromeLisa Warnecke
Department of Biology and Centre for Forest Interdisciplinary Research, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3B 2E9
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:6999-7003. 2012..Our results demonstrate that altered torpor-arousal cycles underlie mortality from WNS and provide direct evidence that Gd is a novel pathogen to North America from Europe...
- Echo-intensity compensation in echolocating bats (Pipistrellus abramus) during flight measured by a telemetry microphoneShizuko Hiryu
Research Center for Intelligent Information Science, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe 610 0321, Japan
J Acoust Soc Am 121:1749-57. 2007..These findings provide direct evidence that bats adjust pulse intensity to compensate for changes in echo intensity to maintain a constant intensity of the echo returned from the approaching target at an optimal range...
- The hearing gene Prestin reunites echolocating batsGang Li
School of Life Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13959-64. 2008..These results highlight the potential problems of extracting phylogenetic signals from functional genes that may be prone to convergence...
- Host immunity to repeated rabies virus infection in big brown batsA S Turmelle
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Gen Virol 91:2360-6. 2010..These results suggest that long-term repeated infection of bats may confer significant immunological memory and reduced susceptibility to RABV infection...
- An emerging disease causes regional population collapse of a common North American bat speciesWinifred F Frick
Center for Ecology and Conservation Biology CECB, Department of Biology, Boston University, 5 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Science 329:679-82. 2010..Novel diseases can have serious impacts on naïve wildlife populations, which in turn can have substantial impacts on ecosystem integrity...
- Response to imported case of Marburg hemorrhagic fever, the NetherlandAura Timen
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Emerg Infect Dis 15:1171-5. 2009..We present lessons learned and results of the follow-up serosurvey of contacts and focus on factors that prevented overreaction during an event with a high public health impact...
- Nipah virus in Lyle's flying foxes, CambodiaJean Marc Reynes
Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1042-7. 2005..These results strengthen the hypothesis that flying foxes could be the natural host of NiV. Surveillance of human cases should be implemented...
- Studies of reservoir hosts for Marburg virusRobert Swanepoel
National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Sandringham, Republic of South Africa
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1847-51. 2007..6% of 2 species of insectivorous bat and 1 species of fruit bat. We found antibody to the virus in the serum of 9.7% of 1 of the insectivorous species and in 20.5% of the fruit bat species, but attempts to isolate virus were unsuccessful...
- A new genotype of Trypanosoma cruzi associated with bats evidenced by phylogenetic analyses using SSU rDNA, cytochrome b and Histone H2B genes and genotyping based on ITS1 rDNAA Marcili
Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Universidade de Sao Paulo USP, SP, Brasil
Parasitology 136:641-55. 2009..Our findings indicate that the complexity of T. cruzi is larger than currently known, and confirmed bats as important reservoirs and potential source of T. cruzi infections to humans...
- Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography of Rhinolophus batsSamantha Stoffberg
Department of Zoology, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
Mol Phylogenet Evol 54:1-9. 2010....
- Parallel evolution of KCNQ4 in echolocating batsZhen Liu
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
PLoS ONE 6:e26618. 2011..This study highlights the usefulness of convergent or parallel evolutionary studies for finding phenotype-related genes and contributing to the resolution of evolutionary problems...
- Co-circulation of diverse paramyxoviruses in an urban African fruit bat populationK S Baker
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
J Gen Virol 93:850-6. 2012..Additionally, the high rate of bat-human contact at the study site calls for the zoonotic potential of the detected viruses to be investigated further...
- White-nose syndrome: is this emerging disease a threat to European bats?Sebastien J Puechmaille
UCD School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
Trends Ecol Evol 26:570-6. 2011..Here, we review what is known about WNS and G. destructans and detail the conservation and research recommendations aimed at understanding and containing this emerging infectious disease...
- Virome analysis for identification of novel mammalian viruses in bat species from Chinese provincesZhiqiang Wu
MOH Key Laboratory of Systems Biology of Pathogens, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People s Republic of China
J Virol 86:10999-1012. 2012..These findings have expanded our understanding of the viromes of bats in China and hinted at the presence of a large variety of unknown mammalian viruses in many common bat species of mainland China...
- Outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever among miners in Kamwenge and Ibanda Districts, Uganda, 2007Jennifer Adjemian
Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892 2665, USA
J Infect Dis 204:S796-9. 2011..We describe the epidemiologic investigation and the health education response...
- The voltage-gated potassium channel subfamily KQT member 4 (KCNQ4) displays parallel evolution in echolocating batsYang Liu
Institute of Molecular Ecology and Evolution, Institutes for Advanced Interdisciplinary Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
Mol Biol Evol 29:1441-50. 2012..These results suggest that only a subset of hearing genes could underlie the evolution of echolocation. The present work continues to delineate the genetic bases of echolocation and ultrasonic hearing in bats...
- Bats as a continuing source of emerging infections in humansSamson Wong
Department of Microbiology, Research Centre of Infection and Immunology, The University of Hong Kong, 4 F University Pathology Building, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Rev Med Virol 17:67-91. 2007..A systematic survey of bats is warranted to better understand the ecology of these viruses...
- Neotropical bats: estimating species diversity with DNA barcodesElizabeth L Clare
Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
PLoS ONE 6:e22648. 2011..using DNA barcodes with a collection of more than 9000 individuals from 163 species of Neotropical bats (order Chiroptera)...
- Identifying Hendra virus diversity in pteropid batsIna Smith
Australian Animal Health Laboratory, CSIRO Livestock Industries, East Geelong, Victoria, Australia
PLoS ONE 6:e25275. 2011..Thus future spillover events are likely to occur, and there is an on-going need for effective risk management strategies for both human and animal health...
- Rabies surveillance in the United States during 2009Jesse D Blanton
Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 237:646-57. 2010..The Indiana and Michigan cases were associated with bat rabies virus variants. The human rabies case in Virginia was associated with a canine rabies virus variant acquired during the patient's travel to India...
- Host sex and ectoparasites choice: preference for, and higher survival on female hostsPhilippe Christe
Department of Ecology and Evolution, Le Biophore, University of Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
J Anim Ecol 76:703-10. 2007..5. Our study shows that social and spatial aggregation favours sex-biased parasitism that could be a mere consequence of an active and adaptive parasite choice for the more profitable host...
- Henipavirus infection in fruit bats (Pteropus giganteus), IndiaJonathan H Epstein
The Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York 10001, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 14:1309-11. 2008..Twenty bats were seropositive for Nipah virus, which suggests circulation in this species, thereby extending the known distribution of henipaviruses in Asia westward by >1,000 km...
- Long-term survival of an urban fruit bat seropositive for Ebola and Lagos bat virusesDavid T S Hayman
Cambridge Infectious Diseases Consortium, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
PLoS ONE 5:e11978. 2010..helvum typically lives in large urban colonies and is a source of bushmeat in some regions, further studies should determine if this species forms a reservoir for EBOV from which spillover infections into the human population may occur...
- An aerial-hawking bat uses stealth echolocation to counter moth hearingHolger R Goerlitz
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol, UK
Curr Biol 20:1568-72. 2010..This stealth echolocation allows the barbastelle to exploit food resources that are difficult to catch for other aerial-hawking bats emitting calls of greater amplitude...
- Identification and complete genome analysis of three novel paramyxoviruses, Tuhoko virus 1, 2 and 3, in fruit bats from ChinaSusanna K P Lau
Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Virology 404:106-16. 2010..Analysis of phosphoprotein gene mRNA products confirmed mRNA editing. Antibodies to the viruses were detected in 48-60% of Leschenault's rousettes...
- Echolocation signals reflect niche differentiation in five sympatric congeneric bat speciesBjörn M Siemers
Animal Physiology, Zoological Institute, University of Tubingen, Morgenstelle 28, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
Nature 429:657-61. 2004....
- Scaling of echolocation call parameters in batsG Jones
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
J Exp Biol 202:3359-67. 1999..Low frequencies are unsuited for the detection of small prey, and low repetition rates may limit prey detection rates. Echolocation parameters may therefore constrain maximum body size in aerial-hawking bats...
- Ecosystem services provided by batsThomas H Kunz
Center for Ecology and Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1223:1-38. 2011....
- Shimoni bat virus, a new representative of the Lyssavirus genusIvan V Kuzmin
Rabies Program, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Virus Res 149:197-210. 2010..However, the identity values alone are not considered sufficient criteria for demarcation of new species within LBV...
- Henipavirus RNA in African batsJan Felix Drexler
Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany
PLoS ONE 4:e6367. 2009..These bats do not occur in continental Africa, but a whole range of other fruit bats is encountered. One of the most abundant is Eidolon helvum, the African Straw-coloured fruit bat...
- Henipavirus in Pteropus vampyrus bats, IndonesiaIndrawati Sendow
Emerg Infect Dis 12:711-2. 2006
- Climate-mediated energetic constraints on the distribution of hibernating mammalsMurray M Humphries
Department of Zoology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3TZ, UK
Nature 418:313-6. 2002..Bioenergetics can provide the simple link between climate and biogeography needed to predict the consequences of climate change...
- Host switching in Lyssavirus history from the Chiroptera to the Carnivora ordersH Badrane
Laboratoire des Lyssavirus, Department of Virology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
J Virol 75:8096-104. 2001Lyssaviruses are unsegmented RNA viruses causing rabies. Their vectors belong to the Carnivora and Chiroptera orders. We studied 36 carnivoran and 17 chiropteran lyssaviruses representing the main genotypes and variants...
- Henipavirus and Tioman virus antibodies in pteropodid bats, MadagascarCatherine Iehle
Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Emerg Infect Dis 13:159-61. 2007..Antibodies against Nipah, Hendra, and Tioman viruses were detected by immunoassay in 23 and by serum neutralization tests in 3 of 427 serum samples, which suggests that related viruses have circulated in Madagascar...
- Echolocating bats cry out loud to detect their preyAnnemarie Surlykke
Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
PLoS ONE 3:e2036. 2008..We conclude that for bats with similar hunting habits, prey detection range represents a unifying constraint on the emitted intensity largely independent of call shape, body size, and close phylogenetic relationships...
- Screening for Nipah virus infection in West Kalimantan province, IndonesiaI Sendow
Balai Besar Penelitian Veteriner, Bogor, Indonesia
Zoonoses Public Health 57:499-503. 2010..The survey found no evidence of exposure to Nipah virus in pigs. In contrast, 19% of the 84 Pteropus vampyrus bat sera reacted in the ELISA, but none of 15 Cynopterus brachyotis bats reacted...
- Hear, hear: the convergent evolution of echolocation in bats?Emma C Teeling
UCD School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
Trends Ecol Evol 24:351-4. 2009..Phylogenetic analyses show evidence for positive selection acting on this gene in the echolocating lineages and support the convergent evolution of laryngeal echolocation in bats...
- Metagenomic analysis of viruses from bat fecal samples reveals many novel viruses in insectivorous bats in ChinaXingyi Ge
State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
J Virol 86:4620-30. 2012..This study provides the first preliminary understanding of the virome of some bat populations in China, which may guide the discovery and isolation of novel viruses in the future...
- The evolution of Trypanosoma cruzi: the 'bat seeding' hypothesisPatrick B Hamilton
Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QD, United Kingdom
Trends Parasitol 28:136-41. 2012..One key implication of this finding is that T. cruzi may have evolved considerably more recently than previously envisaged...
- Cryptic species? Patterns of maternal and paternal gene flow in eight neotropical batsElizabeth L Clare
Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
PLoS ONE 6:e21460. 2011....
- Comparative analysis of bat genomes provides insight into the evolution of flight and immunityGuojie Zhang
BGI Shenzhen, Shenzhen, 518083, China
Science 339:456-60. 2013..Comparison of bat genomes with other mammalian species has provided new insights into bat biology and evolution...
- Vision impairs the abilities of bats to avoid colliding with stationary obstaclesDara N Orbach
Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
PLoS ONE 5:e13912. 2010..We additionally tested whether acoustic distractions, such as "distress calls" of other bats, contributed to probabilities of collision...
- Complete genome analysis of three novel picornaviruses from diverse bat speciesSusanna K P Lau
State Key Laboratory of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, University Pathology Building, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong
J Virol 85:8819-28. 2011..This report describes the discovery and complete genome analysis of three picornaviruses in bats, and their presence in diverse bat genera/species suggests the ability to cross the species barrier...
- The two suborders of chiropterans have the canonical heavy-chain immunoglobulin (Ig) gene repertoire of eutherian mammalsJohn E Butler
Department of Microbiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Dev Comp Immunol 35:273-84. 2011..Data reveal that CH diversity and VDJ and CDR3 organization are similar to other eutherian mammals, although the expressed VH3 family repertoire was unusually diverse...
- Ecology of Marburg and Ebola viruses: speculations and directions for future researchT P Monath
Research and Medical Affairs, OraVax, Inc, Cambridge Massachusetts 02139, USA
J Infect Dis 179:S127-38. 1999..Such viruses may have separate life cycles or may give rise to virulent strains by mutation...
- The immune gene repertoire of an important viral reservoir, the Australian black flying foxAnthony T Papenfuss
The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC 3052, Australia
BMC Genomics 13:261. 2012..In this study, we describe the immune transcriptome of the Australian flying fox, Pteropus alecto, providing an important resource for identification of genes involved in a range of activities including antiviral immunity...
- Kinematics of flight and the relationship to the vortex wake of a Pallas' long tongued bat (Glossophaga soricina)Marta Wolf
Department of Biology, Lund University, Solvegatan 37, SE 223 62 Lund, Sweden
J Exp Biol 213:2142-53. 2010..This study of the kinematics strongly indicates that the flight of bats is governed by an unsteady high-lift mechanism at low flight speeds and points to differences between birds and bats...
- Phylogeographical, ecological and biological patterns shown by nuclear (ssrRNA and gGAPDH) and mitochondrial (Cyt b) genes of trypanosomes of the subgenus Schizotrypanum parasitic in Brazilian batsManzelio Cavazzana
Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP 05508 900, Brazil
Int J Parasitol 40:345-55. 2010..Trypanosoma cruzi (18.2%) was found mainly in vespertilionid and phyllostomid bats from the Pantanal/Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest (Central to Southeast), with a few isolates from Amazonia...
- The limited distribution of Helitrons to vesper bats supports horizontal transferJainy Thomas
Department of Biology, University of Texas at Arlington, 501 S Nedderman Drive Arlington, TX 76019, USA
Gene 474:52-8. 2011....
- Taxon-specific PCR for DNA barcoding arthropod prey in bat faecesMatt R K Zeale
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol, UK
Mol Ecol Resour 11:236-44. 2011..The methodology developed here provides new opportunities for the study of bat diets and will be of great benefit to the conservation of these ecologically important predators...
- Amplification of emerging viruses in a bat colonyJan Felix Drexler
University of Bonn Medical Centre, Bonn, Germany
Emerg Infect Dis 17:449-56. 2011..However, the general correlation of virus and bat population dynamics suggests that bats control infections similar to other mammals and that they may well experience epidemics of viruses under certain circumstances...
- Experimental transmission of the parasitic flagellates Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma rangeli between triatomine bugs or mice and captive neotropical batsMaurice E Thomas
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Downstate Medical Center, State University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 102:559-65. 2007..rotundus, all also feed to at least some extent upon insects. These findings provide further evidence of how bats may play significant roles in the epidemiology of T. cruzi and T. rangeli in the New World tropics...
- Metagenomic analysis of the viromes of three North American bat species: viral diversity among different bat species that share a common habitatEric F Donaldson
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
J Virol 84:13004-18. 2010..These observations suggest that bats encounter and disseminate a large assortment of viruses capable of infecting many different animals, insects, and plants in nature...
- Pan-European distribution of white-nose syndrome fungus (Geomyces destructans) not associated with mass mortalitySebastien J Puechmaille
School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
PLoS ONE 6:e19167. 2011..Recent investigations in Europe confirmed the presence of the fungus G. destructans without associated mass mortality in hibernating bats in six countries but its distribution remains poorly known...
- Molecular diet analysis of two african free-tailed bats (molossidae) using high throughput sequencingKristine Bohmann
Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
PLoS ONE 6:e21441. 2011..condylurus and C. pumilus in the Simunye region of Swaziland at the time of year when the samples were collected, although as more complete databases against which to compare the sequences are generated this may have to be re-evaluated...
- Specific alterations in complement protein activity of little brown myotis (Myotis lucifugus) hibernating in white-nose syndrome affected sitesMarianne S Moore
Department of Biology, Center for Ecology and Conservation Biology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e27430. 2011..Relationships between immune activity and torpor, including associated energy expenditure, are likely critical components in the development of WNS...
- Versatility and stereotypy of free-tailed bat songsKirsten M Bohn
Department of Biology, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas, USA
PLoS ONE 4:e6746. 2009..However, within global species-specific patterns, songs male free-tailed bats dynamically vary syllable number, phrase order, and phrase repetitions across song renditions...
- Street lighting disturbs commuting batsEmma Louise Stone
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, UK
Curr Biol 19:1123-7. 2009..These results demonstrate that light pollution may have significant negative impacts upon the selection of flight routes by bats...
- Foraging bats avoid noiseAndrea Schaub
Zoological Institute, Department of Animal Physiology, University of Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
J Exp Biol 211:3174-80. 2008..Our experimental data suggest that foraging areas very close to highways and presumably also to other sources of intense, broadband noise are degraded in their suitability as foraging areas for such 'passive listening' bats...
- Establishment, immortalisation and characterisation of pteropid bat cell linesGary Crameri
CSIRO Livestock Industries, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Australia
PLoS ONE 4:e8266. 2009..New stable bat cell lines are needed to help with these investigations and as tools to assist in the study of bat immunology and virus-host interactions...
- Patterns of animal diversity in different forms of tree cover in agricultural landscapesCelia A Harvey
Department of Agriculture and Agroforestry, Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza, Turrialba, Costa Rica
Ecol Appl 16:1986-99. 2006..Preventing the degradation of remaining forest fragments is a priority, but encouraging farmers to maintain tree cover in pastures and along boundaries may also make an important contribution to animal conservation...
- Tioman virus, a novel paramyxovirus isolated from fruit bats in MalaysiaK B Chua
Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Malaya Medical Center, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Virology 283:215-29. 2001..The lack of a C protein-coding region in the P/V gene, the creation of P mRNA by insertion of 2-G residues, and the results of phylogenetic analyses all indicated that TiV is a novel member of the genus Rubulavirus...
- Emerging diseases in Chiroptera: why bats?Gudrun Wibbelt
Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, Germany
Biol Lett 6:438-40. 2010....
- New adenovirus in bats, GermanyMichael Sonntag
Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
Emerg Infect Dis 15:2052-5. 2009..Evidence was found for adenovirus transmission between bats...
- Morphological and molecular characterizations of psychrophilic fungus Geomyces destructans from New York bats with White Nose Syndrome (WNS)Vishnu Chaturvedi
Mycology Laboratory, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA
PLoS ONE 5:e10783. 2010..The fungus has been recovered sparsely despite plentiful availability of afflicted animals...
- Distant relatives of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus and close relatives of human coronavirus 229E in bats, GhanaSusanne Pfefferle
Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany
Emerg Infect Dis 15:1377-84. 2009..The most recent common ancestor of hCoV-229E and GhanaBt-CoVGrp1 existed in approximately 1686-1800 ad. The GhanaBt-CoVGrp2 shared an old ancestor (approximately 2,400 years) with the severe acute respiratory syndrome-like group of CoV...
- Human rabies due to lyssavirus infection of bat originN Johnson
Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, Surrey, United Kingdom
Vet Microbiol 142:151-9. 2010..Many diagnostic techniques are unable to differentiate rabies virus from other genotypes so it is possible that some human and animal cases go unreported. Furthermore, current vaccines have limited efficacy against some genotypes...
- Immunoglobulin heavy chain diversity in Pteropid bats: evidence for a diverse and highly specific antigen binding repertoireMichelle L Baker
CSIRO Livestock Industries, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, PO Bag 24, Geelong, Victoria, 3220, Australia
Immunogenetics 62:173-84. 2010....
- Identification of SARS-like coronaviruses in horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus hipposideros) in SloveniaDanijela Rihtaric
Virology Unit, Veterinary Faculty, Institute of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Ljubljana, Gerbiceva 60, 1115 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Arch Virol 155:507-14. 2010..6% amino acid identity. The potential risk of a new group of bat coronaviruses as a reservoir for human infections is highly suspected, and further molecular epidemiologic studies of these bat coronaviruses are needed...
- Optimal localization by pointing off axisYossi Yovel
Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Science 327:701-4. 2010..We propose that the tradeoff between detection (optimized at stimulus peak) and localization (optimized at maximum slope) is fundamental to spatial localization and tracking accomplished through hearing, olfaction, and vision...
- Rabies transmitted by vampire bats to humans: an emerging zoonotic disease in Latin America?Maria Cristina Schneider
Veterinary Public Health and Zoonoses, Pan American Health Organization World Health Organization, Washington, DC 20037 2895, United States of America
Rev Panam Salud Publica 25:260-9. 2009..Prevention and control measures already recommended for dealing with this problem are also reviewed, and some further suggestions are provided...
- Host and viral ecology determine bat rabies seasonality and maintenanceDylan B George
Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:10208-13. 2011..This research provides a context to explore similar host ecology and viral dynamics that may explain seasonal patterns and maintenance of other bat-borne diseases...
- Energy availability influences microclimate selection of hibernating batsJustin G Boyles
Center for North American Bat Research and Conservation, Department of Ecology and Organismal Biology, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809, USA
J Exp Biol 210:4345-50. 2007..Our results suggest that fat-storing bats minimize torpor expression using both physiological and behavioral mechanisms...
- Mitochondrial DNA signatures at different spatial scales: from the effects of the Straits of Gibraltar to population structure in the meridional serotine bat (Eptesicus isabellinus)J Juste
Estacion Biologica de Donana CSIC, Sevilla, Spain
Heredity (Edinb) 103:178-87. 2009..This pattern is consistent with a described pattern of independent endemic viral circulation of the bat rabies virus EBLV-1, which was found when studying rabies dynamics in the same serotine bat colonies...
- Isolation of Nipah virus from Malaysian Island flying-foxesKaw Bing Chua
Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Lumpur, Kuala, Malaysia
Microbes Infect 4:145-51. 2002..The isolation of Nipah virus from the Island flying-fox corroborates the serological evidence that it is one of the natural hosts of the virus...
- First encounter of European bat lyssavirus type 2 (EBLV-2) in a bat in FinlandM Jakava-Viljanen
Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Helsinki, Finland
Epidemiol Infect 138:1581-5. 2010..Phylogenetic analyses showed that the EBLV-2b isolate from the human case in 1985 and the isolate from the bat in 2009 were genetically closely related, demonstrating that EBLV-2 may have been circulating in Finland for many years...
- Molecular characterisation of Toll-like receptors in the black flying fox Pteropus alectoChristopher Cowled
CSIRO Livestock Industries, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, 5 Portarlington Rd, East Geelong, Victoria 3220, Australia
Dev Comp Immunol 35:7-18. 2011..This prototype data can now be used to design functional studies of the bat innate immune system...
- The energy cost of flight: do small bats fly more cheaply than birds?Y Winter
Institute of Zoology II, Erlangen University, Germany
J Comp Physiol B 168:105-11. 1998..Thus, either the flight cost of small birds is significantly lower than has previously been thought or, contrary to current opinion, small bats require less energy to fly than birds...
- Genomic characterization of severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus in European bats and classification of coronaviruses based on partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene sequencesJan Felix Drexler
Institute of Virology, University of Bonn Medical Centre, 53127 Bonn, Germany
J Virol 84:11336-49. 2010..Critical spike domains 472 and 487 were identical and similar, respectively. This study underlines the importance of assessments of the zoonotic potential of widely distributed bat-borne CoV...
- Bats without borders: long-distance movements and implications for disease risk managementAndrew C Breed
School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Ecohealth 7:204-12. 2010....
- Pleistocene climatic cycling drives intra-specific diversification in the intermediate horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus affinis) in Southern ChinaXiu Guang Mao
School of Life Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
Mol Ecol 19:2754-69. 2010..Our study highlights the important role of climate-mediated sea level changes have had in shaping current processes and patterns of population structure and taxonomic diversification...
- Bats and lyssavirusesAshley C Banyard
Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Department of Virology, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, United Kingdom
Adv Virus Res 79:239-89. 2011....
- Field anaesthesia of three Australian species of flying foxN N Jonsson
University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
Vet Rec 154:664. 2004
- Binding of temporal and spectral features in bat sonarJAMES SIMMONS; Fiscal Year: 2008..A biologically realistic computational model of echo processing will be used as a tool for linking the behavioral and physiological findings. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CRCNS: Innovative technologies inspired by biosonarCynthia Moss; Fiscal Year: 2007..It will also lay the foundation for a wide range of biomedical applications, such as implantable neural prostheses, ultra-lightweight low power sensors, controllers, medical tool design, and sonar-based assistive medical devices. ..
- Dynamic sensorimotor control for spatial orientationCynthia Moss; Fiscal Year: 2008..Together, these studies have wide-ranging impact for neuroscience, biological research techniques, robotics design, control theory and the development of assistive medical devices. ..
- NEUROETHOLOGY: NEUROBIOLOGY. EVOLUTION AND BEHAVIORCynthia Moss; Fiscal Year: 2005..It is noteworthy that the core faculty of our training program have strong records of recruiting and retaining women and minorities, a high priority among the members of our research group. ..
- FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF INFERIOR COLLICULUSGEORGE POLLAK; Fiscal Year: 2007..The roles of inhibition in this processing may be especially relevant for the decline of speech perception in the elderly, which is correlated with age related loss of GABAergic neurons in the auditory system. ..
- Modulation of Thalamic RelayJAGMEET KANWAL; Fiscal Year: 2009..The health relatedness of this research is that study of how the normal, healthy brain works is how we come to understand the human condition in health and in illness. ..
- CORTICAL SPECIALIZATIONS FOR AUDITORY COMMUNICATIONJAGMEET KANWAL; Fiscal Year: 2006..It can have an especially important bearing on understanding different types of cortical deafness such as progressive pure word deafness. ..
- Comparative Mechanisms of Exceptionally Slow AgingSteven Austad; Fiscal Year: 2007..g. low ROS production per level of electron flux) might generally affect aging rate. ..
- San Antonio Comparative Biology of Aging CenterSteven Austad; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Functions of Corticofugal Auditory SystemNobuo Suga; Fiscal Year: 2009..All the data obtained will be evaluated in relation to our hypotheses. ..
- PARALLEL AUDITORY PATHWAYS IN THE BRAIN STEMEllen Covey; Fiscal Year: 2006..Understanding how information from different sources is integrated in the IC could ultimately have implications for diagnosis and treatment of central hearing and language disorders. ..
- FUNCTIONAL SUBDIVISIONS OF AUDITORY BRAINSTEMEllen Covey; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- ANALYSES OF COMMUNICATION SOUNDS IN AUDITORY MIDBRAINCHRISTINE PORTFORS; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will establish the extent of selectivity among social vocalizations in the IC and the contribution of combination sensitivity to selectivity. ..
- A Neural Interface for Coordinating Speech and BreathingMichael Smotherman; Fiscal Year: 2008..Thus, a more thorough understanding of how and where in the brain this is achieved could reveal the neurological basis of some human speech disorders, such as stuttering, disarthria and apraxia. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genetic and Morphologic Basis of Bat Wing DevelopmentKAREN SEARS; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, understanding the normal roles of genes that also play a role in abnormal developmental events such as cancer (i.e., Ihh and BMP) will provide a knowledge base for additional healthcare-related biomedical research. ..
- IN VIVO IMAGING OF GROWTH PLATE DYNAMICSCornelia Farnum; Fiscal Year: 2009..Detailed functional knowledge of vascular routes to the growth plate, and movement of molecules within the growth plate, is essential as thought is given to targeting therapeutic agents to the growth plate. ..
- THE PRIMARY CILIUM OF CONECTIVE TISSUE CELLS: INCIDENCE AND ORIENTATIONCornelia Farnum; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CRCNS: Automated Behavior Analysis for Model Genetic OrganismMichael H Dickinson; Fiscal Year: 2010..Like the robotic sequencers that revolutionized the study of genomics, these devices will help transform behavioral science into a modern discipline of Ethometrics. ..
- Hearing in BatsRickye Heffner; Fiscal Year: 2008..They are also carriers of serious disease. This project will help understand how vampires detect, locate, and identify their prey for better management of safety of livestock. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Dynamics of Central Auditory ProcessingJEREMY SMALLING; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- TEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF CENTRAL AUDITORY PROCESSINGALEXANDER GALAZYUK; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Behavioral genetics of monoamine-regulatory genesCASSANDRA MILLER BUTTERWORTH; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neural Processing of Complex Natural SoundsThane Fremouw; Fiscal Year: 2003..The third aim is to build a framework for understanding how data obtained from these two areas in anesthetized birds can be linked with that obtained in awake birds. ..
- SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE OF CRYPTOCOCCUS NEOFORMANSSudha Chaturvedi; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- ENCODING FREQUENCY MODULATIONS IN THE AUDITORY SYSTEMWILLIAM O NEILL; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Investigation of glutaric acidemia type I.David Koeller; Fiscal Year: 2004..Alternatively, if it is determined that normalization of metabolite levels is insufficient to prevent neuropathology in GA-I, alternative approaches to therapy need to be developed. ..
- NEURAL BASIS OF AUDIO-VOCAL INTEGRATIONWalter Metzner; Fiscal Year: 2006..g. the involuntary response to pitch-shifted feedback, and various malfunctions of basic parameters of human voice, such as changes in the fundamental frequency that occur in speaking deaf humans. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cryptococus neoformans SOD1p cellular traffickingSudha Chaturvedi; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results of this investigation are likely to substantially enhance our understanding of protein trafficking in pathogenic fungi in general, and possibly assist in search for new therapeutic targets. ..
- Microsimulation of anthracis-immune system interactionTHOMAS KEPLER; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Mass Tag PCR Detection of Respiratory PathogensW Ian Lipkin; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- TRANSGENIC MOUSE MODELS OF CRANIOFACIAL DEVELOPMENTRichard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2001..This knowledge should be useful for understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of craniofacial defects. ..
- BORNA DISEASE VIRUS AND NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISEASEWALTER LIPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2002..This study will be the first to collect and process human sera and PBMC samples in clinical laboratories with no history of BDV research and dispense aliquots to a central laboratory for randomized, blinded analysis. ..
- MOLECULAR ANALYSIS OF A NEUROTROPIC AGENT--BORNA VIRUSWALTER LIPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Color-coded transposor-mediated rat mutagenesisRichard Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A DEVELOPMENTAL MODEL FOR AUTISM BASED ON CNS INFECTIONWALTER LIPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2004..4) Determine how opoptosis contributes to the neuropathology observed after neonatal infection. (5) Analyze regional changes in neurotransmitter systems following neonatal infection. ..
- A Staged Strategy for Virus Identification and DiscoveryWALTER LIPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2004..Consistent with aims proposed in AI51292, our initial clinical application will be to analyze enteroviral serotypes implicated in human disease in North America. ..
- A Staged Strategy for Virus Identification and DiscoveryW Ian Lipkin; Fiscal Year: 2005..Our initial focus will be two chronic diseases where specific viral taxa are associated and potentially implicated in pathogenesis: bronchioalveolar cell carcinoma and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. ..
- Evolution of BMP Genes 2 and 4 in ArchosaursCHRIS ORGAN; Fiscal Year: 2007..Aim three is to elucidate the evolution of bmp2 and bmp4 coding regions. This project will be the first large scale examination of non-avian reptile genome structure and evolution. ..
- Hemispheric Lateralization for Audiovocal CommunicationSTUART WASHINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2007..For these experiments, I will pair electrical stimulation of the right side with call stimuli and test if the application of BMI at the recording site on the left side reverses this effect. ..
- Cryptococcus gatti mating 1oci; mapping and gene studyVishnu Chaturvedi; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Neural mechanisms of auditory stream segregation in an insect auditory neuronJEFFREY TRIBLEHORN; Fiscal Year: 2008..A working model system involving the katydid TN-1 auditory neuron could also serve a secondary purpose as a system for examining how information processing can be disrupted. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Pathogen Discovery in Chronic Lung Disease by Mass Tag PCR and MicroarrayW Ian Lipkin; Fiscal Year: 2009....