seaweed

Summary

Summary: Marine ALGAE widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Sulfated seaweed polysaccharides as antiviral agents
    Elsa B Damonte
    Virologia, Departamento de Quimica Biologica, CIHIDECAR CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellon 2, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Curr Med Chem 11:2399-419. 2004
  2. ncbi A comparative study of the anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, antiangiogenic, and antiadhesive activities of nine different fucoidans from brown seaweeds
    Albana Cumashi
    Department of Oncology and Neurosciences, University G D Annunzio Medical School and Foundation, 66013 Chieti, Italy, and Division of Immunogenetics, Hospital de Clinicas Jose de San Martin, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Glycobiology 17:541-52. 2007
  3. ncbi Structure and functional properties of ulvan, a polysaccharide from green seaweeds
    Marc Lahaye
    INRA, BIA, BP 71627, 44316 Nantes, France
    Biomacromolecules 8:1765-74. 2007
  4. pmc Chemical structures and bioactivities of sulfated polysaccharides from marine algae
    Guangling Jiao
    National Research Council Canada, Institute for Marine Biosciences, Halifax, NS, B3H 3Z1, Canada
    Mar Drugs 9:196-223. 2011
  5. ncbi Heterofucans from Dictyota menstrualis have anticoagulant activity
    I R L Albuquerque
    Laboratório de Biotecnologia de Polímeros Naturais, Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072 970 Natal, RN, Brazil
    Braz J Med Biol Res 37:167-71. 2004
  6. ncbi The antiviral activity of sulfated polysaccharides against dengue virus is dependent on virus serotype and host cell
    L B Talarico
    Laboratorio de Virologia, Departamento de Quimica Biologica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Antiviral Res 66:103-10. 2005
  7. pmc Chemically rich seaweeds poison corals when not controlled by herbivores
    Douglas B Rasher
    School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:9683-8. 2010
  8. pmc Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of heterofucans from the seaweed Sargassum filipendula
    Leandro Silva Costa
    Laboratório de Biotecnologia de Polímeros Naturais Biopol, Departamento de Bioquimica, Centro de Biociencias, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte UFRN, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
    Mar Drugs 9:952-66. 2011
  9. ncbi Further data on the structure of brown seaweed fucans: relationships with anticoagulant activity
    L Chevolot
    Unité de Recherche Marine 2 et Laboratoire de Biochimie et Molécules Marines, IFREMER, Nantes, France
    Carbohydr Res 319:154-65. 1999
  10. ncbi Fucoidans from the brown seaweed Adenocystis utricularis: extraction methods, antiviral activity and structural studies
    Nora M A Ponce
    Departamento de Quimica Organica CIHIDECAR, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Univ Buenos Aires, Pab 2 Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Carbohydr Res 338:153-65. 2003

Detail Information

Publications305 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Sulfated seaweed polysaccharides as antiviral agents
    Elsa B Damonte
    Virologia, Departamento de Quimica Biologica, CIHIDECAR CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellon 2, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Curr Med Chem 11:2399-419. 2004
    Several sulfated seaweed polysaccharides show high antiviral activity against enveloped viruses, including important human pathogens such as human immunodeficiency virus, herpes simplex virus, human cytomegalovirus, dengue virus and ..
  2. ncbi A comparative study of the anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, antiangiogenic, and antiadhesive activities of nine different fucoidans from brown seaweeds
    Albana Cumashi
    Department of Oncology and Neurosciences, University G D Annunzio Medical School and Foundation, 66013 Chieti, Italy, and Division of Immunogenetics, Hospital de Clinicas Jose de San Martin, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Glycobiology 17:541-52. 2007
    ..The data presented herein provide a new rationale for the development of potential drugs for thrombosis, inflammation, and tumor progression...
  3. ncbi Structure and functional properties of ulvan, a polysaccharide from green seaweeds
    Marc Lahaye
    INRA, BIA, BP 71627, 44316 Nantes, France
    Biomacromolecules 8:1765-74. 2007
    ..The original physicochemical, rheological, and biological properties recently unraveled for this complex sulfated aldobiouronan open the way for novel potential applications...
  4. pmc Chemical structures and bioactivities of sulfated polysaccharides from marine algae
    Guangling Jiao
    National Research Council Canada, Institute for Marine Biosciences, Halifax, NS, B3H 3Z1, Canada
    Mar Drugs 9:196-223. 2011
    ..It will then review the recent findings on the anticoagulant/antithrombotic, antiviral, immuno-inflammatory, antilipidemic and antioxidant activities of sulfated polysaccharides and their potential for therapeutic application...
  5. ncbi Heterofucans from Dictyota menstrualis have anticoagulant activity
    I R L Albuquerque
    Laboratório de Biotecnologia de Polímeros Naturais, Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072 970 Natal, RN, Brazil
    Braz J Med Biol Res 37:167-71. 2004
    ..denote a family of sulfated L-fucose-rich polysaccharides which are present in the extracellular matrix of brown seaweed and in the egg jelly coat of sea urchins...
  6. ncbi The antiviral activity of sulfated polysaccharides against dengue virus is dependent on virus serotype and host cell
    L B Talarico
    Laboratorio de Virologia, Departamento de Quimica Biologica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Antiviral Res 66:103-10. 2005
    ..Both seaweed derivatives were selective inhibitors of DENV-2 multiplication in Vero cells with inhibitory concentration 50% (..
  7. pmc Chemically rich seaweeds poison corals when not controlled by herbivores
    Douglas B Rasher
    School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:9683-8. 2010
    ..These patterns suggest that allelopathic seaweed-coral interactions can be important on reefs lacking herbivore control of seaweeds, and that these interactions ..
  8. pmc Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of heterofucans from the seaweed Sargassum filipendula
    Leandro Silva Costa
    Laboratório de Biotecnologia de Polímeros Naturais Biopol, Departamento de Bioquimica, Centro de Biociencias, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte UFRN, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
    Mar Drugs 9:952-66. 2011
    ..Further purification steps and additional studies on structural features as well as in vivo experiments are needed to test the viability of their use as therapeutic agents...
  9. ncbi Further data on the structure of brown seaweed fucans: relationships with anticoagulant activity
    L Chevolot
    Unité de Recherche Marine 2 et Laboratoire de Biochimie et Molécules Marines, IFREMER, Nantes, France
    Carbohydr Res 319:154-65. 1999
    ..LMWFs) obtained by partial hydrolysis or radical depolymerization of a crude fucoidan extracted from the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum are compared...
  10. ncbi Fucoidans from the brown seaweed Adenocystis utricularis: extraction methods, antiviral activity and structural studies
    Nora M A Ponce
    Departamento de Quimica Organica CIHIDECAR, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Univ Buenos Aires, Pab 2 Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Carbohydr Res 338:153-65. 2003
    The brown seaweed Adenocystis utricularis (family Adenocystaceae, order Ectocarpales sensu lato) was extracted in parallel with three solvents usually utilized for obtaining fucoidans: distilled water, 2% calcium chloride solution and ..
  11. ncbi Larval settlement of the common Australian sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma in response to bacteria from the surface of coralline algae
    Megan J Huggett
    Centre for Marine Biofouling and BioInnovation, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, Australia
    Oecologia 149:604-19. 2006
    ..erythrogramma larvae. This study is also an example of the emerging integration of molecular microbiology and more traditional marine eukaryote ecology...
  12. ncbi Fucoxanthin-rich seaweed extract suppresses body weight gain and improves lipid metabolism in high-fat-fed C57BL/6J mice
    Seon Min Jeon
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
    Biotechnol J 5:961-9. 2010
    An ethanol extract of fucoxanthin-rich seaweed was examined for its effectiveness as a nutraceutical for body fat-lowering agent and for an antiobese effect based on mode of actions in C57BL/6J mice...
  13. ncbi Unseen players shape benthic competition on coral reefs
    Katie L Barott
    Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
    Trends Microbiol 20:621-8. 2012
    ....
  14. pmc Fucans, but not fucomannoglucuronans, determine the biological activities of sulfated polysaccharides from Laminaria saccharina brown seaweed
    Diego O Croci
    Laboratorio de Inmunopatología, Instituto de Biologia y Medicina Experimental, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas y Departamento de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
    PLoS ONE 6:e17283. 2011
    Sulfated polysaccharides from Laminaria saccharina (new name: Saccharina latissima) brown seaweed show promising activity for the treatment of inflammation, thrombosis, and cancer; yet the molecular mechanisms underlying these properties ..
  15. pmc Fucose-containing sulfated polysaccharides from brown seaweeds inhibit proliferation of melanoma cells and induce apoptosis by activation of caspase-3 in vitro
    Marcel Tutor Ale
    Center for Bioprocess Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs Lyngby, Denmark
    Mar Drugs 9:2605-21. 2011
    ..vesiculosus). This study thus indicates that unfractionated FCSPs may exert bioactive effects on skin cancer cells via induction of apoptosis through cascades of reactions that involve activation of caspase-3...
  16. ncbi Seaweed communities in retreat from ocean warming
    Thomas Wernberg
    UWA Oceans Institute, School of Plant Biology, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia
    Curr Biol 21:1828-32. 2011
    ..The potential for global extinctions is profound considering the many endemic seaweeds and seaweed-dependent marine organisms in temperate Australia.
  17. ncbi Exploiting biological activities of brown seaweed Ecklonia cava for potential industrial applications: a review
    W A J P Wijesinghe
    School of Marine Biomedical Sciences, Jeju National University, Jeju 690 756, South Korea
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 63:225-35. 2012
    ..Ecklonia cava is a brown seaweed that is abundant in the subtidal regions of Jeju Island in the Republic of Korea...
  18. pmc Macroalgal terpenes function as allelopathic agents against reef corals
    Douglas B Rasher
    Schools of Biology and Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:17726-31. 2011
    ..Our results highlight a newly demonstrated but potentially widespread competitive mechanism to help explain the lack of coral recovery on many present-day reefs...
  19. ncbi Ecological roles of natural products of the Brazilian red seaweed Laurencia obtusa
    R C Pereira
    Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ, 24001 970, Brazil
    Braz J Biol 63:665-72. 2003
    ..field experiments were performed to assess the ecological roles of natural products produced by the Brazilian red seaweed Laurencia obtusa. Laboratory assays revealed that the natural concentration of the crude organic extract of L...
  20. ncbi Monte Verde: seaweed, food, medicine, and the peopling of South America
    Tom D Dillehay
    Department of Anthropology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37265, USA
    Science 320:784-6. 2008
    ..findings support the archaeological interpretation of the site and indicate that the site's inhabitants used seaweed from distant beaches and estuarine environments for food and medicine...
  21. ncbi Temperature induced bacterial virulence and bleaching disease in a chemically defended marine macroalga
    Rebecca J Case
    School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Environ Microbiol 13:529-37. 2011
    ..This interplay between temperature, an algal chemical defence mechanism and bacterial virulence demonstrates the complex impact environmental change can have on an ecosystem...
  22. ncbi Nutritional value of edible seaweeds
    Paul MacArtain
    Dundalk Institute of Technology, Dublin Road, Dundalk, County Louth, Republic of Ireland
    Nutr Rev 65:535-43. 2007
    ..For the purpose of comparison, a sample serving size of 8 g dry weight of seaweed is used to illustrate the potential contribution of seaweeds to the diet.
  23. ncbi Overview of anticoagulant activity of sulfated polysaccharides from seaweeds in relation to their structures, focusing on those of green seaweeds
    M Ciancia
    Catedra de Quimica de Biomoleculas, Departamento de Biologia Aplicada y Alimentos, Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av San Martin 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Curr Med Chem 17:2503-29. 2010
    ..Other mechanisms are also proposed and these differences could be attributed to the diversity of structures of the polysaccharides evaluated and to the fact that one compound may have more than one target protease...
  24. pmc Macroalgae decrease growth and alter microbial community structure of the reef-building coral, Porites astreoides
    Rebecca Vega Thurber
    Florida International University, Deptartment of Biological Sciences, North Miami, Florida, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e44246. 2012
    ....
  25. pmc Herbivory, connectivity, and ecosystem resilience: response of a coral reef to a large-scale perturbation
    Thomas C Adam
    Coastal Research Center, Marine Science Institute, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e23717. 2011
    ....
  26. pmc Antiprotozoal activities of organic extracts from French marine seaweeds
    Catherine Vonthron-Sénécheau
    Pharmacognosie et Molécules Naturelles Bio actives, Laboratoire d Innovation Thérapeutique UMR CNRS 7200, Faculte de Pharmacie, Universite de Strasbourg, 74 route du Rhin, 67401 Illkirch Cedex, France
    Mar Drugs 9:922-33. 2011
    ..falciparum, showed the best antiplasmodial activity. This study is the first to report comparative antiprotozoal activity of French marine algae. Some of the species studied here have not previously been biologically evaluated...
  27. ncbi Marine organisms as a therapeutic source against herpes simplex virus infection
    Thanh Sang Vo
    Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea
    Eur J Pharm Sci 44:11-20. 2011
    ..This contribution presents an overview of potential anti-HSV agents derived from marine organisms and their promising application in HSV therapy...
  28. ncbi Evaluation of Turkish seaweeds for antiprotozoal, antimycobacterial and cytotoxic activities
    Sevda Süzgeç-Selçuk
    Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    Phytother Res 25:778-83. 2011
    ..The selective toxicity of the extracts was also determined against mammalian L6 cells. All seaweed extracts were active against T...
  29. pmc Therapies from fucoidan; multifunctional marine polymers
    Janet Helen Fitton
    Marinova Pty Ltd, 249 Kennedy Drive, Cambridge, Tasmania 7170, Australia
    Mar Drugs 9:1731-60. 2011
    ..In recent years, the production of well characterized reproducible fucoidan fractions on a commercial scale has become possible making therapies from fucoidan a realizable goal...
  30. ncbi Natural products as antifouling compounds: recent progress and future perspectives
    Pei Yuan Qian
    KAUST Global Partnership Program, Department of Biology, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Biofouling 26:223-34. 2010
    ..Finally, a perspective on the future of AF compound development is presented. The discussion is aimed at updating scientists and engineers on the current challenges facing AF research...
  31. ncbi A protective coat of microorganisms on macroalgae: inhibitory effects of bacterial biofilms and epibiotic microbial assemblages on barnacle attachment
    Ali Nasrolahi
    Department of Marine Ecology, Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 81:583-95. 2012
    ..Our results add to the notion that the performance of F. vesiculosus may be reduced by multiple stressors in the course of global warming...
  32. pmc Neuroprotective effects of marine algae
    Ratih Pangestuti
    Marine Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, Busan 608 737, Korea
    Mar Drugs 9:803-18. 2011
    ..This contribution presents an overview of marine algal neuroprotective effects and their potential application in neuroprotection...
  33. pmc Important determinants for fucoidan bioactivity: a critical review of structure-function relations and extraction methods for fucose-containing sulfated polysaccharides from brown seaweeds
    Marcel Tutor Ale
    Center for Bioprocess Engineering, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark DTU, Søltofts Plads, Building 229, DK 2800 Kgs Lyngby, Denmark
    Mar Drugs 9:2106-30. 2011
    ..The bioactive properties may vary depending on the source of seaweed, the compositional and structural traits, the content (charge density), distribution, and bonding of the sulfate ..
  34. ncbi Ecological role of a seaweed secondary metabolite for a colonizing bacterial community
    Frank Persson
    Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Microbiology, University of Gothenburg, Goteborg, Sweden
    Biofouling 27:579-88. 2011
    Bacteria associated with seaweeds can both harm and benefit their hosts. Many seaweed species are known to produce compounds that inhibit growth of bacterial isolates, but the ecological role of seaweed metabolites for the associated ..
  35. ncbi Alternative stable states and phase shifts in coral reefs under anthropogenic stress
    Tak Fung
    School of Biological Sciences, Queen s University Belfast, Belfast BT9 7BL United Kingdom
    Ecology 92:967-82. 2011
    ..Our results also suggest that, for ecosystems in general, tackling multiple human stressors simultaneously maximizes resilience to phase shifts, ASS, and hysteresis, leading to improvements in ecosystem health and functioning...
  36. ncbi Partial characterization and anticoagulant activity of a heterofucan from the brown seaweed Padina gymnospora
    T M A Silva
    Laboratório de Glicobiologia, Departamento de Bioquimica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brasil
    Braz J Med Biol Res 38:523-33. 2005
    ....
  37. ncbi Biological properties of ulvan, a new source of green seaweed sulfated polysaccharides, on cultured normal and cancerous colonic epithelial cells
    B Kaeffer
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre de Nantes, CRNH de Nantes, Unité Fonctions Digestives et Nutrition Humaine, France
    Planta Med 65:527-31. 1999
    ..01) but were inactive on normal colonocytes. In conclusion, this dietary fiber could be a source of oligosaccharides with a bioactivity, a cytotoxicity or a cytostaticity targeted to normal or cancerous epithelial cells...
  38. ncbi Effects of experimental seaweed deposition on lizard and ant predation in an island food web
    Jonah Piovia-Scott
    Section of Evolution and Ecology and Center for Population Biology, One Shields Avenue, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616 8755, USA
    Science 331:461-3. 2011
    ..In a Caribbean island system, a major manifestation of environmental change is seaweed deposition, which has been linked to eutrophication, overfishing, and hurricanes...
  39. ncbi A case-control study on seaweed consumption and the risk of breast cancer
    Yoon Jung Yang
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Hanyang University, Haengdang dong, Sungdong gu, Seoul, South Korea
    Br J Nutr 103:1345-53. 2010
    ..Miyeok consumption did not have any significant associations with breast cancer. These results suggest that high intake of gim may decrease the risk of breast cancer...
  40. ncbi Real-time PCR detection of Fe-type nitrile hydratase genes from environmental isolates suggests horizontal gene transfer between multiple genera
    Lee Coffey
    Pharmaceutical and Molecular Biotechnology Research Centre, Chemical and Life Sciences Department, Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 98:455-63. 2010
    ..The real-time PCR assay should prove useful in searching for nitrile hydratases that could have novel substrate specificities and therefore potential in industrial applications...
  41. ncbi Assessment of the ability of seaweed extracts to protect against hydrogen peroxide and tert-butyl hydroperoxide induced cellular damage in Caco-2 cells
    A M O'Sullivan
    School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College, Cork, Ireland
    Food Chem 134:1137-40. 2012
    The ability of brown seaweed extracts, Ascophyllum nodosum, Laminaria hyperborea, Pelvetia canaliculata, Fucus vesiculosus and Fucus serratus to protect against tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tert-BOOH) induced stress in Caco-2 cells was ..
  42. pmc Desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry reveals surface-mediated antifungal chemical defense of a tropical seaweed
    Amy L Lane
    School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:7314-9. 2009
    ....
  43. ncbi Arsinothioyl-sugars produced by in vitro incubation of seaweed extract with liver cytosol analysed by HPLC coupled simultaneously to ES-MS and ICP-MS
    Helle R Hansen
    Department of Chemistry, College of Physical Science, University of Aberdeen, AB24 3UE, UK
    Analyst 129:1058-64. 2004
    ..Here, arsinothioyl sugars are detected for the first time. The in vitro formation of arsinothioyl-sugars in liver cytosol suggests that arsinothioyls may be of large biochemical and toxicological importance...
  44. ncbi Phlorotannins from Ecklonia cava (Phaeophyceae): biological activities and potential health benefits
    Isuru Wijesekara
    Marine Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, Busan, Republic of Korea
    Biofactors 36:408-14. 2010
    ..Ecklonia cava Kjellman is an edible seaweed, which has been recognized as a rich source of bioactive derivatives mainly, phlorotannins...
  45. ncbi Anti-inflammatory activities of methanol extracts from various seaweed species
    Mohammed N A Khan
    Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, and Institute of Fisheries Sciences, Pukyong National University, Namku, Busan 608 737, Korea
    J Environ Biol 29:465-9. 2008
    ..The IC50 of U. linza was 20, 26, and 31 mg ml(-1) when edema, erythema, and blood flow, respectively, were measured. A linear correlation among inhibition rates of edema, erythema, and blood flow was observed with high confidence...
  46. ncbi Inhibitory effect of fucoidan on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated primary microglia
    Yan qiu Cui
    Key Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases of Ministry of Education, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
    Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 37:422-8. 2010
    ..The results also suggest that this inhibitory action of fucoidan involves suppression of p38 and ERK phosphorylation...
  47. pmc Heterofucans from the brown seaweed Canistrocarpus cervicornis with anticoagulant and antioxidant activities
    Rafael Barros Gomes Camara
    Laboratory of Biotechnology of Natural Polymers, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal RN, Brazil
    Mar Drugs 9:124-38. 2011
    ..cervicornis polysaccharides as anticoagulants and antioxidants. Further purification steps and additional studies on structural features as well as in vivo experiments are needed to test the viability of their use as therapeutic agents...
  48. ncbi Structural studies on fucoidans from the brown seaweed Sargassum stenophyllum
    M E Duarte
    , , PO Box 19046, CEP 81531-990 Curitiba, , Brazil
    Carbohydr Res 333:281-93. 2001
    The brown seaweed Sargassum stenophyllum biosynthesizes two different sets of fucoidans. One of them is characterized by higher percentages of glucuronic acid and fewer sulfate groups, which are situated on different sugar units...
  49. ncbi Agarans from the red seaweed Polysiphonia nigrescens (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales)
    Héctor J Prado
    Departamento de Quimica Organica, CIHIDECAR CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, UBA, Pabellon 2, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428EGA Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Carbohydr Res 343:711-8. 2008
    ..A fifth fraction comprising 6-sulfated agarose was also isolated. The use of 2D NMR techniques allowed us to assign the 1H and 13C NMR resonances of the G6S-->L6S diad for the first time...
  50. ncbi Seaweed carotenoid, fucoxanthin, as a multi-functional nutrient
    Hayato Maeda
    Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate 041 8611, Japan
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:196-9. 2008
    ..These multi-functionalities of fucoxanthin indicate that it is an important bioactive carotenoid that is beneficial for the prevention of the metabolicsyndrome...
  51. ncbi Evaluation of antioxidative activity of extracts from a brown seaweed, Sargassum siliquastrum
    S N Lim
    Department of Biology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, People s Republic of China
    J Agric Food Chem 50:3862-6. 2002
    ..However, there was no correlation between the above antioxidant potency and total phenolic compounds estimated by using the Folin-Ciocalteau method...
  52. ncbi Cytotoxic effects against HeLa cells of polysaccharides from seaweeds
    F R Stevan
    Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
    J Submicrosc Cytol Pathol 33:477-84. 2001
    ..Alginic acid (160.0 microg/mL) isolated from the brown seaweed Laminaria brasiliensis (molar ratio M/G 1.2) and its M and G blocks (40...
  53. pmc Antiviral activities of extracts from Hong Kong seaweeds
    Hui Wang
    Medical College, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
    J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 9:969-76. 2008
    We extracted six Hong Kong brown seaweed species with hot water for their antiviral properties...
  54. ncbi No-take areas, herbivory and coral reef resilience
    Terry P Hughes
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:1-3. 2007
    ..No-take areas, where fishing is prohibited, are vital tools for managing food webs, ecosystem function and the resilience of reefs, in a seascape setting that extends far beyond the boundaries of the reefs themselves...
  55. ncbi Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of extracts from a variety of edible seaweeds
    Yvonne V Yuan
    School of Nutrition, Faculty of Community Services, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria St, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5B 2K3
    Food Chem Toxicol 44:1144-50. 2006
    ..05), suggesting a causal link related to extract content of kelp phlorotannins and dulse polyphenols including mycosporine-like amino acids and phenolic acids...
  56. ncbi Fucoxanthin from edible seaweed, Undaria pinnatifida, shows antiobesity effect through UCP1 expression in white adipose tissues
    Hayato Maeda
    Laboratory of Biofunctional Material Chemistry, Division of Marine Bioscience, Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Hokkaido 041 8611, Japan
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 332:392-7. 2005
    ..we show reduction of abdominal white adipose tissue (WAT) weights in rats and mice by feeding lipids from edible seaweed, Undaria pinnatifida...
  57. ncbi Dietary intake, eating habits, and metabolic syndrome in Korean men
    Aesun Shin
    Cohort Study Branch, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Control Research Institute, National Cancer Center, Ilsandong gu, Goyang si, Gyonggi Do, Korea
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:633-40. 2009
    ..Dietary factors contribute to the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, a disorder associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and some cancers...
  58. ncbi Non-photosynthetic enhancement of growth by high CO2 level in the nitrophilic seaweed Ulva rigida C. Agardh (Chlorophyta)
    F J Gordillo
    Departamento de Ecologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Malaga, Spain
    Planta 213:64-70. 2001
    ..rigida might involve a different pathway from that proposed for higher plants. The role of organic C release as an effective regulatory mechanism maintaining the internal C:N balance in response to different CO2 levels is discussed...
  59. ncbi The structure of a sulfated galactan from Porphyra haitanensis and its in vivo antioxidant activity
    Quanbin Zhang
    Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, PR China
    Carbohydr Res 339:105-11. 2004
    The sulfated galactan fraction F1 isolated from the red seaweed, Porphyra haitanensis, showed typical porphyran structure...
  60. pmc Seaweed resistance to microbial attack: a targeted chemical defense against marine fungi
    Julia Kubanek
    Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, The Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92037 0204, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:6916-21. 2003
    ..In this study, we asked whether the common seaweed Lobophora variegata is chemically defended against potentially deleterious microorganisms...
  61. ncbi Evaluation of in vitro anti-Leishmanial activity of some brown, green and red algae from the Persian Gulf
    M Fouladvand
    The Persian Gulf Research Center for Tropical and Infectious Medicine, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran
    Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 15:597-600. 2011
    ..These pharmaceutical problems point towards the need to develop novel chemotherapeutic agents. Seaweeds are considered as source of bioactive metabolites characterized by a broad spectrum of biological activities...
  62. ncbi Mesoherbivores reduce net growth and induce chemical resistance in natural seaweed populations
    Gunilla B Toth
    Department of Marine Ecology, Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory, Goteborg University, Strömstad 452 96, Sweden
    Oecologia 152:245-55. 2007
    ..on the individual net growth of the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum in natural field populations...
  63. ncbi Evaluation of biogas production from seaweed in batch tests and in UASB reactors combined with the removal of heavy metals
    Valentine Nkongndem Nkemka
    Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P O Box 124, SE 221 00 Lund, Sweden
    J Environ Manage 91:1573-9. 2010
    b>Seaweed can be anaerobically digested for the production of energy-rich methane. However, the use of seaweed digestate as a fertilizer may be restricted because of the high heavy metal content especially cadmium...
  64. ncbi Demographic feedback between clonal growth and fragmentation in an invasive seaweed
    J T Wright
    Institute for Conservation Biology and School of Biological Sciences, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, Australia
    Ecology 87:1744-54. 2006
    Many abundant plants, invertebrates, and seaweed are clonal, and this allows the formation of high-density aggregations, foraging, and the placement of modules into new space, and rapid rates of expansion...
  65. ncbi A xylogalactofucan from the brown seaweed Spatoglossum schröederi stimulates the synthesis of an antithrombotic heparan sulfate from endothelial cells
    Hugo Alexandre de Oliveira Rocha
    Laboratório de Glicobiologia, Departamento de Bioquimica, Centro de Biociencias, Universidade Federal de Rio Grande do Norte UFRN, Natal RN, Brazil
    Planta Med 71:379-81. 2005
    The brown seaweed Spatoglossum schröederi (Dictyotaceae) contains three main fucans (fucans A, B and C) with different mobility in electrophoresis. The fucan with highest mobility (fucan C) was precipitated with 2...
  66. pmc Coral and macroalgal exudates vary in neutral sugar composition and differentially enrich reef bacterioplankton lineages
    Craig E Nelson
    Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
    ISME J 7:962-79. 2013
    ..Our results demonstrate that algal exudates are enriched in DCNS components, foster rapid growth of bacterioplankton and select for bacterial populations with more potential VFs than coral exudates...
  67. ncbi Inter-population comparisons of copper resistance and accumulation in the red seaweed, Gracilariopsis longissima
    Murray T Brown
    School of Marine Science and Engineering, Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK
    Ecotoxicology 21:591-600. 2012
    Copper (Cu) resistance and accumulation of five populations of the red seaweed Gracilariopsis longissima collected from sites in south west England (Fal Estuary, Helford Estuary and Chesil Fleet) that differ in their degree of Cu ..
  68. ncbi Silver-loaded seaweed-based cellulosic fiber improves epidermal skin physiology in atopic dermatitis: safety assessment, mode of action and controlled, randomized single-blinded exploratory in vivo study
    Joachim W Fluhr
    Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
    Exp Dermatol 19:e9-15. 2010
    ..Previously, we have shown a dose-dependent antibacterial and antifungal activity of silver-loaded seaweed-based cellulosic fibres.
  69. pmc Anticoagulant activity of a unique sulfated pyranosic (1->3)-β-L-arabinan through direct interaction with thrombin
    Paula V Fernandez
    Catedra de Quimica de Biomoleculas, Departamento de Biologia Aplicada y Alimentos, Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av San Martin 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
    J Biol Chem 288:223-33. 2013
    A highly sulfated 3-linked β-arabinan (Ab1) with arabinose in the pyranose form was obtained from green seaweed Codium vermilara (Bryopsidales)...
  70. pmc Seaweed polysaccharides and derived oligosaccharides stimulate defense responses and protection against pathogens in plants
    Jeannette Vera
    Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemistry and Biology, University of Santiago, Santiago, Chile
    Mar Drugs 9:2514-25. 2011
    ..In addition, oligosaccharides obtained by depolymerization of seaweed polysaccharides also induce protection against viral, fungal and bacterial infections in plants...
  71. ncbi Microwave assisted extraction of iodine and bromine from edible seaweed for inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry determination
    Vanessa Romarís-Hortas
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Bromatology, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Santiago de Compostela, Avenida das Ciencias, S N, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Talanta 79:947-52. 2009
    The feasibility of microwave energy to assist the solubilisation of edible seaweed samples by tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) has been investigated to extract iodine and bromine...
  72. ncbi Iodine-induced neonatal hypothyroidism secondary to maternal seaweed consumption: a common practice in some Asian cultures to promote breast milk supply
    Phillip John Emder
    Bankstown Hospital, Bankstown, New South Wales, Australia
    J Paediatr Child Health 47:750-2. 2011
    ..They also describe a cultural practice of consuming seaweed soup to promote breast milk supply...
  73. ncbi Arsenic in seaweed--forms, concentration and dietary exposure
    Martin Rose
    DEFRA Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK
    Food Chem Toxicol 45:1263-7. 2007
    This study has measured the content of total and inorganic forms of arsenic in seaweed available on retail sale for consumption, to provide data for dietary exposure estimates and to support advice to consumers...
  74. ncbi Seaweed vitamins as nutraceuticals
    Soňa Skrovánková
    Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Zlin, Czech Republic
    Adv Food Nutr Res 64:357-69. 2011
    ..b>Seaweed vitamins are important not only due to their biochemical functions and antioxidant activity but also due to other ..
  75. ncbi Betaine yields from marine algal species utilized in the preparation of seaweed extracts used in agriculture
    Gerald Blunden
    School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Hampshire, UK
    Nat Prod Commun 5:581-5. 2010
    ..hyperborea and Fucus serratus, are marine algal species utilized in the commercial production of seaweed extracts used in agriculture...
  76. ncbi Study of the mechanisms of cadmium biosorption by dealginated seaweed waste
    M E Romero-Gonzalez
    Division of Chemistry, School of Science and Mathematics, Sheffield Hallam University, Howard Street, Sheffield S1 1WB
    Environ Sci Technol 35:3025-30. 2001
    The ability of dealginated seaweed waste, a waste material derived from the commercial processing of seaweed for alginate production, to remove cadmium from solution was determined...
  77. ncbi Agarivorans gilvus sp. nov. isolated from seaweed
    Zong Jun Du
    College of Marine Science, Shandong University at Weihai, Weihai 264209, PR China
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 61:493-6. 2011
    A novel agarase-producing, non-endospore-forming marine bacterium, WH0801(T), was isolated from a fresh seaweed sample collected from the coast of Weihai, China...
  78. pmc Diversity among macroalgae-consuming fishes on coral reefs: a transcontinental comparison
    Adriana Vergés
    Centre for Marine Bio Innovation, Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e45543. 2012
    ....
  79. ncbi Nutritional and digestive health benefits of seaweed
    Niranjan Rajapakse
    Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
    Adv Food Nutr Res 64:17-28. 2011
    b>Seaweed is a famous delicacy in some parts of the Asia and also a well-known source of important food hydrocolloids, such as agar, alginates, and carrageenan...
  80. pmc Transcriptomic analysis of the red seaweed Laurencia dendroidea (Florideophyceae, Rhodophyta) and its microbiome
    Louisi Souza de Oliveira
    Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro UFRJ Av, Carlos Chagas Filho, 373 CCS IB BLOCO A ANEXO A3 202, Rio de Janeiro, 21941 599, Brazil
    BMC Genomics 13:487. 2012
    ..Host-microbe interaction is a driving force for co-evolution in the marine environment, but molecular studies of seaweed-associated microbial communities are still rare...
  81. ncbi Seaweed proteins and amino acids as nutraceuticals
    Monika Cerna
    Department of Food Technology and Microbiology, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Zlin, Czech Republic
    Adv Food Nutr Res 64:297-312. 2011
    ..Its value depends particularly on species and the environmental conditions. Seaweed protein is a source of all amino acids, especially glycine, alanine, arginine, proline, glutamic, and aspartic ..
  82. ncbi Novel DL-galactan hybrids from the red seaweed Gymnogongrus torulosus are potent inhibitors of herpes simplex virus and dengue virus
    C A Pujol
    Departamento de Quimica Biologica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Argentina
    Antivir Chem Chemother 13:83-9. 2002
    A novel series of DL-galactan hybrids extracted from the red seaweed Gymnogongrus torulosus, was evaluated for its in vitro antiviral properties against herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and dengue virus 2 (DEN-2)...
  83. ncbi Seaweed diversity enhances nitrogen uptake via complementary use of nitrate and ammonium
    Matthew E S Bracken
    Bodega Marine Laboratory, University of California at Davis, P O Box 247, Bodega Bay, California 94923, USA
    Ecology 87:2397-403. 2006
    ..together. Specifically, we found that in diverse seaweed assemblages, uptake of either nitrate or ammonium alone was equal to the average of the component monocultures...
  84. ncbi Assessment of heavy metals (Cd, Cr and Pb) in water, sediment and seaweed (Ulva lactuca) in the Pulicat Lake, South East India
    Seralathan Kamala-Kannan
    Research Institute of Bioindustry, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561 756, South Korea
    Chemosphere 71:1233-40. 2008
    ..Spearman correlation coefficient study showed no significant correlation in the concentration of metals in U. lactuca, water and sediment samples...
  85. ncbi Arsenosugars in raw and cooked edible seaweed: characterization and bioaccessibility
    Concepción Almela
    Instituto de Agroquimica y Tecnologia de Alimentos CSIC, Apartado 73, 46100 Burjassot, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 53:7344-51. 2005
    The aim of this study was to examine arsenic species contents in raw and cooked edible seaweed and the bioaccessibility (maximum soluble concentration in gastrointestinal medium) of arsenosugars (glycerol ribose, phosphate ribose, ..
  86. pmc A meta-analysis of seaweed impacts on seagrasses: generalities and knowledge gaps
    Mads S Thomsen
    Oceans Institute and School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    PLoS ONE 7:e28595. 2012
    ..This result may reflect that seaweed biomass and/or shading and metabolic by-products like anoxia and sulphides could be lower for rooted seaweeds...
  87. ncbi Seaweed as a source of novel nutraceuticals: sulfated polysaccharides and peptides
    A Jimenez-Escrig
    Metabolism and Nutrition Department, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos y Nutrición ICTAN, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas CSIC, Jose Antonio Novais 10, Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid, Spain
    Adv Food Nutr Res 64:325-37. 2011
    Seaweeds and seaweed-derived products are underexploited marine bioresources and a source of natural ingredients for functional foods...
  88. ncbi A pilot study of silver-loaded cellulose fabric with incorporated seaweed for the treatment of atopic dermatitis
    K Y Park
    Department of Dermatology, Chung Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
    Clin Exp Dermatol 37:512-5. 2012
    ..effectiveness and biophysical properties of a newly developed silver-loaded cellulose fabric with incorporated seaweed, we enrolled 12 subjects with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis into a clinical control study...
  89. pmc Fine-scale genetic breaks driven by historical range dynamics and ongoing density-barrier effects in the estuarine seaweed Fucus ceranoides L
    João Neiva
    Centro de Ciencias do Mar, Centro de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental Laboratório Associado, Universidade do Algarve, Gambelas, Faro 8005 139, Portugal
    BMC Evol Biol 12:78. 2012
    ..The estuarine seaweed Fucus ceranoides provides a good example of highly differentiated populations along its most persistent ..
  90. ncbi Adsorption study of metal ions onto crosslinked seaweed Laminaria japonica
    Kedar Nath Ghimire
    Department of Applied Chemistry, Saga University, Honjo 1, Saga 840 8502, Japan
    Bioresour Technol 99:32-7. 2008
    An efficient and cost effective non-conventional adsorbent has been prepared from seaweed Laminaria japonica by crosslinking with epichlorohydrin...
  91. ncbi Study of in vitro cytotoxicity of a water soluble organic arsenic compound, arsenosugar, in seaweed
    T Sakurai
    Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, Japan
    Toxicology 122:205-12. 1997
    In the present study, we demonstrated the cytotoxic effect of a dimethylarsenic compound in seaweed, (R)-(2',3'-dihydroxypropyl) 5- deoxy-5-dimethylarsinoyl-beta-D-riboside, namely arsenosugar (AsSug), on mammalian cells, murine ..
  92. ncbi Methanol extract of the seaweed Gloiopeltis furcata induces G2/M arrest and inhibits cyclooxygenase-2 activity in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells
    Song Ja Bae
    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Silla University and Marine Biotechnology center for Bio Functional Material Industries, Busan 617 736, Korea
    Phytother Res 21:52-7. 2007
    It was previously reported that a methanol extract of Gloiopeltis furcata (MEGF), a kind of edible seaweed, inhibited the growth of several human cancer cell lines...
  93. pmc Seaweed extracts and unsaturated fatty acid constituents from the green alga Ulva lactuca as activators of the cytoprotective Nrf2-ARE pathway
    Rui Wang
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    Free Radic Biol Med 57:141-53. 2013
    ..Collectively, this study provides new insight into why consumption of dietary seaweed may have health benefits, and the identified compounds add to the list of chemopreventive dietary unsaturated ..
  94. ncbi What we can learn from sushi: a review on seaweed-bacterial associations
    Joke Hollants
    Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 83:1-16. 2013
    ..Because seaweed-bacterial associations are appealing from evolutionary and applied perspectives, future studies should integrate ..
  95. ncbi Herbivores, tidal elevation, and species richness simultaneously mediate nitrate uptake by seaweed assemblages
    Matthew E S Bracken
    Marine Science Center, Northeastern University, 430 Nahant Road, Nahant, Massachusetts 01908, USA
    Ecology 92:1083-93. 2011
    ..we experimentally evaluate the effects of two factors known to affect the diversity and composition of intertidal seaweed assemblages--tidal elevation and herbivory--on nitrate uptake by those assemblages...
  96. pmc Polyunsaturated fatty acids in various macroalgal species from North Atlantic and tropical seas
    Vincent J T van Ginneken
    Plant Research International, Business Unit Agrosystems Research, P O Box 616, 6700 AP Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Lipids Health Dis 10:104. 2011
    ..In this study the efficacy of using marine macroalgae as a source for polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are associated with the prevention of inflammation, cardiovascular diseases and mental disorders, was investigated...
  97. ncbi Stability of agar in the seaweed Gracilaria eucheumatoides (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) during postharvest storage
    Jumelita B Romero
    Mindanao State University Tawi Tawi, Sanga Sanga, Bongao, 7500 Tawi Tawi, Philippines
    Bioresour Technol 99:8151-5. 2008
    The status of the cell-wall polysaccharide of the red seaweed, Gracilaria eucheumatoides upon postharvest storage was assessed in this study...
  98. ncbi A fucan from the brown seaweed Spatoglossum schröederi inhibits Chinese hamster ovary cell adhesion to several extracellular matrix proteins
    H A Rocha
    , Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN, Brasil
    Braz J Med Biol Res 34:621-6. 2001
    Fucans, a family of sulfated polysaccharides present in brown seaweed, have several biological activities. Their use as drugs would offer the advantage of no potential risk of contamination with viruses or particles such as prions...
  99. ncbi Tasco-Forage: I. Influence of a seaweed extract on antioxidant activity in tall fescue and in ruminants
    J H Fike
    Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061, USA
    J Anim Sci 79:1011-21. 2001
    b>Seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) is a known source of plant growth regulators, and application to turfgrasses has increased activity of the antioxidant superoxide dismutase (SOD) and specific vitamin precursors...
  100. ncbi Tasco-Forage: III. Influence of a seaweed extract on performance, monocyte immune cell response, and carcass characteristics in feedlot-finished steers
    V G Allen
    Department of Plant and Soil Science, Wildlife, and Fisheries Management, Texas Tech University, Lubbock 79409, USA
    J Anim Sci 79:1032-40. 2001
    ..Tasco-Forage, a proprietary extract from the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum, is a known source of cytokinins and has increased antioxidant activity in both plants and ..
  101. ncbi Seaweed prevents breast cancer?
    H Funahashi
    Department of Surgery II, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Showa Ku, Nagoya 466 8550, Japan
    Jpn J Cancer Res 92:483-7. 2001
    To investigate the chemopreventive effects of seaweed on breast cancer, we have been studying the relationship between iodine and breast cancer...

Research Grants10

  1. Exploration, conservation, &development of marine biodiversity in Fiji
    Mark E Hay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., overfishing, nutrification) causing seaweed replacement of corals and precipitating the dramatic loss of biodiversity that is occurring on coral reefs ..
  2. VisualSonics Ultrasound Imaging System Upgrade
    Kirk Peterson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They include: 1) a 10-year old Philips Sonos 5500" system, used at the Seaweed Canyon Physiology Laboratory since 1999, 2) a relatively inexpensive and reconditioned Philips Sonos 5500", ..
  3. THE METABOLISM OF STEROLS FROM SHELLFISH AND ALGAE
    WILLIAM CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..These include brassicasterol, 24-methylene cholesterol, 22-dehydrocholesterol, a 26-sterol, and a 29-sterol. Seaweed contains an additional sterol of interest, fucosterol...
  4. Activation of the Cancer Preventive Nrf2-ARE Pathway by Seaweed
    Hendrik Luesch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary/Abstract Seaweed (marine algae) is a major dietary source in Asian countries, particularly in Japan...
  5. VIRULENCE AND IMMUNITY TO MUCOID P. AERUGINOSA
    Gerald Pier; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Flagella will be conjugated to seaweed polymannuronic acid or P...
  6. CONTROL OF FEEDING BEHAVIOR--HEPATIC AFFERENT SIGNALING
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results from this project may contribute to a better understanding of metabolic stimuli that are sensed by the nervous system, and may elucidate neural controls that are involved in obesity, anorexia, and diabetes. ..
  7. Neural basis of learned food aversion and nausea
    CHARLES HORN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Effective treatment of nausea may substantially improve the quality of life for patients with chronic disease. ..
  8. Regulation of breast cancer growth by activation peptide
    Vaclav Vetvicka; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The overall goal is to generate a pharmacological agent for breast cancer based on blockage of the autocrine growth factor activity of pCD. ..
  9. Biomaterials as Decorporation Agents for Radionuclides
    TATIANA LEVITSKAIA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. A Genome-Wide Association Study of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    Christine F Skibola; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The data generated from this study will provide a framework for further investigation within the NHL consortium, InterLymph. Results will later be combined with that from other InterLymph case-control studies in pooled analyses. ..