carnivora

Summary

Summary: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Host switching in Lyssavirus history from the Chiroptera to the Carnivora orders
    H Badrane
    Laboratoire des Lyssavirus, Department of Virology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    J Virol 75:8096-104. 2001
  2. pmc Updating the evolutionary history of Carnivora (Mammalia): a new species-level supertree complete with divergence time estimates
    Katrin Nyakatura
    Institute for Systematic Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, Erbertstrasse 1, 07743 Jena, Germany
    BMC Biol 10:12. 2012
  3. ncbi Energetic constraints on the diet of terrestrial carnivores
    C Carbone
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, UK
    Nature 402:286-8. 1999
  4. ncbi A common rule for the scaling of carnivore density
    Chris Carbone
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Science 295:2273-6. 2002
  5. pmc Ancestral capture of syncytin-Car1, a fusogenic endogenous retroviral envelope gene involved in placentation and conserved in Carnivora
    Guillaume Cornelis
    Unité des rétrovirus endogènes et éléments rétroïdes des eucaryotes supérieurs, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8122, Institut Gustave Roussy, F 94805 Villejuif, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:E432-41. 2012
  6. ncbi Building large trees by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia)
    O R Bininda-Emonds
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, U K
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 74:143-75. 1999
  7. ncbi Convergence and remarkably consistent constraint in the evolution of carnivore skull shape
    Stephen Wroe
    School of Biological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Evolution 61:1251-60. 2007
  8. ncbi Predator-prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web
    Norman Owen-Smith
    Centre for African Ecology, School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits 2050, South Africa
    J Anim Ecol 77:173-83. 2008
  9. pmc The predatory behaviour of the thylacine: Tasmanian tiger or marsupial wolf?
    Borja Figueirido
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Biol Lett 7:937-40. 2011
  10. ncbi Susceptibility of carnivore hosts to strains of canine distemper virus from distinct genetic lineages
    Veljko M Nikolin
    Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Alfred Kowalke Strasse 17, 10315 Berlin, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 156:45-53. 2012

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications230 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Host switching in Lyssavirus history from the Chiroptera to the Carnivora orders
    H Badrane
    Laboratoire des Lyssavirus, Department of Virology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
    J Virol 75:8096-104. 2001
    Lyssaviruses are unsegmented RNA viruses causing rabies. Their vectors belong to the Carnivora and Chiroptera orders. We studied 36 carnivoran and 17 chiropteran lyssaviruses representing the main genotypes and variants...
  2. pmc Updating the evolutionary history of Carnivora (Mammalia): a new species-level supertree complete with divergence time estimates
    Katrin Nyakatura
    Institute for Systematic Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, Erbertstrasse 1, 07743 Jena, Germany
    BMC Biol 10:12. 2012
    ..for investigations of carnivoran ecology, biology and evolution, the complete species-level supertree for Carnivora of Bininda-Emonds et al. is showing its age...
  3. ncbi Energetic constraints on the diet of terrestrial carnivores
    C Carbone
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, UK
    Nature 402:286-8. 1999
    Species in the mammalian order Carnivora exhibit a huge diversity of life histories with body sizes spanning more than three orders of magnitude...
  4. ncbi A common rule for the scaling of carnivore density
    Chris Carbone
    Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
    Science 295:2273-6. 2002
    ..develop and test a general model for variation within and between species in population density across the order Carnivora. We find that 10,000 kilograms of prey supports about 90 kilograms of a given species of carnivore, irrespective ..
  5. pmc Ancestral capture of syncytin-Car1, a fusogenic endogenous retroviral envelope gene involved in placentation and conserved in Carnivora
    Guillaume Cornelis
    Unité des rétrovirus endogènes et éléments rétroïdes des eucaryotes supérieurs, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8122, Institut Gustave Roussy, F 94805 Villejuif, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:E432-41. 2012
    ..Finally, we show that the gene is conserved among a series of 26 Carnivora representatives, with evidence for purifying selection and conservation of fusogenic activity...
  6. ncbi Building large trees by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia)
    O R Bininda-Emonds
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, U K
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 74:143-75. 1999
    ..parsimony analysis (MRP), is demonstrated by deriving a complete phylogeny for all 271 extant species of the Carnivora from 177 literature sources...
  7. ncbi Convergence and remarkably consistent constraint in the evolution of carnivore skull shape
    Stephen Wroe
    School of Biological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Evolution 61:1251-60. 2007
    ..Here we compare skull shape in a wide range of carnivoran placentals (Carnivora) and nonherbivorous marsupials using a three-dimensional (3-D) geometric morphometric approach...
  8. ncbi Predator-prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web
    Norman Owen-Smith
    Centre for African Ecology, School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits 2050, South Africa
    J Anim Ecol 77:173-83. 2008
    ..Nevertheless, the large carnivore assemblage was dominated overwhelmingly by the largest predator, which contributed the major share of animals killed across a wide size range...
  9. pmc The predatory behaviour of the thylacine: Tasmanian tiger or marsupial wolf?
    Borja Figueirido
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Biol Lett 7:937-40. 2011
    ..The 'niche overlap hypothesis' with dingoes (Canis lupus dingo) as a main cause of thylacine extinction in mainland Australia is discussed in the light of this new information...
  10. ncbi Susceptibility of carnivore hosts to strains of canine distemper virus from distinct genetic lineages
    Veljko M Nikolin
    Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Alfred Kowalke Strasse 17, 10315 Berlin, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 156:45-53. 2012
    ..Significant differences between the prevalence of 549Y and 549H in wild canid strains and non-canid strains suggests a degree of virus adaptation to these categories of host...
  11. ncbi Skull shape evolution in durophagous carnivorans
    Borja Figueirido
    Departamento de Ecología y Geología de la Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Malaga, Malaga, Spain
    Evolution 67:1975-93. 2013
    ..However, we find that the shapes of the cranium and the mandible are highly integrated for the whole order Carnivora. Published studies of teratological cats and dogs indicate that the role of internal constraints in shaping this ..
  12. ncbi Postcranial morphology and the locomotor habits of living and extinct carnivorans
    Joshua X Samuels
    John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, Kimberly, Oregon 97848, USA
    J Morphol 274:121-46. 2013
    Members of the order Carnivora display a broad range of locomotor habits, including cursorial, scansorial, arboreal, semiaquatic, aquatic, and semifossorial species from multiple families...
  13. ncbi Tuberculosis in badgers; a review of the disease and its significance for other animals
    J Gallagher
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    Res Vet Sci 69:203-17. 2000
    ..Trials of the effects of the removal of badgers on the occurrence of tuberculosis in cattle are summarised. It is concluded that badgers are well adapted as the primary host of bovine tuberculosis in parts of Britain and much of Ireland...
  14. pmc Major taste loss in carnivorous mammals
    Peihua Jiang
    Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:4956-61. 2012
    ..the generality of this finding, we sequenced the entire coding region of Tas1r2 from 12 species in the order Carnivora. Seven of these nonfeline species, all of which are exclusive meat eaters, also have independently pseudogenized ..
  15. ncbi Molecular phylogeny of the carnivora (mammalia): assessing the impact of increased sampling on resolving enigmatic relationships
    John J Flynn
    Department of Geology, The Field Museum, 1400 S Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL, 60605, USA
    Syst Biol 54:317-37. 2005
    This study analyzed 76 species of Carnivora using a concatenated sequence of 6243 bp from six genes (nuclear TR-i-I, TBG, and IRBP; mitochondrial ND2, CYTB, and 12S rRNA), representing the most comprehensive sampling yet undertaken for ..
  16. ncbi The correlated evolution of Runx2 tandem repeats, transcriptional activity, and facial length in carnivora
    K E Sears
    Pediatrics Department, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, 12800 East, 19th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Evol Dev 9:555-65. 2007
    ..have played a role in facial evolution in 30 species from a naturally evolving group, the mammalian order Carnivora. Consistent with this hypothesis, we find significant correlations between changes in Runx2 glutamine-alanine ..
  17. ncbi Animal welfare: captivity effects on wide-ranging carnivores
    Ros Clubb
    Animal Behaviour Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nature 425:473-4. 2003
  18. ncbi Persistence of canine distemper virus in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem's carnivore community
    Emily S Almberg
    Department of Natural Resources, Science, and Management, University of Minnesota, 1980 Folwell Avenue, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Ecol Appl 20:2058-74. 2010
    ....
  19. ncbi Identification of taeniid eggs in the faeces from carnivores based on multiplex PCR using targets in mitochondrial DNA
    D Trachsel
    Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse and Medical Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Parasitology 134:911-20. 2007
    ....
  20. pmc Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivores
    Craig Packer
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5941. 2009
    ..Effective conservation of these animals will require new harvest strategies and improved monitoring to counter demands for predator control by livestock producers and local communities...
  21. pmc Sabretoothed carnivores and the killing of large prey
    Ki Andersson
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e24971. 2011
    ....
  22. ncbi Morphological integration in the carnivoran skull
    Anjali Goswami
    Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago and Department of Geology, The Field Museum, Illinois 60605, USA
    Evolution 60:169-83. 2006
    ..In this paper, I present analyses of cranial morphological integration in 30 species from the mammalian order Carnivora, spanning eight extant families and a wide range of ecological and morphological diversity...
  23. pmc Antagonistic pleiotropy and fitness trade-offs reveal specialist and generalist traits in strains of canine distemper virus
    Veljko M Nikolin
    Evolutionary Ecology, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 7:e50955. 2012
    ..These findings extend knowledge on CDV molecular epidemiology of particular relevance to wild carnivores...
  24. ncbi Serologic survey for canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus in free-ranging wild carnivores from Portugal
    Nuno Santos
    Pygargus Lda, Rua de Goa, 108 Póvoa de Lanhoso, Portugal
    J Wildl Dis 45:221-6. 2009
    ..The extremely high CPV antibody prevalence in genets is unprecedented. Although based on a limited sample, these data suggest widespread exposure of free-ranging Iberian carnivores to CDV and CPV...
  25. ncbi Genetic variation and structure of fisher (Martes pennanti) populations across North America
    C J Kyle
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E9, Canada
    Mol Ecol 10:2341-7. 2001
    ..Further investigation is needed to determine if fishers are more philopatric than martens and wolverines or if barriers to dispersal explain the levels of structure identified in this study...
  26. ncbi Phylogenetic utility of nuclear introns in interfamilial relationships of Caniformia (order Carnivora)
    Li Yu
    Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio Resources and Key Laboratory for Microbial Resources of the Ministry of Education, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
    Syst Biol 60:175-87. 2011
    The monophyletic group Caniformia (dog-like carnivores) in the order Carnivora comprises 9 families...
  27. ncbi Mosaics of convergences and noise in morphological phylogenies: what's in a viverrid-like carnivoran?
    Philippe Gaubert
    Unité Origine, Structure et Evolution de la Biodiversité, CNRS UMR 5202, Departement Systematique et Evolution, Museum national d histoire naturelle, Zoologie Mammifères et Oiseaux, CP 51, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
    Syst Biol 54:865-94. 2005
    ..Constrained analysis; convergence; evolutionary scenario; Feliformia; morphology; noise; phylogenetic signal; phylogeny; Viverridae.]...
  28. ncbi Shape at the cross-roads: homoplasy and history in the evolution of the carnivoran skull towards herbivory
    B Figueirido
    Departamento de Ecología y Geología, Área de Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Malaga, Malaga, Spain
    J Evol Biol 23:2579-94. 2010
    Patterns of skull shape in Carnivora provide examples of parallel and convergent evolution for similar ecomorphological adaptations...
  29. pmc Biomechanical consequences of rapid evolution in the polar bear lineage
    Graham J Slater
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13870. 2010
    ....
  30. ncbi Development of a predicted physical map of microsatellite locus positions for pinnipeds, with wider applicability to the Carnivora
    Amy J Osborne
    Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Centre for Reproduction and Genomics, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:503-13. 2011
    ..Based on the demonstrable synteny between the genomes of closely related taxa within the Carnivora, we use these data to identify those microsatellites with the greatest chance of cross-species amplification ..
  31. ncbi Ancestral state reconstruction of body size in the Caniformia (Carnivora, Mammalia): the effects of incorporating data from the fossil record
    John A Finarelli
    Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Syst Biol 55:301-13. 2006
    A recent molecular phylogeny of the mammalian order Carnivora implied large body size as the ancestral condition for the caniform subclade Arctoidea using the distribution of species mean body sizes among living taxa...
  32. ncbi Antibodies to Aleutian mink disease parvovirus in free-ranging European mink (Mustela lutreola) and other small carnivores from southwestern France
    Christine Fournier-Chambrillon
    Groupe de Recherche et d Etude pour la Gestion de l Environnement, route de Préchac, 33730 Villandraut, France
    J Wildl Dis 40:394-402. 2004
    ..Although further investigations are necessary to evaluate the role of ADV in decline of European mink, evidence of the virus in the wild at the levels found in our study has implications for conservation of this species...
  33. ncbi Conservation genetics of the fisher (Martes pennanti) based on mitochondrial DNA sequencing
    R E Drew
    School of Biological Sciences, Box 644236, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4236, USA
    Mol Ecol 12:51-62. 2003
    ..Future translocations may be necessary to recover populations in Washington and portions of Oregon and California; our results indicate that British Columbia would be the most appropriate source population...
  34. ncbi Transient masculinization in the fossa, Cryptoprocta ferox (Carnivora, Viverridae)
    Clare E Hawkins
    Department of Zoology, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, United Kingdom
    Biol Reprod 66:610-5. 2002
    ..None of the hypotheses so far proposed to explain the evolutionary basis of female masculinization in mammals are applicable to our findings. We present 2 new hypotheses for testing and development...
  35. ncbi Sequence comparison of the dopamine receptor D4 exon III repetitive region in several species of the order Carnivora
    Miho Inoue-Murayama
    Faculty of Agriculture, Gifu University, Japan
    J Vet Med Sci 64:747-9. 2002
    ..To examine whether or not the repetitive region is present in other species of the order Carnivora, the homologous region of DRD4 genes were sequenced in the gray wolf, raccoon dog, Asiatic black bear, common ..
  36. ncbi CAN--a pan-carnivore SINE family
    Nikita S Vassetzky
    Laboratory of Eukaryotic Genomes Evolution, Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 32 Vavilov St, Moscow, 119991 Russia
    Mamm Genome 13:50-7. 2002
    ..CAN structure is considered in the context of their function and evolution...
  37. ncbi How to build a mammalian super-predator
    Stephen Wroe
    School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Zoology (Jena) 111:196-203. 2008
    ....
  38. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of canid rabies in Zimbabwe and South Africa
    C T Sabeta
    Microbiology and Plant Pathology, University of Pretoria, 0002, Pretoria, South Africa
    Virus Res 91:203-11. 2003
    ....
  39. ncbi Extinction and re-evolution of similar adaptive types (ecomorphs) in Cenozoic North American ungulates and carnivores reflect van der Hammen's cycles
    T J Meehan
    Division of Science, Chatham College, Woodland Rd, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232, USA
    Naturwissenschaften 90:131-5. 2003
    ..Iterative climatic cycles of various scales may form a predictive framework for understanding fundamental patterns in the geologic record, such as radiations, extinction, rates of change, convergence, and sedimentary cycles...
  40. ncbi Differential enzyme targeting as an evolutionary adaptation to herbivory in carnivora
    Graeme M Birdsey
    Department of Biology, University College London, London, UK
    Mol Biol Evol 21:632-46. 2004
    Not all members of the order Carnivora are carnivorous. Some are omnivorous, and a few, such as the giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, are almost exclusively herbivorous...
  41. pmc Frugivory and spatial patterns of seed deposition by carnivorous mammals in anthropogenic landscapes: a multi-scale approach
    José V López-Bao
    Department of Conservation Biology, Estacion Biologica de Donana CSIC, Seville, Spain
    PLoS ONE 6:e14569. 2011
    ..This may be particularly important within anthropogenic areas, where either the patchy distribution of wild plants or the presence of cultivated fleshy-fruits may influence plant-disperser interactions...
  42. ncbi Suspected Aleutian disease in a wild otter (Lutra lutra)
    G A Wells
    Pathology Department, Central Veterinary Laboratory, Weybridge, Surrey
    Vet Rec 125:232-5. 1989
    ..Feral mink provided a possible source of infection...
  43. ncbi Immunogenetic evidence for the phylogenetic sister group relationship of dogs and bears (Mammalia, Carnivora: Canidae and Crsidae). a comparative determinant analysis of carnivoran albumin, c3 complement and immunoglobulin micro-chain
    A Schreiber
    Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Heidelberg, Germany
    Exp Clin Immunogenet 15:154-70. 1998
    ..In addition to 19 determinants plesiomorphic for Carnivora as an order, 18 synapomorphic epitopes of carnivoran families revealed nine phylogenetic reaction groups: (1) ..
  44. ncbi The evolution and maintenance of delayed implantation in the mustelidae (mammalia: carnivora)
    Michael D Thom
    Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Evolution 58:175-83. 2004
    ..We found no correlate for the highly variable duration of DI, which remains unexplained. Although ecological factors can predict the distribution of DI in modern mustelids, phylogenetic constraint is likely to play an important role...
  45. pmc The influence of modularity on cranial morphological disparity in Carnivora and Primates (Mammalia)
    Anjali Goswami
    Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment and Department of Earth Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e9517. 2010
    ..Here, we conduct the first morphometric analysis of modularity and disparity in two clades of placental mammals, Primates and Carnivora, and test if trait integration within modules constrains or facilitates morphological evolution.
  46. pmc A new basal caniform (Mammalia: Carnivora) from the middle Eocene of North America and remarks on the phylogeny of early carnivorans
    Susumu Tomiya
    Museum of Paleontology, and Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e24146. 2011
    ..a long history of research, the phylogenetic origin and initial diversification of the mammalian crown-group Carnivora remain elusive...
  47. ncbi Epizootiologic investigations of parvovirus infections in free-ranging carnivores from Germany
    Kai Frölich
    Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research Berlin, Alfred Kowalke Str 17, PO Box 601103, 10252 Berlin, Germany
    J Wildl Dis 41:231-5. 2005
    ..Based on our results, we believe that contact between domestic dogs and free-ranging red foxes probably plays a subordinate role in the epizootiology of CPV in Germany...
  48. ncbi Postcanine dental form in the mustelidae and viverridae (Carnivora: Mammalia)
    Tracy E Popowics
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Morphol 256:322-41. 2003
    ..A few species possess postcanine dentitions that do not correspond with diet; the absence of dental-dietary correlation in these species suggests that other factors, such as phylogeny, are important in determining dental form...
  49. ncbi Topography of the chorda tympani nerve and the tensor tympani muscle in carnivores provides a new synapomorphy for Herpestidae (Carnivora, Mammalia)
    Irina Ruf
    Steinmann Institut für Geologie, Mineralogie und Paläontologie, Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universitat Bonn, Bonn, Germany
    J Morphol 271:612-20. 2010
    ....
  50. ncbi The life history legacy of evolutionary body size change in carnivores
    A J Webster
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, UK
    J Evol Biol 17:396-407. 2004
    ....
  51. ncbi The ancestral carnivore karyotype (2n = 38) lives today in ringtails
    William G Nash
    H and W Cytogenetic Services, Inc, Lovettsville, VA 20180, USA
    J Hered 99:241-53. 2008
    ..among Caniformia species are represented as 6 homologous acrocentric chromosomes among Feliformia species of Carnivora. However, reexamination of the most basal of Feliformia species, the African palm civet Nandinia, revealed the ..
  52. ncbi Comparative chromosome painting defines the karyotypic relationships among the domestic dog, Chinese raccoon dog and Japanese raccoon dog
    Wenhui Nie
    Key Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Evolution, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples Republic of China
    Chromosome Res 11:735-40. 2003
    ..The large difference in chromosome number between the Chinese and Japanese raccoon dogs suggests that they should be considered as two distinct species...
  53. pmc Predicting extinction risk in declining species
    A Purvis
    Department of Biology, and Natural Environment Research Council Population Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 267:1947-52. 2000
    ..These traits together explain nearly 50% of the total between-species variation in extinction risk. Much of the remaining variation can be accounted for by external anthropogenic factors that affect species irrespective of their biology...
  54. ncbi Diet, morphology, and interspecific killing in carnivora
    Emiliano Donadio
    Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, USA
    Am Nat 167:524-36. 2006
    ..We discuss the implications of interspecific killing for body size and the dynamics of geographic ranges...
  55. pmc Does encephalization correlate with life history or metabolic rate in Carnivora?
    John A Finarelli
    Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 2534 C C Little Building, 1100 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Biol Lett 6:350-3. 2010
    ..of brain size evolution reconstructed the plesiomorphic brain-body size allometry for the mammalian order Carnivora, providing an important reference frame for comparative analyses of encephalization (brain volume scaled to body ..
  56. ncbi [Comparative chromosome painting shows the red panda (Ailurus fulgens) has a highly conserved karyotype]
    Ying Tian
    Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
    Yi Chuan Xue Bao 29:124-7. 2002
    ..The karyotype of red panda shows high degree of homology with that of domestic cat...
  57. ncbi Karyotypic conservatism in the suborder Feliformia (Order Carnivora)
    P L Perelman
    Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia
    Cytogenet Genome Res 108:348-54. 2005
    ..the karyotypic relationships among representative species from three Feliformia families of the order Carnivora (Viverridae, Hyaenidae and Felidae)...
  58. ncbi Parvovirus infections in wild carnivores
    A Steinel
    Institute for Medical Microbiology, Infectious and Epidemic Diseases, University of Munich, Germany
    J Wildl Dis 37:594-607. 2001
    ..Particular emphasis is placed on description of the evolution of canine parvovirus which apparently involved wild carnivore hosts...
  59. ncbi Dogs, cats, and kin: a molecular species-level phylogeny of Carnivora
    Ingi Agnarsson
    Biology Department, University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras, San Juan, PR 00931, Puerto Rico
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 54:726-45. 2010
    ..other than summary 'supertrees', are currently lacking for most mammalian orders, including the order Carnivora. Carnivora consists of about 270 extant species including most of the world's large terrestrial predators (e.g...
  60. ncbi Comparative molecular cytogenetic studies in the order Carnivora: mapping chromosomal rearrangements onto the phylogenetic tree
    A S Graphodatsky
    Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia
    Cytogenet Genome Res 96:137-45. 2002
    ..Our results confirm many of the evolutionary conclusions suggested by other data and strengthen the topology of the carnivore phylogenetic tree through the inclusion of genome-wide chromosome rearrangements...
  61. ncbi Pattern and timing of diversification of the mammalian order Carnivora inferred from multiple nuclear gene sequences
    Eduardo Eizirik
    Faculdade de Biociencias, PUCRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:49-63. 2010
    The mammalian order Carnivora has attracted the attention of scientists of various disciplines for decades, leading to intense interest in defining its supra-familial relationships...
  62. ncbi The pattern of phylogenomic evolution of the Canidae
    W G Nash
    H and W Cytogenetic Services, Inc, Lovettsville, VA, USA
    Cytogenet Cell Genet 95:210-24. 2001
    ..The results indicate an ancestral episode of extensive centric fission leading to an ancestral canid genome organization that was subsequently reorganized by multiple chromosome fusion events in some but not all Canidae lineages...
  63. pmc A comparative study of white blood cell counts and disease risk in carnivores
    Charles L Nunn
    Department of Biology, Gilmer Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904 4328, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 270:347-56. 2003
    ..We discuss additional comparative questions related to taxonomic differences in disease risk, modes of parasite transmission and implications for conservation biology...
  64. ncbi Complex structure of B-chromosomes in two mammalian species: Apodemus peninsulae (Rodentia) and Nyctereutes procyonoides (Carnivora)
    V A Trifonov
    The Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia
    Chromosome Res 10:109-16. 2002
    B-chromosomes (Bs) of two mammalian species, raccoon dog (Nyctereutesprocyonoides, Carnivora) and Asian wood mouse (Apodemus peninsulae, Rodentia) were investigated using chromosome segment microdissection and double-colour FISH...
  65. ncbi Evidence for coevolution of sociality and relative brain size in three orders of mammals
    F Javier Pérez-Barbería
    The Macaulay Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Evolution 61:2811-21. 2007
    ..Carnivores seem to have been especially prone to this...
  66. ncbi Molecular systematics of the Canidae
    R K Wayne
    Department of Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    Syst Biol 46:622-53. 1997
    ..However, the homogeneity partition tests indicate significant heterogeneity between the two data sets...
  67. ncbi Cranial functional morphology of fossil dogs and adaptation for durophagy in Borophagus and Epicyon (Carnivora, Mammalia)
    Zhijie Jack Tseng
    Integrative and Evolutionary Biology Program, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
    J Morphol 271:1386-98. 2010
    ....
  68. ncbi A phylogeny of the Caniformia (order Carnivora) based on 12 complete protein-coding mitochondrial genes
    Isabelle Delisle
    Department of Biological Sciences, CW 405 Biological Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 37:192-201. 2005
    Evolutionary relationships of the order Carnivora have been extensively studied. However, phylogenetic studies based on different types of data, species samples, and methods of analysis provide contradictory results...
  69. ncbi Phylogenetic systematics and tempo of evolution of the Viverrinae (Mammalia, Carnivora, Viverridae) within feliformians: implications for faunal exchanges between Asia and Africa
    Philippe Gaubert
    Estacion Biologica de Donana CSIC, Departamento de Biologia Aplicada, Avenida María Luisa s n Pabellón del Perú, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 41:266-78. 2006
    We reconstructed the phylogeny of the subfamily Viverrinae (Mammalia, Carnivora, Viverridae) using a approximately 3kb data set in order to reassess timing and patterns of faunal exchanges between Asia and Africa...
  70. ncbi Trichinella nativa and T. spiralis induce distinguishable histopathologic and humoral responses in the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)
    A Sukura
    Department of Basic Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Vet Pathol 39:257-65. 2002
    ..The same pattern was also seen in the ELISA. Immunoreactive epitopes were localized only in internal organs and cuticula of larvae in muscle...
  71. ncbi Range size heritability in Carnivora is driven by geographic constraints
    Antonin Machac
    Department of Zoology, University of South Bohemia, Branisovska, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
    Am Nat 177:767-79. 2011
    ..Using a well-resolved phylogeny of Carnivora, we show that range sizes are indeed constrained by geographic domains and that the phylogenetic signal in range ..
  72. pmc Analyses of sweet receptor gene (Tas1r2) and preference for sweet stimuli in species of Carnivora
    Xia Li
    Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Hered 100:S90-100. 2009
    ..and preference for sugars and artificial sweeteners, we measured responses to 12 sweeteners in 6 species of Carnivora and sequenced the coding regions of Tas1r2 in these same or closely related species...
  73. ncbi Molecular evolution of Holarctic martens (genus Martes, Mammalia: Carnivora: Mustelidae)
    Karen D Stone
    University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 24:169-79. 2002
    ....
  74. pmc Epidemiology, genetic diversity, and evolution of endemic feline immunodeficiency virus in a population of wild cougars
    Roman Biek
    Wildlife Biology Program, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
    J Virol 77:9578-89. 2003
    ..These results support the premise that FIVpco is well adapted to its cougar host and provide a basis for comparing lentivirus evolution in endemic and epidemic infections in natural hosts...
  75. ncbi A survey of Echinococcus species in wild carnivores and livestock in East Africa
    Marion Hüttner
    Department of Parasitology, University of Hohenheim, Emil Wolff Str 34, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
    Int J Parasitol 39:1269-76. 2009
    ..Additionally, we show that warthogs interact as intermediate hosts for E. felidis. We did not find evidence that E. felidis is present in eastern Africa outside conservation areas...
  76. ncbi Post-glacial colonization of northwestern North America by the forest-associated American marten (Martes americana, Mammalia: Carnivora: Mustelidae)
    Karen D Stone
    University of Alaska Museum, 907 Yukon Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA
    Mol Ecol 11:2049-63. 2002
    ..This recurrent pattern of relatively restricted western, or Pacific coastal, lineages and more widespread eastern, or interior continental, lineages exists across broad taxonomic groups and suggests a shared biogeographical history...
  77. ncbi Phylogenetic relationships and divergence times among mustelids (Mammalia: Carnivora) based on nucleotide sequences of the nuclear interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein and mitochondrial cytochrome b genes
    Jun J Sato
    Laboratory of Ecology and Genetics, Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 20:243-64. 2003
    ..Time estimates inferred from IRBP and cytochrome b for mustelid divergence events are mostly in agreement with the fossil record...
  78. ncbi Type I STS markers are more informative than cytochrome B in phylogenetic reconstruction of the Mustelidae (Mammalia: Carnivora)
    Klaus Peter Koepfli
    Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology and Evolution, 621 Charles E Young Drive South, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1606, USA
    Syst Biol 52:571-93. 2003
    ....
  79. pmc The scaling of frontal cortex in primates and carnivores
    Eliot C Bush
    Biology Division, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:3962-6. 2004
    ..94 (95% confidence interval, 0.82-1.07). This finding supports the idea that there are substantial differences in frontal cortex structure and development between the two groups...
  80. ncbi Novel versus unsupported clades: assessing the qualitative support for clades in MRP supertrees
    Olaf R P Bininda-Emonds
    Lehrstuhl für Tierzucht, Technical University of Munich, Alte Akademie 12, 85354 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
    Syst Biol 52:839-48. 2003
    ..2%. Unsupported clades were absent from both the Carnivora and Lagomorpha supertrees, reflecting the use of large numbers of source trees for both...
  81. ncbi The genome phylogeny of domestic cat, red panda and five mustelid species revealed by comparative chromosome painting and G-banding
    Wenhui Nie
    Key Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Evolution, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, PRC
    Chromosome Res 10:209-22. 2002
    ..Our results support a close phylogenetic relationship between the red panda and mustelids. The homology data presented in these maps will allow us to transfer the cat gene mapping data to other unmapped carnivore species...
  82. ncbi Phylogeography of brown bears (Ursus arctos) of Alaska and paraphyly within the Ursidae
    S L Talbot
    Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks 99775 7000, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 5:477-94. 1996
    ..Our mtDNA data support some, but not all, of the currently designated subspecies of brown bears whose descriptions have been based essentially on morphology...
  83. ncbi Multiple nuclear-gene phylogenies: application to pinnipeds and comparison with a mitochondrial DNA gene phylogeny
    R W Slade
    Department of Zoology, University of Queensland
    Mol Biol Evol 11:341-56. 1994
    ....
  84. ncbi Associations between Trichinella species and host species in Finland
    Leena Oivanen
    Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
    J Parasitol 88:84-8. 2002
    ..Trichinella britovi was detected only in mixed infections with other Trichinella species. The raccoon dog was the sole host for all 4 Trichinella species and also carried the most intense infections...
  85. ncbi Epidemiologic characteristics of rabies virus variants in dogs and cats in the United States, 1999
    J H McQuiston
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 218:1939-42. 2001
    ..Vaccine failures were uncommon during the study period. Because most rabid dogs and cats were unvaccinated and were owned animals rather than strays, educational campaigns targeting owners may be useful...
  86. ncbi Molecular phylogeny of the Arctoidea (Carnivora): effect of missing data on supertree and supermatrix analyses of multiple gene data sets
    Tara L Fulton
    Department of Biological Sciences, CW405 Biological Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2E9
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 41:165-81. 2006
    ....
  87. ncbi A molecular phylogeny of the family Mustelidae (Mammalia, Carnivora), based on comparison of mitochondrial cytochrome b nucleotide sequences
    R Masuda
    Chromosome Research Unit, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 11:605-12. 1994
    ..This is the first report on the molecular phylogeny throughout the Japanese species of the Mustelidae, inferred from the mitochondrial DNA sequences...
  88. ncbi Phylogenetic relationships within mammalian order Carnivora indicated by sequences of two nuclear DNA genes
    Li Yu
    Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Domestic Animals, and Cellular and Molecular Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, China
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 33:694-705. 2004
    Phylogenetic relationships among 37 living species of order Carnivora spanning a relatively broad range of divergence times and taxonomic levels were examined using nuclear sequence data from exon 1 of the IRBP gene (approximately 1...
  89. ncbi Phylogeny of the caniform carnivora: evidence from multiple genes
    Li Yu
    Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Domestic Animals, and Cellular and Molecular Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, 650223, Kunming, China
    Genetica 127:65-79. 2006
    The monophyletic group Caniformia in the order Carnivora currently comprises seven families whose relationships remain contentious...
  90. ncbi Phylogenetic reconstruction of the Felidae using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 mitochondrial genes
    W E Johnson
    Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702 1201, USA
    J Mol Evol 44:S98-116. 1997
    ..g., the bay cat group, suggest novel phylogenetic relationships. The results are compared and evaluated with molecular, cytogenetic, and morphological data to derive a phylogenetic synthesis of field evolutionary history...
  91. pmc Brain-size evolution and sociality in Carnivora
    John A Finarelli
    Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:9345-9. 2009
    ..Here we present an extensive sampling of relative brain sizes in fossil and extant taxa in the mammalian order Carnivora (cats, dogs, bears, weasels, and their relatives)...
  92. pmc Bovine tuberculosis and the endangered Iberian lynx
    V Briones
    Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:189-91. 2000
    ..Mycobacterium bovis infects many animal species, with wild and free-ranging domestic ungulates being the main reservoirs in nature (1)...
  93. ncbi Phylogenetic implications of the 38 putative ancestral chromosome segments for four canid species
    A S Graphodatsky
    Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia
    Cytogenet Cell Genet 92:243-7. 2001
    ..These segments could represent the ancestral chromosome arms in the karyotype of the most recent ancestor of the Canidae family, which we suggest could have had a low diploid number, based on comparisons with outgroup species...
  94. ncbi Clinical features of experimental trichinellosis in the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)
    A Nareaho
    Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, P O Box 57, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Vet Parasitol 91:79-91. 2000
    ..These findings indicate that because Trichinella spp. are very well adapted to the raccoon dog, it thus, could serve as the most crucial reservoir animal for sylvatic trichinellosis in Finland...
  95. ncbi Molecular phylogeny of arctoids (Mammalia: Carnivora) with emphasis on phylogenetic and taxonomic positions of the ferret-badgers and skunks
    Jun J Sato
    Laboratory of Ecology and Genetics, Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 21:111-8. 2004
    ..Therefore, we consider the recent elevation of the skunks to the level of family as premature, and recommend that this clade be left at the subfamily level (Mephitinae) within the family Mustelidae, pending further evidence...
  96. ncbi Evidence for taming of cats
    Tom Rothwell
    Science 305:1714; author reply 1714. 2004
  97. ncbi Leptospiral antibodies in wild felines from Rio de Janeiro Zoo, Brazil
    W Lilenbaum
    Department of Microbiology, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil
    Vet J 168:191-3. 2004
  98. pmc Genotypes of Cryptosporidium species infecting fur-bearing mammals differ from those of species infecting humans
    Ling Zhou
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Building 22, Mail Stop F 12, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 70:7574-7. 2004
    ..Thus, fur-bearing mammals in watersheds excreted host-adapted Cryptosporidium oocysts that are not known to be of significant public health importance...
  99. pmc Human population density and extinction risk in the world's carnivores
    Marcel Cardillo
    Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, Ascot, United Kingdom
    PLoS Biol 2:E197. 2004
    ..Using phylogenetic comparative methods, we show that extinction risk in the mammal order Carnivora is predicted more strongly by biology than exposure to high-density human populations...
  100. ncbi Complex interactions among mammalian carnivores in Australia, and their implications for wildlife management
    Alistair S Glen
    Institute of Wildlife Research, School of Biological Sciences A08, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 80:387-401. 2005
    ..We suggest that future research should focus on controlled and replicated predator removal or addition experiments. The dingo (Canis lupus dingo), as a likely keystone species, should be a particular focus of attention...
  101. ncbi A quantitative indirect ELISA to monitor the effectiveness of rabies vaccination in domestic and wild carnivores
    A Servat
    AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, Domaine de Pixerecourt, B P 9 54220 Malzéville, France
    J Immunol Methods 318:1-10. 2007
    ....

Research Grants19

  1. Comparative Genetics of Sweet Taste in Carnivora
    Peihua Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specifically, we will study members of the Order Carnivora because they provide a wide range of sweet taste behavior and because preliminary results suggest a mechanism ..
  2. MAMMALIAN GENE STRUCTURE AND MAMMALIAN PHYLOGENY
    Wen Hsiung Li; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..phylogenetic relationships among Primates (man), Rodentia (rat), Lagomorpha (rabbit), Artiodactyla (cow), and Carnivora (dog), using various phylogenetic reconstruction methods; opossum will serve as an outgroup...
  3. Biomechanical and Molecular Mechanisms in Alveolar Bone Development
    TRACY POPOWICS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..these experimental conditions. Taken together, these studies will provide fundamental new information about how tooth loading modifies alveolar bone in newly erupted teeth and promotes adaptive tooth support. ..
  4. DIETARY DEFICIENCIES AND TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE EFFICACY
    David McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Improving Bayesian Phylogeny
    Bret Larget; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Stromal Epithelial Interactions in Breast Cancer
    Gerald Cunha; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..To accomplish these goals we will use tissue recombinant technology, cell and organ culture, immunocytochemistry, and various molecular methodologies. ..
  7. Mechanistic Studies at the Host-pathogen Interface
    David McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Genetic and Morphologic Basis of Bat Wing Development
    KAREN SEARS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, understanding the normal roles of genes that also play a role in abnormal developmental events such as cancer (i.e., Ihh and BMP) will provide a knowledge base for additional healthcare-related biomedical research. ..
  9. HETEROSPECIFIC CELL/CELL INTERACTIONS IN PROSTATE GROWTH
    Gerald Cunha; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Concepts derived from the analysis of basic cellular mechanisms of prostatic growth will be applied to the pathogenesis of BPH. ..
  10. Gene Duplication and Genome Evolution
    Austin Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5) Examining the role of transposable elements in duplication of genomic segments by testing for nonrandom association between these elements and putatively duplicated blocks in the yeast genome. ..
  11. CELL CELL INTERACTIONS IN PROSTATE CANCER
    Gerald Cunha; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies should define critical cellular and molecular pathways in both normal and tumorigenic growth of the prostate, and should provide the biological basis of new therapeutic strategies. ..
  12. EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS OF VERTEBRATE VISION
    Shozo Yokoyama; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. MECHANISMS OF SEXUAL DIFFERENTIATION IN NEURAL SYSTEMS
    NANCY FORGER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  14. Dispersion Patterns for Retinal Neuroblasts
    BENJAMIN REESE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. EVOLUTION OF IMMUNE RECOGNITION AND EVASION
    Austin L Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, by increasing our understanding of the population diversity and evolutionary history of human immune system genes, this research will enhance our knowledge of human immune function in health and disease. ..
  16. Two-Photon Microscopy for Biomedical Research
    BENJAMIN REESE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Acquisition of this 2-photon microscope will therefore enhance the diverse efforts of a number of investigators at UCSB in pursuit of their NIH-funded research objectives. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. SMOOTH MUSCLE-EPITHELIAL INTERACTIONS IN PROSTATE CANCER
    Gerald Cunha; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..In addition, it is possible that this study will identify one or more strategies for regulating the growth, differentiation and)'or invasive behavior of prostatic carcinoma cells. ..
  18. Spatial Relationships Between Neurons in the CNS
    BENJAMIN REESE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. CRYOPRESERVATION OF SPERMATOZOA IN RARE MODELS
    Budhan Pukazhenthi; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, the research will determine the factors influencing cryosurvival of felid sperm while identifying sperm cryobank protocols that will lead to more efficient and effective propagation and conservation of rare felids. ..