ranidae

Summary

Summary: The family of true frogs of the order Anura. The family occurs worldwide except in Antarctica.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Skin microbes on frogs prevent morbidity and mortality caused by a lethal skin fungus
    Reid N Harris
    Department of Biology, James Madison University, MSC 7801, Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
    ISME J 3:818-24. 2009
  2. pmc Enzootic and epizootic dynamics of the chytrid fungal pathogen of amphibians
    Cheryl J Briggs
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:9695-700. 2010
  3. ncbi Patterns of natural selection on size at metamorphosis in water frogs
    Res Altwegg
    Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Evolution 57:872-82. 2003
  4. ncbi Antimicrobial peptides from ranid frogs: taxonomic and phylogenetic markers and a potential source of new therapeutic agents
    J Michael Conlon
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, PO Box 17666 Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1696:1-14. 2004
  5. ncbi Mitochondrial genomes of Japanese Babina frogs (Ranidae, Anura): unique gene arrangements and the phylogenetic position of genus Babina
    Ryosuke Kakehashi
    Institute for Amphibian Biology, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 739 8526, Japan
    Genes Genet Syst 88:59-67. 2013
  6. ncbi Varying responses of northeastern North American amphibians to the chytrid pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
    Megan K Gahl
    Department of Biology, Canadian Rivers Institute, University of New Brunswick, P O Box 5050, St John, New Brunswick, E2L 4L5, Canada
    Conserv Biol 26:135-41. 2012
  7. ncbi Transmission of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis within and between amphibian life stages
    Lara J Rachowicz
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3140, USA
    Dis Aquat Organ 61:75-83. 2004
  8. ncbi Latitudinal variation in the prevalence and intensity of chytrid (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in eastern Australia
    Kerry M Kriger
    Griffith University, Centre for Innovative Conservation Strategies, PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, QLD 9726, Australia
    Conserv Biol 21:1280-90. 2007
  9. ncbi Quantifying the disease transmission function: effects of density on Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis transmission in the mountain yellow-legged frog Rana muscosa
    Lara J Rachowicz
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3140, USA
    J Anim Ecol 76:711-21. 2007
  10. ncbi Effect of temperature on host response to Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection in the mountain yellow-legged frog (Rana muscosa)
    Sara E Andre
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Wildl Dis 44:716-20. 2008

Detail Information

Publications237 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Skin microbes on frogs prevent morbidity and mortality caused by a lethal skin fungus
    Reid N Harris
    Department of Biology, James Madison University, MSC 7801, Harrisonburg, VA 22807, USA
    ISME J 3:818-24. 2009
    ..A bioaugmentation strategy may be an effective management tool to control chytridiomycosis in amphibian survival assurance colonies and in nature...
  2. pmc Enzootic and epizootic dynamics of the chytrid fungal pathogen of amphibians
    Cheryl J Briggs
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:9695-700. 2010
    ..The model also shows that persistence of Bd is enhanced by the long-lived tadpole stage that characterize these two frog species, and by nonhost Bd reservoirs...
  3. ncbi Patterns of natural selection on size at metamorphosis in water frogs
    Res Altwegg
    Institute of Zoology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Evolution 57:872-82. 2003
    ..Our results suggest postmetamorphic selection for fast larval growth and provide a quantitative estimate for the water frog example...
  4. ncbi Antimicrobial peptides from ranid frogs: taxonomic and phylogenetic markers and a potential source of new therapeutic agents
    J Michael Conlon
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, PO Box 17666 Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1696:1-14. 2004
    ....
  5. ncbi Mitochondrial genomes of Japanese Babina frogs (Ranidae, Anura): unique gene arrangements and the phylogenetic position of genus Babina
    Ryosuke Kakehashi
    Institute for Amphibian Biology, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 739 8526, Japan
    Genes Genet Syst 88:59-67. 2013
    Genus Babina is a member of Ranidae, a large family of frogs, currently comprising 10 species. Three of them are listed as endangered species...
  6. ncbi Varying responses of northeastern North American amphibians to the chytrid pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
    Megan K Gahl
    Department of Biology, Canadian Rivers Institute, University of New Brunswick, P O Box 5050, St John, New Brunswick, E2L 4L5, Canada
    Conserv Biol 26:135-41. 2012
    ....
  7. ncbi Transmission of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis within and between amphibian life stages
    Lara J Rachowicz
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3140, USA
    Dis Aquat Organ 61:75-83. 2004
    ..In addition, we provide guidelines for visually detecting B. dendrobatidis in R. muscosa tadpoles, which may be useful in other affected species. Field surveys of infected and uninfected populations verify this identification technique...
  8. ncbi Latitudinal variation in the prevalence and intensity of chytrid (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in eastern Australia
    Kerry M Kriger
    Griffith University, Centre for Innovative Conservation Strategies, PMB 50 Gold Coast Mail Centre, QLD 9726, Australia
    Conserv Biol 21:1280-90. 2007
    ..Our results will directly assist amphibian disease researchers and wildlife managers, whose conservation efforts should focus on those amphibian populations living within the B. dendrobatidis climatic envelope that we have described...
  9. ncbi Quantifying the disease transmission function: effects of density on Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis transmission in the mountain yellow-legged frog Rana muscosa
    Lara J Rachowicz
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 3140, USA
    J Anim Ecol 76:711-21. 2007
    ..5. The impacts of crowding and temperature on transmission were also investigated; however, neither of these factors significantly affected the transmission rate...
  10. ncbi Effect of temperature on host response to Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection in the mountain yellow-legged frog (Rana muscosa)
    Sara E Andre
    School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    J Wildl Dis 44:716-20. 2008
    ..dendrobatidis, we propose that the difference in outcome indicates the effect of temperature on the host's resistance to chytridiomycosis, rather than an effect on the fungus alone...
  11. ncbi Genetic diversity in water frog hybrids (Pelophylax esculentus) varies with population structure and geographic location
    Martina Arioli
    Institute for Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057, Zurich, Switzerland
    Mol Ecol 19:1814-28. 2010
    ..This is probably because of its somatic hybrid status, which increases diversity through the combination of genomes from two species...
  12. ncbi Experimental and model analyses of the effects of competition on individual size variation in wood frog (Rana sylvatica) tadpoles
    Scott D Peacor
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Anim Ecol 75:990-9. 2006
    ....
  13. pmc Phylogeography and demographic history of Chinese black-spotted frog populations (Pelophylax nigromaculata): evidence for independent refugia expansion and secondary contact
    Hua Zhang
    Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biodiversity and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
    BMC Evol Biol 8:21. 2008
    ....
  14. ncbi Identification and molecular cloning of a novel amphibian Bowman Birk-type trypsin inhibitor from the skin of the Hejiang Odorous Frog; Odorrana hejiangensis
    Min Wang
    Natural Drug Discovery group, School of Pharmacy, Medical Biology Center, Queen s University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland, UK
    Peptides 33:245-50. 2012
    ..The substitutions of Gln-14 and Ser-17 by Lys, resulted in an increase in cationicity and a small increase in potency to a K(i) value of 218nM. Neither HJTI nor its synthetic analog, possessed any significant antimicrobial activity...
  15. ncbi The phylogenetic problem of Huia (Amphibia: Ranidae)
    Bryan L Stuart
    The Field Museum, Department of Zoology, Chicago, IL 60605 2496, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 46:49-60. 2008
    A taxonomic consensus for the diverse and pan-global frog family Ranidae is lacking. A recently proposed classification of living amphibians [Frost, D.R., Grant, T., Faivovich, J., Bain, R. H., Haas, A., Haddad, C.F.B., de Sá, R.O...
  16. ncbi Dietary protein restriction impairs growth, immunity, and disease resistance in southern leopard frog tadpoles
    Matthew D Venesky
    Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
    Oecologia 169:23-31. 2012
    ..Our results support the general hypothesis that host condition can strongly affect disease resistance; in particular, fluctuations in dietary protein availability may change how diseases affect populations in the field...
  17. pmc Direct visualization of myosin-binding protein C bridging myosin and actin filaments in intact muscle
    Pradeep K Luther
    Molecular Medicine Section, National Heart and Lung Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:11423-8. 2011
    ..This binding implies a physical mechanism for communicating the relative sliding between thick and thin filaments that does not involve myosin and which could modulate the contractile process...
  18. ncbi Widespread occurrence of the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis on Oregon spotted frogs (Rana pretiosa)
    Christopher A Pearl
    Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, US Geological Survey, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    Ecohealth 6:209-18. 2009
    ..pretiosa with Bd decreased after their first winter. Our data indicate that some Oregon spotted frog populations are currently persisting with relatively high Bd prevalence, but the risk posed by Bd is unknown...
  19. ncbi Genealogy and palaeodrainage basins in Yunnan Province: phylogeography of the Yunnan spiny frog, Nanorana yunnanensis (Dicroglossidae)
    Dong Ru Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
    Mol Ecol 19:3406-20. 2010
    ..Extensive population expansion probably occurred early in the Middle Pleistocene accompanying dramatic climatic oscillations...
  20. ncbi Inbreeding linked to amphibian survival in the wild but not in the laboratory
    M A Halverson
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    J Hered 97:499-507. 2006
    ..These results suggest that, for wood frogs, inbreeding has a bigger effect on fitness in the wild than in captivity and that measurements of survival are more sensitive than measures of growth or development...
  21. ncbi Complete nucleotide sequence and gene rearrangement of the mitochondrial genome of the Japanese pond frog Rana nigromaculata
    M Sumida
    Laboratory for Amphibian Biology, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima, Japan
    Genes Genet Syst 76:311-25. 2001
    ..A quartet-puzzling tree showed that three amphibian species form a monophyletic clade and that the caecilian is a sister group of the monophyletic Anura...
  22. ncbi Evolutionary and biogeographic origins of high tropical diversity in old world frogs (Ranidae)
    John J Wiens
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA
    Evolution 63:1217-31. 2009
    ..Here, we perform parallel analyses on the most species-rich group of Old World frogs (Ranidae; approximately 1300 species) to determine if similar processes drive the latitudinal diversity gradient...
  23. ncbi Old world frog and bird vocalizations contain prominent ultrasonic harmonics
    Peter M Narins
    Department of Physiological Science, University of California, 621 Charles E Young Drive S, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 115:910-3. 2004
    ..Our findings provide the first evidence that anurans and passerines are capable of generating tonal ultrasonic call components and should stimulate the quest for additional ultrasonic species...
  24. ncbi From clonal to sexual hybrids: genetic recombination via triploids in all-hybrid populations of water frogs
    Ditte G Christiansen
    Ecology, Zoological Institute, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Evolution 63:1754-68. 2009
    ..esculentus calls for a change of the conventional view of hybridogens as clonally reproducing diploids. Rather, hybridogens can be independent sexually reproducing units with an evolutionary potential...
  25. ncbi Geographic variation in acid stress tolerance of the moor frog, Rana arvalis. I. Local adaptation
    Katja Räsänen
    Department of Population Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18 D, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Evolution 57:352-62. 2003
    ..Our estimated rates of divergence (0.007-0.102 haldanes) suggest a rapid adaptation process in response to anthropogenic environmental change, and that the different traits have evolved at relatively similar rates...
  26. ncbi Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the endangered frog Odorrana ishikawae (family Ranidae) and unexpected diversity of mt gene arrangements in ranids
    Atsushi Kurabayashi
    Institute for Amphibian Biology, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 739 8526, Japan
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 56:543-53. 2010
    ..nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial (mt) genome of an endangered Japanese frog, Odorrana ishikawae (family Ranidae)...
  27. ncbi Phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Paini (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae) based on partial sequences of mitochondrial 12s and 16s rRNA genes
    Jianping Jiang
    Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
    Zoolog Sci 22:353-62. 2005
    Partial sequences of mitochondrial 12S and 16S rRNA genes from 19 Asian frog species of the tribe Paini (Ranidae, Dicroglossinae) allowed a first molecular study of the phylogenetic relationships of this tribe...
  28. ncbi Molecular characterization of a centromeric satellite DNA in the hemiclonal hybrid frog Rana esculenta and its parental species
    M Ragghianti
    Dipartimento di Fisiologia e Biochimica, Laboratorio di Biologia Cellulare e dello Sviluppo, Pisa, Italy
    Chromosome Res 3:497-506. 1995
    ..A role for RrS1 and other centromeric satellite DNAs in the germ line genome exclusion of the hybridogenetic frog hybrids, although suggested, has not yet been demonstrated...
  29. ncbi Genetic diversity across a vertebrate species' range: a test of the central-peripheral hypothesis
    Trenton W J Garner
    Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Mol Ecol 13:1047-53. 2004
    ..Although we cannot state definitively what has led to this distribution, the most likely explanation is that the range of Rana latastei expanded postglacially from a Balkan refugium...
  30. pmc Strategies for assessing the implications of malformed frogs for environmental health
    J G Burkhart
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 108:83-90. 2000
    ..However, the possibility that causal agents may be waterborne indicates a need to identify the relevant factors and establish the relationship between environmental and human health in terms of hazard assessment...
  31. pmc Antioxidant peptidomics reveals novel skin antioxidant system
    Hailong Yang
    Biotoxin Units of Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650223, China
    Mol Cell Proteomics 8:571-83. 2009
    ..Our work possibly reveals a new skin antioxidant system. The current work also provides a large amount of peptide candidates with medical-pharmaceutical significance...
  32. ncbi Isolation, characterization and molecular cloning of new antimicrobial peptides belonging to the brevinin-1 and temporin families from the skin of Hylarana latouchii (Anura: Ranidae)
    Hui Wang
    College of Life Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Yuhua Dong Road 113, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050016, PR China
    Biochimie 91:540-7. 2009
    ..latouchii. In this work, all the peptides kill microbes by membrane-disturbing mechanisms, and this procedure was visualized via scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
  33. pmc Spontaneous heterosis in larval life-history traits of hemiclonal frog hybrids
    H Hotz
    Zoologisches Museum, Universitat Zurich Irchel, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8006 Zurich, Switzerland
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:2171-6. 1999
    ..We suggest that heterosis and interclonal selection together shape fitness of natural R. esculenta lineages...
  34. ncbi River islands, refugia and genetic structuring in the endemic brown frog Rana kukunoris (Anura, Ranidae) of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    Weiwei Zhou
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, and Yunnan Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Domestic Animals, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650223, China
    Mol Ecol 22:130-42. 2013
    ..Two microrefugia in northern Qilian Mountains greatly contributed to current level of intraspecific genetic diversity. These results were found to have important implications for the habitat conservation in Northwest China...
  35. ncbi [Population genetic structure of Pelophylax nigromaculata in Chinese mainland based on mtDNA control region sequences]
    Xiong Fei Zhang
    Jiangsu Key Lab for Bioresource Technology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
    Yi Chuan Xue Bao 31:1232-40. 2004
    ..were used to investigate population genetic structure and differentiation of Pelophylax nigromaculata (Anura: Ranidae). Frogs were collected from 12 localities across Chinese mainland...
  36. ncbi Searching for the physiological mechanism of density dependence: does corticosterone regulate tadpole responses to density?
    Lisa K Belden
    Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Physiol Biochem Zool 80:444-51. 2007
    ..We suggest that the physiological response to density may vary across the range of natural densities and that the role of corticosterone may be limited to periods of extreme high density, such as during pond-drying events...
  37. pmc Proximity to pollution sources and risk of amphibian limb malformation
    Brynn Taylor
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1497-501. 2005
    ....
  38. ncbi Resurrection of Staurois parvus from S. tuberilinguis from Borneo (Amphibia, Ranidae)
    Masafumi Matsui
    Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Japan
    Zoolog Sci 24:101-6. 2007
    ..tuberilinguis and S. parvus, respectively. The latter species has long been synonymized with the former, but we here consider them to represent different species...
  39. ncbi Reflections on a systematic nomenclature for antimicrobial peptides from the skins of frogs of the family Ranidae
    J Michael Conlon
    Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Qatar Foundation Education City, Doha, Qatar
    Peptides 29:1815-9. 2008
    Frogs belonging to the extensive family Ranidae represent a valuable source of antimicrobial peptides with therapeutic potential but there is currently no consistent system of nomenclature to describe these peptides...
  40. ncbi Hibernation physiology, freezing adaptation and extreme freeze tolerance in a northern population of the wood frog
    Jon P Costanzo
    Department of Zoology, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    J Exp Biol 216:3461-73. 2013
    ..Post-glacial colonization of high latitudes by R. sylvatica required a substantial increase in freeze tolerance that was at least partly achieved by enhancing their cryoprotectant system. ..
  41. ncbi Phylogeography of Sylvirana latouchii (Anura, Ranidae) in Taiwan
    Nian Hong Jang-Liaw
    Department of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo Kuang Rd, Taichung 402, Taiwan
    Zoolog Sci 25:68-79. 2008
    ..of genetic variation in anurans in Taiwan, we investigated the genetic structure of Sylvirana latouchii (Anura, Ranidae) from 31 populations by using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) cytochrome b sequences...
  42. ncbi Food supply modifies the trade-off between past and future reproduction in a sexual parasite-host system (Rana esculenta, Rana lessonae)
    Marc Olivier Waelti
    Zoological Institute, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Oecologia 152:415-24. 2007
    ..lessonae for successful reproduction, these species-specific life history patterns not only affect individual fitness but also the spatial structure and temporal dynamics of mixed LE populations...
  43. ncbi Identification and characterization of antimicrobial peptides from skin of Amolops ricketti (Anura: Ranidae)
    Hui Wang
    Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Hebei Province, College of Life Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050016, China
    Peptides 33:27-34. 2012
    ....
  44. ncbi Intraspecific relationships of populations of the brown frog Rana sauteri (Ranidae) on Taiwan, inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences
    Nian Hong Jang-Liaw
    Department of Zoology, National Museum of Natural Science, 1st Kuang Chien Rd, Taichung 40453, Taiwan
    Zoolog Sci 26:608-16. 2009
    ..Using a molecular clock, we estimated the order of divergence times between lineages in order to test the migration hypothesis. The multiple-invasion model was well supported by the phylogeny and a nested clade network...
  45. ncbi Identification and characterization of a novel envelope protein in Rana grylio virus
    Zhe Zhao
    State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, PR China
    J Gen Virol 89:1866-72. 2008
    ..This is thought to be the first report on a viral envelope protein that is conserved in all sequenced iridoviruses...
  46. ncbi The combined influence of trematode parasites and predatory salamanders on wood frog (Rana sylvatica) tadpoles
    Lisa K Belden
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    Oecologia 166:1077-86. 2011
    ....
  47. ncbi Limnonectins: a new class of antimicrobial peptides from the skin secretion of the Fujian large-headed frog (Limnonectes fujianensis)
    Youjia Wu
    Molecular Therapeutics Research, School of Pharmacy, Queen s University, Belfast BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland, UK
    Biochimie 93:981-7. 2011
    ....
  48. ncbi RrS1-like sequences of water frogs from Central Europe and around the Aegean Sea: chromosomal organization, evolution, possible function
    Silvia Marracci
    Laboratori di Biologia Cellulare e dello Sviluppo, Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    J Mol Evol 72:368-82. 2011
    ..The presence of regions similar to yeast CDEs and mammalian CENP-B boxes suggests a role for RrS1 sequences in centromere organization...
  49. ncbi Molecular phylogeny and genetic identification of populations of two species of Feirana frogs (Amphibia: Anura, Ranidae, Dicroglossinae, Paini) endemic to China
    Bin Wang
    Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
    Zoolog Sci 26:500-9. 2009
    ..quadranus might have come from the northern Wuling Mountains and then dispersed to the Daba, Qinling, and Longmen mountains...
  50. ncbi Microsatellite variation and population structure of the moor frog (Rana arvalis) in Scandinavia
    Theresa Knopp
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65, University of Helsinki, Helsinki FI 00014, Finland
    Mol Ecol 18:2996-3005. 2009
    ..The results reinforce the view that amphibian populations are--in general--highly structured over relatively small geographical distances, even in comparatively recently colonized areas...
  51. ncbi Kasstasin: A novel potent vasoconstrictor peptide from the skin secretion of the African red-legged running frog, Kassina maculata
    Xiaohe Li
    Molecular Therapeutics Research, School of Pharmacy, Queen s University, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL Northern Ireland, UK
    Biochimie 93:1537-42. 2011
    ..These data illustrate the continuing potential of amphibian skin secretions to provide novel natural peptide templates for biological evaluation...
  52. pmc Real estate ads in Emei music frog vocalizations: female preference for calls emanating from burrows
    Jianguo Cui
    Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, People s Republic of China
    Biol Lett 8:337-40. 2012
    ..These results revealed a novel function of advertisement calls, which is consistent with the wide variation in both call complexity and social behaviour within amphibians...
  53. pmc Phylogeography and demographic history of Babina pleuraden (Anura, Ranidae) in southwestern China
    Zejun Li
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e34013. 2012
    ..The present wide distribution of the species has resulted from recent population expansion (c. 0.053-0.025 Mya) from multiple refugia prior to the Last Glacial Maximum, corresponding to the scenario of "refugia within refugia"...
  54. ncbi Speciation in the Rana chensinensis species complex and its relationship to the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    Wei wei Zhou
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
    Mol Ecol 21:960-73. 2012
    ..Discordances between mitochondrial and nuclear genes were also found; the nominal species, R. chensinensis, contains multiple maternal clades, suggesting potential mitochondrial introgression between R. chensinensis and R. kukunoris...
  55. ncbi Emerging infectious disease as a proximate cause of amphibian mass mortality
    Lara J Rachowicz
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3140, USA
    Ecology 87:1671-83. 2006
    ..muscosa, that this emerging disease is the proximate cause of numerous observed R. muscosa population declines, and that the disease threatens this species with extirpation at numerous sites in California's Sierra Nevada...
  56. ncbi Cranial ontogeny in Philautus silus (Anura: Ranidae: Rhacophorinae) reveals few similarities with other direct-developing anurans
    Ryan Kerney
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    J Morphol 268:715-25. 2007
    ..Using a developmental series of the direct-developing Philautus silus (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae) from Sri Lanka, we examine features of cranial morphology that are part of a suite of adaptations ..
  57. pmc Big mountains but small barriers: population genetic structure of the Chinese wood frog (Rana chensinensis) in the Tsinling and Daba Mountain region of northern China
    Aibin Zhan
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada
    BMC Genet 10:17. 2009
    ..We studied the population structure of the Chinese wood frog (Rana chensinensis) to test whether the Tsinling Mountains and the nearby Daba Mountains impose major barriers to gene flow...
  58. pmc Latent inhibition of predator recognition by embryonic amphibians
    Maud C O Ferrari
    Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5E2
    Biol Lett 5:160-2. 2009
    ..The widespread ability of prey to learn to recognize non-predators might explain the persistence of injured conspecific cues as a reliable mechanism for learned predator recognition...
  59. pmc Regulation of sorting and post-Golgi trafficking of rhodopsin by its C-terminal sequence QVS(A)PA
    D Deretic
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:10620-5. 1998
    ....
  60. ncbi Population structure of Columbia spotted frogs (Rana luteiventris) is strongly affected by the landscape
    W Chris Funk
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
    Mol Ecol 14:483-96. 2005
    ..Our results show that landscape features have a profound effect on patterns of genetic variation in Columbia spotted frogs...
  61. ncbi Cloning, expression and subcellular distribution of a Rana grylio virus late gene encoding ERV1 homologue
    Fei Ke
    State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
    Mol Biol Rep 36:1651-9. 2009
    ..Collectively, current data indicate that RGV 88R was a late gene of iridovirus encoding protein that distributed both the cytoplasm and nucleus...
  62. ncbi Understanding the net effects of pesticides on amphibian trematode infections
    Jason R Rohr
    Department of Biology, 110 SCA Building, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620, USA
    Ecol Appl 18:1743-53. 2008
    ....
  63. ncbi Structural and functional identification of the pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide receptor VPAC2 from the frog Rana tigrina rugulosa
    R L Hoo
    Department of Zoology, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China
    J Mol Endocrinol 27:229-38. 2001
    ....
  64. ncbi Geographic variation in a predator-induced defense and its genetic basis
    Osamu Kishida
    Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate 041 8611, Hokkaido, Japan
    Ecology 88:1948-54. 2007
    ..Our results support the hypothesis that geographic variation in inducible defenses is linked to the additive effects of autosomal alleles that are shaped by differences in historical exposure to the inducing predator...
  65. ncbi Purification of peptides with differential cytolytic activities from the skin secretions of the Central American frog, Lithobates vaillanti (Ranidae)
    J Michael Conlon
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, 17666 Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 150:150-4. 2009
    ..were isolated from norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions of the Costa Rican frog, Lithobates vaillanti (Ranidae) and characterized structurally...
  66. ncbi Geographic variation in maternal investment: acidity affects egg size and fecundity in Rana arvalis
    Katja Räsänen
    Department of Population and Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18 D, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Ecology 89:2553-62. 2008
    ....
  67. ncbi Importance of predator diet cues in responses of larval wood frogs to fish and invertebrate predators
    D P Chivers
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maine, 5751 Murray Hall, Orono, Maine 04469 5751, USA
    J Chem Ecol 27:45-51. 2001
    ..Predator diet effects are not ubiquitous in predator-prey systems. We discuss possible reasons why predator diet effects are seen in some, but not all, predator-prey systems...
  68. ncbi Ultrasonic communication in frogs
    Albert S Feng
    Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Nature 440:333-6. 2006
    ....
  69. ncbi Maternal investment in egg size: environment- and population-specific effects on offspring performance
    Katja Räsänen
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18 D, 75236, Uppsala, Sweden
    Oecologia 142:546-53. 2005
    ..These findings emphasize the role of maternal effects as adaptations to environmental stress...
  70. ncbi Escape behaviour and ultimate causes of specific induced defences in an anuran tadpole
    C Teplitsky
    UMR CNRS 5023 Ecology of Fluvial Hydrosystems, Bât Darwin C, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1 F 69622 Villeurbanne, Cedex, France
    J Evol Biol 18:180-90. 2005
    ..Independence of traits allows prey species to fine-tune their response according to current predation risk, so that the benefit of the defence can be maximal...
  71. ncbi Chondrocranial development in larval Rana sylvatica (Anura: Ranidae): morphometric analysis of cranial allometry and ontogenetic shape change
    Peter M Larson
    Department of Biological Sciences, Ohio University, Athens 45701, USA
    J Morphol 252:131-44. 2002
    ..Potential implications regarding larval functional morphology, cranial development, and chondrocranial evolution in anurans are discussed...
  72. pmc Asymmetrical, agonist-induced fluctuations in local extracellular [Ca(2+)] in intact polarized epithelia
    R Caroppo
    Dipartimento di Fisiologia Generale ed Ambientale, , Via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy
    EMBO J 20:6316-26. 2001
    ..Our data indicate that agonist stimulation results in local fluctuations in [Ca(2+)]ext that would be sufficient to modulate the activity of the CaR on neighboring cells...
  73. ncbi Form, function, and fitness: pathways to survival
    James B Johnson
    Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    Evolution 62:1243-51. 2008
    ....
  74. ncbi Genome size and microsatellites: the effect of nuclear size on amplification potential
    Trenton W J Garner
    Zoologisches Institut, Universitat Zurich Irchel, Zurich, Switzerland
    Genome 45:212-5. 2002
    ..Increasing genome size may affect amplification success negatively because of a decrease in target:nontarget DNA or by dilution of the available primer pool by nonspecific binding...
  75. ncbi Characterization of an iridovirus from the cultured pig frog Rana grylio with lethal syndrome
    Q Y Zhang
    State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan
    Dis Aquat Organ 48:27-36. 2001
    ..These results suggest that RGV should be considered a strain of FV3, and indicate that FV3-like iridoviruses are capable of causing widespread, severe disease among cultured frogs...
  76. pmc Synergism between trematode infection and pesticide exposure: a link to amphibian limb deformities in nature?
    Joseph M Kiesecker
    Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, 208 Mueller Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 5301, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:9900-4. 2002
    ....
  77. ncbi Voices of the dead: complex nonlinear vocal signals from the larynx of an ultrasonic frog
    Roderick A Suthers
    School of Medicine, Department of Biology, and Program for Neuroscience, Jordan Hall, 1001 E Third Street, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    J Exp Biol 209:4984-93. 2006
    ....
  78. ncbi Geographic variation in acid stress tolerance of the moor frog, Rana arvalis. II. Adaptive maternal effects
    Katja Räsänen
    Department of Population Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18 D, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Evolution 57:363-71. 2003
    ..The results indicate a role for maternal effects in local adaptation to acidity in amphibians, and genetically based differences in early life-histories among the populations...
  79. ncbi Selection for antimicrobial peptide diversity in frogs leads to gene duplication and low allelic variation
    Jacob A Tennessen
    Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, 3029 Cordley Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
    J Mol Evol 65:605-15. 2007
    ..Our data also support a pattern of enhanced synonymous site substitution in the mature peptide region of the gene, but we cannot conclude that this is due to an elevated mutation rate...
  80. pmc High dispersal in a frog species suggests that it is vulnerable to habitat fragmentation
    W Chris Funk
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
    Biol Lett 1:13-6. 2005
    ..These findings show that dispersal is an important life-history feature of some amphibians and suggest that habitat fragmentation is a serious threat to amphibian persistence...
  81. ncbi Comparative chromosome mapping of sex-linked genes and identification of sex chromosomal rearrangements in the Japanese wrinkled frog (Rana rugosa, Ranidae) with ZW and XY sex chromosome systems
    Yoshinobu Uno
    Laboratory of Animal Cytogenetics, Biosystems Science Course, Graduate School of Life Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, 060 0810, Japan
    Chromosome Res 16:637-47. 2008
    ..Dmrt1, which is located on avian sex chromosomes, was localized to autosomes in R. rugosa with both the ZW and XY sex chromosomes, suggesting that Dmrt1 might not be related to sex determination in this species...
  82. pmc Active control of ultrasonic hearing in frogs
    Marcos Gridi-Papp
    Department of Physiological Science, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:11014-9. 2008
    ..This mechanism also protects the thin tympanic membranes from injury during swallowing of live arthropod prey...
  83. pmc Learning by embryos and the ghost of predation future
    Alicia Mathis
    Department of Biology, Missouri State University, Springfield, MO 65897, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 275:2603-7. 2008
    ..Therefore, if embryonic experience is a good predictor of future risk, learning associated with exposure to negative stimuli during development may be adaptive...
  84. ncbi Characterization of an early gene encoding for dUTPase in Rana grylio virus
    Zhe Zhao
    State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China
    Virus Res 123:128-37. 2007
    ..Moreover, RGV DUT overexpression was shown that there was no effect on RGV replication by viral replication kinetics assay...
  85. ncbi Rana grylio virus thymidine kinase gene: an early gene of iridovirus encoding for a cytoplasmic protein
    Zhe Zhao
    State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430072, China
    Virus Genes 38:345-52. 2009
    ..Collectively, current data indicate that RGV TK was an early gene of iridovirus which encoded a cytoplasmic protein in fish cells...
  86. ncbi Phylogeny and biogeography of a cosmopolitan frog radiation: Late cretaceous diversification resulted in continent-scale endemism in the family ranidae
    Franky Bossuyt
    Biology Department, Unit of Ecology and Systematics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Syst Biol 55:579-94. 2006
    b>Ranidae is a large anuran group with a nearly cosmopolitan distribution...
  87. pmc Mechanical vibrations from tadpoles' flapping tails transform salamander's carnivorous morphology
    Hirofumi Michimae
    Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060 0810, Japan
    Biol Lett 1:75-7. 2005
    ..Induction of the morph triggered by hydraulic vibration provides a novel concept for understanding the proximate mechanisms of induction of morphological changes...
  88. ncbi Resumption of physiological functions in the wood frog (Rana sylvatica) after freezing
    J R Layne
    Department of Biology, Nazareth College, Rochester, New York 14618
    Am J Physiol 261:R134-7. 1991
    ..Furthermore, recovery of specific body systems corresponds to essential needs that must be met immediately after thawing, such as reperfusion of body tissues...
  89. ncbi The ZZ/ZW sex-determining mechanism originated twice and independently during evolution of the frog, Rana rugosa
    M Ogata
    Laboratory of Zoo Biology, Preservation and Research Center, Yokohama, Japan
    Heredity (Edinb) 100:92-9. 2008
    ....
  90. ncbi Gametogenesis of intergroup hybrids of hemiclonal frogs
    Matilde Ragghianti
    Laboratori di Biologia Cellulare e dello Sviluppo, Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Pisa, Via Carducci 13, 56010 Ghezzano, Pisa, Italy
    Genet Res 89:39-45. 2007
    ..A particular combination of R-E system lessonae and R-E system ridibunda genomes seems necessary to induce the R-E system type of hemiclonal gametogenesis...
  91. pmc Ultrasonic signalling by a Bornean frog
    Victoria S Arch
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Los Angeles, 621 Charles E Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Biol Lett 4:19-22. 2008
    ....
  92. ncbi Do male moor frogs (Rana arvalis) lek with kin?
    T Knopp
    Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, PO Box 65 FIN 00014, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Ecol 17:2522-30. 2008
    ....
  93. ncbi Mitochondrial phylogeography of Rana (Pelophylax) populations in the Eastern Mediterranean region
    P Lymberakis
    Natural History Museum of Crete, University of Crete, Irakleio, Crete, Greece
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 44:115-25. 2007
    ..cerigensis in respect with R. bedriagae and R. kurtmuelleri in respect with R. ridibunda...
  94. ncbi Ultrasonic frogs show hyperacute phonotaxis to female courtship calls
    Jun Xian Shen
    State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    Nature 453:914-6. 2008
    ..tormota is remarkable in light of their small head size (interaural distance of <1 cm), and suggests an additional selective advantage of high-frequency hearing beyond the ability to avoid masking by low-frequency background noise...
  95. ncbi In vitro spermicidal activity of peptides from amphibian skin: dermaseptin S4 and derivatives
    Amira Zairi
    Laboratory of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Sousse, Tunisia
    Bioorg Med Chem 16:266-75. 2008
    ..This study indicates that dermaseptins are spermicidal molecules that deserve to be tested as topical contraceptive with useful activities that can add to their prophylaxis, safety, and effectiveness...
  96. ncbi Phylogeny of Raninae (Anura: Ranidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear sequences
    Jing Che
    College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:1-13. 2007
    ..A broader sampling of species and data from more molecular markers are needed to confidently resolve the phylogenetic relationships among Ranidae.
  97. ncbi Flexible architecture of inducible morphological plasticity
    Osamu Kishida
    Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate 041 8611, Hokkaido, Japan
    J Anim Ecol 75:705-12. 2006
    ..The partial modification can effectively reduce time and energy expenditures involved in repetitive morphological changes, and therefore suggest that the costs of the flexible morphological changes are reduced...
  98. pmc Rhodopsin C terminus, the site of mutations causing retinal disease, regulates trafficking by binding to ADP-ribosylation factor 4 (ARF4)
    Dusanka Deretic
    Department of Surgery, Division of Ophthalmology, and Cell Biology and Physiology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:3301-6. 2005
    ..Thus, the severe retinitis pigmentosa alleles that affect the rhodopsin sorting signal interfere with interactions between ARF4 and rhodopsin, leading to aberrant trafficking and initiation of retinal degeneration...
  99. ncbi The heritability of inducible defenses in tadpoles
    R A Relyea
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    J Evol Biol 18:856-66. 2005
    ....
  100. ncbi Five amphibian mortality events associated with ranavirus infection in south central Ontario, Canada
    Amy L Greer
    Watershed Ecosystems Graduate Program, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Dr, Peterborough, Ontario K9J 7B8, Canada
    Dis Aquat Organ 67:9-14. 2005
    ..The population effects of disease on these amphibian communities have not yet been conclusively associated with population declines, but warrant more focused consideration...
  101. ncbi Strategies for exploration of freeze responsive gene expression: advances in vertebrate freeze tolerance
    Kenneth B Storey
    Institute of Biochemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ont, Canada K1S 5B6
    Cryobiology 48:134-45. 2004
    ....

Research Grants27

  1. Use of an Amphibian as an Alternative Model to Evaluate Effects of Contaminants o
    Michelle Boone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. From infra- to ultrasound: Diversity in acoustic processing by the vertebrate ear
    Peter M Narins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultimately, our research may lead to new therapeutic approaches to treatment of hyperacusis and noise-induced tinnitus, two known syndromes in which efferent system malfunction has been implicated. ..
  3. Mechanisms and evolution of signal pattern recognition
    HOWARD GERHARDT; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Ultimately, this research will be important for framing testable hypotheses about sensory mechanisms underlying pattern recognition and for guiding the execution of such studies. ..
  4. WETLAND URBANIZATION GRADIENTS AND VECTOR BORNE DISEASES
    JOSEPH KIESECKER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Development of mathematical models for these trematode systems will provide a template for studies of other snail borne diseases with similar community modules, for example, schistosomiasis. ..
  5. Dissection of Ethanol Actions on Cholinergic Nerve Endings
    TIMOTHY SEARL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our preliminary data with botulinums toxins demonstrate that the synaptic vesicle protein synaptobrevin is an important target for the effects of ethanol. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Sound Source Segregation and the Cocktail Party Problem in a Non-human Vertebrate
    MARK BEE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Cryopreservation of the model organism Drosophila melanogaster
    BRENT SINCLAIR; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The ultimate goal is to cryopreserve D. melanogaster, an achievement that will greatly increase the utility of the Drosophila model for human disease research. ..
  8. MULTIVALENT LIGANDS FOR NICOTINIC RECEPTORS
    Richard Fitch; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..If successful, these studies will form the basis for a general approach to the three-dimensional (3D) crystallization of membrane proteins for x-ray structural analysis. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Oscillation in Central Auditory System: Role in Hearing
    ALBERT FENG; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  10. Binding of temporal and spectral features in bat sonar
    JAMES SIMMONS; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A biologically realistic computational model of echo processing will be used as a tool for linking the behavioral and physiological findings. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Quantifying the Role of Ca2+ in Mechanotransduction
    HAMILTON FARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. ASYMMETRIC SYNTHESIS OF VANCOMYCIN ANTIBIOTICS
    David Evans; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..During the course of this project we intend to confirm (correct) the absolute stereochemical assignments of the principal members of this family by total synthesis. ..
  13. CALCIUM RELEASE UNITS IN CARDIAC MUSCLE
    Clara Franzini Armstrong; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..3) The composition of CRUs in skeletal muscle of Amphioxus will be examined using molecular biology and ultrastructural approaches. ..
  14. Mark I Model 68A Rodent/Cell line Gamma Irradiator
    Sanford Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  15. Mechanical Tuning in Auditory Sensory Hair Bundles
    HAMILTON FARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  16. ATRAZINE: IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH
    Tyrone Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. FUNCTIONAL RESPONSES OF EXTRAOCULAR EYE MUSCLES TO T3
    Neal Rubinstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. ASYMMETRIC SYNTHESIS OF IONOPHORE/MACROLIDE ANTIBIOTICS
    David Evans; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our goal has been to set in place all of the reactions necessary for the rapid assemblage of any polyketide target structure. ..
  19. REGULATION OF NEURONAL PROLIFERATION AND DIFFERENTIATION
    Thomas Reh; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  20. SOUND DIRECTION ON CENTRAL AUDITORY PROCESSING
    ALBERT FENG; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This is important basic knowledge, but the knowledge gained can also shed light on practical applications, e.g., on design of intelligent hearing aid devices. ..
  21. Synthesis of Polyketides and Terpenes
    David A Evans; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As a consequence, organic synthesis is a critical discipline that continues to have an important impact on the fields of both medicine and biology. ..
  22. Stem Cells in the Retina
    Thomas A Reh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We use the retina, an easily accessible part of the central nervous system, as a model for the rest of the CNS. ..
  23. Insight from Lamprey Genome: Structure-Function studies of Novel GnRH Receptors
    STACIA SOWER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Studying the lamprey genome is a touchstone for understanding genes that arose in the vertebrates and offers an innovative approach to therapeutic research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Sensory Neuroscience Training Program
    ALBERT FENG; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..We believe such training is vitally important for establishing a successful career in biomedical research. ..
  25. Hemichordartes and the Origin of Chordates
    John Gerhart; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..siRNA interventions will be used to evaluate the role of the encoded gene products in development. ..
  26. Carcinogenesis: Effects of Diet Deficient in Methyl Donors
    Shi Huang; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The new understanding that will emerge from these studies will help clarify the role of nutrient metabolism in carcinogenesis. The results may have important public health implications. ..
  27. Amphibian Disease Dynamics in a Fragmented Landscape
    CHERYL BRIGGS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....