salmon

Summary

Summary: Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).

Top Publications

  1. pmc A dense SNP-based linkage map for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) reveals extended chromosome homeologies and striking differences in sex-specific recombination patterns
    Sigbjørn Lien
    Centre for Integrative Genetics and Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, N 1432, As, Norway
    BMC Genomics 12:615. 2011
  2. pmc Chronic consumption of farmed salmon containing persistent organic pollutants causes insulin resistance and obesity in mice
    Mohammad Madani Ibrahim
    National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research, Bergen, Norway
    PLoS ONE 6:e25170. 2011
  3. pmc Salmon lice--impact on wild salmonids and salmon aquaculture
    O Torrissen
    Institute of Marine Research, Nordnes, Bergen, Norway
    J Fish Dis 36:171-94. 2013
  4. ncbi Population diversity and the portfolio effect in an exploited species
    Daniel E Schindler
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Box 355020, Seattle, Washington 98195 5020, USA
    Nature 465:609-12. 2010
  5. ncbi Selection against late emergence and small offspring in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
    S Einum
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norway
    Evolution 54:628-39. 2000
  6. pmc Meiotic maps of sockeye salmon derived from massively parallel DNA sequencing
    Meredith V Everett
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Box 355020, Seattle, WA 98195 5020, USA
    BMC Genomics 13:521. 2012
  7. pmc Effects of parasites from salmon farms on productivity of wild salmon
    Martin Krkosek
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:14700-4. 2011
  8. ncbi Use of sequence data from rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon for SNP detection in Pacific salmon
    Christian T Smith
    Gene Conservation Laboratory, Division of Commercial Fisheries, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 333 Raspberry Road, Anchorage, AK 99518, USA
    Mol Ecol 14:4193-203. 2005
  9. ncbi Short reads and nonmodel species: exploring the complexities of next-generation sequence assembly and SNP discovery in the absence of a reference genome
    M V Everett
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 5020, USA
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:93-108. 2011
  10. pmc Positive Darwinian selection in the piston that powers proton pumps in complex I of the mitochondria of Pacific salmon
    Michael R Garvin
    Fisheries Division, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Juneau, Alaska, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e24127. 2011

Detail Information

Publications339 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc A dense SNP-based linkage map for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) reveals extended chromosome homeologies and striking differences in sex-specific recombination patterns
    Sigbjørn Lien
    Centre for Integrative Genetics and Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, N 1432, As, Norway
    BMC Genomics 12:615. 2011
    The Atlantic salmon genome is in the process of returning to a diploid state after undergoing a whole genome duplication (WGD) event between 25 and100 million years ago...
  2. pmc Chronic consumption of farmed salmon containing persistent organic pollutants causes insulin resistance and obesity in mice
    Mohammad Madani Ibrahim
    National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research, Bergen, Norway
    PLoS ONE 6:e25170. 2011
    ..Yet, the effects of fatty fish consumption on type 2 diabetes remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a diet containing farmed salmon prevents or contributes to insulin resistance in mice.
  3. pmc Salmon lice--impact on wild salmonids and salmon aquaculture
    O Torrissen
    Institute of Marine Research, Nordnes, Bergen, Norway
    J Fish Dis 36:171-94. 2013
    b>Salmon lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, are naturally occurring parasites of salmon in sea water...
  4. ncbi Population diversity and the portfolio effect in an exploited species
    Daniel E Schindler
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Box 355020, Seattle, Washington 98195 5020, USA
    Nature 465:609-12. 2010
    ..Here we use five decades of data from Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon) in Bristol Bay, Alaska, to provide the first quantification of portfolio effects that derive from population and ..
  5. ncbi Selection against late emergence and small offspring in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
    S Einum
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norway
    Evolution 54:628-39. 2000
    ..traits may ultimately affect an organism's fitness, we undertook laboratory and field experiments with Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  6. pmc Meiotic maps of sockeye salmon derived from massively parallel DNA sequencing
    Meredith V Everett
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Box 355020, Seattle, WA 98195 5020, USA
    BMC Genomics 13:521. 2012
    ..Currently there are limited genetic resources for sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka...
  7. pmc Effects of parasites from salmon farms on productivity of wild salmon
    Martin Krkosek
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:14700-4. 2011
    The ecological risks of salmon aquaculture have motivated changes to management and policy designed to protect wild salmon populations and habitats in several countries...
  8. ncbi Use of sequence data from rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon for SNP detection in Pacific salmon
    Christian T Smith
    Gene Conservation Laboratory, Division of Commercial Fisheries, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 333 Raspberry Road, Anchorage, AK 99518, USA
    Mol Ecol 14:4193-203. 2005
    ..We speculate that this relatively low conversion rate may reflect the duplicated nature of the salmon genome...
  9. ncbi Short reads and nonmodel species: exploring the complexities of next-generation sequence assembly and SNP discovery in the absence of a reference genome
    M V Everett
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 5020, USA
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:93-108. 2011
    ..Our goal was to examine the feasibility and optimal methodology for SNP and gene discovery in the sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) using short read sequences...
  10. pmc Positive Darwinian selection in the piston that powers proton pumps in complex I of the mitochondria of Pacific salmon
    Michael R Garvin
    Fisheries Division, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Juneau, Alaska, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e24127. 2011
    ..the evolution of twelve mitochondrial encoded proteins of closely related, yet phenotypically diverse, Pacific salmon. Two separate analyses identified the same seven positively selected sites in ND5...
  11. ncbi Identification of the sex chromosome pair in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): lack of conservation of the sex linkage group with chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)
    R B Phillips
    Department of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Vancouver, WA, USA
    Cytogenet Genome Res 111:166-70. 2005
    ..using a probe to the male-specific GH-Y (growth hormone pseudogene) was used to identify the Y chromosome in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)...
  12. ncbi Effects of high intensity exercise training on cardiovascular function, oxygen uptake, internal oxygen transport and osmotic balance in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during critical speed swimming
    P E Gallaugher
    Continuing Studies in Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
    J Exp Biol 204:2861-72. 2001
    ..and osmotic balance were measured at velocities up to critical swimming speed (Ucrit) in seawater-adapted chinook salmon. We used two groups of fish. The control group had swum continuously for 4 months at a low intensity (0...
  13. pmc Transcriptional regulation of the IGF signaling pathway by amino acids and insulin-like growth factors during myogenesis in Atlantic salmon
    Neil I Bower
    Scottish Oceans Institute, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e11100. 2010
    ..2 (FGF2) during maturation of myotubes in primary cell cultures isolated from fast myotomal muscle of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)...
  14. pmc Using grizzly bears to assess harvest-ecosystem tradeoffs in salmon fisheries
    Taal Levi
    Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 10:e1001303. 2012
    ..We address this social-ecological need for Pacific salmon fisheries, which are economically valuable but intercept much of the annual pulse of nutrient subsidies that ..
  15. ncbi Declining wild salmon populations in relation to parasites from farm salmon
    Martin Krkosek
    Centre for Mathematical Biology, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
    Science 318:1772-5. 2007
    ..Farm salmon are commonly infected with salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis), which are native ectoparasitic copepods...
  16. ncbi Transcriptomics of environmental acclimatization and survival in wild adult Pacific sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) during spawning migration
    Tyler G Evans
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada V9T 6N7
    Mol Ecol 20:4472-89. 2011
    Environmental shifts accompanying salmon spawning migrations from ocean feeding grounds to natal freshwater streams can be severe, with the underlying stress often cited as a cause of increased mortality...
  17. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of intestinal microflora indicates a novel Mycoplasma phylotype in farmed and wild salmon
    Wiliam E Holben
    Microbial Ecology Program, Division of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 1002, USA
    Microb Ecol 44:175-85. 2002
    All studies of the microbial community of the gastrointestinal tract of salmon to date have employed culture-based approaches, typically on pond- or tank-raised, freshwater animals...
  18. ncbi Development of 54 novel single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assays for sockeye and coho salmon and assessment of available SNPs to differentiate stocks within the Columbia River
    Nathan R Campbell
    Columbia River Inter Tribal Fish Commission, Hagerman, ID 83332, USA
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:20-30. 2011
    ..In this study, genomic and expressed sequence tagged (EST) sequences from closely related salmonids (Chinook salmon and rainbow trout) were used to design primers for amplification and sequencing of sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) ..
  19. ncbi An evaluation of the effects of conservation and fishery enhancement hatcheries on wild populations of salmon
    Kerry A Naish
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, WA 98195, USA
    Adv Mar Biol 53:61-194. 2007
    The historical, political and scientific aspects of salmon hatchery programmes designed to enhance fishery production, or to recover endangered populations, are reviewed...
  20. ncbi Establishment and characterisation of salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer 1837)) laboratory strains
    Lars A Hamre
    Institute of Marine Research, Nordnes, Norway
    Parasitol Int 58:451-60. 2009
    The salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer 1837)) is an ectoparasitic copepod which represents a major pathogen of wild and farmed salmonid fishes in the marine environment...
  21. ncbi Differential rejection of salmon lice by pink and chum salmon: disease consequences and expression of proinflammatory genes
    Simon R M Jones
    Pacific Biological Station, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, British Columbia V9T 6N7, Canada
    Dis Aquat Organ 75:229-38. 2007
    ..735 copepodids fish-1) and low (243 copepodids fish-1) level exposures of size-matched juvenile pink and chum salmon to Lepeophtheirus salmonis copepodids were examined. At both levels of exposure the prevalence and abundance of L...
  22. ncbi Analysis and management of resistance to chemotherapeutants in salmon lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Copepoda: Caligidae)
    Ian Denholm
    Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, IACR Rothamsted, Harpenden AL5 2JQ, UK
    Pest Manag Sci 58:528-36. 2002
    In Northern Europe and Canada, the salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer), seriously affects the marine phase of salmon production...
  23. ncbi Differences in thermal tolerance among sockeye salmon populations
    Erika J Eliason
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4
    Science 332:109-12. 2011
    ..change-induced increases in summer water temperature have been associated with elevated mortality of adult sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) during river migration...
  24. ncbi Geographic heterogeneity in natural selection on an MHC locus in sockeye salmon
    K M Miller
    Fisheries and Oceans, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC, Canada
    Genetica 111:237-57. 2001
    ..In this study, genetic variation at the MHC class II DAB-beta1 locus was examined in 31 populations of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) inhabiting the Fraser River drainage of British Columbia, Canada...
  25. ncbi Bioactive alginate coatings to control Listeria monocytogenes on cold-smoked salmon slices and fillets
    Hudaa Neetoo
    Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 2150, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 136:326-31. 2010
    The relatively high incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in cold smoked salmon (CSS) is of concern as CSS is a ready-to-eat product. No post-processing measures are currently available to control this pathogen in CSS...
  26. ncbi Sequence variation in four mitochondrial genes of the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis
    Kjersti Tjensvoll
    Department of Biology, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Dis Aquat Organ 68:251-9. 2006
    ..It is suggested that the lack of genetic differentiation among lice samples from the North Atlantic is a result of extensive gene flow mediated by passive transport of L. salmonis larvae, and the migratory pattern of its salmonid hosts...
  27. pmc Does enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 enter the viable but nonculturable state in salted salmon roe?
    S I Makino
    Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido 080 8555, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 66:5536-9. 2000
    An outbreak caused by salted salmon roe contaminated with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 occurred in Japan in 1998. Since about 0.75 to 1...
  28. ncbi Low virulent infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV-HPR0) is prevalent and geographically structured in Norwegian salmon farming
    Trude M Lyngstad
    Norwegian Veterinary Institute, PO Box 750 Sentrum, 0106 Oslo, Norway
    Dis Aquat Organ 101:197-206. 2012
    Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a severe disease in farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar that has caused epidemic outbreaks in most salmon-producing countries worldwide. The disease is caused by virulent ISA virus (ISAV)...
  29. ncbi Comparison of SNPs and microsatellites for fine-scale application of genetic stock identification of Chinook salmon in the Columbia River Basin
    J E Hess
    Columbia River Inter Tribal Fish Commission, Hagerman Fish Culture Experiment Station, ID 83332, USA
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:137-49. 2011
    ..92 SNP loci in a fine-scale application of GSI, using a new baseline for Chinook salmon consisting of 49 collections (n = 4014) distributed across the Columbia River Basin...
  30. ncbi The aunt and uncle effect revisited--the effect of biased parentage assignment on fitness estimation in a supplemented salmon population
    Michael J Ford
    National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Conservation Biology Division, Seattle, WA 98103, USA
    J Hered 101:33-41. 2010
    ..We investigated differences in the statistical power to assign parentage between an artificially propagated and wild salmon population. The propagated fish were derived from the wild population and are used to supplement its abundance...
  31. ncbi Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in adult sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) and coho (O. kisutch) salmon following critical speed swimming
    C G Lee
    Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada
    J Exp Biol 206:3253-60. 2003
    ..oxygen cost (EPOC) following tests at critical swimming speed (Ucrit) in three stocks of adult, wild, Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus sp...
  32. ncbi Y-specific sequences and polymorphisms in rainbow trout and Chinook salmon
    JOSEPH P BRUNELLI
    School of Biological Sciences and Center for Reproductive Biology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 4236, USA
    Genome 51:739-48. 2008
    ..5 kb of Y-chromosome-specific sequence flanking the previously described OtY2 locus in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and 21 kb of homologous rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Y-chromosome-specific ..
  33. ncbi Multiple peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta subtypes from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
    Michael J Leaver
    Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK
    J Mol Endocrinol 38:391-400. 2007
    ..The objective of this work was to characterize PPARbeta subtypes in a fish, the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), in order to address PPAR function and the regulation of lipid homeostasis in lower vertebrates...
  34. ncbi Evolution of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISA virus)
    Heidrun Plarre
    Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Thormøhlensgt 55, 5020 Bergen, Norway
    Arch Virol 157:2309-26. 2012
    Infectious salmon anaemia virus, ISA virus (genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae), emerged in Norwegian salmon culture in the mid-80s. The genome consists of eight segments coding for at least 10 proteins...
  35. ncbi Genetic mapping of Y-chromosomal DNA markers in Pacific salmon
    R H Devlin
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, West Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Genetica 111:43-58. 2001
    ..experiments examining the linkage arrangement of a Y-chromosomal GH pseudogene (GH-Y) sequence in four species of salmon (chum, Oncorhynchus keta; pink, O. gorbuscha; coho, O. kisutch; chinook, O. tshawytscha)...
  36. ncbi Resurrecting an extinct salmon evolutionarily significant unit: archived scales, historical DNA and implications for restoration
    Eric M Iwamoto
    Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, WA 98112, USA
    Mol Ecol 21:1567-82. 2012
    Archival scales from 603 sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), sampled from May to July 1924 in the lower Columbia River, were analysed for genetic variability at 12 microsatellite loci and compared to 17 present-day O...
  37. ncbi Experimental infections with Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer) on threespine sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus L., and juvenile Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus spp
    S Jones
    Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC, Canada
    J Fish Dis 29:489-95. 2006
    ..juvenile pink, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum), and chum, Oncorhynchus keta (Walbaum), salmon. The prevalence and abundance of infections were initially higher on sticklebacks than on either salmon species...
  38. ncbi Fish farms, parasites, and predators: implications for salmon population dynamics
    Martin Krkosek
    Centre for Mathematical Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G1, Canada
    Ecol Appl 21:897-914. 2011
    For some salmon populations, the individual and population effects of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) transmission from sea cage salmon farms is probably mediated by predation, which is a primary natural source of mortality of juvenile ..
  39. ncbi Evidence for occurrence of an organophosphate-resistant type of acetylcholinesterase in strains of sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer)
    Anders Fallang
    The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, PO Box 8146 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Pest Manag Sci 60:1163-70. 2004
    ..To our knowledge this is the first report of target-site resistance towards organophosphates in a third class of arthropods, the Crustacea...
  40. ncbi Differentiating salmon populations at broad and fine geographical scales with microsatellites and single nucleotide polymorphisms
    S R Narum
    Columbia River Inter Tribal Fish Commission, Hagerman Fish Culture Experiment Station, 3059 F National Fish Hatchery Road, Hagerman, ID 83332, USA
    Mol Ecol 17:3464-77. 2008
    ..the utility of 37 SNPs and 13 microsatellites for differentiating 29 broadly distributed populations of Chinook salmon (n = 2783)...
  41. ncbi Exceptional aerobic scope and cardiovascular performance of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) may underlie resilience in a warming climate
    Timothy D Clark
    Department of Forest Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4
    J Exp Biol 214:3074-81. 2011
    ..As pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) in British Columbia, Canada, have flourished in the current era of climate warming in ..
  42. pmc In situ measurement of coastal ocean movements and survival of juvenile Pacific salmon
    David W Welch
    Kintama Research Services, Nanaimo, BC, Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:8708-13. 2011
    Many salmon populations in both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans have experienced sharply decreasing returns and high ocean mortality in the past two decades, with some populations facing extirpation if current marine survival trends ..
  43. ncbi Effects of body mass on physiological and anatomical parameters of mature salmon: evidence against a universal heart rate scaling exponent
    Timothy Darren Clark
    Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Exp Biol 214:887-93. 2011
    ..heart rate (f(H)), blood properties and organ masses of adults of a large-growing fish species, the Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)...
  44. pmc Identification and functional analysis of salmon annexin 1 induced by a virus infection in a fish cell line
    Hyun Jin Hwang
    Graduate School of Biotechnology and Institute of Life Science and Resources, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 449 701, Korea
    J Virol 81:13816-24. 2007
    ..and matrix-assisted laser desorption-time of flight proton motive force analysis and identified a novel type of salmon annexin 1 that is induced in fish cells by infection with IPNV...
  45. ncbi Which genetic loci have greater population assignment power?
    Michael A Banks
    Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station, Hatfield Marine Science Center, Oregon State University, 2030 SE Marine Science Drive, Newport, OR 97365 5229, USA
    Bioinformatics 19:1436-8. 2003
    ..WHICHLOCI is a program that determines the relative discriminatory power of alternate genetic loci and loci combinations for population assignment of individuals...
  46. pmc The putative polymerase sequence of infectious salmon anemia virus suggests a new genus within the Orthomyxoviridae
    B Krossøy
    Department of Fisheries and Marine Biology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
    J Virol 73:2136-42. 1999
    The infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is an orthomyxovirus-like virus infecting teleosts. The disease caused by this virus has had major economic consequences for the Atlantic salmon farming industry in Norway, Canada, and Scotland...
  47. pmc Diversity of tetracycline resistance genes in bacteria from Chilean salmon farms
    Claudio D Miranda
    Department of Aquaculture, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Coquimbo, Chile
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47:883-8. 2003
    ..The distribution of tet genes from the Chilean freshwater ponds was different than those that have previously been described from other geographical locations, with 40% of the isolates carrying unidentified tetracycline resistance genes...
  48. ncbi Genomic signatures predict migration and spawning failure in wild Canadian salmon
    Kristina M Miller
    Molecular Genetics Section, Pacific Biological Station, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, BC V9T 6N7, Canada
    Science 331:214-7. 2011
    Long-term population viability of Fraser River sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) is threatened by unusually high levels of mortality as they swim to their spawning areas before they spawn...
  49. pmc A cabled acoustic telemetry system for detecting and tracking juvenile salmon: part 1. Engineering design and instrumentation
    Mark A Weiland
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99332, USA
    Sensors (Basel) 11:5645-60. 2011
    In 2001 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District (OR, USA), started developing the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System, a nonproprietary sensing technology, to meet the needs for monitoring the survival of juvenile ..
  50. ncbi Highly unsaturated fatty acid synthesis in vertebrates: new insights with the cloning and characterization of a delta6 desaturase of Atlantic salmon
    Xiaozhong Zheng
    Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Lipids 40:13-24. 2005
    ..HUFA involves enzyme-mediated desaturation, and a delta5 fatty acyl desaturase cDNA has been cloned from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and functionally characterized previously...
  51. ncbi Genetic estimates of contemporary effective population size: to what time periods do the estimates apply?
    Robin S Waples
    Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA 98112, USA
    Mol Ecol 14:3335-52. 2005
    ..problem for semelparous species with two life histories (discrete generations and variable age at maturity--the 'salmon' model), for two different sampling plans, and for estimators based on single samples (linkage disequilibrium, ..
  52. ncbi Early development of resistance to the salmon louse, Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer), in juvenile pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum)
    S Jones
    Pacific Biological Station, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, BC, Canada
    J Fish Dis 31:591-600. 2008
    This study examined the effect of fish weight on the susceptibility of post-emergent pink salmon to Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Krøyer)...
  53. pmc Bioinformatic analysis of the genome of infectious salmon anemia virus associated with outbreaks with high mortality in Chile
    L Cottet
    Centro de Biotecnología Acuícola, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    J Virol 84:11916-28. 2010
    The infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV), an orthomyxovirus, is the major cause of outbreaks of high mortality rates in salmon in Chile...
  54. ncbi Consumption of salmon by Alaskan brown bears: a trade-off between nutritional requirements and the risk of infanticide?
    Merav Ben-David
    Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, P O Box 3166, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
    Oecologia 138:465-74. 2004
    ..The need of reproductive females to accumulate adequate fat stores would likely result in a decision to frequent salmon streams and consume the protein- and lipid-rich spawning salmon...
  55. ncbi Qualitative analysis of the risk of introducing Gyrodactylus salaris into the United Kingdom
    E J Peeler
    Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, The Nothe, Weymouth DT4 8UB, UK
    Dis Aquat Organ 62:103-13. 2004
    Gyrodactylus salaris is a freshwater, monogenean ectoparasite of Baltic strains of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar on which it generally causes no clinical disease...
  56. pmc Recovery of barotrauma injuries in Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha from exposure to pile driving sound
    Brandon M Casper
    Department of Biology, Center for Comparative and Evolutionary Biology of Hearing University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e39593. 2012
    Juvenile Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, were exposed to simulated high intensity pile driving signals to evaluate their ability to recover from barotrauma injuries...
  57. pmc A comparison of SNP and STR loci for delineating population structure and performing individual genetic assignment
    Kevin A Glover
    Institute of Marine Research, PO Box 1870, Nordnes N 5817 Bergen, Norway
    BMC Genet 11:2. 2010
    ..Here, comparisons between 300 polymorphic SNPs and 14 short tandem repeats (STRs) were conducted on a data set consisting of approximately 500 Atlantic salmon arranged in 10 samples/populations.
  58. ncbi Neorickettsia helminthoeca and salmon poisoning disease: a review
    Selwyn Arlington Headley
    Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, St Matthew s University, Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands, British West Indies
    Vet J 187:165-73. 2011
    Neorickettsia helminthoeca is an obligate intra-cytoplasmic bacterium that causes salmon poisoning disease (SPD), an acute, febrile, fatal disease of dogs...
  59. ncbi Single nucleotide polymorphisms across a species' range: implications for conservation studies of Pacific salmon
    L W Seeb
    Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Division of Commercial Fisheries, Anchorage, 99518, USA
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:195-217. 2011
    Studies of the oceanic and near-shore distributions of Pacific salmon, whose migrations typically span thousands of kilometres, have become increasingly valuable in the presence of climate change, increasing hatchery production and ..
  60. pmc Comparative genome mapping between Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss) based on homologous microsatellite loci
    Kerry A Naish
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195
    G3 (Bethesda) 3:2281-8. 2013
    ..In anticipation of the rapid application of genomic data across members of the Pacific salmon genus Oncorhynchus, we mapped the genome of Chinook salmon (O...
  61. pmc Diphyllobothriasis associated with eating raw pacific salmon
    Naoki Arizono
    Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:866-70. 2009
    ..latum and exploits anadromous wild Pacific salmon as its second intermediate host...
  62. pmc Threshold for onset of injury in Chinook salmon from exposure to impulsive pile driving sounds
    Michele B Halvorsen
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Sequim, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e38968. 2012
    ..Neutrally buoyant juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were exposed to impulsive sounds and subsequently evaluated for barotrauma injuries...
  63. ncbi Salmon proteoglycan suppresses progression of mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis via regulation of Th17 and Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells
    Hiroshi Sashinami
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, 036 8562, Japan
    Life Sci 91:1263-9. 2012
    ..We investigated the effect of PG extracted from salmon cartilage in progression of mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).
  64. ncbi An empirical comparison of SNPs and microsatellites for parentage and kinship assignment in a wild sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) population
    Lorenz Hauser
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195 5020, USA
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:150-61. 2011
    ..85, 192 independent alleles) in a wild population of about 400 sockeye salmon with two commonly used software packages (Cervus3, Colony2) and, for SNPs only, a newly developed software (SNPPIT)..
  65. ncbi Piscine reovirus (PRV) in wild Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., and sea-trout, Salmo trutta L., in Norway
    A H Garseth
    Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Trondheim, Norway
    J Fish Dis 36:483-93. 2013
    This is the first comprehensive study on the occurrence and distribution of piscine reovirus (PRV) in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., caught in Norwegian rivers...
  66. ncbi Competitive interactions shape offspring performance in relation to seasonal timing of emergence in Atlantic salmon
    Helge Skoglund
    Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Uni Environment, Thormøhlensgt 49, NO 5006, Bergen, Norway
    J Anim Ecol 80:365-74. 2011
    ..2. By manipulating incubation temperature of Atlantic salmon embryos, and hence controlling for maternal and genetic effects, we obtained offspring emerging from nests prior ..
  67. ncbi Purification and characterization of a rhamnose-binding chinook salmon roe lectin with antiproliferative activity toward tumor cells and nitric oxide-inducing activity toward murine macrophages
    Clara Shui Fern Bah
    Department of Food Science, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Agric Food Chem 59:5720-8. 2011
    In this study, a rhamnose-binding lectin from the roe of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) was purified and characterized, and its biological activities were examined in several model systems...
  68. pmc Characterization of the infectious salmon anemia virus genomic segment that encodes the putative hemagglutinin
    E Rimstad
    Department of Pharmacology, Microbiology and Food Hygiene, The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    J Virol 75:5352-6. 2001
    The genomic segment encoding the putative hemagglutinin of infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is described...
  69. ncbi Pacific salmon effects on stream ecosystems: a quantitative synthesis
    David J Janetski
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
    Oecologia 159:583-95. 2009
    Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp...
  70. ncbi Salmon cartilage proteoglycan modulates cytokine responses to Escherichia coli in mouse macrophages
    Hiroshi Sashinami
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori 036 8562, Japan
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 351:1005-10. 2006
    ..We investigated the effect of PG extracted from salmon cartilage on cytokine responses to stimulation with heat-killed Escherichia coli (HKEC) in a mouse macrophage cell ..
  71. ncbi The effect of acute temperature increases on the cardiorespiratory performance of resting and swimming sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka)
    M F Steinhausen
    Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4
    J Exp Biol 211:3915-26. 2008
    ..Our study examined oxygen uptake and delivery in resting, swimming and recovering sockeye salmon while water temperature was acutely increased from 15 degrees C to 24 degrees C in 2 degrees C h(-1) increments...
  72. ncbi Depletion of CD8 alpha cells from tissues of Atlantic salmon during the early stages of infection with high or low virulent strains of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV)
    Dyveke Lem Hetland
    Department of Basic Sciences and Aquatic Medicine, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway
    Dev Comp Immunol 35:817-26. 2011
    The virulence of an infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) isolate is influenced by the response of the host's immune system to virus infection...
  73. ncbi Pathology attributed to Mycobacterium chelonae infection among farmed and laboratory-infected Atlantic salmon Salmo salar
    D W Bruno
    FRS Marine Laboratory, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Dis Aquat Organ 33:101-9. 1998
    This study was promoted following concern over increasing mortality on 2 farms rearing Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in the Shetland Isles, Scotland. A Mycobacterium sp. was isolated from moribund, market-sized Atlantic salmon...
  74. ncbi Altered fatty acid compositions in atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fed diets containing linseed and rapeseed oils can be partially restored by a subsequent fish oil finishing diet
    J Gordon Bell
    Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK
    J Nutr 133:2793-801. 2003
    Atlantic salmon postsmolts were fed a control diet or one of 9 experimental diets containing various blends of two vegetable oils, linseed (LO) and rapeseed oil (RO), and fish oil (FO) in a triangular trial design, for 50 wk...
  75. ncbi Characterization of a chromosomal rearrangement responsible for producing "apparent" XY-female fall-run Chinook salmon in California
    Kevin S Williamson
    National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Conservation Biology Division, 2725 Montlake Boulevard East, Seattle, WA 98112, USA
    J Hered 99:483-90. 2008
    ..used to identify the X and Y chromosomes of offspring produced by normal and "apparent" XY-female fall-run Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) from California...
  76. ncbi Effect of temperature, water-phase salt and phenolic contents on Listeria monocytogenes growth rates on cold-smoked salmon and evaluation of secondary models
    M Cornu
    Afssa French Food Safety Agency, 23 Avenue du Général de Gaulle, BP19, F 94706 Maisons Alfort Cedex, France
    Int J Food Microbiol 106:159-68. 2006
    ..The effects of salt and phenolic smoke compounds on the growth rate of L. monocytogenes in cold-smoked salmon were investigated through physico-chemical analyses, challenge tests on surface of cold-smoked salmon at 4 degrees ..
  77. ncbi Inhibition of Listeria innocua growth by antimicrobial-producing lactic acid cultures in vacuum-packed cold-smoked salmon
    Marisa Vescovo
    Istituto di Microbiologia, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense, 84, 29100 Piacenza, Italy
    Food Microbiol 23:689-93. 2006
    ..potential of three antimicrobial-producing lactic acid bacteria strains was evaluated on cold-smoked salmon. Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus plantarum and Carnobacterium piscicola were added singly or in association to ..
  78. ncbi Transcriptional differences between triploid and diploid Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during live Vibrio anguillarum challenge
    B Ching
    Department of Biological Sciences and Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
    Heredity (Edinb) 104:224-34. 2010
    ..In this study, triploid and diploid Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were used to examine the effects of polyploidy on specific and genome-wide gene ..
  79. pmc Relationship of farm salmon, sea lice, and wild salmon populations
    Gary D Marty
    Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Cell Biology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8732, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:22599-604. 2010
    Increased farm salmon production has heightened concerns about the association between disease on farm and wild fish...
  80. pmc Estimating risks in declining populations with poor data
    E E Holmes
    Resource Enhancement and Utilization Technologies Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard East, Seattle, WA 98112, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:5072-7. 2001
    ....
  81. ncbi A model of salmon louse production in Norway: effects of increasing salmon production and public management measures
    P A Heuch
    National Veterinary Institute, Fish Health Section, Oslo, Norway
    Dis Aquat Organ 45:145-52. 2001
    b>Salmon lice Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krøyer have caused disease problems in farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. since the mid-1970s in Norway. High infection intensities and premature return of wild sea trout Salmo trutta L...
  82. ncbi Functional characterisation of the maternal yolk-associated protein (LsYAP) utilising systemic RNA interference in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) (Crustacea: Copepoda)
    Sussie Dalvin
    Institute of Marine Research, 5817 Bergen, Norway
    Int J Parasitol 39:1407-15. 2009
    The salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) is an important pathogen in salmon aquaculture and a serious threat to wild populations of salmon...
  83. ncbi Temporal and spatial variations in lice numbers on salmon farms in the Hardanger fjord 2004-06
    P A Heuch
    National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway
    J Fish Dis 32:89-100. 2009
    The long and narrow Hardanger fjord in western Norway has a high density of salmon farms and has had severe salmon lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, problems...
  84. ncbi Parasites and hepatic lesions among pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum), during early seawater residence
    S M Saksida
    British Columbia Centre for Aquatic Health Sciences, Campbell River, BC, Canada
    J Fish Dis 35:137-51. 2012
    Juvenile pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Walbaum), in the Broughton Archipelago region of western Canada were surveyed over 2 years for sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus clemensi), gross and microscopic lesions and ..
  85. ncbi Multiplex preamplification PCR and microsatellite validation enables accurate single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping of historical fish scales
    Matt J Smith
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195, USA
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:268-77. 2011
    ..low failure and error rates in subsequent SNP genotyping reactions of individual historical scales from sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka)...
  86. pmc Design and instrumentation of a measurement and calibration system for an acoustic telemetry system
    Zhiqun Deng
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P O Box 999, Richland, WA 99332, USA
    Sensors (Basel) 10:3090-9. 2010
    The Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) is an active sensing technology developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, for detecting and tracking small fish...
  87. ncbi Considerations in developing an integrated pest management programme for control of sea lice on farmed salmon in Pacific Canada
    K M Brooks
    Aquatic Environmental Sciences, Port Townsend, Washington 98368, USA
    J Fish Dis 32:59-73. 2009
    ..Recommendations for developing an IPM plan specific to the Broughton Archipelago are provided along with a discussion of the additional information needed to refine IPM plans in this and other areas...
  88. ncbi Infection threshold to estimate Lepeophtheirus salmonis-associated mortality among juvenile pink salmon
    Simon R M Jones
    Pacific Biological Station, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Nanaimo, British Columbia V9T 6N7, Canada
    Dis Aquat Organ 84:131-7. 2009
    ..5 Lepeophtheirus salmonis g(-1) for pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha averaging < 0.7 g. This threshold was used to assess the risk of mortality caused by L...
  89. ncbi Central administration of corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulates locomotor activity in juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)
    Shaun Clements
    Oregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife and U S G S, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331 3803, USA
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 125:319-27. 2002
    ..hormone (CRH) on locomotor activity, habitat choice, and social behavior in juvenile spring chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)...
  90. pmc Quantitative approach for incorporating methylmercury risks and omega-3 fatty acid benefits in developing species-specific fish consumption advice
    Gary L Ginsberg
    Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, Connecticut 06134, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:267-75. 2009
    ..One approach is to provide advice for individual species that highlights beneficial fish while cautioning against riskier fish...
  91. ncbi Mechanistic basis of individual mortality in Pacific salmon during spawning migrations
    Steven J Cooke
    Centre for Applied Conservation Research, Department of Forest Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Ecology 87:1575-86. 2006
    ..For the first time, we attempt to answer the question as to why some migratory adult Pacific salmon die en route to spawning grounds...
  92. ncbi Pacific salmon extinctions: quantifying lost and remaining diversity
    Richard G Gustafson
    National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Boulevard East, Seattle, WA 98112 2097, USA
    Conserv Biol 21:1009-20. 2007
    ..We attempted to systematically enumerate extinct Pacific salmon populations and characterize lost ecological, life history, and genetic diversity types among six species of ..
  93. ncbi Detection of the floR gene in a diversity of florfenicol resistant Gram-negative bacilli from freshwater salmon farms in Chile
    C Fernández-Alarcón
    Laboratório de Antibióticos, Departamento de Microbiologia, Facultad de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion, Chile
    Zoonoses Public Health 57:181-8. 2010
    Florfenicol is an important antibiotic in veterinary medicine that is used extensively in aquaculture, including salmon farming in Chile...
  94. pmc Juvenile salmon with high standard metabolic rates have higher energy costs but can process meals faster
    K J Millidine
    Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Graham Kerr Building, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 276:2103-8. 2009
    ..Using juvenile Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, we show that fishes with a higher SMR had a higher peak and a greater total energy expenditure when ..
  95. ncbi Evolution of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) populations in New Zealand: pattern, rate, and process
    T P Quinn
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
    Genetica 112:493-513. 2001
    Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, from the Sacramento River, California, USA were introduced to New Zealand between 1901 and 1907, and colonized most of their present-day range within about 10 years...
  96. pmc Design and implementation of an underwater sound recording device
    Jayson J Martinez
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P O Box 999, Richland, WA 99352, USA
    Sensors (Basel) 11:8519-35. 2011
    ..study to measure blast pressures while investigating the effect of underwater rock blasting on juvenile Chinook salmon and rainbow trout...
  97. ncbi Molecular cloning of double-stranded RNA inducible Mx genes from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)
    B Robertsen
    Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø, Norway
    Dev Comp Immunol 21:397-412. 1997
    ..In this work Mx genes in Atlantic salmon were studied using the double stranded RNA, polyinosinic: polycytidylic acid (poly I:C), to induce interferon ..
  98. ncbi MHC genetic structure and divergence across populations of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)
    M L Evans
    Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada
    Heredity (Edinb) 104:449-59. 2010
    ..genetic variation and population genetic structure at the MHC class I-A1 and class II-B1 exons in five Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) populations from two geographic regions in British Columbia, Canada...
  99. ncbi Fine-scale differentiation between sockeye salmon ecotypes and the effect of phenotype on straying
    J Lin
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Heredity (Edinb) 101:341-50. 2008
    ..Here, we used genetic and phenotypic data from beach and creek ecotypes of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) in Little Togiak Lake, Alaska, to examine the relationship between gene flow and phenotypic ..
  100. ncbi Eco-evolutionary vs. habitat contributions to invasion in salmon: experimental evaluation in the wild
    Michael T Kinnison
    School of Biology and Ecology, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA
    Mol Ecol 17:405-14. 2008
    ..Here, we consider contemporary evolution of vital rates in introduced Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) that quickly colonized New Zealand and diverged over c. 26 generations...
  101. pmc A global assessment of salmon aquaculture impacts on wild salmonids
    Jennifer S Ford
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    PLoS Biol 6:e33. 2008
    Since the late 1980s, wild salmon catch and abundance have declined dramatically in the North Atlantic and in much of the northeastern Pacific south of Alaska...

Research Grants62

  1. Controlled delivery of polypeptide hormone calcitonin
    Jagdish Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It has been demonstrated that daily administration of salmon calcitonin (sCT) effectively reduces bone turnover and maintains bone mass in men and postmenopausal women...
  2. Melanin-Concentrating Hormone: Ancestral Role in Feeding &Sleep Regulation
    Philippe Mourrain; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MCH was first identified in salmon in 1983 as a peptide (sMCH) that induced skin lightening...
  3. The influenza A virus nucleoprotein: structure and function
    Yizhi Jane Tao; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..phosphorylation of specific sites of NP on its various functions;and (5) solve the structure of NP from infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) and influenza B virus and determine whether NP self-oligomerization and RNA binding modes are ..
  4. Melanin-Concentrating Hormone: Ancestral Role in Feeding & Sleep Regulation
    Philippe Mourrain; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..MCH was first identified in salmon in 1983 as a peptide (sMCH) that induced skin lightening...
  5. Realtime Monitoring of Trace Amounts of Pesticides from Water Using Carbo
    ANNE M contact SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In fact when juvenile west coast salmon were exposed to only two pesticides at once they immediately died...
  6. Role of the Ndc80 Loop Domain and Cdt1 in Kinetochore Microtubule Attachments
    Dileep Varma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ted Salmon's lab at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill for carrying out this research...
  7. AMY-1 receptors: Novel targets for antipsychotic development
    Brian A Baldo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This receptor binds members of the calcitonin family of peptides, including amylin, salmon calcitonin, and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)...
  8. Modeling Microtubule Dynamics in Mitosis
    David J Odde; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The project will build on existing collaborations with the Bloom, Cassimeris, Salmon, and Winey/O'Toole groups, will develop new collaborations with the Berman and Hays groups, and will allow ..
  9. Phase 2 REAL-TIME MONITORING OF TRACE AMOUNTS OF PESTICIDES IN WATER AND FOOD USI
    ANNE M SCHWARTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In fact when juvenile salmon were exposed to only two pesticides at once they immediately died...
  10. Assessing Clinical Equivalence for Generic Drugs Approved By Innovative Methods
    Aaron Seth Kesselheim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..bioequivalence determination in 6 specific circumstances: the approval of generic venlafaxine ER, calcitonin salmon nasal spray, enoxaparin, acarbose, vancomycin capsules, and sodium ferric gluconate...
  11. Force generation and detection in the spindle: the case of the kinetochore
    Sophie Dumont; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..As a co-mentor, Edward Salmon will provide kinetochore, checkpoint, and imaging expertise...
  12. Effects-Related Biomarkers of Environmental Neurotoxic Exposures
    Evan P Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..markers of metal-induced PS;4) sub-lethal neurotoxic effects of metals and pesticides in free-living Coho salmon;and, 5) phytoremediation methods for organic solvents and pesticides...
  13. A multidisciplinary approach towards cell therapy for Diabetes
    Jose Oberholzer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..b>Salmon group: to provide to other members a series of lentiviral vectors encoding individual proteins, or cleavable ..
  14. Molecular Genetics of the HPA(I) Axis
    Phillip Danielson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..S. frequency of Cushing's Syndrome is on the order of 3700 cases annually, 100 percent of Pacific salmon display Cushing's Syndrome-like tissue and organ degeneration coincident with spawning...
  15. DEVELOPMENTAL EFFECTS OF FISH BORNE TOXICANTS IN THE RAT
    Richard Seegal; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..recent data we have collected from rats perinatally exposed to diets containing lyophilized Great Lakes salmon suggest that the observed neuropsychological effects may be due to other neuroactive contaminants in the fish or ..
  16. DEVELOPMENT OF AN MDR-1 RESISTANCE-REVERSAL ASSAY
    John Fruehauf; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The notion that MDR-1 expression is clinically related to treatment failure has been supported by Salmon's group at the University of Arizona, where recent clinical trials indicated that MDR reversal in refractory ..
  17. MEDICAL IGNORANCE (QQQ) COLLABORATORY K12 CURRICULUM
    Marlys Witte; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..b>Salmon Comprehensive Cancer Center), genetics/genomics (Steele Memorial Children's Research Center), bone and joint ..
  18. Targets to Therapeutics in Pancreatic Cancer
    Daniel Von Hoff; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Two years ago, the AZCC formed the Sydney Salmon Pancreatic Cancer Team (named after the founding director of the AZCC who passed away from the disease)...
  19. MOLECULAR STUDIES OF FISH RHABDOVIRUSES
    Polly Roy; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..have been identified as the etiological agents of economically important diseases in fish (carp, pike, trout and salmon) as evidenced by losses incurred in both European or American fish hatcheries...
  20. OLFACTORY NEUROGENESIS AND IMPRINTING
    Gabrielle Nevitt; Fiscal Year: 2001
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted From The Investigator's Abstract): Salmon are an ideal model system for examining the mechanisms of olfactory learning and memory...
  21. Effect of co-assembly on the stability of cochlear gap junctions
    Shoeb Ahmad; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..2003). Targeted deletion of either Cx26 or Cx30 in the mouse results in deafness (Cohen-Salmon et al.,2002;Teubner et al...
  22. Salmon fibrin gels for surgical applications
    Evelyn Sawyer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Our objective is to develop a new biomaterial, a salmon-derived fibrin gel, which will bridge injured CNS tissue, support and promote axonal sprouting and growth, and deliver neurotrophic ..
  23. CLOTTING FACTORS FROM FISH BLOOD FOR FIBRIN SEALANTS
    Evelyn Sawyer; Fiscal Year: 2000
    The objective of this project is to create a safe, efficacious surgical fibrin sealant from salmon plasma...
  24. Salmon fibrin gels for CNS surgical applications
    Evelyn Sawyer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Our objective is to develop a new biomaterial, a salmon fibrin gel, that will bridge injured CNS tissue, support and promote axonal sprouting and growth, and deliver neurotrophic factors and cells...
  25. EXCISION-REPAIR OF BENZO(A) PYRENE-MODIFIED DNA
    Krystyna Frenkel; Fiscal Year: 1980
    Conditions were determined for achieving the highest level of binding of metabolized B(a)P to double stranded salmon sperm DNA in the presence of microsomal metabolizing system...
  26. Assessment of Alzheimer's Disease Risk with Structural and Functional MRI
    Katherine Bangen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Early deficits often involve memory (Salmon &Bondi, 1999), an important topic of study due to its necessary presence in AD diagnosis and its significant ..
  27. Regulated expression of B. burgdorferi virulence genes
    FELIPE CARDENAS CABELLO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..burgdorferi. These tools will be used to identify genes that are potentially responsible for this organism's virulence and which could be targets for new vaccines and antibiotics against Lyme disease. ..
  28. Stringent response and bmp expression in B. burgdorferi
    Felipe Cabello; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..burgdorferi from a descriptive paradigm to a paradigm framed by mechanistic and causal interpretations. ..
  29. Xenoestrogen effects on reproduction in male trout
    JAMES NAGLER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. MAPPING ZEBRAFISH CHROMOSOMES USING MULTICOLOR FISH
    Ruth Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This would be very helpful in positional candidate cloning of zebrafish mutants. ..
  31. Axon Regeneration after Spinal Cord Injury in Mice
    Oswald Steward; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Together, these studies will provide a critical data base regarding the growth capacity of cortico-spinal tract axons in mice, which will be essential for future studies involving genetically modified mice. ..
  32. Treatment of Early Stage Multiple Myeloma
    S Rajkumar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..BM angiogenesis will be studied using immunostaining (IHC) for CD34 and an in vitro human angiogenesis assay. VEGF expression will be studied using IHC and quantitative RT-PCR. ..
  33. Chronological Age-Dependent Genomic Instability in Yeast
    Valter D Longo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, chronologically aging S. cerevisiae can serve as a model to identify genes that regulate genomic instability and understand the mechanisms responsible for age-dependent DNA mutations and cancer in mammals. ..
  34. CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF HUMAN CYP25
    Norman Bell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of the proposed studies should provide important new information about the molecular structure and chromosomal locus of the CYP25 gene and the molecular causes of isolated 25(OH)D and rickets. ..
  35. Angiogenesis and thalidomide therapy in multiple myeloma
    S Rajkumar; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study offers a unique opportunity to serially study tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment following potential anti-angiogenic therapy. ..
  36. Arginine and Ovine Model for Fetal Growth Restriction
    Guoyao Wu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will ultimately promote favorable pregnancy outcomes while saving billions of healthcare dollars in the U.S. and worldwide. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Mechanisms of Microtubule Dynamic Turnover
    Patricia Wadsworth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Learning how normal cells construct a mitotic spindle is an important first step towards understanding defective cell division in cancer. ..
  38. GLYCOPROTEIN HORMONE FOLDING
    William Moyle; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..They will also involve careful measurement of the rates of association and dissociation of subunit analogs, some of which lack seatbelts or contain seatbelts that are unable to be latched. ..
  39. Summer Training Program in Neuroscience
    Oswald Steward; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Where appropriate, trainees will be encouraged to present their results at national meetings, and support will be provided for students to attend such meetings. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  40. Chemoprevention of Uterine Cancer Risk by Antioxidants
    Minoti Sharma; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The long-term goal of this proposal is to evaluate if the combination of Tam or estrogen with nontoxic antioxidants will cooperate to reduce uterine cancer risk associated with chronic exposure to Tam or estrogen. ..
  41. ARTHRITIS AMONG LATINOS: A STUDY BASED ON NATIONAL DATA
    Ana Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study will, therefore, contribute to a systematic program of research attempting to understand arthritis prevalence and disability among under-studied populations. ..
  42. Conference on Neural Control of Behavior
    NANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This will provide an important interdisciplinary communications-mechanism for advancements in the basic-science biomedical community. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. BIOCHEMISTRY AND GENETICS OF VITAMIN D RECEPTOR ACTIONS
    Norman Bell; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results are predicted to provide important new information about the molecular biology of 1,25(OH)2D3-mediated effects on cellular function. ..
  44. PRENATAL PCB EXPOSURE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
    Paul Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In addition, school records for each child's New York State mandatory testing of English Language Arts and Math will be obtained for comparative analysis. ..
  45. Comparative Mechanisms of Exceptionally Slow Aging
    Steven Austad; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g. low ROS production per level of electron flux) might generally affect aging rate. ..
  46. GENETIC APPROACH TO CNS REGENERATION RESEARCH
    Oswald Steward; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  47. CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF NEUROENDOCRINE HORMONE SECRETION
    NANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The outcome of this work should enable us to develop a detailed model of cellular mechanisms that link membrane excitation to neurohormone secretion and neurohormone synthesis. ..
  48. Effects of insulin on the mesoaccumbens dopamine system
    NICHOLAS BELLO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Insulin's modulation of food-related dopamine release may serve to increase the positive effects of palatable foods to contribute to pathological overeating and diet-induced obesity. ..
  49. VITAMIN K AND BONE TURNOVER IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN
    Neil Binkley; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Neuroprotective Role of Fetuin in Cerebral Ischemia
    Haichao Wang; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Answers to these questions will improve our understanding of the pathophysiology of ischemic neural injury, and identify novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of stroke and related disorders. ..
  51. Conference on Neural Control of Behavior
    NANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This will provide an important interdisciplinary communications-mechanism for advancements in the basic-science biomedical community. ..
  52. LOCALIZATION OF MRNAS AT SYNAPTIC SITES ON DENDRITES
    Oswald Steward; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..These studies will provide novel insights into the basic mechanisms underlying information storage in the brain and neurological disorders that disrupt this fundamental mechanism, including Fragile-X Mental Retardation Syndrome. ..
  53. 4 iron-4sulfur Clusters in Aging and Alzheimer's Disease
    Valter Longo; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Striatal Contributions to Category Learning
    J Vincent Filoteo; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Further, quantitative models will be applied to the data of PD patients and controls in order to determine more precisely the nature of any observed category learning deficits in the PD patients. ..
  55. HUMAN FETAL LIVER GST--HYDROXYNONENAL CONJUGATION
    Evan Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, this project has important implications in terms of the in utero effects of pro-oxidant drugs or chemicals to which pregnant women are exposed. ..
  56. Unconventional receptor neurons in nasal epithelia
    ANNELOTTE HANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. MECHANISMS OF STRESS-INDUCED APOPTOSIS IN T CELLS
    Douglas Green; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..His focus on T lymphocytes is important in the context of understanding how the immune system responds to DNA damage and related stress to remove potentially damaged cells, that could otherwise pose a threat to immune integrity. ..
  58. Bringing Molecular Contrast to OCT
    BRIAN APPLEGATE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We intend to couple proven nonlinear spectroscopic techniques to optical coherence tomography, in order to provide molecular contrast. ..
  59. Age and breast cancer screening among Latina women
    Ana Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Furthermore, we know of no published studies which have tested mediation models among a nationally representative sample of Latina women in the United States. ..
  60. Cancer screening among Latinas and non-Latina whites
    Ana Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Furthermore, we know of no published studies which have tested mediation models among nationally representative samples of Latina and non-Latina white women in the United States. ..
  61. PRENATAL PCB EXPOSURE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
    Paul Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..