Genomes and Genes
Summary: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Publications277 found, 100 shown here
- Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birdsBjorn Olsen
Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
Science 312:384-8. 2006....
- Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plantsTerry L Root
Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Nature 421:57-60. 2003....
- Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domesticationGreger Larson
Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road OX1 3PS, UK
Science 307:1618-21. 2005..In contrast, new genetic data reveal multiple centers of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than Near Eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs...
- Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human healthP Daszak
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Science 287:443-9. 2000Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) of free-living wild animals can be classified into three major groups on the basis of key epizootiological criteria: (i) EIDs associated with "spill-over" from domestic animals to wildlife populations ..
- Multiple Ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central African wildlifeEric M Leroy
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UR034, Centre International de Recherches Medicales de Franceville, BP 769 Franceville, Gabon
Science 303:387-90. 2004..Surveillance of animal mortality may help to predict and prevent human Ebola outbreaks...
- From the discovery of the Malta fever's agent to the discovery of a marine mammal reservoir, brucellosis has continuously been a re-emerging zoonosisJacques Godfroid
Département de Bactériologie et d Immunologie, Centre d Etude et de Recherches Vétérinaires et Agrochimiques, 99 Groeselenberg, 1180 Uccle, Belgium
Vet Res 36:313-26. 2005..e. B. cetaceae and B. pinnipediae, represents a new zoonotic threat but the pathogenicity for humans of the different Brucella species found in cetaceans and pinnipeds still has to be clearly established...
- Influenza A viruses of migrating wild aquatic birds in North AmericaScott Krauss
Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 4:177-89. 2004..The viruses reported in this study are available for genomic study to determine whether prediction of host range or pandemic potential is possible...
- Positive and negative effects of widespread badger culling on tuberculosis in cattleChristl A Donnelly
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
Nature 439:843-6. 2006..These findings are biologically consistent with previous studies but will present challenges for policy development...
- Public health. Pathogen surveillance in animalsT Kuiken
Department of Virology, Erasmus MC, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Science 309:1680-1. 2005
- Presence of human Giardia in domestic, farm and wild animals, and environmental samples suggests a zoonotic potential for giardiasisHarry van Keulen
Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Cleveland State University, 2399 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44115, USA
Vet Parasitol 108:97-107. 2002..also were found in cysts from fecal samples of animal origin such as dogs, cats, some farm animals and wild animals. In addition, trophozoites recovered from cysts obtained from environmental samples belonged to these two ..
- Experimental identification of social learning in wild animalsSimon M Reader
Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Learn Behav 38:265-83. 2010..We review experimental approaches taken in the field and with wild animals brought into captivity and note how these approaches can be extended...
- Infections of wild animals with Anaplasma phagocytophila in Austria and the Czech RepublicMiroslav Petrovec
Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Ann N Y Acad Sci 990:103-6. 2003
- Infectious prions in pre-clinical deer and transmission of chronic wasting disease solely by environmental exposureCandace K Mathiason
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5916. 2009....
- Lesions associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex infection in the European wild boarMaría Paz Martín-Hernando
Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
Tuberculosis (Edinb) 87:360-7. 2007..Further studies on the routes of excretion as well as the effect of altering management methods would be of interest to confirm the role of wild boar in TB epidemiology in Spain...
- Epidemiology of chronic wasting disease in free-ranging mule deer: spatial, temporal, and demographic influences on observed prevalence patternsMichael W Miller
Colorado Division of Wildlife, Wildlife Research Center, 317 West Prospect Road, Fort Collins, Colorado 80526 2097, USA
J Wildl Dis 41:275-90. 2005..These factors likely combine in various ways to influence epidemic dynamics on both local and broad geographic scales...
- Helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in DenmarkI Saeed
Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrlaegevej 100, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Vet Parasitol 139:168-79. 2006..Aggregated distribution was found for several helminth species. The two species E. multilocularis and E. perfoliatus are first records for Denmark...
- Surveillance of influenza A virus in migratory waterfowl in northern EuropeAnders Wallensten
Smedby Health Center, Kalmar, Sweden
Emerg Infect Dis 13:404-11. 2007..We argue that wild bird screening can function as a sentinel system, and we give an example of how it could have been used to forecast a remote and deadly outbreak of influenza A in poultry...
- Avian flu: H5N1 virus outbreak in migratory waterfowlH Chen
Joint Influenza Research Center SUMC and HKU, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515031, China
Nature 436:191-2. 2005
- Trends in national surveillance for rabies among bats in the United States (1993-2000)Alison M Mondul
Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 222:633-9. 2003..To describe surveillance trends and epidemiologic features of rabies in bats in the United States, focusing on 3 bat species primarily associated with variants of the rabies virus that affect humans...
- Animal movements and the spread of infectious diseasesEric M Fèvre
Centre for Infectious Diseases and Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK
Trends Microbiol 14:125-31. 2006..Measures based on heightened surveillance are proposed that mitigate the risks of new pathogen introductions...
- Population phylogenomic analysis of mitochondrial DNA in wild boars and domestic pigs revealed multiple domestication events in East AsiaGui Sheng Wu
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
Genome Biol 8:R245. 2007..Previously reported evidence indicates that pigs were independently domesticated in multiple places throughout the world. However, a detailed picture of the origin and dispersal of domestic pigs in East Asia has not yet been reported...
- Risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis in traditional cattle of the livestock/wildlife interface areas in the Kafue basin of ZambiaM Munyeme
Department of Disease Control, University of Zambia, School of Veterinary Medicine, P O Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia
Prev Vet Med 85:317-28. 2008..0) of being positive compared to sedentary herds (OR=1.0). The results in this study provide preliminary information about potential risk factors that were found to be associated with BTB status in cattle...
- Avian influenza virus screening in wild waterfowl in Norway, 2005Christine Monceyron Jonassen
National Veterinary Institute, P O Box 8156 Dep, NO 0033 Oslo, Norway
Avian Dis 51:425-8. 2007..The other subtypes identified included H1N1, H2, H3N2, H3N8, H6N1, H6N2, H6N8, H8N4, H9N2, H11N9, and H12 in mallards; H3N2, H6N2, H6N8, and H9N2 in teals; and H6N2 in wigeons and common scoter...
- Is ITS-2 rDNA suitable marker for genetic characterization of Sarcoptes mites from different wild animals in different geographic areas?S Alasaad
Departamento de Biologia Animal, Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Universidad de Jaen, Campus Las Lagunillas, S N, E 23071 Jaén, Spain
Vet Parasitol 159:181-5. 2009..These results demonstrated that ITS-2 rDNA does not appear to be suitable for examining genetic diversity among mite populations...
- Isolation and characterization of viruses related to the SARS coronavirus from animals in southern ChinaY Guan
Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, University Pathology Building, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
Science 302:276-8. 2003..The detection of SCoV-like viruses in small, live wild mammals in a retail market indicates a route of interspecies transmission, although the natural reservoir is not known...
- Mycobacterium ulcerans in wild animalsF Portaels
Mycobacteriology Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerpen, Belgium
Rev Sci Tech 20:252-64. 2001..Eradication of diseases related to these factors is difficult. Whether wild animals have a role in transmission is an important question that, to date, has been virtually unexplored...
- Genetic relationship amongst the major non-coding regions of mitochondrial DNAs in wild boars and several breeds of domesticated pigsN Okumura
Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 446 1, Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
Anim Genet 32:139-47. 2001..This time of divergence would predate the historical period when the pig is thought to have been domesticated from the wild boar...
- Epidemiologic situation of human rabies in Latin America in 2004M C Schneider
Epidemiol Bull 26:2-4. 2005
- Possible avian influenza (H5N1) from migratory bird, EgyptMagdi D Saad
Emerg Infect Dis 13:1120-1. 2007
- Universal primer set for amplification and sequencing of HA0 cleavage sites of all influenza A virusesAstrid Gall
Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
J Clin Microbiol 46:2561-7. 2008....
- Identification of trypanosomes in wild animals from southern Cameroon using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)S Herder
LRCT IRD CIRAD, TA 207 G, Campus International de Baillarguet, F 34398 Montpellier, France
Parasite 9:345-9. 2002..monticola), in carnivores (Nandinia binotata and Genetta servalina) and in rodents (Cricetomys gambianus and Atherurus africanus). 13 species (54%) were carrying T. brucei s.l. identified as non-gambiense group 1...
- Evaluation of a direct, rapid immunohistochemical test for rabies diagnosisTiziana Lembo
University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom
Emerg Infect Dis 12:310-3. 2006..Compared to the direct fluorescent antibody test, the traditional standard in rabies diagnosis, the dRIT was 100% sensitive and specific...
- Serological and demographic evidence for domestic dogs as a source of canine distemper virus infection for Serengeti wildlifeS Cleaveland
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
Vet Microbiol 72:217-27. 2000....
- Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepraemurium infections in domestic and wild animalsO Rojas-Espinosa
Department of Immunology, National School of Biological Sciences, National Polytechnic Institute Carpio y Plan de Ayala, Colonia Santo Tomas, 11340 Mexico, DF, Mexico
Rev Sci Tech 20:219-51. 2001..Naturally acquired murine leprosy has been observed in rats, mice and cats, but not in humans or any other species. Thus, in contrast to human leprosy, murine leprosy is not a zoonosis...
- Use of released pigs as sentinels for Mycobacterium bovisGraham Nugent
Landcare Research, P O Box 69, Lincoln 8152, New Zealand
J Wildl Dis 38:665-77. 2002..This trial indicates use of resident and/or released free-ranging pigs is a feasible alternative to direct prevalence surveys of possums for detecting TB presence...
- Wild Mandrillus sphinx are carriers of two types of lentivirusS Souquiere
Laboratoire de Virologie, UGENET, SEGC, Réserve de la Lopé, Centre International de Recherches Medicales, Franceville, Gabon
J Virol 75:7086-96. 2001....
- A molecular survey of Piroplasmida and Hepatozoon isolated from domestic and wild animals in Burgos (northern Spain)Consuelo Gimenez
Departamento de Microbiologia y Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Alcala, Crta Madrid Barcelona, Km 33, 600, 28871 Alcala de Henares, Spain
Vet Parasitol 162:147-50. 2009..The present study indicates that piroplasmid protozoa are present at a low to moderate frequency in some domestic herbivores in the Burgos area. They also infect certain wild mammalian species, which may act as zoonotic carriers...
- Suburban transmission of Q fever in French Guiana: evidence of a wild reservoirJ Gardon
Laboratoire d Epidémiologie, Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, 97306 Cayenne Cedex, France
J Infect Dis 184:278-84. 2001..Transmission from livestock and dissemination of the bacteria by the wind appeared to be unlikely, which strengthens the hypothesis that a wild reservoir is responsible for transmission...
- Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. XLIV. Fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) collected from 15 carnivore speciesI G Horak
Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bioemfontein, 9300 South Africa
Onderstepoort J Vet Res 71:9-14. 2004..Amongst these only Ctenocephalides felis felis and Ctenocephalides felis strongylus are considered specific parasites of carnivores. The remaining ten species normally infest the prey animals of the various carnivores...
- The ascendancy of Amblyomma americanum as a vector of pathogens affecting humans in the United StatesJames E Childs
Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Annu Rev Entomol 48:307-37. 2003....
- Animal-side serologic assay for rapid detection of Mycobacterium bovis infection in multiple species of free-ranging wildlifeK P Lyashchenko
Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc, 3661 Horseblock Road, Medford, NY 11763, USA
Vet Microbiol 132:283-92. 2008..bovis infection to domestic livestock...
- The role of wildlife in emerging and re-emerging zoonosesR G Bengis
Veterinary Investigation Centre, PO Box 12, Skukuza, Kruger National Park, 1350, South Africa
Rev Sci Tech 23:497-511. 2004There are huge numbers of wild animals distributed throughout the world and the diversity of wildlife species is immense...
- Using RRT-PCR analysis and virus isolation to determine the prevalence of avian influenza virus infections in ducks at Minto Flats State Game Refuge, Alaska, during August 2005J A Runstadler
Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
Arch Virol 152:1901-10. 2007..Our success during 2005 indicates Minto Flats will be a valuable study site for a longitudinal research project designed to gain further insight into the natural history, evolution, and ecology of AIV in wild birds...
- Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica) in captive rodents in a zoological gardenS P Redrobe
Bristol Zoo Gardens, Guthrie Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 3HA, UK
J Comp Pathol 133:73-6. 2005..As C. hepaticum is potentially zoonotic, members of staff in zoos should be careful to avoid soil-to-mouth contact, particularly in prairie dog enclosures...
- Molecular evidence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Ixodes ricinus ticks and wild animals in AustriaHelene Polin
Department of Neurology, Christian Doppler Klinik, Salzburg, Austria
J Clin Microbiol 42:2285-6. 2004..phagocytophilum...
- Risk factors associated with the prevalence of tuberculosis-like lesions in fenced wild boar and red deer in south central SpainJoaquin Vicente
Instituts de Investigación en Recursos cinegéticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13080 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Res 38:451-64. 2007....
- Bovine tuberculosis: an old disease but a new threat to AfricaW Y Ayele
Department of Food and Feed Safety, Veterinary Research Institute, Brno, Czech Republic
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:924-37. 2004..This review attempts to examine the impact of bovine TB on the health of animals and humans...
- Generation of velogenic Newcastle disease viruses from a nonpathogenic waterfowl isolate by passaging in chickensYu Shengqing
Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, Tottori, 680 8553, Japan
Virology 301:206-11. 2002..The results also suggest that chickens provide a mechanism for the selection of virulent viruses from an avirulent background...
- Towards improved influenza A virus surveillance in migrating birdsVincent J Munster
Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Dr Molewaterplein 50, 3015 GE Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Vaccine 24:6729-33. 2006..This is particularly relevant if wild bird surveillance studies are used as an "early warning system" for the arrival of the H5N1 HPAI virus in a country or region and to assess the risk posed by these viruses in general...
- Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wild animals: report of new host species and ecological implicationsDomenico Otranto
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Valenzano, BA, Italy
Vet Parasitol 166:262-7. 2009..The role the wild fauna plays in maintaining and spreading eyeworm infection in humans and domestic animals is also discussed...
- Fecal glucocorticoids reflect socio-ecological and anthropogenic stressors in the lives of wild spotted hyenasPage E Van Meter
Department of Zoology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Horm Behav 55:329-37. 2009..Further work will be necessary to determine whether interpopulation variation in stress physiology predicts population decline in groups exposed to intensive anthropogenic disturbance...
- A search for Ebola virus in animals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Cameroon: ecologic, virologic, and serologic surveys, 1979-1980. Ebola Virus Study TeamsJ G Breman
Smallpox Eradication Unit, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
J Infect Dis 179:S139-47. 1999..This study was limited in time and animal collections and excluded insects and plants. Long-term, prospective, multidisciplinary comparative studies will yield more information than will repeat short forays on the ecology of filoviruses...
- Susceptibility of wood ducks to H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virusJustin D Brown
Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, Wildlife Health Building, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
J Wildl Dis 43:660-7. 2007....
- Genetic evidence for Near-Eastern origins of European cattleC S Troy
Department of Genetics, Smurfit Institute, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
Nature 410:1088-91. 2001..In contrast, African diversity is almost exclusively composed of a separate haplogroup, which is encountered only rarely elsewhere. These data provide strong support for a derived Near-Eastern origin for European cattle...
- Molecular epidemiology of terrestrial rabies in the former Soviet UnionIvan V Kuzmin
Rabies Group, Institute for Natural Foci Infections, Prospekt Mira, 7, Omsk, 644080 Russia
J Wildl Dis 40:617-31. 2004..In the glycoprotein gene, evidence of positive selection was strongly suggested in codons 156, 160, and 183. At these sites, no link between amino acid substitutions and phylogenetic placement or specific host species was detected...
- [Isolation of influenza A/H5N1 virus strains from poultry and wild birds in West Siberia during epizooty (July 2005) and their depositing to the state collection of viruses (August 8, 2005)]D K L'vov
Vopr Virusol 51:11-4. 2006..Phylogenetic analysis revealed a high homology of hemagglutining of West-Siberian strains and strains isoolated from bar-headed gooses (Eulabeia indica) on the Qinghai Lake (Western China) in the 2005 spring...
- Rapid molecular subtyping by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction of the neuraminidase gene of avian influenza A virusesS R Fereidouni
Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich Loeffler Institut FLI, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, 17493 Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
Vet Microbiol 135:253-60. 2009..A universal molecular HA/NA subtyping algorithm for rRT-PCR positive avian influenza virus monitoring samples is proposed which may complement classical serological subtyping of influenza A virus isolates...
- Serological evidence of USUTU virus occurrence in north-eastern ItalyR Lelli
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell Abruzzo e Molise G Caporale, Via Campo Boario, Teramo, Italy
Zoonoses Public Health 55:361-7. 2008..Although no virus was rescued from these animals and from wild or farm birds sampled in the area, these results still provided evidence of the circulation of USUV in north-eastern Italy...
- Sarcoptic manage in wildlifeD B Pence
Department of Pathology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 3601 4th Street, Lubbock, Texas 79430, USA
Rev Sci Tech 21:385-98. 2002..There is often almost complete alopecia. Isolation and treatment of infected individuals may be warranted, and has met with some success in small remaining populations of certain highly endangered species...
- Long-term monitoring for avian influenza viruses in wild bird species in ItalyM A De Marco
Istituto Nazionale per la Fauna Selvatica, Ozzano Emilia BO, Italy
Vet Res Commun 27:107-14. 2003
- Disease investigation into free-ranging Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis) on the Kafue Flats in ZambiaN D Kock
Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
Vet Rec 151:482-4. 2002
- Active surveillance for avian influenza viruses in wild birds and backyard flocks in Northern Italy during 2004 to 2006Calogero Terregino
OIE FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
Avian Pathol 36:337-44. 2007....
- Polymorphism in major urinary proteins: molecular heterogeneity in a wild mouse populationRobert J Beynon
Protein Function Group, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
J Chem Ecol 28:1429-46. 2002..The restriction of the polymorphic variation to one segment of the polypeptide may be of functional significance, either in the modulation of ligand release or in communication of individuality signals within urinary scent marks...
- Handling intensity and the short- and long-term survival of elephant seals: addressing and quantifying research effects on wild animalsClive McMahon
Australian Antarctic Division, Kingston, Tasmania, Australia
Ambio 34:426-9. 2005..In support of this conclusion we were unable to detect any significant differences in the survival rates of the most intensively handled seals and the least intensively handled seals...
- Serologic survey for hantavirus infections among wild animals in rural areas of São Paulo State, BrazilN S Romano-Lieber
Department of Public Health Practices, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, 01246 904, Brazil
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 43:325-7. 2001A serosurvey was conducted in wild animals captured close to two areas where hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) occurred in São Paulo State, Brazil...
- Characterization of antibiotic resistance genes and virulence factors in faecal enterococci of wild animals in PortugalP Poeta
Departamento de Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade de Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 52:396-402. 2005..faecium and 22 of other species) recovered from faecal samples of 77 wild animals in Portugal...
- Wildlife as sentinels of human health effects in the Great Lakes--St. Lawrence basinG A Fox
Canadian Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Research Centre, Hull, Quebec, Canada
Environ Health Perspect 109:853-61. 2001..This would facilitate the optimal use of sentinel wildlife health data in a larger, epidemiologic weight-of-evidence context upon which to base decisions and policies regarding the effects of chemical exposures on human populations...
- Conservation of wild animals by assisted reproduction and molecular marker technologyS Shivaji
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500 007, India
Indian J Exp Biol 41:710-23. 2003b>Wild animals are an integral component of the ecosystem...
- The Near Eastern origin of cat domesticationCarlos A Driscoll
Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA
Science 317:519-23. 2007..Domestic cats derive from at least five founders from across this region, whose descendants were transported across the world by human assistance...
- Ixodid ticks parasitizing Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus) and European wild boar (Sus scrofa) from Spain: geographical and temporal distributionFrancisco Ruiz-Fons
Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Parasitol 140:133-42. 2006..These results are important for understanding the role of wild ungulates in the maintenance of tick infestations and to improve tick control programmes...
- The occurrence of cpb2-toxigenic Clostridium perfringens and the possible role of the beta2-toxin in enteric disease of domestic animals, wild animals and humansAlphons J A M van Asten
Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, P O Box 80 158, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands
Vet J 183:135-40. 2010The virulence of Clostridium perfringens, a bacterium causing enteritis and enterotoxaemia in domestic and wild animals and humans, results largely from its ability to produce toxins. In 1997, an unknown toxin of C...
- [Presence of IgM antibodies for Leptospira interrogans in wild animals from Tocantins State, 2002]Milton Formiga de Souza Júnior
Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Epidemiologia, Escola de Veterinaria, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Pampulha, 30123 970 Belo Horizonte, MG
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 39:292-4. 2006Four hundred and twenty-seven serum samples of wild animals were tested against 18 serovars of Leptospira interrogans. Of 286 samples of Cebus apella, 46 (16...
- Type A influenza virus surveillance in free-flying, nonmigratory ducks residing on the eastern shore of MarylandR D Slemons
Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University, 1900 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Avian Dis 47:1107-10. 2003....
- Wildlife trade and global disease emergenceWilliam B Karesh
Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York 10460, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 11:1000-2. 2005..Since wildlife marketing functions as a system of scale-free networks with major hubs, these points provide control opportunities to maximize the effects of regulatory efforts...
- Detection of Cryptosporidium muris type oocysts from beef cattle in a farm and from domestic and wild animals in and around the farmYutaka Nakai
Department of Animal Health and Management, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Tamatsukuri gun, Miyagi, Japan
J Vet Med Sci 66:983-4. 2004..Then we surveyed Cryptosporidium oocysts in 348 beef and dairy cattle, 500 pigs, 101 dogs, 38 wild animals and 11 zoo-kept animals in and around the farm...
- Pesticide use in the U.S. and policy implications: a focus on herbicidesP Short
Wildlife and Contaminants Program, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, District of Columbia 20037, USA
Toxicol Ind Health 15:240-75. 1999..A thorough assessment of potential exposure to herbicides by wildlife and humans is limited due to the inaccessibility of production and usage data...
- Wildlife as source of zoonotic infectionsHilde Kruse
National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway
Emerg Infect Dis 10:2067-72. 2004..Surveillance, laboratory capability, research, training and education, and communication are key elements...
- Cost-efficient vaccination of foxes (Vulpes vulpes) against rabies and the need for a new baiting strategyT Selhorst
Federal Research Centre for Virus Diseases of Animals, WHO Collaborating Centre for rabies in Central and Eastern Europe, Institute for Epidemiology, Seetr 55, D 16868, Wusterhausen, Germany
Prev Vet Med 51:95-109. 2001..We concluded that distribution of baits in June was optimal given that the durability of baits is above a threshold of 7 days...
- Wild boar and red deer display high prevalences of tuberculosis-like lesions in SpainJoaquin Vicente
IREC Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13080 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Res 37:107-19. 2006..These results highlight the potential importance of wild boar and red deer in the maintenance of tuberculosis in south central Spain...
- Declining wild salmon populations in relation to parasites from farm salmonMartin Krkosek
Centre for Mathematical Biology, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Science 318:1772-5. 2007..These results suggest that salmon farms can cause parasite outbreaks that erode the capacity of a coastal ecosystem to support wild salmon populations...
- Survey of Campylobacter species, VTEC O157 and Salmonella species in Swedish wildlifeH Wahlstrom
Swedish Zoonosis Center, Uppsala
Vet Rec 153:74-80. 2003Samples collected from 791 wild animals (Canada geese, roe deer, hares, moose, wild boar and gulls) shot during hunting were examined for verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157, and thermophilic Campylobacter and Salmonella ..
- Prion infectivity in fat of deer with chronic wasting diseaseBrent Race
Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Hamilton, Montana 59840, USA
J Virol 83:9608-10. 2009..Deer fat devoid of muscle contained low levels of CWD infectivity and might be a risk factor for prion infection of other species...
- Epidemiological study on porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection in the European wild boar (Sus scrofa)Joaquin Vicente
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
Vet Res 35:243-53. 2004..One of these was diagnosed as PMWS. The results, in addition to information on piglet mortalities, suggest a potential role of PMWS in piglet mortality in intensively managed wild boar populations...
- Anthropogenic environmental change and the emergence of infectious diseases in wildlifeP Daszak
Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens GA 30602, USA
Acta Trop 78:103-16. 2001....
- A retrospective study of wildlife rabies in Zimbabwe, between 1992 and 2003D M Pfukenyi
Department of Clinical Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, P O Box MP 167, Mt Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
Trop Anim Health Prod 41:565-72. 2009..During the present study rabies cases were confirmed in 7 additional wild animals. The majority of the positive cases (83...
- In defense of zoos and aquariums: the ethical basis for keeping wild animals in captivityMichael Hutchins
Department of Conservation and Science, American Zoo and Aquarium Association, 8403 Colesville Rd, Ste 710, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
J Am Vet Med Assoc 223:958-66. 2003
- The initial domestication of goats (Capra hircus) in the Zagros mountains 10,000 years agoM A Zeder
Archaeobiology Program, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560 0112, USA
Science 287:2254-7. 2000..Direct accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dates on skeletal elements provide a tight temporal context for the transition...
- Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli isolates recovered from wild animalsDaniela Costa
Departamento de Ciências Veterinárias, Universidade de Tras os Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
Microb Drug Resist 14:71-7. 2008Seventy-two fecal samples obtained from wild animals in Portugal were sampled on Levine agar plates (non-supplemented with antibiotics), and Escherichia coli isolates were recovered from 56 of them (78%), obtaining a total of 112 E...
- Evaluation of the influence of supplemental feeding of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in the Michigan wild deer populationRoseAnn Miller
Population Medicine Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1314, USA
J Wildl Dis 39:84-95. 2003..R. = 0.1, 95% C.I. = 0.01-0.3). The results of this study suggest that banning the practice of supplemental feeding is a valid policy for control of bovine tuberculosis in free-ranging white-tailed deer...
- The conditions for tool use in primates: implications for the evolution of material cultureC P van Schaik
Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 0383, USA
J Hum Evol 36:719-41. 1999....
- Global consequences of land useJonathan A Foley
Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE, University of Wisconsin, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Science 309:570-4. 2005..We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term...
- Epizootiology of chronic wasting disease in free-ranging cervids in Colorado and WyomingM W Miller
Colorado Division of Wildlife, Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins 80526 2097, USA
J Wildl Dis 36:676-90. 2000..Based on prevalence, spatial distribution, and modeling, we suggest CWD has been occurring in northeastern Colorado and southeastern Wyoming for >30 yr, and may be best represented as an epizootic with a protracted time-scale...
- Contact networks in a wildlife-livestock host community: identifying high-risk individuals in the transmission of bovine TB among badgers and cattleMonika Böhm
Environment Department, University of York, York, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 4:e5016. 2009....
- Mycobacterium bovis infection in wildlife in New ZealandJ D Coleman
Landcare Research, Lincoln, New Zealand
Tuberculosis (Edinb) 81:191-202. 2001....
- Risk to human health from a plethora of simian immunodeficiency viruses in primate bushmeatMartine Peeters
Institue de Recherche pour la Développement, Laboratoire Retrovirus, 911 Avenue Agropolis, BP 5045, 34032 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
Emerg Infect Dis 8:451-7. 2002..These data document for the first time that a substantial proportion of wild monkeys in Cameroon are SIV infected and that humans who hunt and handle bushmeat are exposed to a plethora of genetically highly divergent viruses...
- The role of wild animal populations in the epidemiology of tuberculosis in domestic animals: how to assess the riskL A L Corner
Department of Large Animal Clinical Studies, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Vet Microbiol 112:303-12. 2006..A detailed analysis of Mycobacterium bovis infection in the Eurasian badger (Meles meles) in Ireland and their role as a reservoir of infection for cattle is also presented...
- Mycobacterial infections in domestic and wild animals due to Mycobacterium marinum, M. fortuitum, M. chelonae, M. porcinum, M. farcinogenes, M. smegmatis, M. scrofulaceum, M. xenopi, M. kansasii, M. simiae and M. genavenseH Bercovier
Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ein Karem, Jerusalem 91010, Israel
Rev Sci Tech 20:265-90. 2001....
- Wild bird surveillance for the avian influenza virusJustin D Brown
Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
Methods Mol Biol 436:85-97. 2008..Separate sections are included for low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) and HPAI H5N1 viruses because the unique biological characteristics of HPAI H5N1 require a modified surveillance plan tailored to these viruses...
- Fecal shedding and antimicrobial susceptibility of selected bacterial pathogens and a survey of intestinal parasites in free-living waterfowlD M Fallacara
Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA
Avian Dis 45:128-35. 2001..In addition, the prevalence of endoparasites in these sampled waterfowl ranged from 5% to 66%. Protozoan oocysts were most prevalent followed by nematode ova. No trematode or cestode ovum was recovered from this sampled population...
- Differential expression of inflammatory and immune response genes in mesenteric lymph nodes of Iberian red deer (Cervus elaphus hispanicus) naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovisIsabel G Fernandez de Mera
Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos IREC CSIC UCLM JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
Dev Comp Immunol 32:85-91. 2008..These results contribute to our basic understanding of the mechanisms of pathogenesis and immunity to natural mycobacterial infections and may have important implications for the control of bTB...
- Diversities and similarities in PFGE profiles of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from migrating birds and humansT Broman
Department of Infectious Diseases Department of Molecular Biology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
J Appl Microbiol 96:834-43. 2004....
- COMBINATION CHEMOTHERAPY FOR PANDEMIC INFLUENZARobert Webster; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- HOST COMPETENCE FACTORS AFFECT ARBOVIRUS TRANSMISSIONWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2003..Studies will assess how alternating sequential infections between vertebrate and vector species that are part of the natural transmission cycle may alter virus genetics and fitness. ..
- ARBOVIRUS PERSISTENCE IN SEASONAL WETLANDSWilliam Reisen; Fiscal Year: 2002..Virus ecology at wetlands in the Coachella Valley of southeastern California with consistent enzootic activity will be compared with wetlands in the southern San Joaquin Valley where virus activity currently is intermittent. ..
- Developing Avirulent Rabies Virus VaccinesZhen F Fu; Fiscal Year: 2010..Humans are infected with rabies virus (RV) mostly through bites from rabid domestic or wild animals. Controlling RV infection in domestic and wildlife animals, therefore not only reduces the mortality in these ..
- Transgenic Goats Produced by Germ Cell TransplantationIna Dobrinski; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cellular and Molecular Mediators of Hantavirus InfectionSabra Klein; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Effects of Stress and Adrenal Functioning on CognitionJILL MATEO; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Development of West Nile virus surveillance systems andLarry Clark; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will provide both a risk management simulation model and empirical surveillance system. ..
- ECOLOGY AND GENETICS OF VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITISScott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2005..This information will be invaluable in targeting prevention and control resources, especially for obtaining maximum benefit in developing countries with limited resources. ..
- Prenatal TCDD and postnatal autoimmune diseaseSteven Holladay; Fiscal Year: 2007..The collective experiments are designed to detect alterations in fetal immune development caused by TCDD that underlie the worsened postnatal (postpubertal) autoimmune disease caused by this chemical. ..
- Mechanistic Studies at the Host-pathogen InterfaceDavid McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGYRobert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2008..Development of this risk model, which culminates over 2 decades of intensive study, should contribute significantly to our knowledge of the landscape ecology and epidemiology of LD in this region. ..
- COORDINATED INFORMATION SERVICES FOR PRIMATE RESEARCHJoseph W Kemnitz; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Genetics of Longevity and Age-Sensitive Traits in MiceRichard Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Avian Influenza Viruses in the Environment:What is the Probability of Human ContaDavid Stallknecht; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DIETARY DEFICIENCIES AND TUBERCULOSIS VACCINE EFFICACYDavid McMurray; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Host range restriction of human influenza virusesChristopher Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- BLUETONGUE VIRUS MORPHOGENESISPolly Roy; Fiscal Year: 2005..Together with the proposed experimental programme, our reagent and knowledge base will allow us to complete the tasks we have specified to offer new insights into virus replication and new suggestions for effective control. ..
- Inhibins and Environmental Estrogens in Ovarian DiseaseLouis Guillette; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Molecular genetics of tame behaviorANNA KUKEKOVA; Fiscal Year: 2005..A set of candidate genes implicated in human and/or rodent behavior will be evaluated for co segregation with tame and wild type behavioural phenotypes using existing and three-generation experimental fox pedigrees. ..
- GENETICS OF AGE SENSITIVE TRAITS IN MICERichard Miller; Fiscal Year: 2003..At best, the program may permit the localization of loci that influence multiple age-sensitive domains and are thus plausible candidates for genes that regulate the rate of aging per se. ..
- Annotation of the Mycoplasma alligatoris genomeDaniel Brown; Fiscal Year: 2002..The ease of PCR-based cloning and the accessibility of bioinformatics software make this an ideal project to engage undergraduate students in innovative biomedical research. ..
- The Youth Employment Training Pilot ProgramHenry Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2002..Data from the anonymous school based surveys will be used to determine whether youth who have obtained a work permit are less likely to experience a work related injury. ..
- Physiology and Behavior of Maturation in Wild BaboonsJeanne Altmann; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- WILD DERIVED MOUSE STOCKS--NEW MODELS FOR AGING RESEARCHRichard Miller; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- ATRAZINE: IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC HEALTHTyrone Hayes; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Suppression of Clostridium difficile by CommensalsKenneth Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2004..The mechanisms of suppression (Specific Aim 3) will be determined in a Freter continuous-flow culture model of the large bowel, with emphasis being placed on competition for metabolic substrates. ..
- Neurobehavioral Teratology Society: Symposium on Pesticides and MetalsSusan Schantz; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ASSEMBLY OF INFECTIOUS BLUETONGUE VIRION FROM CDNA CLONEPolly Roy; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- GENOME RESOURCE BANKING OF RARE FELID POPULATIONSWilliam Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- IDENTIFICATION OF STEM CELL MARKERS IN MAMMALIAN TESTESIna Dobrinski; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Molecular Mechanisms of Social BehaviorAnna V Kukekova; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Avian models for aging: telomeres and oxidative damageCarol Vleck; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- In vivo Transcriptional Analysis of Latent TuberculosisADEL TALAAT; Fiscal Year: 2008..Transcriptional regulators that could contribute to both chronic and reactivation stages of tuberculosis will be the target for future analysis. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCEJERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
- Genetic Transformation of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2005..Approach: Transformation by electroporation of sporozoites with GFP expression plasmids; detection of transformants in cell culture by fluorescent microscopy, anti-GFP antibodies, or reverse-transcriptase PCR. ..
- Expanding WNPRC Resources for AIDS-Related ResearchJoseph Kemnitz; Fiscal Year: 2007..Completing this renovation will provide the critical space necessary for the SIV program to expand at the WNPRC and for the investigators to continue their ground-breaking research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Functional Genomics of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2007..parvum. A comparison of the host cell response to C. parvum type 1 and type 2 will be performed to probe the molecular basis of the observed difference in virulence between types. ..
- ENHANCING THE IMMUNOGENICITY OF HUMAN ROTAVIRUS VACCINESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Porcine Respiratory Coronavirus as a SARS ModelLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- PATHOGENESIS- HUMAN CALICIVIRUSES IN GNOTOBIOTIC ANIMALSLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2008..Mutations will be mapped to the genome of C. hominis, C. muris and more distantly related apicomplexan to identify those most likely to affect protein function or transcriptional regulation. ..
- Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvumGiovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2010..Such valleys will be identified by quantitatively genotyping a selected and a control progeny population with a panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms. ..
- Antigenic Relationships of SARS and Animal CoronavirusesLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006..and animal CoVs, to develop SARS CoV antibody specific ELISA tests and to apply these to sera from domestic and wild animals to identify potential animal reservoirs for SARS...
- IMMUNE RESPONSES TO ROTAVIRUS-- ROLE MATERNAL ANTIBODIESLinda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2003..Clarification of the mechanisms of suppression by maternal Ab and means to overcome them will lead to more efficacious vaccines for both RV and other pathogens infecting neonates. ..
- Genotypic and Phenotypic Analysis of West Nile virus, Yucatan Peninsula of MexicoBradley Blitvich; Fiscal Year: 2008..This information will help determine why there has not been an epidemic of WNV in the YP, and will identify risk factors associated with WNV disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..