Genomes and Genes
Summary: An order of wholly aquatic MAMMALS occurring in all the OCEANS and adjoining seas of the world, as well as in certain river systems. They feed generally on FISHES, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Most are gregarious and most have a relatively long period of parental care and maturation. Included are DOLPHINS; PORPOISES; and WHALES. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp969-70)
Publications208 found, 100 shown here
- Adaptive evolution of 5'HoxD genes in the origin and diversification of the cetacean flipperZhe Wang
School of Life Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
Mol Biol Evol 26:613-22. 2009..Our results strongly implicate 5'HoxD genes in the modulation of digit number, web forming, and the high morphological diversity of the cetacean manus...
- MLVA-16 typing of 295 marine mammal Brucella isolates from different animal and geographic origins identifies 7 major groups within Brucella ceti and Brucella pinnipedialisMarianne Maquart
INRA, UR1282, Infectiologie Animale et Sante Publique, IASP, Nouzilly, F 37380, France
BMC Microbiol 9:145. 2009..A previously published assay comprising 16 loci (MLVA-16) that has been shown to be highly relevant and efficient for typing and clustering Brucella strains from animal and human origin was used...
- Emerging infectious diseases in cetaceans worldwide and the possible role of environmental stressorsMarie Françoise Van Bressem
Cetacean Conservation Medicine Group CMED CEPEC, Bogota, Colombia
Dis Aquat Organ 86:143-57. 2009....
- Pattern and timing of diversification of Cetartiodactyla (Mammalia, Laurasiatheria), as revealed by a comprehensive analysis of mitochondrial genomesAlexandre Hassanin
UMR 7205 Origine, Structure et Evolution de la Biodiversité, Departement Systematique et Evolution, Muséum National d Histoire Naturelle MNHN, Paris, France
C R Biol 335:32-50. 2012..three extant lineages within Cetartiodactyla (Cetruminantia, Suina and Tylopoda); the basal diversification of Cetacea during the Early Oligocene; and two radiations that involve Cetacea and Pecora, one at the Oligocene/Miocene ..
- The genome sequence of Brucella pinnipedialis B2/94 sheds light on the evolutionary history of the genus BrucellaStephane Audic
Laboratoire Information Génomique et Structurale, CNRS UPR2589, Aix Marseille University, Institut de Microbiologie de la Mediterranee, IFR 88, Parc Scientifique de Luminy 163 Avenue de Luminy Case 934 FR 13288, Marseille Cedex 09, France
BMC Evol Biol 11:200. 2011..pinnipedialis and B. ceti from marine mammals raised many questions about their origin as well as on the evolutionary history of the whole genus...
- Relationships of Cetacea (Artiodactyla) among mammals: increased taxon sampling alters interpretations of key fossils and character evolutionMichelle Spaulding
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e7062. 2009..Integration of diverse data (molecules, fossils) provides the most robust test of the phylogeny of cetaceans. Positioning key fossils is critical for reconstructing the character change from life on land to life in the water...
- Bycatch of marine mammals in U.S. and global fisheriesAndrew J Read
Duke University Marine Laboratory, Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Beaufort, NC 28516, USA
Conserv Biol 20:163-9. 2006..Bycatch is likely to have significant demographic effects on many populations of marine mammals. Better data are urgently needed to fully understand the impact of these interactions...
- Adaptive evolution and functional constraint at TLR4 during the secondary aquatic adaptation and diversification of cetaceansTong Shen
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, China
BMC Evol Biol 12:39. 2012....
- Lipopolysaccharide heterogeneity in Brucella strains isolated from marine mammalsSylvie Baucheron
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unité de Pathologie Aviaire et Parasitologie, Nouzilly, France
Res Microbiol 153:277-80. 2002..Thus, S-LPSs of the marine mammal isolates show heterogeneity with regard to their O-PS C epitope content and their average size...
- Heterogeneity of myoglobin distribution in the locomotory muscles of five cetacean speciesL K Polasek
Department of Marine Biology, Texas A and M University at Galveston, Galveston, TX 77551, USA
J Exp Biol 204:209-15. 2001..Enhancing oxygen stores in those areas of the muscle that work the hardest would theoretically lengthen the aerobic dive limit of the animal during submerged swimming...
- Evidence for positive selection on the leptin gene in Cetacea and PinnipediaLi Yu
Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio resource and Key Laboratory for Microbial Resources of the Ministry of Education, Yunnan University, Kunming, China
PLoS ONE 6:e26579. 2011..In the present work, we report the identification of novel leptin genes in 4 species of Cetacea, and a comparison with 55 publicly available leptin sequences from mammalian genome assemblies and previous ..
- Body size and skeletal muscle myoglobin of cetaceans: adaptations for maximizing dive durationS R Noren
Department of Biology, Earth and Marine Sciences Building, University of California, Santa Cruz 95064, USA
Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 126:181-91. 2000..While independent analysis of the odontocetes showed that body mass and myoglobin content accounts for 83% of the variation in odontocete dive capacity...
- Divergence date estimation and a comprehensive molecular tree of extant cetaceansMichael R McGowen
Department of Biology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Mol Phylogenet Evol 53:891-906. 2009..Our comprehensive, time-calibrated tree provides a powerful evolutionary tool for broad-scale comparative studies of Cetacea.
- Microsatellite markers for the study of cetacean populationsE Valsecchi
Department of Genetics, Cambridge, UK
Mol Ecol 5:151-6. 1996..No relationship was found between microsatellite repeat length and proportion of species which gave polymorphic products...
- Genetic identification of novel poxviruses of cetaceans and pinnipedsA J Bracht
Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA
Arch Virol 151:423-38. 2006..A significant degree of divergence was observed in sequences of Steller sea lion parapoxviruses, while those of spotted seals and harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) were highly conserved...
- Phylogeny and adaptive evolution of the brain-development gene microcephalin (MCPH1) in cetaceansMichael R McGowen
Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, 92521, USA
BMC Evol Biol 11:98. 2011Representatives of Cetacea have the greatest absolute brain size among animals, and the largest relative brain size aside from humans...
- Total mercury, methyl mercury, and selenium levels in the red meat of small cetaceans sold for human consumption in JapanTetsuya Endo
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, 1757 Ishikari Tobetsu, Hokkaido 061 0293, Japan
Environ Sci Technol 39:5703-8. 2005..The consumption of red meat from small cetaceans, therefore, could pose a health problem for not only pregnant women but also for the general population...
- Pathology and causes of death of stranded cetaceans in the Canary Islands (1999-2005)Manuel Arbelo
Institute of Animal Health, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain
Dis Aquat Organ 103:87-99. 2013..7%) Delphinidae. These data show that a range of anthropogenic and natural single and mass mortality events occur in multiple cetacean species stranded in the Canary Islands...
- The origin and early evolution of whales: macroevolution documented on the Indian subcontinentS Bajpai
Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247 677, India
J Biosci 34:673-86. 2009The origin of whales (order Cetacea) from a four-footed land animal is one of the best understood examples of macroevolutionary change...
- Whale phylogeny and rapid radiation events revealed using novel retroposed elements and their flanking sequencesZhuo Chen
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China
BMC Evol Biol 11:314. 2011..proposed based on both morphological and molecular data to reveal phylogenetic relationships within the order Cetacea (dolphins, porpoises, and whales), and great progress has been made in the past two decades...
- Feeding kinematics of Kogia and Tursiops (Odontoceti: Cetacea): characterization of suction and ram feedingBrian Bloodworth
Texas A and M University at Galveston, 77551, USA
J Exp Biol 208:3721-30. 2005..Kinematic data support functional hypotheses that odontocetes generate suction by rapid depression of the hyoid and tongue...
- Marine mammals and debris in coastal waters of British Columbia, CanadaRob Williams
Marine Mammal Research Unit, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Room 247, AERL, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Mar Pollut Bull 62:1303-16. 2011....
- The energy ratio mapping algorithm: a tool to improve the energy-based detection of odontocete echolocation clicksHolger Klinck
Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies, Oregon State University and NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, 2030 Southeast Marine Science Drive, Newport, Oregon 97365, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 129:1807-12. 2011..Results showed that the ERMA-based detector correctly identified 81.6% of the beaked whale clicks in an extended evaluation data set. Average false-positive detection rate was 6.3% (3.4% for Risso's dolphins and 2.9% for pilot whales)...
- Serological diagnosis of Brucella infections in odontocetesGabriela Hernández-Mora
Programa de Investigación en Enfermedades Tropicales, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica
Clin Vaccine Immunol 16:906-15. 2009..The prediction is that iELISA based on broadly cross-reacting anti-dolphin IgG antibody would be a reliable test for the diagnosis of brucellosis in odontocetes, including families not covered in this study...
- Skeletons of terrestrial cetaceans and the relationship of whales to artiodactylsJ G Thewissen
Department of Anatomy, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, Ohio 44272, USA
Nature 413:277-81. 2001Modern members of the mammalian order Cetacea (whales, dolphins and porpoises) are obligate aquatic swimmers that are highly distinctive in morphology, lacking hair and hind limbs, and having flippers, flukes, and a streamlined body...
- Phylogenetic relationships of artiodactyls and cetaceans as deduced from the comparison of cytochrome b and 12S rRNA mitochondrial sequencesC Montgelard
Laboratoire de Paléontologie des Vertébrés EPHE, Universite Montpellier II, France
Mol Biol Evol 14:550-9. 1997..mitochondrial cytochrome b and 12S rDNA sequences is presented here for 17 representatives of Artiodactyla and Cetacea, together with potential outgroups (two Perissodactyla, two Carnivora, two Tethytheria, four Rodentia, and two ..
- A supermatrix analysis of genomic, morphological, and paleontological data from crown CetaceaJonathan H Geisler
Department of Anatomy, New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, New York Institute of Technology, Northern Boulevard, Old Westbury, NY 11568, USA
BMC Evol Biol 11:112. 2011b>Cetacea (dolphins, porpoises, and whales) is a clade of aquatic species that includes the most massive, deepest diving, and largest brained mammals...
- Physicochemical evolution and molecular adaptation of the cetacean and artiodactyl cytochrome b proteinsD A McClellan
Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA
Mol Biol Evol 22:437-55. 2005..We also have found a general correlation between the results of the analytical software programs TreeSAAP (which implements the MM01 model) and CDM (which implements the codon-degeneracy model)...
- Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whalesFelix G Marx
Department of Geology, University of Otago, 360 Leith Walk, Post Office Box 56, Dunedin, Otago 9016, New Zealand
Science 327:993-6. 2010....
- DNA polymorphism in the omp25/omp31 family of Brucella spp.: identification of a 1.7-kb inversion in Brucella cetaceae and of a 15.1-kb genomic island, absent from Brucella ovis, related to the synthesis of smooth lipopolysaccharideNieves Vizcaino
Departamento de Microbiologia y Genetica, Edificio Departamental, Universidad de Salamanca, Plaza Doctores de la Reina s n, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
Microbes Infect 6:821-34. 2004..ovis. The DNA polymorphism we have found in this work within the genus Brucella might be involved in the differences in pathogenicity and host preference displayed by the Brucella species...
- Phylogenomic analyses and improved resolution of CetartiodactylaXuming Zhou
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
Mol Phylogenet Evol 61:255-64. 2011..b>Cetacea was found to nest within Artiodactyla as the sister group of Hippopotamidae, and Tylopoda was corroborated as the ..
- Phylogenetic relationships among cetaceans revealed by Y-chromosome sequencesShin Nishida
Department of Biodiversity, Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
Zoolog Sci 24:723-32. 2007..The low homoplasy exhibited by the Y-chromosome data presented here suggests that an extended data set incorporating longer sequences would provide better resolution of cetacean lower-level pylogeny...
- Diversity versus disparity and the radiation of modern cetaceansGraham J Slater
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025, USA
Proc Biol Sci 277:3097-104. 2010....
- An examination of cetacean brain structure with a novel hypothesis correlating thermogenesis to the evolution of a big brainPaul R Manger
School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown, 2193, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 81:293-338. 2006..These observations provide an alternative to the widely held belief of a correlation between brain size and intelligence in cetaceans...
- Cytochrome b nucleotide sequences and the identification of five primary lineages of extant cetaceansU Arnason
Division of Evolutionary Molecular Systematics, University of Lund, Sweden
Mol Biol Evol 13:407-17. 1996..The level of divergence among the five cetacean lineages, and that seen between cetaceans and artiodactyls, suggests that cetaceans and artiodactyls had a common ancestor approximately 60 Mya...
- Consistency of SINE insertion topology and flanking sequence tree: quantifying relationships among cetartiodactylsJ K Lum
Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Tokyo, Japan Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan
Mol Biol Evol 17:1417-24. 2000..topology and the phylogenetic tree based on seven independent loci of five taxa in the order Cetartiodactyla (Cetacea + Artiodactyla)...
- Improved characterisation of among-lineage rate variation in cetacean mitogenomes using codon-partitioned relaxed clocksSimon Y W Ho
Research School of Biology, Centre for Macroevolution and Macroecology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia
Mitochondrial DNA 21:138-46. 2010..However, this is rarely the case for differences in the lineage-specific patterns of rate variation among sites...
- Evidence of Brucella sp. infection in marine mammals stranded along the coast of southern New EnglandJennifer Maratea
Department of Pathobiology, University of Connecticut, 61 North Eagleville Road, U 89, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
J Zoo Wildl Med 34:256-61. 2003..Tissues from which Brucella sp. was isolated showed no gross or histopathologic changes. These results indicate that marine mammals stranded along the coast of southern New England can be exposed to and infected with Brucella sp...
- More DNA support for a Cetacea/Hippopotamidae clade: the blood-clotting protein gene gamma-fibrinogenJ Gatesy
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721, USA
Mol Biol Evol 14:537-43. 1997..that overwhelmingly support a monophyletic Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates) and a close relationship between Cetacea and extinct mesonychian ungulates...
- Radiation of extant cetaceans driven by restructuring of the oceansMette E Steeman
Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Syst Biol 58:573-85. 2009The remarkable fossil record of whales and dolphins (Cetacea) has made them an exemplar of macroevolution...
- The dinosaurian origin of feathers: perspectives from dolphin (Cetacea) collagen fibersTheagarten Lingham-Soliar
Zoology Department, University of Durban Westville, Private Bag X54001, 4000 Durban, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
Naturwissenschaften 90:563-7. 2003..Since collagen is the main fiber type found in most supporting tissues, the results have wide implications regarding the degradation and fossilization of vertebrate integument, such as that of the ichthyosaurs, dinosaurs and birds...
- Effects of character weighting and species sampling on phylogeny reconstruction: a case study based on DNA sequence data in cetaceansM C Milinkovitch
Department of Biology, Free University of Brussels, Belgium
Genetics 144:1817-33. 1996..paraphyly of one of the two major recognized cetacean suborders, the toothed whales. This analysis strongly supports the sister relationship between sperm whales and baleen whales...
- Mitogenomic analyses provide new insights into cetacean origin and evolutionUlfur Arnason
Division of Evolutionary Molecular Systematics, Department of Cell and Organism Biology, University of Lund, S 223 62 Lund, Sweden
Gene 333:27-34. 2004The evolution of the order Cetacea (whales, dolphins, porpoises) has, for a long time, attracted the attention of evolutionary biologists...
- Identification of novel DNA fragments and partial sequence of a genomic island specific of Brucella pinnipedialisMarianne Maquart
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UR1282, Infectiologie Animale et Sante Publique, Nouzilly, France
Vet Microbiol 132:181-9. 2008..Although hooded seal isolates are classified within B. pinnipedialis it was shown in this study that they do not carry this genomic island and this raises the question about their evolutionary history within B. pinnipedialis...
- Evidence from milk casein genes that cetaceans are close relatives of hippopotamid artiodactylsJ Gatesy
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721
Mol Biol Evol 13:954-63. 1996..the nuclear casein sequences combined with published mitochondrial cytochrome b DNA sequences also supports the Cetacea/Hippopotamidae sister group...
- Phylogeny of all major groups of cetaceans based on DNA sequences from three mitochondrial genesM C Milinkovitch
Department of Biology, Yale University
Mol Biol Evol 11:939-48. 1994Traditionally, living cetaceans (order Cetacea) are classified into two highly distinct suborders: the echolocating toothed whales, Odontoceti, and the filter-feeding baleen whales, Mysticeti...
- Hippopotamus and whale phylogenyJonathan H Geisler
Department of Geology and Geography and Georgia Southern Museum, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia 30460 8149, USA
Nature 458:E1-4; discussion E5. 2009Thewissen et al. describe new fossils from India that apparently support a phylogeny that places Cetacea (that is, whales, dolphins, porpoises) as the sister group to the extinct family Raoellidae, and Hippopotamidae as more closely ..
- Cetaceans have complex brains for complex cognitionLori Marino
Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology Program, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
PLoS Biol 5:e139. 2007
- Phenotypic and molecular characterisation of Brucella isolates from marine mammalsClaire E Dawson
Department of Statutory and Exotic Bacterial Diseases, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 3NB, UK
BMC Microbiol 8:224. 2008..ceti, were validly published. Here we report on an extensive study of the molecular and phenotypic characteristics of marine mammal Brucella isolates and on how these characteristics relate to the newly described species...
- Toothed whale monophyly reassessed by SINE insertion analysis: the absence of lineage sorting effects suggests a small population of a common ancestral speciesMasato Nikaido
Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan
Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:216-24. 2007..These results suggest that a small population of common ancestors of all toothed whales ultimately diverged into the lineages of sperm whales and dolphins...
- Mapping the bycatch seascape: multispecies and multi-scale spatial patterns of fisheries bycatchRebecca L Lewison
Biology Department, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, California 92182 4614, USA
Ecol Appl 19:920-30. 2009..These analyses also highlight the importance of considering bycatch relative to target catch as a way of identifying areas where fishing effort reduction may help to reduce multispecies bycatch with minimal impact on target catch...
- Molecular typing divides marine mammal strains of Brucella into at least three groups with distinct host preferencesPauline Groussaud
Department of Statutory and Exotic Bacterial Diseases, Veterinary Laboratories Agency VLA, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
J Med Microbiol 56:1512-8. 2007..pinnipediae' isolates. The groups identified by VNTR typing and MLSA are completely congruent. The relevance of these findings to current proposals to recognize two species of marine mammal Brucella is discussed...
- From the discovery of the Malta fever's agent to the discovery of a marine mammal reservoir, brucellosis has continuously been a re-emerging zoonosisJacques Godfroid
Département de Bactériologie et d Immunologie, Centre d Etude et de Recherches Vétérinaires et Agrochimiques, 99 Groeselenberg, 1180 Uccle, Belgium
Vet Res 36:313-26. 2005..e. B. cetaceae and B. pinnipediae, represents a new zoonotic threat but the pathogenicity for humans of the different Brucella species found in cetaceans and pinnipeds still has to be clearly established...
- A comparison of encephalization between odontocete cetaceans and anthropoid primatesL Marino
Department of Biology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Brain Behav Evol 51:230-8. 1998..These findings may have implications for comparative models of the relative importance of brain size versus brain organization for the evolution of intelligence...
- The position of Cetacea within mammalia: phylogenetic analysis of morphological data from extinct and extant taxaM A O'Leary
Department of Anatomical Sciences, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 8081, USA
Syst Biol 48:455-90. 1999Knowledge of the phylogenetic position of the order Cetacea (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) within Mammalia is of central importance to evolutionary biologists studying the transformations of biological form and function that ..
- Retroposon analysis of major cetacean lineages: the monophyly of toothed whales and the paraphyly of river dolphinsM Nikaido
Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8501, Japan
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:7384-9. 2001..The combination of SINE and flanking sequence analysis suggests a topology and set of divergence times for odontocete relationships, offering alternative explanations for several long-standing problems in cetacean evolution...
- Independent adaptation to riverine habitats allowed survival of ancient cetacean lineagesI Cassens
Unit of Evolutionary Genetics, and Unit of Bioinformatics, Free University of Brussels, Institute of Molecular Biology and Medicine, B 6041 Gosselies, Belgium
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:11343-7. 2000....
- Strouhal numbers and optimization of swimming by odontocete cetaceansJim J Rohr
SSC San Diego, 53560 Hull Street, 211, San Diego, CA 92152, USA
J Exp Biol 207:1633-42. 2004....
- Serological evidence of Brucella species infection in odontocetes from the south Pacific and the MediterraneanM F Van Bressem
Peruvian Centre for Cetacean Research (CEPEC, Pucusana, Lima
Vet Rec 148:657-61. 2001..5 per cent) Stenella coeruleoalba and in one of two Ttruncatus from the Mediterranean. These data provide the first evidence for the presence of cetacean brucellae in the south Pacific Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea...
- Brucella ceti sp. nov. and Brucella pinnipedialis sp. nov. for Brucella strains with cetaceans and seals as their preferred hostsGeoffrey Foster
SAC Veterinary Services, Inverness IV2 4JZ, UK
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57:2688-93. 2007..nov. are proposed for the isolates from cetaceans and seals, respectively. The type strain of Brucella ceti sp. nov. is NCTC 12891T (=BCCN 94-74T) and the type strain of Brucella pinnipedialis sp. nov. is NCTC 12890T (=BCCN 94-73T)...
- Oxidative metabolic profiles of Brucella strains isolated from marine mammals: contribution to their species classificationIsabelle Jacques
UR1282, Unité d Infectiologie Animale et Santé Publique, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre de Tours Nouzilly, Nouzilly, France
FEMS Microbiol Lett 270:245-9. 2007....
- Relationship between sleep and eye state in Cetaceans and PinnipedsO I Lyamin
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, UCLA and Neurobiology Research 151A3, VAGLAHS Sepulveda, North Hills, California 91343, USA
Arch Ital Biol 142:557-68. 2004....
- Sequence variation in the Tbx4 gene in marine mammalsKaori Onbe
Laboratory of Biodiversity, Department of Environmental Change, Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
Zoolog Sci 24:449-64. 2007....
- Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of the matrix (M) and fusion (F) protein genes of cetacean morbilliviruses isolated from a porpoise and a dolphinG Bolt
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Fredericksberg, Denmark
Virus Res 34:291-304. 1994..Comparisons with the corresponding sequences of other morbilliviruses demonstrated that the cetacean morbillivirus does not derive from any known morbillivirus but represents an independent morbillivirus lineage...
- Molecular phylogeny of Corynosoma Lühe, 1904 (Acanthocephala), based on 5.8S and internal transcribed spacer sequencesMartín García-Varela
Departamento de Inmunologia, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas, UNAM, A P 70228, 04510 Mexico D F, Mexico
J Parasitol 91:345-52. 2005..australe plus C. bullosum, C. validum plus C. villosum, C. caspicum plus C. magdaleni, and C. enhydri plus C. strumosum). This phylogenetic framework was used to evaluate taxonomic controversies concerning C. cetaceum and C. caspicum...
- Genetic diversity and infection levels of anisakid nematodes parasitic in fish and marine mammals from Boreal and Austral hemispheresSimonetta Mattiucci
Department of Public Health Sciences, Section of Parasitology, Sapienza University of Rome, P le Aldo Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
Vet Parasitol 148:43-57. 2007..This suggests that anisakid nematodes, and their levels of genetic diversity may be suitable indicators of the integrity of marine food webs and of the general biodiversity of a marine ecosystem...
- Positive selection in the N-terminal extramembrane domain of lung surfactant protein C (SP-C) in marine mammalsNatalie J Foot
Discipline of Environmental Biology, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
J Mol Evol 65:12-22. 2007..Both properties are advantageous for the repeated collapse and reinflation of the lung upon diving and resurfacing and may reflect adaptations to the high hydrostatic pressures experienced during diving...
- Status of Corynosoma (Acanthocephala: Polymorphidae) based on anatomical, ecological, and phylogenetic evidence, with the erection of Pseudocorynosoma n. genF Javier Aznar
Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biologia Evolutiva, Universitat de Valencia, Spain
J Parasitol 92:548-64. 2006....
- Stroke frequency, but not swimming speed, is related to body size in free-ranging seabirds, pinnipeds and cetaceansKatsufumi Sato
International Coastal Research Centre, Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2 106 1 Akahama, Otsuchi, Iwate 028 1102, Japan
Proc Biol Sci 274:471-7. 2007..These results suggest that muscle characteristics may constrain swimming during cruising travel, with convergence among diving specialists in the proportions and contraction rates of propulsive muscles...
- Emerging morbillivirus infections of marine mammals: development of two diagnostic approachesJeremiah T Saliki
Oklahoma Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 969:51-9. 2002..For antibody detection, a monoclonal antibody-based competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (c-ELISA) was used on sera from several species, thus avoiding the need for multiple anti-species enzyme conjugates...
- Vestibular evidence for the evolution of aquatic behaviour in early cetaceansF Spoor
Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, Rockefeller Building, University Street, London WC1E 6JJ, UK
Nature 417:163-6. 2002..We hypothesize that the unparalleled modification of the semicircular canal system represented a key 'point of no return' event in early cetacean evolution, leading to full independence from life on land...
- Morbillivirus infections in aquatic mammals: a brief overviewG Di Guardo
Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Piazza Aldo Moro 45, 64100 Teramo, Italy
J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 52:88-93. 2005..In fact, it is also unknown whether and how these chemicals contribute towards modulating the pathogenic and pathogenetic activity primarily displayed by sea mammal morbilliviruses...
- Adaptive features of aquatic mammals' eyeAlla M Mass
Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Anat Rec (Hoboken) 290:701-15. 2007..In general, the visual system of marine mammals demonstrates a high degree of development and several specific features associated with adaptation for vision in both the aquatic and aerial environments...
- Cone visual pigments of aquatic mammalsLucy A Newman
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, 21250, USA
Vis Neurosci 22:873-9. 2005..Short-wavelength-sensitive (SWS) and long-wavelength-sensitive (LWS) cone opsin genes from two orders (Cetacea and Sirenia) and an additional suborder (Pinnipedia) of aquatic mammals were amplified from genomic DNA (for SWS) ..
- Molecular phylogenetics and diagnosis of Anisakis, Pseudoterranova, and Contracaecum from northern Pacific marine mammalsSteven A Nadler
Department of Nematology, University of California, Davis 95616 8668, USA
J Parasitol 91:1413-29. 2005..Phylogenetic trees inferred from ITS sequences yielded robustly supported relationships for Pseudoterranova and Anisakis species that are primarily consistent with previously published phenograms based on multilocus electrophoretic data...
- Effects of organochlorines, individually and in mixtures, on B-cell proliferation in marine mammals and miceChiharu Mori
Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA
J Toxicol Environ Health A 71:266-75. 2008..These findings may be helpful in more accurately characterizing the immunotoxic potential of OC in different target species and help in more relevant risk assessment...
- Primary structure of human myoglobinA E Herrera
Nat New Biol 232:149-52. 1971
- Advances and trends in the molecular systematics of anisakid nematodes, with implications for their evolutionary ecology and host-parasite co-evolutionary processesSimonetta Mattiucci
Department of Public Health Sciences, Section of Parasitology, Sapienza University of Rome, P le Aldo Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
Adv Parasitol 66:47-148. 2008....
- Neuronal fiber composition of the corpus callosum within some odontocetesMandy J Keogh
San Diego State University, Biology Department, San Diego, California, USA
Anat Rec (Hoboken) 291:781-9. 2008..Although no sex differences were detected, age appeared to affect the size, shape, and fiber composition of the bottlenose dolphin corpus callosum...
- Brucella species infection in marine mammals off the Cornish coastC E Dawson
Vet Rec 155:32. 2004
- A covarion-based method for detecting molecular adaptation: application to the evolution of primate mitochondrial genomesTal Pupko
The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 4 6 7 Minami Azabu Minato ku, Tokyo 106 8569, Japan
Proc Biol Sci 269:1313-6. 2002..e. highly constrained) in primates, and some show the opposite pattern. Our results indicate that the mitochondrial genome of primates reached a new peak of the adaptive landscape through positive selection...
- Episodic molecular evolution of pituitary growth hormone in CetartiodactylaZoitsa Maniou
Biochemistry Department, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex BN1 9QG, UK
J Mol Evol 58:743-53. 2004..In order to increase knowledge of GH evolution in Cetartiodactyla (Artiodactyla plus Cetacea) we have cloned and characterized GH genes from camel (Camelus dromedarius), hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius)..
- Morphomolecular neuronal phenotypes in the neocortex reflect phylogenetic relationships among certain mammalian ordersPatrick R Hof
Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York 10029, USA
Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol 287:1153-63. 2005....
- Are the dental data really at odds with the molecular data? Morphological evidence for whale phylogeny (re)reexaminedMaureen A O'Leary
Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 8081, USA
Syst Biol 52:853-64; discussion 864-5. 2003
- Completion of the sequence of a cetacean morbillivirus and comparative analysis of the complete genome sequences of four morbillivirusesB K Rima
School of Biology and Biochemistry, The Queen s University of Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL, N Ireland
Virus Genes 30:113-9. 2005..The CeMV L protein sequence was found to be equidistant between those of the CDV/PDV and MV/RPV subgroups of the morbilliviruses. This concurs with the analyses carried out on the other structural proteins...
- Evolution of hyperphalangy and digit reduction in the cetacean manusLisa Noelle Cooper
Anatomy Department, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, Ohio 44272 0095, USA
Anat Rec (Hoboken) 290:654-72. 2007..Hyperphalangy may help distribute leading edge forces, and multiple interphalangeal joints may smooth leading edge flipper contour...
- Perspectives on hyperphalangy: patterns and processesTim J Fedak
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
J Anat 204:151-63. 2004....
- Genetic relationships among Anisakis species (Nematoda: Anisakidae) inferred from mitochondrial cox2 sequences, and comparison with allozyme dataAlice Valentini
Department of Public Health Sciences, Section of Parasitology, University of Rome La Sapienza, 00185 Rome, Italy
J Parasitol 92:156-66. 2006..and the A. simplex complex. Comparison of anisakid data with those currently available for their cetacean-definitive hosts suggests parallelism between host and parasite phylogenetic tree topologies...
- Decompression syndrome and the evolution of deep diving physiology in the CetaceaBrian Lee Beatty
New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, NY 11568, USA
Naturwissenschaften 95:793-801. 2008..These are considered as early "experiments" in repetitive deep diving, indicating that they independently converged on their similar specialized diving physiologies...
- The face that sank the Essex: potential function of the spermaceti organ in aggressionDavid R Carrier
Department of Biology, 201 South Biology Building, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
J Exp Biol 205:1755-63. 2002..These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that the spermaceti organ has evolved to be a weapon used in male-male aggression...
- Occurrence of several arsenic compounds in the liver of birds, cetaceans, pinnipeds, and sea turtlesReiji Kubota
Center for Marine Environmental Studies, Ehime University, Tarumi 3 5 7, Matsuyama 790 8566, Japan
Environ Toxicol Chem 22:1200-7. 2003....
- Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Sarcocystis neurona, and Sarcocystis canis-like infections in marine mammalsJ P Dubey
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705 2350, USA
Vet Parasitol 116:275-96. 2003..New cases of clinical S. canis and T. gondii infections are also reported in sea lions, and T. gondii infection in an Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus)...
- Sink or swim? Bone density as a mechanism for buoyancy control in early cetaceansNoel Marie Gray
Department of Biology, Hiram College, Hiram, Ohio 44234, USA
Anat Rec (Hoboken) 290:638-53. 2007..Thus, there was a shift from the typical terrestrial form, to osteopetrosis and pachyosteosclerosis, and then to osteoporosis in the first quarter of cetacean evolutionary history...
- Effects of acoustic alarms, designed to reduce small cetacean bycatch in gillnet fisheries, on the behaviour of North Sea fish species in a large tankRonald A Kastelein
Sea Mammal Research Company SEAMARCO, Julianalaan 46, 3843 CC Harderwijk, The Netherlands
Mar Environ Res 64:160-80. 2007..Based on the small number of fish species tested, the present study suggests that the higher the frequency of a pinger, the less likely it is to affect the behaviour of marine fish...
- The mammals that conquered the seasKate Wong
Sci Am 286:70-9. 2002
- Evolutionary differentiation of Cetartiodactyl placentae in the light of the viviparity-driven conflict hypothesisK Klisch
Abteilung Neuroanatomie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Carl Neuberg Strase 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
Placenta 28:353-60. 2007....
- Modular evolution of the Cetacean vertebral columnEmily A Buchholtz
Department of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02481, USA
Evol Dev 9:278-89. 2007..This large unit is defined by shared patterns of vertebral morphology, count, and size in all living whales (Neoceti)...
- [Canine distemper virus--an agent looking for new hosts]W Baumgartner
Institut fur Pathologie, Tierarztliche Hochschule Hannover, Hannover
Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 110:137-42. 2003..It remains to be determined whether a morbillivirus from other marine mammals or terrestrial carnivores caused the infection in this unprotected seal populations...
- Maximum body size in a radiating clade as a function of timeJerzy Trammer
Institute of Geology, Warsaw University, Al Zwirki i Wigury 93, 02 089 Warsaw, Poland
Evolution 59:941-7. 2005..maximum body size (body length) in an evolving clade is exemplified by the evolutionary histories of Bivalvia, Cetacea, and Camerata (Crinoidea)...
- Identification of highly brominated analogues of Q1 in marine mammalsEmma L Teuten
Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 360 Woods Hole Road, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Environ Pollut 144:336-44. 2006..7 microg/g (lipid weight). The regiospecificity of C(9)H(3)N(2)Br(6)Cl is suggestive of a biogenic origin. Debromination of C(9)H(3)N(2)Br(6)Cl may be significant in the formation of C(9)H(4)N(2)Br(5)Cl...
- Interfamilial characterization of a region of the ZFX and ZFY genes facilitates sex determination in cetaceans and other mammalsPhillip A Morin
National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, 8604 La Jolla Shores Drive, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
Mol Ecol 14:3275-86. 2005..Given the availability of conserved primers and sequence information for many mammalian species, this approach to designing sexing assays for a wide range of species is both practical and efficient...
- Male Mutation Bias and Paternal Age Effect in MammalsKateryna Makova; Fiscal Year: 2010..this, we will sequence introns of genes homologous between X and Y in mammals with long generation time (Cetacea and Perissodactyla) and analyze additional data from the literature...
- Multiscale Analysis of Neuronal MorphologyPatrick Hof; Fiscal Year: 2009..Such studies will provide crucial insight into general mechanisms of memory induction and maintenance that underlie normal cognitive function, its dysfunction in diseased states, and potential mechanisms for its restoration. ..