artiodactyla

Summary

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Mammalian dispersal at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary
    Gabriel J Bowen
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Science 295:2062-5. 2002
  2. pmc Evolutionarily conserved and non-conserved retrovirus restriction activities of artiodactyl APOBEC3F proteins
    Stefán R Jónsson
    Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Nucleic Acids Res 34:5683-94. 2006
  3. ncbi Conservation within artiodactyls of an AATA interrupt in the IGF-I microsatellite for 19-35 million years
    M Reza Shariflou
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Mol Biol Evol 17:665-9. 2000
  4. ncbi Comparative morphological study on the tongue and lingual papillae of horses (Perissodactyla) and selected ruminantia (Artiodactyla)
    K Kobayashi
    Department of Anatomy, School of Dentistry at Niigata, The Nippon Dental University, Niigata, Japan
    Ital J Anat Embryol 110:55-63. 2005
  5. pmc The position of Hippopotamidae within Cetartiodactyla
    Jean Renaud Boisserie
    Human Evolution Research Center, Department of Integrative Biology Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, 3060 Valley Life Sciences Building no 3140, Berkeley, CA 94720 3140, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:1537-41. 2005
  6. ncbi A complete phylogeny of the whales, dolphins and even-toed hoofed mammals (Cetartiodactyla)
    Samantha A Price
    Department of Biology, Gilmer Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4328, USA
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 80:445-73. 2005
  7. ncbi Sociosexual behavior, male mating tactics, and the reproductive cycle of giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis
    Fred B Bercovitch
    Department of Conservation and Research for Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, 15600 San Pasqual Valley Road, Escondido, CA 92027, USA
    Horm Behav 50:314-21. 2006
  8. pmc Divergent evolution in the cytoplasmic domains of PRLR and GHR genes in Artiodactyla
    Terhi Iso-Touru
    Biotechnology and Food Research, MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Jokioinen, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 9:172. 2009
  9. ncbi The mammalian 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase gene family: evidence for concerted evolution of paralogous Oas1 genes in Rodentia and Artiodactyla
    Andrey A Perelygin
    Biology Department, Georgia State University, P O Box 4010, Atlanta, GA 30302 4010, USA
    J Mol Evol 63:562-76. 2006
  10. ncbi Coevolution and biogeography among Nematodirinae (Nematoda: Trichostrongylina) Lagomorpha and Artiodactyla (Mammalia): exploring determinants of history and structure for the northern fauna across the holarctic
    Eric P Hoberg
    U S National Parasite Collection and the Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, BARC East No 1180, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, Maryland 20705 2350, USA
    J Parasitol 91:358-69. 2005

Research Grants

  1. MAMMALIAN GENE STRUCTURE AND MAMMALIAN PHYLOGENY
    Wen Hsiung Li; Fiscal Year: 1990
  2. Gene Duplication and Genome Evolution
    Austin Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. EVOLUTION OF IMMUNE RECOGNITION AND EVASION
    Austin L Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. Transcription Factors in Trophectoderm Differentiation
    Robert Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Relationship between diet and sex of offspring
    Robert Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2008
  6. Multiscale Analysis of Neuronal Morphology
    Patrick Hof; Fiscal Year: 2009
  7. INTERACTION BETWEEN BLASTOCYST AND UTERINE ENDOMETRIUM
    ROBERT MICHAEL ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Mechanisms of AID-dependent Adaptive and Innate Immunity
    Reuben S Harris; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications234 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Mammalian dispersal at the Paleocene/Eocene boundary
    Gabriel J Bowen
    Department of Earth Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
    Science 295:2062-5. 2002
    ..family Hyaenodontidae appeared in Asia before it did so in North America, and the modern orders Primates, Artiodactyla, and Perissodactyla first appeared in Asia at or before the Paleocene/Eocene boundary...
  2. pmc Evolutionarily conserved and non-conserved retrovirus restriction activities of artiodactyl APOBEC3F proteins
    Stefán R Jónsson
    Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Nucleic Acids Res 34:5683-94. 2006
    ..Together, these studies indicate that some properties of the mammal-specific, APOBEC3-dependent retroelement restriction system are necessary and conserved, but others are simultaneously modular and highly adaptable...
  3. ncbi Conservation within artiodactyls of an AATA interrupt in the IGF-I microsatellite for 19-35 million years
    M Reza Shariflou
    Department of Animal Sciences, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Mol Biol Evol 17:665-9. 2000
    ..Apart from this deletion, the 5' flank of the microsatellite is highly conserved in Artiodactyl species...
  4. ncbi Comparative morphological study on the tongue and lingual papillae of horses (Perissodactyla) and selected ruminantia (Artiodactyla)
    K Kobayashi
    Department of Anatomy, School of Dentistry at Niigata, The Nippon Dental University, Niigata, Japan
    Ital J Anat Embryol 110:55-63. 2005
    ..This suggests that the fine structure of horse tongues may display a more primitive pattern than that present in goats and cattle...
  5. pmc The position of Hippopotamidae within Cetartiodactyla
    Jean Renaud Boisserie
    Human Evolution Research Center, Department of Integrative Biology Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, 3060 Valley Life Sciences Building no 3140, Berkeley, CA 94720 3140, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:1537-41. 2005
    The origin of late Neogene Hippopotamidae (Artiodactyla) involves one of the most serious conflicts between comparative anatomy and molecular biology: is Artiodactyla paraphyletic? Molecular comparisons indicate that Cetacea should be the ..
  6. ncbi A complete phylogeny of the whales, dolphins and even-toed hoofed mammals (Cetartiodactyla)
    Samantha A Price
    Department of Biology, Gilmer Hall, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 4328, USA
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 80:445-73. 2005
    ..we present the first phylogeny to include all 290 extant species of the Cetacea (whales and dolphins) and Artiodactyla (even-toed hoofed mammals). At the family-level, the supertree is fully resolved...
  7. ncbi Sociosexual behavior, male mating tactics, and the reproductive cycle of giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis
    Fred B Bercovitch
    Department of Conservation and Research for Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, 15600 San Pasqual Valley Road, Escondido, CA 92027, USA
    Horm Behav 50:314-21. 2006
    ..We propose that male giraffe adopt a roaming reproductive strategy with their large size, enabling them to search for and mate guard fertile females while minimizing metabolic costs...
  8. pmc Divergent evolution in the cytoplasmic domains of PRLR and GHR genes in Artiodactyla
    Terhi Iso-Touru
    Biotechnology and Food Research, MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Jokioinen, Finland
    BMC Evol Biol 9:172. 2009
    ..We have previously studied the molecular anatomy of the cytoplasmic domain of GHR in different cattle breeds and artiodactyl species. In this study we have analysed the corresponding cytoplasmic signalling region of PRLR...
  9. ncbi The mammalian 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase gene family: evidence for concerted evolution of paralogous Oas1 genes in Rodentia and Artiodactyla
    Andrey A Perelygin
    Biology Department, Georgia State University, P O Box 4010, Atlanta, GA 30302 4010, USA
    J Mol Evol 63:562-76. 2006
    ..paralogous 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase 1 genes was obtained in rodents (Rodentia) and even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla)...
  10. ncbi Coevolution and biogeography among Nematodirinae (Nematoda: Trichostrongylina) Lagomorpha and Artiodactyla (Mammalia): exploring determinants of history and structure for the northern fauna across the holarctic
    Eric P Hoberg
    U S National Parasite Collection and the Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, BARC East No 1180, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, Maryland 20705 2350, USA
    J Parasitol 91:358-69. 2005
    ..by Lagomorpha, with evidence for a minimum of 1 host-switching-event and subsequent radiation in the Artiodactyla. Diversification may reflect vicariance of respective faunas along with episodic or cyclical range expansion ..
  11. ncbi The structure of social relationships among captive female giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)
    Meredith J Bashaw
    Conservation and Research for Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Comp Psychol 121:46-53. 2007
    ..The social structure of this captive herd is influenced by social relationships between individual adult females, and the social behavior of individual females should be examined more closely in the wild...
  12. ncbi Complete nucleotide sequence of pig (Sus scrofa) mitochondrial genome and dating evolutionary divergence within Artiodactyla
    C S Lin
    Cardiovascular Research Center, Department of Comparative Medicine, Pig Research Institute Taiwan, P O Box 23, Chunan 350, Miaoli, Taiwan
    Gene 236:107-14. 1999
    ..For evaluating the possible evolutionary relationships between Artiodactyla and Cetacea, the nucleotide substitutions and amino acid sequences of 13 protein-coding genes were aligned by ..
  13. ncbi A health evaluation in a colony of captive collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) in the Eastern Amazon
    Pedro Mayor
    Department of Animal Health and Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary, Campus Universitario, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08913 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
    Res Vet Sci 81:246-53. 2006
    ..and 9.8% (4/41) animals had antibodies to two different Leptospira spp. serovars, butembo and autumnalis. This is the first survey of morbidity and mortality in captive collared peccaries in the Amazon region...
  14. ncbi Phylogenetic information in inter-SINE and inter-SSR fingerprints of the artiodactyla and evolution of the bov-tA SINE
    S Kostia
    Department of Biosciences, Division of Genetics, PO Box 56, FIN 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
    Heredity (Edinb) 84:37-45. 2000
    ..Most individual elements probably date back to the cervid-bovid ancestor >25 Myr ago, which is in line with the observed fingerprint distributions...
  15. ncbi The relationship between the infraorbital foramen, infraorbital nerve, and maxillary mechanoreception: implications for interpreting the paleoecology of fossil mammals based on infraorbital foramen size
    Magdalena N Muchlinski
    Department of Anthropology, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C3200, Austin, Texas 78712 0303, USA
    Anat Rec (Hoboken) 291:1221-6. 2008
    ..IOF area maybe used to evaluate differences in maxillary mechanoreception in both extinct and extant taxa...
  16. ncbi Evolution of major histocompatibility complex class I genes in Cetartiodactyls
    Edward C Holmes
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Immunogenetics 55:193-202. 2003
    ....
  17. ncbi Fecal steroid analysis of female giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) reproductive condition and the impact of endocrine status on daily time budgets
    Susan M del Castillo
    Conservation and Research for Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, Escondido, CA 92027, USA
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 141:271-81. 2005
    ..Female giraffe probably cope with simultaneous lactation and gestation by producing high quality milk for neonatal calves commensurate with slow fetal growth and accelerating fetal growth simultaneous with weaning of nursing calves...
  18. ncbi Provision of tricuspid valve leaflets by septal papillary muscles in the right ventricle of human and other mammal hearts
    Damian Jezyk
    Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, University School of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland
    Folia Morphol (Warsz) 62:309-11. 2003
    ..These circumstances may allow the conclusion to be drawn that there is a taxonomical dependence in the provision of the tricuspid valve in the hearts of the mammals under examination...
  19. ncbi [Beyond BSE: Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in other animal species]
    D Heim
    Bundesamt für Veterinärwesen, Bern Liebefeld
    Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 144:664-73. 2002
    ..experimentally infected with the agent of these diseases, generally only single representatives of the orders Artiodactyla (cloven-hoofed animals), Carnivora (carnivores) and Primates (humans and monkeys) are naturally infected in the ..
  20. pmc Vanishing GC-rich isochores in mammalian genomes
    Laurent Duret
    Laboratoire de Biometrie et Biologie Evolutive, UMR CNRS 5558 Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    Genetics 162:1837-47. 2002
    ..We propose a model based on the biased gene conversion hypothesis that accounts for the origin of GC-rich isochores in the ancestral amniote genome and for their decline in present-day mammals...
  21. ncbi [Vector systems and rhythms in movements and orientation of elk (Alces alces L.) and other wild animals (Mammalia)]
    V A Zaĭtsev
    Severtsov Institute of Problems of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Science, Leninsky Prospect 33, Moscow 117140, Russia
    Zh Obshch Biol 63:335-50. 2002
    ..The main ones are similar to the angular parameters of Earth rotation. It looks, that orientation parameters evolved under the influence of Sun-Earth compass in inertial field of Earth rotation...
  22. ncbi Pathogens of domestic and free-ranging ungulates: global climate change in temperate to boreal latitudes across North America
    E P Hoberg
    US National Parasite Collection, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Rev Sci Tech 27:511-28. 2008
    ..Predictive modelling and risk assessment utilising a range of scenarios for climate change is a final step in this multidisciplinary process...
  23. ncbi The origins of sexual dimorphism in body size in ungulates
    F J Pérez-Barbería
    The Macaulay Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
    Evolution 56:1276-85. 2002
    ..Here we use a phylogeny of extant ungulate species, along with maximum-likelihood statistical techniques, to provide a test of Jarman's hypothesis...
  24. ncbi Cytogenetics of wild and captive bred non-domestic animals
    J Rubes
    Veterinary Research Institute, Brno, Czech Republic
    Cytogenet Genome Res 120:61-8. 2008
    ..Short-term consequences, primarily reduced reproductive efficiency, and long-term consequences, such as changes in population dynamics, are examined...
  25. ncbi Geology and geochronology of the middle Miocene Kipsaramon site complex, Muruyur Beds, Tugen Hills, Kenya
    Anna K Behrensmeyer
    Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560 0121, USA
    J Hum Evol 42:11-38. 2002
    ..Elements of the fauna as well as stable isotopes that indicate both forest and more open environments occurred in proximity to the lake during the time of deposition of Member 1...
  26. ncbi Characterization and phylogenetic utility of the mammalian protamine p1 gene
    Ronald A Van Den Bussche
    Department of Zoology and Collection of Vertebrates, 430 LSW, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 22:333-41. 2002
    ..We compared these sequences with published sequences from 19 other mammals representing seven orders (Artiodactyla, Carnivora, Cetacea, Perissodactyla, Primates, Proboscidea, and Rodentia) to assess structure, base ..
  27. ncbi Ovarian function in the Nile hippopotamus and the effects of Depo-Provera administration
    L H Graham
    Department of Animal Programs, Walt Disney World s Animal Kingdom, Bay Lake, Florida, USA
    Reprod Suppl 60:65-70. 2002
    ..05) than before treatment (11.3 +/- 1.0 versus 18.9 +/- 1.0 days, respectively). Females returned to normal cyclicity at day 100.7 +/- 15.3 (range 70-116 days) after administration and one female conceived on day 100 after administration...
  28. ncbi Differential scaling of locomotor performance in small and large terrestrial mammals
    Jose Iriarte-Diaz
    Departamento de Ciencias Ecologicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 653, Santiago, Chile
    J Exp Biol 205:2897-908. 2002
    ....
  29. ncbi Antibodies to Neospora caninum in wild animals from Kenya, East Africa
    E Ferroglio
    Dipartimento di Produzioni Animali, Epidemiologia ed Ecologia, Universita degli Studi di Torino, Via L Da Vinci, 44 10095 Grugliasco, Turin, Italy
    Vet Parasitol 118:43-9. 2003
    The prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum was examined in six wild Artiodactyla species, and in five wild Carnivora species from Kenya...
  30. ncbi A short review of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, and guidelines for managing risks associated with chronic wasting disease in captive cervids in zoos
    Dominic Travis
    Lincoln Park Zoo, 2001 North Clark Street, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 34:125-33. 2003
    ....
  31. pmc A covarion-based method for detecting molecular adaptation: application to the evolution of primate mitochondrial genomes
    Tal Pupko
    The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 4 6 7 Minami Azabu Minato ku, Tokyo 106 8569, Japan
    Proc Biol Sci 269:1313-6. 2002
    ..e. highly constrained) in primates, and some show the opposite pattern. Our results indicate that the mitochondrial genome of primates reached a new peak of the adaptive landscape through positive selection...
  32. ncbi Can low-magnification stereomicroscopy reveal diet?
    Gina M Semprebon
    Department of Biology, Bay Path College, Longmeadow, MA 01106, USA
    J Hum Evol 47:115-44. 2004
    ....
  33. ncbi Spontaneously occurring fractures of the spine in skeletally immature animals
    M J Lord
    University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 19:1230-6. 1994
    ..CONCLUSIONS. The observed morphologic and histologic fracture patterns should provide a better understanding of the probable comparable pathoanatomy of spine and spinal cord injuries in children...
  34. ncbi Ontogenetic patterns in heritable variation for body size: using random regression models in a wild ungulate population
    Alastair J Wilson
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, United Kingdom
    Am Nat 166:E177-92. 2005
    ..However, by facilitating more efficient data use where phenotypic sampling is incomplete, random regression should allow better estimation of genetic (co)variances for size and growth traits in natural populations...
  35. ncbi Evaluation of three strategic parasite control programs in captive wild ruminants
    Els Goossens
    Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    J Zoo Wildl Med 37:20-6. 2006
    ..High contamination of grassy pastures with infective larvae/eggs in the previous year or before the first treatment may explain failure of the treatment regimes in some herds...
  36. ncbi Significance of diet type and diet quality for ecological diversity of African ungulates
    Daryl Codron
    Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, RSA
    J Anim Ecol 76:526-37. 2007
    ..We discuss the implications of this study for future approaches to achieve a more cohesive understanding of the evolutionary outcomes of herbivore nutrition...
  37. ncbi Ticks associated with the three largest wild ruminant species in southern Africa
    I G Horak
    Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 74:231-42. 2007
    ....
  38. ncbi Detection and characterization of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in captive non-domestic mammals
    Gerardo A Leotta
    Servicio Fisiopatogenia, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas ANLIS Dr Carlos G Malbran, 1281 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Vet Microbiol 118:151-7. 2006
    ..This is the first work developed with zoological mammals and STEC in Argentina...
  39. ncbi Fecal progestagen and estrone during pregnancy in a giraffe: a case report
    Naoki Isobe
    Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Japan
    J Reprod Dev 53:159-64. 2007
    ..The hormone dynamics of the third parity suggest the possibility of early pregnancy diagnosis by measuring progestagen or estrone between days 30 and 120 after mating...
  40. ncbi Babesiosis of wild carnivores and ungulates
    Banie L Penzhorn
    Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa
    Vet Parasitol 138:11-21. 2006
    ..This could have major implications for ex situ conservation programmes aimed at bolstering natural wildlife populations...
  41. ncbi Evidence from milk casein genes that cetaceans are close relatives of hippopotamid artiodactyls
    J Gatesy
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721
    Mol Biol Evol 13:954-63. 1996
    ..Paleontological information is grossly inconsistent with this hypothesis. If the casein phylogeny is accurate, large gaps in the fossil record as well as extensive morphological reversals and convergences must be acknowledged...
  42. ncbi Evaluation of progesterone levels in feces of captive reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata)
    Genevieve A Dumonceaux
    Busch Gardens Tampa Bay, 3605 E Bougainvillea Avenue, Tampa, Florida 33612, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 37:255-61. 2006
    ..These results demonstrate that fecal progesterone levels are useful in determining pregnant versus nonpregnant reticulated giraffe...
  43. ncbi First report of Echinococcus granulosus G8 in Eurasia and a reappraisal of the phylogenetic relationships of 'genotypes' G5-G10
    E Moks
    Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
    Parasitology 135:647-54. 2008
    ..granulosus G8 in Eurasia. Phylogenetic analyses, using 4 different methods, demonstrated with considerable statistical support that E. granulosus G6/7 forms a subgroup together with G10, whereas G8 is a sister taxon to G6/7-G10...
  44. ncbi Morphomolecular neuronal phenotypes in the neocortex reflect phylogenetic relationships among certain mammalian orders
    Patrick R Hof
    Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York 10029, USA
    Anat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol 287:1153-63. 2005
    ....
  45. ncbi Excretion patterns of fecal progestagens, androgen and estrogens during pregnancy, parturition and postpartum in okapi (Okapia johnstoni)
    Satoshi Kusuda
    Laboratory of Animal Reproduction, United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Gifu University, Japan
    J Reprod Dev 53:143-50. 2007
    ....
  46. ncbi Glycero- versus sphingo-phospholipids: correlations with human and non-human mammalian lens growth
    M Cecilia Yappert
    Department of Chemistry, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
    Exp Eye Res 76:725-34. 2003
    ..This compositional difference is proposed to contribute to the slow multiplication and elongation of human lens cells...
  47. ncbi Structure and presumptive function of the iridocorneal angle of the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus), short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus), hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), and African elephant (Loxodonta africana)
    Jessie R Hatfield
    Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA
    Vet Ophthalmol 6:35-43. 2003
    ..The angles varied greatly in size and composition among the four species, and most structures were found to be uniquely suited to the habitat of each animal...
  48. ncbi Oral biology and disorders of tusked mammals
    Gerhard Steenkamp
    Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0010, South Africa
    Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 6:689-725. 2003
    ..Surgical techniques for tusks have been developed and were discussed. Oral tumors occur, but are rare...
  49. ncbi The melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor (MC1-R) gene as a tool in evolutionary studies of artiodactyles
    H Klungland
    Department of Animal Science, Agricultural University of Norway, As, Norway
    Hereditas 131:39-46. 1999
    ..Due to different frequencies of silent vs. replacement mutations, the amino acid based phylogenetic tree contains several dissimilarities when compared to the DNA based phylogenetic tree...
  50. ncbi Evolution of CHR-2 SINEs in cetartiodactyl genomes: possible evidence for the monophyletic origin of toothed whales
    M Nikaido
    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8501, Japan
    Mamm Genome 12:909-15. 2001
    ..We reconstruct the evolutionary history of the CHR-2 SINEs during evolution of cetartiodactyl genomes...
  51. ncbi Evolutionary origin of the Jiv90 gene of Pestivirus
    Austin L Hughes
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Coker Life Sciences Bldg, 700 Sumter St, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Infect Genet Evol 4:329-33. 2004
    ..in the genomes of Pestivirus species originated by horizontal transfer from their hosts (mammals in the order Artiodactyla)...
  52. ncbi Episodic molecular evolution of pituitary growth hormone in Cetartiodactyla
    Zoitsa Maniou
    Biochemistry Department, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex BN1 9QG, UK
    J Mol Evol 58:743-53. 2004
    ..In order to increase knowledge of GH evolution in Cetartiodactyla (Artiodactyla plus Cetacea) we have cloned and characterized GH genes from camel (Camelus dromedarius), hippopotamus (..
  53. ncbi Secretory ribonucleases in the primitive ruminant chevrotain (Tragulus javanicus)
    H J Breukelman
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Eur J Biochem 268:3890-7. 2001
    ....
  54. ncbi Bayesian estimation of ancestral character states on phylogenies
    Mark Pagel
    School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, England
    Syst Biol 53:673-84. 2004
    ..We illustrate the methods with data on ribonuclease evolution in the Artiodactyla. Software implementing the methods (BayesMultiState) is available from the authors.
  55. ncbi Chromosomal evolution and phylogenetic analyses in Tayassu pecari and Pecari tajacu (Tayassuidae): tales from constitutive heterochromatin
    F Adega
    Laboratório Associado Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Genetics and Biotechnology, University of Tras os Montes and Alto Douro, P 5001 801 Vila Real, Portugal
    J Genet 86:19-26. 2007
    ..This idea is supported by several other studies that analysed nuclear and mitochondrial sequences of the living peccary species. Finally, the tayassuid X chromosome primitive form seems to be the one of Tayassu pecari...
  56. ncbi Testing sexual segregation and aggregation: old ways are best
    Christophe Bonenfant
    Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, CNRS, UMR 5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologic Evolutive, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, Villeurbanne F 69622, France
    Ecology 88:3202-8. 2007
    ..The new SSAS was not prone to such limitations and allowed clear conclusions regarding whether males and females segregate, aggregate, or simply mix at random applicable to all species...
  57. ncbi Sexual segregation in ungulates: a comparative test of three hypotheses
    K E Ruckstuhl
    University of Cambridge, Dept of Zoology, LARG, UK
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 77:77-96. 2002
    ..We conclude that sexual differences in activity budgets are most likely driving sexual segregation and that sexual differences in predation risk or forage selection are additive factors...
  58. ncbi Evidence for role of white-tailed deer (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in epizootiology of cattle ticks and southern cattle ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in reinfestations along the Texas/Mexico border in south Texas: a review and update
    J M Pound
    USDA ARS, Knipling Bushland U S Livestock Insect Research Laboratory, 2700 Fredericksburg Rd, Kerrville, TX 78028, USA
    J Econ Entomol 103:211-8. 2010
    ....
  59. ncbi Role of small mammals in the persistence of Louping-ill virus: field survey and tick co-feeding studies
    L Gilbert
    Institute of Biological Sciences, Department of Biological and Molecular Sciences, Stirling University, Stirling, UK
    Med Vet Entomol 14:277-82. 2000
    ..Tetraonidae: Galliformes), and sheep, Ovis aries L. (Bovidae: Artiodactyla), that causes economic loss to upland farms and sporting estates...
  60. ncbi The broad spectrum of Trichinella hosts: from cold- to warm-blooded animals
    E Pozio
    Department of Infectious Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Vet Parasitol 132:3-11. 2005
    ..e., Marsupialia, Insectivora, Edentata, Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, Rodentia, Cetacea, Carnivora, Perissodactyla, Artiodactyla, Tylopoda and Primates)...
  61. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene in mammalian species argues for the development of a rabbit model for cystic fibrosis
    S Vuillaumier
    INSERM U120, Hopital Robert Debre, Paris, France
    Mol Biol Evol 14:372-80. 1997
    ..sequences of the CFTR promoter region of eight mammalian species representing four different orders (Primates, Artiodactyla, Lagomorpha and Rodentia) were analyzed...
  62. ncbi Additional support for Afrotheria and Paenungulata, the performance of mitochondrial versus nuclear genes, and the impact of data partitions with heterogeneous base composition
    M S Springer
    Department of Biology and Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Genetics, University of California, Riverside, California 92521, USA
    Syst Biol 48:65-75. 1999
    ..protein (IRBP), von Willebrand factor (vWF)] into a multigene data set representing 11 eutherian orders (Artiodactyla, Hyracoidea, Insectivora, Lagomorpha, Macroscelidea, Perissodactyla, Primates, Proboscidea, Rodentia, Sirenia, ..
  63. ncbi Intestinal parasitism in the animals of the zoological garden "Peña Escrita" (Almuñecar, Spain)
    G Perez Cordon
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Instituto de Biotecnologia, C Severo Ochoa, 18071 Granada, Universidad de Granada, Spain
    Vet Parasitol 156:302-9. 2008
    ..Between June 2006 and May 2007, 432 samples were collected from primates, carnivores, perissoodactyla, artiodactyla, rodentia, diprotodontia, galliformes, anseriformes and struthioniformes...
  64. ncbi Body mass estimation in xenarthra: a predictive equation suitable for all quadrupedal terrestrial placentals?
    Soledad De Esteban-Trivigno
    Institut Català de Paleontologia, c Escola Industrial, 23 Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain
    J Morphol 269:1276-93. 2008
    ..distribution of the percent of prediction error (%PE) was analyzed between taxonomic groups (Perissodactyla, Artiodactyla, and Xenarthra) and size groups (0-20 kg, 20-300 kg, and more than 300 kg)...
  65. ncbi The phylogenetic position of Ixodes stilesi Neumann, 1911 (Acari: Ixodidae): morphological and preliminary molecular evidences from 16S rDNA sequences
    Alberto A Guglielmone
    Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, CC 22, CP 2300 Rafaela, Santa Fe, Argentina
    Syst Parasitol 65:1-11. 2006
    ..Ixodidae) is redescribed and the male and nymph are described from specimens collected from Pudu puda (Molina) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in Chile. Both sexes of I...
  66. ncbi Seed predation by mammals in forest fragments in Monteverde, Costa Rica
    Federico A Chinchilla
    Instituto de Ecologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 70 275, Mexico D F Mexico
    Rev Biol Trop 57:865-77. 2009
    ..of medium and large seed-predators, like Agouti paca, Dasyprocta punctata (both Rodentia) and Pecari tajacu (Artiodactyla) recorded in continuous forest...
  67. ncbi Mitogenomic analyses of eutherian relationships
    U Arnason
    Division of Evolutionary Molecular Systematics, University of Lund, Lund
    Cytogenet Genome Res 96:20-32. 2002
    ..the two order-rich eutherian clades, the Cetferungulata (comprising Pholidota, Carnivora, Perissodactyla, Artiodactyla, and Cetacea) and the African clade (Tenrecomorpha, Macroscelidea, Tubulidentata, Hyracoidea, Proboscidea, and ..
  68. ncbi The linear allometric relationship between total metabolic energy per life span and body mass of mammals
    Atanas Todorov Atanasov
    Department of Physics and Biophysics, Medical Faculty, Thracian University Stara Zagora, 6000 Stara Zagora, 11 Armeiska Str, Bulgaria
    Biosystems 90:224-33. 2007
    ..656-5.80)x10(5) kJ/kg. The coefficient A(ls) grows from (7.68-8.36)x10(5) kJ/kg in Lagomorpha and Artiodactyla (Eutheria) to (10.58-12.64)x10(5) kJ/kg in orders Carnivora, Pinnipeda and Chiroptera (Eutheria)...
  69. ncbi Sperm head morphology in 36 species of artiodactylans, perissodactylans, and cetaceans (Mammalia)
    Amy Downing Meisner
    Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 8081, USA
    J Morphol 263:179-202. 2005
    ..In total, the sperm of 36 species in three orders: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates), Cetacea (whales, porpoises, and dolphins), and Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates) were ..
  70. pmc Novel mammalian herpesviruses and lineages within the Gammaherpesvirinae: cospeciation and interspecies transfer
    Bernhard Ehlers
    P14 Molekulare Genetik und Epidemiologie von Herpesviren, Robert Koch Institut, D 13353 Berlin, Germany
    J Virol 82:3509-16. 2008
    Novel members of the subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae, hosted by eight mammalian species from six orders (Primates, Artiodactyla, Perissodactyla, Carnivora, Scandentia, and Eulipotyphla), were discovered using PCR with pan-herpesvirus DNA ..
  71. ncbi Mitogenomic analyses provide new insights into cetacean origin and evolution
    Ulfur Arnason
    Division of Evolutionary Molecular Systematics, Department of Cell and Organism Biology, University of Lund, S 223 62 Lund, Sweden
    Gene 333:27-34. 2004
    ..One of these hypotheses posits that Artiodactyla and Cetacea originated from the extinct group Mesonychia, and the other that Mesonychia/Cetacea constitutes a ..
  72. ncbi The morphology of the inner ear from the domestic pig (Sus scrofa)
    J M Lovell
    Faculty of Science, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
    J Microsc 228:345-57. 2007
    ..scrofa as a model for cetacean hearing research is that this animal is a member of the order Artiodactyla, which includes both the hippopotamus and cetaceans...
  73. ncbi The "five-sites" rule and the evolution of red and green color vision in mammals
    S Yokoyama
    Department of Biology, Syracuse University, New York 13244, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 15:560-7. 1998
    ..rule, we have determined the partial amino acid sequences of red and green pigments from five mammalian orders (Artiodactyla, Carnivora, Lagomorpha, Perissodactyla, and Rodentia)...
  74. ncbi The position of Cetacea within mammalia: phylogenetic analysis of morphological data from extinct and extant taxa
    M A O'Leary
    Department of Anatomical Sciences, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 8081, USA
    Syst Biol 48:455-90. 1999
    ..They have disagreed, however, as to whether Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates) or Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates) is the extant clade most closely related to Cetacea, and have long maintained that each ..
  75. ncbi First record of entodiniomorph ciliates in a carnivore, the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), from Brazil
    Carly Vynne
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Box 351800, Seattle, Washington 98195 1800, USA
    J Zoo Wildl Med 40:382-4. 2009
    ..These commensals commonly occur in the Artiodactyla and Perissodactyla and have also been described in the Proboscidea, Primates, Rodentia, and Diprotodontia...
  76. pmc Influence of continental history on the ecological specialization and macroevolutionary processes in the mammalian assemblage of South America: differences between small and large mammals
    Ana Moreno Bofarull
    Dept Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, c Jose Antonio Novais 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    BMC Evol Biol 8:97. 2008
    ....
  77. ncbi Parasitism of the deer ked, Lipoptena cervi, on the moose, Alces alces, in eastern Finland
    T Paakkonen
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Forestry, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland
    Med Vet Entomol 24:411-7. 2010
    ..It is currently a common parasite of the moose, Alces alces (Artiodactyla: Cervidae), in the southern part of the country and its area of distribution is gradually spreading to Finnish ..
  78. ncbi Characterization of rabbit kappa-casein cDNA: control of kappa-casein gene expression in vivo and in vitro
    Z Bosze
    Agricultural Biotechnology Center, Godollo, Hungary
    J Mol Endocrinol 11:9-17. 1993
    ..This result supports the idea that Lagomorpha are not closer to Rodentia than to Artiodactyla. The cDNA described above was used to study kappa-casein gene expression in the rabbit mammary gland...
  79. ncbi Historical biogeography of the strepsirhine primates of Madagascar
    Ian Tattersall
    Division of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024, USA
    Folia Primatol (Basel) 77:477-87. 2006
    ..Carnivora and Insectivora are represented (plus, until recently, the enigmatic and endemic Bibymalagasia, and Artiodactyla in the form of semiaquatic pygmy hippopotamuses)...
  80. pmc Cross-reactivity between immunoglobulin G antibodies of whales and dolphins correlates with evolutionary distance
    Hendrik H Nollens
    Marine Mammal Health Program and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, P O Box 100126, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 15:1547-54. 2008
    ..indicates that the porpoises, dolphins, and whales evolved within the even-toed ungulates, formerly known as Artiodactyla. These animals are now grouped in the Cetartiodactyla...
  81. ncbi The phylogenetic position of the Talpidae within eutheria based on analysis of complete mitochondrial sequences
    S K Mouchaty
    Department of Genetics, University of Lund, Sweden
    Mol Biol Evol 17:60-7. 2000
    ..The Talpa/Artibeus clade constitutes a sister clade of the cetferungulates, a clade including Cetacea, Artiodactyla, Perissodactyla, and Carnivora...
  82. pmc Are human P[14] rotavirus strains the result of interspecies transmissions from sheep or other ungulates that belong to the mammalian order Artiodactyla?
    Jelle Matthijnssens
    Laboratory of Clinical and Epidemiological Virology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute for Medical Research, Minderbroedersstraat 10, B 3000 Leuven, Belgium
    J Virol 83:2917-29. 2009
    ..common origin for the human P[14] strains and those of the even-toed ungulates belonging to the mammalian order Artiodactyla, with sheep probably playing a key role in the interspecies transmission responsible for the introduction of P[..
  83. ncbi Morphology, constraints, and scaling of frontal sinuses in the hartebeest, Alcelaphus buselaphus (Mammalia: Artiodactyla, Bovidae)
    Andrew A Farke
    Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    J Morphol 268:243-53. 2007
    ..This finding illustrates the importance of choosing variables carefully when comparing sinus sizes and growth between species...
  84. ncbi A molecular perspective on mammalian evolution from the gene encoding interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein, with convincing evidence for bat monophyly
    M J Stanhope
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 1:148-60. 1992
    ..g., a Carnivora/Chiroptera clade and an Artiodactyla/Carnivora/Chiroptera clade)...
  85. ncbi The need to rationalize and prioritize threatening processes used to determine threat status in the IUCN Red List
    Matt W Hayward
    Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Science, ul Waszkiewicza 1, 17 230 Białowieża, Poland
    Conserv Biol 23:1568-76. 2009
    ..listed in the IUCN Red List for randomly selected groups within the three most threatened orders of mammals: Artiodactyla, Carnivora, and Primates...
  86. pmc A higher-level MRP supertree of placental mammals
    Robin M D Beck
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    BMC Evol Biol 6:93. 2006
    ..A recent MRP supertree that favoured 'outdated' hypotheses (notably, monophyly of both Artiodactyla and Lipotyphla) has been heavily criticised for including low-quality and redundant data...
  87. ncbi Robustostrongylus aferensis gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Nematoda: Trichostrongyloidea) in kob (Kobus kob) and hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus jacksoni) (Artiodactyla) from sub-Saharan Africa, with further ruminations on the Ostertagiinae
    Eric P Hoberg
    United States National Parasite Collection and Animal Parasitic Disease Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, BARC East, Building 1180, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Parasitol 95:702-17. 2009
    ....
  88. ncbi Phylogenomic analyses and improved resolution of Cetartiodactyla
    Xuming Zhou
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 61:255-64. 2011
    ..Cetacea was found to nest within Artiodactyla as the sister group of Hippopotamidae, and Tylopoda was corroborated as the sole base clade of Cetartiodactyla...
  89. ncbi Eimeria spp. in Brazilian water buffalo
    Antonio Carlos F de Noronha
    Department of Biologia e Zootecnia, FEIS UNESP, Av Brasil, Ilha Solteira, Brazil
    J Parasitol 95:231-4. 2009
    ..from Artiodactyla hosts, but originally described from other genera than those in which we found them (referred to here as ..
  90. ncbi A generic impact-scoring system applied to alien mammals in Europe
    Wolfgang Nentwig
    Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 6, CH 3012 Bern, Switzerland
    Conserv Biol 24:302-11. 2010
    ..Alien mammals from the orders Rodentia, Artiodactyla, and Carnivora caused the highest impact...
  91. ncbi Emerging patterns of comparative genome organization in some mammalian species as revealed by Zoo-FISH
    B P Chowdhary
    Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
    Genome Res 8:577-89. 1998
    ..From a Zoo-FISH analysis spanning four mammalian orders (Primates, Artiodactyla, Carnivora, and Perissodactyla), and involving eight species (human, pig, cattle, Indian muntjac, cat, American ..
  92. ncbi Cross-species chromosome painting in Cetartiodactyla: reconstructing the karyotype evolution in key phylogenetic lineages
    Anastasia I Kulemzina
    Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
    Chromosome Res 17:419-36. 2009
    Recent molecular and morphological studies place Artiodactyla and Cetacea into the order Cetartiodactyla...
  93. ncbi Evidence on mammalian phylogeny from sequences of exon 28 of the von Willebrand factor gene
    C A Porter
    Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 5:89-101. 1996
    ..The orders Primates, Proboscidea, Carnivora, Perissodactyla, and Artiodactyla were represented by more than one species which joined in each case to form a monophyletic order.
  94. ncbi Characterization of Mhc-DRB allelic diversity in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) provides insight into Mhc-DRB allelic evolution within Cervidae
    R A Van Den Bussche
    Department of Zoology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74708, USA
    Immunogenetics 49:429-37. 1999
    ..In contrast to other studies of Artiodactyla DRB sequences, interallelic recombination does not appear to be playing a significant role in the generation of ..
  95. ncbi Scaling of basal metabolic rate with body mass and temperature in mammals
    Andrew Clarke
    British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
    J Anim Ecol 79:610-9. 2010
    ..After correcting for the effects of ln B(m) and T(b), Soricomorpha, Didelphimorphia and Artiodactyla had the highest BMR of those orders represented by more than 10 species in the data set. 5...
  96. ncbi Persistence and molecular evolution of Mycobacterium bovis population from cattle and wildlife in Doñana National Park revealed by genotype variation
    Beatriz Romero
    Departamento de Sanidad Animal, VISAVET, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    Vet Microbiol 132:87-95. 2008
    ..Tuberculosis research was performed on 1209 cattle and wild animals (artiodactyla and carnivore) collected over 6 years in the Park...
  97. ncbi Mapping of tyrosine hydroxylase in the alpaca (Lama pacos) brainstem and colocalization with CGRP
    P Marcos
    Laboratorio de Neuroanatomía Humana, Centro Regional de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, Facultad de Medicina, Avenida de Almansa 14, 02006 Albacete, Spain
    J Chem Neuroanat 41:63-72. 2011
    ..parcellation differs from that found in rodents, but agrees with the results reported in other members of the Artiodactyla order, such as giraffe or pig, and with the catecholaminergic distribution detected in species of other ..
  98. ncbi Molecular cloning and histological localization of LH-like substances in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) placenta
    Nozomi Watanabe
    Department of Infectious Disease Control, Nihon University Advanced Medical Research Center, 30 1 Ohyaguchi Kamimachi Itabashi ku, Tokyo, 173 8610, Japan
    Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 146:105-18. 2007
    ..The sequence of the alpha-subunit was similar to that in the pig (Artiodactyla) pituitary glycoprotein hormone [96...
  99. ncbi Sheep (Ovis aries) airway epithelial cells support ovine herpesvirus 2 lytic replication in vivo
    Naomi S Taus
    Animal Diseases Research Unit, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA
    Vet Microbiol 145:47-53. 2010
    ..of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever (SA-MCF), a frequently fatal disease of some members of the order Artiodactyla. OvHV-2 is carried as a lifelong subclinical infection in sheep (Ovis aries)...
  100. ncbi The fossil Bovidae (Artiodactyla, Mammalia) from Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel: Out of Africa during the Early-Middle Pleistocene transition
    Bienvenido Martinez-Navarro
    ICREA, Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social IPHES, Universitat Rovira i Virgili Pl Imperial Tarraco 1, 43005 Tarragona, Spain
    J Hum Evol 60:375-86. 2011
    ..This faunal turnover is coincident with the change to colder climates that dominated the Middle Pleistocene...
  101. ncbi Multiple evolutionary mechanisms drive papillomavirus diversification
    Marc Gottschling
    Skin Cancer Center Charite, University Hospital of Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Mol Biol Evol 24:1242-58. 2007
    ..genes E1-E2-L1 produced a well-supported phylogeny including supertaxon beta + gamma + pi + xi-PVes (infecting Artiodactyla, Carnivora, Primates, and Rodentia) and supertaxon kappa + lambda + mu + nu + sigma-PVes (infecting Carnivora, ..

Research Grants8

  1. MAMMALIAN GENE STRUCTURE AND MAMMALIAN PHYLOGENY
    Wen Hsiung Li; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..will be used to infer the phylogenetic relationships among Primates (man), Rodentia (rat), Lagomorpha (rabbit), Artiodactyla (cow), and Carnivora (dog), using various phylogenetic reconstruction methods; opossum will serve as an ..
  2. Gene Duplication and Genome Evolution
    Austin Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5) Examining the role of transposable elements in duplication of genomic segments by testing for nonrandom association between these elements and putatively duplicated blocks in the yeast genome. ..
  3. EVOLUTION OF IMMUNE RECOGNITION AND EVASION
    Austin L Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, by increasing our understanding of the population diversity and evolutionary history of human immune system genes, this research will enhance our knowledge of human immune function in health and disease. ..
  4. Transcription Factors in Trophectoderm Differentiation
    Robert Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The studies are expected to reveal mechanisms underpinning the transition of embryonic stem cells to trophectoderm, a developmental event that immediately precedes implantation and a time when expression of hCG begins. ..
  5. Relationship between diet and sex of offspring
    Robert Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Multiscale Analysis of Neuronal Morphology
    Patrick Hof; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Such studies will provide crucial insight into general mechanisms of memory induction and maintenance that underlie normal cognitive function, its dysfunction in diseased states, and potential mechanisms for its restoration. ..
  7. INTERACTION BETWEEN BLASTOCYST AND UTERINE ENDOMETRIUM
    ROBERT MICHAEL ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Together these studies are expected to provide information on two key events in early pregnancy, the formation of an early placenta and immediate maternal responses to the presence of a tiny embryo attaching to her uterine wall. ..
  8. Mechanisms of AID-dependent Adaptive and Innate Immunity
    Reuben S Harris; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..