Genomes and Genes
Summary: Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
Publications339 found, 100 shown here
- A dense SNP-based linkage map for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) reveals extended chromosome homeologies and striking differences in sex-specific recombination patternsSigbjørn Lien
Centre for Integrative Genetics and Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, N 1432, As, Norway
BMC Genomics 12:615. 2011The Atlantic salmon genome is in the process of returning to a diploid state after undergoing a whole genome duplication (WGD) event between 25 and100 million years ago...
- Chronic consumption of farmed salmon containing persistent organic pollutants causes insulin resistance and obesity in miceMohammad Madani Ibrahim
National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research, Bergen, Norway
PLoS ONE 6:e25170. 2011..Yet, the effects of fatty fish consumption on type 2 diabetes remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a diet containing farmed salmon prevents or contributes to insulin resistance in mice.
- Salmon lice--impact on wild salmonids and salmon aquacultureO Torrissen
Institute of Marine Research, Nordnes, Bergen, Norway
J Fish Dis 36:171-94. 2013b>Salmon lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, are naturally occurring parasites of salmon in sea water...
- Population diversity and the portfolio effect in an exploited speciesDaniel E Schindler
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Box 355020, Seattle, Washington 98195 5020, USA
Nature 465:609-12. 2010..Here we use five decades of data from Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, to provide the first quantification of portfolio effects that derive from population and ..
- Selection against late emergence and small offspring in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)S Einum
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norway
Evolution 54:628-39. 2000..traits may ultimately affect an organism's fitness, we undertook laboratory and field experiments with Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
- Meiotic maps of sockeye salmon derived from massively parallel DNA sequencingMeredith V Everett
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Box 355020, Seattle, WA 98195 5020, USA
BMC Genomics 13:521. 2012..Currently there are limited genetic resources for sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka...
- Effects of parasites from salmon farms on productivity of wild salmonMartin Krkosek
Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:14700-4. 2011The ecological risks of salmon aquaculture have motivated changes to management and policy designed to protect wild salmon populations and habitats in several countries...
- Use of sequence data from rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon for SNP detection in Pacific salmonChristian T Smith
Gene Conservation Laboratory, Division of Commercial Fisheries, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 333 Raspberry Road, Anchorage, AK 99518, USA
Mol Ecol 14:4193-203. 2005..We speculate that this relatively low conversion rate may reflect the duplicated nature of the salmon genome...
- Short reads and nonmodel species: exploring the complexities of next-generation sequence assembly and SNP discovery in the absence of a reference genomeM V Everett
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 5020, USA
Mol Ecol Resour 11:93-108. 2011..Our goal was to examine the feasibility and optimal methodology for SNP and gene discovery in the sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) using short read sequences...
- Positive Darwinian selection in the piston that powers proton pumps in complex I of the mitochondria of Pacific salmonMichael R Garvin
Fisheries Division, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Juneau, Alaska, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e24127. 2011..the evolution of twelve mitochondrial encoded proteins of closely related, yet phenotypically diverse, Pacific salmon. Two separate analyses identified the same seven positively selected sites in ND5...
- Identification of the sex chromosome pair in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): lack of conservation of the sex linkage group with chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)R B Phillips
Department of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Vancouver, WA, USA
Cytogenet Genome Res 111:166-70. 2005..using a probe to the male-specific GH-Y (growth hormone pseudogene) was used to identify the Y chromosome in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)...
- Effects of high intensity exercise training on cardiovascular function, oxygen uptake, internal oxygen transport and osmotic balance in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during critical speed swimmingP E Gallaugher
Continuing Studies in Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
J Exp Biol 204:2861-72. 2001..and osmotic balance were measured at velocities up to critical swimming speed (Ucrit) in seawater-adapted chinook salmon. We used two groups of fish. The control group had swum continuously for 4 months at a low intensity (0...
- Transcriptional regulation of the IGF signaling pathway by amino acids and insulin-like growth factors during myogenesis in Atlantic salmonNeil I Bower
Scottish Oceans Institute, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e11100. 2010..2 (FGF2) during maturation of myotubes in primary cell cultures isolated from fast myotomal muscle of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
- Using grizzly bears to assess harvest-ecosystem tradeoffs in salmon fisheriesTaal Levi
Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America
PLoS Biol 10:e1001303. 2012..We address this social-ecological need for Pacific salmon fisheries, which are economically valuable but intercept much of the annual pulse of nutrient subsidies that ..
- Declining wild salmon populations in relation to parasites from farm salmonMartin Krkosek
Centre for Mathematical Biology, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Science 318:1772-5. 2007..Farm salmon are commonly infected with salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis), which are native ectoparasitic copepods...
- Transcriptomics of environmental acclimatization and survival in wild adult Pacific sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) during spawning migrationTyler G Evans
Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada V9T 6N7
Mol Ecol 20:4472-89. 2011Environmental shifts accompanying salmon spawning migrations from ocean feeding grounds to natal freshwater streams can be severe, with the underlying stress often cited as a cause of increased mortality...
- Phylogenetic analysis of intestinal microflora indicates a novel Mycoplasma phylotype in farmed and wild salmonWiliam E Holben
Microbial Ecology Program, Division of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 1002, USA
Microb Ecol 44:175-85. 2002All studies of the microbial community of the gastrointestinal tract of salmon to date have employed culture-based approaches, typically on pond- or tank-raised, freshwater animals...
- Development of 54 novel single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assays for sockeye and coho salmon and assessment of available SNPs to differentiate stocks within the Columbia RiverNathan R Campbell
Columbia River Inter Tribal Fish Commission, Hagerman, ID 83332, USA
Mol Ecol Resour 11:20-30. 2011..In this study, genomic and expressed sequence tagged (EST) sequences from closely related salmonids (Chinook salmon and rainbow trout) were used to design primers for amplification and sequencing of sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) ..
- An evaluation of the effects of conservation and fishery enhancement hatcheries on wild populations of salmonKerry A Naish
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, WA 98195, USA
Adv Mar Biol 53:61-194. 2007The historical, political and scientific aspects of salmon hatchery programmes designed to enhance fishery production, or to recover endangered populations, are reviewed...
- Establishment and characterisation of salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer 1837)) laboratory strainsLars A Hamre
Institute of Marine Research, Nordnes, Norway
Parasitol Int 58:451-60. 2009The salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer 1837)) is an ectoparasitic copepod which represents a major pathogen of wild and farmed salmonid fishes in the marine environment...
- Differential rejection of salmon lice by pink and chum salmon: disease consequences and expression of proinflammatory genesSimon R M Jones
Pacific Biological Station, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, British Columbia V9T 6N7, Canada
Dis Aquat Organ 75:229-38. 2007..735 copepodids fish-1) and low (243 copepodids fish-1) level exposures of size-matched juvenile pink and chum salmon to Lepeophtheirus salmonis copepodids were examined. At both levels of exposure the prevalence and abundance of L...
- Analysis and management of resistance to chemotherapeutants in salmon lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Copepoda: Caligidae)Ian Denholm
Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, IACR Rothamsted, Harpenden AL5 2JQ, UK
Pest Manag Sci 58:528-36. 2002In Northern Europe and Canada, the salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer), seriously affects the marine phase of salmon production...
- Differences in thermal tolerance among sockeye salmon populationsErika J Eliason
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4
Science 332:109-12. 2011..change-induced increases in summer water temperature have been associated with elevated mortality of adult sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) during river migration...
- Geographic heterogeneity in natural selection on an MHC locus in sockeye salmonK M Miller
Fisheries and Oceans, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC, Canada
Genetica 111:237-57. 2001..In this study, genetic variation at the MHC class II DAB-beta1 locus was examined in 31 populations of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) inhabiting the Fraser River drainage of British Columbia, Canada...
- Bioactive alginate coatings to control Listeria monocytogenes on cold-smoked salmon slices and filletsHudaa Neetoo
Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 2150, USA
Int J Food Microbiol 136:326-31. 2010The relatively high incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in cold smoked salmon (CSS) is of concern as CSS is a ready-to-eat product. No post-processing measures are currently available to control this pathogen in CSS...
- Sequence variation in four mitochondrial genes of the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonisKjersti Tjensvoll
Department of Biology, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
Dis Aquat Organ 68:251-9. 2006..It is suggested that the lack of genetic differentiation among lice samples from the North Atlantic is a result of extensive gene flow mediated by passive transport of L. salmonis larvae, and the migratory pattern of its salmonid hosts...
- Does enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 enter the viable but nonculturable state in salted salmon roe?S I Makino
Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080 8555, Japan
Appl Environ Microbiol 66:5536-9. 2000An outbreak caused by salted salmon roe contaminated with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 occurred in Japan in 1998. Since about 0.75 to 1...
- Low virulent infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV-HPR0) is prevalent and geographically structured in Norwegian salmon farmingTrude M Lyngstad
Norwegian Veterinary Institute, PO Box 750 Sentrum, 0106 Oslo, Norway
Dis Aquat Organ 101:197-206. 2012Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a severe disease in farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar that has caused epidemic outbreaks in most salmon-producing countries worldwide. The disease is caused by virulent ISA virus (ISAV)...
- Comparison of SNPs and microsatellites for fine-scale application of genetic stock identification of Chinook salmon in the Columbia River BasinJ E Hess
Columbia River Inter Tribal Fish Commission, Hagerman Fish Culture Experiment Station, ID 83332, USA
Mol Ecol Resour 11:137-49. 2011..92 SNP loci in a fine-scale application of GSI, using a new baseline for Chinook salmon consisting of 49 collections (n = 4014) distributed across the Columbia River Basin...
- The aunt and uncle effect revisited--the effect of biased parentage assignment on fitness estimation in a supplemented salmon populationMichael J Ford
National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Conservation Biology Division, Seattle, WA 98103, USA
J Hered 101:33-41. 2010..We investigated differences in the statistical power to assign parentage between an artificially propagated and wild salmon population. The propagated fish were derived from the wild population and are used to supplement its abundance...
- Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in adult sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) and coho (O. kisutch) salmon following critical speed swimmingC G Lee
Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada
J Exp Biol 206:3253-60. 2003..oxygen cost (EPOC) following tests at critical swimming speed (Ucrit) in three stocks of adult, wild, Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus sp...
- Y-specific sequences and polymorphisms in rainbow trout and Chinook salmonJOSEPH P BRUNELLI
School of Biological Sciences and Center for Reproductive Biology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4236, USA
Genome 51:739-48. 2008..5 kb of Y-chromosome-specific sequence flanking the previously described OtY2 locus in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and 21 kb of homologous rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Y-chromosome-specific ..
- Multiple peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta subtypes from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)Michael J Leaver
Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
J Mol Endocrinol 38:391-400. 2007..The objective of this work was to characterize PPARbeta subtypes in a fish, the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), in order to address PPAR function and the regulation of lipid homeostasis in lower vertebrates...
- Evolution of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISA virus)Heidrun Plarre
Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Thormøhlensgt 55, 5020 Bergen, Norway
Arch Virol 157:2309-26. 2012Infectious salmon anaemia virus, ISA virus (genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae), emerged in Norwegian salmon culture in the mid-80s. The genome consists of eight segments coding for at least 10 proteins...
- Genetic mapping of Y-chromosomal DNA markers in Pacific salmonR H Devlin
Fisheries and Oceans Canada, West Vancouver, BC, Canada
Genetica 111:43-58. 2001..experiments examining the linkage arrangement of a Y-chromosomal GH pseudogene (GH-Y) sequence in four species of salmon (chum, Oncorhynchus keta; pink, O. gorbuscha; coho, O. kisutch; chinook, O. tshawytscha)...
- Resurrecting an extinct salmon evolutionarily significant unit: archived scales, historical DNA and implications for restorationEric M Iwamoto
Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, WA 98112, USA
Mol Ecol 21:1567-82. 2012Archival scales from 603 sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), sampled from May to July 1924 in the lower Columbia River, were analysed for genetic variability at 12 microsatellite loci and compared to 17 present-day O...
- Experimental infections with Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer) on threespine sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus L., and juvenile Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus sppS Jones
Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC, Canada
J Fish Dis 29:489-95. 2006..juvenile pink, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum), and chum, Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum), salmon. The prevalence and abundance of infections were initially higher on sticklebacks than on either salmon species...
- Fish farms, parasites, and predators: implications for salmon population dynamicsMartin Krkosek
Centre for Mathematical Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G1, Canada
Ecol Appl 21:897-914. 2011For some salmon populations, the individual and population effects of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) transmission from sea cage salmon farms is probably mediated by predation, which is a primary natural source of mortality of juvenile ..
- Evidence for occurrence of an organophosphate-resistant type of acetylcholinesterase in strains of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer)Anders Fallang
The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, PO Box 8146 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
Pest Manag Sci 60:1163-70. 2004..To our knowledge this is the first report of target-site resistance towards organophosphates in a third class of arthropods, the Crustacea...
- Differentiating salmon populations at broad and fine geographical scales with microsatellites and single nucleotide polymorphismsS R Narum
Columbia River Inter Tribal Fish Commission, Hagerman Fish Culture Experiment Station, 3059 F National Fish Hatchery Road, Hagerman, ID 83332, USA
Mol Ecol 17:3464-77. 2008..the utility of 37 SNPs and 13 microsatellites for differentiating 29 broadly distributed populations of Chinook salmon (n = 2783)...
- Exceptional aerobic scope and cardiovascular performance of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) may underlie resilience in a warming climateTimothy D Clark
Department of Forest Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4
J Exp Biol 214:3074-81. 2011..As pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) in British Columbia, Canada, have flourished in the current era of climate warming in ..
- In situ measurement of coastal ocean movements and survival of juvenile Pacific salmonDavid W Welch
Kintama Research Services, Nanaimo, BC, Canada
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8708-13. 2011Many salmon populations in both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans have experienced sharply decreasing returns and high ocean mortality in the past two decades, with some populations facing extirpation if current marine survival trends ..
- Effects of body mass on physiological and anatomical parameters of mature salmon: evidence against a universal heart rate scaling exponentTimothy Darren Clark
Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
J Exp Biol 214:887-93. 2011..heart rate (f(H)), blood properties and organ masses of adults of a large-growing fish species, the Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)...
- Identification and functional analysis of salmon annexin 1 induced by a virus infection in a fish cell lineHyun Jin Hwang
Graduate School of Biotechnology and Institute of Life Science and Resources, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 449 701, Korea
J Virol 81:13816-24. 2007..and matrix-assisted laser desorption-time of flight proton motive force analysis and identified a novel type of salmon annexin 1 that is induced in fish cells by infection with IPNV...
- Which genetic loci have greater population assignment power?Michael A Banks
Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station, Hatfield Marine Science Center, Oregon State University, 2030 SE Marine Science Drive, Newport, OR 97365 5229, USA
Bioinformatics 19:1436-8. 2003..WHICHLOCI is a program that determines the relative discriminatory power of alternate genetic loci and loci combinations for population assignment of individuals...
- The putative polymerase sequence of infectious salmon anemia virus suggests a new genus within the OrthomyxoviridaeB Krossøy
Department of Fisheries and Marine Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
J Virol 73:2136-42. 1999The infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is an orthomyxovirus-like virus infecting teleosts. The disease caused by this virus has had major economic consequences for the Atlantic salmon farming industry in Norway, Canada, and Scotland...
- Diversity of tetracycline resistance genes in bacteria from Chilean salmon farmsClaudio D Miranda
Department of Aquaculture, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Coquimbo, Chile
Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47:883-8. 2003..The distribution of tet genes from the Chilean freshwater ponds was different than those that have previously been described from other geographical locations, with 40% of the isolates carrying unidentified tetracycline resistance genes...
- Genomic signatures predict migration and spawning failure in wild Canadian salmonKristina M Miller
Molecular Genetics Section, Pacific Biological Station, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, BC V9T 6N7, Canada
Science 331:214-7. 2011Long-term population viability of Fraser River sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) is threatened by unusually high levels of mortality as they swim to their spawning areas before they spawn...
- A cabled acoustic telemetry system for detecting and tracking juvenile salmon: part 1. Engineering design and instrumentationMark A Weiland
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99332, USA
Sensors (Basel) 11:5645-60. 2011In 2001 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District (OR, USA), started developing the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System, a nonproprietary sensing technology, to meet the needs for monitoring the survival of juvenile ..
- Highly unsaturated fatty acid synthesis in vertebrates: new insights with the cloning and characterization of a delta6 desaturase of Atlantic salmonXiaozhong Zheng
Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, United Kingdom
Lipids 40:13-24. 2005..HUFA involves enzyme-mediated desaturation, and a delta5 fatty acyl desaturase cDNA has been cloned from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and functionally characterized previously...
- Genetic estimates of contemporary effective population size: to what time periods do the estimates apply?Robin S Waples
Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA 98112, USA
Mol Ecol 14:3335-52. 2005..problem for semelparous species with two life histories (discrete generations and variable age at maturity--the 'salmon' model), for two different sampling plans, and for estimators based on single samples (linkage disequilibrium, ..
- Early development of resistance to the salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer), in juvenile pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum)S Jones
Pacific Biological Station, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, BC, Canada
J Fish Dis 31:591-600. 2008This study examined the effect of fish weight on the susceptibility of post-emergent pink salmon to Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer)...
- Bioinformatic analysis of the genome of infectious salmon anemia virus associated with outbreaks with high mortality in ChileL Cottet
Centro de Biotecnología Acuícola, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile
J Virol 84:11916-28. 2010The infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV), an orthomyxovirus, is the major cause of outbreaks of high mortality rates in salmon in Chile...
- Consumption of salmon by Alaskan brown bears: a trade-off between nutritional requirements and the risk of infanticide?Merav Ben-David
Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, P O Box 3166, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
Oecologia 138:465-74. 2004..The need of reproductive females to accumulate adequate fat stores would likely result in a decision to frequent salmon streams and consume the protein- and lipid-rich spawning salmon...
- Qualitative analysis of the risk of introducing Gyrodactylus salaris into the United KingdomE J Peeler
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, The Nothe, Weymouth DT4 8UB, UK
Dis Aquat Organ 62:103-13. 2004Gyrodactylus salaris is a freshwater, monogenean ectoparasite of Baltic strains of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar on which it generally causes no clinical disease...
- Recovery of barotrauma injuries in Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha from exposure to pile driving soundBrandon M Casper
Department of Biology, Center for Comparative and Evolutionary Biology of Hearing University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e39593. 2012Juvenile Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, were exposed to simulated high intensity pile driving signals to evaluate their ability to recover from barotrauma injuries...
- A comparison of SNP and STR loci for delineating population structure and performing individual genetic assignmentKevin A Glover
Institute of Marine Research, PO Box 1870, Nordnes N 5817 Bergen, Norway
BMC Genet 11:2. 2010..Here, comparisons between 300 polymorphic SNPs and 14 short tandem repeats (STRs) were conducted on a data set consisting of approximately 500 Atlantic salmon arranged in 10 samples/populations.
- Neorickettsia helminthoeca and salmon poisoning disease: a reviewSelwyn Arlington Headley
Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, St Matthew s University, Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands, British West Indies
Vet J 187:165-73. 2011Neorickettsia helminthoeca is an obligate intra-cytoplasmic bacterium that causes salmon poisoning disease (SPD), an acute, febrile, fatal disease of dogs...
- Single nucleotide polymorphisms across a species' range: implications for conservation studies of Pacific salmonL W Seeb
Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Commercial Fisheries, Anchorage, 99518, USA
Mol Ecol Resour 11:195-217. 2011Studies of the oceanic and near-shore distributions of Pacific salmon, whose migrations typically span thousands of kilometres, have become increasingly valuable in the presence of climate change, increasing hatchery production and ..
- Comparative genome mapping between Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss) based on homologous microsatellite lociKerry A Naish
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195
G3 (Bethesda) 3:2281-8. 2013..In anticipation of the rapid application of genomic data across members of the Pacific salmon genus Oncorhynchus, we mapped the genome of Chinook salmon (O...
- Diphyllobothriasis associated with eating raw pacific salmonNaoki Arizono
Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
Emerg Infect Dis 15:866-70. 2009..latum and exploits anadromous wild Pacific salmon as its second intermediate host...
- Threshold for onset of injury in Chinook salmon from exposure to impulsive pile driving soundsMichele B Halvorsen
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Sequim, Washington, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e38968. 2012..Neutrally buoyant juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were exposed to impulsive sounds and subsequently evaluated for barotrauma injuries...
- Salmon proteoglycan suppresses progression of mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis via regulation of Th17 and Foxp3(+) regulatory T cellsHiroshi Sashinami
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, 036 8562, Japan
Life Sci 91:1263-9. 2012..We investigated the effect of PG extracted from salmon cartilage in progression of mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).
- An empirical comparison of SNPs and microsatellites for parentage and kinship assignment in a wild sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) populationLorenz Hauser
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 5020, USA
Mol Ecol Resour 11:150-61. 2011..85, 192 independent alleles) in a wild population of about 400 sockeye salmon with two commonly used software packages (Cervus3, Colony2) and, for SNPs only, a newly developed software (SNPPIT)..
- Piscine reovirus (PRV) in wild Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., and sea-trout, Salmo trutta L., in NorwayA H Garseth
Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Trondheim, Norway
J Fish Dis 36:483-93. 2013This is the first comprehensive study on the occurrence and distribution of piscine reovirus (PRV) in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., caught in Norwegian rivers...
- Competitive interactions shape offspring performance in relation to seasonal timing of emergence in Atlantic salmonHelge Skoglund
Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Uni Environment, Thormøhlensgt 49, NO 5006, Bergen, Norway
J Anim Ecol 80:365-74. 2011..2. By manipulating incubation temperature of Atlantic salmon embryos, and hence controlling for maternal and genetic effects, we obtained offspring emerging from nests prior ..
- Purification and characterization of a rhamnose-binding chinook salmon roe lectin with antiproliferative activity toward tumor cells and nitric oxide-inducing activity toward murine macrophagesClara Shui Fern Bah
Department of Food Science, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
J Agric Food Chem 59:5720-8. 2011In this study, a rhamnose-binding lectin from the roe of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) was purified and characterized, and its biological activities were examined in several model systems...
- Characterization of the infectious salmon anemia virus genomic segment that encodes the putative hemagglutininE Rimstad
Department of Pharmacology, Microbiology and Food Hygiene, The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
J Virol 75:5352-6. 2001The genomic segment encoding the putative hemagglutinin of infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is described...
- Pacific salmon effects on stream ecosystems: a quantitative synthesisDavid J Janetski
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
Oecologia 159:583-95. 2009Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp...
- Salmon cartilage proteoglycan modulates cytokine responses to Escherichia coli in mouse macrophagesHiroshi Sashinami
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori 036 8562, Japan
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 351:1005-10. 2006..We investigated the effect of PG extracted from salmon cartilage on cytokine responses to stimulation with heat-killed Escherichia coli (HKEC) in a mouse macrophage cell ..
- The effect of acute temperature increases on the cardiorespiratory performance of resting and swimming sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka)M F Steinhausen
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4
J Exp Biol 211:3915-26. 2008..Our study examined oxygen uptake and delivery in resting, swimming and recovering sockeye salmon while water temperature was acutely increased from 15 degrees C to 24 degrees C in 2 degrees C h(-1) increments...
- Depletion of CD8 alpha cells from tissues of Atlantic salmon during the early stages of infection with high or low virulent strains of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV)Dyveke Lem Hetland
Department of Basic Sciences and Aquatic Medicine, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway
Dev Comp Immunol 35:817-26. 2011The virulence of an infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) isolate is influenced by the response of the host's immune system to virus infection...
- Pathology attributed to Mycobacterium chelonae infection among farmed and laboratory-infected Atlantic salmon Salmo salarD W Bruno
FRS Marine Laboratory, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
Dis Aquat Organ 33:101-9. 1998This study was promoted following concern over increasing mortality on 2 farms rearing Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in the Shetland Isles, Scotland. A Mycobacterium sp. was isolated from moribund, market-sized Atlantic salmon...
- Altered fatty acid compositions in atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fed diets containing linseed and rapeseed oils can be partially restored by a subsequent fish oil finishing dietJ Gordon Bell
Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
J Nutr 133:2793-801. 2003Atlantic salmon postsmolts were fed a control diet or one of 9 experimental diets containing various blends of two vegetable oils, linseed (LO) and rapeseed oil (RO), and fish oil (FO) in a triangular trial design, for 50 wk...
- Characterization of a chromosomal rearrangement responsible for producing "apparent" XY-female fall-run Chinook salmon in CaliforniaKevin S Williamson
National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Conservation Biology Division, 2725 Montlake Boulevard East, Seattle, WA 98112, USA
J Hered 99:483-90. 2008..used to identify the X and Y chromosomes of offspring produced by normal and "apparent" XY-female fall-run Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) from California...
- Effect of temperature, water-phase salt and phenolic contents on Listeria monocytogenes growth rates on cold-smoked salmon and evaluation of secondary modelsM Cornu
Afssa French Food Safety Agency, 23 Avenue du Général de Gaulle, BP19, F 94706 Maisons Alfort Cedex, France
Int J Food Microbiol 106:159-68. 2006..The effects of salt and phenolic smoke compounds on the growth rate of L. monocytogenes in cold-smoked salmon were investigated through physico-chemical analyses, challenge tests on surface of cold-smoked salmon at 4 degrees ..
- Inhibition of Listeria innocua growth by antimicrobial-producing lactic acid cultures in vacuum-packed cold-smoked salmonMarisa Vescovo
Istituto di Microbiologia, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense, 84, 29100 Piacenza, Italy
Food Microbiol 23:689-93. 2006..potential of three antimicrobial-producing lactic acid bacteria strains was evaluated on cold-smoked salmon. Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus plantarum and Carnobacterium piscicola were added singly or in association to ..
- Transcriptional differences between triploid and diploid Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during live Vibrio anguillarum challengeB Ching
Department of Biological Sciences and Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Heredity (Edinb) 104:224-34. 2010..In this study, triploid and diploid Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were used to examine the effects of polyploidy on specific and genome-wide gene ..
- Relationship of farm salmon, sea lice, and wild salmon populationsGary D Marty
Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Cell Biology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8732, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22599-604. 2010Increased farm salmon production has heightened concerns about the association between disease on farm and wild fish...
- Estimating risks in declining populations with poor dataE E Holmes
Resource Enhancement and Utilization Technologies Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard East, Seattle, WA 98112, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:5072-7. 2001....
- A model of salmon louse production in Norway: effects of increasing salmon production and public management measuresP A Heuch
National Veterinary Institute, Fish Health Section, Oslo, Norway
Dis Aquat Organ 45:145-52. 2001b>Salmon lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer have caused disease problems in farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. since the mid-1970s in Norway. High infection intensities and premature return of wild sea trout Salmo trutta L...
- Functional characterisation of the maternal yolk-associated protein (LsYAP) utilising systemic RNA interference in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) (Crustacea: Copepoda)Sussie Dalvin
Institute of Marine Research, 5817 Bergen, Norway
Int J Parasitol 39:1407-15. 2009The salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) is an important pathogen in salmon aquaculture and a serious threat to wild populations of salmon...
- Temporal and spatial variations in lice numbers on salmon farms in the Hardanger fjord 2004-06P A Heuch
National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway
J Fish Dis 32:89-100. 2009The long and narrow Hardanger fjord in western Norway has a high density of salmon farms and has had severe salmon lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, problems...
- Parasites and hepatic lesions among pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum), during early seawater residenceS M Saksida
British Columbia Centre for Aquatic Health Sciences, Campbell River, BC, Canada
J Fish Dis 35:137-51. 2012Juvenile pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum), in the Broughton Archipelago region of western Canada were surveyed over 2 years for sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus clemensi), gross and microscopic lesions and ..
- Multiplex preamplification PCR and microsatellite validation enables accurate single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping of historical fish scalesMatt J Smith
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195, USA
Mol Ecol Resour 11:268-77. 2011..low failure and error rates in subsequent SNP genotyping reactions of individual historical scales from sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka)...
- Design and instrumentation of a measurement and calibration system for an acoustic telemetry systemZhiqun Deng
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P O Box 999, Richland, WA 99332, USA
Sensors (Basel) 10:3090-9. 2010The Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) is an active sensing technology developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, for detecting and tracking small fish...
- Considerations in developing an integrated pest management programme for control of sea lice on farmed salmon in Pacific CanadaK M Brooks
Aquatic Environmental Sciences, Port Townsend, Washington 98368, USA
J Fish Dis 32:59-73. 2009..Recommendations for developing an IPM plan specific to the Broughton Archipelago are provided along with a discussion of the additional information needed to refine IPM plans in this and other areas...
- Infection threshold to estimate Lepeophtheirus salmonis-associated mortality among juvenile pink salmonSimon R M Jones
Pacific Biological Station, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Nanaimo, British Columbia V9T 6N7, Canada
Dis Aquat Organ 84:131-7. 2009..5 Lepeophtheirus salmonis g(-1) for pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha averaging < 0.7 g. This threshold was used to assess the risk of mortality caused by L...
- Central administration of corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulates locomotor activity in juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)Shaun Clements
Oregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife and U S G S, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331 3803, USA
Gen Comp Endocrinol 125:319-27. 2002..hormone (CRH) on locomotor activity, habitat choice, and social behavior in juvenile spring chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)...
- Quantitative approach for incorporating methylmercury risks and omega-3 fatty acid benefits in developing species-specific fish consumption adviceGary L Ginsberg
Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, Connecticut 06134, USA
Environ Health Perspect 117:267-75. 2009..One approach is to provide advice for individual species that highlights beneficial fish while cautioning against riskier fish...
- Mechanistic basis of individual mortality in Pacific salmon during spawning migrationsSteven J Cooke
Centre for Applied Conservation Research, Department of Forest Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Ecology 87:1575-86. 2006..For the first time, we attempt to answer the question as to why some migratory adult Pacific salmon die en route to spawning grounds...
- Pacific salmon extinctions: quantifying lost and remaining diversityRichard G Gustafson
National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard East, Seattle, WA 98112 2097, USA
Conserv Biol 21:1009-20. 2007..We attempted to systematically enumerate extinct Pacific salmon populations and characterize lost ecological, life history, and genetic diversity types among six species of ..
- Detection of the floR gene in a diversity of florfenicol resistant Gram-negative bacilli from freshwater salmon farms in ChileC Fernández-Alarcón
Laboratório de Antibióticos, Departamento de Microbiologia, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion, Chile
Zoonoses Public Health 57:181-8. 2010Florfenicol is an important antibiotic in veterinary medicine that is used extensively in aquaculture, including salmon farming in Chile...
- Juvenile salmon with high standard metabolic rates have higher energy costs but can process meals fasterK J Millidine
Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Graham Kerr Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
Proc Biol Sci 276:2103-8. 2009..Using juvenile Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, we show that fishes with a higher SMR had a higher peak and a greater total energy expenditure when ..
- Evolution of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) populations in New Zealand: pattern, rate, and processT P Quinn
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
Genetica 112:493-513. 2001Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, from the Sacramento River, California, USA were introduced to New Zealand between 1901 and 1907, and colonized most of their present-day range within about 10 years...
- Design and implementation of an underwater sound recording deviceJayson J Martinez
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P O Box 999, Richland, WA 99352, USA
Sensors (Basel) 11:8519-35. 2011..study to measure blast pressures while investigating the effect of underwater rock blasting on juvenile Chinook salmon and rainbow trout...
- Molecular cloning of double-stranded RNA inducible Mx genes from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)B Robertsen
Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø, Norway
Dev Comp Immunol 21:397-412. 1997..In this work Mx genes in Atlantic salmon were studied using the double stranded RNA, polyinosinic: polycytidylic acid (poly I:C), to induce interferon ..
- MHC genetic structure and divergence across populations of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)M L Evans
Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada
Heredity (Edinb) 104:449-59. 2010..genetic variation and population genetic structure at the MHC class I-A1 and class II-B1 exons in five Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) populations from two geographic regions in British Columbia, Canada...
- Fine-scale differentiation between sockeye salmon ecotypes and the effect of phenotype on strayingJ Lin
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Heredity (Edinb) 101:341-50. 2008..Here, we used genetic and phenotypic data from beach and creek ecotypes of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) in Little Togiak Lake, Alaska, to examine the relationship between gene flow and phenotypic ..
- Eco-evolutionary vs. habitat contributions to invasion in salmon: experimental evaluation in the wildMichael T Kinnison
School of Biology and Ecology, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA
Mol Ecol 17:405-14. 2008..Here, we consider contemporary evolution of vital rates in introduced Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) that quickly colonized New Zealand and diverged over c. 26 generations...
- A global assessment of salmon aquaculture impacts on wild salmonidsJennifer S Ford
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
PLoS Biol 6:e33. 2008Since the late 1980s, wild salmon catch and abundance have declined dramatically in the North Atlantic and in much of the northeastern Pacific south of Alaska...
- Controlled delivery of polypeptide hormone calcitoninJagdish Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013..It has been demonstrated that daily administration of salmon calcitonin (sCT) effectively reduces bone turnover and maintains bone mass in men and postmenopausal women...
- Melanin-Concentrating Hormone: Ancestral Role in Feeding &Sleep RegulationPhilippe Mourrain; Fiscal Year: 2013..MCH was first identified in salmon in 1983 as a peptide (sMCH) that induced skin lightening...
- The influenza A virus nucleoprotein: structure and functionYizhi Jane Tao; Fiscal Year: 2012..phosphorylation of specific sites of NP on its various functions;and (5) solve the structure of NP from infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) and influenza B virus and determine whether NP self-oligomerization and RNA binding modes are ..
- Melanin-Concentrating Hormone: Ancestral Role in Feeding & Sleep RegulationPhilippe Mourrain; Fiscal Year: 2010..MCH was first identified in salmon in 1983 as a peptide (sMCH) that induced skin lightening...
- Realtime Monitoring of Trace Amounts of Pesticides from Water Using CarboANNE M contact SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010..In fact when juvenile west coast salmon were exposed to only two pesticides at once they immediately died...
- Role of the Ndc80 Loop Domain and Cdt1 in Kinetochore Microtubule AttachmentsDileep Varma; Fiscal Year: 2013..Ted Salmon's lab at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill for carrying out this research...
- AMY-1 receptors: Novel targets for antipsychotic developmentBrian A Baldo; Fiscal Year: 2012..This receptor binds members of the calcitonin family of peptides, including amylin, salmon calcitonin, and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)...
- Modeling Microtubule Dynamics in MitosisDavid J Odde; Fiscal Year: 2013..The project will build on existing collaborations with the Bloom, Cassimeris, Salmon, and Winey/O'Toole groups, will develop new collaborations with the Berman and Hays groups, and will allow ..
- Phase 2 REAL-TIME MONITORING OF TRACE AMOUNTS OF PESTICIDES IN WATER AND FOOD USIANNE M SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013..In fact when juvenile salmon were exposed to only two pesticides at once they immediately died...
- Assessing Clinical Equivalence for Generic Drugs Approved By Innovative MethodsAaron Seth Kesselheim; Fiscal Year: 2013..bioequivalence determination in 6 specific circumstances: the approval of generic venlafaxine ER, calcitonin salmon nasal spray, enoxaparin, acarbose, vancomycin capsules, and sodium ferric gluconate...
- Force generation and detection in the spindle: the case of the kinetochoreSophie Dumont; Fiscal Year: 2011..As a co-mentor, Edward Salmon will provide kinetochore, checkpoint, and imaging expertise...
- Effects-Related Biomarkers of Environmental Neurotoxic ExposuresEvan P Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2013..markers of metal-induced PS;4) sub-lethal neurotoxic effects of metals and pesticides in free-living Coho salmon;and, 5) phytoremediation methods for organic solvents and pesticides...
- A multidisciplinary approach towards cell therapy for DiabetesJose Oberholzer; Fiscal Year: 2010..b>Salmon group: to provide to other members a series of lentiviral vectors encoding individual proteins, or cleavable ..
- Molecular Genetics of the HPA(I) AxisPhillip Danielson; Fiscal Year: 2002..S. frequency of Cushing's Syndrome is on the order of 3700 cases annually, 100 percent of Pacific salmon display Cushing's Syndrome-like tissue and organ degeneration coincident with spawning...
- DEVELOPMENTAL EFFECTS OF FISH BORNE TOXICANTS IN THE RATRichard Seegal; Fiscal Year: 2000..recent data we have collected from rats perinatally exposed to diets containing lyophilized Great Lakes salmon suggest that the observed neuropsychological effects may be due to other neuroactive contaminants in the fish or ..
- DEVELOPMENT OF AN MDR-1 RESISTANCE-REVERSAL ASSAYJohn Fruehauf; Fiscal Year: 1993..The notion that MDR-1 expression is clinically related to treatment failure has been supported by Salmon's group at the University of Arizona, where recent clinical trials indicated that MDR reversal in refractory ..
- MEDICAL IGNORANCE (QQQ) COLLABORATORY K12 CURRICULUMMarlys Witte; Fiscal Year: 2005..b>Salmon Comprehensive Cancer Center), genetics/genomics (Steele Memorial Children's Research Center), bone and joint ..
- Targets to Therapeutics in Pancreatic CancerDaniel Von Hoff; Fiscal Year: 2009..Two years ago, the AZCC formed the Sydney Salmon Pancreatic Cancer Team (named after the founding director of the AZCC who passed away from the disease)...
- MOLECULAR STUDIES OF FISH RHABDOVIRUSESPolly Roy; Fiscal Year: 1980..have been identified as the etiological agents of economically important diseases in fish (carp, pike, trout and salmon) as evidenced by losses incurred in both European or American fish hatcheries...
- OLFACTORY NEUROGENESIS AND IMPRINTINGGabrielle Nevitt; Fiscal Year: 2001DESCRIPTION: (Adapted From The Investigator's Abstract): Salmon are an ideal model system for examining the mechanisms of olfactory learning and memory...
- Effect of co-assembly on the stability of cochlear gap junctionsShoeb Ahmad; Fiscal Year: 2009..2003). Targeted deletion of either Cx26 or Cx30 in the mouse results in deafness (Cohen-Salmon et al.,2002;Teubner et al...
- Salmon fibrin gels for surgical applicationsEvelyn Sawyer; Fiscal Year: 2007unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Our objective is to develop a new biomaterial, a salmon-derived fibrin gel, which will bridge injured CNS tissue, support and promote axonal sprouting and growth, and deliver neurotrophic ..
- CLOTTING FACTORS FROM FISH BLOOD FOR FIBRIN SEALANTSEvelyn Sawyer; Fiscal Year: 2000The objective of this project is to create a safe, efficacious surgical fibrin sealant from salmon plasma...
- Salmon fibrin gels for CNS surgical applicationsEvelyn Sawyer; Fiscal Year: 2004Our objective is to develop a new biomaterial, a salmon fibrin gel, that will bridge injured CNS tissue, support and promote axonal sprouting and growth, and deliver neurotrophic factors and cells...
- EXCISION-REPAIR OF BENZO(A) PYRENE-MODIFIED DNAKrystyna Frenkel; Fiscal Year: 1980Conditions were determined for achieving the highest level of binding of metabolized B(a)P to double stranded salmon sperm DNA in the presence of microsomal metabolizing system...
- Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease Risk with Structural and Functional MRIKatherine Bangen; Fiscal Year: 2009..Early deficits often involve memory (Salmon &Bondi, 1999), an important topic of study due to its necessary presence in AD diagnosis and its significant ..
- Regulated expression of B. burgdorferi virulence genesFELIPE CARDENAS CABELLO; Fiscal Year: 2010..burgdorferi. These tools will be used to identify genes that are potentially responsible for this organism's virulence and which could be targets for new vaccines and antibiotics against Lyme disease. ..
- Stringent response and bmp expression in B. burgdorferiFelipe Cabello; Fiscal Year: 2007..burgdorferi from a descriptive paradigm to a paradigm framed by mechanistic and causal interpretations. ..
- Xenoestrogen effects on reproduction in male troutJAMES NAGLER; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MAPPING ZEBRAFISH CHROMOSOMES USING MULTICOLOR FISHRuth Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2002..This would be very helpful in positional candidate cloning of zebrafish mutants. ..
- Axon Regeneration after Spinal Cord Injury in MiceOswald Steward; Fiscal Year: 2009..Together, these studies will provide a critical data base regarding the growth capacity of cortico-spinal tract axons in mice, which will be essential for future studies involving genetically modified mice. ..
- Treatment of Early Stage Multiple MyelomaS Rajkumar; Fiscal Year: 2006..BM angiogenesis will be studied using immunostaining (IHC) for CD34 and an in vitro human angiogenesis assay. VEGF expression will be studied using IHC and quantitative RT-PCR. ..
- Chronological Age-Dependent Genomic Instability in YeastValter D Longo; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus, chronologically aging S. cerevisiae can serve as a model to identify genes that regulate genomic instability and understand the mechanisms responsible for age-dependent DNA mutations and cancer in mammals. ..
- CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF HUMAN CYP25Norman Bell; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results of the proposed studies should provide important new information about the molecular structure and chromosomal locus of the CYP25 gene and the molecular causes of isolated 25(OH)D and rickets. ..
- Angiogenesis and thalidomide therapy in multiple myelomaS Rajkumar; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study offers a unique opportunity to serially study tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment following potential anti-angiogenic therapy. ..
- Arginine and Ovine Model for Fetal Growth RestrictionGuoyao Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007..This will ultimately promote favorable pregnancy outcomes while saving billions of healthcare dollars in the U.S. and worldwide. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mechanisms of Microtubule Dynamic TurnoverPatricia Wadsworth; Fiscal Year: 2009..Learning how normal cells construct a mitotic spindle is an important first step towards understanding defective cell division in cancer. ..
- GLYCOPROTEIN HORMONE FOLDINGWilliam Moyle; Fiscal Year: 2004..They will also involve careful measurement of the rates of association and dissociation of subunit analogs, some of which lack seatbelts or contain seatbelts that are unable to be latched. ..
- Summer Training Program in NeuroscienceOswald Steward; Fiscal Year: 2006..Where appropriate, trainees will be encouraged to present their results at national meetings, and support will be provided for students to attend such meetings. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Chemoprevention of Uterine Cancer Risk by AntioxidantsMinoti Sharma; Fiscal Year: 2003..The long-term goal of this proposal is to evaluate if the combination of Tam or estrogen with nontoxic antioxidants will cooperate to reduce uterine cancer risk associated with chronic exposure to Tam or estrogen. ..
- ARTHRITIS AMONG LATINOS: A STUDY BASED ON NATIONAL DATAAna Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2002..This study will, therefore, contribute to a systematic program of research attempting to understand arthritis prevalence and disability among under-studied populations. ..
- Conference on Neural Control of BehaviorNANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2006..This will provide an important interdisciplinary communications-mechanism for advancements in the basic-science biomedical community. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- BIOCHEMISTRY AND GENETICS OF VITAMIN D RECEPTOR ACTIONSNorman Bell; Fiscal Year: 2001..The results are predicted to provide important new information about the molecular biology of 1,25(OH)2D3-mediated effects on cellular function. ..
- PRENATAL PCB EXPOSURE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTPaul Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, school records for each child's New York State mandatory testing of English Language Arts and Math will be obtained for comparative analysis. ..
- Comparative Mechanisms of Exceptionally Slow AgingSteven Austad; Fiscal Year: 2007..g. low ROS production per level of electron flux) might generally affect aging rate. ..
- GENETIC APPROACH TO CNS REGENERATION RESEARCHOswald Steward; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF NEUROENDOCRINE HORMONE SECRETIONNANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2003..The outcome of this work should enable us to develop a detailed model of cellular mechanisms that link membrane excitation to neurohormone secretion and neurohormone synthesis. ..
- Effects of insulin on the mesoaccumbens dopamine systemNICHOLAS BELLO; Fiscal Year: 2005..Insulin's modulation of food-related dopamine release may serve to increase the positive effects of palatable foods to contribute to pathological overeating and diet-induced obesity. ..
- VITAMIN K AND BONE TURNOVER IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMENNeil Binkley; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Neuroprotective Role of Fetuin in Cerebral IschemiaHaichao Wang; Fiscal Year: 2008..Answers to these questions will improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of ischemic neural injury, and identify novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of stroke and related disorders. ..
- Conference on Neural Control of BehaviorNANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2004..This will provide an important interdisciplinary communications-mechanism for advancements in the basic-science biomedical community. ..
- LOCALIZATION OF MRNAS AT SYNAPTIC SITES ON DENDRITESOswald Steward; Fiscal Year: 2011..These studies will provide novel insights into the basic mechanisms underlying information storage in the brain and neurological disorders that disrupt this fundamental mechanism, including Fragile-X Mental Retardation Syndrome. ..
- 4 iron-4sulfur Clusters in Aging and Alzheimer's DiseaseValter Longo; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Striatal Contributions to Category LearningJ Vincent Filoteo; Fiscal Year: 2005..Further, quantitative models will be applied to the data of PD patients and controls in order to determine more precisely the nature of any observed category learning deficits in the PD patients. ..
- HUMAN FETAL LIVER GST--HYDROXYNONENAL CONJUGATIONEvan Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2002..In addition, this project has important implications in terms of the in utero effects of pro-oxidant drugs or chemicals to which pregnant women are exposed. ..
- Unconventional receptor neurons in nasal epitheliaANNELOTTE HANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANISMS OF STRESS-INDUCED APOPTOSIS IN T CELLSDouglas Green; Fiscal Year: 2001..His focus on T lymphocytes is important in the context of understanding how the immune system responds to DNA damage and related stress to remove potentially damaged cells, that could otherwise pose a threat to immune integrity. ..
- Bringing Molecular Contrast to OCTBRIAN APPLEGATE; Fiscal Year: 2005..We intend to couple proven nonlinear spectroscopic techniques to optical coherence tomography, in order to provide molecular contrast. ..
- Age and breast cancer screening among Latina womenAna Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2002..Furthermore, we know of no published studies which have tested mediation models among a nationally representative sample of Latina women in the United States. ..
- Cancer screening among Latinas and non-Latina whitesAna Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2005..Furthermore, we know of no published studies which have tested mediation models among nationally representative samples of Latina and non-Latina white women in the United States. ..
- PRENATAL PCB EXPOSURE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTPaul Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..