domestic animals

Summary

Summary: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with man. They include animals domesticated by man to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches (e.g., horses, cattle, sheep) and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship (e.g., dogs, cats, horses).

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Pharmacology of the fluoroquinolones: a perspective for the use in domestic animals
    Marilyn Martinez
    US Food and Drug Administration, Center for Veterinary Medicine, Office of New Animal Drug Evaluation, Rockville, MD 20855, USA
    Vet J 172:10-28. 2006
  2. ncbi Mapping genes for complex traits in domestic animals and their use in breeding programmes
    Michael E Goddard
    Department of Agriculture and Food Systems, University of Melbourne, Royal Parade, Parkville 3010, Australia
    Nat Rev Genet 10:381-91. 2009
  3. ncbi Immunotoxicological risk of mycotoxins for domestic animals
    I P Oswald
    INRA, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Toxicologie, Toulouse, France
    Food Addit Contam 22:354-60. 2005
  4. ncbi Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domestication
    Greger Larson
    Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 307:1618-21. 2005
  5. ncbi Domestic-animal genomics: deciphering the genetics of complex traits
    Leif Andersson
    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Box 597, SE 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
    Nat Rev Genet 5:202-12. 2004
  6. ncbi The foot-and-mouth epidemic in Great Britain: pattern of spread and impact of interventions
    N M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Science 292:1155-60. 2001
  7. ncbi DNA markers reveal the complexity of livestock domestication
    Michael W Bruford
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Main Building, Cathay Park, PO Box 915, Cardiff CF10 3TL, UK
    Nat Rev Genet 4:900-10. 2003
  8. ncbi The role of wild animal populations in the epidemiology of tuberculosis in domestic animals: how to assess the risk
    L A L Corner
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Studies, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    Vet Microbiol 112:303-12. 2006
  9. ncbi Rickettsial agents in Egyptian ticks collected from domestic animals
    Amanda D Loftis
    Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Exp Appl Acarol 40:67-81. 2006
  10. pmc Antibody responses of domestic animals to salivary antigens of Triatomainfestans as biomarkers for low-level infestation of triatomines
    Alexandra Schwarz
    School of Biological Sciences, Zoology Building, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Int J Parasitol 39:1021-9. 2009

Research Grants

  1. HOME BASED ENVIRONMENTAL ADHERENCE TRIAL
    Peyton Eggleston; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. MECHANISMS REGULATING UTERINE MORPHOGENESIS
    Thomas Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. UVA Asthma and Allergic Diseases Center
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2005
  4. Transgenic Goats Produced by Germ Cell Transplantation
    Ina Dobrinski; Fiscal Year: 2006
  5. Genetic Regulation of Postnatal Uterine Morphogenesis and Function
    Thomas Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2008
  6. IDENTIFICATION OF STEM CELL MARKERS IN MAMMALIAN TESTES
    Ina Dobrinski; Fiscal Year: 2002
  7. INNER CITY COCKROACH ALLERGEN REDUCTION TRIAL
    Peyton Eggleston; Fiscal Year: 2002
  8. Environmental Risk Factors and Canine Malignant Lymphoma
    Elizabeth Bertone Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
  9. A NOVEL APPROACH TO GERM-LIINE PRESERVATION IN MACAQUES
    Stuart Meyers; Fiscal Year: 2004
  10. Evolution of Disease: Current patterns and future trends
    Matthew Keeling; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications277 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Pharmacology of the fluoroquinolones: a perspective for the use in domestic animals
    Marilyn Martinez
    US Food and Drug Administration, Center for Veterinary Medicine, Office of New Animal Drug Evaluation, Rockville, MD 20855, USA
    Vet J 172:10-28. 2006
    ..Although the review contains a large body of basic research information, it is intended that the contents of this review have relevance to both the research scientist and the veterinary medical practitioner...
  2. ncbi Mapping genes for complex traits in domestic animals and their use in breeding programmes
    Michael E Goddard
    Department of Agriculture and Food Systems, University of Melbourne, Royal Parade, Parkville 3010, Australia
    Nat Rev Genet 10:381-91. 2009
    ..This approach is expected to double the rate of genetic improvement per year in many livestock systems...
  3. ncbi Immunotoxicological risk of mycotoxins for domestic animals
    I P Oswald
    INRA, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Toxicologie, Toulouse, France
    Food Addit Contam 22:354-60. 2005
    ..Suppressed immune function by mycotoxins may eventually decrease resistance to infectious diseases, reactivate chronic infections and/or decrease vaccine and drug efficacy...
  4. ncbi Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domestication
    Greger Larson
    Henry Wellcome Ancient Biomolecules Centre, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology, South Parks Road OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 307:1618-21. 2005
    ..In contrast, new genetic data reveal multiple centers of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than Near Eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs...
  5. ncbi Domestic-animal genomics: deciphering the genetics of complex traits
    Leif Andersson
    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Box 597, SE 751 24 Uppsala, Sweden
    Nat Rev Genet 5:202-12. 2004
  6. ncbi The foot-and-mouth epidemic in Great Britain: pattern of spread and impact of interventions
    N M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College School of Medicine, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Science 292:1155-60. 2001
    ..Culling is predicted to be more effective than vaccination...
  7. ncbi DNA markers reveal the complexity of livestock domestication
    Michael W Bruford
    Cardiff School of Biosciences, Main Building, Cathay Park, PO Box 915, Cardiff CF10 3TL, UK
    Nat Rev Genet 4:900-10. 2003
    ..The real surprise has been the high number of domestication events and the diverse locations in which they took place - factors which could radically change our approach to conserving livestock biodiversity resources in the future...
  8. ncbi The role of wild animal populations in the epidemiology of tuberculosis in domestic animals: how to assess the risk
    L A L Corner
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Studies, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
    Vet Microbiol 112:303-12. 2006
    ..An understanding of the potential of each wild animal population as a reservoir of infection for domestic animals is reached by determining the nature of the disease in each wild animal species, the routes of infection for ..
  9. ncbi Rickettsial agents in Egyptian ticks collected from domestic animals
    Amanda D Loftis
    Viral and Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Exp Appl Acarol 40:67-81. 2006
    ..reported from Asian ticks, and a Rickettsiales endosymbiont of Ixodes ricinus...
  10. pmc Antibody responses of domestic animals to salivary antigens of Triatomainfestans as biomarkers for low-level infestation of triatomines
    Alexandra Schwarz
    School of Biological Sciences, Zoology Building, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
    Int J Parasitol 39:1021-9. 2009
    ..These represent promising epidemiological markers for the detection of small numbers of feeding bugs and hence may be a new tool for vector surveillance in Chagas disease control programs...
  11. pmc Mitochondrial DNA and the origins of the domestic horse
    Thomas Jansen
    Biopsytec Analytik GmbH, Marie Curie Strasse 1, 53359 Rheinbach, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:10905-10. 2002
    ..The extensive genetic diversity of these 77 ancestral mares leads us to conclude that several distinct horse populations were involved in the domestication of the horse...
  12. pmc Multiple maternal origins and weak phylogeographic structure in domestic goats
    G Luikart
    Laboratoire de Biologie des Populations d'Altitude, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, , , B.P. 53, F-38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:5927-32. 2001
    b>Domestic animals have played a key role in human history. Despite their importance, however, the origins of most domestic species remain poorly understood...
  13. ncbi Occurrence, species distribution, antimicrobial resistance and clonality of methicillin- and erythromycin-resistant staphylococci in the nasal cavity of domestic animals
    Funda A Bagcigil
    Department of Microbiology, Istanbul University, 34320 Avcilar, Turkey
    Vet Microbiol 121:307-15. 2007
    ..Based on the analysis of data on antimicrobial consumption, the occurrence of MRCoNS in companion animals and that of ERSA in pigs reflected national and local patterns of antimicrobial usage...
  14. ncbi Clostridium difficile in food and domestic animals: a new foodborne pathogen?
    L Hannah Gould
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 51:577-82. 2010
    ..This review summarizes the available data on C. difficile in animals and food and discusses the potential for foodborne transmission of this pathogen...
  15. ncbi The zoonotic transmission of Giardia and Cryptosporidium
    Paul R Hunter
    School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Int J Parasitol 35:1181-90. 2005
    ..However, for both parasites there is a need for molecular epidemiological studies to be undertaken in well-defined foci of transmission in order to fully determine the frequency and importance of zoonotic transmission...
  16. ncbi Studying phenotypic evolution in domestic animals: a walk in the footsteps of Charles Darwin
    L Andersson
    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, SE 75124 Uppsala, Sweden
    Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol 74:319-25. 2009
    ..In a recent study, we have identified the IGF2 repressor, and this previously unknown protein, named ZBED6, is specific for placental mammals and derived from a domesticated DNA transposon...
  17. ncbi Not all farming environments protect against the development of asthma and wheeze in children
    Markus Johannes Ege
    University Children s Hospital Munich, Germany
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 119:1140-7. 2007
    ..Inconsistent data on the relation of farming to asthma and wheeze have raised some doubt about a true protective effect...
  18. ncbi Two new lipid-dependent Malassezia species from domestic animals
    F Javier Cabañes
    Grup de Micologia Veterinària Departament de Sanitat i d Anatomia Animals, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
    FEMS Yeast Res 7:1064-76. 2007
    During a study on the occurrence of lipid-dependent Malassezia spp. in domestic animals, some atypical strains, phylogenetically related to Malassezia sympodialis Simmons et Guého, were shown to represent novel species...
  19. ncbi Genes of domestic mammals augmented by backcrossing with wild ancestors
    Carles Vila
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Trends Genet 21:214-8. 2005
    ..These results support the view that, contrary to common assumption, domestic and wild lineages might not have been clearly separated throughout their history...
  20. ncbi Panton valentine leukocidin (PVL) toxin positive MRSA strains isolated from companion animals
    Shelley Rankin
    Mathew J Ryan Veterinary Hospital, University of Pennsylvania, 3900 Delancey Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Vet Microbiol 108:145-8. 2005
    ..Eleven MRSA isolates, from a total of 23 tested, were shown to possess the mecA gene and the PVL toxin genes. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis showed that the 11 PVL toxin positive MRSA strains were highly clonal...
  21. ncbi A multiplex PCR that discriminates between Trypanosoma brucei brucei and zoonotic T. b. rhodesiense
    Kim Picozzi
    Centre for Infectious Diseases, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Science, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH25 9RG, UK
    Exp Parasitol 118:41-6. 2008
    ..b. rhodesiense), inclusion of GPI-PLC as an internal control indicates whether sufficient genomic material is present for detection of a single copy T. brucei gene in the PCR reaction...
  22. ncbi Asymptomatic nasal carriage of mupirocin-resistant, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a pet dog associated with MRSA infection in household contacts
    Farrin A Manian
    Division of Infectious Diseases, St John s Mercy Medical Center, St Louis, Missouri 63141, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 36:e26-8. 2003
    ..Further recurrence of MRSA infection and nasal colonization in the couple was prevented only after successful eradication of MRSA from the family dog's nares...
  23. pmc Agricultural antibiotics and human health
    David L Smith
    Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e232. 2005
  24. ncbi Contribution of radiation hybrids to genome mapping in domestic animals
    T Faraut
    INRA, Laboratoire de Génétique Cellulaire and Biométrie et Intelligence Artificielle, Castanet Tolosan, France Thomas faraut toulouse inra fr
    Cytogenet Genome Res 126:21-33. 2009
    ..A description of its contribution to whole genome maps with a special emphasis on domestic animals will also be presented...
  25. pmc A genetic variation map for chicken with 2.8 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms
    Gane Ka Shu Wong
    Beijing Institute of Genomics of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing Genomics Institute, Beijing Proteomics Institute, Beijing 101300, China
    Nature 432:717-22. 2004
    ..lines, between two different domestic lines, and within domestic lines--in contrast to the notion that domestic animals are highly inbred relative to their wild ancestors...
  26. pmc Animal antibiotic use has an early but important impact on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in human commensal bacteria
    David L Smith
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:6434-9. 2002
    ..Our model indicates that the greatest impact occurs very early in the emergence of resistance, when AR bacteria are rare, possibly below the detection limits of current surveillance methods...
  27. pmc Flea-borne rickettsioses: ecologic considerations
    A F Azad
    Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 3:319-27. 1997
    ..We reviewed the ecology of R. typhi and R. felis and present recent data relevant to the vector biology, immunology, and molecular characterization and phylogeny of flea-borne rickettsioses...
  28. ncbi Companion animal parasitology: a clinical perspective
    Peter J Irwin
    School of Veterinary Clinical Science, Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Science, Murdoch University, 6150, Murdoch, WA, Australia
    Int J Parasitol 32:581-93. 2002
    ..Effective education is vital to allay public concerns and promote responsible pet ownership...
  29. ncbi Animal movements and the spread of infectious diseases
    Eric M Fèvre
    Centre for Infectious Diseases and Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK
    Trends Microbiol 14:125-31. 2006
    ..Measures based on heightened surveillance are proposed that mitigate the risks of new pathogen introductions...
  30. ncbi The role of mathematical modelling in the control of the 2001 FMD epidemic in the UK
    Rowland R Kao
    Dept of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3PS, Oxford, UK
    Trends Microbiol 10:279-86. 2002
    ..Here, the different modelling exercises that were developed over the course of the epidemic are reviewed, describing the difficulties in interpreting the available data and the appropriateness of the various assumptions...
  31. ncbi Opposite effects of CD 14/-260 on serum IgE levels in children raised in different environments
    Waltraud Eder
    Innate Immunity Program for Genomic Applications, Arizona Respiratory Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 116:601-7. 2005
    ..Most complex diseases are the result of interactions between polymorphisms in the genome and environmental exposures...
  32. pmc Population phylogenomic analysis of mitochondrial DNA in wild boars and domestic pigs revealed multiple domestication events in East Asia
    Gui Sheng Wu
    State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
    Genome Biol 8:R245. 2007
    ..Previously reported evidence indicates that pigs were independently domesticated in multiple places throughout the world. However, a detailed picture of the origin and dispersal of domestic pigs in East Asia has not yet been reported...
  33. ncbi Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health
    P Daszak
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Science 287:443-9. 2000
    ..three major groups on the basis of key epizootiological criteria: (i) EIDs associated with "spill-over" from domestic animals to wildlife populations living in proximity; (ii) EIDs related directly to human intervention, via host or ..
  34. ncbi Prevalence and risks for fishborne zoonotic trematode infections in domestic animals in a highly endemic area of North Vietnam
    Thi Lan Anh Nguyen
    National Institute of Veterinary Research, Hanoi, Viet Nam
    Acta Trop 112:198-203. 2009
    ..zoonotic trematodes (FZT) are endemic in humans and cultured fish in Vietnam but little is known about FZT in domestic animals. A study was designed to determine FZT prevalence and species diversity, and risk factors for infection, in ..
  35. ncbi Genetic relationship amongst the major non-coding regions of mitochondrial DNAs in wild boars and several breeds of domesticated pigs
    N Okumura
    Society for Techno Innovation of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 446 1, Ippaizuka, Kamiyokoba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0854, Japan
    Anim Genet 32:139-47. 2001
    ..This time of divergence would predate the historical period when the pig is thought to have been domesticated from the wild boar...
  36. pmc Prevalence of cryptosporidiosis among the villagers and domestic animals in several rural areas of Korea
    Jae Ran Yu
    Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380 701, Republic of Korea
    Korean J Parasitol 42:1-6. 2004
    ..3%). From these results, it was revealed that cryptosporidiosis was an endemic disease in some rural areas of Korea, and the livestock could be an important source of human infection...
  37. pmc Forest fragmentation as cause of bacterial transmission among nonhuman primates, humans, and livestock, Uganda
    Tony L Goldberg
    University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1375-82. 2008
    ..Targeted interventions on any of these levels should reduce disease transmission and emergence...
  38. pmc Evaluation of a direct, rapid immunohistochemical test for rabies diagnosis
    Tiziana Lembo
    University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:310-3. 2006
    ..Compared to the direct fluorescent antibody test, the traditional standard in rabies diagnosis, the dRIT was 100% sensitive and specific...
  39. pmc Investigating the potential spread of infectious diseases of sheep via agricultural shows in Great Britain
    C R Webb
    Farm Animal Epidemiology and Informatics Unit, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 134:31-40. 2006
    ..This data emphasizes the importance of maintaining rigorous showground and farm-level bio-security...
  40. ncbi Origin, genetic diversity, and population structure of Chinese domestic sheep
    Shan Yuan Chen
    Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio resource, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
    Gene 376:216-23. 2006
    ....
  41. ncbi Glucagon-like peptide 2 function in domestic animals
    D G Burrin
    USDA ARS Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Domest Anim Endocrinol 24:103-22. 2003
    ..However, GLP-2 may have therapeutic application in treatment of gastrointestinal injury and diarrheal diseases that occur in developing neonatal and weanling animals...
  42. pmc Factors associated with dog ownership and contact with dogs in a UK community
    Carri Westgarth
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, Cheshire, UK
    BMC Vet Res 3:5. 2007
    ..This census-based, epidemiological study aimed to investigate factors associated with dog ownership and contact with dogs, in a semi-rural community of 1278 households in Cheshire, UK...
  43. ncbi Genotypic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Cryptosporidium sp. from domestic animals in Brazil
    F Huber
    Instituto Superior de Tecnologia Fundação de Apoio à Escola Técnica do Estado do Rio de Janeiro FAETEC, Rua João de Lacerda S N, Bairro Fábrica, Paracambi, RJ, CEP 26600 000, Brazil
    Vet Parasitol 150:65-74. 2007
    ..The results obtained during this study constitute the first report of rDNA sequences from C. baileyi, C. meleagridis, C. felis, C. canis and C. parvum isolated in Brazil...
  44. ncbi Enterocytozoon bieneusi (microsporidia) in faecal samples from domestic animals from Galicia, Spain
    B Lores
    Instituto de Biotecnologia, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Espana
    Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 97:941-5. 2002
    ..hellem and E. cuniculi. Four rabbits faecal samples reacted with anti-E. cuniculi serum. Our results could indicate the importance of domestic animals as zoonotic reservoirs of microsporidial human infections.
  45. ncbi Mitochondrial diversity and phylogeographic structure of Chinese domestic goats
    Shan Yuan Chen
    Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio resource, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 37:804-14. 2005
    ..There was no significant geographical structuring in Chinese goat populations, which suggested that there existed strong gene flow among goat populations caused by extensive transportation of goats in history...
  46. ncbi Human behaviour and the epidemiology of parasitic zoonoses
    Calum N L Macpherson
    St George s University, P O Box 7, Grenada, West Indies
    Int J Parasitol 35:1319-31. 2005
    ..Such advancements, in partnership with supportive behavioural change, has the potential for a sustainable global reduction in the burden of ill health due to parasitic zoonoses. Whether this will materialise is a challenge for us all...
  47. ncbi The role of companion animals in the emergence of parasitic zoonoses
    I D Robertson
    Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Western Australia 6150, Murdoch, Australia
    Int J Parasitol 30:1369-77. 2000
    ..As many owners are not aware of the zoonotic parasites that could be carried by their pets or their mode of transmission, it is concluded that veterinarians need to play a greater role in the education of their clients...
  48. ncbi Ticks on domestic animals in Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil
    Filipe Dantas-Torres
    Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Zootecnia, Facolta di Medicina Veterinaria, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Strada Provinciale per Casamassima, km 3, 70010 Valenzano, Bari, Italia
    Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 18:22-8. 2009
    The objective of this article was to discuss some aspects of ticks associated with domestic animals in the State of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil, based on a literature review and present new data obtained from recent tick collections ..
  49. ncbi Serological and demographic evidence for domestic dogs as a source of canine distemper virus infection for Serengeti wildlife
    S Cleaveland
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Vet Microbiol 72:217-27. 2000
    ....
  50. ncbi Host--parasite relationships of Schistosoma japonicum in mammalian hosts
    Y X He
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Rockford, IL 61107, USA
    Trends Parasitol 17:320-4. 2001
    ..japonicum is potential strain differences. This review collates pertinent host-parasite relationship of S. japonicum in mammals in an endemic area and assesses the epidemiological significance of these findings for human infection...
  51. pmc Pet ownership and human health: a brief review of evidence and issues
    June McNicholas
    Croit Cullach, Durnamuck, Dundonnell, Ross Shire
    BMJ 331:1252-4. 2005
  52. ncbi Stable isotope (13C, 15N and 34S) analysis of the hair of modern humans and their domestic animals
    Roland Bol
    Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, North Wyke, Okehampton EX20 2SB, UK
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 16:2195-200. 2002
    ..Hair samples from domestic animals (i.e...
  53. ncbi A review of prevalences of paratuberculosis in farmed animals in Europe
    Søren Saxmose Nielsen
    Department of Large Animal Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Grønnegårdsvej 8, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Prev Vet Med 88:1-14. 2009
    ..Because most of the reported studies did not yield prevalence estimates which were comparable to other studies, there is a continuing need for well-designed studies of the prevalence of MAP infections...
  54. pmc Relaxation of selective constraint on dog mitochondrial DNA following domestication
    Susanne Björnerfeldt
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, SE 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden
    Genome Res 16:990-4. 2006
    ..This diversity could thus have contributed raw material upon which artificial selection has shaped modern breeds and may therefore be an important source of the extreme phenotypic variation present in modern-day dogs...
  55. ncbi Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from companion animals
    Michael Rich
    Vet Rec 154:310. 2004
  56. ncbi Genome-wide association analysis in domestic animals: a powerful approach for genetic dissection of trait loci
    Leif Andersson
    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Genetica 136:341-9. 2009
    b>Domestic animals have a sufficiently old history (thousands of generations) to allow evolution of phenotypes, but also a sufficiently young history (approximately 10,000 years) to allow powerful genetic dissection of phenotypic diversity...
  57. ncbi The role of wildlife in emerging and re-emerging zoonoses
    R G Bengis
    Veterinary Investigation Centre, PO Box 12, Skukuza, Kruger National Park, 1350, South Africa
    Rev Sci Tech 23:497-511. 2004
    ..and animal products, changing agricultural practices that favour the transfer of pathogens between wild and domestic animals, and a range of environmental changes that alter the distribution of wild hosts and vectors and thus ..
  58. ncbi Tuberculosis: a reemerging disease at the interface of domestic animals and wildlife
    M V Palmer
    Bacterial Diseases of Livestock Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, 2300 Dayton Avenue, Ames, IA 50010, USA
    Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 315:195-215. 2007
    Complex interactions involving humans, domestic animals, and wildlife create environments favorable to the emergence of new diseases...
  59. ncbi The postnatal development of the mucosal immune system and mucosal tolerance in domestic animals
    Mick Bailey
    School of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, Bristol BS40 5DU, United Kingdom
    Vet Res 37:443-53. 2006
    ....
  60. ncbi Vitrification of the oocytes and embryos of domestic animals
    G Vajta
    Centre for Early Human Development, Monash Institute of Reproduction and Development, Monash University, VIC 3168, Clayton, Australia
    Anim Reprod Sci 60:357-64. 2000
    ..These advances may result in considerable advantage and could lead to widespread application of vitrification in certain areas of domestic animal embryology...
  61. pmc Cowpox virus transmission from pet rats to humans, France
    Laetitia Ninove
    Universite de la Mediterranee, Marseille, France
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:781-4. 2009
    ..Pet rats, originating from the same pet store, were shown to be infected by a unique virus strain. Infection was then transmitted to humans who purchased or had contact with pet rats...
  62. ncbi Genetic evidence for an East Asian origin of domestic dogs
    Peter Savolainen
    Department of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology KTH, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    Science 298:1610-3. 2002
    ..A larger genetic variation in East Asia than in other regions and the pattern of phylogeographic variation suggest an East Asian origin for the domestic dog, approximately 15,000 years ago...
  63. ncbi Progesterone and placental hormone actions on the uterus: insights from domestic animals
    Thomas E Spencer
    Center for Animal Biotechnology and Genomics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    Biol Reprod 71:2-10. 2004
    ..Strategic manipulation of these physiological mechanisms may offer therapeutic schemes to improve uterine capacity, conceptus survival, and reproductive health of domestic animals and humans.
  64. ncbi Domestic animals as potential reservoir hosts of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in sleeping sickness foci in Cameroon
    F Njiokou
    General Biology Laboratory, Department of Biology and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Science, BP 812, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Parasite 17:61-6. 2010
    ..In some HAT foci, pigs were found infected by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense but the implication of the other domestic animals was not quite evaluated. This study aims to determine the prevalence of T. b...
  65. ncbi Evolution, consequences and future of plant and animal domestication
    Jared Diamond
    Department of Physiology, University of California Medical School, Los Angeles, 90095 1751, USA
    Nature 418:700-7. 2002
    ....
  66. pmc Human salmonellosis associated with exotic pets
    D L Woodward
    National Laboratory for Enteric Pathogens, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Microbiol 35:2786-90. 1997
    ..java, S. stanley, S. poona, S. jangwani, S. tilene, S. litchfield, S. manhattan, S. pomona, S. miami, S. rubislaw, S. marina subsp. IV, and S. wassenaar subsp. IV...
  67. ncbi Genotyping of Giardia duodenalis from human and animal samples from Brazil using beta-giardin gene: a phylogenetic analysis
    A C Volotão
    Departamento de Medicina Tropical, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Av Brazil 4365, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21045 090, Brazil
    Acta Trop 102:10-9. 2007
    ..city of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, from a population composed by humans (n=366, 310 children and 56 adults), domestic animals (n=11) from a municipal daycare center in the surroundings of a slum and neighborhood medium-high class ..
  68. ncbi spa typing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from domestic animals and veterinary staff in the UK and Ireland
    Arshnee Moodley
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    J Antimicrob Chemother 58:1118-23. 2006
    ..MRSA transmission between animals and veterinary staff was assessed on the basis of spa typing, PFGE and epidemiological data...
  69. ncbi Transmission of multiple antimicrobial-resistant Staphylococcus intermedius between dogs affected by deep pyoderma and their owners
    L Guardabassi
    Department of Veterinary Microbiology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Stigbøjlen 4, 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Vet Microbiol 98:23-7. 2004
    ..Independent of the direction and modalities of transmission, this finding raises questions concerning the possible transfer of resistance genes from canine S. intermedius to human pathogenic staphylococci...
  70. ncbi A population-based case control study of potential risk factors for IBD
    Charles N Bernstein
    University of Manitoba Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinical and Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:993-1002. 2006
    ..We aimed to pursue potential etiological clues to Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) through a population-based case control survey study...
  71. ncbi Hemoprotozoa of domestic animals in France: prevalence and molecular characterization
    A Criado-Fornelio
    Parasitology Laboratory, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alcala, 28871 Alcala de Henares, Spain
    Vet Parasitol 159:73-6. 2009
    Very limited information is available on epizootiology of haematozoan infections in French domestic animals. In an attempt to address this issue, prevalence of piroplasmida was studied in carnivores and ruminants, whereas prevalence of ..
  72. pmc Community-acquired MRSA and pig-farming
    Xander W Huijsdens
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Perinatal Screening, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 5:26. 2006
    ..Sporadic cases of CA-MRSA in persons without risk-factors for MRSA carriage are increasing...
  73. ncbi Chromosomal abnormalities, meiotic behavior and fertility in domestic animals
    D A F Villagómez
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada
    Cytogenet Genome Res 120:69-80. 2008
    ..interest in describing the synapsis patterns of chromosome abnormalities associated with fertility of domestic animals has been noticed during the past three decades...
  74. pmc Disease dynamics over very different time-scales: foot-and-mouth disease and scrapie on the network of livestock movements in the UK
    Rowland R Kao
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    J R Soc Interface 4:907-16. 2007
    ..These contradictory indicators emphasize that appropriate observation time frames and good discrimination among types of potentially infectious contacts are vital in order for network analysis to be a valuable epidemiological tool...
  75. pmc Gastric helicobacters in domestic animals and nonhuman primates and their significance for human health
    Freddy Haesebrouck
    Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Clin Microbiol Rev 22:202-23, Table of Contents. 2009
    ..The recent successes with in vitro isolation of non-H. pylori helicobacters from domestic animals open new perspectives for studying these microorganisms and their interactions with the host.
  76. pmc Differences in antibiotic resistance patterns of Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from farm and pet animals
    P Butaye
    Laboratory of Veterinary Bacteriology and Mycology, Department of Pathology, Bacteriology, and Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ghent, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 45:1374-8. 2001
    ..faecium strains than in E. faecalis strains. With few exceptions, resistance against the different categories of antibiotics was more prevalent in strains from farm animals than in those from pets...
  77. ncbi Mechanisms of tolerance to inhalant allergens: the relevance of a modified Th2 response to allergens from domestic animals
    Thomas A E Platts-Mills
    Asthma and Allergic Disease Center, University of Virginia, University Health Systems, Charlottesville 22908 1355, USA
    Springer Semin Immunopathol 25:271-9. 2004
    ..Dust mite and cockroach differ from cat (and rat) allergens not only in the quantity inhaled and the particles' sizes but also in the biochemistry of the molecule...
  78. pmc Diseases of humans and their domestic mammals: pathogen characteristics, host range and the risk of emergence
    S Cleaveland
    Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 356:991-9. 2001
    ..There is clearly a need to understand the dynamics of infectious diseases in complex multihost communities in order to mitigate disease threats to public health, livestock economies and wildlife...
  79. ncbi Antibiotic resistance among verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) and non-VTEC isolated from domestic animals and humans
    Karl A Bettelheim
    Microbiological Diagnostic Unit, Public Health Laboratory, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne, Royal Parade, Parkville, Victoria, Australia 3052
    J Med Microbiol 52:155-62. 2003
    ....
  80. ncbi A retrospective study of visceral and nonvisceral hemangiosarcoma and hemangiomas in domestic animals
    Patricia C Schultheiss
    Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    J Vet Diagn Invest 16:522-6. 2004
    ..Degree of differentiation, mitotic rate, size of tumor, and presence or absence of epidermal ulceration, mast cells, or solar elastosis did not correlate with clinical outcome...
  81. ncbi Scientific description can imperil species
    Bryan L Stuart
    Science 312:1137. 2006
  82. ncbi Steroids as local regulators of ovarian activity in domestic animals
    D Schams
    Institute of Physiology, Technical University of Munich Weihenstephan, D 85350 Freising, Germany
    Domest Anim Endocrinol 23:53-65. 2002
    ..In conclusion, steroids as local regulators of ovarian activity are now documented and may stimulate further research in this field...
  83. ncbi The zoonotic significance and molecular epidemiology of Giardia and giardiasis
    R C Andrew Thompson
    WHO Collaborating Centre for the Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections and Western Australian Biomedical Research Institute, Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
    Vet Parasitol 126:15-35. 2004
    ..The greatest risk of zoonotic transmission appears to be from companion animals such as dogs and cats, although further studies are required in different endemic foci in order to determine the frequency of such transmission...
  84. ncbi Seroprevalence of Bartonella henselae, Toxoplasma gondii, FIV and FeLV infections in domestic cats in Japan
    Soichi Maruyama
    Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health, Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 252 8510 Japan
    Microbiol Immunol 47:147-53. 2003
    ..0%) and indoor cats (4.6%). On the other hand, no significant difference in seropositivities was observed in FeLV and T. gondii infections concerning to both genders and raising status...
  85. ncbi Fractional excretion tests: a critical review of methods and applications in domestic animals
    Herve P Lefebvre
    Departement des Sciences Cliniques, Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Toulouse, 23 Chemin des Capelles, Toulouse cedex 03, France
    Vet Clin Pathol 37:4-20. 2008
    ..FEs, especially of calcium, phosphates, and magnesium, are useful in clinical nutrition to assess mineral balance. FE is difficult to measure, so its use should be limited to nutritional investigations and nephrology research...
  86. ncbi Use of real-time quantitative PCR targeting the msp2 protein gene to identify cryptic Anaplasma phagocytophilum infections in wildlife and domestic animals
    Nicole Drazenovich
    Center for Vectorborne Disease, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, California 95616, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 6:83-90. 2006
    ..phagocytophilum...
  87. ncbi Studies on an inactivated vaccine against rabies virus in domestic animals
    F Monaco
    Virology and Biotechnology Laboratory, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell Abruzzo e del Molise G Caporale, Teramo, Italy
    Dev Biol (Basel) 125:233-9. 2006
    ....
  88. pmc Protein folding pathology in domestic animals
    Erik Gruys
    Section of Domestic Animal Pathology, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    J Zhejiang Univ Sci 5:1226-38. 2004
    ..Misfolded proteins remain potential food hazards. Developments concerning prevention of amyloidogenesis and therapy of amyloid deposits are shortly commented...
  89. ncbi Myiasis in domestic animals in Israel
    H J Schnur
    Laboratory of Entomology, Ministry of Health, P O Box 34410, Jerusalem, Israel
    Vet Parasitol 161:352-5. 2009
    Dipteran larvae were collected from wounds of 78 domestic animals. The larvae were identified as follows: Wohlfahrtia magnifica, taken from dogs (the majority), goats, sheep, camels, horses and one cat; Lucilia sericata, from cats, sheep, ..
  90. ncbi Giardiasis as a re-emerging infectious disease and its zoonotic potential
    R C Thompson
    WHO Collaborating Centre for the Molecular Epidemiology of Parasitic Infections, Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Western Australia 6150, Murdoch, Australia
    Int J Parasitol 30:1259-67. 2000
    ....
  91. ncbi Occurrence of highly fluoroquinolone-resistant and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in domestic animals
    Ann E Lin
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Life Sciences Centre, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
    Can J Microbiol 53:925-9. 2007
    ..phenotypic and genotypic analyses carried out on multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from domestic animals. The sequence type ST239 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dogs were highly resistant ..
  92. pmc Synchronous cycles of domestic dog rabies in sub-Saharan Africa and the impact of control efforts
    Katie Hampson
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7717-22. 2007
    ....
  93. ncbi Cattle movements and bovine tuberculosis in Great Britain
    M Gilbert
    Biological Control and Spatial Ecology CP160 12, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, avenue F D Roosevelt 50, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Nature 435:491-6. 2005
    ..Simulation distribution models for 2002 and 2003, incorporating all predictor categories, are presented and used to project distributions for 2004 and 2005...
  94. ncbi Challenges of pain assessment in domestic animals
    Sukumarannair S Anil
    Department of Clinical and Population Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 220:313-9. 2002
  95. ncbi Domesticated pigs in eastern Indonesia
    Peter Bellwood
    Science 309:381; author reply 381. 2005
  96. ncbi Transmission of Schistosoma japonicum by humans and domestic animals in the Yangtze River valley, Anhui province, China
    Tian ping Wang
    Anhui Institute of Parasitic Diseases, 207 Dongjiao Road, Wuhu 241000, China
    Acta Trop 96:198-204. 2005
    ..present work was to assess the relative contribution to transmission of Schistosoma japonicum by humans and domestic animals in two villages in the Yangtze River valley in Anhui province, China...
  97. ncbi Development of a novel self-medicating applicator for control of internal and external parasites of wild and domestic animals
    M J Burridge
    Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, P O Box 110880, Gainesville, Florida 32611 0880, USA
    Onderstepoort J Vet Res 71:41-51. 2004
    ....
  98. ncbi An investigation into the distribution, host-preference and population density of ixodid ticks affecting domestic animals in Bangladesh
    M Khyrul Islam
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
    Trop Anim Health Prod 38:485-90. 2006
    ..B. microplus, H. bispinosa and R. sanguineus were by far the most widely distributed species; the distribution of H. a. anatolicum was restricted to the steppe 'Barind tract' and A. testudinarium was found in the hilly regions only...
  99. ncbi Serological evidence of infection of Anaplasma and Ehrlichia in domestic animals in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region area, China
    Bayin Chahan
    Veterinary College, Xingjiang Agricultural University, Urumqui, China
    Vet Parasitol 134:273-8. 2005
    Serological methods were utilized to detect Anaplasma and Ehrlichia infection in domestic animals in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China...
  100. ncbi Gene targeting in livestock: a preview
    A J Clark
    Roslin Institute, Midlothian, UK
    Transgenic Res 9:263-75. 2000
    ..We discuss current developments in NT, the prospects and technical challenges for introducing targeted changes into the germline by this route, and the types of application for which this new technology will be used...
  101. ncbi Disrupted sex differentiation and feminization of man and domestic animals
    Parvathi K Basrur
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ont, Canada N1G 2W1
    Environ Res 100:18-38. 2006
    Genital malformations constitute the most common birth defects in man and domestic animals and occur frequently in males since the participation of many genes is required for sex differentiation to proceed in the male direction...

Research Grants67

  1. HOME BASED ENVIRONMENTAL ADHERENCE TRIAL
    Peyton Eggleston; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  2. MECHANISMS REGULATING UTERINE MORPHOGENESIS
    Thomas Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  3. UVA Asthma and Allergic Diseases Center
    Thomas Platts Mills; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding the mechanisms involved is essential for defining new approaches to treatment and prevention and also for explaining the increasing prevalence of asthma. ..
  4. Transgenic Goats Produced by Germ Cell Transplantation
    Ina Dobrinski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Genetic Regulation of Postnatal Uterine Morphogenesis and Function
    Thomas Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This research will help determine important genes for reproduction and help to design clinical therapies to prevent, identify and treat reproductive problems in women. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. IDENTIFICATION OF STEM CELL MARKERS IN MAMMALIAN TESTES
    Ina Dobrinski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. INNER CITY COCKROACH ALLERGEN REDUCTION TRIAL
    Peyton Eggleston; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Secondary variables, including medication use, acute care visits, school loss, FEVI and methacholine responsiveness will also be compared. ..
  8. Environmental Risk Factors and Canine Malignant Lymphoma
    Elizabeth Bertone Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Because dogs and their human owners share a common environment within the household, results from this study will have direct relevance to the on-going effort to identify factors that may increase risk of human NHL. ..
  9. A NOVEL APPROACH TO GERM-LIINE PRESERVATION IN MACAQUES
    Stuart Meyers; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Dobrinski and experiments involving germ cell transplantation into male macaques will be performed at UC Davis. We expect to expand this study into a fully-independent project. ..
  10. Evolution of Disease: Current patterns and future trends
    Matthew Keeling; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The types of trade-offs and constraints seen in the experimental systems can then be used to formulated more biologically mechanistic and more accurate computer models of disease evolution in higher organisms. ..
  11. Response of Rhesus Sperm to Freezing: Recovery from Osmotic and Oxidative Stress
    Stuart A Meyers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. Exposure Intervention in a Rural Pediatric Asthma Cohort
    Peter Thorne; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Detailed health and home hygiene questionnaires and home inspections will be conducted at baseline and one year later, as will child spirometry. ..
  13. Early Environmental Hygiene and Pediatric Atopy
    Christine C Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Further, working with Dr. F. Martinez, we will use the established repository of biospecimens to develop molecular epidemiologic studies of genetic-environmental risk factors. ..
  14. COLON CANCER SURVIVORS--MEDICATIONS & RISK OF RECURRENCE
    Christine Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Using automated pharmacy data, the timing of use and exposure to NSAIDs and HRT will be analyzed among cancer survivors, along with potentially confounding variables, in relation to these outcomes. ..
  15. ANTI-VIRAL TREATMENT OF DEVELOPING BOVINE EMBRYOS
    Maurice Givens; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  16. Second International Workshop on Microsporidia from Vertebrate and Invertebrate H
    Louis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, the goal of this[unreadable] congress is to foster the exchange of information between these diverse groups of[unreadable] scientists leading to advances in research on these emergent pathogens. ..
  17. Bridges to the Doctorate in Reproductive Biology
    Fuller Bazer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. THE CELLULAR STRESS RESPONSE IN VIRAL ENCEPHALITIS
    Michael Oglesbee; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The experimental system uses measles virus, but the work has potential broad relevance to other viruses that infect brain. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Transcription Factors in Trophectoderm Differentiation
    Robert Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The studies are expected to reveal mechanisms underpinning the transition of embryonic stem cells to trophectoderm, a developmental event that immediately precedes implantation and a time when expression of hCG begins. ..
  20. Role of Mouse Allergen in Childhood Asthma
    Wanda Phipatanakul; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This will help her translate knowledge gained from her research into direct community benefit. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  21. Relationship between diet and sex of offspring
    Robert Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Environmental Exposures, NOS Genes, and Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Pediatric Asthma
    Adam Spanier; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Mechanism of Endotoxin's Effect On Allergy Risk
    Keoki Williams; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..It is the hoped that understanding the mechanism of endotoxin's effect will establish new targets for the prevention of allergies. ..
  24. Epidemiology of Regulatory T Cells in Pregnancy and Childhood Atopic Diseases
    Ganesa Wegienka; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Catheter Dwell Time and Risk of Bloodstream Infections in Hospitalized Neonates
    Aaron M Milstone; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This project will help to develop evidence-based strategies to prevent bloodstream infections among vulnerable infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit. ..
  26. Risk Factors Accounting for Neighborhood Differences in Asthma Prevalence
    Matthew S Perzanowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Aim 3. We hypothesize that among children sensitized to at least one allergen (i.e., atopic), those who live in a HAPN will be more likely to have asthma than those who live in an LAPN. ..
  27. Molecular Mechanisms of Social Behavior
    Anna V Kukekova; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  28. Methamphetamine, Stress and SIV: Effects at Blood-Brain Barrier and Lymph Nodes
    John P Capitanio; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Relevance ..
  29. Developing Avirulent Rabies Virus Vaccines
    Zhen F Fu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such characterists will make these recombinant RV vaccines particularly suitable for post-exposure treatment. ..
  30. Developing Health Behaviors in Middle Adolescence
    DONNA LYNN REW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  31. INTERACTION BETWEEN BLASTOCYST AND UTERINE ENDOMETRIUM
    ROBERT MICHAEL ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Together these studies are expected to provide information on two key events in early pregnancy, the formation of an early placenta and immediate maternal responses to the presence of a tiny embryo attaching to her uterine wall. ..
  32. IL-15, Body Compositition and Insulin Sensivity in Aging
    LeBris S Quinn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Developing and Evaluating New Approaches to Youth Agricultural Injury Prevention
    John Wilkins; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..5. Relying on the PEM data, quantify the risk of CAI among participating youth. ..
  34. Prion Transport Across the Blood-Brain Barrier
    William Banks; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..To cause disease, prions must cross the blood-brain barrier to enter the brain. We will determine how prions cross the BBB. Knowing how prions enter the brain should lead to strategies on how to prevent prion diseases. ..
  35. Generation of Genetically Attenuated Rickettsiae
    Abdu Azad; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The underlying hypothesis tested is whether recombinant strains with altered genes maintain their immunogenicity within mammals and provide cross protection to subsequent challenge with virulent strains. ..
  36. TOXOPLASMA ENCEPHALITIS IN AIDS: BRADYZOITE REGULATION
    Louis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  37. Primate enteroviruses transmission in Bangladesh
    Lisa Jones Engel; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Ultimately, this data will provide insight into the potential emergence of NHP-borne pathogens and help to deter the spread of emerging zoonotic threats. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Antibiotics in Infancy-Risk Factor for Childhood Asthma
    Dennis Ownby; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This new analysis will allow a much more rigorous examination of the possible relationship between early antibiotic use and asthma in a population of American children. ..
  39. Adherence to the NAGCAT and Injury Risk Reduction
    John Wilkins; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..5. Identify parental characteristics and attitudes that most strongly predict high compliance / conformity with the NAGCAT. ..
  40. OVINE INTERFERON-TAU REGULATES UTERINE HORMONE RECEPTOR
    Fuller Bazer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  41. SEXUAL HEALTH PRACTICES OF HOMELESS ADOLESCENTS
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The expected outcome is an effective, brief intervention for promoting sexual health that can be delivered to homeless adolescents in an unsheltered environment. ..
  42. BIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY OF MALARIA PARASITE LIVER-STAGES
    Abdu Azad; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..falciparum EE-stages. Finally, we will define the contribution of P. yoelii liver-stage gene products in protective immunity via DNA immunizations. ..
  43. Mechanisms of HIV Transport Across the BBB
    William Banks; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  44. ANIMAL MODELS OF COLD AIR-INDUCED AIRWAY DISEASE
    Michael Davis; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The investigators will use these same measurements to determine the changes in pulmonary mechanics and airway inflammation in dogs that perform repeated exercise in frigid environments. ..
  45. Epidemiologic Methods: Resistant Nosocomial Infections
    Marc Lipsitch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This will in turn lead to better practices to reduce the incidence of ARNI. ..
  46. Microsporidiosis:A Therapeutic Target
    Louis Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  47. Adjuvant Nutrition for Critically III Trauma Patients
    John Rathmacher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If as expected, Phase I results confirm the effectiveness of the nutrient mixture in trauma patients. Expanded multicenter studies will be proposed in Phase II. ..
  48. Pet Exposure, Allergy and Early Asthma in the Inner-City
    Matthew Perzanowski; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) Determine whether pet allergen exposure in an inner-city community is associated with early predictors of allergic disease and asthma including persistent wheeze, doctor diagnosed eczema and asthma symptoms. ..
  49. Resistant E.coli in Humans and Poultry
    James Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Does the research address a current and compelling problem of antimicrobial resistance that is of high public health importance and for which research is needed? [yes]. ..
  50. Murine Typhus: Vector Biology & Transmission
    Abdu Azad; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..typhi and ELB upon challenge with[unreadable] the heterologous rickettsiae and involvement of 120 kDa in the protection.[unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. Language, Literacy, Culture: Communication of Health Concepts
    DOUGLAS BRUGGE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  52. NCRR Training Grant for Veterinary Students in Research
    Michael Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Over a three-year period this program will contribute nine comparative medical scientists with veterinary medical degrees who are well trained in animal-oriented, hypothesis-based research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. A Longitudinal Study of Health Risk Behavior in Youth
    DONNA REW; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Obesity in school staff:Participatory environmental model
    Judith Siegel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Beyond improving the health status of school personnel, healthy teachers have the potential to create an optimistic school climate, serve as role models to students, and reinforce positive health messages. ..
  55. Nutrition, Fetal Growth, and Placental Angiogenesis
    Lawrence P Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. THE MAJOR ANGIOGENIC FACTORS IN PLACENTAL ANGIOGENESIS
    Lawrence Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such valleys will be identified by quantitatively genotyping a selected and a control progeny population with a panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms. ..
  58. Functional Genomics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..parvum. A comparison of the host cell response to C. parvum type 1 and type 2 will be performed to probe the molecular basis of the observed difference in virulence between types. ..
  59. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF EIAV PERSISTENCE
    JERALD OAKS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..These studies will provide insight into HIV persistence in HAART patients, and potentially provide a model that can be used to evaluate strategies for actual elimination of lentiviral infections. ..
  60. Genetics of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Mutations will be mapped to the genome of C. hominis, C. muris and more distantly related apicomplexan to identify those most likely to affect protein function or transcriptional regulation. ..
  61. Genetic Transformation of Cryptosporidium parvum
    Giovanni Widmer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Approach: Transformation by electroporation of sporozoites with GFP expression plasmids; detection of transformants in cell culture by fluorescent microscopy, anti-GFP antibodies, or reverse-transcriptase PCR. ..
  62. Peer Education in Pregnancy Study
    Victoria Persky; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results of this study will assist in elucidating the etiologic pathway by which asthma develops early in life, as well as assist in the development of effective intervention programs. ..
  63. Natural History of Borrelia lonestari
    Susan Little; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S., enhancing public health efforts in those areas where people are risk of infection; reduction in human disease from these pathogens should result. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..