dolphins

Summary

Summary: Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Convergent sequence evolution between echolocating bats and dolphins
    Yang Liu
    School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    Curr Biol 20:R53-4. 2010
  2. ncbi Hyperbaric computed tomographic measurement of lung compression in seals and dolphins
    Michael John Moore
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 214:2390-7. 2011
  3. ncbi Gas bubbles in seals, dolphins, and porpoises entangled and drowned at depth in gillnets
    M J Moore
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 025433, USA
    Vet Pathol 46:536-47. 2009
  4. pmc Mitogenomic phylogenetic analyses of the Delphinidae with an emphasis on the Globicephalinae
    Julia T Vilstrup
    Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5 7, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Evol Biol 11:65. 2011
  5. ncbi Echolocation in sympatric Peale's dolphins (Lagenorhynchus australis) and Commerson's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) producing narrow-band high-frequency clicks
    L A Kyhn
    National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK 4000, Roskilde, Denmark
    J Exp Biol 213:1940-9. 2010
  6. ncbi Relaxed clocks and inferences of heterogeneous patterns of nucleotide substitution and divergence time estimates across whales and dolphins (Mammalia: Cetacea)
    Alex Dornburg
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 29:721-36. 2012
  7. ncbi Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) comprehend the referential character of the human pointing gesture
    L M Herman
    Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, USA
    J Comp Psychol 113:347-64. 1999
  8. ncbi Feeding at a high pitch: source parameters of narrow band, high-frequency clicks from echolocating off-shore hourglass dolphins and coastal Hector's dolphins
    Line A Kyhn
    Department of Arctic Environment, National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Roskilde, Denmark
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:1783-91. 2009
  9. pmc Seven new dolphin mitochondrial genomes and a time-calibrated phylogeny of whales
    Ye Xiong
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, PR China
    BMC Evol Biol 9:20. 2009
  10. ncbi Molecular systematics of South American dolphins Sotalia: sister taxa determination and phylogenetic relationships, with insights into a multi-locus phylogeny of the Delphinidae
    Susana Caballero
    Laboratory of Molecular Ecology and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 46:252-68. 2008

Research Grants

  1. Environmental Determinants of Autoimmunity among African Americans in Coastal SC
    Diane L Kamen; Fiscal Year: 2012
  2. REGULATION OF AUDITORY FEEDBACK DURING VOCAL LEARNING
    Masakazu Konishi; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. Sleep in Cetaceans
    Jerome Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2006
  4. ONTOGENETIC VARIATION OF AXIAL STABILITY IN DOLPHINS
    SHELLEY ETNIER; Fiscal Year: 2002
  5. The Basal Ganglia System in Vocal Communication
    ERICH JARVIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. ONTOGENY OF SIGNATURE WHISTLES AND MIMICRY
    Peter Tyack; Fiscal Year: 1991
  7. SOCIAL INFLUENCES ON VOCAL DEVELOPMENT
    Peter Tyack; Fiscal Year: 2000
  8. Multiscale Analysis of Neuronal Morphology
    Patrick Hof; Fiscal Year: 2009
  9. NEURAL CONTROL OF SENSORY ACQUISITION
    Mark Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2004
  10. Development of gene transfer approaches for neuroAIDS
    Yuanan Lu; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications296 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Convergent sequence evolution between echolocating bats and dolphins
    Yang Liu
    School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    Curr Biol 20:R53-4. 2010
    ..Here we report that this gene has also undergone convergent amino acid substitutions in echolocating dolphins, which group with echolocating bats in a phylogenetic tree of Prestin...
  2. ncbi Hyperbaric computed tomographic measurement of lung compression in seals and dolphins
    Michael John Moore
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Exp Biol 214:2390-7. 2011
    ..If these results are representative for living animals, they might suggest a potential for decompression sickness in diving mammals...
  3. ncbi Gas bubbles in seals, dolphins, and porpoises entangled and drowned at depth in gillnets
    M J Moore
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 025433, USA
    Vet Pathol 46:536-47. 2009
    ..vitulina) and gray (Halichoerus grypus) seals, common (Delphinus delphis) and white-sided (Lagenorhyncus acutus) dolphins, and harbor porpoises (Phocaena phocaena) but in only 1 of 41 stranded marine mammals...
  4. pmc Mitogenomic phylogenetic analyses of the Delphinidae with an emphasis on the Globicephalinae
    Julia T Vilstrup
    Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5 7, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Evol Biol 11:65. 2011
    ..Further ad hoc tests were then conducted to estimate the support for alternative topologies...
  5. ncbi Echolocation in sympatric Peale's dolphins (Lagenorhynchus australis) and Commerson's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) producing narrow-band high-frequency clicks
    L A Kyhn
    National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK 4000, Roskilde, Denmark
    J Exp Biol 213:1940-9. 2010
    ..hydrophone array from wild Peale's (Lagenorhynchus australis) and Commerson's (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) dolphins off the Falkland Islands...
  6. ncbi Relaxed clocks and inferences of heterogeneous patterns of nucleotide substitution and divergence time estimates across whales and dolphins (Mammalia: Cetacea)
    Alex Dornburg
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 29:721-36. 2012
    ..Using cetaceans (whales and dolphins) as a case study, we test the performance of these two substitution models in estimating both molecular rates and ..
  7. ncbi Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) comprehend the referential character of the human pointing gesture
    L M Herman
    Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, USA
    J Comp Psychol 113:347-64. 1999
    ..Accuracy ranged from 68% to 77% correct (chance = 17%). These results established that the dolphin understood the referential character of the human manual pointing gesture...
  8. ncbi Feeding at a high pitch: source parameters of narrow band, high-frequency clicks from echolocating off-shore hourglass dolphins and coastal Hector's dolphins
    Line A Kyhn
    Department of Arctic Environment, National Environmental Research Institute, University of Aarhus, Roskilde, Denmark
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:1783-91. 2009
    ..Recordings of wild hourglass (Lagenorhynchus cruciger) and Hector's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus hectori) were made in the Drake Passage (between Tierra del Fuego and the Antarctic Peninsular) ..
  9. pmc Seven new dolphin mitochondrial genomes and a time-calibrated phylogeny of whales
    Ye Xiong
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, PR China
    BMC Evol Biol 9:20. 2009
    ..In addition, there is also evidence that the generic taxonomy of Delphinidae (dolphins) underestimates its diversity...
  10. ncbi Molecular systematics of South American dolphins Sotalia: sister taxa determination and phylogenetic relationships, with insights into a multi-locus phylogeny of the Delphinidae
    Susana Caballero
    Laboratory of Molecular Ecology and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 46:252-68. 2008
    The evolutionary relationships among members of the cetacean family Delphinidae, the dolphins, pilot whales and killer whales, are still not well understood...
  11. ncbi Culture in whales and dolphins
    L Rendell
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    Behav Brain Sci 24:309-24; discussion 324-82. 2001
    ..been suggestions of gene-culture coevolution in cetaceans, and culture may be implicated in some unusual behavioural and life-history traits of whales and dolphins. We hope to stimulate discussion and research on culture in these animals.
  12. ncbi Isolation by environmental distance in mobile marine species: molecular ecology of franciscana dolphins at their southern range
    Martin Mendez
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Mol Ecol 19:2212-28. 2010
    ..Our approach elucidated important ecological and conservation aspects of franciscana dolphins, and has the potential to increase our understanding of ecological processes influencing genetic patterns in ..
  13. ncbi Source parameter estimates of echolocation clicks from wild pygmy killer whales (Feresa attenuata)
    P T Madsen
    J Acoust Soc Am 116:1909-12. 2004
  14. ncbi The diving physiology of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). I. Balancing the demands of exercise for energy conservation at depth
    T M Williams
    Department of Biology, Earth and Marine Science Building, A 316, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    J Exp Biol 202:2739-48. 1999
    ..of exercise and apnea on the use of these reserves, we examined the physiological responses of adult bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) trained to breath-hold on the water surface or to dive to submerged targets at depths ..
  15. ncbi Cerebral toxoplasmosis in striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) stranded along the Ligurian Sea coast of Italy
    G Di Guardo
    Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy
    Vet Pathol 47:245-53. 2010
    ..immunohistochemical, indirect immunofluorescence, biomolecular, and serologic investigations on 8 striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) found stranded from August to December 2007 on the Ligurian Sea coast of Italy...
  16. ncbi Blubber development in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
    D J Struntz
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, North Carolina 28403, USA
    J Morphol 259:7-20. 2004
    ..This study investigated the development of this specialized hypodermis in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) across an ontogenetic series, including fetuses, neonates, juveniles, subadults, and adults...
  17. ncbi Two novel alphaherpesviruses associated with fatal disseminated infections in Atlantic bottlenose dolphins
    T W Blanchard
    Department of Veterinary Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC 20306, USA
    J Wildl Dis 37:297-305. 2001
    Two immature female bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) were found stranded on the Atlantic coast of the USA. Necropsy and histopathologic examination of both dolphins demonstrated acute necrotizing lesions in multiple organ systems...
  18. pmc First human-caused extinction of a cetacean species?
    Samuel T Turvey
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Biol Lett 3:537-40. 2007
    ..Immediate and extreme measures may be necessary to prevent the extinction of other endangered cetaceans, including the sympatric Yangtze finless porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis)...
  19. ncbi Identification of novel alpha- and gammaherpesviruses from cutaneous and mucosal lesions of dolphins and whales
    Kara A Smolarek Benson
    Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    J Virol Methods 136:261-6. 2006
    ..Alphaherpesviruses were associated with skin lesions of three Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), while gammaherpesviruses were present in genital lesions of five Atlantic bottlenose ..
  20. ncbi Epidemiology of tattoo skin disease in bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from the Sado estuary, Portugal
    Marie Françoise Van Bressem
    Peruvian Centre for Cetacean Research CEPEC, Jorge Chávez 302, Pucusana, Lima 20, Peru
    Dis Aquat Organ 56:171-9. 2003
    We report on the epidemiology of tattoo disease in a community of bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus from the Sado estuary, Portugal...
  21. ncbi Microsatellite markers for the study of cetacean populations
    E Valsecchi
    Department of Genetics, Cambridge, UK
    Mol Ecol 5:151-6. 1996
    ..No relationship was found between microsatellite repeat length and proportion of species which gave polymorphic products...
  22. ncbi Heterogeneity of myoglobin distribution in the locomotory muscles of five cetacean species
    L K Polasek
    Department of Marine Biology, Texas A and M University at Galveston, Galveston, TX 77551, USA
    J Exp Biol 204:209-15. 2001
    ..had significantly higher myoglobin concentrations than the three species (dusky, humpbacked and bottlenose dolphins) that occur in shallow, coastal waters...
  23. ncbi Bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) calves appear to model their signature whistles on the signature whistles of community members
    Deborah Fripp
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA
    Anim Cogn 8:17-26. 2005
    Bottlenose dolphins are unusual among non-human mammals in their ability to learn new sounds...
  24. ncbi The development of diving bradycardia in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
    S R Noren
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department, Center for Ocean Health, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    J Comp Physiol B 174:139-47. 2004
    ..determine if diving bradycardia improves with age, cardiac patterns from trained immature and mature bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops truncatus) were recorded during three conditions (stationary respiration, voluntary breath-hold, and ..
  25. ncbi Visual lateralization in the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus): evidence for a population asymmetry?
    Sevgi Yaman
    Marineland Mallorca, Costa d En Blanes, 07184 Calvia, Mallorca, Spain
    Behav Brain Res 142:109-14. 2003
    ..These results make it possible that bottlenose dolphins are lateralized for visual pattern discrimination at the level of a population asymmetry...
  26. ncbi Sequence variation and gene duplication at MHC DQB loci of baiji (Lipotes vexillifer), a Chinese river dolphin
    G Yang
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Bioresource Technology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
    J Hered 96:310-7. 2005
    ..The high level of baiji MHC polymorphism revealed in the present study has not been reported in other cetaceans and could be a consequence of the small baiji population adapting to freshwater with a relatively high level of pathogens...
  27. ncbi Toward the resolution of an explosive radiation--a multilocus phylogeny of oceanic dolphins (Delphinidae)
    Michael R McGowen
    Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, Spieth Hall, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 60:345-57. 2011
    Oceanic dolphins (Delphinidae) are the product of a rapid radiation that yielded ∼36 extant species of small to medium-sized cetaceans that first emerged in the Late Miocene...
  28. pmc Testing mitochondrial sequences and anonymous nuclear markers for phylogeny reconstruction in a rapidly radiating group: molecular systematics of the Delphininae (Cetacea: Odontoceti: Delphinidae)
    Sarah E Kingston
    NOAA Fisheries, Southeast Fisheries Science Center, 646 Cajundome Blvd Suite 234, Lafayette, LA 70506, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 9:245. 2009
    ..The dolphin subfamily Delphininae is a group that has likely resulted from a recent and rapid radiation. Despite several efforts, the evolutionary relationships among the species in the subfamily remain unclear...
  29. ncbi Pathology of striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) infected with Brucella ceti
    R González-Barrientos
    Cátedra de Patología, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica
    J Comp Pathol 142:347-52. 2010
    Seventeen striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) displaying swimming disorders compatible with neurological syndromes were investigated for Brucella infection. Sixteen dolphins had meningoencephalomyelitis...
  30. ncbi Classification of electronically generated phantom targets by an Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
    R Aubauer
    Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kailua 96734, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 107:2750-4. 2000
    ..Phantom replicas were presented in a probe technique during a materials discrimination experiment. The animal accepted the phantom echoes and classified them in the same manner as it classified real targets...
  31. ncbi Echolocation signals of wild Atlantic spotted dolphin (Stenella frontalis)
    Whitlow W L Au
    Marine Mammal Research Program, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, P O Box 1109, Kailua, Hawaii 96734, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 113:598-604. 2003
    ..The characteristics of the signals were similar to those of captive Tursiops truncatus, Delphinapterus leucas and Pseudorca crassidens measured in open waters under controlled conditions...
  32. ncbi Population structure and speciation in the genus Tursiops based on microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA analyses
    Ada Natoli
    School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Durham, Durham, UK
    J Evol Biol 17:363-75. 2004
    Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) have a world-wide distribution, and show morphotypic variation among regions...
  33. ncbi Genetic differentiation among recently diverged delphinid taxa determined using AFLP markers
    S E Kingston
    Grice Marine Laboratory, College of Charleston, 205 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, SC 29412, USA
    J Hered 95:1-10. 2004
    ..However, the AFLP data indicated that the two T. truncatus morphotypes exhibit greater divergence than D. capensis and D. delphis, suggesting that they too should be considered different species...
  34. ncbi Postmortem evidence of interactions of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) with other dolphin species in south-west England
    J Barnett
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency VLA Truro, Polwhele, Truro, UK
    Vet Rec 165:441-4. 2009
    Reports of violent interactions between bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in the coastal waters of the UK are well documented...
  35. ncbi Echolocation signals of dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) in Kaikoura, New Zealand
    Whitlow W L Au
    Marine Mammal Research Program, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, P O Box 1109, Kailua, Hawaii 96734, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 115:2307-13. 2004
    ..The center frequencies in the dusky broadband echolocation signals are among the highest of dolphins measured in the field...
  36. ncbi Accumulation and tissue distribution of mercury and selenium in striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) from the Mediterranean Sea (southern Italy)
    N Cardellicchio
    CNR, Istituto Sperimentale Talassogrqfico, Taranto, Italy
    Environ Pollut 116:265-71. 2002
    ..Mercury concentrations related to geographic variations and pollution of the marine environment have been examined. The possible implications between mercury accumulation and dolphin death have also been discussed...
  37. ncbi Estrous cycle characterisation and artificial insemination using frozen-thawed spermatozoa in the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
    T R Robeck
    SeaWorld Texas, 10500 SeaWorld Drive, San Antonio, TX 78251, USA
    Reproduction 129:659-74. 2005
    ....
  38. pmc Assessing the impact of bycatch on dolphin populations: the case of the common dolphin in the eastern North Atlantic
    Laura Mannocci
    Littoral, Environnement et Sociétés, UMR 7266, Université de La Rochelle CNRS, La Rochelle, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e32615. 2012
    ..In the eastern North Atlantic, at least 1000 common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) are bycaught each year, particularly in pelagic pair-trawls...
  39. pmc Bubbles in live-stranded dolphins
    S Dennison
    Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 279:1396-404. 2012
    ..in supersaturated tissues and blood occur in beaked whales stranded near sonar exercises, and post-mortem in dolphins bycaught at depth and then hauled to the surface...
  40. ncbi Dolphin Assisted Therapy: can swimming with dolphins be a suitable treatment?
    Cathy Williamson
    Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society
    Dev Med Child Neurol 50:477. 2008
  41. ncbi Echolocation behavior of franciscana dolphins (Pontoporia blainvillei) in the wild
    Mariana L Melcón
    Fundación Cethus, Potosi 2087, B1636BUA, Olivos, Prov Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Acoust Soc Am 131:EL448-53. 2012
    Franciscana dolphins are small odontocetes hard to study in the field. In particular, little is known on their echolocation behavior in the wild...
  42. ncbi Can dolphins heal by ultrasound?
    Karsten Brensing
    Institute of Behavioral Research, Free University of Berlin, Verhaltensbiologie Haderslebener Strasse 9, D 12163 Berlin, Germany
    J Theor Biol 225:99-105. 2003
    ..therapy has become very popular and an increasing number of facilities offer therapy programs with dolphins worldwide. To this date, there are no studies concerning the behavior of dolphins during these therapies...
  43. ncbi Concentrations of heavy metals in Sotalia fluviatilis (Cetacea: Delphinidae) off the coast of Ceará, northeast Brazil
    Cassiano Monteiro-Neto
    Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Caixa Postal 100644, 24001 970, Niteroi, RJ, Brazil
    Environ Pollut 123:319-24. 2003
    ..The associated risks of pollution outfalls may pose a threat to marine organisms in a near future, especially for top predators such as S. fluviatilis...
  44. ncbi The relationship between heat flow and vasculature in the dorsal fin of wild bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus
    Erin M Meagher
    University of North Carolina at Wilmington, Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Marine Science Research, 601 South College Road, Wilmington, NC 28403, USA
    J Exp Biol 205:3475-86. 2002
    ..records of heat flux and skin temperature at three positions on the dorsal fins of 19 wild bottlenose dolphins (with the fin in air and submerged) were collected, together with heart rate and respiration...
  45. ncbi Captive dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, develop signature whistles that match acoustic features of human-made model sounds
    Jennifer L Miksis
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 112:728-39. 2002
    This paper presents a cross-sectional study testing whether dolphins that are born in aquarium pools where they hear trainers' whistles develop whistles that are less frequency modulated than those of wild dolphins...
  46. ncbi Evaluation of cetacean exposure to organotin compounds in Brazilian waters through hepatic total tin concentrations
    Paulo R Dorneles
    Laboratório de Radioisótopos Eduardo Penna Franca, Instituto de Biofisica Carlos Chagas Filho, CCS, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Environ Pollut 156:1268-76. 2008
    ..Contrastingly, the maximum level among 19 oceanic dolphins was 346, and 15 out of these 19 specimens presented concentrations below detection limit...
  47. ncbi Echolocation clicks of free-ranging Chilean dolphins (Cephalorhynchus eutropia)
    Thomas Gotz
    Sea Mammal Research Unit, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 8LB, United Kingdom
    J Acoust Soc Am 128:563-6. 2010
    In this paper, evidence is provided that Chilean dolphins (Cephalorhynchus eutropia) produce ultrasonic echolocation clicks of the narrow-band high-frequency category...
  48. ncbi The development of diving in marine endotherms: preparing the skeletal muscles of dolphins, penguins, and seals for activity during submergence
    S R Noren
    Department of Biology, University of California at Santa Cruz, 95064, USA
    J Comp Physiol B 171:127-34. 2001
    ..We measured myoglobin concentrations in the major locomotor muscles of mature and immature bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) and compared the data to previously reported ..
  49. ncbi Forward masking as a mechanism of automatic gain control in odontocete biosonar: a psychophysical study
    Alexander Ya Supin
    Institute of Ecology and Evolution of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 33 Leninsky Prospect, 119071 Moscow, Russia
    J Acoust Soc Am 124:648-56. 2008
    ..This release may compensate for the echo level decrease with distance, thus keeping the echo sensation level for the animal near constant within a certain distance range...
  50. ncbi Comparative feeding kinematics and performance of odontocetes: belugas, Pacific white-sided dolphins and long-finned pilot whales
    E A Kane
    Texas A and M University, Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Science, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    J Exp Biol 212:3939-50. 2009
    ..generation of three odontocetes with varying feeding modes (belugas, Delphinapterus leucas; Pacific white-sided dolphins, Lagenorhynchus obliquidens; and long-finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas)...
  51. ncbi High organochlorine accumulation in blubber of Guiana dolphin, Sotalia guianensis, from Brazilian coast and its use to establish geographical differences among populations
    J Lailson-Brito
    Laboratório de Mamíferos Aquáticos e Bioindicadores Prof a Izabel Gurgel MAQUA, Faculdade de Oceanografia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro UERJ, Brazil
    Environ Pollut 158:1800-8. 2010
    Blubber samples from 33 Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) from three estuaries (Guanabara, Sepetiba/Ilha Grande and Paranaguá Bays) of Southern and Southeastern Brazil were analyzed for organochlorine compounds (DDTs, PCBs and HCB)...
  52. ncbi Lactation in whales and dolphins: evidence of divergence between baleen- and toothed-species
    O T Oftedal
    Department of Zoological Research, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 2:205-30. 1997
    Although it has been more than one hundred years since the first publication on the milks of whales and dolphins (Order Cetacea), information on lactation in these species is scattered and fragmentary...
  53. ncbi High accumulation of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in marine tucuxi dolphins (Sotalia guianensis) from the Brazilian coast
    Paulo R Dorneles
    Radioisotope Laboratory, Biophysics Institute, Rio de aneiro Federal University, Brazil
    Environ Sci Technol 42:5368-73. 2008
    ..sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) were measured in liver samples from 29 marine tucuxi dolphins from Rio de Janeiro state (RJ), Brazil...
  54. ncbi Anthropogenic and naturally-produced organobrominated compounds in marine mammals from Brazil
    Paulo R Dorneles
    Biophysics Institute, Rio de Janeiro Federal University UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Environ Int 36:60-7. 2010
    ..A concentration range of PBDEs (3-5960ng/g lw) similar to that observed in Northern Hemisphere dolphins was found...
  55. ncbi Evidence for male dispersal along the coasts but no migration in pelagic waters in dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus)
    Insa Cassens
    Laboratory of Evolutionary Genetics, Institute of Molecular Biology and Medicine, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, rue Jeener and Brachet 12, 6041 Gosselies, Belgium
    Mol Ecol 14:107-21. 2005
    ..Moreover, we find evidence of a difference in dispersal behaviour of dusky dolphins along the South American coast and across the Atlantic...
  56. ncbi Active echolocation beam focusing in the false killer whale, Pseudorca crassidens
    Laura N Kloepper
    Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, PO Box 1106, Kailua, HI 96734, USA
    J Exp Biol 215:1306-12. 2012
    ..We propose that the animal is using a strategy of changing the focal region according to target distance and that this strategy is under active control...
  57. ncbi Occurrence of vertebral osteophytosis in a museum sample of white-beaked dolphins (Lagenorhynchus albirostris) from Danish waters
    Anders Galatius
    Research Group for Comparative Zoology, Institute of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, DK 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
    J Wildl Dis 45:19-28. 2009
    ..However, age determinations conducted on the sample revealed that none of the most severe cases occurred among the oldest animals, implying that these severe cases may cause premature fatality...
  58. ncbi Dolphins as animal models for type 2 diabetes: sustained, post-prandial hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
    Stephanie Venn-Watson
    National Marine Mammal Foundation, San Diego, CA 92106, USA
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 170:193-9. 2011
    ..in humans, hourly plasma and urine chemistry changes, including glucose, were analyzed among five healthy, adult dolphins for 24 h following ingestion of 2.5-3.5 kg of mackerel or 2-3 L of 10% dextrose in ionosol...
  59. ncbi Comprehension of signs by dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
    A Tschudin
    ESRC Research Centre in Economic Learning and Social Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, England
    J Comp Psychol 115:100-5. 2001
    The authors assessed the ability of 6 captive dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) to comprehend without explicit training 3 human communicative signs (pointing, directed gaze, and replica)...
  60. ncbi Epizootic of morbilliviral disease in common dolphins (Delphinus delphis ponticus) from the Black sea
    A Birkun
    BREMA Laboratory, Ukraine
    Vet Rec 144:85-92. 1999
    Forty-seven common dolphins (Delphinus delphis ponticus) were stranded on the northern shores of the Black Sea between mid-July and early September 1994, more than in previous or subsequent years...
  61. ncbi 'O father: where art thou?'--Paternity assessment in an open fission-fusion society of wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in Shark Bay, Western Australia
    Michael Krützen
    School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Mol Ecol 13:1975-90. 2004
    Sexually mature male bottlenose dolphins in Shark Bay cooperate by pursuing distinct alliance strategies to monopolize females in reproductive condition...
  62. pmc Cross-reactivity between immunoglobulin G antibodies of whales and dolphins correlates with evolutionary distance
    Hendrik H Nollens
    Marine Mammal Health Program and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, P O Box 100126, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 15:1547-54. 2008
    Growing morphological and molecular evidence indicates that the porpoises, dolphins, and whales evolved within the even-toed ungulates, formerly known as Artiodactyla. These animals are now grouped in the Cetartiodactyla...
  63. ncbi The broadband social acoustic signaling behavior of spinner and spotted dolphins
    Marc O Lammers
    Marine Mammal Research Program, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, PO Box 1106, Kailua, Hawaii 96734, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 114:1629-39. 2003
    ..Fundamental whistle contours were found to extend beyond 20 kHz only rarely among spotted dolphins, but with some regularity in spinner dolphins...
  64. ncbi cDNA-derived amino acid sequences of myoglobins from nine species of whales and dolphins
    Kentaro Iwanami
    Laboratory of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Kochi University, Kochi 780 8520, Japan
    Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 145:249-56. 2006
    ..Clustering of cetacean Mb amino acid and cDNA sequences essentially follows the classical taxonomy of cetaceans, suggesting that Mb sequence data is valid for classification of cetaceans at least to the family level...
  65. ncbi Resource partitioning in sympatric delphinids: space use and habitat preferences of Australian snubfin and Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins
    Guido J Parra
    School of Tropical Environment Studies and Geography, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, Queensland, Australia
    J Anim Ecol 75:862-74. 2006
    ..2. Snubfin Orcaella heinsohni, and Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins Sousa chinensis, live in sympatry throughout most of their range in Australian waters...
  66. ncbi Linking the sounds of dolphins to their locations and behavior using video and multichannel acoustic recordings
    Rebecca E Thomas
    Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 112:1692-701. 2002
    ..This paper presents a system developed to solve this problem for dolphins by linking acoustic locations of the sounds of captive bottlenose dolphins with an overhead video image...
  67. ncbi Object representation in the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus): integration of visual and echoic information
    H E Harley
    Social Sciences Division, New College, University of South Florida, Sarasota 34243
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 22:164-74. 1996
    ..The dolphin successfully matched familiar objects in the cross-modal conditions. These data suggest that the dolphin has an object-based representational system...
  68. ncbi Left hemispheric advantage for numerical abilities in the bottlenose dolphin
    Annette Kilian
    Department Biopsychology, Inst Cogn Neurosci, Faculty of Psychology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
    Behav Processes 68:179-84. 2005
    ..The present data provide further evidence for a general right visual field advantage in bottlenose dolphins for visual information processing...
  69. ncbi Seeing through sound: dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) perceive the spatial structure of objects through echolocation
    L M Herman
    Psychology Department, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA
    J Comp Psychol 112:292-305. 1998
    ..The results support a capacity for direct echoic perception of object shape by this species and demonstrate that prior object exposure is not required for spontaneous cross-modal recognition...
  70. ncbi Coexistence of fisheries with river dolphin conservation
    Nachiket Kelkar
    Post graduate Program in Wildlife Biology and Conservation, Wildlife Conservation Society India Program, National Centre for Biological Sciences, GKVK Campus, Bellary Road, Bangalore 560 065, India
    Conserv Biol 24:1130-40. 2010
    ..We investigated resource competition between fisheries and Ganges river dolphins (Platanista gangetica gangetica) in a human-dominated river system in India to assess the potential for their ..
  71. ncbi Mortality trends of stranded marine mammals on Cape Cod and southeastern Massachusetts, USA, 2000 to 2006
    Andrea L Bogomolni
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Dis Aquat Organ 88:143-55. 2010
    ..They not only afford a better retrospective analysis of strandings, but ultimately have application for improving current and future response to live animal stranding...
  72. ncbi Head morphology in perinatal dolphins: a window into phylogeny and ontogeny
    Michael A Rauschmann
    Department of Orthopedics Friedrichsheim Foundation, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, 60528 Frankfurt, Germany
    J Morphol 267:1295-315. 2006
    ..odontocete cetaceans (toothed whales), we investigate the head morphology of three perinatal pantropical spotted dolphins (Stenella attenuata) with the following methods: computer-assisted tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ..
  73. ncbi Predominance of clockwise swimming during rest in Southern Hemisphere dolphins
    Guinevere M Stafne
    School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
    Physiol Behav 82:919-26. 2004
    Observations on eight bottlenose dolphins located in the Southern Hemisphere during rest indicated that they spent the majority of the time (85%) engaged in behaviors that can be considered clockwise...
  74. ncbi Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in wild dolphins from the Spanish Mediterranean coast
    O Cabezón
    Departament de Sanitat i d Anatomia Animals, Parasitologia i Malalties Parasitarias, Facultat de Veterinaria, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
    J Parasitol 90:643-4. 2004
    ..gondii in wild dolphins. Antibodies to T...
  75. ncbi Anatomy and three-dimensional reconstructions of the brain of a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) from magnetic resonance images
    L Marino
    Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology Program, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Anat Rec 264:397-414. 2001
    ....
  76. ncbi Specific profiles of perfluorinated compounds in surface and drinking waters and accumulation in mussels, fish, and dolphins from southeastern Brazil
    Natalia Quinete
    Department of Chemistry, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro PUC Rio, Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225, Gávea Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22453 900, Brazil
    Chemosphere 77:863-9. 2009
    ..State in southeast Brazil: in drinking water from various districts in the State, in river water and tucuxi dolphins from the Paraiba do Sul River, several species of fish from the State, and mussels from Guanabara Bay...
  77. pmc Molecular ecology meets remote sensing: environmental drivers to population structure of humpback dolphins in the Western Indian Ocean
    M Mendez
    Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA
    Heredity (Edinb) 107:349-61. 2011
    ..sequence data to assess population structure patterns and their potential environmental influences for humpback dolphins in the Western Indian Ocean...
  78. ncbi Congenital diffuse hyperplastic goiter associated with perinatal mortality in 11 captive-born bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
    Michael M Garner
    Northwest ZooPath, 18210 Waverly Drive, Snohomish, Washington 98296, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 33:350-5. 2002
    Diffuse hyperplastic goiter was diagnosed by histopathology in 11 perinatal bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) that died at four separate zoos and aquaria...
  79. ncbi Total fluorine, extractable organic fluorine, perfluorooctane sulfonate and other related fluorochemicals in liver of Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis) and finless porpoises (Neophocaena phocaenoides) from South China
    L W Y Yeung
    Centre for Coastal Pollution and Conservation, Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
    Environ Pollut 157:17-23. 2009
    ..N-EtFOSA, PFDoDA, PFUnDA, PFDA, PFNA, PFOA, and PFHpA) were measured in liver samples of Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis) (n=10) and finless porpoises (Neophocaena phocaenoides) (n=10) stranded in Hong Kong between ..
  80. ncbi Genetic evidence for sex-biased dispersal in resident bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus)
    Luciana M Möller
    Marine Mammal Research Group, Graduate School of the Environment, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109, Australia
    Mol Ecol 13:1607-12. 2004
    ..For coastal resident bottlenose dolphins field data suggest that both sexes are philopatric to their natal site...
  81. ncbi DDT and PCB reduction in the western Mediterranean from 1987 to 2002, as shown by levels in striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba)
    A Aguilar
    Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, Diagonal 645, 08071 Barcelona, Spain
    Mar Environ Res 59:391-404. 2005
    ..were recorded in the offshore waters of the western Mediterranean Sea during 1987-2002 using striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) as indicators...
  82. ncbi Food intake and body measurements of Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncates) in captivity
    R A Kastelein
    Harderwijk Marine Mammal Park, The Netherlands
    Mar Environ Res 53:199-218. 2002
    The food consumption (recorded in kg of individual fish species), body length and mass of 11 Atlantic bottlenose dolphins kept first at Windsor Safari Park, UK (1979-1993/1994), and later at Harderwijk Marine Mammal Park, The Netherlands (..
  83. ncbi Immunology of whales and dolphins
    Andreas Beineke
    Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Bunteweg 17, 30559 Hannover, Germany
    Vet Immunol Immunopathol 133:81-94. 2010
    ..There is growing evidence for an immunotoxic effect of different environmental contaminants in whales and dolphins, as demonstrated in field studies...
  84. pmc Evolution of river dolphins
    H Hamilton
    Museum of Paleontology and Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 268:549-56. 2001
    The world's river dolphins (Inia, Pontoporia, Lipotes and Platanista) are among the least known and most endangered of all cetaceans...
  85. ncbi Resting behaviors of captive bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)
    Yuske Sekiguchi
    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology c o Faculty of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2 12 1 Ookayama Meguro ku, Tokyo 152 8551, Japan
    Physiol Behav 79:643-53. 2003
    In order to specify the resting behaviors in captive bottlenose dolphin, we quantitatively analyzed behavior of 16 dolphins in three aquariums in Japan. We observed their behaviors in the low-activity time (0 a.m.-3 a.m...
  86. ncbi Auditory and behavioral responses of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and a beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) to impulsive sounds resembling distant signatures of underwater explosions
    J J Finneran
    Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, California 92152 6266, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 108:417-31. 2000
    A behavioral response paradigm was used to measure masked underwater hearing thresholds in two bottlenose dolphins and one beluga whale before and after exposure to impulsive underwater sounds with waveforms resembling distant signatures ..
  87. ncbi Presence of herpesvirus in striped dolphins stranded during the cetacean morbillivirus epizootic along the Mediterranean Spanish coast in 2007
    Edwige N Bellière
    National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology, Valdeolmos, Spain
    Arch Virol 155:1307-11. 2010
    ..A total of 14 cetaceans, including six long-finned pilot whales and eight striped dolphins, were studied using histopathology and molecular analysis to detect HV and CeMV...
  88. ncbi Evaluation of toxicity and sex-related variation of PCB levels in Mediterranean striped dolphins affected by an epizootic
    A Borrell
    Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Chemosphere 32:2359-69. 1996
    Individual PCB congener concentrations, including non-ortho chloro substituted, were determined in 30 striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) affected by the 1990-92 Mediterranean epizootic to investigate their toxic potential...
  89. ncbi A worldwide perspective on the population structure and genetic diversity of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in New Zealand
    Gabriela Tezanos-Pinto
    University of Auckland, School of Biological Sciences, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Hered 100:11-24. 2009
    Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) occupy a wide range of coastal and pelagic habitats throughout tropical and temperate waters worldwide...
  90. pmc Cultural transmission of tool use in bottlenose dolphins
    Michael Krützen
    School of Biological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8939-43. 2005
    In Shark Bay, wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) apparently use marine sponges as foraging tools...
  91. ncbi Lobomycosis-like disease and other skin conditions in Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins Tursiops aduncus from the Indian Ocean
    Jeremy Kiszka
    University of La Rochelle, LIENSS Littoral, Environnement et Sociétés, UMR 6250 CNRS Université de La Rochelle, 2 rue Olympe de Gouges, 17000 La Rochelle, France
    Dis Aquat Organ 84:151-7. 2009
    ..Here we report on LLD in Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins Tursiops aduncus from the tropical lagoon of Mayotte, between Mozambique and Madagascar...
  92. ncbi Acoustic basis for fish prey discrimination by echolocating dolphins and porpoises
    Whitlow W L Au
    Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kailua, Hawaii 96734, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 126:460-7. 2009
    The biosonar system of dolphins and porpoises has been studied for about 5 decades and much has been learned [Au, W. W. L. (1993). The Sonar of Dolphins (Springer, New York)]...
  93. ncbi Organohalogen contaminants and metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid and cerebellum gray matter in short-beaked common dolphins and Atlantic white-sided dolphins from the western North Atlantic
    Eric W Montie
    Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Environ Pollut 157:2345-58. 2009
    ..ether (PBDE) flame retardants, and OH-PBDEs, were measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of short-beaked common dolphins (n = 2), Atlantic white-sided dolphins (n = 8), and gray seal (n = 1) from the western North Atlantic...
  94. ncbi Aerobic microorganisms associated with free-ranging bottlenose dolphins in coastal Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean waters
    John D Buck
    Center for Marine Mammal and Sea Turtle Research, Mote Marine Laboratory, 1600 Ken Thompson Parkway, Sarasota, Florida 34236, USA
    J Wildl Dis 42:536-44. 2006
    Our abilities to assess health risks to free-ranging dolphin populations, to treat live-stranded or captive dolphins, and to evaluate the risks of disease transmission between humans and dolphins have suffered from a lack of basic ..
  95. ncbi Molecular phylogenetics of 'river dolphins' and the baiji mitochondrial genome
    Jie Yan
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Bioresource Technology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 37:743-50. 2005
    It is well known that the classical river dolphins are not a natural group, but up to now the phylogenetic relationships among them are not very clear because different views have been referred from different studies...
  96. ncbi Quantifying the acoustic repertoire of a population: the vocalizations of free-ranging bottlenose dolphins in Fiordland, New Zealand
    Oliver Boisseau
    Department of Marine Science, University of Otago, 310 Castle Street, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Acoust Soc Am 117:2318-29. 2005
    ..This study describes the vocalizations of free-ranging bottlenose dolphins resident to the waters of Fiordland, New Zealand...
  97. ncbi Assessment of dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) auditory sensitivity and hearing loss using jawphones
    R L Brill
    Biosciences Division, SPAWAR Systems Center San Diego, California 92152 6506, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 109:1717-22. 2001
    Devices known as jawphones have previously been used to measure interaural time and intensity discrimination in dolphins. This study introduces their use for measuring hearing sensitivity in dolphins...
  98. ncbi A complete phylogeny of the whales, dolphins and even-toed hoofed mammals (Cetartiodactyla)
    Samantha A Price
    Department of Biology, Gilmer Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4328, USA
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 80:445-73. 2005
    ..with parsimony, we present the first phylogeny to include all 290 extant species of the Cetacea (whales and dolphins) and Artiodactyla (even-toed hoofed mammals). At the family-level, the supertree is fully resolved...
  99. ncbi Hearing measurements from a stranded infant Risso's dolphin, Grampus griseus
    Paul E Nachtigall
    Marine Mammal Research Program, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, PO Box 1106, Kailua, HI 96734, USA
    J Exp Biol 208:4181-8. 2005
    ..These results redefine the hearing capabilities of Risso's dolphins by demonstrating very high-frequency sensitivity.
  100. ncbi Behavioral and auditory evoked potential audiograms of a false killer whale (Pseudorca crassidens)
    Michelle M L Yuen
    Marine Mammal Research Program, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Kailua, Hawaii 96744 1106, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 118:2688-95. 2005
    ..These data indicated that behavioral and AEP techniques can be used successfully and interchangeably to measure cetacean hearing sensitivity...
  101. pmc A division of labour with role specialization in group-hunting bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) off Cedar Key, Florida
    Stefanie K Gazda
    Biology Department, University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA 02747, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 272:135-40. 2005
    ..Observations on two groups of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Cedar Key, Florida revealed distinctive behavioural roles during group feeding...

Research Grants15

  1. Environmental Determinants of Autoimmunity among African Americans in Coastal SC
    Diane L Kamen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), are found in local bottlenose dolphins and red drum, both sentinel wildlife species that serve as surrogates of human health effects...
  2. REGULATION OF AUDITORY FEEDBACK DURING VOCAL LEARNING
    Masakazu Konishi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Many animals use sounds for communication, but few of them must learn the signals. Human beings, whales and dolphins, and some bats among mammals, and parrots, songbirds, and three other groups among birds, are the only animals that learn ..
  3. Sleep in Cetaceans
    Jerome Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    The sleep of cetaceans (the dolphins and toothed whales) has unique properties that may provide important insights into the evolution and function of sleep...
  4. ONTOGENETIC VARIATION OF AXIAL STABILITY IN DOLPHINS
    SHELLEY ETNIER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The axial skeletons of fetal and neonatal dolphins are characterized by extreme instability, which disappears in response to normal growth patterns after a few ..
  5. The Basal Ganglia System in Vocal Communication
    ERICH JARVIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..However, since vocal learning is a very rare trait, as it is only found in 3 groups of mammals (humans, dolphins, and bats) and 3 groups of birds (songbirds, hummingbirds and parrots), with songbirds being the most studied ..
  6. ONTOGENY OF SIGNATURE WHISTLES AND MIMICRY
    Peter Tyack; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Cetaceans are the only mammals other than man demonstrated to be skilled at vocal mimicry. Dolphins can be trained to mimic man made sounds and can learn to associate these sounds with objects or actions in ..
  7. SOCIAL INFLUENCES ON VOCAL DEVELOPMENT
    Peter Tyack; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..and acoustic environment on the development of the individually-distinctive signature whistles of bottlenose dolphins. Vocal learning is critical for the development of human language but plays a much smaller role in the vocal ..
  8. Multiscale Analysis of Neuronal Morphology
    Patrick Hof; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such studies will provide crucial insight into general mechanisms of memory induction and maintenance that underlie normal cognitive function, its dysfunction in diseased states, and potential mechanisms for its restoration. ..
  9. NEURAL CONTROL OF SENSORY ACQUISITION
    Mark Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The modeling framework is used to quantitatively evaluate the contributions of afferent convergence and spatiotemporal filtering in the ELL maps to the enhancement of the signal and the suppression of the background. ..
  10. Development of gene transfer approaches for neuroAIDS
    Yuanan Lu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Overall, the work is expected to result in significant insight into new approaches for treatment of neuroAIDS and other neurologic diseases. ..
  11. From infra- to ultrasound: Diversity in acoustic processing by the vertebrate ear
    Peter M Narins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultimately, our research may lead to new therapeutic approaches to treatment of hyperacusis and noise-induced tinnitus, two known syndromes in which efferent system malfunction has been implicated. ..
  12. Lung Injury Protection by Coagulation Blockade
    CLAUDE PIANTADOSI; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A successfully optimized strategy could greatly attenuate persistence of pulmonary inflammation and facilitate the resolution of human ARDS. ..
  13. Nitric oxide and mitochondrial biogenesis in sepsis
    Claude A Piantadosi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Education & Training-Biomed & SocioBehavioral Research
    WAYNE PATTERSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..