whales

Summary

Summary: Large marine mammals of the order CETACEA. In the past, they were commercially valued for whale oil, for their flesh as human food and in ANIMAL FEED and FERTILIZERS, and for baleen. Today, there is a moratorium on most commercial whaling, as all species are either listed as endangered or threatened.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Beaked whales respond to simulated and actual navy sonar
    Peter L Tyack
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e17009. 2011
  2. ncbi Gas-bubble lesions in stranded cetaceans
    P D Jepson
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Nature 425:575-6. 2003
  3. ncbi The hearing gene Prestin unites echolocating bats and whales
    Ying Li
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Curr Biol 20:R55-6. 2010
  4. ncbi "Gas and fat embolic syndrome" involving a mass stranding of beaked whales (family Ziphiidae) exposed to anthropogenic sonar signals
    A Fernandez
    Unit of Histology and Pathology, Institute for Animal Health, Veterinary School, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
    Vet Pathol 42:446-57. 2005
  5. ncbi Deep-diving foraging behaviour of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus)
    Stephanie L Watwood
    Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Anim Ecol 75:814-25. 2006
  6. ncbi Extreme diving of beaked whales
    Peter L Tyack
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:4238-53. 2006
  7. ncbi Could beaked whales get the bends? Effect of diving behaviour and physiology on modelled gas exchange for three species: Ziphius cavirostris, Mesoplodon densirostris and Hyperoodon ampullatus
    Sascha K Hooker
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 167:235-46. 2009
  8. ncbi The vestigial olfactory receptor subgenome of odontocete whales: phylogenetic congruence between gene-tree reconciliation and supermatrix methods
    Michael R McGowen
    Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Syst Biol 57:574-90. 2008
  9. pmc DNA evidence for historic population size and past ecosystem impacts of gray whales
    S Elizabeth Alter
    Department of Biological Sciences, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Boulevard, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:15162-7. 2007
  10. ncbi Biosonar performance of foraging beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris)
    P T Madsen
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 208:181-94. 2005

Research Grants

  1. XIIth International Nidovirus Symposium Support Proposal
    Udeni Balasuriya; Fiscal Year: 2011
  2. REGULATION OF AUDITORY FEEDBACK DURING VOCAL LEARNING
    Masakazu Konishi; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. Sleep in Cetaceans
    Jerome Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2006
  4. Learning and representation of quasi-regular catergories
    Mark Blair; Fiscal Year: 2004
  5. Learning and Representation in Auditory Perception
    Eduardo Mercado; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. Toxiology of Particulate Cr(VI)in Human Lung Cells
    John Wise; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. The Johns Hopkins Folding Meeting
    DOUGLAS BARRICK; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Aged Muscle
    David J Marcinek; Fiscal Year: 2010
  9. From infra- to ultrasound: Diversity in acoustic processing by the vertebrate ear
    Peter M Narins; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. Multiscale Analysis of Neuronal Morphology
    Patrick Hof; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications299 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Beaked whales respond to simulated and actual navy sonar
    Peter L Tyack
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e17009. 2011
    Beaked whales have mass stranded during some naval sonar exercises, but the cause is unknown. They are difficult to sight but can reliably be detected by listening for echolocation clicks produced during deep foraging dives...
  2. ncbi Gas-bubble lesions in stranded cetaceans
    P D Jepson
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Nature 425:575-6. 2003
  3. ncbi The hearing gene Prestin unites echolocating bats and whales
    Ying Li
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Curr Biol 20:R55-6. 2010
    ..Only microbats and toothed whales have acquired sophisticated echolocation, indispensable for their orientation and foraging [1]...
  4. ncbi "Gas and fat embolic syndrome" involving a mass stranding of beaked whales (family Ziphiidae) exposed to anthropogenic sonar signals
    A Fernandez
    Unit of Histology and Pathology, Institute for Animal Health, Veterinary School, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
    Vet Pathol 42:446-57. 2005
    A study of the lesions of beaked whales (BWs) in a recent mass stranding in the Canary Islands following naval exercises provides a possible explanation of the relationship between anthropogenic, acoustic (sonar) activities and the ..
  5. ncbi Deep-diving foraging behaviour of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus)
    Stephanie L Watwood
    Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Anim Ecol 75:814-25. 2006
    1. Digital tags were used to describe diving and vocal behaviour of sperm whales during 198 complete and partial foraging dives made by 37 individual sperm whales in the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Ligurian Sea. 2...
  6. ncbi Extreme diving of beaked whales
    Peter L Tyack
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:4238-53. 2006
    Sound-and-orientation recording tags (DTAGs) were used to study 10 beaked whales of two poorly known species, Ziphius cavirostris (Zc) and Mesoplodon densirostris (Md)...
  7. ncbi Could beaked whales get the bends? Effect of diving behaviour and physiology on modelled gas exchange for three species: Ziphius cavirostris, Mesoplodon densirostris and Hyperoodon ampullatus
    Sascha K Hooker
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 167:235-46. 2009
    ..predict blood and tissue tension N2 (P(N2)) using field data from three beaked whale species: northern bottlenose whales, Cuvier's beaked whales, and Blainville's beaked whales...
  8. ncbi The vestigial olfactory receptor subgenome of odontocete whales: phylogenetic congruence between gene-tree reconciliation and supermatrix methods
    Michael R McGowen
    Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Syst Biol 57:574-90. 2008
    The macroevolutionary transition of whales (cetaceans) from a terrestrial quadruped to an obligate aquatic form involved major changes in sensory abilities...
  9. pmc DNA evidence for historic population size and past ecosystem impacts of gray whales
    S Elizabeth Alter
    Department of Biological Sciences, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Boulevard, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:15162-7. 2007
    ..Eastern Pacific gray whales play a key ecological role in their Arctic feeding grounds and are widely thought to have returned to their ..
  10. ncbi Biosonar performance of foraging beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris)
    P T Madsen
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 208:181-94. 2005
    Toothed whales (Cetacea, odontoceti) emit sound pulses to probe their surroundings by active echolocation...
  11. ncbi Estimating cetacean population density using fixed passive acoustic sensors: an example with Blainville's beaked whales
    Tiago A Marques
    Centre for Research into Ecological and Environmental Modelling, The Observatory, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:1982-94. 2009
    ..To estimate the required quantities, additional data are used from digital acoustic tags, attached to five whales over 21 deep dives, where cues recorded on some of the dives are associated with those received on the fixed ..
  12. ncbi Relaxed clocks and inferences of heterogeneous patterns of nucleotide substitution and divergence time estimates across whales and dolphins (Mammalia: Cetacea)
    Alex Dornburg
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 29:721-36. 2012
    ..Using cetaceans (whales and dolphins) as a case study, we test the performance of these two substitution models in estimating both ..
  13. ncbi An acoustic survey of beaked whales at Cross Seamount near Hawaii
    Mark A McDonald
    WhaleAcoustics, Bellvue, Colorado 80512, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:624-7. 2009
    ..A less common upsweep sound with shorter interpulse interval and slower sweep rate was also present. Sounds matching Cuvier's beaked whale were not detected, and Blainville's beaked whale sounds were detected on only one occasion...
  14. pmc Seven new dolphin mitochondrial genomes and a time-calibrated phylogeny of whales
    Ye Xiong
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, PR China
    BMC Evol Biol 9:20. 2009
    The phylogeny of Cetacea (whales) is not fully resolved with substantial support...
  15. ncbi Anisakis nascettii n. sp. (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from beaked whales of the southern hemisphere: morphological description, genetic relationships between congeners and ecological data
    Simonetta Mattiucci
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Section of Parasitology, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, Rome, Italy
    Syst Parasitol 74:199-217. 2009
    A new anisakid nematode, Anisakis nascettii n. sp., is described from beaked whales Mesoplodon spp. off the coast of New Zealand and South Africa...
  16. ncbi Historical population size change of bowhead whales inferred from DNA sequence polymorphism data
    A P Rooney
    Mississippi State University, Department of Biological Sciences, Mississippi 39762, USA
    Evolution 55:1678-85. 2001
    ..region were used from a phylogenetic context to investigate the long-term history of a population of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus)...
  17. ncbi Comparing evolutionary patterns and variability in the mitochondrial control region and cytochrome B in three species of baleen whales
    S Elizabeth Alter
    Department of Biological Sciences, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Boulevard, Pacific Grove, CA, 93950, USA
    J Mol Evol 68:97-111. 2009
    ..examined patterns of diversity within and between three baleen whale species (gray, humpback, and Antarctic minke whales) in order to determine how patterns of molecular evolution differ between cytochrome b and the control region...
  18. ncbi Quantitative phylogenetic assessment of microbial communities in diverse environments
    C von Mering
    European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
    Science 315:1126-30. 2007
    ..The method also enables determination of preferred habitats for entire microbial clades and provides evidence that such habitat preferences are often remarkably stable over time...
  19. ncbi Whales before whaling in the North Atlantic
    Joe Roman
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 16 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 301:508-10. 2003
    ..Based on coalescent models for mitochondrial DNA sequence variation, the genetic diversity of North Atlantic whales suggests population sizes of approximately 240,000 humpback, 360,000 fin, and 265,000 minke whales...
  20. ncbi Comparative metagenomics of microbial communities
    Susannah Green Tringe
    Department of Energy DOE Joint Genome Institute, 2800 Mitchell Drive, Walnut Creek, CA 94598, USA
    Science 308:554-7. 2005
    ..The identification of environment-specific genes through a gene-centric comparative analysis presents new opportunities for interpreting and diagnosing environments...
  21. ncbi Climate change impacts on seals and whales in the North Atlantic Arctic and adjacent shelf seas
    Kit M Kovacs
    Biodiversity Research Group, Norwegian Polar Institute, 9696, Tromsø, Norway
    Sci Prog 91:117-50. 2008
    ..If species are fixed in traditional spatial and temporal cycles, and are unable to shift them within decadal time scales, some populations will go extinct. In somewhat longer time frames, species extinctions can also be envisaged...
  22. ncbi Isotopic and genetic evidence for culturally inherited site fidelity to feeding grounds in southern right whales (Eubalaena australis)
    Luciano O Valenzuela
    Department of Biology, University of Utah, 257 South 1400 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
    Mol Ecol 18:782-91. 2009
    ..Southern right whales show maternally inherited site fidelity to near-shore winter nursery grounds, but exactly where they feed in ..
  23. ncbi Only male fin whales sing loud songs
    Donald A Croll
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Center for Ocean Health, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95060, USA
    Nature 417:809. 2002
    The low-frequency vocalizations of fin and blue whales are the most powerful and ubiquitous biological sounds in the ocean...
  24. ncbi Quantifying loss of acoustic communication space for right whales in and around a U.S. National Marine Sanctuary
    Leila T Hatch
    Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, NOAA National Ocean Service, 175 Edward Foster Road, Scituate, MA 02066, USA
    Conserv Biol 26:983-94. 2012
    ..the effects of communication masking associated with human-induced sound on contact-calling North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) in an ecologically relevant area (~10,000 km(2) ) and time period (peak feeding time)...
  25. ncbi Osedax: bone-eating marine worms with dwarf males
    G W Rouse
    South Australian Museum, North Terrace, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia
    Science 305:668-71. 2004
    We describe a new genus, Osedax, and two new species of annelids with females that consume the bones of dead whales via ramifying roots...
  26. ncbi Assessing reproductive status of right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) using fecal hormone metabolites
    Rosalind M Rolland
    New England Aquarium, Central Wharf, Boston, MA 02110 3399, USA
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 142:308-17. 2005
    ..g., sexual maturation, ovarian activity, pregnancy, lactation, and reproductive senescence) in free-swimming whales. This paper describes validation of existing radioimmunoassay techniques to study reproduction in right whales by ..
  27. pmc Declining abundance of beaked whales (family Ziphiidae) in the California Current large marine ecosystem
    Jeffrey E Moore
    Protected Resources Division, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, La Jolla, CA, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e52770. 2013
    Beaked whales are among the most diverse yet least understood groups of marine mammals. A diverse set of mostly anthropogenic threats necessitates improvement in our ability to assess population status for this cryptic group...
  28. ncbi Microsatellite markers for the study of cetacean populations
    E Valsecchi
    Department of Genetics, Cambridge, UK
    Mol Ecol 5:151-6. 1996
    ..No relationship was found between microsatellite repeat length and proportion of species which gave polymorphic products...
  29. ncbi High symbiont diversity in the bone-eating worm Osedax mucofloris from shallow whale-falls in the North Atlantic
    Caroline Verna
    Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Celsiusstr 1, 28359 Bremen, Germany
    Environ Microbiol 12:2355-70. 2010
    ..The observed diversity and distribution patterns indicate that the endosymbionts are transmitted horizontally from the environment with repeated infection events occurring as the host root tissues grow into the whale bones...
  30. ncbi Population genetic structure of North Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea and Sea of Cortez fin whales, Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus 1758): analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear loci
    M Berube
    Department of Population Biology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Mol Ecol 7:585-99. 1998
    Samples were collected from 407 fin whales, Balaenoptera physalus, at four North Atlantic and one Mediterranean Sea summer feeding area as well as the Sea of Cortez in the Pacific Ocean...
  31. ncbi Diving and swimming performance of white whales, Delphinapterus leucas: an assessment of plasma lactate and blood gas levels and respiratory rates
    S A Shaffer
    Marine Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 200:3091-9. 1997
    ..We studied trained white whales with the specific goal of assessing their diving and swimming performance...
  32. pmc Morbillivirus and pilot whale deaths, Mediterranean Sea
    Antonio Fernandez
    University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:792-4. 2008
    An outbreak of a lethal morbillivirus infection of long-finned pilot whales occurred in the Mediterranean Sea from the end of October 2006 through April 2007...
  33. ncbi How few whales were there after whaling? Inference from contemporary mtDNA diversity
    J A Jackson
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Mol Ecol 17:236-51. 2008
    Reconstructing the history of exploited populations of whales requires fitting a trajectory through at least three points in time: (i) prior to exploitation, when abundance is assumed to be at the maximum allowed by environmental carrying ..
  34. pmc Pseudogenization of the tooth gene enamelysin (MMP20) in the common ancestor of extant baleen whales
    Robert W Meredith
    Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 278:993-1002. 2011
    b>Whales in the suborder Mysticeti are filter feeders that use baleen to sift zooplankton and small fish from ocean waters. Adult mysticetes lack teeth, although tooth buds are present in foetal stages...
  35. ncbi Selective habituation shapes acoustic predator recognition in harbour seals
    Volker B Deecke
    School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Scotland, KY16 9TS, UK
    Nature 420:171-3. 2002
    ..the response of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) to the underwater calls of different populations of killer whales (Orcinus orca)...
  36. ncbi Identification of novel alpha- and gammaherpesviruses from cutaneous and mucosal lesions of dolphins and whales
    Kara A Smolarek Benson
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    J Virol Methods 136:261-6. 2006
    ..The sequencing data strongly suggest that these viruses are most likely cetacean specific and possibly have coevolved with their cetacean hosts...
  37. ncbi Big and slow: phylogenetic estimates of molecular evolution in baleen whales (suborder mysticeti)
    J A Jackson
    Marine Mammal Institute, Hatfield Marine Science Center, Oregon State University, OR, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 26:2427-40. 2009
    Baleen whales are the largest animals that have ever lived...
  38. ncbi Ecology. North Atlantic right whales in crisis
    Scott D Kraus
    Edgerton Research Laboratory, New England Aquarium, Boston, MA 02110 3399, USA
    Science 309:561-2. 2005
  39. ncbi Tracking blue whales in the eastern tropical Pacific with an ocean-bottom seismometer and hydrophone array
    Robert A Dunn
    Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Hawaii, Manoa 1680 East West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 126:1084-94. 2009
    ..Up to eight individual blue whales were recorded near enough to the instruments to determine their locations and were tracked call-by-call using the ..
  40. ncbi Beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris) passive acoustic detection in increasing ambient noise
    Jessica Ward
    Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Division Newport, 1176 Howell Street, Newport, Rhode Island, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 129:662-9. 2011
    ..acoustic detection is being increasingly used to monitor visually cryptic cetaceans such as Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) that may be especially sensitive to underwater sound...
  41. ncbi Echolocation clicks of free-ranging Cuvier's beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris)
    Walter M X Zimmer
    NATO Undersea Research Centre, V le San Bartolomeo 400, 19138 La Spezia, Italy
    J Acoust Soc Am 117:3919-27. 2005
    Strandings of beaked whales of the genera Ziphius and Mesoplodon have been reported to occur in conjunction with naval sonar use...
  42. ncbi Swimming gaits, passive drag and buoyancy of diving sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus
    Patrick J O Miller
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, University of St Andrews, Fife, KY16 8LB, Scotland
    J Exp Biol 207:1953-67. 2004
    ..digital tag to record depth, 3-D orientation, and sounds heard and produced by 23 deep-diving sperm whales in the Ligurian Sea and Gulf of Mexico...
  43. pmc Pre-whaling genetic diversity and population ecology in eastern Pacific gray whales: insights from ancient DNA and stable isotopes
    S Elizabeth Alter
    Department of Biological Sciences, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e35039. 2012
    ..We analyzed genetic (mitochondrial control region) and isotopic information from modern and prehistoric gray whales using serial coalescent simulations and Bayesian skyline analyses to test for a pre-whaling decline and to examine ..
  44. pmc Temporal patterns in the acoustic signals of beaked whales at Cross Seamount
    D W Johnston
    Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, University of Hawaii, 1000 Pope Road, Marine Science Building 312, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Biol Lett 4:208-11. 2008
    ..cetacean vocalizations were echolocation sounds similar to those produced by ziphiid and mesoplodont beaked whales together with buzz-type signals consistent with prey-capture attempts...
  45. ncbi Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whales
    Felix G Marx
    Department of Geology, University of Otago, 360 Leith Walk, Post Office Box 56, Dunedin, Otago 9016, New Zealand
    Science 327:993-6. 2010
    ..as dominant marine primary producers and global temperature change were key factors in the evolution of modern whales. Based on a comprehensive diversity data set, we show that much of observed cetacean paleodiversity can indeed be ..
  46. pmc Phylogenetic review of tonal sound production in whales in relation to sociality
    Laura J May-Collado
    Florida International University, Department of Biological Sciences, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 7:136. 2007
    It is widely held that in toothed whales, high frequency tonal sounds called 'whistles' evolved in association with 'sociality' because in delphinids they are used in a social context...
  47. pmc Individual right whales call louder in increased environmental noise
    Susan E Parks
    Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16804, USA
    Biol Lett 7:33-5. 2011
    ..Here, we document changes in calling behaviour by individual endangered North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) in increased background noise...
  48. ncbi Diversity and duplication of DQB and DRB-like genes of the MHC in baleen whales (suborder: Mysticeti)
    C S Baker
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Immunogenetics 58:283-96. 2006
    ..two class II genes of the baleen whale major histocompatibility complex were investigated and compared to toothed whales and out-groups...
  49. ncbi Proceedings of the SMBE Tri-National Young Investigators' Workshop 2005. Baleen whale phylogeny and a past extensive radiation event revealed by SINE insertion analysis
    Masato Nikaido
    Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan
    Mol Biol Evol 23:866-73. 2006
    Baleen whales (suborder Mysticeti) comprise 11 extant species that are classified into four families. Although several phylogenetic hypotheses about these taxa have been proposed, their phylogenetic relationships remain confused...
  50. ncbi Concentrations of organochlorines in sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) from Southern Australian waters
    Karen Evans
    Antarctic Wildlife Research Unit, School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, GPO Box 252 05, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
    Mar Pollut Bull 48:486-503. 2004
    Concentrations of DDTs, PCBs and HCHs were measured in sperm whales involved in two mass stranding events on the west coast of Tasmania, Australia in February 1998...
  51. ncbi Mitochondrial phylogenetics and evolution of mysticete whales
    Takeshi Sasaki
    Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta cho, Midori ku Yokohama, Kanagawa 226 8501, Japan
    Syst Biol 54:77-90. 2005
    The phylogenetic relationships among baleen whales (Order: Cetacea) remain uncertain despite extensive research in cetacean molecular phylogenetics and a potential morphological sample size of over 2 million animals harvested...
  52. ncbi Foraging Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) produce distinct click types matched to different phases of echolocation
    M Johnson
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:5038-50. 2006
    Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris Blainville) echolocate for prey during deep foraging dives...
  53. ncbi Classification of broadband echoes from prey of a foraging Blainville's beaked whale
    Benjamin A Jones
    Department of Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543 1053, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 123:1753-62. 2008
    Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) use broadband, ultrasonic echolocation signals with a -10 dB bandwidth from 26 to 51 kHz to search for, localize, and approach prey that generally consist of mid-water and deep-water ..
  54. ncbi A new species of Osedax (Annelida: Siboglinidae) associated with whale carcasses off Kyushu, Japan
    Katsunori Fujikura
    Marine Biology and Ecology Research Program, Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 23:733-40. 2006
    ..mucofloris. Osedax japonicus is easily distinguished from the other three known species by oviduct morphology, body length, and palp coloration in females. No males of O. japonicus have yet been found...
  55. ncbi A comprehensive and validated molecular taxonomy of beaked whales, family Ziphiidae
    M L Dalebout
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Hered 95:459-73. 2004
    ..To assist in species identification for the little known family Ziphiidae (beaked whales), we compiled a reference database of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region (437 bp) and cytochrome b (384 bp) ..
  56. ncbi Demography of the endangered North Atlantic right whale
    M Fujiwara
    Biology Department, MS34, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA
    Nature 414:537-41. 2001
    Northern right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) were formerly abundant in the northwestern Atlantic, but by 1900 they had been hunted to near extinction...
  57. ncbi Cetacean mitochondrial DNA control region: sequences of all extant baleen whales and two sperm whale species
    U Arnason
    Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Lund, Sweden
    Mol Biol Evol 10:960-70. 1993
    ..region was determined in all 10 extant species commonly assigned to the suborder Mysticeti (baleen or whalebone whales) and to two odontocete (toothed whale) species (the sperm and the pygmy sperm whale)...
  58. ncbi Hippopotamus and whale phylogeny
    Jonathan H Geisler
    Department of Geology and Geography and Georgia Southern Museum, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia 30460 8149, USA
    Nature 458:E1-4; discussion E5. 2009
    Thewissen et al. describe new fossils from India that apparently support a phylogeny that places Cetacea (that is, whales, dolphins, porpoises) as the sister group to the extinct family Raoellidae, and Hippopotamidae as more closely ..
  59. ncbi The social vocalization repertoire of east Australian migrating humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae)
    Rebecca A Dunlop
    School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    J Acoust Soc Am 122:2893-905. 2007
    Although the songs of humpback whales have been extensively studied, other vocalizations and percussive sounds, referred to as "social sounds," have received little attention...
  60. ncbi Acoustic pathways revealed: simulated sound transmission and reception in Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris)
    Ted W Cranford
    Biology Department, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
    Bioinspir Biomim 3:016001. 2008
    ..The techniques developed for this study can be used to study acoustic perturbation in a wide variety of marine organisms...
  61. pmc Metabolic expenditures of lunge feeding rorquals across scale: implications for the evolution of filter feeding and the limits to maximum body size
    Jean Potvin
    Department of Physics, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e44854. 2012
    ..acquisition and assimilation, and facilitates the maintenance of extreme body size as exemplified by baleen whales (Mysticeti) and multiple lineages of bony and cartilaginous fishes...
  62. ncbi Acoustic detections of singing humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the eastern North Pacific during their northbound migration
    T F Norris
    Science Applications International Corporation SAIC, Martime Services, San Diego, CA 92110, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 106:506-14. 1999
    Numerous (84) acoustic detections of singing humpback whales were made during a spring (08 March-09 June 1997) research cruise to study sperm whales in the central and eastern North Pacific...
  63. ncbi Vocal behavior of male sperm whales: why do they click?
    N Jaquet
    Department of Marine Science, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Acoust Soc Am 109:2254-9. 2001
    Off Kaikoura, New Zealand, we recorded individually identified male sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) for entire dive cycles in order to investigate vocal behavior of individual whales and to examine possible functions of sperm whale ..
  64. ncbi Localization and visual verification of a complex minke whale vocalization
    J Gedamke
    Ocean Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz 95064, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 109:3038-47. 2001
    A recently described population of minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) offered a unique opportunity to study its acoustic behavior...
  65. ncbi Herpesvirus infection with severe lymphoid necrosis affecting a beaked whale stranded in the Canary Islands
    Manuel Arbelo
    Unit of Histology and Veterinary Pathology, Institute for Animal Health, Veterinary School, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
    Dis Aquat Organ 89:261-4. 2010
    ..This is the first report of a cetacean alphaherpesvirus infection of the lymphoid system in a beaked whale...
  66. ncbi Influence of life-history parameters on organochlorine concentrations in free-ranging killer whales (Orcinus orca) from Prince William Sound, AK
    G M Ylitalo
    United States Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Services, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA 98112-2097, USA
    Sci Total Environ 281:183-203. 2001
    Certain populations of killer whales (Orcinus orca) have been extensively studied over the past 30 years, including populations that use Puget Sound, WA, the inside waters of British Columbia, Southeastern Alaska and Kenai Fjords/Prince ..
  67. pmc North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) ignore ships but respond to alerting stimuli
    Douglas P Nowacek
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA 02543, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 271:227-31. 2004
    North Atlantic right whales were extensively hunted during the whaling era and have not recovered. One of the primary factors inhibiting their recovery is anthropogenic mortality caused by ship strikes...
  68. ncbi Matriarchal genetic population structure of North American beluga whales Delphinapterus leucas (Cetacea: Monodontidae)
    J G Brown Gladden
    Department of Zoology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Mol Ecol 6:1033-46. 1997
    ..No differences were found in the distribution of haplotypes between male and female beluga whales at any sampling site...
  69. ncbi Acoustic characteristics of underwater tail slaps used by Norwegian and Icelandic killer whales (Orcinus orca) to debilitate herring (Clupea harengus)
    Malene Simon
    Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark Odense, Denmark
    J Exp Biol 208:2459-66. 2005
    Norwegian killer whales debilitate prey by slapping their tails into herring schools. These underwater tail slaps produce a thud-like sound...
  70. ncbi Acoustic interaction of humpback whales and whale-watching boats
    W W Au
    Marine Mammal Research Program, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, PO Box 1106, Kailua, HI 96734, USA
    Mar Environ Res 49:469-81. 2000
    ..boats used in the waters of west Maui was measured in order to study the effects of boat noise on humpback whales. The first set of measurements were performed on 9 and 10 March, close to the peak of the whale season...
  71. ncbi Echolocation in Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris)
    P T Madsen
    Department of Bioscience Zoophysiology, Aarhus University, Build 1131, Arhus, Denmark
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 199:451-69. 2013
    Here we use sound and movement recording tags to study how deep-diving Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) use echolocation to forage in their natural mesopelagic habitat...
  72. ncbi Deep-sea and pelagic rod visual pigments identified in the mysticete whales
    Nicole Bischoff
    The New Jersey Center for Science, Technology and Mathematics, Kean University, Union, New Jersey, USA
    Vis Neurosci 29:95-103. 2012
    ..these mysticete species represent two of the four mysticete families, they do not fully represent the mysticete whales in terms of foraging strategy and underwater photic environments where foraging occurs...
  73. pmc Predicted decline of protected whales based on molecular genetic monitoring of Japanese and Korean markets
    C S Baker
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Proc Biol Sci 267:1191-9. 2000
    ..The phylogenetic identification of 655 products included eight species or subspecies of baleen whales, sperm whales, a pygmy sperm whale, two species of beaked whales, porpoises, killer whales and numerous species of ..
  74. ncbi Lactation in whales and dolphins: evidence of divergence between baleen- and toothed-species
    O T Oftedal
    Department of Zoological Research, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 2:205-30. 1997
    Although it has been more than one hundred years since the first publication on the milks of whales and dolphins (Order Cetacea), information on lactation in these species is scattered and fragmentary...
  75. ncbi Marine mammal strandings in the New Caledonia region, Southwest Pacific
    Philippe Borsa
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Département des Ressources Vivantes, BP A5, 98848 Noumea Cedex, Nouvelle Calédonie
    C R Biol 329:277-88. 2006
    ..Strandings of sperm whales were most frequent in the spring, but also occurred in autumn months, suggesting a seasonal pattern of occurrence ..
  76. ncbi Scaling of lunge feeding in rorqual whales: an integrated model of engulfment duration
    J Potvin
    Department of Physics, Saint Louis University, 3450 Lindell Blvd, St Louis, MO 63103, USA
    J Theor Biol 267:437-53. 2010
    Rorqual whales (Balaenopteridae) obtain their food by lunge feeding, a dynamic process that involves the intermittent engulfment and filtering of large amounts of water and prey...
  77. pmc Cross-reactivity between immunoglobulin G antibodies of whales and dolphins correlates with evolutionary distance
    Hendrik H Nollens
    Marine Mammal Health Program and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, P O Box 100126, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 15:1547-54. 2008
    Growing morphological and molecular evidence indicates that the porpoises, dolphins, and whales evolved within the even-toed ungulates, formerly known as Artiodactyla. These animals are now grouped in the Cetartiodactyla...
  78. pmc A new acoustic portal into the odontocete ear and vibrational analysis of the tympanoperiotic complex
    Ted W Cranford
    Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e11927. 2010
    Global concern over the possible deleterious effects of noise on marine organisms was catalyzed when toothed whales stranded and died in the presence of high intensity sound...
  79. ncbi Mitochondrial and nuclear genetic variation across calving lagoons in Eastern North Pacific gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus)
    S Elizabeth Alter
    Department of Biological Sciences, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, 120 Oceanview Boulevard, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA
    J Hered 100:34-46. 2009
    ..Most eastern gray whales return to their major breeding range each winter along the Pacific coast of Baja California, Mexico, concentrating ..
  80. ncbi The diving behavior of blue and fin whales: is dive duration shorter than expected based on oxygen stores?
    D A Croll
    Institute of Marine Sciences, A316 Earth and Marine Sciences Bldg, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 129:797-809. 2001
    ..We attached time-depth recorders to 7 blue whales and 15 fin whales (family Balaenopteridae)...
  81. ncbi Size matters: management of stress responses and chronic stress in beaked whales and other marine mammals may require larger exclusion zones
    Andrew J Wright
    National Environmental Research Institute, Department for Arctic Environment, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej, Postboks, Roskilde, Denmark
    Mar Pollut Bull 63:5-9. 2011
    ..Through examples, including beaked whales and sonar exposure, we discuss increasing human disturbance, mal-adaptive stress responses and chronic stress...
  82. pmc Acute sun damage and photoprotective responses in whales
    Laura M Martinez-Levasseur
    Institute of Zoology, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 278:1581-6. 2011
    ..However, effects are unlikely to be negligible, particularly for species such as whales, whose anatomical or life-history traits force them to experience continuous sun exposure...
  83. pmc Intense ultrasonic clicks from echolocating toothed whales do not elicit anti-predator responses or debilitate the squid Loligo pealeii
    Maria Wilson
    Department of Zoophysiology, University of Aarhus, Building 1131, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Biol Lett 3:225-7. 2007
    Toothed whales use intense ultrasonic clicks to echolocate prey and it has been hypothesized that they also acoustically debilitate their prey with these intense sound pulses to facilitate capture...
  84. ncbi cDNA-derived amino acid sequences of myoglobins from nine species of whales and dolphins
    Kentaro Iwanami
    Laboratory of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Kochi University, Kochi 780 8520, Japan
    Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 145:249-56. 2006
    ..Clustering of cetacean Mb amino acid and cDNA sequences essentially follows the classical taxonomy of cetaceans, suggesting that Mb sequence data is valid for classification of cetaceans at least to the family level...
  85. ncbi Passive acoustic detection and localization of whales: effects of shipping noise in Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park
    Yvan Simard
    Maurice Lamontagne Institute, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 850 route de la Mer, Mont Joli, Quebec G5H 3Z4, Canada
    J Acoust Soc Am 123:4109-17. 2008
    The performance of large-aperture hydrophone arrays to detect and localize blue and fin whales' 15-85 Hz signature vocalizations under ocean noise conditions was assessed through simulations from a normal mode propagation model combined ..
  86. pmc Vessel noise affects beaked whale behavior: results of a dedicated acoustic response study
    Enrico Pirotta
    SMRU Ltd, New Technology Center, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e42535. 2012
    ..intense vessel-generated noise tested how these exposures influenced the foraging behavior of Blainville's beaked whales (Mesoplodon densirostris) in the Tongue of the Ocean (Bahamas)...
  87. ncbi Pathology: whales, sonar and decompression sickness
    Claude A Piantadosi
    Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Nature 428:1 p following 716; discussion 2 p following 716. 2004
    We do not yet know why whales occasionally strand after sonar has been deployed nearby, but such information is important for both naval undersea activities and the protection of marine mammals. Jepson et al...
  88. ncbi Skin lesions on North Atlantic right whales: categories, prevalence and change in occurrence in the 1990s
    Philip K Hamilton
    Edgerton Research Laboratory, New England Aquarium, Central Wharf, Boston, Massachusetts 02110, USA
    Dis Aquat Organ 68:71-82. 2005
    North Atlantic right whales Eubalaena glacialis experienced decreased reproduction and body condition in the 1990s, causing concern about the overall health of this critically endangered population...
  89. ncbi Seismology. Suit ties whale deaths to research cruise
    David Malakoff
    Science 298:722-3. 2002
  90. ncbi Pathological findings in two fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) with evidence of morbillivirus infection
    T Jauniaux
    Department of Pathology, Veterinary College, University of Liege, Sart Tilman B43, Liege, 4000, Belgium
    J Comp Pathol 123:198-201. 2000
    Two immature female fin whales stranded on the Belgian and French coastlines, were examined post mortem. The main gross findings were massive parasitic infestation, associated with a large thrombus in one whale, and severe emaciation...
  91. pmc The relationship among oceanography, prey fields, and beaked whale foraging habitat in the Tongue of the Ocean
    Elliott L Hazen
    Duke University Marine Lab, Beaufort, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e19269. 2011
    Beaked whales, specifically Blainville's (Mesoplodon densirostris) and Cuvier's (Ziphius cavirostris), are known to feed in the Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas...
  92. pmc What happened to gray whales during the Pleistocene? The ecological impact of sea-level change on benthic feeding areas in the North Pacific Ocean
    Nicholas D Pyenson
    Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e21295. 2011
    Gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus) undertake long migrations, from Baja California to Alaska, to feed on seasonally productive benthos of the Bering and Chukchi seas...
  93. ncbi Bone density distribution patterns in the rostrum of delphinids and beaked whales: evidence of family-specific evolutive traits
    Bruno Cozzi
    Department of Experimental Veterinary Science, University of Padova, Legnaro, Italy
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 293:235-42. 2010
    Toothed whales have undergone a profound telescopic rearrangement of the skull, with elongation of facial bones and formation of a hollow rostrum, filled in vivo by the mesorostral cartilage...
  94. ncbi Attempts at in vitro fertilization and culture of in vitro matured oocytes in sei ( Balaenoptera borealis) and Bryde's ( B. edeni) whales
    M M U Bhuiyan
    Laboratory of Animal Reproduction, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, 080 8555 Hokkaido, Japan
    Zygote 17:19-28. 2009
    ..edeni) whales were determined in Experiment 1. The number of COCs recovered ranged from 16.0 to 30.6 and from 6.7 to 26...
  95. ncbi Comment on "Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whales"
    Nicholas D Pyenson
    Department of Zoology, 6270 University Boulevard, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    Science 330:178; author reply 178. 2010
    ..993) suggested that correlated diversity changes in the fossil record of whales and diatoms reflects secular evolutionary signals of underlying ecological drivers...
  96. ncbi Post mortem investigations on cetaceans found stranded on the coasts of Italy between 1990 and 1993
    G Di Guardo
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Regioni Lazio e Toscana, Rome, Italy
    Vet Rec 136:439-42. 1995
    ..Anticanine distemper virus antibodies were detected in the serum of the adult minke whale found stranded on the coast of Tuscany in 1993. However, no viruses were isolated from the tissues of any of the 25 cetaceans...
  97. ncbi Adenomatous hyperplasia of the thyroid gland in beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence Estuary and Hudson Bay, Quebec, Canada
    I Mikaelian
    98, The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME 04609 1500, USA
    Vet Pathol 40:698-703. 2003
    We evaluated thyroid gland lesions in beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence Estuary (n = 16) and Hudson Bay (n = 14)...
  98. pmc Migration of Antarctic minke whales to the Arctic
    Kevin A Glover
    Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway
    PLoS ONE 5:e15197. 2010
    ..Paternal contribution was not conclusively resolved. This is the first documentation of B. bonaerensis north of the tropics, and, the first documentation of hybridization between minke whale species...
  99. ncbi Behavioral responses of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) to full-scale ATOC signals
    A S Frankel
    Cornell Bioacoustics Research Program, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 108:1930-7. 2000
    ..Respiratory and movement behaviors of humpback whales off North Kauai, Hawaii, were examined for potential changes in response to these transmissions and to vessels...
  100. ncbi Relationship between organochlorine contaminants and mixed function oxidase activity in skin biopsy specimens of Mediterranean fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus)
    L Marsili
    Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Universita degli Studi di Siena, Italy
    Chemosphere 37:1501-10. 1998
    ..function oxidase, benzo(a)pyrene monooxigenase activity (BPMO), was investigated in skin biopsy specimens from fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) of the Mediterranean Sea...
  101. ncbi A newly discovered species of living baleen whale
    Shiro Wada
    National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research Agency, 2 12 4 Fukuura, Kanazawa Ku, Yokohama, 236 8648, Japan
    Nature 426:278-81. 2003
    ..Our analyses also separated Balaenoptera brydei (Bryde's whale) and Balaenoptera edeni (Eden's whale) into two distinct species, raising the number of known living Balaenoptera species to eight...

Research Grants19

  1. XIIth International Nidovirus Symposium Support Proposal
    Udeni Balasuriya; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..cause significant disease in humans, simians, a large number of livestock species, poultry, shrimp, insects and whales. Human coronaviruses are the second leading cause of the human cold, accounting for acute economic costs, and the ..
  2. REGULATION OF AUDITORY FEEDBACK DURING VOCAL LEARNING
    Masakazu Konishi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Many animals use sounds for communication, but few of them must learn the signals. Human beings, whales and dolphins, and some bats among mammals, and parrots, songbirds, and three other groups among birds, are the only animals that learn ..
  3. Sleep in Cetaceans
    Jerome Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    The sleep of cetaceans (the dolphins and toothed whales) has unique properties that may provide important insights into the evolution and function of sleep...
  4. Learning and representation of quasi-regular catergories
    Mark Blair; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..includes familiar members such as lions and tigers and bears, but also includes unusual members such as bats and whales. The proposed research will improve our understanding of how people learn and represent these kinds of overlapping ..
  5. Learning and Representation in Auditory Perception
    Eduardo Mercado; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The skills, training, and data obtained from this award will be used to support the candidate's development of an RO1 application. ..
  6. Toxiology of Particulate Cr(VI)in Human Lung Cells
    John Wise; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. The Johns Hopkins Folding Meeting
    DOUGLAS BARRICK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Participants will also be selected to provide a balance in gender and career level. ..
  8. Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Aged Muscle
    David J Marcinek; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2) Our long-term goal is the development of non- invasive methods to diagnose mitochondrial dysfunction and follow the progress of interventions meant to reverse disability in the elderly. ..
  9. From infra- to ultrasound: Diversity in acoustic processing by the vertebrate ear
    Peter M Narins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultimately, our research may lead to new therapeutic approaches to treatment of hyperacusis and noise-induced tinnitus, two known syndromes in which efferent system malfunction has been implicated. ..
  10. Multiscale Analysis of Neuronal Morphology
    Patrick Hof; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such studies will provide crucial insight into general mechanisms of memory induction and maintenance that underlie normal cognitive function, its dysfunction in diseased states, and potential mechanisms for its restoration. ..
  11. FMRI/Pathology/Anterior Cingulate/Frontoinsular Cortex
    WILLIAM SEELEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed research seeks to benefit the public health by clarifying the biological basis of dementia, ultimately promoting earlier diagnosis and better treatments for dementia patients. ..
  12. Multifunctional Nanoparticles for Intracellular Delivery
    Stefan Franzen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..5. Develop strategies for covalent attachment of proteins and oligonucleotides to nanoparticles. 6. Determine of the efficiency of regulated in vitro protein expression using a well-characterized model system. ..
  13. Complete Characterization of the 1918 Influenza Virus
    JEFFERY TAUBENBERGER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  14. Structure & Function of Human Hexacoordinate Hemoglobins
    MARK HARGROVE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Additionally, our experiments with neuroHb and histoHb will develop general principles that will be applicable to all hxHb. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Nitric oxide and mitochondrial biogenesis in sepsis
    Claude A Piantadosi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Effects of perinatal endocrine disrupters in children
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Modern statistical methods will be used to determine whether these outcome variables are associated with estrogen, thyroid, or Ah receptor abnormalities and specific contaminant exposures prenatally or postnatally. ..
  17. Lung Injury Protection by Coagulation Blockade
    CLAUDE PIANTADOSI; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A successfully optimized strategy could greatly attenuate persistence of pulmonary inflammation and facilitate the resolution of human ARDS. ..
  18. Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results may therefore provide new information that could very likely have an impact on the preventive efforts and standard-setting of the EPA and other regulatory agencies in the U.S and elsewhere. ..
  19. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    PHILIPPE ADAM GRANDJEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Current evidence already suggests that these pathologies may already affect many populations, and the present proposal aims at identifying whether persistent organochlorine pollutants contribute to these abnormalities. ..