Genomes and Genes
Summary: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.
Publications230 found, 100 shown here
- Host switching in Lyssavirus history from the Chiroptera to the Carnivora ordersH Badrane
Laboratoire des Lyssavirus, Department of Virology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
J Virol 75:8096-104. 2001Lyssaviruses are unsegmented RNA viruses causing rabies. Their vectors belong to the Carnivora and Chiroptera orders. We studied 36 carnivoran and 17 chiropteran lyssaviruses representing the main genotypes and variants...
- Updating the evolutionary history of Carnivora (Mammalia): a new species-level supertree complete with divergence time estimatesKatrin Nyakatura
Institute for Systematic Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, Erbertstrasse 1, 07743 Jena, Germany
BMC Biol 10:12. 2012..for investigations of carnivoran ecology, biology and evolution, the complete species-level supertree for Carnivora of Bininda-Emonds et al. is showing its age...
- Energetic constraints on the diet of terrestrial carnivoresC Carbone
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, UK
Nature 402:286-8. 1999Species in the mammalian order Carnivora exhibit a huge diversity of life histories with body sizes spanning more than three orders of magnitude...
- A common rule for the scaling of carnivore densityChris Carbone
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent s Park, London NW1 4RY, UK
Science 295:2273-6. 2002..develop and test a general model for variation within and between species in population density across the order Carnivora. We find that 10,000 kilograms of prey supports about 90 kilograms of a given species of carnivore, irrespective ..
- Ancestral capture of syncytin-Car1, a fusogenic endogenous retroviral envelope gene involved in placentation and conserved in CarnivoraGuillaume Cornelis
Unité des rétrovirus endogènes et éléments rétroïdes des eucaryotes supérieurs, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 8122, Institut Gustave Roussy, F 94805 Villejuif, France
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:E432-41. 2012..Finally, we show that the gene is conserved among a series of 26 Carnivora representatives, with evidence for purifying selection and conservation of fusogenic activity...
- Building large trees by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia)O R Bininda-Emonds
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, U K
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 74:143-75. 1999..parsimony analysis (MRP), is demonstrated by deriving a complete phylogeny for all 271 extant species of the Carnivora from 177 literature sources...
- Convergence and remarkably consistent constraint in the evolution of carnivore skull shapeStephen Wroe
School of Biological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Evolution 61:1251-60. 2007..Here we compare skull shape in a wide range of carnivoran placentals (Carnivora) and nonherbivorous marsupials using a three-dimensional (3-D) geometric morphometric approach...
- Predator-prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food webNorman Owen-Smith
Centre for African Ecology, School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits 2050, South Africa
J Anim Ecol 77:173-83. 2008..Nevertheless, the large carnivore assemblage was dominated overwhelmingly by the largest predator, which contributed the major share of animals killed across a wide size range...
- The predatory behaviour of the thylacine: Tasmanian tiger or marsupial wolf?Borja Figueirido
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
Biol Lett 7:937-40. 2011..The 'niche overlap hypothesis' with dingoes (Canis lupus dingo) as a main cause of thylacine extinction in mainland Australia is discussed in the light of this new information...
- Susceptibility of carnivore hosts to strains of canine distemper virus from distinct genetic lineagesVeljko M Nikolin
Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Alfred Kowalke Strasse 17, 10315 Berlin, Germany
Vet Microbiol 156:45-53. 2012..Significant differences between the prevalence of 549Y and 549H in wild canid strains and non-canid strains suggests a degree of virus adaptation to these categories of host...
- Skull shape evolution in durophagous carnivoransBorja Figueirido
Departamento de Ecología y Geología de la Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Malaga, Malaga, Spain
Evolution 67:1975-93. 2013..However, we find that the shapes of the cranium and the mandible are highly integrated for the whole order Carnivora. Published studies of teratological cats and dogs indicate that the role of internal constraints in shaping this ..
- Postcranial morphology and the locomotor habits of living and extinct carnivoransJoshua X Samuels
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, Kimberly, Oregon 97848, USA
J Morphol 274:121-46. 2013Members of the order Carnivora display a broad range of locomotor habits, including cursorial, scansorial, arboreal, semiaquatic, aquatic, and semifossorial species from multiple families...
- Tuberculosis in badgers; a review of the disease and its significance for other animalsJ Gallagher
Central Veterinary Laboratory, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
Res Vet Sci 69:203-17. 2000..Trials of the effects of the removal of badgers on the occurrence of tuberculosis in cattle are summarised. It is concluded that badgers are well adapted as the primary host of bovine tuberculosis in parts of Britain and much of Ireland...
- Major taste loss in carnivorous mammalsPeihua Jiang
Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:4956-61. 2012..the generality of this finding, we sequenced the entire coding region of Tas1r2 from 12 species in the order Carnivora. Seven of these nonfeline species, all of which are exclusive meat eaters, also have independently pseudogenized ..
- Molecular phylogeny of the carnivora (mammalia): assessing the impact of increased sampling on resolving enigmatic relationshipsJohn J Flynn
Department of Geology, The Field Museum, 1400 S Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL, 60605, USA
Syst Biol 54:317-37. 2005This study analyzed 76 species of Carnivora using a concatenated sequence of 6243 bp from six genes (nuclear TR-i-I, TBG, and IRBP; mitochondrial ND2, CYTB, and 12S rRNA), representing the most comprehensive sampling yet undertaken for ..
- The correlated evolution of Runx2 tandem repeats, transcriptional activity, and facial length in carnivoraK E Sears
Pediatrics Department, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, 12800 East, 19th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
Evol Dev 9:555-65. 2007..have played a role in facial evolution in 30 species from a naturally evolving group, the mammalian order Carnivora. Consistent with this hypothesis, we find significant correlations between changes in Runx2 glutamine-alanine ..
- Animal welfare: captivity effects on wide-ranging carnivoresRos Clubb
Animal Behaviour Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
Nature 425:473-4. 2003
- Persistence of canine distemper virus in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem's carnivore communityEmily S Almberg
Department of Natural Resources, Science, and Management, University of Minnesota, 1980 Folwell Avenue, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
Ecol Appl 20:2058-74. 2010....
- Identification of taeniid eggs in the faeces from carnivores based on multiplex PCR using targets in mitochondrial DNAD Trachsel
Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse and Medical Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
Parasitology 134:911-20. 2007....
- Sport hunting, predator control and conservation of large carnivoresCraig Packer
Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5941. 2009..Effective conservation of these animals will require new harvest strategies and improved monitoring to counter demands for predator control by livestock producers and local communities...
- Sabretoothed carnivores and the killing of large preyKi Andersson
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 6:e24971. 2011....
- Morphological integration in the carnivoran skullAnjali Goswami
Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago and Department of Geology, The Field Museum, Illinois 60605, USA
Evolution 60:169-83. 2006..In this paper, I present analyses of cranial morphological integration in 30 species from the mammalian order Carnivora, spanning eight extant families and a wide range of ecological and morphological diversity...
- Antagonistic pleiotropy and fitness trade-offs reveal specialist and generalist traits in strains of canine distemper virusVeljko M Nikolin
Evolutionary Ecology, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research Berlin, Berlin, Germany
PLoS ONE 7:e50955. 2012..These findings extend knowledge on CDV molecular epidemiology of particular relevance to wild carnivores...
- Serologic survey for canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus in free-ranging wild carnivores from PortugalNuno Santos
Pygargus Lda, Rua de Goa, 108 Póvoa de Lanhoso, Portugal
J Wildl Dis 45:221-6. 2009..The extremely high CPV antibody prevalence in genets is unprecedented. Although based on a limited sample, these data suggest widespread exposure of free-ranging Iberian carnivores to CDV and CPV...
- Genetic variation and structure of fisher (Martes pennanti) populations across North AmericaC J Kyle
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2E9, Canada
Mol Ecol 10:2341-7. 2001..Further investigation is needed to determine if fishers are more philopatric than martens and wolverines or if barriers to dispersal explain the levels of structure identified in this study...
- Phylogenetic utility of nuclear introns in interfamilial relationships of Caniformia (order Carnivora)Li Yu
Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio Resources and Key Laboratory for Microbial Resources of the Ministry of Education, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
Syst Biol 60:175-87. 2011The monophyletic group Caniformia (dog-like carnivores) in the order Carnivora comprises 9 families...
- Mosaics of convergences and noise in morphological phylogenies: what's in a viverrid-like carnivoran?Philippe Gaubert
Unité Origine, Structure et Evolution de la Biodiversité, CNRS UMR 5202, Departement Systematique et Evolution, Museum national d histoire naturelle, Zoologie Mammifères et Oiseaux, CP 51, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
Syst Biol 54:865-94. 2005..Constrained analysis; convergence; evolutionary scenario; Feliformia; morphology; noise; phylogenetic signal; phylogeny; Viverridae.]...
- Shape at the cross-roads: homoplasy and history in the evolution of the carnivoran skull towards herbivoryB Figueirido
Departamento de Ecología y Geología, Área de Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Malaga, Malaga, Spain
J Evol Biol 23:2579-94. 2010Patterns of skull shape in Carnivora provide examples of parallel and convergent evolution for similar ecomorphological adaptations...
- Biomechanical consequences of rapid evolution in the polar bear lineageGraham J Slater
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e13870. 2010....
- Development of a predicted physical map of microsatellite locus positions for pinnipeds, with wider applicability to the CarnivoraAmy J Osborne
Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Centre for Reproduction and Genomics, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Mol Ecol Resour 11:503-13. 2011..Based on the demonstrable synteny between the genomes of closely related taxa within the Carnivora, we use these data to identify those microsatellites with the greatest chance of cross-species amplification ..
- Ancestral state reconstruction of body size in the Caniformia (Carnivora, Mammalia): the effects of incorporating data from the fossil recordJohn A Finarelli
Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Syst Biol 55:301-13. 2006A recent molecular phylogeny of the mammalian order Carnivora implied large body size as the ancestral condition for the caniform subclade Arctoidea using the distribution of species mean body sizes among living taxa...
- Antibodies to Aleutian mink disease parvovirus in free-ranging European mink (Mustela lutreola) and other small carnivores from southwestern FranceChristine Fournier-Chambrillon
Groupe de Recherche et d Etude pour la Gestion de l Environnement, route de Préchac, 33730 Villandraut, France
J Wildl Dis 40:394-402. 2004..Although further investigations are necessary to evaluate the role of ADV in decline of European mink, evidence of the virus in the wild at the levels found in our study has implications for conservation of this species...
- Conservation genetics of the fisher (Martes pennanti) based on mitochondrial DNA sequencingR E Drew
School of Biological Sciences, Box 644236, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4236, USA
Mol Ecol 12:51-62. 2003..Future translocations may be necessary to recover populations in Washington and portions of Oregon and California; our results indicate that British Columbia would be the most appropriate source population...
- Transient masculinization in the fossa, Cryptoprocta ferox (Carnivora, Viverridae)Clare E Hawkins
Department of Zoology, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, United Kingdom
Biol Reprod 66:610-5. 2002..None of the hypotheses so far proposed to explain the evolutionary basis of female masculinization in mammals are applicable to our findings. We present 2 new hypotheses for testing and development...
- Sequence comparison of the dopamine receptor D4 exon III repetitive region in several species of the order CarnivoraMiho Inoue-Murayama
Faculty of Agriculture, Gifu University, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 64:747-9. 2002..To examine whether or not the repetitive region is present in other species of the order Carnivora, the homologous region of DRD4 genes were sequenced in the gray wolf, raccoon dog, Asiatic black bear, common ..
- CAN--a pan-carnivore SINE familyNikita S Vassetzky
Laboratory of Eukaryotic Genomes Evolution, Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 32 Vavilov St, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Mamm Genome 13:50-7. 2002..CAN structure is considered in the context of their function and evolution...
- How to build a mammalian super-predatorStephen Wroe
School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Zoology (Jena) 111:196-203. 2008....
- Molecular epidemiology of canid rabies in Zimbabwe and South AfricaC T Sabeta
Microbiology and Plant Pathology, University of Pretoria, 0002, Pretoria, South Africa
Virus Res 91:203-11. 2003....
- Extinction and re-evolution of similar adaptive types (ecomorphs) in Cenozoic North American ungulates and carnivores reflect van der Hammen's cyclesT J Meehan
Division of Science, Chatham College, Woodland Rd, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232, USA
Naturwissenschaften 90:131-5. 2003..Iterative climatic cycles of various scales may form a predictive framework for understanding fundamental patterns in the geologic record, such as radiations, extinction, rates of change, convergence, and sedimentary cycles...
- Differential enzyme targeting as an evolutionary adaptation to herbivory in carnivoraGraeme M Birdsey
Department of Biology, University College London, London, UK
Mol Biol Evol 21:632-46. 2004Not all members of the order Carnivora are carnivorous. Some are omnivorous, and a few, such as the giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, are almost exclusively herbivorous...
- Frugivory and spatial patterns of seed deposition by carnivorous mammals in anthropogenic landscapes: a multi-scale approachJosé V López-Bao
Department of Conservation Biology, Estacion Biologica de Donana CSIC, Seville, Spain
PLoS ONE 6:e14569. 2011..This may be particularly important within anthropogenic areas, where either the patchy distribution of wild plants or the presence of cultivated fleshy-fruits may influence plant-disperser interactions...
- Suspected Aleutian disease in a wild otter (Lutra lutra)G A Wells
Pathology Department, Central Veterinary Laboratory, Weybridge, Surrey
Vet Rec 125:232-5. 1989..Feral mink provided a possible source of infection...
- Immunogenetic evidence for the phylogenetic sister group relationship of dogs and bears (Mammalia, Carnivora: Canidae and Crsidae). a comparative determinant analysis of carnivoran albumin, c3 complement and immunoglobulin micro-chainA Schreiber
Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Heidelberg, Germany
Exp Clin Immunogenet 15:154-70. 1998..In addition to 19 determinants plesiomorphic for Carnivora as an order, 18 synapomorphic epitopes of carnivoran families revealed nine phylogenetic reaction groups: (1) ..
- The evolution and maintenance of delayed implantation in the mustelidae (mammalia: carnivora)Michael D Thom
Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
Evolution 58:175-83. 2004..We found no correlate for the highly variable duration of DI, which remains unexplained. Although ecological factors can predict the distribution of DI in modern mustelids, phylogenetic constraint is likely to play an important role...
- The influence of modularity on cranial morphological disparity in Carnivora and Primates (Mammalia)Anjali Goswami
Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment and Department of Earth Sciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e9517. 2010..Here, we conduct the first morphometric analysis of modularity and disparity in two clades of placental mammals, Primates and Carnivora, and test if trait integration within modules constrains or facilitates morphological evolution.
- A new basal caniform (Mammalia: Carnivora) from the middle Eocene of North America and remarks on the phylogeny of early carnivoransSusumu Tomiya
Museum of Paleontology, and Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e24146. 2011..a long history of research, the phylogenetic origin and initial diversification of the mammalian crown-group Carnivora remain elusive...
- Epizootiologic investigations of parvovirus infections in free-ranging carnivores from GermanyKai Frölich
Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research Berlin, Alfred Kowalke Str 17, PO Box 601103, 10252 Berlin, Germany
J Wildl Dis 41:231-5. 2005..Based on our results, we believe that contact between domestic dogs and free-ranging red foxes probably plays a subordinate role in the epizootiology of CPV in Germany...
- Postcanine dental form in the mustelidae and viverridae (Carnivora: Mammalia)Tracy E Popowics
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
J Morphol 256:322-41. 2003..A few species possess postcanine dentitions that do not correspond with diet; the absence of dental-dietary correlation in these species suggests that other factors, such as phylogeny, are important in determining dental form...
- Topography of the chorda tympani nerve and the tensor tympani muscle in carnivores provides a new synapomorphy for Herpestidae (Carnivora, Mammalia)Irina Ruf
Steinmann Institut für Geologie, Mineralogie und Paläontologie, Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universitat Bonn, Bonn, Germany
J Morphol 271:612-20. 2010....
- The life history legacy of evolutionary body size change in carnivoresA J Webster
Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, UK
J Evol Biol 17:396-407. 2004....
- The ancestral carnivore karyotype (2n = 38) lives today in ringtailsWilliam G Nash
H and W Cytogenetic Services, Inc, Lovettsville, VA 20180, USA
J Hered 99:241-53. 2008..among Caniformia species are represented as 6 homologous acrocentric chromosomes among Feliformia species of Carnivora. However, reexamination of the most basal of Feliformia species, the African palm civet Nandinia, revealed the ..
- Comparative chromosome painting defines the karyotypic relationships among the domestic dog, Chinese raccoon dog and Japanese raccoon dogWenhui Nie
Key Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Evolution, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples Republic of China
Chromosome Res 11:735-40. 2003..The large difference in chromosome number between the Chinese and Japanese raccoon dogs suggests that they should be considered as two distinct species...
- Predicting extinction risk in declining speciesA Purvis
Department of Biology, and Natural Environment Research Council Population Biology, Imperial College, Ascot, UK
Proc Biol Sci 267:1947-52. 2000..These traits together explain nearly 50% of the total between-species variation in extinction risk. Much of the remaining variation can be accounted for by external anthropogenic factors that affect species irrespective of their biology...
- Diet, morphology, and interspecific killing in carnivoraEmiliano Donadio
Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming 82071, USA
Am Nat 167:524-36. 2006..We discuss the implications of interspecific killing for body size and the dynamics of geographic ranges...
- Does encephalization correlate with life history or metabolic rate in Carnivora?John A Finarelli
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 2534 C C Little Building, 1100 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Biol Lett 6:350-3. 2010..of brain size evolution reconstructed the plesiomorphic brain-body size allometry for the mammalian order Carnivora, providing an important reference frame for comparative analyses of encephalization (brain volume scaled to body ..
- [Comparative chromosome painting shows the red panda (Ailurus fulgens) has a highly conserved karyotype]Ying Tian
Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
Yi Chuan Xue Bao 29:124-7. 2002..The karyotype of red panda shows high degree of homology with that of domestic cat...
- Karyotypic conservatism in the suborder Feliformia (Order Carnivora)P L Perelman
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia
Cytogenet Genome Res 108:348-54. 2005..the karyotypic relationships among representative species from three Feliformia families of the order Carnivora (Viverridae, Hyaenidae and Felidae)...
- Parvovirus infections in wild carnivoresA Steinel
Institute for Medical Microbiology, Infectious and Epidemic Diseases, University of Munich, Germany
J Wildl Dis 37:594-607. 2001..Particular emphasis is placed on description of the evolution of canine parvovirus which apparently involved wild carnivore hosts...
- Dogs, cats, and kin: a molecular species-level phylogeny of CarnivoraIngi Agnarsson
Biology Department, University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras, San Juan, PR 00931, Puerto Rico
Mol Phylogenet Evol 54:726-45. 2010..other than summary 'supertrees', are currently lacking for most mammalian orders, including the order Carnivora. Carnivora consists of about 270 extant species including most of the world's large terrestrial predators (e.g...
- Comparative molecular cytogenetic studies in the order Carnivora: mapping chromosomal rearrangements onto the phylogenetic treeA S Graphodatsky
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia
Cytogenet Genome Res 96:137-45. 2002..Our results confirm many of the evolutionary conclusions suggested by other data and strengthen the topology of the carnivore phylogenetic tree through the inclusion of genome-wide chromosome rearrangements...
- Pattern and timing of diversification of the mammalian order Carnivora inferred from multiple nuclear gene sequencesEduardo Eizirik
Faculdade de Biociencias, PUCRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:49-63. 2010The mammalian order Carnivora has attracted the attention of scientists of various disciplines for decades, leading to intense interest in defining its supra-familial relationships...
- The pattern of phylogenomic evolution of the CanidaeW G Nash
H and W Cytogenetic Services, Inc, Lovettsville, VA, USA
Cytogenet Cell Genet 95:210-24. 2001..The results indicate an ancestral episode of extensive centric fission leading to an ancestral canid genome organization that was subsequently reorganized by multiple chromosome fusion events in some but not all Canidae lineages...
- A comparative study of white blood cell counts and disease risk in carnivoresCharles L Nunn
Department of Biology, Gilmer Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22904 4328, USA
Proc Biol Sci 270:347-56. 2003..We discuss additional comparative questions related to taxonomic differences in disease risk, modes of parasite transmission and implications for conservation biology...
- Complex structure of B-chromosomes in two mammalian species: Apodemus peninsulae (Rodentia) and Nyctereutes procyonoides (Carnivora)V A Trifonov
The Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia
Chromosome Res 10:109-16. 2002B-chromosomes (Bs) of two mammalian species, raccoon dog (Nyctereutesprocyonoides, Carnivora) and Asian wood mouse (Apodemus peninsulae, Rodentia) were investigated using chromosome segment microdissection and double-colour FISH...
- Evidence for coevolution of sociality and relative brain size in three orders of mammalsF Javier Pérez-Barbería
The Macaulay Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland, United Kingdom
Evolution 61:2811-21. 2007..Carnivores seem to have been especially prone to this...
- Molecular systematics of the CanidaeR K Wayne
Department of Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
Syst Biol 46:622-53. 1997..However, the homogeneity partition tests indicate significant heterogeneity between the two data sets...
- Cranial functional morphology of fossil dogs and adaptation for durophagy in Borophagus and Epicyon (Carnivora, Mammalia)Zhijie Jack Tseng
Integrative and Evolutionary Biology Program, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA
J Morphol 271:1386-98. 2010....
- A phylogeny of the Caniformia (order Carnivora) based on 12 complete protein-coding mitochondrial genesIsabelle Delisle
Department of Biological Sciences, CW 405 Biological Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada
Mol Phylogenet Evol 37:192-201. 2005Evolutionary relationships of the order Carnivora have been extensively studied. However, phylogenetic studies based on different types of data, species samples, and methods of analysis provide contradictory results...
- Phylogenetic systematics and tempo of evolution of the Viverrinae (Mammalia, Carnivora, Viverridae) within feliformians: implications for faunal exchanges between Asia and AfricaPhilippe Gaubert
Estacion Biologica de Donana CSIC, Departamento de Biologia Aplicada, Avenida María Luisa s n Pabellón del Perú, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Mol Phylogenet Evol 41:266-78. 2006We reconstructed the phylogeny of the subfamily Viverrinae (Mammalia, Carnivora, Viverridae) using a approximately 3kb data set in order to reassess timing and patterns of faunal exchanges between Asia and Africa...
- Trichinella nativa and T. spiralis induce distinguishable histopathologic and humoral responses in the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)A Sukura
Department of Basic Veterinary Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
Vet Pathol 39:257-65. 2002..The same pattern was also seen in the ELISA. Immunoreactive epitopes were localized only in internal organs and cuticula of larvae in muscle...
- Range size heritability in Carnivora is driven by geographic constraintsAntonin Machac
Department of Zoology, University of South Bohemia, Branisovska, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
Am Nat 177:767-79. 2011..Using a well-resolved phylogeny of Carnivora, we show that range sizes are indeed constrained by geographic domains and that the phylogenetic signal in range ..
- Analyses of sweet receptor gene (Tas1r2) and preference for sweet stimuli in species of CarnivoraXia Li
Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Hered 100:S90-100. 2009..and preference for sugars and artificial sweeteners, we measured responses to 12 sweeteners in 6 species of Carnivora and sequenced the coding regions of Tas1r2 in these same or closely related species...
- Molecular evolution of Holarctic martens (genus Martes, Mammalia: Carnivora: Mustelidae)Karen D Stone
University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
Mol Phylogenet Evol 24:169-79. 2002....
- Epidemiology, genetic diversity, and evolution of endemic feline immunodeficiency virus in a population of wild cougarsRoman Biek
Wildlife Biology Program, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
J Virol 77:9578-89. 2003..These results support the premise that FIVpco is well adapted to its cougar host and provide a basis for comparing lentivirus evolution in endemic and epidemic infections in natural hosts...
- A survey of Echinococcus species in wild carnivores and livestock in East AfricaMarion Hüttner
Department of Parasitology, University of Hohenheim, Emil Wolff Str 34, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
Int J Parasitol 39:1269-76. 2009..Additionally, we show that warthogs interact as intermediate hosts for E. felidis. We did not find evidence that E. felidis is present in eastern Africa outside conservation areas...
- Post-glacial colonization of northwestern North America by the forest-associated American marten (Martes americana, Mammalia: Carnivora: Mustelidae)Karen D Stone
University of Alaska Museum, 907 Yukon Drive, Fairbanks, Alaska 99775, USA
Mol Ecol 11:2049-63. 2002..This recurrent pattern of relatively restricted western, or Pacific coastal, lineages and more widespread eastern, or interior continental, lineages exists across broad taxonomic groups and suggests a shared biogeographical history...
- Phylogenetic relationships and divergence times among mustelids (Mammalia: Carnivora) based on nucleotide sequences of the nuclear interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein and mitochondrial cytochrome b genesJun J Sato
Laboratory of Ecology and Genetics, Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
Zoolog Sci 20:243-64. 2003..Time estimates inferred from IRBP and cytochrome b for mustelid divergence events are mostly in agreement with the fossil record...
- Type I STS markers are more informative than cytochrome B in phylogenetic reconstruction of the Mustelidae (Mammalia: Carnivora)Klaus Peter Koepfli
Department of Organismic Biology, Ecology and Evolution, 621 Charles E Young Drive South, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 1606, USA
Syst Biol 52:571-93. 2003....
- The scaling of frontal cortex in primates and carnivoresEliot C Bush
Biology Division, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:3962-6. 2004..94 (95% confidence interval, 0.82-1.07). This finding supports the idea that there are substantial differences in frontal cortex structure and development between the two groups...
- Novel versus unsupported clades: assessing the qualitative support for clades in MRP supertreesOlaf R P Bininda-Emonds
Lehrstuhl für Tierzucht, Technical University of Munich, Alte Akademie 12, 85354 Freising Weihenstephan, Germany
Syst Biol 52:839-48. 2003..2%. Unsupported clades were absent from both the Carnivora and Lagomorpha supertrees, reflecting the use of large numbers of source trees for both...
- The genome phylogeny of domestic cat, red panda and five mustelid species revealed by comparative chromosome painting and G-bandingWenhui Nie
Key Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Evolution, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, PRC
Chromosome Res 10:209-22. 2002..Our results support a close phylogenetic relationship between the red panda and mustelids. The homology data presented in these maps will allow us to transfer the cat gene mapping data to other unmapped carnivore species...
- Phylogeography of brown bears (Ursus arctos) of Alaska and paraphyly within the UrsidaeS L Talbot
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks 99775 7000, USA
Mol Phylogenet Evol 5:477-94. 1996..Our mtDNA data support some, but not all, of the currently designated subspecies of brown bears whose descriptions have been based essentially on morphology...
- Multiple nuclear-gene phylogenies: application to pinnipeds and comparison with a mitochondrial DNA gene phylogenyR W Slade
Department of Zoology, University of Queensland
Mol Biol Evol 11:341-56. 1994....
- Associations between Trichinella species and host species in FinlandLeena Oivanen
Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
J Parasitol 88:84-8. 2002..Trichinella britovi was detected only in mixed infections with other Trichinella species. The raccoon dog was the sole host for all 4 Trichinella species and also carried the most intense infections...
- Epidemiologic characteristics of rabies virus variants in dogs and cats in the United States, 1999J H McQuiston
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 218:1939-42. 2001..Vaccine failures were uncommon during the study period. Because most rabid dogs and cats were unvaccinated and were owned animals rather than strays, educational campaigns targeting owners may be useful...
- Molecular phylogeny of the Arctoidea (Carnivora): effect of missing data on supertree and supermatrix analyses of multiple gene data setsTara L Fulton
Department of Biological Sciences, CW405 Biological Sciences Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2E9
Mol Phylogenet Evol 41:165-81. 2006....
- A molecular phylogeny of the family Mustelidae (Mammalia, Carnivora), based on comparison of mitochondrial cytochrome b nucleotide sequencesR Masuda
Chromosome Research Unit, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
Zoolog Sci 11:605-12. 1994..This is the first report on the molecular phylogeny throughout the Japanese species of the Mustelidae, inferred from the mitochondrial DNA sequences...
- Phylogenetic relationships within mammalian order Carnivora indicated by sequences of two nuclear DNA genesLi Yu
Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Domestic Animals, and Cellular and Molecular Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, China
Mol Phylogenet Evol 33:694-705. 2004Phylogenetic relationships among 37 living species of order Carnivora spanning a relatively broad range of divergence times and taxonomic levels were examined using nuclear sequence data from exon 1 of the IRBP gene (approximately 1...
- Phylogeny of the caniform carnivora: evidence from multiple genesLi Yu
Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Domestic Animals, and Cellular and Molecular Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, 650223, Kunming, China
Genetica 127:65-79. 2006The monophyletic group Caniformia in the order Carnivora currently comprises seven families whose relationships remain contentious...
- Phylogenetic reconstruction of the Felidae using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 mitochondrial genesW E Johnson
Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702 1201, USA
J Mol Evol 44:S98-116. 1997..g., the bay cat group, suggest novel phylogenetic relationships. The results are compared and evaluated with molecular, cytogenetic, and morphological data to derive a phylogenetic synthesis of field evolutionary history...
- Brain-size evolution and sociality in CarnivoraJohn A Finarelli
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:9345-9. 2009..Here we present an extensive sampling of relative brain sizes in fossil and extant taxa in the mammalian order Carnivora (cats, dogs, bears, weasels, and their relatives)...
- Bovine tuberculosis and the endangered Iberian lynxV Briones
Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Emerg Infect Dis 6:189-91. 2000..Mycobacterium bovis infects many animal species, with wild and free-ranging domestic ungulates being the main reservoirs in nature (1)...
- Phylogenetic implications of the 38 putative ancestral chromosome segments for four canid speciesA S Graphodatsky
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Novosibirsk, Russia
Cytogenet Cell Genet 92:243-7. 2001..These segments could represent the ancestral chromosome arms in the karyotype of the most recent ancestor of the Canidae family, which we suggest could have had a low diploid number, based on comparisons with outgroup species...
- Clinical features of experimental trichinellosis in the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides)A Nareaho
Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, P O Box 57, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
Vet Parasitol 91:79-91. 2000..These findings indicate that because Trichinella spp. are very well adapted to the raccoon dog, it thus, could serve as the most crucial reservoir animal for sylvatic trichinellosis in Finland...
- Molecular phylogeny of arctoids (Mammalia: Carnivora) with emphasis on phylogenetic and taxonomic positions of the ferret-badgers and skunksJun J Sato
Laboratory of Ecology and Genetics, Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
Zoolog Sci 21:111-8. 2004..Therefore, we consider the recent elevation of the skunks to the level of family as premature, and recommend that this clade be left at the subfamily level (Mephitinae) within the family Mustelidae, pending further evidence...
- Evidence for taming of catsTom Rothwell
Science 305:1714; author reply 1714. 2004
- Leptospiral antibodies in wild felines from Rio de Janeiro Zoo, BrazilW Lilenbaum
Department of Microbiology, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil
Vet J 168:191-3. 2004
- Genotypes of Cryptosporidium species infecting fur-bearing mammals differ from those of species infecting humansLing Zhou
Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Building 22, Mail Stop F 12, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341 3717, USA
Appl Environ Microbiol 70:7574-7. 2004..Thus, fur-bearing mammals in watersheds excreted host-adapted Cryptosporidium oocysts that are not known to be of significant public health importance...
- Human population density and extinction risk in the world's carnivoresMarcel Cardillo
Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College London, Ascot, United Kingdom
PLoS Biol 2:E197. 2004..Using phylogenetic comparative methods, we show that extinction risk in the mammal order Carnivora is predicted more strongly by biology than exposure to high-density human populations...
- Complex interactions among mammalian carnivores in Australia, and their implications for wildlife managementAlistair S Glen
Institute of Wildlife Research, School of Biological Sciences A08, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 80:387-401. 2005..We suggest that future research should focus on controlled and replicated predator removal or addition experiments. The dingo (Canis lupus dingo), as a likely keystone species, should be a particular focus of attention...
- A quantitative indirect ELISA to monitor the effectiveness of rabies vaccination in domestic and wild carnivoresA Servat
AFSSA Nancy, Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Rage et la Pathologie des Animaux Sauvages, Domaine de Pixerecourt, B P 9 54220 Malzéville, France
J Immunol Methods 318:1-10. 2007....
- Comparative Genetics of Sweet Taste in CarnivoraPeihua Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2013..Specifically, we will study members of the Order Carnivora because they provide a wide range of sweet taste behavior and because preliminary results suggest a mechanism ..
- MAMMALIAN GENE STRUCTURE AND MAMMALIAN PHYLOGENYWen Hsiung Li; Fiscal Year: 1990..phylogenetic relationships among Primates (man), Rodentia (rat), Lagomorpha (rabbit), Artiodactyla (cow), and Carnivora (dog), using various phylogenetic reconstruction methods; opossum will serve as an outgroup...
- Biomechanical and Molecular Mechanisms in Alveolar Bone DevelopmentTRACY POPOWICS; Fiscal Year: 2008..these experimental conditions. Taken together, these studies will provide fundamental new information about how tooth loading modifies alveolar bone in newly erupted teeth and promotes adaptive tooth support. ..
- DIETARY DEFICIENCIES AND TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE EFFICACYDavid McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Improving Bayesian PhylogenyBret Larget; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Stromal Epithelial Interactions in Breast CancerGerald Cunha; Fiscal Year: 2004..To accomplish these goals we will use tissue recombinant technology, cell and organ culture, immunocytochemistry, and various molecular methodologies. ..
- Mechanistic Studies at the Host-pathogen InterfaceDavid McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genetic and Morphologic Basis of Bat Wing DevelopmentKAREN SEARS; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, understanding the normal roles of genes that also play a role in abnormal developmental events such as cancer (i.e., Ihh and BMP) will provide a knowledge base for additional healthcare-related biomedical research. ..
- HETEROSPECIFIC CELL/CELL INTERACTIONS IN PROSTATE GROWTHGerald Cunha; Fiscal Year: 2001..Concepts derived from the analysis of basic cellular mechanisms of prostatic growth will be applied to the pathogenesis of BPH. ..
- Gene Duplication and Genome EvolutionAustin Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2004..5) Examining the role of transposable elements in duplication of genomic segments by testing for nonrandom association between these elements and putatively duplicated blocks in the yeast genome. ..
- CELL CELL INTERACTIONS IN PROSTATE CANCERGerald Cunha; Fiscal Year: 2001..These studies should define critical cellular and molecular pathways in both normal and tumorigenic growth of the prostate, and should provide the biological basis of new therapeutic strategies. ..
- EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS OF VERTEBRATE VISIONShozo Yokoyama; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANISMS OF SEXUAL DIFFERENTIATION IN NEURAL SYSTEMSNANCY FORGER; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Dispersion Patterns for Retinal NeuroblastsBENJAMIN REESE; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- EVOLUTION OF IMMUNE RECOGNITION AND EVASIONAustin L Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010..In addition, by increasing our understanding of the population diversity and evolutionary history of human immune system genes, this research will enhance our knowledge of human immune function in health and disease. ..
- Two-Photon Microscopy for Biomedical ResearchBENJAMIN REESE; Fiscal Year: 2007..Acquisition of this 2-photon microscope will therefore enhance the diverse efforts of a number of investigators at UCSB in pursuit of their NIH-funded research objectives. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SMOOTH MUSCLE-EPITHELIAL INTERACTIONS IN PROSTATE CANCERGerald Cunha; Fiscal Year: 2001..In addition, it is possible that this study will identify one or more strategies for regulating the growth, differentiation and)'or invasive behavior of prostatic carcinoma cells. ..
- Spatial Relationships Between Neurons in the CNSBENJAMIN REESE; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- CRYOPRESERVATION OF SPERMATOZOA IN RARE MODELSBudhan Pukazhenthi; Fiscal Year: 2002..Finally, the research will determine the factors influencing cryosurvival of felid sperm while identifying sperm cryobank protocols that will lead to more efficient and effective propagation and conservation of rare felids. ..