fishes

Summary

Summary: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
    T P Hughes
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Science 301:929-33. 2003
  2. ncbi Confronting the coral reef crisis
    D R Bellwood
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, Dept of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Nature 429:827-33. 2004
  3. pmc Genome evolution and meiotic maps by massively parallel DNA sequencing: spotted gar, an outgroup for the teleost genome duplication
    Angel Amores
    Institute of Neuroscience University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403, USA
    Genetics 188:799-808. 2011
  4. ncbi Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services
    Boris Worm
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 314:787-90. 2006
  5. ncbi Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems
    J B Jackson
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0244, USA
    Science 293:629-37. 2001
  6. ncbi Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change
    Terence P Hughes
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 17:360-5. 2007
  7. ncbi Rebuilding global fisheries
    Boris Worm
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    Science 325:578-85. 2009
  8. ncbi Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems
    Robert J Diaz
    Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
    Science 321:926-9. 2008
  9. ncbi Phylogenetic timing of the fish-specific genome duplication correlates with the diversification of teleost fish
    Simone Hoegg
    Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    J Mol Evol 59:190-203. 2004
  10. ncbi Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities
    Ransom A Myers
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    Nature 423:280-3. 2003

Detail Information

Publications372 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs
    T P Hughes
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Science 301:929-33. 2003
    ..International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming...
  2. ncbi Confronting the coral reef crisis
    D R Bellwood
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, Dept of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Nature 429:827-33. 2004
    ..Here we review the ecological roles of critical functional groups (for both corals and reef fishes) that are fundamental to understanding resilience and avoiding phase shifts from coral dominance to less desirable,..
  3. pmc Genome evolution and meiotic maps by massively parallel DNA sequencing: spotted gar, an outgroup for the teleost genome duplication
    Angel Amores
    Institute of Neuroscience University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403, USA
    Genetics 188:799-808. 2011
    ....
  4. ncbi Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services
    Boris Worm
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 314:787-90. 2006
    ..Yet available data suggest that at this point, these trends are still reversible...
  5. ncbi Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems
    J B Jackson
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0244, USA
    Science 293:629-37. 2001
    ....
  6. ncbi Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change
    Terence P Hughes
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 17:360-5. 2007
    ..Here, we experimentally manipulated the density of large herbivorous fishes to test their influence on the resilience of coral assemblages in the aftermath of regional-scale bleaching in ..
  7. ncbi Rebuilding global fisheries
    Boris Worm
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    Science 325:578-85. 2009
    ..Impacts of international fleets and the lack of alternatives to fishing complicate prospects for rebuilding fisheries in many poorer regions, highlighting the need for a global perspective on rebuilding marine resources...
  8. ncbi Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems
    Robert J Diaz
    Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062, USA
    Science 321:926-9. 2008
    ..Dead zones have now been reported from more than 400 systems, affecting a total area of more than 245,000 square kilometers, and are probably a key stressor on marine ecosystems...
  9. ncbi Phylogenetic timing of the fish-specific genome duplication correlates with the diversification of teleost fish
    Simone Hoegg
    Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    J Mol Evol 59:190-203. 2004
    ..The additional number of genes resulting from this event might have facilitated the evolutionary radiation and the phenotypic diversification of the teleost fish...
  10. ncbi Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities
    Ransom A Myers
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
    Nature 423:280-3. 2003
    ..We constructed trajectories of community biomass and composition of large predatory fishes in four continental shelf and nine oceanic systems, using all available data from the beginning of exploitation...
  11. ncbi Marine biodiversity hotspots and conservation priorities for tropical reefs
    Callum M Roberts
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
    Science 295:1280-4. 2002
    ..Threatened centers of endemism are major biodiversity hotspots, and conservation efforts targeted toward them could help avert the loss of tropical reef biodiversity...
  12. pmc DNA barcoding Australia's fish species
    Robert D Ward
    CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:1847-57. 2005
    ..We conclude that cox1 sequencing, or 'barcoding', can be used to identify fish species...
  13. ncbi The campaign to DNA barcode all fishes, FISH-BOL
    R D Ward
    CSIRO Wealth from Oceans Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia
    J Fish Biol 74:329-56. 2009
    ..an international research collaboration that is assembling a standardized reference DNA sequence library for all fishes. Analysis is targeting a 648 base pair region of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) gene...
  14. ncbi Fish-borne parasitic zoonoses: status and issues
    Jong Yil Chai
    Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Institute of Endemic Diseases, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul 110 799, South Korea
    Int J Parasitol 35:1233-54. 2005
    ..The life cycles, distributions, epidemiology, clinical aspects, and, importantly, the research needed for improved risk assessments, clinical management and prevention and control of these important parasitic diseases are reviewed...
  15. ncbi Genome duplication in the teleost fish Tetraodon nigroviridis reveals the early vertebrate proto-karyotype
    Olivier Jaillon
    UMR 8030 Genoscope, CNRS and Université d Evry, 2 rue Gaston Cremieux, 91057 Evry Cedex, France
    Nature 431:946-57. 2004
    ....
  16. ncbi Climate change and distribution shifts in marine fishes
    Allison L Perry
    Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 308:1912-5. 2005
    We show that the distributions of both exploited and nonexploited North Sea fishes have responded markedly to recent increases in sea temperature, with nearly two-thirds of species shifting in mean latitude or depth or both over 25 years...
  17. ncbi The toxicology of mercury--current exposures and clinical manifestations
    Thomas W Clarkson
    Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:1731-7. 2003
  18. pmc Evolution of an adaptive behavior and its sensory receptors promotes eye regression in blind cavefish
    Masato Yoshizawa
    Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    BMC Biol 10:108. 2012
    ..Here, we introduce a new approach to this problem by investigating the phenotypic and genetic relationships between a suite of non-visual constructive traits and eye regression...
  19. ncbi Scaling of connectivity in marine populations
    R K Cowen
    Marine Biology and Fisheries, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, 4600 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami, FL 33149, USA
    Science 311:522-7. 2006
    ..The results reveal distinct regions of population isolation based on larval dispersal that also correspond to genetic and morphological clines observed across a range of marine organisms...
  20. pmc Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
    Stuart A Sandin
    Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
    ..top predators and reef-building organisms dominated unpopulated Kingman and Palmyra, while small planktivorous fishes and fleshy algae dominated the populated atolls of Tabuaeran and Kiritimati...
  21. ncbi Two 5S rDNA arrays in neotropical fish species: is it a general rule for fishes?
    C Martins
    Departamento de Morfologia, Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brazil
    Genetica 111:439-46. 2001
    ..The presence of two classes of 5S rDNA in several non-related fish species suggests that this could be a common condition for the 5S rRNA gene organization in the fish genome...
  22. ncbi Predicting ecological consequences of marine top predator declines
    Michael R Heithaus
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:202-10. 2008
    ..We conclude that marine predators should be managed for the maintenance of both density- and risk-driven ecological processes, and not demographic persistence alone...
  23. pmc Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes
    Thomas J Near
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:12738-43. 2013
    Spiny-rayed fishes, or acanthomorphs, comprise nearly one-third of all living vertebrates. Despite their dominant role in aquatic ecosystems, the evolutionary history and tempo of acanthomorph diversification is poorly understood...
  24. ncbi Towards sustainability in world fisheries
    Daniel Pauly
    Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Nature 418:689-95. 2002
    ..Zoning the oceans into unfished marine reserves and areas with limited levels of fishing effort would allow sustainable fisheries, based on resources embedded in functional, diverse ecosystems...
  25. ncbi Connectivity of marine populations: open or closed?
    R K Cowen
    Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA
    Science 287:857-9. 2000
    ..The alternative process of larval retention near local populations is shown to exist and may be of great importance in the maintenance of marine population structure and management of coastal marine resources...
  26. ncbi The effects of anthropogenic sources of sound on fishes
    A N Popper
    Department of Biology and Center for Comparative and Evolutionary Biology of Hearing, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    J Fish Biol 75:455-89. 2009
    There is increasing concern about the effects of pile driving and other anthropogenic (human-generated) sound on fishes. Although there is a growing body of reports examining this issue, little of the work is found in the peer-reviewed ..
  27. pmc Evolution of pigment synthesis pathways by gene and genome duplication in fish
    Ingo Braasch
    University of Wurzburg, Physiological Chemistry I, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, Wurzburg, Germany
    BMC Evol Biol 7:74. 2007
    Coloration and color patterning belong to the most diverse phenotypic traits in animals. Particularly, teleost fishes possess more pigment cell types than any other group of vertebrates...
  28. ncbi Genetic analysis of cavefish reveals molecular convergence in the evolution of albinism
    Meredith E Protas
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Nat Genet 38:107-11. 2006
    ..Thus, the two cave populations evolved albinism independently, through similar mutational events...
  29. pmc A novel role for Mc1r in the parallel evolution of depigmentation in independent populations of the cavefish Astyanax mexicanus
    Joshua B Gross
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000326. 2009
    ..This example of parallelism indicates that certain genes are frequent targets of mutation in the repeated evolution of regressive phenotypes in cave-adapted species...
  30. pmc Identifying Canadian freshwater fishes through DNA barcodes
    Nicolas Hubert
    Departement de Biologie, Pavillon Charles Eugène Marchand, Universite Laval, Sainte Foy, Quebec, Canada
    PLoS ONE 3:e2490. 2008
    ..b>Fishes constitute a highly diverse group of vertebrates that exhibit deep phenotypic changes during development...
  31. pmc Genetic calibration of species diversity among North America's freshwater fishes
    Julien April
    Institut de Biologie Intégrative et des Systèmes, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada G1V 0A6
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:10602-7. 2011
    ..are being heavily exploited and degraded by human activities all over the world, including in North America, where fishes and fisheries are strongly affected...
  32. pmc Regressive evolution in the Mexican cave tetra, Astyanax mexicanus
    Meredith Protas
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Curr Biol 17:452-4. 2007
    ..in cave-adapted animals are unknown; Darwin famously questioned the role of natural selection in eye loss in cave fishes: "As it is difficult to imagine that eyes, although useless, could be in any way injurious to animals living ..
  33. pmc Global human footprint on the linkage between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in reef fishes
    Camilo Mora
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    PLoS Biol 9:e1000606. 2011
    ....
  34. ncbi Heavy use of prophylactic antibiotics in aquaculture: a growing problem for human and animal health and for the environment
    Felipe C Cabello
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
    Environ Microbiol 8:1137-44. 2006
    ....
  35. ncbi Dietary long-chain n-3 fatty acids for the prevention of cancer: a review of potential mechanisms
    Susanna C Larsson
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, The National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:935-45. 2004
    ..Further studies are needed to evaluate and verify these mechanisms in humans to gain more understanding of the effects of n-3 fatty acid intake on cancer risk...
  36. ncbi Diversity and plasticity of sex determination and differentiation in fishes
    Y Kobayashi
    Tropical Biosphere Research Center, Sesoko Station, University of the Ryukyus, Motobu, Japan
    Sex Dev 7:115-25. 2013
    Among vertebrates, fishes show an exceptional range of reproductive strategies regarding the expression of their sexuality...
  37. ncbi Hedgehog signalling controls eye degeneration in blind cavefish
    Yoshiyuki Yamamoto
    Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    Nature 431:844-7. 2004
    ..These features can be mimicked in surface fish by twhh and/or shh overexpression, supporting the role of hh signalling in the evolution of cavefish eye regression...
  38. ncbi A phylogenetic and biogeographic perspective on the evolution of poeciliid fishes
    Tomas Hrbek
    Lehrstuhl fur Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:986-98. 2007
    ..Our analyses support multiple colonization events of Middle America followed by a mix of vicariance and dispersal events...
  39. pmc Ontogeny of numerical abilities in fish
    Angelo Bisazza
    Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
    PLoS ONE 5:e15516. 2010
    ....
  40. ncbi A noisy spring: the impact of globally rising underwater sound levels on fish
    Hans Slabbekoorn
    Behavioural Biology, Institute of Biology, Leiden University, Sylviusweg 72, 2333 BE Leiden, The Netherlands
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:419-27. 2010
    ..Here we call attention to the urgent need to study the role of sound in the lives of fish and to develop a better understanding of the ecological impact of anthropogenic noise...
  41. pmc Coral decline threatens fish biodiversity in marine reserves
    Geoffrey P Jones
    School of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:8251-3. 2004
    ..Several rare coral-specialists became locally extinct. We suggest that fish biodiversity is threatened wherever permanent reef degradation occurs and warn that marine reserves will not always be sufficient to ensure their survival...
  42. pmc Analysis of the actin-myosin II system in fish epidermal keratocytes: mechanism of cell body translocation
    T M Svitkina
    Laboratory of Molecular Biology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    J Cell Biol 139:397-415. 1997
    ..We propose that the forward translocation of the cell body and retrograde flow in the lamellipodia are both driven by contraction of an actin-myosin network in the lamellipodial/cell body transition zone...
  43. pmc Decadal trends in marine reserves reveal differential rates of change in direct and indirect effects
    R C Babcock
    Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Marine and Atmospheric Research, Cleveland, Queensland 4163, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:18256-61. 2010
    ..This is an important benefit of marine reserves with respect to their function as a tool for conservation and restoration...
  44. ncbi Accumulated evidence on fish consumption and coronary heart disease mortality: a meta-analysis of cohort studies
    Ka He
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 680 North Lake Shore Drive, Suite 1102, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    Circulation 109:2705-11. 2004
    ..Results from observational studies on fish consumption and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality are inconsistent...
  45. ncbi Rapidly evolving fish genomes and teleost diversity
    Vydianathan Ravi
    Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Biopolis, Singapore, Singapore
    Curr Opin Genet Dev 18:544-50. 2008
    Teleost fishes are the largest and most diverse group of vertebrates. The diversity of teleosts has been attributed to a whole-genome duplication (WGD) event in the ray-finned fish lineage...
  46. ncbi Antifreeze proteins of teleost fishes
    G L Fletcher
    Ocean Sciences Centre, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland A1C 5S7, Canada
    Annu Rev Physiol 63:359-90. 2001
    ..The signal transduction pathway, transcription factors, and promoter elements involved in this process are just beginning to be characterized...
  47. ncbi Concordance of allozyme and microsatellite differentiation in a marine fish, but evidence of selection at a microsatellite locus
    Lena C Larsson
    Division of Population Genetics, Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
    Mol Ecol 16:1135-47. 2007
    ..The allozymes, however, also detect surprisingly low levels of divergence. Our results support suggestions that previously described differences between marker types are primarily caused by a small number of outlier loci...
  48. ncbi Ecological effects of climate fluctuations
    Nils Chr Stenseth
    Department of Biology, Division of Zoology, University of Oslo, Post Office Box 1050 Blindern, N 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Science 297:1292-6. 2002
    ..We review how two of the best-known climate phenomena-the North Atlantic Oscillation and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation-affect ecological patterns and processes in both marine and terrestrial systems...
  49. pmc Organochlorine exposure and incidence of diabetes in a cohort of Great Lakes sport fish consumers
    Mary Turyk
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1076-82. 2009
    ..Prospective studies, however, have been lacking...
  50. pmc A global analysis of the effectiveness of marine protected areas in preventing coral loss
    Elizabeth R Selig
    Curriculum in Ecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e9278. 2010
    ..However, the general efficacy of MPAs in increasing coral reef resilience has never been tested...
  51. pmc Emerging foodborne trematodiasis
    Jennifer Keiser
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1507-14. 2005
    ..This is supported by reviewing aquaculture development in countries endemic for foodborne trematodiasis over the past 10-50 years. Future and sustainable control of foodborne trematodiasis is discussed...
  52. pmc Maternal fish intake during pregnancy, blood mercury levels, and child cognition at age 3 years in a US cohort
    Emily Oken
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1171-81. 2008
    ..3, -0.9) for the WRAVMA. Fish consumption of < or =2 servings/week was not associated with a benefit. Dietary recommendations for pregnant women should incorporate the nutritional benefits as well as the risks of fish intake...
  53. ncbi Marine reserves: size and age do matter
    Joachim Claudet
    Centre of Tropical and Mediterranean Biology and Ecology, EPHE CNRS UMR 5244, University of Perpignan, 66860 Perpignan Cedex, France
    Ecol Lett 11:481-9. 2008
    ..that reserve size and age do matter: Increasing the size of the no-take zone increases the density of commercial fishes within the reserve compared with outside; whereas the size of the buffer zone has the opposite effect...
  54. ncbi Ancient vertebrate conserved noncoding elements have been evolving rapidly in teleost fishes
    Alison P Lee
    Comparative Genomics Laboratory, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, A STAR Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Biopolis, Singapore
    Mol Biol Evol 28:1205-15. 2011
    ..In this study, we have identified CNEs in human, dog, chicken, Xenopus, and four teleost fishes (zebrafish, stickleback, medaka, and fugu) using elephant shark, a cartilaginous vertebrate, as the base genome ..
  55. pmc Comparative genomics provides evidence for an ancient genome duplication event in fish
    J S Taylor
    Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78457, Konstanz, Germany
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 356:1661-79. 2001
    ..A genome duplication in the ancestor of teleost fishes is the most parsimonious explanation for the observations that for 15 of these genes, the two zebrafish ..
  56. pmc A novel olfactory receptor gene family in teleost fish
    Luis R Saraiva
    Institute of Genetics, University of Cologne, D 50674 Cologne, Germany
    Genome Res 17:1448-57. 2007
    ....
  57. ncbi Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate
    J F Gillooly
    Department of Biology, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Science 293:2248-51. 2001
    ..Temperature and body size are primary determinants of biological time and ecological roles...
  58. ncbi Optimal data partitioning and a test case for ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii) based on ten nuclear loci
    Chenhong Li
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
    Syst Biol 57:519-39. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi Stress and fish reproduction: the roles of allostasis and hormesis
    Carl B Schreck
    Oregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, U S Geological Survey, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 165:549-56. 2010
    This paper is a review of the effects of stress on reproduction in fishes. I hope to further the development of the concepts of allostasis and hormesis as relevant to understanding reproduction in general and in fish in particular...
  60. ncbi Multi-trait evolution in a cave fish, Astyanax mexicanus
    Meredith Protas
    Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Evol Dev 10:196-209. 2008
    ....
  61. pmc Effects of ocean acidification on learning in coral reef fishes
    Maud C O Ferrari
    Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e31478. 2012
    ..These results indicate that exposure to CO(2) may alter the cognitive ability of juvenile fish and render learning ineffective...
  62. pmc Evolution of a behavioral shift mediated by superficial neuromasts helps cavefish find food in darkness
    Masato Yoshizawa
    Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, 20742, USA
    Curr Biol 20:1631-6. 2010
    ..We conclude that VAB and SN enhancement coevolved to compensate for loss of vision and to help blind cavefish find food in darkness...
  63. pmc Interaction strength combinations and the overfishing of a marine food web
    Jordi Bascompte
    Integrative Ecology Group, Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado Postal 1056, E 41080 Seville, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:5443-7. 2005
    ..However, fishing selectively removes predators that are overrepresented in strongly interacting chains. Hence, the potential for strong community-wide effects remains a threat...
  64. ncbi Evolutionary diversity and turn-over of sex determination in teleost fishes
    J E Mank
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Sex Dev 3:60-7. 2009
    ..However, research on teleost fishes has shown that this need not be the case, as these animals display a remarkable diversity in the ways that they ..
  65. ncbi Diversity in the olfactory epithelium of bony fishes: development, lamellar arrangement, sensory neuron cell types and transduction components
    Anne Hansen
    Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center at Fitzsimons, Aurora, USA
    J Neurocytol 34:183-208. 2005
    ..previous, as well as new findings on several topics pertaining to the peripheral olfactory components in teleost fishes. These topics comprise (1) the gross anatomy of the peripheral olfactory organ, including olfactory sensory neuron ..
  66. ncbi Acanthodes and shark-like conditions in the last common ancestor of modern gnathostomes
    Samuel P Davis
    UCD School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
    Nature 486:247-50. 2012
    ..modern gnathostomes: jawed vertebrates comprising Chondrichthyes (sharks, rays and ratfish) and Osteichthyes (bony fishes and tetrapods)...
  67. pmc Barcoding and border biosecurity: identifying cyprinid fishes in the aquarium trade
    Rupert A Collins
    Bio Protection Research Centre, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand
    PLoS ONE 7:e28381. 2012
    Poorly regulated international trade in ornamental fishes poses risks to both biodiversity and economic activity via invasive alien species and exotic pathogens...
  68. pmc Sensory processing of water currents by fishes
    J Montgomery
    School of Biological Scienes, University of Auckland, New Zealand
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 355:1325-7. 2000
    Water currents are extremely important in the aquatic environment and play a very significant role in the lives of fishes. Sensory processing of water currents involves a number of sensory modalities including the inner ear, vision, ..
  69. ncbi Immune system and immune responses in fish and their role in comparative immunity study: a model for higher organisms
    Pradipta R Rauta
    Department of Life Science, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela 769008, Odisha, India
    Immunol Lett 148:23-33. 2012
    ..The zebrafish model may also be useful for cancer research due to its various features like rapid development, tractable genetics, ease in in vivo imaging and chemical screening...
  70. ncbi Identifying coral reef fish larvae through DNA barcoding: a test case with the families Acanthuridae and Holocentridae
    Nicolas Hubert
    Laboratoire ECOMAR, Universite de la Reunion, 15 Avenue Rene Cassin, BP 7151, 97715 Saint Denis Messag Cedex 9, Reunion, France
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 55:1195-203. 2010
    ....
  71. pmc Fish, shellfish, and long-chain n-3 fatty acid consumption and risk of incident type 2 diabetes in middle-aged Chinese men and women
    Raquel Villegas
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:543-51. 2011
    ..However, the role of long-chain n-3 fatty acids and fish intake in the development of T2D remains unresolved...
  72. ncbi Protected and threatened components of fish biodiversity in the Mediterranean sea
    David Mouillot
    UMR CNRS UM2 IRD IFREMER 5119 ECOSYM, Université Montpellier 2 CC 093, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Curr Biol 21:1044-50. 2011
    ..Our results highlight that future conservation strategies and assessment efficiency of current reserve systems will need to be revisited after deconstructing the different components of biodiversity...
  73. ncbi DNA barcoding Indian marine fishes
    W S Lakra
    National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow 226002, India
    Mol Ecol Resour 11:60-71. 2011
    ..The neighbour-joining tree revealed distinct clusters in concurrence with the taxonomic status of the species...
  74. pmc Coral reef fish rapidly learn to identify multiple unknown predators upon recruitment to the reef
    Matthew D Mitchell
    Australia Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia
    PLoS ONE 6:e15764. 2011
    ..Upon entering an unfamiliar environment prey species are able to rapidly assess the risk of predation, enhancing their chances of survival, through the assessment of chemical stimuli...
  75. ncbi Early antiviral response and virus-induced genes in fish
    Eloi R Verrier
    INRA, Fish Infection and Immunity, Molecular Virology and Immunology, Domaine de Vilvert, 78352 Jouy en Josas, France
    Dev Comp Immunol 35:1204-14. 2011
    ..Most of the ISG-based pathways remain to be directly determined in fish. Fish ISGs are often duplicated and the functional specialization of multigenic families will be of particular interest for future studies...
  76. ncbi Environmental selection on transcriptome-derived SNPs in a high gene flow marine fish, the Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus)
    Morten T Limborg
    National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Silkeborg, Denmark
    Mol Ecol 21:3686-703. 2012
    ..In addition to disclosing the fine scale of local adaptation in a highly vagile species, our data emphasize the need to preserve functionally important biodiversity...
  77. pmc Mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein plays a major role in induction of the fish innate immune response against RNA and DNA viruses
    Stephane Biacchesi
    INRA, CRJ, Jouy en Josas, France
    J Virol 83:7815-27. 2009
    ..This report provides the first demonstration that teleost fish possess a functional RLR pathway in which MAVS may play a central role in the induction of the innate immune response...
  78. pmc Detecting larval export from marine reserves
    R A Pelc
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:18266-71. 2010
    ....
  79. ncbi Effects of Pleistocene climatic fluctuations on the phylogeographic and demographic histories of Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii)
    Jin Xian Liu
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Mol Ecol 20:3879-93. 2011
    ..Independent of the molecular calibration chosen, populations of C. pallasii appear to have remained stable or grown throughout the periods that covered at least two major glaciations, and probably more...
  80. pmc Evolutionary history of Otophysi (Teleostei), a major clade of the modern freshwater fishes: Pangaean origin and Mesozoic radiation
    Masanori Nakatani
    Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 5 1 5Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa shi, Chiba 277 8564, Japan
    BMC Evol Biol 11:177. 2011
    ..To gain insight into the history of otophysan diversification, we constructed a timetree based on whole mitogenome sequences across 110 species representing 55 of the 64 families...
  81. pmc microRNAs reveal the interrelationships of hagfish, lampreys, and gnathostomes and the nature of the ancestral vertebrate
    Alysha M Heimberg
    Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:19379-83. 2010
    ....
  82. ncbi Assessing the effects of climate change on aquatic invasive species
    Frank J Rahel
    Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
    Conserv Biol 22:521-33. 2008
    ..Our findings highlight the complex interactions between climate change and invasive species that will influence how aquatic ecosystems and their biota will respond to novel environmental conditions...
  83. pmc Mercury exposure and risk of cardiovascular disease in two U.S. cohorts
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    N Engl J Med 364:1116-25. 2011
    ..Beneficial effects of the ingestion of fish and selenium may also modify such effects...
  84. ncbi Is high consumption of fatty fish during pregnancy a risk factor for fetal growth retardation? A study of 44,824 Danish pregnant women
    Th I Halldorsson
    Maternal Nutrition Group, Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 166:687-96. 2007
    ..These results indicate that consumption of fatty fish, a known route of exposure to persistent organic pollutants, could be associated with reduced fetal growth...
  85. ncbi The braincase and jaws of a Devonian 'acanthodian' and modern gnathostome origins
    Martin D Brazeau
    Subdepartment of Evolutionary Organismal Biology, Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18A, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Nature 457:305-8. 2009
    ..These new data alter earlier conceptions of basal gnathostome phylogeny and thus help to provide a more detailed picture of the acquisition of early gnathostome characters...
  86. ncbi Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies
    R L Naylor
    Stanford University, Institute for International Studies, California 94305 6055, USA
    Nature 405:1017-24. 2000
    ....
  87. pmc Dietary omega-3 fatty acids and fish consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes
    Luc Djousse
    Division of Aging and Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:143-50. 2011
    ..Although dietary omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids may confer some cardiovascular benefits, it is unclear whether these nutrients may also unfavorably affect risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
  88. ncbi Iridovirus infections in finfish - critical review with emphasis on ranaviruses
    R J Whittington
    The University of Sydney, Australia
    J Fish Dis 33:95-122. 2010
    ....
  89. ncbi Fish intake, contaminants, and human health: evaluating the risks and the benefits
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 296:1885-99. 2006
    ..Fish (finfish or shellfish) may have health benefits and also contain contaminants, resulting in confusion over the role of fish consumption in a healthy diet...
  90. pmc Use of number by fish
    Christian Agrillo
    Department of General Psychology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
    PLoS ONE 4:e4786. 2009
    ..To date, mental representation of number has been convincingly documented only for a few mammals...
  91. pmc Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, fish intake, and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Manas Kaushik
    Departments of Nutrition, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:613-20. 2009
    ..Diet is a key component of a healthy lifestyle in the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The role of long-chain omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (LCFAs) in the development of T2DM remains unresolved...
  92. pmc Larval dispersal connects fish populations in a network of marine protected areas
    Serge Planes
    Unite Mixte de Recherche 5542 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique EPHE UPVD, Universite de Perpignan, 66860 Perpignan Cedex, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:5693-7. 2009
    ..More generally, DNA parentage analysis provides a direct method for measuring larval dispersal for other marine organisms...
  93. pmc Cryptic diversity in Indo-Pacific coral-reef fishes revealed by DNA-barcoding provides new support to the centre-of-overlap hypothesis
    Nicolas Hubert
    Laboratoire ECOMAR, Faculté des Sciences et Technologies, Universite de la Reunion, Saint Denis, Reunion, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e28987. 2012
    Diversity in coral reef fishes is not evenly distributed and tends to accumulate in the Indo-Malay-Philippines Archipelago (IMPA)...
  94. ncbi Global patterns in predator-prey size relationships reveal size dependency of trophic transfer efficiency
    Carolyn Barnes
    Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR33 0HT, United Kingdom
    Ecology 91:222-32. 2010
    ....
  95. ncbi Ranking the contributions of commercial fish and shellfish varieties to mercury exposure in the United States: implications for risk communication
    Edward Groth
    Groth Consulting Services, 75 Clifford Avenue, Pelham, NY 10803 1702, USA
    Environ Res 110:226-36. 2010
    ..I have sorted the 51 seafood varieties into six categories based on mercury levels, as a framework for improving risk communication in this regard...
  96. ncbi Geological dates and molecular rates: fish DNA sheds light on time dependency
    Christopher P Burridge
    Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Mol Biol Evol 25:624-33. 2008
    ..Studies of freshwater-limited fishes across the South Island of New Zealand have revealed that genetic relationships reflect past, rather than present, ..
  97. ncbi Major histocompatibility complex polymorphism: dynamics and consequences of parasite-mediated local adaptation in fishes
    C Eizaguirre
    Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences IFM GEOMAR, Department of Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Fishes, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105, Kiel, Germany
    J Fish Biol 77:2023-47. 2010
    ..Finally, it is proposed that varying selection strength in time and space may lead to variation in the strength of precopulatory reproductive isolation which has evolved to maintain local adaptation...
  98. ncbi Forebrain evolution in bony fishes
    R Glenn Northcutt
    Neurobiology Unit, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and Department of Neurosciences, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0201, USA
    Brain Res Bull 75:191-205. 2008
    The bony fishes consist of ray-finned fishes and lobe-finned fishes...
  99. ncbi Basal actinopterygian relationships: a mitogenomic perspective on the phylogeny of the "ancient fish"
    Jun G Inoue
    Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 1 15 1 Minamidai, Nakano Ku, Tokyo 164 8639, Japan
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 26:110-20. 2003
    ..We investigated the phylogeny of this group of fishes in relation to teleosts using mitochondrial genomic (mitogenomic) data, and compared this to the various ..
  100. ncbi Marine fish egg hydration is aquaporin-mediated
    Mercedes Fabra
    Center of Aquaculture Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentaries, Tarragona, Spain, and Reference Center in Aquaculture, Barcelona, Spain
    Science 307:545. 2005
    ....
  101. pmc Barcoding nemo: DNA-based identifications for the ornamental fish trade
    Dirk Steinke
    Canadian Centre for DNA Barcoding, Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 4:e6300. 2009
    Trade in ornamental fishes represents, by far, the largest route for the importation of exotic vertebrates...

Research Grants63

  1. Melanin-Concentrating Hormone: Ancestral Role in Feeding &Sleep Regulation
    Philippe Mourrain; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Last year, we found, in zebrafish and four other teleost fishes, two MCH genes: mch1 and mch2...
  2. A Test of Leptin's Central Function in Zebrafish
    RICHARD LYLE LONDRAVILLE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In fishes, LEPROT's primary structure is conserved, but the gene is separated from the leptin receptor...
  3. Melanin-Concentrating Hormone: Ancestral Role in Feeding & Sleep Regulation
    Philippe Mourrain; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Last year, we found, in zebrafish and four other teleost fishes, two MCH genes: mch1 and mch2...
  4. East African Cichlids: A Natural Model for Dental Regeneration
    RYAN FREDRIC BLOOMQUIST; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of a tooth in an adult organism, we turn to the de-novo continuously replacing dentition of Lake Malawi cichlid fishes. In specific aim 1, I will identify dental stem cll populations responsible for natural de-novo tooth replacement ..
  5. BMP2 Gene Regulation in Calcific Aortic Valve Disease
    Melissa B Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A sequence conserved between mammals and fishes strongly represses BMP2 reporter gene repression in the developing and adult aortic valve...
  6. Carcinogenic Metals And Their Interactions With Other Toxicants
    Max Costa; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These biomedical studies will be complemented by non-biomedical research in sediments and fishes examining the same metals...
  7. A novel neuropeptide system involved in drug abuse
    Olivier Civelli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a bioactive peptide found in 1980 as a modulator of skin coloration in fishes and amphibians...
  8. Development and regeneration of the zebrafish maxillary barbel
    Elizabeth E LeClair; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Barbels are known to regenerate in other species of fishes, but have not been studied for this capacity in zebrafish...
  9. High-resolution ultrasound in-vivo animal imaging system-Vevo2100
    Kang Kim; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..imaging platform, Vevo 2100 by VisualSonics, is capable of real-time imaging of live small animals from zebra fishes or mice embryos to rabbits at the resolution of the typical size of single cell...
  10. ENHANCED DEVELOPMENT OF THE XIPHOPHORUS MODEL SYSTEM
    RONALD WALTER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Xiphophorus fishes have been used as a vertebrate experimental model for fundamental biomedical research for over 60 years...
  11. 6th International Symposium on the Biology of Vertebrate Sex Determination
    Richard R Behringer; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..meeting is attended by the entire international field working on diverse vertebrate systems including amphibians, fishes, birds, reptiles, monotremes, marsupials, and eutherian mammals, including domesticated species, mice, and humans...
  12. ENHANCED DEVELOPMENT OF THE XIPHOPHORUS MODEL SYSTEM
    RONALD WALTER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Xiphophorus fishes have been used as a vertebrate experimental model for fundamental biomedical research for over 60 years...
  13. Mechanisms for Environmental and Genetic Reversal of Gender Biased Behavior
    SUSAN RENN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..behaviors using a pair-bonded monogamous animal model of parental care, genus Julidochromis, African cichlid fishes. I take a "systems biology" approach that quantitatively integrates phenotype data from multiple levels including ..
  14. Patterning the Vertebrate Dentition Through Replacement and Repair
    JEFFERY TODD STREELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our research benefits from explicit integration of experimental systems (cichlid fishes, mouse, human) and a unique approach translating new molecular and genetic biology from fishes to mammals and back...
  15. Gene networks regulating sex determination in vertebrates
    Thomas D Kocher; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We have three specific aims: 1) to use the extensive genomic resources we have developed for cichlid fishes to complete the genetic mapping of male heterogametic (XY) sex determining loci on LGs 1 and 7, and female ..
  16. Veterinary Training in Aquatic Animal Models
    Robert L Tanguay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Training in the use of fish as models for toxicological, oncology, and infectious diseases of fishes will be emphasized, and trainees will have opportunities to gain knowledge in fish husbandry, infectious diseases ..
  17. Functional development of motor networks
    David McLean; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This has made it even easier to compare features of circuit organization in simpler model systems, like fishes and frogs, to more complex ones, like chicks and mice...
  18. Adaptive Evolution of Color Vision
    Shozo Yokoyama; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pigments examined to date are UV-sensitive, we also plan to search for violet-sensitive SWS1 pigments in different fishes, by surveying fishes that live at depths of 0-200 m and prey on small fishes and do not require UV vision for ..
  19. CARBONATOAPATITE FORMATION IN ENAMEL MINERALIZATION
    Takaaki Aoba; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..provides a unique model, since the fluoride incorporation into the mineral is related to the phylogeny of fishes. Attention will be focused on species- specific carbonate substitution in the crystal lattice and morphology of ..
  20. MARINE AND FRESHWATER BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES CENTER
    Lora Fleming; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Neurofibromatosis, Cultured Human Schwann Cells, Aplysia Neurophysiology, Toadfish Hyperammonemia, Transgenic Fishes, Squirrelfish Zinc Metabolisin/Transport, Fish Immunology arid Sentinel Species...
  21. MECHANISMS OF BONE GROWTH IN FISH HYPEROSTOSIS
    Leslie Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Research in all of these areas depends upon the animal models. Our preliminary studies show that numerous marine fishes display hyperostosis, and expansive proliferation of specific bones, associated with sexual maturity, that is a ..
  22. EVOLUTION OF THE RETICULAR FORMATION
    WILLIAM CRUCE; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..uncovered possible differences in the relationship of the reticular formation with the forebrain in elasmobranch fishes. Our hypothesis is that the reticular formation of all vertebrates is organized similarly, but some parts of it ..
  23. Genetic basis of cone opsin gene expression
    KAREN CARLETON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The goal of this work is to utilize cichlid fishes as a new model for identifying trans acting factors and cis regulatory elements important in controlling cone ..
  24. NEUROETHOLOGY OF ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION
    CARL HOPKINS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    The proposed research is a neuroethological study of social communication among electroreceptive fishes of South America (the Gymnotiformes) and Africa (the Mormyridae)...
  25. EVOLUTION OF THE TELENCEPHALON
    RICHARD NORTHCUTT; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Living vertebrates constitute two major evolutionary radiations: jawless fishes (agnathans) and jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes), and thus far most experiments on the telencephalon have been ..
  26. FUNCTION OF THE PINEAL COMPLEX
    CHARLES RALPH; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..5) Further study of the role of pineal organs in rhythmic behavior in fishes, reptiles, and mammals.
  27. Cell and Molecular Biology of Marine Elasmobranchs
    David Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Specifically, the program announcement mentions "Species such as fishes.....
  28. LATERAL LINE SYSTEM--ONTOGENY AND PHYLOGENY
    RICHARD NORTHCUTT; Fiscal Year: 1999
    The lateral line system of fishes and amphibians provides a particularly favorable system in which to elucidate the mechanisms underlying neural evolution...
  29. MAPPING ZEBRAFISH CHROMOSOMES USING MULTICOLOR FISH
    Ruth Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..zebrafish retain extensive duplicated chromosomal regions as a result of an ancestral polyploidization event in fishes. In this case there will often be two groups of syntenic genes homologous to those conserved in mammals and birds...
  30. NEUROETHOLOGY OF SPECIES RECOGNITION AND COMMUNICATION
    CARL HOPKINS; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The system of choice is the highly sophisticated electric communication system known for two groups of freshwater fishes, the Mormyridae of Africa and the Gymnotiformes of South America. Both field and laboratory studies are planned...
  31. TEMPORAL CODING AND COMMUNICATION
    CARL HOPKINS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In electroreception in fishes, independently evolved neural pathways have converged upon similar anatomical and physiological solutions to ..
  32. LATERAL LINE PATHWAYS
    ROBERT BOORD; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..of the electrosensory, mechanosensory and auditory subdivisions of the octavolateralis system of cartilaginous fishes. Thus far, primarily in the clearnose skate, the electrosensory pathways carrying information from the ampullae of ..
  33. THE PIGMENT MOTILITY MECHANISM IN CHROMATOPHORES
    Keith Porter; Fiscal Year: 1980
    It is proposed to continue studies on the mechanisms involved in moving pigment granules in chromatophores of fishes. This is an ideal system in the sense that cells are readily available, they are specialized for pigment motion and their ..
  34. CANCER IN DAMSELFISH--IMMUNOLOGY AND IN VITRO MODELS
    MICHAEL SCHMALE; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..class of cells, those derived from the embryonic neural crest, that are involved in a wide variety of tumors in fishes. The proposed studies will be based on a unique model system, damselfish neurofibromatosis (DNF), a malignant, ..
  35. AFGPS AND PLATELET MEMBRANE STABILIZATION
    Fern Tablin; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Anti-freeze glycoproteins (AFGPs) from the blood of certain Arctic and Antarctic fishes are capable of stabilizing human platelets during chilling and storage below the phase transition (4 C) for up to ..
  36. ENHANCED MAPPING AND CELL CULTURE FOR XIPHOPHORUS
    Steven Kazianis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Xiphophorus fishes are actively being used in fields of study including evolution, sex determination, endocrinology, ethology/behavioral ecology, toxicology, parasitology, immunology, and in cancer research...
  37. PURCHASE OF LABORATORY IRRADIATOR
    J Streilein; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..the fetus, immune responses to viruses and other antigens in the eye, and the mechanism of resistance to tumors in fishes. The need to purchase the Gammacell 40 irradiator exists because the animals used in these studies are housed in ..
  38. Molecular Dissection of Tooth Shape
    JEFFREY STREELMAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Labeotropheus fuelleborni (Lf) and Metriaclima zebra (Mz), two species of cichlid fishes from Lake Malawi, Africa have tricuspid and bicuspid teeth respectively...
  39. Evolution of L1sw Retrotransposons in Teleost Fishes
    David Duvernell; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..group of retrotransposons, the Swimmer elements (L1sw), were isolated and characterized in a group of teleost fishes. Several striking contrasts are noted in the prevalence and sequence diversity of mammalian and fish Li elements ..
  40. ANIMAL FACILITY IMPROVEMENT FOR SMALL RESEARCH PROGRAMS
    David Bodznick; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Finally, funds are requested here for purchase of 2 large seawater aquaria to provide' adequate space for maintaining small elasmobranch fishes in healthy condition.
  41. PISCINE ERYTHROCYTIC NECROSIS IN THE ATLANTIC COD
    Bruce Nicholson; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..been discovered in the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), the Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) and other marine fishes. The results of initial studies indicate the existence of a unique group of similar but distinct intraerythrocytic ..
  42. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF CARCINOGENESIS IN FERAL FISH
    Isaac Wirgin; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The etiology of neoplasia in these fishes is unknown...
  43. ELECTROSPRAY IONIZATION MASS SPECTROMETRY SYSTEM
    Jiri Jonas; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..of structure/function relationships in photosynthetic enzyme conversions; the role of antifreeze proteins in polar fishes; the determination of molecular weights and sequences of genetically engineered proteins and DNA molecules; the ..
  44. Scene Analysis and Cross-Modal Interactions
    Christopher Braun; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..for two important detectors of vibratory stimuli -- the inner ear and the closely related lateral line system of fishes. Unlike the majority of existing studies of these systems, which have been performed against a quiet background, ..
  45. NEURONAL ORDERING IN A SIMPLE NUCLEUS
    MICHAEL LANNOO; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..research proposed here is to develop a new model system, the first order electrosensory nucleus (nE) of teleost fishes, for examining the principles of ordering within vertebrates...
  46. LEPTIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN GREEN SUNFISH
    Richard Londraville; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..e. myoglobin function). We have the first data that point to leptin's existence in.fishes, and we submit that experiments with fish leptin may uncover unique aspects of leptin function in all vertebrates...
  47. Characterization of the cichlid orange blotch mutant
    READE ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Pigment pattern in fishes represents an attractive model system to directly visualize mechanisms of patterning in adults, since fish undergo ..
  48. Behavioral Assay of Hearing in Zebrafish
    ROBERT DOOLING; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Once developed, the procedure will be applied to testing fishes with various mutations of the ear and auditory system to assess their effects on hearing in growing and adult ..
  49. Fish as Genetic Models for Aging
    Pudur Jagadeeswaran; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..of linkage markers, can be adapted to Cynolebias since both these fish belong to the cyprinid form of fishes. The results of this proposal will generate sufficient background data for establishing Cynolebias as a model for ..
  50. DEVELOPMENT OF THE GUSTATORY SYSTEM
    RICHARD NORTHCUTT; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To test the hypothesis that retinoic acid acts as a signal to pattern endoderm directly during gastrulation (aim 3), presumptive pharyngeal endoderm will be excised, exposed to retinoic acid, and cultured. ..
  51. ENCODING OF VOCAL SIGNALS IN THE AUDITORY SYSTEM
    Andrew H Bass; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..with auditory; neuropathy/dys-synchrony.. '-.'...... ..
  52. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOUND SOURCE IN VERTEBRATES
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Preliminary work has demonstrated that in spite of wide differences in the inner ears of fishes compared with tetrapods, the sense of hearing revealed in psychophysical and neurophysiological studies on ..
  53. Gene Duplication and Genome Evolution
    Austin Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..5) Examining the role of transposable elements in duplication of genomic segments by testing for nonrandom association between these elements and putatively duplicated blocks in the yeast genome. ..
  54. EVOLUTION OF IMMUNE RECOGNITION AND EVASION
    Austin L Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, by increasing our understanding of the population diversity and evolutionary history of human immune system genes, this research will enhance our knowledge of human immune function in health and disease. ..
  55. Origins of Binaural Processing in Vertebrates
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Recent observations on fishes, including behavior, central auditory system morphology and peripheral and central neurophysiology converge in ..
  56. Sound Source Segregation and Determination
    Richard Fay; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We will focus on understanding the dimensions of neural activity that the brain could use in segregating and integrating simultaneous acoustic components from one or more sources. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Biomechanics and the lamprey central pattern generator
    ERIC TYTELL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Central control of rhythmic movement in a vertebrate
    Melina Hale; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such work is critical for understanding the neural basis of movement disruption through injury and disease. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. NEURAL MECHANISMS OF SOUND LOCALIZATION
    Zhongmin Lu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The PI will test the two steps of this hypothesis on two functionally distinguishable teleost fishes, the sleeper goby and goldfish...
  60. Morphology and function of commissural interneurons
    James Liao; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will allow us to broadly evaluate how environmental stimuli are processed at the cellular level during different motor behaviors in vertebrates. ..
  61. 2007 Cellular Osmoregulation: Sensors, Tranducers & Regulators Gordon Research Co
    PAUL YANCEY; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In all aspects of the conference, the organizers are working to promote the involvement of women, minorities and people with disabilities. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Trancellular Labeling from Defined Taste Receptor Cells
    Thomas Finger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These mice also will be informative about the kinetics of protein handling, exocytosis and uptake by various cell types within the taste bud. ..