Summary: A major group of polyphyletic organisms of extremely varied morphology and physiology, mostly photosynthetic, but distinguished from plants by their complex form of sexual reproduction. They are freshwater and marine, terrestrial and subterranean; some are neustonic (living at the interface of water and the atmosphere). They live in various protozoa and within other plants. They live also in soil and on soil surfaces, on long-persistent snows, and in Antarctic rocks. Thermophilic algae inhabit hot springs. (From Webster, 3d ed; from Bold & Wynne, Introduction to the Algae, 2d ed, pp1-6)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Algae acquire vitamin B12 through a symbiotic relationship with bacteria
    Martin T Croft
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EA, UK
    Nature 438:90-3. 2005
  2. ncbi Long-term region-wide declines in Caribbean corals
    Toby A Gardner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 301:958-60. 2003
  3. pmc Membrane lipids of symbiotic algae are diagnostic of sensitivity to thermal bleaching in corals
    Dan Tchernov
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:13531-5. 2004
  4. ncbi Indirect effects of algae on coral: algae-mediated, microbe-induced coral mortality
    Jennifer E Smith
    Ecol Lett 9:835-45. 2006
  5. ncbi CO2 concentrating mechanisms in algae: mechanisms, environmental modulation, and evolution
    Mario Giordano
    Department of Marine Sciences, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, 60121 Ancona, Italy
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 56:99-131. 2005
  6. ncbi The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists
    Sina M Adl
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    J Eukaryot Microbiol 52:399-451. 2005
  7. ncbi Environmental behavior and ecotoxicity of engineered nanoparticles to algae, plants, and fungi
    Enrique Navarro
    Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology EAWAG, Ueberlandstrasse 133, Dubendorf 8600, Switzerland
    Ecotoxicology 17:372-86. 2008
  8. ncbi A molecular timeline for the origin of photosynthetic eukaryotes
    Hwan Su Yoon
    Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Comparative Genomics, University of Iowa, Iowa, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 21:809-18. 2004
  9. ncbi The fast and slow kinetics of chlorophyll a fluorescence induction in plants, algae and cyanobacteria: a viewpoint
    George C Papageorgiou
    National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos, Institute of Biology, Athens, 153 10, Greece
    Photosynth Res 94:275-90. 2007
  10. ncbi Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services
    Boris Worm
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 314:787-90. 2006

Detail Information

Publications262 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Algae acquire vitamin B12 through a symbiotic relationship with bacteria
    Martin T Croft
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EA, UK
    Nature 438:90-3. 2005
    ..In contrast, many algae are rich in vitamin B12, with some species, such as Porphyra yezoensis (Nori), containing as much cobalamin as ..
  2. ncbi Long-term region-wide declines in Caribbean corals
    Toby A Gardner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 301:958-60. 2003
    ..The ability of Caribbean coral reefs to cope with future local and global environmental change may be irretrievably compromised...
  3. pmc Membrane lipids of symbiotic algae are diagnostic of sensitivity to thermal bleaching in corals
    Dan Tchernov
    Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:13531-5. 2004
    ..that thylakoid membrane lipid composition is a key determinate of thermal-stress sensitivity in symbiotic algae of cnidarians...
  4. ncbi Indirect effects of algae on coral: algae-mediated, microbe-induced coral mortality
    Jennifer E Smith
    Ecol Lett 9:835-45. 2006
    Declines in coral cover are generally associated with increases in the abundance of fleshy algae. In many cases, it remains unclear whether algae are responsible, directly or indirectly, for coral death or whether they simply settle on ..
  5. ncbi CO2 concentrating mechanisms in algae: mechanisms, environmental modulation, and evolution
    Mario Giordano
    Department of Marine Sciences, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, 60121 Ancona, Italy
    Annu Rev Plant Biol 56:99-131. 2005
    ..In coping with this situation, many algae and some higher plants acquired mechanisms that use energy to increase the CO2 concentrations (CO2 concentrating ..
  6. ncbi The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists
    Sina M Adl
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    J Eukaryot Microbiol 52:399-451. 2005
    ..quot; The multicellular lineages emerged from within monophyletic protist lineages: animals and fungi from Opisthokonta, plants from Archaeplastida, and brown algae from Stramenopiles.
  7. ncbi Environmental behavior and ecotoxicity of engineered nanoparticles to algae, plants, and fungi
    Enrique Navarro
    Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology EAWAG, Ueberlandstrasse 133, Dubendorf 8600, Switzerland
    Ecotoxicology 17:372-86. 2008
    ..behavior, and thus for their mobility in aquatic and terrestrial systems and for their interactions with algae, plants and, fungi...
  8. ncbi A molecular timeline for the origin of photosynthetic eukaryotes
    Hwan Su Yoon
    Department of Biological Sciences and Center for Comparative Genomics, University of Iowa, Iowa, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 21:809-18. 2004
    The appearance of photosynthetic eukaryotes (algae and plants) dramatically altered the Earth's ecosystem, making possible all vertebrate life on land, including humans...
  9. ncbi The fast and slow kinetics of chlorophyll a fluorescence induction in plants, algae and cyanobacteria: a viewpoint
    George C Papageorgiou
    National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos, Institute of Biology, Athens, 153 10, Greece
    Photosynth Res 94:275-90. 2007
    ..FI has been studied quite extensively in plants an algae (less so in cyanobacteria) as it affords a low resolution panoramic view of the photosynthesis process...
  10. ncbi Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services
    Boris Worm
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 314:787-90. 2006
    ..Yet available data suggest that at this point, these trends are still reversible...
  11. ncbi Micro-algae as a source of protein
    E W Becker
    Medical Clinic, Department II, University of Tubingen, Immunopathological Laboratory, Otfried Muller Str 10, 72076 Tubingen, Germany
    Biotechnol Adv 25:207-10. 2007
    About five decades ago, the mass production of certain protein-rich micro-algae was considered as a possibility to close the predicted so called "protein gap"...
  12. ncbi Lipids and lipid metabolism in eukaryotic algae
    Irina A Guschina
    School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, P O Box 911, Cardiff CF10 3US, UK
    Prog Lipid Res 45:160-86. 2006
    Eukaryotic algae are a very diverse group of organisms which inhabit a huge range of ecosystems from the Antarctic to deserts. They account for over half the primary productivity at the base of the food chain...
  13. ncbi An antioxidant function for DMSP and DMS in marine algae
    W Sunda
    Beaufort Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Beaufort, North Carolina 28516, USA
    Nature 418:317-20. 2002
  14. ncbi Engineering algae for biohydrogen and biofuel production
    Laura L Beer
    Department of Chemistry and Geochemistry, Colorado School of Mines, 1500 Illinois Street, Golden, CO 80401, USA
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 20:264-71. 2009
    There is currently substantial interest in utilizing eukaryotic algae for the renewable production of several bioenergy carriers, including starches for alcohols, lipids for diesel fuel surrogates, and H2 for fuel cells...
  15. ncbi "Vision" in single-celled algae
    Suneel Kateriya
    Institut fur Biochemie, Universitat Regensburg, 93040 Regensburg, Germany
    News Physiol Sci 19:133-7. 2004
    Photosynthetic unicellular algae have a unique visual system. In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, the pigmented eye comprises the optical system and at least five different rhodopsin photoreceptors...
  16. ncbi The importance of a highly active and DeltapH-regulated diatoxanthin epoxidase for the regulation of the PS II antenna function in diadinoxanthin cycle containing algae
    Reimund Goss
    Institut für Biologie I, Pflanzenphysiologie, Universitat Leipzig, Johannisallee 21 23, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    J Plant Physiol 163:1008-21. 2006 focuses on the regulation of diatoxanthin (Dtx) epoxidation in the diadinoxanthin (Ddx) cycle containing algae Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Thalassiosira pseudonana, Cyclotella meneghiniana and Prymnesium parvum and its ..
  17. pmc Thiamine biosynthesis in algae is regulated by riboswitches
    Martin T Croft
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EA, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20770-5. 2007
    ..By the use of these ribo switches, thiamine biosynthesis in C. reinhardtii can be effectively regulated at physiological concentrations of the vitamin...
  18. pmc Herbivore species richness and feeding complementarity affect community structure and function on a coral reef
    Deron E Burkepile
    School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 310 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:16201-6. 2008
    ..mixed-herbivore treatments lowered macroalgal abundance by 54-76%, enhanced cover of crustose coralline algae (preferred recruitment sites for corals) by 52-64%, increased coral cover by 22%, and prevented coral mortality...
  19. ncbi The versatility of algae and their lipid metabolism
    John L Harwood
    Cardiff University, UK
    Biochimie 91:679-84. 2009
    Eukaryotic algae are a very diverse group of organisms that are key components of ecosystems ranging from deserts to the Antarctic. They account for over half of the primary production at the base of food chains...
  20. ncbi Marine viruses and their biogeochemical and ecological effects
    J A Fuhrman
    Department of Biological Sciences, Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089 0371, USA
    Nature 399:541-8. 1999
    ..Newly developed fluorescence and molecular techniques leave the field poised to make significant advances towards evaluating and quantifying such effects...
  21. ncbi Heat stress induces different forms of cell death in sea anemones and their endosymbiotic algae depending on temperature and duration
    S R Dunn
    School of Biology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Ridley Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
    Cell Death Differ 11:1213-22. 2004
    ..A stress-mediated PCD pathway is an important part of the thermal stress response in the sea anemone symbiosis and this study suggests that PCD may play different roles in different components of the symbiosis during bleaching...
  22. ncbi The origin and establishment of the plastid in algae and plants
    Adrian Reyes-Prieto
    Department of Biological Sciences and Roy J Carver Center for Comparative Genomics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 1324, USA
    Annu Rev Genet 41:147-68. 2007
    The establishment of the photosynthetic organelle (plastid) in eukaryotes and the diversification of algae and plants were landmark evolutionary events because these taxa form the base of the food chain for many ecosystems on our planet...
  23. pmc Algae displaying the diadinoxanthin cycle also possess the violaxanthin cycle
    M Lohr
    Institut fur Botanik, Universitat Leipzig, Johannisallee 21 23, D 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:8784-9. 1999 allenic or acetylenic group, including the main light-harvesting carotenoids in most chlorophyll a/c-containing algae. Thus, another important function for xanthophyll cycling may be to optimize the biosynthesis of light-harvesting ..
  24. pmc Algae need their vitamins
    Martin T Croft
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EA, United Kingdom
    Eukaryot Cell 5:1175-83. 2006
  25. ncbi The Vibrio core group induces yellow band disease in Caribbean and Indo-Pacific reef-building corals
    J M Cervino
    Pace University, Department of Biological Sciences, New York and Department of Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Woods Hole, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 105:1658-71. 2008
    ..YBD is one of the most significant coral diseases of the tropics...
  26. pmc Temperature dependence of inorganic nitrogen uptake: reduced affinity for nitrate at suboptimal temperatures in both algae and bacteria
    D S Reay
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 65:2577-84. 1999
    ..on affinity for nitrate has been identified for psychrophilic, mesophilic, and thermophilic bacteria and algae. The different responses of nitrate uptake and ammonium uptake to temperature imply that there is increasing ..
  27. ncbi Antioxidant properties of a new antioxidative peptide from algae protein waste hydrolysate in different oxidation systems
    I Chuan Sheih
    Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC
    Bioresour Technol 100:3419-25. 2009
    ..The algae protein waste, which is normally discarded as animal feed, is a by-product during production of algae essence from ..
  28. ncbi Description of Cellulophaga algicola sp. nov., isolated from the surfaces of Antarctic algae, and reclassification of Cytophaga uliginosa (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichenbach 1989 as Cellulophaga uliginosa comb. nov
    J P Bowman
    School of Agricultural Science, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50:1861-8. 2000
    ..Thus, it was proposed that the species Cytophaga uliginosa be renamed as Cellulophaga uliginosa comb. nov...
  29. ncbi Response of arctic snow and permafrost algae to high light and nitrogen stress by changes in pigment composition and applied aspects for biotechnology
    Thomas Leya
    Fraunhofer Institute for Biomedical Engineering, IBMT, Potsdam Golm, Germany
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 67:432-43. 2009
    ..The Culture Collection of Cryophilic Algae at Fraunhofer IBMT in Potsdam served as the bioresource for this study...
  30. ncbi Occurrence and role of algae and fungi in acid mine drainage environment with special reference to metals and sulfate immobilization
    Bidus Kanti Das
    Department of Mining Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302, India
    Water Res 43:883-94. 2009
    ..Roles of algae and fungi, the natural residents of AMD and its attenuator are not emphasized adequately in the mine water ..
  31. ncbi Producing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich algae from biodiesel-derived crude glycerol: effects of impurities on DHA production and algal biomass composition
    Denver J Pyle
    Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 56:3933-9. 2008
    ..crude glycerol-derived algal biomass had a high level of DHA and a nutritional profile similar to that of commercial algal biomass, suggesting a great potential for using crude glycerol-derived algae in omega-3-fortified food or feed.
  32. ncbi Probabilistic hazard assessment of environmentally occurring pharmaceuticals toxicity to fish, daphnids and algae by ECOSAR screening
    Hans Sanderson
    Center for Toxicology, University of Guelph, Bovey Building, Gordon Street, Guelph, Ont, Canada N1G 2W1
    Toxicol Lett 144:383-95. 2003
    ..are still uncertain. (Q)SAR's can be important prioritization tools for subsequent experimental risk assessment of pharmaceuticals in surface waters, due to the prevalent lack of ecotoxicological data...
  33. ncbi Anti-oxidant activities of fucosterol from the marine algae Pelvetia siliquosa
    Sanghyun Lee
    Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 110 460, Korea
    Arch Pharm Res 26:719-22. 2003
    The anti-oxidant activities of fucosterol isolated from the marine algae Pelvetia siliquosa were investigated...
  34. ncbi Impacts of increased atmospheric CO2 concentration on photosynthesis and growth of micro- and macro-algae
    Hongyan Wu
    Marine Biology Institute, Shantou University, Shantou, 515063, China
    Sci China C Life Sci 51:1144-50. 2008
    ..Marine algae may adapt to a high CO(2) oceanic environment so that the evolved communities in future are likely to be ..
  35. ncbi A CARD-FISH protocol for the identification and enumeration of epiphytic bacteria on marine algae
    Niina A Tujula
    Centre for Marine Biofouling and Bio Innovation, School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    J Microbiol Methods 65:604-7. 2006
    A CARD-FISH protocol was developed and applied to analyse surface-associated bacteria on the marine algae Ulva lactuca, Delisea pulchra, Corallina officinalis, Amphiroa anceps, Porphyra sp. and Sargassum linearifolium...
  36. ncbi Use of algae for removing heavy metal ions from wastewater: progress and prospects
    S K Mehta
    Laboratory of Algal Biology, Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
    Crit Rev Biotechnol 25:113-52. 2005
    Many algae have immense capability to sorb metals, and there is considerable potential for using them to treat wastewaters. Metal sorption involves binding on the cell surface and to intracellular ligands...
  37. pmc XET activity is found near sites of growth and cell elongation in bryophytes and some green algae: new insights into the evolution of primary cell wall elongation
    Vicky S T Van Sandt
    Plant Physiology and Morphology, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B 2020 Antwerp, Belgium
    Ann Bot 99:39-51. 2007
    ..e. in bryophytes and algae, down to the Phaeophyta was examined...
  38. ncbi Bioactive phenols in algae: the application of pressurized-liquid and solid-phase extraction techniques
    L Onofrejova
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry, Brno, Czech Republic
    J Pharm Biomed Anal 51:464-70. 2010
    ..p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, vanillin) from in vitro culture of two freshwater algae (Anabaena doliolum and Spongiochloris spongiosa) and from food products of marine macroalgae Porphyra tenera (nori)..
  39. ncbi Cryptophyte algae are robbed of their organelles by the marine ciliate Mesodinium rubrum
    D E Gustafson
    University of Maryland, Center for Environmental Science, Horn Point Laboratory, Cambridge 21613, USA
    Nature 405:1049-52. 2000
    ..M. rubrum does not fall into recognized cellular or functional categories, but may be a chimaera partially supported by organelle robbery...
  40. ncbi Evolution of complexity in the volvocine algae: transitions in individuality through Darwin's eye
    Matthew D Herron
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Evolution 62:436-51. 2008
    ..The volvocine algae represent a unique opportunity to study this transition because they diverged relatively recently from unicellular ..
  41. pmc New tricks from ancient algae: natural products biosynthesis in marine cyanobacteria
    Adam C Jones
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Curr Opin Chem Biol 13:216-23. 2009
    ..The unique biosynthetic mechanisms employed by cyanobacteria are inspiring new developments in heterologous gene expression and biotechnology...
  42. ncbi Inhibitory effect of extracts of Brazilian marine algae on human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-induced syncytium formation in vitro
    MariaTeresaVillela Romanos
    Departamento de Virologia do Instituto de Microbiologia Prof Paulo de Góes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
    Cancer Invest 20:46-54. 2002
    Extracts from four species of Brazilian marine algae collected from the Rio de Janeiro State coast were screened to determine the inhibitory effect on HTLV-1-induced syncytium formation...
  43. ncbi Algae and UV irradiation: effects on ultrastructure and related metabolic functions
    Andreas Holzinger
    Department of Physiology and Cell Physiology of Alpine Plants, Institute of Botany, University of Innsbruck, Sternwartestrasse 15, A 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
    Micron 37:190-207. 2006
    ..of ultraviolet radiation in the biological relevant wavebands of UV-A (315-400 nm) and UV-B (280-315 nm) on algae have become an important issue as a man-made depletion of the protecting ozone layer has been reported...
  44. ncbi Thresholds and the resilience of Caribbean coral reefs
    Peter J Mumby
    Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Prince of Wales Road, Exeter EX4 4PS, UK
    Nature 450:98-101. 2007
    ..Such targets may help reef managers face the challenge of addressing global disturbance at local scales...
  45. ncbi Omics in algae: paving the way for a systems biological understanding of algal stress phenomena?
    An Jamers
    Laboratory for Ecophysiology, Biochemistry and Toxicology, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium
    Aquat Toxicol 92:114-21. 2009
    ..Systems biology is a discipline that aims at this integration. In this paper, the current status of "omics" in algae is reviewed...
  46. ncbi Lateral transfer and recompartmentalization of Calvin cycle enzymes of plants and algae
    Matthew Rogers
    Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, 3529 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
    J Mol Evol 58:367-75. 2004
    ..We show that previously observed distributions of plastid and cytosolic homologues are not always found in algae with secondary plastids: there is evidence for multiple events of both lateral gene transfer and retargeting to a ..
  47. ncbi Cold-water marine natural products
    Matthew D Lebar
    Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, 4202 E Fowler Ave, CHE205, Tampa, FL, USA
    Nat Prod Rep 24:774-97. 2007
    ..Emphasis is on bioactive compounds from tunicates, sponges, microbes, bryozoans, corals, algae, molluscs and echinoderms. Synthetic studies of several important classes of cold-water compounds are highlighted.
  48. pmc Aqueous toxicity and food chain transfer of Quantum DOTs in freshwater algae and Ceriodaphnia dubia
    Jennifer L Bouldin
    Environmental Sciences Program, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, Arkansas 72467, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 27:1958-63. 2008
    ..1 ppb. Transfer of QDs from dosed algae to C. dubia was verified with fluorescence microscopy...
  49. ncbi Consumer versus resource control of species diversity and ecosystem functioning
    Boris Worm
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4J1, Canada
    Nature 417:848-51. 2002
    ..This suggests that human impacts on nutrient supply and food-web structure have strong and interdependent effects on species diversity and ecosystem functioning, and must therefore be managed together...
  50. ncbi Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems
    James J Elser
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:1135-42. 2007
    ..Thus, contrary to some prevailing paradigms, freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems are surprisingly similar in terms of N and P limitation...
  51. pmc Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the Northern Line Islands
    Stuart A Sandin
    Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e1548. 2008
    ..and reef-building organisms dominated unpopulated Kingman and Palmyra, while small planktivorous fishes and fleshy algae dominated the populated atolls of Tabuaeran and Kiritimati...
  52. ncbi Marine natural products
    John W Blunt
    Department of Chemistry, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Nat Prod Rep 24:31-86. 2007
    ..January to December 2005) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green algae, brown algae, red algae, sponges, coelenterates, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates and echinoderms...
  53. ncbi Flexibility in algal endosymbioses shapes growth in reef corals
    Angela F Little
    School of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University JCU, Townsville 4811, Australia
    Science 304:1492-4. 2004
  54. ncbi Genome analysis and its significance in four unicellular algae, Cyanidioschyzon [corrected] merolae, Ostreococcus tauri, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, and Thalassiosira pseudonana
    Osami Misumi
    Department of Life Science, Graduate School of Science, Rikkyo University, Tokyo 171 8501, Japan
    J Plant Res 121:3-17. 2008
    b>Algae play a more important role than land plants in the maintenance of the global environment and productivity...
  55. ncbi Sleeping functional group drives coral-reef recovery
    David R Bellwood
    Australian Research Council, Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 16:2434-9. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, reversal is possible. The critical issue is to identify and protect those groups that underpin the resilience and regeneration of complex ecosystems...
  56. ncbi Mixed-linkage beta-glucan : xyloglucan endotransglucosylase, a novel wall-remodelling enzyme from Equisetum (horsetails) and charophytic algae
    Stephen C Fry
    The Edinburgh Cell Wall Group, Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JH, UK
    Plant J 55:240-52. 2008
    ..Charophytic algae, especially Coleochaete, also possess MXE, which may therefore have been a primordial feature of plant cell walls...
  57. ncbi Coevolution of metal availability and nitrogen assimilation in cyanobacteria and algae
    J B Glass
    School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Geobiology 7:100-23. 2009
    ..These ideas can be tested by more intensive study of the metal requirements in N assimilation and the biological strategies for metal uptake, regulation, and storage...
  58. ncbi Extremely intron-rich genes in the alveolate ancestors inferred with a flexible maximum-likelihood approach
    Miklos Csuros
    Department of Computer Science and Operations Research, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Mol Biol Evol 25:903-11. 2008
    ..It is suggested that, at early stages of evolution, chromalveolates went through major population bottlenecks that were accompanied by intron invasion...
  59. ncbi Primary sodium plasma membrane ATPases in salt-tolerant algae: facts and fictions
    H Gimmler
    Julius von Sachs Institute of Bioscience, University of Wurzburg, Germany
    J Exp Bot 51:1171-8. 2000
    For thermodynamic reasons algae growing in media of both high salinity and high alkalinity require active export of sodium...
  60. pmc Rapid transition in the structure of a coral reef community: the effects of coral bleaching and physical disturbance
    G K Ostrander
    Department of Biology and Division of Comparative Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, 237 Mergenthaler Hall, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97:5297-302. 2000
    ..b>Algae, especially macroalgae, increased in abundance until they effectively dominated the substrate...
  61. ncbi Herbivore vs. nutrient control of marine primary producers: context-dependent effects
    Deron E Burkepile
    School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 0230, USA
    Ecology 87:3128-39. 2006
    ..Effects of herbivores vs. nutrients also varied among algal functional groups (crustose algae, upright macroalgae, and filamentous algae), within a functional group between temperate and tropical systems, and ..
  62. ncbi Antileishmanial properties of tropical marine algae extracts
    Y Freile-Pelegrin
    Department of Marine Resources Cinvestav, Km 6 Carretera Antigua a Progreso, Cordemex, 97310, A P 73, Merida, Yuc, Mexico
    Fitoterapia 79:374-7. 2008
    Aqueous and organic extracts of twenty-seven species of marine algae (14 species of Rhodophyta, 5 species of Phaeophyta and 8 species of Chlorophyta) collected from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coast of the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico) ..
  63. ncbi Biochemical biomarkers in algae and marine pollution: a review
    Moacir A Torres
    Departamento de Bioquimica, Instituto de Quimica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 71:1-15. 2008
    ..In addition, we evaluate the potential uses of microalgae as bioindicator species as an early sentinel in polluted sites...
  64. ncbi Expression of human antibodies in eukaryotic micro-algae
    Stephen P Mayfield
    Department of Cell Biology, Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Vaccine 23:1828-32. 2005
    ..we have begun developing a system for the expression of recombinant proteins in the unicellular eukaryotic green algae, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, leading to the production of human IgA single chain antibodies...
  65. ncbi Effect of in vitro docosahexaenoic acid supplementation to marine algae-adapted and unadapted rumen inoculum on the biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids in freeze-dried grass
    B Vlaeminck
    Laboratory for Animal Nutrition and Animal Product Quality, Ghent University, Proefhoevestraat 10, 9090 Melle, Belgium
    J Dairy Sci 91:1122-32. 2008
    ..18:3n-3) acid during in vitro incubations with rumen inoculum from dairy cattle adapted or not to marine algae and with or without additional in vitro docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) supplementation...
  66. ncbi The application of micro-FTIR spectroscopy to analyze nutrient stress-related changes in biomass composition of phytoplankton algae
    Katja Stehfest
    Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Biology I, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 23, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Plant Physiol Biochem 43:717-26. 2005
    ..The results show that the FTIR technique has the potential to become applicable for the determination of single cell biomass composition from natural phytoplankton communities...
  67. ncbi Screening for unicellular algae as possible bioassay organisms for monitoring marine water samples
    Rosmary Millán de Kuhn
    Lehrstuhl für Umweltverfahrenstechnik and Recycling, Friedrich Alexander Universitat, Paul Gordan Str 3, D 91052 Erlangen, Germany
    Water Res 40:2695-703. 2006
    ..viridis, respectively, followed by T. suecica with an EC(50) value of 40 mg/L. The Prorocentrum species were found to be the most sensitive with an EC(50) value of 13.5 mg/L for P. minimum Lissabon and 7.5 mg/L for P. minimum Kattegat...
  68. ncbi Plastids and protein targeting
    G I McFadden
    Plant Cell Biology Research Centre, School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic, Australia
    J Eukaryot Microbiol 46:339-46. 1999
    Plastids with two bounding membranes--as exemplified by red algae, green algae, plants, and glaucophytes--derive from primary endosymbiosis; a process involving engulfment and retention of a cyanobacterium by a phagotrophic eukaryote...
  69. ncbi Structure of Caribbean coral reef communities across a large gradient of fish biomass
    Marah J H Newman
    Ecol Lett 9:1216-27. 2006
    ..Increased herbivorous fish biomass was correlated with a decrease in fleshy algal biomass but corals have not yet recovered...
  70. ncbi Uptake of hydrophobic metal complexes by three freshwater algae: unexpected influence of pH
    Amiel Boullemant
    INRS Eau Terre et Environnement, Universite du Quebec, 490 de la Couronne, Quebec, Quebec, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 43:3308-14. 2009
    ..Uptake of these complexes bythree unicellularfreshwater green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Chlorella fusca, and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata) was determined at two pH values (..
  71. ncbi Genetic correction of mitochondrial diseases: using the natural migration of mitochondrial genes to the nucleus in chlorophyte algae as a model system
    Diego González-Halphen
    Departamento de Genetica Molecular, Instituto de Fisiologia Celular, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 04510 Mexico D F, Mexico
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1019:232-9. 2004
    ..Several respiratory chain subunit genes, which are typically mtDNA encoded, are nucleus encoded in the chlorophyte algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Polytomella sp...
  72. ncbi Influence of N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid pH buffer on the biological response of marine algae
    M Teresa S D Vasconcelos
    LAQUIPAI, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, University of Porto, Portugal
    Environ Toxicol Chem 21:404-12. 2002
    ..The HEPES also promoted the release of exudates by the algae, and these exudates form very stable complexes with Cu (and probably with other trace metal ions)...
  73. ncbi Surface water quality along the Central John Muir Trail in the Sierra Nevada Mountains: coliforms and algae
    Carling Ursem
    Columbia University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    High Alt Med Biol 10:349-55. 2009
    ..coli in Multiuse sites compared to Pristine and Backpack sites. Our study provides evidence pack and stock animals serve as a source of microbial contamination of water along this section of trail...
  74. ncbi Biotransformation of mercury in pH-stat cultures of eukaryotic freshwater algae
    David J A Kelly
    Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6 Canada
    Arch Microbiol 187:45-53. 2007
    Eukaryotic algae were studied to determine their ability to biotransform Hg(II) under aerated and pH controlled conditions. All algae converted Hg(II) into beta-HgS and Hg(0) to varying degrees...
  75. ncbi Microbulbifer variabilis sp. nov. and Microbulbifer epialgicus sp. nov., isolated from Pacific marine algae, possess a rod-coccus cell cycle in association with the growth phase
    Miyuki Nishijima
    Marine Biotechnology Institute, Heita, Kamaishi 026 0001, Japan
    Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 59:1696-707. 2009 strain Ni-2088(T)) and one strain that produces UV-absorbing substances (strain F-104(T)), isolated from marine algae and seagrass collected from coastal areas of tropical Pacific islands and a subtropical island of Japan...
  76. ncbi Inhibition of the development of microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) by extracts of marine algae from Brittany, France
    C Hellio
    Station de Biologie Marine, FRE 2125, Muséum National d Histoire Naturelle Collége de France, Concarneau
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 54:543-9. 2000
    The inhibitory effects of aqueous, ethanolic and dichloromethane fractions from 16 marine algae from the Atlantic shores of North-East Brittany, France, have been investigated against microorganisms frequently associated with immersed ..
  77. ncbi Effects of enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation on algae and cyanobacteria
    Lingui Xue
    State Key Laboratory of Arid Agroecology, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, People s Republic of China
    Crit Rev Microbiol 31:79-89. 2005
    This article provides an overview of existing literature on the ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation effects on algae and cyanobacteria...
  78. ncbi Larvicidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis subspp. kurstaki, morrisoni (strain tenebrionis), and israelensis have no microbicidal or microbiostatic activity against selected bacteria, fungi, and algae in vitro
    J Koskella
    Department of Biology, New York University, NY 10003, USA
    Can J Microbiol 48:262-7. 2002
    ..5 gram-positive, and a cyanobacterium), fungi (2 Zygomycetes, 1 Ascomycete, 2 Deuteromycetes, and 2 yeasts), and algae (primarily green and diatoms) in pure and mixed culture, as determined by dilution, disk-diffusion, and ..
  79. ncbi Algae bloom again
    Amanda Leigh Haag
    Nature 447:520-1. 2007
  80. pmc Release of extracellular transformable plasmid DNA from Escherichia coli cocultivated with algae
    Kazuaki Matsui
    Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, Otsu 520 2113, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 69:2399-404. 2003
    ..Dot blot hybridization analysis showed a significant release of plasmid DNA by cocultivation with all the algae tested...
  81. ncbi Treatment of dairy manure effluent using freshwater algae: algal productivity and recovery of manure nutrients using pilot-scale algal turf scrubbers
    Walter Mulbry
    United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Building 306, Room 109, BARC East, 10, 300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Bioresour Technol 99:8137-42. 2008
    Cultivating algae on nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in animal manure effluents presents an alternative to the current practice of land application...
  82. ncbi Notes on freshwater and terrestrial algae from Ny-Alesund, Svalbard (high Arctic sea area)
    Gwang Hoon Kim
    Department Biology, Kongju National University, Kongju, Chungnam 314 701, Korea
    J Environ Biol 29:485-91. 2008
    Field survey of algae and cyanobacteria from terrestrial and freshwater habitats in the vicinity of arctic Ny-Alesund, Svalbard (790N) (high Arctic sea area) was performed in June 2006...
  83. ncbi Supercritical fluid extraction for liquid chromatographic determination of carotenoids in Spirulina Pacifica algae: a chemometric approach
    M Careri
    Dipartimento di Chimica Generale ed Inorganica, Chimica Analitica, Chimica Fisica, , Italy
    J Chromatogr A 912:61-71. 2001
    ..fluid extraction of carotenoids beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin from Spirulina Pacifica algae, a carotenoid-rich dietary product...
  84. ncbi Algae extract protection effect on oxidized protein level in human stratum corneum
    Carine Nizard
    LVMH Branche Parfums et Cosmetiques, 45804, Saint Jean de Braye, Cedex, France
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1019:219-22. 2004 2002. The ability of a lipid algae extract (Phaeodactylum tricornutum) to stimulate 20S proteasome peptidase activities was described by Nizard et al...
  85. doi Archaeology. Ancient algae suggest sea route for first Americans
    Michael Balter
    Science 320:729. 2008
  86. ncbi Supplementation of algae to the diet of pigs: a new possibility to improve the iodine content in the meat
    M L He
    Institute for Physiology, Physiological Chemistry and Animal Nutrition, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 86:97-104. 2002
    ..content can be produced through feeding animals with a diet supplemented with inorganic iodine salts or with algae containing high iodine...
  87. ncbi Environmental life cycle comparison of algae to other bioenergy feedstocks
    Andres F Clarens
    Civil and Environmental Engineering, McIntire School of Commerce, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 4742, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:1813-9. 2010
    b>Algae are an attractive source of biomass energy since they do not compete with food crops and have higher energy yields per area than terrestrial crops...
  88. ncbi Phototoxicity of pyrene affects benthic algae and bacteria from the Arctic
    Dorthe G Petersen
    National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Marine Ecology, University of Aarhus, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    Environ Sci Technol 42:1371-6. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of pyrene and phototoxicity of pyrene on natural algae and bacteria from arctic sediments...
  89. ncbi Combined effects of pyrene and UV-light on algae and bacteria in an arctic sediment
    Dorthe Groth Petersen
    Department of Marine Ecology, National Environmental Research Institute, Roskilde, Denmark
    Ecotoxicology 16:371-7. 2007
    The phototoxicity potential of pyrene on natural algae and bacteria in an arctic sediment was evaluated and compared to that of pyrene treatment alone based on some functional and structural endpoints...
  90. ncbi Predicting understorey structure from the presence and composition of canopies: an assembly rule for marine algae
    Andrew D Irving
    Southern Seas Ecology Laboratories, DP 418, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, 5005, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Oecologia 148:491-502. 2006
    ..Habitat created by canopy-forming algae (such as kelps) provides a promising system for identifying assembly rules because canopies typically have a large ..
  91. ncbi Sodium, potassium-atpases in algae and oomycetes
    Javier Barrero-Gil
    Departamento de Biotecnologia, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros Agronomos, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    J Bioenerg Biomembr 37:269-78. 2005
  92. ncbi Is Cr(VI) toxicity to Daphnia magna modified by food availability or algal exudates? The hypothesis of a specific chromium/algae/exudates interaction
    Gessica Gorbi
    Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Parma, Italy
    Water Res 36:1917-26. 2002
    ..Further experiments on S. acutus demonstrated that the detoxifying effect observed in the algae might involve a specific Cr/algae/exudates interaction, which occurs only when the algae are previously subjected ..
  93. ncbi A green light for engineered algae: redirecting metabolism to fuel a biotechnology revolution
    Julian N Rosenberg
    Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 19:430-6. 2008
    ..Although algae have been commercially cultivated for over 50 years, metabolic engineering now seems necessary in order to achieve ..
  94. ncbi Inhibition of HIV-1 replication in human primary cells by a dolabellane diterpene isolated from the marine algae Dictyota pfaffii
    Claudio Cesar Cirne-Santos
    Laboratorio de Virologia Molecular, Departamento de Biologia Celular e Molecular, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ, Brazil
    Planta Med 72:295-9. 2006 this paper that the dolabellane diterpene 8,10,18-trihydroxy-2,6-dolabelladiene (3), isolated from the marine algae Dictyota pfaffii, inhibits the HIV-1 infection in human primary cells and tumor cell lines...
  95. ncbi Study of a two-stage growth of DHA-producing marine algae Schizochytrium limacinum SR21 with shifting dissolved oxygen level
    Zhanyou Chi
    Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 6120, USA
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 81:1141-8. 2009
    The culture protocol of Schizochytrium limacinum SR 21, a known docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) producing marine algae was modified in this study to better fit fermentation parameters, particularly control of dissolved oxygen (DO) to the ..
  96. ncbi Can overwintering versus diapausing strategy in Daphnia determine match-mismatch events in zooplankton-algae interactions?
    Lisette N de Senerpont Domis
    NIOO KNAW, Centre for Limnology, Rijksstraatweg 6, 3631 AC, Nieuwersluis, The Netherlands
    Oecologia 150:682-98. 2007
    ..Here, we examine the potential for climate change induced mismatches between zooplankton and algae during spring succession, with a focus on Daphnia and its algal food...
  97. ncbi Phylogenetically-based variation in the regulation of the Calvin cycle enzymes, phosphoribulokinase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, in algae
    Stephen C Maberly
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
    J Exp Bot 61:735-45. 2010 responsible for about half of the global production and is undertaken by a huge phylogenetic diversity of algae that are poorly studied...
  98. ncbi Micro-Raman spectroscopy of algae: composition analysis and fluorescence background behavior
    Y Y Huang
    Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Biotechnol Bioeng 105:889-98. 2010
    Preliminary feasibility studies were performed using Stokes Raman scattering for compositional analysis of algae. Two algal species, Chlorella sorokiniana (UTEX #1230) and Neochloris oleoabundans (UTEX #1185), were chosen for this study...
  99. ncbi The stimulatory activities of polysaccharide compounds derived from algae extracts on insulin secretion in vitro
    Dandan Zhang
    The Institute of Marine Drug and Food, College of Medicine and Pharmaceutics, Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao 266003, China
    Biol Pharm Bull 31:921-4. 2008
    We prepared two series of polysaccharide compounds derived from algae extracts and investigated their stimulatory activity on insulin secretion in vitro using the rat pancreatic cell line, RIN-5F...
  100. ncbi Antioxidant capacity, polyphenol content and iron bioavailability from algae (Ulva sp., Sargassum sp. and Porphyra sp.) in human subjects
    Maria N Garcia-Casal
    Laboratorio de Fisiopatologia, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas IVIC, Carretera Panamericana, Centro de Medicina Experimental, Apartado 21827, Caracas 1020 A, Venezuela
    Br J Nutr 101:79-85. 2009
    Marine algae are easily produced and are good sources of Fe. If this Fe is bioavailable, algae consumption could help to combat Fe deficiency and anaemia worldwide...
  101. ncbi Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change
    Terence P Hughes
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 17:360-5. 2007

Research Grants66

  1. The role of polyphosphate and acidocalcisomes in Trypanosoma brucei
    Roberto Docampo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..brucei, the targeting mechanism of transmembrane proteins to this organelle, and the roles of pyrophosphate and polyphosphate metabolism in T. brucei growth and development. ..
    Jacob McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..BMAA is produced by all known groups of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae), including symbiotic and free-living cyanobacteria present in terrestrial, freshwater, brackish, and marine ..
  3. Role of exogenous melatonin in skin biology
    Andrzej T Slominski; Fiscal Year: 2013 widely detectable throughout Nature, being found in vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, unicellular eukaryotes, algae and even bacteria...
    Jacob McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..BMAA is a chemical produced by some members of blue-green algae. Potential human exposure to this is possible via consumption of blue-green algae dietary supplements and other ..
  5. Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone Resistance
    George A Jacoby; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In Shewanella algae, a reservoir of qnrA, we have further found cold shock to trigger qnrA expression, and we propose to test further ..
    Kenneth J Rothschild; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the recently discovered channel-rhodopsins (ChRs), which control phototactic and photophobic responses in green algae. In contrast to bacteriorhodopsin (BR), the well-studied light-driven proton pump, most SRs function by ..
  7. Functional Characterization of the Chlamydomonas CEP290/Nephrocystin-6 Homologue
    Branch Craige; Fiscal Year: 2010
  8. Investigation of the structure and function of urea amidolyase
    MARTIN RAOUL ST. MAURICE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..enzyme that catalyzes the ATP-dependent hydrolysis of urea to ammonia and carbon dioxide in yeast, algae and prokaryotes...
  9. FASEB on Biology of Cilia and Flagella
    Bradley K Yoder; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The exciting and very unexpected advances generated in the biology of cilia and flagella in the past decade highlight the importance of cilia biology in basic and clinical research into human disease and development. ..
  10. Dissecting the Regulation of Zinc-Homeostasis
    Davin Malasarn; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In this work, mechanisms of zinc-sensing and adaptive response will be unraveled to understand how cells recognize and adjust to zinc deficiency and toxicity. ..
  11. Gamete membrane adhesion and fusion during fertilization
    William J Snell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will identify proteins that interact with HAP2, we will study the functional domains of HAP2, and we will identify new proteins that function during membrane fusion. ..
  12. Evolution of Sexually Dimorphic Germ Cells in Volvox carteri
    James Umen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our findings on how dimorphism evolved in volvocine algae are likely to have general significance for understanding the origin of sex chromosomes and their contribution to ..
    William J Snell; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Studying flagellar adhesion and flagellar shortening in Chlamydomonas will continue to uncover novel and fundamental properties of these remarkable organelles. ..
  14. Effect of beta-glucan on sepsis
    COURTNI NEWSOME; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Beta-glucans are found in the cell wall of fungi, as well as in mushrooms, algae, higher plants, and some bacteria but are not found in mammalian cells and are considered a pathogen-associated ..
  15. A Model for Nephronophthisis in Caenorhabditis elegans
    Maureen M Barr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study is designed to use the powerful molecular genetic tools of C. elegans to model Nephronophthisis, the most common genetic cause of end stage renal disease in infants, children, and young adults. ..
  16. The Control of Centriole Duplication and Degeneration
    Meng Fu Bryan Tsou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These patterns are conserved from algae to human. Centrosome amplification occurs frequently in almost all types of cancer...
  17. Advanced Naturally Designed Channelrhodopsins for Photocontrol of Neural Activity
    JOHN LEE SPUDICH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..we found in 2002 to be phototaxis receptors that mediate light-induced membrane depolarization in Chlamydomonas algae, have been intensively used for non-invasive, highly temporally and spatially resolved neuronal stimulation, ..
  18. Identifying cellular and molecular interactions along the pathway to symbiosis
    Elizabeth A Vallen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and breakdown of the symbiotic relationship between cnidarians (corals and sea anemones) and photosynthetic algae. The algae are phagocytosed from seawater and appear to evade the host immune response and alter subcellular ..
  19. Regulation of Genes Encoding Flagellar Proteins in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
    JASON MITCHELL BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Since defective cilia cause human disorders affecting millions of people, the potential of this research to determine how genes are regulated to allow normal growth of cilia makes the proposed work of great importance to public health. ..
  20. Does in utero exposure to domoic acid cause temporal lobe epilepsy?
    Paul S Buckmaster; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant) Harmful blooms of domoic acid-producing algae are a growing problem. Species affected include some that are threatened or endangered. Humans are at risk, and consequences can be severe...
  21. The Role of an Intraflagellar Transport Protein in Cell-Cycle Control
    Christopher R Wood; Fiscal Year: 2010
  22. Effects of Methylmercury on Neuronal Cell Migration
    Hitoshi Komuro; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..natural and anthropogenic release of inorganic mercury into the aquatic environment, where it is biotransformed by algae and bacteria into MeHg. This can pass along the food chain and, eventually, to man...
  23. Mechanism of action of the ammonia gas channel AmtB in E. coli
    Joanne Hsu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Knowing gas channel function will help us identify the basis of dysfunction in human disease such as Rh null disease. ..
  24. Expression and evolution of chemoreceptor genes in the model organism Daphnia
    ..our aquatic ecosystems relies heavily on the ability of its inhabitants, including zooplankton, to detect and eat algae and bacteria...
  25. Mechanism of cell size checkpoint control by a Musahi-like RNA binding protein
    Bradley J S C Olson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The knowledge obtained from these studies may therefore be directly applicable to understanding basic principles that govern regulators that are central to human disease and stem cell maintenance. ..
  26. Dietary Marine Algae Extract and Colon Cancer Chemoprevention
    James Varani; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The studies proposed here will examine a red marine algae extract for ability to inhibit the outgrowth of abnormal colonic epithelial cells. The source of the extract is the North Atlantic red algae, Lithothamnium coralliodides...
  27. International Conference on the Cell and Molecular Biology of Chlamydomonas
    David R Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of broad research interest (Chlamydomonas as a model for culinary diseases, and Chlamydomonas and related green algae as sources of biofuels) are developing especially rapidly and should benefit greatly from our 2010 meeting...
  28. Rhythmic Stimulation as a Therapeutic Option for Injured Retinal Ganglion Cells
    Gustavo C Munguba; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To test this hypothesis we will specifically stimulate RGCs expressing a light-gated proton channel from the green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii...
  29. A New Paradigm for Cell Size Control by the RB Tumor Suppressor Pathway
    James Umen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These suppressors are predicted to encode either targets or interacting proteins. ii) We will use secondary screens to order the mutants in the size pathway and to identify candidates for further investigation and cloning. ..
  30. Neurotoxins from Marine Algae and Cyanobacteria
    Thomas F Murray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To accomplish these goals we have the following four specific aims: 1) to collect 250 samples of cyanobacteria and algae, and produce high quality focused fraction libraries for screening in assays designed to detect neuroactive ..
  31. ICBG: "Training, Conservation and Drug Discovery using Panamanian Microorganisms
    William H Gerwick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..using efficient and modern spectroscopic methods, 6) Inventory the biodiversity of terrestrial plants and marine algae in Panama, and to continue to build the permanent floral collections in Panama, 7) Evolve and maintain the formal ..
  32. Directed gene targeting to study intraflagellar transport
    Daniel F Voytas; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The research described in this proposal will make the unicellular green algae Chlamydomonas an even more useful system for uncovering fundamental components of the intraflagellar transport ..
  33. A Microfluidic Biochip for Rapid Screening of Pesticide Residue
    Xiaoli Su; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The biochip is significantly superior to the algae growth-based method in terms of detection limit (1 ppb vs. 100 ppb) and detection time (1 min vs. 2 days)...
  34. Microscopy &Image Analysis of Unstained Macromolecules
    Timothy S Baker; Fiscal Year: 2013 study a diverse range of viruses, including those that infect humans and other mammals, insects, bacteria, algae, and fungi...
  35. Biology of the Apicomplexan Plastid
    Boris Striepen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A detailed understanding of the biology of this structure will lead us to new parasite specific interventions to treat and prevent disease. ..
  36. Circadian gating of cell division by the cyanobacterial oscillator
    JOSEPH A POGLIANO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..From bacteria, to algae, to diverse cll types in mammals, the circadian biological clock controls the time of day during which cell ..
  37. Molecular Analysis of Metabolites and Signaling Networks in Microbial Symbioses
    Mohammad R Seyedsayamdost; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the long-term, I plan to lead a multidisciplinary research program in an academic institution to study the underlying chemistry, enzymology and biology of environmentally important symbioses. ..
  38. Molecular Analysis of Metabolites and Signaling Networks in Microbial Symbioses
    Mohammad R Seyedsayamdost; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In the long-term, I plan to lead a multidisciplinary research program in an academic institution to study the underlying chemistry, enzymology and biology of environmentally important symbioses. ..
  39. Identifying Signaling Mechanisms Controlling Flagellar Length in Chlamydomonas
    PRACHEE AVASTHI CROFTS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..These ciliopathies include polycystic kidney disease, nephronophthisis, Bardet-Biedl syndrome, hydrocephalus, retinal degeneration and many others. ..
  40. 2011 Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins Gordon Research Conference
    James J Pestka; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and phycotoxins depends on understanding their toxicology and how, when and why they are produced by fungi and algae. The Gordon Research Conference and Gordon-Kenan Seminar on Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins provide an international ..
  41. Production of Pilot Scale Libraries of Marine Natural Products
    Amy E Wright; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..from marine macro-organisms in the HBOI Frozen Organism Repository including sponges, ascidians, cnidarians, and algae with an emphasis on organisms collected from less accessible deep-water marine environments...
  42. Afferents modulating VTA activity and their plasticity after self-administration
    Michela Marinelli; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the activity of selective pathways can be increased with pulses of light applied to the terminals that express the algae protein channelrhodopsin 2 (ChR2)...
  43. Structural Elucidation, Synthesis and Study of the Chlorosulfolipids
    Christopher D Vanderwal; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and others are the exclusive polar lipids in the cell and flagellar membranes of many species of freshwater algae. That these compounds, which bear two polar sulfate groups at opposite ends of the alkane chain, are major ..
  44. Channelrhodopsin-Calcium Channel Complexes for Ultrasensitive Optogenetics
    JOHN LEE SPUDICH; Fiscal Year: 2013 identify molecular components responsible for amplification of channelrhodopsin-mediated photocurrents in the algae and to construct a combined channelrhodopsin-Ca2+ channel tool...
  45. Advanced Research Cooperation in Environmental Health Research
    Kathleen S Rein; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We propose the continuation of the Toxic Algae Culture Facility to support the research and two pilot projects...
  46. Structure/Function of Microbial Sensory Rhodopsins
    JOHN LEE SPUDICH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In contrast, homologous sensory rhodopsins in algae, channelrhodopsins (ChRs), mediate phototaxis by depolarizing the algal plasma membrane...
  47. Building a quiet cell cycle clock
    Frederick R Cross; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have devised robotic methods for the microbiology of mutant isolation, which combined with deep sequencing, allows a massive speedup of this project compared to traditional means. ..
  48. Development of novel toxin detection methodologies applicable tomarine and fresh
    Judy Westrick; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4) Identify the role of poorly understood toxin-producing algae with U.S. freshwaters...
  49. The mechanism of signal transduction in photoreceptors
    Hartmut Luecke; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..found in phylogenetically diverse microorganisms, including haloarchaea, proteobacteria, cyanobacteria, fungi, and algae. Sensory rhodopsins I and II (SRI and SRII) in haloarchaea, Chlamydomonas rhodopsins CsoA and CsoB, and Anabaena ..
  50. Total Synthesis of Plocamium Polyhalogenated Monoterpenes, Analogues, and Biologi
    Carl Vogel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Plocamium polyhalogenated monoterpenes are metabolites first isolated from the red algae Plocamium cartilagineum, featuring several units of unsaturation, as well as multiple halogens, including two ..
  51. Development of an Algae-based Membrane Protein Expression System
    ALEXANDER ARAVANIS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sapphire Energy is a biotechnology company developing algae as a scalable low-cost platforms for producing a broad range of proteins with biomedical and biofuels applications...
  52. Evaluation of athero-protective role of blue-green algae
    Ji Young Lee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): There is a fundamental gap between the practical use of blue-green algae (BGA) as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) substances and our understanding of their safety and biological ..
  53. Photoreceptors Involved in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Circadian Entrainment
    SIGRID JACOBSHAGEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    WILLIAM CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..There is a great lack of knowledge about the metabolism of the numerous other sterols contained in shellfish and algae. These include brassicasterol, 24-methylene cholesterol, 22-dehydrocholesterol, a 26-sterol, and a 29-sterol...
  55. Light regulated vascular development of the eye
    Richard A Lang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Richard Moore; Fiscal Year: 2002
    The long term goal of this research is to discover new antitumor drugs from blue-green algae (cyanobacteria)...
  57. Cloning and Engineering of Nicking enzymes
    Shuang yong Xu; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Two nicking enzymes CviNY2A and CviNYSI have been found in Chlorella-like algae virus strains NY2A and NYSI with three-nucleotide recognition sequence...
    CARL CARRANO; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..the V(III)-tunichrome system in the blood cells of tunicates, bromoperoxidases from several species of marine algae and a vanadium containing nitrogenase from azotobacter vinelandii are salient examples...
    Gunda Georg; Fiscal Year: 2001
    The cryptophycins, natural products isolated from blue-green algae, are under study. The cryptophycins are currently considered one of the most exciting new leads in cancer chemotherapy...
    Amybeth Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
    William R Roush; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..New methodology, falling under aim (I), will be used to complete these syntheses, which have already progressed to very late stages. ..
    MARTHA TEETER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..particularly Kringle 4 for which we have collected diffraction data) and the phycobiliproteins from blue-green algae, proteins for which we currently have crystals...
  63. Microalgal Oral Vaccines for Control of Amebiasis
    Richard Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our strategy is to: 1) generate and confirm expression of the Gal/GalNAc lectin antigen in transgenic algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii); 2) use the transgenic algae expressing the Gal/GalNAc lectin antigen to deliver oral ..
    Val Beasley; Fiscal Year: 1993
    AMOS SMITH; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Acutiphycin and 20,21-didehydroacutiphycin are macrolides, isolated from the lipophilic extract of the freshwater algae, Oscillatoria acutissima...
    Arthur Grossman; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..genes encoding the components of the phycobilisome, the major light- harvesting complex in cyanobacteria and red algae. Ultimately this research will extend our understanding of how light is perceived and converted into biochemical ..